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"We__ will cling to th ilr fteTml o u ieti3adi t ~i: mus fallrnce wewin e &il Pe
W. F.* DUYRSOE? Proprietor. EDGEFIELD, S. C. ~EBRUARY 16, 18e3--. VI..N.s
THE EDGEFIELD ADVERTISER,
IS PUBLISHED EVERY WEDNESDAY BY
W. F. DURISOE, Proprietor.
ARTHUR SIMKINS, Editor.
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R. 8. KPT,
FFI.tlX E. ISODIE,
W31. Q IATTLEBUM,
ror Tax Collector.
THOMIAS B. RliSE,
31. 11. WHIITTLE.,
JOHN W. S311TH,
IF. T. WIllGilT.
W. F. DURISOE,
PICKENS R. WEVER.
.OSEP11 A3NE Y,
W IT L -e fotund at all timtes in his Office, at
'V Edgeficid Court llouse, near tite PLArTF.l'
le will attend promptly and strictly to business
in his profession.
T H0 X G. KEY,
A TTO R~N E Y AT L AW..
Er Tss removed his Otliee to the Rouos over the
Store of Mr. B. C. BarAN.
.an 4 3m 51
Operations on the Teeth,
BY HORACE PARIKER.
Address Edgefield C. It., or Sleepy Creek,
P O., S. C.
Niarch 11 1,52 l S
BOARDING AND DAY SCHOOL!
Rev. N. ALDRIICNI, Pristmipal.
M. STUCK LER, P'nor. %or Mlc)r, Fursen, &c
Mas..J. McCLINTOCK, TR.ecumt or PaIsttiy
37 HE TEACHERS of this eademy grate
fily ackno.wldge the liberal patronage they
hatve enijoyed fir the past year. Th..*y ex.T-vdingly
regret thtat the inconveniietnce of their lRooms lhts
hitherto afflirded themi no u"pzortiunity for a pliic
eNRinaittioni of their Schiilars. It is with pleaisure,
however, they annoui~nce the speedy er'ectioni of a
large atnd conveunietit butilding. A suiiable lt s
atlreaidy been pirocu'redl and arrantgementts arte im pro.
gress fior thi immediaite comni-ineentt of thte
butilding which will be has'tened tio comildetint.
T1he Schlt will then lbe furntished with aitll the ne
estarv appartus~ lior faceilitating the Schladrs in the
varion' D~epairtiments of Study, cind the piublic aire
aisstureid that no painis will lie spared to place thte
School on an equal foiotingr with anty ini the. Stt.
The exercises ..f thme Schtool will be resutted on
Termts of Titioin the same as fiormet-ly.
It is desirtable thtat the Scholars begin with the
opening of the Session, patrticutlarly Fuech as intend
to ciommienee the high biranches of study.
The Teachiers hold theniselvs in re'adini'ss to ne
commnodate the Scholars with hoard at thte usutl
prices, $10 per miitth.
Dee e ' tf 50
Abbey Green Female Institute
By Miss Sophsia Chn~plin.
T Ills insftiton is located1 sevetn iies North
Elgeteld C. II., andu withtin sigh~t of Eltoni
P. 0. It is situated in a retnarkabuly hemilhby po~rtiiin
of the District, atti convenietnt to atn excellet
Sprinig. Tlhie building is entirely new, large und
Thte ltustruetress, Mliss Cttarts, hns the reptiuuttio
of being ain experienced ando talented Teichier.
The Elemtetitary, and all the hiigher branches of
English, together with Latin atnd F'rench tare taughit.
T1ermis per Sessiotn of five mnotnths for all branchles
except Mtzsie,.................---...--$10 00
Musie, inieindintg usc of Pitano.............25 00
GoodI Birrd ean be .btined in the nteighiborhood
at .$7, ps r M..nth. For further infirmaationt, if de
sired, apply to either of the undertsianeid.
S. W. NICIloI.SON,
.JOSE PIL A DAMS1.
Oct 28 4m"5 41
T HE~ ExLeises oft this lnstitioin will bc re
sumevd on Monday 31st .Tantuary. 1853.
The Rules. Rates of Truition &'c., are the same as
last year. A tny infoirmatiiin respiectin~g the School,
Board, &c., can be ohtsinted by a ddressintg the
subscriber through Longimires Post Office, Edgefield
CEO. G.\LPUIIN, P'atscrrJ.
Jan 12 52 6it
G RAY BROT H ERS, have ont hand a harge' as
sortment of BL A N KETS, of vtriouts kinds.
Probably soime of the finest Saxiiny Wool fine fin
ished, inmported. W iii a La'geeassortmetvnt of Lower
Grtades tnd Planitation 'atnkets, which we are
Nov 17 tf 4.1
08BA GS Augusta Caintl FLOUR, for sale low
80 by E. I1ODG ES, Aoss-r.
