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"&We -will cling to the Pillars of tihe Temple of our L~bertlen, and if it must fall, we wvill Prs mdttm un.
W. F. DURISOE, Proprietor. EDGEFIELD, S. V., AUGUST 25, 1852. - -- -3.
LAST WORDS OF COL CEITTENDON.
"AN AMERICAN ENEELS TO NONE BUT GOD!
Au tyrants forge thy chains at will
Nay! gall this flesh of mine,
Yet, thought is free, unfettered still,
And will not yield to thine!
Take, take the life that Heaven gave,
And let my heart's blood stain thy sod
But know ye not Kentucky's brave
Will kneel to none but God:
You've quenched fair Freedomn's sunny light,
Her music tones have stilled ;
And with a deep and darkened blight,
The trusting heart has filled!
Then do you think that I will kneel
Where such as ye have trod ?
Nay ! point your cold and threat'ning steel
'll kneel to none but God.
As sunmer breezes lig'htlv rest
Upon a quiet river,
And gently on its bleeping bre-ast
The moonbeams softly quiver
Sweet thoughts of home light up my brow
When goaded iii.h the rod ;
Yet these eannaot unman me now
I'll kneel to none but Cod.
And t:ough a sad and mournful tone
I coldly sweeping by;
And dreams of bl:sa forever flow
Have dimmed with tears mine eye
Yvt mine's a heart unyielding still
Heap on my breast the clod;
My soaring spirit scorns thy will
I'll knell to none but God.
THE OLD 3AN TO HIS WIFE.
WE are growing very old, Kate
'I feel it every day,
The hair upon our temples now
Is growing thin and grey.
We are not as we were Kate,
A nd yet our hearts are yoaun.
As when we roved the sunny hills.
Andl flowery dales among.
We are growing very old, Kate,
But it is not age of heart,
Though speedily the hour comes (an,
When thou and I must part;
When thou and I must part, Kate,
As we have ne'er before,
Besides our cottage hearth to meet,
With wordsof love n4more.
mi yin heavenly throng,
"fill we sing the song together, Kate,
The angels sing above;
Where ne'er the fear of parting takes
The blessed ness from love.
GLENN SPlNGS, Act; 10th, I52.
)A Ibt!ADERs:-Ueing absent from our edito
rial post for a short time (on an up-country excursion,
we have thought that it would be dutiful in us, and,
perhaps, agreeable to you, if we should pen a few
observations, in passing, upon matters and things in
general, and transnit them to you through the col
umns of the .drertiser. Without further preface
we will proceed to do rery briefly what we have
thus briefly indicated.
The first dlay of our journey barely took us ott
of the " territory" of Edgefield ; and wec could but
remark, as we passed over lill arter hill anal vale
after vale-" Well, this is a great old district of
ours, in point of size at any rate." A nd the re
flection arose to our mental vision that perhaps this
very circumstance of ".size"~ may have had much
to do with imaparting to Edgefield whatever degree
of prominence and influence she has enjoyed arnong
her surrounding sisters. "aIs it so, or is it not so ?"
is, we presume, the question among the folks at
home about this time, if wve mamy judge by the de
mnonstrations made by our Sitluda friends a few
days previous to our departure. We incline to the
affirmative side of the question-but will reserve
our opinion for a while. This however has nothing
to do with our journey-afraid we shall make a
very irregular way-side scribbler.
To return however-we were highly delighted
with the charming appearance of the corn crop on
the Saluda side of Edgefield. It is certainly the
best our farmers have had to boast of for imany
years. We saw searcely a field which wvas not
tolerably fair-very many of them were fine, and
Rnot a few (our friend RicnAsosos's low-grounds
for instance) were really super-fine. We learn,
from very general enquiry, that this entire portion
of our District is becoming blessed wvith a glorious
abundance. Thanks be to the great Civer of all
good ! Unless some unexpected disaster should
occur, the hiungry months of both men and beasts
will be plentifully filled for the next twelve-mouth.
It has been thought by nmny that the cotton erohl
of this year will be an unusually short one, andl we
have hitherto leaned to that opinion-perhaps do so
still. But we certainly have seen some very beau
tiful fields of cotton since leaving home, as well as
sonmc very ordinary ones. One thing however at
tracted our attention purticularly-and it wvas, that
the proportion oaf cotton planted, onl the road we
travelled, seemed to our view to be unusually limit
ed, whereis thme corn-fields were nmany and exten
. sive-which circumstance goes still further to estab
lish the fact of an abundant grain crop.
What we have said above of the Saluda crops,
will apply with equal truth to tho entire country
over which we have passed in reaching this place.
So much for agriculture.
