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"We will cling to the Pillars of the Temple of'our berties, and if it naust fall, we will Perish amidst the Ruins."
W. F. DURISOE, Proprietor. EDGEFIELD, S. SEPTEMBER 22,O. .
ALL'S FOR THE BEST.
All's for the best! be sanguine and cheerful,
Trouble and sorrow are friends in disguise,
Nothing but folly goes faithless and fearful,
Coursge forever is happy and wisre:
All for the best,-if a main would but know it,
Providence wishes us all to be blest;
This is no dream of the pundit or poet,
Heaven is gracious, and-all's fur the best
All's for the best --aet this on your standard,
Soldier of sadness, or pilgrim of love,
Who to tie shores of despair may have wandered,
A way-wear'ed swallow, or heart-stricken dove:
All's for the best-be a man but confiding,
Providence tenderly gloverns the rest,
An.d the frail bark of Ils creature is guiding,
Wiwly and warily, all for the best.
All's for the best--then fling away terrors,
Meet all your fears and your foes in a vain,
And in the niidst of your dangers or .rrors,
Trust like a child, while you strive like a man:
All's for the be-st :-unbiised, unb.unded,
Providence reigns fromn the cast to tle west;
And, by bo-th wislom mid mlcrey surrounded,
Hope, and be happy, that all's fur the best!
How sweet it is for us t-. know,
That there are hearts that burn
With love for us where'er we go,
And sigh for our return.
Then, though the wsorld is col1 and alrear
Andi gives the bosoma pain,
We've but to turn to scenes more dear,
And all is bright again.
But sal must be the homes of those,
Condenned to live alone,
With none to cheer amid life's woes,
Aud none to call their own.
No season SVeet of joy doth coie,
To shedi its fragrance there.
No sunshine to disperse the gloom
That broods a dark despair.
Tihe heart can ne'er he truly blest,
(7nless it can reeline
Upon sonie fund, congenial breast,
Where love's sweet tendrils twine.
Then we can brtNk life nianlls
Of ssrrow and of woe,
For love a soothing bainsa distile,
To cbeer us while below.
THE WARM YOUNG HEART.
A beautiful fact-, and form of grace,
Were a pleasant sight to see;
And g..Jl, aml gems, and liadems,
Right excellent they be ;
But beauty and gold, though both untold,
Are things of a wordly naart:
The wealth that I prize, above ingot or eyes
Is a henrt-a warn young heart.
- face most fair, shall thy beauty compare
With affiectison's glowing light i
Or riches and pride, how pale ye beside
L"ove's wealth serene and bright'
I spurn thee away, as a cold thing of clay,
Tli.ugh gilded anl carved thou art ;
For all that I prize, in its s:ni!es and i:s sigh
Is a heart-a warn young heart.
-- Sergeant Jasper.
A TALE OF THlE REVoLUTiON.
At the commencemnent of the Rievulution
ary wvar, Sergeant Jasper enlisted in the se
cond Soutth Catrlinma regiment of infantry,
cdommanttded by Colonel Motmitrie. Ile dlis
titnguished himself in a patrticular manner at
the attack which w~as emade upone Fort 3M0n1
trie, on Sullivan's Island, the 28th June,
1776. In the warmest part of the cotntest,
the flag-staff was severed b~y a cannon balfl,
and the flag fell to the bottom of the ditch
onthe outside of the works. This atccident
was considered bv the anxios inhabitants
of Charrlestonm as putting an end to the con
test, by striking the American flag" to the
enm. T'he moment that Jasper made the
discovery that the flag hatd fallen, he jumped
from one of thte emnbrasures, and mounted
the colors, which he tied to a sponge staff',
and replanted them on the paerapet, where
heo supported them until another flag staff
was proctured. T1he sttbsequeent activity and
enterprise of this patriot induced Col. Motd
tric to give him a sort of roving commission,
to go and come at pleaesure, confident that
he wias always usefully employed, ie wtas
privileged to select such meni from the regi
ment as he should choose, to accompany
him in his enterprises. Ilis patrties consisted
generally of five or six ; and he oftened re
turned with prisoners before Moumltrie wtas
aipprised of his absence. Jasper was dis
tinguished for his hnmane treatment wh-len an
.enemy fell int o his power. His ambition
apnears to have been limited to the charac
*teristics of bravery, humanity and usefulness
to the cause in which he was engaged.
When it was in his power to kill, but not cap
ture, it was hsis practice not to permit a sin
gle prisoner to escape. Byt his sagacity andi
enterprise he olten succeeded in thme capture
of those wiho were lying in ambush for him.
