Newspaper Page Text
"We will cling to the Pillars of the Temple of our tles, and it It must fall, we will Perish anadst the Ruins."
W. F. DURISOE, Proprietor. EDGEFIELD, S. 0 NOVEMBER 10, 1852. -
A SONG OF THE HA"VsT.
Tutrne's a whisper in the meadow
There's a rustle in the field
With a song in labor measure,
Labor-chorus in the field.
'Tis the whisper of tile harvest
'Tis the rustle of the grain
1Tis the chorus of the reapers
Busy reapers of the grain.
hark! the soft and dreamy whisper:
Hark ! the rustle swift and low:
Hark ! the chorus, qiuick and cheery,
To the rapid si~ekle's blow;
Like the breathing of a maiden
Like tle sound ,f April rain
Are the echoes in tile menow,
With the reapers' load refrain
Graceful fields, ye must be wasted
Burnished grain, thou wilt be shorn
For the rushing of the sickle
Fiercely sounds upon the morn
Still the whisper, soft and dreamy,
A nd the rustle, soft and low
Hark ! the chorus. quick and cheery,
To the rapid siekle's blow.
Golden heads will .trcw the stubble
Drooping, yt ll.w, ripe and sere:
Steis of iunmer, in their verdure,
Ere the autumn, wither there;
And the breeze that gave them music,
And the sun that Ut their smiles,
Will be sighs amid their ruins,
And a fire onl their piles!
Thus, the pale. unsparing Reaper
Ghastly Reaper of the Dioon,
Layeth age and youth together
In the Harvest of the Tomb;
And the voice that gave them pleasure,
And the love that lit their life,
O'er fle death is tnned to mnurning
O'er the grave is clanged to strife!
But thero is a little singer5
In the stubble by the grave,
Ever trilling inerry music,
In the stubble, by the grave:
And it's song is like the whiper
Like tle ru~tle inthie grain
Like the echocq in the rneadow,
With the reapers' load refrain.
Like the blithsote .ong of pleasure
Lke-the words of-.hnpc and nrirth
Like tho gentle sounds that tinLle
On the joy-enkindled hearth!
A nd it tells. in sfprightly leasuro
In a wild and gladbomue strain
Tliat the grain will rustle lowly,
And the dead will live again
Dan litt~le Sue, with her eyes so blue,
And her tresses (if golden hair,
tier cheeks that rivalled the peach's hue,
.And her lips so red and so fair,
How her silver tongue so joyously rung,
When watching, she hailed with delight,
My evening's return, while on my neck she hung,
Lisping her prayer and good night.
Por little Sue, no more shall I view
Fromn the easenent, her beautiful face,
Nor welcome at eve, for she has hade us adica,
And vacanlt, aned silenit, hier p'ace
Untder the ground, where yon green mound,
Covers a grave, sttall anid new,
In a sleep so sweet, so quiet and soutnd,
Rest my gentle, my angel Sue.
CO MNUN IC ATION S.
FOR THtE ADvERTRSF.tt.
"TEMPERANCE BUT LICENSE."
Such is the incongruous and unnatural con
nlection in which these words are placed as a
signature over some articles in the " Adrertiser."
We shatll venture to suppose that the writer
means lhe is, First, In favor of Temperance.
Secotnd, In favor of License to sell ardent spir
its. And we are left to infer that said writer
thinks, whether others do or not, " Temperance"
and " License" are two friendly neighlbors wvith
nothing more between them than a small word
("btt") atnd dwelling on amicable tertms with
but three steps frotm tho door of one to that of
the other. Or more appropriately-we must
infer that the writer thinks Consistency may
dwell in a house with " Temperance" over one
door, ad" License" over the other. Who, that
entering the house of Consistency at the door
"Temperance" and after passing the small "but"
partition, should find a bar-room supplied with
all essentials tunder "License,"-who, wo ask,
would not be surprised, and leave under the
belief that the landlord should, and that with
.propriety, bo called Inconsistency, And if he
abotuld indite an article on the subject with a
* quill from the samo goose that gavo tho one
which writes--" PIan. WmnTE"-hle might write
Hypocrite. We may note of " Temperance" the
first half of this anomalons name, that any fair
defmnition of it excludes excess. Where excess
begins Temperance ends. It is excess when
necessity ceases. A man in health with an un
vitiated appetite does not want, and much less
npeds the poisonous stimulus of ardent spirits.