A word now about the road7. The biggest half
of the one we travelled, in gettinig up to CuIArrr.LL.s
Bridge, was rather miserable-certainly the anti
pode of a turn-pike. " Why, tell mei, why," do
not the " Commissioners of the roads,"~ for good
old Edgefleld, see to it that our public high-ways
arc put in better orderi Why do they permit one
single day, of the twelve allotted by la'w, to remain
unused as long as our roads are so wretchedly
rough and uncomfortable ? We earnestly wish for
the day, when " progress" shall be the word, with
respect to this matter, as well as with improvements
of a somewhat higher but not more useful charac
ter. And here we must say, that the Districts
above Edgefild far surpass her in the quality of
their roads. There its a degree of public spirit in
things of this kind throughout these upper districts
which deserves the highest commendation. Would
that our people at home could be aroused to a sense
of the great utility and comfort of good roads !
Turn we now to polities for a single moment.
Candidates for the Legislature are very busy in
the districts of Laurens, Union, Spartanburg and
Newberry. But no political issue has been made
none is at all anticipated. The spirit of domestic
compromise, which was called into being by the
wisdom and patriotism of our late Convention, reigns
triumphant among the patriotic citizens on this side
of our State. We have not yet heard, indeed, of a
single exception to this peaceful condition of affairs
in any part of South Carolina. Is it not cause of
sincere congratulation, to witness the noble manner
in which Carolinians everywhere are throwing to
the dogs the bones of contention which so recently
were inflaming their passions, and are returning to
that sacred brotherhood which has ever bound them
together ? In this district as we learn there has
been some little " jowering" among the people
about the Homestead Exemption Bill of the last
session. Mut even this has subsided almost entire
!v and] will have but little effect upon the elections.
[n Union (which district was almost unaninious for
Secession) there will be at least one co-operationist,
of the three members to the Legislature.-We lavc
been pleased to learn that our itmmediate fellow
citizen. Col. I'cxass. has many friends in this see
tion who are prepared to support him warmly for
the Senatorship. And this is the sum and sub
stance of what we have picked up in the matter of
Perhaps this is as good a place as any to give the
slightest possible sketch of our two days and a half
trip to this place. We left homne about 12 o'clock
on Wednesday the 4th instant. The heavens por
tended a continuation of the rain which had been
falling all the morning. Nevertheless we started,
nothing daunted by the gloomy prospect. We
passed over the rough and slippery hills of old
Edgefield with considerable annoyance, but fortu
nately without accident. A very little before dark,
we reached the house at which we supposed we
should lodge for the night. But, upon enquiry, we
discovered that a few "colored individuals," with
out the keys, vere the only persons about, the
white family being absent from home. So we trot
ted on a half mile further (by which time the dusk
of evening was fairly upon us) and, having driven
up to the gate of another mansion, enquired again
what would be the chance fur a night's entertain
nient-had about the same luck as before-" all the
corn anl foder and oats &c., were down at the
plantation, and the wagon was gone to mill and
would not be back in time to haul any ,up." This
r 1e_,,w eoye- agsiin
-euas, ini night, through CuAP
PELLS dark ;nd somewhat rickety old bridge
heard the ears of the Greenville and Columbia
Ril-Road roaring on by, immediately in our van
tugged tp the long hill on this side of the river as
well as we coull, and eventually found ourselves
(pitch-dark) at the door of Mr. Ctarr.LL:s public
house, considerably wearied by our first day's ride.
Here we were comfortably entertained by our blunt
old host, and enjoyed eight hours of refreatitg
The next morning we were off by 7 o'clock and
reached the village of Laurens about 2 P. M. The
road, this( day, contrasted strongly with that of the
day previous. It was a delightful drive. We were
struck with some surprise at seeing the great num
ber of coimfortable franic buildings which have been
built on this road. Many of them, are really ex
cellent mansions, and all of them neat and tasteful.
And yet lumber here is very scarce, andi the pro
curitng it must cost builders a good deal of trouble
and expense. We observed however one steam
saw mtill which hats beetn recently established sonie
fifteen miles below Laurens and which will doubtless
much increase the facilities for building hereabouts.
L~aurens village cannot be said to be very capti
vating in its appearance. Its public square is miser
ably rottgh, atnd the Coturt Ilouse looks quite rusty.
Yet thtere arc manifest indications of progress and
imnprovenment in and around the little towi, and wve
have no doubt it will some day take its place among
the handsomest villages of the up-counitry. We
observed one very large and well-finished brick
building, and another still larger, nearly completed,
besides sundry others of smaller pattern. There
are also somec beautiful private residences in the
suburbs; one of thtem, owtned by Mr. EtenuLrszat
GV.n (who married in our district) is on rather a mag
nificent scale.-I had ahtnost neglected to mention
that a very large steam establishmnent has been set
up in this village by some enterprising individuals
-where sawing lumber, dressing plank &c., are
carried ont largely.
