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"We will cling to the Pillars of the Temple of our Liberties, and if it aust fall, we will PerIsla amidst the Ruins.
W. F. DURISOE,.Proprietor. EDGEFIELD, S. C., JANUARY 5, 1853. OL --NO..
ADDRESS TO A BRANDY BOTTLE.
You old brandy bottle, I've loved you too long,
You have been a bad niess-Inate to ie;
Wlimn I net you first I wias healdhy and btrong,
A nd l:andsome as handsoie eoul be.
I had plenty of eash in my pocket and purse,
And ny clheeks were ret& is a rose,
And the day when I took you for better or worse,
I'd a beautiful aquiline nose!
But now only look, I'm a fright to behold,
That beauty I basted has fled
You'd thnk I was nearly a hundrod years old,
When I'm raising my hand to my hetail
For i: trembles and shakes like the earti when it
And I'n onstantly spill'ng my tea,
A nd whenever I oprak I iake awful nistakes,
Till every one's laughing at mie.
The Idies do ni't love me, and this I can trace
Tv the loss of ny aquel.ne nose,
Lke an overgrown strawberry stuck on niy face,
Still larger and larger it grows.
A nd I have n't a cent in lily pocket or purse,
Andl my clothesare all tattered anid torn;
Oh, you old brandy bottle yu've been a sad curset,
And I wish I had never been born !
You old brandy bottle, I'll love you no more,
You have ruined ily body and soul;
I'll dash yuu to pieces, aid swear from this hour
To g've up both you and the bowl.
And I'll now go and sign-1 could scarcely do
On that pledge all my hope I repose,
And I'll get back niy money in pocket and purse,
And. perlaps, too, iy beatitiful nose.
THE PRODIGAL SON.
Amietioiis though they Seem ,evere,
In ierey oft are sent :
They stopped the Proiligal's career,
And eause-l him to repent.
A..lthough he no relentingst felt,
Till he had spent h.fs %tore
Ilk stubborn heart began to ielt
When famine pinch'd him sore.
" What have f gain'd by sin," he said.
But hunger, shame, and fear:
.\iv father's house abounds with bread,
Whi!c I ai starving here.
I'll go and tell him all I've done,
And fall before his face:
Uiworthy to be call'd his son,
I'll seek a servant's place."
Ifis Cathor saw him cominig hack,
lie saw, and ran, anl sinil'd ;
Anti threw his arms around theneck
Of his rebellious child.
" Father, I've siin'l-but Oh. forgive
- I've heard enough," he said ;
" lejoice, my house, ny son's alive,
For whita I mourn'% asl.-::1"
THE BRILLIANT LOCKET.
A STORY FROM REAL LIFE.
IT w:s the Autumn of the year 1800 when
the Reptublicant army und~er' Ney, Morcean,
L~amb, Cyr, and other of its bravest genter:ds,
w~as pursuing its victoriouis career, and laying
waste some of the most impiortant towns in
Germnany, thatt the circumstanuce we are
.about to relate took place.
The freqnent wianat of stores, amtmunitton
anid money, in the Republican armies, andi
the hope of plunder, then so fregnently held
ou; to the Frenuch soldiers aus the reward ofI
victory, catused no inconsiderable alarm in
the breasts of the more peaceful inhabitanits
of tliose places which were considered likely
to become the theatre of hostilities.
Amoung these, the inhabitanuts of a Ger
ma~n town oh' considerablie importance-anid
which, for distinuction, we will call Ehristeinm
-had amle reason f'or their mnisgiv'ings;
the daily, abtnost honrly approach of thel
Frenich being expected,.
Thie family ohf Patul Kinmayer, a merchant !
citizen oh' great wvealth, wtas amotug those
mtost agitated by the afflicting intelligence.
11lis honsehold consisted of' his wif'e and onl y
dl.mughter, and a few domuestics in whom he
could place contfidence. His datughte.r wa
tie sprinig which regulated every action of;
the merchant's life. Shue waus the apple of
his eye, the sunshine of his shady places,
for her he accumulated his wealth, that her
ratre beauty might witn with it a station of'
ranrk atnd inlloence ; and the huopie of a
whole lif'etimte tmight be wrecked ini a few
His wife was the first to suggest a plani for
the concealment of' their treasures, TIheir
inansioni was sitte~td necar the extremity of
the town, :tnd from it at secret ptasag comn
nmuicated wtithu a bower in the gairden ad.
