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We will cling to the Pillars of the Tenple of our Liberties, and it it must fall, we will Perish amidst the Ruins."
W. F. DURISOE, Proprietor. EDGEFIELD: S. C., JULY 27, 1853. VOL. xVn---- 2
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Nov. 14 tf 51
ABN E R PIE RII N,
A G ENT for the Pro,2ecutionl f Claims fr Boun
ty Latnd, Revolutionary and other P-ensions.
Offive at Edgdeield C. 11., S. C.
Feb 23 tf 6
FELIX E. BODIE,
WM. QUATTLEBUM, .
R. S. KkV,
Por Tax Colloctor.
THOMAS B. REEAE.
A. It. AP.LE,
M1. B. W -
JOHN W. s.WriI,
n. T. Witit;i1T,
W. F. DUR160E,
TIIOS. G. BACON.
t. BI. IOUiNIGJIT,
PICKENS B. WEVER.
EDGEFIELD C. IL, S. C.
TH-IS FSTA LllSl1M!ENT for
. merlv known ::s the " S'ANN lo
TEL," having beet purchasei.d id
opveted im l)ecei:mber last hv the U'lersigned, lie
would iw.t resp ctttlly s Iie.t his friet Is mid the
pubILe ei-a:lv to ;..ive hnlm a all, vs ie fels con
fident Itt ie van I!n as well for thet as could be
expectel in a Il:t(e li:e thi.
lI s lliu-e is situ:ttedi on M-n Street, one block
South of tlte Publi:e Square, anld io t. vetiint to those
t-rave.mg the Plank ltoad. A 1so. ftrom C.. umbia,
A iken and G rantervile. Ilis St-ules are conventient
to the 11. us.. anid a.lways welhl -upplied.
The I louse is suiiet-y rezired from. the btusi
ness part of the Town to render it ahways quiet and
comfotabthle, so tat the weary traveler many always
be sure of a good nights rest.
F. 31. NICHOL A S.
3Mav 11 tf 17
New Store and New Goods !
rp I E Subscriber has just opetted ant ENTIRE
INew Stock of Goeds, at the Old
Stand (the izicte S-roRE) consistig of every va
Groceries, Hardware, Crockery,
Shoes, hats, &c.
Thankful for past favors, lie ho pes by strict at-I
tet(in to businie-s atnd a desire to pilease to shatre a
conttintuance of thte samte.
11is friends and the ptublie are requested to call
and exaine for theit:selves.
U.2 A liberal dise'ounxt for Cash.
B. 0. BRYAN.
Edgeield, Matrch 16,.j 9
New Spring Goods,
TI IL Subscribier takes this mtethold oif returning
ihis 2irateful thaniks toI his punctual customters
for their long continued pattronage, and feels contfi
dvint from nine years experiece in tihe Mlerc:tttile
busmness, that lie enn otYer iinductments to. his eusto
rners that must secure a continuancee of their past
11e is now rceeiing and offering one of the
Nost Desirable Stocks of Dry Goods:
For the Summner Trade, thtat lie has ev. yet offered
to the public. Abso otn hand,'l.a fine Stock of
Cutlery, H atrd and Crockery Ware,
Aud a hirge and excellentt variety of
HATS, BOOTS AND SHOES,
or htis owutnimanufacture, as5 well ats a ;.:oodI supply
of Yaikee work. A Good Stock of Groceries,
SUGAR, COFFEE, MOLIASSES, SALT,
Bacon and Lard,
Which Ihe will sell low for Cash. A lso, a supply o
Drugs and( Medicines,
Such as sweet. Castor. Trtin aind Linseed Oil,
White Lead, Window Glass and Ptitty, &c., &c.
ML W. CLAlUY.
any 19 5t 18
" J R. L E I G H w~oub. tre.pietfully anntotunce to
Ji the. Laxdtes atnd Gien t'emen of Edgetield and
vicintity. th tt he~ is now' ready to serve all that miay
be desiro.us of obtining one or more gof htis
'Mr. I,. is prepanred to take nny of thte different
styles of Pictures the .\rt is canpable .if.
g Ladlies wt'l find that bhitck ,r' dark dressing
will add tmuch to the beauty of the Picture.
