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We will cling to the Pillars af the Temple of our Libe es, and it it must fall, we will Pers
W. F. DULISOE, Proprietor. EDGEFIELD, S. Co FEBRUARY 9, 1853. - Xr.--- -.
THE EDGEFIELD ADVERTISER,
IS PUBLISHED EVERY WEDNESDAY BY
W. F. D U RIS OE, Proprietor.
ARTHUR SINKINS, Editor.
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Correspondence of the Advertiser.
CHARLESTON, Jan. 29, 1853.
The weather is cold, colder, coldest, ending
with the superlative digree, and still getting
colder. The Editor of the Mercury says, that
on Thurs.day night at midnihlt, while he was
vngatged in penning a paragraph ott the weather,
in order to inform his readers how cold it was
while they "' siumbered and slept," that the :her.
omucter vas at 2S above zero, and failling. We
never retntember to have experieneed at this sea
sti, such t long.r spell of (Ir and i!tenitelv cold
weatiter. We noticed a formation of ice this
morning half an inch thick. A stitfand piercing
North-eastern breeze is blowing, which seems
to have very 'little respect for thick clothing.
Wood is sern dollars a cord, and coal in pro
The spirit of progress and improvement is
still zealously at work itt our midst, as is abunt
datlv testifie-l by the number of new builditngs.
tnd the extensive additions and repairs to old
ones, which are goitng ott in every part of the
city. The side walks in many parts of King and
Meeting streets are blocked up with brick, mor
tar ad u while he-towerin
statelyT olumtn Are rising as if by margie, to deck
and beautify her bus marts and crowded tho
roughfares, Among the most prominent of the
:late improvements is the large live story Hotel
which is now nearly completed, ott the site of the
old Mansion I louse, at the corner of Queen and
Aleeting streets. This will rank next to the
Charleston Hotel itt size and beatity of arehitee
ture. A very large fonr story wing is also being
adled to that already large and commodious
building. the l'hmt:ers Hotel, which, when com
ileted, will altnost double its size. The Hotel
:ccottmmto41dations of Charleston will soon be
qnal. if not superior to any city of its size in
the Union. Ftiend Iluis-r of the American is
G'some" itn his line.
Negroes and real estate are selling at exhorbi
tant prices. A store at No. 267, Kitng street,
known as the " London hIoutse," which sold a
year ago for $7,000, wvas atgain sold otn Motnday
Iltst, for the enormnous sum of $13,00O0. A large
gang of tegroes wa~s.sold a fewv days since by
(ote of our Brokers, at an average of $1,000. A
larger amtount of this kind of property has been
recently thrown into tmarket, thant has beeni for
mnany years before. The price oif cotton is also
inprovitng: the highest price fo.r last week was
10 3-4 eentts, with an tpward tettdetcy. If the
price of pruoperty gets much higher, so as to
stimulate the spirit of wild and extravagatt
speculatiotn, we ma~y expect another monetary
revtikion, suchl as paralysed thte credit system,
and shook the cotnt.nereial world sonme years ago.
Thte lprice of rents are enortmous, and there is
scarcely a roomt to be obtaitned for love or mnon
cy. A large vacant lot at the corner of M1eeting
nnd Society streets, the htouse on whtiebt was
butrnt by the great fire of '38, was sold last week
We had the pleasure, on WVedniesday evenitng
last, of listetting to a highly entertaitnitng and ini
strtctive lecftre, delivered at Mlarket Hall, before
thte M1ercantile Library Association, by the Rev.
13. M. IALMtER (of Columnbit, Otn the subject of
3Mormnonism. The speaker traced the rise antd
progress of Itis blinded attd fanatical seet, throtugh
all its changitng phases of sunshine and shade,
frotm the latying of the corner stone of the temn
ple at Natwoo, to their finial settlemetnt in the
celestial city on thte batnks of the great Salt
Lake. A large port ion of the lecture wa taken
up in drawing. a parallel between 31ormatnistt
o nd 31ahometanismt, showing a striking simnilari
ty, not only between the most prominent~ tenets
ofC the t wo sects, but also bet weeti the originators
and leaders thtemselves. The close was tmost
beautiful and itmpt essive, beitng a fancifttl specu
lation upon1 the probable consequence upon the
people and government of the Utited States, of
Ite recent meeting of the two anttugotnistie :ttd
:mntip)odal extremes, the Asiatic and Anglo-Sax
(ot civilization, uponi the golden shores of Cali
fortnia. The great success of the 3Mormon cause
was attributed to the zealous missionary spirit
which was recogiied in all its brattches, and
itfused itself itnto the life blood of the whlole
system. I was somewhat surpirised to hear that
formnanismo nutmbered its tmillions, andw thtat it
hiad sent out its missionaries to every givilized
na~tion under heaven. A RCHER.
