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"We wvill cling to the Pillars of the Temple of : e% and It It must fall, we -il
W. F. DURKISOE, Proprietor. bDUJFltL1 .:E T M E 1tft~IJkki)~ O.XJ~.O
THIS IS A SAD AND DrXARY WORLD.
Tims is a sadl and dreary world,
-W'here I am living now,
For grief and care have stamped their seal
Upon my throbbing brow ;
And though iny leart is young iu years,
- - Yet sorrow's seal is there,
Anil i its deepest, d-Mrkebt cell,
Forever dwells despair.
The friends I loved iii early youth
I live sunik unto their rest,
They now repose in quietnmess
t' pon the earth's cold lireast
They have gone do-wniward to the tomib
Like brillant stars that fall,
Thrimowing roun.l ity strikenz heart
A Sad1 and f uneral Pall.S
I eaw them in the cotld gravo'laid,
I hfev:rd the sulh-nm stul,
A n.1 for awhile my weary heart V
epiroachied my elianiing God
, Unpe's pure rnmobow from time skies
I nve vantisiqed i'rum my sight ;
Sorrow's cloud catne o'er ii;y soul s
My day was chaniged to iighIt.
An.1 as I stood upon the brink
Of the dark frowning grave, I
I thnuht of fancies I had wrought,
Of dreams that I hal made ;
Anil as lte brinev Ocean's waves h
Upon tihe sioomth bench roll, u
So a weight of louieliness I
6wept o'er my weary soul. V
I turnedo away miy weeping eyes s
Front off the happy dead, I
To seek for joys within the world, i
Tit found its jilys hadl fled ;
I wept alouil, for rr-y heart felt
The pangsi of keen regret, a
Thelough friends are lost, aid joys are fled,
My soul enan ne'i f.rget.
But when the storms of life are o'er,
WhViten they have eenqed to bloi'
When sorrow's waves shall all be still
And shiall no loriger flow ;
Taen shall I meet those friends again
On Gal's ambrosial siore C1
'%th h ilutaste those ndless joys
~~T " MIR f vae: nnn i rt4U.
JAong bhast thou teased. me-thou amid I
Nlay just as well agree to part:
Who'll buy at heart ? who'll buy? wltv'll buh y u
Th.-y ofl'er'l three testoons-lbut no!
.\ fithful heart i6 cheap at tnsre: -I
'Ti-4 n..t of thlose ta i t wilerimg go, ' cI
Like nmentmiants from-. luor to door. st
I ere's litrniit jiiossioin-I iniit tell i
A th..usawol merits ;: eine amid try
I have a heart-a hveit to sell : ti
Wh'i'l teuyi a heart " w.hotl buy ? wlt'll buy ?
I woul.1 'iwere non.: ! f..r I confe.s t
'in tired-and lnginmg to be free1
Come, t.A. fair m:ii.len : imere or less- ri
S., gm.-and very elietp inileed.
(Oice nare-lit once-l canit dwell
So long-'tis goinug-ge ting-tie
NO offi-r-'ve a heart to sell -
Whm'll buy a heart ? who'll buy 7 who'll huy ? mm
DE~ATIl I.N TIIE SCIIOOL-ROOMI.
TIintg.a-lintglinig! wvent the bell on the g
teachler's dlesk of' a v'illage school, onec mnormi
ing, wthen time studies of' the earlier pamrt of e
thet dari were abon mtt hal f compm~leted. it was~ h
well undermtood thait tis wias thm:'ecomnmnd
for siletnce and attenation: anid whmen the.se s
had beeni obtaied, time miaste'r spoke. Ii e
was a low, thick-set iman amid his miame ws m
-lioyr," said he, " I have a compelainmt .P
etntered. Last iight some of yoiu were ste d
ing fruit front Mr. N ichot's gariden. 1 rath- E'
er thmiink I ktnow the thief. Tl'im iker, step "~
up) here, sir."
TJhme otne to whom lhe spoke came for
ward. .lie wams a slighit faiir-lomokinig boy,~ i
abont fourteenm, anid his fice hol a ilauginig, m
good htuzmoredn e'xprmesionm, which eveni time
chartge miow pef'erred against him, anid time i
sterni tone anid threateing look of' lime teach.m r
er imad nmot 'mntire'ly dis:-ipated. Th'ie coun
tenmance of time boy, howvever, wams tot) uini
earthlyt fair for health ; it had, notwithmstanmd- It
inig its fleshy, cheerfui look ,a sinigular cast,Ie
as if' some inward diseaise, anmd that a feamr- in
ful one, was sealed within. A slimhe stripmlintg
stood before that pilace of jndgment, that
place so often madtme lime scemne of hieartiess
amid coamrse brmtaity, of timid innmocencee 11
confused, helpless chmiiood oumtranged( aim1 e
gentle feelings ernmshed, Lugaire looked onm
him with a fmowni wichl pinmily tol that hie c
felht ini no v'ery peleasan mt miood. llappily amm
worthier and.: more philorsophiical systmis 13
provinig to mnen thamt schoolmus can be better
governmed thman by lashes, andm team's amid sighs.
