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THE EDEF D ADVERTISER,
Is rUBLisuED EvERY WEDNESDAr BY
W. F. DURlSOE, Proprietor,
A. SIMKINS& JOH.Y BACON, Editors.
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DoLLARS and FIrrY CENTS if not paid in six months
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as made for an indefinite period, anti will be continu
ed until all arrearages are paid, or at the option of
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ADvERTISEIENTS will he conspicuously inserted
at 75 cents per Square (12 lines or less) for the first
insertion, and 37 1-2 for each subsequent insertion.
When only published Monthly or Quarterly, One
Dollar per square will be charged. All Advertise
ments not having the desired number of insertions
niarked on the margin, will be continued until forbid
and eharged accordingly.
Those desiring to advertise by the year can do so
on liberal terms-it being distinctly understood that
contracts for yearly advertising are contined to the
immediate, legitimate hsiness of the firm or individu
al contracting. Transient Advertisements must be
paid for in advance.
For announcing a Candidate, Three Dollars, in
For Advertising Estrays Tolled, Two Dollars, to be
paid by the Magistrate advertising.
BosToN, Oet. 24, 1855.
FURTHER PARTICULARS OF MR. WEBSTER'S
LAST MOMENTs-His DYING WORDS,-We learn
from gentlemen just arrived from Marshtield,
that up to 10 o'clock on Saturday evening, 31r.
Webster continue I to fail very rapidly. Arous
ing from his lethargy at about 10 o'clock, his
countenance became animated, and his eye
flashed with all its usual brilliancy, when in full
health. He exclaimed-" I still live," and im
mediately sank into tranquil unconse iousness.
Between ') and 11 o'clock Mr. Webster re
peated distinctly, the words, " poetry-Gray's."
Fletcher Webster then repeated the first line of
" The curfew tolls the knell of parting day."
"That's it-that's it," said Mr. Webster.
The book was then brought and the whole
stanza read, which seened to give the dying
man much pleasure.
From 12 to 2 o'clock he manifested much
restlessness and slight sufferi ng. Faintness
also occurred, which led him to think that death
was near. While in this condition some ex
pressions fell from him indicating a hope that
his mind would remain to him to the last. Mr.
Webster also spoke of the difficulty of dying,
when Dr. Jeffries repeated the verse. "Though
I walk through the valley of the shadow of
death, I will fear no evil, for Thou art with me,
thy rod and thy staff they comfort me." Mr.
Webster exclaimed to this "The fact-the
fact-that is what I meant-thy rod-thy rod
thy staff-thy staff."
The close of his life was perfectly tranquil
and easy. Mrs. Webster was unable to witness
his last moments, and awaited the event in her
His bedside was surrounded by his son
Felcher Webster, Mr. and Mrs. Palue, Mr. Har
vey, Mrs. Levy, Edward Curtis, ir. Thomas,
Mr. Appleton, Drs. Warren and Jeffries, Mr.
Abbott, and Geo. T. Ctirtis. A few moments
after he expired, Mrs. Webster entered the
room to gaze upon the lifeless remains of her
bcloved pattner. The seene was painful be
yond description. Her grief gave utterance in
the most agonizing tones of sorrow. But it
were vain to attempt to mirror the scene. It
wais a picture never to be forgotten.
Those who saw Mr. Webster a few moments
after death state that though much changed, yet
there remaiin those characteristics of the great
man, as strong in death as they had been in life.
AEEIVAL OF THE NIAGARA.
Lmv.zu'rot, Oct. 16.
The demaind for Cotton in this market is
good, and prices have advanced an eighth of a
penny per lb., principally on the lower qualities.
Thesales of tho week have comprised 74,000
bales, of which specuilators took 26,000 bales,
and exotr 4.000, leaving 44,000 bales of all
descriptions to -thir- tade. The quotationspve
as follows: Fair Orleans 6 1-4, Middling Or
leans 6d ; Fair .Uplanid 6 1.4d, and Middling
Upland 5 3.4d..
Trade in the matnufacturinig Districts has
slightly improved since the departure of the
Europa on the 9th inst., the commerciaml atdvices
from India being regarded as favorable for nian
Western Canal Flour is qtuoted at from 2:14.
to 22s. 6d. per bbl. of 196 lbs. Yellow Corn is
worth 29s., and WVhite 30s. per quarter of 480
lbs. La'rd commands 62s. per ewt.
FRANCE.-Thme accounts relative to the tour
of Lewis Napoleon are most daizzling. Thme
speech lie delivered at Bordeaux has been pla
carded throughout Paris. Titles of high nio
bility, and a general amnesty four political of
fences is shortly looked for.
SrI.-The suibscrip; ion for the Spanish sol
diers wvho were wounided, amid the relatives of
those who were killed dturing the Lopez expedi
tioni, amntts to two hiundred :ttd eighty thou
ImAL.-Twenty-fo ur political prisoners have
been shmot at Sinigamgliat, a townm of Cenitral Italy
ini the P'apaml States.
HJomemsD.-WeC are informned, that a most
nfortunmate amid fatanl affray, occuirred in this
District, nea'r Cross Anebom'r, on Fridaty last;
resulting in the death otf Mr. Samnnel Gentry,
by a pistol shot from thme hand of Mr. Jeretiah
Strouad. Mr. Gentry survived but a short time ;
the ball having penetrated his breast. It ap
pears, that an altercation arose on a farm be
longinig to Isaae Stroud, Ott whlich, Langdon
Gentry, a son of Samuel Gentry resided, atbont
a division of thme crop, for the payment of rent.
Jerry Stroud, time brother of Iaac, had been
deptutised to levy on the proceeds of thme farm
to secure the portion due to Isaac Strotud.
Samuel Gentry, who lived about three miles otf.
was on the premises with his son Latngdon ; for
what pturpose, we know tiot. A violent dispute
arose betweeni the deceased timd Strotid, in.
which, as we are informed, the& former attempt
ed to resist by violenice the object of the war
rant. WVe do not feel at liberty to give further
particulars, as the unthappy oceurrenice, will be
duly investigated by law. Mr. Stroud has sur
rendered hiiself into thme harnds of the proper
LtEUTENANT PoRTER.-Tlie special corres
po'ndent of the New. York Hcratld sends the
fo'llowving despatch to- thant paper of dolnday
"Lieutenant Porter had an interview with the
Secretary of thme Navy yesterday. lie was, of
course, treated with great kindntess. The views
of the government, as given in my dlespath yes
terday, were laid dowvnand lie will be expected
to govern himself accordingly. II'e Will "iotI
return to the Crescent City, but will restume
the comnmand of the Georgini.- The Navy De
partment has no control over the formner vessel,
whilst the Georgia, to which Captain Potter is'
attached, and from which he was- mercly tem
poralty absent, is under the orders of the De
partmnent, It is considered proper that officeers
of the Navy should only be attached to sueh
ships as are-at the disposal of the Secretary of
the Navy-nearly all the mail steamers beinmg itn
L~ovEntOf' the'"'horrible" will read the' fol.
