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"We will cling to the Pillars of thie Temple of our Libertkg, and if It must fall, we will Perish anidst the Ruins."
W. F. DURISOE, Proprietor. EDGEFIELD, S. C., FEBRUARY 2, 1853. O- a ....V. 3.
THE SEXTON'S SPADE.
ALL battered and worn is the sexton's spade,
Andl soon 'twill lie throwna as;de:
tt iatl lasted well; and mani a zrave
H1ath it slwled ftull deep :md wide!
And many a .;e coul!d that old spade tell
Tales if the churchyard dre:r
Of tie silent step. and the dohi-1,uI knell,
Onhe coflin, shroud, and bier:
It could tell of children who died in spring,
When rorcs were lioomiang arousl:
W'hile the niorning lark its earol would sing,
As it flew o'er the hurial ground
Ilow it liartel aide with its iron blade
The g'-ass which so lately grew;
And a grave for tile yiuang was carefully made
'Neath the shade of the broad-spread yew
It could tell of tihose in the bloom of youth,
Whose steps were so light and free; [truth.
' hote thouglhts were pure, and whose hearts were
But who n1,w sleep silen-itly
How their craves were ma-.e in the summer tinle,
When the tlowers arotuni were bright,
And wreaths were made of the eghantine,
And placed o'er their brows so white.
It could tell us of manhood's slow decay
And how in the hour of pride,
The spirit ltli left its iiouse of clay,
Anl all that was mortal died
hlow the autumn h aves that strewed the ground
Were quietly brushid away.
While sorrow:ing frieaIs were gathered round,
When the clay returned to clay!
It coubl, te'l us of weak and boary age,
With its feeble step and sow.
Who gladlu seized upon the gmie
'The gau! tiet Death diid throw
Ilow graves were made waia- ohl winter's breath
Had b!own ol the flawers si fair;
All seasons anl ages belon g toi death
Youth, Manlood, nir Age will lie spare !
All batterel anl wotn is the sexton's spade,
And soon 'twill lie thrown asie; t
It hath lasted well. andI many a grave
lath it shaped full deep and wile ;
And many a tale could that old spade tell
Tales of the ehurih-yPrd drear;
Of the silenut step and the dolefull knell
Of tle coffin, shro ud, and ber !
SWEET BE THY DREANS.
SwEEr be thy daeams when baatay sleep
Ier soothing influenee round thee throws!
"-Vhat if my faded eyes shoula weep?
Jome lovelier. one wdr 1haiunittyrest- t
tcare not what tliose dreams may be,
So they are sweet, and thou art blessed.
]Bright be thy hopes ! why shoul1d one cloutd
01 sorrow dim thy radiant eye I
Go milgle with tle gay aand1 proud,
And learn to smi!e. thouagh I may sigh ;
Go Climb the loftiest steep of Inac,
And wreathe a laurel rounad thy brow;
And wheln tholit!q won a g.aious tamaae,
Low at the slr:ne of b.:auty bow.
Light be thy lacart ! why shouldst thou kecp
Sadaness within its seer t etls ?
Let n' 't thy eye one tear drop weep,
t'niess that tear of rapture t'ls
Go! shed on alt thy br glates bamlis
I wonlI, bait mnust not, lid thae' -'tay.
Sweet viio of any sweetest dreans,
Ill udr,-aa-ike beaty pass' away.
THE LADY AND THE ROBBERS.
Int a charmaaing viilh go, situated inl attruily
roaintic coutryta~ , but a cotnswideriable dhis
tace fromn thae high roa~d, was Barona R. ate- t
customted to spiend the3 summera. H-Iis aaan
siona bttilt tuponm an emnncetI, was perfect ly
adlapted toi his fortunt... [t was a sptaiouas
building,~ very elegant w(ithain talmi withoutit,
and( exthbited a glod styie aif atrebiteture,
:and it was abiout two htundred pacees fr oam 2
Busitness obligted tache baon toi take a
journey of a few' days. i~s wife, whoi wvas
bitt twentyv yeaars of' age, very beautifual, re
mtaaned at homea.. ie tooik wiitha haim two
of lhis serv'a,.ts, anad the ithler two were left
with the btarone~ss. No violationa oh' the
pulic security had ever b~eena heard of' itn
tha' piart ot thae country', aind ;ts the blaronea(ss
did anot belong to the timid piortiona of her
sex, thec idea of daanger was fa r from ean
terinag haer tainad.
