Newspaper Page Text
From a private letter to the N. Y. Tribune.
TEE WSREY AND DELUSION OF CALTFORNI
bAN FRANCISCO, May 26, 1853.
It has been a matter of great surprise to me
that some one has not, before this, given a true
account of the condition of the people and the
state of things in California.
I have been in this. State twelve weeks, and
during that timE have seen more misery, more
vice, more immortality, more blasted hopes and
withering disappointment, more utter wretched
ness and impotent regrets than I have ever wit
nessed before in my whole lire; and it is as
tonishing-it is amazing-that some philanthr'o
pist has not taken upon himself the task, ere
this, of exposing to the world the state of af
fairs here, and the almost universal fate of a
great majority of California emigrants. All
who leave home for this supposed land of gold,
do so with high hopes and brilliant expecta
lions; but did they know the almost certain
destiny which awaits them here, they would
sooner dig potatoes for fifty cents a day than
undertake this expedition.
In this city of San Francisco there are, to-day,
two thousand people, at least, seeking employ
mc;t, but seeking it in vain. Occasionally an
.dv--rtisenent will appear in the papers, or a no
~ I-, posted up on the board of some intelli
iee, that a hotel waiter, an experienced
::. r a few wood-choppers are wanted, and
i;wnmaIatcij there will be a rush of eager ap
p i-ants :.t the appointed place of interview,
like a pack of famished wolves around a dead
I have seen young men who left good situa
tions in stores and offices at home, piling up
lumber here on the docks, washing dishes and
doing the most menial service in restautants
and hotels and others who are unable to find
any work, which from their physical constitution
or habits of life they are competent to perform;
and I know of many and have heard of many
more. who are working for 20 and 30 dollars a
month, and hundreds who are working for their
board, and glad of the opportunity to do that.
There are hundreds of strong and robust men
sitting in the hotels, and standing upon the cor
ners of the streets, without a cent of monev in
their pockets, who have sought and striven for
employment until their stout hearts become
heavy with despair.
Those who have been accustomed to all the
luxuries of life at home, and uniused to manual
labor, find themselves here compelled to en-I
counter difficulties, and suffer privations they
never dreamed of before. People are willing
and anxious to work-to do any work-work
which they would have scorned to have done be
fore they saw California: but the work is not
here to do; and the bitter exclamation goes out
from a thousand hearts every day, 'O God!
what shall I do ?" They are as powerless as
infants, as helpless as babes. for -they cannot.
make work, nor can they force a man to give
thetm employient when lie has none to give.
The mental agony-the unspoken anguish of
tile soul, felt here every twenty-four hours, are
almost equal to the tortures of hell-who ever
saw such a number of sad faces, such multitudes
of miserable man, as one meets in this city
every week ? I am sick, I confess I am si-k h'
heart when I see the crowds of deluded mortals
brought to these shores by every steamer that
arrives. It is too bad-'tis wicked-'tis cruelly
wrong. The great idea that seems to pervade
the States from one end to the other in regard
to California is a stupendous fraud-a gigantic
hnmbug-a most inhuman scheme to cheat
thousands out of their home, their happiness,
their peace of mind, their property, and, in too
many cases, of their lives. Nine-tenths of the
people here, in addition to all other disappoint
mnents and privations, are deprived of all tihe ad
vantages of social intercourse and civilized so
ciety and in a few weeks their minds become
rusty, and theii- moral fe-elings and sesblle
blunted. e -esblte
This is no fancy sketch, no picture of the im
agination, for no language at my command is
sufficiently strong to express the misery, the
disappointaients and ruined expectations of nine
teen-twentieth of those who come to California.
What I write I know to' be true, and if ny voice
could reneh' the ears and .penetrate the he-art of
the thousands who are yet oo come to these
shores, and'thiey wcould beliere what they hear,
wihat mountains of sorrow aight be averted !
Good carpenters, when they can obtain reork,
receive $6 a day. butt not one out of twent y-five
is able to accumulate anything. Th'lev may be
employed one, two or three days, an~d pierhaps a
wveek, and then, the job completed upon which
they have been to work, they are, compelled to
lie idle until they can find another job, and thmus
spend the money which they have earned. But
if they should be fortunate enough to accumu
late anything diuring the dry season, they are
oblighed to spend it all during tihe wet for then
little or no building can be done. The same is
the ease with masons and bricklayers. It is a
fact, which cannot be denied, that oiie mechanic
out of fifty- can save as much money here as he
can at home ; and laboring men, who have no
trade, withi the best of California fortune, are
bv~ abl e to support a miserable existence.
E.,rd here, at thme cheapest hotels, cannot be
!:t.-r kLsS than 610 per week, arnd washing
..ce.cunts wvhich you read in the papers
am ':. all d ghm either dowonright lies, or, wvhat is
ja t5 ::,, they nre calculated to, and do, mis.
/kad and d'c'-ice. A few people in the mines are
d.i n~g well, but while one man is making money
a hundred are nIo more than making their expen
ses. A foew individuals and companies who
have expended large sums of money in blasting
into the mountaits, or otherwise with much la
bor and expense have got at good claims, are
doing well; but from all I have seen1. and from
all I have heard from reliable sour-ces, it is my
firm belief that not one in a hundred clears a
dollar a day at tile mines. I know of tnany
hard-working, sober men who have been here
since '49, who have striven hard to accomplish
something, and now have not money enough to
pay their passage home.
The accounts you read in the papers about
men taking out large anmounts of gold at stuch
and such places, are wvritten by some trade-rs or
speculators. Possibly some of the at-counts aire
literally true, but while one man or one compa
ny many be doing well, the hundreds of others
are doing nothing, and all claims that are worth
anything are taken up. The mines are more
risky than a lottery. Do not come to California.
Don't flutter yourself that you are smarter than
others--that you can make money here. Stay
at home. Read this letter more than once. I
Iave weighed my words. I want you to weigh
them, for they are all true.
Truly, Wax. F. S. t
DRowzN.-We regret to learn that a voung
lad about 11 or 12 years of age by the mime of
George Sibley, tihe youngest son of the late
Anmory Sibley, was drowvned yesterday afternoon
in Savannah River. From what we can learn,
in company with a youth of about his own age,
he attempted to cross the river in a canoe, which
ran otn a stump, and young Sibleyv was thrown
overboard and drowed. Ihis body was itn the I
water about three quarters of an hour before it
was recovered,anmd notwithstanding every meansi
was used to restore him, they proved ineifectual.