In one of these excursions, an instance of
brav'ery and hummanity' is recorded by the
biographer of Genieral M1arion, which wtould
stagger credulity, if it was not wvell attested.
While lhe wa-ts examining the British camp
at Ebensezer, all the sympathy of his great
heart was awaekened by the distresses of a
Mrs. Jones, wthose husband, no American
by birth, had taken the kinig's protection,
and been confined in irons for deserting the
rov'al cause after heo had takeni thme oath of
tllegiancet. 11er well-f'otunded belief was
;hat~ nothing short of the l ife of her husband
would atone for the offence with which lhe
was charged. Anticipating thme awful scene
of a beloved lwsband expiring upon a gib
bet, had excited inexpressile emnotionsa of
grief and distraction.
-Jaspar secretly consulted with hist com.
~panion, Sergeant Newton, whose feelings for:
da distensed female and her child wvero
equally excited with his own, upon the prac
ticability of releasing Jones from his im
pending fate. Though they were unalile to
suggest a plan of operation, they were de.
termined to watch for the most favorable
opportunaity, and make the effort. The de
parture of Jonaes aid several others (all in
irons) to Savannah, for trial, under a guard
cOnlsisting of a sergeant, a corporal and
eight men, was ordered upon the succeeding
morning. , Within two miles from Savannah,
about thirtv vards from the main road, is a
spring of fine water, svrrounded hy a deep
and thick underwood, where travellers often
halt to refresh themselves with a cool draught
from the pure fountain. Jasper and his
companion considered this the most favora
ble to their enterprise. They accordingly
passed the guard, and concealed themselves
near the spring. When the oncny camne up,
they halted, and only two of the guard re
mained with the prisoners, while the others
leaned their guns against trees in a careless
manner, and went to the spring. Jasper and
Newton seized two muskets, and disabled
the two sentinels. The possession of all
the arms placed the enemy inl their power,
and coniptelled them to surrender. The irons
were takeni ofl, and arms put in the hanlds of
those who had been prisoners, and the
whole party arrived at Perrysburgh the next
morning, and joined the American camp.
There are few instances upon record
where personal exertions, even for self-pre
servation from certain prospects of death,
would have induced resort to an act so des.
perate of execution. How mnch more lau
dable was this where the spring to actio:n
was roused by the lamentations of a female
unknown to the adventurers!
Subsequent to the gallant defence at Sul.
livan's Island, Col. Moultrie's regiment was
presented with a stand of colors by Mis.
Elliot. which she had richly embroidered
with her own hands, and as a reward for
Jasper's particular merit, Gov. Rutledge
presented hii with a very handsome sword.
During the assault against Savannah, two
officers had been killed, and one wounded,
endeavoring to plant these colors upon the
- 'uranet unon the Springhill redoubt.
s said, he matte t auwiowmga3 UUm,-AU -..
",I have got my furlough. That sword
Lras presented to me by Gov. Ituildge, for
nav services in the defenice of Fort Moultrie.
jive it to my father, and tell him I have
-orn it inl honor. If the old anil should
veep, tell him his soni (lied in the hope of a
wtter lire. Tell Mrs. Elliot thalt I lost my
ife supporting the colors which she present
:d to our regimaent. Should you ever see
Fones, his wife and son, tell them that Jas
per is gone, but that the remembrance of
he hattile which lae fought for thet brought
i secret of joy to his heart when death was
about to stop its motion for ever."
He expired shortly after closing this sean
A REMARK.tBLEil MAN.-At a temper
,nce meeting. held in Alabama, about isix
rears ago, Col. Leman:nousky, who had beea
Lwenty-tharee years in the armaies of Napo
eona lona parte, addressed thec maeetinag. He
~rose before the audienace, tiall, erect :and
-igorous, with a glow of health upon hais
:heek, anad said:
" You see b~efoare you, a man seventy
veuars ohl. I have fought two hundred
battles, have four teen wounds oan my body,
have lived thairty days on haorse flesh, withI
thae bark of trees for my bread, snow and
ice for my drinak, the canpy of heaven for
my covering, wvithaout stockings or shoes on
may feet, amad only a few rags of clothing.
Ina the deserts of E~gypat, I have marched for
days wvith a buranig sun upomn my naaked
head, feet blistered by the scorching saind,
and with eyes, nostrils, and moutth filled
with dust-and wvith a thirst so tormenting
that I have opened the veinis of any arams,
and sucked my own blood. Do you ask
how 1 survived all these haorrors? I answer,
thmat unader thae providence of God, I owe
my preserv'ation, mny health aand vigor, to
thais fact-that I never dranak a drpo
spirituous liquor ian my life, and, conatinaued
he, laroaa Murry, chief of the medical staff
of the French arms, has~ stated as a fact,
that the 6,000 survivors, who safely returned
from Egypt, w~ere all of those men who ub
stained froma ardenat spirits."
