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W. e .ill cling to the Pillars of MACe TeHp of our 3i0rtie, and if it must fal, we5ill Peri
W.F. DUICISOE9 ]Proprietor. EDGEFIELD, Sil C., ARCJJ 30, 1853.O V~sO 1
THE EDGEFIELD ADVERTISER,
1S PUBLI3HED EVERY WEDNESDAY BY
W. F. D U R I S0 E, Proprietor.
ARTHUR SINKINS, Editor.
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tracis for yearly advertising are confined tothe inime
liat'. legitimaite buiies of the firm or indi idnal
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for in advance.
. For announeing a Candidate, Three Dollars, in
For Adverti-ing Estrays Tolled, Two Dollars, to be
paid by the 31agistrate advertising.
FELIX E. BODIEI,
jA .M8 ELIDSON.
it. S. KEY7,
cr Tax Collector.
Ti'l O31.S It. R EES E,.
N. D. WiITTLE.
IT. T. WItGIIT,
JollN W. S31T1 ,
W. F. DUlISO.E,
THIOS. G. BACON.
It. It. BOUKNIGILT,
PicKENS B. WEVER.
rwi 1I E udtiersienel having determined to resign
AL, the Office of Soicitor of the Southeri Cir
cu-t, as soot as his oluty to the State siall permit,
wi i devote his time to the practice of LAW and
are in lis hands. M. L. BON1HAM.
Ededgfield, Feb. 22, 158. tf 6
V ILL be found at all times in his Oflice, at
Edgefield Court House, inear the PLANTER'S
Ile will attend promptly and strictly to business
in his profession.
Nov. 14 tf 51
ABNE R PER RIN,
A G ENT for the Proiectntioin of Cl.iims for Bomi
ty andti Revo!utionary and other Pensiutis.
Ulli.-a it Ed.eticld C. 11., S. C.
T 110.'1 A S G. K E Y,
ATTORNEY AT LAW.
1-- IlAs removvil lik (A'-iee to the Rooms over the
'toure --f Mr. B. C. Bitr..
.Tan -1 3m 5!
DRUGS, MEDICINES, OILS, &c.
, i S11 selected : so--tmenit, of E VE R Y
.IA R L in this liie, fur iale at the very
luwest prices, for Cash. by
W tl. I AIN ES, Dnmas-ir.
Broad-street, Atiu-ta, Ga.
M1ar 9 41t 8
0uano and Land PlaSter.
A SETPPLY of thse VALUABILE 31ATE
Rl.\ LS8 for itn prouving the sail, eonstantly oii
lunid and! for sale by WM3. JLA IN ES,
Druggist, Augstota, Ga.
Mlar 9 tf 8
QR.\Y flROTillERS, have onl hand a large as
sortmnent of B L A N K ETS, oif v~tains kindis.
P'ranhy some of the linest Saxony Wimol line fin
ishe.l. impoiirtedl. Witht at harge assortmenctt of Lower
Gr.trdes attd P'antation Blankets, which we are
Nov 17 tf 41
\LLa Persons inde~bted'i to the Estate of Rl. Plattu
lirunson, ded., are respiectfully ntiiehid to
tma~ke immteidiate pavtmnt, anmd thtes: hain g de
miandh agains~t said es?;tte wvill Iresent themut forthwith,
S USEN M1. lUR ENSON .\Adm'ix.
RLllERT LANIER, Adim'or.
O-t 20 t f '0
A Ltho-: huivin~ anty demaimttus aga'nst the
Ett of CIlark Swearingien,. dee'dl.. are re
questedt to huandi themi in p'ropuerty attest-:i, and atll
those ind~ebited to said Estate aire requested to niaske
'AOSES SWEAINGEN, Ex'or.
Jan 3 - f St
A\LL Persons indiebthed to the Estatte of Wmn. T.
liter, are emtncstly regnsted~ei to miake imn
itmditte patymen-ut, andl thiose- havinig demands against
saId estatte will please retnder themit in, psropierty att
tested, forthwith. B. F. sTI[.OM, Adm'r.
Sept 8 tf 34
T]J IDES willl he'received at the Tan Yard from
4. this date. Rt. Tr. MIMS1.
Blacksmith Shop !
- rj' IlE Subscriber ha:vintg er-cted it
I.new huildintg in the rear of .\ksrs
~ ~W,s & Cnnrrw. and L,. H ILs
Stores, is prepaired to do all kinds ouf
Uore-ho ing:d Plantation work will receive
prompijt ;ittetitn. S. F. GOODE.
