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-BE EDGEF~i!LD ADVERTISER,
-ISUnLiSBED EVERY WEDNESDAY BY
W. F. DURISOE, Proprietor,
A. SIMKINS & JOHN BACON, Editors.
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as made for an indefinite period, and will be continu
ed until all arrearages are paid, or at the option of
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to some one known to us.
ADvERTISEMENTS will be conspicuously inserted
at 75 cents per Square (12 lines or less) for the first
insertioni and 37 1-2 for etch subseqltent insertion.
When only published Monthly or Quarterly, One
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nents Mo laving the desired number of insertions
marked ott the argin, 0i1 be continued until forbid
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Those desiring to advertise by the year can do so
on hberat ters-it being distinctly understood that
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al 'contracting. Transient Advertiserents raut be
paid for in advance. .
For announcing a CantidWate, Three Dollars, in
106i Aiertetg Estays Toied, Two Dollars, to be
pdd by the Magstrate advertising.
EDG2I1iD, 1. d.
WEDNESDAY, OCTOBEk 26, 1862.
A relgious meeting will be commenced at the
Methodist Church in this place on Friday next, to be
protracted for several days. The Reverend Messrs.
Puatror and Baowzn will be in attendance.
Wz regret to learn that Mr. T. I, S. FRasEa, the
Post-Master at Hamburg1 in this District, died on
Sunday morning last, at his resilence in that town.
The deceased was an efficient officer.
RON. A. P. BUTLER
Wa are requested to state that (Ie intended dinner
in honor of Judge BITLEn, has been postponed to a
later day than the first Mondey in next month.
The Committee, in consideration that many, desi
rdus of attending, would be absent at that time, think
it expedient to select a more seitable occasion. At
pdesent no definite tire or place for the oifrer-has
been appointed, but we will shortly have the plea
sure of giving all necessary information to those de
siring to auend. For other particulars we refer our
subscribers and the public to the last number of our
AUGUSTA AND fll11BURd ADVETISEMENTS.
3Essas. g*towDEN & SHEAR would be glad to
have every one, who expects to deal in " Dry Goods"
soon, refer to their advertiseinent in another column.
Messrs. RicnAansoN & McDo r.Lv would doubt.
less make the same suggeation to those wfho are in
need.of ercellent, eheap ready-nade Clothing. Give
leir notices a glance and their establishments a tall.
It will be very apt to " set you ahead."
SOUTHERN RIGHTS ADVOfATE.
Tuis highly respectable sheet has just entered on
its second volume. We perceive that Mr. RiE, its
sole Editor hitherto, has associated with him Mr. C.
C. PUcKET, who enters upon his duties wirt a very
becoming inaugural., The Aneocate has been hereto
fore as well conducted as its renders could desire.
For the future we shall empeet it to please even the
most fastidjpus. We wish for it eontinuedi sUccess.
- THE NEW WHIG PAPER.
AMONG the strange~ etents of tie day utry 6V men
tioned the establishmnent of an oet-and-ont Whig pa
per ra the city of Charlestotr, the mtain object of which
seems to be theadvocacy of Seo-rtand G~attAig for
~thePreuidpney. Well, it is nothing but right to give
hil, and we file the seleomer
che strith pleasu're.-.
4' . H. DGE~Mooaz is the Flitor. Tfte Peper is a
neat Daily-pnee $4 per annum.
.FACTS AND REFhECTIONS.
Tn: ErLEctroNs have passed off in our Siafe very
quietly. Federal Politics has had nothing to do with
the result, and State politics very little. It is highly
gratifying to witness the noble taanner in which the
dlissensions of last year have been buried in moset of
the Districts. We have not examined the Returns
with a view to ascertain which or the late Parties
has now the preponderance in Legislative council.
But, from casual glances,- we are of the opinion that
they are as nearly equal as they should be.
TuE Govaoa of South Carolina has called an
extra session, of the Legislature recently elected, to
cast the electoral vote of the State for President and
Vice-President of the L-nited States. (PIENCE and
KING will assuredly receive that vote.) It is pro
posed to run this extra session into the regular session.
As there are questions of much importance to be
settled this winter, which may consume considerable
time in the details, we can see no good reason for
opposing this proceeding. From what we learn, it
will probably be carried.
Lotns NAroL.EoN has made the tour of the De
partments in France with unbounded eclat. It is
thought that the Empire will be speedily declared.
Several deeply and dangerously laid plots to take the
life or the expectant Emperor have been detected by
the Police and frustrated. The Fates and the People
are thus far on Louts' side.
TnE RtvaLRya between Charleston and Savannah
is growing bitter, if one may judge from the sparring
kept up among their Journals. The quarrel now is,
which has more of Yellow Fever. We'would advise
them both to get up another interchange of military
civilities and " fling physic to the dogs."
TuE CUSAN excitement (by which our readers will
understand the fuss raised in consequence of the
Spanish authorities having ref.ased to the U. S, Mfail
Steamer Crescent City, permission to enter the Port
of Havana,) is on the increase in sorme quarter., on
the decrease in others. At New Orleans a large and
violent indignation meeting has been heL- h is said
that orders have been issued from Washington to place
the steamer 31ississippi in the vicinity of Ilavana, in
consequence of an outrage perpetiated by the afore
said Spanish authorities upon the American harqute,
Cornelia. The " Journal of Commerce," the " Phila
delphic Bulletin" and other leading papers defend the
Spanish Captain General and his agents, asserting
that they have done nothing more than they had a
right to do and were bound to do in view of the
perilous situation of their Government.
