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t Dimocrati ~c 30 truin a , Drsr ito oltil trn d.igl~Is, 2 acs, politi cs, r3~t2nt tiignec, Citcrahbrc, fVlornlitg, Ermmrnc,!gittr,&
6 We will cling to the Pillars of the Temple of our tlIberWt -d it it must fi, We will Prih amidst the Ruin
W. F. DURISOE, Proprietcr. EDGEFIELD, So 24, 5
THE HOME OF PEACE.
RV E tIZ COOK.
We are apt to grow a-weary
lin tids troubletd world at tinies,
For even golden bells can ring
In melancholy Chines:
Anil let (our human ..-t in life
R.- what or where it may,
Dark shailows often rise, from which
Our hearts wou'd turn away.
Full often d' we sigh to taste
Some spirit dr:tglt of jiy,
And almost envy itld'ihood's laugh
Above its p4itekd toy,
When some great ltope breaks over us,
Or loved ones prove unjust,
And, rousel from ,t:.rry dremns, we find
Our pillow in tle dust.
Say, whither sha'l we tuin to seek,
The healing balm of rest,
And whence shall conse tie elceerful ray
To r4-il:nme our treast ?
- Oh : let us go and breathe our woo
in Nature's ki:lly ear,
For her soft hanil will ever deign
To wipe the mnourne-s tear:
Site mtocks not, tio we tell our grief
Witi voeo all sad.- atd fainit,
And scens the fondest when we pour
Our weak and lonely pla:nt.
Oh! let ui take our sorrows
To the bosotn of the h.!1,
And blen.d our plenive tnurturs
Witi tite gurgle of tIII- ri';
Oh !let us turn in weariness
Toward the gras,;y way,
Where skylarks teach u.4 how to pra~se,
The P;ngdoves how to pray ;
Anil tl-r: the melodi -s of Peaoo,
'That float arounal the sA,
Shall bring back h--pe and iarmony
With the voice of 0(I.l.
From the I.ancister Led ger.
ILL THINK OF THEE.
I'll think of thee*. wh-in torn's bright hoiur,
Spread. go!den radiance o'er thte lea;
And far or near. stIl own the rvower,
Thit binds my eonstait heart to thee.
And should I roan 'ntd other scenes,
In foreign i.utds far-far from thee,
'l nurse-thine imasge in my dreanns,
And th'nk of thee.-of wone bilt Ilthe.
I'll th:nk thegite dewy eve,
e~ ~~ =1 -.-ir nthu ubca.of Sawd,naae
And*N ie iiswett silir queen,
Sheds forth her ile aiul lovely light.
Anil when tle starb cotne one by one,
To lighat up leaven's fair wave!ess sea,
And siread their holy radiaee round,
I'll think of thee-Il think of thiee.
I'll think of thee-though fortune frwn,
And shrou.1 the star of hopie in gloom,
Thougli sorrow's storn-elounls gather rouitl
To mar and rob tue of youtlt's I-loom.
(or shoul1 the fates tin re lenient p'rove,
A u1 bid ity honging heart Iet 'ree,
7o thicu I'll sing tny seIoings of live.
.iAud think of thee-f none but thee.
I'll th'nk of thee. when yosuili hIms fled,
.And all life's dream. have p-assed away;
When YouthI's fair garlantds all are de:ad,
Anad Fatey's ftrest was oties decay.
n on thy ts:a' a.l youthifull brow,
$ternt tune hats set htis failetees setl.
I'll love thee ever thmen a inow,
A wd think of tlhee-f -rever thee.
From the S->uthertn Cultivaltr.
THO11GHTS ON THE VOCATION OF THE FAR.MER.
M.asu.ts. ED[TORs: lour known frie*ndli
ness to the agriculturist, and your lanidable
solicitude to promote his inttere'st, ha~ve emt
bo4ldenedl me to sendt yo a fewt remarks,
written in such brief inttervals of jeisure as
ane activo life on a plantationt afforded.
wvish they possessed sonme charms of style to
palliate the wvant of mtethnod antd ecarness,
but I indulge the hope that the reader will
overlook fauts, which are fratnkly contfessed.
*It is not my purpoeat peresen't to dliscatt
uipotn te differenit miodes of cultivationt int
votgnte, nmor-to enumneratte the implemtttts dai.
ly itnveneted to simpijlify andt d!iminjisht labor,
but to endeavor to the btest of tmy abiity tn
inmpire respect for :'grieltural pursuits, amd
to remove thme silly prejudices cherished
againist thtemt. It is a prevatlent ntotiont ini
seie qjuarters, that the fairmoer leadIs a drud.
ging, undignified, and dull life ; thtat the nat
gttre of his avocations utterly disquialifies hitti
for participattion ine the refitned pleasures ol
sociaillire; antd thatt if he enters life. as a
stlan of any scietiic or literary attaitnmenlt.
