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We will cling to the Pillars of the Tenpiie of ou Lb rt4es, ani if It must fall, we will Peris amidst the Ruins."
W. F. DUR1SOE,-Proprietor. EDGEFIELD, S. d., JANUARY 5, 1853. -
ADDRESS TO A BRANDY BOTTLE.
You old brandy bottle, I've loved you too long,
You have been a bad miess-iate to me;
WYihen I niet you first I was healthy and :trong,
And handsome as handsine cou!d be.
I had plenty of cash in my pocket and purse,
And nty cheeks were red as a rose,
And the day when I took you fur better or worei
'd a beautiful aquiline nose!
But now only look, 'is a fright to behold,
That beauty I boasted has fled;
You'd th*ink I was nearly a hundrod years old,
'When I'm raising mny hand to my head
For i: treibles and shakes like the earth when
A nd I'm constantly spill:ng my tea,
And whe-never I speak I make awful miiEtakes,
Till every one's laughing at me.
The ladies do n't love me, and this I can trace
To the loss of ny aquel:ne nose,
Like an overgrown strawberry stuck on my face,
.Still larger and larger it grows.
And I have n't a cent in iny pocket or purse,
And ny clothes are all tattered atnd torn;
Oh, you old brandy bottle you've been a sad curs
And I wish I haad never been born:
You old brandy bottle, I'll love you no more,
You have ruined my body and soul;
I'll dashl you to pieces, and swear from this hour
To g've up both you and the bowl.
And I'll now go and sign-I could scarcely d
On that piledge all my hope I repose,
And I'll get back my tnoney in pocket and purs
And, peraps, too, my beautiful nose.
THE PRODIGAL SON.
Afflictions though they seemi severe,
In inercy oft are st-nt ;
They stopped the Protligal's career,
And caused him to repent.
Although he no relentings felt,
Till lhe had spent h's store;
lis stubborn heart began to melt
When fantine pinch'd him sure.
" What have I gain'd by sin," lie said,
" But hunger, shame, and fear;
Aly fatier's house abounds with bread,
While I ai starving here.
I'll go anid tell him all Pre done,
And fall before his face:
Unworthy to be call'd his son,
I'll seek a servant's place."
ITis father saw him coming back,
1le saw, and ran, anl sutil'd;
And threw his arms around the'neek.
Of his rebellious child.
"Father, I've sinn'd-but Oh, forgive "
SI've hearsi enough," he said ;
"Rejoice, my house, my son's alive,
For whoin I mourn'd as dead."
THE BRILLIANT LOCKET.
A STORY FROM REAL LIFE.
IT was the Autumn of the year 1800 whei
tIe Republica army under Ney, Morceau
L~ambI, Cyr, anad other of its bsravest genserah~
was pursuisag its victorous career, and layin,
wtaste somue of the most importanat towns ii
G~ermtany, that thte circumstance we ar
about to relate took place.
Theo fregnaent wanst of stores, ammunitial
ansd money, in the Repaublican armaies, an
the hope of plunder, thsen so fregnsently hel!
ou; to the French soldiers as the reward o
victory, caused no inconsiderable alarm i
the breasts of the more peaceful inahabitanat
of those places whsich were considered likel;
to become thec theatre of haostilities.
Amonag thsese, the .inhsabitants of a Ger
man towns of conasiderabale importance-aml
which, for distinaction, we will call Ebristeil
-htad ample reason for their misgiv'ings
the dasily, almost hsosrly approach of th
French beisng expected.
The family of Paual Kinsmayer, a merchan
citizena of' great wealth, w"as among thos
maost agitatedl by the afflicting intelligenea
lIIis househaold conasisted fi Isis wife anad onl
d.tughter, anad a few domestics its wthom hs
could place confidence. His daughter wa
tae sprinag which regulated every action
the merchant's life. Shte w'as the apple
-bis eye, the sunashine of Isis shady places
faor hser he accumulated his wealth, that he
rare beauty might win with it a station c
rank and~ influence; anad the hsope of
whIole lifetime mighat be wrecked its a fev
is wife w~as the first to suggest a lant fo
the conaceahnenat of their treasures. Thei
mansion was situated neatr the extremity t
the townt, and fromn it a secret patssagec comn
munsicated with a bower in thse g:a-den ad
joaiig, from thenice, in thse evenaing a ma
miught easily steal un perceived to thec adjaces
wvoods, ad there shte proposed that the mer
chiant should at night time bury his treasure
or, at anay rate, thant he should proceed throug
the forest and deposit it with a relation wh
was to be trusted, who would not be suspee
ed of possessing so nmuch wealth, and wh'l
resided about two days journey from th
For a time, Paul Kinmaver resisted ever;
imsportunaity of his wife. Whso would prote
th~em should the anticipated attack take lplac
in Ihis absensce? Thse domestics were ol
atnd infirm, and they would be much fo
others not akin to them. But whsen Isis wil
spaoke upon the future; whean shte impresse
on hitm that it was wealth only that woul
byp rgunirod of them, and thatt, deprived
thsat all for which Ihe had struggled, whic
would be scattered ins a moment, Isis resolu.
