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c l rmstrnafic 3 tournal, -rvotrV to 5"0ttijern l?h1Its, )Tnois, poiic, era 3jtigu, itratwrr, idtrndiig, Ennyxrauwe, AgriculturT, &c.
"We will clinig to the Pillars of the Temple of our' les, and It It must fall, we will Perish mmidst time Ruins."
W. F. DURISOE, Proprietor. .EDGEFIELD, S., AUGUST. 18, 1852. L-NO 3-.
I LOVE TO LIVE.
"I love to live," said a prattling boy,
As he gaily played with his new-bought toy,
And a merry laugh went rejoicing forth,
From a boson filled with joyous mirth.
" I love to live," said a stripling bold
"I will seek for fame-I will toil for gold1,"
And he formed in his leisure many a plan
To be carried out when lie grew a wan.
" I love to live," sail a lover trie,
Oh, gentle inaid, I would live for you ;
I have labored hard in search of fame
I have found it but an cmpty naune."
"I love to live," said a happy sire,
As his children neared the wintry fire,
For his heart was cheered to see their joy,
And lie also wished himself a Loy.
" I love to live," said an aged man,
Wlhose hour of life wits well nigh ran
Think you such words front hin were wild ?
The old man was again a claild.
And ever this in this fallen world, i
Is the banner of hope to the breeze unfurl'd; t]
And only with hope of life on high, g
Can a mortal ever love to die ?
I LIVE TO LOVE. d
"I live to love," said a laughing girl, s
And she playfully tossed each flaxei curl,
And she climbed on ier loving fithcr's knee,
And snatched a kiss in her girlish glee.
"I live to love," said a maiden fair, S
As she twited a wreath for her sister's hair ;
They were bound by the cords of love together, fi
And death alone could these sisters sever. 1
" I live to love," said a gay young bride,
Iler loved one standing by her side, V
Her life told again what lier lips had spoken, V
And never was the link of affection broken. tl
" I live to love," said a mother kind
"I would live a guide to the infant mind,"
Her precepts and exanple given,
Guided her children bome to Ueaven.
"I shall live to love," said a fading form,
And her eye grew bright and her cheek grew warm,
As she thought in the blissful world on high,
She would live to I oye and never die.
And ever thus in the lower world, el
Should the banner of love be wide unfurled, fr
T 2hDOOINu THEHEAT.' a
THIE DOOR IN THE H11EART. a
BY MISS V. F. TOWNSEND. ar
"She was a stern, hard woman! But f.r it
away up a great many pairs of winding stairs in y
her heart, was a door, e:sily passed by, and on b;
that door was written--Wus.-BoZ.
" And so it is with the drunkard. Far away p
up a great nany pairs of winding st:airs in his a
heart is a door, and on that door is writtenI MAN,
and we must knock at that door once, twice, e
se e times; yea, seven times seven that it may
open unto us."-Jhn B. Gutugh.
HE was an old nan. Not so old either,
for the wrinkles that marred his cadaverous
visage were not the autograph that Tinme's
fingers hPad laid there and the hand that
placed upon the low table thme well-drained si
glass, did not tretmble so with thme wveakness t<
that age induces; yet very old and very a
wretched lnoked the solo occuipatnt of' thatu
narrow room, with its red curtains amnd floor i
stained wsith tobacco juice, anid an atnmos- 'l
phere abundantly seasonied by the bar-room f
into which it op~ened. A hat (it must htave
been intended for otte) half coneealed the hl
owner's uncombed hockse, and unmistakeambe!(
evidence of a familiar acquainttance with r;
"brickbats and the gutter" did that same y
hat produce. Then there wvas a coat, out i
of whose sleeves peeped a pair of elbows itn It
rejoicing consciousness that they " could ili
afford :o lie out." Add to these a Ehabby a
pair of faded pants, and you have, reader,
the tout ensemble of the wretched beitng who
had julst commetnced his daily potatiotns ini
the only grog shop lie w'as allowed to fre- t
quet. And yet the wretched, friendless (
creatture that sait there half stupified with I
the eff'ect~of his morning dram, had a heart. t
and far up a great nmany pairs of winhdingi
stairs in that heart was a door, easily passed i
by, and on that door, covered with cobwebs
and dust, of Time anid Sinm, was written.
" MA !" But nobody dreamed of this, and
when the " Temperance tmen" had gone to
him with the pledge, atnd piromised him em
ployment anid respectability if he would sign
it-and others (well meaning men too) had
rated him soundly for his evil ways, and he
had turned a deaf ear to all these things,
and gone back with blind pertinaeity to his
cups again, every body said old Billy Strong's
case was a hopeless one.