A.oMi Wlt.-Te Clamor Publico of
Madridl, has tin' f'oein from' Co-unnor aboet
the 6tb. " There has just been d'enounced to
the tribunal of this city, a mant who, upon his
own confession has been in thme habit of going
into the forest and killing and eatinng men, wo
men and children. He wits captured at Castile.
He has declared to the examining Magistrate
thait he had two accomplices, bclonging to Va
lencia, and that they carried on a trafice with
Portugatl for the fat of his victims. This hor
ible moonstes added that, he-had! kiIed-and~ eaten
is mother and sister."
ARRtVAL or LADIES iN CALIFORNIA.-A Ci.
fornia paper states that a large number of the
fairer sex have arrived at San Francisco. It
was the occasion of much felicitation in- thme
newspapers. r .
J'UDGE SirkRKEY,. 02 S. Consol at' Unvana,
arrived in New Orleans on Satumrday, and pro.
..,.mim to Uinana in the Empirc City yesterday.
EDGEFIELD, S. C.
WEDNESDAY NOVEMBER 3, 1852.
A good Compositor by making immediate applE&
eation to this Office can find a permanent situation.
To one who can work at both Ct andt Press good
wages will be given.
a7' "TErMPERANCE, No LICENSE" is unavoida
bly excluded this week by other articles having
Tom Minutes of the Edgefield Baptist Association,
are now ready for delivery, and the different Churches
comprising this Association are requested to send to
this Office for them.
MRS. HASSELLIS SCHOOL,
MRs. HASSELL, it will be seen, by her card of this
week, re-opened lier school for young Ladies, in
Coluimbia, ott Monday last. It is one of character
and celebrity, among the very first in the State.
MEETING OF HOME MISSION BOARD.
TnE Secretary of the Home Mission Board and
Book Depository requests us to state that there will
be a meeting of the Board on Tuesday after the
second Sabbath in this month at this place. The
members are requested to be punctual in their atten
dance. It is also requested that Reverend J. T.
PETERSON meet them at that time.
As we have now two first-rate Female Seminaries
in full progress and are expecting confidently that
our Male Academy will be supplied ably next year,
there may be some persons desirous of procuring resi
dences in our town or its vicinity for the advantage
of their children. If so, we would say to them read
the advertisement of Mr. To.mrPKvs in this week's
paper. There is a chance offered, which it would be
well to attend to at once, as he is determined to sell
and does not over-estimate the facilities and advan
tages of his place.
FINE SCHOOL IN THE COUNTRY.
WE call attention to the advertisement of the
"Abbey (reen Seminary" under the care of Miss
CHAPtms. From what we learn, this lady is admira
bly qualified for the position shie occupies. The situa
tion of the school is a delightful one, and the gentle
men, under whose patronage it is, will doubtless see
to it that evety thing about the Semicary is as it
hould be. We heartily recommend it to a liberal
simre of public favor.
SCOTT'S WEEKLY PAPER.
Tns large and popular faminily weekly journal, edi
ted dtfd pdtblsired ly A. Sc"-r-r, Corltiues to favor is
with its regular weekly visits. It is a literary paper
of high chatacter, and does credit to its competent
and talented editor. The typographical execution is
good and the style and variety of its contents are such
as will certainly please the most fastidione. Publish
ed in Philadelphia, at the moderate terms of $2 per
annum in advance.
THE ASiVILLE MESSENGER,
I', hate retermtly received; for exchangd; this ex
ceedingly *et coitdtnctd di4 nedtly tflrted sheet:
We are much pleased with the number before us
which contains several articles of unusual interest,
and we cieerfully place it on our exchange list. It is
edited and publishmed by James 31l. EDNEY, at $2 per
DEATH OF AN EDITOR.
Be thne last Anderson Adcocatcetee learn thme melan
holy intelligence that Mr. F. M. NoRats, Editor of
tie Anderson Ga:ette, departed this life onm Tuesday,
te 26th of October. The Press hmas lost in him an
able and courteous member, and his community, an
exemplary, active and usefuil citizen. Our sympaties
re with time relatives and imamediate fellowv-citizens
of the dceased. -
CAROLINIAN FOR THE SESSION.
TmE enterprising and talented Editors of time Caro
inimnm, Colummbia, proposes to furmnimsh thmeir valuable
sheet during thme Sesmion, at time following rates, post
age frec: For time Daily, $1-for time ri-Weekly, 50
cents. Thmese are very moderate terms, and we ad
vise thmose of our readers whmo wish to keep continual
ly and fully advised as to the proceedlings of ourL
gislatture, (whlich wtll doubtless he very interesting to
us all) to subscribe at once for tihe Sessiom Edition of
the C'arolinianm. We feel comnfdent imn guaranteeing,
on thme part of Messrs. JomnssroN and C~tvms, complete
satisfaction to all who may favor them by thme remais
sion of eithmer of the smahi sums above given.
HIGHLY DESERVED TRIBUTE,
W E give below some resolutions passed by the
Edgefield Baptist Association, at its recent session, in
reference to time wvithdrawal from its membhershmip of
otr aged and venterable fellow-citizen, time Reverend
WILumuM B. Jousxsos. Thmese resolutionms properly
indicate the high appreciation in whichm time sumbject
of thmem is held tyy thmat dlenotminatiomt of Chmrismians
with which lhe is unmitd. And as of them, so of thmis
commumity in general may it be said, timat thme esti
maion placed by thmem tupon time character and umse
fuless of Dr. JonssoN is as full and as heart-felt as
was ever bestawed upon any individual. For nearly
twenty years, he hmas been associated with us in thme
various relations of friend, neighbor, instructor of
youthm and preacher of time Gospel. In all of them
he has sustained time must unbiemishmed reputation.
In leaving us for his new hmome itn Anderson, he car
ries with him the wrarmest wishes of a large number
of friemmds and admirers. For ourselves, we feel as
sured that time loss oumr commnnity suistains by hmis
depature will be looked upon in days to come as a
far more serious one that it is even now regarded.
May He, who rule-s above all, go withm His aged ser
vant, and, whmen his time of service shmall he over,
may lie pass to thmat b~righmter htomne on high, itt time
full triumphs of famithm !-Thme following are time reso
lutions alluded to:
Whercas, In time Providence of Godi ouir beloved
Brotier W. B. JomnsoN, 1. D., hmas remnoved his mm-m
bership from our Association, and the Moderator's
Chair, whichm tie has filled so long amnd so faithfully,
be it therefore
Resolved, 'Thamt in the removal of oumr beloved
Brother, we have lost a mnost efficicent member of our
Resolved, That our most grateful acknowledge
ments are due hint for his enmntly useful services to
our Association, and that in leaving it he carries
with himi our undivided affection, amnd the best wish
c of ouir heart, for his future well"being here and
TiEcareer of Patur. Ju.tX, the youthful Violinist
now engaged with Madame SoNTAG, imas been really
am extraordinary one. As is usual withm men of great
genus lie has surmounted every obstacle, but very few
ineedl accomplish their ends at so early an age.