tion gave way,
:'I go," said lhe, " and leave you in th
tstof one wh'lose all powterful hand wil
protect you; unless, inadeed, itt his infinit
shall fall as an example and terror to the
Collecting all that was most valuable into
a small packet, as the evening approached,
the merchant was prepared to depart One
jewel only remained behind-it was his own
miniature, set in a locket, with diamonds of
great value. It was his wedding gift to
Amelia, and with it he hesitated to part, and
lie placed it again around her neck with the
sale fervor and atf'ection that he felt when
he first piesented it. To her and his daugh
ter, the namesake of her mother, lie gave
somne iecessary direction for their weltiare
during his vbseiice, and taking an afrection
ate hirewell, lie departed, unknown to any
It was in the evening of the fourth day
after the merchant had departed. that the roll
of the drum, the shrill voice of the trumpet
among the inhabitants without, proclaimed
to the inmates of the mansion that the ene
mV was fast approaching. The town was
indeed filled with Austriaitroops; but these
had been so often and lately defcated by the
victorious arms of the French, that it was
nti1 without roason the citizens felt strong
mnisgivings in their prowess.
On the return of the merchant, the French
army was evacuating the place, and carried
with them the trophies they had wrested
from the conquered Austrians, and a large
supply of stores and plunder from the devo.
led town. Paul's heart dried within him as
0 he stealthily entered the suburbs, and pro
ceeded towards the place of his residence.
Within the town was confusion and dis.
may; here were open storehouses rifled of
their contents, the very doors torn from their
hinges; there, were the trim gardens of the
richer classes broken down and trampled
over, in the market places were groups of
the middle and lower classes, loudly comn
plaining of the excesses of Austria and
France. Still Paul stopped not to join the
outcry his own anxiety was his own home.
At length lie rearhed his dwellitig. With
what a pang of intense anxiety lie rushed
in through the open portal. The servants
had evidently fled; the stairs bore the marks
of heavy footsteps. Paul stopped not to
examine them, or he would have seen that
they were traced with gore.
With the speed of thought he rushed into
the accustomed sitting room, and there a
horrid spectable awaited him. Ot the ground
lay his wife, stabbed through the heart, one
of the town, until it was woe.
that he was mad ; and so, for a time, he was;
but anxiety brought weariness, and repose
led to recollection.
How deeply Paul Kinmayer reproached
himself for not taking the miniature with the
other valuables, ineed not at this time
he related, since he little doubted that his
wife's resistance to part with it led to the
fatal catastrophe. One redeeming thought
only flashed across his mind, that by its
agency-if, indeed, she had not shared the
fate of her mother-he might be enabled to
discover the missing daughter. To this end,
he resolved to devote the whole of his fu
ture existence; and after the funeral of his
'wife, he disposed of his house, the wreck of
his household goods, and prepared to travel,
whither, lie knew not; but anywhere to fly
f romn the scenes where all his hopes of earth
ly happiness had been blighted by the ruth.
1 ess hanids of the destroyer.
"' And these," he said, as lie turned from
.his native town aiid home, " are deeds per
~petrated under the sacred honor of liberty!
1Alas! how is the divine attribute desecrated!
Hlow little but the name exists in the blood
Sthirsty dynasty of France !"
Shall w~e follow the steps of Paul Kinmay
en for twelve years ?, Shall we relate how
he travelled in strap lands, even in the
-wake of the French army-sometimes in
t disguise. How minute, but yet how cautious
were his inquiries, and alas! howv fruitless!
Shall we say howv the haile man grew gray
~ n feeble asthough half a century had piass
ed over his head, in scarcely miore than a
Stythe of onei No; for we could relate
~nothing that would interest the reader-no
thing but the patient suffering of a hereaved
Iman, hoping, but hopeles-seeking, but find.
iug it not ; unitil it almost seemed that the
faiculties of the wanderer had ceased to em
brace the original object of his mission ; but
they did not-they only slumbered.
