Newspaper Page Text
Georgef G. llcury, a well known commission
m,-rehiat in M3obile, and one too favorably
known for correctness in his estiniiates of pre
'ions cotton crops and prices, in a letter to the
edi:or of the Cotton Planter, estimates the
erop at 3,000.000 bales, and add,:
- Should tilie rt-ceipts run ip to 3.000.000,the
crop has been then at least 250.000 bales heavier
ihan last year. I have doih:ed, takiig :all
tiings into consideration, if it were really
hoatvier. Last year at least 259,000 bales of
o!d cotton came to hand, which depre-sed
throuighout the cotton rgion, is held for other
Sevars. This crop will lseihat sort of aid, Is
will all come forward, I believe, :- I- do not
know of any feeling in favor of holding co-ton
bick in the co't:-' anywhere.
"Well, with all the iavorable concurring ele
ments if it is found the crop will not exceed
3,00,000, middling cotton, I think, will go to 7d.
liefore the Ist 0f July in Liverpool: and if the
wormins, which made a pretty respectable coi.
mencement last year sholid acquit themselve-r
with their usu:il taste and imp.irtiality, (and they
are fully due this year, as it is the seventh since
1816.) why, prices will go to t or Od. for mid
'ings next tidl.
'Middlings which we sold thii time last year
for 6jvc, we are now sellinlr at 6 1-2e.. and such
were selling at the suine time in Liverpool at
1 1.4d. and were at last dates, selling at 5 7-8.1.
this year-a differe-ce here of I 3-4e. higher,
wlhi!e these Prices are equ.;l to 2 3-4e. higher.
The pressure (if our receipts, and our anxiety
to -el, put us lower than wo -shonid be evident
ly if these receipts could have been diffused
throuiiott the year.
I think, therefore. the prospects of the cot ton
planter are extraordinirily proloi:ious; thvat cot
ton mnst advance this season further, and prices
will also be good another year.
How much good depends, as usual, on acei
dents! If the worm dtes his seventh year's
wort-, 15c. next year will be a common pr,-.
The startling intelligenes re::cltl this pla-e
vesteunly moirning, ahbnit 10 o'clock, (says t'i
M.'her.w Gazette of Wednesday,) thut thle Jail
of the District was consnimed iv fire, togrether
with all the' prisoners confined withiin its wall.
This reo)'rt was soon confirmed bv the following
letter from Dr. Craig, Clerk of the Court. to
which we refer for particulars
CnIEsTE RIFIcLD C. I.. March 29.
DE.n Sir: The Chesterfield Jitil was con.
sumed by fire this morning, about 3 o'clock, de-.
stroying the lives of vighut persons. The fire
wa-s tirst dioeimred iii one of- the front rooms
tuced-:is a cook root. Whien fii-st discovered it
was then too late to render assistance to thi
prisoners up stairs, stillicicin to enable them to
mi-ke their escape.
The names otf those consumed are M3andaville
11. Hall. Robert Dickson, John Parr, Fraticis 31.
IHall. Wi. Grooms, and Malcom 3arin, prison
ers; Mrs. Martin, wifo of Maleom Martin ; John
31artin brother of Malcom Martin.
The last two were ott t visit to Malcom Mar
till. James W. Jowers and Richard Dickson,
were disehtarged yesteaday, so they escaped.
W. W. Campbell was ill tile debtor's room, mid
was turned out in time to be saved. Every ex
er;iion was used to save the lives of the prison
ers and building, but all failed.
Yours, &c. J. C. CRAIG.
CosvIcTIos i-or M-RDan.-At the High Cour'
of Justiciarv, Edinburgh, recentlv. John Wil
liaus, an American, was charged wi.h the mur
der of Andrew Mather, toll-keeper, on the 4:h1 or
5th December last, on the turnpike-road between
Cleikitmin Inn and Tull, parish of Lauder, Ber
wickshirea, liv inflicting various blows on his
head, face-nid neck. He was likewise eharged
with robbig~thte deceased of it stnuff-biox. a to.
baceo-bo.,.and a pipe-pin, whichl were aill arti.
-ees on the pe-rsotn of the deceased att the time
ber, his danighters went out in. search of him.
and f'ouind him lying on the road. side, and the
prisoner beside him. The clothesi ot: the de
reased were all torn, and he was nearly naked
about the breast. There wvas a groat de-al of
blood on hisi head and neck,."'hioh were disfig
ured witht wounds. Whf en thtey went, to seek
for assistancie the accused ran away, lHe was
ajpei.ded the Tuesday foi o.riuig, antd, on Lie.
inm.s questioned, lie saiid lie haid killed the man.
a&nJ that the devil had templfted. him. ie said
lie did not thlinik. theyv would. hamg hint, Lint, if
they ti-ansportuok han, it. was just wha t he want.
das lie cond& not get back, to his own connttry
any other way:.. Thle jury found the prisoner
guilty, anid the cotrt ex-presse-d conctirreince in
the verdiet. The-Loard Justice Clerk sentenc-d
hima to be excettued t. Grecenhaw, thle cotinty
town of Derwic!shire, ott Monday, the 14th
Oc-racocs SwINDLtNG.--One of the most
ottrageous transact ionis that ha~ve taken place
uinder thle late adminiistrat ion is the swindling ot
the Inuians in Minniesotai. Liy Governor Ramsey
an-d a horde of leeches under himi, out of a very
1.trge sutm of m'mey intrusted to the parties by
the government, to bo paid over to cetaint tribes.
to comply' with treaty st ipuhations. The Cin-'
einnati $nqutirer says the sum is ats hi-gh ams
$295,000, which these dishonest oflicials have
pocketed in this itnstanee.
It senms that they rubbed them in a double
form. They first obta;in~ed the 'nioney in specie
front the government, and Cehanlged a large
um of it for spurinhs pap'r, the Bl~mk of Amer
ia prtndn to be ani institution ait Washling
ion city. Tis thier took out to Miinnesota aund
palmed upon the uiilettered Indians aus good
inoney, whicht t hey now camnnot get rid of at~ any
pric-the ageiits thiemselves refutsing to toinehi
it. This- was one soure of' the swindle,, anid oh'
p-ofit to the iinfiuonus oflieials ;for it cannot be
nppiosed they exchantged coin for utterly wvorth-.
Ie.v., raiga withioat getttng ani immense ptremitutm
for the former.
They robubed them by another process. They
provided tietitiouis claims, from which they ob-'
tained money front the chief-s. itt the name of
the tribies, after firt mnakiing them druntk and
depriving themt of ability to take caire of their
own interests. And then they pauid money in
certain amonunts and fraudulently got the Indians
to sign receipts for mueh larger sums, and
themselves divided and piocketed the dilferences.
Jn thle mean time thli poor indiains, una~bie to
prov-ide supplies with the rag-trash ini their hainds,
arc suffering with cold, stairvation anid dis.ease;
anid'the sdoundrels w~hio rioted tipon their means
of subs.istence, instead of being in~ cells, are de
fended as honorable men.-Detroit Free P'ress.
N~tvA..-Thie New York Herald of Mondauy
says that a report is prevalent ini Washington,
that Geiteral Pisacs will at once countermnd
the expeditioii to Jaupan as useless and inexpedi
ent, for the reasonl that it is n'ot sutliciently
strontg to conmpet the Japanese to opent their
poirts, aind that the foiree of tinere moral stiasion
will be wholly ineffectual. The exploraution of
Behring's Straiits will be post poned. This seems
to inidieate a prospect thaot the services of our
nav'al force-may iin a short tine be required near
er home, and that the P'residenit is determtined
to be prepared for atny difliculty that may airise,
notwithtstandin~g the facet that Contgress refunsed
to give himit the necessary support by strength
cning our ma~ritime power, and placing it upon
an equal footing with thatt of three or f-aur of
thme Europeaii t:m
SciecDF. FmoM R.trPtGs.-Ebenezer Rope, a
respectable citizeni of Milto~n, Ma-ss., hug himt
s If ini his barn, on Tfhtrsdaym. lie leaves a
foumily. Intsaniity, resninig from the rapping de
Jusioni, cautsed the nmourntful act. Hie was one of
the selectmen of the tow;n. Sylvia leech, a
mnaidoen lady, comnmitted suicide iyy hanging, at
New Ashuford, Mass., last wveek. Caus~e said to
have beent religions excitemntt.