FROMTHE SPIRIT WORLD.
The followinig is reported as a truec mes
sage from :a certain inadividual now in the
" Spirit W orld," as we have been told:
Spairit of Johnm answers by two raps.
Rappier-Are you hiappay
Spirit-Yes, ina all buat onme tinmg.
Rapper-What is tha. i
Spirit-I left the wvorld without callbng on
the Priter, as I promised. Oh, if I c-ould
but return to the earth, I w-ould do
Spirit-Call on thae p)oor Printer and pay
him thenm four dollars; btut it's too late.
Rapper-No; semad a message to your
once fonad dear w'ife to pay it for you, and
then you will be happy.
Spirit-Yes, y-es, tell her if she wvishes me
to enjoy eternal happiness, to go at onaco
anad discharge that debt, and everlas~ting~ bliss
Rapper-I w-ill do as you bid me.
A messenger is desp~atchaed to Widow
Jones, informng her of the sufferings of thec
spirit of her late husband on account of not
making peace with the Printers. 5hae an
swers that she will go at onaCe, pay the man
of types, and ask him his forgiveness for her
poor dear Jones.
Rapper-I senat a message as you bid me
to your wife, and she is, ere this, on bher way
to tho friemnd you haad forgotten whilst ona
Spirit-0, joy unspeakable.
Rapper-She has seen the Printer and
paid him !
Spirit-Ilappy! happy !.! am I !!!
From the New York Herald.
AUSTRALIA AND ITS GOLD MINES-A NEW
Five years have hardly elapsed since the
gold yield in California became a fixed fact,
and within that short period of time between
a hundred and ninety and two hundred
millions worth of gold dust Ias been added
to the wealth of the world, and a trade has
sprung ui between the Atlantic States and
San Francisco of the greatness of which
some idea may be indirectly formed, from
the fact that the imports from all other parts
of the world to (Nat port have increased
from three and a half mim:ion-. in 1851, to
ten and a half millioms, i 18:. The emi
gration to California, within the l-- ve
years, has been of a magnitude )s
unp1aralleled in the world's history ; .1l
it continues poming on in a continuous and
increasing flood, such as will very soon
make the population of that State number
at least half a million. At present, besides
fifty thousand that, during the year, have
gone by sea to California, there is a vast
train of over forty thousand persons tra
versing the plains, and when this large item
is added to the population, we may expect
inem:eased energy in the working of the
mines. We would not lie surprised, if,
when the frtl rains come to enable the
miners to resume operations on a large
scale, the imports of gold, during the re.
mainder of the year, would reach six mil
lions a mo:,th. Te California movement
has made its influence felt all over the
world; but now even California itself seems
to be eclipsed and outstrippe-d in its pro.
ductiveness by the more recent and more
imagnificent discoveiies of gold fields in
In Australia we find an islanl continent,
of about 2,400 miles from north to south,
by 1,900 miles from e:a.t to west, surround.
ed, on its eastern and southern sides, boy
mountains of volcanic origin, of from
2000 to 6,000 feet above tihe level of the
:outhern portion extends to about 39 de
grees south latitude.
The i-l.and of Australia is divided into
lour principad colonies. The first, on the
?ast side, with fifty-six counties, is called
New South Wales, with Sidney for its capi
al; the second, called Victoria or Port
Philip, with twenty-six counties, at the ex
troie south, with Melliurne for its capital;
ie third, New South Vales, to the west of
Victoria, with nine coulties, and with
Adelaide for its capital ; the fourth, Western
Australia or Swan River, ont the western
side of the island, with Perth or Swan River
for its capital. Sidney was the earliest
point settled. Wostern Australia next, and
Victoria last, which was first inhabited by a
few families, chiefly English, from Van
Dieman's land, in 1836.
