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MTARES OF MR. BUTLMe OF SO. CA., ON THE
ASSUMPMION OF THE DEBT OF TEXAS.
We have not," says the Washington Nation
l Indcliigencer, of plonday last, " vet been able
t' rublish the elaborate debate which took pl: ca
in the Senate during the recent session on the
oibject of the paymet ot the Texas creditors;
tt we are indue'd to give to.dy a short speech
41 Nfr. Senator But ler, of' South Carolina.as one
goitlified and dispsued to shIed lirht and wise
'ounsel on a q;uestiont in which many of our
readers are interes:ed."
In the Senate, Mirch 1. 1853, Mr Dutlersaid
I know that this is not a time at which I can ex
peet the attention of the Senate; but allow me to
make two or three simple propositions, and I
dhall make them as distinctv as I can. The
honorable Sentwor from Dci ware says the U.
States were nt. liable primarily to the creditors
of Texas, and that the United State-s ace under
no oblintioin to those crediors, unless they have
asstumed that liability by the boundary act.
What a propoiiont ! llave the United States
become underwritters to piy liabilities after they
were incurred. when they were not origIntally
liable ? Does any body believe any such thing!
Mr. Bavard. f did not state thatt the Utited
States were bound under the boundary :tct. Oti
the contrary, I said their only oblig.ition in refer
ence to thie debt existed tinder the boundary
act. I endeavored to define what that was, but
I did not contend that it was an obligation to
pay the debts.
Mr. Bufler. I understood my friend from
Delaware distinctly to have laid down the pro
position I have attributed to him; but, modified
as it even is by his explanation, it does not mend
esentially Ihe c'rronIeous postulate thtrt the
United Siates was originally, or are now. liable
for the public debt of Texas even under the
boundary net. All that she is responsible for is
to pay the amount to Texas of the purehase
mone'v for the territory ceded to the United
States uider that act, 'on the condition of the
creditors of' Texas signing their releases; and
lais amnount, we are bound to pay to Texas, and
not to her creditors.
Was the lind, too, purchased to py a debt
for which the United States was origiially !i:i
ble? Was there ever a proposition involving
the same amount of' absurdity ? No, the land
was purchitased in a crisis of piublie-excitement,
to buy the peace -of.the country. In1 tle opintion
#if many, and those of good opportunity ofljtg
ihg; the land was wholly wortldess to t-. Sir,
the payment of the puhlie debt (if Tex:is had no
more to do with it, than eltristi:inizintg the Hot
tentots. It was to avert a collision whdch might
have led to a bleodv civil war, as it was alleged
and believed by others.
I deny positively aid unequivocally that the
Government of the United Slates is liable for
lthe Texas debt, The sovereignty of the State
e4 Texas wits not merged into the sovereigity
of the United States by the act of annexmtion.
She was left in posse'ssionm of all the attributes
of a sovereign State, saving and. excepting the
exercise of some of its fetilties she had delega
1ed to the Utnited States. She retained her public
domain. She retained the power of direct or.
internal -taxes abundantly and more than sufli
vient to pay her public. debt. As a sovereign,
she hadja rightt to comle into thi' Union on the
teris of the compict, which nade it tiecessarv
for her to cede the power of levying imports or
indirect taxes at her custoiti house. She hid a
r.:gIt to select one of the sources -of her public
revenue as the abiding and available source she
had pledged for the payment of her public debt,.
to wit: her revenue arising from tite sale of her
public land. Site confirmed this selection in the
treaty of annexttioni, nid eaered into a solemn
stipulattion that tihis debt shl nd be paid ont of
the proceeds of their sale, and that the United
Ltates shouldl never be called on for the pay
imetnt of hter debt. The ease cited by th e g.-ntlec
iatn from 31a:rylandit, (If tile neumiipt in hy Fred
erick of P'rus:la of thie pub!!he debt of Silesiai, hias
not tihe remotest atnalogyv to the~ issue befoire us.
Silesia was a entnquered province. Bly the act
of her foreihte inceorporation into thte Kingdom
(f -Prussia she wams beref't of every' attribute of
i oereigiv. She had no piower to levy' tatxes,
ni.se revenue. or to disbiur-e. Iiipendenily of
1..e p'ledgte if her putblic faithi, whiieb coevers every'
resource for tr-yilg tier deb:, Texats had ::11 :and
eve'ry one of' her reven Jes left, save one, anid
I ::ltt'ihe had to surreinder in bec'otingt a membexr
* f thte Cionfe'd'racy. Sir, thte creiioirs o f'Texais
inst, luo tu these sour'ces of' revetnue whtichl
TIexats has lef.. for ti.eir pay.:nent. To enable
her to do this we ha~ve paid ten n'l :o w. ]h
ide~s a psortion oIf h.,1, anid lihe worse portion
too, they hlave I leartt, oine hundred :md tweinty
mil!intts of ::eres lef- to piy tihe residue of the
In the face of theise f.iets, a class of her publie
ereditor<, whont shte happilens toi thiiik ar inoti)
entitled- to the satme measutre of justice thiat tihe
test arc, conte forwarid here with clitnurouis
aiid vociferuius avarice, and:. ask us to pay thrtee
millionts aniJ a hallf more, on the e'xciedintgly'
miodest pl ea that by payviing Texas ten tmilionuis
for somne millions of acres of worthless i:nd you
imive acknlowic.lgI'd y'our liaibility f'or her whole
debt. Sir. I shall think thle modest assuranc~e of'
at speculator, oir a conf'ederation of brokers is
qutite on a pamr wvith thteir known acuteness
and powert otf comintinig whenci othe~r pleople
sleep. 1 assire iyou'i that t here is nlothin in h the
celebrated farce of "R~iing the Wind" equal
It tmust, mjoreover, be recollected thait this ap-~
plcaLt bin, chtar-aeterize:l by to mneh~i dilliden'e,
was pr'eferredl the vet') year after' these 810.000,
000 were voted. Texas tnow hais in hter trea-tury,
:mid ini that of the United States, aibout $8,000,
000 to pay her debts, and about onte huntdredi
anid tweinty mniliuons of' acres of lantd. s:tid to be
of' the finest quality ini tile word--ind t hat, too.
tio paty a debt of' 88,300,000! Might we nto!,
wvith all beenming humility, ask the(se kind gen
tlemnen. befo~re they' ma~ke this terrible onslatugtt
(in our paiietn'e, to try that of Texas? N1, sir,
they are iafraid of finding at tonghi customer there,
antd by' a most lumtinons exegesis oIf fimmingi an
easy one here. Besides, before preferring this
most extraordinary application on thte guild tia
ture of Congress, ought they not to hatve shown
us that, by the samte comnp'it and organiized
conifederation, they hiad atppeared before the
Legislature of Tex~as? It is true that this apl
piicattioni is made uder the a rithimet ical alchemy,
that $8,300,000 of principalh to redeem at thte
e'xpirationi of fourteen yeatrs are ottly equal to
But there-is one act of justice whlichm Congress
is bound to do the creditors of Texas, in accor
dance with the :,mnetdtments of' my tfriend f'rom
Virginia, (Mr. Matsotn.) It e-mnot be withheld
without anl oppression the most flagtrant and uti
feeling, whtich is, to allow such of the creditors
as are willing to take the settlemlenit 'Texas of
fers~ them to releamse the United States and take
Textis, in thet exerc'ise of hor power as a sov
ereign, has thoughtt proper, in fixing and definiing
her debt, that she would return to each class o-f
thie htolders of her debt the amotunt she received
oni each certificate of stock, wvith the interest
called for on thte face of the obligatioti. WVhere
she reciked par' site pay par, and so down to
r.tinety, fifty, thirty, and twenty cents ott the
I do not defend either then morality or good
Saith of' this stanidard ; but what I conttend ts that
it is iio part of the province of thme Goverinett
of' thie United. States to nrbiirate, alter, or annul
these rates. its Tittle as it i~s in the comopetenecy of'
the United Stattes to coerce a creditor of Texas
to accept thte settlement thtus tetndered to hiimt
by the act of time- egislature of Texas, appro
parintinig the $5,0003000 now~ suspentded itn the
Trearsury of' the Limited States. Th'ie truth is,
thle Untited States has nothiitt to do withI it. It
is a dumty whtich belongs to Texas. The $'5.000,
000 ini tihe Treastury of the Unmited States is sus
penided unmder a most extraordimnary andh unsound
i'onstrtteiiott placed by the Secretatry of thIe
TJreasury3 on :he proriso in thte hoimndatry act.