Mlav II tf 17
'fl BARRELS RlOCK LIMlE, in fine order,
OUjust received, and for~ sah- by
E. liODJGES, AGE.r
Trarobmrgr, Jnie 11, Uf 20
CARSON, THE DRUNKARD,
A STORY OF GENIUS IN RUINS.
EY CHI RLES G. HANvILLE.
Purchasing some wine one day in a tavern
not Car from [lolborn, London, my attention
was directed by the landlord to a man who
lay or slept on one of the benches in front
of' the bar. His sleep-if indeed that de
served the name which appeared rather a
lethargie torture of the faculties-was iearly
over; he pta his feet to the ground, and
arose painrully and dazzily into a sitting
posture. le rested his elbows on his knees
and his head drooped forward on two white
slender hands, now trembling and impotent,
and stained with blood and mire.
He was indeed a singular object, aid one
to arrest our deepest sympathies. His hair
-a fine dark brown, profuse and silky
was matted with the filth and straw of the
kennel out of which he had been lifted by
the landlord at daybreak. His clothes,
thoughi soiled and torn, were still of exel.
lent texture ; and one glance, the most hasty,
at the man, declared his position, . and re
vealed his misery. He was a gentleman, if
birth, education, social rank and high ability
confer the title. He was a drunkard, arnd
heir to all the misery and degradation im
plied and entailed hv the fittal passion.
" God help him !" said the landlord, who
was a humane man, as landlords go. " God
help poor Mr. Carson !" He's been on a
spree many a time before ; but this is his
longest and his worst, and I fear it '11 prove
" Hush!" said 1. " He may overhear
" Not he," said the landlord-" At least
lie can't understand nothing now 'till he's
had his bitters; Lord bless you! le's got
no thought now but one, and that's for
di ink ; there's only one word in the world
he could speak, and that's " gin," poor fel.
I looked at the unfortunate man; he sat
pressing his thin palms against his throb.
bing temples, and striving to moisten his
parched tongue sufficiently to call for drink.
The words rattled ini hi ' ' --
I learned on enquiry froni the landlord,
that lr%.Carson was a Barrister, occupying
rooms close to my own in Lincoln's Inn ;
that lie had the reputation of great talent;
and was now, or had been lately, the master
spirit of one of our best and most witty pe.
In general he was perfectly sober, know.
ing his own weakness, and abstaining alto.
gether from strong drink; but twice before,
Lu ing the past Year, lie had broken through
his resolution; and twice before, though
never quite so totally, he had been reduced
to the position in which he now groaned
and gasped before me. Oh there are many
Carsons in the world ; and many landlords,
who, while they pity him, never think that
the trade by which they profit, is the poison
by which hle dies.
A rising sloiwhy fromt his seat aud totteritig
to the bar, he now rested his elbows on the
brass rod and niuttered through his set
teeth-'" Di ink !-G in !"'
Thie hatr-maid, a pretty girl, and one who
would have shrutnk fronm the commission of
an open homiicide handed him'a tumrbler
nearly full. lHe gulped it down, though an
innate loathiing convulsed his face, and it
was evident that the stomach sought to re
ject the uniwehcomne drug with which it was
ulready satu rated and corroded.
lHe paused fur a moiment, and a grim
smile crept over his besotted features, as he
felt the inivigoratiing stimulus...
"Bitters!1-Gin !-more !" said he hoarse
ly, handing back his tumbler to be filled;
md the girl who prayed eaich Sunday in a
Christiani Church, and heard the cotmmand
'lhou shalt not kill," gave him what he
Why enter into the minutim of a picture,
the far more dreadful reality of which is to
e seen every day and hour in every tavern
throughout the world ? Sultice it, that a
ewmore gass of gin and brandy restor
ed the victim to his senses. He was in high
spirits atnd joked with me otn the wretched.
ness of his owtn condition. He told me
that he had heard every wvord of moy con
versation with the landlord ; hut was at that
time unable to think or speak, not having
had his " comforter,': and he smiled aa he
drained another glass..
I asked him home to my chambers, antd
as we walked down Chancery Laiie I saw
that men, the first and most respected in our
professioni, bowved and stmiled sadly at him
as they passedl.
Conming into my rooms ho called for
"Why will you take more of this, when
you have just told me that you kntow it is
killing you ?"