We aro fatst waxinig towardIs that consum- I
mationm wheni one of' time old fashionmed schoolr
nmasters, with his cowhide, is heavy birebh
rod, antd his tmny itngenioums methods of!
ehmild tomrtiure, will he gamzed upotn as-a sacred I
memenato of' an ignorat, cruel anid exploded
doctr'ite. 31ay pro'ipitious galhes speed tha~tt
" Were y'ou in Alr. Nichoul's gamrdenm last
nighmt l'" aske:d Lugauro.
9 es sir," answvered they boy, " I was."
'AWell, sir, i'm glad to timmd you so ready
wtithi v'onr conmfessiton. AndI so you thout m
votu could do a little robbing, amid enmjmmv
v'oitrself' in a mmann ter you ought to be I
ashmamed to own, witiiout beinig punilshedl,
"' have nt been robing," replied the
boy qnickly. ihis face was sull'used, whgeti..
er wsith resentmnent or fright It was dithecult
to tell. " And I didnm't (10 any ting inst<
night that 1'nm ashamed to own."
massionatelv, as lie grasped a long and heav3
attan; "give we none of your sharp speech.
,s, or I'll thrash von till von beg like a dog.'
The youngster's flice paled a little; hit
ip quivered, but lie (lid not speak.
" A nd pray sir," continued- Lugare, as the
utward signs of wrath disappeared froi hit
Latures, " why were you about the garden-1
Verhaps von only received the plunder, and
ad an accomplice to do the most dangerous
tart of the job?"
" I went that way, because it is on my
oad hote. I was there again afterwards,
o meet an acquaintance: and-and-but I
lid not go into the garden, nor take any
hing away from it. I would not steal
ardlv to save imivself fron starving."
" You had better have stuck to that last
venin. You were seen, Tim Barker, to
ome from under Mr. Niehiol's garden lence
little after. 0 o'clock, with a bag full of
oninething or other over your shoulders. The
ag had every, appearaice of being filled
'itlh fruit, and this morning the melon beds
-ere found to have been comletely cleared.
;w, sir, what was there in that bag !"
1ihe fire itself glowed the face of the de
efed lad. He spoke not a word. All the
lhool had their eyes directed at him. The
erspiraition ran down his white forehead
ke rain drops.
Speak, s;r!" exclaimed Lugare, with a
>ud strike of his rattan on the deek.
The boy looked as though lie would faint.
ut the unmerciful teacher, confident of
aviig lronght to light a criminal, and ex
iting in the idea of the severe chastisement
e should flow he justified ini infliiting, kept
-orkiig himself up to a still greater degree
f passion. In the meantime the child
remed hardly. to know what to do with
imself His tongue..clave 6 the' roof of
Is mouth. Either lie was very much fright
ied, or he was actuahly unwell.
"Speak, I Say," again thundered Lugaro,.
id his hand, grasuing his ratan, towered
jove his head in a very, significantmanner.
I hardly can, sir," said the poor lelloIr
intly. H is voice was huskyand thick "
ill tell you some-some other titie Pldasq
let ie go to my seat --I am nonfvell."
"hvstat's very like} h' n;dir. -fv
nrce you ,
r matany a nionth to cume-go to your seat.
Gld etougha of the ungracious periis.
):I, and anisweringo not a s(intd, the child,
,,lopt tremblinag to his benchi. Ile felt verv
rangzelV, dizzily-more as if lie was in a
(:fn than in real life; and laying his arms
i his dk, howed down his face between
em. The pupils turned to their accustom.
I studi.-s, for during the reign of Lugare,
the vilhage school, they had been so used
senmies of violence and severe chastise
ent, that snch things made but little inter.
iption ini the, tenor of their way.
Now, while the intervening hour is pass.
, we will clear ip the mystery of the bag.
d of youtng Barker being under the g:r
1 featce the preceding night. The boy's
other was a widow aid they both hid to
'e ini the very narrowest limits. is father
vi died whenlihe was six years old, and
ttt Trim was left a sickly emnaciaited infait,
'homt no one expiected to hive manty months.