Thec evenuing after the biaron's depaurture,
as she was stepinlg inato bied, she hteard tan
alarming tnise itn an a partmenw~t neaa hter
chamaber. Shae called out buat received tno
aaswer. The confusion and sceaminag in
creased ev'ery' mioment. Shec was att a loss
to conceive whaat wats thec attter, and hastI
Iy puattinag on her garmetaits. wenat to the
door to dliscover thacecause. A ho (rrid spec
tacle presenited itseltf! HeIr two settants,
halt' naked, were extended lifless oat the
Tfhe room wats full of strange looking~
meni ; the baroness' chamttbermnaid was
k neelinag beforec onie of thetm, and inastead of
the tmerev she implored, she received the
fattal stroke. No soonetr did the dotor open
thatn two barbiaariaans, witha drawnt swords,
ruisheda towartds it. Whlat wvomtan, or ceen
mnan, would not hiave been struck with the
tmtrost terror, and. givenm up his life~ anad
et-erythaing as lost ? A loud shrtiek of des
pailr, a flighat of a fe-w paces, would probia
W- haave beetn the last resort of many.a. Thea
baroness, however, conducted haerself itn a
SAna' you have come at Ilast ?" exchtimed
she, with a tone oh' heart-felt joy, tad ad
vaneaig towards her assailants, witha a haaste
that high1y, astonished thaem, they lowered
their uplifted weaponts.
"A re yout comte at last ?" repeated sihe.
"Such visitors as you I have lonag wished
sins. " What do you mean by that? But
He iad already raise( his cutlass, but a
comrade averted the stroke. " Stop a mo
ment brother," said he; "let us first hear
what she would have."
"Nothing but what is your pleasure,
brave comrades. You are men after my
own hetart, and neither you nor I shall have
any reason to repent it, if you will listen for
two minutes to what I have to sav."
" Speak ! speak !" cried the whole com
" But be quick," added one of the fiercest,
for we liall not make much ceremony."
" Nevertheless, I hope you may. You
raiint me a hearing ? Know, then, that al.
though I am the wife of tile richest gentle.
man ill the country, yet the meanest begrar
cannot he more unhappy thaln I am. My
busband is one of the moyt jialons aid
figgardly tellows on the earth. I hate him
is I hate the-, anid it Is long been tile
lervent wish of my heart to get out of his
Inteies, and :t the same time pay off old
cores. All ilv servants were his spivs, and
hat felow, vlose business you have d1one
o comPletelvy, was the worst of all. I am
carcely - twentv.one, and a flatter myself,
1.r1 from1 Ingill" nIlv. If aylV Of you CIOSC
0 take le :long111 witl you, I'll accompany
7(n1 to tle woods or the village ale-house.
or shall :any v of vou have reason to repent
paring my lire. You are in a well-stored I
MiI oil, but it is impossilile that you should
e aeilinted with all its secert corners.
lhese I will show yon, and if I do not make
on richer bv six thousand diliars, then
erve ie as von have m y chamibermaid."
Robliers of this kind are certainly villains,
mit, nevertheless, they are still ien. The
rhIily lunexpected tendency of the baro
ess' address, add to the more than ordinary
eanty of tile feanle, altogether produced
powerful effect on men whose hands were
ekillg nI ith blood. Thev all thel stepped
side and consulted togrether in a low tone
r some millutes. Thle barolless was left
iite alone, but she betrayed not tile least
ish to escape. Sie heard two or three
mns express themselves, " Let's despatch
er and the game will be up." She, how
ver, scarcely changed her color, for the op
osition of' tle ,others (lid not escape her
cute ear. One, vho was probably the t
ptain of the banditti, now advanced to
He asked twice or thrice whether he
ight rely on the truth of what she said
hlether she actually wished to be released
om]' the tyranny of her husband and go .
ih them, and whether she vas ready to
sign herself to one of them-himself,. for I
4ia-Uinii re fjIi et-ii-tie a etrmaP
ve to all these questions; having not O.ly
difered tle warm embrace of tie robber, I
it returned it (for what will not necessity I
(Cuse,) he at length said:
" Come along, then, and lead us raund. I
'he d-I trust you ladies of rank, but we'll
nture for (lice. But let me tell you be.
>reland, that if you were twice as hand
>me aS you are, this weapon should Cleave
our skull the moment we saw the least dis
t'sition to escape or betray us."
"Then it will be safe enouighl ; and if this i
,ere tile only condition of my being put to
en1til, I would outlive you all, and even the
'allderill Jew himself."
'Tle baroness smiled when she pronounc
d these words,nd hastily caught up tile
carest lmp Is thiough she was as anxious
s any~ ot thenm to colleet tile plunlder and(
e g~one,' contducted tile whlole companly
b~roiugh every apartmIent, openled every
or, every dirawer and1( every chest; assisted
II emptring thleml an~d packing up tile valua.