Hamburg. Nov 29 tf 46i
flIDES will be received at the Tan Yard front
this dte. R1. T. MlIlS.
OctO,o132 tf 38
In a little precious stone,
What splendor meets the eyes!
In a little lump of sugmar
How much of sweetness lies!
So in a little womnan,
Love grows and inultiplies;
You recokvet the proverb says
" A word unto the wise."
A pepper-enrt is very small
But seasons every dinner
More than all other condiments,
Although 'tis sprink!cd thinner.
Just so a little womau is,
If love wiil let you win her:
There's not a jo'y in all the world
You will not find within her.
And its within the little rose
You find the richest dyes,
A tla in a little grain of gold
Much price anil value lies;
As from a little balsau
Much odor dtli arise,
So in a little woman
There's a taste of Paradise.
The sky-lark and the nightingale,
Though small and light of wing,
Yet warble sweeter in the grove
Than all the birds that sing.
And so a little wonan,
Though a very l:ttle thing
Is sweeter than all other sweets,
Even flowers that bloon in spring.
OH, NO! IT IS NOT SAD TO DIE!
'Tit sad to die? O1, s:y not so!
Let earth be ere so brizht,
The triune God can quickly chang
Its briglitness into Iight;
Although the world be bright and free,
It is not like eternity.
Though in the grave our bodies lie,
Our ransomed souls shall rise
To life divine-transplanted be,
Beyond the beaming skies ;
There we may dwell benteath the throne,
Whe re Jesus reigns, and reigns alone.
'Tis sad to die! oh, no, no, no,
Though friends may nourn our loss,
ITim sweet to kr.ow they too shall die,
Aid Jourdan's billows cross.
The joys of earth are fading, few,
-Whe aenly blissk i
Froni the Ceorgia Iloine Gazette.
In a country like ours, with a political and
social organization respecting neither birth
nor affluence in the distribution of political
favors, every incident connected with tie
early history and character of our great men,
naturally excites a degree of interest. Proba
blv the early life of no man contiected with
the curriculini of Southern statesmanship,
presents more chequered scenes, and at:du
ous toils inl the way of ho norable promotion,
than that of George McDutlie. The fither
of Mr. McDuflie was a Tailor. Mr. Mc.
Duffile was born in Coluimbia county, Geor
gia-the place of his birth beingiow owned
by thte Rev. William P. Steed, of Warren
county, and -is situated near Salem Chturch,
a few tmiles fromn TJhompsotn on the Georgia
Railroad. The house ini whiceh he was born
is made of lhewed logs, andl is supposed to
stand~ now in the yard, in fronit of which are
the remains of a huge Oak, mteasuring eight
feet and two inches in dliamneter ; emblemati
cal of the immense mental calibre of the great
man in our capltion, who hiad often itn his
childhood reclined utnder its wide-spread
bonughs. T1h~e parents of Mr. McDullie were
Scotch-Ilrish, originally or by decent. Ilis
mother was a woman of actIve mind, pas
sionately fonid of music, and performfedl ex
ellenthy upon the Violin. Mr. McDuffie had
three sisters, all of them wotmen of fine ca
pacity. One of thetm marrIed a Mr. Reese
of Warren or Columbia county. Thte on~ly
brother Mr. McDuffie had, uied, it Is believed,
a fewv years sInce in Muscogee county ;
where heo resided. Where thec father of Mr.
McDuflie died, we are not apprised, T[he
remains of his mothter repose near Maj, Elias
Wilsont's in Warren county, not many miles
from where he was borni. Mr. McDuffle
was thme yotungest sotn of the famtily, atnd was
horn it is thought, in A ugtust, 179l0. The
earliest days of his boyhood were spent in
roaning upon Sweet Water Creek, near the
fiaimily homte, enjoying the spirits incident to
the times. IH is schoolboy days were devo
ted tmostly to atteniding the school exercises
of a Mr. Gureetnnood or Greenwood, Up)on the~
spot where Sweet Water Chturch now stands.