T1hen it follows it is excess in a well man to use
It at all, and if excess, it is not Temperance but
With this apprehension of Temperance how
are we to link "license" consistently with it
license to do anything not agreeable to tem.
perance. A "temperance" that grants license
to be or do any thing contrary to, or incon*
sistent with temperatnce, cannot from the na
ture of the principle, be Iempe'rance, but some.
thing else. The most lenient construction wc
can put on " temperance" in the alliance be.
tween. her andl her reorse half-the uncireum*
cised' Philistine, "license," is a ." temperance'
at the mercy (?) of " icense." Miercy!i T ern
Tirance ;t the miercy of a grog-shop !! Who
trat i's Walling for meroy would run to a dram
shop-m for ib "temperance but License"-li
cense to make temperate drinkers-to make
drunkards-who will turn round and curse their
patron " Temperance." " License" hal not
transcended his liberty if he roll out forty drunk
ards a day. He has paid for the right to make
drunkards. He makes them according to law.
The licensing council with one hand grants pow
er to make drunkards and with the other passes
a law to punish the man for deeds which he
will do only when lie is patent-right drunk.
Knowing the diabolieal deeds, such as blas
phemy, gambling, fighting, adultery and murder,
wlich some men commit while intoxicated and
then alone, we ask how can the licensing power
grant license to make drunkards, without grant.
ing by implication the license to do the wicked
ness peculiar to drunkenness! Are we not
cautioned against being "partakers of other
men's sins '" And what would be the nature
of that copartnership in sin which could give
more stock in the sins of others than the one
existing between the licensers of the one part,
including their lawful agent the grog-seller, and
the drunkard whose garments are drenched with
spew and Rum and the blood of him who an
hour before was a friend-perhaps a wife-of
the other. So much for a name-a name bel
ligerently and uncompromisingly heterogeneous
in its compound.
As "TEMPEtiRANCE BUT LiCENSE" seems to
have the gift of continuance, we shall offer a
few suggest ive interrogatives that we may ob
tain, if posaible, a better knowledge of the
right or wrong in this license afflair. It would
seem that all is going on well, after a Republi
can and " Southern" style when a " wet" coun
cil are ruling in the village and grog-shops open,
drunkards reeling, blasphemies echoing, sober
people interrupted, good men and women bowed
down. This is not " Mainism" but true South
ernism. Shall we call it one of the "institu
tions" of the South ! But when a " dry" coun
cil are put in office, they are no sooner seated
than the pillars of the temple of liberty begin
to tremble and the very earth gives signs of
woe. Al:ckaday! Are the majority to rule when
in favor of license, but not so when opposed to
it? Does every one obtain his right under the
administration of a " wet" council 1 Are the
rights of any taken away by a dry council?
Shall Edgcefield Village.govern herself? "TEmm
rEnANCE DUT LCEssE" tells us-First, What
he is not-" Censor General of Edgefield, not
the champion of drunkards or drunkenness"
aid Siii,'~Wiilis iith iiunalieriible
advoc-ate of temperance and sobriety." Let us
see how well his negative name suits him. le
says of those whom lie terms "entliusiasts for
total abstinence"-" I suspect them of being
slaves to Gambling, Tobacco, Tea, Coffee or
Opium." Again, "Republican America;" it is
folly to expect that "she will bow her neck to
the many headed monster of a bare majority of
reforned sinners turned prosecuting stints."
This smacks a little of a chagried "cersor." As
to his " not, being a champion of drunkards or
drunkenness" we are willing to leave the deci
sion of that to those who vote a "wet" ticket.
I addition to the analysis to which we sub
jected one-half of his signature, we may add
that his claim to be an "unalterable advocate
of temperance and sobriety," is equally stagger
ing to common sense when we read of the
"cigar" and "drink" (Whiskey, Rum &c.,)
" they are enjoyments unless abused, and neces
sary' evils even then." The italicising is ours.
We have nothing to do with cigars at present,
but according to the above quotation the "abuse"
of drink, i. e. drunkenness, is "necessary." An
"unalterable advocate of temperance and so
briety," who holds the belief that existing
drunkenness is necessary ! If we hav-e mistaken
"TEMPER.ANCE BUT LICENSE," it is an honest'
mistake, attributable mainly to thec fauct that hto
utterly failed to specify the necessitating cause
or causes. If he should Lake refuge under the
" decree eternal"-quite a convenience in desti
tution of argument-wre can only reply that the
same cause existed for the electioni of a dry
council, and " TcEMPnANCE EUT LicE~sE" may
reply, it exists also for his writing against the
procedure, and I may add also for this reply.
Anid unless decreed otherwise, "TEMPEaRANCE
BUT LICENsE" shtall have further notice.
TEMPERANCE NO LICENSE.