" Psha wv! dhon't preach now, there's a
good fellow," he replied, " let me have just
another glass; and theni i'll dress myself,
and come out and tilk to you like a judge,
wiser than three-fourtks of thetm into the
bargain, for I have not only the letter of the
law but the spirit in me."
I showed him into the bed room, and as
le washed himself he told me that lie had
neither washed nor combed his hair for the
pst week, " tier would I now," said he,
"only that you happened to stumble on me
in therp. Some friends pressed me to join
theim in chamipagne about ten day-s ago; I
pleaded that Iinever drank, but they were
old college chums, and itnsisted ; they laugh
ed at me, so I dranik; and here I am now,
sober by excess of brandy, restored to my
reasoni by that which would make three
other mn insane."
There was a bitter sarcasm, a vain rc
gret, a dreadful mockery of his own weali
ness and misery in his tone, though a smil
curled his handsome features. Yes! hand
some, despite their fever and their pallo
despite the blood-shot eye, and the bloatei
Now that he had removed the blood an
dirt which disfigured lim, I thought that
had never seen a finer race, or one so intel
lectual. The forehead was broad and mas
sive. the eyes large, dark, deep set and wit
long rich lashes placed wide apart under th
brow. His nose, though somewhat thiCi
was purely Grecian, and regularly shaped
the lips, contrary to the received doctrine o
physiognomists, were finely rehed an
fiexible; and a square dimpled chin con
pletee a face which had much of the ol
A pollo in it, much of the morining star hurl
ed down from its height, but still consetou
of its lustre.
" Why don't you shave I" said I; " ther
are my razors; then we'll go out for a wall
and the cool air will revive yor."
Ha! ha !' lie laghed ; " is this a han
to shave with ? it is steady enough-is th<
brain steady? would you desire a coroner
inquest in your room, or a suicide commit
ted before your face ? No, no; come acros
the square to my chambers-I've not beel
there for a week-and then I'll finish rm
toilette, and go down to the office with you.
We went, and found his table covere<
.with a pile of letters; an aged clerk, whl
sat at a small table in the outer oltice. fairl,
wept for joy when "Master Frederic" re
turned. He had been in Carson's servici
for some years, as I afterwards learned ; an
indeed, had spent the better portion of hi:
life in the service of the uncle by whon
Frederick had been reared.
Turning to the pile of papers which la,
on the desk, Car-on glanced hastily over it
either flinging aside the letters, or hanidini
them to the clerk to attend to. At lasi
about half way down the henp, he came ti
a small note, deeply bordered with black
and directed, in an old fashioned, feina!
" My God !" he exclaimed, " from ml
mother; but I could not bear to read it now.
Time was," said he, sinking back into a
chair, " that I watched for the n"z'.
and you can respect my grief."
I could only answer him by pressing hi
hand. There was an imige before me-i
forelioding-the wreck of intellect and do
maestie peace-a shadow thrown upon ni
own path, by the darkness which alread)
I spoko some hasty consolation, thougi
with choked and imperlect itierane; anc
with an earnestness, vouched by my tears, J
besought him to refrain from drinking anij
"0, come, come!" said he, "my pooi
boy, you tike this trifle too much to heart
Come, let's dress, and take a walk; I'll rdat
it in the fields, and perhaps it may do some.
thing for me, though I fear it comes tot
He returned from the bed room in a few
minutes elegantly dressed, and with ever'
trace of agitation gone; but I had beart
the gurgle of the decatiter, and could jndgi
the source of his mirth. Leavinig sona
money with the clerk, and telling him that
lie would return and resume business regu.
larly in the morning, he accompanied me
into Fleet street.
We called on several friends in the Tem.
pie, and.everywhere I could see how huighly
he was esteemied-how little they knew his
real state-how n.,ble a prospect his folly
his desperate madness had effaced.
Passing up the Strand to Charing Cross
we calledt a cab, and drove to the itegent's
Park ; lie threw himself down in thme long
grass, att the foot of Primrose 111ill, and read
the letter aloud.