he unavoidably loses thenm, antd sintks dowr'i
into a counmtry pumpkin. These tnotionst
hatve infected thte women, antd in some caset
lead to the banishmnt of the ijeomeslie emi
ployments, wvhicht once so htonorabhly distin
~uished our ladies. rTe yountg ladies atr
puly ambitious of forming a cotnnexioni withl
a resident of the neighbonling city or town
pnd in pursuance of this tunwiso resolution
refuse advantageous contnections on aeccouni
of their being farmers. The son before h<
~has fairly escaped from elouts, begins to re.
gard his farmer father as an antedeluviar
relie, and by the time he is eighiteeq, hm:
resolved to enter upon the study of a proibs,
sion. What are thtese consequences of h
fafuity ? He has attempjtedl to move th<
world wvithout having a power conmmensur.
ate to the emterprise, antd ttakes a shatmefu
gndl jgaimnous failure. He becomes a dront
in society, consumning a substancwe lie does
unot help to create, a tax to his friends, andi
frequenitly is so ma~ddened by chagrin, thai
be reekJessly plunges intto thte most brutal
dissipation, in search of a Lethe for htis own
- raches. Sucht is a condeniseh hiitory oi
Isuhdreds antd thoutsamis of yotung tmen who,
squandering the patrimonijal- pittance left to
esint acquiring a profession, and1( ini vatin
Jy waiting foribusiness, fall victims to dissi.
of the wi,-h of Sir Thomas Browne, that
"me) Might procreate like trees." Must a
m belong to ono of the learned profession
to command respect ? For one, I difler from
any such opinion.
Is not the firmer more independent in the
true sense of the teIm, than) all other classes?
Is there anithingu in his pursuits incomipatible
with the culture of his mind i He lives in
diily and hourly communion with nature,
enjoyS Unlimited opportunities of observation
and reflection, and imay ramble at pleasure
among the beauties of animated nature; ie
vernal bloom of spring and the mellow af
fluence (of autumn, dispose his mind to con
temuplation and lead hn to look op to the
Giver of every good an(1 perfect gift," with
a heart melted with gratitude. Nor is ie
precludedl by hisavocations from the improve
ment of his mind by reading and study.
There are imionents when reading stands to
himl) inl tile stead of the bloisterols rabble of
the bar-room, and the beastial orgies of the
brothel. When prevented from slirring
a brad, reading becomes a solace and amuse
uit, instead of being resorted to neroly to
kill time. These ioments, rightly improved
by judicious reading, will enable him to ac
Viulate stores of information. The ant
bill is 1ormed by successive accretions of the I
minutest particles, and knowledge is gather
ed the same way. Let us compare him with
the members of the learned prolessions, that
we may reach a just conclusion in reference
to his means of mental culture and capacity
The physician1 stands so much by thie
conch of ;ickness and beholds so much suf
fering that his finer feelings and impulses
are blunted and chilled. If lie is a inan of
proper feelings, the conviction of his inabil
Ity to relieve the suffiering of disease, must
harrow his soul. lie who hourly witnesses
SO e0h suffering, is but too apt to become
cold in heart and callous in feeling.
The lawyer is a telescope to expose the
depravity of human nature. His ear is
stunned with the confessions of shocking
Criles. The turpitude of human mind, the
ch mlii ion of guilty passion, the griping usury
of the miser, deep planned knaverv,and the
sneaking pusillanimity of the poltroon, fur.
nish him emplomvient and bread. Crime is
sifted in all its loathsome details, and sound.
ed to its darkest depths of infamy. He sees
humanl nature in its worst phase. He sees
the human heart denuded of all the flimsy
disguises by which its workings are hid from
the world,-blaekeued. with Crime. scorched. -
with passion, and dwarfed by selfishness,
nutil lie becomes to regard virtue as an emp
ty i:ne to cozeni fouls with, and friend.
ship but the jargon of unprincipled knaves.
Such impressions however unjust to mankind,
utterly preclide him from the noble enjoy
ments of reciprocal friendship. The lawyer
by pleading on all sides, is too apt to lose
sight of the great principles of truth, and
to innhiply crimes boy the facility of escape.
Let us. undazzled by the glare of public
life and the tappings of the otlicer, take the
gauge an1id dimensions of the happiness of'
The sword of Damoeles hangs by him day
and night. His life is an ocillation betweon
hope and fear. lie is the object of general
abuse and cainmv. IIis motives are ran
corously assailed, his integrity called in ques
tion, and his course however open, is nisre
presented anld ealumniiated. To.duiy, thiou
tiands, g ide vb caprice, or tickled by his
tislrhetorie, conspire to miake himi a demi-.
god(, hot to-morrow a rival, wihom lie had
ovem looked, forces himt inito retirement, lIe
may plant his foot on thu topmost round of
of tile ladder of fatme ; vast assemblies may
hang on his wvords, and newspapers vie with
emulative toadyism in folsome adulation, but
the ne xt gyration of the pioliticail wheel hurls
himu to the dust amid tile jeers and exultinugs
of his foer, and tile simnultated regrets of his
paIrty friendls. 'The evening of his days, in
stead of beinigs enlivened by cheerfulness, is
querutlouis, discontented, and embittered by
chag'rin and party' hattredt,
T hese wvaysidle reflections have allured me
into a slighit dleflection from the subiject mat
Iter of this article, but I flitter myiself they
will facilitate the accomp~li~lihment of the ob
ject so mu~tch anmd so earne~stily desidered by3
all harimers, via: the removal of the absurd
prejudiices against tihe vocation of the aigri,
Do not misconceive my meaning. I am
nlot attemlptinig to show that farmers sons are
nuleqlual to the performance of the duties of
palm of eloquence with the laureled sages of
anltiqufity ; and the statesmenl, who have gui.