THE Governor of .Alabama has appointed
Benjamin Fitzpatrick, to fill the utnexpired
termi of H-on. W. IR. King, in the United
States Senate. Hon. Samuel S. Phelps has
been appointed Seniator from Vermont, in
lie nlae af Mre Unham, deened.
IN MEMORY OF COL. P. K. BUTLER.
Wit England speaks ot fame,
A nd tells her monarch's glory,
Our gal:ant Butler's name
Shall meet the Briton's story;
Illis 1ion heart. iis lordly eye,
Alas iare cold forever,
Nor bugle-note, nor battle cry,
Can fire or wake thei ever
Col, cold on glory's bed,
A wreath his brow entwiniiing,
Low slees; the mighty dea.1,
Ilis toile and cares reigning.
There lived. since him who won
The iame promil Richard bore,
None worthier of his throne,
Than our brave chief no more.
Ile leaves a spaell to wake the prile
Of those true hiarts that walled him,
When, brIvely battlin., nobly died
Their chief where duty called him.
We plant upon his grave
The laurel and the willow,
For fame will crown the brave,
Though grief may stain his pillow.
His monument should be
Upon von inghty mountain,
Whose summit scans the sea,
Where flows Saluda's fountain;
Ay' raise it there. ad on it rear
The banner of his glory,
Awt let the granite tribute bear
Devotion's manly story.
And there the wanderer's eye
May learn how fame will cherish,
With love that will not die,
The names that cannot perish.
A nel let his marble slade,
By that priud record staiding,
Look down when battle's blade
Glenus bright wlteje ho-ts are handingi
leth.,iks tile eye of stonte won!dl blaze,
Anl marble cheek would bo-row
The hue his wore in those proud days
That gave our foes to sorrow;
Each warrior, marshalled there,
Would swear by hin we cheriai,
The stainless flag we bear
3lust conquer or weierish! J, I .
Tell me notthat he's a poor nmn,
That his dress'is coarse and-bear,
Tell ine not his daily pittiaince,
Is a workian's seanty fare;
Tell me not his birth is humble,
Is Ie honest in his actioins?
That is all I want to know.
Is his word to be relied on?
I as IIs cbaracter no blime ?
Then I care not if he's low-born
Then I ask not whence his name.
Would lie from an unjust action
Turn away with scornful eye?
Would le, than defraud another,
Sooner on the seatl'jld die I
Would be spend iis hard gained earnings
Oi a brother in distress ?
WotlIl le succor the afflicted,
A nid the veek otncs wrongs redress ?
Then lie is a man deserving
Of mv love and tmy esteem;
Anal I care not nh-it his birth-place
Iit the eye of tman may s'-:mi.
Let it be a low thatched hovel
Let it lbe a clay built cot
Let it be a pairish workhouse
In myv eve it miatters not.
Attd if others will disownt him,
As iinferiaor tat their caste.
Let theim dao it-I befrienid him,
As a brother to the last.
JFrom the Brastoan Oiive liaratnch.
THE DYING PASTOR.
"Detter te weatr ottt thtan rust out, dlear
lice," sid the pale yountg minister liftinig
is face, on which was a sweet, sad smile
better to wear out thtan to rust out."
"Butt Ihenry, I cannot bear to see your
halth failing thtus. What shall I say to
ou, how convinice yotu that it is your duty
> t give up this vocation ? it is killing you."
" Ask me to resign all, everything but
tat, Alice. Event if I went from my piarish
s you suggest, my soul would travel back
and linger here-I could ttot be happy.
ut ini thtis glorious work, with you and our
ttle ones hmysdfeeling as I do that
od is abunitantly blessinig mty labors--"
"Ileuiry," exclaimed Alice, tears cominig
i her sweet blue eyes, for her husbiand had
sddently contractedl his brow as if with a
pasm e a. "you are ver~y sick my love
-oh, do not try to conceal it from inc Do
not tell me that, vour arduous labors are
ot tatkiing the ligfht from your eye, and the
loomt from your cheek. I do feel, dear
usband, as if any other occupattion, some
ting that you need not follow so absorb
igly, would make you yourself again.
ou must agree with me that the exerttn
nd coutfitnment of study are sapping your
"Sit dlownt by my side, Alice," said Hen
y gravely and teniderly ; " I have long
anied to talk with y~ou *upon this subject.
rue, my health is failing-do not 'weep
I eet the fact firmly and rejoice that I am
oing where there shall be ino mmore pain.
ut my duties, my pirofessiont! I should
nk without the comfort they afford rme.
o know that for the time allotted tme, I atn
to be instrumental in saving precious, im
lortal souls! Thils it is that makes me
illing to stiffer. You are mistaken, my
lve, when you think an entire change in
y calling, my circumstances, would save
e. It is a sweet ho pe, born of tenderness,
ut a false one. Had I been a merchant, a
hysician, a lawyer, I could not have lived
even a long as I have. A heavenly im
fluence i.s sustained me. Often when
sinking under this wearing disease, the
thought of my mission has poured life and
light, and hope into my heart-and I have
gone forth, mighty to do my Father's will.