Ah! none of these had patiently groped
their way up the heart's winding stairs and
read the inscription on the hiddetn door there. 1
But while the unhappy man sat by the pine
table that morning, the bar keeper suddenly
entered, followed by a lady wvith a pale, high
brow, mild hazel eyes, and a strangely win
ning expression on her pensive fac.-The
old man looked up with a vacant stare of
astotnishment, as the bar-keeper oflfered the
lady a chair, and pointed to the occupant of
the other, saying:
" That's Billy Strong, ma'am," and with
a lingering glance of curiosity, left that gen
tle woman alone with the astonished and
ntow thoroughly sobered man.
The soft eyes of the lady wandered with
a sad, pitying expression, over old Bill's fea
tures, and then in a low, sweet voice, she
" Am f rightly informedi Do I address
Mr. William Strong ?"
Ah!. with those wvords the lady had got
furthot p the winding stairs, nearer the hid
den dijor than all who had gone before her.I
"Yes, that is my nlame5, ma'am," said old
Bill, aidheglnbced down at his shabby
Lttire, and actually tried to bide the elbowI
rhich was peeping farthest out, for it was a
ong time since lie had been addressed by
hat name and somehow it sounded very
deasant to him.
" I am very glad to meet you, Mr. Strong,"
aid the lady. "1 have heard my father
peak of you so often, and of the days when
-ou and lie were boys together, that I al
nost feel as if we were old ac inaintances.
'ou surely cannot have forgotten Charles
"No! no! Charlie and I used to be old
ronies," said old Bill, with sudden anima
ion, and a light in his eye, such as had not
een there for many a day, except when
11M lent it a fitful brilliancy.
Al! the lady did not know, as perhaps
lie angels did, that she had mounted the
tairs, and was softly feeling for that unseen
oor, so -he went on :
" I almost feel as if I could see the old
pot upon which your homestead stood, Mr.
trong, I have heard my father describe it so
ften. The hill, with its crown of old oaks
t the back of your honse, and the field of
lden harvest grain that waved in front.
'hen there was the green grass plat befure
e front door, and the huge old apple-tree
at threw its shadows across it, and the
rent old-fashioned portico, and the grape.
ne that crept rouid the pillars, and the
>sebush that looked in at the bed-room win.
ow, and the spring that went shining .nd
nging through the bed of mint at the side
f the house."
Old Bill moved uneasily in his chair, and
ie muscles around his mouth twitched oc
asionally; but unmindful of this, in the
lme low, melting tones, the lady kept on:
Many and many were the hours, so
ither would say, " Willie and I used to
ass under the shadow of that ohl apple
-ee; playing at hide-and-seek, or lolling on
e grass, tellinig each other the wonders we
'ould achieve when we became men, and
'hen the sunset laid its crown of gold on
ie 4op of the oaks on the hill. I can see
Villie's mother standing in the front door,
ith her white cap and check apron, and
ie pleasant smiile that always lay around
r lips, and hear her cheerful voice calling
-Come boys, come to supper."
One after another the big, warm, blessed
ars came rolling down old Bill's pale
icek. Ah the lady had found the door
' I was always at home, at Willie's, fath.
-would say, and used to have my bowl of
esh milk, and bread too, and when these
d disa ared. Willie vold r w L
6i;-t his mother's teet, ay s ea- on
?r lap, and she would tell us some pleas
it story. it might be of Joseph or David, or
some good child who afterwards became
great mian, and then she would part Wil
s brown curls from his forehead, and in
voice I can never forget, say: " Promise
e Willie, when you go out from your homie
to the world, aid its temptations, and
3ur iother has laid down with her gray
irs to sleep in the church yard yonder,
somise, my child, that the memory of her
ravers and couisels, shall keep you from
I evil ways ?" And Willie would raise his
-ad, lift his blue eyes proudly to his maoth
, and aaver: " I pronise you, I will
ke a first-rato man, mother," and after
had said his evening prayer, we would
, happy as the birds that nestled in the
racles of the apple tree, to rest; and
en, just as we were sinking to sleep, we
ould hear a well-known footfall on the
airs, and a loving face would benad over us
see if we were nicely tucked up. "It is
long time," hiathier would say, after a pause,
since I heard from Willie. but sure I am,
sat he haas never fallein inato any evil ways.
'he memory of his miothier would keep him
'om that." -
Itap, rap, rap! went the words of the
py at the door ini that old man's harat.
:reak, creak, creak ! went the door on its
sty hinges: (angels of God held ye not
our breaths to listen !) Th'le lady couldl
lnly see the subdued mani bury his face in
ishinds, andl whaile his whole frame shook
e ana aspen leaf; she heard him murmer
mid childlike sobs:
"My mother, 0, my mother !"
