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We will cling to the Pillars of the Tenple of- rtles, and if it must fall, we will Perish amidst the Ruins."
W. F. DURISOE, Proprietor. EDGEFIELD, S OCTOBER 20, 1852. * *
Tell me, ye winged winds,
That round my pathway roar,
Do yo not know some spot
Where mortals weep no more ?
Sonic lone and pleasant dellI,
Some valley in the west,
Where free front toil and pain,
The weary soul may rest?
The loud wind dwindled to a whisper low.
And sigh'd for pity as it answer'd " No!"
Teil me, thou mighty leep,
Where the billows round me play,
Know'st thou some favur'd spot.
Sonic is'and'far away,
Where weary man may find
The bliss for which he sighs,
Where sorrow never lives,
A nd friendship never dies?
Theloud waves. rolling in perpetual flow,
Stopp'd for a while. and sigh'd, to answer" -No!"
And thou, serenest moon,
That with such holy face
Dost look upon the earth
Asleep in night's embrace,
Tell me, in till thy round
Hiast thou not seen somc spot
Where miserab!e muan
light find a happ'er lot ?
Behind a cloud the moon withdrew in wo,
And a voice sweet, but sad, responded "No "
Tell :ne, my secret soul,
Oh: tell mae I lope and Faith,
Is there no restitng-place
From sorrow, sin, and death
Is there no happy spot
Where mortals may be lilsss'd,
Where grief may find a bahn,
Aaud wearinaess a rest ? [en
Faith, Ilope, -iad Love-best boons to mortals giv
Waved their bright wings, and whisper'd - Yes, in
THE BACHELOR'S MISFORTUNES.
As the bachelor rises up in the mora
Ile feeleth weary atad sad,
A tad at breakfast he finds the bread is stale,
And the butter shockingly bad,
Hlis'eotece is cold, iaid his bran new boots
I ave not been dnbted or brushed,
And he raises up while his pallid cheeks
With anger and pains are flushed.
e.ntegoeth out, an4 cotiforts himself
*By takiaara soedt huseah,
And he thinks of his coming dinner, when
IMe shall have his iteak and punch;
But as lie enters he knows by the siuke
That cometh out the window,
That the steak. by the hands of the verdant cook,
Is burnt, alas! to a cinder.
He alts him down, but he cannot cat,
For lie with ragc is inspired,
And lao tugs at the bell until at last
lis arms are weary and tired.
But no one conies, for the landlady takes
Great care to be out of the way,
Especially whenever sie thinks
Her lodger has sumething to say.
S1mging with passion, he taketh his leave,
To spend out the rest of the day,
But supper tim--. conies, and home he goes,
Grumbling the whmole of the way.
Ile sits down to tea, biut fate has ordained
That nao tea, atas will ponr oaat,
For a host of leaves, to his utter disa '
Have fixid themaselves iaa thaes ''
4s anid ills
Poor fellow:I no lotiger li
shllw i eris~4 >~w to draw
Buat we tell old )'
A mralfw as simaplc and plain
A maoraJ'E Op htad shown it
Vsnug little house, my bachaelor friends,
Aaad a snug ile wife of your own in't.
The Lotery of Life.
Sharp's Magazine for May contains a
translation, from the " Revue des Deux
Mondes," of several " Incidents ini the War
of Mexican Indepenidenace," from whicha we
select the following thrillinig scene. A cap
tain in time insurgent army is givinag an ae
coutnt of a meditated night attack upon a
htacienda, situated in the Cordillera, andl
occupied by a large force of Spanish sol
diers. After a variety of details, he con
Having arrived at' the huacienuda unper
eeived, thanks to the obscurity of a moon
less night, we came to a htalt under sonic
large trees, at sonic distance from thec build.
ing, and I rode forward from my tree int
order to reconnoitre the place, The hta
cienda, so far as I could see in glidinag across
the trees, formed a huge massive parallelo
gram, strengthened by enormous buttresses
of hewtn stone. Along this chasm, the
walls of the hacienda almaost formed thae
continuation of another perpendicular one,
chiselled by nature herself ini thec rocks, to
the bottom of which the eye could not pene
tra'e, for the mists wvhicha incessantly boiled
up from below did not allowv it to measure
their awful depths. This place was knaown
in the couantry by the name of thN Votadero.'
1 land explored all sides of the building
except thais, when I knewv not wvhat scruple
of military honor incited me to continne
my ride along the ravenue which protected
the rear of the hacienda. Betwteen thae
walls and the precipice there was a narrow
pathway ab-out six feet wide; by day, the
passage would not htave been dlangorous,
but-by naighat' it was a perilous enterprise.