Alice you would not deprive me -of this
sweet, this heavenly - solace. You wpsi4
not embitter my last days by causing mie by
my strong affection for you to acquiesce
with your wishes, would you, Alice ?"
" Never, my hus'and," exclaimed the do
voted woman, lifting her head from his
shoulder; forgive me that I have so unguard
edly pained you. From henceforth let me
uphold you, strengthen you, if my weak
will can do so; I am so selfish I want you
all for myself; I cannot bear the thought-"
Again her fortitude gave way, and she
sank sobbing upon her husband's bosom.
Presentily he lifted her head gently ; she
looked tearfully upward-a holy triumph
sat upon his face, a divine light shone in his
deep, bright eyes. They were raised hea
venward ; he slowly lifted his hand as he
said with a beautiful, impressive manner
" forever, and ever, there- forevcr and ever
-my own, my blessed wife !"
Everv Sabbath, Henry Warden entered
his pulliit with a slower step. All his par
ishotiers marked the change. His words
spoken with such solemn emphasis, the
languor of his manner, his angel-like sereni
ty, the wrapt fervor of his eloquence at
imes, as if he already saw the brightness
of that upper world, prepared them for the
dread and solemn mystery which was to
make him immortal.
At last he came no more; it was pleasant
sunner time. Birds flitted through the in
terlacing foliage, and sung as. sweetly in
their Northern home as if the sultry breath
of the South floated through orange groves.
The skies were as blue as Italia's-the yel:
low bee, the red iose, the loaded cherry
boughs, the crims6n .elover and starry but
tercup, each told the sweet story of the
season. lleautv, fragrance and love nestled
elosn together, and the sun shone over all
and gathered-them under his broad, happy
* Some days the young . inister moved
)bout his little.garden, leaning on the arm of
his guardian angel, his gentle wife Alice.
But at last the coughI bocame so frequent
that lie sat still all day in his great easy
hair. And they gathered sweet smelling
roses and brought him, till the room looked
ike ah'Eden. Fresh fruits, too, laid always
beside him, and a cage full of canary birds
hung above his windowv. It did -seem as if
heir melody was wilder, sweeter and softer
in lis presence than it was wont to be; and
every bod lowent to that sick chamber,
Without a murmur sat the patient invalid,
aiting.till lie should be called. When lie
ud been well, the eloquence of his tongue
uid chairmed thousands; now that lie was
;ick, the eloquence of his silence wrought a
eeper work. None who called upon him
were denied admittance ; and the youug,
the thoughtless went from his presence to
pray God silently, it may be, but fervently,
that He would give them the grace to bear
lliction that seemed vouchsafed to this
oung servant of the Most High. Those
ho had listened to him for years unmoved
by anything like genuine contrition, nelted
ito tears when lie took their hands in his;
so thin and wasted, and burst out it, such
xpressions of rapture, while from his face
eamed forth a glory that was never of
"Put back the blinds, love, and let me
see all of earth I may ; for miy Father will
call me to-night. The bitterness has passed
Alice, the exceeding bitterness of parting;
eving you and~my precious babes. 1 am,
s it were, almost transformed ; I seem to
e bathing in an ocean of light, and the
hole way of heaven thronged wi,th angels
s open to my visionl.
A slight sob was heard.
"It is Mary," said his wife, " she has come
to tell you~ that she has found peace in be
A sudden joy flashed from his beautiful
face. " Conic here, Mary," lie said ; " lamb
over wvhom 1 have w~~ept and prayed, receive
y blessing. Tfell pie what has wr-ought
this clannge; you so gay, you who said you
hated serious things, can it be that I see you
thus ? Oh, God, be thankful !"