This should be another wvarning to parerits to
keep their ehildren away from the river.-Au
THAT RAcE.-The Richtmond Morning Mail
says that the great match race for a purse of
810,000, two mile heats, between Major T. G. lj
Bacon's South-Carolina mare Mira, and Capt. a
John Behcher's Virginia horse Red Eye, is erta- j
ting quite a sensation among the friends of the si
turf ini that section', that even at this early day
large sums have been staked on the result.
The race is to come off on the Fairfield course al
on the 27th of September next. r
llow TREY ARE K~ow'.-The fo llowing frag- 3
meat of convorsation was overheard, the other ir
day, on board of a steamboat:-w
'"I met Lord Ellesmere and his party at Niaga- at
ra, the other day. I knew the ladies were per- do
sons of distinction the moment I saw them, be- ha
cause they wore no jewelry, or any other orna
CommY~eo.-The Charleston Courier says at
that an individual named Daniel T. Shepherd th
voluntarily delivered himself, on Thurs-day, to Ur
Sheriff Yates, confessing lie had killed one Win. be
Hodge, at St. James, Santee, in an affray wich c,
'-~-tred there on the 14th inst cn
ARRIVAL OF THE STEAIER EUROPA-THE
HALIFAX, July 10...
The Steamer Europa has arrived, bringing
Liverpool dates of July 9th.
The Artic's news had no effect on the cotton
market. Prices of fair and middling grades
were slightly better, but lower grades were not
so tirm. The sales of the week amounted to
.55,750 bales, of which speculators took 3,500
bales. The quotations were fair Orleans 6 7.8,
middling 6 1-8d., fitir Mobile 6 3-4d., fair Up
land 6 5-8d., middling Uplands and Mobile 6d.
The intelligence from England is unimpor
TURKEY AND Russr.-The intelligence from
the East is decidedly warlike, though, notwith
standing the threatening aspect of affairs, there
are some who hope for peace.
A protracted cabinet. council was held at Lon
don on the inst., at which it was said to be de
cided that the Frencrand English fleets were
to enter the Dardanelles as a counter move to
the hostile demunstration of the Russians. It
was thought, however, that negotiations would
continue even after the occupttion by Russia of
The warlike preparations of Turkey are con
tinued on the most extensive scale. The un
furling of the Sacred B:nner of Mahomet will
be the signal for the rising of the Mahommedan
tribes from the Red Sea to the Caspian. At
the Arsenal of Constantinople 44 vessels were
being armed, and the militia of Constantinople
had been order out. The Prince of Servia had
offered to place 45,000 men at the disposal of
the Sultan, and a similar force was being raised
The Emperor of Russia had issued a mani
festo on the 26th of June, denying that he wvish
es war, and throwing the whole blame if (one
comes upon the Ottorpan Empire.
A SIAVE or GEN. WASHINGTO.-The Mo
nongahela (Penn) Republican says that there is
yet living near Cookstown a slave of General
Washingtons. He is 124 years of age, and can
walk ,ix miles in a day. He is so old that lis
fingers and toes are nearly all white. He be
longed to Washingtion when he owned what is
n~ow known as WVaslinirton Bottom, on wlich
leryojpelis now stands. The estate of Cill.
Cook was and is still bound for his living. lie
is to be taken to the World's Fair, for exhibi
tion, if arrangements Can bit made.
FALSE ROULETTE 'IIADLE.-The New York
Day Book says: " Aimng the articles taken
from the gambling place of Jeretmy Donovan,
the other day, was a roulette table, so construct
ed that the party betting was wholly at th1e1
nerey of those h:tving charge of the game, ttd
if they elected th:t ie should iot win, it was
impossible for him to do so. This fact should
operate as a warning to those tempted to stake
their money; and such may be assured that
nearly all instruments used by professed gam
blers are of the sane character."
pl % vfiujr.
ARTHUR SIMKINS, EDITOR.
EDGEFIELD, S. C.
WEDNESDAY JULY 27, 1853.
ear WiE are requested to state that the Rev.' Dr.
itaaItNGH1AX will preach at Dr. H1. BURT'S, on Sun
day the 31st inst.
. Ladies Znvited.
Co.HAnasoN arid othier officers of the 7th Regi.
ment of Militia, have requested us~ro extendl a general
invitation to the ladies, to attend the approachinrg
Review at the Old Wells, on Saturday next.
New Post Office.
A xaw Post Office has been estblishted in Edge.
field District, at Rocky Pond, of which L-r. W. DI.
JENNtNGs is Postmaster.
The Abbeville Banner
SHas put o'na new cap arid changed ls inside d'ress
also. Why not renovate your outer "systemt" too,
frientds Lt.E and SELLEeK! The ancient organ of
Attica should don the whole livery of young Arterica.
Death of Major Godmnan.
WXE regret to have to record the death of Major S.
A. GODMAN, the rtlented arid accomplishe.d editor of
the " Illustrated Fumily Friend." 11e died on rthe
12th inst., in Virginia, whither he had gone fur the
benefit of his declining health..
Attention Cavalry !
WEt have been requested by Col. JonN~ F. TALBERT
to give notice that the 2d1. Regiment of Cavalry wvill
parade at Mlount Vernon, on the 4th of August, as
stated in the published order of te Col. rec~eivedh from
Gen. Guvrox, ntotwithstandiing the contrary order of
thec Governor for said Regiment to parade at Long
mire's, as usual. Thre Cot. writes us thatt lie has no
doubt btit that Gen. GLY-rOs hats been authorized to
order the parade at Mount Vernon, although the
Governor's order is still unchanged in the papers.
Uct.v and envious reader, we are now smacking
unt lips iti a very selfish manner, over several clusters
mf the best, yes thte very best grapes that we have
tver seen raised in Carolina. They were taken at
random from the vineyard of Col. JonN Hu7tET, near
this place. Each cluster is about six inches long and
tias from fifty to sixty large, dark, healthy, tucious,
ah, delicious grapes upon it. Though raised in the
ipen air, they are fully equal to the finest hot house
productions, whether as regards size or flavor, and
they are sup.-rior to any Malaga grapes that can
be exhibited, after making atl due ailowance for the
italeuiess of the latter. AL least so we think, and we
tngtge to present a silk dress to that Merchant's
~vife who wvill show a Malaga cluster that can heat
me of Mrs. HUI'uir's Catawba, to which species we
htink tiers belonigs.
