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-too a rIrsa
S~4 IM~II8N & JMhN BACON, EWits
%ftOPMO.xaaa-pRear, if paid in advance-Two
14iasiLftv~rr mm if not paid in six months
-eanitTaatmJ~oaasif not paid before the expira
ti of'tt. ear, All. subscriptibus not distinctly
vthe titeof subscribing, will bh consideredt
- aioanifoirnndldnite period, and will'be continu-'
pd untilallarreange are paid, or at the- option"of
A eIiPublisher/ -Subseriptions from other States must
htabbe a h iccodapamied.with the-eash orreferene6
"W"T~e'A known to us,
sa# Misurs wilt be conspicuously inserted
a centser Squ (12 linesor ft the .first
- ~ r each ibe nseon.
pu lid r ihg'6 re'y Ot
per square, will be charged; -All' Advertise
mdntsonot.having-herdesired nnberof- insertions
airthg to arise by the year cando no
on tdistnedy..derstoo that
rising.are confined to the
. legitimate bfihess of indirrorlindividua
con . Transien: Advertisements inust!be
or announcing a Candidate, Three Dollars,- In
asitanes-- - --' . -
34r Advertising Eutrays7olled, TwoDonlars, to be
aid by. the Magistrate advertising.
Yrom the Greenville Mountaineer -.
BSEEVATOB.AN LOWRDA-II flODUC
T ION- - r c
The great staple of Florida ar cotton
ond staple) sugar andtohai'co. > short
staple cdtton is eultivated by. a few, but
neray the Sea Island is preferred. The
cultivated . lands: of F-lorida . will -produce
probablyfrm:four hundred to fifteen bun
dred~ ounds of 'the -Sea Island''cotton per
etve.* Thisis much better than the lands of
South Carolina and Georgia which produce
this quality of cotton, and when we-remem
ber how-- small a -portion of the world is
adaptedlto its growth, it must give addition
'al impdrtance to Florida The cultivation
of this valuable crop is not confined to any
pvartioular portion, but-is general throughout
hWwlfole State. We -know a gentleman
'pidited about thirty-five acres in cot
W last jear, and realized from it nearly
bineteen hundred dollars.
* -As regards the sugar cane, Florida has a
i decided advantage over' Louisiana or
.angether Southern State, -on account of
1ii-reat-length- of -the seasons, there being
*W4iof for some weeks later than in,
699u)r orlTekas. The -fact that some
p~flin hEast Florida - have produced
rhlogsl6iad of sug'ar per acre, is sufficient
to iesablish the-pre-eminent character of the
-Florida lands. f6rtho cultivation of sugar.
~e'elture is not laborious, and the. re
dW i reat. Nearly every farmer in East
lrid makes his own sugar and-molasses,
dthelatter is of a very supo
t bett& thai, any we ever tasted
pa. A much greater quanti.
*_w *Ar .ould' be produced,. but from
dh fibtte t it cannot be hauled farther to
e tianabout twenty miles, 'and can
herffr6 b divatd' extensively only in
eTbco6 issoned-of the-'most profitable
' H~ ised ui East Florida. From, four
luded~t file kuadredi dollais worth is
.Ti~ ~r6I~cd paa sin .e acre, which
1~'aB~a~ ~A *s one 1aund - can tend.
--~a -e~naufactured into
iit~$ad~bt%me arn turn
onr'-& &1i'5 bIsiness. --A
-6tge:(o,is,'that, this, with either
btofthe- other great 'staples may be
i in th same year, amid by the
'~' jj~ ~d~of'a Islad-cotto per acre
i.g~oduced 'ofr the~ spime. land, at-the
-v*zme.. .Corn, we thisik, grows about as
' mtj Florida as in South Carolina. ~ It is,
however, often difficult to keep through the
- s ammr, as inseets etinto it and destr-oy a
~. esides- thecprodudtions -that we have
a.,antioned in this ard, our- last article on this
' Kj~t1is almost certain that scoffee can
sug~cejssially raised in the Southern per.
SMany years ago - it was tried, and
- hsperimentwas; Ittended with success,
it'since the Indian wvars have . ended, no
Moe-iisthought proper to embark in its cul
'Io ion. We -have no doubt, that before
miii years shall elapse, coffee will be pro
iizeed ie:-Florlda'to a-considerable extent.
t~.The tropical~raits all floufish in Florida.
- IRe'inost valuable-at present .is the orange;
ithiNvges 6it a peculiar insect have,
~biihe last fewt years, been very de
0.etive. They are, however; disappearimg
udl the people look forward to the early ar
*vo the, time when - they wvill realize
~dtvlue from the culture of the orange.
n. orange grove 'of a single acre, if suc
-esfully cuiliated, will yield a thousand
~ii.i worth of fruit every year. A grove
irasity obtained -too, by grafting the
swveet'dif '-the "idur orange, which grows
gid sik.~thie hanimocks. The sour orange
treps growing- wild are always ornamented
tihiheir rich yellow fruits. There is also
bind called Ithe "bitter' sweet," which
rrw ild, and-'is very 'fine; these -are,
:o :down in the State, towards the
a.th;it'is -said, that the cocoa nut, ban
npnaelime,- &c., -growv well. These valua
ble fruits, and- the valuable agri'eultural pro.
ductions of this State must, in the course of
tiids," diak'e it. one of - the richest of the
-Ulted States. .Tlais opinion will be more
rssilj entertained,-by- glancing at a mnap
of 'the State, and- vobserving what commer
.ialadvantages-it b'Es; owng to its situation.
- BiniE BETTER 'THANr FxsToibs.
I r. r~ burn; Bible Agent for Con.
- nuticut, in his last-report, relates; the fol
'~Qedonor, who is -a 'stranger to the
ef~i gospel, told me that he had re
to aii giving the Bible to the world,
e s e had themieans to do so.. He
i t t'indi'spensable to.the security of
ektan*d -the rights of men. He said
* s~pe heard an irreligious 'and profane
madis, evose business 'eqplied him to be
mfldamongstraugrs'say, " that'hiaways
~ ~~ hia pitols with him,'and usually laid
. ~'t~d~ lis'pillow at night-;.but when lie
~$~2*ibe in he liouse, that had ihe iap.
f'being well used, he never- 1to
h rmiis xalise." -
I JA tgtstIL2B-Oe hundred years
whtefelpsed on th4 4th day' of- Novem
- sinceOen. George Washington was
Tree and aecepted Mason in Frede.