Thait act prutides " thatt noCt rtore thtan $5.000,
(l00 tif JhI stck ef'the $10;000,000 shalh be is
.wed to Trexns nail the eredi:ors of Texas,
w Ihose certitica&tes of' s:tk are secured by a
pli'Jge of thte revenues, shall file at the Treasury
of the Utii'.ed States releaises of all ehdm~ns a'gaitnst
the GnOmemnt of thte United States."
The proviso dlIes not say all thme credit ors, but
ait the claims w~thi a editor might hold. Thte
whiole pow er of' Conigress is exhausted when a
creditor sigtn. hi~s relena, amid whtea lie does sign
hte ii- niiled to the rmontey TIexais has aippropri
MAd ror hhipnr.-ment.
There are, by a schedule returned to the
Trea.ury, sixteen hundred creditors of the State
of Texas, to whose payment the $5,000,000 inl
the Treasury of the United States have heeln ap
propriated by the L'gislature of Ttixias, niot one
of whom, however wi!ling to releasa the United
States, can receive his money until lf release.
Is it within the range of human possibility that
all the creditors c.an agree to accept the settle
ment Texas tenders? But if this assent could
be obtained, before it con!d be conumm-ited,
deathi might intervene to prevent it. As has
beeii well pu!. Congress has no other alterna
tivo but in modify the pro. i o, and allow such oif
the creditors as :re willing to sign their releases
to do so and receive their ionev.
This fund in already been hung tip for two
venrs and a hali in the Treasury, and it the pro
viso is not moditied now may be lung up for
two years and a half more. to tle manifest in
jury and ruin of those who are willing to take
the settlement which Texas ::eords to theim.
But it Feens that tile crtdiiors who hve be'en
rated in the low reales protest aigaIinst Ihose
whon i exas has rated on the hi.h clasws siQn
ing their release and receivig thur money. and
th' call on the United States. without a shad
ow'Ef athority, to aid them in this scheme of
despo'isma. by vhich this class (If creditors may
be coerced to enter into a confederation with
them to compel the United States too pay them
nll at par. Yes, sir, tiis press ging is to knock
down and itmponnd those who are not willing to
JL me cite a case. What would be thought
in prite lire ot a conspiracy among a hand of
creditors to prevent those who were willing to
compound 'ith their debtor at even I wenty
centa (in the dillir in di-ing so? What court of
justi:'e would sustain an injustice so flagrait and
If there is a poor mn:m under this eettlement.
Texas tenders in his need and necessiies, is
willing to take even tiften 's on te dollar.
Cong vress has no rigit to aid a conbinatiln (f
individuals, for their own t1ish purposes, to
prevent. his taking the sum Texas has ::plpropri
Iated fo-r his liurmient.
WhVaft sort fi depti is that which enables
one man to say to ano'iter, it is iny flat, you shall
not receive your money bec:iuse I am not % iliing
to take mine!
Ilesides, there are mnynv cred'torx uho have
Isigned their certificates If the stick of Texas
to th ir own credi:ors. Texas has,. ince the 1st
of July. i:s>0, stoPped the interest on her public
debt, while on tile dehts of these creditors the
interest is rminittg. By cert:.inly :a most uinpro
pitious sinking flud, the consequences will be
that the fund of the poor deb:or will be absorb
ed, and his debls not pail.
But the questionl may be asked, what Iinjury
Icanl possibly innre to thlise creditors who refuse
to sign their releatses and receive the moiey in
the Treasury of the United States, Texas has
appropriated fori their payment? The same
amount will abide pro raita in tle Treasury of i
the United States, with the actimuihion of the
accruing interest, as they wilI be as free thln as
they aro now to prosecute their absurd climi
against the United States fr par, or thir well
founded one igainst the State of Texas, with the
fir Piiirer ehance of success, as either Govern
iment would have a stm:'ler deticit ito provide for.
Much has been said of the- injustice ot allow
ing the large- creditor.s who lent par receiving
p.ar. I ask where we derive oiur power to pre
vent Tex:as from pi.ying pro tano at least a just
debt? But I throw these large creditors out of
the question. I will take the case of a stufl-rng
and reedy wilow, who i-; willing t Iake whait:
Texas has appropriated for her. But then comes
an opuehnt broker from Phi!delphiit, B:d imore,
(or New York,.who says to this4 poor wom I. you
shall not receive your money bee.: e Texasdoes
tnot par' me sene~iy cets't' soni the dilli r. Sir,
the(re i's great hiardsl'hip :md no( jistiec in all this.
If we detny this privilege, let us illus.t ratte theI
niational~l fai:ht and jau-tice by' a niew~ and gtrantd na
iiitnal plaintingr. emiblemta~t ie of juistice, ini a nichie
in the rutun dai, of' one of' Esop's taleis--thie
D~og in the .':mtger. Oht, lilt the geniis of' Hoi
grathI, to t'epriesent, a1 rich htulI dioz. withI a gold
chlint rountd his neck, gtrowling ol' the huntgry,
desOlne, m:d nieces5i' gis!
Sit', it' Cuingress dhid eim:et in the proviso an
abisurdlitV so imn::iai icabhe, ats to ceI .li sixtieen
huindred'mren,. ditl'ere: ly p:ol.I to lbe of' o-te mind,
w hichl* I cotend they diit:l not do, theni I say we
are boinni to sayi, int thle emiipha:ie lanigiige otf tie
amiiendmtient of 'the Sentiior from \irginia, we do
tiot abide this bltiahder..
The honr (for it is past tmil night)a:dmonti~bes
meC no0 longe'r to trespass uipiiVon lu iatice;
but 1 cannot01 take tme seat t oiiut one remtark.
saitd r I her to " sorrow 1than iiangier," at tile raptidl
st rides w.5hich are ma~king towar:lids ani emper(tial
consolitio un of this Goivernmtient by'. redntwing'
the S':'tes ito coiitempltibihe partishI corporIaiitios.
By pass~-ing~ the bill ot the genihttla from
Maryanid, weC aviw dislinthly) the powe'r to fix.
tions 'Is we 'e fCit, totlly l irrtespeci ot' ther
wtll. I coin-ier this ilt humst darin~g as-ault on
the sveretinty. otf a Suiate ini this Union whic1h
lhe htist or' of t his Coil-deracer a l'iors-so tieb
in thte r'ecords oft a prog ress.ive utsutrp:: tion of tIhe
power< reservedt-l U. he States respee:'vely No
is this inivuiIIn ima~de miore palate'able by the
cottumlv5 atnd inlsult cominied withi it. Does
it say'irs Ill ting" motre or less thiant tis to Tex
as: WVe coiler.yt.ou aS ttrust wori hy5 rign's;
we' miust, tauke (lit a commttissioni of' bantkruptcy
aga'itnst yOl, atnd pay v'oir credllIior5s. hieb Iouit
have not thte honstyt tol do. You shtall inot payt
acreditor pir from whomili you recived pr un
ii'(ti o paU credi~or whoti ive yon ."ixteent
cenits on thle doltar. Does th~e hitor' oft anv
Goverinment afird an equivalhent instance oh' nu
daci:v ? Untt our pret ensionls do not end here.