Go rr, C:.tr-onst.1t!-A somewhat niew and
mtanghjotus rev-elat ion is muade buy a Wa~shringtont
correspondenit of oune (if thme New York papers:
It amutounits lio this, and if true, wvill be a utew
more in the workings of ntanifest destinty. A
comprfny of wealhy Californianis have enitered
into a negotiation for the purchase of the Sand
wvieh Islainds, wyith : view of having thtemu anunex
el to thme tUited Staute.<, as a coutity of Californuiu.
It is said that at onie time the w~holhe arrangement
luad beeni madoe, when-u the weak.muiuded King
ut.e,.d ontt.--Conts. & Re-public.
NRTHUR' SIMKINS,. EDITOR.
WEDNESDAY APIML 6,1853.
A new dry-goods louse has been estalilisled' in
IHamburg. fur particulars of whicr sce-1a3k Fur.
The bast of Boda Water.
LtT those, who intend furaisaing our thirsty
tharoats with this pleasant beverage during the coming
season, look at CnAa.Es CLARKs brief advertisement
a:ad transmit their orders to him in good time.
Nowberry GeneraL Grocery,
Fcrtna & AGNEW are the men who keep it, and
they keep it well supplied at that, competing witir the
Columbia market (so we understamt) in their pricet
as well as in the quality of their goods. Turn to
their fresla advertisement.
Rev. E. L. Whatley's Communication.
Is tlhe article published to-day, frotm our esteemed
friend, the Rev. E. L. W Arrt.:v, on the subject ol
Temperance Logislation, we find the following Ian
guage under quotation marks:
"-But it would be imposing upon the- liierties of
thte people to pass sticht a law."
" But the people will not submit to the law."
The manner m which these oljectiotns are entered
in Mr. W's. piece for the purpose oif refutation miglhl
naturally lead the reader to stppose that we had used]
then in some previous article, particularly as the
writer at the outset of his argument tmentions him
dissent from our vtews upon this subject. This im
pression we of course know he never intended to
make. as the language ias not been used lby us. We
only mettion it now to say ilt such is the case,
without taking any ground as to the sutudtess of
unreundness of those obji-etions.
We gladly publi- u.t; friend's Views, and shaould.
b? glad to hear from him again. We do not difler
with him as to the evils (f intemperance, but cnly ts
to lite means of suppressing those evils. We ar
mcoral-sutsiunis:s, while ie is a legal cuercionist.
Spring and its Attributes.
Ott ! Ikautiftl. mild, halmy, love-inspiring, poe
tr;-:nmving, lassiti-le-bringing, iaimemory-awakening
Spring! Thou art here again with all thy manifol
,prin-?/ g. ; re enoug, Monsieur Scribbler, herc
.nmj But why address me with this multiplicity o
a jectives. IHplain thiy meanine. if any thout hast!'
Ilost htnmbly, reverently and' lazily, oh gracious
Queen of Floweri, will we proceed to defend, provt
and substantiate tie terms we have ventured to appl%
to thy, most hn2vitchingly variegated njesty.-Wt
have frst called thee beautifa!. And',. in doing so
have we done more than every poet that ever pen'd
a stanza, or every lover thatever breathed a sigh, 01
every troubadour that ever warbled a melody iat
done long, lona and often, often before us! Is noi
b2auty acknowledged by. the universal world "-aca
tie rest of niikind" to be thy chiefest, surest, bright.
est attribute !"
Vipynng. Acmdmitted witlhout firther parley. snec
thts thou presetntest it to my alpproval. But where.
fore mild !"
Canst thou ask wherefore! thlou. wlco hast displac
ed the rigor of rugged Winter with thine own sn'eel
zephyrs, wlhiclh clime to us stealing so gently as tncit tc
"vist too rouhly" a new-born infant's cecck!
Alh! yea. Once through thy somewhat, blustering
month of 3March, as non' tlhou art, and mildness i,
indeed a part of thyself. For then thine own deai
"Walges and starts arotmd
rThe sleeping fragrance froma thec grounod,
And scatters o'er thce living sceee
11er freshest, tetnderest, smoothtest green."
.e--nea-Enanjah. If you intend to call to yc mi
aid-the lines of so enraptured yet Iconest a votary o1
mine as classic Thcomas Gray of ' Chaurch-yard'
memory, I yield at onace, admuit thme " soft impeach
ment" antd allow that nmildncess is onre of any charac
terisics.-lBut upon what piremises do you proceed tcn
turmn me balmy !"
Upon thae simple ground thmat thaou bringest lht atn
on thy' wirngs, to c-osmtterac't thme ills inflicted uapon tkce
ecildren of amen by thy haard-haeartedl precdecessnr. Il
thcis thouc hcast not doane,.thcen are we wrong in callinag
Spring~t. " Not wrong nor- altogethcer right. We
will hcowever refracin Sromcdisputting car a pciant, which
aight muore pronperly be investigated before onae of
yotar (so-called) Medical facualties. The-w" pros" andc
"eons" of my hcealinag ability woulcd each, lave
enough of advocates. It wouald he said by a goc
marcy sapiernt 31. D's., doubatless, that, nhldce I eurecd
soane I killed othaers.-Buat say uon, and telli cme whcer
thcou eamest to a kncowledcge of thce trutha thcat I was
Long, long agoa, in thae c~thugtlesscdays of boyhcood,
was tis satme kncowledlge imparted to tus by several
little well-remembered esperienaces. 'rue, thce feeling
theno engendbreci.ast what is caclle-d " puppy-locve,'
and passed away withc thce fleetinag hcour. Bunt enouagl
of thor passages is retcnbered to knmow thcat thcey
were inavariaibly and inseparably connect;e:! with thcy
sweet inflanes, thy moon-lit nights, thly gardetas of
fow ra, thcy rural sports, andc the chIirped anad trilledm
melotes of thcy feathcered songsters. Sinace thaose
days, wve hcave hcad more than one occasion to confess
thcy love-insplirintg power. AndI, to c-ut thce tmatter
sort, we at tIs very time kncow of several old
bachcelors hereabouts, who will come before youa atnd
testify on otath that they still feel, at clay return, cc
I low at thceir ohi hiearts and a teecder yearahing amnga
their ancient affections after some ccbjct to fasten
upona, whichl thecy never know at anyothaer season.
Xpring;. " Andc wthy calest-thou me poetry-movinag ?,
Becatuse, hatving glanced at the poetry of all
Chrisendoma, we find~thay name and clay ecarms ever
prminent in thec ode, the sonnet or theo lyrice. So
freinent indceed is cte mention of thy beauties thcereini
tat we are forced to thre conclusaion thcat thcou hcasa
thyself instigated thcem isa the. great majority of cases.
a'pring. " Bctt am I reatlly "lassitude-brcginag,"
as thcou hcast said !"
Witha thae haighest admiration fmort'hy many merits
and beauties, oha, Sprinag, we mart, s'tinl say in eanador
that thcere is thcis slighat defect in thy ebaracter.. TVhou
dnt tmake us lazy, afcer dinner espeially. and more
esp-cially if at thaat dinner thaou hcast adamianisteredl to
us a disha of that favorite narcotic of thaine, known to
mrals a' Lettue.-. Yet it cannot he called an unc
pleasant aensation, thcis lassituade thcou bringest opera
u4. Many regard it as a gloritnus relaxation.