'o he eurprise of all, however, the poor
ild kept alive, and seemied to recover his
reiigth, as lie certainaly did hsis size amnd
and looks. This was owing to the kind
lices of an eminent phiysici:am, who had a
~mtry seat in the neighborhood, and who
abeen interested in the widow's little
mily. Tin, the physician said, miight pos
bly onttgrow his disease, but everything
as uniccrtain. It was a mysterious anid
dtiling malady, and it would not be won
rhiul if he should in sonme momenit of ap
trenit good health, be suddenly takent away.
hea poor widow was at first in a continaual
ate of uneasiness, but several years had
auy elaupsed, and nonei of the impenidinig
tils had falleni on the hay's head. I is mno
ir seemed to feel confident that lhe would
ve, and be a help and an honor to her old
ge ; and the two struggled on together
mtrially happy in each oilier, and eiiduiring
inch of povertyv anid discomifort without
pining, each for the other's sake.
TVim's pleasanit dispositioni made him maty
iends ina the village, anid among the rest a1
oung farmer nnmed Jones, who with his
hder brother worked a large farm ini the
eighborhood oti shares. Jones very fre
nently made Tim a presenit of a bag of'
otatoes or corn, or somte garden vegetables,
lchih he took from his own stock; but, as
is partner was a piarsimnonioins high.temiper
dI man, and had ofteni said thiat Tlim was an
lle fellow aund ought not to be helped be
ause lie didl not wuork, Jones generally made
is presents in such a nianner, that no otie
new anvthiing about them except himselh
iid the grtef('ul objects of his kindness. ht
ihit be too, that the widow w"as loath to
are it understood by the neighbors that she
eceived food from aniy one; for there is
freni an oxcusable pride ini people of her
nindition which makes them shrink from
eing considered as obijects of charity, a.
hey would from the severest pains. Oa
le night in qunestion, Tim had beeni told
hat Jones would send thiem a bag of pota
nes, amnd the place at which they were to be
vaitinig for himi was fixed at Mr. Nichol's
er en fence. It wa this hag that Tlim had]
seen staggering under, aiid wich hiad
-aused thme unlncky boy to be accused and
:ovicted by his. teacher as a thief. VTal
echier was otne little fitted for his important
ul responsiblo otlie., Ilasty to decide
mid inflexibly severe, Ihe wa the terror 0
be little world lie ruled so despotically
utnishmeint lie seemed to dhelighit in. K~now~
rig little of those sweet fountains whlich is
bildren's breasts open quickly at the call a
enteness and kind words, lie was feare'
- all for his sternness, and loved hy none,
I would that he were an isolated instance ir
The hour of grace had drawn to a close,
and the time approached, at which Lugare
was to give his school a joyfully received
dismission. Now and then one of the
scholars' would direet a furtive glance at
Tin and sometimes in pity, sometimes in
indifference or inquiry. They knew that he
would have no inerey shown him, mid though
most of them loved him, whipping was.too
common- there to exact much sympathy.
Every inquiring glance, however, .remained
unsatilied, for at the end- of the hour Tim
remained with his face completely hidden,
and his head bnwed down inhis'arms, pre.
ciselv as hehad leaned himself when lie first
wenit t his seat. Lugare looked at the hoy
ocea-ion'riy with a serowi, which boded
vengeatce for his sulkiness. At length the
last clai's had ibeen heard, and the last lesson
recited, an&Lu:gare seated himself behind
his desk on the platfor'm with his longest
and stoutest ralan before him.
" Now, .Barker," he said, "we'll settle
that little business of yours. Just step up
Tim did not move. The school room was
:s still as the grave. Not a sound was to
heard, except, occasionally, a long drawii
Miin me, sir-, or it will be the worse for
you. Step here and take off yourjacket."
The boy did not stir any more than if lie
had been wood. Lugare shook with pas.
sion. Ile sat still a minute, as if consider
ing the hest way to. wreak his vengeance.
That minute passed in death-like silence,
id was a fear!ess one to some of the chil
dien, for their faces whitened with fright.
It seened, as it slowly dropped away, like
the mininto ihich precedes the climax of an
exquiisitely performed tragedy, when some
mighty master of the histrionic arts, treading
the stage, and you, and the multitude around,
areawaIiting, withwstretched nerves and sus
pended breath, in 'eteeatiion of the terrible
"'Tim's asIep "tlerngh said onio of
the bogs who sa t r in ,n
lie'r! -at this intcei egiloabf~i
boys. Tim, here, is determinied not to be
vorried in his mind about a little flogging,
for the thouwgt of it can't even keep the
little scouidrel awake."