The latst school Mr. McDullie altended, wats
near his old friend and sch~oohrmate, Major
Wilson's, of WVarren county. The teachter
wvas natned Hlaneman. This school wvas
taught, it is believed, in 1803. In 1804, if
our itnformuant is not in error, Mr. McDuflie
was a clerk ini a store at Sweet Water Mills,
it, Warren, where thme Rev-. Mr. Blanchmard
now resides. At thme above place, it appoars
he did not remain long, but through the in
fluence of a Mr. Hlodo, he wvent to Augusta,
Georgia, and became a clerk in a mercantile
establishment. A fter his advent to Augusta,
we know nothing of his history ; save his
subsequent political acts, which are well
knowvn to almost every Southerner. We
learn from an old and intellienmt school
mate of Mr. McDuffie's, who aiso furnished
us the preceding data, thtat Mr. McDuffie
was5 exceedingly popular at sch~ool, atnd er.
hibited all thmose brilliant imnifestations of
mental capacity, whlich d istitnguished his ca
reer in South Carolina, in 1849 or '50; at
all events not a great while prior to his!
death, lie came to take a "last look" of th(
place of his birth. His recollection wvas in
distinct, and he recogisedC but fewi of the
landmarks of his " boyisk dayes," and found
btut two of his schoolmates alive ;-thie late
Mr. Langton nneI Major Elis Wilson. Hla
The following well aut entica ted incident
is said to have .occurred n a nagistrate's
oflice not more than a thqusand miles from
The said office wag'atont twelve by fif.
teen feet. Across one cgrner of the room,
was a slcnder pine piekef fence that sepa
rated the dignitary fronmthe applicants for
justice, and the rabble.ofilookers-on. At a
small desk thus enclosedl set the dispenser
of the irighty law. Ddriihg a trial for some
trivial amount, the defendhnt thought he was
aggrieved by sonic remaks the magistrate
made, and plainly told h 1onor that lie had
lied. Magisterial, as we as personal dignii.
y was, of course highlyioffiended, and the
S iuire told him that he Jnust retract. The
accuser said that it wast3is candid opinion,
and that, he could not an would not take it
Quicker than lightnin i flash,.the 'Squire
was on his feet, his.bQ-b1owed spectacles
were thrown on the littl ask, and in a voice
of thunader he exclaimed
" Gentlemen this courA is adjourned for
five mrinutes, until I whip this blamed rascal !"
Before the words were faily out of his
mouth, he had leaped the burieades, and in
less than five minutes hegave the offender a
pair of black peepers aud started a spigot of
claret, to the astonishment of the bystand
ers. The Magistrate balked deliberately
back to his desk, and adjusted his spectacles
and coolly announced t'at the court was
ag;..i in session.
WHOLESALE AND -RijrAIL.-An old and
inveterate toper steppedlup to the bar, and
asked for a glass of wee, the spruce and
expert mixer of " cherr cobblers" handed t
down the decanter, wit4 a fle~urish, where- t
upon the old soaker ve" deliberately filled t
the tumbler nearly two. irds full, which lie
as deliberately, of couge, swallowed, and
then laid down a si4ence. I wish you I
coold have seen the aphiance of the in
dignant and astonishe bar tender! lHis
eye glowed, his face kil led up, innd as our
friend Dempster sings,.Vi one of his Scot
tish songs, " An angry man was he, 0 !" as c
he quickly, and wit a jerk, threw the
" siller" into the " tills and slamed, down C
three cents. The ma" r drink asked, with
astonishment, and -p'parent simplicity, r
What! don't you ch- e sixpence a glass
now for wine ?" " N said tlie enraged at. f
t -ndant ;" and his face ore a most ferocious r
ljok, as he quicklyd at -d: " When we selll
i: wholcsa!c we aliray .i. cheaper !"
j jjsropT:.s 1 own SYGLT:.
"Widll, there's a row oveF'tnr'at -f
What on earth's tho mattcr, you litle
" Why dad's drnnk,'mother's (lead, the old r
cow has got a call, Sal's got married and rui
away with the spoons, Pete has swallowed a
pin, and Lui's look at the Aurora Borax till
he's got the delirinm tria.ngles."
" Wha t else upon airth !"
Roso spilt the hatter pot and broke the
pancakes, and one of the Mallese kittens has
got her head into the molasses.cmp and
couldn't get it out, and oh, how hungry I
IIIn is one of the many beautiful thoughts
to which Fanny Forrester has given expres. 0
sin i-" Oh ! let me die in the country,
where I shall not fall, like the single leaf of h
the foresi,unheeded; where those that love me V
need not mask their hearts to meet the care-d
less multitude, and strive as a duty to forget
mue I Bury mec in the enuntry, amid thev
prayers o)1 the good and the tears of the I
loving not in the dark, damp vault, awvay
from the sweet-scented air, and the cheerful I
sunshine, but in the open fields, among the h
flowers that I loved and -cherished, while I
Ransm JosucA once met a boy wvho car
red something in a covered vessel. " My ~
boy," said the Rabbi, " what have you in
your covered vessel " " If it was intendled ~
for you to know"," replied the boy, " it would.
not be covered."I
A GEuxxx physician has pubimshed a '
selentific condemnation of the present loose
sleeves worn lby hitdies. lie asserts that
they promote rhetinmatism and~ all kinids of
complaints; and recommrends a return to
the long, close sleeves of a former period.
