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al. Onnorratir 3nu AtM i0 utfI)rn R'ihts, 641=s, Joitics, 6:nrol )ntdiiture, Cittraure, ?rnp'ttse rturp &
"We will cling to the Pillars of the Temple of our Libertla, and if it must fall, we will Perish imidst the EnIns."
W. F. DURISOE, Proprietor.- EDGEFIELD, S. C., JULY ->, 1853. -. V-- - -
THE ADGEFIELD ADVERTIS ER,
IS PUBLISHED EVERY WEDNESDAY BY
W. F. D U E IS OE, Proprietor.
ARTHUR SIXKINS, Editor.
TE R MS.
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For announcing a Candidate, Three Dollars, in
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PEOPLE'S 1EEDICAL GAZETTE!
B ELIEV.NG, as we do, that there is no depart
ment of human knowledge so deficient, and,
at the same time, so impoirtant to our hippints and
well being. as that in relationlo ,urs( lvas as or
ganised physinal beings: and being ignorant of any
edium that is, or could be, so wi.ll adapted to sup
ply the deficiency as such an one as might have
for its objcet the dissemination, among all clsea
of readers, of a knowledge of the principles and
facts having a direct relaton te the prevention (of
d sense, the removaW .suqhaare simple in their
character, with su'h rulesiia principles oif coduet
that w.ll, as a general tLhing, esare good health and
lung lifet we protiose to issue, monthly, in the
common newspaper form, if sufficiently enciouraged,
a journal under the name and title of the " PEorLEs
It will be our object to fill the pnges of the " GA
ZE-rT" with such plain practical matter, both in
our miseellaneous selections and editorial articles.
as will be read, understood. and appreeated by all
who make their own, as well as the health of tlose
-.'wh4ay:3s ider their protection, a paramoant
It ill be neutral upon all subjects save that of
Zip -utandits kindeed sciences. Ilving, there
A 'eidoe t oppos none io differ with and toth
fng to. er thstAcould.ia.e slightest degree, ofnd
iC e finetcs VUliics of lhe ios fstdious, we
hope to be sustained in the enterprise by the com
nunity generally, and especially by our brethren of
the professimn, for whose speciai benefit, as a class,
its pages wi. always be open for any comrtmunica
tons that any of them may, at any tune, think pro
per to make, that w-ill come within its intended
sphere. It is tnt designed to instruct the prosfes
sional, but the uniprofessional-to be a medium
through which much important pr-acteal matter,
a apted to all c!asses, may be easily obtained, at an
exceedingly low price.
If the people, in mass, could cultivate a more in
timate acquaintance with the more conimon and
shnple, yet equally impoitant,. principles of me-dical
and physiological science. there would be inuc-h less
ignorance, quackery and supestition upon the im
pOrtant subject of medicine than there is. The
members of the profession themselves would have
stronger inducenents to co-olpe-rate with each other
for the general good of those needing their assist
ance; mountebanks and medical imlpasters would
be driven from our midst,. by the united voiee of
those who now pamper more or less to their igno
rance and affrontery.
,Such a medium of medical ri'telligence as the
GAzrrE is designme to be, cannot be gottin upaud
put in motion so easily and cheaply as mtight, at
first view, be supposed. It will be, as a matiter of
.course, essentially diferent from newspapers gen
eral-its matter, beitag drawn from min entiri ly
. difiereant thannel, (wv rks professedly seientific.) will
haave to be so abridgeI atnd diested as to suit the
tastes attd capacity of all readers. Noatwithastand
ing all th's, hioweve-r, we haave but little doubt but
that all that is neessary to give chanracter and suc
cess to the eniterprise, consists in properly settiing
the ba:1 iin motion.
-The time has now arrived when there should be
such a journal, itn every district, int evety State of
the Union. Its benetits uipont the well being of so
ciety-morally. mentally iad phtysically, as well as
politically-would be incalculable'
So soon as a sufflic-it numaber of subscribers are
obtained, as will justify the undertakitng, thec GA
zEr-E will be issued-and 'not tthout-at AbUbe
ville C. H., at one dollar pea annm in advance.
Those who desire sucht a journaL, (fur there is
ino such one. that we know oaf, in the Unt:ted States)
will signify it by forwarding theia nmes to the Sub
scriber, at A bbeville C. II., S. C.
If the enterprise should niot be sustained, as a
matter of course there will be myc, hiing to pay ; or,
otherwise, payment will be dematided upon, or soon
alter. the first issue.