.Ju:ti 19 tf -- 1
OUR FINE .\CK T i p paennl oc, will
stanid hei Spin Senant at the residlence oh
JOEL CUTRRY'S, ;nid will insnre 1:ve Colts for
Ten D)elhtrs. Mlares put and tratisferredl, the in
surancee will be ecaimied.
11. A. SIIAW.
THE HEART BROKEN.
BY MARY W. JAYR:.
Oh I feel so stranie to-night, mother
Such a weight is on ynv braeast
And my fevered brain is all on fire,
And I cannot, eannot ret !
Fol ie close up to your heart. mother
There would I breathe to thee,
That which is making this life of mine
A burden (if misery.
The winids are out t)-nialit, mother
The storn is on t lie hills
The clouds are d:ark, and the drifting snow
Tie cottage pathway fills
Bit a wilder stormn is witlin, mothier,
For doaults and fenr and woe,
Over my soil are weav:ng a shroud,
As over the hills the snow.
A year hath eire!ed round, mother,
A hong :tal a weary year
Since the straicer came to the cott:ige door
And begged for a sh.-Iter here;
And vou k:iow how ie tarried long, mother,
.-\ml bie se<-mied] So !oth1 t., go,MI
Tho' lte storm el- uds passed from the sky above,
Aid away fromd lite hills the tow.
He whispered sweet worls at parting, mother,
Ile sa~il he would come again,
When the song of the harvest hymn was heard,
As the reapers gathered the grain ;
Ere the auttimn leaves had fallen, nither
Ere the woodland tiowers I al died
W~oul ie coeni again to our home on the hills,
To woo aid win a tr:de.
The vialt t sprang up in the wood, mother,
In the swet and early spring,
Anil the summer sun looked down in pride
As the wild bird furled her wing;
A lid the trees on the hill-top stoaod, mother,
Like a 1and of nionarchs ol
Of regal poip were their crimson robes,
A nid coroials of gold.
A nd then I looked down in the valley, mother,
Watehing and waiting for him,
For the flowers were dying along tle wood,
Anal the hitvest was g:itiered in;
Anl dte nuts rattled dowii in the forest, mother,
Under the seuirrel's tread,
And the niaple hoincbhe wa.o' I'" .''-''0
All tie ll
An d tl- -
I listened agan a. t teaa aigial gnc u."1,
For his foot-!all in the vale.
But he caiiie not ! Never again, mother,
To the cot ')n the steep hill side,
Will the false one cone, for in suinmer clinics,
Ile woorti a fairer bride ;
His love hath vanished like dew, mother,
lle hini forgotten his vow,
Eye and lip were alike untrue,
Another encharms hiim now.
The dove that goes forth in the morning, mother,
Faor a free anal a jyous flight,
Conies wearily back to the slielttring nest,
Wounding atnal hiediing at Iiiglit.
Now fold mie up elose to your heart, mother,
An molier oh, d. not weep!
For the archer's arrow htath eiitered my breast,
And I fain wouti~i fall asleep.
F'raom the llustrated Faiiily Friend.
A BACHELOR'S RENINISCENCE.
"Wyis it, Gatllaigher," inquired i as we
trolled out one eveninig on the commons en
ironiinig at lit the villaige of~ the Union -ituated,
n thme W~esternm patrt of the good old Quaker
State of PennsM Ivanria, aa why is it that yon
tre still a bachelor, when you are surrounid
d with so. matny fairy beings, so mnany
tasingr eyes, rosy cheeks, pouting lips,
sylphlike and lucious forms! Surely your
better natture, your sensibilities are not. blunt
ed aiid walrpedl, nor your heart btecomne hard
nod seared and deatd to tall those warm, no
lie, generons and tendler emotions whieh
mke up our enp oft bliss while tiinig and
strgging with difficulties and trials of eam th.