Tus PaxCEs or Co'r'roNs stood last week at
Charleston, New York and New Orleans as follows:
at Charleston, 91 to 101,--at New York, 101 to 101
at New Orleans, 91 to 9*.
THE Oai'naw Hlousa of Charleston has been in
existence since 1790. Its sixty-second anniversary
was celebrated on the 19th inst., at the Baptist
Church, Wentworth Street. Rev. Mr. Cu-rnsa'rT
delivered an addiess on the occasion. It has eff'ected
mnore real good than any other similar institution
CUB AND THE UNIED STATES.-We learn
from the New York Evening Times of Mlonday,
that orders was received from the Navy Depart-.
ment at Washington on Saturday night, direct
ing the sloop-of-war Cyane, G. N. Hollins com
mnander, to prepare immediately for nea, and to
sail for Havana at the earliest moment possible.
As the Cyane had just arrived from Norfolk,
she was ready for sea, and accordingly took her
departure on.Sunday morning. She was towed
outside the Hook, in order to get a fair breeze,
and is now on her way to Cuba. It is als re
ported that the U. S. steam frigate Miississippi
ha ben ordered to follow the Cyane with all
The object of this movement, although noth
ing certain can be known in regard to it, cannot
be diffisult of-.conjecture. The Times Rays:
"We take it for granted that the emunnan
dens of theme vessels will be instructed to avoid
everythng whieh can give the Spanish authori
ties the slightest gound of jet complaint, but
at the'same time to resist and repel, at every
hazad, and by all needf'uI measures, every at
tempt to exercise undue inthority -over vessels
of the Unitetf2tates,- or to- infringe iur any way
the rights and privileges to which Americali
citzen iti Cnha are entitled."
Edgetield C. H.. 167 21
Longmire's.a. .. 39 3
Towles'... .. 50 4
Moore's ........ . 49 3
Richardson's .... 69 4
Collier's......... 21 3
Coleman's ...... 44 1
Boulware's...... 22 1
Meeting Street,.. 48 3
Mt Willing . 65 1
Wil. Holstein's .. 59 3
tthinehart'a ..... 67 3
Howara's....... 12 1
Park's.......... 12 2
LIlnatud's....... 68 4
kAchell's... ... .31 2
Red Hill........ 39 6
Hatcher's. .......8 .3
Dorn's ......... 93 7
Nail's .......... 16 4
Graniteville.... . 112 13
Allen's.... ..... .52 3
Nickerson's . 24
lfamburf. ...... 36 20
Sheppard'a...... 58 2
bunton's ....... 23 4
Pine House..... 8 1
Cherokee Ponds. 7 5
kidge ......... 43 2
Coopersville. 29 3
Shatterfield. 562 3
Wm.Smyley's... 90 31
FOR TIE ADVERTISER.
LICENSE IN EDGEFIELD VILLAGE.
MlEsRS. RDITORs :-Liquor is not the only stimu
lus which has triumiphed over the impotent attempt
Df various Governments to prevent, or suppress its
use. Tea, Coffee, Tobacco, Opium and Gambling
have all ini theit turn been under the ban of Govern
ment and a certain class of conservators or reform
ers in society. Yet such opposition has about as
aear attained its enO, as did Xerxes, when he com
nanded the IIellespont to cease its angry flow.
- The broad and rapid River," as Ilomer terms it,
lashed on, regardles of the impotent rage (of its
vould-be master. So too will the use of stimli go
n in defiance of Legislatit-1n, Sons of Temperance,
Antl-Tobacco Societies and all other opposition as
ong as man retains his present constitution and
I believe, it is an admitted fict by all intellgent
Chemists and Physicians, that Tea, Coffee, Tobacco
iad Opium are all mild narcotics, exhilerating, ben.
eficial and innocent in their eilt-ets when used in
imall quantities. but pernicious and destructive, like
iquar, when employed in exces. Coflfee however,
a generally regarded the least so. yet even this is a
2eessary and social stimulus, and hence it is, that
we hzave hear d of " Coffee llouses" in our cities,
ever since 1652, when according to Moseley, the
FIrst one was established by Edwards, the Turkish
nerchant, who, to get rid of the countless friends
snd visitors, who thronged his house to see and
taste this new sort of liquor, allowed his Greek
servai*to open a public Coffee~-H~ouse in St. Mi
ehael's Alley, Cowhill, I-ndon, on the very spot
where the Virginia Cofrefouse now stands. [he.
novelty of the beveragej and the growing demand
for it, soon caused other houses to be. established,
till at length they became the most fahionable re
sorts of any places about town, so much so, that
their keepers could afford in 1660 to pay a duty of
eight cents, or sixteen cents per gallon, on "all
Coffee, Chocolate, Sherbet and Tea" made and sold.
The duty on the decoction from the brands was
soon afterwards abolished and a Custom's duty
levied instead, besides a mioderate excise for license
to retail "the charming berries of Yemen," which
is the law in England now. with respect both to Tea
It woul seem that Coffee-.Ilouses, or placea.
where all beverages nmilder than liquor were made
and sold, were regarded somevthat in the light of
Grog Shops and had to pay a license accordingl'y.
and it wa peihaps owing partly to this opinion of
them, as well as the injury which lie honestly sup
posed they were doing his subjects, but mostly, no
doubt, to the suspicious anxiety and fear of losing
his late~ly restored Crown, that Charl-s II was ini
d uced in 1675, to attemipt the suppression of Coflee
Houses, upon the ground that they were public
nuisances or places of resort for diaffected persons.