It was somiethiing beyond twelve years
rafter the scene related in our second chap.
rter took place, that a French officer was ne
citing, in onie of the principal cafes of Paris,
to an eager crowd of listeners, the particu
lars of an inglorious retreat from Russia, of
Lwhich he was one of the few survivors. H is
ageacould not have exceeded thirty, but the
draflhardships of the Russian campaign
had told-fearfully upon his hardened features.
War, howvever, bad not tamed, but had evi
dently added to, a naturally ferocious dispo
sition, for he was detailint with savage sat
isfaction, the torments of the enemy, already
Iforgetful of the sevirity he had just escaped;
and to which so many of his comrades had
fallen a sacrifice.
:tAmong those who. listened most attentive
Sly wvas a stranger, who sat almost unnoticed
Ismoking in an obscure corner of the room;
an involuntary expression at length betrayed
Shim, and all eyes were immediately turned
to where he sat.
d" Ill wager a Napoleon," said the officer,
f" that the old German never smelt powder
Ibut on a reviewv, and never saw more smoke
than that wvhich now proceeds from his meer
" Better if others were like me, who, re
membering only that they are soldiers, forget
*thait they are men."
on his feet; "such sentiments here are dan
gerous, but you Germans are ever mystical.
However, I'll tell you a German adventure,
so, garcon, another bottle of coti roti, and
then-Do you happen to know the Ger.
man town of Ebriestein !" enquired the of.
The dull eye of the stranger seemed lit up
suddenly with a liquid fire, as he answered
in the altirmative.
"It was my first campaign," continued
the officer. " My father was one of the bra
vest (lie meant, one of the most blood-thirs
ty) leaders of the revolution. His influence
obtained for me a commissiin ; and crowned
with success I found no difficulty in earning
for myself promotion. In the action allu
ded to we were allowed but two hours to
make what pillage we could in the town of
8briestein, before we proceeded onward to
greater and more glorious victories. Well,
there was a jeweller of great wealth whose.
house was poinited out to me by an Austriain
prisoner; we entered, but in which neither
jewels nor portable valuables could we find.
The servants fled onl our first entrance; the
wife and the daughter alone remained. The
latter had locked themselves in a room. which
we soon burst open; we deianded of themi
their valuables; the trumpet had already
sounded ' to horse,' and I was preparing to
leave the house, when a gold chain around
the neck of the elder fenale attracted my
attention. There was attached to it-" -
" A portrait !' asked the stranger, in a tone
of ill-concealed anxiety. t
" Don't interrupt mie," said the narrator;
" the story is droller than any one would
The blood of the stranger came and went
rapidly, and, putting down his pipe, he was
observod, for the moment, feeling about his
pocket, as if in search of some missing ar
"You're right, it was a portrait, and in a
most valuable seting. Provoked at obtain
ing no booty, I demanded it of lir; she
shoild have had the worthless miniature, but
she was obstitiate. I tried to force it frotn
her, but she resisted-nav, more, she tried to
seize a pistol from my belt, and in the heat
of my passion, I stabbed her."
" Have you that portait still!" asked the
"1 have, though it has been taken from
the setting in which one of ity own glitters.
You said you know Ebriestein ?"
"I did, years ago."
" And probably the original of this pic- c
Mortally wounded, but not dead, he who tl
bad braved the heat of a hundred hattles, a
and whom death had spared that he might
inake more suitable atonent for his guilt,
was carefully removed to a private apart
Paul, who might have escaped in the con
fusion, did not attempt to do so, and he was
of course taken into custody, and incarcer- C
ated in ote of the dunreotns of the police. e
The following morning he was led forth r
for examination ; the wife of the fallen offi- a
cer, lie was told, would he his accuser. But s
he walked with a firmer step anid a lighter b
eart than usuarl. One pbortionl of his mis- Ia
siomn had been accomplished; he had aveng
ed his wife's dearth, but lie found ito traces
of his daughter.