But 'tisii no itums with you, or you would not
have emptied yoiur pockets jus~t nlow to you
poor wain woman, with her htalf-dozen m ag
ged urchins. No penurious, sordid, nor
miserly motive promipted that action ; and
that action, Gallaghier, is in tenuor arid keep.
ing wiith your whole life, thme prolem I
have long tried1 to sohke. Please inform me
now, anid though I am not ntiutrailly inquisi
live, yet I would faini have my curiosity
"Well, Greene, let's recline ourselves here
under this old weeping willow~, the moturnful
sighing of whlose brancheles produce feelinugs
not a little akin to those engendered by the
TIen years ago found me in my senior.
year at Tfri nity College in the town of WiI
mington, North Carolina. I had not this
spriiklintg of grey hairs then, nor this thought.
fil brow ; on the contrary, I was a lively,
hearty, robust, and by nmny called an ex
treme.lv hatndsome.man ; of the correctiiess
of which you miay wielI judge by my still
Ifine appearance-ahem ! Tfhe town, though
none of the largest, yet contatined many a
gentle matid, whose pleaeing society tended
greatfly to relieve the dl, regular routine of
constatnt stuidy, the sameness, and enns mn
cident to college life. And the retrospect is
generally pleasiing; it is an oasis, a green
spot in my mnemory, to which I often tum n
for relief, when the sorrows and cares of
real life press heavily upon me. Yef this
retrospect is inot without its alloy ; there is
a (ark, damning cloud in the latter part of
thi tnoiii neel which has embittered my
whole life and made mne almost a confirmed
bachelor. The world deemts me to be a
hapny man ; would it were so! I ever try
to he cheerful, yet
" There is that whin which passeth show."
But to proceed. Towards tie close of the
college year there arrived in our town a pol
ished lady from Virginia, on a visit to her
uncle, Piofl B. She was a lovely creature I
indeed ! Language is inadeginate to portray
her many char ms and graces. Let it suffice
-she was to me at least an angel, and the
consequence was I became deeply siitten.
Deeply ! ah, madly ! I was her constant
companion through the day, and at night
also in my dreamis. ' We danced, we stroll
ed, we rode, talked sentiment together, and
were the most intimate companions. Aid
though kind, and gentle, and courteous to
a1l, yet to me only was given. the sudden
Idush, the trembling voice, the sweet endear
I persevered; was successful; was her ac
cepted suitor; an the happiest man inl
America. The gossips of Wilmington had
muich food in our coming niioll, prospects,
on whilhh to descanit. But the matter
was soon forgotten in another and more im
portait one-the arrival of a distinguihed
tranger, Couit Willie O'Leay, of la bellc
France. Ali ! you smile, :a nticipating me ;
Joubtless thinking hii sonic imposter who,
with his jewels, suavity of manners, titles
'id estates, supplants me, woos, wins, and
carries off my lady-love, etc., as Mulwer,
Scott, Cooper and others have it. It is
partly so ; but he was, in truth, a bonafidc
obleman of great wealti, and known per
monally to our good old Professor. Yet lie
was a consummate, heartless villain-a mlab
oquette-a butterfly flitting here and there
over the earili wherever sweets were to be
sipped-let who imight be the suflerer.
Added to his polished manners, his titles
and estates, lie w.s of a Iiue, ioble appear
ince; and were it not for his piereing eye
iud the sinister expression of his mouth,
I w rld pronounce him the handsomest man
n COaolina. Stiated as ie was with Pro
essor I., ie soon becanme intimate with
Millie Dillard, my betrothed. lie was ever
y her side, stig, played the piano. guitar
ind harp, danced; strolled, and prated French
vith her, and was, in short, in a fine way to
applant me. I sought ain explanation, but
Ohe avoided me ; and in consequence I be
Ui a Mri1111 1,oriirg in alaren, 41, we
mbarked, and as the noble vessel vended
er way proudly out into the ocean, al1
teemed to be merriment and glee on board,
et not a more disconsolate and miserable t
nan: than myselfsailed the seas-discarded,
I ghted, wronged, laughed at and treated
,v.th scorn and contempt by one whom I
dored and loved alas ! too wel.
Seating myself on the gunwale in the aft
mat of the ship, and leaning my fevered
letd upon my hands, I mused with fierce
jitterness over my sad fortune, the cares and
-anities of the world, varial-lenress, heartless
iess aid fickleniess of womain, and niande
-eSolves to keep aloof, iir future, from her
viles aid her snares. In the meanwhile all
vas merriment on the fore-deck. The song,
he jest ad laughter rsounded th rough the
hip ; arid merrier than tire merriest wtere
out Leay' arid my faithless iiistress. But
heir happiness was to me mrockery and
I had sat thus near ani hour, wh-Ien I was
atartledi by a wild scream fromr Miss Dillard ;
pringing to niy feet I had hut time to see
er little sister, whlomr she hard brought along
all headlong over into the waves. Seizingr
he arni of Count Leny, she crie l, in des
miring accents, " Quick! save, oh ! save my
nisteir!" arid pulled him firanticailly to the
hip's side. But he dIrew brack, exclaimrig,
Excuse me, my prretty I rye, my life is too
aluarble to be risked thus. Besides, succor
s in varin.