" His father," says time HlomeJournmal, " was a work
man in a cloth fuetory," and little PAUr., althmough
bora to the same avocation, was not destined to fol
low it. At time age of five years lie displayed a won
derful ear for music, whichm he clearly evincedi as well
by his apparent delighmt, as time regularity with whmichm
he kept timoe to-the different airs. His father obser
ving this determined to rlte linya perfect tnusician,
and accordingly placed the violin in isi youthful
hands. PAUL, was delighted with the- instutent,
pmrfectly devoted to practising, insommuch that his
iieihbous became exceedingly annoyed with his ef
forts and threatened- to break his violin over his head.
Thus commenced the career of thme most astonishing
performer extant. Shortly after this threat, which
exceedingly terrified poor PAUL., his father took him
to Marseilles, where he found himsetf and sont desti
tte both of money andI friendis, in fact actually
pinced with hunger and shivering withm cold. On
tme evening of the day of thmeir arrival they observed'
a'lare cr-owd and'embraed time opportunmity that then
for time first time afforded itself. "'The young artist"
(nays the same paper above referred to) " took-his po
sition and began to play. Every eye was fixed uporn
his pale engaging countenance, and- every ear teas
soon astonishmed at the power and comrrectneswr of f lii
sweet playing. Xt thie conce'usion of the piece he
was overwhelmed with applause.'' Some time after
this, PaUa.gained the first prize over seventeen cema
petitors at the Consertsztoire National at Paris.. He
. e.. -onyti.. .:. ... .a.. ...... y ,r o -.. .r n r....,rc
upon a violin of the commonest quality, valued at not
mbre than twelve francs.
After having passed this most important crisis in
his history, PAUL frequently performed at the Con.
certs in London and Pari, with so much success that
the most celebrated artists exclaimed, "There re
mains only for us to break our violins."
If it be true, according to the Roman Bard, that
fortune is always on the wing occasionally alighting
for a moment on the head of one and then on another,
we should say that she rested upon that of PAUL JU
LIEN with peculiar favoritism. Indeed he seems to
be now equal to the. most accomplished artists, and
gives every etidence of betoitfing the futtire Ole Bill
of the age.
DEATH OF MR, WEBSTER.
TtE rival of the wondrous three, the great compeer
of CALHOUN and McDUFFIE and CLAY, is no more.
Within the same arena, where while living he did
engaged Gladiator like with the immortal trio, and
where he had lived to see the mightest spirits fall like
leaves of the same tree, the " Godlike DANIEL" has
at length fallen.
On last Friday the remains of DANIEl. WEasTER
were consigned dust unto dust to its mother earth.
On that day America received within her soil ashes
which make it holier, dust which like that of AMc
DUFFIE, CLAY and CALHOUN, is even in itself an
immortality, names which like the four elements of
old might furnish rorth creation.
First McDuFrIz, the voice of empire and of war,
of the law, and of the State, instinct with the spirit
of nations and the passions of individuals, stamped
with the mark of an imperial and indignant declama
tion-ounding with all the thunders of the Godlike
CIcERo, and kindling with the Promethean fire of
DE.MosTuENEs-passed away, bowed, bent and ghast
'y withering ere his tine, how and why we know not,
" Nor can trace
Home to its cloud the lightning of the mind
But feel the shock, nor can eilace
The blight and anguish which it leaves behind."
Ne1t fell C.uLnous, the very embodiment of the
genius of his country, the grand Oracle of the Amer
ican Senate, the great revealer of the secrets of futu
rity. He that hath lingered where " calm as a slum
bering babe old ocean slept," until the orb of Heaven
seemed resting on the burnished wave and watched
the sinking sphere as it calmly disappeared, had seen
the death of CALuouN.
Within a short time after, America was again hears
ed in misfortune by the death of the "Great Ken
tuckian." To her the lines of Youso were then no
" Insatiate Archer! could not one sufice ?
Thy shaft flew thrice and thrice my peace was slain."
List week announced the death of the last of this
giant race-WEsTEa the admitted Proteus of the
talents of his illusitrious cotmpeers.
Ile was a being of no common order, his knowledge
and power and will, as far as is compatible with the
clay which clogs our ethereal essence, were such as
man hath seldom borne. Hiis aspiration and ambition
were far beyond the dwellers of the earth, l'ence he
struck less often than his great rivals the electric
chain with which we are bound ani seldom touched
the heart of the nation. That WEBSTER felt this in
hisi declining lays is evident. His heart "lone mur
mur of its baffled zeal," proved it but too plainly.
Of him may it not be said :
" This should have been a noble creature: he
Hath all the energy which would have made
A goodly frame of glorious elements,
Had they been wisely mingled."
Peace be to his ashes.
When contemplating the death of such men as
these, how innumerahle the thoughts that throng the
busy mind. The first grave dug for mortality could
not have been more pregnant with lessons of morali
ity, nor taught more plainsly the tutter worthslessness of
man. At such a time we are indeed taught that
" Pallidla mors aeqsuo puilsat pede patiperum tabernas
reguam queturres"-that they wvho know the moist must
mourn thse deepest o'er the fatal truth, that knowledge
is not happiness, and that
" When all i wvon that all desire to woo,
The palty prize ts hardly worth the coat."
But their names are such as cannol pass away, nor
mnst their deedsdeea.soon forgotten-although dleadt
they are *' the M Ned6d*ereigWwho sstl-fig
odr spirits froma their urns."
Hard by thse tombs of McDUFFIE, and CALI.N
and CI.A y let the mighty WrssTza sleep. Beneath
the soil whsic~h they loved so well let them rest well,
hallowed by all that is etndenring in social or domes
tic charities, immortal wviths virtue and gensius, and
blessed with public reveration and imperishable re
nown. Of thema let the line " The evil whsich men
do lives after them, thme good is interred with their
bones," be reversed. Iot their turf be ever green,
let monuments and heaven directed spires mark the
spot where lie their uriouldering bones, upon their last
sad resting place, let the refreshing dews of sorrow
ever descend, whlile moturning youths and lovely mai
dens (leck with wveeping flowvers and votive Cypress
wreath the lone couch of thseir everlasting sleep. If
thse deaths of CATo was called "nobiile lethsum" and
Baurus and Casstus were honored as " ultimi Re
manorum,," let America hallowv well the spot where
the bones of her mighsty sleep, let patriotism wreathe
the laurel aroundl their brow, andI genius raise its
monument over their ashes.
FOR Til. ADvERtTisERt.