The walls of the farm took an extensive
sweep, the path crept around thelr entire
basemenit, and to follow it to the end in the
darkness, onaly two paoes fronm the edge of
a perpendicular charm, wvas no very easy
task eveun for a practised horseman as moy
self. Nevertheless, K did not hesitate, but
boldly urged my horse between the wvalls of
the -farm-house and the abyss of the Vo
ladero. I had got over half the distance
without accin, when all of a sudden my
horse neighed aloud. This neigh made me
shudder. I had reached a pass where the
ground was but just wide enough for the
fore legs of a horse, and it was impossible
to retrace my steps.
" Halloo!" I exclaimed aloud, at the risk
of betraying myself-which was even less
dangerouss than encountering a horseman in
frdut of me on such a road. " There is a
christian passing along the ravine! Keep
It was too late. At that moment, a man
on horseback passed round one of the but.
tresses, which here and there obstracted
this accursed pathway. He advanced to
words me. I trembled in my saddle; my
forehead was bathed in a cold sweat.
" For the love of God! can you not re
turn ?" I exclhimed. terrified at the fearful
situation in which we both were placed.
"1 Imfossible !" replied the horseman, in a
I recommended my soul to God. To
turn our horses round for the want of room,
to back them along the path which we had
traversed, or even to dismount from them,
these were three impossibilities which placed
us both in presence of a fearful doom. Be.
tween two horsemen so placed upon this
fearful path, had they been father and son,
one of them must inevitably become the
prey of the abyss. But a few seconds had
passed, and we were already face to face
the unknown and myself. Our horses were
head to head, and their nostrils, dilated with
terror, mingled together their fiery breath.
ing. Both of us halted in a dead silence.
Above us was the smooth and lofty wall of
the hacienda ; on the other side, but three
feet distance from the wall, opened the hor.
I rible gulf, Was it an enemy I had belore
mY eyes? The love of my country, which
boiled at that period in ny young bosom,
led me to hope it was.
"A re you for Mexico and the Insurgents ?"
I exclaimed, in a moment of excitement,
ready to spring upon the unknown horse.
man if he answered me in negative.
" Mexico e Insurgecte-that is my pass.
word," replied the cavalier. "I am the
" And I am the Captain Castonos."
Our acquaintance was of long standing,
and but forour mutual 4gitation, we should
The colonel ha -
the head of a
posed to be eit
had not been --
sorry you ar
eive that cr -
to the oth .
"1 see it so plainly," replied the colonel,
with alarming coolness, " that I should al
ready have blown out the brains of your
horse, but for fear lest mine, in a moment of
terror, should precipitate me with yourself.
to the bottom of the abyss.
Our horses had the bridle on their v
and I put my hand in the holst--' of '"y
saddle to draw out my pi-tols
I remarked, in fact, th" ithe colonel al.
ready held his pistt' L in his hand. We
bothmairtaitned t'-' most profound silence.
Our horses fe'.te danger like ourselves,
d hres,4 . as immovable as if their feet
were aid to the ground. My excitement
wrtitirely subsided. " What are we go.
to do 1" I demanded of the colonel.
" Draw lots which of the two shall leap
into the ravine."
It was in fact the sole means of resolving
the difficulty. "'['here are nevertheless
some precautions to take," said the colonel.
"He wvho shall be condemned by lot shall
retire backwards. It will be but a feeble
chance of escape for him I admit; but, ini
short. it is a chtance, arnd especially ono in
favor of the winner."
"You cling rnot to life, then 1" cried I,
terrifed at thne sang-floid with which this
proposition was put to me.
" I cling to life more thtan yourself,"
sharply replied the colonel, " for I have a
mortal outrage to avenge. But the time is
sliping a way. A re you ready to proceed
to drawv the last lottery at which one of us
wyill ever assist I"
How wve wiere to proceed to this draw
iig by lot? by means of the wet fingers,
like infants, or by head arnd tail, like tho
schoolboys. Both ways were imnpractical.
Our htands imprudently stretched out over
the heads of our frightened horses, - might
cause them to give a fatal start. Should we
toss up a piece of coin, the night was too
dark to enable us to distinguish which side
fell upwvards. The colonel bethought him
of art expedient, of which I never should
" Listen to me, captain," said the colonel,
to whom I had commurticated my perplexi
ties; " I have another way. The terror
which our horses feel nmakes them drawv
every moment a burning breath. The first
of us two whose horse shall neigh
" Winsi" I hastily exclaimied.