"Dear minister," said Mary, checking
her grief, " when I have heard you preach
Sabbath after Sabbath, though your words
often touched my heart, I would not believe
that you did more than talk because it wvas
'our profession. I said, I thought, religion
is nothing but a name: it bars us from plea
sure; it makes us moping and sad; and
while you have been sick, oh ! how I have
wvatched that I nmight say you was but as
others. Blut it has not been: so. Inm pain,
that same light shone on your brow ;you
praised and glorified God." Yon said-how
happy-how happy beyond all power to
tell, this beautiful faith makes mec ! You
have talked of heaven as a reality ; your
very smile wvas a sermon. I could not rest;
I knew I miust die sometime ; l too wvanted
to rejoice. I have given up all; my Saviour
has accepted me"-and she bowed her head
upon his hand and wept.
Ienry turned to his wife. " These words
make a pillow of roses for my dying hour,"
lie said, smiling faintly, " elh! Alice has my
shor t life been in vain ?"
" No," responded a manly voice, and the
oldest of three brothers, stood before him
"Dear Sir," he continued, if it will afford
mmore peace in your last hour, know that my
brothers and myself wvithm whom you have
so often laibored, have at once and forever
renounced our skepticism. We have seen
'your faith tested. Astonished have we en
tered your room and listened, while you told
of the eternal world. In your face wve have
was secured by the Compromise, arid was
so regarded by Clay, Clayton, Jackson, and
other gr-eat meon of the day.
M r. Stephens, of Georgia, said the poInt
at issue was that Jackson put dhown nullifi
cation, and not whether Jackson was a pro
tective tariff man:. Jackson wtas a protective
tari-ff an nd lna m ltougtf thatn lie so remain
ed until his death. repeated that hi
staItmIent was Jac ',did not put dowi
nullification ; and. w 'or South Carolina
was right or wrong,' ,ere was no giving
way on her part.
Mr. Stanly. . You sail more than that.
Mr. -Stephens remakid that he had saik
the Government gave way against the bil
which South Carolina garded as odious
He did not say that the $overnment entirel'
abandoned the protect' policy. lie insist
ed that South Carolina Iintained her posi
tion until the Jackson p*ty here let go theil
hold. If there was a3y9giving way, it wai
on the part of the FdWeral Government.
South Carolina, howevlr * much he mighl
disagree with her in polky, never quailed;
1r. Stanly observed-te did not refer t<
Sdiuh Carolina in his'arks about nullifi.
cation. Jackson ian04? doctrine of protec
tion never can be bf ' d.
The amendmenoY nly was thea
AlMCDOTE OF StEN GRARD.
The following capitif-anecdote, illustra.
tive of the late Stepheo irati, of Philadel
phia, is from the New dford Mercury:
Mr. Girard had a fav rite clerk, one who
every way pleased him, 'and who, at the age
of twenty-one years, expected Mr. G. to
say something'of his fiuture prospect, an.
perhaps lend him a helping hand in starting
him in the world. BuM %lr. G. said nothing,
carefully avoiding the subject of his escape
At length, after the Iapse of some weeks,
the clerk mustered-courage enough to ad
dress Mr. G. upon the spbject.
" I suppose,-sir," said .the clerk, "I am
free, and I thought I wduld say something
to you as to my future course."
" Yes, yes, I know youp are," said- Mr. G
"and my advice to you1s that you go Llnd
learn the cooper's trade."
This' announcement iell nigh threw the
clerk off the track ; but recovering his equi
librimn, he said if Mr. Q. Was in eariicst he
would do so.
"1 am in earnest,''-was the reply.
The-clerk rather hesitatingly sought one
of thl best coopers, and agreed with him
upon the terms of apprenticeship, and went
at it in good earnest,'and in the course of
time made as good a barrel as anybody.
He went and told Mr. Girard lie had gradu
ated with all the honors'of the craft, and was
ready to set up his business, at which the
old man seemed gratified, and told ,him to
make three of the best barrels e. ould.
The young cooper selected the 'est mate
rials lie could, and soon put into shape and
finished three of the best l~rrets, and wheeled
I u 1. ~ counting room.
demanded the price.
One dollar," replied the clerk, " it is as
low as I can live by."
" Cheap enough!" said the employer,
make out your bill and present it."
And now comes the cream of the wh1ole.
Mr. G. drew a check for $20,000, and
ha:.ded it to the clerk, closing with these
" There, take that, and invest it in the
best possible way, and if you are un fortu
nate and lose it, you have a good trade to
fall back upon, which will afford you a li
ing at all times."