Mr~ssats. EDIrons :-At the last meeting of the
Board of Comsmissioners of Free Schools for Edge
field District, the following Preamble and Resolu
tionis were passed ansd I was requested to publish
thtem in the next issue of your paper. The Comn
Imisioners will feel obliged to you by coniplying
with thseir wish. Yours respectfully,
R. T. .M1MS, Clerk of Loard.
WHiEREAs, We the Cotmmissioners of the Free
Schools for Edgefield District, feel that it is the duty
of every free white nman who has attained the full
age of twenty-onie years, to pay into thme Trenisury
somuethting towardls thme support of thme Governettt.
Atnd whtere.as, tunder the present system thecre arc
nmany persons who pay nothing to the support of
Government who enjoy all the privileges and ore
under thme same protection that every tax paying
citizen is. Theref~oro
Resolved, That the Commtissioners of the Free
Schtools for Edgefield District, petition the next
Legislature to pass an Act requiring every free
white man, who has attainied the full age of twenty
one years, to pay a Poll Tax.
Reaolred, That this Board recommend to similar
Boa'rds to take into consideration this matter and to
unite with this Board in petitioning for the sante.
Resolved, That these resolutions be publishmed in
the Advertiser, andI tha~t all papers in the State, fa
vorable to the object, be requested to copy thetm.
Font THlE ADvERTIsER.
MEsans. Eunrrtts :--Now that our elections are
over and there is a quietus given to both candidate
anud the people, I proposo to give some few sugges
tions, through the medium of your paper, to those
six representatIves wlso hlave been chosen as the
exponents of the will and wishes of us, the people,
whose servants, for the term of their office, they are.
Ihaving been somewhat anticipated upon a subject
which, as k conceive is, of vital importance to us all,
I still adhere to rmy former deterumination of bring
ig it directly to the consideration of our delegation
to the legislatture, andi through them, if possible, to
the consideration of that body. I mean the legality,
equity and actual necessity of a poll tax.
It hsas been said of South Carotina, "Ithat shte
knows miore, probably, of our federal legislation than
any othser State, while at the same time ese knows
less about hniediate State Icgislation.Vi TIo what
extent thsis charge may be true I will not now stop
to enquire, but come directly to the support of tlhe
position that it should be the law of the land that
every tmember of society should contribute some
thing to'the support of tihat government, whose pro
teting armi is extended .oVer' him,-and from whose
bosom hte dt'aws hsis daily support.
There is a large ol'as~s of men, who' own~ bat few
shves-the property epon which most of our taxes
are .i. m.l-n' a1,ht'twg comparativelv tialcien
to him, yet he -in bound to vy tax upon his
property, while his non'i ding neighbor in
many instances makes moreIr. profit by his pur
suit than the man with a 9la *o.
Now I put this question - cunscientious
man, whether or not this stat hings should exv
ist. Money, we all knowris presentatiie of
property, yet in many eases through whose
hands a large proportion of rulating medium
passes, pay not one cent dure qtjo the support of
Goverament. heing in 1a *ect aliens, they
freque:ai grS shops and cn thabits of dissipa
tion. Viewing tiie tiperAtinof'the license fine
thiough this channel, they, "' y it leat, pay a
heavy tax, but unfortunately - State she re
ceives but little of it. I haveb been informed by a
tavern keeper of Yangee cutenes that neither le
nor his spirits paid a cent of i l.eense money re
quired by the Government but that lie made
money through its operations by the addition of
water enough through the yeato, more than balance
accounts of the State vs. grog shop.
In tl, particular case, thenj.(and there may be
other parallkI cases for ought I'know) the State
nust be held nenable for t.ing water. What!
the State tax water! No, tiis. eharge cannot be
maintained, but through the opfrations of its taxing
arrangement, I hold it to- be i-self-evident proposi
tion that those very persons tliat should pay a rea
sonable direct tax to the State, pay an enormous
tax to the man of the grog shop -
There az rebellious spirit implanted in man,
which, if aroused, whether byAirect assault upon
his person or an infringement upon his rights, will
find expedients to repel the one and evade the otlier.
ience -the necessity of coming. right home to the
patriotism of the non-slaveholding man in the shape
of a poll tax, instead of getting at his change by
means of a grog shop; for it .,must be apparent to
even a superficial obseiver that such men most fre
quently spend their money quite freely at such places.
Having but small families, and frequently none,
whose necessities in so genial a. clime as ours are
easily supplied, ani being by the operations of our
government isolated beings h iegard to the support
of that government, it is not at all wonderful that
there is a greater ratio of druikards among the non
taxpaying part of the.community. Raise his moral
standing to an equality withflie millioniare-let him
know that his mother knows him, and expects at his
hands a portion of her support, and I have no hesi
tation in saying that, in five. years time, the moral
bearing of the State will 1a advanced twenty-five
More perhaps, at another-tine.
FOR TnE ADERTisF.R.
LICENSE IN EDG!| D VILJAGE.
MIussas. EDoaos:-Eithei the' illegibility of my
hand or the perversity of your Devil, one or both,
very much misprinted the last number of " TEurER
ANCE DUT LicENsE." Every writer is apt to suppose
that the produce of his bsains is good sense, and
to lave it misprinted into bad sense is provoking
but to see it distorted i o non-sense is actually out
rageous. Howeveri :17nreadily excuse the mis
prints by the bad hand and absence of the author tc
correct the proofs, together ith the hurry and bus
the of your ofiee to give a erowded place to the nit
merous advertisements and multiplying communica.
tions, which demand dnission into your columns
So if you will say nothiang~f the frequency, lengtli
and iflk-gibility of nmy artiefs, I will no further coi
plain of your unavoidable misprints..
I leave endeavored briec .and imperfectly to shon
that the necessity of stimn*is all powerful ovea
nana, r at least, that, he4 ~ use stimuli, wheihei
the necessity, or per'ver of his nature be the
cause. That as respects, nor, Tea and Coffee, he
will use them lawfully, if: ean, but forcibly and by
.smugglinmg if he..m -ow Je-t us take a briel
iarv~y of ToliEb, ?Id -Onnbht!!!svhlehi
as well as Tea and Co ee 'are th'e first cousins o
Liquor, if not'the yoi:nger brothers and sistes n
warrant, we shall fix1, iht h ersl hnu
always attended opposition to them, that las inva
riably followed, the er~dii against the excitinmg
beverages, namely, a complete rout of horse, feol
ad dragoon, whether the.Legislature, or society, oa
both have waged the war.