The climate of Australia presents all the
varieties common to tropical and temperate
Until the discovery of gol, the growing
of sheep was the main pursnit of the colo
nist ; and in 1850.51, the number of sheep
on one island was estimatted at thirteen to
fourteen millions, about five muillionis of
which were in the colony of Victoria. Th~e
climate and soil of this new and growing
colony is representedl to be the finest in the
world. At Melhourne, its capital, it is al
most a perpetual spring. Ice never forms
thicker than a shilling, and even a scutm of
snow is but seldom seen. Sheep growv and
multiply by merely turning them loose to
graze, and ntever require the slightest use oft
artificial food ; and such is the mildnuess ot
the elimate that they lamb twice a year, in
the months of April and October. Butch
er's meat, before gold wvas discovered, sold1
as low as 2d. p'er lb. So plentiful are cattle
that large boiling estalishmenmts exist,
where they are boiled dlownl for their tallow,
which is exported in large quantities to
Much of the soil, in all of thme colonies, is
exceedingly fertilo and prodtctive, on which
can be grown the most luxuriant crop, of
all kinds known to similar latitudes ini other
parts of the world, and in great abundance
and perfection. But the soil toun~d within
fifty to one hundred miles of Melbourne, in
Victoria, or Port Phillip, exceeds in fertility
any other part of the world. It is of a
dark, brightt chocolate color, resulting, it is
supposed, from the dlecomnposition of ejected
materials from extinct volcanoes. It pro.
duces, wihen cultivated, one hundred bush
i-Is of corn, or sixty bushels ol wheat to
the acre, the latter weighing sixty-four
pounds to the bushel. In the famine years
of 1817 and '48 this wvheat wvas shipped to
England, and commanded a premium over
the best Etnglish grown article. Trho stalks
of wheat in Victoria attain a height, in some
places, of seven feet. The climate has
moderate falls of rain every month in the
year. The thermometer rarely goes above
75 or 80 degrees, or falls below 410 degrees.
The tmean temperature is about 61 degrees
the year round. It has the summer ol
England or Ireland, and thte winter of the
south of France or Italy. The growth ol
Victoria has been, if we except some few~
p-arts ot the United States, without a par.
allel. in 1836 and 1837, there wvere only
about 274 sotuls in the colony. In l85tl
and '51 the population of the townu of Mel.
bourne alone amounted to about 23,000,
while the colony numbered noar 77,000,
Melbourne is distant about 600 miles south,
wvest of Sidney. Thme handsome granite
front's of some of the houses, it is said,
would do credit to any European city. .A
stone beridln of 150 feer: spn-m has beet
erected over the ri r Yara, on which the
town stands, at a xpense of $75,000. It,
contains some six or seven churches; the
principal of whiiceost from $10,000 to
$15,000 each. It boasts a stone court
house, jad, and. somhe half dozen newspapers,
two or three of wich are daily, a college,
mechanics' institut-, &c. In -1850 its im
ports were 4744,25 and exports ?1,011,.
796; giving an exgss or exports of ?297,.
The fertility of the soil may be seen from
the following statement: In 1850, in two
counties only of getoria, (Burke and Eve.
lvn) 11,807 acresown in wheat, produced
236,140 bnshels; 318 acres sown in barly
produced 32,95g mhdels; 2,282 acres, so wn
in oats, yielded ,338; 1,129 acres, in
potatoes, yiel& d4693 tones ;6,641 acres,
in hay, produced" 801 tons.
thus see a _ony, 16,009 miles from
England, in abol fouAteen or sixteen years
-in the life time . a mere child-increase
from 274 souls t1e ,000, and also increase
its agriciltural rts from nothing to near
$0,000,000. It 4uld be borno in mind,
that Victoria has ne er been a convict colony
to the extent of .9m South Wales, and at
this time there N iot five hundred bound
convicts in the col ny, and since 1843 none .
have been sent tj51 any part of Australia.
y are now sefio to Norfolk Island and
Van Dieman's : .1. To the vast agricul.
tural resources o ictoria and New South
Wales, we have w to give the most as
tounding accouc f gold discoveries ever
made on the ha le globe. They coi
pletely throw i.o e shade all the mines of
Pe;u, Mexico, aliforni. So extensive F
are the gold de" s distributed in Victoria,
that te very. ts of Melbourne are
found, in a mann to be paved with them. L
The broken quart' rock which have been
used to MacAd I se the streets are found
to contain goid thus realizing a sort of
New Jerusalem, 'ie streets of which are'
paved with gol.L
While .eb& is blessed, mines or
imimenso value, been opened at Mount
Ballaret and M .Alexander, about eighty
to one hundlred Ies north of tho city.Ir
Ti. tr-anre ta r , om these two deposits
west Of malney. ino iocmmueo ......
were at Summerville Creek, Abererombie ri
river, from whence further discoveries have e
been made over a vast mountain region or si
courtry, many of the localities being known ti
as Bungonia, Shoal Haven diggimgs, Went- 1,
worth diggings. Ophir, Bradwood, Major's ti
creek, [langing Rock, &c ; one of the most
prolific being Braidwood. F'rom May to I
the 5th September the shipments reached
$750,000, and on the 8th November about
81,000,000. Lumps were occasionally
foutd weighing fron twenty to twenty- fi
seven pounds. At an early period, Dr.