And she knew thae tears that were wash.
ig those wrinkled cheeks, w~ere wvashinag
ut also many a dark page in the record of
)ld Bill's past life that stood against him;
o, with a silent prayer of thankfualness, she
" But, there was one scene my father
oved to talk of better than aull the rest. It
vas of the morning you were married, Mr.
troag. It was enounglh to do one's eyes
rood, lie would say, to look at them, as
ley walked up to the old church aisle, lae
wiith his proud manly tread, and she, a deli
ate, fragile creature, fair as the orange
ulossomos that trenmbled in her hair. I re
nember how clear and firm his voice echoed
hrough the 01(1 chaurch, as lhe promised to
ove, protect, andh to cherish the gentle being
t is ride, and I knzow lao thought as he
oked down fondly upon her, that the very
inds of hleaven should not visit her face
0 roughly. And thaen, .my13 fathier would
eli us of a home mnade very brighat by
atchful afiction, and of the dark eyed
>y, and of the fair haired gill, whlo came
after a while to glad-'en it, and then yrou
cnow, he removed to the West, and lost
;ight of you, M r. Strong."
Once again, the lady phuused, for the ago.
iy of the strong man before her, was fear
ul to behold, and when she spoke again, it
vas in a lower and more mournful tone:
" I pronmised mny father, previous to his
lath, that if ever I visited his native State,
would seek out his old friend. But, when
[ inquircd for you, they unfolded a terrible
story to me, Mr. Strong. Trhey told mte of
broken and desolate householid; of a dark
eyed boy that left his home in disgust and
lespair, for one on the homeless seas; of the
enatle uncomplaining wife, that weunt dowvn
avitha a prayer on her lips, for her erring
asband, broken hearted to thte grave; of
er fair haired girl, they placed by her side
n a little whbile. O0! it is a sad, sad, story,
have heard of my father's old friend."
"It wa I! It was I that did it all! 1
killed them!" said old Bill, in a voice hoarse
with emotion, as lie lifted his head from his
clasped hands, and looked upon the lady,
every feature wearing such a look of ago.
nizing remorse, and helpless despair, that
she shuddered to behold it. Wide, wide
open, stood the door then, and the lady has.
tened to pass in. A small fair hand was
laid gently upon old Bill's arm, aid a sweet
" Even for all this, there is redemption,
and you well know in what manner. In
the name of the mother that loved you, in
the name of your dying wife, and of the
child that sleeps beside her, I ask you, will
you sign the pledge?"
I will," said old Bill, and lie brought
down his hand with such force on the pine
table, that its rheumatic linibs with difficnl.
ty maintained their equilibrium, and then
eagerly seized the pen and pledge the lady
inlced before him, and whenli he returned
them to her, tie iime of William Stroag
lay in broad legible characters upon the
There was :in expression, ludicrous from
its inteisity of curiosity, on the har keep.
e.'s phy.iognorny as the lady quietly
through the " shop," after her long interview
with old Bill, and the expression was in no
degree lessened, when, a flew moments after,
old Bill followed her without stopping, as
usual, to take a " second glass," and he
never passed over the threshhold again.
Render of mine, if yon are of those
whose true earnest souls bear ever about
them one great desire to benefit their fellow
men, if your heart is yearning over some
erring brother man, whom you would gladly
raise from the depths of degradation and
misery, and point to the highway of peace
and virtue, remember that somewhere in his
heart must be a door, which when rightly
applied to, will open unto you. See to it
that ye find it.
A little girl, in a fanily of my acquain
tance a lovely child lost her n.other at an
age too early to fix the loved features in her
remembrance. She was as frail as beauti
ful, and as fie bud of her heart unfolded, it
seemed as if won by that mother's prayers
to turn instinctively heavenward. The
sweet conscientious and prayer-loving child,
was the cherished one of the bereaved
family. But she faded away early. She
would lie upon the lap of the friend who
took a mother's kind care of her and wind
ing one wasted arm about her neck would
peated, she would ask softly; " take me in
to the parlor; I want to see my mamma."
The request was never refused, and the
affectionate child would lie for hours, con
tentedly gazing on her mother's portrait.
"Pale and wan she grew, and weakly,
Bearing all her pain so meekly,
That to them sie still grew deurer
As the trail hour drew nearer !"
That hour came at last, and the weeping
neighbors assembled to see the little child
die. The dew of death was already on the
flower, as its life.sun was going down. Tho
little chest heaved faintly-spasmrodienlly.
Do you kiiow ne, darling!" sobbed
close to her ear, tie voice tlLt was dearest;
but it awoke no answer.
All at once, a brightness, as if from the
upper world, burst over tile child's colorless
countenance. The eye flashed open, the
lips parted, the wai, cudilitig hands flew
up, in the little ones last impulsive effort, as
she looked piercingly iinto the far above.