During the evening of our stay in Lrmrent, we
werc called upon by the gentlemanly proprietor of
the Laurensville Iherald, Mr. RoBar M. STOKES.
who, besides entertaining us for somec timte in his
agreeable mannter, gave us access to a fresh budget
of papers with whieh to beguile an hour or twvo.
It was gratifying :o learn fronm Mr. S-roKEs that the
IHerald is still meceting with a liberal support, which
we thin~k is but its just desert.
Leaving Laurens, we catne very easily to Glenn
Springs by 3 o'clock on Friday. And being quar
tered here for a few days, we have concluded to
snatch a fewv moments occasionally to commutnicate
with our friends in a hurried and very imperfect
utmnner. All deficiencies in this epistle will be ex
eused by each "gentle reader," whe.n wve assure
him that we are writing at the desk of the Ilotel
Bar, while in the entry, not ten feet from us, a
general clattering of male chit-chat almost deafens
one, and the notice-bell is continually announcing
some ttew arrival, andl shouts of laughter peal front
the piaza, and the banging of the piano breaks rude
ly upon our tymupanumn, even from the somewhat
distant " Ladies' P'arlor."
There arc now some hundred and fifty persons of
various kintds at this place-amotng them u larger
proportion of invalids thtan we have ever known to
be here before. The young and hearty portion of
the company seem disposed to enjoy themselves to
thte fullest extent. We found, upon our artivah,
that the parlor was enlivened by the presence of a
number of young ladies from Union, besides a few
othters from different sections. The Union girls are
certainly very cheerful and entertoining-and we*
cannot avoid here paying them the just compliment
of saying that they are well calculated, from thteir
kind and artless manner, from their neatness and
becoming looks, and from their lady-like demeanor
ia every way, to emulate if not to surpass their
The number of young gentlemen here at this time
is larger, in proportion, than usual-and we must
do them the justice to say that we have never seen
a more genteel.sett at Glen:'s.
Every night we have been here (except Sunday)
the ball-room has been graced by the fair forms and
bright eyes of the aforesaid belles, attended sedu
lously by their gallant beaux-and the days have
been enlivened by as good music as could be knock
ed out of friend ZIMMEa.WAN's rather antiquated
Piano, to say nothing of such as could be gotten up
with the help of a Guitar, Fluto and the human
voice divine. Withal, the tine passes pleasantly
enough in the main.
The Glenn waters continue to prove as efficacious
as ever in a medicinal point of view; and we sup
pose there is now scarcely a doubt of their being as
eminently deserving oof commendation as any mine
ral waters in the country.
The Hotel is kept well in some respects. The
fare i6 quite as good as a hungry man could wish
for, although by no means sumptuous. But tI;e
rooms are unast of them too small for any degree of
comfort, and the beds and bedding are certainly
very cominon. We wonder that Mr. ZtatSIIMAN
will snttyer this inferiority in his sleeping apartnents.
But for this, his Iotel would be more attractive
than mntxt others of our acquaintance.
As for the stables, they are extremely well kept.
Horses receive every necessary attention-and corn,
fodder and oats are piled up in their troughs and
racks without the slightest stinting.
There is a water-cure estsblishment also at this
place, and several visitors are at present under the
hydropathic treatment. Some of the cases have
already terminated successfully. Dr. and Mrs.
RiLy are the superintendants of this department.
They propose going to Aiken in September or Oe
tober to set up a hydropatiuie shop there, and we
doubt not they will do well enough. They seem to
be very clever persons, and the lady is quite a per
former upon the Piano. We are told she sings the
".Maniae" with all the phrenzy of a RUSSeLL.
We are aware, kind readers, that we have writ
ten you a very lull letter-it would have been bet
ter perhaps, had our material been more copious or
our hurry less pressing. But what's the use of
excuses ? We may drop you a line again, which
shall either be better or worse. Till then, adieu!
TIE MODEL WIDOwER.
Begins to think of No. 2 before tho weed
on his hat losses its first gloss. May be
seen assisting young girls to find a seat in
church, or ordering carts off dry crossings,
for pretty feet that are waiting to pass over.
Is con iged1io v-e
o0's1-d must be looked
after," or if he hasn't any, be would like to
be looked after-himself! Draws a deep
sigh every time a dress rustics past with a
femiale woman in it. Is very particular
abouf the polish of his boots, and the lit of
his glove. He thinks he looks very inter
esting in black. Don't walk out in public
with his children ; when he does, takes the
youngest! revives his old tastes for moon
light and poetry; pities siiigle men with all
his heart; vonders how they contrive to
exist ! Reproves little John for saying
"Pa" so loud, (when he mecets him in. the
street.) Sets his face against the practice
of women's going home " alone and un.
protected," from evening meeting. Tells
the widows his heart aches for 'em. Won.