jiini~g, from thence, in the evenaing a man
might easily steal unperceived to the adjacett
wvoods, ;and there sihe proposed that the maer
ch~at should at night time bury his treasure,
or, at anyv rate, that he should proceed througha
the forest and deposit it with a reh~ition who
was to be truisted, who would not lie suspect
ed of possessing so much wealth, atnd who
resided about two days journey from the
For a time, Paul Kinmayer resisted every
imuportunity of his wife. Whow would protect
tI.emn shotuld the atnticipated attack tatke place 1
in his absence ? lThe (domestics were old
and ini, and thsey would be tmuch for
!)thers not akin to them. But when his wife
spioke upon the fuoture ;wheni sihe imtpressedl
on him~ ihat it was wealth onily that would
js requirod of themt, and that, deprived of
that ad for which ho had struggled, which
wonuld be sentteredi in a tmomnent, his resolu-t
tioni gave way,.
" I go," said he, " and leave you itn the
trust of one whose all powerful hand wvillr
protect you; unless, indeed, in his infin itet
wisdom, he deems it fittitng that the intnocent
shall fiall as an example and terror to the
Collecting all that was most valuable into
a small packet, as the evening approached,
the merchant was prepared to depart One
jewel only remained behind-it was his own
miniature, set in a locket, with diamonds of
great value. It was his wedding gift to
Amelia, and with it he hesitated to part, and
he phaced it again around her neck with the
Pane lervor Mid atllection that he felt when
he first piesented it. To her and his daugh.
ter, the natnesake of her nother, lie gave
some inecessarv direction for their Wvlfiare
during his -.isence, and taking an afrection.
ate tarewell, lie departed, unknown to any
It was in the evening of the fourth day
after tile merchant had departed. that the roll
of the drum, tie shrill voice of the trumpet
amning t he i nhabita tints without, proclaimed
to the inmates of the mansion that the ene
my was fast approaching. The town was
indeed filled with Austrianitroops; but these
had been so cfIten and lately deeated by the
victorious arms of the French, that it was
not without roason the citizens felt strong
misgiving., in their prowess.
On the return of the merchant, the French
irmy was evacuating the place, and carried
with them the trophies they had wrested
rom the conquered Austrians, aid a large
anppoly of stores and plinder from the devo
red towl. Paul's heart dried within him as
lie st,-althilv entered the suburbs, and pro.
eeeded towards the place of hisresidence.
Within the town was confusion and dis.
nay; here were open storehouses rifled of
their contents, the very doors torn from their
binges; there, were the !.rim gardens of the
richer classes broken down and tramnpled
iver, in tie market places were groups of
:he middle and lower classes, loudly con.
lainiiig of the excesses of Austria and
France. Still Paul stopped not to join tie
aterv hi, own :mxietv was his own hoim1e.
A: length he reacied his dwallinig. W ith
Iat a palng of intelnse anxiety lie rushed
in through the open portal. The servants
ad evidentiv fled ; the stairs bore the marks
)f heavy footsteps. Paul stopped not to
-xaiine them, or lie would have seen that
laey were traced with gore.
With the speed of thouAght ho rushed into
be accustomed sitting room, and there a
orrid spectahle awaited him. Onl the ground
ay his wife, stablied through Ithe heart, one
if the town, until it was wi.
hat he was mad ; and so, for a tiimie, lie was;
put anxiety brought weariness, and repose
ed to recollection.
How deeply Paul Kinniayer reproached
imnself for not taking the miiiiatnre with the
aher valuables, need not at this time
e related, since he little doubted that his
vife's resistance to part with it led to the
atal catastrophe. One redeeming thought
inly flashed across his mind, that by its
igeny-if, indeed, she had not shared the
te of her mother-he might be enabled to
iscover the missing daughter. To this end,
ie rescdved to deviote the whole of his fu.
re existence; and~ after the funecral of his
vife, he disposed of his house, the wraeck of
is household goods, and prepared to travel,
w'hither, lie knaew niot; hut aanywhere to fly
rom the scenes where all his hopes of earth.
y' happiess had been blighted by the ruth
e'ss hanids of the destrover.
'" And these,"hle said, as lie turned from
is native town anid home, " are dleeds5 per
itrated undier the sacred hion of liberty!
tlas! haow~ is the divine attribute desecrated!
low little but the naiae exists in the blood
hirsty dynasty of Franice !"
CH APTER III.
Shall we follow the steps of Paul Kinmay
r for twelve years ?, Shall we relate how
e0 travelled in stra~ lands, even in the
rake of the French army-soetimes in
isguise. H ow minute, but vet how cautious
vere his inquiries, and alas ! lhow fruitless!