'rHE CoMPANY OF .WoMEN.-He cannot
be an unhappy mant who has the love and
smiles of a woman to accompany him in
ev-ery department of life. The world may
look sad anid cheerless, enemies may gather
ins his path, but wheni lhe returns to the fire
sidle and sees the tender love of woman, he
forgets his cares anid troubles, and is a conm
paratively happy man. He is not preparedl
for the journey of lire who is without a
compantion who will forsake hinm in no
energeney-who will divide his sorrows
increase his joys-lift the veil from his
heart and throwv sunshine anmid the darkest
scenes. No man can be miserable who
has such a companion, be lie ever so poor,
despised, and trodden upon by the world.
ADvICE TO YoUNG LsADIns.-Never mar
ry a man because he is handsome, ho will
thinik too much of his own beauty to take
pride in yours. Never marry a man be
cause he has wealth, for "riches take to
themselves wings and fly away."
Never marry a mani for his parentage,
" for a good cow will often have a bad
Marry a man for hsis good sense, his
amiable temper, his sound morals, lisa habits
of industry and economy, and you will
then have a good husband, and your chil
dreni a good father.
WaY would you suppose fish did a great
doeal of weighingi Because they always
" CoME out here and I'll lick the whole
or you," as thme boy said, lhen who seed a
bottle full of sugar sticks in a shop window.
SAVAGE.- Why is a scolding wife like
-an alligator ? Blecause she is all jaw.
FOR THE ADVERTIBER.
LICEMSE IN EDGEFIELD VILAGE.
Mr.sSRs. EDITORS:-I had proposod to my
self, First, To prove that men will use stinuli
in any event, and Second, That they will use
them in grog.shops, or some such places, in de
fiance of all opposition. But the resignation of
two members of our Town Council, growing
out of a difference of opinion with regard to
granting License, causes me to leave a chasm in
the argument and persuades me to discuss the
impropriety of refusing Tavern or Retail Li.
cense in our Village. As there will be another
election on Thursday, 11th inst., to supply the
places of these two ultra ex-members. I hope
the good citizens of Edgefield will reconsider
their former vote, as is often done in parliamen
tary or elective bodies, and that they will reflect
well upon the following facts before again cast
ing their votes for no License.
There is not a stimulus in general use which
is not retaild in some such manner as Liquor
is in grog shops.
Tea is retailed in China in preesely the same
way that Liquor is here, and the Tea-Kettle or
Tea-Pot, or both, are carried and replenished by
tile traveller on the way-side, just as our flasks
are refilled with Liquor at the grog shops. The
Emperor FIrzoNG, who ascended the throne in
724, subjected Tea and Tea shops to a small
tax, which was loudly complained of by the
people as a grevious and insufferable oppression,
b.manse it rll upon -' a necessary f lite," as they
called Tea twelve centuries ago,and tile law
had to be repealed. Public Smoking Houses,
where smuggled Opium is retailed and smoked
in defiance of all authority are also in common
use in China, and are not unprepared Tea and
Coffee daily retailed in nearly every store in the
Cqfee Houses are not only used in America
and England, but they are the sole substitutes
for Grog Shops in Turkey. The Turks are
forbidden the u-ic of Wine by their Religion,
and yet it is said that they consume great quan
tities of it clandestinely. But Coffee is the
?reat Turkish drink. Some Arabian Dorvises
first employed Colfee to keep themselves awake,
as students sometimes use Tea now for the
same purpose. A Mufti of Aden next carried
Coffee into Persia, whence it found its wvay into
Constantinople where it was first sold in Public
Coffee Ilonsesin 1554. It soon came into great
request amongteejeIof thatanienatwi
onaccounts iits exhil'bratng qtiaitifi'nTon
4equence of which numerous Coffie Houses
(such as we have in every town or city of the
United States) were eiablis-hed and much fre
quented, so as to cause great neglect of the
osques or Mahoned.l Churchts. This pro
iluced a solemn complaint from the Miiisters of
the Mahotmedan Religion, and Coffee Houses
were not only ordered to be suppressed, but the
drinking of Coff'ee itself, even privately, was
prohibited by the Mufi. .Yet all to no purpose,
id So.y~us, the Great, seeing this, allowed its
use freely to his subjects upon their paying a
moderate tax. This was the last Legislation
igainst Coffee or Coffee Houses in Turkey, and
they are now both universally employed in all
parts of the Empire. Again I put the question
as above, are not unprepared Coffee and Tea
retailed in every store in this Village or District.