THE~ ultra dandies of New York are
adopting the moustail fashion for mous
taces, as described last year, as the military
fashion on the Cascine, at Florence. By
means of gu or soap the moustaches are
made to staind out On either sideO of the
face like the horns of a catfish.
A nOCTr in a North Carolina paper
boasts tha't he has discovered a system by
which lie can make out of an old man an
entire young man, and have enough left to
make a small dog.
" Wnr do you set your cup of coffee up- I
on the chair, Mr, Jones I" " It is so weak,
Una'am," replied Mr. Jones, demurely, " I
thought I would let it rest."
A TRADESxAN in the South advertises that
he has "alwvays a large supply of leeches on ~
"X jE won't indulge in sucht a horrid an
ticipation," as the hen-pecked husband said
when the parson told him he would be join
ed to his wife in another world, never to lbe i
separated from her, "Parson I beg you c
wo't mention the unpleasant circumstancet
again," said he.t
IIArPY MIsTAixE.-A clerk In a draggist
store in Charlestown on Wednesday even- I
ing, had been trading with a young lady,
and was handing her some change when
the gas "gin cout," and both were cruelly
envloped in darktness in thie chaos he gave
her his hand, instead of the change. His
heart has since been thrown into the bargain
and bo0th wilfl shortly make a pilgrimage to
epent the rniglit with his friend, Maj. Wilson,
but his impairment of memory, and his ap.
parent ruminationis upon the past, were of
such a character, that his visit was not cel
ebrated at the family hearth by the narra
tion of school lifL sports and early reminis
cences, but even had he been in the full
enjoyment and vigor of all his powers of
mind and memory, he might, justly have ex
cl:,imed, " I came to the place of my birth
and said, the-frienls of my y;outh, where are
thei ?" And echo answered, " where ?"
A casual review of the early life of Mr.
McDulle is replete with pleasait reflections,
and abundantly exemplilies the beauty and
justice of our governmental organization.
Here is an unknown " Pincy Woods" boy,
the son of a Tailor, without fortune and des
iitute of anything like a superior education,
rising by dint of industrii, integrit, and ge.
nius, from the humblest walks of life, to a
position in tire Iepublic, which any man
might envy, and no man can fail to respect.
Genius is like the volcanic eruption ; it can
not he suppresed. It is a matter of no con
cern what garb it has on ; it will demon
strate itself, at the same time that it secures
respectability, and is a passport to success,
distinction and honor. With the depraved
hypocrite, nothing but traduction and self
interest satiate his cravings or se.cure his
favor; but with the pure and just, the ema
nations of genius and the exhibitions -f
talent in every department of life, carry with
them respectability inl society, and secure
public esteem. MANSON.
Columbia county, Gen., Jan. 20, 1853.
Be frank with the world. Frankness is
tire child of honesty and courage. Say just
what you mean to do on every occasion,
and take it for granted you mea' to do what
is right. If a friend ask a favor you should
grant it, if reasonable; but if it is not, tell
him plainly why you cannot. You will
wrong him and wrong yourself by equivoca
tion of any kind. Never do a wrong thing
to make a friend or keep one; tie man who
requires you to do it is dearly purchased at
a sacrifice. Deal kindly and firmly with all
men, you will find it the policy that wears
best. Above all, do not appear to others
what you are not. If you have any fault to
find with any one, tell him, not others, of
what you complain. Thero is no niore
dangerous experiment than that of under
taking to be one thing to a man's face aid
another behind his back. We should live,
act, and speak out of doors, as the phrase is,
and say and do what we are willing should
Ybe knowrianirn a nn.. Itis nt o.lJy
best as a natter of principle, but as a matter
The human mind has an insatiable curi
ositv ; there is no end to its speculation and
researches. [lad God, to meet its dillicuil.
ti.-s. given a rule of ftith consisting of as
mary volumes as there are cbapters in the
Bible. it would still have advanced its con
jectures. Instead of setting it at rest, this
would, therefore, only have tlrownr it into
greater agitation. The better way of arrest
ing the flight of presumptuous reason, ever
disposed to go beyond its proper limits. and
at tire sane time, to render its knowledge
more sure, was not then to enlarge tire vu.
tme of revelation, but to oblige man to
nounce his curiosity and pride. On this
account it is the will of God that a great
part of religion should consist of humility.
TinE SNEERF.R.-Tl'lere is a large class
of people who employ themselves almost
constantly by sneering at tire ell'ort of others.