Wse now submit the destiny of the enterprise to
the judgment andi decision of the commaunity, with
out farther conmment.
JOHN DAVIS, M. D.
A bbeville, S. C., JTune I, I E53.
R.LE GH would respectfully ananounce to
m h aisad Gentlenmen of Edgefield and
vicinity, that he is nomw ready to serve all that may
be desirrous of obtaining one or morr-of his
Mr. L. is prepared to take any of the different
styles iof Pictures the Art is capablQ aif.
gr-~ldies ill find that black oar dark dressing
will add much to the beauty of the Pie'Trer.
May 11 tf 17~
Land for Sale !
TIlE Subscriber offers for sale the
m. Plantation on which he resides con
* ta:ning Five Hundred and Fifteen
.Acres. This Tract of Land is situa
* ted ott Ninety-Six Creak, five miles South of 96
3)epot. It is well wvater-ed, well timbered, and in
good condition for cultivation.
There is on the premises, a comfortable Dwel
ling Ilouse, a new frame Gin House, excellent Ne
gro houses, and every othaer necessary out build
ing. R. G. M. I)UNOVANT./
May 18 s 3am* 18
Crow Poison! -
T H E period is at han whetr-rows will annoy
thte Planter by pulling up his Corn. The
Subscriber has received a supply of POISON that
will effectually extermninate lie black intrauder.
so don't fail to call and get a vial if you wish to se
cure a good stand of Corn.
G. L. PENN, AGENT.
A pril 13 tf 13
J UST reccived a good supply of excellent WINE
for Sae ~etal purposes.~
J,,-e8 if 21
WEN I DM
When 1 die, oh! dearest Hattie,
When the death damps dim my eye,
When they bear me from the homestead,
Low in the grave to lie,
Wilt thou be with them, Hattie,
And breathe above the bier,
Of the playmate of thy childhood,
A fond and fervent prayer!
Wilt thou watch them as they lay me
Low in my narrow bed;
And leave me there to slumber,
With the cold and silent dead?
I would have them lay me, Hattie, .
Where the streamlet gently flows,
Where evening zephyrs murmur,
When the west with purple glows?
'Neath the branebes of the willow,
That we have loved so well,
'Tis there that I would slumber,
When with the dead I dwell.
Raise there no storied monument
To consecrate the spot,
But plant a' fragrant rose tree,
To tell I'm not forgot.
Bring frdgrant flowers, the first that bloom,
And strew them o'er the sod,
Their'breath will rise from the silent spot,
Like sweet incens'e unto God.
We loved those bright hued buds, Hattie,
In childhod's happy day;
Then han them o'er my tomb, dearest,
When there you chanced to stray.
And come at the hour of even,
When the lamps are lt on high,
And list to the spirit voices .
That through the willow-sigli.
Come at the holy hour, Uuttie,
And beside that grassy mound,
Recall the past, the happy past,
And the wealth of joys we found.
Thou'lt remember all our rambles,
By the river's sparkling tide;
Our wanderings through the green wood,
And up the mountain's side.
Our meetings at the twilight hour,
Where the pale leaved willows wave;
All; all will rush uponstbee,
As thou sittest beside My grave.
Then when I die, oh, dearest Hattie,
When the dark pall shrouds my face,
Have then liy me in that hallowed spot,
' Od old lt;ved trysting place.
I shall rest mceh calmer, Hattie,
The death damps seem less cold,
If I know that I shall slumber.
By the stream we loved of old.
The Zan with a Chalked Hat.
A few days since, while one of the up
rains of the Mad River and Lake Erie rail
ay was stopping at Urbana, the conductor
was accosted by a tall, leai, but sinewy
secimen of humanity, whose appearance at
osce indicated considerable verdancy. He
ats rigged in a bell crowned hat, a shad
bellied linsey coat, and pants of the same
material, and hog skin boots. His hands
ere-sunk deep into his boots. Giving his
heand a knowing shake, w ich careened his
ol fashioned chapeau to one side, he thus
adresse~d the conductor:
" Now dewv tell, an' they say you're the
river of this cre wagon I"
" I am the conductor, sir."
" Realy ! Right smart of a hoss," pointing
t the Locomotive, " to pull you all ale--a"
"Yes, sir, such horses can't be be
-I reckon not, Colonel; butt then
ou know Josh Tompkins, up at Kentot
"No, sir, believe not."