Tobacco Houses or Stores, where Cigars &c.
mre constantly and daily retailed, are not only to
be found in Edgefield Village, or Edgefield Dis
trict, but they may be seen anywhlere in the
wide world that Tobacco is known, for wherever
it is known it is used, and wherever it is used
it is sold in Tobacco Retail, or Tobacco Grog
Shops, or Stores, or whiatever else you may
please to caill them.
Opium Houses I have already said are com
mon in China, where the juice is retailed, either
for smoking or chewing purposes. And it may
be had here in all Apothecary's Shops, of' which
there is at least one in every village. You may
call it an Apothecary's Shop, or Doctor's Shop,
or what you like, but I shall style it an Opium
Gambling Houses, or Shops, or places where
Gambling excitement is retailed, or may be had
at any time, are common in every country from
the North to thme South P'ole or from the East to
the WVest, and it in in vain that they aure opposed.
What mean y'our Race Tracks, your Cock Pits,
your Bowling Alleys, Billiard Tables, &c., &.c.,
but so many Grog Shops for retailing Gamnbling.
Are there not Gambling Ifouses in every city,
or village, or country on the face of the earth,
and at the same time are there not lawvs nearly
every where prohibiting it. Gambling cannot be
prevented, and that Legislation is folly which
attempts it. Moral suasion ought only to be
used anud this can no more prevent some Gam
bling than can Religion stop all sin or Irreligion.
Dut more of this anon. At present I will only
add that some of' the German States knowing
this, have put Gambling Houses upon thc same
footing with Grog Shops. For instance ini theo
Duchy of' Baden, if' I am not at fault, Gambling
establishnments pay a heavy license and are kept
openly and publicly like Grog Shops. In short,
I insist that stimulus is as necessary to man as
food, and that places or retail shops where he
can always get the former, are as indispensible
to his welfare as Hotels for furnibshing or retail
ing the latter.
Grog Shops proper, or retail establishments
for Liquor, next clamim our attention, and my
history is again at fault, if these are not allowved
in all civilized countries, except in Maine and
some other Northern States where they have
recently been abolished but where thtey will
soon be restored again if the past is any crite
rian by which to predict the future. IuBvaaD,
the liquor law candidate for Governor in Maine,
has just beeni beaten by Caosnr, Wlhig, not
withstanding Maine is usually Democra' y
several thousa nd majority. 'rThe judiciary of'
Maine have also decided that the Liquor law is'
unconstitutional, in so far, as it prohibits a man
from importing liquor within the limits of the
State anid thence to transport it to his own
hous there to keandn nue it at hik own gnood
will and pleasure, J t as ne would Arsenic, or
any other poison.' Jr in other words, the high
est tribunal of the ate have declared that the
worst view which th Legislature could t-ike of
Liquor would be to. gard and treat it as Arsen.
ic, which a man, is llowed to transport, keep
and use as he pleas -and that if one get drunk
lie can no more bi prosecuted for it than he
can for taking Arsei .
The Liquor law M* also practically nullified in
Boston, even at this early day, and all of the
indications promisellhat the statute will be re
pealed in every State that has adopted it sooner
than was the menoible English law of 1736.
It was said by the paers and by visitors to that
city, that more Liquw r was sold in Boston on
the day and just bef'e the Maine law went into
operation than had ver been known before.
The people desiig of getting their refresh
ments by the small frqin the retail dealers bought
large supplies and cdicealed them. These sup.
plies are now in andiabout exhausted, and thou
sands are waging waito the knife, and the knife
to the hilt, physicalg, socially, politically, pr.
fessionally and commercially -against all friends
of the execrable law
License to Retail was once refused in Abbe
ville village, and what was the effect of it?
Why a North Carolina waggon happening to
pass through the village on the Sale Day next
after the embargo went into operation, a party
clubed together, s'ers and saints, including
Church Elders, Dens ns &c., men who had never
drunk to excess beffe in thelrhlives, and bought
a barrel of Brandylhich was unheaded on the
public square, wherevery body got drunk. I
was told very receny by an eye witness. that
Abbeville has neve before or since witnessed
such a scene of in c ation as was beheld that
day. The outbi a indignation was so fierce
and overwelming tii the Town Council imme
diately regranted Li use, which has continued
over since undistur8 , and is likely to remain
so, as long as that oble District retains her
proud intelligence -generous liberality.