The'genttlem:mt fromt indiana~ tifl-rs an amten~d
metit, hby which we are ntade, not the aiptpren9
tices, but the master wor'ktmen of repuidiatior',Vy
a sealintg process fatr moret'L comliprehen14sive'' tthan
tha~t we re'pro:ach Texas for piraellg; indeed,
by3 the wsay, lhe Unitedl Statecs have slome tifteten
Itinso(feConti nental monl1ey u npita id,:m it does
not1 lie l i i ur n moth to repro.:ub tither people
wsith repudoiliiont. The geiemtan frotm:Indianai
prpoe seling down the creditors-Texas pro
poses0 to paIy par to ifteeni cenlts in the dollbr,
that those whotm site has se'aled at thirty cents
mayli be plactedt oni the same level. A v'ery' coin
tmendable dteplctton, certainily !
Sir, I wsill say but onei word more, that when
propoisitions ot' this kind are enitertIined in re
gard to a sovereiigni Statte in this Unionll, it is
hight time for us to get rid (If tile feeble and
cotmtbe subordinate cor'porationis called
StatetGovrnmiients-, and take ani imperial master
wocan castigate ai Stte into palyitng at debt
whliich she hliubly says is not just. Burke some
wshtere sayss a Statte cannoit' be inidicted, bitt. I
think we htave r'eachled a iiew truthi in our cotn
t'ederate hIist ory', that site may hiave a contiuniis
siont (If baiikru'ptcy issued against hter, :m:d be
held to baiil.
AFRICAN .IEWs.--Here is an intImattiotn of a
field open fur enterpriking exphorer.':
A German traveller informus the Rev. Dr.
Phillips, a missionary in North A frica, that hei
hais discovered a race (If negroes ne(ar te King
dim of' Bamratr, that are Jews in their religion<s
rites anid observances. Nearly every family. lie
sauys, has among them thte law of Moses, writ ten
on pairchment, and although they speaik of thie
Prophlets, they haive none of them ini writings.
There are yet vast tinexplored tracts of land itn
A frien, douibtess inhabited. by negroes who have
never looked uilton the face of a white man.-)
\Vheni advenstu rols tra eellhers penetrate ito t hese
regicos, mattch will be discovered atd developed
to astonish and inierest the world.
THE fIrSt edi~ion of the Biblhe waq printed ill
440-. Thle written tible is tin' of thic rarest
lhings of' the kitid knowvn. Oie (If the capital
let ters was unider priocess of idnzuminaition, it is
S:id, for a year. No one0 but :ra d chieistert'd
ptient contid hiave mallde it. Tine Valiiana onily
oasts of (one moilre ancietnt t han thec ~ mru-eript
Bibtli. It is in the capitale of the1O th centarIy;
but it does not compat'e with thi as a specimen.
A FotIAL, faUIhionable vi-itor-thus nddressed
a little girt : " liow' are von, my dear? " Very
welh, I thank v*ot," shie replied. The vi-itlir then
added: " Now', my dear, you'-should atsk imohowv
I am The ctiild simphy and honiesthy replied,
"if don''t wanwt to- ktiow."'
ARTHUR SIMKINS, EDITOR.
EDGEPIELD, 8. C.
WEDNESDAY MARCH 23,.1-853.
TifE Rev. Dr. BInIrNoAM will preach at Dr. 11.
BoaT's on Sunday, ihe 3d of April next.
- Our Thanks.
WE. tender our grateful acknowledgements to those
correct and exemplary subscribers to our paper, who
were so kind as to come up to the." Captain's Office"
during the past Session of our Court and settle all
arrearages with the printt. 'We feel a good denl
helped up and considerably stimulated byhilat. they
have done for us. Yes-many a one stepped in with
from two to fuonr dollars in hand and snek a genteel,
open, honest expression of countenance, and said in
tones that reached the iimost recessen of our old
pocket-hookl, "1 want to pay i' toy stl scription
what is it? I should have paid it befor'e now, but
'better late than never." Ai! that's the kind of
talk we like to hear these tongh times! Every sylla
ble or it ought to be stereoypetd and-we were going
to say, Set to music. But no-give it to us in the
plain, natural intonations of an honest farmer's voice.
"Tish petter tan mushic."
Yet though nny have settled. very many have not.
But we can't help believing that they %%ill, nnd that
right soon. The rooner, thle better, kind patrons; for
we assure you we have some engagements to meet
which require a good deal more money than we have
gut yet. So
Come, come, -come
Conie with the printer's fee
Stay not anomher sun
And we will prove to thee
That it is nobly done.
Those who can't come because of the distance, can
remit by mail. And to these distant subscribers we
earnestly and especially appeal in these, our straits,
having great confidence that the most of them n ill
render in a catslh response.
Trial of Carson Warren.
Titfs was the great case of our recent Court of
Sessions. It orenpied nearly three days of the
second week. Much interest was felt in the resilt.
as M1r. WARaEN i. a citizen of excellent characte -
and much esteemed by mainy as a friend and neigh.
hor. His counsel exerted themselves to the extent ot
their ability ; but unfurtunately for their success, tt
only witnesses of the deed were fellow-wagoners o
the unfortinate deceased. The case was a stront
one nuainst Mr. WARnEN, anid Solicitor BoNtmAX
faithfully and ably (lid his dtity to the country on tih
(Iceasion. The conseqence was a verdict (if 311an
slaughter. Jmtge Wur-Txn, in pronouncing Sen
.ence upon the condemned, addressed him in terms
which touched the whole nudience. His Honor's
sentiments were elevated and the feelings, manifested
by hint in discliarging this melancholy task, wen
worthy of an upright and a huninne judge. Th, An..
sentence was a fine of fifteen hundred dollars an, at of I
two years imprisonment. Our deepest sympathies ar .e Cmi
with the unlucky prisoner and his distressed fanAili te ofli
At the ame time, we trust his grievous fate wi i COcK 14
prove an efTctual warning to others, not alone lie will a
against the shledding of human blood, bit against all have no
s:rife and wrangling which are too often in this lati. that so n
tud.the certain precursors of violence and crime. politicia
i t this t
Watch Your Purres. 1 an office
Os 3onday night last, a nt-gro man presented a one of o
fifty dollar bill to a clerk in one of the stores of our lose a fe
town and, upon telling a specious lie of having been harp upx
sent to procure change for it by one (of our Hotel current t
keepers, obhtaine~d it. There can scarcely be a doubt inlto a pc
but that the bill was dishonestly glltten. The negro ualityai
has niot been identifled. This circotnstanlce is enoutghi
ta pirolve thlat rasculity is at work iln onlr mi ist. Let
every one be upon the lo)ok out.W.
- Liqnor 1
Exrchangos. to li et
1RoATit'S MioNrrn.v MAGAZIN. for February is inan
uipon olur table, looking very neat and interesting. It involve
is a tasteful aflhir, and we hope its proprietors are tors of si
doing something handsome for themselves by its pub. thevir fuv
lication. T1hiis is thei only magazine of oar acqtmin. tion syill
ance printed witthbltue ink. We like it. very lon
Tru:~ FA nat ita & Pr.ANrTR, ofold Petndleton S. C., jomther hu
is also before us in a new red-colored cover. This ld fur
work is growing in popla~lurity and t'se flilness. We the Nort
tope its con~dneltors have now rendered it safe front presence~
a I ordinary casualties. side of t
thlat t he
Boks from DeWitt & Davenport. in respe
WE, have receivedl from thlese New York puiblilters Thue"1P
two nuovels, nithier of which we have yet had time (If an eni
toI read. Iall stuch
Onfe is "JBealric," a religiuous story, by CA ThlER INE least sos
Szxu.tan. To use the langutage~ of the Preface. jtaken, a
"The object of this narrative i.s to portray, for thle intio life
cnsideration oIf yountg girls now first emnerginig into renowne
society, th~e enltightened~m happ'iness derived from the
religion of Engilanud, foundled on the Bible, contrasted across gi
with thec misery arising fromi the superstition of Italy, few gros
founmded on t he Breviary." blessmng.