"'Taint possib~le now is it, that you d
nowv. Joshi Why, he's my brother ; and
I'll b~e blamed if I wouldn't go and see him,
i your darned consairn, if I was not afeerd
our plagued bioss would run away."
" There is no fear of that sir."
" Do tell me so, nowv! You see I'm sor
er green, but have hearn tell of these pesky
ritters to hum, and ll be consarned, it they
on't look skeery. It's human nater, you
now, for a feller to be a leetle afeared the
frst time he sees such a beast."
" There is no danger, sir. If you wish
to go to K niton I will guarantee to take
ou there safe."
This apipeared to ease Mr. Tompkin's
ind, and after walking round the train ex
mining the locomotives, and questioning al
ost every person he met as to the proba
iity of a runaway, he told the conduotor
e guessed he wold risk it. He was ac
ordingly shown to a seat in a first class
ar. It happened that in the same car and
n the immediate vicinity of our Hoosier
riend, was a party of funny gentlemen, who
oon discovered a chance for a good joke
n the verdancy of a new passenger. They
mmediate~ly got into a conversation with
im, and soon learned from his own lips,
hat his name was Reuben Tompkins, the
win brother of Josh, that he lived ins north
estern Indiana; wvas green, and didn't
now much about things, and wvas terribly
afgered of the Iron Horse getting skeered
anid running away..
One of the party was introduced to him
iMr. Brown, the President of the road,
who assured him that he was as safa in the
ar as out of it.
" But, sir," continued the bogus President,
as I am authentically informed, that you
are a brother to my very particular friend,
Mr. Trompkinms of Kenton-"
" Josh t" iniquired the hoosier.
" Yes, sir, Mr. Josh Tompkins of Ken-.
" Them's um to a TI.. Josh writ that he
knowed all the big bugs in his region."
" Just so, and as you are his brother, it
will afford me inexpressible pleasure to chalk
your hat, sir, by which you will not only
escnpe the payment of fare, hut all acci
dnus so inns as you travel on this road."
"As-ton-ish-iag !" replied the Hoosipr;
who gladly gave over his head-piece to ie
ceive the application of chalk.
The pretended President marked with
chalk, in large letters, the following upon
the crown of his hat-" Free paid-to hl-l
-Reuben Tompkins--everybody take notice."
Tlfe hat was returned to his head with due
ceremony and all the passengers in the.car,
who by this time understood the joke, burst
into a laugh, as Mr. Tompkins eyeing him
self in a glass, declared with emphasis, that
he was now " Some Punkins." -
About this time, the conductor, who had
heen informed of the joke, and had received
Tompkins' fare from a third person, ap
proached the man with the chalked hat, and
" Your ticket, sir."
"Ticket I Lookey here Colonel, I guess
yo.p don't know who you are talking to 1"
"No sir, and its not my business-I want
your ticket or your fare sir, and that, too,
"Now look sharp, kurnel, or there will he
a fuss. I ain'i so green as you might take
me to-be. Now don't you see nothing I"
I see neither ticket or money, and-"
"Just look at ny hat-what do you think
Df that, ehi"
" Chalked by heaven !" exclaimed the con
ductor. "I beg your pardon, sir, for if I
bad known that your hat was chalked, I
would not have intimated anything about
ay, you have the freedom of the cars sir.
Please make yourself at home."
- " Lord ! won't I have a heap to tell. all
3n 'em when I get home !" exclaimed Rue.
en overjoyed at the change in the behavior
of the conductor towards him, when the
chalk" was observed. " Really, it's sur
prisin', and I are some- punkins sure, way
down here away. What will the old gal
say when I tell her all about it?"
It is needless for us to say that Mr. Tomp
kin's end of the car was soon crowded with
passengers, whose merry faces and boiste
rous laughter indicated the amusement Rue
jen's conduct afforded them. Ho took it
ll in right down earnest, and laugh d with
he rest of them, and once so delighted wias
e with the . chalked hat, that he passed
round Ae pound of butter crackers, which
ie "had laid in" at Uibana( He considered
V1r..Brow.n -a.-..geniiue fri ad a id fteely
:mmunaefed to-him all is seerets witlk
:he history of his family, -om his grand
lks on both sides down to Jis "one y'ar
>d." The continual roar -laughter, by
he convcrsation, pairticularlj aTsivr -
sis fully appreciated.the importance A
halked hat and acted accordingly.
When within ten miles of Kenton, Mr.