A similar experine t Was tried in Anderson,
under the auspiciel Judge WIIITNER, when
the same result fullioed as in Abbeville. Yet
I learn by the pape hat the "No License Par
ty" in that lovely age, as well as in Green
ville, have carried e late municipal elections
and are going to nact the same farce that
they performed bef and thatite ar
It i pi man, no aa neigkrzW
borhood, nor a natin, will take the advice or
experience of others, but must needs buy some
of their own, by sometimes paying very dear
for it. It must come of vanity and self-esteem,
prompting a man or.rconuuity to suppose that
lie or they are betterAthian other people, or more
capable of conducting. such an experiment.
The belief which leads every man to imagine
that lie is an exceptiOn to death, disease, or any
other misfortune, wlpch has not yet befallen
him, must originate in, the same cause. Such
people, and I believe -there is no other kind of
people, forget the common place truism, which
I have so often repeated, that man is the sane
everywhere and at all times--that lie has the
same constitutional and natural love of stimulus
wherever you find him, or if he does not love
the stimulus he loves the freedom and right to
enjoy it and'will nevet yield that right. There
is much of all human nature akin to the anec
dote that is told of ArraTnvs, who would not
marry because lie wanted the privilege of taking
orders and would not, take orders because he
wanted thme privilege of marrying. Tell a man
lio shall not do a thing and you at once offend
him. You arouse hiis-combativness and inflamme
all of his worst passions, so that he will do it
then in spite of you and his better judgment.
Once more, Messrs. -EDITOons, I adamonish the
sovereigns of Edgefield to beware what they do
on Thursday next. To remember that we play
with a Rattle-Snake, or rather with a powder
magazine, whoa we, sport wvithm the passions of
men, that it is easy to kindle a flame but hard is
the task to quench it. Whether this advice
shall be heeded or disregarded as gratuitous,
remains to be seen. ~I know that there is no
thing of wvhichm a man is so liberal as his advice,
simply because it costs him nothing to give it
and lisa vanity is flattered at being thought able
to counsel others as well as himself. Bie this as
it may, wvithiout any wish to insult and only to
inform, I will proceed to give my closing coun
sel to the people of this excited community.
WVhich is, that they hiad better make a rirtue
of necessity and seemingly acquiesce in that
which they cannot prevent. Men will use stim
uli and they will use them in Retail or Grog
Shops. You may suspend, paliate, or oppose
it as you wvill but license must come at last.
England after all sorts of opposition and taxa
tion of stimuli lhas reduced her policy with re
gard to them to three maxims-First, That as
she cannot destroy the appetite for stimuli she
must encourage their use and not their abuse,
and that the'best wvay to do this is, Second, To
allow every body who- pays a tax to import or
produce stimuli, and Third, To allow everybody
who pays a license to retail the prepared arti
cles of that stimuli. In fine, she has arrived at
the same conclusion, that we will soon reachl if
our people go on in their mad career, that the
only way to treat stimuli is to allow their free
use, but at the same time to temper that use by
advocating and pactising
TEMPERANCE BUT LICENSE.
Da. WALL once, at a dinner table, very
unwvisely persisted in 'playing wvith a cork,
in such a manner as displayed a hand long
divorced from .sopp and water. One guest
expressed his surprise to another, and, in too
loud a wvhiisper, exclaimed, "ieavenms, what
a dirty hand!"
The Doctor overheard, and turning
sharply round said, "Sir, I'll- bet you a
guinea there'a dirtier onme in company."
" Done," replmd the first, sure of winning.
The guincas iwere stadked, and tho Doctor
showed his ote hand. lHe was judged to
h,... oon thi a issening voice
From the South Carol:nian, 21 inst.
The Legislature convened yesterday, at
12 m. The roll of the Senate was called
by the Clerk, and, on motion of Mr. De
Treville, Hon. F. J. Moses, Senator from
Claremont, was called to the Chair.
The Senators elect were then qualified,
and the Senate then proceeded to the elec
tion of President, when the Hon. IL F. V.
Allston was unanimously elected. A com
mittee was appointed to conduct the Presi
dent to the Chair, and on taking his seat, he
addressed the Senate as follows:
I accept, with lively sensibility, the honor
which you have conferred anew, by ap
pointing me to the Chair of this honorable
body. I will construe this evidence of your
favorable regard into an earnest or future
support in the discharge of the duties de
volving upon me.
It shall be my constant aim and endeavor
to perform those duties faithfully, impartial
ly, and firmly, to the best of my ability.
If in doing so I fall short of your expecta
tions, let the failure be ascribed not to my
will, but rather to infirmity inseparable from
You will adopt a system of rules for the
government of the Senate. Those rules it
will be my study to understand, in order to
apply them: as it will doubtless be the plea.
surn of every member to become fIamiliar
with, and to abide by them.
Let us not dispense with forms as useless.