Tobacco was first introduced into England ii
1586, by Rmr.Gu ad other young men of fiaashion
A t Arst it was thought to'admainister onaly to a friv-o
Ions gratification, and its growing use was checerfully
allowed, not only in England, but on the Coentine-nt
where its consumption spread nmost rapidly. Bu
some chemist soon discovereed that Tibaicco, whmer
distilled, yields an essential oil, on which its virtue
depends, that is a virulent poisen. This raisel a
great clamor against an article, a taste for whie-h
had diffused itself amongst all classes of soeciety
with a-tontishing rapidity, and which had given birdl
abinost iantetancously to a new and lucrative branel
of commerce. Ihence J~Axs I, In obedience to lii
own conviction and the -wishaes of many of his sub
jects, attempted by repeated Proclamations, couched
in very strong terms, and by argumentative publica
tions, to prove the deleterious eflicts of Tobacco, te
restrain its use, but all in vain. Iliis efforts only
gave an impetus to its consumption. The Popes o
Rome, tried also, but to no purpose, to discour age
the use of Tobacco,.and UnANa VIII. went so far it
the indulgence of his indignant, but impotent wrath
as to issue a bill, so early as 1624, inflicting the
awful and then terrible punishment of Ezeonmmuni
cation againast those whao should smoke in Chaurches
Teobacco plant, land been early introduced iinte
England and were found to answer remarkably
well, but their cultivation was prohibited by .Jaxr
[, and afterwards by CuiaaLEs J, apparently heowevet
wvithout efre-t, till the governament financiers cann
to the assistance of the Crown in 1643, when th<
Lords and Commons, in order to raise fievenue
imiposed a moderate duty on- imported Tobacco
while without directly prohibiting the productioia o
natire Tobacco thecy burdened it with suech heavy
duties as it was supposed would occasion its culture
to be abandoned. But the fiacility with which thest
heavy duties were evaded, soon convinced the Re
publican leaders, that more vigorous measures were
necesrary to stop the cultivation of it at home, and
consequently to render the imiportation of foreigi
Tobacco a source of Revenue. Therefore for Re-ven
ue alone, though other reasons were assigned for il
at thme time, Parcliament passed an A ct in 1652, pro
hiib:ting the growth of Tobacco in England, order
ing all Tobacco plantations to be destroyed and ap
pointing commissioners to see the provisions of that
law carried into efieet. This accounts for the agri
cultural anomaly of England, Ireland and Scotland
not producing a pound of Tobacco, notwithstandina
their soil and climate arc almost as well adapted tc
its cultivation as are those of Maryland and Virginia
But what has been the effect of British Legisla
tion, which not only prohibits the cultivation of To
baceo at home, but which has imposed at various
times a duty of from 600. to 1200 per cent ad calo
vra on foreign Tobaco? Why sbout one-fourtA
part of the Tobacco consumed in England and Scot
land and mRore thans ghree-fourths of that used ir
Ireland are supplied by the smuggler. The exorbi
tant duty being at once-an incentive to his geniut
anad invention, a spur toshis energies and a prenuiumi
to indemnify hint for' his rialks. Mr. Poome-r
TuossrN~ in his able speech on the taxation of the
Empire int 1830,.when urging a reduction of the
duty on Tobacco, said :," Ihave heard it stated, and
I have the fact.upon the best authority, that numbers
of vessels are constantly leaving the ports of Flush
ing, Ostend &c., sarrying contraband Tobacco to
this country. It is a fa't which was established in
evidence before a cmamittee of this House, that s
trenty cargoes of Tobacco containing 3,644,000
pounds were smuggled ina one year on the coast of
Causeway alone." From what cause, I am unable
to say, but it is a friet that our Tobacco pays only a
trifling duty in Denmaik, Holland and Belgium, or
In the free ports of Bremen, I1amburg and Lubee,
whence it is mostly smuggled into the other portions
of Europe by both sea and land.
I prom:sed to dwell in detail on smuggling and
tiddlteration of stintili, caused by unwise and unjust
opposition to them, for which, there are abundant
materials in fadte tu be artayd and principles to be
developed, but I fenia, MIssIs. EbiTos, that the
patience of your tenders is beteming exhausted, aid
therefore, I will only reassert that these two erines
which figure so eanspicuously ih modern timies fire
for the rAnist part confircs tu sthiuli, and [ engage
to riake geid that asAertion whenever it is diputed.
i cannot hiwever fdrbear in this connexion to say
somethirig of one ingenious device resorted to in
France to smuggle Tobacco and other articles, as
publibatiois hostile to the Government into that
changing Kingdom, Republie, Anarchy, Empire and
Of tourse it is difficult to pass a scat frontier, pro
teetell by fortifenationse, a coast guard and :an efficient
Custo-house establishment, nevertleless it is habit
ually atid regulatly done, by during and professed
smugglers of responsibility, who daily visit the Ex
changes in England and France and contract for a
premium far less than the duty upon tL.em, to de
liver stimuli, or other artiel:s at any point within the
area of either Kingdom. And thiough tt is much
less difliedlt to qmuggle Along a land frontier, yet it
is not unattended with danger even t.-re, as the ne
cessity for the following device will show. By th's
it may be seen that the people in the Northern and
Eastern parts of France d tot snuggle Tobacco
themiselv es, but that they do it through ho:-ses and
dogs. The plan of using horses was entirely sup.
pressed in I-25, but it is done now by manas of
large dogs, which are selected, raised and trained
for the purpose. These carrier dogs are conducted
in packs to the foreign frontier, where having been
kept without food for ntany hours, they are beaten,
and laden and started upsrn their travels at the be
ginning of the night. It is siald that they do mouch
mischief to agricultural property, by taking the most
direct route across the country tip the abodes of their
masters, which are generally selected at two or three
leagues froim the frontier where they are well treated
and supplied with food. They often go mad from
the tornments of ft;igue, hunger zand ill-usage, which
they aeceive at the hands of their mtasters, and by
being hunted in all directions by the custom-house
officers, whom they are also trained to attack in
case of interference. An officer died of Ilydropho
bin imparted by the bite of onie of these dogs in
l829. Not more than one dog in seventy-five is
destroyed, even when notice has been given and the
dogs are expeeted, so thoroughly are they skilled in
their dishonest habits. A single dog frequently car
ries from twenty to thirty pounds weight and it is
said by Mesrs. ViLLtERs & BowIito in titeit fRe.
port on Smugglig, that as mneh as 5,000,000
pounds Tobaceco, Cotton Twist &c., his0 thus been
imported into France in one year. In the neigh
borhood of Dunkirk dogs have been captured with
burdens worth $200.
Such is the practice emplaycd to get Tobacco in
France, where, though the Government has a coin
plete monopoly of the Tobacco trade, yet it is still
not near so highly taxed there, as it is in Eng'and,
which leavies three times as much duty upn1 it. as
any nation oil the Globe. Inideed, as I have said
before, England sceems to take advanta;;e aaf the imi
perious necessity whieh actuates man to use stitu
hus. Her annual Revenue is about $225,000,0O00
of which, to say naothang of thle immense inicome ot
the East Indlia Company front Opiunm, Tobacco pays
$l5,000,000, Tea $20,It00,00, Coffec $3.000,000
and Spirits, including Wine, iluops and Mialt, th<
astoniishing sum of $73,000,000, mnakintg a tuotal o
$111 ,000,000, paid by these four stimuli n'one, it
the form of duties, asiude from the' addlitionall tas
of Excise License, whichb amiontts perhaps to tw<
or three maillioun more. Thtus more thani half of fin
Revenlue of the British Emipire is now derived frion
these four stimali, some of which site has sought it
her folly mnore than onice to destroy. She hans not
only triced to pr1event the use by her subjects o:
Cotye~e, Tobacco and Spirits, but she has endleavuored
to destroy their vecry existened as articles of Comi
meree and fitnding that she could not, has learnted
that they are good subjects for taxation.