Lugare smiled again, as lie made the last
observation. iHe grasped the ratan firnly,
and descended fron hisi seat. With light
and stcnlhb steles lie crossed the room, and
stiod by the nlucky sleeper. The boy was
still uncoisc'ionis of his impending punish.
ment as ever. lie might be dreaming sotie
golden dream of youth aid pleasure ; per
hiaps lie was far away in the world of fancy.
seeing scenes and freeling delights which cold
reality ever can bestow. Lugare lifted his
iralan high over his head, and with the true
and expert AiM which he had acquired by
long pracetice, bruonghmt it dowvn on Tim's
bac wit a force and' whacking sonid
whih seme sulicentto awake a freeziung
mana ini hisi iethanriy.
Quick and fast blow foalloiwcd blow. With.
mint waiting to see the effect of the first cut,
the brutaul w'retch plied his instrument of tor
ture first on one side of the boy3's hack, and
then on the other, and only stoipped at the
end of two or three miiinutes from very
weariness. But still Tim showed no sign
of motion ; and as Lugare, provoked at his
torpidity, jerked away one of the child's
arms, on which hs had been leaning ov'er the
desk, his head dropped fromi his grasp; and
his eyes stretched wide open, glared as at
sonme monstrous spectacle of horror aiid
death. The swe'at started in great globules
seemlingly' fr'oii every pore in his face ; his
skininy lips contracted amnd showedl his teeth;
aiid when lie at lenigthi stretched lforthi his
arm, and with the end of one of his tingrers
touched the child's cheek, eaich limb quiv~ered
like the tongue of a snake, and his strength
seenmed as though it wvould mnomientarilyv fail
him. Th'Ie boy was dlead. lie ha~d probaby
been so for sonie time, for his eves were
turned til, and his body was quite cold.
The vwow was nowv childless too. Death
was in the schiool-rooii, and Lugare had
beeii flogginig a corpse.-Corresponidence
Hfow -o A coumm lis in [Ih:Lrjr.--Wal
ker, in his " Original," lays down the foullow
ing rules for attaining high health. T1hey
areo worth remnembering, particularly his ad
vice to wives and husba:nds.
"Fiist studiy to acquire a composure of
mind and body. Avoid agitattion, oh' one or
the otheir, especially just before and afiter
meauls, anid whilst the process of digestion
is going oin. Tn this end, govern your tem
per, endearvour to look at the bright side of
thiings, keep down as m uch as possible the
tilniuly passions, discard envy, hatred, aid
malice, and lay your head uiponi your pillow
in chiarity with all miankiind. Let not your
wants outrun your' means. Whatev'er dilli
culties you have to encounter, he not per
plexed, but only thinik what is right to dIC
in the sight of Hlimi who seethi all thiings,
and bear withiout r'epininig the r'esult. Wh'len
your meauls are solitary'~, let your thoughts
lie cheerful wshen they aro social, whlich is
better, avoid disputos or serious argument,
or' unipleaisant topics. " Unquiet mneals says'
Shaspe'are, ma~ke ill digestioiis;" and thle
conltrar'y is pirolduced bmy eatsy conversation,
a pleasant project, w"elcomeo news, or lively
companionis. I advise wives not to enter.
tatin their husbands with domestic grievamnces
abhout children or serv'ants, nor to ask foi
moniey', nor prodnco unpaidl hills, nor pro
pouind nnlreasonabhle or provoikinug question;
an ai.se. usnds to keep tihe cares and
vexation of the ltlamselves, but to
be communica -tever is comforta
ble, cheerful an
THE DESP DOMESTIC LIFE.
" Of all bad-tha chich mankind are eura'd,
Their own bd t surely are the worst."
correspond xpresses the opinion
that " parents a -hers, even when they
bestow adeqtate tion upon the minds
and morads of th a beings confided to
their care, are ap be very indifferent as
to thu proper t of the temper and
disposition." 's right. It often hap.
ins that pare mistaken affection or
erring judg foster and en
courage a viciou lent, and vindictive
temper, and thus the seeds. of misery,
not only for their ing, butfor all with
whom they may lb e associated. What
indeed, can be mo 'pleasant, more pain
ful, than shaipn d violence, bitterness
of manner and anguaget What so
disfigures beautyf neutralizes the purer
and hetter elemo Hr nature I As yet
we believe that pr may be educated,
restrainedand 6 d, uite as readily as
the mind may be- upe< and improved.
If the dispositidn aturalli violent and
perverse, so mu amore necessity for
cheeks and rest - childhood. In
after life the evi curable. The infir
mity becomes a P habit, and it is the
constant source rritation, misunder
standing and feud e unhappy victims of
temper are to be while they are also
apt to be avoided agerous to converse I
with them, even ordinary subjects.