It was one of those which can only come
from a fond, proud mother's pen ; she spoke
of his sister, and their hope to come up tb
town and see hinm in a few wveeks, or that he
would go down to them. It spoke of the
pride shte took in hearing of his fair fame,
and unticiputing the happiness and advan
tages of his future career. It was onie o1
those letters which they are happy who re.
ceive, and blest who mierit-a letter to touch
the rock of .selfishness, aiid draw f orth what
ever purity and kindness the heart coutains
-such a letter as a thousand mothers writ,
-such a letter as scarcely any son can
read without self crimnination, repentance and
For my own part I gave wvay to my feel.
ings, and wept like a child ; but Carson shed
no tear ; his voice was husky', slow, and(
dreadfully deliberate, as if he wished to draini
the dregs of the bitter eupt, atnd feel the tor
ment of each separate drop. Ho folded uj
the letter and arose: his limibs tremibled se
that lie had to leati on nie; antd as we walk.
ed back to the cab, lie whispered
I drove dowvn to my friend Dr. B--'s
arid to him Carson stacted his case. It wat
a common one, anid this-that he had now
been under the nmaddening iinfluence of~ drinl
for more than ten days, and that he hat
feared delirum anid death wvould Seize himi
Dr. B-felt his pulse, and immediately
asked if he had any friends ott whom h<
could rely. He answered, none, utless
would interest myself so far in a ruinet
nmai, who might inever five to make rec urr
of the obligation. He felt, lie said, asi
death had already marked hiti, but still de
sired, even nmore strongly than life, that ii<
frientds of his should be acquaitnted with thi
nature or degree of his illness.
I protmised silemice, attd it was finall)
ae that ae should be removed to a "mits
sioi dle sante," or" ive hospital some mile.
I. Why horrow yoyr feelings by a descrip
, tion of his sufferings? why attempt to de
l pict the unutterahfe torture of body ana
soul which followehis abstinence from the
d bowl I why, or how, reveal the horrori
I which made a dmon-land of his couch
and frenzied into desperation and violence
- an imagination already vivid, eager, warm,
h and comprehensivel Behold him on the
e bed: young, brilliint, educated, refined and
, senbitive, but yesterday, or a fortnight since
with friends who esteemed him, a mother
f who loved him, a future full of hope, and
a equal to his highe'st aspirations. To-day
. draw aside the curtains, and contemplate
I the reck-a shattered maniac, raving in the
horrors of an anticfpated hell-shuddering
s at the terrors of his own disordered fanicy
shriekinig with the agony of brain and heart
e -convulsed in every limb and quivering in
every sinew, as the shadow gather round
and round him nord gloomily, more strange
I ly, hideously and lowly, and mnre blackly
' The mother and the sister did come to
s towi; but not as thely expected, to share his
joy, and witness the.>osition his genius had
s achieved. They cime to stand beside a
a narrow pit, into whiih an uninscribed coffin
is bei:ig slowly lowbred. It was his last
request in the lucid iiterval which preceded
i death, that his namne should perish with his
shame; and that'neiher mouument nor re
cord should- presee his memory. 'The
name I have assighejim is fictitious; there.
fore his request is uniolated by a brief nar
I rative, as true as it i sad.
Heis mother has si died; she withered
i under the second bl i, for her husband had
also been a victim t-the red plague of in.
toxication. Hope dJd within her heart, and
she died about a twel.e-mnonth after her son's
de'ath:; hnt not in' f ngland. In Palmero,
where I had gone to pend the summer, un
der thn bright skies of Sicily, and in the
home of any wife, fher daughter, another
secondary victimn-ae of those fifty inno
-cents who suffer f~r .avery individual drunk.
g ard's criminality-th6 spirit of the mother
I and the wife, outraged, desolated in each
| Cspacity by the one foul Tyrant, flew up to
suicide--to protect the veaK from the temp.
tations which beset them.
'Tis not alone the ignorant, the poor, the
miserable, who perish in the Dead Sea of
drink. Let the annals of literature, let the
records of each family, let your experience
an. daily observation tell you who and what
are the men who nost readily, most fally
yield to this mnost damnable vice ?
But I exceed mny commission; my busi
ness was to complete a sketch: I find my
self lecturing on the rudiments of light and
How TO BE PRosPeROUs IN BuSiNESs.
In the first plaice make up your mind to ac
conplish whatever you undertake ; decide
upon some particular employment, and per.
severe in it. All difficulties are overcome
by diligence and ass'uity.
Be no', af'raid to woark with your bands,
Iand diligenatly too. " A cat in gloves catch
no micke." He who remains in the mill
griands, not he who cometh and goeth.