,es ;loosked with the utmost indin'erence
,ver* thte mleltOdd bodies; spoke with the
alniliarity of anl old aecquaintande~l to each
meC of the hlorridl troop, and( willlingly aided
vitht her delienlte hands in the most labo
Phate, mon11ey, jewvels and other valtuables
lere now~ collected together, and the cap.
;lin of the bandlitti was abiout givinlg the
rder for mta rchling whlen his dest inled bride
:ghlt him t by thle armt. "' Did I not tell
01,' said Shle, " t hat von would nlot replent
nking' a lIit Ii ot m1e antd spalring myl life.
fou maly inldeedl ha~ve youtr fling ill places
:ou find openl; buit it is a5 pity von cannoot
-omlle at treasurl es tihat are a little concealed.
[o you suppose that amon~lg cof'ers so fidl
lire are no0 secret places ? Look here, and
hel you will be convinced to tile conltrary."
Sh'e poinlted to a secret spring iln tile
bron' s writng-de'sk. TIhey pressed uplon
t and out fell tweve hundred dotllars.
"Zounlds !" e.ijed thle leader of tihe rob-.'
Iers, "no 11W see youI are anl inopa l
w~omanIl. I u ill keep you for this as a
A 1An1 perhaps better still," site replied,
lauglingr " whetn I tell you one( thlingmnore.
I oln well aware thlat you mu1(st have had
spies who informoed yon of the absence of
my tyranlt ; butt they' dlid not~ tell yotu of the(
tour huLndred guli'ders whlicht he received
"Not a syllable. W here are they ?"
" 0, satfe enotugh unider half a dlozen
oks anid bolts. You woeld certainly not
havel them and the iron chlest had it not beetn
for meW. Come along,~ comradles. We have
fiised above stairs no0w we'll see what's to
be done undner it. Collo along wvith m~e, I
say, inlto tile cellar."
T1he robbers followved, but not with pre
cautionl. At tile enttranlce of the cellar, pro
vided with a strong trap-dioor, a man was
p~osted as senltinel. TheI baroness did not
tlke thle least notice of this. Sh~e conduct
ed thle whole trooip to a vatult at thle farthest
of tile cellar. Shle unlocked it, an~d ill tile
corter of thlis rom stood the chest she had
described. " Here," said shle giving the
captin a bunch of keys ; " here, unlock it
and tatke whalit you can find as a wedding
gift, if* you can obtain the consent of your
coupI~mions as readily as you have gained
Th le robber tried one key after another,
but noneW woul fit. Hie grewv impatienlt,
and~ thle baronless seemed still mlore so.
"Le nd 1m thlem," Enid slIe. " I shall hnd
the way sooner. Indeed, if we don't make
haste tie morning may overtake us. " Ia!
the reason why neither of us could unlock
it is because I have the wrong bunch of
keys. I'll soon obtain another."
She ran up stairs and presently they
heard her coming down, but she went slow.
l as if out of breath with the haste she
had made. " I've found them !" cried she at
a distance. She was within three steps of
the person placed at the entrance of the
cellar when she made a spring at the wretch,
who as little expceted the dissolution of the
world as such an attack. A single push
with her strength tumbled him down the
stairs from top to bottom. In a twinkling
she closed the trap-door, bolted it, and thus
had the whole company secured in the cel
lar. This was the work of a single mo
ment. In the next she flew across the
court-vard, and n ith a candle set fire to a
detached jig.stye. The watchman in the
neighhboring village, perceiving the flames,
inIst:aitly gave the alarm. In a few minutes
the inhabitants were out of their beds, and
a crowd of fharmers and their servants has.
ened to the mansion.
The baroness waited for them at the gate
>f the court-yard. " A few of you," said
he, " will lie sufficient to put out this fire
)r prevent it from spreading. But now
rovide yourselves with arms, which you
vill find iii abundance in my husbrand's
rmory, post'yourselves at the avenues of*
Ahe cellar and suffier not one of the murder.
rs and robbers shut up in it to escape."
Her directions we obeyed, and not one of
lhem escaped the punishment due his crime.
THE FESTIVAL OF THE GODS.
OR, WIT, BEAUTY, REASON, AN) RELIGION.
There was a festival held years ago,
mong the gods. It was then decided by
hem that it would lie wise* to bestow a
ize upon the servant who should prove
inself to be of the most service to man
ind-who ministered most to their wants,
piritual and temporal. Therefore they re
olved to sit in grave counsel, and to sum
non those servants, one after another, into
The first who presented himself was
amed Wit. He wore upon his head, and
A! over his person, so many sparkling
hings lie daziled the eyes of the beholders;
lmiples lurked at fie corners of his mouth,
nd his eves danced in mirthrsili-'- I
.. , -iut we must hear the
thers. Retire Wit. We aro highly de
gtel with you, hut what maiden is this
oing forward-a perfect embodiment of
very grace ?"