Ott reaching the place of examitnation, he I'
was commanded to statnd ; a shriek-a long, I
agonizing shriek-was heard, and the pros- I
eutrix fell senseless on the floor, t
Restorationi was applhied, and on her re- I
Covery', the cause of her agitation was soon ii
" It is my father!" she said, and breaking I
through the crowd, she again fell senselesse
in his arms. r
'Thle impetus of her fall caused a locket to I
drop from her bosom, where it was still suts- Ii
pended by a chain. Pauti Kinmayer sniatch. a
ed it up. Yes, it way the name-the circlet r
of brilliants; but now it contained the por
trait of-whom!? of his daughter's husband,
the murderer of his wife. i
Passing her to otne of the attendants, the I
old man smtote his breast, an~d called aloud c
in his troublel-a
" Was it for this thou wert preserved, my
beautiful, my pure I" 1
In consequenice of the state of the witness, I
the examitnation was postponed, anid the t
same evening the dying manm requestedl that I
the prisoner, together with the chief of po- i:
lice, might attenrd him,.
On their arrival life wvas ebbinig fast. The I
confession of tihe officer was brief; he ad- r
mitted the murder of Paul's wife, and the 1
justice of tihe retribution ; lhe further confess- '
ed that the daughter, being alnost a child, t
was cartried awvay by the soldiers to the rear b1
of the army; atnd she wvas forced from the C
apartment previous to, and knew nothing of t
her mother's fate; and that, repenting of his t
act, lie had her conveyed to Paris, and edu
cated; her loveliness increased; arnd she, i~
only ktown to him as a benefactor, at last r
cosented to marry him. i
This con fession was attested and forward- I
ed to the Emperor. Meanwhile the friends a
of the officer camne forward as persecutors ;
his wife refused to do so. The murder in
the latter case was fully proved, and Pault
was senteniced to death, t
On the morning appointed for his execu- r
tion, he was reprieved, and suff'ered to enter
a monastery, wvhere lhe soon sunk under a r
With his wvealth which was considerable,t
he founded a convcnt for tihe "Sisters of
Mercy ;" and ini the still beautiful abbess, a
whose piety and benevolence have, with jus
tie, been lauded and admired, may be dis
covered the unfortunate daughter of Paul s
Give a child his will, and a whelp his fill, t
and neither will thrive.t
It is a good rule fo Ahose who would " re.
feem the time," to on their hands some
)ursuit or employme or subject-of investi
ation, which can b.asily taken up and
mrsued in intervals q time, ..when no other
>ccupation presents~tself. He only who
ias tried this econom of moments can esti
nate the advantageihieh niay be thus se
:ured by a systematpo "gathering of frag.
nents." It is relate rD some author of dis.
inction, that one of die works by which he
vas best known wasawritten at daily inter.
,als: when he iris liged to wait by the
vant of punctuality'o he part of those with
vhomn he was conned; and if we all were
hns prudenit in ou Iinpl oyment of " the
tutI life is made of -as " Poor Richard
salls it, the lives of n11 would leave better
ecords, and more en ring memorials.
The Christian h better opportunity
han any other inan,. husband the estate
vhich God has gived-lhim in the precious
rift of )ears and moments. Years'are iado
f days and hours, andie who sjstematically
inproves the currene of moments as they
ass him, will have a &ood account to ren
ler in a life well and 8iligently spent. Dili.
:enee in well doing ilone can answer the
equirements of ourduty; thQugh many
cem to fancy that rer iining from overt acts
f evil is all that a Qiristirn life. demands.
Lud many wonder i their lethargy, and
omplain of their deabess -'and indifference,
vben the true cause issfteir idleness, in that
iey do not " redeem Ahe tinie." Keep some
bject or objects ctotinually in hand, to
rhich thoughts may rgiert, and about which
lie mind may be enpl yed. There is abun
ance to do; for " th& harvest is truly plen
!ons," and he who ha" the cuse of his Mas
!r, and the good of . 0 fellow-creatures at
eart, has, as we havealreadj remarked, no
xcuse or occasion fora single listless mo
HINTS TO YOUNG 1q..-Be economical.
io matter if your lrefnts are worth mil
onls, it is not the less'proper that you should
nderstand tie v.lus of money, and the
onest honorable mndii of acquiring it.
Vhat multitudes of yIng men, particularly
i our large cities, mse shipwreck of repu.
ition and health, and 6ontually of property
y neglect of this maximtwi-tiey are aware
iat their fathers obtained their wealth-by
abits of industry, bufthey are ashamed of
te name. They for t tiat wealth in this
ountry passes from ono to another, and that
a who iM rk *n n hnnn tn.ipnr.