Atteand to your business; never trust to
another. " A pot that belongs to many
is ill-stir re'd aid worse boiled."
Ba frugal. " That w'hich w~ill not make a
po ill make a pot l." " Save the pence
and the pounds will take care of themselves."
aBe abs temious. " Who daities love shall
Rise et.rly. "'The sleeping fox catch no
" Plow deep while sluggards sleep,
Andi yuu'll have corna to sell anid keep."
Treat every one with respect and civility.
"Everything is gained, and nothing lost by
courtesy." Good amanners insure success.
Never anticipate wealth from any other
source thani labor ; especially never place
dependence upon becoaning the possessor of
an inheritence. " He who wiaits foar dead
mens shoes, amay have to go a long time
barefoot. " He who runs after a shadow
has a wvearisomne race"
Above all thinags never despair. " God is
where he was." Hie helps those wiho truly
trust ini him. g
SKE'rCH OF A (;ENTrLEMAN.-Moderation,
decorum, and neatness distinguish the gen
tlenaa ; hem is all tiames affauble, diffident and
studious to please. Intelligent and polite,
his behavinr is pleasant and graceful. When
lie entera the dwvelling of an inferior, he en.
deavors to hide if possible the difference be
tween their rank in lifam, ever wiilling to as
sist those around him, he is neither unkind
hanghty nor overbearing. In the mansion
oft the great, the correctness of his mind in
duces him to bend to etiquette, but not stoop
to adulation ; correct principle cautions him
to avoid t he gambling table, inebriety, or
any other foible thaut could occasion self
areproach. Pleased with pleasures of re
flection he rejoices to see the gaieties of
society and is fastidious upon no point of
little implor'tance. Appear only to be a
Igentleman, and its shadowv w~ill bring upon
you contempt; lhe a genteman, and its hon.
ors will renmain even after you are dead.
Wiut are six ring tailed monkeys, sus
pending themselves from a puam tree, pick.
ing cocoanmuts, more truthaful than James, the
novelist? 3:ecause they depend for support,
not upon works of' fiction but upon tales of
Sxrrn.--Some fellows say, when Adam
got tired of' naminag his numerous decen.
dant besaid" ht to ret b namd ~it
THE LATE SOUTHERN CONVENTION-DOMES
TIC POLICY OF THE SOUTH.
The acts of the great Commercial Conven.
tion which met at Memphis in June last,
are before the world, and it is now a perti
nent and important question-what will the
South do I From what do these grand
councils of her statesmen spring? Are they
the offspring of a few distempered brains,
who war against fancied wrongs? Or are
they the silent workings of caln determin
ed deliberations ?
We are not of those who see dangers in
shadows, nor do we belong to those of the
other extreme, who sleep in feigned security,
hugging the delusive phantom of hope while
ominous and portentous workings are go.
itg on around us. The acts on the part of
the South mean something or nothing, and
it is a matter of national importance to know
and understand them. The Southern States
wish to render themselves, commere'ially,
financially, and socially independent. This
is their language, and how voluminous with
meaning are the words "socially indepen
dent." Have we as a nation so soon arrived
at that point, when it is found necessary for
one portion of the Union to render itself so.
cially independent of the other? It is al
ready debated, how shall the bond of broth
erhood most effectually be severed ? Facts
It is not difficult to comprehend the causes
which have led to this desired social (the
first step towards the political) severence of
our Union. As uncontrovertable as the
plainest truth in nature, is the fact that the
Southern movement can be traced directly
to Northern freesoilism and albolitionism.
"Tis true, that during the entire session of
the convention, not a harsh word was ut
tered against these northernisms. but this
fact does not at all lessen the truth of the
above statement, but, on hthe contrary, ren
ders it more clear. Those who met at Mem
phis, went there not to parade their griev
ances before the world in idle words and
empty wrath, but. their every act was stamp
ed with cool, calm determination; and every
decision of the convention; was the result
of surprising unanimity. As an instance of
this determined spirit, we state the fact that
the Maryland delegation to the convention,
- ".0efdinfr -as far as Louisville, Kentucky,
410 hauL %;UILI4LLVU 0,j .j. ,...