The observance of them is as necessary to
the prompt, accurate and agreeable des
patch of business as it is to the grateful in
tercourse and gentle courtesies of society.
Gentlemen, I trust we meet with minds
willing to unite in counsel, and harmonize in
action for the common weal; intent to de
velop more fully the resources of the State;
to promote the education and training of
her youth ; to secure the industry and wealth
of her people; to cultivate all the elements
of moral power and prosperous happiness.
Let there be cherished amongst us no
latent spark of bitterness, which may blaze
up at some unpropitious moment, and mar
the promise of our peaceful progress.
Two years ago the walls of this chamber
were clad in mourning for the death of our
lamented Calhoun. Recently both of his.
distinguished compeers have passed away,
who constituted, with him, so remarkable a
AAa iu--the Federal council-individually
great in influence, in intellectual achieve.
ment,.iuinu?~amm sssajg~mhu .?LI'
Fnejud tiluty *~~
From their school of politics, dil'ering
widely, as we do, yet the personal feelings
which that dif'erence may have engendered
we can lay down on the graves where they
sleep, and do reverence to their genius
rendering the horage of our respect for
those eminent characteristic abilities which
they possessed, and which have so often
called forth, in conflict, the highest powers
of our own cherished statesmen.
We are about proceeding to the business
of the sessions. May that Almighty power
from whom all good counsels do proceed,
watch over and guide our deliberations,
control and mould our action, for the honor
and welfare of the State.
W. E. Martin, esq., was elecled Clerk,
and J. T. Goodwyn Reading Clerk. The
other officers were re-elected.
On motion of Mr. Adams, Messrs, John
ston & Cavis were elected printers to the
Senate for the extra session.
On motion of Mr. Carun, a committee was
appointed to wait on his Excellency the
Governor, and inform him that the Senate
was organized, and w~ere ready to receive
any communication wvhich lie might think
proper to make to that body.
Shortly after, the following message was
read by Beaufort 'T. Watts, Esq., the Sec
CowxuriA, Nov. 1, 1852.
GJenlecmen of the Senate and
Ilouse of Representatires:
I have dleenmed it my (huty' to call you
together on this occasion, to enable the
State to cast its vote for Electors of Presi
dent and Vico President of the United
Some doubts have been entertained and
expressed as to the conistitutionmal power of
the Governor to call the Legislature togeth
er for the purpose alluded to. Thme Consti
tution authorizes the Governor to conveneo
tbe Legislature on extraordinary occasions.
It has been seriously mooted, wvhether this
is an extraordinary occasion, as the Legis
lature were aware of the contingency that
would happen, and ought to have provided
for it. This ay be the case, but it is evi
dent that no provision wvas made, and that
the State would lose its vote in case I wore
to neglect or refuse to call you together.
I think that any doubt which may have
arisen eon the subject has no real foundation
in truth. It seems to me that the clear
meaning of the Constitution is that the
Governor should have power to convene the
Legislature to transact any bnsiness for the
good of the Commonwealth, wvhichi could not
be transacted at its regular session. Actmg
under the belief of the correctness of this
constrnction, I have called you together. I
am sustained in the propriety of this course
by the precedent set by that able jurist, Ex
T1hme Act of Congress requiring the votes
for Electors to be cast on the same day
throughout the United States, was passed
January 2, 1846, and Governor Johnson
convened the Legislature on the first Mon
day of November, 1848. So you will per
ceive that two regular ressions had inter
vened between the date of the Act of Con
gress and the convening of the Legislature,
which certainly made that occasion no more
extraordinary than this.
I think I am also sustained in the course
I have pursued by the sense of the Legisla
ture itself,-for had any doubts been enter
tained by it as to the powver of the Gvernor
to convene it for a purpose like this, the
failure to make other provisions for casting
lect of duty too flagrant even to supasod
them capable of.
I herewith transmit to you a report from
the Secretary of the Interior, which shows
that by the Seventh Census our State will
lose a member to Congresr. This will in.
volve the necessity of re-districting the
State. Whether you will perform this duty
now, or at your regular session, is a matter
for your own consideration and discretion.
On subjects of General interest to our
State, I will address you at your regular
session. J. II. MEANS.
On motion of Mr. Witherspoon, a con.
mittee of eight was appointed to meet a
joint committee of the House to nominate
Electors of President and Vice President of
the United States. The House not yet
being fully organized, the Senate took a
recess until 6 o'clock, p. m.
In the House, lion. James Simon was
elected Speaker without opposition, and T.