(led the~ vessel of State, anid shed such lustre
on our national history ? They woro not
the poling scions of a purse-p~roudl aristocra
cy, nor the sickly prodnets of thme feculent
hiot-bieds of fasion. They were not reared
amid scenes of luxury and profusion, nor in
itiated into the grog-shop andt brothel, ere
they got rid of clonts. TIhey were not
taught to prefer broad-cloth to thme treasures
of knowledge and fthe corruoetlons of art,
and to regard manual labor as a badge of
servitude, and idleness as the patent of nobil
ity'. They were reared for the most part in
the seclusion of tihe country ; exercise gave
them robust health and strength ; remotonuess
from large cities rendered them moral amnd
upright, and~ their mInds having been self
aultaro self-relying and independent. T110
city' mannikin may how with more courtliness
ofunmner, amid stare at a lady with more n
abrshed impudence than a plain farmer, wh'io
hangs out no false signs of weath-but his
highest achievement is to crack a watchman's
timas his ambition is to copy the dress of
the cast off' footman of saimp tNmglish lord.
A t least t'vo thirds of our most distinguish
od grators, generals, and athors, were bred
imn the country ; amit to the habits then form
ed, thmeiir suodess imi the hattle of ljfu wvas
miaiily owing. Wasinmgtont appears more
tralvy greait when'i relinqu~tishinig tie tratppiigs
of odlice, and sceliig happiness on Mt. Ver
nonm, than wh'len shadowved with time l:4nrels
oftriar rionr or iuited wihm the Presiden-i
tial purple. Andrew Jaekson thought It no
disgrace to lie a ihtrmer, and the American
m:isses decided that it should be no ground
for his exclusion from the Chief Maistiracy.
Now. the question arises how is the haumr -
to be elevated to his legitimite rank into so
ciety, and the annual accessions to the pro.
fession ended ( As I am a farmer, I hl1-l
niake no npplogy for addressing imyseli to
this question with earnestness.
ita the first place it is of primary imnport.
mee that more attention should be devoted
to such sciences as aid us in the analysis or
our soils, and the application of manure.
Chemistry should form the study of every
person who designs to become a cultivator
of the soil. Knowledge of agricultural
Lhemistry is the corner stone inl the charne
ter of the farmer. Independently of the
pleasure to be derived from its study, it will
prove highly useful to one who tills the
ground. We all know tl:t some manures
cause both corn and cotton to " fire" and to
fail in seasons of drought ; yet how few cal
give a rational explaination of this pheiomae
nonitaml not recommending people to grasp
shadows, or to adopt every untried theory
blt to acquire a praetial knowledge of ill
that diminishes labor, and presents the ex
hinustion of the soil; to increase the userul
less and respectability of their vocation liv
nental improvement ; and to lay aside the I
ustoms of past times, as thiings that have
been supereeded by new inventions.
Secondly, as matters now stand, every
one freels the evils resuhing from the lack of
the cspiril d'coris, whicli common lialit.-,
homnogenciion-s ititests, and kindred pursuits
hould iispire. Each man depends upon his
owi stock of knowledge, and neighborhood
is divided fron neighborhood as if by n111 i
passable guif. \\ e know nothing of what
is transpiring outside of our own neighbor
0ood, and not unfreqnently never see our
nearest neiglbors more than once in six
mouths. The wise observant man may pick
a specnlation out of the conversation of
the most stupid and illiterate, and improve
by the blunders of others. But do we man
ifest any desire to gain irorination, to aban
lon our false notions, and to avail ourselves
of the sakitary . improvements of the age ?
The mass of a1gricnlturists seem indissolubly
wedded to the customs of their fathers.
" Book Farming" is a synonyi of arrant
and ill success.
This is a Serious obstacle to improvement.
if armersn would organize county societies
for the distribution of the prem:Iiums,. the in.
terchauge of hidlvidual'experiences, the dis
hey would add to their Ltock of knowledge,
itid give a fresh impulse to :Igricultural pro
gr. s.-. The social relations anid neigrbblorly
eharities, that such re-unions would produce,
ire alone enough to) justiry the formation of
these country societies. We must act with
Doncert, if we would accomplish anything of
I shall conclude this article by invoking
p!anters, however leagre their early educa
tion may havo bWen, or ntch neglected, to
take agricultural papers, to throw aside their
aiversion to book farming, and to improve
their minids biy a judicious courso of reading.
