Newspaper Page Text
Q=IDA II ESER.
will cling to tle Pillars of the Temple of our I rties, and if it must fall,wve will Perish amidst the Ruins."
W. F. DURISOE, Proprietor. EDGEFIELD, C., MARCH 16, 1853. VOL- XVJZ-- -*
THE EDGEFIELD ADVERTISER,
IS PUBLISHED EVERY WEDNESDAY BY
W. F. DURISoE, Proprietor.
ARTHUR SIXKINS, Editor.
T E R M S.
rwo Do.LARS Iper year. if paid in advance-Two
1)ot..tns and FIFTY CENTs if not paid witinil six
tnonths-and TisRsEE DOLLAnS if not paid before the
'espiration of -the year. All subscriptions not distinet.
4y lindsist at the time ref subscribing, will he cemn-id.
-ed as made for an indefinite period, and %%ill be con
tinnied until all arrearages are paid, or at the option
of the Publisher. Sipscriptions frot other States
must invariably be accompanied w ith the cash or
ref6erence to some one known to is.
AnvELTaS:MENTS will be ConispielOIly inserted
nt 75 cents per Square (12 lisnes or hess) for the first
insertion, and 371 eents for eacl subsequent insertion.
When only published 3iostly or Quarterly $1, per
pqulare will he charged. All Advertisenensts not
having the desired numiber of insertions marked on the
imargin. nill be continued until forbid and charged
Those desiring to advertise by thio year can do soon
liberal terms-it being d isthictly understood that con
tracts for yearly advertis-ing are confined tothe imine
d1iate, legitimate business of the firm or individual
contracting. Transient Advertisements must be paid
for in advance.
For announeing a Candidate, Three Dollars, in
For Advertising Estrays Tolled,Two Dollars, to be
paid by the 3Magistrtte advertia-ing.
it. S. KI Y,
FEILIX .. IM110I.
:Vor Tax Collector.
Ti lO31.\S It. RCE ESE,
Il lE-OrIIIIlUS DEAN,
It. T. WRIGHlT.
JOHN W. S311Th1,
W. F. DUItISOE,
PICKENS B. WEVER.
T lIE tmilersigned having determined to resign
the Office of Solicitor of the Southern Cir- I
cu't. aS son as h's dttV to the State siall permit,
wil3 devote bis timie to the practice of LAW and
late N. 1. Gsatris, Esq.. whose ~professional papers
tire in his lnds. M. L. BONIIAM.
E.egrfied, Feb. 22. 158. tf 6
G( ENT for thte Prosecutionm of Clatiims for Boun
1..te Landsi lttevolutioniary ansd other Penisiotis.
0fli-e at Edgelield C. 11.. S. C.
Feb 23 tf 6
1R. PAUL F. EVE baving returned to re
/i si in A tuu-t, oiffers his profwionasl services
to tle c1ullllitV.
S-evats re.uiriig operations or special attention
cal he acconinnaIdiated 111on Isis lot.
A ugusta, Feb 21st, IS3. 5t* G
Forwarding & Comnit'n lMerchant,
.17 II T i attend promptly to the RECEIVING
aindt FORWA\DI;NG( of Goods. Charges
- Oricr., No. 2, Ilayne Street, Ciarleston.
lareli 2 t8
W ItL he found at all titmes itn his Offiee, at
SEdgetield Court Ilotuse, near the Pr.ANTEt'S
lie will attend promsptly and strictly to business
inl his profession.
Nov. 14 tf 51
TJI0O MA S G. K EY,
ATTORNEY AT LAW.~
iG- IIAS removed his Office to the Roomss over the
Stare of .\r. B. C. BayvAs.
.lan 4 3m 5
Operations on the Teeth,
BY HORACE PARKER.
Address Edgefleld C. II., or Sleepy Creek,
P 0.,S. C.
Mlarch 11 1352 ly S
CR A T'.ROTIl ERS, have on hand a large as
X sortmnent of BLANK ETS, of vari''us kinds.
Probah!v somie of the finest Sasxony Wool fine fin
iihed, isoparted. With a large assort ment of Lower
Gradles anid P!antation Blankets, which we are
N'.v 1 7 t f 4-4
Lumber at Reduced Rates !
rr11E Sttbscriber offe.rs Lumber at the following
At Ihis Mill. for Cashi, 65 ets. per hundred.
Delivered at Village, for C;:shs $1 per huondred.
All charges remaining son my books three mon~sths
will b~e put at hIttt years prcs.