N bis Virginia: Several Grand
nelulding the G. L. of Tennessee,
- er'soit ,nd N r~th Carolina,
- t~tln I~sne fat4rnity
- - nph nzta M oic
~~*~fel a 8 recetl4 ape
7~iupow -nd a usa'g.
certair saves to-absccoffroiitwmatersg~
- a jmit ai"if .
WEDNESDAY, JULY 7,1852
- 6 tEAT7H- F511 (LAY.,
30th of Jane last, edeath of another of
our greatest .stateIDmOn was anijounced, both in the
.Senate and in 'the House. .:" Mr. CLA/'. says the
'Charledit'fmury, "last evening, was slightly wan
dng hi'Wn-iindand spoke incoherently of his
wife And children. This morning he.appeared more.
rational, but did not speak until about. half an hour
bofofe his death. -le then asked-for drink, which his
sev xir6tigli a silver tub'i Mr.'CLar then maid,
to him, "don't leave me. .I1e then motioned to
have his oeckcloth-loosedifand after-remaining quiet
for a few- minutes, said, " f am going,'and died
...The erene icounposure.and.dignifiedcgimnest
which-has attended the dying:,moments'of our. great
est s~irits,js certainly ines'remarkable Mr. CAL
nouNdied, it may. be said, without a struggle, and
Mr. CLAY eihibited 'no sign of pain or regret at
leaving tihe see'cidfbis noblest exertions. The great
American Triumeviri are one by one fast descending
to-beir graves-indeed but one of the immortal trio
of CALZIoux, CLAYrand WEBsTEat is now-living
may the surviving-member meet hislast end with the
same firmness and readiness of his departed brothers.
Mr. CLAY's personal friends, we understand, have
taken. his remains to Lexington, for the friendly pur.
pose, we presume, of burying them beneath the .soil
he loved so well. The great Carolinian and his
noblecompeer, the great Kentuckian, are gone for.
ever,,but they are still and ever will be,
"The dead, but sceptred sovereigns who rule our
spirits from their urns."
Upon their sacred tombs golden flowers and fruits
are still springing, "fruits wherein 'lie Nepenthe,
Bowers 'that are flowers of Amaranth." May their
last sleep be long and gentle. Upon'the green turf
that covers their mortal remains, let the refreshing
'dews of sorrowing-affection discend. As they have
immoitalized themselves by their genius and virtue,
let them be -honored by all that is endearing in, social
or domestic charities, and blessed with public revera
tion and unperishable renown.
ggb Ma.' WILLIAM H. CRANE of Augusta Geor
gia, is now offiering great inducements to those who
are desirous of,purchasing "Summer Dry' Goods."
Mr.CIANE, we know, had on hand a very large
stock-of spring goods; and we suppose. he is endea
voring to make place for the." Fall Fashions." Du
ring our- different visits to Augusta, we have fre
q'uently'had the pleasure of stepping into Mr. C's.
store, and can assure all those who call upon him of
a hearty reception, and what, perhaps, wiill please
them more, the very cheapest prices and best bar.
g5 WE call attention to the Advertisement of S.
& E. M. GILBERT, Manufacturers of Carriages &c.,
in the City of Charleston.- They are dealers of ex
perience'and deiserve to receive a'ull share of 'public
IT' WE arc pleased to announce that at an elec
tion held on the 26th ult., forrColonel of the Cavalry,
to fill the vacancy, occasioned by the resignation of
Col. LANxAX, our much esteemed fellow-citizen
Capt.Joux TALBERT, was elected.
We congratulate Mr. T. upon his new accession of
honor-we know he will wear it well, and that,
unsler his command, the spirit of his gallant Corps
will, if possible, rise higher and higher.
gJy WE ara requested to state that there are'several
articles of crockery ware at Col. .Fa.4zzza's store,
wich were leftat the 3Mate Academy 'on Saturday
last., Claimants can get them by .galing nyon Mr.
Roov fbr them.
-There are also several vegetable dishes &c.,miss
-:rg,1my-nforniatid-as -towbhich. will- be.thankfully
diste village in consequencer whereof our corn was
beginnig to look parched, ind a little twisted, bnt
thimaorning't John Barley Corn" is- again' looking
"proud in his might."
The prospects-for the coming? crop are very fine in
our neighborhood, and jadging'from cii'sting circum
stances, we- trust that the cotton qiarket .will open at
sen-ents pier'pdind aAdl corti fittycents per busheL
We look forward 'with pldasure to the next harvest,
and we are pheased' to say tflat a quantity of corn will
be raised in Edgefield .District more than sufficient to
THE CAROLINA SPARTAN.
Wrrn this niew title, our esteemed: compeer, the
Spartan, has just reached us. We are much pleased
with its improved appearance, and congratulate its
Editors upoan the redoubled energy which seem to
have started them anew in their race of usefulness.
Miay' their exertions result in great profit to them-'
selves,andl in much'benefit to. their patrons !
THE SOIL OF THE 80UTO,
Turs is the' title of an Agricultural Journal, the
first copy of which, that we have received is nowv
before us. -We have not liad -a leisure opportunity
for -its perusal, but from a mere glance we have
became so much interested in' it, as to promise our
selves a rich treat from its columns.
We presume, from its name, that it n ill he entirely
devoted to facilitatin: horticulture and agriculture in
the South. <The utility and want of such a Journal
is too deeply felt not to be-known. It is published at
Columbus Ga., at the very moderate rate of $1 per
THE late, conduct of Kossuti, and more particu
larly the influence exerted by him at a meeting of the
Germans in New York, has produced an unusual de
gree of sensation among all parties. Indeed it is now
evident that, this audacious man is endeavoring to
interfere, as mutch as possible, in the affairs, of our
country. Having failed to acconiplish his great end
of causing, or rather coinpelling, our government to
adopt his visionary schemes, he is determined to interi
vene, in our most important affairs, and meddle with
oar rmost sacred sud inviolable riglits.
It cannot be doubted but that -among other things,
Governor IKosstrru is bending all his energies to
wards uniting the Germans, throughout the' United
States, upon one platform, or rather compelling them
to vote for that Presidential candidate most favorablsi'
to intervention. .