This work is highly commended by many distin" preutensil
guished P'rotestant Divines. buttter-nv
'rTe othier book is a Romance by Wu t.r.mA% lHAR- We' he
atsos Auxswonvmr, entitled "Ruft Cornell or The the erad
les of the Earl of Rochester." It is said to be by legisl
ANswvoRTt's last amnd best. We have tno dotibt of of that:
its bteing intensem.ly interesting. rThe author is wvell result irt
ktnownt as one of thle most entertaitning of muodlern wise, mtt
writers. " Ruth Corneca" is now sll the rage amontg Iblessing
the njew works of fiction. DEWrr-r & DAvEr onT is the sp
will send this work to any part of the United States of tempi
or ant advance or 52 cents, and any other of their prudene
publications on proportionalte terms. * tually rt
TiE ew jail frEdgefield Dsrc-iatlength\ whmerin
cmetdorvery nearly so; and it may not be ~for thena
going too far to say that it is thme best couttry jail ini dritnk or
the State. The plan is certainly an excellent one 'we shot:
and the workmanship very passable. Butt to a
The building consists of three stories-the first spread'
(which is a very commodious suite of four rooms) -temptat
being intended for the jailor, the second, fur prisoners himself
incarcerated for debt &c., and thte third for convicts pry,"
of the first degree. All the cells arc as comfortalse tiotus in
as the natitre of the case ii[ admit. In both the w-atchifr
econd andI third stories there are wide central pass- other olt
ages, besides open walks, some five or six feet wide, should
between the prison chambers and the oustem' wall, arch-ad
running entirely around the prisons and into the Cen- York 7
rat passage, all of which the prisoners are allowed to
use during the day, for purposes of exercise. The
principal objection wve have heard urged to the plan TiE
of this building is thtat the pitcht, especially of the Herald,
third story, is too low. Bitt, taking it all together, " A p)
the new jail is certaitnly cretditable to our energetici
Commissioners of Public Buildings. of Grea
'rhere are now within its walls eight prisoners, one gence f:
for negro-stealintg, three for unlawfully heating a Ibehalf<
slave, one for manslanghter and one for strikinig a tive the
woman. The other two are negroes, one being izm- tions."
prisoned as a runaway, the other for fighting. fThus
The entire cost of thme materials and construction tion. '1
of otur jail is twelve thousatnd dollars. When t
Gambling Frauds. thme glor
A reformed gambler, named GaEEN, is goIng through may pre
the country lecturing upon and exposing the varionts ed" to c
cheats practised among the professed members of that Ione.
fraternity. Ho asserts that it is not otnly a possible
thing, bitt one of constant occurrence, to deceive and
defraud the most watchful at all the difTrent games Titan
of Whilst, Seven-up, Euchre, Bragg, Bluff and Faro. which a
GnavsN is said to prove htis statements, to the aston- lessness
isment of every audience, by actual experiments. canse wi
He has doubtless be-:n an adept in his time, and is informem
trigto make amends, for the fleecing he has give ed.Villa
mny an tunfortunate victim-, by warning the res of existene
mankinud. All very well, Mfr. G., as far as It goes. A yo
But don't you thinuk you oiught firist tb re-imburse the .being a
poor fellows yott have rined I Perhaps the proceeds is quite
of your lectures are applied to- this putrpose. - If sor man doe
God speetd your eflorts. .-" Ver)
- .4. :.brought
The Gardiner, Case Thme Ii
Is raid to- he progressing slowly atitho city of Wasil. front, ur
ington. Thtus far the evidlence lha been a'dieise to- Annothi
the prospects of'G~afnr.a. Thte imiipression. now establhisti
s-:ems to 5e that there is but little doubt of li-s ('m'umd.. Reuse,
We presume however- thiat tie- defend'ant's wineses sevecrah
ave not yet been- brought upon thme- tapis.. Tbeiu' eietopnx
showing muty p-assibily change the aspect of matters.. coverina
joke by one of the party upon the nearest ;J1ject
(which haprens to be a lot of fish-hooks) is all that
saves them from al solute ill manners.
Now we think that these are entirely blunders of
haste; hut those who heard them avow that they
Au.tos'T every mani about our town i.s complaining
now of dull times. Yor the two weeks previons to this
tarly every do.y has been conic.h-raLtly enlivened by
the presence of our f.llow-ciiizens from the country,
many of whom were in nttenbticec upon the Court.
The Hotel Keepers, the Merchants, the lAwyers, the
Public Oflicers &c. had, as a consequence. a plenty
to do. " Charges" and "1 costs" and " profits" and
fees," of varions kind-. kept many fuces cheerful
and cay, because each purse was gron ing larger and
larger by de-grees every day. B'it the season is
past, the harvest is over, al a dearth is down upon
ti. The Ilotels are cocmpara:ively desrted-ihe
stores are any thing but crowd.-d-lhe Lawyers' doors
are no longer beseigedl by anxiocus cliens-the still
aeis tat hangs arnund the Puiic Offices is ccarcely
broken, except by the listless whistle or deep-drawnt
gap of som.- wearied clerk-and, in fact the whole
of our little burgh i. dull enoutigh. Now -the question
io, when will it grow bright-r, or how shall we
manage to " drive dull care away." We have heard
some -uggest fising as an excellent relief-others
sp,:ak of ches4--while a few are already louking for
ward to the re-instiintion of the quoit club of last
summer. Many will doihiless betake themselves to
novel-rending. I: ay h that a goodly number wiil
ply the Poetie Muee, as spring, wiih all its lovely
hues, comes fully 'to 'iew. Possibily, a few macy be
found hending inveterately over law-hooks or ledgers,
waiiing nhli nwavering faith for the next movi:t;
of the waters. All the old wiso heads will gravely
nod and say tiat these last are puroaing the right
course, and we dare say it i. the trth. Yet we
can't blame any villager of them all for devising
some chreful ways and means of amt-ing the tedious
hours, at a time like the present. For, of all dull
places on earth, a village, when it is dull, is the
Still we are clear agaitst permitting the present
inermbentdillness to " ditl the edge" of expectation
and hope. Otr notion is always to look for the
hight siide of every pieture. And, th:ts looking in
this instance, we fin cane t- b -elive thiat the little,
v-ly, dtnk clootm which now envelopes u!', will soon
tie dispealled. Just think! The glorim.s Feason of
" moonlight, muoie, love and flower." is ready to
burst upnn us in all its bewitchitg respleideny.
I The rosy-bosom'd Hlottrs" (Venus' fair train) are
even now hovering over us, awaiting but their
Queen's sigil to
" Diwclose the long expectant flowers
And wake the purple year."
And, not to be quite so poetical but fully as inter
esting otr Ftore-keepers are receiving and opening
belin'mful tocks of fancy Spring goods. Yes-and
our ladics, old antd young, will soon he ont, saspling
every pattern-and the ladies from'the country will
he in, buying more in one day than our viltage ladies
do in a week. Again, our Fchools will soon be all
itfe and animation, and a concert or so may he reek.
oned upon, we hope. Besides this, we see rising to
onr view tin the distunce di-Ites of Eiglih peas.
plump, green and delicate, bowls of " fresh strawber
ries smothered in crume" &c. &c. Come- -come
cheer up, brave hearts! The times may not be so
dull aTter all. -
" Clin Is may obsetre the skies to-day,
And all be Irizhat to-morrow."