JOS. A. ADDISON.
Feb 2 tf 3
j4 LL4 those indebted to the Estate of W. W.
1.Walling, dec'.l., are- retested to settle ats
ssoon as possibl -, and those hiavinig clasims will resides
thsesm in immediately, propesrly attested.
CIIARLES lA MMOND, Ex'or.
Jan 19 tf I
G RAY RBROTH ERS. A ugusta, Ga.. hsave no"
its Store a lull supply of Rich ansd Eleg~ani
Itrussels: Threeply, Inigranse and Cotton CA hR P ETE)
with lInsss ansd Druggets to match, wvhiich they
offer tos the piublie cheap.
Nov 1 7 f .44
,LL Personss inidebted to the Estate of A bran
Kilcrease, dec'd., will please miake imnmediati
psymoent. Thsmo s avisng demoands will presenit thsen
properly attested for payenit.
D. .1. GILCIIR IST, Adm'r.
Dec 11 ____ tf 48
.1 tIs date. R. TV. MIMS.
Oct . Il52, if 38
0Q UAGO Augusta Canal FLOUR, for sale ho~
O byE. IODGlES, AaFNr.
I.........ur . Nov 29r 46
OH. GIVE ME BACK!
Oh, give me back my hyhood dlays
Of aid ntt:vt songs nd pl. ns;nt lays,
Of pure deligltts and guileless art,
The wellings of a happy heart.
Oh, give me back my boyhood's home,
Where fre frot care I used to ro:in,
With hlalinliltg tongue and childisl glee,
I dangled in moy Father's knee.
That F;:tlter's licks are silvered o'er,
With anxious vearu of care and woe;
I lis fori, 11ce proud but now SO bent,
1en'tes life's snids are nearly spent.
Oh, give lte back my Mlother dear,
Wit) oft hath dried the pearly tear,
Wrung from chldhow's tender heart,
By stings from an imagined dart.
A Sister's kind and soitihing tone,
That itushed so swe-tly young gr!ecf's moan,
They're gone in iluir ternal ret
i ParAdisc, where dwells lte best.
Ah ! fiolish thoughti alt vain deire!
Why rekindle the extinguisled fire?
Why recall them fron: the spirit land,
Where peals the harps of the celestial band ?
Olt, give me back young loves first dream,
The psarly brook and rippling streamn,
Beside whose banks I oft have trod,
Entrauced liv nurniur's to its God.
A la-s: the Utopian cirelet now,
Is faded on staid tatnhiod's brow,
A nd the smiles o-f young youth's ardent years
Are seen but through o!d age's tears.
Alt: foolisi thought! to h*iuger on the past
Life's fitful'fever cantnot last
Sorrow, anguish, disappointment, care,
Soon will lay us on our bier.
But vet we sigh for the mighty past,
While tine's knell echoes (in tle blast;
The loved, the good. tile wie. the brave,
.'la..t sink at L:st 'ncath Lt tlte's wave.
TELL YOUR WFE.
Yes, the only way is to tell your wife
Wi~t~ ~ .. . aGvo t ublierous asI
you talked. But you have so beifoggod
-our money afihirs that site, poor thing,
ows iothing about theni. Tell it right
out to her that you are living outide of
your income. Take her into partnership,
and I'il watrrant you'll never regret it. There
tlatv be a slight slower at fir.-t, but that's
uatural. Let her see your ( stitmate, and
wien vou come home again she will show
you th'at you have put her bilk too high.
True, she hts had atn eighut d liar bonnet
last winter, but it is just as gi Od as ever; a
few slillings will provide it with new
trings, anda refit a little; the shape, she
;ays, is :lmost exactly as they wear them
11W. And you will lie surprised to see how
nIhelt less expensive site can make your own
satdrohe. Site will surprise you with a
ew vest-ttot exactly utihtmiliar somehow,
ooking as if itt atnother shtape you had seen
t before-yet new as a vest, anti scarcely
costing a dollar whtere you hand allowved five.
Old cravats wvill experience a resurrec
tion int her hands ; coming' out so rejuvener
ted that nobody but those that are let into
the secret, would suspect that they are old
friendls in the new sha~pes. 'lThe gown you
were going to buy-out of whant forgotten
chest ha~s shte gatthert d the materials yout can
not itmagine-hnt thtere it is, comtfortable
and warm, atnd just thte thing you wanted
for the long winter evenings that are comn.
ing on~ as fast as the AhInanac will let them.