"Coward ! coward ! exclaiimed 'the niai
len, earsting on him a look of the most
vitering~ eon temp t.
"Cowaurd, did you say? Air! that's fuii
iv ! Thriink o nlv of a nioblemiani, with a thou
-nd vanssars, riskinig Iris life to plearse a little
iehian girl ; because forsoothi, he lias had a
ittle thre flirtatioin wiith her ! hra ! ha ! hai!"
But tire maiden parused not to cavi1 with
iii, for at this moment the child wais thrown
ipon a large wvave. With another scream
h pluinged afer it. As quick as thought I
llungedI after her. The waves rolled over
ne. annd I sairk dIown-dowvn-mnany feet in
o thre oceaii. It seemed ans if I would never
-ise, hut as I began the asceirt a heanvy sub
tace wars dashred against nme ; I seized it,
nd found to my inexpressible joy', it wvas
re miaiden aind wh-Io to my surprise, held
~lasped in (er arms, thre now almost lifeless
bid. In a moment I lhad platced them ini
boat whlich hard been put out to our aid,
id in aniother-we were safe on dleck.
No sooner were we hoisted rip than tire
most deafening shout burst forth simultane
anusy from ere-w aiid passengers, and with
;iaddeed and overflowing hrearts wvere we
reeted by the appr-oving crowd. More
Cratified, plleased, arid boisterorus than all be
side, seemed Count Leary. ie pressed ea
merly forwaird to greet an d congratuilatte thre
Sariig lady Oil her noble deed arnd narrowy
escape. Bfut drawinig bacek shre refused. Iris
proffered hand, arid turned froim him wi h a
look of scorn anod contempt ; telling him to
begone fr-om her presence, that shre wmished
not the siriles anid congr-atulartions of a con
temp~tible, cowvardly fop like hiim, who wmoul
stand by arid see a fetowv creature suffer
death for wanrt of a little assistance; and
more particularly, see one risk her life, or
even perishi, for whom he professed such
gret and undying regard. -And turning
liurriedrv from the admiring and apiprovimng
crowd, shre sought me out in the Captain's
,...in whriter I had betakcri myself arid
changed my saturati (ress. Springing
forward she threw hl If into my arms, and
with streaming eye' egged me to forpive
her; althcngh she hnislighlted and wronged
me, " yet she loved r3still',and me alore,"
and implored ne to ive her--to take her
into my affections a n; and the maiden
saiik upon her knees. wept. But it was
too late. I told h r wronged me, slighted
me, deceived me, and, 11 in one month after
we had plighted our-' oth ; when her love
should burn warme ighter, and stronger.
[low could I put codfi enee in such an one?
"Go!" I vehem it exclaimed, "to your
rkar Count, he love4'ou to distraction, for
he told you so not _; hour past; and be
sides your name will7 und mnch prettier as
Countess de Leay, n -plain Mrs. Jacob
B. Gallagher. Go, fo can't put confidence
longer in o*ne so varia e, deceptive, coquett.
ish, and vacillatintg."
"Yet -still-Mil -I love you yet, as
"But confidence; wanting, and ere I
risk my happiness one so changeable,
I must have proof of er sincerity. If after
the expiration or ten vears from to day, I
Suid you still single ill faithful, then, and
then only, will I clai you as my bride. I
wvish your love not g tude; a strong, deep,
ihiding affection." " rewell, Mildred, and
emember-" but sh ad already swooned
tway, and sank help Iy at my feet. But
[ was not to be mo. from my purpose,
ut stalked resolute , t upon deck, hailed a
joat passing at the - ei shipped my pas.
sage, returned to Wilfingron, settled up my
flhirs, and set out tO same evening jor a
Ten years have 4 ed since then, with
heir trials, temptatid-; cares, afflictions and
:hanges-ten years,. th the exception of
me week, have sped 'a, and I have never
een her since. Sh ow resides in Lynch
>arg, and rumor tel me she is still single,
still beautiful-tha cores of wealthy,
alented, and admi"i visitors have been
-ejected by her; t the world marvels
nach, and speculaite .vast deal. I alone, of
ill the world, know e secret and I'll now
reene, impart it to a-she is still true to
ier first lore! In 6 more week that pro
>ation will be over od send it were over
But this day wee wedding takes place
lnd I now invite y to be there on ti.'