"Not so-shall be the I qser. I krowv
that you are a courtrymarn,'and such as
you can do wvhatever you please wvith your
horse. As to myself, whto but last year
wore the gown of a theological student, I
fear your equestrian prowess. You mtay
he able to make your horse neigh-to hin
der him from doiing so is a very difficult
We waited in deep and anxious silence
until thre voice of oneo of our horses should
break forth. Tis silence lasted for a
miute-for an age ! It was my hrorse who
neighed the first. Thre colonel gave no ex
ternal manifestation of his joy, but no
doubt he thanked God to the very bottom
of his soul.
"You will allow me a minute to make
my peace with -Heaven I" I said to the
colonel, with falling voice.
" Will five minutes be sufficient ?"
"It will," I replied. '[he colonel drew
out his watch. I addressed towards the
heavens, brilliant with stars, which I thought
I was looking up to for the last time, an in
tense and a burning prayer.
" It is time," said-the colonel.
I answered nothing, arnd with infirm hand
athred nu thn bridle of my horse, arnd
drew it within my fingers, which were agi
tated by a nervous tremor.
"Yet one moment more, I said to the
colonel, " for I have need of all my cool
ness to carry into execution the fearful,
manoeuvre which I am about to commence.
" Granted," replied Garduno.
My education, as I have told- you, had
been in the. country. My childhood, and
part of my earliest youth, had almost been
passed on horseback. I may say, without
flattering myself, that if there was any one
in the world capable of executing this eques
trian feat, it was myself. I rallied myself
with an almost supernatural effort, and suc
ceeded in recovering my entire self-posses.
sion in the very face of death. Take it at
the worst, I had already braved it too often
to be any longer alarmed at it. From that
instant I dared to hope afresh.
As soon as my horse felt, for the irst
time since my recontre with the colonel, the
bit compreksing his mouth, I perceived that
he trembled beneath me. I strengthened
myself firmly on my stirrups, to make the
terrified animal undersland that his master
no longer trembled. I held him up with the
bridle and the hams, as every good horse.
man does in a dangerous passage, and wi;h
the bridle, the body, and the spur together,
succeeded in backing him a few paces. His
head was already at a greater distance from
that of the horse of the colonel, who en
couragea me all he could with his voice.
This done, I let the poor trembling brute,
who obeyed me in spite of his terror, repose
himself for a few moments, and then re
commenced the same mancuvre. All on a
sudden I felt his hind legs give way under
me. A horrible shudder ran through my
whole frame. I closed my eyes as if about
to roll to the bottom of the abyss, and I
gave to my body a violent impulse on the
side next the hacienda, the surface of which
offered not a single projection, not a single
tuft of weeds to check my descent. This
sudden movement, joined to the desperate
struggles of my horse, was the salvation of
my life. He had sprung up again on his
legs, which seemed ready to fall from under
him, so desperately did [ feel them tremble.
I had succeeded in reaching, between the
brink of the precipice and the wall of the
building, a spot some few inches broad. A
fw more would have enabled m11n to are
step in the rear. Nevertheless, I did not
feel my coudrge yet exhausted, for I had no
desire to die. One last and solitary chance
of p5ty suddenly appeared to me like a
S:iah of light, and I resolved to employ it.
Through the fastening of my boot, and in
reach of my hand, was passed a sharp and
keen knife, which I drew forth from its
sheath. With my left hand I hegan caress
ing the name of my horse all the %%hile
letting him hear my voice. The poor ani
ial replied to mny caresses by plaintive
neigling ; then, not to alarm him ab uptly,
my hand followed by little and little the
curve of his nervous neck, and finially rested
upon the spot where the last of the verte.
brx unites itself with tho cranium. The
horse trembled, but I calmed him with my
voice. When I felt his very life, so to
speak, palpitate in his brain beneath my
fingers, I leaned over towards the w"all, my'
feet gently slid from the stirrups, and with
one vigorous blowv I buried the pointed
blade of my knife in the seat of the vital
principle. The animal fell as if thunder
struck, without a single motion; and for
myself, with my knees almost as high as
my chin, I found myself on horseback
across a corpse. I was saved ! I uttered a
triumphant cry, which was responded to by
the colonel, and which the abyss re-echoed
with a hollowv sound, as if it felt that its
prey had escaped from it. I quitted the
saddle, sat myself down between the wall
and the body of my horse, and vigorously
pushed with my feet against the carcass of
the wretched animal, which rolled down
into the abyss. I then arose; and cleared
at a fewv bounds the distanace which separ
ated the place where I was fromi the pl.ain ;
and under the irresistible reaction of the
terror which 1 had so long repressed. I
sunk in a swoon up~on the ground. Whena
I re-opened my eyes the colonel wvas by my
Of' all the fields that God hath cursed,.