Do not lag behind the age, nor cling to cus
tois which have long sin ce been codlilemn.
ed. But ahoyo all, omploy all your arts of
persuasion and influence, to dIssuade your
ions froim eibarkilg in profession.s nlow toll
overstoeked. Agriculture opens a fair field
fr the exercise of their talent, and affords
full scope for tiheir ambllitionI. Edmunlid ~ituf
in has earned a fmne Ithat time cannot efface.
Hie is mlore ot a l~hoefcr of his race thanII
the hero, whose claims to fone are recorded
in blood. A. W. DItLAIun.
A SECOND ULYSSES.
An old mant, of very acute physiognomiy,
answering to the name of Jacob Wilmot,
was brought before the Police Court of Phd
ladelphia. IH is clothes looked as if they'
might have been bought second handed in
his y-outhftul primle, for they had suffered more
from the : ubs of the world thtan thle pro(prie
"What busineoss do you genlernlly follow,
" Business! none ! I'm a traveller."
"A vagabonid, pe~rhapts?"
"You are not far wvrong-travel-lers and
vagabonds are nmucha the nme thing~. The
ditfIce IC is that the lafler travels wltho'ut
1IlnIfi, anid the for'mer, withlout brains.
I' Where have yo travelled ("I
"All over tile coinitenit !"
"For wvhat putrpose ?"
" What. have you observed ?"
"A little to commend, much to censure,
and very much to laugh at."
" Umph! and whlat do you commend ?"
"A handsome women~t thlat will stay at
home, an eloquent preacher thlat will pirealch
a shlort sermon, a good writer that dloes not
write too muchl, and a fool wvho has sense
enough to hold hlis tongue."
" What do you censure ?"
"A man wilso marries a girl for her fine
dancing, a~ youth who studies law or medi
ine while he has the use of his hlands, and
people whlo elect a drunkard or blockhlead
"And, pray, what do you laugh at ?"
" I laugh at a luan who expects his posi
ion to comimantd thlat respect which his
personal qualities and qualitication: do not
lie wias dismissed.
FELAlDEL~.-" Ilow do yott spell Fela
defy ?" asked a small city grocer of his part,
ner one day, as lhe was sprinkling sandl upon
a letter whlichl he was about to despatch to
the City of Birothierly Ibove,
" Why, Fcl-a, Fein, del, Feladel, fy
SThlen I've got it right," snid the partner
(in ignoranice as well ats businless,) ill thought
I might havo miade a mistake!"
IIARRIAGlI renders maen more virtuous andi
more wise. The father of a famnily is nut
willing to blush before his chilren,
Goon qualities, like great abilities, are ill
comtprehensible andi incontceivable to such as
are dirprived of tdietn.
FOR THdI ADV
"In the first place," sag# sur L," "al
mwankiind feel the necessity '0 'ng a stimulus
Of some sort occasionally; oi habitually." This
is the proposition or asseliOti It right be
measured preceiely by theaterenit adduced in
its support. Ile tells .us t6e miss of mankind
use some stimulus- or otheri This is admitted.
But the prevalence of the h bit-is not proof of
the necess'ity of the -hing. We admit the ne
ce.wity of a stimulus ochasi sn'ly-i. e., when
nature is unable to reive b It is injuri
ous to the system, when needing rest, to stimu
late. It makes natureoverdo herself, and there
by waste in a greater meaire, her remaining
strength. If rest,'ind" fired nature's sweet
re.-tAorer" fail, then jtii~uIAte. We doubt not
the patient " feels the necepsity' of a stimulus
occasionally. But shall we~onelude frou this
that ardent spirits, obtained from a licensed grog.
shop, is the rery thing. Wten a man feels the
necessity of using it liabildajly, we suppose the
necessity is found in ls iiltted taste. It is no
cessary for a habitual dritiker to drink to keep
up1 "his spirits" and-to keepffron wanting it
present. And it i6 true that hIefeels this neces
sit y-he feels it not in his'head or heart, but in
a ritiated appetite. In comon terms lie feels
like he teants a dram.. Itds not follow from
this, however, that any selnain r:eeds a stiiu
los of any kind. -Nor does it follow that the
sickly portion of thleommu nity need a stimulus.
And if soime of them do tied stiuliating. It
does not fullow that out or) many stimulants,
ardent spir its is the "on .It needful." It is
a bad symptom fqr a man timye a disCase that
can be cured (?) by going .i person to a grog
We interpose an objectiofl to the apparent in.
nocence which " T. BUT L.gives ardent spirits,
by classing it with other siuilants of a compar
aively hairmless nature. le classes it with
" Ten, Coffee," &e.,.&c.. Si far as stiiulis in
tie abstract goes, they- miy a.a be classed. But
ardent sp!rits is somethino; inore. lie adanits
that, "liquor by .producing intoxication, is per
haps the enuse of more ij^ to others than any
of .the other stimulants." is admission is in
substance this: thatif ai ' drink liquor till he
gets drunk hie perhaps" s others more inju.
ry than if he were to in a frequent strong
and hiot cp of.of Te e...: But as if ie
his perhaps, "T; .BUT L." safs i: the last sen.
tence, " But I utterly deny that liquor is more
injurious to man as an Individuil, than other sti
muli." I do not at present remember ever see
ing or hearing it denied before, and not expect
ing to see it angain soon, I shall not attempt to
prove Ihat drunkenness Is "perhaps" more lnju
rions to the individual than -would be a cup of
coffee or quid of tobaceo. N6twithstaiding the
above denial, lie says soon after that he " could
wish all liquor were displieud by Tea and Co-f
fee, which afford the advantage of stimulus
without alny of its evii effects." We can, how
over, reconcile the two sentences, by oifinintg
the ; evil esnaequonoes" to others.