We have nearly the same climate and lasitude of
F'rance, Spain and other fiamous grape countries, and
ret from slieer laziness we are annually paying hun
treds of thousands of dollars fur raisins and green
l1alagas, whtile both can he obtainied at bomne of*
qual i f not superior quality, and that too of native
americana grapes. WVe have seen it stated somewhere,
hat alt eflfirts to acclimate foreign grapes in this
ountry have proved unavailing, and that our yin
agers could -never meet wvith any success until they
rstgan to cultivate the Scupperniong, Catawba and
ther native grapes. As yet, but three or hour varie
ies of American grapes have been cultivated upon
it extensive scale, stilt it is only within a few years,
.s we before stated, that attention has been dlirected
o our native grapes, and the time may not be distant
when we shall have variety as welt as excellent
uality of this delightful fruit. Our ladies can at
vays have either fresh or cured grapes, with but very
ittde trouble. The green grapes of 3laaga ini Spaint
re brought to this country packed in jars and secured
'rom damage by means of saw dust plentifully
trewed between the layers of fruit. The process by
wIch grapes are dried and preserved, that is made
nto raisins, is equally simple. According to Thorn
on's Dispensatory there are but two methods of doing
well. *1st. By cutting the stalk of tire branches
aif through when 'the grapes are nearly ripe, and
raving them suspended son the vine till thre watery
art be evaporated, and the sun dries and candies
riem. 2d. By gathering the grapes when they are.
ra/ly ripe, and dipping them in a Isy made of thet
shes of the burnt tendrils, after which they are ex
osed to the attn to dry. Those enred by the first and I
mphe process are most esteemed, and they are called
raisins of thre sun." Many of thre inferiur raisins
hIicht we use in this country are often dried in ovens,
id they are neither grateful to the palate nor good
r the health. We beg orrr ladies, and particularly,
*rs. flUtET, to try tire experiment of raisin making
Edgefield. We will vouch for tier success if she;
ill ,ut try. At the same time we warn tier to keep i
eye to tier arbor, as we grcatly fear that sundry I
predations will soon be committed in that quarter. It Ja~
s been some time since we felt so intensely the wish u
engage in " private appropriation," as Dr. IlINEs
Its it. Who knows but that we may yet have an
rundance of " the pure juice" of the native grape,
ereal nectar of the gods about cotton growing and
sophisticated old Edgefield. Gentlemen wine bi- V
ra look to yoyxr department too, as the young Ameri- e
ns are doing in Ohio and other parts of this fast 0
"Jndge O'NeaU and the EdgeSeld Adver
UNDER this head the Greenville Patriot in its last
issue, makes some strictures upon our late Editorial
in regard to Judge O'NEALL'S untimely expression,
that Secessionists and Nullifiers should " forget their
dreams of Abstractions, and I had like to have said
of madness." The Patriot instead of rebuking the
Judge for volunteering to hurl such a wanton insult
at two-fifths of the people of South Carolina, true to
its antecedents, endorses the insult as follows. " We
were in hopes that the able Editior and accomplished
writer, who now govorns and directs the Advertiser,
would himself, by this time, assent to the truth of the
expression that Secession was madness." Not con
tent with this, the Editor continues his remarks upon
the merits of Secession in his characteristic style of
ridicule, by reciting what lie calls a good joke, that
he heard two years ago of a " Fire eater" who travel
ed several.hundred miles in the United States, expect.
ing " to be a lion," but was egregiously disappointed,
as the people among whom he traveled had either
never heard of Secession, or " looked upon it only as
a piece of harmless gasconade."
Now, in our comments upon Judge O'NEALL's
harsh, imprudent and inexcusable remarks, we said
nothing about the propriety or impropriety of Seces
sion. Our strictures had reference solely to the in
discretion, (we had like to have said indecency) of a
Judge upon the Bench, uttering severe epithets in
regard to political matters, and that too after they are
dead, or it may be, only slumbering to be aroused at
some future day, with more violence than ever. The
Patriot thus attempts to change the issue, but Ae beg
leave to say, that a justification of co-operation, or
consolidation is quite a different thing to the justifica
tion of a Judge who so far forgets the dignity and
sanctity of his office, as to volunteer political expres
sions, calculated to weaken and undermine the con
fidence of the people in his impartiality. However,
Judge O'N EALL is an impulsive man, with great em
phasis of character, and this may in some sort be his
excuse for calling Secessionists madmen, at this late
day, especially when we remember the circumstances
under which lie wrote. We repeat that mortified
vanity runs through the wholeletter from Washington
and the Judge's confession in his late speech at An
dJerson. according to the Patriot's own account of it,
goes to strenglithen our assertion. We differ with the
Patriot and rather think the " allusiqn" was unhap
pily and not " happily" made. But our readers can
judge for themselves. Here it is: " lie said he went
North full of the importance of South Carolina and
expected to hear it admitted everywhere. He said
too, that lie thought lie would meet persons who had
heard of Jndge O'NEALL, a South Carolina Judge,
who had been upwards of twenty years on the Bench,
and was President of the.Court of Appeals, the Su
preme Court of the State, but said the Judge, they
had never heard of me, and cared as little for me
when they did hear of me, as they did for one of their
County Court 'Squires." What is this but mortified
vanity and an earnest longing for notoriety which the
most shallow politician always, and the ablest Judge
but rarely enjoys. We thank the Patriot for the ex
tract. As " the President of the Court of Appeals"
in South Carolina was niot worshipped as a demigod,
no doubt that important personage thought that his
other character of " Reformer" had preceded him
and would give him the much covetted notoriety.
But all resources failed him, and we fear that lie sus
pected Secession was the cause of his disappointment
and seeming bad odor at Washington and Chicago.