...... .. sun
line of life is made up of very little beams
iat are bright all the time. Iii the nursery,
i the playground and in the school, there
room all the time for little acts of kindness
tat cost nothing, but are worth more than
old or silver. To give up something, where
iving up all will prevent unhappiness,-to
ield, when persisting will chafe and fret
thers,-to go a little around rather than
ome against another,--to take an ill word
r a cross look quietly, rather than resent or
turn it; these are the ways in which clouds
nd storms are kept off, and a pleasant and
teady sunshine secured even in very humble
omer., anid among very poor people, as wvell
s in fanmilies as in stations.
[Sabbath School Treasury.
MISERIES OF BACHELos.-gurround a
achielor, says a contemporary withs every
oissible comfort, give him the roomiest of
ed chambers, the most refreshing ofeouches,
se largest of sponging bath.; cover his
reakfast.table with the whitest of cloths,
sake his tea with the hottest of boiling wva
sr ; envelop his body in the most comforta
Ie of dressing gowvns and his feet ins thse
asiest of slippern; feed him amid the luxu
les and comforts of the snuggest of clubs.
)o all these thinigs and more for him, and
o will, nevertheless, be unhappy. He muses
nd ponders, and dreams about love and
EDUCA TION OF Boys.--We know not who
the author of the following paragraph,
ut it conttains sound sentiments which
ughst to be treasured up by every parent
nd guardian in the land:
" Every boy should have his head, his
eart and his hand educated. Let this truths
ever be forgotten. By the proper educa
ont of the head, he will be taughst what is
ood and what is evil, what is wise and what
foolish, what is right and what is wrong.
ty the proper education of the heart, he will
e taught to love what is good, wise and
ght, and to hate all evil fols ndwog
ind by the proper educations of the hand, he
till be enabled to supply his wants, to add
a his comforts, and to assirt those arounsd
im. Tihe highest objects of a good edu
ration are to reverence and obey God, and
> love and serve mankind. Everything
tat helps us in attaining these objects is of
reat value, arad everything that hinders us
comparatively worthless. When wisdom
signs in the head, and love in the heart, the
san is ever ready to do good ; order and
eace smile around and sin ansd sorrow are
"How far do you want to drive this horse
sevening," said a livery stable keeper, to
tree young bucks for whom he was har
essing a horse to a rockaway.
" Only seventy-five miles," was the re
" You can't drive this horse that far," said
" Vy not," said the exquisites, " ain't we
11 got vips I"
"HavE you said your prayers, John I"
aid a doting mother to her obedient little
" No ma'am. It aint my work ; Bill says
se prayers, and I the amens I We agreed
, do it 'cause it comes shorter."
NEGROES 33 CANADA.
How to dispose of the negroes," is a
question not confined to the southern side of
the great lakes. It is pressing itself upon
the attention ot the Canadians .with contin.
ually increasing force, and suggests conclu.
sions widely different from those propounded
by the noisy sympathizers with the Garri.
sons and Douglaisus of our country. The
ridiculous resolves of busy-bodies at Toronto
and one or two other places in the Canadian
peninsula have been too often mistaken for
the judgment of the people generallv; and
frequent references to the" underground rail.
roads," which conveys runaway seamps from
Detroit to her majesty's dominions, have
served to give plausibility to the mistake.
The fact nevertheless remains, that the in.
structive dislike to the idea of the equality
and amalgamation of the two races pervades
the mass of the settlers in Canada to an ex
tent as great as in New York or Ohio; and
that the settlers view the influx of negroes
into their noidst as a present injury to their
property, a drawback to their social pro.
gress, and. a source of much future trouble.
TJ1e Colonist, perhaps the best conservative
journal in the province, has consistently oc
cupied thisground; and now we find the'
Leader*one of the recognised ministerials
organs, following suit with a plainness and
vigor which rpust grate harshly on the ears
of cant. The Leader" taikes the bull by the
horns " manfully, and disposes of it with a
candor which from such a.quarter deserves
acknowledgment. We copy some points'
from its article:
"Whatever'wrongs Anierican slavery may
have inflicted on the African race, it may be
doubted whether it has degraded them below
their original condition; or whether, after all
they have suffered, they be not more intelli
gent, more industrious, and equally as virtu
ous as when our forefathers stole them from
their native shores. The African is in fact
enslaved in his own country and by his own
race; and nothing but superior intelligence
can rescue him from his original barbarism.