Although many who use Colyee, &u., do not
use liquor, yet the dramndrinker does not always
(dous ie crea?) pptfine himself to the liquor sti
iulus alone. lIe generally chews, or smtokes,
-fregnently both; the gaambler is a dram-drinik
er, often a drutnkaurd. I hav'e.heard of one gamn
bier in my life wh'lo was not a tippler. lIndeed the
user ot lignor is generaliy theo indulger in the
other stiamulasnts as the " Theatre, the Trunf, the
Cock-pit, the Brothtel, and th'e thousand IHells,"
which serve to stimulate that "felt necessity" of
his itature, and properly mature his " lmdlvidual"
body for the drunkard's vault, and htis soul for
thme spcctfic stimulus of hell-fire.
" T. BUT L." closes his first article by telling
his readers what a Southerner and tlte Souh
will do and what they wIll not do. Tihiey will
not submit to " dictation," " the many headed
mot~nster," &c. It might do for Graniitevilk,
Greenwood, or Cokesbury, to say you shiall driatk
nto liquor ini grog-shops in our village, but it ill
becomtes this little en:ptal to tell the people of'
the district so. A grog-shtop is a "necessary"
traiflie ini Edgefield village. So the vilinagers
mtast submtit, and keep open a grog-shop fur the
acuommodation of country tipplers, to drinak aid
carse, and blnekguard before their doors, and
sometimes in the doors of their dwellings, re
gardless of their wives and children-aand tight
and murdor and sunk off homte. And ihas it,
is we oan account for what we often hear
"Edgefield village is one of the worst places I
" T. DUT L." w~ould not have the villagers to
'Idiitate" even though thtey do it soberly, asfree
men at the ballot-box, umder the prerrgratire <;f in
corporation. No, no. This would be a monster,
flat if they silently submit to whtatover a" owet"
ootnell, grog-sol lers, dram-deinkers, and drauk
nrds maay choose to do, why this at once by a
wonderful talismanic transmutation 'converts
Edgefid village into a Glorious Southern Re
public, o'r a " folded snake," which would say, to
all ittermeddlers, " Let tae alone," &o.
The sum of the second and third articles of
" T. hUT L.," so far as they have any relevancy
to the subject of his first is, thatthte venders and
drinkers of Rum, Gin, &c. in England,.Ireland,
and Scotland, were and are like many of the
same slass iat the United States-ogioserne, hat.
ters, dentouncers, violators, and evaders of any
atw whtose spirit does not chime with a tippler's
throat. From the f'uallro of legiation and ex
cpution to drive the use of liquor from thIs aid
other lands, are we to conclude that the efforts
were wvrong I Great efforts htave been made by
legislation and preaching to get people to quit
sipaling, but they steal on-to get them to desist
from robbing and murden but they ill not da
it. Shall the law .bo repealed. Shltal we aboi
ishi the lawv existing against drain shops because
unprinciplcd men- will sell ram-ina dfinneme of the
-While " T. aur L." adduces many inwful but
fruitless tlenpts to put down. traftle in ardent
spirits, to show that we may expect a similar re
sult here, I will use the same evidence to sho.w
that the friends of the traflic in such es:ses were
in that respect a lawless set. So I can see it in
no other light than lawlessness, fur men to sell
contrary to law, and nothing else for others to
buy of sueh venders. The temperane reform
has, from the beginning, encountered opposition;
and its advocates expect nothing else. 1o we
are not at all surprised when we hear the cry
"Great is Diana of the Epheians!"
TEMPERANCE, NO LICENSE.
Punctuality is the life of trade.
Listen if you would learn ; be silent if you
would be safe.
All things are artificial, for Nature is the
art of Cod.
People seldom learn economy till they
have little to exercise it on.
There is no such injury as revenge, and
no such revenge as the con tempt of an in
It is wonderful what moral obligation
things sometimes assume when we wish to
Men, armed with reason and a hand, has
no match among other animals.
Franklin says, a poor man must work to
find meat for his stomach; a rich one, to
find stomach for his ment.
The tvyrant is a dead carcass in the abodes
of the living, but the benefactor has a living
soul in the mansions of the dead.