My name is Beauty," said the .lushing
reature. " When Wit and I go together,
- are everywhere welcomed, and fl ,tered
v mortals-this shows the estimate they
lace on us. But I, even when unattended
iv Vit, am much courted and caressed.
Ese buds are stolen for keepsakes from my
air; my footsteps are follo1wed-niy words
re listened for, my smiles are sought after.
leave it to your jndgments to decide,
vhether it is probable that I should lie thus
llowed and caressed, if I were not of
tiore service than any body else to mortals.
hall not the prize lbe rightfully awarded
udlt given to me?
The gods, ha:lf (dazzled by her charms,
otioned her to retire, but secretly dlecidedl
hat her claims far outweighied those of
V4it, good as they had before thought his
'The door opened, and an aged servant,
vith: a sober brow, and deep) thoughtful
~yes, presented himself.
- Wit," he begani to say, " dazzles and
lidhs mankind ; Beauty, instead of hbeing
ersel f a servant, makes muirtal<, as she
just now boasted, serve her. I wonder that
she dlare presenit herself among the candi
ates for your fatvor. 0, ye inunurtal gods!
she is an eff'eminate creature, never satisfied
miei's loaded wvith: bouquets, sighed after,
followed and caressed. But I act as a guide
o mortals, when they are environed by
dilienties-when they are almost overcome
~y misfortunes. Without the sober dictates
f Reason, how, I ask, would mortals act ?
, gods ! I need not urge my claims. They
must he readily per ceived and acknowledged
by jou all!"
Searcely had Reason finished this speech,
when a beautiful creature came- in, so meek
in aspect, so gentle in lbearing~, so graceful
in motion, so pure in ranment, and so heavr
enly in: countenance, that the gods Iookedl
with breathless astonishment upon her.
"I care but little for the prize,"' she said,
" ut I stepped in to say, that when W~it has
deluded, wvhenm beauty has faided, when the
counsels of Reason have been disregarded,
I come to the service of mankind. Sly
name is Religion. I guide the mortal with
unerring rectitnde through all the tangled
mazes of mortal existence-I smooth his
dying pillow, and open to the eye of Faith
the portals of Heaven. Without moe, man
kind is wvretched, degraded and lost."
Tlhe gods, awed by the serenity of her
mien, and wvell perceiving the truthfulness of
her words, forgot thie sparkling flashes of
Wit, the charms of Beauty, and the c'aims
of Reason. The goddess of Wisdom dle
sened fronm her throne, and placed the
crownm upon the head of Religion. So she
still treads the earth, crowvned by the gods
and immortal as they.-Family Visitor.
THE publisher of a paper in [owva gives as
an excuse for want of: reading matter, that
one of the editors got whipped at a horse
race, and the other wast on a spree.
DEAN SwvmFT sifyS he nefer kne'w a man
risse to eminence who lay in bed of a morn
ig; and Dr. Franklin says " he who rises
late, may trot all day btut never overtakt
MEnTS To LUDSRAS.
Do not jest with your wife upon a subject
in which there is danger. of wounding her
feelings. Remember that fhe treasures every
word you utter, though.Ybu may never think
of it again.
Do not speak of some virtue in another i
man's- wife, to remind your own of a fault. I
Do not reproach your wife with personal I
defect, for if she has semfsibility, you inflict a i
wound difficult to heal. * 7
Do not treat your -wie with inattention i
in compn anv. It touches ter pride-and she
will not respect you morp, or lovo you bet
ter for it. I t
Do not upbraid your 4ire in the presence i
of a third person. The sense of your disre.
gard for her Ieelings wil prevent her from
acknowledging her fault I
Do not entertain your, wife with praising I
the beauty and accom lishueit of other d
women. i E
Do not too often invitqv'our friends to ride s
and leave your wife atycome. She might t
suspect that you esteemnl others more com- v
panionable than herself.1.
If you would have a *leasant home and a
cheerful wife, pass your evenings under a
your own roof.