" Aother !", she cried, with surprise amnd
transport in her tone-andh passed with Lhat
breath into her mother's biosomn.
Said a distinguished divine who stood by
that bed of joyous death, " If I ever be.
lieved in the ministration of dleparted ones
before, I could riot doubt it nowv."
FAMILYv DavoTro.-It is a beautiful
thing to behold a famiily att their devotions.
Who would not be moved at the tear that
trembles in the mother's eye, as she leeks to
Heaven, arid pours forth her fervent suppili
cations for the wvelfare of her children ?
Who can look with indifferenco upon01 the
aged father surrounded by his family, with
his uncovered locks, kneeling in the pire
sence of Almighty God, and praying for
their happiness arid prosperity ? Ia whose
bosom is not awakened thre finest feelings,
on beholdiing a tender child, in thre beauty of
its innocence, folding its little hand in pray.
er, arid imploring the inivisible, yet eternal
Father, to bless its parents, its brothers and
sisters, and playmiates ?
IIAnrr~s TO iia AvoiDEDn IN THE PRE-.
SENCE OF OTHP.RS.-Scratchinig your head
or picking your teeth.
Cocking your chair back. It spoils the
carpet and endangers the furniture.
R~aisiing your feet on a table or chair.
T1rottinig your heels or knees. This is a
nursery trick and jars any Eociety.
H~awking and spitting. Only cats and
tobacco chewers spit, arid they do not be
long to good society.
Blowing your nose with your fingers, or
loud like a trumpet.
Putting your hands into your pockets or
your thumbs into your armholes.
Nursing your foot on your knee.
Carrying pins on your collar or cuff'.
Whirling your watch chain or twitching
at the guard.
Walking with your head and body. You
should walk with your legs arnd feet.
Chewing your food with your mouth
A WINDY orator in the New York Legis
lature after a lengthy effort, stopped, for a
drink of wtater.
"1I rise," said Bless, " to a point of order."
Every body started, in wonder what the
point of order was.
" What is it I" said the Speaker.
" I think, sir," said Bless, "its out of or.
der for a wind mill to go by water."
WHAT is that which Adam never saw,
never possessed, arid yet he gave two to
eh of his children I Parents,
It is a good thiig1 4w and then for a man
to look above his c+ n bags and his casks
of sugar, and his 'crassed hams, and get
among the stars. .IhAt wonders lie there
make one feel smia See in what a brief
space. in the followi, some of these won.
derful things are co ressed:
"The diameter ob e earth's orbit is, as
it were, the pocket'gle of the astronomer,
with which lie-measq-es distances which the
mind can no more 'sp than infinity. This
star-measurer is o' hundred and ninety
millions of miles ength. This the as
tronomer lays dor nn the floor of heaven,
and drawing lines its extremity to the
neare.. fixed star, centuri, he finds the
anigle thus subtende, this base line to be
not quite one see'nq By the simple rule of
three he then' a, at the fact that the
nearest fixed star is 00,000,000,000!
From another le calculation it fol
lows, that in the spas around our solar sys
teins devoid of stat0 there is room enough
in one dimension, n one straight line, for
12,000 solar syste in two dimensions. or
in one plane, there room enough for 130,
000,000 of solar sj s; and in actual side
real space of three ensions, there is room
for 1,500,000,000 of solar systems the
size of our own.
Nay, good farm- o not look so unbe
lievingly. Your b eed not graduate fron
the district school toroe all this. One and
a half million milli s of solar systems, as
large as ours, might set in the space which
divides between it'a its neardst neighbor.
And if we niiht as' e the aggregate popn
ation of our solar em to be 20,000,000,- 1
000 there would b ooni enough for thirty
thousand millions o uman beings to live,
love and labor in tI iorlds that might be
planted in the same- riess void.
Nay, good man e tow frock, hold on
a moment longyer. r sun is but a dull
liazy speck of liht the great milky way;
ind Dr. Herschel s he discovered fifyi
thousand just suc us in that highway of
worlds, in a pac prently a yard i
I)readth and si Ist. Think of that a
rnQinent and then I o two of them are,
n all probabilit rer each other than
venty billions and then that m
starless space be their solar iysteis
niglt contain 1, 00,000 similar sys
eis. Multiply. ces and these sys
ema by a hund lions, and you will
av*' unibered ri that a powerful
%a. . All open to ew from one point
ss i taceh h
housand milions, y th will kve three
llion trillions of htudan beingi, who might
Iwell in peace and unity in that point of
;Itace which lorsehe.!s glass would diselos
ins your vision.
And you ask despairingly -hat is man
e will tell you whatrhe is i one aspect:
he Creator of all these yorlds is his God."