Or in the language of the Proclamuation, "1Persons
who devise and spread abroad divers false, malicious
and scandalous reports to the defaimation of hiis
Majesty's Government and to the destruction of thet
puace and quiet of the nation." It was in vain that
the judges sustained the legality and constitutionali
ty of their Sovereign's proclamation-in vain that
they deided in that boated land of Omnipotent
judge, mode and Common Law, that "retailing
Coffee might be an innoceiit trade, but as it was used
to nourish sedition, spread lies and scandalize great
men, it might also be a common nuisance" and must
be suppressed. The people laughed both the Exe
cutive and Judicial branches of the Guovernmtent to
scorn and drank their Coffee in public Coflfee Ilou'es.
It was equally in vain that high duties were levied
on Coffee, but whether for -revenue or prevention oi
importation it is needless to enquire, yet as late a,
1783 nine times as nmuch was smuggled into Eng.
land as paid the duty at tho Custom Ilouse. S.
thoroughly wa Parliament convinced, after the trial
of alternate high and low duties, of the folly of the
former that in 1824 the duty on Cofibe was reduced
to six pence per pound, at which I believe it lias
continued ever since, to the great advantage of the
English people, in increased revenue, increased
consumption of Coiree and decreased consumiption
of spirits; besides lessening the crimes of smug.
gling and adulteration, and the consequ:ent perjury
so frequent at trials for violation of the revenue laws.
The stimulus of Tea, a strong infusion of whieb
will produce incredible excitement and wakefulness
in most eonstitutions, hns encbuntered successfully
also the opposition which has been made to it or
both sides of the Atlantic. It was introduced into
EngLand about the sanme time that Coffee was, and
was subject to the same tax till 1689, when instead
of charging duty on thme infusion made and sold at
Coffee Ihouses, in order that private families might
enjoy the luxury at home, Government levied the
very moderate Excise duty of five shillings, or about
one dollar and twenty-five cents per pound on the
Tea itself, besides the license for retailing it. Tea
is generally esteemed a niore fashionable and cx
quisite luxury than Coffee, and on this accouiit a
higber duty is naow sad has always been levied upon
it in England than uponh Coffee, and because also,
the aristocracy who drink it excessively, if not in
juriously, are better able and willing to pay the tax.
But as the taste for Tea is as commnon to mankind,
as that of liquor or any ether stimiulus, the high
duties of the British Go-.ernment coutld not prevent
the poor from drinking smuggled Tea and conse
quently Government defeated its own object--Re
ADaM Siar-n says that the rich as well as the poor
will buy smuggled goods, on account of their cheap
ness, and the poor of Great Britain would have been
willing to pay a moderate duty on the smuggled
Ta that they maight thereby enjoy the beverage
lawfulk- am1 incsea the Revenm.e be.id1. l..t t,..
ELECTION RETURNS FO0
FOR.HOUSE OF REPREBENTATI
1 - 2 4 2 '4
2 C: : 0
1 160 193 154 236 132 199 173162116
8 30 77 46 24 40 33 39 18 6
3 49 41 63 33 31 27 22 11 20
9 20 41 49 18 45 17 15 20 53
4 48 33 63 41 31 9 32 30 34
2 12 27 15 17 7 23 14 22 4
2 39 34 42 24 18 8 41 6 16
2 24 19 15 14 11 6 13 7 16
5 51 17 23 8 42 8 11 34 28
8 44 40 34 33 17 20 18 14 25
1 51 13 18 48 15 12 18 28 58
2 77 37 26 60 24 33 25 30 51
0 7 19 10 3 2 14 15 13 2
6 27 27 15 5 1 15 14 30 1
8 36 35 41 45 35 6 14 11 46
2 78 10540 52 9 71 71 99 2
9 48 67 38 41 8 43 21 48 27
1 37 40 28 25 36 22 18 23 25
8 82 42 88 50 106 14 40 29 47
9 27 33 00 34 23 45 21 35 7
6 96 61 72 11S 104 123 57 54 91
3 55 25 18 8 21 5 12 9 44
5 16 31 31 24 4 6 23 8 5.
7 V5 73 68 36 59 14 70 33 46
41 53 66 122 91 176 66 103 23
39 49 47 29 54 29 37 12 12
511 61 38 35 ~ 381 43 22 13 7
3 16 11 3. Il1 8 11 11 9 13
1 11 27 29~ 331 13 36 18 27 5
352 9~ 12 81236 12 9 63
) 13201 I4836122 10 2517 '7
7.51 821 73 51 46 32 16 11 21
3i83 371 51 421 321 19 114 101 671
1~l5lfij14VUjl364Tl3G()71! 15115:10181-?8-41_ 94
efieci, of this high duty was an enormous and un
usual amount of smuggling, which grew from year
to year, till 1780, when it averaged above 8,000,000
pounds per annum. Every means within the power
of the Ministry was used in vain to check it, and as
a last resort Mr. Prrr proposed in 1784 to reduce
the duty to twelve and a half per cent, which mea
sure was signally succewful. Smuggling and the
practice of adulteration were inimediately discon
tinned, and the legal imports of Tea trebled. But
in 1795, the duty was again raised, and after suc
cessire augmentations, at various times, it was finally
raised in 1819 to one hundred per cent, when the
smuggling and adulteration recommenced on the
not extensive scale, but in 1836 the duty was
lowered to two shillings one pence, or fifty cents on
the pound, and if it has been materially changed
since I am not advised of it.