(eTs which of all the damsels be sees, he
shall make up his mind to marry. Is sorry
he shall be obliged to disappoint 'em all IIt
one! has long since pMerred orange blos.
soms to the cypress wtreaith. Starts up somte
fine day and refurniishtes his bonse from gar
ret to cellar; hiangs his first wife's portrait in
the attic (shrouded in an old bilaniket,) and
marries a playmate for his eldest daughter !
THtE MiODEL wIDow.
Would'nt wear her veil up onm any account,
thinks her complexion looks fairer th-in
ever, in conitrast wIth her sabiles. Sends
back her new dress because the fold of crape
on the skirt " isn't dleep nmoturniung enough."
Steadfastly refuses to look in the direction
of a " dress coat" for - one week !
Wonders if that handsome Tompkins who
pase .her window every day, is insane
enough to think she will ever marry again!
Is fond of drawing off her glove, and resting
her little wthite hand on her black bonnet,
thinkinug it mnay be suggestive of an early
app'ication for the same. Concludes to
g ye tip the loneliness of housekeeping, and
try boarding at a hotel. Accepts Tomp
kins' invitation to " attend the children's
concert," (just to please little Tommy.)
Tommy is delighted, and thinks Tompkins
"a very kinid gentleman," to give him so
much candy and so many hon.hons. Ihis
r ammna begins to admit certain little allevia
tions of her sorrow, in t'te shape of pro
tracted conversations, walks, rides, calls,
&c. (She cries a litle, wvhen TIommy asks
her if shte " hasn't forgotten to plant the
flowers" in a certain cemetery.) Tompkins
comes in, and thinks her lovelier than ever,
smilling through her tears. Tommy is sent
out inito the garden, to make " prtt dirt
pies!" (to the utter demolition of a ncw
frock and trowsers,) and returns very nex
pectedly, to find his mamma's cheeks very
rosy, and to -be tossed up into the air by
Tompkins, who declares himseli "his new
THTC MODEL DOCTOR.
Owvns a gold headed cane, and drives a
vicious horse through tho most frequented
parts of the city, sure to MAKtE a pal knt in
the person of some unlucky child or deaf
old lady on the tractk, who " wouldn't get
out of the way !" Always mnagnifes the
danger of the patient on his first visit, that
his skill in leechuing may pass8 for omnipo
tence. When questioned incon venicntly, by
relatives, looks wvise and oracular, and fixes
his eyes on the coiling (while lie assiduously
thumnbs his victim's pulse,) till he has con
cocted an answver sufliciently non-commiltal.
Is willing to experiment in any kind of
"pathy" there is going; never allowing any
other M. D. to get the start of him. If his
patient has an extraorditiary faculty for con
valescing, and there is danger of his getting
well too fast, he gives him a slight retro
g rade motion! has a decided objection to
no,,w.i, gol laies who considar themselves
privileged to ed questions. Has a little
piivate understaiding with the apothecary,
whose pocketslefill by ordering double the
amount of medici ecessary on every visit.
When he fmds h made an egregious
mistake, objectsfi.,L consultation "lest it
might alarm the p t!" If he orders mo
lasses and water# 1uches his prescription
in High Dutch. TIls his confidential man
John " to call him oat of church as often as
crery other Sunday, On an errand of Iife and
death! Never send. his bill in to interest.
ing widows or prettygirls.-Olive Branch.
-A EM ESISTANCE.
There is little d;atger after all, to bo ap.
prehended from rufian force if a man's
nerve and coolness1desert him not at the
pinch. In house ' tacks the odds are in
finitely against the-dssailants. The attempt
is generally made iR the dead of night; a
robber party are never sufficiently orgaiiized
to combine their efrts judiciously, and two
men within, if pi fly armed and plentiful
ly supplied with a isnition, are, in my opin.
a fair match for a-dozen outside the doors.
Calm and iteady courage- does wonders
ceitainly, and eveNwshen surprised and un
prepared, a coolinan will rarely be left
without some meankof defence. The Scotch
proverb is a true ", "a gleg (ready) hand
never wanted weopn."
There was nevep a better illustration of
that truth, than thiheroic reistance offered
by an aged gent man in the south of
Ireland, to a ba of ruffians under the
most discouragini trcumstances.
Several years Qo, when the south of
Freland was as it s dver been within the
memory of the old inhabitant, in a distur.
bed state, a man vanced in years lived in
a retired country so. He was a bache
lor, and whether' sting to his supposed
popularity, or im ning that the general
I alarm among gentry groundless, lie
continued in hisI ly mansion long after
his neighbors liad* pitted theirs Tor a safer
residence in to j. Ile had been indis
posed fur severa. 's and on the night lie
was attacked, ken supper in his bed
room, which iw the ground floor, and
inside a parlor,' which communicated.