I-r seems that by another freak of for:nine this no
torions individual has been recalled to Mexico, where
fitin arramtgements are m:le for his comfortable ac
coino:lation. The New York Tribune is of opinion
itht i returi will but hnasten the downward tenden
cy of the Mexican Rlepniic. Thetre we dlifer. Onr
estimate oif S~r. Ass~t's ability is pretty high.
And wevc are inelined to thtink hint, even now. cala
ble of docing mitre for thec restoration of gntet and
order in that dietracted country thant any other man
livimig. Le-t the result decide bet wecan us.
toa 'ttE ADvERtT:sE.
?l R. EtnTO,-Int tlte dleriiser of the [9th attd
tio a Ra:il Ron'd from Greenwood ria Eidgefield C.Ui.
tio l;amuburg or to A iken, whicht I was prituc to see
muts with thte atpprovatl of many citizens. But I have
beetn watititng to see smne resnitses from taber pents
thacn imine, utttil I begint to -air that the project will
dlie in its ininneytc, if I tmay eI whiat his lbeen seve
ratI yea:rs ngitatied rand is stil' in its inianey a prcoject.
Blut I doi rsincerely hotpe thiat some dine-, whlo en
-wie'i the p.-n with itntf'--ne, 'cill get hilhl of this
isubjet and~i press it sttlieienatly tc nirintte !e'tizi-ns
ofEigeiil antd lhe lower poriition of A bbevile to
Ia paroper sense of their ownt interests.
oment oine asked if your first ecrrespondttent wotuld
bacek his pen with his purse~-? T'fls I ennntot an
swe-r (nkhlonighi Irathler guess hte will.) bttt one thiig
I can answer aind it isn, tha~t the mnu livil:g in ten
miles of fthe route fur thre road, on either side, will
Igiv.a the moneyaa- if they doi tnct thte commnent'oacns.
I live tnittiles fro:n G reen-twiod,1.ave seen mn
Iftromu titmt hho'nt to w'th'n twelve miles of Edcgefield
Vilhige, ~td I haatve not tuet with thre hirsit ma~n vet
who htas sarid thmat Ire wvonl nti taike stuek in that
road. Soame cof themcn are large Stocekho'ders in the
Greemvil le& Cotmba lRa'. Roard, atnd they say
theyv will take as neh stock fort a renl tromt Greeni
Iwood to IIhuriburg. I do not douctbt for a mtomnitt
but the road enin be built by sutb'eriptioni of Stck
by privatte indliiduals. But in the c vent it could
nuot, Chiarlestun hats long since proit d to atid in
this entterpai::e. This road would be piuraible $o
Stuochldaiers, and a vaust deal raf betm fit to the coim
nttn:ty. inrdeedn a more pirtitablle iaivestmenrt of
mtun..y. I do niot think e-,tihl be miaide thani in tis
shirt liil Roadu of 50 tiis. I do niot wisb tc see
thte (ireenviile & Co!umbdia Rlail Rouad ir.jturedl by
this fil a aid I sineet e:y hbeli.ve liat this conneox
ioan wutthtl ren ler the Road nhovy Greawootd sco
mneht~1 intere valttuble tI at it wouuld mriake up for~ the
loss susttinedl tn the lower portiont. I am tohil (hy
Enagineers tic.) that from Grenwiood tip is as pretty
a rt ted fir riunninig as is itt the Staite. Now, if the
Rabunt GJap~ hcaad comaes byv Anderstoncn, htew will they
I et the prodnee romaG (ren~ctwcoid to Coltumabia whtieba
~s acknowledacd to b~e the worst roadc in the State,
(atnd I shonildl tnot imisit it fir were I to saty the l'ni
Ited St::tec) and subject to miotre dim.iters fruit highl
awaters, &e. Noit a hteiay raina falls buat .si:ne ptor
ticcn ot the Roeadl is injtared sri niue'r as to rtccp thme
elc rs. Naiw I atak how wcuill the piroduce hce cartriedl
con from Gretewod ? Why even nowcu thmere is
cottoncrlyiung at every Dep-rci ini Abbeville tand Edge.
hiel, waititng to beo carried cfY. Und. ss there is
atnothmer lcRcnd frmn Grentwoodc or '96t tico lltnmburg
or A iken, thme Greenville atnd Coiliumbuia Rail R'oamd
tnever will lie prccfitatble to) te St -ekhiclders. The-re
fore-~ I ttck it wo'culd be to thme intenc st, ats well of
then Stckhoihllersc ian the Greenville & Coluismbin lInail
a hlcad as of the citizens of Ecdgefieldl, to unite heait.
Ihand atnd purse in the cnstrucuion cf this Rucatd.
-t COte more appe-al. ShiaU Edgefield be behaincd
herii sister D:sta-iets, A bbevitie, Laure~s, Netr'berry,
&e., &c. True Edlgefieldl hma twuo rotils runtning
thricti.lh to little ccrners. But this muhel and
imorce does riot satisfy Abbcevil:-, T.nurens aind An
d cerston. They nmuat hamve braanifches to tir ir Cuirt
hhcrarses. Whevre is thme D)istric-t pride of thme lairgest
aDstrict in thme Stnte 1 Shma:l it be said n-he is behtindc
all othters it internmatl impajrosvemiiuits ?
Phontix, S. C., Matrch 15, 1853.
DEAiTHT OF W. F. Axorn~'soa.-It is- with re
gre-t that. we haive ton rcecird the denath ocf Mir. W.
-F. Aniderason, oif New b-rry, amid formerl~y a re
speecd citi-zent anud mertrelmnut ocf thi.s town..
Jji left Chatrlesto~n. oun Wedniesdhay na-crning~.
anppumrntly itt his tut lanbrit hi, was seaize( ccn the
rcondc with a vioelet attnaek of ebolderat miorbits, (a
disasmie to whmich. hec hats becen very- strbjnet,) oun
-der whuichi,.i-i t lie- absean-e ocf atlI remedialh acgentsc,
hte cottmiited to sutietr thtrocughmout the journiey.
On unrliing tere lie was foundic to be- Ia a sitkinig
Stite, andt died sosi- arf'e-.
ia fu~neral tamkemc, phi'e t o-day, from the resi
deince ocf Iris bmroilmr-im..l.tuv. Johna McCattmmon,
EAST TENNESSEE RESOURCES.
The followinig, from the Ka oni i le Register,
will give soine ides (f-tle wealth mnd resources
(of a section of cr.untry that wil be opened to
the enterprise nnd enpital of Charleston on the
coinpletion of the Blue Ridge Railroad:
The appiOiCh of railways fron the snnth nnd
the Tiortheast to the borde'rs oif East Tennestee,
has srerved to bring aore fully to light the bound
less resonureces f theC country ; anad is every day,
:-s tiese lines dratw i nearer mnd iearer to its cei
tre, demonstrating the remarkable fact, that there
is not :, sectioi of tice A mirieaii coneient, ft tle
samne extent of territory, so invi.inog to Ilent of
eapital, or menit vihont en pit:.l, who have sout
.sinews and mn.,eles. Thee e-lemnitts oif' wenlhh
have never been combined fAir want of proper
Outlets to tie - m:irkets oaf the world ; but the
day las already dawned,and is hourly brighten
in1h, whi will dicloe-i wonderful thlig4 ins this
vallev. hitherto so remote from the ocen marts.
It is (sor paurpose to 1n:e a few facts from which
per.,ons at a ditance m.v form some idea of tihe
vstneass and valne of tloise resources.