Nothing dune by a neighbor suits thremr. If
you perform an act of cbarity1 they q;ues
tion your motives; if youi exhibit skill ini
your profession, they pretend to regard you
an over-rated man ; if vou piroduce sorme
tiring dlecidedly meritorious, they ridicule
and dleprec!iate its wvorth ; anud if you orrgi.
nate a thought or maebine, they declare you|
a plagiarist. In their estimation your
wvritinrgs are sturpidh, arnd full of tautology;
vomir conversation unprofitabile ; the work of
your hands valueless. And vet ask thenm to
do whlat you ainfed at, arid fariled in, accord.
irng to thenm, and they have not even tire
ability to try. They are all, ini fact, what
they feign you to be, andl unri't for eve rythrinig
but fault finding, crying dowvn people of
nmerit, arid slandering wvorth. Threy are
envious, jealous, and frill of cant. inocapa
ble of doing what you do, andl therefore
en'Vious of y'our talent ; too duill to comn
nmand respect, and constantly jealous of
whlat you receive ; incompetent to produce
a thought, anti always ready to harp at
what you express, They are of tire race of
Diogenes, without his ability ; Cynis, with
out tire merit of honesty of purpose. H eed
them not, reader, they are harmless wrhenr
treated with contempt ; and it' you ask
where they are to lie found, look around~
you-your eircle of acquaintance will fur.
nishi one, nio doubt, of tire class.
TRtI'r, had we no permanecrt hopes
fixed, rno treasures laid up beyond this
perishing wvor-ld misery would be our lot, far
more than that of thre meanest aninmal.
Howv afhfecting wvas thre dlying remark of a
heathen philosopher whio had nio light save
that of nature; "I have lived ini anxiety,
and I depart in perturbation.
"Mr brethren," said Swift, in a sermon,
" there are three sorts of pride: of birth, of
riches, arid of talents. I shall not now
speak of thre latter, none of you being lia
ble to that abominable vice,
Til RIoHT sCENES IN ihIS-oRv.-4Vllen
thre poor arid the richr w~ere esteemed equal.
When virtue was honored anrd vice re
WVhen mo~cdesty was ranked among thre
When honesty wvas regardeu as an ingre
dient to trade.
When common sense was a part of fash
When benevolence was not looked upon
as an extravagance.
When worth needed not riches to be re
A SCENE AT THE SING SING fUISON-JONROE
"We passed an hour in the Sing Sing
State Prison the other day ; and while regard.
ing with irresistable sympathy the wretched
inmates, we could not help thinking how lit
tie, after all, of the actual suffering of im
prisonment is apparent to the vtsitor. The
leaseless toil, the coarse fair, the solemn si
ence, and averted look, the yellow-whitc
.alor of the convict; his narrow cell, with
ts scanty furniture, his hard couch; these
ndeed are visible to the naked eve.' Yet
to but think of the deion Thought that
iust 'eat up his heart' during the long and
nconceivably dismal hours which he passes
here in darkness, in silence, and alone !
I'hink of the tortures he must endure from
he ravages of that pleasanitost friend, but
nost terrible enemy, imagination ! Oh, the
teight, the depth, the length, and breadlt of
i sensitive captive's sorrow ! As we came
tway from the gloomy scene, we passed on
i hill, within the domain of the guard, tie
[rison Potter's Field, where lie, umdistin
nished by headstone or any other mark, the
>ones of those who had little else to lav
here, when their life of suffering was ended.
[lhere sleeps Monroe Edwards, whose down.
-vard fate we had marked in successive
" We first saw himii when on his trial ; a
andsome, well-dressed, black-whiskered,
ecming self-possessed person, with the thin
arnish of a gentleman, and an effrontery
hat nothing could daunt. Again we saw
im, while holding court with courtezans at
he door of his cell, at ' The Tomis,' the
lay before he left for Sing Sing ; clad in his
norning gown ; with luxuriant whiskers, and
lie manners of a pseudo prince receiving
lie honors of sham subjects. The next
ime we saw him he was clad in coarsest
felon stripe ;' his head was sheared to the
kull; his whiskers were no more; a dark
rown was on his brow; his cheeks were
lale, and his lips were compressed with an
xpression of remorse, rage, and despair.
iever shall we forget that look. Ile had a
ittle while before been endeavoring to es
:ape, and had been punished by fifty lashes
vith a cat-o'nine-tails; four and lifty stripes
mn the naked back !
"Once again we saw him, after the lapse
f many months. Time and suffering had
one their work on him. His once erect
iame was bowed ; his head was quite bald
t the top, and its scanty bordering hair
ad become grey. And thus he gradually
leclined to his melancholy ' west of life,'
mtil he reached his last hour; dying in ain
igony of terror; gnawing his emaciated
inget, to convince- himsedthat e-slL
iving; that the aippallin'g ehmangefrom'lifki&
leath had not yet actually taken place!