;lall we say haowu the hale mana grew gray
mid1 feeble as thougrh ha~lf a ceintury had pass
' over his head, ini scarcely omore than a
ythae of one? No ; for wve could relate
othing that would interest the reader-no
hing bait the patient suffe~riing of a haereaved
nan, hoping, but hopeles-seeking, but fid
nag it nt; until it almost seemed that the
~aculties of the wanderer had ceased to em-.
race the original object of his mission ; but
hey (lid not-they onily slumbered.
It was something beyond twelve years
fter the scene related in our secotnd chap.
er too~k place, that a Fronch officer was re
iting, ini one of the principal cafes of Parie,
o an eager crowd of listeners, the partacu
ars of ani inglorious retreat from Russia, of
vhich lie was one of the few survivors. llis
ige coul riot have exceeded thirty, but the
readfuhl hardships of the Russian campaign
mnd told- fearfully upon01 his hardened features.
Aar, however, bnad iaot tamied, but had evi
lently added to, a naturally ferocious dispo
ition, for lie was detailinmg with savage sat.
sactiont, the torments of the enemy, already
orgetful of the sevirity bie hand just escaped;
miu to which so many of his comrades had
allen a sacrifice.
Anmong' those wh'lo listened most attentive
y was a stran ger, who sat almost uannoticed
mokinig in ana obscure corner of the room;
n involuntary expression at length betrayed
ii, and :all eyes wuere imimediately turned
o wvhere lie sat.
" Ill wager a Napoleon," said the officer,
'that the old Germain inever smelt powder
tat on a review, and never sawu more smoke
han that which nowv proceeds from his mecer
"Better if others were like me, whio, re
membeinag only that they are soldiers, forget
ht they are men."
" He !" exclaiund thn officr, starting
on his feet ; " such sentiments here are dat
gerous, bt you Germans are ever mystica
However, I'll tell you a German adventur
so, garcon, another bottle of coti roti, an
then- Do you happen to know the Get
man town of Ebriestein I" enquired the ol
The dull eye of the stranger seemed lit u
suddenly with a liquid fire, as he answere
in the allirmative.
It was my first campaign," continue
the officer. ". Aly fatther was one of the hr
vest (lhe meant, one of the most blood-thiri
tv) leaders of the revolution. H is influene
obtained for me a commissioin ; and crowne
with suecess I found no difficulty in earnin
for myself promotion. In the action All
ded to we were allowed but two hours 1
itimake what pillage we could in the town c
Ebriesteinm, before we proceeded onward t
I greater and more glorious victories. Wel
thete was a jeweller of great wealth whos
honse was poinited out to me by an Austrix
prisoner; we entered, but in which neithe
jewels nor portable valuables could we flind
The servants fled on our first entrance; th
wife and the daughter alone reinnied. Th1
latter had locked themselves in a room. whicl
we soon burst open ; we demanded of then
their valuables ; the trumpet had alread;
sounded ' to horse,' and I was preparing t<
leave the house, when a gold chain aroum
the neck of the elder female attracted nu
attention. There was attached to it-"
" A portrait !' asked the stranger, in a ton,
of ill-concealed anxiety.
- Don't interrupt me," said the narrator
" the story is droller thai any one wouh
The blood of the stranger came and weni
rapidly, and, putting down his pipe, he wai
obsetvod, for the moment, feeling about hi
pocket, as if in search of some missing ar
" You're right, it was a portrait, and in :
most valuable setting. Provoked at obtain
iig no booty, I demianded it of hwr; sit
should have had the worthless miniature, bt
site was obstinate. I tried to force it front
her, but she resisted-nav, more, she tried tr
seize a pistol from my belt, and in the he.a
of mny passion, I stabbed her."
"Have you that portait still!" asked the
I have, though it has been taken from
the setting in which one of my own glitters.
You said you know Ehriestein !"
I did, years ago."
And probably the original of this pic.
Mortally wounded, but not dead, he who
had braved the heat of a hundred battles,
and whom death had spared that he might
make more suitable atonimetit for his guilt,
was carefully removed to a private apart.
Paul, w'ho might have escaped in the con
fusion, (lid not attempt to do so, and lie was
of course taken into cuitody, and incarcer.
ated in one of the dutgenIs of the polic.
The following morning Ile was led forth
for examination ; the wife of the fallen otli.
cor, Le was told, would he his accuser. But
he walked with a firmier step antd a lighter
heart thtan usuaul. One piortiont of his mis
sion had beetn accomplished ; he had aveng.
ed his wife's death, but lie foutnd no traces
of his daughter.
Otn reacbing tho place of examiniation, he
was commanded to statid ; a shriek-a long,
agonizing shriek-was heard, and the pros.
eeutrix fell setnseless on thme floor.