This is we think not only'a very. impertinent, but
also a highly important step-inde-ed one that may, if
successful, determine the election. "The German votes
in thisplace,". says the New York Hermld, " number
some twenty thousand,, and .in Pennsylvania and
other States they nrmber perhaps threehundred thou
sand. If they should all vote in one way, or even a
very large nuinber of them vote diflerentdy.from their.
party, they will upset the balance of power .between
the two partiis,'eonfound all calculadions, and cause
the election of the weaker man, and 'the triumph of
the weaker party.'
Now we do not. pretend to say, which of the two
parties: (we mean the Democratin dr ,Whig) are most'
in favor of intervention, for we have always under
stood that neither would have anything to do with it,
in'-iket,deemed it. entirely a foreign question and
highly lippolitice . Therefore if the Germans should
determine to cast a united vote for an intervention
daididate, they must find that candidate in a'diflerent
party-he must-beloag'hither to the anti-slavery, free
sdil or any oilier theth'the Whig or Deniocratic. It is
certain,however, that let their candidate be who he'
may, (provided he is not a Whig or Democrat) their
vote will' very materially weaken the Democratic
prty,.q the Germans, it is generally. coneeded,- be-.
lqag-to that party. Andalihmoglilthey may not, in
teed asieeleet. their candid~te, nevertheless tiaey
si ADecato W$e,)bring ahoat
'" sb tinaor~dMfa~s atoaban
S5Msfl~i~'t ~ resE i oi a.
intekere #ilovnpte ga is ss fre ' eb
*ynm5in'uittw ns-uEs fourts vli&tegth
ssiman will not carry- his unbridled audaIy t
}ANILr O'CONNEaL do-op~ted withe rlsh
iis country to suppress avery,:mar not Kossurn
se his influence'in the same wayI It maybe that,
fter failing to accomplish-the purose forhieh--he
isited Americalike TaousrsoNf, the pretended phi
mnthropist, he is ndw'maktng a tpur' throughout our
ountry for the express purpose of aiding andlabeting
e anti-slavery party,
TaE contest for the Presidency still goes bravely
n. Neither-party are disposed to grant the slightest
dvantage, or to leave unturned the smallest,stone,
seneral SCOTT is thought by. some- to have the ad
rantage inasmuch as Lundy's Lane, and the:battles.
n Mexico (too numerous to mention) are so many
tepping stones to the chair. But they forget that
aJANELIN PIERCE is also a General and Hero.
"Strange such a difference there sliould be,
'Twixt Tweedle dumn, and Tweedle dee."
We are exceedingly anxious to hear the-'determina.
ibnof theGeorgia lonvention', for upon the decision
of that body, in our'humbleopinion, rests thi election.
dessrs. Tobiss'aid STEPHENS have already' ex
ressed themselves as subservient to the will .of that
sembly, and its- voice ill undoubtedly cast.,the
o a for Georgia. -
0 0OMU.NICATIONS -
FOR TnE ADVEATISER.
TME CE.RRATIN OF LAST SATURDAY.:
MESSRS. EDITORS :-Will you allow me a ahort
ipace in your columns, to say a word or two in re
,ard to one of -the most joyous and .exciting occa
;ions I have gver witnessed I I alludo to the Cele
iration of the Anniversary. of our. Independence
wvhioh came off at this-place on Saturday last.
The day was'as propitious as could be -desired,
the sun being sufficiently obscured by louds to
mollify the intense heat considerably. At an car)yt
hour of the morning, the slumbers of our citiZens
were broke.r in upon by the roar of Cannou-tlie,
" BUTLER ARTILLERY" having turned out, in part,
to introduce the day with a national salute.
At 8 o'clock, A. M., -a most excellent Brass Band
from the City of Augusta, under the command of
Mr. Jon BonSLEi,. took: its position. in* the Court
House Portico, which fronts the Public Square,-and
there enlivened all listeners with some of the very
finest strains of Martial Music it has ever been our
good ' fortune to hear in $dgefield. If is justice'to
say here, that the Members of tiiis Band, each and
every one, acquitted themselves in the most hand
some style and conducted themselves'throughout
the day in the most becoming manner. 'Ie com
manded the- respect of all-and 'we havo' already
heard that they may look for a second engagement
amongst us within the next two weeks.
At half past, 10 o'clock, A. M., 'a procession was
for'med under the dircettion of Lieut. Josrnru Aar,
who acted as Marshal of the day. We have never
seen, in Edgefield, one so full or so fine-looking'
Upon reaching the Baptist Church, the proces
sion was halted and entered in the usual manner.
The exercises in the Church were opened by an
appropiate and impressive prayer from the Rcv.
Mr. GRAJIAX, of the Episcopal Denomination..
II. . SPANN Esq., then read the Declaration of
Independence in a clear and forcible manner.,
After which Mr; JoHN E. BACON deliverad an
Oration, which was universally .pronounced to be a
beautiful and eloquent production.' -
The company was then dismissed, and repaired.
to the Male Academy grove, where the most abun
dant and varied feast was'- prepared. All partook
with keen appetites,^audaHI were satisfied ifto..
.Somfitime after dinne~ the young peo~e'g4 to
gther in the Male Academy, whieh-waatho-Long
Room- of theo~occasioiand conmnenced a'gdy anji
animating dince wich they- kept'upl with uninter
rupte est untiln'fateho.urlof he .'ftrnoon. In.
~deed the whole day passed.off as searee any otfhdr
Tliobe6 ,iebirv'es-a-notie extendlingA seve
ral columns-biut it is indelibly ritten idosar do1%n
thoimemoriesu:of all who were-present, and will b~e
long remembered with .delight~ - -
ONE OF T II EM.
-FOR TnlE ADvERTIsER.
AT a special meeting of the Wardens andltestry
of Trinity Church, Edgefield, the -following Pre
amble' and 'Resolutions were unanimously adopted:
-- WuEREAS it has pleased Alnighty God in Ihis
~wise providence to take out of this world the soul
of our late revered, conscientious, humble and de
voted Diocesan, the' Right Rev. C. E. GAvsDar.,
D. D. Be it therefore
Resolved,' That we condole with our sister Chur
ches in this Diocese in this our common affliction.
Resolved, That we espe-rially tender our sincer
est sympathy to the congregation of St.- Philip's
Church now bereaved of its long tied and zealous
Resolved, That we grieve with the family of our
deceased Bishop, in their deep distress and commend
them to that compassionate Saviour, who in th'e
days of Ihis humiliation toept at lazarus' grave,
and is " the same yesterday, to-day and forever."