Brown the self constituted railroad Presi
lent, jumped up as if astonished, gave a
idden glance out or the window, looked at
Rueben, and then clapping his hands, said,
It ain't possible-yes it is-it is too bad
-you have been deceived, Mr. Tompkins."
Thunder, the hoss ain't rualning of is
t?" shouted Tompkins as he jumped to his
"No, sir, it is far worse.-The Conductor
railed to notify you when we were at Ken
on. We are now twenty miles beyond it."
"Sugar and salvation!" shouted Rueben,
tell him to turn back! Wo! Stop the
team. What'll Josh say to all this ?"
" This ishiad business, Mr. .'rompkins, but
will see the Conductor, and try to get him
to turn around. If he can't do it, you must
go n to the World's Fair."
Mr: Brown then stepp~ed into another car,
while Tompkins raved, stamped and swcre,
to the no little amusement of' his fellowv pas
sengers. Matters passed on thus until the
train stopped at Kenton.
attracted by the confusion could not imag
ine what was the matter', and gathered
around the cars in large numbers. Some
laughed without knowing what they were
laughiug about-others gaped without stir
ring a muscle, and many pressed inquiries
as to what wias the matter. Brown came to
the rescue of the Conductor, and taking
Tompkins aside, privately advised him to
run up to a magistrate's office and get an
injunction against the Railroad.
He pointed out a house a short dlistance
up the street, which he said was the office of
the administrator of the law. Rueben sthr
ted for the house on a full run, but he had
proceeded but a short distance before the
iron horse gave a significant whistle. He
knew" it was the signal for startirg, and rear
ing that the train would be off' before he
could get back, he changed his course and
sped for the ears He reached the platformr
of the last car just as the train comnmenced
moing, and clutching it with a tirm grasp
endeavored to stop its progress. Finding~
his puny strength availed nothing, he yelled,
while he still held on.
"Stop her! Tell the driver that I've go
an injunction-stop, or l'll tell the 'Squire.'
'[Tie iron horse has no ears, anti therefore
the screams of Mr. Reuben '.'ompkins hat
tne other effect than to create a killing laugh
ter among those who heard. him. The speed
of the locomotive wvas gradually increased,
ani at last Tompkins' legs gave out, and he
and the train was forced to part company.
He let go, as he did so, turned a half somer
set, wvhich sent the chalked hat whizzing
into a mud puddle. As soon as he regained
his feet, he shook his fist terriblfat the carl
at which act he was engaged in when the
train turned a curve and the, passengers losi
sight of him. What he thought when he
returned to Kentan and found that was the
place of his destirnation, I know not, but
am quite confident he ean never again be
persuaded to travel with a chalked hat !
"IF it wasn't for hope the heart, wvoul
break " as the old lady said when she hurie<
her siventh husband, and looked' anxiousl
among tfto funeral crowd for another.
A REVOLTTIONARY NzO.
There is now. living at Haddonfield, a
man upwards of 90 years 8f age, named
James B. Cooper, who retains a clear and
distinct memory, and is conversant with
nearly all the revolutionary scenes in and
about Philadelphia. He belonged to Lee's
Legion, but is the ofibiiurviving man of
that intrepid party. D1-Titered Lee's Le
gion when he was b ii the nge of 17
and 18 years, and continued with it until
the -peace of 1783. He was at the taking
of Stony Point and Powlqs' look, also at
the battle of Guilford, N. C., and Eutaw
Springs, S. C.! He was in the company
who assisted in-taking Forts Watson, Mott,
and Granby, S. C.; analorts Galphin and
Augusta, Ga., likewise in the seige of '96
in South Carolina.- Ijis urbanity and bold.
ness rendered himn a ro''lte, and won for
him the confideijee of Col. Lee, and the es.
teem of the arrAy. Col. Lee selected him
as a bearer of his despatches to Congress,
and also to the iCompiunder-inu-Chief; and
he was entrustedgy his commander to carry
the flag of truce to the British Commander.
After peace had. beent declared, he turned
his attention to the sut; and upon the second
declaration or i Britain in
1812, he entered the Navy as'a sailing Mas
ter. After the termination' of-that contest,
he was presented by Presidenkt Monroe with
a Lientenant's COinmission.. This took place
in 1822, and was 'a special favor, as there
were no other pto!otiol: until the year
1825. He w, in the,'73d jear of age, or.
dered on duty m ift ' 3iil Asvlu9, Mr.
Cooper bids fair to outlive perhaps, Al the
other heroes of the Revolution. Last year,
three others drew their pensions at the same
place he did, but this yearthey have not
presented themselves to the olice for that
purpose, having probably paid the debt of
nature, and gone dowli to a patriot's grave.