You will find at wonderful change in her
appetites attd tastes. WVhereas she atlways
fanctied what wtas a little out of season or
just cotmitg ito market- now, if beef is
dear, she tiinks boiled mttton is delig'htful,
as tentder as chicken, If lamb rises, and
idh are plenty, she thinks a sttripedl bass is
as good oce:-sionally, and alwvays insists on
having it Fridays. Whereas, before, she
must htear all thte mtusical celebrities, ntowt
site is out of all patience with these singers.
If Jentny Lintd were to retturn attd sing some
of our own swveet airs, shte'd like to hecar
her, but she htas had ettough of Italian ex.
travagantcies, all wtitten on the leger lines
below or abmove, as if it were a siti to tarry
long ott the common stuff.
Before you have thought mucht abotut it,
ou wvill find yourself spending most of
your eventngs at home, and such evenings
ioo ! so full of domestic enjoyment and fire
side pleasures, that you will look with wton
de(Ir on the record of last year's ex pentses,
and marvel that you found time or relish for
thte costly entertainments that so seriously
taxe your portmtiotnnaic.
My dear friend, if like Spaitn, your out
goes threaten to exceed your incomes, be
stre and tell your wife of it. Not in a tone
and mattner that will lead her to think that
you don't wvant her to buy furs this wvinter.
but just as if you want a cotntsellor in the
day of your trouble. And if she does not
come tup, hteart andI soul, and tmost success
fully to your relief, put me down for tno
prophet, and site for no worthty specimen on
a yankee lass.
IA Massachusetts Yankee is manufacturing
poplar wood into mattressess by machitnery
logs are first sawed, and after the bark is
stripped off' they are placed in a machtine
whicht reduces them to very fine shavings.
It must be conducive to "popularliy," that
sleepitng on a poplar bed.
THE old1 gentletman wvho never touChes
"sperits" except as a medicine, was carried
hotmic yresterday1 otlt a shutter.
It chilla my bliod to liar the lcat Supreme
Ru h-ly appealed to on teach trifling theie;
MaintainI your rank-vulg.ta)t despise,
To sweaLr is neither brave, polite, nor wise.
I have witnessed with feelings of mingled
horror and painful regret, the prevalence of
that insiduous habit which by every enligh.
tened and reflective mind cannot but be re
garded as both vulgar and disgusting. I
mean the habit of profane swcaring. Hab
itual profaiity, like other debasing vices,
gradually undermines the better feelings of
morality and self-regard, breaking down and
destroying all the finer and ennoliling senti.
ments and principles of the heart; until the
mind gradually becomes, like a dreary waste,
devoid of every vestage of beauty and order,
whatever may be esteemed as lovely or dc
sirable to sober and considerate people.
The prevalence of this degrading habit
cannot fail to weaken, if not to eradicate
atid destroy all respect and regard for the
Devine Being, His law, and the holy attri
butes and perfections which belong to Ilis
character. I have generally noticed that
profai ity is attended by a kindred vice
that of alsel ood; especially in the early
stages of the swearer's life, when the voice
of c mscience is yet. alive within his soul;
and the blu.h of shame sometimes mautles
h eek, when reminded of the frequency
vhich lie titters imprecations on the
of his Maker-of that high and holy
One, who inhabiteth eternity. The voice
of conscience continues to whisper, until his
heart becomes hardened and insensible;
alike regardless of the warning reproofs of
his fellow-men, and of that gentle monitor
which the all-wise Creator hath implanted
within his breast.
It is to the prevalence of this revolting
habit, that I would direct the attention of
my readers, especially those of the younger
classes; and if any of them are conscious of
indulging in this pernicious practice, I would
arnevtly entreat them to pause and reflect
pon what may be the consequences of this
indulgence ; and the sure and certain retri
ution which ever attends continued viola
ion of God's holy will and commandments.
As I before, stated, the profane swearer
eneially denies the consciousness of haviig
tered an oath, when reminded of the same,
I)y those whom he knows are shocked at
he sound of blasphemous lanuage. IHe is
-I .s, - - . -
ib'it the turpitude and tendency of that
ashionabic vice which is becoming too pre
alent aiong many who me regardless of
ny respect for the flelings of others, 1 ut
ire ready to resent any implied insult to
I shall be exceedingly glad if these re
iarks should lie the means of inciting any
> be more careful and cautions in the
se and repetition of the great and sacred
ame of JEHOVAH.