Differ with the not satisfied with
giving their othey will impugn
the motives"af ho bold opposite
setints, resoir C nge,
and not uinfrrequ ter iisinuations and
employ epitheta isited to the lips
of the just, the and the gentle
manly. 'For thet they ar hesid"
thhey w2fl o ea
oe i.ci ations and
excen ric nrunreatsonable, without mii
flebing violence, either of manner or oft
lgugand assuredy without inipinging
the motives or assailing the integrity o.
those with whom we ithpen to direr. We
know on nothing more commendable or
desirabile than calmners, franskness, and
courtesy. hese qualities, constantly e
ernised, are admirably calculated to soften
the asjmeridies of lire, and to impart a chiarni
to the occurrences of every day initercourse.
T'hie "g-entle sex," too, should be espe
cialy careful in the -cultivation of temper.
Wo en yields p onle of the loveliest at
tributes of her natnre, when site grots
the quiet, wihning way that so endeirs, and
endeavors to maintain her inflence and
siab tha th amnes of ara.kness, and
courtesy. ATese qutie, aconsity ex
c risectdiio, are adialyclutd enou iotn
the, aurties wom ihe ar terimpart hrm
to the mccrrne of evsfer ad swterurs.
Tuin hich wete eligh to sodbe espe
Woens poiens up the mofi thepelst hi
ntrutso hern ntuhr wen sherge Ts
theeqiget, sinieway tht oed earan
eallhrony, doinand hein.ec how
swany athousghol ihae ancye of her.n
vitulene Aniib hecro n evil temeapoent
grl,~ iposiiond exrose b eo distisfea
lagspiritsnrditon, the faiydl snuh i
sedetermned tohe)0opeer andweer
luconetd whe otergh are associatranqih
tnhefmppa lehaacer they'~r disaene haf
the moset potent so At maills andiebk
nstually betling ito inrluenclee. ieneyn
tuprnion bitesadl the eens oferfl
eelin and viofty Seniene,a before itere
aharmonyt deaktio and afpeheion How
manyhuseholdtorm mad alwayse of per-ed
pete strie by the aeofanlt.
Tersese the exerie by conlaton the
woeaigsiso the sce.Afamcion is replle s
iem<etridi eperverse, and fnkesaitpdnee
conened awhen orthses renced tandi
randtl amppy Thus evthe crylprensencoha
thesl exfect or atw Iet feellievd ark
I etnalliwithe itsrinfsuencr.Sine and
appreenon Tae eple of ch eer
is st pnd ivcius. Stimpnce, beauati
dangeuousns tof ea yand aprenes, tbem
scau , istrustful aiidaypocritipcte ad,
gives the evilstmer ies oie tiheyscant.
nTuegrtanr theeforat conciliaction and
wsedt themcc. ThAetis tepeght to
impertiandne diu, raespsly as ismpudencte
raeu, whnd ths gevter pter hire snkn
scousrmyx, is at olest toe coneledt.
the tretit whed theexitebue thute
peanthu adsthoo peis ndrel imnulcte
Thsees ha exmof sc temperan thhrdo
ismnne aercious compaionble. nturay
suspic ios, fedissulasanthypocitan
nt unenviable thubnands coradiwies andli
dtinyosithencies untwhih tereosantl prbet
sed to onthem. anhey, annne an pauin.t
Oneofn dtrust chiesecsalsyestis oftenther
passie, oedteiene atner, forftue ofk
of evrmy isap lik rnesorttodnceaslfe.
andheptui wtvhhed, eliful that iur
Se ance blceae divncutyprvokte iascible
spirtno their falseodisildirectly iueaed.
The hrhd hav eernd subjected ofe
ofmnery are sar-ympaironleTe
iamnd tneirnvialteino husbandwvs. T
every thintlike mnepnyec familisel-rch
poor and in the middle walks of life-are
dragging out a wretched existence through
the curse of temper-because their domes
tic circle is influenced and agitated by some
virago or some tyrant! Alas, for the vio
lent, the passionate and the perverse who
cannot or will not control themselves, and
who are, therefore, perpetually engaged in
the selfish, satanic, and unholy work of
creating strife, convention and miery.
Many a gentle heart has been broken by
tyrant temper of same such domestic des.
pot. Many an honest and toil-worn man
has been driven from his home to the resort
of the dissolute and intemperate, by the
petulant and complaining volubility of his
miscalled " better half !-Bowen's Farmer.
THE NEW POSTAGE LAW.
We publish below a correct copy we he
lieve, of the New Postage Law, which wiil
go into efrect on the 30th inst.