Cerr found one lump which weighed one
hundred pounds. In Diecember, 1852, thc
parties at the diggings in Victoria were es
timated at from eight to ten thousand, and
niear Bathrust, at four thousand. The
whole amount sent to England Aince the
discovery, only a year ago, anouits to
twenty millions of dollars already.
Th'le gold region alreadly discovered Ins
Australia promises to yield double and trible
the quantity of gold, by tihe samne numnber ofb
lab~ore~rs, over that obtained in Calfrniai.
The extent of the gold fields in V'ictoriaI,
or New South Wales, exceeds that of C'ali
fornia. Hence they already possess twoI
Califorinias in Australia; atnd are likely to I
find two or three more, for the mounit:in
chain in which they are found runs a dis.
tance over fronm 1,000 to 1,500 miiles, with
various spurs and offshoots at right aingles,
to the main chain. The .gold fields, it is
likely, are spread over not loss than 15 to
20,000 square miles, seeing that the area of;
the wvholo island is about three millions
square miles. The wholo population of the;
island in 1851 (lid not exceed 350,000. It
will, however, soon containi several muillionis'
Th le Enuglish government hiave organized I
a system for the working of tihe mines, andi
a sinadl tribute is exacted from the earmnilgs
of the diggers, whso must procure licenses I
to di. Cmmissioners are stationed in the
diggings to regulate matters, and whose
duty it is to prohibit the establishment of all
grog sihps and gambling houses.
They burn dowvn grog shops wherever
they can flid them. Trhree grog shops were
burnt in the diggings last winter, in Victorial.
Here we have a Maine Liquor law in full
force. Bunt the Australians will soon1 bor
row miore from us than teetotal laws. The
principle of republicanismi has taken root in
the country. The emigrants from Europe,
and those from California, will give new
force and vigor to that idea, so thait we
believe the day not far distaint when Ameri
ca will have tho pleasure of hailing Austra
liai as the latest born, and, next to herself,
the greatest of republics. In the meanti me
there are no mob lawv-no trials and hang
ings by the Cede Lynch. The judicial au
thorities will be sebtained by the strong
arm of both the naval and military power.
Of this those loving security of life and
property may feel satisflsd,,while the lawvless
will lie governe-d or hangedl.
What is to be the end of all this!? What
are to be the results to the wvorld of this
illimitable supply of the precious metal I
When California, in four years, produced
t wo hundred millions of dollars, what will 1)e
the eff'ect of its continmued yield, when that
of Australia, wvith three times the extent of
gold fields, will be added to iti It must
inevitably revolutionize the social conidition
of the ceivilized world, and produce the
grandest and most momentous consequences
on all that appertains to the trade and comn
morce of Euirope and America, that have
taken place since the first discovery of this
cnnent by the Genoese navigator.
TO THE FRIENDS OF THE FA1)XER AND
It will be seen by the subjoined article
rrom the Editors of this vailuable journal that
but three more numbers will complete th<
-urrent volume, and it will depend on thi
ncrease of the subscribers, durinfg the neri
'iree months, whether it will he continued as
it independent journal or not. Farmers
md planters of the South, will you let it die
by your negleet? Shall it be said that 5,.
)00 ont of 18,000 farmers in South Carolina,
rould not support the only journ:al devoted,
,xclusirely, to their interests? What! the
)altry sum of $5,000 refused to (lie most
)otent vehicle for sustaining the paramount
terest of the State, when that suim could
>e raised from 20,000 persons who are di
eeily dependent on its propriety and ad.
-uneement, and who are composed of the
vealthiest and most intelligent of our ciii
ens? We cannot believe you will let it fall.
Cou State pride, your good sense, and,
bove all, your pecuniary interest demands
f you to step forward and sustain it. Give
t die proper amount of support, and, from
nr knowledge of the proprietors, we will
uarantee you a paper next year that will
epay you ten-fold.-Laurensville Herald.