NOBLE CONDUCT OF A NEWFOUNDLAND DOG.
The don Riolla, belonging to Mr. Adams,i
f 06 Courtlandt street, onu Sunday last,
werlorined one of those heroic deeds of
pumity for which the Newfoundland breed
s remarkable. Ani iiiteresting little boy,
iout 10 years old, while playing near i
vater at Iluboken, lost his balance and fell
in. ae tide sweeps along the hor there
with great rapidity, and the little llow in a
ew mnomjents was carried apparently lbeyonid
the reach of human assistanc. l e lad, it
eems, could swim a little, but just as his
trngt Coragnt stree, og, Sna asot,
disanity fromhc the swoqukland though
about 10dyarouhsh owdlepeintoea the
wateradii a Hiuten oe his thane bod byl
iThe tider sere betwenhi the ethere
rinhi rasorapiity back te lthte parlina
lae, oever, was aridmpparenly, beyong
the re of hu rentasssoc atThe lyi
hoeems, ol make a poite but laust so dis
stanet ad givwein wary, Ciogt a short
dist)an for that qute oa stought
dsedt tof the cr.Owlepeinto thenbl
wia, avel bufetinth oe tithe and care
thes coar, secuts ofeaplwee, all tehiTo
kbing h byshe face otof hat partca
reathed thre oal th curents wth thpeonly
rhen s t afe a sont af littlesomen ad
frioken and o soonqarer hadhelai himre
di ourse tadt nobe aimlaun exauted
ment the s.petas. inant surrondbe
bys of nuersouso of pepse,alth whiha
eepngeewteso the s cent ofwaer. wiH
eache othei goiiit indnes toithhisrcu
anilthafe had thsunsd, his ownitlieto
savehtd of andn selple ha eigd Som
de tha the obleonma byn texdg hatd
n the fand. tHte entir instanelie surroe
byi is saidou owd not lesspha two ilsd
b'en eyewtrss o thd seriing withays d
eah otent oigkndst the heroikcSat
andinala a choolriske Bhison lipeat
inv that ofa eteporsuanu being, hoe
sida ofwhe laomemen on the advagsa
ife toe s factvz that thanirit he haget
swim issadrobenocess ofdilheaigand spekis!
intifi. Expres. 'eeofhn fot
-w yaersaoeie duin cr-filds, a
othrs toitnso the foetnewo uYrqknh Stat
ndiantna witchohe horsaltnd Spa,
one forjc my whditoshI is to tais, early prac
ice the ga art of allemp rs speak in-h
debted fowhe pimaryin an teadantagules
ofth stiutdn me fowrd anmyv shpedi
Imoeten, ongl entlementhaa the supe
or 17dpcmnedo h enj oninet ora
day procss wtout exrisyraing andr persing
upoci thernents o power liketoriat of
oraetory.Caa otok.ede fhnd efotn
theifrs; Cieobycpivtn theifrsrn o neunl af
foetistantdr, wed thers asn the
ince of theaar oe ale rs tht au i
tdebtedhatrof e rimar onteainue tompus
that1 stiulte loes oneyard, andha shped
or, willdaed it aoetiresbtqety etiy
We are indebted to the kindness of a
friend, who has copied for us, from Fraser's
Migazine, the following remarks on the
p -eservation or various substances. They
appear to us peculiarly interesting.
In the year 1799, at a place called Jac
tush, in Liberia, an enormous elephant was
discovered embedded in a translucent block
of ice, Upwards of two hun'dred feet thick.
The ani:nal was perfect in its entire fabric,
as on the day when it was submerged, and
the wolves and foxes preyek upon its flesh
for weeks, Upon examination of its bones,
the great Cuvier pronounced it to have be
longed to an animal of the ante-deluvian
world. We might fairly presume this to be
the oldest specimen of preserved meat on
record, and nature was therefore clearly the
fist discoverer of the process, although she
took out no patent, nor made any secret of
her method. The exclusion of the external
air in this natural process, combined with
the effect of low degree of temperature
which.prevented fermentation taking place
in the tissues themselves, man has long
imitated. In the markets of St. Petersburgh
v::st quantities of frozen meats are to he
found the greater part of the year, and our
own countrvmen have taken alvantage of
the method to preserve Scoth and Irish
salmon (or the London market.
The most scientific and enduring mode
of excluding the air from the article to be
preserved has long been known and ex
teusively carried ont. Good housewives of
the old school would have starved, perhaps,
if they could have been told, whilst boiling
and corking down hot their bottled goose.
berries, that they were practising an art,
which wheni carried out a little more effec
tually, would prove one of the most valua.
ble discoveries of modern times. But we
do not exaggerate. The dillerence between
the bottled gooseberries and the meats pre
served in vaieno, is only a question of degree
md the art of preserving a few vegetables
from year to year,. and of storing up whole
herds of oxen, and keeping them if needs
be, till doomsday, depends entirely upon the
power of pumping out more or less atmos
pherie air from the vessels containing them.