Is it noct stranige that after this result of two hun
dred years of British legislton uponi thle subject ot
stimuli, that SouthI Carolina will not heed such ex.
perienc, by taxing Liquor sand grantlng license tui
whtomisoever desires it, but muist needs imintate Maine
Massachusetts and. Rhode laland, her worst enteis
in their futile attempjt to prevenlt the use or destroy
the existence aof Spirits. I h~ave yet sonie confi
dence, that the i egislature of ottr be'lovedl lithle
State will remsemlber this, when*s the W.11 eambodauyn
the .Ma'ne Liquor Law 's proposecd for their canal
deration, as it w11li e no doubt full saoon, and I fur
thecr hope, that they will abolish the odious feature
in our present De~nse laws, wvhich gives power to
the Coiii'nsoners of floa anal thme Town Council
of every petty corporationi in the State, to grant aor
refuse lictise in ther sup~remse diseret'on. Such dis
cretion ought at least to be taken from fthe Coutt
[louse Corparatimns, which are but little better thati
local tyrannies emibodhyinug Legislative, Judicial and
Executive coantrol over this ma:ter. The Court
Houses in this agrieuttural country arc public proper
ty, and the Farmiers who ascimble at thieni, mhhoul
never bedebarred the right to drink in grog aliops it
they chooose. It is much more imnportanlt, that a Bar
Floom shoutld be open here, than ten niiles dist~it
in the suolitude of niature. I cannitot quit this branch
of the subject without doitng the Conissioners uai
Roads thle justice to say, that I have nuever hesad
anj' cathplaint against thenm in afhy quarter of South
Carolina. They seem everywhere to act like mien
of sentse anal liberality ill gra~nting license to any one
whlo pays thle tax and gives the bond,
England by such heavy taxation of Stinruiig a.
abovre stated, anad especially by pirohlib:ting the en'ti
vation of Tobacco wvithlin the limt:ts of thc Urdited
Kingdom, which is so well adlapled to its growth,
would seem to imitate the Emperor of Russia in his
treatment of the ,Jewvs. It is well known that the
children of Isae I were universally acknowledged to
be the best toasters of Ftiaance t1l1 they were beaten
in this departmtent of kntowlcedge by the Yankees,
and wherever you find one of these people, even
now, he is apt to have a mint of treasure hoarded
int his cofi'ers. It is equally well knownt thtat a Jew
is required by the law of Mose, accordlang to his
interpretation of it, to wvear at lesast some beard.
Well this same Emperor, than whom there is not a
wiser bead in Europe on or olE the Throne, know
ing this fact, has taken ad vantage of this unfortunate
race, by imposing a heavy tax on beards anad estab
lishing an office called the Registry of Beards, where
an annual tax must be pail and an annual permit
obtained to wear beard1 or otherwise the otflender is
severely flogged. Thus the law of Moses and the
law of the Emnperor are equally bindinig, andl lutst
both be obeyed. Just so is tte haw of nture re
quiring the use of stimtulus, anad the law of England
and France reqthiring heavy duties upon that stimnu
Ius equally binding, but as nature is stronger than
mere humtan authtority hencee thte smugglng, or
open deliance of governmtenut, whenever it attemtpts
to stop the use, or destroy the existence of stimuli.
As there is not space to dispose of Opium andl
Gamblsintg fairly in this nntber, I must postpone the
consideration of them till next week., But a few
more words on Tobacco, before I close this long ar
tiele, whose best merit say be its length, supplying
the place of depth. Anti-Tobaeco societies have
been started in this coutntry and even in England.
The injurious ell'eets of the weed are daily proclaim
~cal y h pkapern an.1 not a nnhblention issues from
the press on tedicine or any of its kindred seiences,
but teems with phillippies against it: 'et what
good has it done? Is not the use of 'Tobacco now
more universally di'used among mankind, than even
that of Liquor itself? especially snoking which is
practised everywhere in America, Euroipe, Asia,
Africa and the Islands of every ocenn. The rich,
the poor, the grave, the gay, the leartied and un
Ilearned sinoke. In TUrkey, Iadin, Oceutnien an
ch:n:n, the females inhale the fragrant steam as much
as the men and in the latter country every female of
eigtht and nine years of age, has as an appendage to
her dress, a stmnhl si!ken purse or pocket in which
to carry her pipe and tobacco. I have even such an
orn:tment in South Carioina, but of coutrse Tea is
the favorite stimulus of Ameriean and Englih la
dies, while the French, Spanish and other European
women are rather oriental in their tastes. It is true
that in England Siuni' is the favorite form of using
Tobacco, but even there, smoking consumes more life
and health than does Brandy. It is ho)wever in
America which is the only cotntry that exports To
bacco in any quantity and where its use is necessible
to all, that the same individual may be frequently
seci smoking, clewing and snuffing. Ilow often
do we see the death of a child even, recorded in our
newspapers with the followitg remark iubjoined
"supposed to be occasioned by escessive sntoking."
And I repeat, Messrs. EDTors, that it is American
Tobacco more than anything else that is promoting
Amerien temperance. This noxious weed is peo
pling eternity for us as fast as ever Runt did; but as
we are spared the intoxication of the latter, let us
welcome its subst:tute. I know many men who are
hastening to the grave fron excessive indulgence in
the use of this weed. They know it too yet they
cannot desist. The taste for it has mingledi with
their blood and grown in their flf'sh, till ilte thirst
to use it is as unquenchible as that of Liquor itself.
How oftent do we hear men who are s!aves to Tobae
eo thetselves, counsel -others, and particularly boys,
against the usc of it, and when asked why they do
not cease to indulge, what is their answer but tlie
drunkards and Ov's melancholy sentiment so
" I know the right, approve it too
Enow the wrong. still the wrong pursue."
TEMlPERANCE BUT LICENSE.
AMRICAN ARTIsrs AnnOAD.-A correepon
dent of the New York Mirror is travelling in
Holland, and writes as follows from the Hange:
' Passing through Rotterdam, the other day, I
saw a good .ized building, tpon which was
written in large letters: " Panorama of the
IMisissippi!" I thought it wouldti't. (10 to pass
by otn the tither side, and so I went itt to see
this part of my country, whih was situnted just
then in Holland? I found Mr. Lewis, who
painted, and is now exhibiting, the p:toramt, a
tirst rate American, and as friendly as possible.
"I have made the acquaintance, at ithe Hague,
(if a young artist, -namted Johnson, who hails
fron Washintgton, though originally from " w:ty
down east. 'he Is a good felltow, and a eapital
artist-if I might judge front the first rate pie
.tures I saw in his ntelier. Oe in particular,
reprepsentting a Jew boy, hams attracted some at
tention here among artists, and another cnlled
"The Gamblers," recently purchased by In
Englishman, has been spokei very highly of itt
tIte Dutch journals. His friend, lignot, from
Charleston, S. C., is also a talentied voung
painter, and leaves soon for New York."