Three things to love-courage, gentle
Three things to admire-intellectual pow
r, dignity, gracefulness.
Three things to hate-cruelty, arrogance,
1hnree things to reverence-religion, jus.
ice, self denial.
Thiree things to delight in-beauty, franik
Three things to wish for-health, friends,
a cheerful spii it.
Three things to pray for-faith, peace,
urity of heart.
Three things to like-cordiality, good hu
Thiree things to suspect-flattery, puri
atii~m, sudden affection.
Three things to avoid-idleness, loquaci
ty, flippant .jesting.
Thirte things to cultivate-good books,
good Hiends, good humor.
TIhree things to contend for-honor, coun
t v, friends.
'Three things to govern-temper, impulse,
Three thiings to be prepared for-change,
THIEiE are thousands so extravagant in
their- ideas of contentment, as to imagine
that it must consist in haviing every thing ini
this world turn out the way they wish-that
they are to sit down in happiness, and feel
themselves so at ease at all points, as to deC
sire notiig better and nothing more. I
own there are instances of some whlo seem
to pass thro' the world as if all their paths
had been strewed with rose buds of delight ;
but a little experience will convince us, 'tis
a faital expectation to go upon. We are
born to trouble; and we may depend upon
:t, wvhilst wve live in this wvorld we shall have
it, though with intermissions-thait is, in
watever state we are, we shall find a mix
ture of good iand evil; and therefore the
true way to contentment is to know how to
rceive these certain vicissitudes of life
the returns of good and evil, so as neither
to be exalted by the one, or overthrown by
the other ; but to hear ourselves towards
every thing which happens with such ease
and inidifferenice of mind, as to hazard as
I ttle as may be. This is the true temperate
climate fitted for us by nature, and in which
every wise man wvould wish to live.-Sterne
Dwnyi fell down the othier slippery morn
ing. As lie sat on the ground lbe muttered,
" I have no desire to see the city burnt
dow"n, but devoutedly wish the streets were
laid in ashes !
"I sAY," said an urchin in the street the
other day, " you're the feller that stole my
m iables." "' No I ain't." " Then I'm a liair,
am I ?" and withiout more ado lie pitched
TiHERF. is a Quaker ini Philadelphia, so
ulrig.,;ht ibn e woin't sit dowvn to his meals.
THE IMA URA PRESIDET PERCE,
The oath of offi; 3ving been adminis
tered by-the Chiefj tice of the Supreme
Court, President Pid. remaining with his
head uncovered, deerately divested him
self of his overcoat, $nd without the slight
est embarrassment 0dranced4o the front of
the extended portico;ivhere, fro'n memory,
in a distinct voice,4ith an eloquence of
delivery and raiceffiess of action .proba.
bly never before wijdessed, it is said, on
any similar occasion, he delivered the follow
ing 'naugural Addre:
M CoUNTRvMN It is a relief to feel
that no heart but mvwn can know the per
sonal regret and bitt sorrow over which I
have been borne .to position so suitable
for others, rather thaRtdesirable for myself.
The circumstaucera untder which I have
been calied, for a ini d period, to preside
over the destines of e Republic, fill meo
with a profound seg of responsibility but
with nothing like shinking apprehension..
I repair to the post-j 'ned m6, not as to
one sought, but in' diepce to the unso
licited expression ofg our vill, answerable
only for a fearlesa. Iaithful, and diliget
exercise of my bes.- gwers.. I ougt to be,
and am, truly gratef -for the raro manifes
tation of the nationg onfidences; but this,
so far from lightenimy obligations, only
adds to thei'r weight. You have i'ummoned
me in my weakness on must sustam mn by
your strength. W iu1 looking for thef -
fihnent of reasonable equirements, you Avill
not be unmindful of ti& great changes which
have occurred-even' ithin the last quarter
of a century and thpyonsequent augmenta
ion and complexity l Juties imposed, is
the administration 7l b of your lionie and
foreign affairs. .