The fiend here described is the worst.
And although he has for ages been in our
midst, it is uncertain from whence he came.
He is said, however, to have emanated from
the Dark Ages. It is not improbable that
h originated in Arabia, the land of the false
prophet; but at what period it is not definite
ly known. Cursed must be the nourishers
of his youth, and thrice cursed the vessel in
whose hold he found a passage to our coast;
but let the day of his birth be forgotton.
Happy wvouldl it be for mankind had he
ravaged no other shores than our owvn. But
not so, for like thme Prince of D~arkness, he
roams from one end of creation to the other,
every where marking his course with tears,
blood, death and desolation.
In England and W~ales, is said, that every
nine minutes a victinm falls a sacrifice to his
delusive powver, and in the world at large he
is thought to have caused more human suf
fering thani war and pestilence combined.
But so artful is he, that with the assistance
of his friends, he can appear in a variety of
pleasing forms, and at times, even pass him
self off as a "good creature" sent for thme
renovation of manm. Hence do men, from
tme highest to thme lowest circle, greet lhim
as a welcome guest and useful member of
their household. But the consequences are
dreadful; for experience and observation
have plainly shown that it is the object of
the monster, not to elevate anid support, but
to derange, brutalize and destroy, without
distinction of age, sex or condition.
citizens, wnom rendered mere apolo
gies for men, a found in our alms
houses, prisons a natie asylums. Their
fri.nds have dese them, their reason has
flown, and " with t stare, they gaze un
coni.sciously on al und, or with hideous
yell and horrid bl my, clank their chains
and vent their fury on the demons
with whoin their - fills their solitary
Higher! it is id of noble meaning,
tha inspiration of roat deeds-the svn
pathetic chain that;j? A, link, by link the
impassioned soul t zenith of glory, and
still holds its mn s u. object standing and
glittering among t rs.
Higher! lisps t jufant that clasps its
feeble essay to rise q the floor-it is the
first inspiration of 1 hood-to burst.the
narrow confines of eCradle, in which its
sweetest moments avpassed forever.
Higher! laughs thai proud school boy at
his swing; or as h limbs the tallest tree
of the forest, that heimay look down upon
the less adventuro94 companions with a
flush of exultatiojitn'd abroad over the
fields, the meadowi his native village.
He never saw so ded a prospect be
Higher! earnestif brathes the student of
philosophy and -nati; he has a host of
rivals, but lie musts eipse themi all. The
midnight oil burns difp, but he finds light
and knowledge in .i mps of heaven, and
his soul is never when the last of
them is hid behind thie urtains of morning.
And higher! his oi*thunders forth when
the dignity of mahi d has invested his
foran, and the multitud ais listening % ith de.
light to his oracles bU ing with eloquence
and ringing like true eel in the cause of
freedom and right.. d when time has
chaiged his colored ks to silver and
world-wide is his reno'n; when the maiden
gatherin flowers by , road side, and the
boy in the field; bowmin reverence as he
passes; and the peas*4: looks to him with
honor-can he breafthdorth from his heart
the fond wish of te
ligher yet! he- hs ached the apex of
earthly honor yet is pirit burns as warm
as in youth, thoug .ith a steadier and
paler light, and it won ever borrow wings
him as I do a star ifHeaven; clouds may
be before him, but reknow that his light is
behind them and will: Wim forth again ; the
blaze of others'popularity may outshine but
we know that tho'.nnseen, he illuminates his
own true sphere. He :resists temptation,
not without a struggle, for.that is not virtue,
but he resists and conquers, he bears the
sarcasm of the profligate, and it stings him,
for that is a trait of virtue, but heals with
its own pure touch. He 'heeds inot the
watchword of fashiptn, if it leads to sin ; the
Atheist who says, not only in his heart, but
with his lips, " there is no God !"-controls
him not; he sees the hand of a creating God
and rejoices in it.