So.ME little excitemtent was exhil-ited in-our
town ont Friday last, oensioned by the depar
ture ot sotte thtirty-thtree free tnegroes for
Liberia. Th'ey comtprise five fatmilies all of
L-tnenster District. Jaeobs, the pitineer of thtis
-batnd. ha~s alwvays sntttined an une.;:eptioniable
character for probity an~d honesty, and his loss
is regretted by utminy; however, they seem to
tintk Liberia is the pinete for thtem, and tto
doubt it is, and we wiltshtIl other fre ttegroes
would fosllowv, Jacobs and Ihis party will be
shipped fronm Wilmitngton N. C., 1y thec Coloni
zation Society. ___
~ TT is with pytht ne htave to stale that Prof. G.
HI. Derwti-t, whose fiitsiegdl at ttiitnnents,. with
thtose hf la's intere'stintg fatmily', wiere employed
for-ottr entertainttmetnt during last wititer and
sprintg, died yesterdlay at hits rteiee tn thits
city. is family w~ho have been so severely
viste'd, antd who igtve been so soddenly berentv
ed of' their fond relative antd natuiral protector,
ha~s the wartm sytmpatthy of outr cotmmtunity.
[Chtarlestotn Evening News.
DEMAND Folt MECHiANCS.-Thtere is mntet
wvork to do in'anttd ahout the town of Spartan-.
burg,nntd 'therrt is tnt half' workmen etntughi to
do it. Sonte good tmei'-hanies, we thittk, would
(10 wvell to eutme anud see itto the mattter. Car
pentters :tre especially nteeded. Dwelling houses
arc qutite scaree-there will be gin inerensed de
mntd ttext v'enr. Sotte twenty or thirty smalI
comnforttbb'- dwelling htouses ought now to be
builditng. Whto will go a t it ?--Catrolinta Spartan.
BliTTEr.-Dutring the paust week itpwards of
twenty thonusgand pounds of butter girrived at
Georgetown. D. C., int wagons, atndl met withI
readhy atles at frotm $18 to $:20 per htundredt
ORDER OF THE SISTEISS OF CHAnRT.-A
writer in one of our Northiertn exchanttges, gives
the folloiwing brief' sketch of this useful and
bentevohent associatiot, in correctioni of an garti
ele which appeatred in the laimtore Sunt, giving
a tmore recetnt date to the foundation of this
*The Order of. the Sisters of Charity (some
ilmes called int France Les Filles de St. Vincent
de Pa;ul) wvas founided hv St. Vincent or Paul,
wh'lo lived in the reitrn o'f Lotis 13th, Kinig oif
France. H~e also 'founided the Order of the
L'azarists, wvhich ait the present day counats
amtotng its mnemibers M1. Hue, whose book of
travel- you have cottitnended so highly. The
Order of the sisters of Charity was tirst estab
lished ini this coutntry aboutt foirty four y'ears
aigo,nnid t hat is whtat thle correspondent oif the
liahitmore Sunt musttt hiave meanit, but it had
originatted antd been in continuttous5 existence for
more thtan a centtury preious.
AEnICANs AT ST. Doutzsso.-The Royni
Gazette notices the arrival at the city of Santo
Dominigo, from the Untetd States, on the 23d
of Atugust, of Colotnels Fergusson anid Piekett,
to enter into prclinuintaries for thte inttrodttction
inito Sainto D~omingo of four or five thtousanid
A meriean immigrants.
IN six passages masde by' the United
States mail steatter Atlatie between Liver
pool and Newi York, such has beetn their
regularity thrat the greatest diffeCrene has
beeni five hours, the lonigest passage having
been 10 days,'7 hours antd 80 mitnutes.
CO0DIDE R0I A L.___
Correspondence of the Advertiser.
IIAM111URG, Oc-r. 30th, 1S5'2.
Corro.-Our market throughout the week htas
been characterized by a dull anid depressed state of
feeling. A t the opening of the week prices were a
full 4 cent highter thtan could be obtained about thte
middle and latter part-when advices were received
from Liverpool which relieved the miarket to some
extent frotm her depressed state. The receipts still
cotintUe to increasec; this weeks beintg much heavier
than any previous one this season. On Thursday
the estimate was about 1200 bgilcs, principally all of
which were sold.
The planters appear to be pleased with our market,
anti many say " IInmiburg is the market, Rail-Road
We quote our market to-day at $ to 9.} cents;
principle sales Sj to 0 cents.
We have heavy stocks of every article in the
SALT is selling at $1.75 per Sack, and on the de
Thcon is plenty andi selling from 11 b to les cents,
owing to quantity.
n...ur.. owt ,'ontii~ 1he. L.
Among the many who are daily called upon to
leave tl:s world, there is occasionally to be found
one whose memory is truly deserving of record,
Such we beieve was Mfr. MARY G. AnaMs, late.
consort of Wim. U1. Adams,
She departed this life on the 5th ult., at their
residence on Little Ilorse Creek, Edgefield District,
S. C., in the 58th year of her age. At the early age
of 15 she professed a hope in Christ, and was bap
tised by Rev. Amos Dub.,is, at Bethany Chureb, in
which her father. John TIAgnyer, was deacon.
Fromin that time to her death she srstained an un
spotted Christian character, marked by uncommon
meeknee and gentleness of disposition. For the
last several years she was a member of the Granite
ville Baptist Church, where she held the undivided
utl'etious of the people. Durina the courseof the
paiiful aund lingering disease, of 12 years standing,
which finally ended her life, sie maintained a ccn
slant cheerfulness and resignatife of spirit, havint
lier conversation " truly" in Ieaven. The word of
God was her constant companion, which during this
time she read through regularly every year. - The
dates when she finished the acred pernsal each
year were recorded in the Family Bible; which show
from their being of almost the same time, that.her
course of realing must have been a systematie and
daily one. With such preparation death could have
no terror to her, she found the last great enemy
vanquished, and calmly and peacefully she fell
asleep in Jesus. T.
From the V. S. Cath-,:e Miscellany.
It was w~tli feelings of sircere regret that we
heard a few days since of the decease of Mrs. Ben'r,
of Edgefield District, an estimnble lady. and one of
the first converts to our IJoy Tteligion htaEdgefield
District. We insert the fillowing Obituary notie
of the J .ceased, communicated by a friend from the
Dim on the 7th instant. aged about 40 year, at
her r..sidence near Edg,-field Court House, S. C.,
Mrs. ExiLy ELIZABETn IFoT, the lamented wife of
Dr. John I larwood Burt. The subject of this no
tice was, for the last two years. a convert from
Prot stanism to the Catholie Chureb, which she
exerplifie!d by her practical piety, in union with
her husuand and children, and a few friends-al
converts to our holy fiith.