" At a distamice !" A thick book might he
written upon these three words. It is tnt a
picture or an edifice alone that is beautiful
by distance, but sometimes nature and oflen
-a woman. flow poetloal-how divine
doea i sceno sometimes appear inl the dis
tance. Look at the clouds that veil the far
off mountains-angels may be wrapped
within, or paradise lie behind them ; go into
the midst of them and they are but fog and
PROFANITY.-It is unfortunately too true,
that profinity continues to be practised, even
by those young men who would claim) a
staiding in respectable soclety. There is
something exceedingly vulgar and ungentle
manly itt it, which should be a sufficIent con
demnation of the practice. That it is thought
so is evident from the fact that no gentleman,
even though he is in the habit of it, ever
swears in the company of respectable fe
males; and if such a restraint can be sub
mitted to so easily, we know of no roason
hy Iba pricied cainot he restrained altoge
ther. There are associations of all kinds iii
which men submit to selt-discipline and self
denial. Only at once determine to abstain
from vice, and it is easy to do so. There canl
be no good excuse offered for profane swear
ing, except that of inability to restnin from it.
Let me suggest that nothing better or more
philanthropic can engago your attention, than
sotmie plan of reforni itn this particular. But
apart from these considerations of decency,
there are others still stronger. We all ad
mit our relation to a Supreme Being. How
reprehensible, then, Is the constant violation
of the respect due to that Creator in whom
we live, move, and have our being.
--' .-*t.-- -
IY'VBuvtiYTION TO PREvENT INTERVEN.
TIoN.-" Look lie', ole feller," said a negro
to a brother darkey, in a carabat inl the Se
cond Distriet, last evening; " look lie', ole
feller. Now I hain't bin out mur an three
minute an' somew fellow has ta'en mty liquo'.
Now wvho flung dat has brick ?"
"I did ?" said the nigge r addressed, speak
ing with an air of emphatic positiveness, " I
did dat-I didin't do nullitn else ?"
"Den why did you does it ? 'splain dat to
"Yes, nigge', I'll lumernate, You lef' you'
liquo' dar-sartin, shua. Well dhoes you
knowv dat durin' your absence, if I hadni't
taken it, Sani Jonsinig would-lhe act'ly hiad
his hand on de tumtbler. But I says-' no
ye don't,' an' so, to purwent hitm from drink
itg it, I dritiks it myself."
" But dar ain't no prinicerple itivolved in
" Yes, dar am-De prince'rblcob~ intericen
ion to puiru-ent interreention."
Thle logiceseemed to) satisfy his questioner,
atd as thant hiorn of the dlilemmtta wias adjust
ed, they took aniother hiortn.
" MADM~u, what age shall I put you
No direct atswer.
"Howv old is youir husbandl ?"
n' And your eldest son?'
" And how' old (1o you call yourself?"
" 1 dho not ktiow mty age exactly, but it is
"Did I 'understamnd you, that your eldest
was twenty-seveni ?"
" You must surely, then, be more thani
"Well, sir, (quite snappishly,) I told you
about thirty. I can't tell exactly. It tmay
be thirty-one or two, but I aim positive it is
not over that."
" JHRoME, .IE~oME l' screatmed Mrs. But
torield tho other day to her biggest boy,
" what is that you are thrwvoinmg to those
"Gold beads, mother, and the darnied
'ools aro oatin 'em,.I[ 'spect they think its
Mrs. B. ran out instantly, but her bead:
wvero gyratinig throughi the air in all diroc.
tions, and the younig sprout's yedal appen.
dges flewv up and downm at a prodigious
rate, till lie wvas far out of sight in a tieigh.
WisuoM ow Tioivy Lunls.-" Pa, wvh.
don't you buy a hen, so thiat wo cani hman
all the egg's we watt?"
" 'My dear, onie would not lay all th<
eggs we- want."
"Why, yes it would Fa, we only use :
d ozen eggs qa day, and a good hetn wook
ceitainly lay that many."
rnds nnt to nnutwardt s,1(w
Tim POPULATVON OF TH1E LonE.-The
population of the globe is supposed to be
less than one thousand millions-937,000,
Coo. A French writer alluding to the
If all mankind were collected in one
place, every four individuals occupying a
square metre, the whole might be contained
in a fiel ten miles squ:Le. Thus, generally
speaking, the population of a country
might be packed, without much squeezing,
in its capital. But the mean idea this gives
us of the number of the human race, is
counterbalanced by its capability of exten
sion. The new world is said to contain of
productive land, 4,000,000 square miles of
middling quality, each capable of stipport
i.g two hundred inhabitants; and 6,000,
000 of a better quality, capable of support.
ing five hundred persons. According to
this calculation, the population of the new
world, as peace and civilization advance,
may attain to the extent of 4,000,000,000.
If we suppose the surface of the old world
that of America, (and notwithstanding the
comparative poverty of the land, this calcu
lation may be accepted, if we say nothing
of Australia and the various archipelagoes,)
it would support 8,000,000,000; and thus
the aggregate population of the entire ghloe
might amount to 12,000,000,000, or twelve
times the present number.