Do not be stern and silent in your own h
house, and remarkable fir your sociability A
Remember that your wife has as much 11
need of recreation as yiurself, and devote b
a portion, at least, of y ur leisure hours, to o
such society and amusetients as she may si
join. By so doing, y61 will secure her p
smiles and increase hers ifheetion. Do not, ti
by being too exact in recuniary matters, I
make your wife feel het dependeuce upon p
your bounty. It tendsgo lesson her digni. ei
ty of character, and d s not increase her r
esteem for you. If she a sensih'e woman, n
she should be acquaint with your business B
aud know your income that she may regu
late her household e. nses accordingly. e
Be it remembered tha pecuniary afl'.irs s
cause more difficulties ' lanilies than any E
other one cause. You rwife has an eqal w
right with yourself to al you possess in the s(
world-therefore she onld he made ac- bi
qiinted as nearly a possible with that
which is of great impo lice to both. Do i1
ot withhold this kn jledge in order to C
:oser your own ex vagance. Women et
ive a keen percep~tio be sure she will
iscover your selfishne -although no word ot
s spoken, from that .nrnent her respect is in
essened, her confidenc liminished her pride II
w% was one of the best deacons in twe wui j%4.
ie would'nt, in a sober moment, utter arn
iath, or anything like one, for his weight in
ti'ler. At the close of a rainy day, he was
nilking in his barnyard ; on on( side of which ii.
vas a dirty slough, and on the other an old b<
ran, that in consideration of his usually qi- d<
ct disposition, was allowed to run with the tli
-ows. The deacon was piously himming i
' Old Hundred," and had just finished the s<
ine ending with " exalted high," when the te
ram, obeying a sudden impulse to he aqg- 6u
ressive, gave him a blow from beiind that s,
ent him up a short distance only to fall di
rectly into the slough, where the dirty water s<
was deep enough to give him a thorough: C
inimrsing. As lie crawled out, and before a
e rose fromi htis hads~and kniees, he looked C
ver his shoulder at the ramn, arid vociferated, f<
You d-d old cuss ! hut on looking around, j:
and seeing one of his neighbors at the bars q
ooking at him, he added in the same breath, n
if I may be allowed the expression." n
BENJ. FxxxTIN's LvTER TO A YoUNG
Wo.IJA.-The Boston P'ost gives five copies
of unpublished letters from Dr. Franklin,
which have recently been found in that city.
The following oiie seems to 1 'ive been ad
dressed to a lady with wvhom he was on in
timate terms previous to his marriage, ands
who was still single at that timie:
" Philaddlphia, October 16, 1735,-Dear
Katy : Your fanvor of the 8th June caime to -
hand, but on the 23Jd September, just three o
months afrter it wias wvritten. I had twoh
weeks before written you a long chat, anda
sent it to the care of your brother Ward. I
hear you are now in Boston, gay and lovely
as usual. Let me give you somte fatherlya
advice. Kill rno more pigeons than you can
eat'; lie a good girl, and don't forget yourt
catechismi; go constantly to meeting or tot
church till you get a good husband; and
tlin stay at home aiid nurse the children,
and live likce a Christian. Spend your spare
ours in sober whist, prayers or learning to
"'Xou must-practise addition to your hius-<
& rnd's estate by iindustry and frugality- I
subsraction of all unnecessary expeniseS.
Multipliation-he wifll seqn make you mas
ter of. As to division, I say with brother
Paul, " Let there be nio dicision among ye,
but as your good sister Hubbard (my love to<
her) is well acquainted with the rulde of twro,
I hiope you wiill biecomne as expert in the rule
of three, and wvhen I have again the pleasurei
of seeinig you, I nmay find ,.-); like my grape
vine, surrounded with dLrters of plump,
juicy, blushinig, pretty little rogues, just like
their mamma. A dieu, the bell rings, and I
must go anmong the grave ones and tidk pol
itics. -B F."
"SAY, Cresar Augustus, why anm your
legs like an organ grinder I"
"Doii't know, Mr. Sugarloaf-why am
"' Cos dey carries a monkey all about de
A brick grazed the head of Mr. Sugarloaf,
just as he disappeared round the coriter.
Go 1T WIIILE IOU'RE YoUxo-Amanda
Yonig wa's arrested for excessive turbulence
in Brooklyn lately.' 1er only excuse was
that she ens~ so'on to change her namre, and,
apprehensive that her husband mightpnt a
carh on, her inclinations, she avaihed herself
of the last opporiunity to " go it" while
NO MORE ]iPLOSIONS.
The triumph or Ericsson's Caloric Engine
is not merely an economical gain, but a vic
tory in favor of human lire. To the manu
facturer and steamboat owner, the saving of
ninety per cent. in fuel, which this new in
vention offers, is an item of considerable im
portance; but how insignificant, after all, in
comparison with the entire security against
explosions which Ericsson's engine affords.
A great drawback on the use of steam in
navigation has been unquestionably its dan.
gerous character. Though every precaution
may be taken by the engineer, there will oc
casionally arise contingencies of peril; and,
in fact, experience proves that notwithstand
ing even stringent laws, the annual loss of
life by steam is frightful. Now it is a de
fective boiler that explodes, in a great city,
as in the Hague street disaster in New York,
killing, wounding and disfiguring for lire by
the score. Now it is a steamboat on some
of the western waters carrying death to half
a hundred passengers through criminal neg
lect. Now it is a crack racer, like the Rein
deer on the Hudson, the accident being the
result of a flaw in the machinery, which no
person had suspected. Every few weeks the
journalist is called upon, in truth, to record
some disaster resulting from the use or
From calamities of this'description, how
ever, the Ericsson engine is free. The worst
that can happen to if coming to a full stop.