Resolved, That in token of our own loss our
Church be clothed with mourning.
F.' II. WARDL AW, CAIR'N.
July 3rd, 1852. ~ -'
From the Southern Bapjtist. - .
P. 5. WmITE--Ti|PRA1ICE.
Whoever has carefully observed the course
of the above named gentleman-on' the above
named subject, cannot but be struck with the
odium, which it seems to be his endeavor, on
every occasion, to heap -upon all who have not
felt themselves called upon to occupy the posi
tion which he has thought proper to assume on
The Christian ministry, and Christians gen
erally, who, in the exercise of that right of opin
ion to which every man is entitled, have declined
to take their places under the banner of the so
called temperncee reform, are made the subject.
of the grossest misrepresentation, and held up
as the enemies, virtually, of a cause which they
profess to love, and on principles as high above
those which they are called upon to adopt, as
heaven is above earth.
-At Darlington C. H., a few weeks ago, Mr.
W. is found taking the bold and startling posi
tion, that during 'his sojourn in the State of
South Carolina, so far, he had heard but a single
Minister of the Gospel advocate the catuse of
temperance from the sacred desk.
.Now what, we ask, does Mr. W. mean, when
he says that but a single minister in the State
had advocated, in his hearing, the cause of tem
perance from the pulpit?- Does he mean that
the rest have not held up the order of the "Sons
of Temperance," as an order to which all ought
to belong who would be temperate ?' If he
means to say tis, lie is certainly correct, so far
Ds this simple fact is.concerned. But when he.
draws the conclusion from this, that they are
living in the neglect of tiio high duty to which~
God has called them, of inculcating the princi-.
pIes of temperance among' those to whom it'
ay -be their privilege to minister,'he beth falls
into the grossest fallacy, and is guilty of thi
ost shameful violation of truth. If the order
sf the." Sons of Temperance" embodies alone'
th principles of temperance, to the exclusion of
avery othier system, the conclusIon to which Mr.
W. is so bold in coming, is not fallacious, but
torrect. But if,-on. the .contra~y the Christian
eligion, which, it is-to be hope tLhe mninistry at
argo are honestly endeavoring to advance, cdri
titutes the real and only genuine embodiment
f the great principles of. temperance,. thieere.
rse is true. The conclusion adverted to is
ot correct, but fallacious; and if so, howifoul
nd shameful the injustico of whiejtMr. W. is
An .surely it liasedide to asenous asnt
e esll with irg h
srt ase fv3 c byhl theern tv r '
sponsil]ed R od-and bywhom? hr-o
So fs 1 Mr. Phip S. Whto, held Yl~
Ioto v ho " -MIiid adnuz :li aid tdM '
r.h41 iwij .twthe:
ursuin tiondoi Abelvers
f reigiorh e beee.nabled:callo
y toWatAijl uvtts in.connection
ititth'fe~~ o in- bve rtn o
he StiitoM ein.I pacing-the
ry ti n- the. o rtirse'6
W, while it ua m to ause and-re
Iect one ecs whie is
im3e timecL pt iwhom
it so unjustly vIlieeia tonUipjnliz of
Lhat .reIuke wd q ea.
heraWi. ' -.
Itdvould b o:afs
the Pr.esid.efii nelWitleSs the fury
iih igi me tive ean
wddWe ui to
asalli h '-oe blarly of
billn .ha tsted tin -the'
searl o - o~r will th4 trm
the DsiiGheat, pen narfairet
How .often wUI e-i,~tenominee p(.tiit'
sUPIJA WN aotuwh ehet fus san
feathers,"-bei n itt were idle to specu
late.' The'-Whigs hrit raweapons of attacek,
as iell .F h Pierco will, in
turn,bebifttenfd&hat4 with cdwardice at the
battle nf Chap~ui thav~g convenient
ly itedat t/JQiint danger-during
the b e vidditch out of the
renci of thim ~~and jout-of hnrm's
way.1' H9 .jl Ii- propensitys'to
"stron c and a-thou
sand oR hate will' be
sure ior rycbgfijilet iit
Ons ho o a will be continu
ally saluted with t- jeaftenin shou of the
patylefCapur .a ~ e- olo n , he
dy's us9o, nnd Mexico.
N~ot lea voci pniises of "the
gallant lenere great name-of
our Oilhoupi -. gve him a great
statestnan a.~.e-a a nithe. won
der oftiheage ' &Vi- -iiy te ohas even
now.-inspir,edea he th hug..poets, and the
partizn press is'i'edwth 'their fulsome dog.
gerelsin praise of ttehl ilokans -o -
Such isfai i rst President-making.
And yPoWhje ramble is called a
mightecontn for the Constitu
tion-for the n~rp~ ~ieiples of -1798 and
'99-the principles of .t.e.immortal hefferson !
And stra th gre thosetoo, in
South w~hiW thaI th'epeople will
not ,be wholesom~l ex' ried,,unless they , re
ineited to shout, t e d King,-as boie
r'ously as the most tumtluo.us of. his followers
that the cry..'greati~iilalnd.of the:Ephesians,"
is good for the lunsi-tiat to keep cool and
v-ote-quietly foth didates of.their choice
will obscure theirjudents-that the only way.
to votndetna ;fI e Ahem- to become
blind, rabid, tiord hpnced parlizans, nr d join
in..thei'd .t Sto aWtihigs-Newber-.