Whether the el ts -f inherent force
in the Republic ha ept pace with its nn
paralleled progressi in territory, popula
ion, and wealth, been the subject of'
arnest thought a discussion, on both
ides of the ocea. ess than sixty-four
ears ago, the Fath f his Country made
the" then "recen cession of the impor
ant State of Nort irolina to the Consti
ution of the Uni States;" one of the
ubjects of his sp congratulation. At
hat moment, howe when the agitation
onsequent upon th evolutionary struggle
...,n ,, - --h - - . Ast
eak, the niew born nation was intrinsically
trong. Inconsiderable in population and
npparent resources, it was upheld by a broad
ud intelligent comprehension of rights,and
in all-pervmling purpose to maintain them,
tronger than armaments. It came from the
urnace of the Revolution, tempered to the
ecessities of the times. The thoughts of
be men of that day were as practical as
heir sentiments were patriotic. They wast
d no portion of their energies upon idle
nd delusive speculations, but with a firm
nd fearless step advanced beyond the gov
3rnmental landmarks, which had hitherto
:ircumscribed the limits of human freedom,
nd planted their standard where it has
stood, against dangers, which have threaten
d from abroad, and internal agitation, which
as at times fearfully menaced at home.
l'hey approved themselves equal to the so
titin of the great problem, to understand
vhich their minds had been illuminated by
he dawvning light of the revolution. The
iject sought was not a thing dreamed of;
t was a thinig realized. They had exhibited
iot only the power to achieve, but what all
istory affirms to be so much more unusual,
the capacity to maintain. The oppressedt
troughout the wvorld, from that day to the
resent, have turned their eyes hitherward,
ot to find those lights extinguished, or to
er lest they should wane, but to he con
tantly cheered by their steady and increas
In this our country has, in my judgment,
this far fulfilled its highest duty to suffering
umanity. It has spoken, and will con
tinue to speak, not only by its wordsm but by
its acts the language of sympathy, encour
agement, and hope, to those who earnestly
listen to tones which pronounce for the
largest rational liberty. But, after all, the
most animating encouragement and potent
appeal for freedom will be its own history,
its trials, and its triumphs. P're-einuently,
the power of our advocacy reposes in our
example ; but ino example, be it remembered,
can be powverful for lasting good, wvhatever
apparent advantages may be gained, which
is not based upon eterna~l principles of right
and justice. Our fathers decided for them
selves, both upon the hour to declare and
the hour to strike. They were their own
judges of the circumstances under which it
became them to pledge to each other " their
lives, their fortunes, and their sacred honor,"
for the acquisition of the priceless inheri
tance transmitted to us. The energy with
which that great conflict was opened, and
under tho guidance of a manifest and bene
ficent Providence, the uncomplaining endu
rance with w-hich it was prosecuted to its
consummation, w~ere only surpassed by the
wisdom and patriotic spirit of concossion
which characterized all the counsels of the
One of tihe most impressive evidences of
that wisdom is to be found in the fact, that
the actual working of our system has dis
pelled a degree of solicitude, which, at the
outset, disturbed hold hearts and iar.research
ing intellects. TIhe apprehension of dangers
from extended territory, multiplied States,
accumulated wealth, and augmented popu
lation, has proved to bie unfounded. The
stars upon your banner have become nearly
three-fold their original inumber, your dense
ly populated possessions skirt the shores of
the two great oceans, and yet this vast in
crease of people and territory has not only
showni itself compatible with the harmonious
action of the States and the Federal Gov
ernient in their respective constitutional
spheres, but has afforded an additional
guarantee of the strength and integrity of
Witlan experience thus. suggestive and
cheering, the policy of my Adninistration
will not be controlled by any timid forebod
ings of 'vil 'from -expansion. Indeed, it is
not to he disguised that our attitude as a
nation, and our peition on the globe, render
the acquisition of certain possessions, not
within our jurisdiction. eminently important
for our protection, if not, in the future, es
sential for the preservation of the rights of
commerce and th6 peppe. of the world.
Should they be obtained, it Wvill be through
no grasping spirit, but with a view to obvious
national iiterest.aud security, anti in a man
ner entirely consistent with the strictest ob.
servance of national faith. We have noth
ing in history or position to invite aggression,
n, we have every thing to beckon us to the.
cultivation of relations of peace and amity
with all nations. Purposes, therefore, at
once just and pacific, will be significantly
marked in the conduct of our foreign afflairs.
1 intend that my Administration shall leave
no blot upon our fair record, and trust I may
safely give the asgurance that no act within
the legitimate scope of my. constitutional
control will be tolerated, on the part of any
portion of our citizens, whiel cannot chal.
lenge a ready justification before the tribu.
nal of the civilized world. An adininistra
tion would be unw6rthy of confidence at
home, or respect abroad, shouid it cease to
be influenced by the conviction, that no ap
pareit advantage can be richased at a
price so dear as that of national wrong or
dishonor. It is not your privilege, as a na
tion, to speak of a distant past. The striking
incidents of your history, replete with in.
struction, and furnishing abundatit grounds
for hopeful confidence, are comprised -in a
period comparatively brief. But if your
past is limited, your future is boundless. Its
Obligations throng thi unexplored pathway
of advancement, and will be limitless as
duration. Hence, a sound and comprehen.
sive policy should embrace not less the dis
ant future than the urgent present.