who remembers that the South is a portion
of the American Republic, and that the blood
of our forefathers flowed as freely at Eutaw
Springs as at Saratoga, say that our South.
ern brethren act without causes? They are
only working for their own protection and
in self defence. They have been slan
dered, villified, and abused by Northern fan
atics. Their very house have been invaded,
and their private property rendered insecure
by the foul doctrines preachefl by the anti
slavery party of the Nnrth; and the signs of
the tines are not indicative that these dan
gerous doctrines can be crushed, except by
their own strong arms raised in their own
behalf. Our Southern brethren ask us if
free soilism is dead ? In reply we point to
W. H. Steward, John P. Male, and a host
of others in high positions, whlose whole en
ergies are devoted to a war upon Southern
interests. T1hey ask us if our general voice
is to putt down and condemn every thing
that tends to ruin the social institutions ? In
answer, they are told that we imnmotalize
Harriet Beecher Stowe and Unele Tomn.
T'hey ask us if we will-enforce the compro
mise measures; and if they may consider
these measures as the final of slavery agita
tion? Iin reply we say wve delegate the du
ty of carrying out those measures to men
who are known to be wholly hostile to their
enforcement. They ask us if they may visit,
us as citizens of the same great common
wealth. free from annoyance as to their so.
-eial relation to their servants ? We tell them
if they dare to tread on Northern soil they
do so at the risk of personal insult and loss
It is these indications on the part of the
North then, wvhich have aroused, justly arous
ed, the Southern States to the development
(of' their owvn powers, that they may render
themselves socia.ly independent. It requires
Ino prophetic powers to foresee the ultimate
results of their deliberations. Our Southern
friends are too wvise and too powerful to lie
thwarted in their designs. If they fail to ac
complish their end by one method they will
try another. Their aim is to crush the by.
dra-headed monster, known as freesoilism,
and send it to oblivinn. They desire union,
but the iron b:mnds linking indissolubly to
gether the repuliic they say must be forged
over the graves ol the Northerni vandals.
The first mode adopted by the South to
effect this object, is to develope the powvers
of her people and her soil; by her railroads
to extend the facitities of intereommunica
tion, and let observation give thte lie and the
death-blow to these Northern propagandists.
She knows that abolitionists and freesoilers
must sink into the grave of political infamy
when facts confront their fiction.
T1he South will stretch every nerve to
build the great Pacific Railroad, she will
arouse her sons to industry and the pursuit
of wealth, and then she will appeal directly
to the North to assists her in crushing her
enemy fed upon its soil. It is wvell under -
stood that af.er not more than one or twvo
years the Southern Convention will ad
jnurn to assemble in the heart of the North
ern States, for the very purpose of testing
public opinion ; to see wvhether z' moral
alliance can be effected between the North
and South which shall for ever crush this op.
position to Southern Slavery. Andif such an
end cannot be consmnuma-ted, thetn dark are
the predictions for the future.
We cannot look upon this Southern Con
vention but as a proof that the Union and
Northernt hostilit~y to Southern institutions
cannot live and thrive together. The fiat
has gone forth that one of the two must be
sacrificed. Which shall it be? This is a
delicate and mighty question, but it must be
decided.. We may argue the improbability
of such an issue ever being made; we may
battle it off by sophistry and verciage; we
may wish it distant but we hope against
hope-we can no more shut our eyes to the
fact that the hour of this issue is hastening
on. These Northern vultures are preying
upon the very vitals of the government.
Their short sighted and bigoted philanthro.
py would undermine the Union to snatch
the negro from imaginary suffering; and
they would raise him upon the wreck and
ruins of the white race and the buried hopes
or the Revolution. The interests and perpe
tuity of our country demand their political
annihilation. This work has already been
commenced in the South.
Every patriot will wish our Southern citi
zens success in their just and laudable un
dertaking. Let the ball roll on-let the
South develope her powers and resources
let her railroads thunder through heir forests
and cover her immense uncultivated territo.
ries with the bloom of cotton and the pro
ducts of her clime-let her entrepots and
continental depots be established at every
ridlroad crossing, and in every city within
sound of the Atlantic because we should
not forget that she is a portion of our own
tepublic, and her prosperity is the prosperity
of all-let her build her own schools, estab.
lish her own press, rival us in all the pursuits
of trade, and .render herself commercially
and financially independent-but let us all
work together, and " hand-in hand all march
one way," to annihilate eve-y lirinciple
which may have a tendency to array any one
portion of our Union against another in a
rivalry for social or sectional independdnce.