Und now lie sleeps in a felon's grave, with
o record of his name or fate. Is not the
vay of the transegressor hard ?"-Ex- Paper.
PENNY WISE AND POUND FOOLISH.
In all ages of the world meii have been
ound who truly might bd characterized, as
enny wise and piound foolish ; or. in other
vords, men who would spoil a knife worth
shilling skinninig a flint to get a sixpence.
ven in this enlighteined and progressive
ge, such men may be found, strange as it
a seem. Speau to such of building a
'la'nk Road, or a Railroad, by which the
xpenses of transporting the proddUets of
heir labor to market, would be reduced one
alf, and you frighten theni half out their
rits. They can't bear the idea of paying a
ollar in cash a bamle to a Railroad company,
or carrying their cotton to market, as it
vould deprive them of thme pleasure of ex
sending three dollars a hale ini labior, cornm,
odder, and wear andl tear of wagon and
orse flesh. Such are ever pryn for the
ood old times when pedlars carried their
ack on their backs, and their fathers' only
1ode of transportation was a pack.horse,
y the side of which they walked through
md and water for hundreds of miles, to
ispose of their produce, and obtain a scant
upply of the necessaries of life. Such
ien would never pay a quarter to travel 10
iles on a plank road, which they could do
Sa couple of hours, so long as their teams
an.struggle through the mud along side in
day. Such an act in their estimation
'ould lie reckless extravagance.
Now, it is hardly worth while to attemp t
a reason with such men. If you tell themi
at the wear of a loaded wagon drawn
ver an ordinary road 10 miles in lengthA
quals at least the toll on a plank road the
rme number of miles, they may look b~e
vildered, but thecf cannot comprehend you.
tud vet it is so, for there are fewv wagons
rhich would hear to he drawvn loaded 41000
miles, that would be worth nmoything after
'ards. The same may lie said of thme wear
p1 horses, there being fewv teams which
ould draw a load 4000 miles. Now any
easonable man at all acquainted with plank
ods, cannot .doubt but both wagon andt
eam, with the same load, wvould, in good
ondition, travel twice the distance over a
lank road wvhich wouldhiwear them out on
rdinary roads. In addition to this at least
alf the time of wagon, team and driver
vould be saved on the plank road. To
um up, if a wagon and team could lie found
vhich wouild last carrying a given load
[000 miles, over an ordinary road, the same
'agon and team could carry the same load
O000 miles over a plank road, and then be
u good condition, But It is useless to tell
nen so who are penny wvise and pound
THmE United States Senate, after the 4th
f March next, as far as is now~ known, will
onsist of thirty-eight Democrats and twven
y-one Whigs-Democrats majority seven
een. The number of Democrats already
lected or holding over is thirty-five ; number
>f higs nineteen. Vacancies to be filled
my Democratic Leglslatures, 3; by W higi
.egislatures, 2 ; vacancies, in which the re
ult is doubtful, three.
13r3IEYsE PRIcEs.--In the Iyrrcl1burg (a.')
Express we finmd a sale of negroes, among
thom were four girls, one or two 7 years of
ge, in all sixteen-the whole bringing with.
n a rnction of $15,000.
THE DEAF, DUMB AND BLIND.
We take much pleasure in transferring to
our columns, from the Spartanburg Carolina
Spartan, of the 27th ult., the following com
munication from N. P. Walker, Esq., who is
so well and favorably known in our State
from his exertion in behalf of the deaf and
dumb, and we cordially recommend his re
marks to the serious attention of the benevo
In answer to the many questions respect
ing the education of the blind of this Stgte,
I would say that it is my intention to pro.
vide for them as soon as possible.
I trust that the parentsand friends of such
children will not regard it as a want of prop
er sympathy, that we have heretofore be
stowed as much attention on the blind, as
we have on the deaf and dumb. It has been
the want of means to prepare suitable rooms
and obtain competent instructors. We now
think it possible, that we may receive a class
of some eight or ten in 1854. We have a
plan for a building before us, which, it is be
lieved, when completed, will meet the ap
probation of the State, a copy of which will
be trInsmitted to the Governor, and may be
seen, ( presume, in the Secretary's office.
Three thousand five hundred dollars has
been placed at my disposal, which, it is
thought, will build the first wing. The en
tire cost of the building will probably be
about twenty-two thonsand dollars.
In looking over the various reports of the
different Institutions of tihe kind both in t
Europe and America, I see there is a gener
al disposition prevailing with those who have c
the means to settle the endowments, annui- <
ties, &c., on such institutions, thereby per- e
petuating their usefulness under the care of r
the State or otherwise. t
This institution is. at present, private prop- s
ely, but it is my intention, at a proper time, j
to ask the State of South Carolina to receive 4
it, and carry out the plan.