There is now in operation an enterprise that
promises to achieve the social ,levationaf
the African race on their -native soil. The
establishment of a negro Republic in Liberia,
which affords a' congenial asylum to tfie free
negroes of this continent, deserves' to be
ranked among the most importazit enterprisei
of the age. A sound and healthy necleiis of
a vast emigraiion from North America has
been formed ; and the A merican Colonization
Society is destined to direct from these shores
.I upon his degradation ; n.
repulse him; no social etiquette perpetually
to gall him with a sense of his inferiority.
" Far from unimportant as this question is
to the whole of North America, it has for
Canada an interest perhaps more weighty
than for any other portion of the continent.
Since the Northern States of the Union, un
der the operation of the Fugitive Slave law,
have ceased to afford a safe asylum for fagi.
tives from slavery, Canada has become the
sole immediate subterfuge for a class that at
one time distributed themselves over the
whole extent of the free States. Some ten
thousand fugitives are stated to have taken
refuge on this soil since that law went into
operation. Whether we regard the move
ment in a social, political, or economical
sense, it is impossible not to look upon this
irruption as an evil ; and although philanthro
py may welcome and benevolence may as
sist the successful fugitive who has eluded
his pursuers, reason tells us that the element
thus added to our population is by no means
of the most desirable kind. To refuse them
an asylum wvouhd be an act of proscription
at once arbitrary, cruel, and indefensible.
But it is quite another thing to go out of our
way to encourage negro immigration to this
province ; to attempt to make it a focus of
negro colonization, not merely for those who
are in danger of being recaptured and con
veyedl back to slavery, but also for the ne
groes of the North who were born free. If
this mistaken benevolence meet with general
induhgcnce, future generations may have
cause to regret the social efrects it must in
evitable produce. * * A Hamilton contem
porary adduces evidences of thme deplorable
additions to the criminal calendar of Upper
Canada, induced by the influx of unusual
numbers of those persons into this province.
The western journals not unfrequently con
tain similar statement, and of the occupants
of the T oronto jail, a short time ago, a large
proportion wvas of that class. The victims
of slavery are entitled to every commiseration
and those benevolent persons who feel it their
duty to direct the destiny of these unfortunate
beings should at least direct them to a coun
try for which the most intelligent of that
race have expressed a preference over every
other as a place of settlement. If they must
help the African-and they will find plenty
of scope for the broadest philanthopy In do
ing so-let them do the best thing for him
and for all concerned ; direct him to the
country which of all others is best adapted
to his constitution and his necessities, and
where alone he can, in every sense of the
word, be thoroughly a freeman."
Ax irregular apprentice frequently keep
ing late hours, his master, at length, took
occasion to apply some weighty arguments,
to convince him of the " error of his wvays."
DurIng the chastisement, lie continmually
exclainmed: "fHow long will you serve the
Devill?" The boy replied, whimperingt
" You knowv best, sir-I believe my inden
tures will be out in three months."
A learned Doctor of Divinity was accused
of rambling in his discourses, by one of his
hearers, to which he replied, " If you will
ramble to the devil, I must ramble after you."
"IF you Can't stand before the truth you
must fall," as the man said when he knocked
his wife down wvith the Bible.
THE HOXESTIAD LAW.
At the recent session of -our Legislature,
numerous bilis were introduced to repeal the
Homestead Law, whichrivere severally re
ferred to the Committee on the Judiciary.
The committee made the following report:
"Your Committee think the. act of the
last session quite too recent to admit of its
repeal without a fair trial, and recommend
that no legislation is now called for on the
subject. Those who live upon the improvi
dence of thd roor by seducing them int
credit beyond their means, such as shop
keepers, and especially dealers in the tempt.
ing article of spirituous liquor, may clamor
at a law that protects the shelter of.a thrift.
less father. But credit is itself always dan
gerous to the very poor. They forget that
pay day will one time overtake them, and
then the spider who has deliberately woven
his web, darts upon his hampered victim.