MAD TanouCni EXCEsIvE Joy.-A wri
ter describing the Lunatic Asylum at Miack
well's Island, says: Here is a womnn whom
joy has deprived of her senses. 11er hus
band and child were on board a vessel wvhiich
was wrecked. Going down to the shore
every day, as if the wish of being nearer the
beloved ohjects that lay buried beneath the
sea suddenly she beheld them handing from
a vessel w"hich had picked them up and saved
them. An overwhelming flood of joy pe
vaded her bosom-and then reason was gomn
forever. She never has known them since,
but sits on what she thinks the samie rock,
where she used to bewail their fate, wring
ing her hands and mnoaning most piteously,
while every week the husbamnd and ion corn'
and gaze on her face, in hope to rouse one:
gleam of memory-but in vain.
TiiE New York Journal of Commere
announces the (heath of Dr. Junius Smith,
in consequence of injuries r-eceived ini the:
assault made on him a year or two ago, on
his tea plantation in South Cairolina ; a post
mortem examination having shown that he~
at that lime sustained a fracture of the skull.
Dr. Smith was one of the earliest and most
vigorous friends of trans-Atlantic steami
navigation, he having as early as 1833
urged its feasibility and ultimate success
The latter years of his life have beeni de
voted to the naturalization of the tea plani
in this country, in wvhich enterprise he huad
met with a degree of success that entirely
sn'isfied him of its practicability. His dleath'
or .urred whilst on a visit to his son at
. :oria, Ne w York.
A NATIVE African, called Uncle Moore7,
resides in Wilmington, N. C., eighty-three:
years of age-for forty- five years a slave.
His time is chiefly occupied in reading the:
Scriptur's in Arabie. He writes the lan
guage with remarkable accuracy and beauty
of penmanship, and his original version el
the sacred text, is said to be highly instruc'
A CoUTERFEIT One Dollar Bill, purport'
ing to be of " the Bank of South Carolina,'
wias shown to us yesterday. On the lef
hand end of the bill is a ship under full sail
and in the centre are twvo female figures. Ii
is signed "George Martin, President," and(
" John Brown, Cashier." It is a miiserabk
fabrication, there being no genuine bills ii
any manner resemibling it; but it wias never
theless received in, the hiirry of business oi
Saturday evening, by one not readily impos
od upon, and as other similar notes may bi
in circulation, it will be well to look out foi
'InE Andersdn aeie learils that Aller
H'utchings, convicted for the murder of Tip
pens, at the last sesstorl of Cbtirt, aild sen
tenced to be hanged on the first Friday ii
February, has obtained a respite until thi
1st Friday in May.
M STEPHNS UPON NULLCATION.
WE commend to the perusal of Our read
era the following sparring debate which re
cently occurred in the House of Represen.
tatives at Washiangton. The remarks which
I feU from Mr. STEPHENS, of Georgia, upor
i the power and effects of the position assumed
by our State in the memorable contest of
1833, will bs read with interest and satis.
faction by a'. Coming from the source it
does, this tribute 'is one of singular value
and should be appreciited accordingly.
Mr. Venable offered an amendment, ap.
propriating 83,000 for the completion of tihe
pedestal of the statue of Aidrew Jackson,
and for enclosing the same with an iron
Mr. Stanly moved to amend this by add
ing," and this apiropriation is made not only
in honor of Jackson's military services, but
also because of his devotion to the Union,
exhibited in his patriotic opposition to nulli
fication and secession."
Mr. Dean raised a question that this was
not in order, because it was not to carry out
any existing law.
The Chairman decided the amendment to
be in order.
Mr. Stanly said, though his constitnents
had the highest admiration for that great
mail's conduct in war, they look upon his
military achievements as thrown in the
shade by his ardent, patriotic, undying de.
votion to his country, as President of the
United States, in putting down nullification
and secession. He (Mr. S.) shared in this
opinion. If lie had been old enough at the
time lie should have voted against Jackson,
and never supported his civil administration.
He thought that Jackson, as President,
committed many errors ; but lie claimed his
gratitude, and had it. He claimed the grati.
tude of his constituents, both Whigs and
Democrats, anil had it. When this Union
was in danger, as lie believed it was, disre.
garding every thing else but a sense of duty,
Jackson gave ctterance to that noble senti
ment, which has made him immortal, " The
Federal Uuion-it must be preserved." He
was warmed with gratitude when he at
tended the inauguration of the Jackson
statue oii the eighth of January last, and lie
looked with a swelliig heart on the inscrip
tion upon its base. All honor for the milita.
ry achievement, but more honor still for his
conduct in the year 1833, when the senti
ment to which he had referred was uttered.
Let Congress show, not a nere wild admira.
tion for Jackson's military services, but
gratitude to the man, who, as President,
said that the Union must be preserved, and
Mr. Jones, of 'ennessee, rose to a ques.
tion of order, and appealed from the deci.
sion of the Chair. [Cries, " Too late."] A
man under that decision could make a speech
after the debate has been closed.