An act to amend the act entitled " An act
to reduce and modify the rates of postage
in the United States, and for other pur
poses," passed March third,-eiateen hun
dred and flfty-one.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of
Representatices of the United States of
America in Congress assembled, T'hat from
aind after the thirtieth day of September,
eighteen hundred and fifty-two, the postage
upon all printed matter passing through the
nail of the United States, instead of the
rates now charged, shall be as follows, to
wit: Each newspaper, periodical, unsealed
:ircular, or other article of printed matter,
iot exceeding three ounces in weight, shall
'e sent to any part of the United States for
mie cent; and for every additional ounce, or
'raction of an ounce, one cent additional
hall be charged, and when the postage up.
>n any newspaper or periodical is paid year
y or quarterly in advance, at the office of
Iclivery, or at the office where the same -is
nailed, and evidence of such payment is
'urnished to the office of dcliverX in such
unnner as the Post-office Department shall,
y general regulation, prescribe, one.half of
aid rate, only shall -be- charged. Newspa.
ers and periodicals not weighiig over one
unce and a half, when circulated in the
state where published, shall be charged one
alf of the rates before mentioned: Prori
-eel that amount. The postage on alt tran
ient natter shall lie prepaid by stmnps or
therwise, or shall be charged double the
-ates first above nienltioned.na
Stc. 2. A id be it further cnarted, T hat
oOks, bound or unbound, not weighing over
bur pounds. shall be decmed mailab!e mIat
er, and dhall be chargre'able with postage at
> cent ill ounce for all distances under
bree thousand m iles, and two celts an
mnce for all distances over three thousand
nileg, to which fifty per cent shail be added
it all cases where tle same may be sent
vithout being prepaid, and on all printed
natter chargealle by weight shall be weigh
d when dry. The publishers of newspa
>ers and periodicals OmaV send to each other
rom their respective olfices of putblicatiotn,
ce of postalge, onte copy of each p~ublieni
ot ; and miay alISQ send~ to eacht actual
mbsribter, enlosedL~ ill their pubmIlintions,
Ails aind rece'ipts foar the same free of post.
age. TUhe publishers of weekly newspaIpers
11:13 setnd to each actual subscriber within
lie county where their paer are printed
mnd published one copy thereof free of post.
SEC. 3. And be it furlher enfletell, That
10 newspaper, periodical, magaz.ine, or other
>rinted paper or matter, shall be entitled to
) sent at the rates of~ postage in this act
pcified unless the following conditionas be
First. It shall lie sent without any cover
>r vrapper, or ini a cover or wrapper opent
it the ends or sides, so that tihe character oh
he matter contained therein miay be deter.
inined'( withouit remnovinig such wratpper. Se
'ond. There shall be ino word or coammiuni
ation printed on the same after its piublica
tin, or Uponl the cover or wrapper thiereot,
xcept thae name andc address of the person a
ti whom~n it is to be sent. Third. There
sall be no0 paiper or other thing enclosed in
ur with such piiinted patper*; anad if these,
ondit ions are tnt complied with, such prilnt
ed matter shaldl be snbject to letter postage;
and all miatter senit by mail from one part of
the United States to another, the postage of
whichb is not fixed bay the pirovisionis of thais
act, shall, unlless the same be ehtitled to be
set free of postage, be charged with letter
Sac. 4. And be ii further enarted, T hat if
the p)ublishters of an'y periodical, aifter being
three months previously antitied that his
publicatina is not taken fromi thec oflice to
whicha it is sent for delivery, continue to for
ward such palicattion in the mail, the paist
master to whose oflice sucha iiublication is
sent, niay dispose of the samie for the post.
ae, unless the publisher shall pa0y it; and(
wenaever anyl) prinited matter of any descrip
tion, received during one quarter of the fis
cal year, shall haJvo remiained ill the ofliee
withont being called for duiring the whaolo of
any succeeding gjnarter, the postmaster at
such oflice shall sell the same and credit the
proceds of such sale in his quarterly aic
counts, under snceh regulatioais and alter such
not ice as the Post-Ollice Departmnenlt shall
Sur. 5. And be it furthen e'nacted, That
so mutcha of the second sectin of the act
entitledl " An act to modify anid rednce'thie
rates of postage iln the United States, and
for othaer purposes," approvcd March thaird,
eighteen hnandred and fifty.oneC, as relates to
the postaige or free circulation or tranismis
sioni of niewspaspers, periodicals and other
printed miatter, and all other provisionls of
law iniconsistent wvith the prOvisionls of the
act are lhrehr repealed.
SEc. 6. And be it further enacted, That
when a list of uncalled for letters shall be
published in any newspaper printed in any
foreign language, said list shall be published
in such newspaper having the largest circu
lation within the range of delivery of said
Approved August 30, 1852.