Credit is useful to the merchant .to antici
pate the sale. of his goods. To the me
chanic who undertakes large contracts to
enable him to lay in his materials; but to
go in debt for daily bread, and especially
for imere luxuries, ends in the ruin of those.
who live on their daily earnings. Credit is
teinptation. Storekeepers and liquor deal
ers use small credits to poor men, to absorb
their whoIle substance. If a man has health,
lie can at least earn his daily bread. If he
is sick the public will take care he does not
want the necessaries of life.. " The debter
is the slave of the creditor." This applies
most strangely to the indigent.' We want
no slavery among our white citizens. To
see his home sold by the Sheriff, his little
means of feeding. his wife and children
taken away, breaks his spirit and cows that
manliness of character which mAkes a free
man a soldier of the State, ready to defend
it. -The law now exempts his niusket. It
should protect his home for the sake of his
family; and he will 'the better do his duty in
the field. No complaints from any quarter,
not tainted with the suspicion of interested
motives,-have reached the committee. , but
one year has elapsed since a law, similae to
ones in force all over the Republic, was
passed-we are disposed to let .time test a
policy which at least has humanity to re
-ommond it. B. IF. HUNT, Chairman.
THrE Fazxcux ANNExATIox.-The move
ments of the French in Sonora are'tract
ing much attention. Though apparently
only a private adventure9yet the movenats
there so accord with the tone of the Freneh
iournals, wfi speaking of Mexico and tY
- "" nolonization as
from the State of Sonora to found there an
igricultural colony. Two companies, one
ieaded by M. de Pindray, and another by M.
Lepine de Legondes passed into Sonora.
The expedition failed, broke up into frag
mentary bands, and dispersed about the
iountry. Afterwards, under better auspices,
%nother company was formed, under the
lead of M. de Raousett Boulbon, who ob
tained for himself and his party, a grant of
the mine of Arizona, and proceeded to take
possession of it and work it. Meanwhile
other claimants for the mine of Arizona ap
peared, and were backed by the local au
thorities, wvhich began to be jealous of the
French, and suspicious that their ultimate
object might be different from what it appear
ed on the surface. The Mexican govern
mnent had stipulated that M. de Raoussett
Boulbon should carry with him a force of
only 150 men. But ho soon augmented it
to 250 men ; and, upon the controversy be
tween him and the local authorities begin.
ning to look serious, lhe called to him the
scattered members of the parties of MM. de
Pindray and Lepine Legondes. Thus he
had the conmmand of nearly 500 French, well
equipped. The Mexican party, under Gen.
Glanco, who came to dispossess Boulbon,
numbered, it is said, 2,000, and in an en
gagement with the latter were completely
routed. It is generally believed that Boul
bon will be able to maintain himself in So
ro-a which he has declared independent of
the Central Government of Mexico.
Whether the design is to carry out the
policy indicated in the French journals, and
to estalish a French. colony on the Pacific,
or that annexation to the United States is
ultimately intended, as is suggested by the
California journals, the operations in that
quarter are likely to be invested with con
siderable interest, and will, doubtless, com
mand the attention of our Government as
well as that of Mexico.-Phil. Ledger.
Warx~. SAIn I-Some person the other
day discontinued his subscription to the
New Albany Tribune, because it w~as not
abolition enough to suit his particular fancy.
Tlhe editor administers a very proper rebuke
to the illiberal gentleman, and concludes by
As to the question of slavery, in the ab
stract we presume our views are well known,
and we shall not now enter upon the dis'
cussion of that topic. We may here re
mark, however, that while we regard slavery
as a very great evil, morally, socially and
politically, our experince has fully confirmed
us in the opinion, that three-fourths of the
slaves of the South, and especially of Ken
tucky, are this day in a more happy condi
tion thani are alike proportion of the free
negroes of the North-and well convinced
are we that he is no friend to the slave wvho
would seek to change his present relation,
by counselling and encouraging him to be
come a fugitive from labor. Out upon that
mawkish sentimentality, that exhausts itself
In sighs and tears for the hapless lot of the
poor slave--yet lifts not a finger to amelior
ate the condition of the more debased and
down-trodden free negro.
MrrLrON wvas asked by a friend whether
he wvould instruct his daughter in the differ
ent languages. To which he replied, "No,
sir, one tongue is sufficient for a w-oman."
Poarza's SarLoJ)rNG Guir.hejllie
tor of the Boston. Tjanscript has been fav
ed with a sight ofti ecelebratedun/Opate4
ted in 1851 by Col. Perry W. Porter
Memphis, Tennessee,which, itUssaidli
tined to surpass all other weo u
deadly aim and rapid repetition .
charges. It is thus described-.
"It is a light and beautiful guns
discharged as a revolver twenty-sevn
in a minute,- while it is susceptible
loaded' and fired forty times in'se'
In conformity with a resolutii of
eral Assembly of Tennessee, 140"
of that State-has orderedtthouand aZ
guns. - We learn that ten thousandsar io
being manafictured by-Geoige P V
Co., Taunton, Massachusetts. Te..E
undoubtedly be introduced into thei
the United States, as forty men arm *itI
this gun would be a matchr for four h
with the old fashioned musket.
markable invention cannot fail to
lie admiration and euriosity."