The use of Tea, Coffee and Tobacco should be as
free and unrestricted as water, and if England
would pyrsue her true policy, or if she would speak
with more efict and eloquence in the Temperance
cause than ever did father MArrtUr.w, or even hitis
illustrious colleague in South Carolina, Eh ntust
adopt the plan of the United States in abolishing all
duty on Tea and Coffiee, and admitting both articles
free at the Custom House, that nuisance and war
breeder of modern nations. At present the cus
toma duty of twelve cents per pound on Cofiiee and
and fifty cents per pound on Tea, togethter with thte
excise duty for license to sell either, prevents their
use by the great mars of the English people. But
it is feared that hter enormous national debt stands
in thte way of her ability to perform such an act of
humanity. Sihe however did much for her subjects
in this respect, when in 1833 she abiTsied je
odious.eamonojik th4at, India Q ".. n
and mado it lawful for all individuals or companies
to imoport Tea. But even now, the finest green
Teas, such at Imperial and Gunpowder, which are
regularly itmported into the Utuited States, by reason
of their paying no duty here, arc wholly unknown
in the English market. Hfence your American
peasant sips a finer Tea thtan even mty Lord DvaBYv.
lBnt the progress of these beverages in the United
States deserv-es a paassing notice. Many of our
miserable apologies for statesnmen in Anmerica are
accustomed to say, that the cause of the RevolutIon
ary war was the St.untp Act and tho duty on Tea.
I would like to a-k if thtis be true, why did Mr.
.JErFEasoN enumerate such a long list of grievances
in the De~elauration of Independence, or that indict
mnent against King Gesoca, as it has been facetiously
called. Thte be.t htistories that I1:ave ever seen of
the Revolution expressly declare, that it was brought
about by resistance to te rightt of Internal Taxa
tion, which Great Britain claimed. and not by oppo
sitio'n to hter yielded right of imposing and collecting
External Customs. Still the Tea duty was the most
agravating~ circumsutance of all, a sort of Mlaine
liqiuor law, and the occasion but not the cause of the
war. G;reat Britain wouldl Revenue and the poor
colonies wanted the stinmulating Tea at it prime cost
in Chinta and thet expense of transportation to A r'er
ica togethter with the reasonable profits of ..
porter. Alh Messrs. EDnrrS, methinks thte Yan
kees of Boston must have shed many heartfelt, if
they were puritainical, tears, as they gave the un
willing Tea to the ungrateful brine. Tea, as simnple
as it looks in a cup upon the table, is not the only
stituhs which has caused a war between millions
anti changed the face of the world. Opium has
twice and thrice made the British Commont thtunder
at the cities of the Celestials. I have no doubt but
that A merica would have ultimuately set up foes her
self, still if Yankees had been periamitted to drink
Tea free of duty as they do now in the mtodern
Athens, thc United States mtight have been, even
while I write, a dutiful and giant child to her glo
ritous old mothter. England however sents to have
Laken advanttage of the imperious necessity whtich
actuates man to usc stimuli, or at least her policy
has ever been to tax these articles most severely.
antd hence thte remarkable fact, that smuggling and
adulteration are confined almost entirely and ex
elusioely to stimuli, not only in England, but in
every other country, where they are much taxed, to
which I shall recur hereafter.
It would appear that the national mtind of the
United States was prejudiced against Tea in the
infatucy of the Republic, by being taught to hate it
as thte cause of unnumbered woes anid privations to
our fore-fathers, or othterwitte, I cannot account sa
titsfactor'ly for the enormously high and dispropor
tionate duty levied on Ten, while that upon Coffee
was nmerely nominal. Previous to 1827, the duty
on Tea, in this country, amounted ingome years to
near 83,000,000, or about oar seventh of the whole
Revenue, and during that period, I am not inclined
to suspect, that manny a Yankee skiff freighted
snuuggled Tea, notwithstanding the proud reply to
Mr. Cor~cocK's famous speech, that "Our people
arc mtorally opposed to smtuggling."~ Iligh duties
have not failed to produce smuggling elsewhere, and
like causes produce like effects. Man is the same
every where, as regards his appetites anti passions.
Still this high duty may have been laid to show
what heavy taxation a people coulId endure when it
was self-imposed, and our people may have had the
national pride fto grin and bear it without smuggling.
Yet it is strange that Mr. Rousn, the Secretary of
the Treasury, should have all suddenly in 1827, re
conmmended to Congress to diminish Ahe duty on
Tea. H~e assigns his real or ostensible reasons for
it as follows. A fter saying somnething of the impor
tanmce of opening thme China trade to this country, ho
contionues : "Tihe use of Tea has become so general
throughout the United States as to rank almoest as a
necessary to life. When to this we add, that there
is no rival prod'uction at home to be fostered by
lessening the amount of its importation, the duty
upon it mtay safely be regarded astoohgh.' "No.
..:..- ..r.1..tion. -at ho,. ..tr.uck thea Yankee ro.