WASTE OF THE PUBLC TREASURE
From an able speech delivered in the
Senate, on the 20th ultimo, by our Senator,
Hon. *W. F. DeSaussure, we extract the
subjoined remarks. They were made in
opposition to the bill" making appropria
tions for the improvement of certain har.
hors and rivers," and he has rresented the
iews which South Carolinians have for a
long time held on this subject in a very
strong light-views which all men opposed
to centralization and in favor of State rights
must cordially sustain:
"Let any one look at the map of this
country now, and compare it with the map
twenty years ago. Why, if you had shown
it to a stickler for internal improvements by
the Federal Government twenty years ago,
and prophesied to him that in August, .1852,
he would find the State of Massachusetts
covered, as the map now shows, all over
with a net-work of railroads-the same of
the State of New York, the same of Penn
sylvania, the same of New Jersy, and so of
Maryland, Virginia, the Carolinas, Georgia
and Alabama, besides the western States
and told him that all this would he accom
piished by individual capital, niith the aid of
the State treasuries, in twenty yea.rs, -he
would have laughed ycu to scorn as4 false
prophet. lie would-not have c-edited that
it was within the capacity of the people, or
the fiscal resources of the State to efeet
such gigantic undertakings, at the expense
of so many millions, and especially within
so short a period; and therefore he would
perhaps, have gone. with the internal im
proveuent genth-men for resorting to the
Government of the United, States for aid.
Now, in whiat situation: wo'uld this country
be if we had underifaken twenty years ago
to construct all these railroads by The hands
of the Governmeut, instead of leaving
them to the States and the people?1 Ia
peal to Senators on both sides of th
just, then figure up the result, and see liat
the cost would have been to the country.
But that is not all.
"'There is another view of the subject
alarming to some of us, though not perhaps
to both sides of the Chamber in an equal
degree ; I mean the vast amount of patron.
ae it would have thrown into the hands of
the Government, and which the system of
internal in provements now proposed will
necessarily conier. I am averse toan in
crease of the patronage of the Federal Go.
vernment. I think its patronage has been a
curse to the country heretofore. I am un
willing to give it, by my vote, any increase.
And yet, sir, if the Government is to re
embark in this exploded scheme of a gener
ail system of initernail imnprovenmen ts, whereot
the "presen t bill, with its amendments, is but
a premonitory symptom, whmt an army of
contractors and agents will be subjected to
its influence! W hat a borde of officers,
surveyors, and engineers will be dancing
attendance upon the Executive Depart
nents. To complete the grateful picture,
behold the sovereign States engaged in a
dignified scramble for the spoils of the
T1reasury, each claiming priority, and the
s-.ronger sections obtaining it by anccessful
combinations. Or, if it be left to the Exec
utive Department to select the public wvorks
to ho undertaken, wve may behold these
same sovereigns bowing at the foot-stool of
Executive power, and loyalty to the Ad
ministration made the p1icee of favor-s con
lerred. We had almost come to that yes
terday. It was proposed by the distinguish
ed Senator from Michigan to refer the whole
subject of surveys, includinig the places to
be improved, to an officer of the Govern
ment. It was proposed to make a general
appropriationl for that object, and leave it,
not to Congress to say where the surveys
should be eff'ected, but to the Executive
Department of the Government, upon which
the power would thus lbe conferred, to say
which State should be favored, and which
should not. I trust that day will never
comeC. I trust that we shall restrict the pa
tronage of the Federal Government wvithin
the narrowest limits; that we shall not add
to the thousands of postmasters, custom
house ollicers, land receivers, Indiani agents,
&c., &c., the vast swarm wvhich a great
system of internal improvements will nec
essarily generate. Such an accumulation
of patronage may, I apprehend, he attended
with disastrous results, anid prove Le' strong
tfor our institutions.
" I had occasion, seine time ago, to look
into a book, published by order of Congress,
entitled " The Opinions of the Attorney
Generals of the United States." 1 found it
to be a very interesting volume. It shows
this: that th~ere is not an officer, from the
hmnblest tide-water up to the highest pleni
potentiary, but has to apply to some of the
Departments for favors or extra allowances
in tihe course of his ternm of office. If a
minister abiroad wants an oflice to keep the
archives of the legation ; if he wants an ex
tra clerk; if he wants compensation for
unexpected charges he has had to encoun
ter, he has to come to the Department. T1he
cases arising before the Departments as to
the construction of contracts, or the exten
sion of time, or additional allowances to be
made by- the Government, are infinite. The
reason wvhy I had my attention specially
called to the subject wvas this: A fr'iend of
mine, before the annexation of Texas, had
ernment ordered him to go out of that
agency, and look after, the Texas-Indians,
then threatening an irroad' upon both the
Texas frontier and oiur 'owfi,' and k ai
treaty, I believe, if he could. He :.went
there in the midst of hostile tribes, at pentt
of life, I suppose; for many of th'em were
the most wild savages in this country-4.
rapahoes, I believe, Camanches, Cadees,
and various others. By and by he made
application to the department for additional
compensation to which he thought he was
entitled for severe'and 'perilous service out-k
side of his agency. It was-referred to the
Attorney General, who ordrruled-the claimc.