Lovs, RvEvENGE AND ArTEPTE
DER.--A young man named Christian a
er, was shot, at the residence o-his
in Philadelphia, on Monday, by'a
Marilena Messer, to whom he
paying his attentions for four'dr fiveyas
It appears he was committed.tojai
ly; that to get him out she paid *58 oa
her own hard earningsand.th-at in Sept'
her, he borrowed 642 from her-subeu
ly seduced her# and! then refusedlo1
her, and that he took up his abode in
place unknown to'her. On Sunday
she went to the residence of his I T
search of him, and iemained- *ll
posing that lie might come there..
she was not mistaken. He made a
pearance there about daylight, antshe
costed him. He refused steadily t
where he lived, and toldher to go
he wanted nothing more to do with'0.
bade her good-by) and 4s he turned4.afe
her she levelled a pistol at him,
ger and he fell. The ball struck liabb
hard bone behind- the ear, gan eli
between the scalp and skllf
inches. *Had it gone oneshalf
down h~e would have been instinfir's
The woman was at once arreath
before Afderman Buckmhan who e75-S
her to prison. On MOis&ay
wounded man, being ablf k
ed tothe aldm au'aodiif
magistrate seat hja i
up, was eny ut 11r. AIvUu' a? . A
in respect to the advertisement were not car
ried out. However, he took. the Courier
and Enquirer daily, and, as was presumed
by the court, saw the advertisement in ques.
tion, and should have notified the editor to
alter or discontinue it. The court ruled that
he should have given this notice, and not
have expected to enjoy the benefit of the ad.
vertisement without paying for it.
CURE OF THE EYEs.-Looking in the fire
is very injurious to the eye, particularly a
coal fire. The stimulus of light and heat
united soon destroy the sight. Rdiding in
the twilight is injurious to the eyes, as they
are obliged to make great exertion. Read
ing or sewing with a side light injures the
eyes, as both should be exposed to an equal
degree of light. Tlhe reason is, the sympa
thy between the eyes is so great that if the
pupil of one is dilated by being kept parti
ally in the shade, the one that is most expo.
ed cannot contract itself sufficiently for pro
tection, and will ultimately ho injured. Those
who wish to preserve their sight should pro.
serve their general health by correct habits,
and give their eyes just work enough with a
due degree of light.
LUcar WrND FAr~r..-Our young friend,
the Rev. L. M. Cohen, of the Baptist
church, who, the reader will recollect, was.
graduated at the Furman University at this
place last summer, has had the good fortune
to receive a legacy of $30,000 from .a re
mote female relative in England. It . is
known, by the friends of Mr. Cohen thathe
Is by hirth a Jew, and that for reasons sat
isfactory to himself, he has seen fit to em
brace the christian faith, and became a
preacher of the gospel, after the persasion
of the Baptist. We learn that the grand
maiden aunt, from whom Mr. Cohen re
ceives his legacy, a few days previous to her
death also embraced the christian religion.
Ctuaotts CONUNDRUM oR REUus.---A
gentleman from Conecuh county desires us
to " exert our ingenuity" in solving a puzzle,
with which he says, a school-master in that
neighborhood has recently been quizzing the
people. It Is stated as follows:
" A wagoner, passing a store, was asked
what he had in his wagon.
Three-fuertha of a cross, and a circle semplete :
.An upright wvhere two semi-circles do meet;
A reet-angle triangle standing on feet ;
Two semi-circles, and a circle complete."
Quere What was in the wagon?
This is a very Ingenious " puzzle"--but
after some little study, we can cry enreka.
Thus-three.fourths of a cross is T. A
circle complete is an 0. An upright where
two semi-circles meet is B. A triangle
standing on feet is A. Twvo senmi-circles a
C C, and a circle complete is an 0. 'TO.
BA CCO is what was in the wagon.
That wagoner may twag on-Mobile jReg,
Two MEN AND A WOMAN GARIOTUD.
At 7 o'clock, a. m. of the 6th insant, two
men and a women were publicly executed
by the garrote at Havana, for poisodgea
LIKE All other hiway, the rbad to iOm
tune has a half gvay houpe; a#d thbsee*hle
stop to "takce something," jk ~ aijt.