13 00 1 00 27 3 ..9 11 0
6 00 1 l 4 0
10 18 002. 0
14 3 5 0 55 7 4 . 76 52 36
43 12 3 00 2d 8 15 00 00
13 00 14 00 1 09 61 00
2416 002 '3 24 00 13 00 00
60 2 00 1 2 ~ 1 4 00 1
10 18 00 2 15'00 2 00 3
218 17 4 3 17 3Pj0 0 0 00
17 23 00 13 i304 61 2 00 3
4 9 6 3 22 64 00 0
9 8 00 5 8'- 1 14 00 00
86 00 1 4 811 00 61 00
12 00 2 0 19 16O 00 00 00
3920000 1 ..2 38 900 190
25 .06 31 316 0 2 1 62 21
21 1 43 3 4 13 001 0900
4035 57 7 93 22 6 00 00
209 00 ~3 25 2 14 0 12
73 20 24 359 .3' 2 12 2 87
36 22 1 00 I34 6 1 00
22 7 100 1116 32 00 00
39 300 0 4 ~3 9 14 32 00
27 1136 11 19 3 38 9 15
I1~53 52 57 d sj 2:36~~5 33. 00
20 2ith p i fo 2 8 th2
193 11 25 75 429 46 32 00
91 51 5 4 1 7 13 328 24 28
t13ons 0it peula orce, as th smak1 thei
lips over the delicious beverage for which their fat
thers had fought. But I must be permitjed to say
thant they no doubt actually glanted Tea to see if it
would grew on the declivities of New England, as
it does in China, and finding.tkat it would not they
determined to abolish all duty upon both Tea and
Coie in 1833,.aince which tite their consumption
has increased b'eyond all pariallel, especially Coffee,
which was not in general use in either the United
States or England, even so late0a0 1807.
Tea, in the language of M1r. Rosen, as above given,
IS " a necessary of life," and NOT a luxury, as is
generally supposed, and herein-lies the great fault of
modern legislation, which tredtarand taxes it as such
as well as liquor and all oilier .limuli. Any tax on
liquor is a nuisance.
The abolition of all duty upot Tea and Coffee has
clone more for the Temperaube cause in America
than could a thousand such Oritor. as D EnorynENas
and Ciceso, much less shae1 reformed drunkards,
and intinerant brawlers and siorg tellers asDUYeEE
and WnrrIE. When we rememiber that this coun
try supplies the whole world with Tobacco and thnt
consequently the home consumption of that article
pays no duty, the seeret .is'atronce explained, whly
'emperance has so 1ourise here. A s yet we
aeem to have a sort of coniteigp for Opium, because
the Chinese pigmies cat ibkand because also we love
to pay a duty upon it. But 4he. consumption even
af this stimulus is rapldly~spreading in the United
States and elsewhere ourtf:China'
.Since 1833 the Sonia of emperance have had
their birth and growth to thestrength of an army
,f giants, not unlike -tlhit Eata~ ox's bedy guard
in 49 a hoe ban of
1 favorit 6-,--0.,-.f0o0
rion writh whon&nlom aa are babies. JEut
by and by, to be 6f that bani, bath ecome an honor,
which the. flower of Finatdi sought till it.s ranks
swelled iinto thousands .aed lbe Iztperial, or " My
old Guard" wa~ friad. i'heSons of Temiperane
should have a care in diicir .war -opon stimulai and
especially upon liquor, lt .their Society. like that
old guard, should find it:end or its insolence and
imag'nary invincibility its a.moral Waterloo.
But for thereasons abo given,.and others which
I mean to assign, Tempetmee would now be only a
name, as it was a century-ago, andI Edgefield would
have been spared the-huamiliating scene ef Pun.J
WurrE endeavoring to p~rsuade her ladies to unse.x
themselves and turn erbandes against stiumihi as
" Daughters of Temnnee;" That is a Society
which will never prosperfat the South. It is based
upon a theory which can only be practised in that
fertile land of false theories, Boston and Philadlel
phtia, where there areyFemale Medical Colleges,
where women preach and edit papers, or assemble
in Female Rights Conventions to make ridienkons and
disgusting speeches. That woman is the best
Daughter of Temperance .who is temperate at home,
who make, good Tea and Coffee and lots her Lord
sip hiis wine or puff his cloud inpeace. Our women
seem to have taken the same view of the subject,
for I belieive they could only be dehuded-enough to
organize the Society of Daughters, who would be
Sons in spite of God, their Father, andi then to dis
perse in disgust, newer to. re-assemble. Fair ladies
o~f Edgefield, for such a -signal rebuke to Northern
viragoes, and for such a beautiful display of Southern
female delicacy, modesty and propriety
" Good luck, good husbands and good bye to you ?"
In my next number I will prave that Tobacco,
Opium and Gambling have all been opposed uncue
oessfully-that men weill use these stimuli, as weoll
as liquor, in the face or all hegislation or aaoeial re
sistance. TEMPERANCE BUT LICENSE.
2 orrespondaedoe the AdVert4ser.
C56 ARLETON, Oct. 16th,, 1852.
The election is over, and with it the hospes and~
aspirations of many who would willingly devote
portion of their time and talents to the service of the
State, for the consideration of three dollars a day,
and find their own cigam, pindar. and cocktails.
But on the other hand there are a goodly number
eighteen at least, who are altogether satisfied, and
seemed disposed to be exceedingly well pleased with
the result, and are willing to charge it to thre wisdom
and good taste of the "free and independent"
voters of the city of Charleston, whose fame for
cultivation, taste and refinement has gone out
through all the country round about. There was an
independent ticket run, p of those who
stood pledged to give their -influence, and vote for
the nmeasure of giving the election of electors to the
people, and fourteen out of eighteen, composing the
ticket, were elected. So you may expect a strong
pull from Charleston in favor of the proposed ebange.