Twojunior brethren of the Bench had been heard of
in the Federal Senate, and as Judge O'NEALL ill a
very imperious man, we suspeet that he is not pleased
with their outstripping him. However nothing of
this kind may have prompted him to call Secession
ists madmen. ie is is an extraordinary man and an
extraordinary Judge, but we are not willing to say
" he has rio superior" on the Bench. Of late years,
it is true, lie has adopted the plan frequently of de
livering opitnions in the Appeal Court, without citing
a single iuthiority for his assertions and positions.
This would seem to confirm the Patriot's opinion tat
" as a Judge he has nio superior," or at least, it will
warrant the suspiciotn that the Judge himself thinks
that lie hais none -in present or past time, and that
therefore, his oton is the best authority that could be
given. It is rather a dangerous experiment for the
Judge to imitate Mur. CA LtIoN in this respect, while
lie opposes hiis principles so violently. Judge O'NEA LL
has cdone many mhinugs in South Carolitna to impair
the conficdenuce of the people ini his impartiadly, andI
n-sthing is more common than to postpone cases-at
the request of parties, rather thani bring them before
his Hotior for trial. Once while presiding at Edgefield
Court H-ouse, lie allowed himself so far to become a
parti:an in the cause lie was hearing, that lie quit the
Bench in an agitated manner, moutited the Witness'
Standl and gave testimony in the case. Thus, instead
of being neutral anid sitting as a Judge should, for
both, sides, lie attacked the one and fought for the,
other cotntrary to all prec-edent. If his Honor imuag
ities that " lie has no superior" as a Judge in the af
fections of the hnple, let him resign the office wvhich
he degraded and dis-graced at Edgefield Court House
hy' the abiove act, atnd lie will find that but few notes
of regret at such resignation will reach hinm ini his
privacy. We are willing to accord to Judge
O'N EALLt, all the Credit that he deserves, and it is
nuch for builditig the Columbia and Greenville
Railroad, anid we are ready to praise him for other
traits of character. But niever can we permit our
selv-es to say that " as a Judge he has no superior."
We have objected and still object in strong terms,
to Jbdges being madec Governors and Senators, par.
tictilarly sinee the present organization of our Judi
ciary, permitting one Judge to exercise two or three
extensive Jurisdictions, gives a member of the Bench
such an overwhelming power and influence, that
scarcely any other person tieed oppose a Judge for
any office that lie may desire. These Jurisdictions asc
we before said, most be divided in order to weaken
their overwhelming influetice, or an amendment
should be enigrafted upon the Constitution, requiring
that a Judge shall have resigned his "illce at least
two years. to make him elligible to a political station.
We agree in the main, with the Patriot, that " whilst
we cati find a safer anid better Unoited States Senator
on the Ilench than elsewhere, we see no impropriety
in going to the Bench for him." But are all of our
Senators to be taken from the Bench ! Can two
"safer and better United States Senators" always he
selected froms the ten Judges, thtan from among all the
Statesmen of South Carolina, who have macde politics
their exrclusive study!i Shall the Judicial office be
prostituted into an electioneering game, at which ten
men will play for the Senatorial robes or the Guber
In cuutclusion, it may he proper to say that Col.
SnrimeNs knows nothing of' this or our former editoriul
on Judge O'NEALL. The Col. is far away at the
North, enjoying himself, we trust.
The Soventh Census,
WE are indebtcd to J. D. B. DEBow Esq., the able
end accomplished Superintendent of the Census Beau
retau for an Abstrict of the Seventh Cer,sus, which is
itill locked sup at Washington. This "abstract"
fives only the general result of the Census, but we
crc glad to get even this touch and will rest content,
tince we muss, to receive parti-culars in the Census at
arge, wheniever Mr. Dahlow can have it ready-. We
urselves have frequently joined in the deserved con
lemnation of KENNEDY, the former Superintendent
or his " Whig Tardiness." The British Census,
houghi it was taken at the same time ours was, and
a nearly tacice as large, has been given to the public
ome time ago. Biut we are confident that Mr.
izElow is devoting his whole energies to the work,
nd that we shall have the Census at as early a day
s practicable. The following letter accompanies the
WAstctIN-roN, Junle 20, 1853.
The following circular letter is prepared in answer
a the numerous enquiries mnade at this office in regard
o the progress of the Census:
I. 'Tle derailed statistics of the Census will make a
narto vo'lume of about 1,800 pages, and will be com
heteid andi published before the meetinigruf Conges.
2. The statistics of Manufactures. of Mortality, etc,,
ave not been crdered to be printed, in conseqnence
f beitig defective, and would have made another
olumue of the same size.
3. A great deal of valuable mat'er will remain
motig the unpublished material oif te Census, mixed
p with muitch that cannot be relied upon.
4. The office is always happy to receive any views
suggestions in relationi to the matters of the Cenisus.
J. D. B. DE BOW, Superintendent.
THE~-proteat entered ngninstthe cniyad
ilidity of Brigadier General J. W. Blakene-y's
lection on the 22d of April last, to the office
r Major General of the 4th Division of South s
NEW YORK, JULY 15TH, 1853.
I am afra.id the incessant clattering of hoofs and
rattling of wheels upon stone pavements, which con
found a stranger's senses here-from morn till night,
will prevent my writing any thing interesting, or even
intelligible, from this City. And yet a more extraor
dinary or varied field of observation, one abounding
in greater novelties of art or more widely-differing
phases of litiman natbre, is no where to be found upon
the American Continent. This same Broadway, upon
which I look down from my room in the Metropolitan,
is of itself a marvel to eyes and ears accustomed only
to rural scenes and rural sounis. It exhibits one con
stant rusl of human beings, with all the accompani
ments of coaches, hacjcs, omnibuses, carts, stages,
buggies, landaus, drays, phetptis and wheel-barrows.