Woman is sheltered by fond arms and
loviig council; old age is protected by ex
perience, and manhood by its strength; hut
the young man stands amid thme temptations
of the wtoild like a self-balanced tower.
hlappy he who seeks and gains thme prop of
Onward, then conscientious youth-raise
thy stanidard amid nerve'thyself for goodness.
It God has given thee intellectual powver,
awake in that cause ; never let it lie said of
tiee, " lie helped to swell the river of sin
by pouring his influence into its channels.
I' thou art feeble in mental strength, throwv
not that drop into a polluted current.
A wake, arise, youiig mani lassume that beau
tiful garb of virtuel IIt is difhieult to be
pure and holy. Put on thy strength then.
Let truth be the lady of thy love-defend
her.-Mrs. Caroline Gilmanm.
THEr YOUNG MENi OF TiHE AGE.-Not
long since, we saw a tear gathering ini the
eye of an old man, as he spoke of the past
und the present-of the time wheni he burn
ed pine knots upon the rude home hearth for
light to obtain a scanty education and coin
pared the ten thousand privileges wvhich are
now scattered broadcast around every door.
Oh, said ho, in tremulous tones, the youing
men of this day, do not appreciate the light
of the age they live in. 'The words of the
old man made us sad, while at the same time
we felt mortified that so many of our young
men fail to improve the advantages withini
their reach. They are even continually
muttering about their lot, and pushing for
positions where they can inii the reward
without the sweetening, purifying, emnbolding
sacrifice of toil. Thie miscalled enjoyments
of a day, are eagerly sought after to the
exclusion or neglect of the more honorable
intellectual and useful. In truth, few of
our young men know anything of the value
of thme privileges around them.
THEs PURITAN.-We love the character
of our Puritan fathers. They may have
erred in many things, but their errors "lean.
ed on virtue's side." They wvero just in
their dealings, honorable in their conduct,
warm in their attachments, punctual in their
engagements, kind in their relations, fear
less in their courage, inflexible in their de.
termination, zealous in their faith, and do.
vt ad to God and the goed of man.
T1hey were strict in the observance of
the Sabbath, constant and punctual in their
attendance at church, and brought up their
children in the fear. and -admonition of the
Lord. Honored and devoted men ! If
there is anythingon earth we feel thankful
for, it is our descent from a puritanical
stock. May jay be- -far distant when
te right derotion to Bible.Christianito and
morality, wvhich characterized our forefath
ers, shjall be thrown aside and ridiculed.
Ti.. ..ho labor. tO rdestrny the ahhnth,
who denounce our churches and our minis.
ters, cannot have the blood of the Puritans
coursing through their veins. It is impos
sibie that the descendants of such a noble
race should have so little regard for the
doctrines and the institutions which they
cherished with so much prayer and self
SCHOOLS NORTH AND SOUTE.
The Charleston Temperance Advocate
has the subjoined remarks on Northern and
Southern colleges. This matter is worthy
of attention, and we trust the day is not
distant when our children can be taught in
Southern schools and from Southern text
" Most of the Geographies used in our
schools are chiefly dedicated to the benevo
lent object of glorifying whatever is pro
duced in the Northern States, and especial
ly in New England, at the expense of the
younger sisterhood. Any one, by examin
ing "Mitchell's Geography," which, for
years past, has superseded almost every
other treatise on this subject, and comparing
it carefully with others, -may satisfy himself
on this point. This invidious distinction is
especially worthy of notice in the descrip.
tions of literary institutions, colleges, uni
versities and public libraries throughout the
Union. In chronicling the resources of the
Southern States, reference to their provision
for popular education is either studiously
omitted, or else bestowed in so superficial a
manner, without comment of any kind, as
to leave the impression that the few which
are considered worthy of being named in
passing, have never attained the smallest
celebritv. The New England universities,
on the contrary, ieceive the credit (which
far he it from our inclination or intention to
withhold from them) of having contributed
to the Union many of its most distinguished
men. We would not detract from the clas
sic shades of old Harvard or Yale any por
tion of that well-earned and richly-merited
reputation which is not only a monument of
glory to New England, but to our whole
country; but we must, at the same time, be
allowed to claim for the South the distinc.
tion of having given birth to a very large
proportion of die great minds, which have
reflected so much honor upon the Alma
elaborate statistics to prove the fact, which
no one who has read a single published cata
logue of a Northern college will undertake
to deny. One illustration, which happens
to be within our reach at this moment, will
be sufficient for the satisfaction of any who
have never looked into the calculation.