I Spring. "Attempt not to palliate my defects ; btt
tell m-2, lastly, (and he very brief too,) whly it is thaat
thoru hcast attributed to me a "naetmory-awakeinag"
Well, we are rathrer put to it for a very satisfactory
reason. But we feel that time expression is not arc
inappropriate one to thcyself. Th'lere is a somethaing,
we know not whaat, in the whcispering of thy breezes
at everning-mide wh-la carries thae somal (it may be by
assoc-ation) to thce pleasant days of thce past. Thcere
is thrat in thre melody of thcy tunefurl coir, wshicha
touches a chcorcd in thre hurman heart, ns hose vibrations
resembale so nearly whaat we felt in oaur earlier days as
to take us bac-k, in ihce spirat, to thcose with whcom we
orce enjoyed thce delighats inseparable from thcine ap
proacha. 'Thlere is sormethaing too mn lay genial atn
bamrs, whcich thraws our callous sensibilities, hastens
te flow of ouar sluaggisha blood, arousies anad enlivens
otr trmagination and amakes us love to muse upon all
that is good anad kirndl and true in the :ies whcicha once
uited tus to thcose whao are now numbered amrong thce
"just onecs made perfect."
a'apring. ". Thaen, msirtah, let al' improve thaese
getle inzfluernces to the' refinrg arnd enaoblirng oaf threir
naatres, and my annuacal mision, whlile imparcinag
pleastare itt life, may not Ibe wsithoutt good fruits in
The Genuine Tork-shire.
A friend hans sent tus thce folloawitag specimen of the
York-shire dialect, whrichl he tells uas wa~s taken clown
ay an attenative listener, from a sernmn tieliveredl years
ago by the Rieverenad Mr. CuatTmsor Ohaio. Of ccourse
tre preachier was a "Juhmuy Buth" of thec most unc
"ilcar hceyes,. hanad hour hecars, hand hour lancder
stadins hare almost hcall hundeccr the hicfluencee of
the Ilarchaitect of 'elI, whiile we are haimn ran humregen
Th'atr, we think, is even a lile wcorse thcan thc
"vhih'' unrd "swianegar'' of ouar own E isto islanad
Ar an election held in Lexington District on tih
12th tlt., Lieut. JAMES M. BARa was elected Major
of the upper Blattallion, 15,h Regiment South Cart
Death of Gen. Hanna.
I the death of this gentleman, which occurred on
the 29th ult., South Carolina has lust another of her
most true and useful sons. It is an event to be dc
piored; not only in the section to which lie belonged,
litt tliroughont the whole State. Gen. IASNNA served
his District efficiently in the State Senate for some
years. At the time of his decease, lie was Solicitor of
the Eastern Circuit, iii which-position lie had proved
himself an upright, active anti capable iflicer. IJF
fellow-members of the legal fraternity, on-tle cii-cuit
to which lie was attached, have signified their senfe
of the loss they and the community at large lave-sus.
tained by his death, in appropriate and feeling reso
Onr good and energetic men are dropping off, ore
by one. Miy their places be filled by successors of
THr American populace seem to have been quite
carried away of late by the lectures of 3a. FRANCIS
MEAGHEa (pronounced Mar) on the subject of Aus.
tralian resources, lioptlation, institutions, customs,
manners &c., &c., &c. From a Leicestershire (Eng
land) Mfercury which has been transnitted to it by a
friend, we perceive that one Mrs. Ciiusnot.x is pro
during the same effect among the Iritish pkbs. The
main point of difference between the English lady
and the Irish gentleman seems to be, that the latter
has had only sutch access to Australian experience as
a mtn in the Tower of London would have to tie
workings of that great metropolis, while the former las
had years of actual insight into the matters of which
sihe speaks. Mr. 31FAGn Ea, a prisoner escaped from
Australia, comes over the water, iisirtiets the Ameri
can public nid works the masses up to rapturous
applause. Mrs. Ctiisnot.st, an old and skilful col
oniser, carries along her British auliences with
&earcel hlf the furor. Our notion is that the " old
folks at hime" (meatning of course the good Anglo'
Saxon stock from nlhich most of us are sprung)evince
in this, as in many other things, far more sense nnd
di-crimination than do their Americanized relations.
Here too, by :le last papers, we find that a 31r.
RICiaRDS has broached the same theme. As lie ha
Inever becet either an Australian prisoner or culotizer,
we suppose his success will be based upon the fictt i
hii being ablet to know thiiiigs at a distance. This
wll lie, to his gaping li.<teners, a sufficient evidence
of miarked sagaeity and decided ability to ensure him
croiwdeid houses for at least one season. Oh! th<
gu:lililiiy of these mame Republican bipeds!
Two Queer Cases.
TuraE is an old gentleman residing in our vicinity
who has reaclied the age of seventy. having amtassed
some property. lived well and raised a conisitlernlih
family of children, who has never yet written or re.
ceivedi a letter.
Ther., is another, about fifty or sixty years of age
who has always posssesed suflicietit bodily activity
and mentuil strengik to attend Io his own tmatiers, wit.
has never yet been to either A ugnsta or lamburg. 2
distance of not inure than twenty mifles froi the plaet
of his abode. In fact, we have heard some say thal
they doubt whether lie has ever been inore than twelvt
miles in any direction.
If any of our brethren can produce a citizen whi
has iteen of less servico tio the post-oiffice deparimeti
than the former. or one less enriotuts about the work
of men around him than tie latter, we will agree it
treat to a tlirip's worth of anything that may be call.
Romedy for a Cough.
HING rcetly suflered fr'm aimost violent cough
which cluing to us for several weeks, and ktnowtngthat
Imany are at this to labonring untder the same afflict
ing disease, we offer to them a very simple ireatmtr
wichl waveti us spedy neli,- r.k in this: Kee paniere
oflneprtially sa turated withGrainat tor
uipout the breast, changing it from place in place at
the butrning becomtes too painftul. At the same time,
take JAYNr.'s Expectorant according to the directionm
which accompany each bottle. As a relief, we htave
found this lust tmedicinc far more effectual thtan the.
boastedl Cherry Pectorals whlich now seem to lie all
the go. Try it-y*ou wvill stifler nto harm, if you drve
no bentefit from its usce. We couild not speak thus cun
fideintly of preparationus which cnttain a poison so ac.
tive as Prussic acid.
Fora TE AovERtTi:it.
Ds:.ra Smu,-l have been initernding for two yeatri
past to sendi ont mry namte as a rtubscr iber tot the A d
rcrtiser, but piroerastinaztiuon, which is said to hi
" the thief of titme'' has preveteid mte fromt doiint
so. I therefore enibrace the pponrtuity ini sending
this cemtmitientiont, tot fotrwaurd the " speni sesamte'
that entitles onec to. the high privilege oif becoingi
patron, The re are several itimaitte frienids in mty
neighborhood to whtomt. the paper pays it's weekd4
visi:s, andI I hatve enijoved the plbasture oif a frequteni
perusald of its colhiumtns ; bitt there is it sat'sfnetion ii
readuiing one'a ownt paper that does not attnteh to ttn)
b nlyns else. Yu wi!l allow mue to presume so fal
tupon the relattioins aind associationis.of" Lung Synte,'
ats to expr~as a high adtmiraition of the editorial con
duet of the Adrertiser, and to speak in specini
commieundationt of thme fair anid free use of its columm
that has bteen always extendied to those whio haiv.
dhiffered fromt you ott stibjects of publlic ititerest;
feature thazt has beeni promintenthy chtarneteristie. 1I
is tteill-.ss to say to you that this expression of ti
appireciation of your course is riot the resutt of
visit to the "B ]larney S'tonec;" but tIere mtay hi
those whlo, not kinowinig mte, nmighit regard it asi such
and intended to secure for this article n ~o.ihornb
receptioni. Ihenee I dhemn it due to myself to is
eintimt any~ such miot:ve., anid piroceed to enter ai dis
senit from~ the 1ssitiion you have tatken in referenecn
to a questioni thatt is likey son to be brought biefort
the people; a questiont involvinig ini its detatils out
hi best interests ; muoral, soa, poiie emnporal
Whilst I h:ive long felt n great initerest in thci
snees of the tetmperaunce enu'e, I have tnever taik n
a very active part in the variotus nienisures whtiell
have, fromu timte to tiume, been devised for its piromno
tioni ; the extet of my efTbrts beinig (aside fromt thiai
done ini the discharge of the dtuties of the iniistry
of reco.eliatin) two or three little speeches, a sign
mnanuelI to a Washtingtointn Cartd, atnd a brief coni
neetioni n ith a divisitinsof the "Soins,'' wh:ch last
soon wenit the way of all hiumuan conitrivancees.