-New York Herald.
E C OF PLANK ROADS.j
A correspondent of the Charleston Cou.
rier thus speaks of the effect of Plank
Roads recently constructed near that city
upon the value of property :
" The efrect of building substantial Plank
Roads, may be readily seen in the enhanced
value of real eitate in the immediate neigh.
borhood of our city. Lands have doubled,
amd in many instances trebled their original
the Plank 1toadto tne ioras, was bumu iur
$1,800. The same tract brought last year
$5,000, another not far from it, doubled its
price in the same space of time, costing
originally $1000, and rpalizing for its owner
the sum of $2,500, a third, which was held
for a lonag period at $5,000 without a pur
chaser, is now in possession of another ow.
ner, from whom it could not be bought for
$12,000, a tract in St. James' Goosecreek,
purchased the same time for 8900, recently
brought $3,600, four times the amount of
purchase. Iranumerable similar examples
might be cited where the parties -are well
known, but it is unnecessary at present.
A SCENE OF POVERTY DRUNKENNEss,
STARVATro AND MISERY.-Yesterday we
were invited by a kind-hearted philanthro
pist, to visit T1hatcher Conrt. We found
there a small old wooden building, one story
under ground and one story and an attic
above ground. The basement story is di
vided into three apartments, the first story
in four, and the attic into the same number.
In each of the rooms above ground, we
found a family, all in miserable condition.
We visited a family who occupied one of
the upper rooms. Here we found a man,
his wife, and two children, lodged. TIhis
little room, which is just about twice the
size of a common bedstead, wve found in
the most filthy state. T1he man and woman
were both drunk, and have been so most of
the time for the last three weeks. The bed
which accommodated the four was a bundle
of rags in a most shocking condition. No
furniture, excepting the bed, of any kind
was to be seen, but we learned that the
family had a right to cook in one of the
basements-when they had anything to
cook-wvhere they had a chair and a part of
a table. An empty bottle, wvhichi had con
tained spirits, was standing near the father
of this miserable family. The children had
no food during the day, and they said they
were starving. A little girl four years old
and a little boy of two years were the un
fortunate children of this couple. Our corn
panion kindly remonstrated with the burly,
hearty looking drunkard and his miserable
looking wimfe, but it did no good. They ap
peared lost to shame, and the willing victims
to their appetite. The oldest of the children
was then taken to a shop near by, and some
food purchased for her and her little brother.
She took the food home, and as soon as she
entered the house her father robbed his
starving children of the food thus given to
them anid ate it himself-Boston Herald.
A novel funeral 'procession might have
been witnessed in Petersburg, Virginia, a
few days since. A negro drayman, having
been accidentally drowned, was escorted to
his last resting place by all the draymen of
the Cockade city. The horses he had driven
during his sojourn on earth, were led by the
groom immediattely behind the hearse, and
followed up by the priiheipal mournerns
mounted on a dray. These, in their turn
were succeeded by something like one hun
dred drays, and dlrawvn by two horses, mak
inig ini all a cavalcade nearly a mile long.
TIrE editor of the Woonsocket Patriot
makes merry over the mistake of an old
Shanghai heni of his, that has been " setting"
for five weeks upon two rounds stones and a
piece of brick!/ H er anxiety is no greater
thani ours to know what she will hatch. lf
it proves a brick yard-that hen is not for
COL. FREMoNT.-EXPLORATION OF TH
CENTRAL ROUTE TO THE PACIFIC.-We
have received intelligence of the arrival of
Col. Fremont at Washington, from England,
where he has been incarcerated on account
of the debts contracted by him, in orderto
equip the men with whom he made the con
quest of California. Our-informant assured
us that Col. Fremrnul has prepared himself
with the finest instruments for the purpose
of prosecuting the' survey of the Central
Route, for a railroad to the Pacific. He
proposes to start in November, and thus to
test the practicability of the route during
the season of snows. This intelligence will
be hailed with pleasure by the people of Mis
souri, and the undertaking by Col. Fremont,
of this survey during the fall and winter
snows, shows the confidence he feels in the
practicability of the Central Route, and this
confidence showed by one so well acquaint.
ed with the whole country as Col. Fremont,
cannot fail to inspire a similar confidence in
the friends of the Central Route. We on
derstand that Col. Fremont undertakes this
survey without aid from the Government,
and if so, it gives him an additional claim to
the gratitude of the whole country.-St.