"-A catalogue of the University of Penn
sylvania, dated in 1845.6, contains the
names of 432 students in the vatious do
partments. Of these, 205 were from the
Southern States; Virginia conti ibuting 80,
North Carolina 51, South Carolina 19,
Georgia 14, Alabama 23, Mississippi 15,
and Kentucky, Tennessee, Maryland and
Louisiana the remainder. The first named
State alone paid as her proportion nearly
one fifth, the second exactly one-eighth, and
the whole South within a frnetion of two.
"As an offset to this, wve finti in a cata
logue of one of the literary societies attach
ed to the South Carolina College, comt
mencing from the foundation of the society
in 1800 up to 1842, a list of members nuni
ering some thousands, in which we have
searched in vain for the name of a single
student (rem a Northern State, during a
periodl of thirty-six years !
"'rTe invidious and widely- marked dis
tinction thtus created, has been recognised
and endorsed by our people to such anm ex
tent, that the Northern colleges and schools
have acquired all their celebrity at the ex
pense of our own ; and a youth's education
is not considered a " liberal" one, unlers lhe
can produce a diploma from one of thme
fashionble seats of classical learning in
New England. Now, let us inquire, what
have been the conseqnences to ourselves of
having lavished our money and our flatteries
uponi these institutions, to the neglect of
those at home.
" Thus we see that wvhile wve have so ex
tensively aided in times past to build up an
educated community outside of our borders,
by aff'ording to Northern academies and
colleges the means of diffusing the blessings
of knowledge almost universally, we are
compelled, with shame aiid remorse, to look
back at a widely differenit condition of
things at home-and to lament over the
vast disproportion which it exhibits to that
of our neighbors; and this sad result has
been caused by our having withheld from
the former the very means by which we
have materially contributed to the latter
object." . ________
An enthusiastic young gentleman resolved
to gain a reputation as a poet, and immor
talized himself by his first production. He
chosed for his subject the " Thunder Storm,"
a.md commenced in the following beautiful
" The thunder rolled from pole to pole,
The lightning spread fronm sky to sky.
Atd-atnd the cattle stuck up their tails and run
Here our aspiring poet became so ex
hausted that ho fainted.
Two noys, one of them blind in one eye,
were discoursing on the merits of their re
" How miany hours do you get for sleep?"
." Eight," replied the other.
" Eight, wvhy I only get four."
" Ah !" said the first, " but recollect, you
have only one eye to close, and I have twvo."
Wzr are " cullerd pussons" first rate to
whisper a secret to ? Because they always
UU.A AL 1.kdIL".
We learn from the New York Herald of
Sunday, that a rumor was prevalent in that
city on the previous evening, that orders had
been received from Washington for the
steamer Mississippi to proceed to Havana.
The Herald also states that preparations
are making to hold a tremendous mass meet
ing to give expression to public opinion on
the subject of recent outrages. The imme
diate cause of this excitenent appears to be
the arrival of the bark Cornelia at New
York from Havana. It seems that this ves
sel was boarded by government officials
after she had cleared out of port-her mails
seized, taken ashore, and rifled, her captain
placed under arrest, and his private papers
searched. The captain remonstrated against
this unwarrantable action, but only exposed
himself thereby to still grosser indignities;
and finally lie was, after some difficulty, per
mitted to take his departure from Havann,
leaving behind him in prison, two of his
A Creole, named Guzman, was one of the
passengers, and was arrested on the charge
of taking letters to New York, which were
found in his trunk. The other was an en
gineer, named Samuel Hearkness, who had
come on board without the knowledge of
the captain. He was seized for not having
a passport. Both were sent to prison, and
the mail bag taken to the Captain General.
The result of this extraordinary and high
handed measure was the arrest, the same
night, of Francis Frias, Count of Pozas
Dulces, and his brother Joseph, Domingo
Arrozarena and the Marquis of Campos
Llanos, who hold very high positions in so
ciety in Cuba, and are gentlemen of great
The Count of Pozas Dulees, aged about
forty.five, is one of the most talented gen
tlemen in the island. Among the letters
taken from the Cornelia, was one from the
Count to a friend in New York, requesting
him to express the thanks of the Count's
family for the ceremony which the Cubans
in New York had performed, commemora
ting the anniversary of the death of their
relative, the late Gen. Lopez. General L.
married a sister of the Count; and for this
simple letter of thanks one brother is im
mured in the More, while the other is con
"She was bound into the river, with a
valuable cargo from Rio Janeiro, and, on
rounding Shark Point, unfortunately got
aground near the shore. The natives seeing
her helpless condition, flocked to the shore
to plunder the vessel, and in the course of
the day, their numbers amounted to some
th:ee thousand. They made a furious and
savage assault on the vessel, which was most
bravely and gallantly defended by Captain
Oaksmith and his crew for some hours, till
the British armed brigantine Dolphin, which
was fortunately in the river, came to his
rescue, and saved the vessel and cargo, and
the lives of all on board, though not without
the loss of life on the part of the savages.