Th:-se diferentt mnovemenits though, I doubt ntot
have contribuited mtuch to relieve the. world fromu
tihe .\lehoholie " reign of terror." Yet wvithut in.
tcndng tiny dispatragement to them or the men~ whon
set thtemt int mtotiont, I must express mty convictiotanof
their ihnaidequiaey to the tatsk oif refot'nuing society is
this particular ; this is a task that dlevohves nlpon t~he
civil atuthoty. You mtay thtink this is taking high
grnound, but hear me, and I think you whll say it is
(tot whtolly ind efetnsible.
Threre arc thre.e institutionis of Divine appoint
ment, the Chureb, the State, the Fantily. Thesee
Iinst:tutions are of uniiversail aund perpietuail aplicat
tioni ; they meet every exigenicy, atid cnnnot be set
asidle, without britngitng cvil on society. They and
they only cani efict the greattest gooud to our rtuee
They are organuiza~tions, totally distinct from echl
onter, andi itntended tnt atcconmp'lih different etnds ;
eoueh working in its ownt sphere aflfords ntid to the
othiers, andh all combjine to produice ultimtatehy a per.
feet state of society. I say they are intended to
accomiplish difyerenit endts, primarily, thonuigh inci
dentally they may producte some similar~ results.
INow hitumann institutio~ns titay Fomnetim s exert an
influentce aiuxilliairy to thesc udivinte appouiintmtents, but
they tire in their very nature transienit, evantescenut,
Iconitilly chiangintg, and e.nnot take the place of
that wvhich thecy ate only itntendetd to nid. Ihtunnan
instittutionus also net somtetikmes ini oppositions to the
udiv:tne, andl benee the nteesrity of observiung the
utmtost enruiiotn itt depetnding upon thienm to pirodumce
guttd results. Does it not thuen follow, that thn onty
.sr.. nti eure Cnnetr. tin nntretn. is thatt i'r1 ,1men Im)
Weil', lt t us inquire aI I ttle into the natnire Ina
and offices of what we have designated .s Divine
inst:tutiois. What is tle Church and what its
office? It is sufficient fur our present purpose, to
say that the Church is a moral iitatitution ; it exerts
a moral influence, operates by moral motives, and
effects moral good. It is not Iand was never int.nd
ed to be a poL.tico-ecelesiastical e tabl'slhuent, opera
ting by physica' force, and inposing physiel pains
and penalties on those who do not .iubinit to its till
thority ; or holding out carnal inducements to the
discharge of Spirituil duties. The union of it with
the civil power is anl unho'y allianec, and iust
bring forth the bitter ofi-spring of intolerance and
persecution. It is also a spiritual iit:tultion, with a
spiritual priesthood ; it ineuletes sp:ritua duties
and precepts, and pronises a siiritnal rew:.rd in a
spritual world ; ani inherit:mee on high, undeti ed
and that fadethinot away, eternal in the heaven s'
Thii is not-, of oorse, set fortl iis a coiiilet- defiii:
tion of the Church, but it is Clcient to indie:te
tie id, a.
Next comes the State, wliili is more dilicult to
define bv ore- in no way foniitwidi the reinee
of Civil Government. What ' understand by it
however is, tht it is a civil justtitoiin a body (if
men living under a particular form of governmne!;
a po:tiical rgnwizatioi,. whose'object is to svellre t)
e.ieh- individu II, tie rights privileges and imin:uii
t:es, to which lie is enithled, inder the form (f Gov
ernment to which allegiance ihicknowlehdged. .ii
essenti.i feature in the State ia lawI making power,
which delines the dtities of its subjects, puitive! ntil
ni g-itv, and prescribes a penalty ini connect on
wit'.i tLe transgression of its cnactn."it. It is ::ot
the province of this institution to exten its nu:ior'
tyover the religious opiniors of-the peolie., no tol
restrict. the liberty of the eitirzens,::eept where lie
exereise of that liberty, (rather tie, .bu-e of it) is
advers-e to public weal. Any aet tliit is opposed to
I the publi good is a crime,'and the. Snte hias the right
and it only has the power un 'Ir a divine a1poinital:-nt
to reimedy the evil. Thore who do not believe in :I
divine :ip;>iintmient, c mot sur.-ly object to the r!,ht
and power I ae,'ord to trio State.
Willi regard to tile institittion of ite family, it
is unnecesstry to say anythig lere. Without f.r
ther eireuniloeution then, let us apply these prinei
p!es to the questions before us. Should the State
by an ;et of the Legi.-ature, prohibit the maniuh:e
ture and sale of ardhent spiriexeept as a imedicine?
I ai no advocate of the "1 Maine Law," becaue I
do.not know what are its prawi.ims, never having
se-en it. But for the rea-ons subjoinecl, I maintain the
ailirnintive (if the quest:on propounded above. If it is
n14t, it itiglit to be, an axiom in polit'c:tl economy
that tho State iaq the right,tiud it becomes its duty.
to suppress whatever militates against the peace and
wellfare of the people. Well-in the name of ren.on,
and observation and hi-tory, wha.t is and has bt tn.
inore dangerous to the-peace of society. iore (es
i truetive of the well being of individuals and comin
munities than liquir ! llen talk about the evil. of
war . but have all the wars that have desolated the
earth, done more t entail misery upon the hut inan
family than liquor? iTave famine and pestilunce
done it ? aiil lins nit liquor itsl-f contributed largely
to produnce th--se very evils. Sure'y, Furely this fell
destroyer of hmna ha, p'nos, this in t er of inman
Ipels, this fruitful producer of iwidoa ws and or
pn, this consumer of I-ropertyi this di gracer of
fanilks, this ruiner of sotils, his donme enough to
earn for itself a high place in thee records of crime.
If the. manufacture aiid, sale of lIquor witht all its
attendat and iniseparable ills; be not -a cime, I am
at a lass to designate wvhat is such ;:and if th e higher
aLthioiities have iiot tlic right to sup;. ress it, pray
infoern me what the~y haea.the riftht to fiorbd.
nur rrwou,,urmrosinlg uipon~lie1Tirti s-or-ue
peoiple to peass stich ala.
Wh~y, imy dear sir-, do you not see- that such a
notion of liberty as this, wvoulid imake eve-ry legal
enactment on the Statute books a violation iof t:e
libertiies of the people ? What is liberty 1 Is it to
allow -he gratiienton of every base passioni ? Is it
to permit the induilgeuce of every vile appetite ? I
kiiow you too well to ente-rtain the thought thait you
wotulid defmne 1:be.rty the right to exercise om's
thiievishi propensites so far as to appropriate to hiim
rneIf the property of another. I know you wouldl
iiot call it liberty for the debainchee to exert his se.
iuctive arts to the prostitution of beauty and inno
eenee and virtue. You would iiot say ilmat h;birty
consists in allowinig one's passionis to dr:v-e him ti
the commission of murder. Anil how von c-an
eatl that liberty which conidiees so stronigly to the-se
aind a thoiusand oilier crimes of blackest liue, is al
miost mis inconmprehenasible as the Eletishinvmste
ries,.r i-the~ pusitag perfismaneecs of th?- Spirit nad
Ibappi rs. If this be lib: rty-, let us give up all civil
regul::tionis aiid aekncwledge no law, but the " 1mw
of the desert land.'"
'' But the peopele will not submiit to thme liw.''
Well, it would be a strange thing if thie peolec
would not submit to a Iiw of thecir own maiking.