W hat pleas' g flections jiust crowd them
selves upon r veteraiu mmds, as they lon''
back on the past, when t'h& witnessed
first struggle of a r feetle nation tr
from the irof grayp .6f opyress;
with their own eye'sjhe 4
forts; and then -4Oifst
vancement of tha -o6
greatness and po Pe.
with fear and ade
like these, to
is\ st&stely throne.
Smu, laws. A multitude of
servi .od went 'at his bidding.
Palac. .1,e most costly naterials were
at his s .vice, and his tables groaned with
the richness -of their burdens. He seemed
furnished with all he could 'desire, but his
countenance betrayed that lie was unhappy.
I saw a man of wealth. Hie resided in
an elegant mansion, and was surrounded by
every luxury; but ie lived in constant fear
of losing his possessions. Hle was con
stantly imagining tLat all his property would
be consumed or taken from him. Thus pie
turing to his own nind the miserable condi
tion of himself and family, he was not sat.
isfied with his present wvealth. The more
he liad, the more he desired. Surely, here
was not happiness.
I looked upon a lovely valley surrounded
by hills. In the nmidst of it stood a neat
litle village. Gurgling streams came mnur
inuring down the hillside. The lambs frolick
ed merrily about. Cattle grazed in the ven
wealth wvas not their portion, or LUUa
were not born to high stationi.
I beheld a fair young creature, blessed
with health and beauty. *She was the life
of the ball-room, and received the most cont
stant attentions. But I perceived that she
was not truly happy. These things could
not satisfy the longings of her heart1
I sawv a true and heartfelt Christlans tie
was constantly exercising love to his fellowv
men, and doing all in his powver to extend
the knowledge of Jesus Christ and Him
crucified. lHe trusted not in the vanities o1
this life for happiness. lie sought not this
world's riches, but said up for himself a trea
sure ini [leaven, His soul wvas at rest, and
at peace with God, and with mankind. Al
though he experienzed many trials, both in
public and private, still lit was cheerful and
content with his lot. He only of all $hese
was possessed of tiue happiness.
A K'ENTUCKY traveller, dining at large
hotel ini Albany, was annoyed by the show.
ing off of sonme of the members of Assenm,
bly, who kept calling each other from theii
respective counties, after th' fashion, " l'l~
thaink the gentlemana from Oneida," &c. &c
--whereupon thi Kentuckian sai4d to tht
huge darkie waite9t. "ll thank the'gentle
man from Africa for a slice of ham." This
cooled off the fashion of addressing thi
gentleman fromt -- and so, and so. -
A YANKEE ha8 just completed a very im
portant invention, It is designed for- editors
and when perfected, will. cut out items
patches trowsers, grind out poetry, roed
lit tle responsibilities, stuff bustles, and dus
A YouNG LADY of Ohio has been writini
the Kniickerboelkr her decided aversion ti
"recond marr-iage" Poor creature, she ha
a right to -complkin, for she is undoubtedl;
annoyed about not being married herself fo
the first time!1
THE bst wy tosilence a talkative pet
son is never to interrupt him. Do not snu
thn candlon and it will go ont of itself.
From the South Carolinian.
TO THE PEOPLE OF RICHLAD DISTICT.
FELLOW-CITIZENS: In recalling yOu
attention to the consideration of the reason;
which controlled my vote, as one of you
Representatives, in the election of a Unite<
States Senator, in December last, for the tern
orsix years from 4th March succeeding, I fee
that it would be highly censurable in me no
to declare to you, without any reservatior
whatever, my perfect conviction that thi
Judiciary of the State stands acquitted of al
encouragement of the practice which I hoh
up to your unsparing reprobation. The in
dividuals composing it have ever been, a!
they now are, good men and pure,.able anc
conscientious, influenced by a highly culti
vated and refined sense of public duty, anc
full of noble sentiments of personal honor
And it gives me the very greatest pleasur<
to assure you that the excellence of privat
virtue, the delicate sense of personal honor
and the legal lore which the bench lost b.
the withdrawal of Judge Evans, were wel
supplied, as time will show, by the choic
made of a successor by the Legislature.