It exceeds every description. of tides and currents,
known to n.tural philosopy, in that the stream here
seems pouring on with equal violence and rapidity in
both directions. And, what is still more remarkable,
there is scarcely ever a collision resulting from these
opposing currents, even to thg scraping of a wheel or
the jostling of a shoulder. A)east I have found it
so thus far, and, a good deal to my surprise, have
been able to traverse nearly e whole length of this
remarkable thoroughfare of b iness and fashion with
out a single cause of annoylne. In walking, one
seems to be encountering a riahing multitude at every
step; and yet it requires but little watchfulness and
tact to thread your way through with ease, so well
does every one understand th double art of passing
and dodging. It is, to a'stranger, a little startling at
first; but he has scarcely walked an hour before his
apprehension.; are at an end and he finds himself get
ting along about as well as a6y one else. Just as it is
with an unpractised dancer, 4.jho is placed in a cotil
lion set whero every one else understands the figures
--alarmed and uneasy at the start, he soon finds to
his satisfaction that he cannot''well help going right
unless lie obstinately closes his eyes after the manner
of "Blind man's buff"-In the matter of riding up
and down Broadway, it is arfeasier and simpler thing
still. If you have money toepare, get a bak at one
dollar an hour, (which is the general price) and say
to the driver that you wish to be carried expeditiously
and safely, and you may lean back and look at every
thing you pass with the mosi perfect security from
danger or inconvenience. Occasionally, it is true,
when three or four omnibuses and as many backs and
carts block up the way entirely, you may feel as
though some trouble was at hand. But there's noth
ing of it-in a very few moments, with a little pulling
up on the part of one driver, a little whipping up by
another, &c., every thing .,omes out of twist and
away you go again in the noisy race.-The best way,
however, of making the Broadway 'trip, is to jump
into an omnihus, (one of which passes you every
half minute of the day) take a seat on the shady side
(if possible) and remain thuis seated as long as you
like. This is much the cheipesi mode of conveyance
and, in some respects, the b. . Here you ride with
men (and women too) of alt if every grade and kind.
You have amusement at four elbows frequently in
the shape of some odd caricature of humanity, it may
be a snob, or a coquetish damsel, or a saintly quaker,
or a raw Irishman, or a geor-wine Yankee. If you
become weaned with any particular set of passengers,
you can pay your six pence. and leave. In another
moment yotjcan take a diflerent omnibus, going back
if you choose, and so continua until you have satis
factorily accomplished your'ride up and down Broad
But I find myself again running ahead of my jour
nal. It will take but a few lines however to bring it
up to my arrival In New York.
After a two days' tarrying at Washington,our party
was placed early one morning in the cars for Balti.
more. We passed through that Cit y withnut stopping,
and reached Philadelphia at 1 o'clock P. M. The
trip was a quick and an agreeable one; and it oc
curred to me that the entire road was well-conducted
Since wve came along however, three serious acci
dents have occurred upon it, (accounts of which will
he seen in the psapers) all of them restilting in loss of
life. Thus far we have reasog to be tankful for our
safety, having passed alon , with scarcely a juostlk;
although we missed beingimnli-ated in the firat and
mnost serious accidernn'n, &eamore and Phitadel
phtia road by only a fewhours. -
At Philadelphia w'e took lodgings at the Girard
House. It is certainly one. of ihe most elegant and
comfortable Ilouises itn the Union, surpassed by none I
have yet seen-(and I am stopping here at the hietro
politan, and have been through the St. Nicholas.)
The last mentioned is somewhat more dazling in its
style of decoration &c.; but, with this exc-eptioni, I do
not think it at all superior to either the Girard H-ouse
of Philadelphia or the 31etropolitan of this City. The
three may be put down as, at present, the most fin
ished and complete establishments of the kind itt A meri
ca. I can but advise every reader of mine, who
passes through the City of brotherly love, to stop for
a day at the Girarnl.
I saw but little of Philadelphia, having been liar
ried on to New Ycrk by theeagerness arid impatience
of my party. What I dlid rsee, however, impressed
me anew with the fact so universally given by tour
ists, viz: that Philadelphia is the most cleanly, order.
ly and beautiful City in the United States. The
sights to be seen there I liad'no time to witness, hay-1
ing only remained the half of one day and a night.
Philadelphia is a poor place in the wyay of amuse-'
ments. One or twc ordinary Dramatic Companies, ia
Circus and some tame pictorial exhibitions were all
the papers of the day " sho'ved up" for the night of
our stay there. This would not do fur a party- in
search of excitement and fun. So, after takinig a
splendid bath at SANDroaD's, (the greatest atccom
modation of the kitnd I have yet seen) enjoying a
night of sweet repose, (upon Rn elegant spring mar
trass.) and eating a .ine bres):fast next morning, we
took the cars for New York, at which place we ar
rived in safety on the - instanit. Yes, here we are
in New York-big, busy, bustling and boisterous Ne w
York. That it is the first City in the Union no one
will pretenid to deny; nor can it be gainsaid
that it exercise's a rnore powerful influence upon our
country at large thian any five other Cities combined.
Jt doss so through its ten thousand commercial rami
fications, which penetrate directly or indirectly cev
secluded corner of the United States. It does so
through the nmany telegraphic links by which it htas
connected itself -wi:hi every quarter of the country,
and through the numberless facilities which it offers
for safe anid easy transit to every part of the habitable
globe. It doss so through its immense and widety
circulated Press. It doe-s so through its many swiftly
flowing channels of literature and science and the
arts, all of which are dashing on cenhtinually with
mighty force into the great lap of the American Pub
lic from Boston to San Francisco. The City of New
York therefore presents itself as an interesting studcy
Cc every American as food for long and deep reflec
tion for every ghilosophie mind and a subject of woi
:er and amazement to every inquisitive traveller. In
he few notes I may chance to dot clown supon Newv
York and th'e Newv Yorkers I shall certainly be very
rief and flighty. It is no place for moralizing or phi.
oophiing. At least it appears so to me, as I am
mused to t his eternal hmbbub of sounds and hurry
curry of motion. Neither is it possible for me to
vrite consecutively two minutes at a time. I there
ore propose tas the only thing the circumstances of
ny case wvill admit of) to communicate with my deari
eaders, from the Great Metropolis, in the most ran
loin and unfinished style. And so, here goes.