Restoration was applied, and on her re.
covery, thie cause of her agitation was sooni
" It is my father !" she said, and breaking~
through the crowd, site again li sernseless
in his arms.
The imiettus of her fall caused a locket to
drop from hor bosom, wvhere it was still suts
pended by a chain. Pautl Kinmayer snatch.
ed it up. Yes, it wvay the name-the circl
of brilliants ; butt nlow it contained the por
trait of--whtomt of his daughter's husband,
the murderer of~ his wife.
Passing her to onte of the attendants, the
old man snmote his breast, arnd called aloud
in his trouble
"Was it for this thou wert preserved, my
beautiful, my pure I"
In consequentce of the state of the witness,
the examiiatiomn was post potned, atid the
same evening the dyitng matn requested that
the pirisonler, together with the chief of po0
lice, might attend him.
On their arrival life was ebbitng fast. The
confession of the officer was brief; he ad
mitted the murder of PaulI's wife, anid the
justice of (he retribution ; he further conifess
ed that theC daughter, being almiost a child,
was catrried away by the soldiers to the reai
of the army; aind sihe was forced from the
apartment previous to, and knew nothimng o
her tmothier's fate; and that, repenting of his
act, lie had her conveyed to Paris, and edu.
catedl; her loveliness increased; atid she,
only kntown to him ias a benefactor, at last
cotnsemnted to marry him.
This confe~ssion was attested and forward
ed1 to the Ertperor. Meanwhile the frientds
of the officer camne forward as persecutors:
his wife refitsed to do so. TIhte murder in:
the latter case wasit fully proved, antd Paul
was sentenceed to deatht.
On the momiing appointed for his execu.
tion,, he wvas reprieved, atid sutfTeredh to enter
a monastery, where lhe soon sunk under a
With his wealth which was considerable,
he founided a convent for the "Sisters of
Mercy ;" and in the still beautiful abbess,
whose piety anid benevolence have, with jus.
tice, been lauded atnd admired, may be dis.
covered the utnfortunate datughter of Paul
Give a child his will, and a whelp his fill,
and neither will thrie.
1. It is a good rule forthose who would " i
deem the time," to have on their hands sor
d pursuit or employmed4-or subject of inves
gation, which can b easily taken up ai
r. pursued in intervals of time, when no oth
occupation presents )ltself. He only wI
has tried this economy of moments can es
d nate the advantages Iwhich iay be thus s
cured by a systematic " gathering of fra
d ments." It is relatedpf some anthor of di
tinction, that one of the works by which I
was best known was written at daily inte
e vals: when he was bliged to wait by t]
d want ofpunctnality'oythe part of those wi
rwihom he was cinnected; and if we all we
. thus prudent in our employment of " tI
stntf life is made ofkas " Poor Richard
f calls it, the lives of nion would leave bett,
n records, and more enfuring memorials.
1 The Christian hawii better opportunil
than any other man,,o husband the estal
1 which God has giveni him in the preciot
r gift of years and momenits. Years are nia
of daysand hours, andlie who systematicall
improves the currency of moments as the
pass him, will have a grood account to re:
der in a life well and 4iligenitly spent. Dil
gence in well doing ilone can answer tI
requirements of ouriduty; thQgh mai
seem to fancy that refkaining from overt ae
of evil is all that a Christirn life. demand
I And many wonder at their lethargy, au
complain of their deainess -'and indifferenc
when the true cause il their idleness, in th
they do not " redeem the time." Keep son
object or objects continually in hand, t
which thoughts may reVert, and about whic
the mind may be employed. There is abm
dance to do; for " the-harvest is truly plet
teous," and lie who has the cause of his Ma
ter, and the good of his fellow-creatures :
heart, bas, as we havealready remarked, n
excuse or occasion fo.-a single listless t:
HINTs TO YO-NG 1PNU.-Be economica
No matter if your parents are worth mni
lions, it is not Ile less'proper that you shoul
understand the v.lue of money, and th
honest honorable meas of acquiring ii
What multitudes of young men, particularl
in our large cities, make shipwreck of repu
tation and health, and e'entually of propert
by neglect of this maxim 1-they are awar
that their fathers obtained their wealth b
habits of industry, but they are ashamed
the name. They forgot that wealth in thi
country passes from one to another, and thai
lie win ic r;A- f- 4In man h nnAr tn.mn
.......... . -.....-i he sun
shine of life is made up of very little beam
that are bright all the time. In the nuroer3
on the playground and in the school, ther
is room all' .ne time for little acts of kindnes
that cost nothing, but are worth more thai
gold or silver. To give up something, wher
giving up all will prevent unhappiness,-t
yield, when persisting will chafe and fre
others,-to go a little around rather thai
come against anotherg-to take an ill war
or a cross look quietly, rather than resent a
return it; these are the ways in which cloud
and storms are kept off, and a pleasant an
steady sunshine secured even in very humbl
homes, amnd among very poor people, as we]
as in families as in stations.