The servants W to bed, the house was
shut up for the t, and the supper tray,
with its appu ees by a providential
over.,iiht were tten in the old man's
Some hotfr 'e-had retired to rest,
he was alarr 'ering a window !ifted
in th%.Ant* Mut; his --.... door
was ijii, lun d6on shone brilliantly
through the open' casement rendering ob.
jects in the parlor distinct and perceptible
to any person in the inner room. Presently
a man leaped through the window, and
three others followel. him in quick succes
sion. The old gentliman sprang from his
bed, but unfortunatily there were no arms
in the aparment; recollecting however, the,
forgotten supper tray, he provided himself
with a case-knife, and resolutely took his
stand behind the door. He had one advai
t;ge over the murdergrs, they were in full
miioonilight, and he shrouded in impenetrable
A momentary hesitation took place among
the party, who seemed undecided as to
which of then should enter the dark room;
for acquainted with the localities of the
house, they knew well where the devoted
victim slept. At last one of the villianr can
tiously approached, stood for a momient
in the door-way, hesitated, adlvanced a
step)-not a whisper was heard, a breathless
silence reigned around, and the apartment
beforo him was dark as the grave itself.
" Go on blast ye ! What the devil are you
afeard of?" said the rough voice of ani as
sociate behind; lhe took a seconid ste p, and
the old main's knife was buried in his heart!i
No second thrust was requisite, for with a
deep groan the robber sank upoin the floor.
Tihie obscurity of the chamber, the sudden
destruction caused by that deadly thrust,
prevented the ruffians in the outer room
from knowing the fate of their companion.
A second presented himiself, crossed -the
threshold, stumbled against his aead associ
eiate, anid received the old mani's knife in
his bosom. The wound though mortal was
not so fatal as the other, and the ruffian had
strength to ejaculate that lie was a dead
Inistantly several shot were fired, but the
old genteman's position sheltered him fromi
the bullets- A third assassin advanced,
levelled a long fowling piece through the
door wvay, aiid actually rested the barrel
against the old man's body. Its direction
howecver was a slanting one, and wvith ad
mirabhe self possession, remained steady till
the murdierer drewv the trigger, and the ball
passed mim without injury ; but the flash
from the gun unfortunately disclosed his
place of ambush. Then commenced a des
perate struggle-the robber, a powerful and
athletic ruttian closed and seized his victimi
around the body-there was no equality with
rgard to strength, and although tho old man
sinck often and furiously wiith his knife, the
blows were ineffectual and he was thrown
heavily upon the floor with the murderer
abovo him. Even at that moment his pre
senice of mind saved this heroic gentleman.
ie found that the blade of the knife had turn
ed, and contrived to straighten it upon the
floor. The ruffian's hand was already upon
his throat-the pressure became suffocating
-a few moments more and the contest must
have ended; but an accidental movemnt of
his body, exposed the murderer's side-the
old man struck with his remaining strength a
deadly blow-the robber's grasp relaxed
and with a yell of mortal agony, he fell dead
across his exhausted antagonist!
Horror-struck by the death shriek of their
comrades, the banditti wvanted courage to
enter that gloomy chamber which had al
ready proved fatal to so many. They poured
an irregular volley in and leaping through the
open windowv, ran off leaving their lifeless
Lights and assistance came presently
tho chamber was a pool of gore, and the old
man nearly in a state of insensibility, was
covered with the blood, and encompassed by
the brathless bndies of his -intended mur
derers. lie recovered however, to enjoy for
years the well won reputation, and receive
from the Irish viceroy the honor of knight
hood, Which never was conferred betore upon
a braver man.
The following denial, by Gen. Pierce, of
the Boston slanders against him, appeared
on Saturday, in the Washington Republic.
We have no hope whatever, that it will he
satisfactory to the editors who have so dili.
gently circulated charges sustained by such
unreliable testimony, and bearing on their
very face such umnistakeable marks of
bitter prejudice and personal rancor. Should
these editors even make a pretence of doing
justice, by publishing the denial, they will
not do so fairly-but, like the Republic,
they will, no doubt, accompany its puldica
tion with unfair and illiberal commentaries.
The Republic has thought this necessary,
as an atonement in advance, for its seeming
liberality in publishing the letter at all; but
let them comment and carp as they may,
plain honest people will consider the letter a
frank and positive denial of the slander.
The following is the correspondence:
To the Editor of the Rcpublic:
D.mu Sin: On the appearance in your
paper of a charge intended, if not calculat
ed, seriously to impair and perchance to
destrey the confidence of General Pierce's
Southern supporters in his soundness on
the slavery question, I address him a letter,
which, together with his reply, I now ask
you, as an act of justice, to publish.