Mr. Stephens, of Georgia, was opposed
to the amenidment. lie did not concur in
the remarks of the gentleman from North
Carolina, nor in the sentiment expressed iml
tie proposition. lie did not understand
that Jackson ever put down nullification in
this country. When and where was it done ?
That General Jackson, as President of the
United States, and as a citizen, was against
the doctrine of nullification -as taught by
South Carolina, he conceded, but that Jack.
son ever put down nullification lie denied.
Did Jackson ever silence it? lie might
agree with the gentleman from North Caro
ina as to the principles announced in the
proclamation ; but if the gentleman wvould
look to the history of the country lie would
fid that thme principle of nnllification wais
never abandoned until thme doctrine of pro.
tection, against which South Carolina con
tended, was abandoned.
Mr. Stainly remarked it w~as never aban
doned and never wvould be.
Mr. Stephens thought that protection was
abandoned by the Compromise tariff bill, as
moved in the Senate.
Mr. Stanly said that secured it.
Mr. Stephens replied, the spirit of nullifi
cation, whether right or wrong, was never
yielded until there was a yielding on the part
of the Government until the Compromise w~as
passed. Whether right or wrong, this is :at
tested by his, lHe was no nullifier. But lie
repeated, history bore him out ini the asser
tion that Jackson did nmot put down nullifi
T1hme question was taken on Mr. Stanly's
amendment, and decided in the negative
aves 52, noes 72.
Mr. Stanly moved to amend the amend
ment of his colleague (Mr. Venable) by in
creasing the appjro[priation for completing the
pedestaml of the statue of Jackson from $3,
000 to $4,000 stating that the money would
be wvanted next year. lie said that the gen
teman from Georgia had remarked that
Geni. Jackson did p~ut down nullification, and
Mr. Hloustoni rose to a point of order. lie
wished the gentleman to confine himself to
the proposition before the committee.
Mr. Stanily replied he would.
. Mr. Houston ivished the gentleman to
show wvhy the amendment should be adopt
Mr. Stanily resumed, Jackson was against
nullification as long as lie lived, and he put
down thme spir-it of rebellion in 1833. Last
y-ear he (Mr. S.) was elected with reference
to this matter, when thme spiirit showed itself
in his district. Though lie lost a few Whmig
votes, he gained hundreds of Democratic
votes, while avowing the principles he now
Mr. Houston again interrupted the gentle
The Chairman, decided that he w~as in dr
ter, and had a right to speak of the public
services of Anidrew Jackson.
Mr. Stanly said thme country would remem
er the public services of General Jackson
tvith gratitude as long as they remember the
aname of Jackson. Ever since hae grewv up
- to man's estatej he was as much for a pro
- tective tariff as Ufreene in the Revolution,
ai d Washington, Jefferson, and Madison,
Sand other patriots, wvere desirous of being
r.. r.m n,-tih thraidom. Sustaianing hih
proclamation against nullification, he deter
i mined to have protection. He took issue
with the gentleman from Georgia, that the
Compromnise tariff did not secure protection.
Home valuation was one of the plainest fea
tures of it, as history attested, and if this had
been carried out protection would have been
given to American manufacturers. Protec.
tion, so far from being abandoned in 1832,
beheld a brightness and beauty that we
knew must be more than mortal. Your
very voice melted into our hearts; oh! sir,
we knew that this religion could not be vain.
And now with the help of God," lie con
tinued, solemnly, " we will rest neither night
or day till we too have an interest in the
re ealed religion of the Most Holy Savour
Never was seen a sweeter smile than now
played about the lips of the dying pastor.
hlis hands gently unfolded, his meek eyes,
closed softly and tremulously, his head 1
rested against the bosom of Alice, who bent,
closer to that dear form.
It is their music-they call-they beckon
-I bear sweet news to them," lie murmured,
and his lips were still, his heart at rest. The
faithful pastor had gone to his reward.
A long train of mourners wended their
way to the little village church-yard.
"There," said a pompous, world-wealthy t
man, pointing to the hearse, " there goes one t
who has thrown his life away; he was a t
mininster-workced himself to death, and
what reward has lie I"
Readerjudge thou. X. A. D.