[ Sabbadk School Treasury.
hilsRInrs OF BACHEcLoRs.-Surround
hachielor, say3s a contemp~orary with ever
possible comfort, give him the roomiest o
Ibed chambers, the most refreshing ofcouchea
tearetof sponging baths; cover hi
brakas-tbl wvith the whitest of cloths
make his tea with the hottest of boiling wa
ter ; envelop his body in the most comforta
Ile of dressing gowns and his feet ini th
easiest of slippers ; feed him amid the luxu
ries and comforts of the snuggest of clubi
Do all these things and more for him, an
Ihe will, nevertheless, he unha ppy. He muse
and ponders, and dreams &shout love an
EnterrION OF BoYs.--We know not wh,
is the author of the followving paragrapi
but it cotaints sound senliments wvhic
ought to be treasured up by every pareti
and guardian in thme land:
" Every boy should hare his head, hi
heart and his hand educated. Let this truti
tnever b~e forgotten. By the proper educa
tiotn of the head, he wvill be taught whati
good aind what is evil, what is wise and wvha
is foolish, what is right anid what is wrong
By the proper education of the heart, he wvil
he taught to love what is good, wise ani
right, anid to hate all evil foolish and wvrong
And by the proper education of the hand, Ii
wvill be enabled to supply his wvants, to adi
,to his comforts, and to assirt those arout
him. The highest objects of a good edu
cation are to reverence and obey God, atta
to love and serve mankind. Everythii
that helps us in attaining these objects is c
great value, and everything that hinders ut
is comparatively wvorthless. When wisdon
Ireigns in the head, amnd love in the heart, th.
man is ever ready to do good ; order an'
peace smile arounad and sin and sorrow ar<
" How far do you want to drive this hors
this evening," said a livery stable keeper, ti
three young bucks for whom he was har
nessing a horse to a rockawvay.
"Only seventy-five miles," was the re
" You can't drive this horse that far," sal
" Vyno, said the exquisites, "ain't wv
'all got vips I"
" H Av you said your prayers, Johni
said a doting mother to her obedient Jitti
" No ma'am. It aint my work ; Bill say
the prayers, and I the amens I We agree
in o d it 'ase i coesshorter."
NEGROES IN CANADA.
e- "How to dispose of the negroes," is a
ie question not confined to the southern side of
Li. the great lakes. It is pressing itself upon
d I the attention ot the Canadians with contin
er uallv increasing force, and suggests conclu.
19 sions widely different from those propounded
Li- by the noisy sympathizers with the Garri.
sons and Douglamsas of our country. The
ridiculous resolves of busy-bodies at Toronto
s- and one or two other places in the Canadian
te I peninsula have been too often mistaken for
r- the judgment of the people generally; and
ie frequent references to the " underground rail.
:i roads," which conveys runaway scamps from
re Detroit to her majesty's dominions, have
ie served to give plausibility to the mistake.
" The fact nevertheless remains. that the in
r structive dislike to the idea of the equality
and analgamation of the two races pervades
y the mass of the settlers in Canada to an ex
tent as great as in New York or Ohio; and
is that the settlers view the influx of negroes
lo into their n.idst as a present injury to their
y property, a drawback to their social pro.
y gress, and a source of much future trouble.
- TJ10 Colonist, perhaps the best conservative
i. journal in the province, has consistently oc.
e cupied this ground ; and now we find the
y Leaderkone of the recognised ministerials
:s organs, following suit with a plainness and
s. vigor which ipust grate harshly on the ears
d of cant. The Leader" takes the bull by the
I, horns " manfully, and disposes of it with a
Lt candor which from such a.quarter deserves
e acknowledgment. We copy some points'
o from its article:
h "Whatever'wrongs American slavery may
- have inflicted on the African race, it may be
- doubted whether it has degraded them below,
their original condition; or whether, after all
t they have suffered, they be not more intelli
r> gent, more industrious, and equally as virtu
otis as when our forefathers stole them from
their native shores. The African is in fact
enslaved in his own country and by his own
I. race ; and nothing but superior intelligence
can rescue him from his original barbarism.