The first successful attempt at preserving
neat by this latter process was made by M.
Appart, in France, in the year 1811, and
for his discovery the Emperor rewarded him
with a gift of 12,000 francs. His method
was brought soon after to England, and
remained the only one in use until the year
1839 when M. Fastin sold to Mr. Goldner
vcunm is formed in the cannisters, thereby
insuring the preservation of their contents
so long as the vacumn is maintained. This
process, which is patented, is carried on by
Mlessrs. Ritchie & McCall in Houndsditch,
and is really well worth a passing notice.
The room we first enter is the larder. A
Lord Mayor would faint at the bare contem
plation of such an embarrass dc richesses.
Wat juicy rounds-what plump turkeys
what lively turtle-what temptig sucking
igs and succulent tomatoes! As we pass
through the court to the kitchen we see a
dozen fellows opening oysters, destined to
be eaten perihalps by the next generation of
opera goers. Here is the room where the
Canniters are made-the armour of mail in
vhich the provisions are dressed to enable
them to witlhstand the assaults of the enemy.
The kitchen itself is a spacious room, in
which stands a series of vats. There is no
fire visible, but look how simply those half a
undred cannisters of green peas are being
dressed. There they stand, Up) to their
ecks in a brown looking miljture, very like
hocolate ; this is a solution of chloride of
calcium, wvhieb does not boil under a tem.
perature or 320 dhegrees. Steam pipes
ramify through this mixture, and warm it up
to anmy degree that is reqnired, within its
boiling point. By this arrangement a great
heat is obtained without steam. Thme can
isters containing thme provisions were, pre
vioushy to being placed in this bath, closed
permanently down, wvith th~e exception of a
small hole, not munch bigger than the prick
of a cobbler's awvl through the cover. The
cook stands wacing with a soldering tool,
and a sponge. Steam issues in a small
white jet from onc of the covers; this drives
all the enclosed air before; and at the mo
ment when experience tells him that the
viands5 are done to a turn, he squeezes from
the sponge a drop of water in the hole.
The steami is instantly condensed, and as
instantly lie drops with the other hand a
plug of molten solder, which hermetically
seals it. Rounds of beet; of fifty pounds
weight, can be preserved by this method,
which the old process did not allow of. The
testing room gives the warrant to the pro.
visions. Ilere all the can nisters are brought
after they have been sealed, and submitted
for a week to a great heat. As the light of
the fire falls sideways upon the glitterint
metal, it discloses in an instant an unsound
cannister, as each cover is a perfect anoroid
batometer, marking with the greatest nicety
the pressure upon it of the external air. If
concave they are passed as good ; if conivex
or bulged, they are undoubtedly bad, and
consigned to the ranure heap. In proof of
the value of this discovery, we would acdd
that dining the other day wvith a friend not
a hunidred miles from Burlington garden
where wits were wvont to conmgregate, with
appetites sharpened by our ride, we set
dowvn to a sumptuous repast, where the
mingled odour of fish, flesh and game, in
vited to a more substantial testinig of.their
quality. " This pheasant is delicious," said
I. " I am delighted to hear it," rejoined our
host, " he gave up the ghost just ten years
ago." "Nonsense; but this wild duck,
tumbled over with a broke wing, I see by
the fracture, in the same year.
" I suppose you will say next," said a
doubting guest, " that this milk is not foam
ing fresh from the cow 1" " Milked," re
plied our imperturable host, " when my little
godson was born, that now struts in
breeches." " Come now, what is the most
juvenile dish on the table I" was demanded
with a general voice. " These apples
taste them." " I could swear they hung on
ekanch this morning," said a sceptic
tasting a slice critically. " Well I give you
my word that a flourishing town up Pudel
ington way, now stands over the field where
they were grown." " Why I shall next ex
pect a fresh olive, grown by Horace, to
draw on his sabine wine," chimed in a Poet
-'aye, and the day may come, when one
might order up his grandfather, like a fine
old bottle of the vintage of 1790," "God
forbid;" shuddered the inheritor of an en
EXECUTION OF XMTTIS BIUPINSKI.
PHILADELPliIA, August 6.
Matthias Skupinski was hung in the yard
of the county prison this morning at 17
minutes past 11 o'clock, for the murder of
the Jewish pedlar boy Lehman. He pro.
tested his innocence to the last and made no
confession. The Sheriff had limited the
tickets of admission to the jail yard to those
only whom the law and duty required to be
present. The anxiety to hear whether the
prisoner made any confession on the scaffold,
however, caused a very large attendance
MATTI[IAS SKuPr-sx-HIs DYING Co-.