I'he tongue lietuhlinf your face with hon.
yed words, and sharpening its arrows to
aunch at your back.
Oh! that inestimable jewel of truth
ruth in the tongue, in the life, in every man
restation of the reason, the loves, the pas
ions of humnanity.
Terrible to the young heart is the first
leception. She who looked all purity, all
ngelic goodness, betrayed her trust, and
eft your soul desolate. Heaven only knows
brough what depths or darkness the bruised
pirit struggled to light and joy again. But
he light has never been as pleasant, the joy
ekindled, burns not like the brighter fires of
ong ago. The tears, the sleepless nights,
tours of keen despair, when a hand seemed
ver on your throat, and a dagger at your
eart-foir what would you live them ~over?
)eath would he more welcome.
We could bear with petulence-smile at
mkindness-lhe assaults of a harsh temper,
ir the moody silence of a frow~ning brow;
Mt treachery, faithlessness, trust betrayed
hajik God that we have never yet known
he full iniport or those terrihle words.
Be true, then, if you would be respected.
~o power on earth can change the fiat that
von the wvorld gives the deceiver, Hie may
eep tears of blood, but the monuments of
s shame still stand to testify against him.
)ne~e a liar, always a liar. A very child can
elI where deception conceals itself; and a
asual thought lightly expressed, ferrets it
rom its foul hiding place.
Be true if you would be loved. The
eart is like an armory ; beautiful and harm
ess seem thme long rowvs of biristling steel
iut every one of those polished sh:afts may
se used as an instrumenit of torture.
So if you deceive the heart that beats
.varmnest for your love, your approbation
nay be converted into a gallery of deadly
reapons, andit you will be resp~onsible for
he mischief that results through life's long
attle. Let truth he dear to you as the np
e of your eye ; and wihien the blush springs
ot even at the unuttered thought of decep-.
on, then be sure that you are neither fit for
~arth or heaven-for the'society of men or
A ~lTACHOLY CONFEtSSI.
We were shown by our Ta:: Collector, onl
~estrday, (says the A bbeville Banncr, of
he 17th inst.) a ten dollar bill wvithi the fol
owing endorsement upon it, wvritten perhaps
hy sonme penitent young man, who, mourn
ng over his follies, would warn others from
rollowing in his footsteps :-" Youth be
ware of gambling; this is the last of hecnty
hreec thousand dollars, left me by my good
old christian father, the 1st of November,
1851 ; this is the 1st of September, 1832-all
spent at the gambling table in Charleston."
How startling arnd full of melancholy this
confession, that the ample legacy which a
ond parent after years of toil and denial
had accumulated, and left to his child, should
thus in the brief space of one year, be reck
essly spent at the gaming table! H-ow po
tent the spell wvhich could thus lead on step
by step the deluded votary to his doom.
Perhaps, now, lhe wvho was once thme posses
sor of this fortune, is suffering the pinch
ings of poverty, and in the bitterness of his
roul is reaping the fruits of his folly, a
frieidless anid homedess wvandere'r. Of all
the vices young and old are addicted t.o,
there is none moro seductive and fatal is its
on,.uence,, .,n tha of inng; it is the
syren song, which lures incautious youth to
rnin ; or the Dead Sea fruit, which is beau
tirtil to the sight, but turns to ashes in the
taste. To the gambling table how many
young men can trace back the commence
ment of their downfall and utter ruin ?
Gambling and drinking are twin sisters and
rarely found separate. Is there then no
young man in our midst to whom the warn
ing of this once happy youth may be re
pented i If so, we would say, beware of
the aseitnationsof the garbling table, and
in, the anguage of the poet:
"Look round. the wreekq of play behold,
E.tates dismember'd. mofrtgng-ed. vol,
Their owners now to) jilsb eonined,
Show equal poverty o' mind."
From the South Carolinian.
TO TAX COLLECTORS.
Mr.ssus. EnToRS': An article appeared
in the Newberry Sentinel, a few weeks
since, headed " Tax upon Nostrums," to
which I nog leave to direct your attention.