The tlinai, of t contry is a f't ure wiiuhl
pre-eminelaly fixes its de'stinv. piat. or East
Tennessee i soiewhalt dive.rsiled, iranse of
its va y A lofty tnnuntains; and for salubri
ty, whether u'n the mountains or in the valleys,
1 uiprecedented. No epidemies have ever pre
vailed witain its borders, and it is at the same
time fre from anv causes Vhich can or do pro
duce diseases local in their eimraeter.
The water is another conside-rition witih the
enimirant in searel (of a new homte. It East
'elessee the varieties of water are innunera
ble aimist. The limestone, ' freesion.," clalv
beate, sulphur, & r.,&.,gush friom every hill.sid.
sollie Of ihe.se mineral waters have attained
mnch celebrity, because of their sanatory pro.
Thte soil of the valleys and in many plnCe up
on the mtiountnins, is as fertile as the alluviln
whici lies on tile water course-s fof the southern
coutaries, and is e.ap:.ble of' af'rding subsistence
to a population oe hundred tlimes greater than
that nouW ihllabiting the country.
The timber, thocugih now regarded in many in
stalces of lbnt little value, is eiery day being
mOre highly appreeiated. The bonidleso fairest
of hemillek, of wlhite anid yellow pine, of cedar
and 0ak, which'ean now tie purchased, immedi
ately upoii some of the principal water courses,
at prices fof frami ten it twenty eunts per mcre
for the groind upon which tlaey grow, is a fuet
wlieba will strike the minads o the farmers who
use the bark of the iemllock, and of builders who
use the ot her timbiers, in other parts of the coun
t. v. with mneh srprise.
The-iron of Eist Teinessee is sulivient inl
qnanltities Ito supply the world for venuries.
Thiiis is of varito qualities, some af sneh excel.
lence that it is pretferred abaave every other iron
for steamboat bilers, becaie in i instance
has a boiler male of thi<" irn been known- to
explode. IHere it may be imanufa'tured into
pis :at ten dollars per' ton, nand that too, in es
tali,hinlts where but little eapital is employcd.
It is nlow shipied to markets oin the Olio. river
at a cost of faurteen dollars per ton, and yet, i:
yields a handsome profit to the mannfacturer.
Iron lands may be purchased in eligible locatio'ns
for from ten to twenty cents per ,ere.
Coa1 is at1most as imluadlant 1s the iron, nnd in
nimly inistnnees is found upon one side Ofa wnt.
it r eourse, which is but a siecessio, of rapids,
while irn is upon tle other. Boit the ianthra
elle and bi:umiious are fotiund ill abundance ;
the (lie in that ledge oat' higllands skir.injr tihe
soulliwestern barder of' East Tennessee, and she
other in the northern and northwestern. Coal
linds may be pnreasd at the same liriee fair
whaic'ho thae iron lands m:iv he boutght.
Ot marble, n enidless variety andt inexhisti
ble quantity has been discovered, though but
few and partial searches have been made. From
thle jet black, suisceptile of' the finaest poih
there is every tine nd shaide vatriegaitiaan to the
pure whaite. Mnch rat this~ miarbile is now beinag
uased foir cirnaamenatia purpaoases iin riae paartors,
and is also being wrolught into d'coaratioans for
the initerior of the costly calpital inl procss oif
ercionI at Nash~ville. 'lThese mnarble quarries
nre ebaenpear thanll dirt.
~The hy~ drautie limestone . liaa receonty biern
discaivered inoth a iwd
to demonsirate its'vatne, a eajaitat that will pre.
pare 500,000 bari-els of the remtent faar the mnai
kets inl wh'tich it may be sold, iat a- loawer figure
than can bta borne when the article is furnished
fromlt any oilher point.
Salt is :abuandant, and catpital ii now betinig emll
plaiyed iin sinakiing welts, ad plrepmaiang furnaces,
&c., fur its mi:tanfac t.
Copper has1. heen discovered, and iners are
noaw at wtor'k di;.rgingt it cant of I le haowels oat tae
mountains, wtthi were onice thaoughat to bie
wonrth not (anec cenit p-er ne're, :and ye-t thace opper
ame is yieldting silve'cr t'aingha to paay altl the ex
penses incidenit to the preparationl of the caapper
Lead is eve'ry where, wa' may say, and withllbe
continiu'd tom be est'etimed, as. It lnow i aniost
vidnaeless being ini thle way cof the phirwt shaire,
until somie cane aar more dli".eerning iad moare te
terpuri'inig I han anyv cane naow amo ang us, sehl
shoiw toi us that ini bars and pigs, it, Ilke onr iron,
is wvortha silver aid goltd.
Zine; taoo, tans been discova'red and nate
maide towards bringing its value to, lebt ; a
northern c.ompflany in conn~ctiaon wi tie (afoul
own eii izenis. having 'obatainedl a tense oat cane
mine :and hiavingit in coaanemlatiomn.to-mnn
fuae tutre the maetial.
Ploulbago is faouncd in henips as rite as ai
moutini, but it is este'me'd als of n0 value, be
ceause nit onie chooacse.s to make~h it voln~ubhe.
Ih'sides all theise' elt'emnts of weakts there nor
Iotherac w hicht maigh t be maent ionecd. Ev'en thet
Isand whaich we leave, as tile expierinment hais de
tmanst rated, makes ani article -of glass supiaaorm
ta tha~t manufi.:ttred in ctit'r parts cof tile Unioa;
Ibuit we mayv stcap here. So that withI our eli
mate, wiaers, soail, minible, limestone, reenlt.
iron,tcoppier, salt, I imabera lendo, zinc, &e'., addea
toa thet scnery, whlichi has ennalSeda our set'ional of
the Uniiono 1o be styl'ed " Thle Swvit zerland of
AXmter ien," we ma~y safecly assert thaut a maoire at
tract!ive fie'ld niowaherle presenits to eitheaar thec
enpailalist, the. l.aborer, or tile aman of' f'eebte
bieabh and shat tered conistit utiona, who ia s in
sonraieb of an invqigormnI lg and0 hat';hhI uicing'at
nmcsaphere', the same11 intdanements. WViuh our
railroads so soacn to be cmupiedi au thie . n1
comae;nn :athhe ebange whIih withenlt' be wi'aingll
in thai.' ni3.ing Land of ours, nio man can can
31~o.-WeL are inoarmedl say's the Anigns
ta1 Chronie& Seninel oat the 1,5th inst'amt, by
a genlt tlman jOnt arrivedi ia thle city, that1 a muur
der was commiitiedl about I c'clock yterdy
netar tihe Qnnaker Sprintgsin thais counitty, cmn the
Washiingi on roand, aboant 'evaeni mllies :above the
ei:y, lby Francis5 T1ompkians con the pierscon caf
Gamuil'Fhiaegan. We did tiot hear the particiua
bars, except thant Toampkinis rode tip to the doocr
wIth his gunl, naighted, nndic shtot, .himn through
the hi'ed sand thaeonI:made his esenape. -
Acet~riox of CilnA-In speakinmg of the
nequtisitioni of~ the i.1h1and of Caibi by the Uniited
S tates, the Liverpool .Jon rnial says:5
aC We see only a111 ntiul iimement, the evaent
ual successful resttit of which is obvious, ill the
cry fcor thie acquisition cof Cubat ; aand it is idle ini
Enlgland attempthig to check an inevitabte de
vaelcipmetnt of thle influences created in the Unionil
by the existen~ce of slavery. At aany rate, the
history of' Eanglaand being a history oaf unnea~i3
tins, sve, int our press :aid ia our convers'ations,
shiotld be miorc scrupaitous in cour comminents oin
the conduct oif the States. Amonti other fbets
we have to fatce this-that the Uinhed Stattes nre0
rapidlly palssinig us inl most thlings wa.hlichl be
spaeak geninle atioaul greatness."
COM1M PER OXAL,.
Correspondence of the Advertiser.