If, then, the Judges themselves stand thu
fully discharged from all jus censure in re
ference to this corrupting practice, whos<
roots are striking deeper and deeper ever.
day, because it is permitted to operate with
out public exposure, the question arises
who are to be held answerable for p-opag'
tion of the evil? Muinly, beyond all doubt
the. profession of which I am an humbl(
member. I hope I have, fellow-citizens, s
proper degree of professional pride; so muet
of it. have I, that even with its modest emolu.
ments, I would not exchange the profes
sion of my first choice for iy other. I
hope, too, I am capable of properly appre.
ciating the services rendered to literature
civilization and liberty by the common lay
lawyers in every age since the common la%
-ned the dignity of a system. Nor ar
-quainted with the delightful socia
- Yenerous liberality, honorable ser.ti
d1 sufficient. legal learning whiel1
my professional brethren ii
na. Still, fellow.citizens, the
- ie that-they are mainly-res
prevalence of the practic
.in. Aspiring to become
-Is, ambitious to reap the
...u. .~A LIit~SAS3C1
ves practising all the mean arts of commor
electioneering amongst members of the Leg
islature for the distinguished judicial office
of the State; and in order that their aspira
tions may bo speedily gratified, the firs
thing to be done is to create a vacancy ii
the Judiciary. Under our State governmnen
the offlee of Judge is, as it should be, thc
most desirable within the gift of the Legis
lature. The tenure is during good behavio
the salary is large, the functions most im
posing, and the dignity and power' of tll
station in correspondence. When ' once
therefore, it has been obtained, it is no
likely, as we know by past experience, t(
be soon relinquished ; indeed, not relinquish
ed'at all, till the helpless decrepitade of nrg
or death superveines unless it be exchan
ged for one of equal or greater dignity
with sufficient emoluments. What, then, i
to be done in order to induce a Judge to re
signi. Why elect him to the Senate of th<
United States. Tempt him by bestowing
on him a splendid federal dignity, a digtnit;
only inferior to that of President of the Re
ISenate to listening Senators ana c rowdel
and applauding galleries-become familia
with the President and his Cabinet-mingl
with foreign ministers, and become a visi
bie, active part of all that is great and gor
geous In wvealth and power at the capita
of a mighty nation. Sneh, fellow-citizen
is the manner in which thme members of you
Judiciary are approached, and now ani
then one induced, to withdraw from th
bench, to which the confidence of the Leg
islature and his owvn abilities had elevate
him. It is true that thus far aspirants fc
the bench have not had the hardihood I
hold this language and present these temi
tations to your Judges palpably and direct
ly. Artifice is resorted to. Rumors ai
circulated that a certain member of th'
Judiciary would like to go to the Senat'
and if elected a Senator in Congress, on t
occurrence of a vacancy, would reignm hi
seat on the bench. These rumors are die
semninated wvith a proper industry, until the
become so common, that the Judg6 bin
self may be consulted on the subject,i
wvhich consultation his fitness for thA static
can he enlarged upon; he may be told ho0
proud the people wvould be to be represente
at Washaington by one so highly honore
under the State government, and whlo,i
the discharge of his duties, had reflected
niuch lustre upon her judicial annals. Thi
the poison finds its way to tihe human hearl
the soft impeachment is yielded to, and
is at once settled that a sent onl the bent
is to be made vacant by sending a Judgei
the Unmited States Senate on the first oppoi
tunity. AndI be assured the opportunil
will not be long deferred, andl when it dos
come, as sure as truth, a Judge, will
taken from the bench to be senit to the ft.
eral Senate. Then conmes the contest fi
the-vacant judgeship. A nd who more lik
ly to be chosen than one of thme Solicitor:
If such should be the result, then, of cours
the vacant solicitorship must he filled by t
advancement of a member of the bar. Thi
is the consummationi reached. The potem
-of this influence is almost irresistilie, as
' in its operations is as still as it is efficaciom
Sot on foot in some secret corner by t|
scheming-by the management of those
who aim at obtaining the advantages of
r office and place by the sinuous paths of
5 hidden intrigue rather than by the exhibi
r tion of those great, manly qualities of head
and heart which alone fit men for distin.
guished and responsible public appointments,
it works the profession insensibly and un
t consciously, and yet with wonderful power.
It is manifest, too, that this public vice will
increase in proportion to the impunity which
is extended to it.~ It will grow audaciots
in the very degree of its success, until final.
ly it will walk abroad with the elevated
crest of a conqueror, scorning conceal ent,
and defying alike the opposition of vir
tuous private citizen and just denunciation of
the patriotic public man.