It is not the udesin or thie work of the friends or
this measure to foce it on the p-ople withiut the
consenit of the majority. It woul be bothi turwise
anid unftir to do so. But let the nmatter be I.rolight
befuor.- the people. Let it lie iienesed iin 1in55
meetings and in the newsp::pers thr.-nijint the
State, nd let the pecople spenak through thet bnalot
bJox at the Genieral Election:, lby endorsinig on their
ticke is, '' Liur or " No 1-iquor." '1 his is the
cur::e pursued iinimany uf thme Stmates ::nd is the
true Deimocratic policy. Aiid if th~e .soveeign
peoplhle determinjie that thme tr flie m ha'l be suppre: Ish,
whlere will be thme difficuilty iof ptmssinr mind en''or; i'g
the law. lBut if they deide othecrwise and prefer
-to conitiinue the presenit systemii with mll its at tendanmt
horrors, why ini reason's naiie let thmeim die so. Let
drnkinniess, and. de-banuebery, aiii :nuiirder, stil!
eunrse e utr laud. Let imen die biy imnin a pol nd
leave- poverty to adimiisteri on thmeir istates. ] .e~t
wviidiws die breken-he-arted, andii chilrien ;i forth
iiite the wvorl, ignoiranit nid nineaired fori. deleneh-nit
upon inrihi's cold chiarir)y fier feoid and rumimet
with ino bright pronpret fer thie future:, anml nit re
celletioiis of the past but such ams are aviieint d
with shamiie nnd distress.
Liberty, my dhent Sir, i- a leesed 1 ciin, but from
such liberty Liqiuor gives, mayi kind heaven pee: ve
us ! I know niot with what diegree of favior the-se
views will be received b~y your readers. To imuny.
they masy be distasteful. Soime I 1.nmo will frieely
endre- them. Die thiat na it may hiowever, I claim
the ric.t aind regaid it the ditty emf every patriit
nad Chiristian to spe-ak out oii r~subjec-t that su initi
nixtely te.-eerns the wellfare eof the couintry.
I ami no aidmirer of the timae-serv-ing peolicy that
w ,aits to see in whnt direction the piopular current
wil1 flew, when any measure of public intere-st is
presented foir consideratthm, andl therefore, thu-ngh
coimparativily iinknowt amid exetr-ing an iniI uuece in
a narreow sphere, as a South Ciaroliniaii in eve-ry
thing th at constitumtes eitzeniship, aind that is enleu
lated to biind me to the interests of the Strte, v ith
all defer-ece to the opinionis of those who think
diflferenmtly, I hereby ente r my advaoi-ney f ay
me-asu -e, not iinconsistent withI th liibei tic s of the
pplwhich prmie to nbaite thme nisancitmLe of
miakng' mind vendimng nrdent sprits.
Yotirs, very respretfully,
-E. L. WIJATLEY.
Beech Ishmiit, S. C.
P. S.-invting piece~ of a sheet left, al~ow me5 to
till it cut by ayinig, thiat I' fear of tresliasing on
your time anid space, forbidhs a full idiscutss'on of thbis
subjeetl. A word in ri-garh to thme mnuineture of
Liquor. I regaird as uinjust, the war that I-as be-en
wauged agnainst Rietaile.rs, to,thie exemption of Whole
saile Dealers, what ienid out a fiery floiod to delmuge
the hmde ini urinie mind I am preimlredl to show that
they, rathecr than the hletnihers, are the gil hty hpar
ties in this businetss, thoiugth tboth have, donie t-vil
I-eough; fair inure than tonguge e;:n tell or pen dets
THE INDICTMENT OF WESLEY AT SAVAMNAH.
We lind in Parson Brownlow's corresion.
dence from Savunnah to the Whig, a reference
to nn ineideit in tle life of Wesley, which elit r
we had not heard before or had forgotten. At
ter notliing the labors and sciess of Wesley
at Savannah, he mays
The descendants of Mr. Weslev's persecutors
are still li ing here, the Williamsons and CAn<
tons. lie publicly retised to diiniiint er it 8a
erament, inl his little c'haiel, to 31rs. Willia.,ni,
a niece of 31r. Cnistoi. for which :I fierce perse
ention was raised nginst him-a presenitment
was made by the Graiid .ury, containing ten spe
eifientions or comnts, eharging him % ith " bre:ik.
ilg the laws of the realm, contrary to the peace
of the soven-igrin lord, the King, his crown and
dignIity." These specificatioins were:
-. By speakiig aid writio t, Mrs. Willia m
son, (reiative to her improprieties) agninst ter
huisbanid's co ent.
2. By repelling her from the Holy Commi
3. By not declaring his adherence to the
Church 0if Eingland.
4. By dividinog tIe morning service on Sun.
5. By refusingi to baptize Mr. Parker's child.
otlerwise than by dipiig. eseept the parenits
would certify it was weak, and not able to bear
6. By repelling Wn. Gough from the Holy
7. Bv refusing to rend the Burial service over
the body of Nathaiel thill.
8. 3y eaflinig himellf Ordinary of Savaninial
9. By; refuniiig to receive Wi. Aglionidy, not
a coimmiuiiennt, as a gdtliher.
10. Bv relu.,ing Jacob Mathews for the same
reason, &c., &e.
Mr. Wesley made his own defence, or appear
ed lieore tihe Court three different times to do1,
so, but could get no hearing. A minority of Ilie
Jurors delenided him suecessfillv, nnd there the
matIr ended. Their iper transimitted it tihe
Trustees for Georgia wil! be found in his Jour.
B.wTron E, 31areb 30, 18.53.
Tie fullui lg appohitintets Iave been Con
firmed by tie United State1 enate:
Coloiel 31er Jacobs, tirvy.vr of tie port of
Chanrlesti on, -'onth Carilina, an~d Johnm J. Mtartin,
Esq., t I uthtli Carolina, Secretary of Legition
at P ern).
Dainieh . Dickin!on, CoIlector of the Port of
New York ; O'Connor, New York Ditriet At
lorney Fowler, Post master at New Yor k ; Gen
eral Dix, New York Sub-'rensnry; Redfield,
New York Naval Oflicer: lillver, New York
United States Marslil, and Ciochran. SUrveyor
of the Port of New Yok.
Brown, Collector at l'hiladelphia, and Miller.
Post mast er of that city.
Joseph Sierri, Colkeir at Pensneola: William
Git espie, Receiver at Jaikson. Mlissi.ilppi, aiid
S:iuel 1). Hays, United Sta:eci A tornev, for
RANGEas Disc-'At(.ED.--Trhe Brownuville
(Texas) American if tie I 0th says that, on Sun.
day last, (:lat. G. RL. Lewis' compipany of Raniig
ers was milistered out of service near Browns
ville, ;ifter six monthis faithful "ervice. The
On taking leave of his men Capt. Lewi-4m-:de
tliemI a spiriied mid elognent addres, which, we
are told, metled some of those hily wooidsmen
even to tears. Ve take pride in saying thatt no
reproach can be made of this compactIny or its
ciiinnianii'der luring their term of service; thogh
iIey have had no ieounters n i h the eniemiv. we
dubtit not they have prevented by their pre.sence
the perpetration of ou:ragcs in their neighbor
'the other two companies, under Capts. Shw
and Davi<', have al so been mnistered ccit of si'r
vice and retuornedl to their hiomes. We uinder
stand that the services recenitly performed by thie
three companies of TJexas Rangers will, fo.r the
tfutuire, be tilled by a portioni of the Monnted
advies iniformi us tha~t this ethetent corpslhi3.e
just carried into Sain Antoni, a number of pis
liners enpi ured during a recent eonit. 'Te
Rifles havet' won ai hasthi.g famec for courlge anid
good serv ice.
NEWI OnLEN.Ss, MInrl 29.