In no event can an explosion occur. We
have but little doubt that, on this account
alone, the Caloric engine will supersede the
steam engine almost entirely in fifty years.
Indeed, if the safety of the Caloric engine
Dontinues uncontroverted, Legislaturesought
to forbid the erection of steam engines in
ities, or their employment in other cases,
where, in case of explosion, great loss of
life might ensue. We presume, however,
that there will be but little necessity for leg
slative interference, because the cheapness
)f running the caloric engine is so great
:omparatively, that this fact alone must lead
o its general introduction. Fortunately for
>nee, the interest of owners will be on the
iame side with the public security. The
>ocket will pull in the same way with phi
If the Ericsson engine had nothing in its
avor but the safety it insures, its inventor
vould deserve to be ranked high among-the
vorld's benefactors. Passengers prefer con
reyances in which they run no risk, to one
n wh' ' "'' - - ' . ,- nril: and the
ng the use of vaL u..
salds or burns. A gentleman at Dayton
saw it, and the other day, as he writes the
[Emnpire, tested it to his satisfaction.: He
" While at the supper table, a little child,
which was seated in its mother's lap, sud
ienly grasped hold of a cup full of hot tea,
everely scalding its left hand and arm. I
immediately brought a pan of flour and
pluiged the arm into it, covering entirely
dhe parts scalded with the flour: The effect
was truly remarkable-the pain was gone
instantly. I then bandaged the arm loosely,
applying plenty >f flour next to the skin,and
on the golowing morning there was not the
least sign that the arm had been scalded
neither did the child suffer the least pain
after the application of the flour."
Reader, do you hear this little fact in
mind if a similar occasion offers.
GAREENHGUsF.5 IN WINTEne-Very few
persons appear to knowv the value of the
sponge in the greenhouse-I mean for the
purpose of washing the leaves of all those
plants whose leaves are broad enough to
admit of it. I took the hint some five years
ago from a neighbor, the most successful
pant grower I have ever had the good for.
tune to know. His plants were always so
espeeCitly3 fresh and healthy, that I was for
a long time puzzled to understand his secret.
But early one morning I caught him wvith a
pail of clear water, slightly warm, by his
side, sponging the leaves of all his choice
plants. I said to mnysd)f, "I have it." I (lid
more, [ went home and practised it. My
plants soon showed, by their new aspect,
that I was not wrong in believing it to be
the real secret of my neighbor's success.
RaEIPE FOR NIAING INK.-For the
benefit of your readers, who may hereafter
need a supl1y of good Ink, I forward you
the following R'eceipe for making it,
12 ozs. Extract of Logwood,
I oz. Blichromate of Poatash.
5. gallons of water.
Dissolve the ingredients separately in the
water, and then mix. in a very short time
it will be fit for nse.
In using a steel pen with this ink., the pen
should be cleaned by moistening with salita,
and then wiping it w~ell. This cleaning the
pen is essential, as steel .pens are generally
coated with a greasy substance, which pres
vents the ready flowv of the ink.
AN Irish advertisement reads5 as follows:
" Lost, on Saturday last but the loser does
not know wihere, .an empty sack wnth a
cheese in it. On the sack the letters P. G.
are marked hut so comply wor~n out as not
to be legible."
Ax author of a love story, in describing
his heroine, injs i-a" Innocence dwells in
the rich clusters of her dark hair." A wag
suggests that a fine tooth comb wotddbring
A FELLoWwhYo had fofged the $?gnatSirS of
a wvealthy gentleman, and was arrested
therefor, ttrged in extenuation that his fin
gers *ere so' dold that he ivas unabale to
maint hrs nwn name.
In the January number of DeBow's Re.
view, we find the following case, which will
iave interest North and South:
"Mr. Simonds, of New Orleans, Execu
or under the will of Mr. Creswell, arrived
.n New York, with thirty-eigbt slaves for
he purpose of emancipating them. His
Aan of sending them into the country was
nterfered with by the abolitionists, who per
mtaded the negroes that the purpose was
igain to sell them into slavery. The largest
>roportion of then, therefore, refused to go.
laving interrogated Mr. Siionds in regard
o their condition afterwards, we received,
n reply, a note, from which a brief extract
vill lie interesting:
Most, if not all of those who refused to
ave the city of New York have done very
imdly. Some are in the most abject and
legraded coudition. Several of them have
egged me to take them back with me
ying I might keep them as slaves or sell
hem-that they were happy before and
There was, among these emancipated
laves, a very interesting quadroon girl,
bout 12 years old, in whom I had taken
pecial interest. Agreeably to her wish, I
ad procured her a most desirable situation.