E ~hi' pshink oin Pierc
ndW mR.q 'e the nomina
tions f-eorresid a reaident by the
Decnoc'ratie COdniiv af shembled at Bali
timore. The Demoeracy througloutr the Union,
not oai y NorTh-- ti Sotth; hIayo-ifed- the
~nomiudatiions in lti ii~ethusiastic meetirngs
of the D a . - . leading'states
mand of thet pa a ipu-hed asidev to
makiv ay for'on *:- ift snd clrarnctecr is
.mn o n9Pe . a tahn'ei Spots -n toe
ktnon.. ofn ue have no
glit in sis. ose , -%
'iucaviaid th~i 1 atI .i . a es is nfow
out t w
tiepain h -lo
if,..has hitheitd'padd . h :i.t.-altii vote
for some perof"'t ,idi ite.';Firtosile
iwe aie pirepthe T fn; e-rt ikp King asd
-choice ot Mvis" TI'tegprasked jhir sa
tif-ctin vit f-tiOf i 'omse mnensires, and
in t reitl differ Io ni 1 -.b netertheless we an
support'them wh.si osed to the Whigs . Wo
think this State has-'iged in her peenliar io
tions long on'g nf to join her
Sister Staterthe 0 r iion of the highest ofli
eer knoi to1theoyernment we believe that
the niomination is op sed tQ the: United.-States:
Bank; oppoet o Te T .riff.;opesedt o the
system o't Iniiera1 otvemeni in tt, opposedi
to all the Wing" ur ~ua GTherefore -we say
let South Carhe, le thecening election, cast
her vote for Pierce. and King. We would not
have our State~t tk~ part as one of the scram
blers. -in this.:.e ' but Mye would -have her
perform her dnt ti ei'self-; her 'duty to the'
Central-Government-with (hir dignity that has~
heretofore been ~plced''bf heir.-Sumpter
* From -(heSouth Cidi-linian.'
MEssus. EDITrrod:The' Hon. .T. A. Wood
ward having delineda .g pelection to Congress
from tho 3~o ~ zonaDistrit, some friend,
I observe,' has. Jdrsuigeed my name- for
the successign . F.;th'e cojpliment conveyed
by this noiat t tim.-.duly agrateful;
neverthaeless, F ag nwi a candidate, and nener
harebee'aand )ie*r expectlobe. For this de
termination, I hold the following reasons to be
perfectly conchisl'c - .
-Jnghp firsc ple ie sthis of nij-health-ut
terly preclude~s tle idea. of-my entejing the
canva.s. . . . ;
In the secondr, cod not, be. elected if I
In thetid ~ drolboelted if I could.
. Ever smde he lieationt.oJudge Cheves'
celebrated lettgr-'-ofthsCharleston Mercury-in
1844,1I haveen ' disainiontist. .My chief, if
not only;goli.~i ~ ratinchas beaet an entire
severanceeof'ahl-eetion twith the North, and
the establishment of'a S6:utherti Confederney..
Failing -ink.thif,iwever as I verily believe,
through: the- dbnikILfLSouthi~CarolinaL to inter
pose --the.hed feso egt for the pro
teotion of-he:Wi 1m Wif~ho&4 for the present
at least,- to 'deesa mslif'pot as acontent
ad and .loyale fW i prii'aie subject,.- of
the "ig pow gtii Ui ,m
. WTNEiPR EN - o ;UNITED STATES.
George pn r~,eiglit years' in the
Presden ohn Adams
was the~f'r ent,-sered four
four 'years.' on was. the first
Whlg Prsielected in oppo
sitiOn to the ~~ L~ . .Ie'died at the
beginln'ofapJ rtion, and the Tler
admisiisfi'atson4zrtd 91rars. Zacbury Ty
or wa the nexV igrrfsdeit, "unnd:-the a
ministrjtiopt Wh 4lldwid-aserved -four years,
ma~nn'. n ih yenis of.
Whig rulgaon t4~*yhr,'eaving thci
Dmocrats'i in~ f~~t.p -ers.- -
As the tiett WI e nbIo're th President
of' the' Uniti n~S~~ a Ein~imnget cdncludes
thtGn~t bieeitb tie-an, ipas
neh as F.>.5 * Tafm uirteenth .Preisideits as
well as FranklinPi re.~
A PR'cMN I a eawhile
mn sold twbiftee* o i: ouis, dlyided'
he money~.with" thnte all
ieamped.;' Ownd h 1 (K w~ arrbsted.
oonAfteritw~~~ h reed-in.his.
~osseskion lie i ij(bfro the Re-.
~orer, orq~hsp isiappeared and claim
Sthi'a atft prty, b ig d paid for.
thef thet hau ti he..nm ro-established his
edin~ie ' is~him for
iinizm monfso; FtenCOr-41
MAGNANi. CAseT a ,
esfjoticent"'ii laitephia'figer.i A
Lhe following of Gefi.' Cas:
"Gen. Caa having-besh accosted 't6day at
the National Hotel by one of his friend,iwho
observed'" republics were ungrateful," therold
Btatesmiin instantly checked him; y assuring
him-that the republic of the United- had- beqn
remarkably grateful th him. .4Ierosset) '
Alleghenies on foot," said Gen. Case, "I'oed
my.own boat on the Ohio river -and froin'thist
huiAbl- position I have been- exalted by. the
gratitude of the republic into- every station ofI
honor, trust, and emolument, exe te one, 'nd
forthat one I have once been nmii iiuta, though
not elected. If there be a man in this nailon'
(who has reason to thank, the epublie aid'ti
people for favors bestowed on him, I amthat
man." ..The .would-be. flatterer was subdud.
Pet every.American statesman set a sun ex
ample f fa n
A NARROw EscAn'E.-Bayard. aylor, vn one
of his agreeableItters from 'the Nile ives the
following- accotof aiasg(i~t''whieli,-eamei
near*&potting'a end to?hisftfavel:. -
." Trhe men were about'to-pitch my, tent -ear
iome suspicious 'ookifig .holes, but Ihad 'it
moved to a clear, open space 'not far distant.'
In the morning as Achmet was'about rolling up
my. mattress, he suddenly let it drop and-ruslhed
out.of the tent, exclaiming, ' Oh, master, come,
dtit4'ornIout! Ther'e iWa'g'ret siAdke'in your
bed !' I loOked, and true'jenough, there was an
ugly spotted !epile coiled up in the staw mat
ting.. The men heard the anlri,ainid my ser
vant A. immediately came running up with 'a
club. ..As ie was afraid~ to enter the tent, he
threw it to me, and with one blow [ put the
o'nfi*e beynd the' Oower of doing harm. It as
not more than two feet long, but thick and club-,
shgped, with a back covered with.:green, browi,
and yellow iscales, very hard and bright. The
Arabs, who'by this time had comelto the rescue,
said it was a most venomous creature, its bite
causing jnstant. deati. 'Allah kereen' . '(God
is merciful!) I exlAtimed, ind they -all heaitiy
responded, ? God -be praised!' They said that
the occurrence denoted long life to me. Al
though no birds were to be seen at the time, not
ten minutes had elapsed before two large crows
appeared and alighted near the snake. 'Ihey
walked around it at a distance occasionally ex
changing glances, and turning up their he.ds in
a shrewd manner, which plainly. said, 'No.you
don't old fellow . want to make as believe you
are dead, do you?' They bantered each'other
to take hold of it first, and at last the boldest
seized it suddenly by the tail, jumped back two
or three. feet and then let it fall... He looked at
the other, as much as to say, If he's.not dead
it's a capital sham! Th4 other made'a similar
essay after, which they 'nilternately dragged and
shook it, and conulted some time before. they
agreed that it.was netually dead.. One of them
took it by. the tail and .s'iled off through the
air, its scales glittering in the sun ai it dangled
LiZARDS; .ARE THEY PoIsoNoUs t-Mesrs.