Mrs. Burt was, indeed. one of those who needed
not the adorning of artife'al efibrt; her demeaner,
her m..dest and unconscious merit were huch a as
afectation could bestow. A dignified simplicity
and! ease of manner, which many of her sex only
attain after the fever excitement of the world has
passed away, was her's as a natural gift. A sound..
mind, open to conviction. enable-] her to recognize
the truth, when she read the exposition and defence
of the all-absorlbing and all-important Catholio
question ; and the grace of God enabled her to
overcome her early preju-lices. renounce her former
errors in relg:on, and unite herself with the One
True Church which her Blessed Redeemer " built
upon a rock," (Math. 16, 18) and which he con
manded mank'id to " hear." under the exeluding
penalty, of h.-ing to im " as the heathetn Md pub
lican." (Math. 18, 17.)
The blessing which the true religion imparet,
sanctified her many v:rtues, and made her domestic
e:rele n 1ttle paradise, and all her associates joyae
and happy. In a neatly finhied Chapel, connected
with her dwelling, she daily poured forth her aspi
rations to Go.. There she humbily approached
the tribunal of penanee: there she received the
life-giving Flesh of her Saviour, whose sufferings
were mirrored before her eyes, in the Crucifixion
over the Altar. Indeed, as in olden times, the yr
mates of this happy home, seemed more like a
reigions community than a private family. Deep
is the regret of the Missioner, on losing this deseted
member of his floek. But., as lie has #aid " what
is oir temporal loss, is her eternal gain." And
we will not hare you ignorant, brethren, conceriing
them that nre asleep. that you be nowt sorrowful,
evei as others who hate tio hope." (-1 Thess.
11cr love of Goil and truth predominated over
all intervening obstacles She did not suspend a
benmt fronm her left hand, and weigh in human
sek-a-hef worldly interest, her popularity-the
misrepresentations, the cnlumnies, the " all manner
of evil unjusty sai'' of the faith she was about to
adopt. She did not weigh these against her own
conseee, and against the words of her Saviour."
What doth it profit a mian, if he gain the wlee
world, and suiffer tihe loss of his own soul? Or
what i.xchiange will a man give tor his soul? Matlf.
16, 26.) No, she made no such nice enieulatio.
no such unworthy barter of her immortioul.
A t peace writh God and man. she was prepared
for the chasteniing trials of her lnst siehness, whiel.
sihe endnred with wonsefl patience and resigna
tion to the will or her henvenly Fatier. Consoled
by the attendhanes of her Pastor, and fortified by
the Sneramnits, which shte so worthily received,
she felt, . nxious to give expression t her inward
conivctionus, and to imupart them to othets. Suir
rounded by severni Protestant relatives and frienis,
she avowed hier abiiding Iaith, n bade thems tell
her absent Mither-" that she was now more than
ever a Cathiolie."
in all this.'howv truly has she realize~d to herself
the teaching of the Chief .Apostle of Christ, wvhom
T e tmade the head of his Church on earth;t for
whiom lie prayed th~at his faith fail not, and whom
Hle e-imandedl to " confirm his brtre. (Luke,
22. 82.) She was indeed the faithfulebiil of St.
Pter. She has chiaritaibly comip!ied with his ad
moin'tion ever since her conversation, and more es
rceinliy, as ablove, a few hours before her death.
"Sane'tify the Liird .Tesns Christ in your. hearts,
being re ily always to satisfy every one that askceth
yo u a reasoin of that hope wvhichi is in you." [1
Peter. 3, 15.1
With the fire'ghit of a prndent Christian, she did
not flirget the interests andl the ties that bound her
to her, sorrowing husband. nil to her children. for
whose Catholic education she gave directions. She
comnunienteid her wvishies in a manner worthy of
such a wife andl such a mother;t and seemedl anxious
to infuse, with her last breath and dying words, her
own Catholic spirit into their hearts, and to embalm
it in their tears. This lesson atid example will no
doubt be da'lv remembered and revered, until they
likewise shall be summoned by death, before the
Tribunal of the Great .Tudure, who " will render to
every man according to his works." [3Math. 16,
The lImrial ceremony was performed in the Cha
pel, and the Priest accompanied her remains to her
famnily burial ground, oinly a fewv miles away. It
was a b:-nutiful elevateid grove, nd though a noon
day sun poured dlown his rays. the mulhitude were
protected hv the favoring shade, Every eye was
rvited on tihe Prie.st, wvhen lie put on his surplice.
Many of the good people had never seen a Pastor of
the Mother Church before.
lie spoke of the melancholy occasion that brought
thiemr togrether. lUe referred to the mercies of God
to fallen mian-to the promise of a redeemer, who
assumei iiur nature, and who redeemed the worlfd,
wichl nteither man or ane couhl do. Hie proved
by His miracles an.! works that lie was the inecar
nate Cod of Ileaven, andl that were lie not so, ae
somne assert, that mankind wvere still children of
wrth, and! could never enter heaven ;and that the
Bible, which wve revere as the inspired word of
God, in that case, would be only a mere human
docunent, and could prove nothing. Having re
moved these infidel notions, he then showed the
mercies of the Saviour, in continuing a middle state,
for those, wvho though redeemed, might nevertlie
less expire-defiled by veiah sin.
Durintg an hour, he sustained this dectidrte, and
proved it., I trust, to the conviction of maniy,Mwho
bef ore, were only familiar with the gosatp that
Priests prayed souls out of Purgatory for money !
He then spike of the virtues of the departed
Christians, and expressed the firm hope, that not
Purgatory, but the Kingdom of Heaven, was the
abode of her immortal soul. He next blessed the
grave, and lcft his attentive hearers to think lotr
theselves, and weigh before a just God the doo
tries they had heard.
Ual tho deceased been a tinmid creature-fearful
to take up her cross and follow Christ, who could
respect her ? But no, shte embraced It. and like the
Apostle, she gloried in it. Nobly and fearlessly
has she obeyed'the injunction of St. Paul: "-Prove
all thinus; hold that whioh is good." (1 Thess., 5,
2.] The nunibers who sympathised with her in
len sickness, and the multitude who accompanied
her remains to the grave, .respected her memory.
Every man of honor, every lady who thinksa for
herself, will revere the sacred rights of conseseces
and willl admire hecr~principle in followbug .its die-.
tates. None but the bigot, who -views -others
tgrongh the dimness of his own narrow mind,.
would dare to censure, much less eosdemn.
" Blesse d are the dead who die in tbc Lord."
May shte rest in peace. A E.
Important to Dyspeptics !
Da. .J. S. Hiouenrow's Parsts, the True Diges-.
tive Fluid, or Gastric Juice, prepared froni R ExS-r
or the FOUrH S-rotAc'u OF TiuE Ox, after directions
of Baron Ltsaa, the great Pi~ siologiegl Cheanisb
by J. S. H oughiton, M. D., Philadelphia~. Sci no