L highly respectable merchant of New Or.
!ans had agreed to take her to Vermont to
is mother, who had no young children, to
e by her brought up and educated as one
f the family. Accordingly the gentleman
tarted with her from New Orleans in com.
anionship with his own daughter, of about
le same age. I was to meet him in New
ork, and furnish the girl with her emanci
ation papers. But on the gentleman's ar.
ving at Bufhldo, and just before the stea.
er landed, the emancipated girl was kid.
aipped ,by abolitionists, transferred to a
ritish steamer and conveyed to Canada.
" The gentleman havinti her in chargo,
nploved an attorney-at-law, and Spent
veral days in tihe endeavor to recover her.
e went over to Canada, and useertained
here she was, but was not permitted to
e her. lie was even in imminejt danger of
In the New York Tribune of July 19th,
published a letter, dated St. Catherine's,
anada, boasting of the abduction and res
e from a slaveholder.
"On my arrival at New York with the
her slaves, a friend showed me the letter
the " Tribnne," and informed me that lie
id addressed the writer. statina the facts,
PALMERSToN MoDE OF PRESERVING CU
.-In a corresponiece recently pu lished
tween Lord Palmerston and Lord [low.
n, Minister in Spain, the former instructs
e minister to recommend to the Govern
ent of Spain in Cuba to follow the example
t themn by New Grenada, in declaring the
tal abolition of slavery, so that it shall not
,11 into the hands of the United States. lie
ys to lowden :
" I have to instruct your lordship to ob
rve to M. de Miraflores, that the slaves of
uba form a large portion, and by no means
a unimportant one, of the population of
ubai, and that any steps taken to provide
r their emancipation, would, therefore, as
r as the black population is concerned, he
uie in unison with the recommendation
ide by Her Majesty's Government, that
measures should be adopted for contenting
e peopmle of Cuba, with a view to secure
ie connection between that island and the
painish crownm ; and it must be evideLnt that,
'the negro population of Cuba were ren
ered free, that filet would create a powerful
lement of resistance to any scheme for an
exing Cuba to the United States, where
lavery still exists."
IWfoRTANT FROM RiussI.--The Bostmi
raveller~ is indebted to a mercantile house
that city for the following extract from a
tter, just receivedl from St. Petersburg, andl
ated 21st of December:
"'1There is a report that the Plague has
ntered Rumssia,~ and is prevaler't at Astrachan
.d aniother place. Th'le Emperor has or
ered a military cordlon of sixty or seventy
honsand men to prevent its advancing fur.
her into the initerior of the counitry. Some
larm is felt at St. Petersburg,. though in
ormer times, as in the reign of Catharine, it
toped at Moscowv."
Uxetin SAM's FAsRX.-Tlhe United States
ws now, to be put ini market, one billioni,
hree hundred and eighty-seven millionis, five
indred and thiirty-lour thousand acres of
and, which at $1 20 cents per acre, is worth
T1his, then, is the prize of the Public Lands,
>ne billion, seveni hundred and thirty-four
iillions, four hundred and seventeen thou.
mnd, two hundred and fifty dollars ! And
is not this a prize indeed ? What nation ever
had the like ? Every- cuestion of the day,
of course sinks into insignificence by the
verhelming one of what shall be done
with suchs a vast public domain.
I TOtLD You So ?-Wife ! wvife ! Our
cow's dead-choked to death with a turnip.
"I told you so. I alwvays said she'd
choke herself with them~ turnips."
" But it was a pumpkin-"
" Wah, it's all the same. I knowed all
along how it would be. Nobody but a nin
ny like you would feed a cow on pumpkins
that wasn't chopt."
" The pumpkinss was chopt. And twant
the purnypkins neither, that choked her. It
was the tray-and the end of it is sticking
out of her mouth noiy."
Tim Richmond Star tells of a little boy
who insi'sts that the reason his fathier calls
his mother "Ironey,-" ip blecause shre las so
,uch con;b in her head.
APPAIES IN FLEDA.
The following interesting communication -
was on Thursday laid before Congress by the
President of the United States:
WASHINGTON, Jan. 10. 1853.