" Three numbers more will complete onr
bird volume. Are we to publish a fourth,
r not? Give us due notice, friends that we
My govern ourselves accordingly. We
11st have a larger list of subscribers than
e have at present, or we shall be compelled
> abandon the enecrprise. We do not be.
eve in the propriety of amalgamation with
political paper. This we might have done
)ng since, and instead of the Farmer and
'lanter, you might have had the Farmer and
'lanter and Pendleton Messenger. But we
ave preferred a separate existentce, and be
eve that most of you prefer the same. It
for you to determine our future course.
you say go on with the Farmer and Plait.
r, and " back yourfriends," we li:ll do so,
nd endeavor to make yon a better paper
an we have heretofore given you, as we
xpect more aid in carrying on the work
inn we have had the present year. The
resent size and form of the paper will be
tained, with the addition of a colored sheet
a cover, which will be devoted exclusive.
icoived. 'This win save us the trouble and
xpense of refunding, in case tihe number of
ibscribers will not justify a continuance of
ic paper. The amount that is yet due us
)r the present and past volumes will lie
iankfully received at any thne. In concli..
on, enie out friends of the Farmer and
lanter and let's hear from you."
We are no admirers of Col. Denton's
olitics, but we must give our readers tile
Ilowing beautiful paragraph from a recent
'eech delivered by him at St. Louis, on the
-iumplh of himself and party. It touches
ie chords of affection so feelingly, that
ur only wonder is how it came into a po
lical speech at all:
" I have gone through a contest to which
had no heart, and into which I was forced
v combinations against life and honor, and
-om which I gladly escape. \\ hat is a
eat in Congress to me? I have sat thirty
ears in the highest branch of Congress
ave made a nan e to whlichi I cain expect to
dd nothing-and I should only be anixious
u save what has beeni gained. I have do
estic affections sorely lacerated in these
tter times ; a wife whom I have niever neg
sted, anid who needs my attention now
lore thtan ever ; chiildrun, sne separated
ro me by the wide expanse of oceans and
ontinents, (others by the slender bounds
rhich separate time from eternity. I touch
le age which the Psalmist assigns for the
imit of manly life, and must he thoughtless
ndeed if I do not think of something be
-ond the fleeting and shadowvy pursuits of
his life, of all whlich I have seen the vanity.
Vhtat is my occupiation ! Ask the under
aker, that good Mr. Lynch, whose faice,
resent on so many mournful occasions, has
>ecomne pleasanit to me. lHe kniows whlat
cnpies my thoughts and cares; gathering
lie bones of the dead-a mother, sister,
wo) sons, a grandIchild-plaintinig the ey
iress over assemibldd graves, and making
he spot wshere I and those who are dear to
no are soon to be laid ; all on the sunset
ide of the Father of Floods, the towering
ity of St. Louis on one hanid, the rolling
tream of the Missouri on the other ; and
vhere a cemetery of large dinmensions is to
> the future necropolis of unnumbered
enerations. These are my thoughts and
:ares, and the undertaker knows them."
FLOaRIA COTro'.- We have hasd placed
n our hands a sample of Cotton (long sta.
le,) produced on the plantatiou of John
1. Feaster, Esq., near Micanopy, Flan.
vhich competent judges have decided to be
irst quality, and worth 35 cents. The
jolls, blooms and squaros upon one stalli
i the field, upon which this cotton wn:t
growsn, attained the figures 552.
Great country that. We wonder if the
production abovo recorded, can be beat i:
The health of the country in the neigh
borood of Micanopy is said to be pretty
good, although there are fewv cases of chil
and fever. The crops are reported as bem;i
very flne.-Fairfield Ilerald.
PR EPAYING PosTAGE. -The man whto un
der the piresent rates writes without paying
postage, is not entitled to the courtesy of
reply. To save three cenits, lie makes yoi
pay five; and frequently in relationi to mt
ters entirely personal to himself. Therei
no excuse for this, as every man can carr
a fewv stamps in his pocket.
Every psaan should prepay all letters, an
and whch on lis owni business, a stamp ti
The following remarks from the Richmond
Enquirer are applicable here, as they are
throughout all the South. We rear that the
oft-repeated lectures on this subject are be.
ginning to pall on the Southern appetite;
that the Southern people, instead of taxing
their energies to throw off this incubus on
their prosperity and independence, have
come within the circle of Araction of the
federal loadstone at Washington, and, for.
getting all else, are exclusively intent on the
rewards of party victory. For years have
the Southern newspapers been incessant in
their solicitous warning on this theme, but
they are still unheeded, and we fear will re
main so until some future and more mon
strous outrages arouse the South from her
It has been satisfactorily estalished by
a correspondent of this paper, that the pro.
fits made by manufacturers, merchants, job.
bers &c., in the Northern States, upon the
goods manufactured in those States, uad
imported and brought through said States
for consumption in Virginia, amount to a
sum ranging from four and a half to five
millions of dollars annually. An enormous
tribute to be paid by a single slave State to
the intermeddling free State of the North.