Ediiors: You say that we farmers must write
for the agriultiiral paper. Well, we e write,
and'you-can reject what is unfit for your per
pose. . - .
, Iknow buit.little of zoology; but I. have ex
amined ritany snakes and lizards to linow if thev
were poisonous. I am satistied' tiat 'dainy
annkes ari destr6ed thAt are 'not only harniless,
but useful. "'As to lizards, I have examined all
sorts'for'ipany years, and. never found a poison
ens one. The striped, red-headed lizard, com
monly ealled' Seorpiori; will 'leasae his tail in youm
jiossi-s.sion' ir you seize' 'him by-. that -member;
but if you take him by. his body, he will be yem
innocent prisoner. I 'never found:sonc that had
. any harm about, him ;and yet,-*rom Southi Car.
o~linagto,'e'xas, he is thought to be exceedinigly
The supposed poisonous "lamper' eels," oi
'very large'a;niiibioun. water-lizards, are -;nice
.innpeent. I-recolleef,.readiog, years ago, im .4ic
j.gpe gedia. mrann, if I mistake .not, tha.
somne lizards am' ikmonuno. I thik thie.witei
must have been misinformerd-simply-because .1
8& vet'barrable~te Guda 'sjonglird.
r' hiuoLo[;schibiren." e.wne, J
.suppose, nearl .afoot and a hslf,lon~g.g. Havin"
tffifii xammend 'the poor innocent thing~;,J
retirnegd liatyto his;proper-olement,'and Iotihin1
-Philosophier Dick says, thg way to 'removc
sup'stition is bly the close p'rnetiee of. observa.
tion. In the' above you have a a rough note,
with -aivitness.-Southern Cultivator.
.'3L. MI. BOAsaa.
CURE FOR SNAKEnITE.-We find the follow
ing commun~ication' in the Southern Cultivator
and give it.to~our renders, as it inny possibly be
" Messrs. Editors: As I holai it to be the duty
of any one possessing a knowledge of anything
whieb may be of utility to a fellow-being, te
impart theosame, I-offer throughthe columns oh
four'valunble paper, a remedy for a snake-bite.
'which di eminent physician, Dr. W. H. Whita
ker, informs' me,' is never-failing-one whieci
may be relied on as certainly successful. it ib
the tincture of lobelia, either herb or seedse As
soon as possible 'after the wound is iinflicted,
bandagiias tightly as possible the' limb above
the wound to prevent'thie circulation of blood
below; then commene giving the tincture in
doses of a tablespoon or wine-glass fullI, every
few minutes, until copiobs vomitings ensue, at
which time the bandage may be loosed,' and the
.vomiting kept up -' repenting the dose of giv
ing warmrr water. When the patient begins to
recover, the 'stomach should be kept slightly
nausented for one or two days' by thd lobelin,
after which tonics should be -given. It would
probably be well to apply strong spirits of harts
horn, or what is termed by druggists tredle agua
ammronia, to-the-wound.' ''TaUTH.
.Frnon SANTE FE.-Dates from SantaY
have been received at St. Louis.. Colonel Sum
ner had removed his head-quarters back to
Gov. Calhoun and party were passed at the
Lower Simnanoc, on their waiy to the States.
The Governor's health .was improving.
A party of Mexicans,,who had been buffalo
hunting n'ear Fort Atkinson, were met at' the
sanme place. The Camanches and Arnpahols
complained to the commanding officer of Fort
Atkinson 'tant thtey had rutn the buffaloes out of
their country. He ordered them to. return
aross the' Arkansas river ; but not appearing
inclinci to do so, he:- went out with some
troops, took several of their captains, and kept
them some days.
,HoG.--Tho present high prices of pork and
bacon .begin to cause consumers and dealers to
inquire with regard to the quantity and. quality,
and of the ho'gs now feeding for niext eenson, as
compared with the last.
'One-or two of our packers have just returned
from .a tour. through '-Kentucky 'and Indiana,
who report hogs in every region they. have
travelled throaqh, of a much better quality, and
a coniderable increase in nuimber, as cormpared
with 'last season.'
Throughout Ohio' we~learn that morel young
hogs are'lbeing fed than usual, and in many see
tions an'increase. of 'one-third is anticipated.
The highipricee of pork has caused the farmcru
throughout the West to bestow as much -care
and attention upon their pijgs as they do .upon
their childreri. Throughout many pectioias..of
th:Southf thte planters are malking: strong efia
deaors to -9 grow; their. owwr meat."-"W
We lone of' contracts by our packrs,-for'the
fitur'e'delivery, ofsomo.2,000 hogs, to besfat
tned "in' Indiann, at: 3' and 8 1-4 eis grss.
Several thousands has been engaged by Maisorn
pakers for the next season at-4 and 4 1-2cents
nt.-Louisville Courier,'Jne 25.
R folldwing'dvce giveYj.'b tb e
Rndolp ," to one. of his yotirtetdnyh
de'emed worthy iVplc& 'dibis vg"o
standard works, bosaid:, enad tnd'
E UBAR.-hs e gardn pant
should beset in arcbiidoil'. and cultivated with
gret~.ssiduity. Stable . mnutesshou!d be.
frequenti..strewn -about iech root. during the
whole. summer, to insure a luxuriant growth of
stalks,;which id:the pirincipal object of its culti-.
vation. These stalks, with pioper attention,
can be grown to. avery large size, and are an
excellent substitute for the: apple. for pies,:
sauce; preserves, &e. They'are much improved,
and I-find by'shading -them as muclh as possible
from the sun; -Which' ay -be. done' by sawing
old birrels usunder and placing the halves about
enb ylint illowing he leaves to protrude
through. tie 'pening It he top. -I have seen-a
whole'buiel, toless and 'bottomless,diomplete
ljffilld riihhe 1lgsioito stalks. The seed
stilli,biwhi springs up in 'the ientre of the'
bunch,,shpuldbe...broken down as soon ad it
appears;.it being Jillow n4useless, and injur
ing the growth of the other stalks. The root
of therhabab' (Rhonn's Palmatum) contains
inedcinal poperties, and should be cut up,in
striper and dried for use. 4 learned botanieal
physician say.s, it possesses the property of
contracting the animal fibres, while it oporates
as a-therough cathartic; .itsoperations, there
fore, for weakly constitutions, that cannot bear
inore drastic physic,:in cases of diarrhma and
'eebility 'of the bowrel, :is: p-r.iculdrly' useful.