In the mean time, should any citizen of I
this or any other State, desire to contribute m
in any form or amount to aid, at once, the I
building contemplated, even yet while it is I
private property, we are desirous that they
should be gratified, and that too in a man- t
ner, that the same may be applied to the i
hen'eft of the unfortunate, and not to indi- i
vidual interest. I, therefore, propose that I
sneh person or persons desiring to settle on
the institution any amount in any form, for- i
ward the same to the Governor, who is r
Chairman of the Board of Commissioners, i
directing in what manner such amount is to r
lie npplied, which will be publicly acknowl- i
edlged in the annual report which we pro
Pose henceforward to publish. - And for the
g1tters.curity_ of-such ggtuity thus appro
tion, I will, at all tinios, keep, In thei care of 6
some proper person, a Will, by which I will <
place the Institution In a condition that the I
State can possess it, through her Commis. I
sioners, within five years from and after my
death-they being, in that Case, negotiators
between the State and my heirs.
Should I live to petition to the State to ac- l
cept tihe institution, then In that case, said a
Commissioners on the part of the State, and I:
by my consent, and pledge heretofore given, v
shall have the right, as may be directed by c
the State, to value the property, and there- r
from deduct such amount or amountsas may c
have been settled on the institution by indi- r
vidnlams. ' C
I have thought proper to submit this plan v
to the public, not because I intend or believe s
it necessariy to beg individual subscriptions n
for the support of this institution, the wants tl
of which, have been so promptly met thus e
far by the Legislature of thme State, but to
meet tihe wIshes of any wvho may feel dis
posed, from their abundance, by gratuity, toI
lend their helping hand for the more speedi
ly uprearing of a perpetual State Institution
for the deaf, dumb and blind of our State,
and for all whose lot may be cast wvith us.
Such individual aid w'ould, without doubt,
be appr-eciated not only by the immediate
participants, but also, to those perhaps un
born. N. P. WVALKER,
Cedar Spring Asylum, Jan. 1853.
(17 Papers throughout the State will please
There was once a grey old rat who gath
cred his young ones about him, and thus ad-.
"Ah, my dear children, the infirmities of
age are pressing so heavily upon me, that I
have determined to dledicate the remainder
of' my days to mortification and penance, in
a narrow and lonely cell which I have lately
discovered: but let me not initerfere wvith
your~ enjoyments ; youth is the season for
pleasure ; he happy therefore, and only obey
my last injunction :-never conte near me in
my retreat!I Bless ye, my children-bless
ye all !"
With these aflectionate words, the old rat
wiped his eyes with his tail, and by a great
effort controlling his emotion, tore himself
Several days passed without his being c
seen, and at lenigthi hIs youngest daughter,c
moved more by lillial an'ection than by the
curiosity, which has so unjustly been charg- I
ed as a failing of her sex, stole to her fatha
er's ret reat--his cell of penitence and morti
ficntion. It was a "sell," indeed; for it v
turtned out to be a hole, made by his own n
venerable teeth, in an enormous Cheshire
MooRa.-Trust not him who magnifies
the disinterestedness of his motives, or en
larges upon his sacrifices; for, a thousand
to one, he is either a babbling theorist or a1
studied hypocrite. It is the easiest of all
thitngs to preach action while reposing in a
luxurious arm-chair, and to sympathise with
shivering poverty, seen through the windows I
of a snug parlor. Hypocrisy will always'
make a merit of necessity, and clothe the I
veriest selishness with the cloak of self-de-t
Sr ICIDE IN T iIE PUtI.-Mr. Chas. Fultz, .I
who conducted a prayer meeting in the Ger-.
man Lutheran church at Schuylkill H aven,
Pa., on Sunday evening last, was found sus
pended from the altar, on the follo wing
morning, havitng committed suicide after the
cngeaion wva dlismised.a
AN IMPORTANT LEGAL DECISION.
We have just finished reading the very
able and most elaborate opinion of Judge
Wardlaw in the Court of Errors as to the
validity of recording a deed after the expi
ration of six months. This opinion of the
Court we delivered last December, in the
case of W. D. Steele, Ordinary of Pickens
District, against J. Mansell, et al, Ex'rs.,
&c. The case was argued three times in
the Court of Appeals in Law, and once in
the Court of Errors, before a full bench of
Chancellors and Judges. It had been four
or five or six years In Court, and the Court
of Law was divided in regard to the ques
tions involved. Our partner and friend,
Col. Elliott M. Keith, was for the Plaintiff,
and we were for the Defendant. The
opinion of Judge Wardlaw is signed by
Chancellors Dunkin, Dargan and Wardlaw,
nd Judges Evans, Frost and Whitner.