FESSION.-Philadelphia, Aug. 6th.-The fol.
lowing address was delivered by an interpre
ter, iii behalf of Matthias Skupinski, imme
diately prior to his execution:
"1 The criminal who stands before you de
eires me to state, before he undergoes the
extreme penalty of the law, that he begs
pardon of all whom he may have injured or
wronged by his crimes. From his heart he
forgives all mankind for the injuries they
have done him. He is willing to submit to
the severe sentence to which offended justice
dooms him. He bears no resentment or ill
feeling to those who were instrumental in his
arrest and bringing him before the tribunal
that passed sentence upon him. Already he
has made his peace with God, and like the
penitent Prophet, lie has wept over his crimes
in the bitterness of his soul-and, before he
is launched into eternity-before lie appears I
before his God and your God-his Judge
and your Judge, he wishes openly to be re
onciled to his fellow-mortals. fe begs me
to request your prayers for him, that when
his soul leaves this prison of clay, the Al
mighty God may be merciful unto him, and
admit him to the company of the blessed.
Matthias Skupinski's last words were-"II
am innocent. I did not deserve this death at
least for the crime for which I was tried.
Guilty or not guilty, I am prepared to die."
He added something more in a low tone
red by the Priests.
Blaise, his brother, was deeply affected on
being told of the execution, and requested
to see the body., He was led where it lay,
yhen lie eagerly embraced it, shedding many
tears. lie now appears anxious about his
own fate, which rests with Gov. Bigler.
IMPORTANT SLAVE DECISION IN TEXAS.
A case has recently been decided in the
District Court for the county of Bexar, in
Texas, which if confirmed in the Supreme
Court, will operate, it is said, to declare seve.
ral thousands of blacks free, who have been
eld heretofore as slaves. A slave woman
was carried from the United States to Aus
tin's Colony, in Texas, in 1820. Slavery
was not recognized by the laws of Mexico
at the time. The constitution of Coahuila
nd Texas was proclaimed early in 1827,
and the woman the subject of suit, daughter
f the original slave, was born on the Ara
#.os about the middle of 187. When the
eonstitution of 1836 wvas adopted by the
republic of Texas, slavery wvas established,
nd~ the mother slave wa of thme class enu
merated in that constitution as slaves. The
daughter, hiavinig been horn in the country,
was not included by the provisions of the
In a suit, involving the question of the
freedom of the girl, it has beens decided that
thme condition of blacks in the country du
rilng the existence of the Mexican law w~as
that of freedom, and that the act of sover
eign power in remanding them to the origi
nal condition of slaves, wvhich they held wheni
imported from the United States, did not
affect their offspring born ini that country,
before the adoption of the constitution of
the Republic, who are consequently free.
Wr AT Is A For' ?-A Mr. Stark, in a lec
ture before the Young Men's Association, of
Trroy, N. Y., gave a definition of the above.
" The fop is a complete specimen of an
outside philosopher. He is one-third collar,.
one,-sixth patent leather, one-fourth wvalking
stick, anid the rest gloves arid hair. As to
his remote ancestry there is some doubt, but
it is now pretty well settled that he is the
son of a tailor's goose. lie becomes ecsta
tic at the smell of new cloth. He is some
what nervous, and to dream of a tailor's
bill gives him the nightmare. By his air one
would judge he had been dipped like Acilles ;
but it is evident that the goddess held him by
the head instead of the heels. Nevertheless,
sneh men are useful. if there were no tati
poles there would be no frogs. They are
riot so entirely to blame for being so devoted
to externals. Paste diamonds must have a
splendid setting to make themn sell. Only it
does seem a waste of material to put $5
worth of beaver on five cents worth of
TOLLS FOR GRIYIx.-A friend has
handed us for publication, the following Act
of Assembly, passed 8th March, 1795, regu
lating the tolls for grinding, to which the
attention of all interested is invited:
" Sac. 1. lBe it enacted, &c., That from
and after the passing of this act, no person
shall take more toll for grinding Corn,
WVheat, Rye, or any other grain, into good
meal or flour, than one-eighth part, for any
quantity under ten bushels, or aiiy quantity
above, at one time brought, one-tenth part
only ; and that all grain as aforesaid chopped
for hominy, feeding stock, or for distilling,
SEc. 2. That any person or persons taking
more toll than hereinbefore directed, shall be
subject to a fine of ten times the value of
the toll so taken, to be recovered in the
gistrate; one half to go to the prosecutor,
and the other half to the person aggrieved.
-4 Statutes at Large, 652.