PLOT TO SEIZE THE EMPEROR OF FRANCE.
-The rumored plot against Louis Napoleon
is confirmed. The Paris correspondent of
the London Times gives the following ac
count of it:
The existence of a plot of an extensive
kind is now placed beyond a doubt. I do
not well know what to believe about the
Orleanists and Legitimists, who were said
to be implicated in it, but the great majority
of the persons arrested, and who, it is said,
amount to over 300, belong to the Socialist
party. Some believe that there was more
than one plot, and that each party had its
own ulterior objects in view, but that its
immediate one was to seize on the person
of the Emperor, either at the Hippodrome,
where he was known to have gone on Tues
day, or during one of the excursions which
lie so often makes in the streets of Paris or
its environs, without escort or guard of any
kind. The next thing the conspirators were
to have executed, after having disenoimbered
themselves of the Emperor, was to proceed
at once to the erection of barricades, to
t~." thp Inesin, ..
in almost all quarters of Paris-even in the
quarters of the Italians-but principally in
the rues Feaubourg, St. Martin, and Trans.
nonain. In the last mentioned a secret so.
ciety was in the habit of meeting. The
parties said to have been charged with the
attack on the Emperor at the Hippodrome
were about 60 in number. They were,
however, closely watched by the police, and
were unable to execute their design.
DoMESTIC '1ROUBLES IN THE IMPERIAL
FA vILY.-A good deal of gossip, says a
Paris letter has been going on in Paris du
ring the last few days, respecting a supposed
attempt of the fair Eugenie to pay a clan
destine visit to her dear native land across
the Pyrenees. It seems that the Imperial
lady has for a considerable time been un
wvell, and feels but little relish for the gene
of a court life, ini consequence of which she
petitioned her royal husband for leave of
absence, a request that was at once refused
in no very courteous terms. 'rhe Spanish
wifte, however, was not, it vappears, to be
thus baulked; and so, what she could not
gain by the good will of the Emperor, she
sought to obtain by secret contrivance, in
connection with one of the ladies about her
person. The scheme, however, by soino
means or other, oozed out; and the result
has been that effectual means are taken to
prevent the imprisoned bird from tasting the
sweets of liberty and inhaling tihe fragrant
breezes of her native Spain. Poor Louis
Napoleon-this is the worst blow of all
quite a home thrust-and if domestic trou..
bles be added to his already great political
annoyances, it will be difiicult to say wvhat
will be the result either to himself or the
country lhe governs. Faith, he may echo
the words of Shakspeare's Henry VI., " Oh
heavy lies the head that wyears a crown !"~
AN AMUsING INCCIDENT.-The Journal
of Commerce tells the following story:
One incident in the procession, taifling in
itself, occasioned a good deal of amusement.
When Gen. Pierce had got as far up as the
head of Wall street, his horse became res
tive, and came in collision with the animal
rodle by General Sandfoird. As the Presi
dent wus riding with his hat in hand, the hat
received the brunt of the shock, and suffer
ed severely, being badly stove in and inden
ted. The General was too much engaged
to notice the catastrophe, and soon put on
hat in its unfortunate condition, anid retain
ed it in its place for about a block, exciting
roars of laughter among the boys.
THE STEAMBOAT ACCIDENT.-In our tel
egraphic news yesterday there was mention
ed an accident to the steamer Empii-e, on
the Hudson river. On Saturday morning,
wvhen going down the river, about five miles
below Poughkeepsie, she wvas run into by a
sloop, with such force as to knock one of her
boilers and some parts of her machinery
Thlis caused the steamer almost imme
diately to take fire, which spread the utmost
consternation among the passengers, who
were roused from their slumbers by the fore
of the sloop running into the steamer.
They were, however, all rescued safely
except some ten or twelve who were badly
scalded, tbree or four who were killed, and
taken to Poughke'epsie by the schooner.
It is feared that some of the passengers
leaped overboad durng the consternation,
and waro drownnd.