We have had almost every variety of weather du
ring the pest week, fronm the intense heat of sum
mer, to the chilly winds of October. The early
part of the week was hot enough to do credit to the
mitddle of July, but on Thursday night a change
took place " while we all slumbered and slept," and
some-of us rose while it wras yet dark, to look for
additional blankets. Friday morning broke upon usn
with a brisk and chilly North-easter, which suddenly
brought fires and winter clothing into repute ; and
throughout the dany oar citizens were their coats but
toned, and preferred the iruany side of the street.
A few degrees lower *ould .bring a stiLL born
Charleston frost, whi-th aregjencrally puny affairs at
best. But any thing in te shapo of a frost now
would be a perfect Godsefld, for noting else will fi
nally rid us of our present troublesonie visitor.
The Yellow Fever seems to be on the increase i
any thing. Tnc daily rerLvnding Thursday night
8 o'clock, showedf'iut (of 'eig Jt deaths, which ii
quite an -inereaso ovir the"reeceding four or five
days. The Hospital is .Utilrowded, and -new easet
are eouming in everf day.: frawages are principal
l. confined to ien forei noputiont but the native
35 6 6 2 389
1 00 00 00 81
001 00 00 001 72
1 00 00 00 5
00 6 00 00 79
24 00 00 1 36
1 00 00 00 60
2 8 00 00 35
00 00 00 00 57
1 8 00 00; 66
3 26 1 00; 98
00 1 00 00 109
6 00 00 0i 24
4 00 00 21' 32
0 18 00 00 73
44 00 00 23; 107
07 00 00 9 . 92
00 6 1 001 65
00 1 00 00 12
0 2 39 00 58
08 12 10 00; 211
0 2 1 00; 59
1 00 00 001 39
41 1 00 21 11
05 31 63 2 12341
0 00 00 00 73
08 00 00 00 73
0 00 3 00 241
5 00 10 1 64
01 28 00 00' 71
0 00 00 00 50
3 00 00 1 83
2 30 00 00H 97
203 0 1 641; 2908
are dying of Congestive, Typhus and Hillious Fevers.
The present is about as gloomy a season as Cbarles
ton ever experienced, in business, health .and every
thing, and I most sincerely hope never to witness
another like it. There were fire funerals yesterday
from the Roper Io-pital, and that way not have
been the highest number in any one day. The Rev.
TuoMA11 J. YouNa, Assistant Pastor at St. Michaels,
died on Monday last, after a lingering illness occa
sioned by Consuniption of the Bowels, which lie bore
with nmch calmness and christian resignation for
about two months. Ile was one of our most able and
devoted Ministers, and was almost idolized by his
congregation. Ile died in his 49th year, leaving a
wife and three grown up sons. one of which is in
Prussia and the other in England, whither they went
to complele their education. Mr. ToesN was a na
tive of Charleston, and a grailuate of Yale College,
and combined the finihied classical scholar, with the
CAROLIN E DawoRT, of the DERWonT Family,
that have been delighting our citizens through the
Summer with their Musical Concerts, both vocal and
instrumental, died yesterday of Yellow Fever, at the
residence of her father, at the corner of King and
Beaufain streets. She was only fifteen years old,
and was a most beautiful and interesting little girl.
She had a fine Alto voice, sang most sweetly, and
performed beautifully on the Drun and Piano Forte.
But her last earthly note is broken by the still silencee
of death, her little drum has beat the reveille, and
suninnoned her to anotl.er sphere-a link in the
family cirele is broken, a note is missed at the Con
cert, while the little warbler has gone to join an im
mortal choir, where the blight and mildew of death
can never conme. She -leaves a father and two elder
ni g c menxza nibI4 m1Iue m~e am-i
cool weather commenced ; -' took a stroll this after
noon on this fashionable and business thoroughfare
-the Broadway of Charleston, where I found the
busy throng ini large numbers, reminding me of the
city in her better days. A smart sprinkling of
beauty ws out, and an occasional dash a the Fall
fashions would be discovered, as some city 'lle
brushed bye, or peered her pretty face from the~
carrage window. it would require sceeal such
gloomy seasons as the presenit to ereate a sensible
dimunitioni of the beauty and fashion of Chuareston.
Thley senm destined to survive the wreck of more
stable nmatter, and bloom and thnurish in youthful
vigor amid the wecar and tear of time, and the ga
thering maists of age. If you don't believe mo, just
call at BitowsINa and Lrxas's any sunny afternoon,
and you can judge for yourself. ARCIlEER.
SrEciAL. AGNTs SENT To IIAVAN.-It is sta
ted thait P'resident Fillmore has dispatched a
special agent, to llavaina, to iniquire into the
tue:s wiilh regnerd to the treaitment, of the bark
Corntelia atnd the steamship Crescent City, and
if thme unflieial aeenunts shoutld be corrobor
ated, he will promptly demand ample satisfac
tion, and, if necess:rv, will enforce thme satme.
In the meantime, the Crescent City has once
more sailed from New Orleans for llavana, with
the Cuban mails atnd Purser Smith on board,
If they again refuse to permit her to land at
flavana, she will quietly proceed on her voyage
to New York.
FLonuIA Et.rEcTOrN.-Thei returna from Flor
ida, by way of Savantnahi, indicnte a total over
thtrow of the Scott forces throughout the State;
and the fact is cotnfirmed by a gentleman, just
from Florida, who saysS the WVhigs give it up,
and that Governor. members of Congress and
IA.)Latture are all Dteimocratic. Florida was a
Whie State-Scott and Seward havo revo
tioniized it, atnd made it Demsoeratie.--Coluenbus
C O Id ER C IA L.
Correspondence of the Advertiser.