To the Senate and House of Represcntatives
of the United States:
I have the honor herewith to transmit a
report from the Secretary uf the Interior,
from which it appears that the effortsof that
department to induce the Indians remaining
in Florida to migrate to the country assigned
to their tribe west of the Mississippi have
been entirely unsuccessful. The only al.
ternative that now remains is either to com
pel them by force to comply with the treaty
made with the tribe in May, 1832, by which
they agreed to migrate within three years
from that date, or to allow the arrangements
made with them in 1842, referred to in the
Secretary's report, by which they were to
remain in the temporary occupancy of' a por
tion of the peninsula until the Government
should see fit to remove them, to continue.
It caufhot be denied that the withholding
or so large a portion of her territory from
settlement, is a serious injury to the State
of Florida, and although ever since the ar
rangement above referred to the Indians
have manifested a desire to remain at peace
with the whites, the presence of a people
who may at any time. and upon any real or
fancied provocatiosn, be driven to acts of
hostility, is a source of constant anxiety and
alarm to the inhabitants on that border.
There can be no doubt, also, that the wel
fare of the Indians would be promoted. by
their removal from a territory where frequent
collisions between them and hleir more pow
erful neighbors are daily becoming more in
On the other hand, there Is every teason
to believe that any manifestations of a design
to remove them by force, or to take possesi
sion of the territory allotted to them, would
be immediately retaliated by acts of cruelty
on the defenceless inhabitants.
The number of Indians nov temaintngin
the State is,' it is true, very inconsiderable,
(not exceeding, It Is beffeted; flee hodred;).
but, owing to the great extent of the Country
ccupied by them, and its adaptation to their
eculiar mode of otfare, a force very dis.
proportioned to their nibers would be 'mec
?ssary to capture or expel thefrtt; d etees to
rotect the white settlements from their in
mursions. The military force now stationed
in that State wyould be -nadequate to these
A CoNTraisT. -The people df the Soutn
are often charged with being se;tional,
while their Northern neighbors It is alleged,
are more national and enlarged in their
views. When Mr. Calhdfrn died; not a si'w
gle eulogy was pronoanced upon hint north
of Mason and Dixon's line, nor did any
Northern ety clothe its public buildings in
mourning or perform any funeral solermnities
in honor to his memory; The death of Mr.
Webster on the other hand, has bee H ieceiya
ed throughout our Southern towds ard cities
with every demonstration of pulid grief,
and in almost every one from Bahiire to
New Orleans, funeral orations hae hen or
will be pronoun~ced upon his charncter and
public services. .. . .
Yet, in genius and patrIofism, fhef~ afe by
common consent classed together, and the
public labors of both may be said to havo
embrIaced a lifetime, if Mr. Calhd'dn was
peculiarly devoted to the South, Mr: Websfer
was not so to the North; yet, while the loss
of the latter is justly mourrred sas a ttational
bereavement, publid lamentations~ for the
former were confmed tu his o*i section ;
and, out of Congress not a sIngle 4bice wvas
raiscd to pronounce his eulogf. Yet the
South is sectional, and her* Union-loving
orators must lecture her people with Wash.:
ington's Farewell Address, while the North'
s too rnational to need the study of such old
fashIoned ddedments. Would ortir feaders
know why? It Is liedanse itt these latteW
days of compromise and submissioO to bo
Southern is to be sectional, wvhich to bo
Northern is to be national.
[Spirit of the South.
A TE:LnGIAPH To.TIIE P.ACirzc.AA mnO
morial wvas presented to Cdngrds; d 6m Wed
nesdiay, asking for a grant of 1,5b0,000 acres
of land, trt be loated along thl ine of a tel
egrapih, whidh the ineniorialists propose to
build bietw~eedt St. Louis and San Francisco,
bf the way of Salt Lake City. .The mnemos
rialists propose to give the .Government, it
return for the grant, the right, forever, to
transmil, free- of charge, over the line; all
official despatches an d oinancatioris, *iflt
a preferewtee over all others. 'tIf impor- -
tda)e df the measure, they say," is too great
to be measured by. the value, of a fewv acres
of wvorthless land." 'hid scheme is a mag
nificenit one; and so Is the gift which they
ask of Gdi'erunient: 'the expensiveness of~
the ideas of the mieiiidralists may be estimaf
ed by the fact, that thycall a million and
a half a " fb'Nothes acres.
bin; INcas, the wvealthy banker at 'she
ington; having recently given a dinet p~r
ty; at whlich were present the .Russi'an a1nd
French Ministers, the latter, Mr. Sartiges,
eomplained that there was-.#fo radj~asigned
him, and charged Mr. Riggs offgaae
of European etiquette, *ho replied that he
knewv nothing of foreign customs, but deem
ed that he had a fiht ini his own hote se
do as he thought best
.How TO Ctr si AbArmXCE.-If fe
is poor*, l'end hun some money ; if he is rich,
it him to lend ynu some, . Both means are