We are at the Metropolitan, as I before intimated
superb Hotel and kept by the brothers I FAD,
al of whom are said to be clever fellows. We have
n apartments here, ind excellenr: beds, and first
ate servants (real niggerts,) and superb feeding. We
sreakfast'at8eor 9 o'clock in the morning, dine at I
ither two or five-take tea at any time from six to I
ight, and then eat supper from ltn to twelve at night.
slp comes next, but there lias not been nmuchi of it
r me thus far. In truth I begin to feel worsted for
e want of it. I begin to long for a night's rest afterf
ur good old Piney-woosa fashion, where wve'go to I
ed at 9 o'clock P. M. anid rise at six the next morn- I
g, refreshed reinvigorated by a nine hours' nap.
lene I have been kept awake, 'partly by my ownt
mul, and partly by the street noises wvhich know no c
termission in all the ttwenty-four hours of the earth's I
iurnial revolution. But we are getting used, to it a
w and begin to sleep a little better.-- was writing
the Metropolitan. We have great dinners here, I
mprising all the substat:tials and luxuries afforded i
i onr widely-extended territory and imported from ti
e Universe gernerally. Yes, we have splendid 1
ups, and stewed, boiled, fried, roasted andI baked 0
ictals of all descriin!n'.,hn wea have exqniite ni
desserts, made up of articles rare with Frenchified
names, and ice-creams, and sherbets, and fruits-but
here I am reminded of the water-melons they give us
in this Northern clime, which while fine-looking
enough without, are miscrably old and wilted within.
We have them every day, but I have tasted them only
once. What a treat (thought I the other day as I sat
looking at one of these melons) would it he to havq
here now a fine, ripe, mealy, juicy and sugary one,
fresh from SAM MAaIsu'S patch--one of the kind SAN
calls " The honey in the gum." My very mouth
waters as I pen the thought, and-by George, 1 must
hurry up this New York trip and get back before SAM'S
best crop is over. Talk about your 'city luxuries as
you list-for me and my tastes, I would not give the
good things of my own old District for all their gim
cracks and nic-nacks filled up mountain high. It is
only for the man of the country, who dritiks pure
water from a gushing spring and eats sweet meals
nicely prepared over his own kitchen fire, to feel and
enjoy to the full
" The flavor high
Of sober, simple, genuine joy. '
And yet in accordance with a remark already made
(twice perhaps) I again say that the Metropolitan is a
splendid eating house and, in short,splendid generally.
And so are all the other first class Hotels of Goth
am. Indeed, by what I can gather from gentlemen at
the various houses throughout the city, I judge that
there is but little difference in the real merits of some
fifteen or twenty of them. Each one of the more
prominent ones has its staunch advocates. The fact
is, they are all good enough.
Great City this! So many things to be seen, no
matter which way yon go to look for them. I have
seen but few of them as yet; but these few I must
" Niblo's" is a delightful place. It is spoken of as
Niblo's garden generally-but the garden is a very
small part of the concern, being nothing more than a
court-yard of very narrow dimensions. Niblo's thea.
tre, however, is a beautiful one, and so is Niblo's
refreshment room which is only separated from his
theatre by a 'grand entree. The Ravels are now
playing at Niblo's three nights in the week. Their
pantomimes are enchantingly fine, acting, scenery
and all. They are drawing crowds to see them. At
the same place, on each alternate night, Madame
A s'A TuItLLON and troupe sing in English Opera.
The Madame is a pretty little woman. with a very
little voice, which pleases sonre listeners well enough.
11er tones are sometimes quite sweet, but her singing
generally is not worth paying to hear. Nihlo's is
crowded every night with very decent looking and
well-behaved audiences. It is really an extremely
pleasant place to spenl an hour or two at, especially
when the graceful and athletic Ravels afford the en
The Hippodrnme is (or has been) another point of
attraction in this " great City." Literally rendered
into English, it is a "Illorse-drama." The perfor
mances resemible those of a Circus, although on a
larger and more imposing scale. They represent
several pageants, founded upon historical facts, with
considerable skill and effect. The enclosure, in
which these representations are given, is oval in
shape, about one hundred and twenty yards long and
seventy or eighty broad. It is surrounded with com
fortable seats, one row above another, suflicient to
accommodate ten or twelve thousand persons. There
are small plats of grass, flowers and evergreens (in the
middle of this enclosure) intersected by broad car
riage ways. The race-course is around the entire
circumference of the grounds. In fact, the Ilippo
drome appliances are not unlike what we rea I of the
past, except that the whole affair (besides being sur
rounded by brick walls) is covered over with an
enormous canopy of canvass instead of the blue,
ethereal vault. The entertainments at this place of
amnusemetnt consist of the representations I have al
ready alluded to, ttnd also of chariot races (wiith
men antd women both as charioteers,) hurdle and
steeple-chtase races, (ridden generally by females,)
feats of strettgth and agility, &c. &c., all accompati
ied by a very respectable cornet band. Every strang
er should visit it once. I have ben twice, but found
that it did not improve on acquaintance.
Greenwood Cemetary, on the Brooklyn side, is an
othsr plane I have visited, and with ,uch satisfac
tion. I have seldem, if ever, seen a spot more roman
tic in its situation, more picturesque in its chtanges or
more finished in its arrangements. It abounds in
hills and dales, trees, shrubbery and flowers. It is
filled with every variety of monument, vault and
sarcophaguts, nmany of them in the highest style of art
and evincitng renmarkable taste. The sweeping slopes
are covered over, here with a soft and deep-green
coat of hltie grass, there witht squares of rich and
luxutriant clover. Among the thousands of tombs by
which we ptassed, many were exceedingly costly.
The most ornate of them all is a structure of Italian
marble (combhining the appearance of a chapel with
the purposes of a vault,) erected by a father tu his
only daughter. There is an interest imparted to this
very beatutiful work by the circttmstances which pre
ceded the death of its tenant. 11er name was CttAa
LOT-rE CoNDA. Slhe was a lovely girl of seventeen
and an aflianced bride. Shortly before shte was to
have been married, she consented, al her father's es
pecial request, to attend amatgnificent ball given upon
some memorable occasion. On her return from the
gay scenes of revetry, the htigh-tmettled htorse's by
which hter carriage wns drawvn, took freight and ran
off, tearing the vehicle to pieces and killing, almost
inistanitaneously,'thie beautiful btut ill-fated bride. 11cr
father, in his remorse, is said to have known no peace
of mind for many, many months. As a toketn of his
deep-seated grief andI as a tribute to his last child's
nmemory, lie reared thts splenidid mausoleum over her.
remains, Hie expended upon it the entire marriage
portion whlich was to have been presented to her as
her nuptial gift, amounting to thirty thousand dollars.