11A MD URG, OcT. 16th, 1852.
Co'-ro.-During the past week the receipts have
beeni mneh heuavier thtan of any previons week, this
srcson. Our market opened on Monday at 4 cett
deeline on purics of last week. On W~ednesday and
Thursday there was a still finrher declinie of A-the
market renmained firm at that, until the nmaking of
our report, whih leaves the market with a good
feeling, amid brisk at our qutotatiouns. We attribute
to some extent this last deeline to the circarmstance
of many of our buyers being in attendaacc at Court
this week, thereby reducitng competition. We
quote 86 to 9.j euts.
Our merchants still continue to receive additional
supplies of all articles needed by the farmers.
Freight per Rail-Road on Cotton to Charlestot
has advanced to $1 per bale-per River to Savan
The towvn continues healthy. D.
H YNME NIAL.
Na:Eon the 5th inust., by Rev. 11. C. 11cr
long, Mr. L~. J. PamcE and Miss ELI.Anserni A.
eldest datughter of Mr. Iliram T. Jay, all of thim
THEa UNION MEETING in the 4th IDivision of th(
Edhgefield Baptist Associaition, will meet with REi
rnUaLn Cituaet, ott Friday before the 5th Lor&
day in October. Rev. D. D. Baussoy, wvill preace
the introductory Sermon at 11 o'clock, A. M.
The subject of discussion, " What is a :ieibl
Church of Christ and its purpose."
By order of the Meeting.
S. P. O ETZEN, MoniAnToR.
0. W. Nixos, Clerk pro temn.
Butler Lodge, No. 17, I. 0. 0. F
- -A Regular Meeting of this Lodg4
whilbe held ont Monday evening nexl
REPORT OF THE COMMISSIO1
B, C. BRYAN, in account Current cith
Oct j, To amount on hand *6;160 00
May 5 " Cash Ree'd of H. H. Hill,
Tax Collector for Edgefield
District, for Taxes levied by
the Commissioners at 10 per
cent, $900 00
Less by Commissions
on $900 00 at 2j pr ct 22 50
May 25 To Cash Rec'd of Col S. Chris
tie, fr r Fine collected from
Mr. Wilson, $433 92
Less by Commissions
on $433 92 at 2j pr et 10 84
July 5 To cash Ree'd of H. H. Hill,
Tax Collector for Edgefield
District for Taxes levied by
the Commissioners at 10 per
cent $457 53
Less by Commisasions
on $457 53 at 21 pr et 11 43
July 16 To Cash Ree'd of J. H. Hol.
lingsworth, for Lot
sold him $675 00
Less by Commisions
on $675 00 at 21 pr ct 16 87
Oct. 1. To Amount on hand brought
from Ca. side, $5.733 09
All of which is respectfully submitted.
B. C. BRYAN, CLERK AND TREAS'R.
T addition to the financial Report of the
ings, would furtuer state, that under-au order fr<
contracted with'the Commi.-ioner in Eqnity to a
Act of the Legislature of this State, passed on t
us that he has completed the work. The Comm
Court before paying for the same. Also, that A]
Building of a New Jail, is now rapidly progressii
and we have every expectatioE of its speedy com
October 4, 1852.
REPORT OF EUGENE
Of the Board of Commissiosers c
Oet. 5. To balanc~e on hand, $1032 02
Nov 4. Received of Sheriff in a case of
Blastardy, 20 00
A pril n Ree'd for ale of Shucks, 8 00
July 5 " of H1. H. Hill, T. C., 1357 53
Aug 3 " Tax collected by Sheriff, 6 05
Amount paid out, $2111 64
Amount on hand, -$311 96
All of which is respectfully submitted.
WTHE Friends of THEOPHILUS DEAN,
respectfully announce him as a Candidate for
Tax Collector, at the next election.
19'- TnE Friends of M, B. WVHITTLE,
announce him as a Candidate for Tax Collec
tor, at the next election.
9~'THE FrIends of JOHN WV. SMITH,
respectfully nominate him as a Candidate for
Ordinary of Edgetield District, at the ensuing
ggp PIJLTP BOYD, is nominated by his
Friends, as a Candidate for Tax Collector at the
next election. *
gg The friends of PICKENS B. WEVER,
respectfully announce him as a Candidate for
Clerkc of the Court of Comon Pleas for Edge
lERS OF PUBLIC BUProt
the Commissioners of Public Buingt
Dec 1. Cash paid N. Ramey, pr
Order, 850 00
Dec 1. " pd Jackson Covar,.
1852 pr Order, 75
Feb 11 " pd Dr. E. J. Mims,
per Order, 5 00
" 11 " pd N.lRamey, per.'
Order, 350. 00
Commissions on $405 75
at 2j per cent 10 13.
Mfar 18 Cash pd N. Ramey per
Order. $100 00
* 19 u Paid 11. T. Wright
per Order, 2 50
" 24 " Paid H. T. Wright
per Order, 36 50 -
April 3 " Paid N. Ramey, pr
per Order, 150 0Q
15 " Paid M. Frazier, pr
Order, 606 00'
" 15 " Paid J. M. Smythe
Commissions on $354 00
at 2j per cent 8
24 " Paid N. Ramey per
Order 600 00
24 " Paid Wm Philbin,
per Order, 2 50
May 21 " Paid M. Frazier, pr - - -
Order, 1 62
24 E Paid N. Ramey, pr
Order, 125 00
June 9 " Paid E. A. EvaM, pr
Order, 9 75
" 24 Paid J H. Christian
pr Order, 12 00
26 " J. V. Clark, pr Or
der, , 4 00
Commissions on $796 87
at 21 per cent 19 92
-- 816 79
Jul. 24 " Paid N. Ramey, pr
Order 125 00
Aug 25 " Puid R. T. Mims,
pr Order, 31 25
26 Paid N. Ramey, pr
Order, 250 00
Sep 10 " Paid 4. Ramey, pr
Order, 300 00
30 " Paid N. Ramey, pr
Order, 500 00
Commissions on $1206 25
at 2 pr cent 3015.