The great objects of our pursuit, as a
people, are best to be attained by peace, and
are entirely consistent with the tranquility
and interests of ihe rest ofinankind. With
e equal and iitusu. i ...--.
European systems of national polity we
have heretoifore been independent. From
their wars, their tumults and anxieties, we
have been, happily, almost entirely exempt.
Whilst these are confined to the nations
vhich gave them existence, and within their
egimate jurisdiction, they cannot afTect us,
xcept as they appeal to our sympathies in
the cause of human freedom and universal
advancement. But the vast interests of
ommerce are common to all mankind, and
the advantages of trade and international
ntercourze must'always present a noble field
for the moral influence of a great people.
With theso views firmly and honestly car
ied out, we have a right to expect, and shall
under all circumstances require, prompt re- t
ciprocity. The rights which belong to us
s a nation are nyot a lone to be regarded,
but thiose which pertain to every citizen in
his individual capacity, at home and abroad,
ust be sacredly maintained. So long as
e can discern every star in its place upon
that ensign, without wealth to purchase for
him preferment, or title to secure for him
place, it will be his privelege, and must he
his acknowledged right, to stand unabashed
even in the presence of princes, with: a proud
onsciousness that lie is himself one of a na
tion of sovereigns, and that lie cannot, in
legitimate pursuit, wander so far from home
that the agent whom he shall leave hehind
in the place which I now occupy will not
see that no rude hand of power or tyrannical
passion is laid upon him with impunity. He
must realize that upon every sea andl on every
soil, where our- enterprise may righ tfully seek
the protection. of our flag, American citizen
ship is an inviolable panoply for the security
f American rights. And, in this connexion,
it can hardly be necessary to reaflirm a prin
ciple which should now be r-egarded as fun
damental. The iighits, security, and repose
of this Confederacy ireject the idea of interfer
ence or colonization on this side of the ocean
by any foreign power beyond present juris
diction as utterly inadmissible.
The opportunities of observation, furnish
ed by my brief experience as a soldier, con
firmed in my own mimd the opinion, enter
tained and acted upon by others from the
formation of the Government, that the main
tenance of large standling armies in our
country would lie not only dangerous, hut
unnecessary. They also illustrated the imn
portan ce, I migh't well say the absolute ne
cessity, of the military science and practical
skill furnished, in such an eminent degree,
by the institution, which has made your army
wshat it is, under the discipline and instruc
tion of officers not more distinguished for
their solid attainments, gallantry, and devo
tion to the public service, than for unobtru
sive bearing and high moral tone. Thle
army, as organized, must be the nucleus
around which, in every time of need, the
strength of your military power, the sure
bulwark of y-our defence--' national miilitia
--may lbe readily fot-med into a well-disci
plined and efficient organization. And the
skill and Eelf-devotion of the navy assure
you that you may take the performance of
the past as a pledge for the future, and may
confidently expect that the flag, wvhich has
waved its untarnished folds over every sea,
will still float in undiminished honor. But
these, like many other subjects, will be ap
propriately brought, at a future time, to the
attention 'of the ec-ardinate branches of the
Government, to which I shall always look
...:, ,prfmouneet and with trustful con
fidence that they wiAA acc6rd to me the anit
and support which I shall so much need, anc
which their experience and wisdom will rea,
In the administration of domestic affiirs,
you expect a . devoted integrity, in the pub.
lie service, and an observance of rigid econ
ony in all departments, so marked as never
jgstly to be questioned. It this reasonable
esxpectation be not realized, I frankly confess
that one of your leading hopes is doomed to
disappointm'ent, and that mny efforts, in a
very important particular, must result in a
humiliating failure. Offices can be properly
regarded only ill the light of aids for the ac
complishment of these objects; and as occu
pance canl confer no prerogative, nor impor
tunate desire for prelerment any claim, the
public interest imperatively demands that
they be considered with sole. reference to
the duties- to be performed. Good citizens
may wellproclaim the protection Of good
laws and tle beign irfluence of good gov.
ernment; but a claim for office is ANhat the
people of a republic should never recognise.