I make this request, presuming your ob.
ject, like mine, to have heen the discovery
of the truth.
Washington, August 12, 1852.
WASIrGToN, July 17, 1852.
DeAn Sin-Enclosed you will find anl
article, in which, as one of the editors of
the Sonthern Press, of this city, I took is.
sue with my colleague iii advocacy of your
claims to Southern Support for the Presi
dency. That action was predicated upon
my belief of your entire soundness upon
the slavery question. Within the last week
a speech, purporting to have been delivered
by you in January last, has been republished
from two Democratic papers in your own
State, (which are said now to support you.)
On the truth or falsity of this, much de
pends. Neither those with whom I act, nor
myself, can consent that any doubt should 1
rest on a matter of such importance; but, I
placing full reliance on the fearless frank
ness of your character, on their behalf and I
my own, I respectfully ask of you whether i
that report, which. your Southern suppor. I
ters believe to be without foundation as op.
posed to your previous course, is correct ?
The peculiar position which I occupy
must plead my apology for troubling you
with this letter.
Very respectfully, your obedient servant,
General F. PIERCE, Concord, N. H.
CoNcoRD, N. If., July 23, 1852.
MY Dia Sil: Surrounded by pressing t
engagements, I seize the earliest opportunity
to reply to your letter of the 17th instant.
I much regret that any thing connected
with myself should have been the cause of
disagreement between you and gentlemen f
vith whom you have been associated in the
ditorial department of the Southern Press..
I do not remember to have seen what
purports to b~e a report ofa speech dlelivered
by me at New Boston, ini this State, in
January lamst, until my attention was called
to it as republished in the Republic. The
pretended report is, and I presume was de
signed to be, an entire imisrepresentation.
It is not merely untruthful, but is so grossly
and absurdly false as to render, in this vi
inity, any denial of its authenticity entirely
nn mecessary. The two papers quoted-the
Independent Democratic, pubilished in this
place, and the Democrat, pubilished in Man
hester-are thoroughly abolition journals;
and have been and are zealously opposed to
the Democratic party. For a long timei
prior to the meeting at New Boston, and I
ever since, they have been unsparing in their
attacks upon me personally, and in their
bitter denunciation of wvhat they have been
pleased to ternm my pro-slavery sentiments.
But it wvould be somethiing newv for either
of those to deny the consistency of my
opinions upon the subjoct of the constitu-r
tional rights of the South in relatioin tot
slavery. My opinions and the avowal ofi
them have been everywhere the same. Ever
indful of the difliculties and dangers which
so long brooded over the assemblage of
wise men and pure patriots to whose spirit
of concession and earnest efforts we are
indebted for the Constitution under which
we have enjoyed such signal prosperity,
advancement, and happiness, I have recard
ed the subject as too vital and delicate tor
be used as an element of sectional, appeal
in party con ticts. My action and mny Ian-.
ugo'in New Hampshiro, touching thisr
mater, have been at all times and under all
circumstances in entire accordance with my I
actiomn and language at WVashington.
Aly votes in the Senate and House of
Representative! were not republished in the
Era for the first time. They .lyvo been
again and again paraded to arouse the pas
sions and prejudices of our people against
me individually, and against the party with
which it has been my pride and pleasure to
act. There has been no attempt to evade
the force of the record. It has been at all
times freely admitted, and my position sus
tained upon grounds satisfactory to my own
mind. I am net surprised to knew that the
attempt to prove me an abolitionist provokes
much merriment among meon of all parties
hero ; and this weak and untruthful sketch
of what purports to be my speech, is really
too ridiculous to be considered in any so
I am in the daily receipt of letters, pro.
pounding the greatest variety of curious
qestins, upon all conceivable subjects.
ed, of course. No individual could com.
miand either the time or strength the here.
loan task would reqiure. I may add, that
such a correspondence would by no means
comport with my views of duty. The
Democratic party sent its delegates to Bal.
timore not alone to nominate candidates
but to reaffirm principles and to present the
leading issues upon which the canvass
should be conducted.
If I could deem myself capable of im.
proving the platform there adopted, it i
uitoe certain that I should decline, either at
the call of individuals or associations, to
incur the charge of arrogance to which any
ittempt to alter, amend, or enlarge it, would
inevitably subject me.
Your letter is of an entirely different
sharacter. It seeks truth in relation to an
illeged fact; it speaks of history, to which
oo searching an appeal cannot be made. I
ippreciate the estimate you seem to have ol
ny character for directness; and beg you to
tecept my thanks for your efforts to vindi.
'ate my claim to that trait, at least, before
I am, with high esteem, your most obe.
Jient servant, FANK. PIERCE.
EDwIN D LroN, Esq., Washington, D. C.