I I.ltU RG, Mar 1l', 1853.
Cotrrox--Tiroghocut the weak en-tinig to-day
our Market liss beeni quite animatedi, and prices
have imiproved from i toa sets can :;hf qanml:ties. The
Re-ipts have taeen lighat, anad buyers have freely
talten- nll that has bici ofyereod. Wec attribulte this
imiprovemcient to the dlecrease in the total -receiptsc,
and shaouhel they continue toa fall oh)Y in hhe same ra
t'o, we hocak for a shill furtht'r improvenment in prices.
H Y3IEN IA L.
MAARRIED on the night of the 17th inst., by th6
Rev. S. P. Getzen, Rev. W. A. SAMIorL, of Fredom
nin, Alft. to MiHAs antY A. SWEARINGEN, dau0ghtetl
of Mr.-Moses Swearingen, of Edgefivid Dstrict.
)EPARTKD thi% life. at ais resirence, in this Dls
triet, on tile 30th of Noyvttber last, Mr. Josted
1taauv, in the Stid year of h's age.
Tie decesed was a native of E-lgefltld -Distrie*
ii wlich I*.- pr:ms'ed the gienter pirtloimt of his Afeg
andI neenamt!ated a Very hanmsome forUietfor firiisi
self and his ftiily. lie was r. spectnbly descendedf
and sustalitld a chtracter fur unbiemishel integrity
through tihe whle- li-ntgh ofr ins dlays. ai fatie
was of Irish extraction, anl his iother was a Mise
Nobihes, the sister oo' the wife 4f the galant Cnft.
.n l!ynn, Whose bril'ianit and naing esflliA
the Riev.uhtion distingn:shiel him as o.e of is imo.
chivalrous and gtrisifz Oltamipioit. *n Z . - F
The subject of this tribute. we are infanem
while in the 3merid'nau of life, ana beain.pe1l
by an ardent ind patiotit spirit, nccompaniet
imeriein troopmat tlie b2ttic o New Ork-n"i
inl other lzardous enterpr:ses, and participlptslI
the elur'es, wlida so ignally crmwtcd the Eight
of Janiary. and 'gaive time 11ini6diing siroke to i
seconm1d war of indekpendence, - -- - .
After timat event, le spent a fe&'cars In tAm
West ldill" and oin returning. home narried a
estimmable ady, i y by whm fite hui rai.rel a large faim
ly of ehildren to iimurn I'ms lows. 11%. tmet Alessi
with time i-ournge and eniiicsi 'of a phivmilsmme
an.ii passed into its quiet slunabers without a Im
mtur or coimmphint. The mnatner- of hin death atte'
ed that his life ihad been irreproachable, and that I
departed in peaee with all tnankini. . A.
DEPAnrtvi this life on Frilay the iSth uit., Aa.
ELzAtmTa.-r, mecomni daughter .f G. W. and M..A
lItiloowiy, aged i I years and 10 dayi.
Site was eidered to ail wiso knew her by
gentle and afyetiove te dispmmtimn. Though taket
from time emmirnee Elf dear parenfs and frinmis. her
centle spirit hai flown-to ta fiirerw'orld 'mn h'igh
join the angels in praise to her Rledeenier in leaven
Dmtr'Awren thmis lifmemtinmiis District; ont the ~19t '
inst., WtIt..iAt Amin , Rits of Wll:inm and - lulin A;
.ennings, ahig toine weec 614. m1 "tuffer little chil
dren to come unto mute, -nd forbid theta not, fu
If -ueh in the k'ngdoti of. heaven." E.
(JN THE Friend.sof Mij. T1I 'aAN WAT
SON, annonnee him as a Cindidate to fill- thie
vacaney inl the State Senale, ocensi-med by t1ho
tenthi of N. L. GRtFFts, Esl.
Butler Lodge, No. 17, It 0, 0. F.
A Regular Meeting -of this, Lsi.
will le held on Monday. .vvening ne.
I4 7 e'mehm.- . ----. ---
JOHN LYON, Secretary.
Mareir23 It - 47
New Spring and Stunber
BR Y GOD
Wi!. H.I. CRANE,
1 now rtceiving a VERY LARGE STOCK
of All! kinds of Dry Goids' suitable for the
appronehing Sesions, to 'which lie tesptetfully allse
tihe% attentitont of the pubol:e,-s lie i6 determinedi.:
sell themlt ut exceedingly Low ricrs. -lia Stock uf
is rartieuiriy large and varied. .The Ladies wi1
dio well tim eall anl see theim. -
First Dry Goods Store below te U. S. Hotel,:
Augusta, Ga., Marek 23, . . 2t 10
T IIE SU HSCRlBErS have -tust~ received fromt
New York, a large St~or
whi'eh was a. lected with thN greti-ey on'e of
time Firm, nrkA boughut .for.CASH welahef
wich we respectfully offer ott ..tr u-unl netudernt~
termtt. COLCAN & LE.G.
StMarch 22 tf '-10
?j1JIS~ popular Fatah:ishmenat ihuving been thneL
I.oughily ra.pnmiredm and refitted with entire NEW
FC RN iTC'RE. the~ Subscriber takes pleasure. i.
infrminug the ruhie, uluit lhe is nomw pre pared tonec
coimmodanhte be.th 3iA N mind 110IISE, in a tle, as
lhe htopes, to give compliaete tsatisfuettin.
JOHtN I.. DOBEY..
UTtnhbarg, SMarekm 23, tf .- 10
(17 Thte Abbeville Banner and Anderson Gn
7ette wdl eachl compy the aibuve four tiammen and for
war dl acceutt to . .. J. L.. 1)
ACCORD DNG to an ordler received from C4,
.leahn F. Talbert, an eletion will be hl4d at
Uuesar'sm on time -4th 6:urdamy int April u-xit, fiue
CA l-TA IN, to. ii;h the vsaatey -occasioned by the
resignationu of Capt. lieLr. NhirLa~w'us. -
L.ieut, lisansos, Cor-net M.mLs andi Sergt.
Cuay, are hereby ampinted uind will net unm.na
gers. A. P. 1WTL~ER, tinjctr
Edgetiied -luadron Cal'ry.
Ma:-cit 23, 5t ... 10.
Yirteof an.earder from IL T. Wright, Esq.,
OY~rdune omf Ed.etnield District, I will puraested
to ueli at thie ite reuaialence aof Ja bmu Wever. dee'd.,
on Friday, jst iof A pril ietc, all the personaflIr
Ipert-y of sala di-~eessed, consst.ng of'
forteen LikelyX Negres,
I tocek of mmml kinmdm, Co'rn untd.'Foddv-r, 11, twue)
mand Kitehenm 1-.'rniture, wtith utunny artie'ea too tedi
ons to mietiun.- ..
'uTaac-Out a eredit tuntil time 25th Decmbet,
next., P'ureb.'.sers gtivinig notesm witht at least t-e
itodeeurrtiem. All sumumAlier Three D)ollars will
be rempuired in enshm. -
LY DIA WEVER, Adm's
Mairch 23 ' 2t. 10
ISTATE OF" SO UT!] CAROLIMA.
W ~. B. Brantnon.
IJ. J.Kennedy, ~ -
W. & J..llill
The Sanme. . -
B Y irte~o anOrdF fn:WtheConrt e
Edgefieldh C. H., onu the first Matsmay in April
next, the imnemnt of' time Defindant. in T'wentty
Shuaremm of Stock In the latmtbutrg and Edge'tield
Phmk.l Road Comtpany,.to natisfy thae aiunehmtents.
int the-t above eases.
i~ru LEWIS JONES, S. E. D..
March_ l'8,1853. ' Se 10'
Bacon and Lard,
rpH.E Subscriber hats 10)00 lbs. BACON- and
L IARl on cnmignmenuts which' ism ofitre:1 for
sale at time loweat ummrket price, for Canit.