] There is now in operation an eiiterprise that
e promises to achieve the social elevationef
the African race on their native soil. The
y establishment of a negro Republic in Liberia,
which affords n' congenial asylum to tie free
r negroes of this continent, deserves' to be
) ranked among the most importatit enterprises
' of the age. A sound and healthy necleus of
f a vast emigraiion from North America has
s been formed; and the A merican Colonization
t Society is destined to direct from these shores
as* upon his degradation ; n ......
repulse him; no social etiquette perpetually
s to gall him with a sense of his inferiority.
" Far from unimportant as this question is
a to the whole of North America, it has for
s Canada an interest perhaps more weighty
than for any other portion of the continent.
3 Since the Northern States of the Union, un
der the operation of the Fugitive slave law,
t have ceased to afford a safe asylum for f.igi
tives from slavery, Canada has become the
sole immediate subterfuge for a class that at
r one time distributed themselves over the
q whole extent of the free States. Sonic ten
I thousand fugitives are stated to have taken
3 refuge on this soil since that lawv wvent into
Ioperation. Whether we regard the move
ment in a social, political, or economical
sense, it is impossible not to look upon this
irruption as an evil ; and although philanthro
py may wvelcome and benevolence may as
Ssist the successful fugitive wvho has eluded
'his pursuers, reason tells us that thme element
thsaddto our puatoisby no means
s of the most desirable kind. To refuse them
an asylum would he an act of proscription
at once arbitrary, cruel, and indefensible.
-But it is quite another thing to go out of our
way to en courage negro immigration to this
province ; to atteimpt to make it a focus of
Snegro colonization, not merely- for those whio
are in danger of being recaptured and con
s veyedl back to slavery, but also for the ne
groes of the North who were born free. If
this mistaken benevolence meet with general
indulgcnce, future generations may have
cause to regret the social effects it must in
evitable produce. * * A Hamilton contem
porary adduces evidences of the deplorable
additions to the criminal calenldar of Upper
Caiiada, induced by the influx of unusual
numbers of those persons into this province.
The western journals not unfrequently con
-tain similar stautemeiit, and of the occupants
tof the Toronto jail, a short time ago, a large
proportion was of that class. T1he victims
of slavery are entitled to every commiseration
Iand those benevolent persons wvho feel it their
duty to direct the destiny of these unfortunate
beings should at least direct them to a coun
try for which the most intelligent of that
Irace have expressed a preference over every
other as a place ofsettlemient. If they must
help the African-and they will finid plenty
of scope for the broadest phianthopy in do.
'ing so-let them do the best thing for him
and for all conicerned; direct him to the
country wvhich ol all others is best adapted
to his constitution and his necessities, and
where alonc lie can, in every sense of the
Iword, be thoroughly a freeman."
A s irregular apprentice freqnently keep
ing late hours, his master, at length, took
occasion to apply sonme rceightiy arguments,
Ito convince him of the " error of his ways."
DurIng the chastisement, lie contiinually
-exclaimed: " liow long will you serve the
Devii ?" The boy replied, whimpering:
" You know best, sir-I believe my iniden
tures will be out in three months."
A learned Doctor of Divinity was accused
of rambling in his discourses, by one of his
hearers, to wvhich lie replied, "If you will
3 ramble to the devil, I must ramble after you."
s " IF you can't statnd before the trntlh you
I, must fall," as the man said whetn lie knocked
is wife down with the Bible.
THE HOMESTEAD LAW.
At the recent session or our Legislature,
numerous bills were introduced to repeal the
Homestead Law, whichewere severally re
ferred to the Committee on the Judiciary.
The committee made the following report:
"Your Committee think the. act of the
last session quite too recent to admit of its
repeal without a fair trial, and recommend
that no legislation is now called for on the
subject. Those who live upon the improvi.
dence of the roor by seducing them into
credit beyond their means, such as shop.
keepers, and especially dealers in the tempt.
ing article of spirituous liquor, may clamor
at a law that protects the shelter of a thrift
less father. But credit is itself always dan.
gerous to the very poor. They forget that
pay day will one' time overtake them, and
then the spider who has deliberately woven
his web, darts upon his hampered victim.