Every citizen has to pay something, in pro
portion to his property, for the support of
the government of the State; each one is,
therefore, interested in seeing that property
belonging to men out of the State, hut lying
within our borders and receiving the same
protection as our own, shall not he exempt
from taxation. It is a noto.ious fact that
thousands of bottles and boxes of worthless
and dangerous nostrums are annually sold
in our State by agents of the manufactur
ers, and Tax Collectors will look in vain
upon their books for a return of such arti
cles. It is bad enough for our people .o he
humbugged by such trash, which only
serves to rid them of their money instead of
their disease. But it is still worse for us to
eneourage such a tralie, by exempting
them from that tax which they ought to
pay for the protection they receive under
our laws. As a class, the manufacturers of
patent medicines are inimical to the institu
tion of slavery. They generally hail from
the North, and are actuated by pecuniary
interest, as well as other considerations, in
desiring its abolition. What a field for
humbuggery would the black population of
the South present if left, without masters,
to their own ignorance and credulity.
I have just received a letter from Wn. B.
Moffiit, New York, in reference to the arti
cle in the Sentinel, in which he denies the
would hold good with every man of con.
mon sense. According to his own acknow
ledgment he has been 'taxed only in one
instance. It becomes a question, then, for
for Collectors, whether they impose the
double tax or not, as demanded in such
Let our people, and especially our Tax
Collectors, see that the names of all nlimn
facturers of nostrums, out of the State, are
put in the book, and that agents of such lie
requird to pay the tax upon them separate
ly from their own goods. When closely
examined, it will Ia seen to be a question
of much more importance than at first we
are led to suppose. TAX PAYER.
FsxsrED . r L-r.-It afrords us sineere
pleasure to announce to the people of New
berr-y District, the state at large, and thej
" rest of mankitnd," that the new" Court
Hlouse is at last about bing finished-com
pletely done for, with the exception of the
iron banisters. For nearly two long years
has it been undergoing the process of con
struction), an immense pile of lumber, brieks,
mortar, barrels and other rubbish all the long
while obstructing the public square and ma
king it ani eye-sore to every visitor. It is a
beautiful building, beautiful in its propor
tions, beautiful in its design and ada pta tion
to the purposes for which it has been built,
and reflects great credit upon the architect,
Mr. J. Graves of Columbia. M~r. John Da
merotn, of North Carolina, is the builder.
NRwsPAPERS MIAILED FoR CUDA.-The
Captain General of Cuba has notified, as
we learn from the Washington Republic,
the A merican Consul at H avana, that in obeC
dience to an order of the Spanish govern
ment, no transmission will be given in the
mails of that Island to any newspaper un
less it be secured with a single hand only,
inl such a manner as to admit of its exami
nation without tearing the band or cover;
andi that if any letter be found therein it
will be taken out and properly directed, and
the postage charged ont it according to the
place it comes from. The Captain General
further declares that under the name of
newspapers (periodicos) all kinids of printed
matter will lie included. The order went
into effect on the 1st instant.
Mr. GIDEoN ExoRY, formerly of Balti
more, died at Georgetown, Randolph coun
ty, Ga., on the 25th ult., in the 57th year of
his age. Mr. Emory was among the fewv
survivors of the gallant corps which, under
the command of Major Heath, on the 12th
September, 1814, gave the first check to the
advance of ttio British troops towards Bal
THERE Was a rule in an old debating so
ciety of which we read, wvhich might be ad
vantageously recommended to some of our
public bodies-" That any gentleman wish
ing to speak the whole evening should have
a room to himself."
kr St. Louis, last week, a youlng lady
was prosecuted before Esquire Treadway
for obtaining $l27 worth of goods from a
young mertchant under false pretences.
When the suit opened the lady appeared,
owned up, and willitngly offered herself for
pay. The merchant liked her and ac-cepted
tme legal tender, which was ratified by tho
RUMORED TROUrLES AT HONDURAS.
A telegraphic despatch from New Or
leans reports the arrival at that port of the
schooner Charles Pearson, on the 9th, from
Honduras, bringing the newbqthat great ex
eitement prevailed on the Island, in conse
quence of her British Maje'ty's war steamer
Devastation having anchored off Taupillo
and demanded the surrender of the place,
in the name of the Mosquito King. The
inhabitants were given two hours to decide,
before the commencement of a bombard.
The inhabitants yielded to superior forces,
but solemnly protested against the outrage.