W. Glover, Esq., Clerk.
Several ballots for other officers were had
up to three o'clock, but without any other
On taking the Chair, Mr. Speaker Si.
mons addressed the IouFe as follows:
Gentlemen of the House of Representatires:
For the renewed evidence of your con
sideration and kindness in again elevating
me to the distinguished position of presiding
over the deliberations of this House, receive
the assurance of my grateful ackndwledg-.
Around this seat are clustered many
proud recollections of patriotism, genius,
and virtue; nor has it been more distinguish.
ad by these than by the courtesy, impartial
ty and firmness with which its grave and
responsible duties have been discharged.
I'hese latter qualities I shall hope to emu
ate, nor do I believe otherwise than that
hey will be responded to, on your part, by
he order, dignity, and decorum, which have
ilways eminently characterised this body.
[t is by the observance of these reciprocal
)bligations that the burdens of legislation
ire lightened, and the best interests of our
;everal constituencies, and the State at large
ire cared for and subserved.
I cannot allow this opportunity to pass
ithout congratulating you on the restora
ion of concord. and fraternal sentiments
broughout the limits of the State, and
rnestly to hope that unanimity and kind
eeling will characterize yur. deliberations,
md be i",' essed upon - ny .legistion
Imploring t 0. blssmg on: your
abors, I now commend you to the -prose
ution of the business of this body.
COLUMIIA, TUE Dy Nov. 2.
Both Houses of the Legislature met to
lay at 11 o'clock.
In the Senate, the Senator elect from St.
[aul's Parish. lon. Robert Fishburne, was
InI the House that body elected the fol
Reading Clerk.-JoinN S. RiciiARDsoN.
Messenger.-F. W. DINKINs.
At 12 M. both Ilouses proceeded to vote
'r electors for President and Vice Presi.
lent of the United States, when the follow.
ng gentlemen were duly elected:
For the State at large.-C. G. M ExMIN
ist Cong. Dist.-Hon. Gabriel Cannon.
2d " " " T. P. Brockman.
3d " " " J. 11. Adams.
4th " " " I. F. W. Allston.
5th " " " J. Foster Marshall.
6th " " " W. D. Porter.
7th " " " M. E. Carn.
It will be understood that the electors
named above are Pierce and King electors
-indt e~h there was no opposition.
Them following message from his excellen
ey the Governor was read in both Houses
Iby Beaufort T1. Watts, esq., the Secretary :
COtUMBIAr, Nov. 2, 1852.
Gentlemen of the Senate and
House of Re'presentatires :
I feel it my duty officially to announce to
you the deaths of two of our most illus
rious statesmen, Henry Clay and Daniel
Webster, which have occurred since your
Thus, in the space of three short years,
have passed away from the stage of action,
three of the greatest names that have ever
adorned the history of our country. Cal
houn, Clay, and Webster, wvere unames
which were upon every lip, for praise or
claim, according to the peculiar political
tenets of those whlo pronounced them. They
were the shimning stars of our Republic.
One by one they have been extinguished,
as though they were not permitted to shine
but ini conjunction. While wve mourned the
loss of our own Calhoun, we should not
withhold our homage to the intellectual
power and wvorth of his great compeers-or
refuse to mingle our tears with Kentucky or
Massachusetts, o'er the tombs of their fa
forite sons. Differing, it is true, upon the
agitating subjects of the day, now that the
grave hais closed over them, we should for
get whatever of frailty was incident to their
mortality, and only remember them as the
great intellectual lights which shed a halo
of glory around the history of our common
country. 3. H . M E ANs.
In the House, in response to the message,
Hon. 3. 1. Middleton offered the following
resolutions, which were unanimously adopt
Be it resolved, That the General Assem
bly of South Carolina deplores the bereave
ments wvhich have fallen upon the confede
racy at large in the decease of those illus
trious citizens anid eminent orators and
statesmen, Henry Clay and Daniel Webster;
and that whilst we have recalled~ to us the
memory of sorrows nearer home, it but adds
to the poignancy of our grief to know that.
others mnourni as we have mourned.
Resol-ed. That we offejr, with fraternal
feelings, our condolence to our co-States of
the Union oni this sorrowful occasion, and
mojarn ~ticul.ar.1 do we tender. it to the
Commonwealths of Kentucky and Ma4s
Resolred, That his Excellency the Gov,
ernor be requested to communicate a-co-pI
of his message to the General Assembly,
together with the foregoing resolutions, to
the Executives of Kentucky and Masa.
A similar action was had In the Senate.
-here the resolutions, seconded by Hon.
F. J. Moses, were adopted.
After some formal unimportant businesu
both houses adjourned sine die for the pre.
sent session, at 25 minutes to 3 o'clook.