Amount on hand 1st Oct 1652. 5.733 0W
rreasurer, the Commissioners of Pubic Build.
m the Court, passed at Fall Term in 1851, they
rrnge the papers of his office, according to an
ie " 20:h December 1850," who has reported to -
saioners therefore now await the approval of the
r. Nathaniel Rarmev who has contracted for the
If with the work, (the brick work being finished)
JOHN HUIET, CHArN',, C. P. B.
o the Poor of Edgefield Dist it.
1831. Ca. -
Nov. 3 Paid M. Etheredge, for Beef, $41 70t
" 5 " E. Burt, fur Cotton, .5 47
"1 14 '1 E. Burl, for Oats, 6037
" 17 "1 Amanda Dean, in a case of
Baa'tardy, 10 00
" .29 " E. Burt,for one Be, - 12 00 .
Dec. 1 ' 'AC. Herlong, for hauling 2 00
" 3 " B.S Dubarfor Gr'iceries 40
" 1" 3. Etheredge, for salt~adj
"19 " Dr. Win. Butt, Phvuician,. 17:25.
"30) " G. L Penn, for Groceries, 9-:7
"31 " Anmon Hlolmies, for negro
1852 hire, . 13:-00
Jan. 5 " L. Herlong, Steward, 92 0
" 7 "1 Amandai Denn ini a case of .
9 " WV. F. Durisne, for adver
tiaing Trens~urer's Repoirt, I1 62
" 9 " Col. M1. Frnarier, for Black
smnitha work, 18 29
"9 " M. Frazie.j, for repniiring
1831 wagon, 4 75
Dee. 10 " WV. Parker, for Lunatic
1852 Asylum. 100 00
Jan. 9 " Col. M. Frazier for Bncon
and Lnrd 100 00
"12 " Mrs. P. Addison, for negro
hire, 75 00
" 12 " Se.rvant Jim for shaving
26 Pauper.<, 3 00
26" B. S. Dunbar, for Groce
ries, 22 60
Mar. 2 F+ . Burt, for Cotton, 7 44
Apr. 1 " X Burt, for Corn, 112 50 .
jS Penn, Coffee and.
- 1 " Col 16 . 16 75
smithe'woge!r, fur Black
1" 5 " L Herlong, g- grto~cries 39 13
" 5 " L. Herlong, for ijgr' 91 00
"1 5 " WVE Rdgers, for'1( 4 25
" 5 " John HuJrris, for brin~~25
Polly W~ilsoni to thePoor
"5 " J. G. 0. Wi~keruon, -for .
Groceries .30 71
" 5 * J. Itodgers. for bringing
Mrs. L Wever and chil
dren to the Poor House, 3 00
'1 16 " M. Ethe~redge, for three
cows and calves, and pota
too need, 4 5
May 3 "1 B. S. Dunhar.for groceries 18 15
-8 "1 E. Burt for Cotton 9 71
Jun. 30 "1 Col M. Frazier, for Bacon,
Lnrd and Flour. "145 64
" 30 " G. L.: Penn, for Tobaeco
and Medicine, 8 94
July 6 " L. Hlerlong, Steward, 91 00
"14 "1 J. W. Parker, for Lunatic
Aug. 3 " Willis Odom. for bringing
Mrs. Neal to the P. [louse 3 00
Sept. 4 " Wiley Kemp, for bringing
Mrs. Mott to the Poor- --
"25 " G. L. P'enn, for Groceries, 241 90
" 25 " Dr. WV. M. Burt, Medical
Bill, 32 50
" 5" M,. Frazier, for groceries, 21 62
"25 " Servant Jim, for shaving 0
" 26 " E. Burt, for Cotton, 7 70
"28 " L. Herlong, Steward, 92 00
" 8" L. Herlong, for Sewing, 5 7
"1 28 " Win. P. Butler, for Mer
chandize, 51 8a
Commissions for receiving $1391 53 at
25 pr cent. 34 74
Commissions for paying out $2'126 21
at 2jper cent. 50 65
Amount p:aid out $2.111 64
Extra Fine. Liquors.
30\ DO7. John Gibson, Son &l Co. old Neetiu
40 Bbla his Old Eagle and superior Monina
Superior Port Wine, Madaria, Cherry, Tenerif
and Malaga Wine, ..
Jamaica Rum, Holland Gin, Gin Codatmi
Syrup, Cherry Brandy and all skinds of Liquors,
usually kept in Fatmily Grocery Stores, anid will be,
warranted genuino, and et direet Importation.
S. E.. EOWERsIt
Hamburg, A pril23 tf. -, l4 .'
Admnistrator's Noue&( .
A LL Persona having demands against the Es
tate of A. HI. Coleman, dee'd.; aroerequeisted
to present them properly atteuted,-.nd thosefbi
debted previous to his death, by Ngte or :&iscent,
will make immediate paymecnt,-'ofurthaerindnts
gence will not be given. ,
WILOpt 1F, At f