Credit is useful to the merchant to antici
pate the sale of his goods. To the me
chanic who undertakes large contracts to
enable him to lay in his materials; but to
go in debt for daily bread, and especially
for mere luxuries, ends in the ruin of those
who live on their daily earnings. Credit is
temptation. Storekeepers and liquor deal.
ers use small credits to poor men, to absorb
their whole substance. If a man has health,
lie can at least earn his daily bread. If he
is sick the public will take care he does not
want the necessaries of life. . " The debter
is the slave of the creditor." This applies
most strangely to the indigent. We want
no slavery among our white citizens. To
see his home sold by the Sheriff, his little
means of feeding. his wife and children
taken away, breaks his spirit and cows that
manliness of character which makes a free.
man a soldier of the State, ready to defend
it. - The law now exempts his musket. It
s'iould protect his home for the sake of his
family' and he will the better do his duty in
the field. No complaints from any quarter,
not tainted with the suspicion of interested
motives, have reached the committee. - But
one year has elapsed since a law, similar to
ones in force all over the Republic, was
passed-we are disposed to let time test a
policy which at least has humanity to re
commend it. B. F. HUNT, Chairman.
THE FRENC1I ANNEx.TIo.-The move
ments of the French in Sonora are attract
ing much attention. Though apparently
only a private adventureityet the movements
there so accord with the tone of the French
iournals, when speaking of Mexico and the
-olonization as a
from the State of Sonora to found there an
agricultural colony. Two companies, one
headed hy M. de Pindray, and another by M.
Lepine de Legondes passed into Sonora.
The expedition failed, broke up into frag
mentary bands, and dispersed about the
country. A fterwards, under better auspices,
another company was formed, under the
lead of M. de Raousett Boulbon, who ob.
tained for himself and his party, a grant of
the mine of Arizona, and proceeded to take
possession of it and work it. Meanwhile
other claimants for the mine of Arizona ap
peared, and were backed by the local au
thorities, which began to be jealous of the
French, and suspicious that their ultimate
object might be diflerent from what it appear
ed on the surface. The Mexican govern
muent had stipulated that M. de Raoussett
Boulbon should carry with him a force of
only 150 men. But he soon augmented it
to 250 meon; and, upon the controversy be
tween him and the local authorities begin.
ning to look serious, lie called to him tbe
scattored members of the parties of M M. do
Pindray and Lepine Legondes. Thus he
had the command of nearly 500 French, well
equipped. The Mexican party, under Gen.
Glance, wvho camme to dispossess Bloulbon,
numbered, it is said, 2,000, and in an en
gagement with the latter were completely
routed. It is generally believed that Boul
bon w~ill be able to maintain himself in So
r-o-a, which he has declared independent of
the Central Government of Mexico.
Whether the design is to carry out the
policy indicated in the French journals, and
to estalish a French. colony on the Pacific,
or that annexation to the United States isI
ultimately Intended, as Is suggested by the
California journals, the operations in that
quarter are likely to be invested wvith con
siderahle interest, and will, doubtless, com
mand the attention of our Government as
well as that of Mexico.-Phil. Ledger.
VELL, SAuol--Some person the other
day discontinued his subscription to the
New Albany Tribune, because it w~as not
abolition enough to suit his particular fancy.
The editor administers a very proper rebuke
to the illiberal gentleman, and concludes by
As to the question of slavery, in the ab
stract we presume our views are well known,
and wve shall not now enter upon the dis'
cussion of that topic. W~e m-ay here re
mark, how~ever, that while we regard slavery
as a very great evil, morally, socially and
politically, our experince has fully confirmed
us in the opinion, that three-fourths of the
slaves of the South, and especially of Ken -
tucky, are this day in a more happy condi
tioni than are alike proportion of the free
negroes of the North-and wvell convinced
are we that he is noe friend to the slave who
would seek to change his present relation,
by counselling and encouraging him to be
come a fugitive from labor. Out upon that
mawvkish sentimnentality, that exhausts itself
Ihi sighs and tears for thme hapless lot of the
poor slave-yet lifts not a finger to amelior
ate the condition of the more debased and
dowvn-trodden free negro.
AfILToN wvas asked by a friend whether
he would instruct his daughter in the dIffer
ent languages. To which lie replied, "No,
PORTER's SELF LOADINo Gu".-The edi
tor of the Boston Transcript has been favor
ed with a sight of tie celebrated gun, paten
ted in 1851 by Col. Perry W. Porter, of
Memphis, Tennessee, which, it is said, is des
tined to surpass all other weapons in the
deadly aim and rapid repetition of its dis
charges. It is thus described;
" It is a light and beautiful gun, and may be
discharged as a revolver twenty-seven times
in a minute, while it is susceptible of being -
loaded and fired forty times in a minute.
In conformity with a resolution of the Gen
eral Assembly of Tennessee, the Governor
of that State has ordered'h thousand of these
guns. We learn that ten thousand are now
being manufactured by George P. Foster &
Co., Taunton, Massachusetts. They will
undoubtedly be introduced into the army of
the United States, as forty men armed with
this gun would be a match for four hundred
with the old fashioned musket. This 're
markable invention cannot fail to excite pub
lie admiration and curiosity."