I was opposed then to the election of
Judge Evans to tho Senate of the U. States,
because I thought the State needed his servi
ces on the bench;)ecause I regarded the
movements one of had tendency, respecting
the judiciary itself, and because I was op.
posed, and ever will be, to the practice of
making vacancies in high public offices for
the purpose of filling them, thus uselessly
and corruptly multiplying elections.
L.said, fellow-citizens, that the influence
of the -legal profession in orinating the pro.
pagating the pernicious practice of making
vacancies in the bench, by resorting thither
for persons to fill vacancies in the United
StatesSenate, was almost irresistible. It is
true, however, that it is not always trium
phant in filling the vacant judgeship aceor:
ding to the prideiple of regular gradation.
In this it failed in December last. But
those of us in the Legislature ho opaid
some attention to tie course of things there,
connected with elections, can easily account
for that failure. The influence of which I
ain'speaking was divided. It did not work
as a unit, and divison lost it the victory. A
powerful countervailing influence, too, was
brought to bear in this election of a Judge;
for it cannot be forgotten that the very
amiable, honorable, and able gentleman who
was finally elected, himself held a most en.
viable office, towards which very many turn
ed longing eyes,. but which, it was well
k 1own, no one could obtain until :the in
uiiie1~mr bn .prormoted to som6 office
ore di, ed or_. aue .
Judge;i mean only to assign acnuse for
the result of it satisfactory to my own mind.
But I will not pursue this subject fu ther, as
-it is painful to my feelings to do anything,
even in the discharge of a grave duty, which
might wound the sensibility of any portion
of the comimuuity, of whatever profession,
and most especially of my own-when they,
-too, may be my friends.
In concluding what I have to say to you,
fellow-citizens, on this subject, permit me to
remark, so dangerous do I consider the
practice of which I have been speaking,
that I was on the point of making it a sub
ject of public discussion in, the House of
Representatives in December last, previous
tothe election of a United States Senator
for the term of six years, and would certain
ly have done so, had it not been for my
very great regard for the feelings of that
member of the bench whose nane had been
Sfully brought before the Legislature for
that officee, and who was finally elected.
Now, however, that election is disposed of,
I feel freo to utter my opinions on the sub
-ject, and regard it to be my duty to ex
pendence of that department of our State
government, in whose keeping,. when gen-.
r eral corruption prevails, anmd party warfare
a rages, and the whole fab~ric of civil society
-may be shaken to its centre by the violence
of political strife, our rights and privileges
.will be secure from violation. Respect
r JA MES D. TRADE WELL.
. Columbia, May 11, 1853.
WE learn from the Chattanooga Gazette
d that a company has been recently foriped in
r Chattanooga fur the erection of a large es.
0 tablishment for the manufacture of rail road
iron. The company is composed of men
of wealth, enterprise and intelligence, and
e it may be safely calculated that the work
e will be pushed forwvard to completion at an
early day. There is an abundance of the
e raw material, and the location every wany
s favorable for such an enterprise. The grow
ing demand for iron rails, and the high pricem
Y exacted by the European manufacturers,
& render it necessary that the competition ai
" home sbousld .in somme degree con tryl the ex
n jtortioD abroad. In vario.us portions of this
ycountry we have an abundance of material,
d and it only requires to. be put in propel
d shape in order to supply at leas~t a portiori
n of the present enormous demand.
is yENEZUELMe has sent forward a motIon tC
Sbe admitted into the American Union. A
icorrespondent of the United Slates Gazette
hi writing from Porto Cabello, makes the fol
*0 lowing exclamation :-"~ Would, to Heaver
-that Brother Jonathan wvould, in the exces.
:y of his republican generosity, take this beau
stiful country uder the cover of his big guns
>and add another star to the glorious Amseri
0- TUE editor of the Norwvich Courier *w'a
Slatcly one of a party of somne thirty gentle
emen, who partook of a feast in a soap-boil
ie er's kettle in that place. Tlhse kettle is fit
5 teen feet in diameter, anid the table was se
yin its cen 're, on a raised platform, wvith seat
sd for thirty persons around the rim inside. 1
i. seems to be an ancient custom, wvith sonp
so Imbiler, and is alled" dedircntingr thn kettie
Great success always provokes opposition.
The present Administration has been so
completely successful, not only in thorough.
ly uniting and strengthening the Democratic
party, but in enthroning itself in the confi
d'ence of the Ainerican people, that Jt haq
aroused the fiercest ad mo ete -
opposition.. The forcesf the enemnij
been marshalled, the. -point. of attack
been chosen, and, wih. the vehemence .