ELY CRAFT.-We understand that the
celebrated Ellen Craft, the Fugitive Slave,
belomgin, to Dr. Collins of this city who
excited so much interest in Boston, two
years ago, and who had the honor to be
conducted through the Crystal Pajcee at
London, during the Great Fair, upon the
arm of the Chairman of tihe Executive
Committee, who slighted many fair repre
sentatives of the Caueassian race, to pay
his devoirs to this interesting chamber-maid,
has voluntarily gone into the servic of an
American gentleman and lady, upon condi.
tiomi, that they will bring her back to her
We would respectfully suggest to Mrs.
Harriet Beecher Stowe, that this incident in
the life of Ellen Craft furnishes abundant
material out of which, with her vivid imagi
nation, she might elaborate a romance as
interesting and more truthful than " Uncle
Tom's Cabin."-.Iacon (Ga.) Messenger.
HORIIr DUKL.-By the Santa Clara
Register we are informed of the following
particulars of a duel which came off in San.
ta Clara county, last week, near. Gilroy's.
ranch, and which, in ferocity amil despera
tion, we find no parallel for in the State. It
occurred, says the Register, between a Mex
ican and a native of California,' about a game
of monte, and Colt's navy revolvers were the
weapons used in combat. Nine shots were
fired, and four of the balls took effe-ct in each
of the combatants. Both parties expired
immediately, and they were both ushered
into the presence of their Maker to answer
for the murder of the other. After the see
ond or third shot the Calihornian crawled on
his hands and knees nearer his antagonist
and fired, in order to make sure of his vic
tim. This shot took effect in the abdomen
of the Mexican.
To CUrE IIAM.-As I have seen numer
ois receipts for curing hams, and as I have
tried the ainexed for several years, and found
it to excel every other in my estimation, I
take the linerty of sending it to youli, that
ynu may p)ublish it for the benefit of any
whlo -may be dispmosed to try it. By lotting
Imy ham remaIn in pickle, it is less trouble to
keep it than by any other method wvhich I
have found, and it keeps swveet and tender all
Trake a barrel and turn over an old pan or
kettle, and burn cobs (I think best,) or hard
wood, for seven or eight days, keeping wa
ter on the head to prevent drying. Make a
pickle with eight pounds of salt, six ounces
of saltpetre, two quarts of molaistes, and
three gallons of waiter in one hundred pounds.
Iloil and skim in barrels, and w~hien the pie
kle is cold, pour it on to the meat, and in four
Iweeks you have excellent ham, very tender
and well smpoked.-Albany Cullirator.
Sw~ArI L~ixns.-T'1he -Comet of Baton
Rouge says: We have been informed by
the Register of the land office of Louisiana,
that the Department at Washington city,
had decidled all sales or locations made by
thei olicers of the United States oh swamp
lands since the passage of the Act of Con
gress 2d of .March, 1849, are illegal, and
even though patents have been issued,
parties holding thmem are directed to return
the same. T1he sale or- location being illegal
no0 sub~sequenit Acet can umake it good. Thus
instead of the United States paying over
the cash to the State, she cancels her, sales
and gives the land. As there are many
persons hargrely interested, wve make this
stutetment, hopiing our cote'mporaries will
notice it, thus giving information wiech will
save many an honest purchaser from speci.
THLE Queen of Portugal has just carried
out a general cropping or trimminig of beards
miustaiches worn by the army, her own hius
band not hav-ing been excepted from Its ope
ration. The decree which aff'ects this
reform ordains that the forests of hear-d
which overspread the faces bf most Portu
guese officers shall fall under the sweep oh
the razor, and that nothing shall henceforth
be wvorn but mustaches and imperials, the
sha.'pe and dimensions of whlichi are pre
scribed with the precision and taste ol' a
connoisseur in such embellishments, general
olicers a lone being allowved to indulge ii
tho luxury of whiskers, which, however, are
to be of a certain pattern, and not to exceed
so many inches in length.
A IIRIEND in California wirites us tllat hi
is har-d run for victuals, and other edibles
that nothing but a miracle or highway rob
ber-v can save him from starvation. For tw(
weeks, lie say-s; he lived on a piece oh 0i
clotha boiled with an o'.d boot to give it:
m ieaIty flaivur. H ere is a situation as is a sit
TE DANGE1S OE BRANDY DRINIG.
In thle last number of the Irish Quarterly
Review, the weakness of poor Maginn is
thus alluded to:
"He now turned for comfort and inspira.
tion to the foul fiend, Brandy, which has beet
tike pause of niscry to so many men of go
nius. We regret the errors of Addison and
Steele, we sigh at the recollection of poor
I Moreland, the painqr, working at his last
picture, with the brush in one hand, and a.
glass of brandy in the other, for he had then
arrived at the terrible condition in which rea,
son could only visit him through intoxication;
and Maginn, although not so fallen as this
sunk deeply. The weary hours of lonely
watching brought no resource, but that vhioli
copious drafts of the liqqor could supply.
lealth was fading away, the brightest years.
of life were passed for ever, and as the dim -
future lowered, he gazed upon it under the
influence of that demon which enthralled the
brilliant souls of Addison, of Sheridan, of
Charles Lamb, and wIhiel sent the once
stalwart form of Theodore [look, a misera
ble, wretphed skeleton, to the grave.