The Mosquito flag was hoisted and the
Honduras flag pulled down. The British
war steamer then proceeded to Limas, and
cannonading was afterwards heard in that
quarter. It was presumed that a contest
was going on between the steamer and the
This attack would be such an invasion or
the right of Honduras, that we are disposed
to believe the report a great exnggeration;
and if the attack has been made, that it
will lie speedily disavowed on the part of
the imperial government, by its representa
tive at Washington.
Great Britain long since in the treaty of
Versailles 1783, stipulated that her subjects
should abandon all portions of the Spanish
continent except the settlement at Balize,
and in the subsequent treaty of London
agreed to evacuate the Mosquito country,
onomine, as well as the continent in gen
ral and the adjacent islands, without ex.
eption. But though she has never occu
pied the country of the Mosquitos agairn in
her own name, she has done what is equiva.
lent in taking the king of the Mosquitos
under her protection, assuming to derine the
limits of his dominions, and sending troops
thither to protect her over interpretation of
his rights. Her claim rests upon a mere
rrangement with the Mosquito government,
has never been recogiized by the Central
Americans,- and is a mere pretence for
maintaining her ascendancy in those regions.
The chief interest of this -reported attack
arises from its bearings upon the treaty with.
the United States of 1850, and the recent
propositions of the British minister to Mr.
Everett, in respect to a joint protectorate of
San Juan del Norte. The latter were thus
of -this con'tinent. The Mosquito Indians,
instead of governing their'owvin tribe accord
ing to the custom of the race, furnish only
a name and title by which foreigners trading
at San Juan del Norte and along the Mos.
rito Coast, according to the usages of
civilized States, exercise the effective gov.
ernment of the country.
In consequence of these changes, Great
ritain, instead of having, as formerly, an
interest in the defence of the Mosquito In.
dians, for the sake of exempting a part of.
the territory of Central America for Siainish
control, anl thereby obtaining admission for
her commerce, has no other interest in
Mosquito, but such as she der'ves from an
honorable regard to her old connection
with the Mosquito nation of Indians. It
has been further stated to the department
by the British minister, tha't her Majesty's
governmlent ha~s for several years endeavor
ed to suit her engaigements to .the altered
state of the case but that every proposal to
that effect has encountered insuperable oh
staes. The contentions in Central Ameri
ca between Nicaragua, Costa Rica and
Honduras, the absence of any authority
with which a permanent agreement could
be made, and various causes, have hitherto
prevented a settlement of this vexatious
"The British Government regards the
committee of government of San Juan del
Norte above referred to, as in fact, the recal
power which exercises authority in that part
of Central America. It would be a matter
of indiff'erence to Great Britain whether that
authority wvas exercised in the name of the
King of Mosquito, or in the name of the
city of San Juan de Norte itself. But it is
desired by the British Government that the
apparent state of things should be made to
conform to the reality, which is not nowv the
ease, the government being nominally car
ried on in the name of the King of Mos
quito, while it is really exercised by the
committee organized at San Juan del Norte,
or Grevtown, under a popular election.
What th'e British Government would con
sider a.good and final adjustment would be:
" First, That San Juan del Norte or
Greytown should be a free and independent
port, connected wvith Mosquito by such re
lations of friendship and alliance as may be
" Secondly. That indemnification or ad
vantages equivalent to those laid down in
the project~ of convention of the 18th
A pril, 1852, should be assured to Mosquito
in return, for its withdrawal from its pre
set position in reference to San Jun del
" Thirdly, That the United States and
Great Britain, without formally guarantee
ing San Juan del Norte, should be ready to
act in-concert to defend the in ependence
of the free city or port, in whatever quarter
it may be attacked. The British Govern
ment deem it essential that the city and port
~f San Juan del Norte, or Greytowvn, should
be established either in a state of unequal
inepenencie, with an engagement to de
fend Mosquito, oi of qualified independence,
owing allegiaiice and support to Mosquito."
That a wvarhike movement should have
been made while these propositions wvere yet
under discussion, would appear incredible;
and we therefore reserve further remarks
until the full piarticulalrs of the news'shall
DEATH OF COL. BEnYjAH DUNHAX.
Col. Benajah Dunham, of this town, died
on Tuesday morning, 15th inst. Col. Dun.
ham was well and widely known; few pri.
vate individuals have ever established a
broader and stronger character for the useful
and sterling virtues of a valuable citizen.
He had g.awin and prospered with our
rising village, and was always, by his ener
gy and uncommon good sense and industry,
eigaged in promoting some useful wider
taking or improvement which, whilst it em
ployed his own time and capital, contributed
to the prosperity of those around h'm. He
was a man of enlarged public spirit, and a
sterling patriot.-Greenville Mountaiueer.