While the figures of our correspondent on
the subject of taxation and its consequences
are satisfactory, without inquiring how this
degraded condition of things may be cor
rected, we should with some confidence call
upon all parties to look to the articles below
from abolition prints in New York and Penn.
sylvania, and expect Whigs as well as Dem
ocrats to prepare their minds for coming
events. What will be the condition of the
South if the underground railroad party
should triumph in the next presidential elec
tion I In vain may we plead the obligations
of the Compromise when the government of
the country shall be in. the hands of the un.
derground stock jobbers. When they now
violate the law with impemity and advertise
increasing movements :gninst the South, will
they not abolish all law and constitutional
obligations I Can any sane main dobt 'the
extremities to which these fanaties will go?
" And vet, what better can we expect ?
We have thrown into their hand. the --
by selling them boack to our merchants with
tihe mystical Northern stamps upon them.
Goods imported from Europe, Asia, Africa,
South A merica or the West Indies, cannot be
sold uiiless they come through Northern
hands. If we ever expect to place ourselves
upon an equality with the Northern States
inl procuring goods :.t low prices, and in ma.
king sale of our own prodnetions at fair pri
ces, we must place the manufacturer and the
agriculturist side by side, as they are in the
Northern States. To effect this object we
imust restore our foreign trade, support our
own manuficturers, and diminish the pur
chases of Northern goods as rapidly as pos
"Bv this course we shall strengthen our
own State and people, and waken those of
the North. Te time has now come when
the security of the Southern States must be
estimated ini proportion to their physical and
mioral power. When the constitution and
laws of thme United States are no longer
available for our protection, what can we
look to I Is it not clear that we must look
ton the physical power of our own people I
And what is that power worth when we have
Ivoluntarily given upi our trade with foreign
nations, manufacture almost nothing at home,
aiid have thrown ourselves, soul and body,
Imasters and slaves, into the hands of a fanati
cal leamgue, and depend upon them for cloth
ing of our own families, and of the very ne
groes they steal? Iin this miserable depen
denit condition, without unity, energy or sa
gacity to right ourselves, what hopes lies
before usi The State divided in piolitics all
ov-er, torn in sectional feuds on local ques
tions, without unity upon any great sysStem
of policy for our common protection, it is
Ieiiough to sicken every heart at the prospect
hefore us? The safety or our people and
property has been sunk into the insignificant
of an idle dream of the last moon; and
gentlemen heretofore bearing the im press of~
of statesmen, have assumed the attitude of
Idrill sergeants to petty factions, seeking lo
cal advantages for the purpose of embitter
ing still more, the dirty pool of strife, and of
poisoning the remaining ligaments of social
strength which are not already gangrenous.
Where, then, is our moral infuence."~
MErnoms-r Cnmuncit Souc-rn-rom thie
Seventh Annual report of this Society it
apasthat thme Methodist Church, South,
has a pronminet mnission, supported at con
siderable expense. T'hey have also ten
.missions amnong the Germans, seven mis
sionaries, 332 members and 136 Sabbath
School scholars. In their Indian work they
have 31 missions, 27 missionaries, 4447
mmembers, 1261 scholars in schools, and 489
Sabbath School scholars. There are twenty
Imissions in California, thus forming a con
ference. Thbe followiing is the annual con
tributions from 1841 to the year 1852, in
clusive : 1846, $58,5209; 1847, 873,697;
1848, $623 ; 18410, $05,495; 1850, $85,
973; 1851, $113,801; 1852, $120,000.
Fiom the foregoing it wvill be seemn that the
contributions, in thme space of seven years,
have nearly doubled. In the destitute por
tions of thie regular work, there are 136
missions ; 106 missionaries, 22,57'S white
iiemibers; 19)22 colored imembers ; and
3089 Sunday School scholars.
Mu. G. 'was a most inveterate punster.
SLying very ill of the cholera, his nurse pro
-posed to prepaIre a young tender chicken.
"Had~n't y-on better have an old hen 1" said
I G., in a l'ow whIsper, (he was too ill tc
>s~eak louder,) " for she would be more apt
to hyon m stomch t
TnE CAsE oF DR. GARDoN.-A Cor
respondent in Washington inibrims.us that
the investigation in the case of Dr. Gardiner
has been in progress sometimi, under -the
auspices of the committee of ongrss.
The examination is conducted privately.