AGRICULTURAL A CWATION.
In accordance with the call previously
made by the Executive Committee of the
Southern Central Agricultural Association,
a number of Southern planters convenedin
the city of M ieon, Ga., on the 21st of Oc.
tober, 1852, for the purpose of forming an
Association of the Agriculturists of Aa
slaveholding States. Besides a large num
her of the State Society present, a number
ef delegates from Virginia, Alabama, M.is
sissippi, Tennessee, Louisiana, South Caro
lina and Florida appeared and took their
The following were from South Car&
lina-Col. Wi. DuBose, J. W. Harrise1l
Thos. Smith, Col. A. G. Summer.
The Convention was organized by calling
Dr. D. A. Reese, of Ga., to the Chair, and
the appointment of Win. H. Chambersof
Ala., as Secretary.
'he objects of the convention were ex
plained by Dr. IV. C. Daniell, of DeKalb,
who also introduced the following resole
Resslved, That the members of the. Agri
cultural Association of the slaveh6lding
States, to be organized as hereinafter re
commended, be composed of such citilen
f the same, as taking an interest in igri
3ulture, desire to become members thereof;
and of delegates from State and lo4
Agricultural Societies; and from Sta'tes o'r
arts of States.
Resolred, 'That such persons as ab
lesignated are recommended to convenaot
Wontgomery, Alabama, on the first Monday
n May- next, and to organize an Aaricul
ural Association of- Slaveholjling States,
under such provisions as to them may ap.
ear best calculated to fulfill the purposesof
heir organization, which shall :hold.its
ieetings,in-succession, in all the slaV4beh-l'
pondence, to consist of'sevenld#pi
to c-ir.ry intd-offettlie foretoing resdlipo
A emo Om
Ludicrous blunders sometimes occuiti
,ases where ignorantipersons attempt to use
aguage about the meaning of which they
Not long since, while travelling froni
Pittsburg to Cincinnati, two rather verdant
pecimens of the female sex came on board
he boat at one of the landings, whom foi
lie sake of distinction we will call Mary
nd Jane. Now, Mary had out her eye
ceth, or in other words, was acquainted
xith the rules and regulations which govern
;enteel society. Jane, the younger, had
ever mixed in genteel society to any great
xtent, and was therefore in blissfull igno.
-mnce as to any of the rules which govern
-efined people. Her language, too, was
nly sueh as she had heard among ler rus
ei associates Mary was aware of the
Fact, and had therefore cautioned her to
biserve howv she-Mary-acted, and. to
;overn herself accordingly. Jane prdiniset
mplicit obedience. Shortly after, w~hila
jeated at the dinner table, the wvaiter aked
Mary what part of the fowl she would have;
She informed him, in a very polite man
ner, that it was " perfectly immaterial."
le accordingly gave her a piece, and thed
inquired of Jane what part she wvodd
choose. The simple minded girl--relied
~vith all the self-assurance imaginable
" I believe ll take a piece of the imma
The scene that followed this declaritica.
is beyond the power of pen to descrihr.
"he assembled guests were compelled to
give vent to their surcharged feelings -in
peals of boisterous laughter; whilst the
>oor girl, .her face suffused with crimsoh
blushes, left the table, declaring as she fled
to the cabin-" They wvent ketch me aboaril
of one of these pesky steamboats soon
A CAUSTrC Hr.-Piron, the French
author, having been taken up by the watch
man of the night, in the streets -of Paris,
was carried on the following morning, bi.
fore a lieutenant of police, who haughtily
interrogated him concerning his business or
" I am a poet, sir," said Piron.
" Oh! a poet, are you I" said the migis
trate, "1I have a brother who is a poet."
" Then we are even," said Piron, '" for
haye a brother who is a fool."
AN Iursn LJADY's PosTscrrT.--An Irishi
lady wrote to her lover, begging himnto sen
her some money. She. added b.y way oli
Postscript, " I am so ashamed of the ru- -
quest I have made in this letter, that I aenN
after the postman to get it back, but the.
servant could not overtake him." -
THE man who committed suicide b
turning himself inside out and .orawlin.
through his boots, is not expected to live; -
AN Irishman wvasponce brought before M'
magistrate charged with marrying sixariveao.
The magistrate asked hiikhow he could he
so hardened a villian. " Pleaue yudur (
ship," says Paddy " I was trying tp
To RENT.-A man turned -hig sog i~~
doors lately, because he wouldn'tpa
house-rent. -A striking jioo
affection. _ _
\VANTED TO K~ow..-f
the hangman's rege I --