Tustices O'Neall and Withers, and Chan
eellor Johnston dissented from the opinion
)f Judge Wardlaw. The length of the
3pir.ion may be judged of when we state
lhat the copying of it cost us twelve dollars
ind fifty cents.
The question decided in the case was,
6vhether a deed not recorded in six months,
but put on record before a sale of the land
)y the Sheriff, as the property or the ven
for, was valid against the purchaser at
3heriff's sale, who had recorded his deed
%ithin the six months, and who had no no
ice of the previons sale by the vendor. It
vas decided that the deed to the first pur.
haser was valid and good against the title
of the subsequent purchaser at Sheriff's
ale. The Court held that the deed being
'ecorded before the Sheriff's sale was notice
onll the world, though not recorded within
ix months. After the first sale Col. Ben.
anin [lagood sued Corbin, the vendor, and
obtained judgment against him. After this
udgment was obtained the deed from Cor.
in was put on record, some four 'ears
fter its execution, but before the sale to
lagood. Had the opinion of the Court
ieen different from what it is, It would have
lut in jeopardy a great many of the land
itles in South Carolina. There are very
aw persons who do record their deeds
rithin six months, as is required by law.
n doing so they run the risk of the yen.
lor's selling the same land to some one else
vithout notice of the previous sale. But
ecording to the present decision they are
n no danger of a creditor obtaining a judg
nent against the vendor, provided they
ecord their titlebefore the'Sheriff sells the
and under the judgn6nt of the creditor
There had been some confletsinc
isions of our Couts:o t4 IS piits, A1
tatutis of .9oI~ ah ~
f recording deeds, &c., have been reviewed
oy Judge Wardlaw with great abdity In the
resent opinion of the Court of-Errors,
lhe law Is now settled, as we supposed It
vas settled previously. Judge O'Neall,
owever, was presiding when the case was
card on the Circuit, and he ruled the law
gainst us. After five years battling the
oint with the Court and before the Court
ve have succeeded in establishing the prin
iple in favor of our clients. All that we
egret is, that the amount involved in the
ase will not he sufficient to compensate us
)r settling the law. Inasmuch as it was a
ase in which every man In South Carolina
rho had not recorded his land titles witin
ix months had a deep interest, we think we
iiglt establish an equitable claim against
hem to assist our dlient, Miansell, in paying
ounsel fees. [Southern Patriot.
CoNVICrION oF REED.-The New York
lerald of Sunday says:
Enoch Reed, thme colored man whose
ase has occupied the attentlr'n of the
Jnited States Circuit Court at Albany du
ing the past week, was yesterday morning
leelared guilty of assisting in the rescue of
h fuiiesave Jerry, from the officers
ohad hlim in charge of Syracuse, _ Not
vithstanding the combined efforts of thme
Ibolitionists of thIs and other States, headed
my Gerrit Smith, to save Reed and his
oadjutors from punishment-and although
hey succeeded in staving off the trials una
il excitement upon the subject had entirelv
lied away, exept among themselves-the
iational constitution and the Congressional
:ompromise of 1850 have, in this instance,
>een fully sustained by an enlightened aiid
mnpartial jury. This is a glorious triumph
if the laws of the land over those agitators
*vho would set them at defiance. It is a
riump~h of the principles of .justice over
'ainaticismn, that will be appreciated by the
rasses of the country, and one that will be
>f infinite service in restoring that good
eeling with our Southern brethren, wvhich
or a time had been disturbed by the ground.
ess insinuations emanatIng from rival Statee
OUENMRA1, PIERCE, in a letter to Mayor
leaver, of Boston, declines the public re..
eption tendered to him by the authoritiee
if that city. He says:
" After the event which has recently fal
en1 upon me with such crushing weight, it
vil, of course, lbe expected that I will pro'
eed to the post of duty as quietly and pri
ately as the nmodes of public travel will per.
OUGHT~ TO HAVE BEEN HUNG.-Antonid
..opez, the Spanish sailor who some time
ince wvas sentenced to death, in New York ~
ity, for the murder of policeman Foster, but
who was pardoned, it is stated killed a sai'
r at Mantanzas, a fewv w~eeks ago, and theft
made his escape.
MR. FILLXORE CoXINI SoUTI.-.A Wggh'
mgton letter to the New York Eipress says:
The President of the United States and a
art of his family, it is now pretty well set.
led, w~ill make a Southern totir after Match
Eth, as far as Newv Orleans, thence up the
ulississippi and Ohio to Cincinnati, Cleave.
and, and home-Buffalo. Mr. Secretary
Jonrad, Mr. Stuart, aend perharis tther heoa
etaries, it is stated, will go withi iem. The
[President never has been fri the Soiuthwests
mnd is anxious to see the great valley of.the
MIissinsinnt andl ai gerat ,r,. N~Qeaa