Napoleon, when throwit himself upon the'
center of his adversary's line, the aiteies -
of invective and vituperation aie pjurina e
their fury upon this single point. It ' the -
appointments to office, a'subject which is
supposed to be specially vulnerable for two
reasons, first, hecause it in some degree in.
dicates a particular line of policy,.and se
condly because it. necessarily awakeu 'a
great deal of ilL feeling from. the immeise
number of disappointments which meet be
made. And never was the wisdom of an
Executive ii the distribution of patronage
so violently assailed, or its policy and its
patriotism so vehemently called in question.
The most unimportant appointments to- ob.
scure offices about which it is neithe- cn.
venient nor desirable that the ~President
should- know very much, are fiel4-p-- to
view as though the fate of the republic- de.
pended upon them. On the other hand een
sure the most unsparing i bestowe4 upon
the Executive for nearly every one of the
selections for important posts from whatever
section of the country or wing of tie party
they happen to be taken. The bokkeess
of.these accusations is only equalled >y the
iazlignity with 'which,they are urged.
It is said that the President has violated
the principles of the Baltimore Platform. ad
the pledges of his Inaugural Address,. If
those documents have- any peculiar eignifi..
cance in connection with the present conidi.
tion of the coup try, it is-that there- ought
to be a finality to the agitation which. has
been prevailing for the past few yers.
Men of all parties and from every sectinn of
the country desired repose, and 'tire-reason
of -tile unprecedented vote that Gen. Pierce
received, is to be- found in the fact- that it
was Ili-ved . that his election .wqiddiJPs:.
contribute to 'e n
been accomplisli-eZ by 'rsefisig -
those who ngreed to bury past difiereuces,
on account - of their opinions in- regard tb -
forgotten issues.' It was clearly hi. tw.yt
to receive and rebognize all who- cordially
subscribed to the articles of agreement.
This lie has done, and for this lie has been
most bitterly denounced. But like-a, wise.
master builder lie is laying the foundntions
broad and deep in the hearts of his country.
imei, and the people will sustain him in his
patriotic efforts to restore peace, security
and confidence to the confederacy. One
-thing must lie conceded hy an unprejudiced
observer; that, laying aside mere party con
siderations, lie has been remarkably f)rta.
nate and judicious in his appoinnents. Ile
has uniformly selected' strong men-men of
mark, ot intelligence, of ability; and- worth
TaE CUBa:M SLtvE' TR.(DE.-.Dur'mg tIle
first fiye months of the present year, not
less than 9,049 Mrican slaves w~ere anded'
in Cuba from srave ships. Of these, one
cargo, numnbering 097 slaves. wvas atiily
Government marine offlee furnished iauuta.
for landing 797 negroes.
To RATse CUCUMBEns on SQUAsHES
Taka a bufrel, or hogshead, snw it in twvo
in the middle, and bury each half in the
ground even with the top. Then take a
small keg and bore a small hole in the hot.
torn. Place the keg in the center of the
barrel, the top even with the ground, and fill
in the barrel around the keg with rich earth,
suitable for the growth of eneum s. Plant
yotir seed midway between the of the
barrel and the keg, and make a k of arbor
a foot or two high for the vines -n on.
When the ground becomes dry, pok water.
in the keg in the evening-it wvill pass out
at the bottom of the keg into the barre),and
raise up to the roots of the vines, and keep
them moist and green. Cucumbers culti
vated this way wvill grow to a great size, as
they are made inidependent both of drought
and wet weather. In~ wet wveather thie bar
rel can be covered, and in dry the grounil
can be kept moist by pouring water in the *
A UnAND AND 'IFE, traveIling throug
the woods in -haste,. et with a melancholf
accident, which is recorded in the following .
fblicitous strain: :
And while retreating through the weeds,
And through the tangled fern,.
Hie toro his must-n't-mention-'emis,
And had to put on heht!
"FATHER, father, look'ye here."
sonny, what do you want now?" " Was &
George Washington ever married to any
bod y else but his wife t" " Shut up:-you're
a fool-what d'ye- ask tbat for I", Why,
cos this ere paper ses that Great Britain was
the mother of t his ere country, and every.
body says Washington 'was the father of it;
he most hey hiii married afore be come over,
to hey such an awful big young un."
" Sonny, blowv your noese, wipe your face,
t- and go to your ma." -
T RUE piety is light in the understandIng,
ease in the conscience, purity in the affen.
'ins, and consistoncy in the lifo.