And now, no visiter fails to stop before the gate which
opens tupon this maiden's last resting-place end to
breathe a sigh for poor CitaatoTTE CoND4 l--There
are hundreds of other monuments here, strikingly
beatutiful and appropriate in their design and perfect
in their execution, from the towering shaft with its
armorial hearings to the simple little marble pillar
over the infant's grave surmounted alone by a snow
whbite lamb. But a journal like mine is not the place
for multiplied atnd prolix descriptions.--The Green
wood Cemetary contains three hundred acres, is tun
der the continual charge of three hundred laborers,
and presents as a wvhole one of the most remarkable
and impressive poitnts upon Northtern tourist's route.
Next to the Cemetary, I believe I shall notice Chris
tie's Mlinstrels. They are well known to every body
a thte oldest and most sttccessful Ethiopean Corps
txtan*. Whteth~er they be the best or not, I am indis
poseud to say. It seents to me though that they are
scarcely better than the Campbells whom we have
had South several times. Yet it is singular, the great
xnd long continued poptularity of this band. The
ight I visited them, thteir hull was crowded, I stup
pose for abotut the thirteen hundreth' time. 1 was
'omewvhat struc-k, and in fact gratified, by an incident
er two which occurred during their performances of1
ast evening. In the favorite song of " Jordan is a
tardl road to travel &c, the singer made a verse or
wo upon 3Mrs. S-rowE. and her philanthropy, ridicul
ng her European mission and saying that the Staf
ijrd-house " popilation" had better " tend to deir own
vhite niggers on de todder .sitde of Jordan." The hit
roughit down the whole house in uproarious applause.
again, one of the darkues, in a melancholy strain,
ltuded to his absence from ole massa's home " dese"
nany years, and of his heartfelt desire to get back f
gain to his humble but happy cot on " de old planma
inn."' The burden of hiir song in short breathes a
ecidetdly pro-slavery spirit, atnd was warmly receiv
d. It occurs to me that thtese circumstances, trivial
.s they may appear, are well worthy of note. Strawvs e
IlI wvhich way the wind blows, and facts like these I
re no baud indices to the condition of thte popular e
lind htere upon this all-important question. 3My
inion is that there is but little sympathy or fellow
teling, in thme Empire City, with Abolitionists or
mancitationists of any grade. At least it is difficult
ra stranger to detect arty thing of the kind. On the
mntrary, all lie sees is calculated to impress him with
se idea that the imputations, which have been so
ten hurled against the North on this point, are, (as t
r as the City of New York is concerned,) unjust
nd preposterous. I will mention another incident, in h&
is connexion, which I witnessed the other night. k
eturning to my Ilotel at a late hour, I took a paper tC
rid threw myself upon one of the cushioned seats at 'J
e side of the entrance hall to read myself sleepy, ui
ly eff'orts to prodluce drowsiness were entirely vain a;
siitg to a continual uproar which arose from the bar- 0
(rapping and shouting) come up from the same quarter.
" Somebody speaking," said I to myself, and forth- G
with proceeded to join the party below. I there found a
an Englishman, of very decent appearance but evi- fa
dently unsober, harangueing a mixed crowd of strang. S
ers and New Yorkers. Much to my surprise I soon e
discovered that his topic was-Southern slavery, that he C
(the Englishman) was a staunch opponent of all inter- 0
ference whatever with that institution, and that his a
hearers were delighted with the sentiments he so
vehemently expressed. After the Englishman got r
through, Mr. Szvr.R, of Arkansas, was called out
by the crowd upon the Pacific Railroad question. 0
Mr. Svr&a (who by the way was to the-full as tight r
as the gentleman from Great Brittaip.) responded to
the call in a flaming, 'high-sounding efusien of some N
twenty minutes, winding up with an allusion to the f
" Institution" in which he strongly denounced that E
madness which would seek to meddle with it. le,
like the other orator, was loudly applauded, especially c
during the latter portion of his remarks.-I mention
these things to make no comment, but to let them
pass for what they are worth. I can only say that
if I could be convinced that all the rest of the country
was as sound, upon the " nigger question, as these
New Yorkers seem to be, there would be no more
cause for Jeremiads oin the coming down fall of South
I will close for the present with the expectation of
writing again. The grand. military display on the
occasion of the President's visit, and the Chryotal
Palaces, and sundry other things, remain so be
Correspondence of the Advertiser. a
Az.saLv, Ga., July 18, 1853. t
Dear Sir: Some three weeks ago I wrote you p
something in relation to our Crops. I am sorry to I
say mine is no better. I have not had a rain that
would wet the earth two inches since the 28th of n
March. My Corn crop will not yield a half crop, j
and Cotton is seriously injured-not one-third as I
large as it was the same period last year. The rains d
have been very partial, some having suffered very I
little, while others are burning up. No portion of C
our County have suffered any thing comparable to
a few of us in my immediate neighborhood.
llespectftilly, U. M. R. a
Correspondence of the Advertiser.
HiGotas' Fsatit, July 21, 1853. r
Mr. Editor:-I am sure that it will be grptifying I
to jou, to know that the late rains have produced a n
wonderful improvement in-our crops; so wonderful V
indeed, that if we can get a few more timely sea- h
sons, this neighborhood will make corn enough to
do upon. As for Cotton, it is excellent, esptcially n
where it got an early start. Within a few days past a
I have seen some of the finest Cotton that I ever a
saw at this season of the year-large, wide spread- U
ing and literally bending under its fruit.
Yours, &c. J. A.
FOR TnE ADvEaTlsEt. IT
AIR. EDITOR,-As this seems to be an age of it
reformation, progression and improvement in nearly t,
every branch of human industry and trade, we 0
would call the attention or all Barbers, that hnve it
the Tonsorial Honor at heart, to give their attention l
to our little burg. The present Proflessor has not a
only become "stale, flat and unprofitable," butreally It
a disgusting bore to all his customers. His beastly f
drunkenness, and ioggishi filth, has rendered a good g
and cleanly -Barber-shop a desideratum, and we can t
confidently promise to one, his .antipode in every
respect, a flourishing bus'ness. We have endured
the present one long enough.
Come, Mr. EDITOR, as competition is the life of t
trade, advertise.for a new Barber, and let us have Ih
one by all means. LHe can get a good shop gratis.