"He askid me to look through the vol.
une of opinions I have referred to, an4
study the question; and if I did not co Out,
with the Attorney Genera* to iti
counter opinion, which he would sendIt6 the&
Department. I looked through the work,
and found many cases of like applicatil6
I only cite this as an illustration of the vst
number of cases perpetually brought befoi
the Government, in which some of its Gill
cers have to ask favors at its hands; to ilr
lustrate the power of the patronage of this
Government and its various Departments
and that, therefore, we oughteto avoid any
such course of action-any such construc
tion of the constitution in doulitfuleasesas
will lead to an accumulation of patronages
and to those results whieh-must:finally te
minate in the ruin of the confederacy. -I*
suppose it will be admitted that -there. ino
more corrupting power than the power of
appointment, and the urilimited- coDtroA
over the agents of the Government in the
various particulars in which their intei-ests
are directly conperned.
"I do not know that I should be opposed-.
to this bill in all its parts, or disposed to,
ask those who adhere to the old doetrines,
to voe against all the propositions it con
tains. Some of them are for objects.%whis
I have much at heart, and desir'e to see arg-'
complished. But I am afraid this bill-i!a A
mere entering wedge. 'The. system was
arrested for a number of-yeairs.- Froni alb
sides of the Chamber wvo Iiie heard domii.
plaints-that this river and th't iv i' tI-Il
harbor aad thatbarbor, have be
for inauf -eas 'I'ey h e os
any o~thDi.on nad -~t am
this whole system of unequal, ruinous, and
LowER CALIFORNIA AN IND.PEND.NT
S-rAM.--The San Diego Herald, of the
22d, has it from reliable authority, that,
active Igeparations are now on foot to pro
claim the independence of the peninsular
territory, and hoist the " Bear flag." Don
Manuel Castro, a native of Monterey, and
late an officer in the Mexican army, it is
said, has been silently engaged of late, in
enlisting men in this and the county of Los
Angeles, to proceed to Lower California
and proclaim the independence of that ter
ritory. Rumor has it, that lie has been quite
successful, and that his followers are now
daily making their way ovcr the line in small
paIrties, intending to unite at some given:
point, and march upon St. Thomas and La
Paz. Negrete, the head of the Mexican
authorities in that country, is represented as
a timid man, incapabile of resisting a wall
organized effort. His lamily have taken'
refuige in San Diego from the impending
stormi. Castro is of the opinion that the
fewv Mexican troops ini garrison at Santo
Thomas and La Paz, will join his standard
as soon as ho unfurls it.
ANO-rHER SHOOTING AFFAIR.--We un
derstand the stage driver, on the route from
this place to Fayetteville, wvas shot on his
box, near Laurel Hill, by a young man by
the name of McFarland. Trho wound,
though severe, is not thonght dangerous.
The weapon was a double barrel shot gun.
SHOn-rINo IN MLssissIPrr.-T'here3 was a
shooting affray in Okolona, Miss,, on the
17th ult., between Hi. L. Hill and Samuel
Blateman, in which the latter was severely
though not fatally wounded. Mr. [Hill sur
rendered himself, was examined and at once
YoRK DIsTRICT.-It is really gratifying
to witness the harmony of our district, in:
common with others of the State, at this
time, when so many candidates are in the
field.- Here, party spirit is dumb, if not
defunct, and the condidates run together
with the greatest good feeling. We hear of
no bickering or back-biting, but each seems~
determined to stand on his own merits, and
the' public wish does not intrude on their
desire to let " by-gone be by-gones." We
have seven candidates for the House and
one for the Senate of our next Legislature;
from such an array the people will certainly
make a good choice, so into their hands,
unbiased by party issues that have existed,
've commend them.-Remedy.
"r SHaAL,1 soon die, Cuffy, and I must go
on a long journey."
"'Berry well, master," replied Cuffy, "I
guess you hab a good time going, 'cause its,
all the way downi hill."
MISTAKEN COURTEsY.-WO very much
adii the church-warden's wife, w~ho went
to church for the first time in lier life, when
her husband was church-warden, and being
somewhat late, the congregation were get
ting up from their knees as she entered,
when she said, with a sweet and conde
scendling smile: "Pray, keep your seats
ladies and gentlemen; I think no more e
myself new than I did before."
hiv'VT'i* E'Wes invitt tn grqatoer Criii)