LoVE, REVENGE AND ATTExPTED MUx
DER.-A young man named Christian Beck
er, was shot, at the residence of his parents
in Philadelphia, on Monday, by a girl naied
Marilena Messer, to whom he had been
paying his attentions for four or five years.>
It appears he was committed to jail last Ju
ly; that to get him out she paid 858.out of
her own hard earnings, and that, in Septem
ber, he borrowed $42 from her-subsequent-'
ly seduced her, -and then refused to marry
her, and that he took up his abode in some
place unknown to her. On Sunday night,
she went to the residence of his parents in
search of him, and remained all night, sup
posing that lie might come there. In this
she was not mistaken. He made his ap;
pearance there about daylight, and -she ac
costed him. He refused steadily to tell her
where lie lived, and told her to go away, as
he wanted nothing more to do with her. He
bade her good-by, and as he turned to leave
her she levelled a pistol at him, pulled trig
ger and he fell. The ball struck him on the
hard bone behind the ear, glanced upvirds
between the scalp and skull for several
inches. Had it gone one-half inch lower.
down he would have been instantly killed..
The woman was at once arrested and taken'
before Alierman Buckman, who committed
her to prison. On Monday afternoon the
wounded man, being able to walk, proieid.
ed to the alderman's office, wbereuponhe
magistrate sent him to prison.
IMPORTANT VERDICT IN AN AvB'I'Isnl
1p, Was cIeuy ntUL 111r. Zuu.. A..
in respect to the advertisement were not car.
ried out. However, he took the Courier
ind Engnirer daily, and, as was presumed
)y the court, saw the advertisement in ques.
ion, and should have notified the editor to
iter or discontinue it. The court ruled that
te should have given this notice, and not
arnve expected to enjoy the benefit of the ad.
vertisement without paying for it.
CURE oF THE EYEs.-Looking in the fire
s very injurious to the eye, particularly a
:oal fire. The stimulus of light and heat
united soon destroy the sight. Reading in
the twilight is injurious to the eyes, as they
are obliged to make great exertion. Read
ing or sewing with a side light injures the
eyes, as both should be exposed to an equal
deg.ree of light. The reason is, the sympa
thy between the eyes is so great that if the
pupil of one is dilated by being kept parti
ally in the shade, the one that is most expos
ed cannot contract itself sufficiently for pro
tection, and wyill ultimately be injured. Those
wtho wish to preserve their sight should pre
serve their general health by correct habits,
and give their eyes just work enough with a
due degree of light.
LUcKY WIND FAI,.-Our young friend,
the Rev. L. M. Cohen, of the Baptist
church, who, the reader will recollect, was.
graduated at the Furman University at this
place last summer, has had the good fortune
to receive a legacy of $30,000 from a re
mote female relative in England. It is
known, by the friends of Mr. Cohen that ho
is by birth a Jew, and that for reasons sat
isfactory to himself, he has seen fit to em
brace the christian faith, and became a
preacher of the gospel, after the persuasion
of the Baptist. We learn that the grand
mnaiden aunt, from whom Mr. Cohen re
eeiv-es his legacy, a few days previous to her
death also embraced the christian religion.
CtJRIOUs CONUNDRUM OR REBUs.--A
entlemnan from Conecuhi county desires us
o " exert our ingenuity" in solving a puzzle,
viith which he says, a school-master in that
ieighborhood has recently been quizzing the
eople. It Is stated as follows:
" A wagoner, passing a store, was asked
athat he had in his wtagon.
Three-fuurths of a eroes, ad a cirele emplete :
A n upright where two semi-circles do meet ;
A reet-angle triangle standing on feet;
Two semi-circles, andl a circle complete."~
Que What was in the wagoni
This Is a very Ingenious " puzzle"--but
diter some little study, we can cry cureka.
Thus-three-fourths of a cross is T. A
cirele complete is an 0. An upright where
twvo semi-circles meet is B. A triangle
standing on feet is A. Two semi-circles a
C C, and a circle complete is an 0. TO
BACCO is what was in the wagon.
That w~agoner may woag on.-Mobile Reg.
Two MEN AND A WOXAN GiARoT3D.
At 7 o'clock, a. m. of the 6th insant, two
men and a wvomen were publicly executed
by the garrote at Havana, for poisonhtg a
LIKE all other highways, the r-oad to for
tune ha~s a half way house ; and those who
stop to "take something," seldon.e a'ny