On the following day the British steamship
Firefly came into the river, and prorr ptly
rendered every possible aid, together with
the Dolphin, to relieve the Mary Adeline,
which wvas at length got afloat, and wvas en
abled to pursue his voyage without much
loss or damage.
POSTAoE STAMP E~vELOPEs-The Wash.
ington National I ntelligencer understands
that the Post-Mastor General has accepted
the proposal of Mr. George F. Nesbitt, of
New York, to furnish the Department withm
the Postage Stamp Encelopes authorized by
the act of the last session of Congress.
Thiese donveniient little wvrappers will con
sist of three sizes-Note, Letter, and Official.
The denominations will be three, si:, and
twnty-four cents; the latter intended for
foreign correspondence. T1hey wvill be self
sealing, and bear a stamp similar in style to
the English stamped envelope, and are ex
pacted to be in all respects equal thereto.
As the dies are yet to be prepared, and
the paper to be manufactured exclusively for
this important purpose, it is probable that
the envelopes wvill not be put in circulation
before the first of January next; hut every
exertion will be made to have them earlier.
FLowERS OF TUTu.-Vanity nmakes
men ridiculous; pride makes thenm odious.
Clemency is the brightest, and the fairest
jewecl in a crown.
Favor is ever deceitful, and beauty pass
th quickly away.
Powver is sure to discover the real dispo
sition of a man.
Trhough poverty craveth many things, yet
avarice craveth more.
Many uneasy people go out for wool, and
come home shorn.
With one half of the wvorld fine feathers
make fine birds.
Voluptuous pleasures will ever bring tor
Speech. is the gift of all, but thought is
the gift of few.
A FEMALE MAN.-Mike.-Do you know
Pat Hynes, Tedi
Ted.-Do I? To be sure I do; an' a
quite (quiet) decent man ho is, and so is his
WHILsT a regim~ent of volunteers wvere
marching through Camargo, a captain (strict
disciplinarian) observing that one of the
drums did not beat, ordered a lieutenant to
inquire the reason. The fellow, on being
interrogated, wvhispered to the lieutenant:
"I have twvo ducks and a turkey in my
drum, and the turkey is for the captain I"
This being whispered to the captain he
" Why did'nt the drummer say he w-as
lame? I do not want any of my men to do
their duty when they are lame ?"
A nod roam a lord is a breakfast for a fool
X. GIDDINOB IN A FIX.
It seems that Mr. Giddings in stumping it.
through Ohio was charged by some of his con
stituents with having received illegal mileage,
and also with receiving his per diem of eight
dollars for about three weeks that he was absent
from Congress, on an electioneering tdur.. He
admitted thi truth of both charges, but pretend-.
ed that it was the fault of Mr. Whittlesoy,
Comptroller of the Treasury, whom he charged
with having made the allowance. That gentle
man was written to on the subject; and,3n.
reply, shows that he had nothing to do with the
business. He says:
" In answer to your inquiries, I reply, I have
no power to add to or deduct from the'amount
paid to Mr. Giddings for mileage,. nor was the'
amount received by him subject to iny control
or decision. I never tendered Mr. Giddings his
pay for mileage, and he never took it from my
hands. That I had no such power was known
to him when he made the statements you men
tion; and it is deeply mortifying that a gentle--.
man who has so long and so largely enjoyed the
confidence of a constituency so respectable and
intelligent should deliberately attempt to deceive
Mr. Giddings might as well blame me for his
absence from the House and taking pay therefor
when important matters have been decided
such as the bill at the late session making ap
propriations for our harbors, as to throw upon
me the odium, that should alone abide with
him,-for receiving public money for mileage
and for per diem compensation to-which he was
not entitled by law. One might hope, thal,
having satisfied his cupidity by taking piblic
money for a series of years to which he had no
legal or moral claims, he would restrain :his
propensity to violate the ninth commandment."