. , c
DR. GARDNER.-This gentleman, whose d
name has been so extensively published in
connexion with the awards of the Mexican
Commission, in the papers of the country, e
returned to Washington on Thursday from r
a visit to Mexico. It is stated lie is in full *
possession of the facts proving beyond con- v
troversey the existence of the silver mine a
claimed by him near San Duis Potosi, of t]
which he alleges lie was dispossessed by the p
Mexican authorities, and for which an award 1
was made in his favor by the Board of Com- v
missioners, under the treaty. The editor of c
the Baltimore Sun had on Friday an inter- b
view with Mr. Henry Mary, the chief officer n
of the commnission, and learns from him e
that all these publications are unauthorized,
and that none of them eminate from the a
members of the board, who are under strict I
injunctions of secrecy. Moreover, he inti- o
mates very properly that, whatever evidence n
may be in the hands of the commission, Dr. 9,
GardiTer is entitled to an unbiassed public
opinion, in the position he occupies before -
the country, as an individual awaiting a d
legal investigation before a proper tribunal. -
ers wo wentoutoLOII eLIX1UJ9
mines, contradicts -the report published in d
the Providence Journal, that the Commis- I
sioners were attacked by robbers in Mlexico; ti
and lie also asserts that it. is untrue about c
their having said the Gardner mines were
The members of the commission are all ti
under injunctions of secrecy, and the re- ti
tuit of their labors will not be known to the si
public until officially promulgated. li
IF IT WASN'T FOR PRID.-But for pride, 0
many a man who sits in the poor-house g
porch to-day, might have rested in the b
shadow of his own house-hold tree. But t,
for pride, many a miserable woman in the
purlieus of vice might be now a happy and e
respected wife and mother. But for pride,
that youth who snecers at patches and lets a
his niother carry his bunidles, might grow te
up a useful member of society, instead of f,
dragginig along a wvretched life, and dying a'
infamous. But for pride, that foolish girlv
mighit be the companion of a man, a high
souled, intelligent mechanic, instead of the
worthless, brainiless creature, with his mious
tache, his airs, and his ignorance. But for
pride, the inhlabitants of yonder princely
dwelling might pay their honest debts, quar- ti
rel less over extravagant bills, eat more r
wholesome lood, sleep sweeter, and liveJ
But for pride, the consumptive girl, dying
as it were by inches, worn night and day by fi
a rackinig cough, might be healthy, hearty
and happy-loving life, enjoying the soci ety
of dear lfrinds-but those thin shoes! Ah
cofort, and love, and joy, and every thing
that makes life beautiful, does pride strip
from us.- Olive Branch.
Ba CoMP'REHENsvE.-TIalk to the point
and stop when you have reached it. Tihe
faculty that some possess, of making one
idea cover a quire of paper, is not good for
much. Be short and comprehensive in all
you say or write. To fill a volume upon
nothing is no credit to any body ; though ,
Lord Chestorfield wrote a very clear poem on
nothing. T1here are men who get one idea
into their heads, and but one, and they make
the most of it. You can see and almost
feel it when in their presenice. On all occa
sions it is produced, till it is worn as thin as
charity. T1hmey reniind me of a twenty-four ~
pounder discharging at a huming-bird. You
hear a tremendous noise-see a volume of
fimie, but you look in vain for the effects. c
Tne bird is scattered to atoms. Just so d
with the idea-it is enveloped in a cloud and
ot amid the rumblinig of words and flour
ishes. Short letters, sermons, speeches, anid I
paragraphs, are favorites with us. Corn
mend us to the young mani who wtrote to
his father, '- Dear sir, I am going to be ritar
red," and also to the good old gentlemani C
who replied, " Dear son, go ahead." Such
are the men for action. They do more thian
they say. The half is not told in these
cases. They are wvorth their wveight in gold |
for every purpose in life; Reader, be short,
and wve will stop short wvith thme advice.
TiHE small pox Is ragIng to an alarming
extent at Marshmallsville, Ga. TIhe South- I
western Rtail Road Company give notice to I
the public that they have suspended comnmu
nication with the place, in order to allay the
apprehensons of travelers.
A false friend is like at shadow on a dial,
it appears in clear weathei-, but vaidshes as
son a a cloud appears.
VOREIGIF TRADE OF THE UNITED STATES.
Ve copy the following from the New
York Economist, a paper edited by one of
the most able financial writers in the coun
The actual existing trade between thin
Dountry and Great Britain is immediately
in favor of this country. For the year
1851, the apparent balance in favor of the
U States was $12,262,754, yet there was a.
balance of specie setiL tu England. One
muse of this was the fact that our exported
produce realized less than it was invoiced
it. Another cause was that the balance of
rade between the United States and France,
Spanish West Indies, Brazil and China was.
igainst this couttry-these bills were to a
rery large extent, running on London for
;ettlement. At the same time a great many
West India and provincial bills on England .
ire sent here for sale, according to- the.
>alance due from the dependencies to the
nother country for goods bought, as well
is for government purposes.- The sales of
mr produce in England alone pay that
vhich we buy of English goods, pay for
he purchase of tekitn China and coffee inl
3razil, as well as goods of the state-, of
4'urope, through the intervention of bills.