THE WOUNDS E-OPENED.
We received some time ago, from Gen.
Foote and others, most cheering assurances
hat their great Compromise had effectually
!losed and cicatriced the bleeding wounds
which the slavery agitation had produced in
he body politic of this iation. We were told
:he Compromise had restored peace and
uietnde to the nation-bad annihilated dis.
inion in one section, and abolition in the
)ther section of the Republic-that there
was to be no more agitation-the Fugitive
;lave law was a finality, and peace and con.
:ord reigned through the land.
To perpetuate this happy event, and give
mmortality to its source, and to those who
were instrumental in effecting it, it was pro.
nosed in this city, to erect a Compromise
,Ionument of. iroi, to hand down to future
ges the record of the wonderful discovery
)f extinguishing fanaticism by paper resolu.
:ions and repealable laws. But, alas! we
:ould not bring our minds to this satisfacto.
-y conclusion and we were thus deprived of
;he satisfaction of mingling in the rejoicings
>ver such happy and glorious effects from so
dimple a cause.
Nor have recent occurrences removed this
Joubt and anxiety from our minds. Not to
'nany other proofrof-dti-etfld otthis-sgt
ation, which we were told, was so effectual.
y stilled, quite a notable proof has recently
,een afforded that abolition not only lives,
'nt appears to have grown stronger under
he influence of the Compromise. We al
ude to the move in the United States Sen.
Ite, by Sumner, of Massachusetts, to repeal
he Fugitive Slave law. A test vote was
aken on this question, and ten Senators
>eing full hialf of the Senators from the
V4orth-voted with Sumner, and, in effect, in
avor of the " Finality." There were two
>thers-Hale and Chase--absent, who would
dIso have voted on the same side.
These votes were given in face of the
mphatic declaration of Southern Senators,
hat a repeal of the Fugitive Slave law would
nevitaily lead to a dissolution of the Union.
Ve have seen no stronger evidence of the
>ower and strength of aboliton, for the last
wenty years, than is contained in this
act.-N. 0. Delta.
HI-rn1 PRIcas INOREaoN.--The Iasla
ngton Republic says a letter recently re
eived from a gentleman residing at Oregon
lity represents that the gold mines in the
outhern portion of the territory of Oregon
keep the prices of everything up to those of
:alifornuia. The millers wvere, at the date
f the letter, offering $2 per bushel for
theat ; and for flour the price was $10 per
>arrel; for oats $1.25 per bushel; for hams
17 1-2 cents per pound. Labor of all
jinds was high and scarce, and the deputy
urveyors were paying from $70 to $100
>er month for each man they employed.
.oods, the letter says, are higher in Oregon
han in California, as most of the merchants
ni the first mentioned territory get their sup.
>lies in the latter ; andl the cost of living in
he :Atlantic States, it is thought, is only
bhout one-third of what it is in Oregon and
A MONSTza SnIAxK was caught, as we
earn from the Savannah Republican, on
friday last off Tybee. It is said to have
neasured fifteen feet from the end of its tail
o the tip of the nose, and when opened that
t was found to contain ten king crabs, a sea
,ull, and a man's boot, with any quantity of
>ones, resembling those of the human body.
t took six mon, ber-ides the informant of the
tepublican, to haul and lash it to the gunnel
f the pilotboat, from which it was caught.
L'he jaws contained eight rows of teeth.
TnF. Chaplain in the Indiana Legislature
ecently opened, it is said, the session with a
~eneral prayer, wvhich he closed with the
ollowing invocation: " And the Lord have
nercy on our legislators. Spare their lives
mntil they may return to their homes, and
lien put it into the hearts of the people to
teep them there, and return men of temper.
ate habits and sentiments, who will do some
GOING IT SrRoNo.--ln March last, three
nen in the city of Springfield, Illinois,
igreed to drink themselves to death. The
tegister, of that lace, says the first died in
April, the second in May. The survivor,
n the happening of the last event, showed
signs of breaking the contract, and kept
sober two or three days afterwards; hul
ionor revived, and he died in the month ol
lune. This is litorally true.
IT is said that H on. Wmn. H. Meredith
Becretary of the Treasury under President
Taylor, has in his possession the origina
rnanuscript of a very strong message which
Sen. T. had prepared to send to Congress
previous to his death, for the purpose of stop
ping the clamor of Slaveholding Disunion
ists. The message wvas opposed to all corn
FOOD FOX RUEtuMmN.