A terrible steamhlboait disamster oernrredt ill Tlex
as lnst week. The steamners tarmer nnd Nep
tune were rainmg, it appe'ars, in Gailvestoni Bay.
when thle boih-'r of' lie Farmer expiloded. kitling
the Captaini, Chief Eiigineer, and thirty of the
crew and pa~ssenigers.
DErrr OF' Ths. Fm.t..oE.-We le'arn from
our telegraphtie correspindent thait. Mrs. lFill-.
miiore. wif'e of. the ex-Presidenit, died at Wash
igto oni 'i y'esterdaly muornling.
A Dis n.wEFur, Riot olcrre'd at WIliams
bourg o~posi e New Yourk eby',, ton Tusdlay
eveingii~.. A mob oif whji'e roiwdie's aittacked a
clolored chiuireth. smai~shed ini thle wi ndlws : and
doorrs. and benit, mist unmereifiiliy..sen 'ral lpi.
liee .flice'rs whlo ait ;empited to stop their lawless
\ies PutstDENT NIr~r.-Th'e New Orlenns
Pienyone00 eairn-s fr'om a gentil4'nlmn. arrived from,
I inan 11n the schooner Miilus, t hat rini nnd.iy,
the 13:lb imo~ba. lin company with I. udge Shiar
key, Consul at1 1 lavana, lie visited Vice-Pre.,i
dent King ait M.itaimm~, iand f'ottnrd him~i greatly
improved, and his the IthI tiearly re.: nred.
Ilow~ To -taImt llo~ttNr BoE.unr.isT C'AxE.
Iie the cild hoin~y with ai rollling pinl, amid
Iadd a little lhair and mtik batter, .so :is to) make
thle wholle t hiek entanigh to forinIito litnh-enmkeis
in lie l-and or im m:ay lie put) on thle grieddhe w hi
a synoni. Ballke browni, eat h'it, and ideclare y'out
never ate ainythlingi betier ofl lie bitter kind.
SAD ACCliErr.-Wei tearn' thatL a ser'ious ne
'idtlii. at endiedl w it hi lo'ss of' li fe, ticcuirredi at
Socini Circle on Thiursday. Th'y were :addinig
a second~c s'try to iihle Dinner I Iotie, and un~d ii
fair comp'leed it tint hatll of thle roiof wals cr
in. Friom some uniknow~n e'nise thie whole fell
ii. buiryi in its ruis,aniid instanltly killing Mir.
Willtiami Curt er, one of' thle bl~as emnployed mon
lie bmuiblini. 31 r. Carter, wte regret to learn,
lea:ves ai wife and seven chibilren, who were de
tiendlent un his exert ions f'or sn pport. 3 nt
[Consti: utioni-'t & Regntblic, 3 nt
" Nowntnie ~ but in Romne." iItes an Ameri
enn t raveller, " hiave I seen the boidy of thie peo
hle living in sneh pov'ertyv, snch sq nalur and such
decejint. One hunks atbnost ini vain f'or the re
sp'etale middlhe i'eis. These are iin prision, in
exile', or have perished on the sentf'old or the
fiehil of bailtI. Cardinals ride in iinrival led
state, buit the streets tire hiled with soldiers,
priesti and beggars."
Cut:E ron Too'rmentE.-M r. Jloes Blatson,
oh' Anirdrie, says: GumIi Coipal when dissolved in
chloroform, lorms :in excellent compoundic fur
stutiing the holes of' det nyed te'eth. I have nsed
it very f'regn enly , and thle benetits my patienits
have di'rived fromn it hav'e been truly' ast onish
ini!. T'he applhiicatilon is sitiple andi easv. I
elean out thle hiole, and moiistenl a little lilece of
cotton nt ibh the solution ; I introdnce this into
the ch''deinye palrt, and in every' instance t he relief
tins been almost instanta neon.'. 'he chlorofirmi
removes the pain, and the gium copail resists the
act ion of the saili va; and as the applient ion is so
ngi'eeable, t hose whon may labhor under this
dreadf'ul mialaidy would do'well to ma~ke ai trial
PEAcH B3on'EiS PI.AS'TERED etP.-Having in
miy t'ardeni a very iigorousu peach tree', and ob
se'rving' that it was v'ery mulich affected by borers,
especially ini the forks of' its limbs, I swgain to
ctit them'tint. Still 1 wa':s tifraid that this ope
rat ion, to be plerfoirmfed in manyv pilnces. mnitt
injure the tree, and cs I hi::d sotne very fine. ah
mo1st puire white elay prepiared, I plsee the
limbs oh' the tree with it, and closed, when the
plastering eracked in bieoming dry, the erncks
by rubbinig thiemi oever with a painter's brush
dipiped in water..
Tlhie plasterinig been':me hard enoulgh to wiith
stand tihe el'eets of' rain for several weeks, af'ter
tie elapse of' which altl ie borers wiere ded
'ITie woundlis enunsedi by thiem, healed quickly
over, and the tree is as hie.dthy as it can lie.r
[N. E. Farmer .
FORTUNES MADE BY ADVERTISING.
From n smill pamphlet, entiled " The Art of
making Money," ni extract hns been taken, und
i4 going the IIIrounds of Ihse provinei:i pre-s, poier.
in? out the facilit v of mnaking immense Ius by
the simple proe's ifo icontinuous al ertiingi.
Doubt:ess l:irg ,.sun< have been. nre, and will
be nade by such :I s-vsten by certniin persons of
ibili- v, wh'io n1t douul't woul1.1 make th--ir way in
the n'rld if enlled upon t, play bifietrent parts
nt the grreit stage of lire; but to soppose that
men in Ileiner al Imnust, am a mitter of coorse, ne.
(inire winitth by suchi menn, is as nilsurd as to
imagine that nIl Ile ieiiles and shIoele.s of
1,ndiin are evp-:ble ot ri.iiig to the lidiiitoy and
wenih oilf ain alderman or the lord myor of
Londun simply by reading lie " Young '.iln's 1
Best Companion." ?il oney is not so easily made
as tIhe writer of the article referred to would
leid peiople to supp.se; if' it i so. fiw need be
poior. But to our text forlitnes in-ide by ad
vertiking. Undonhtedly the greateIa mn4 of the
day as sin advertiser is luilhow:iv. who expends
tlie enormous su inf i wenty tilhnns:ind ouni1d.;
3antnily in advertisemnent s :iloie; his 11:111 e i
iniit osily to be seen ii nearly every paper and
periodienl puliskhid in the Bri:ish Isles, but as
if l:is country was too snall for thisindividuails
explqids, he stretelies over Ile whole of in.ii,
liing agents inl all the ditli-rent pirts of the
upper, central, and lower provinces Or tiit. im
mense count ry. publishing Lik mediements n
the Hindoo, Gordon. Giozritee, and other na.
live linguages, so that the Indi:n public en
take tle Pills and use his intrient necoihng I)
gerernl direction. as :I Cocekti-y wunl, do %% i;h.
it the sound of Bow Bell s. We tind him agnin
at I long Kong aid Canton.mauking his medicinieI
kiown to the fCelesti..ls b)V Imeans4 4it' a Chiinee
traslation. We Irice him fromu theiie to Ilte
Phillipinie Islanls, whire lie is cireulatinig 1is,
preparntiis in the native 1imgtes. At Sin
I Npore ie- is a large depot : his nsgenits there
mnpply :ll the ,lsands in the Indian Se:1<. 1li.
adverii-emtiis nre pullkhied ini mos1t (-I the pa
pers at Sydneyi, lobairt Town. Imnieeston. Ad
elailde, IYort Phillip, mid indeed i linost every
town of tiat v%:st liinrim3 of the Briiish iljpir'.