The Missouri election has probably re
sulted in sending Mr. Benton to the House
of Representatives, by what may be consid
ered a Freesoil vote. We learn from the
papers that a delegation will attend the Pitts
burg Freesoil Convention from the county of
Madison, in Kentucky, another from the
city of Baltimore. The object of the Free
soil party is the abolition of slavery, and
thus agitation has entered three of the border
The election of Mr. Benton to the House
will mike him a formidable candidate for the
nomination of the Pittsburgh Convention for
President. And if he is the candidate the
effect will be powerfully felt in the ranks of
the Democratic party in every Northern
State, as well as in Missouri and one or two
ther Southern States. It may bring the
lection into the House.
But, however that may be, nothing is more
probable than that agitation on the slavery
ciuestion is to continue. The Freesoil party
is too powerful, the Freesoil doctrine is too
revalent, and recent victory has given it
:o much confidence to assume a condition
Events of great importance may super
rene, either in our foreign or domestic affair.,
>ut we know of none into which the anti
.lavery will not interfere. And we believe
t is now the opinion of members of Con..
rress and of well informed persons general.
o, that there never has been a time when
mnti-slavery was more powerful, active and
ormidable. This is as obvious within the
-anks of the two parties as without. Press.
!s and politicians in both, who have hereto.
'ore been anti-slavery, do not hesitate to
ivow their determination to maintain the
var, and defy the authority of party and
>arty platforms that prescribe a diff'erent
:ourse. It may be exRected that whichever
iarty in the North is defeated, it will forth-.
vith form an alliance with the Freesoil par
y, and when this is done another mighty
tride will be taken towards that settlement
etween the South and the North, whose
oming is marked with all the circumstances
hat usually attend the march of destiry.
outhern Press. .
NARmow ESCAPE oF TE. QUEEN.-A
:orrespondent of the Court Journal states
hat a few days since, while her Majestyand
raEling within the now dismantlediwalls of
he buildings in Hyde-park, which was but
ifew months since the glory and pride of
his kingdom, a beam of wood, of enormous
ize and weight, fell close to the Queen-so
lose as to have given rise to feelings of the
nost painful excitement amongst the distin.
pished personages by whom she was sur
TEu WHEAT H ARvEsT.-The wheat bar.
est in the Southern and Middle States is
ow over, and from nearly all quarters ac.
ounts concur in representing an abundant
ield. In the sections of the country where
lie crop has been garnered, says the New
fork Express, the grain is reported as being
if an excellent quality, and as more wheat
vas sown in the United States last-year than
ver before known, the conclusion is inevita
ile that the crop is the largest one ever har
ested. These facts naturally induce the
ielief that in the absence of any extraordi
try foreign demand, the prices of Wheat
md Flour will rule very low for the next
SnOCKING OCCURNC.-The Caddo
'La.) Gazette says that several shocking
nurders have recently been committed in
he vicinity of Natchitoehes. A wvhite wo
nan, whose name was not given, was found
nurdered in her own house, and on the
iext day, in the same house, or on the sam'e
place, two negroes were murdered, and on
:he followving day, or a few days afterwards,
i white man wias found not far from the
ame house with his tongue cut out. H.,
sannot write, and at last accounts he had
iot been able to afford any clue to the per.
petrator of the savage act. The whole
natter is enveloped in the most profound
THE REBELLION IN CHINA.-Late ad
vices from China, by wvay of California,
speak of the continuance of disturbances in
the flowvery nation. The insurgents are
evidently getting the best of the contest and
the impartial troops were constantly desert.
ing. to them, and swelling the list of the
opposing armies. Towns are entered and
plundered, and houses set on fire. The de
fect of the Imperalists is spoken of in the
Hong-Kong Friend of China as having
caused great alarm in Canton ; and a rumor
prevails that both England and American
ministers have been applied to abont render.
ing assistance, should occasion require it.
CITOLER~A IN NEw YoRK CIrr.-The
Journal of Commerce, of Friday, says:
" There were twenty-*seven deaths among
the emigrants on Ward's Island, in charge
of the Commissioners of Emigration, du
ring the week ending on Tuesday last, of a
disease not named, but generally regarded
by the physicians as Asiatic cholera. Twelve
of the deceased,' however, were childreu,
and their death may be properly ascribed to
PoLrICAL..-The Jackson Mississippian
of the 30th ult, says:
4'We understand that Col Alexander K.
McClung, who was placed by the Whig
Convention which assembled in Jackson in.
May last, on the electoral ticket for the State
at large, has declined serving, because he is
unwilling to support Gon. Scott for the Pre
The Vicksburg Sentinel of the 31st, says
that Judge Boyd has also refused to sery on
the Whig electoral ticket.
How TO LAY OFF A sQUARE AC.-M6*
sure two hundred and nine feet on each side,
and you will have the quantity within