HonDUR.s.-There are two countries
called Honduras, in the same region of ter
ritory. 1. The Republic of Honduras, which
contains 72,000 square miles and 310,000
inhabitants. The capital of this Republic
is Chiquimula, and the Governor Juan
Reale. 2. The colony of ' British londu
ras'-so called-containing 6',740 square
miles and 10,000 inhabitants. The capital
of this colony is Belize, and the Governor
Philip S. Woodhouse,
Goon.-President Pierce, in reply to the
congratulatory Address of the foreign diplo
matic Corps at Washington, used the follow
ing happy language:
"Gentlemen-Among the most delicate
and responsible trusts thus imposed upon
me by the choice of my country, [ recognize
the conduct of its relations with other pow
In the discharge of this duty, I shaff, of
course, look, in the first instance, to- what
the interests and the honor of the United
States may require, whichnecessarily in
clude a strict observance -of national
gagements, respect for the rights of ocher
governments, and a faithful adherence to
those sacred principles of justice which are
the common law of Christendom.."
TuE DRUNKARD's CHfARACTER.--Vromx
volume of pamphlets, lettered "Misceellne
ous Sheets," presented by George-ll.. to- the
British Museum, was taken the following:
" A drunkard is the annoyance of modesty;
the trouble of civility; the spoif of wealth;
the distraction of reason. le is only the
brewer's agent; the tavern and- -.r
The above has been floating through the
papers without contradiction. We merely
copy it to'say that neither the ring nor seal
belong legitimately to the episcopal office,
They are mere fancy appendages.
NOTHIrG equals a boy except : gfr!
The frolicking, harum-scarum, high glee
times of boyhood, happy they were. P'er
!haps you never broke steers and colts. never
slid down hill, over fences, across the ke on
the meadow. never skated among the hugo
fires on the ten acre pond, on a clear whi
ter's night, drawing the prettiest girl in all
the town after you, holding upon a stiek.. If
you never have, you never was a boy !- Ifw
many years does a man have to live to pile
up as much happiness as jumps out of a boy
in a single old- fashioned, gingerbread, mo
lasses candy., wrsln,hbat and ball pLa'n
town -meeting dayi Boys, go it, while you
are young ? Bring out your slerfs and
skates, roll up snow-balls as huge as Atlas,
play "tag," and make the mosC of your
legs! ____ __
Turxx.L-Th ought engenders thougft.
Place one idea upon paper, another will fol
low it and still another, until you have wri
ten a page. You cannot fathom your mind.
The more you draw from it, the more clear
arnd fruitful it will be. If you negleet to
think yourselfand use other people's thoughts
-giving them utterance only, you will never
know w~hat you are capable of. At first
your ideas may come out in lumps, homely
and shapeless, but no matter ; time arid per
severance will arrange and polish them,
Learn to think and to write; the more- you
think, the better you will express ~your ideas.
Pnssxcuss in India raise blisters with
red-hot iron, and dress them with cayenne
pepper- If such treatment don't make a
man " smart," wye don't know anythinig that
would. One of the ihvorite cathartics is
made of pills of gunpowder-twelve are
given for a dose-a minute after they are
dow~n, a coal of fire is administered, when a
movement in the particles takes place, that
e:ther eradicates the disease or the invalid
commonly the latter.
THE Laurensville Herald says thist Jere
miah Stroud, who killed Eamuel Gentry
sometime since in Spartanhurg, has beeni
found guilty of murder, and sentenced by
the Court to be hung on the second Monday
in June next.
1RGE FoR TUNE TO A Co~,vic.-A man Inamed
Robert Sutton, confined in the Auburn Stats
Prison, New York, for robbing Judge Harris, of
Albany, has just received intelligence that he is
heir to ninety thousand dollars, by the death of
a relative in England. He lias yet some five
years to remain in prison.
TuHE road to ruin is through the gate of
wrong. The man wvho' cheats has taken the
first step towards litigation and poverty.
bail-bonds and hroken breeches. God has
so ordered matters that the only things that
produce lastingv benefits, are honesty and
right. Out of a dozen well-to-do scamps
that we knew five years ago, ten have run
awvay, while the other two act as orderly
sergeants to a swill wagon.
WVnuy you go out to drown yourself, a!
ways pull off' your clothes, they may fit your