Sixteen days have been occupied in the ex
amination of a single witness, Senor Bar
ragan, Comptroller of the State of San Luis
Potosi. It is averred, that If Dr. Gardiner.
had ever been engaged successfully in min
ing, the duties due to the Mexican govern.
ment should have passed through the hands
of Senor Barragan ;. but on this point it is
alleged that no duties were ever paid by
Dr. Gardiner on the proceeds of mining
operations. It is still further declared, that
the location of the silver mine, as stated by
Dr. Gardiner, is in a district of country in
which the witness disavows the knowledge
on the part of the Mexican authorities, that
a silver mine ever existed there. There are
five more witnesses to be examined, whose
testimony it is said will be corroborative of
that of Senor Barragan.
Mn. WxsT FR'.9 FEE IN TnE GAINEs
CAs.-'The New Orleans Delta, states that
Mr. Roselins, a member of the New 'Orleans
bar, has filed in the District Court for Louis.
ian.t, a petition in behalf of Mr. Webster,
of Massachusetts, and Greer B, Duncan,
of New Orleans to recover of the corpora.
tion of New Orleans fifty thousand dollars
for their services in the Gaines case.
The cause of this action is thus set forth
in the plaintiffs petition:
" T:. said suit presented many difficult
questions, both of law and fact, all of which
were discussed with great care; that the
property and claims involved in said suit
were very large; that the exertions of the
petitioners, as counsel for Municipality
Number One, of the city of New Orleans,
were crowned m ith success, and a final
judgment was rendered in favor of said de.
iendant by the Supreme Court of the United
States; that the services thus rendered by
the petitioners, as aforesaid, are well worth
the sum of $50,000 ; that is to say, $25,000
to each of the petitioners."
cetted by the government on the 29th July.
The Hazard brought no papers for the press,
and Captain B. did not learn the particulars
of the revolution.
These statements correspond exactly with
the last news received by the way of Eng
land. That news was only to the 9th,
while the above is reported to be to the
27 (of July. This apparent late date would
lead its to suppose that some movement,
separate from the coup d'etat of Urquiza,
had taken place, but one opinion is, that tho
revolution of the 26th of July is nothing
more than the coup d'etat of the 26th of
A PLEAWLRE PARTY DROWNE.-A de.
plorable accident occurred on Casadaga
Lake. New York, on the 2d instant. A
scow in which a pleasure party were making
an excursion was upset, and five young Ia.
dies, all from 10 to 20 years of age were
drowned. Th'le boatman, in attempting to
rescue the females, also perished,
Dn. VAuLNTINu MoTT, of New York, has
been elected an Hlonorary Fellow of Kings
and Queens College of Physicians in Ire
land. He is the first American who has re
ceived this distinction.
TuxE number of persons apprehended for
political offences in Cuba amounts to 400,
nmany of whom were to be garoted.
WVANT 0F Foon IN Tna UNITED STATES.
-The Rev. Mr. Thompson, of New York,
now in Europe, in a letter from Liverpool,
speaking of his fellow passengers, says:
"Others still were returning to England
disappointed wvithi their experience in "the
States"-one because lhe could not get
enough to cat and dIrink in America; ini
England he always had good wvages, five
mealis a day and plenty of beer, whereas a
farmer in Western New York gave him only
porln and water three times a day.
'As extra session of the North Carolina
Legislature has been called to meet on the
4th of October, to re-arrange the electoral
districts of the Stated
TuEREa is a town in Ohio \vhere the pen
~e have lived so long on perk, that they be
gin to contract its habits, Whenever a
neighbor dies, they lay him out as they would
a hog, with a corn cob in his mouth. Nowv
if hoggish habits are only produced by
hog diet, we should judge that pork was the
staple food in manty of' our neighboring
towns not a thousand miles from here.
A Swiss Rartt.-A French officer,
quarrelling with a Swiss, reproached hieni
with his country's vice of fighting on either
aide for maney, " while we Frenchmen," said
lie, "ftight for honor." " Yes, sir," replied
the Swiss, "every one fights for that he most
SrtUIT RAPI'rIN.--The main fallacy,
through which the dupes of the spirit rap
pers are taken In, consists in the assumption,
that the phenomena must be supernatural,
or the real wyork of spirits of the dead,. if
the spectators cannot detect the cheat, an~d
explain the process by which the aeeming
results are produced. This method of rea
soninig, if sound, would apply as waell to
professed jugglers. These miserable "wme.
diums" have not begun to equal the wonders
wrought by Signor Blitz. And whjAbouBM
their unaccountable freaks.-saps ~tI~.
I to be unaccountable-be dig
name of miracles, aooner tbahan