3enco the old theories of an unfavorable
rade with any country, because official re
urns show an apparent amount to be paid
o her, have long since been e;ploded.
The export of farm produce, cheese, hanis,
bc., to England has increased 'vithin ten
'ears near two millions. This forms a
redit against which long bills may be
rawn and transmitted to Canton, and
iven in payment for tea. The tea merchant
ays them away or sells them to the pur
haser of opium from the English East India
ierchant. In the hands of. the latter, they
re the best remittance to London, for
hich there is constant demand. On their
rrival in London they are discharged with
se avails of Western produce sold to- the
eople of En'laud. Similar bills are run
ing upon London from almost every point
4ith which the United States hold inter
ourse. The effect of this is to extend the
asis of our credits, and to improve the
eans ofi buying from all the nations of the
What London is to the commercial world
s the common centre of exchange, is New
ork to the United States. All the bldances
f the trade of all the ,States are hiere ulti.
vately -settled; and from this pointthe final
ettlement with Europe takes plaiiea. ..Akt the'
resent moment,there is nothing dae Europe -
-that is, the supply of bills is equalu the
emand, and the rate is- at par,
riving engines by caloric. The Lynchburg
irginian ascribes the invention to a man by
ie nanme of Prouty, born and raised in the
ity of Richmond.
Slie learned the gunsmith business in the
rmory, removed to Augusta, Georgia
ierd he constructed and put into operation
10 very engine about which there is at pre
ent so much noise. His machine was pub.
cly exhibited at the Bell Tavern, in Rich
iond, in 1852, at which (late a patent was
blained, and an engine constructed in Au
usta, which drove a pair of mill.stones;
ut for want of capital the contrivance was
mporarily made and had to be abandoned."
We have an indistinct recollection of the
ngine spoken of above, and we will take
ains to inform ourselves on the subject.
hr. Prouty was a highly respectable and en
>rprising mechanic, and resided in this city
>r several years. If any benefit is to be
erived from this discovery, to his family, it
ill lie gratifying to our citizens, Uis widow
Sstill a resident of this city.-Augusta Con
THE Solution of Citrate of Magnesia,
chieb is no~v rapidly growing in popular es
mration as a mild, safe and( tasteless aperient
edicine, is, as we learn fronm the Amecrican
ournal of P'harmnacyi vol. XVI., prepared as
First prepare six twvelve once bottles, and
t to them corks of the best quality.
Trake of Citric A cid, six ounces;
Carbonate of Magniesia. four ounces.
Lemon Syrup, twelve fluid ounces.
Water, as amuch as may be required.
Dissolve the Citric Acid in two pints of
ater, previously heated; add to it three
unees and a half of the Carbonate of Mag
esia, and as soon as it is dissolved, strain
r filter, as the case may demand, distribute
;equally between the six bottles, and add
>each two fluid ounces of lemons syrup.
'he remaining half ounce of Carbonate is
-iturated smoothly with sufficient water to
ake six fluid ounces, and a fluid ource of
e mixture added to each bottle, which
ould then be filled with water and imme
iately corked and tied over securely. Iit
e course of half an hour, with occasional
gitation, the Carbonate will be dissolved,
nd the eliminated Carbonate Acid retained
y the solution if the corks girove good.
Tusm American Colonmizitionm Society have
lected the lioting Vice-Presidents in ad.
ition to the former ones; which remain
early the same as last year:
lion. Edward Everett, of Massachusetts;
on. Washington Hlunt, of New-York ; H on.
orat io Seymour, of New-York; lion. Jos.
a Wright, of Indiana; Hon. Jos. C. Horna
lower, of New Jersey; Hon. Geo. F. Foot,
f New Jersey ; Gen. John S. Dorsey, of
(e Jersey ; H~on. Ralph J. Ingersoll, of
Jonnecticut; Benj. Silliman, L. L. D., of
Jonnecticut ; lion, Joseph R. Ingersoll, ef
'ennsylvania ; Hion. Edward Colesi of Pa,;
er. Howard Malcolm, D. D., of Pennsyl
ania ; Rev. J. P; Durbin, D. D., df Pennsyl
ania ; Edward McGee, Esq., of Mississip.
>ii; TIhomas llenderson, Esq., of Mississippi;
aniel Turnbull, of Louisiana; Hon. Thos.
I. Seymour, of Connecticut; and the Hon.
amuel F. Vinton, of Ohio.
IF a Nieek's board comes to fiive doIIarso
ahat will a load of plank amount to t