The hint or suggestion contained in the'fol1
lowing remarks from the Cheraw Gazette are
worthy of consideration. Our Legislature, we
trust, will give the free school -system of the
State a thorough overhauling. On such a sub
ject reform should be cautious!Y etered;upon;
but some of the most glarn defects of the
present eystalpi might be rem ed:
" Much nas been said and written upon this
t, wiihioet in any great degree, enlighten.
. public mind in regard to it. With
many, it is a constant -snbjeect of denunciation,
and there are few'who are its advocates. Why.
this-is so is not easily determined. It is true,
there are n-ot many scholars made by the chari
-ty,and perhaps this is the reason why it has so
few friends. But m'ay notthis be2owing tom
other causes than to inherent deftiil!n tSi:
system ? Does not every one know that charity
is often tendered n terms which 'preludp
the ! Av pmnehingso f li 'O
with the knowledgetit iiis diers.
the commissionerseitlir tougrantor ejeet*
application, no doubt deters many from-jart&i
paling in the benefits of a fund they had-in
some degree contributed to create." .
THE Treatise negotiated in the Territory
Minnesota in the summer of 1951 with the
Sioux or Dakotah Indians, by which the Indian -
title to a fertile region of country as extensive.
as the State of Pennsylvania was extinguished,
were ratified by the Senate at its late Session,
with amendments. These amendments were
recently submitted by Governor Ramsey to the
Indians for their assent, which was given ; and
this country is now open to settlement from the
United States. This information the editors
of the Washington National Intelligeneer derive
from the Governor himself, who is at present in
Washington on business oonnected with the.
PICKLNG MEAT.-Professor Refinesque de
nounces the use of saltpetre in brine intended
for the preservation of flesh to be kept for
food. That part of the saltpetre which is ab
iorbed by the meat, lhe says, is nitric acid or
aquafortis, a 'deadly poison, Animnar flesh,
previous to the addition of pickle, consist of
gelatinous and fibrous substances, the former
only possessing a nutritious virtue ; the gelatine
is destroyed by the chemical action of salt and
saltpetre, and as the professor remarks, the
meat becornes as different a substance from
wvhat it should be, as leather is from the raw
hide before it is subjected to the process of
tanning. He ascribed to the pernieious effects.
of the chemiciil change all the diseases which
are common to mariners and others who subsist
principally upon salted meat-such as scurvy,
sore gums, decayed teeth, uleers, &c., and
advise a total abandonment of the use of salt.
petre in the making of pickle for beef, pork,
&c., the best substitute for which is, he says,.
sugar, a small quantity rendering the meat~
sweeter, more wholesome, and equally as du
NAVY YARD AT NEW~ ORILEAN.-Commo
dore Josiah Tattnall and Capt. E. Farrand,.U.
S. N., arrived at New Orleans, on the 21st ult.,
to examine and report on the locality proposed
for the Navy Yard to be established on the'
Miississippi river. The place designated is op
posite the Pontchartrain rauilroad depot on the
GR AVE YARD EXCITEMENT.-Yesterday after
noon we accidently overheard a conversation,
between a politician of our city and one of our.
adopted citizens. After the former had shaken
the latter heartily by the hand, with all thecor
diality lie would be supposed to extend to a
long absent brother, he at once launched into
politics, and remarked, "You must be at the
polls early, and bring all your German friends
with you." The other eyed him a moment
askance, and then slowly gave utterance to
these words of wisdom: " We're Germans be
fore the election, after the election .we're Dutch
Ho SLAUGHTERING AT PnT'sURG.--Mr.
James Gardner, of the firm of Win. -B.-Holmes
& Co., of Pittsburg, has contracted for -2000
head of hogs in Ohio, to be delivered at the
Alleghany depot during the present season. It
is estimated that about 50,000 head' will be
slaughtered by the packers of Alleghany and
Pittsburg du ring the coming winter.' Some'of
the Pittsburg packers are giving as high aa
85.25, delivered ot the railroad depot in Alli
POR TRADE AT Louxsvur...-One ofthe
pork packers at Louisville has informed: tpe'
Courier that the orders they have reeelved for
the past few days for hog are limitedito 38.50
gross and $4.75 net. I'his is a-dedline ot-filly
50 cents per 100 pounds upon 'the priceeof-lioge
two and three wees no
SALE OF CICKEaws iN AUGUsTA.-The Alf
gusta Chronicle & Seintinel notices .a sal oA
Chinese fowls which took pae in that -c1I oa
the 6th, in which oiver fysi rkoldsat.
ago of ten dollars eir'ut~sis
finest pairs brought
few eggs were sold at sixty ~~~j*'