In small doses it will inv'igart6 the stomach.",
All shosld either raise or buy their - own' root
and ciate it, and- then 'they will %lnow -what
they have. .1 havie seen rotten, worm .eaten
rhubarb grofin*p i wit' dAyellow 'kind of roit;'
toive ,it color. 'The mnai who was grinaing it
informed me that.it was for .a whole-sal dealer
in. drugs iri a neighb'oring city. There is 'much
uncertainty about all medicines that are ground.
AN AMERICAN DRAGOON KILLED AT CARMAR
Go.-Tho'Mbxican account of the affair is-r-" A
dragooi belonging-to 'Gen. Harney's escort,.was
killed a few days ago, at Carmirgo, by the Mex
ican -troops. It seems three of them had leave
to cross, with their horses for a pleasure trip, as
is usual sometimes in the service. It appears
they. had their arms as well as horses. The
Mexicans say it happened in this' wise. The
dragoons got drunk; and one of them insisted
that he could charge alone,.and take a battery
which was parked in the plaza. His compan
ions, having more reason and, discretion begged
him to dedsist; but putting 'spurs'to his horse,
he 'charged .full speed upon the piece, though
warned by the sentinel not to come too near.
Upon this lie drew a pistol and wounded the
sentiisel in the arm, which has since been am
putated. He then charged upon the piece, and
was shot with six balls by the sentries 'having
charge of the battery.. The body was then ta
ken to the river, and sint over to General Har
ney." This is the Mexicans account. We have
not heard the other side.'
tHE WAY TO Do BUSINEss NOW-A-DAYS.
The Boston Dnily Bee says:
To keep up with the times, and be somebody, is
to advertise. And as a. matter of course the
way to rn behind hanrd, sink into obsoliti4m,
anid be nobody is not to adveitise. The logic
'of both propositions i' straight and legitimate.
The man' in these days who supposes he can
get aloni without ptittimg his 'sign in the news
papers, will wake -up,-one of these fine morn.
tlgs, and find himself the vitim -of a verybig
mjatnke. This matter of 'adverti'sing is no
longeu aii.experinent,.but a tried and' proved
fret-just as much so as tlie'plaim'est .thing in
mathematics. He.,who,,supposes that the *6rld
will hiint him up when buried in sadows while
o he'rs are dashg~ out in"'broad su',! ight,-ha
yvttenen.the rudiments of sieess-pe ta
the wind of :y'tory.
.The more p'n'blicity a 1u'iness has the morc
it is put into people'% eyes and cars, the bestci
it wihF be for th&' mindoing it~' lence .ini the
best reguilated' and 2.hargest fortuno-making es
tablishment'there is 'watapart-a-eertaiin amouni
for advertising, just as mneh as for paying bitlk
and meeting notes.t. It is rightly considered oe
of the necessities of a succesi'ful trade. Tc
'tiry to' do without would be almost equizient tc
haviing ostock~ -. - '
-Advertise if yo atbsnemn o'a
verin if oyeawishite'asid & ik3:e~ieipte~
-' "~x tL'.ARNNG," &- s eh
ing,-" alittle learuing isza daig/rous thing.'
'The- trutar*6f'Tthla dage is. minfce b the
,.tripplings ot'the present age, whoprepar, and
-are entercid uion. their-collegiate course. They
too often forget,.wh9 they are--fromi what stazuf
of: a mechanic they sprang-that, perchance
their daddy is.a poor tanner, or a cooper, wh<
hans by hard' lAbor, economy and' confinement
accumulated a small surplus, which- has lifled
his son to his' present position. -Forgetting all
this, it is.-too often, the case, that 'they' don'i
know their' old comrades 'and companions-ti,
forgetfulness commences on ' their first ivisii
borne; and by the time they, have been at eel.
lege three sessions the acquaintance is eut-the
college fauce is ineased between 'two 'pieces of
starched linen-the upper lip is slightly frosted
over by a mustache-the cigar puffs out-at the
ends of his shirt collar, and the magnificent
little cane is sigifcantly twisted as .he passe
by the'bns of hisi early days... Sometimes, too,
these 'fellows are called to preach-as they S
-and, ini preparing the head to answer theca
they mistake, and fix off the body,to mnli'
good appeairance. 0, the times I How say
have we degenerated, snt'eeather Adams df.
DIFFEiRENTIA L DUTEs.-The Washingt Or
respondent of the 'Journal of'-Comeu,7
"I learn that the Committeo on Comu.rce of
the House has finally agreed, and byvs unani
mous vote, to report a Bill providina'fr the es
tablishment .of reciproeity 'of traic .ith ther
British :North American'Provineer The bill
will also provide for the repeal of. et whiel
imposes certain duties on Spanish ( 'e-tl6
effect of which has been t o edel e Sp1)h
Tr)easury has advised the Commige th
dutynmay be beneficially dispensed rec~
is a good prospect that the bill w ise."
THlE WEATHE.-In the month there
will be two full moons, on theltf1 -
circumistance that has not oeei ce 'he
year 1776, 'when there was a full -on hbe
1st and on the 30th, and on the latt' day' an
extraordinary eclipse of the meoo isbi in
most parts of the inhabited world. ghe 'Al uan.
Se of this year gives us an eelipi on the .rt
da~y of July.
TnE SALT QUETo ION vP AL. DEeI kD
m'FAYCR' OF THlE AMRC~. lo g
information is given in a let. . n
May 19th :
'"The salt. question at St. Ubee has beerie
dided' in favor of the Americans. In e~O
quence of this decision, three English v Is'
went there (one from '"Oporto' and two mt
Lisbon,) for, aalt, but the Junta would notibV
themn to, buysad LibjUem, and they= took tfer
crgoes and sailed; it is, therefore, estah hed':'
thatthe Americans, (scarcelf ten of who~ve'
sels enter the .ports of -Portugaly in felve
months,) arc more favored than' the,' itish,
whosogovernment has sustained and'd sus
tain, the independence of Portugal."