Returninlig honiewnsr.ls, we fCid his Pills and
Oin .tent s Illing at Valvir.ish, Livi, Calli.,
:1d other ports in the Pacifie. Duioig thei
Horn, we tr.:el U.i: te c A 0 i: e-Mc::'e Vi
den. Buenos Arv:me=, Sanitos, Rio de Janeiri,
lahin, nnd PIrii::mneiio: he is :.dvertisiig inl
tio-e p:irts in Spiish and Por ingnese. Ii all
the Bri-tih WVest idia a-hods, :1a ni in the
Upper mnd Lower Canadas, mid lie neighboring
provinievs of Noiva Scoiti and Ne'w Brunswi'k,
his i-dicines are as f1imiliarly kniown, and s.old
liv every drug-rgist. li they are at hom3e. In th~e
.\lditerranen we lm3 t i'1 sellinu ::t 1i:lr,
Curlfu, Athein-, and Alexa n-Iri, besides it T's:
and osher plr ions If the Kirb:iry States. Any
on3e taik ing' tite trouble it, lIok at the " Jurnal"
and ? Courier" of Coistaniinople, may find in
lhese, as wll as Miter papere, that ollioway's
nm-dicines are regi'rly dver-iied :md selling
throinlhout the Ttirki.h einiire; and even in
r."in whre n alost insuirmountable boarrier
exi-ts, the laws there prohibitin the entree of
patent inedicie!, 11lolloway'S ingrenuity has beenl
at wirk. nnd obviates this dit liv hy forward
ilg his su ppliesM to hi< Agent at OdessI, a port
i ts:ed on hIlie Black Sei, where 3they fil:er
themselves surrept isioty by v:rions ehainels
it o lie very heart fit' the empire. A frica is
not been o(irgot ten hbV tlhis indefi't .'igable m.m3).
whoi ihs all a::ent on tle River Ganbin ;nio at
i Zierrm ieo,' Ie pigie spot of the worl I. the
inihbitant- readily avail thi.emnselhes of tll Oiint.
mnliit iiand Pii s: tIins we enn show oir resdcrs
that I llow.iy hss h imade the complete circuit of
ife glotie, toiniecing will Indi . rnd endini.
as we do, with the Cape of Good flope, where
his medicines are pn:llih.e I in tL.e Dn:ch and
Enoglish I inguai:ges : :in 1 while speakiiig of' Dutch,
wve hasve hienird that~ hi. ha~s madie lairge shiipmeints
tio 11(3!l.imd, anud i abohnt ::d gert i-ing ini every
paiper or peruidilal puiblished in that ki ngidoni
we miighit add thit h~e has ailso stairted his medi
eine iin sonie pairts of Fraince ; iin somel portions
o ~!Grmany;' nsilso ii se of the Itaiaii sttes.
:1il hese iets, be
before :dinlded to, " the Art of mnakmtg Money,"
is enltntated to lend peop1le' to spend their naien
ini the loupe (s the aiuthior staites) of ma3:kingi al
hunidred t houiisand pounds in six yeair fur their
pains, by holding up :is sin easy examnple' to fol.
liw "uchi a m3:m1 aS Ilohlowayv, who is really a
Naipleoni in htis way. Maniy may have the
meansut, bult have they the knowii'lge',nsbil iy,enf
ergy.judgmt~ie it, :and13 ptidence' inece"ary Fail
1n0nan n of these requis~ites, 3 ttal loss
is certain. ilollo'way i. a3 m3:m3 t'.delaltedi to ui
de rtaike iiiy ent erprise requiirinig Isient'e ener
*uie~ iif boily andi inid. lie h:.s madeoh a3 large
toritune by his ibuirs: anid is, we shiould any~
peevery dayi~ gren ly inicreas.in~g hisi wen'hh -
Of conirse it is noti to our intecrest to dleter the
publilie froml :idh r isn; htt, ais giiardlians of
t heir inten-est. we t hin3k it outir incuenttet duty to
pice a3 light house ulpin whlat. we cinsid--r si
dantgeriiii shiit, whieb miay' perh -ps .ooner or
i eer prevenit shipwreck and1 m rii li 3 lie saniguine
sand inexperienced :ibonit to nig~iae ini suchl
The Edi:or of the "Edinhn:-ghi Re.viewt." in ai
numer ubi1hed~i abititi three ye:.rs ago ,sinte'd.
hahecnider'ed hie waus mnak'ng a detsira..eI
bequest to pos5teriiy. byi hiaiiniig downi io thietm
he' :imantif ite.nt sand sibility re-iniredbytl1e
presenIt inss of' laurge sadver: isers. At tihat pern
iid lhlitowy's miode of sadiertiaingr was tmost
promsintenily :.et f'urth suit1 itf these remar!:", eot.
jointly witlli his, shioiild dt'seend to ai gene~tra:imon
to come, it nii!I lie k nown1 tii whmt ex~enit the
.,ibjiet oif tis aticle was:1 able to c'arry iinit his
viewis, together wit h te consequlenit exp~enidi-ure
in m'ikiing knowni'3 the im.ris of hi<4 pretinr.1itionis
Ita nearly rh'e wh~ol'e nmal.
[lyiesitl. TI s' aI Loiim- WVedly P.sper.
Si;at..an SrcRETi SoeiETIEs.-Thei joIhl.'e of
ed andit exposedi au " St't't 0eiety " 53monuig the
yonithis iif t hat towno, which is stair.lhng enongh
in its featuires:
'"'Tie society inumbered a band of fificen
vinnig men sintd boys, forineid fr lie putrpoise of'
robberg. A entn:i'i was chios'.'i:n and a regnlair
conust iit'nion anid by-Isaws the' iuuhatio~n of whichh
was death~l, we're aidop:ed. One of' tihe ind
str'he fFrom his owin Iathmer $10, which lie hadiu
cohlh-etted for a~ po widlow, who hiad ai son be.
loging' to t he ind. L ea rn inig th-it t he money.
blongedl to her, the bandi stolet $ 10 tromi anoet her
wonnn3if to replace it. Tihc ent' drawier of a
hladlord int Perrysville was opened bmy two oIf
the biaind, aind ai ten dolla~r hill taIken fiomi it.
Thle one wh'Io t'hange'd the bill to divide with his
conrade, chiarged a premnim ifo~r ma:3king chisnge.
rtofteband, tunknown thiheltd a mee.t
ing and deterinoed ont his denith. It was ar
rsatged thatt sill were go onit upon)1 the tee-t
wicih a hole wals to lie prtev'ishVlyut-to skate,
'and th'at sill should aippesar struck at some11 eniri
osity of the waiter, and look iin, and wvhien this~
one'should stoiip downi ovt'r the hoile onec of' the
comp.miy should strike himn with a club and piitch
him in. Onie young mn, whose hieart was not
Si, corrupt as t ie rest, rehentedl, atnd by giving
iforation prev'entedi the murder. Sev'eraul of
the comipanly are' 3now1 in the Ashhand jsail."
~ELoCITY' OF IELECTitCITi.-Dr. B. A. Gouldl.
jr., the :istro01nmer. nulw connectted with the U.
Stat's Coast Survey, is at prese'nt in3 New York,
engged inl a series of important experiimnt",
having for their object the determinaltionl of thie
veloity of the electric currenct over tihe tehe
rapihie wires. For this puirpoise a etremi~t 3s
omted of immenl'1se hengIth, exteiinhg from New
Yerk city to 'etersburg, Vat., aind hack, seve.-il
ties. 50o as to formn anu unbroken line ot' twro or
three thouisand tuiles in lenigth.ictrii.n
ONE of the most interesting relisi lm
dephini may lbe seenl in North Secotnd street,
viz: the first ightning'rid erected by Dr. Fratnk
li,which still stretches its attenuai~ted lingers
towavsrds the hieavens.
GOOD Au-ncL.-A iresten editor, in answer
to a comtlplaint 3of a patron,. that, lie ad not igive
nels enonghl, aidrised him wvhieni new wa
saree, to reaid his Bibhe, which lie hsad 3no doubt
woltd be new to him!
Lusrs NATWIrEn.- A negro woman in Bow.
ung Grt'en, Ky., wats delivered a fewv datys .since
of at pair of twvins, one of whiomt was pIerfectly
..hti .mil the other -a nere Afrientn.