Maginn, we know, felt his position. H
was neglected by his own party-he was for
gotten by many of his former friends, and
as we looked upon him in his pitiable condi
tion, and compared wihat we then saw in him
with what he might have, and as we hoped
would have been, we often recalled the fear
ful passage of Charles Lamb: " When von.
find a ticklish relish upon your tongue, dis
posing you t0 a witty sort of conversation,
especially if you find a preternatural flow of
ideas setting in upoll you at the sight of a
bottle and fresh glasse's, avoid giving way to
it as you would fly your ;reatest destruction.
If you cannot crush at once the power of
fancy, or that within you which you mistake
for such, divert it, give it some other play.
Write an essay, pen a character of descrip?
tion-but not as I do now, With tears trick
ling down my cheeks. To be an object of,
compassion to friends, of derision to foes-;i
to be suspected by stangers, stared at by.
fools; to be psteemed ull when you cannot .
be witty, to be applauded for witty when
you know you have been dull; to be called
upon for extemporaneons exercise of thit
faculty which no premeditation can give; to
be set on to provoke mirth which procures
the procurer hatred ; to- give ploasuiro, ind
be paid with squinting malice; to swallow:
drafts of life-destroying wine-, which are to
be distilled into airy breath to 'tickle vain
auditors; to mortgage miserable mirrbs
for nights of madness! to waste while sedi
of time Upon those who p.ai tack'inilitteii.
inconsideMbl9 drqps .of guin~ig aippltisU.
-,are the wages of !ufmoiry. and death.'
A Curtj) SHOT R HIS FATnEn.-ThO
Wilkesbarre (Pa.) Advocate relates a most'
melancholy circumstance, w.'hich receutly
took la)ILce in Covington township, Luzerno
county. A Mr. John Williams, seeing his
own son, Isaac, about 12 years of ago, ill
the woods gathering ohestnuts, aid snppos..
-ilg him to be a deer, fired his rifle and shot
the little fellow througth the back. Onl ap, -
proaching each other, the boy exchimed,
" Father, why did you shoot me ?" and
afterwards added, 1 Father, you will bury
ie on the farm, won't you ?" We are re
joiced to learn that the poor little boy sur
vives 'and is .rouoverilng.
PcTrtnE OF TIFF..-Il yOuth, we seei
to be climbing .1 bill on whose top eterinit'.
sunishine appears to rest. How eagerly we
Ipant~ to atain its summit ! But when we
have gained it, how ditl'erent is the pirospect
on the other side ! We sigh as we contem
plate the drear'y wvaste befo~ro us, and look
back with a wishful eye upon the tloweryV
path we have passed, lbut may never more
retraoe. Life is like at portenatonas clouald,
fraught with thunder, storm and rain ; but,
religion, like those streaming rays of sun
Ishine, will clothe it with light as with a gar
nment, and fringe its shadowy skirts with
Lours NiPOI.EON AND Cunai.-Among
the foreign news lately received w~as an
iteem stating that Louis Napoleon would
protect Cuba :against A merican aggression.
It aippemars upon receiving fuller accountg
that Napoleon has made nio such declara
tion as we had been led to suppose, but that
the transatlantic " Thunderer" has given it
as its opinion that it would be to his interest
to do so.
TAxING 'TDIE BY 'rTnE- Fona -: OC.- Par
son Brownlow', in his panper, the Knoxvillo
WVhig of Saturday, concludes aia article on
the course he intends to pursue us follows:
"Finally, in order to strike an effetual
blowv for truo Republicanismn, to aid in thu
restoraltion of sound Whtig. principles, we
fling the proud, the glorious.banner' of Mil-'
lard Fillmore to tho breeze, 'for' Presidenit in
1856, and under this flag we shall fight,
simik or tr'iumpllh, live or die."
TuF. BoTTTB TalCK ExPLAINE.D.-In
thIs wel-knowvn trick there are two puzzling:
points: first howv can fifty or a hundred wine
glasses be filled from one quart bottle?' and,
secondly, how can six or eight dit'erent Ii.'
quids be poured from the same bottle ? The
first wvonder is explained thus : the glasses
are so small and have such thick bottoms,
that a full qnart bottle will hold enough to
fill eighty of them. Th'e second marvel is
nmanagved in the followving manner :the glass
es are arrangedl on a tray ini a pairticulair
manner' by the conjurer, before the entertaini
ment begins, T1hae bottle is filled with a
weak mixture of spirits of wine, water and.
sugar. At thu botiom of eacht glass is a
drop or twvo of some flavorinag essence, as
noyaa,- essence at' brandy, port wine, sherry;
etc., and the operator is thus entabled-tQ on
coct a tolerable resemblance "of 'wffuitid
that is likely to be called fur,'and to'sjiigil
hundred personas or' moro nithk' halT A s p.
their favorite beverage, from the ' inedlii
PL'Ncu, speaking ofthueinfi n VA4
dimuers, says there is no d~iojnatic i'sputo
-in. the9 wvorld so) .lu-ghatiticatmutL-c
cred with -atta -doti -