GI. L. PENN, AGEN1;.
bhm~h.23.tf C~' iie
4T ILL be lest onm Saturday,.the 24 A pril, neat,
ton the lowemt bidder, at the Bridlge over Tur
key Creeky~on the Auubbevi~e ritn'd, nseait Samt. WUi
lim..thc repatiringd of s::ki Im-dge, if notl rjpaired
prvosyby thme Exventors of time builder, John
3. F. STROM. Comnissionaes..
IMarch 22 . 24 I
T EREBYf gie to all peraots litdebted io the
.I Estate of. Edmtuntd Boyd, dee'd, to nmake i
- mediate pmymtit;t antd thtase~ hIvingdeinaniis against
the samid E..state, will reneir themi in propierly aneated..
n..o JAS. & TANDY IBOYD,.EA'rs..
-cos Bravely On.
e people (if Charleston have
lie Blne-lidge Railroad enter
evidently betokens enthusiasm
am of fire hundred thomumntl
-ihed by the City Conneil to
of that portion of the Roand
;tate, supposed to be ablout 53
.hat a City meeting will be, if
-, hel.l to determine whether the
subscribed to that section of
in Georgia. in length about 20
rs all urge thee meaure. thould
secuticon and completion of this
ndercd alnost certain. Because
!q express great confideitce that
cribed towards the North Caro
.. And, this being done, the
y the Act of last Session pledg
of our State to the arneent il
e been complied with, and all
.11 lave been overcome. The
may then be looked upon as one
3f the age. We trust that all
to-work togetlier luckily inl ito
ult' in making Charleston the
emporitus. besides contributing
-ate wealth of our State.
ir own District is to cone in for a
ate benefits of this grand scheme,
It with those of our feulow-citi
d with an abundance of menns
-e them move in the matter! Wv
non expect to see an enibassy (1
the Ralhtin Gap, comin- dowri
.te upon the .subject and to invite
I the noble undertaking. Are wt
that we are, yet fear that we are
re anything about this importani
r are a few!) we would say, read
n of " PEsix" in an adjoinint
fully up to a knowledge of yeou
aents by tho President.
ter writers from Washington infortr
host of office-eekers at the ( reni
ion is, as yet, by no means dimin
dent. is taking his leisure, as lie
taking out his appointments. It it
tamer will draw near before thi
- and laborious part of his duties i!
ith. As far as his oflirial acts art
Smust say that we are well satisfie
5E'8 line of condtet. Ile is doin.
e-pected of him, viz: purituing r
and independent course in all hi:
sointments. When a committee at.
ich him for the purpose of protestint
vis entering the Cabinet on the
fig a Secessionist and a Di-unionist
rejected their interference with dii
I ntim:ted that, having been elected
ounitds, he intended to do his duty tc
: recent, appointments we observe
t.m.t. CO..c01C to the Collectorship ol
oms n1 .ileutn and of Tito:%t.%s Ev.Ns it
of I trict Attorney. That Mr. Cot..
in every cleserving of this post, anid thai
Mbly at filthfully discharge its duties we
shadow doubt. Yet we 'can but regret
enuine namuple of the high-toned Carolini
should lire thought proper to relinquish
me, the vhtlon of Member to Congress foi
, which, ioweier honorable, is still; mainl
lollars avd cents. Should Sonth Carulin:
more sth men, site may well I- hang he
n the wililfw" and yield implicitly to tha
if events, which is rapidly hearing her or
litical gul b where State pride and inihivid
e obsole rms.
bservet he. advocates of the Main<
.w,orn n'ular enactment, are beginini
mied Cf s."- vnwr i rte
L-- ni know that the change wouhk
ty veep~t pdonable misnomer, the origina
elhm inbg. well nigh mad as far af
arite h~tbbj 4.Wrist.'irthaei,4dn*
be terminate 'y its owil alisurdity before
g, we have ~o a doubt. Yet, like man!
mhug noto, w~e suppose it may overrnn the
a season. It seems to 1)e sprenditig a little a
just now, and some faint indications of it:
ta ho olkereed in a few localities an thji
Potmhe' We have even heard it lhintee
pulse of Southi Carolina s'ill hear wa:ching
-t to the -malady. This wve cannot credit
it L Wnr" pill of last year acted the parl
cleic to our people. so efyectually as in caune
inan.do mias to be spewed out forever. .
hi has beeni oir impression. If we are mis
id it' the frothy cas-cade, which firust le
and motion from the rocky breasts of tie
i Down-Eatern Commonwealth, is to flou
oial old Carolina too, why let it cnme. A
rn habies may mistake it for a Iheaven-sen
Btt sensible metn will recogetise its shalhee
mns nd'smile in 'scorn at the futility of its
ilkish hubbles. and so it will pans on.
111t to be utterly imapracticable to attemp
e mtior of any passion of the humaen heart
stion whieh seek. to control the devieopmien
passion.! In nino cases out of ten, it .wil
prduig outrageous excesses where, other
derationand temperance in the use of Guud'
Swotd halracterise the individuial. No-~i
Itre of a gentle and perstinneive Religion, tno
ral. Legislation, te nmonhl the heart of ntnttn
:itn all things. Human laws cant only efy::e
strain Is passions by attaching exemplar:
ent to any 'aucht consequences of their tundet
as nay sl.iek and aggrieve the comunit:
hhey occr.- To any such enactment, wheethe
Ivancement of sobriety in thee use of stroni
in te imniugence of atny oilier propensity
Id be disposed to give our hearty seuppori
ttempt to legislate from the earth the widely
causes f humsan sin a-nJ to abolish thtus
on against which the Saviour of tmankii
only taught hisi disciples to " watch ani
ye. regard as being littde shocrt of a presup
lererence with an all-pervaditng anid ever
I Providnce. But, indepenedent of ever;
jection to this new-fangled refornm policy, w
einitl ta itwere enough to kenow thcat it
vacate is Honitca GREELav ! of the New
,'iline ? !
On the Alert.
aihington correspoendentt of the New Yor]
untler date of the 15th, writes:
itrated meeting of' the cabinet wvas beld thi
,whih i-esulted in directing the Seeretary ej
demand-ten explanacion froma the governene
Britain, on the subject of the recen~tt inieelli
n .Honduras, and the-English interventioniti
f theueuito King. The Secreutary ofC the
as inestructed to report forthewith to the Exec
feetive force at his disposal for active operas
apes tle Drama of ihe PiERCE Adlministra
'lhe prolone wvas the President's inaugural
to e pilogue shall be pentied, perhnep grea
not now dre-amed ofe shall give to each lii
rof the- sun-beam. On the other band, i
ye to bethee sad reflex of " woes unnmer
or whole country. Who can fort-see!i No
a are a good many conersational binneler:
rise not so muech from ignorance as freent cars
or heaste, or both comebined. To aome secl
a ttribute the two following,wheichi, as we an
I, were actuallhy perpetrated in this enlighten
pi of Edgefeld at no very. remnote era of it
ng gentleetn joine a group of loungers and
nig br of a certain- wesh- ksnown citizetn whe
ic tt the time, Ito is asked "'.howv the ciclh
5 to-day 1"
ad," is thee reply, " its a tough case, and
on teo purely by e.rpo.-ehan ."
ungers of corse face every way, but to trec
tiI tI yourg genthlman leaves.
er youtfr eters'a 'certain Amniumi gatherni
ment not a hundreef yards from ner Couri
nl ptponely enginfres, in the presence a1
eddle witnesses, " whetlisr'Mr. P. l~as any
eats- orsak-," meaning the'enustomary (Oter
of letters. Thei risifiles of several biy
...... s..-.i . sted n e.ni,,ee ta t n niprmiop it