31AnalvnD, in COsilen, on the 2Ni ult., by Riv,
S. W. Cap -rs, Mr. A LorT 11. FARnow, of New
behrry, to Min MRannr-tr Aa'i, eldest daughter of
31r.John R. Foy, of Camdien.
SIA 1,1 on the 21th 't., by rfcv. W. Boliii
Mr. Wa. . 11. WANGTO andMis slis FIAAsCZE
R ercmsi, all at thi, D)irtr:et.
lAnRIttIn, 02n tlqo 24th 't., by ReV. D. T. Brun
soon, 'Mr. rOnVnT CntAy..-rnaarnde ANa NAnTrIA,
daingliter pof ir. Jecreminalt Se.ih r, nll of thas Distr et
When blooming youth is piattklej away
liV death's res 1tes han1,
Our h,-a-t the ,tmournful tribute pay...
Which pty must demand."-SWATr:st
DrEn). fin thle 1st insxt., at1 h's frithe-a's rei1ene
LUKEr. W uLLIAS. inl the lilth year of hisage.
The deticenseI was the eldea #won of Samnel Wil
14i1m, which seemIs tit 1411 to the loqs of tie parents.
IIe was truly an itl'-etimnte an dutiful Won.
Thiug hi ht hid miade no prfession of rel'gion, yet
dur-ng his illness wh'eh e.ntiined two weeks, ie
gave evidlence of 1t's e.mtidence ill the Saviour by
ask:ng ii., religious frienis too pray for himl, asuring
th.m le was not n'rail tit die, nnu gave as a reasnu
tliat his hope wa in the Liprl .1 lSum Christ.
" I would not have you ignornnt, brethren, con
eern'ng them which are asleep. that ye sorrow not
even 1, others which lave nit hope: for if we be
lieve that .tsu died and rioe ningu. even Po them
also whieh .leep inl Jesus will God bring with him.
.Correspondence of the Advertiser.
11.\.\!'I.G . A pril 2a, 1853.
COr-ros-Puri .g tihe pa1st week our Market has
been quite animated, at full prices. Transacti.nas
hare leen but few, owing to the receilts being light
322.1 12. IMers firm, 12nd1 witlldil*g t lw'r lots fromt the
Market.s. We quote! wiles to-day at 6b to NJ cts.
as extremes. Market firm. 1' .
Tmu f.,llowiig per.4ons have paid up to the time
aflixe.1 to, their nnes:
J. A. n:niett, ti 9th March 1854.
.lohn A. Lot, to C:h Mar *'4.
J. P. Cni:lami, tip 612 March *54.
Dr. .Janmes F. . ;ms, to $:1h Feb '54.
T. llurkhi~alter, t, 20th Mar '54.
W. L. An.lersn, t :,1 Apr:h '54.
Jarett Wise. to 19th-lat. '54.
J. hin Se-gier, toa 15th .luly '51,
Elia<t McCartry, to 12th Feb '5-1.
M. Murraha. to 6th March *53.
3haj. T. Wat:on, to 8th A pril '54.
.Ins. C. Colena n. to Ist Oct '53.
Sanpsont Sullivin, to I1th Feb '54.
Johln F. llurri-it, tip9th.inn '54.
A. Lewis, to 9th Jan1 '53.
T. L. Shaw. too Fth Feb '51.
.lhn Curry, to Sthm Feb '54.
Will. Whee!er, tom t .iJan 54.
James Elwaril, to 9th Mare! '.4.
Thos. S. l'.wer, to 12th DIec '52.
Iir. .\. J. Creigltion, to) oth. March '54.
T.. A. trooks, to Selh F"b '54.
W. C. Rob -rtson, t) 9th March '54.
II. G. Ry:an, ti 2-d Mardb '54.
*.mlhn W. Tompkins, to 6th Mar '51.
Ch is. Carter, to) 2.1 March '54.
Thos.11. Reese, top 5th A pril '5 1.
Sam2U .1 Eidson, tim Gth M1ar '54.
A. .1. ilmo tom 8th Feb' 54.
Thtos. Carson, to 13thi Mar '54.
Ivy Saddller, tim 25th Manr '54
M1. WV. Coleman, to 9lth Mfar '54.
GeorgmiVinbr,'tim th Ma31 4~i
Mirs. Carm'ine Coleman.t eth Mafr$1it3 S
1rnt Cromaley, tim 20th Mlarcha '51.
.limhn iT. Fair, tom 3d1 Marebh '51.
M1aj. Wiim. Dani, 1, to. 8th Feb'54.
Starling Turner, tom 14th Nov '.3.
Rl . .m lsonhask-, to 9th .\ug '53.
Wiley 1 ialsena~hke, to 9thl A ug '53.
C. 11. 1linston, to 9th2 31ar '54.
t.. 31eCraekeni, tom 6th Nept '53.
G. W. Kary, tom let .13nn. 5:1.
Butler Lodge, No. 17,LI. 0.0 Fa
A Retgular hletinag of this Lam4
ill bet h. 1.d on .Munda~y 'eening 22e
.IOH N LYON, Secretary.
A prl It1 12
List of Letters
1)E.1N'NG in the Post (Iflic at Edgefieldi
1b Court hen-e, S. C., A pril 1, 1853.
Ad!am<, Jsames [I. hrieml
Bornrion. Eliza 3iMmas lhoa
Dlirti er, N:: han Mtt'ol .~'
lrze:'d. A ikena 3oie M. .A
By rd, 3. 11. 2 'hblyS.G
lJ:urnets. J..2i 1ielem. on
B. ghy, C. S. M.e. .jm
Coemn:, B. Esq. l'lrGore
Coghon L. R1. a ~Wi llm~2
Cx, Ma:ry 2 NloRbr
Clond. SarahaNw :ne
Gart a.edge, Samuel N~c 1rahrs
Crledge. .\lury al r..Mr n
Cigh'utrn, M.2ryA:2 Ann s,?lauI
D by. Johna~ I'eq. 5('tiur.4rat4)
D)aal<,uF. PI2. O(oi:rFaei
Dnrie'h. Johnti F. I~ttroi ac
D ais. Tlhma::' 3. Pw ~ne
Fletcher. Jamtesf 2R:nf ozn
Fort tier. Pin~kna van .B
G.ieyv. E z. Ut5,1' .I
Green. WVilliami Ryn . .V
Gibson, Richuard Itfse,3 .
Grice, 31. Ji;*,Msua
Gaites. Jm han G. JUcA.rtt
I i1, Juoe1 2Rip, llrs'
I.rden, Wilhliam RmeGimii
Hoflli-,wirt h, M1. E. %2ilI.S.Eq 2
He1nder on, James pvRhct 5
I Ioward, Dr. A. G. SwaigAbr
llolloway., Sam, Esq. Sak ~j
Ilrlint. Ke. i ih, M rs. SioA2
[ Jill, Thlommis ~ unt4 eel
H o12mes, Jnekson SerD .
hIhlwa y, Dr. ft. S. TulvThmi
J-nes, G'co. WV. 2 ''tm.sJf~ C
Jenings!~, Catrree F. TepsJ
Johntsoo, 1sane ~ Vace
Jenings, Wmit. D. 'raBte
J ohnsomn. Jomhn ~ tatSit
Jenings, William Weris
Kemp, Mrs. Betty lilims ila
Lther, StephLact1. 2 WleMs .3.F
L d ru22.Jame 3I1ar, Templ
Memsey, mli.MaAtP. iV:rrn, .1. 2
3lnvsin, Joln C. orohidr. E. A.
Mobley, ~tm. S M obrley.m S. G .
G.L.r, PE.N P. M
of TN BRK nd A Woly George fo
whih firpries i Mabegiew[a,~r T hoaso
C~aapum~ua~s MCoton. Gamess
IV stll aketheeeson, Oberr, NS
satsfatit, hih teynrail to o. ayJn
itqure f Mr 1.n elt, C.eiei . 1.
olansXR yan, Ed. ehS. C
Sept15 t 3.5f