The discontinuance of the " Southers
Press" has drawn out a variety of comments
from the newspapers of the North. A
large proportion of these indicate malicious
triumph, and none that we have seen have
taken any pains to couceal their joy at the
The New York Day Book has the follow
ing remarks. 'We fear there is too much
truth in what it says with regard to those
papers of the North which have endeavoree
to stand by the rights of the' South and the
Constitution. We could hope that his pro
phecy in relation to the future of the South.
is devoid of the truth of a prophets, ken
It is our duty to place such warnings, come
they from friend or foe, before the people of
the South. It is theirs. to take.heed and be
" But aside from this, there is a feebleness
in the Southern cause, which indicates its
demise and overthrow as distinctly as the
appearance of the Southern Press did its
suspension. The energy, activity, and full
ness of spirit of Northern anti-slavery will
eventually overrun the South, and lay in the
dust the last slavery standard bearer.
"The numerical strength is with the
North, the energy is in the North, and the
spirit of dictation an encroachment is here.
A few men and a few newspapers will stand
up a while for the right, for justice, fairness,
for peace, and for Union -but they must all
succumb at last. Webster and Fillmore
have been struck down, not so much by the
force of the North as by the feebleness of
the South. The few papers that now advo
cate Southern Rights-or rather that now
raise their voices against Northern wrong
will find it for their interest to keep silent
on the slavery isrue.
" The Southerners are not a reading peo.
ple, while the Northerners are, and the
newspaper proprietors soon find this out.
We had always rather go to a man who
takes six papers for his subscription to a
new one, than to a man who does not take
any: The chances are three to one in favor
of the man who reads half a dozen. With
all our Southern sentiments, the cirulation
of the Day Book has always been as large
in Connecticut as in any Southern State,
and larger in New England than all the
South. New Englanders buy it daily by
the two cents' worth, and the Sientheroers
take it by the year-therein is the difference
One don't consider two cents any patrobage
whatever. the other h Ltwo- Jnar- ..bi
as given in support of a cause.
"The newspaper that relies upon South
ern patronage will follow the Southern
Press to the grave, while the- one that pan.
ders to the morbid abolition sentiment of
the North will most likely ride triumphant.
ly to importance and power."
RFF'TING A SL ANDER.-In Congress,
on Tuesday last, according to the New
York Herald, Mr. Aiken rose to a question
of privilege, and proceeded to notice a
paragraph, in a published speech of Mr.
Durkee, relative to a slave in Charleston,
who it was said, five or six years ago, killed
his master for tresspassing on the chastity
of his wife, and that, on being taken to the
scaffold, the Sheriff felt so much sympathy
for him that he could not hang him, nor
could the reward of 81000 procure any one
in the crowd to perform that office; there
fore the negro was taken from the gallows.
This was the substance of the objectionable
paragraph. Mr. AikeI said he had lived in
Charleston all his life, and that such a case
occurred he pronounced absolutely false.
He then related a proceeding wvhich took
place twventy-six years ago, when a slave
was convicted of Arson; but being of a weak
constitution, and considerably prostrated in
view of death, there was naturally much
sympathy expressed for him; and the per
son whose duty it was to execute the pri
soner, also being feeble, offered a reward of
one hundred dollars to any one in the crowd
who would perform the office, but no one
accepted it. The slave wvas then remanded,
and the result wvas, his punishment was
commuted to transportation, by the Govern
or. Whoever gave the information referred,
to Mr. Aiken said, had told a deliberate
A RE.MARKAnLE ESCAPE.-Gilbert Ja.
cobs, of Springfield, Ohio, was struck by
lightning a few days ago. The fluid singed
the hair of his head considerably, burnt a
wvhisker completely off his cheek, blistered
his neck and back, and tore open the lower
part of his boot, upon one of his- feet, leav
ing him apparently dead. There were three
men with him at the same time who were
more or less shocked; they immediately
went to work at their comrade, and wvith
the aid of cold water, and rubbing b r about
half an hour, revived him.
STARVATION IN TnlE WEsT INDIEs.--Ac
counts from the Windward Islands con
tinue to be received of the state of starva
tion into which the people of those Islands
are involved from the long continued
drought. Antigua, St. Kitts, St. Lucia,
Aniguilla and Curacoa, are represented as
particulaily destitute and distressed. In
Anguilla, the drought, which had prevailed
for seven months, had reduced the poorer
classes of the inhabitants to a state of ab
solute destitution and misery. The poor
Iare absolutely dying for want.
A Wrr being told that an old acquain
tance was married, exclaimed, " I am glad
to hear it." But reflecting a moment, he
added in a tone of compassion and for.
giveness: " And yet I don't know why I
should be, he never done me any harm."
Fox LAUIEs ExcIusIvELY.-Ladies, as
you are fond of having flowvers in your
rooms, you will perhaps be glad to know
that about as much taitrat of soda as can be
easily taken up between the forefitpr and
thumb, put into the glass everf I the
water is changed, will preserve cut
in all their beauty for near ~
-Nitrat of Potash-uthat
--in powes has nesIIa.
not quite so pfiiksious.