No reasonable man of any party will expect
the administration to be so regardless ofits
responsibility, and of the obvious elements
of success, as to retain persons, known to be
under the influence of political hostility and
partisan prejudice, in positions which will
require, not only severe labor, but cardinal
cooperation. Having no implied engage
ments t9 ratify, no rewards to bestow, no
resentments to remember, and no personal
ivishes to consult, in selections for official
station, I shall fulfil this dificult and delicate
trust, admitting no motive as worthy either
of my character.or position, which does not
contemplate an efflicient discharge of duty
and the best interests of my country. I ac
knowledge my obligations to the masses of
my countrymen, and to them alone. aigher
objects than personal 'laggrandireiment gave
diiection and energy to their exertions in
th late canvass, and they shall not be dis
appointed. They require at my hands dili
renlce, integrity, and capacity, wherever
lere are duties to be performed. Without
these qualities in their public servants, more
stringent laws, for the prevention or punish
ent of fraud, negligence and peculation,
vll be vain. With them, they will be un
But these are not the points to which you
ook for vitil!,t ,-.#nin Thm dan
>etween the mtate and Federal aurhorities;
mcd experienco has shown that the harmony
nd happiness of our people must depend up
in a just discrimination between the sepa
te rights and responsibilities of the States,
md your common rights and obligations un
ler the General Government. And here, in
y opinion, are the considerations which
hould form the true basis of future concord
n regard to the questions which have most
riously disturbed public tranquility. If the
ederal Government will contine itself to the
*xercise of powers clearly granted by the
nstitution, it can hardly happen that its
Letion upon any question should endanger
lie institutions of the States, or interfere with
heir right to manage matters strictly domes
ic according to the will of their own people.
In expressing briefly my views upon an
mportant subject, which hasrecently agita
:ed the nation to almost a fearful degree, 1
ti moved by no other impulse than a most
earnest desire for the perpetuation of that
Union which has made us what wve are
howering upon us blessings, and conferring
i power andl influence which our fathers
ould hardly anticipated. even with their
most sanguine hopes directed to a far off
future. The sentiments I now announce
were not unknown before the expression of
the voice which called me here. Mly own
position upon this subject was clear and une
quivocal, upon the record of my words and
mi) acts, and it is only recurred to at this
time because silence might, perhaps, be mis
construed. With the Union my best and
dearest hopes are entwined. Without it,
what are we, individually or collectively?~
W hat becomes of the noblest field ever open
ed for the advancement of our race, in reli
gion, in government, in the arts, and in all
that digvnities and adlorns mankind ? From
that radiant constellation, which both illu
mines our owvn way aiid points out to strug
gling nations their course, let but a single
star he lost, and if there be no utter dark
ness, the lustre of the wvhole is dimmed. Do
my countrymen need any assurance that such
a catastrophe is not to overtake them while
I possess the power to stay it? It is with
me ani earnest and vital belief that, as the
Union has been the source, undler Providence,
of our prosperity to this time, so it is the
surest pledge of a continuance of the bless
ings wve hav'e enjoyed, and which we are
sacredly bound to transmit undiminished to
our children. The field of calm and free dis
cussion in our country is open. and will al
ways be so, but it niever has been and never
can he traversed for good in a spirit of sec
tionalism and uncharitableness. The foun
ders of the Republic dealt with things as
they were presented to them, in a spirit of
self-sacrificing patriotism, and, as time has
proved, with a comprehensive wisdom, which
it will always be safe for us to consult.
Every measure tenlding to strengthen the
fraternal feelings of all the members of oui
Union has had my heartfelt approbation.
To every theo~ry of society or government,
whether the offspring of feverish ambition ot
of morbid enthusiasm, calculated to dissolve
the bonds of lawv and affection which unitt
us, I shall interpose a ready and stern resis
tance. I believe that involuntary servitude
as it exists in different States of this Confed
cracy, is recognised by the Constitution.
believe that it stands like any other admittem
right, and that the States where it exists ar
entitled to ellicient remiedies to enforce th
constitutional provisions. I hold that th
lams of 1830 ommonly called the " Com
promise measures," are strictly constitutional,
and to be unhesitatingly carried into effect.