SATE oUR BEJ~ovED YoUTiL.-Save, .'ounig
men-preserve the sons of our belov Union,
is thie cry'bdrnie to us on every breez ot'only
from the.hu& of abject poverty .an metce
ness, but from all ranki'o'f sebiety, a from the
place.of the rich, the learuded-and' t. 'Fi-om~
the ashes of ten thousand dead,fto .A vs
of fatthera, Inothers-, orphans-afro b o
oum patriot sires-yes, from the tov'.of.
ngton,'arise the cry1.hQud, ihsiporft:, "Aimer
lans, Patriots, Chrfstiansa,tsaveUr beloved
outh !i-blot' from'euriand thai e~ of' pol
utiou,' where 'their intfeifects-dra ~hed, their
hearts crusted over wit~iinsena iLy and. vice,
and thisir souls prepareJ fer tigers of the last
~great dity. Save i sAyo our i.i~-Alb. Spec.
Ldxngop l~ri~~ ii ya.slave Tr
Wof a transferred' onT
IMETHODIsT JVRC - "
quiies'as lb whuidatiOe
North finally deterbined:Cn
Church iait,.the Nashe sne
vocate,.says: ' The 4o
three Commisjioperp to-acts
ths'look -A nits* 2_6.$ w
numberat C Fnina't,)
understand it, with full w
premises. We pTn
thorize ithir 06 Jet= f
ing.tothe.decree of aoy-a
carry the. suitt14 pP,
United States. W1at courV
we have usyethad- no-di o
suit-in Ohio is set for the d
As HouoBERhPatAn -
Frankfortispeak of tlnr o
town, addst "J
by an eminently ba ip-e nep
a little less, Wt g'hdlh
viets. Here M. hopu
genius-of clasieedai f
a student of a Presbypdrn t i
Mr. Farbanks, of the lebt
and lnst, not4eat;zlgrj
cationand greatqperp a I
attirgn tspeem attion:
dreds of-,the. ladsis
Hayne, though he-bas he4
months. Ho marn-ed four.*
-arrested bh'is arer. e
very soon again srs saia4, Wb6i
half years of hardVlabor'at'c
.have eipired. A-4.
. TE WAsUNGuoN *NEMN
Ga. Southerner 'thows ut a,
vember will-be the-trnn',Ann
of the initiation of Gogp
Freemason, which 1a
and magnificent pyie.lrq out
that it be &Unleesioaf
dinnerodr suppert-be m nagi '
to be held in every eity town,4lae
let in the United States, forth. ben"ipt
Cuo.ERA choI - The
been raging with -great dild
Mo. The town fiad-e t'as
serted, and on the' 20th alt
enough of persdis', einiintng .
On thc21st uiL., tiere'WerieW
maining unburied. Among the
Col. Russell, .. W.-rnbengh, editor .
Democrat, and Mr Halrfis, his-forensa
Gov. Con was amen
sailed from.Sava'nalfor It
the steamer Flonda*onSVU
The late Secessionii
disturbed in idnsequetgePq
celleney a few monthsmsni
charged upon him.apoli
what they will hay now
gusta Sentinel- - .
-We don't know what t
say ibut a Savannai bk
"Governor Cibb is- tr
at. pqr prewnipasod&
;ata" am G6 nt.
Ar the annual etn
thof May'ilkey -
byuae atir tergpcause dwuf nh
Nzw Pwrc*M :
been estehliheued pnUl
Wateree, and SamueEtai
master. it Jis onlt eiteon
son's 'traLOut. ~ --
-STnUCTUR E OV .WoNi
isnotronilrth nowm f
worish ie deetls
the senise.4 - -
*- PoE st'S
litieni canvna uenti~
eraund'ihee iis telIcnlitl.
Lh'dangged a poe4tbp
is a capital idea, for one in poe'e
mian a liar~ pr thiefj wiho
Alisin a visit to.Cha t S4
the&Opistian Mirror, .thashi e~
mnrd lethodist colorediJewingi
no6 Charleston, and lh'eir'codifritfft
mnore that tle% -el rs
' A NEW INTERPRETAToT~~
ing upon theisuVenwtotjed-t
times, one :Qf-th'in. ggaiI * sS
confounded bankstMwerg~ erii
country. . "Sir" said lie, S *ld~~iW
inoths&e "MothaV" replied4hthd
lad that's the reason 'whyb i i
called the ina-moth.".m-'tt~4ss
WHAT Is.HE EU*9Rt~- ~ 3
a WJ only;;Welleip~dr u~L Y
in the spring ofa .I& .j~s
wonuid thought to'enrtlt
was nbcked senselesi ind'eoW b
'';in tile (all of 1851-waitrvs ~ y
ormules an'd a r4&"he ~ i~.
from the-tbhstory wuu: ~ itl f
a pile of stones, About iitI*A
shot, thres- balls" entr
hero of nal'these uglyqce'2 spmi I
and healtby, being reser etobsnb
some other kind of ahufiingetham
tal coil.". - 4 nr i r
Drso, in Augusta, Ga., onWi
29thultimo,Wumn G. Rst~
lumbia, SCagdf34 year. .
In the suddlen death of our dep
realise the uncertainty of life, and
and admonishing. .ui "'B' yeo lso ~"'
last Monday night, fedling -unwel i,
it the house of'a.friend,'and atrkusepr
dion given hiin byr t ih,4li r to
rendering im .isensible,,untilsewe.
dileven, Pa Ml.when-he gavsign&a
and breathd.hisJast -uNii li*i.
Held) had~beeraet for lah
only to find him dressed'in 'th&i -
graye. It, willbea source of comforttll
and other relatives, to knew .that h eevI
possible kindness .an4itt -~oSuib
friends. . z -
* The deeessea-had 6nlgaliiif
his city, hut those-who~tjh
pertinent, he woni the Eoufideiie a
iorq.,His cowpanlhiultt hel
turn from Ahe ye 'theit:es
ondly loved., ~'
e'Tesjsen th&t'w iispe dil.
ThuoaE 1 id CiUh