I believe that the constituted authorities of
this Republic are bound to regard the rights
of the South in this respect as they would
view any other legal and constitutional right,
and that the laws to enforce them should be
respected and obeyed, not with reluctance
encouraged by abstract opinions as to their
propriety in a different state of society, but
-cheerfully, and according to the decisions of
the tribunal to wbich their exposition be
longs. Such have been, and are, my con
victions, and upon them I. shall act. I fer
veiitly hope that the question is at rest, and
that no sectional, or ambitious, or fanatical
excitenient may again threaten the durability
of our institutions, or obscure the light of
But let not the foundation of our hopes
rest upon man's wisdom. It will not be
sufficient that sectional prejudices find no
place in the public deliberations. It will not
be sufficient that the rash counsels of hu.
man passion are rejected. It must be felt
that there is no national security but in the
nation's humbled, acknowledged dependence
upon God and His overruling Providence.
We have been carried in safety through a
perilous crisis. Wise counsels, like those
which gave us the Constitution, prevailed to
to uphold it. Let the period be remembered
as an admonition, and not as an encourage
ment, in any section of the Union, to make
experiments where experiments are fraught
with such fearful hazard. Let it be. im
pressed upon all hearts that beautiful as our
fabric is, no earthly powec or wisdom could
ever reunite its broken tabrics. Standing as
I do almost within view of the green slopes
of Monticello, and, as it were, within rbach
of the tomb of Washington, with all the
cherished memories of th6 past gathering
around me, like so many eloquent voices of
exhortation from Heaven, J can express no
better hope for my country. than that the
kind Providence which i smiled upon our
fathora may enable their children to preserve
the blessings they have inherited.
FronT the Newberry Sentinel.
TAX ON NOSTBVMS.
MR. E-ron:-There are yearly several
thoasand dollars worth of quack medicines
deposited on sale, in- the hands of agents,
throuszhout the State. by such men as Jayne,
eral stock as tianueu w ie .. -c.
If so, then the Druggist pays the Tax on
Medicine belonging to men in Now York or
Philadelphia, which they dont ask them to
do, or if they are not included, there is no
Tax paid upon them, and the State Treasu
ry is minus that amount. I have acted as
agent for that Prince of Hlumbuggery, Dr.
Mafl'at, and his, as well as the terms of all
others, are, that they deliver the medicine,
defray all expenses and pay the agent a per
centage on all sales. I always took these
medicines into consideration in making up
my amount on hand and charged him with
his proportion of the tax, and I am led to
pen this little article, from the fact that he
always refused to allow it, and said most
empliatically that he had never been taxed
in South Carolina or elsewhere.
Now Sir, these Patent Medicines receive
the same protection from the laws of this
State, that our own property does, and how
ever small a matter it may appear to be, in
the hands of each one, I would respectfully
suggest to all agents of quack medicines, to
take a separate account of them, and pay
upon them a separate tax, charging it as an.
expence to the owner. And let Tax Col
lectors too see that all such property, while
receiving our protection must help to defray
the expenses of that protection. CRE.
B~uuoo31ETER AND S'reRM PoINTER.--A
correspondent in the Scientific American
gives the following:
"Put two drachms of pure nlitre and half
a dramch of chloride of ammonia, reduced to
powvder, into two ounces of pure .alcohol,
and place this mixture in a glass tube of
about ten inches long and proportionate
diameter, the upper extremity of which must
be covered wvith a piece of skin or bladder,
pierced with small holes. if the weather is
to be fine, the solid matters remain at the
bottom of the tube, and the alcohol is as
transparent as usual. If rain is to fall in a
short time, seine of the solids partieles rise
and faill in the alcohol, which become some
what thick and troubled. When a storm,
tempest, or even a squall is about to come
on, all the solid matters rise from the bot
tomn of the tube, and form a crust on the
surface of the alcohol, which appears in a
state of fermentation. These appearances
take place twenty-four hours before the
tempest ensues; and the point of the hori
zon from which it is to blow, is indicated by
the particles gathering most on the side of
the tube opposite to that part wvhence the
wind is to come."
CREvALIER HIULsEMAN.-The Intelligencer
says that Chevalier Hlulsemann presented his
credntials to the Secretary of State, and was
received as the Charge d'Affaires of his Majesty
the Emperor of Austria to the Government of
the United States.
EYES are all the electric telegraph of the
heart, that wvill send a message any distance
in a language only known to the two souls
A XERCHANT not over conversant with
geography, on hearing that one of his ves
sels w~as in jeopardy, exclaimed, " Jeopardy !
Jeopardy ! why where is that!1"
Dr. D rxoN says that during his visit to Ire
land, lie met a mob of children so ragged,
that if they had entangled, it wvould have
taken their parents a life time to have got
It'an't inart again.