IIEAVY BEARD. E
Qorrespondeace of the Advertiser. i1
Car? iA CHtEloit, July 25, 1S53. ' n
MR. EDrrO-It is with extreme reluctance that
we are compelled to read in the columns of your q
paper some sarcastic contributionts, given probably a
by some of the fair-sex, concerning the desolate \,
" old Bachelor." It appears that we occupy a very v
inferior position in their estimatio.n-ind~*d we have C
long since been awara of this fact, but we looked
for something of a more consoling nature from thme
hands of those whlo are so lovely. -
We cani tell the fair Misses we claim to be noth- r~
ing, and would like for them to tell us somethting
with which we are not so familiar. They have posi- 8'
tivelv written us down as a complete nuisance, " a
fruitless blossom on thme tree of live." Iluwever t
we arc not over-burdenseome, as we have no fretting
children to carry to Church to annoy the peace and s,
quiet of the assembly. b
The great insult appears to be because we will I
not gallop about after the old maids like a fourteen
year old boy going to a hanging on his long tail t
filly ! Witht us that timec has passed. Had many N
who arc now old mtaids, accepted the addresses paid
them by some " poor old Bachelor." they might
have redeemed him: but instead of that they make P~
us (to use thteir language) " and unfinished piece of
creation-a watcht without a regulator," &c. Toq
ridicule us thus is cruel-yea, too eruiel. To make.
a picture and be the first to find it wvorthless. If a~
they nmust have ime truth, we are all anxious to mar- r
ry, and beg of them not to fret. It will be some -
time, we think, before one of your correspondents
will be on the " old maid's list,t" judging from her
tone, or even should she stand alonec until that hour, F
it may be that she can draw in sonme oldl widower, yv
with a dozen or two of the " Field Officers," which St
seems to be all the go wvitht her. Inm thie. meantinme 2
permit us to tell her, that we have some of the
' Officers" too, but do not wish to have them to re
mistress a lady who is so fearful of becoming an old bi
It appears to us that we have gone too far or have ha
been a little fo'olisht in our defence, and we feel that ti,
in apology from us is due to her, but to save our ni
ives'we knowv not how to frame it, for we thinkit 2"
rould have to be as abrupt as the defence itself.
She has reduced us to " nothing,"1 and we must=
Igain confess we feel it in the superlative degree.
Now we beg thme fair lady, should shte ever speak
,f the unifortunate crewv again, that she will treat us t
s'ith more mercy, and not reduce us so far beneath .da
he digntity and worth of a living being.-We will -er
ronclude by saying it is our fervent prayer that be
ore we hear front her again, she may have become th
he wife of (onc of or brother Bachtelors, who has ru
lie means to sustain her-in splendor so long as she ou
nay live without extravagance. Otherwise, we qu
ear that she may be in such a hurry as to marry tie
om little excuse for a man, that lives with mammy !"
,nd daddy, who could soon dress-out, chicken fight
"it and frolic-out the little legacy left to his hasty'
vife by her good old Christian father. Di
With high respect and due regard, we remain the Fr
ivorite of her abomination. Le
E PLURIBUS UTNUM. the
OPENING OF THE CRYSTAL PALACE.
THE INAUGURATION CERERoIErIS.-The coup .i
'c1, the spectacle was' magnificent, inside the '
'alatce, beyontd antything ever before seen in this fro
outry: The vast mtultitude present behaved
'ith the greatest propj-iety and decorum. of
It wtas 2 1-2 o'clock wvhen Gen. Pierce, at the'
ead of thme procession, reached the Palace. His cat
ntrance was greeted by a perfect outburst of
pplause from thte 10,000 spectatora-men rose a
their feet and raised their hats, and thousands pr<
f' fair hands waved their hatndkerchiefs. The
residentt, during the cheering, was conducted
the seat ittended fur him, on the platform.
Ott the platform of the invited guests were a
rger number of mcin, distinguished a ad well be
nown in all professions and occupations of life, fie
tan we have ever before seen in New York.
'lie Governor of Georgia, Hon. Howell Cobb, Sa
'as present; U. S. Senators Brodhoad, of Penn- vis
rlvania, Chase, of Ohio, and Ex-Senattor Miiller, tie]
f New Jersey, and Ex-Senator Preston, of S. C.,
Chief and prominent among all was Major
en. Winfield Scott, with his arm in.a slingi
id apparently yet suffering from his unlucky
11. The army and navy were largely repre
mted, and among the officers were Major Gen
ral Wool and staff. Major Gen. Henderson, and
ommodore Sloat. Lord Ellesmere and suite,
ie Representative of British Industry, was pre
ent. Major General Quitman, of Mississippij
'as also present.
Bishop Wainwright was dressed in his Ca
anicals, and made a very venerable appearance.
'he clergy of this city and surrounding country
f all denominations, were present in large
After the opening prayer by the Rev. Bishop
Vainwright, the following anthem (composed
)r the occasion) was sung by the New York
taered Harmonic Society, accompanied by the
[ational Guard Band, and members of other So,
Here, where all elimes their offerings send,
Here. where all arts their tribute lay,
Berore Thy presence, Lord, we bend.
And for thy smile and blessings pray.
For thou dost sway the tides of thought,
And hold the issues in thy hand,
Of all that human toil has wrought,
And all that human skill has plann'-.
Thou lead'st the restless Power of Mind
O'er destiny's untrodden mind,
And guid'st him, wandering bold, but blind,
To mighty ends net ,yet revealed.
Theodore Sedgwick, Esq., President of the
tssociation, then arose und remarked in sub
tance as follows:
He first returned thanks to the PresidAnt for
ttending the inanguration. He was glad that
he exhibition had secured the support and up.
robation of our own government, though main
relying on its own energies. lie paid a compli
tent to Daniel Websted, (pointing to his statue
ear him) who, among the first, had lent his in
uence and name to this enterprise. (Cheers.)
le then dwelt, upon the importance of bringming
efore the American people the genius an in.
ustry of the Old World, inasmuch as the ex
ibition of them would diffuse like tastes among
ur own people.
To this address President Pierce replied as
Mr. President and Gentlemen.-I return you
ty most warm and cordial thanks for the honor
ou have done me. I come to be present at the
mauiguration of this buildingand to express the
!spet I entertain for this great and industrial
:xlibition, designed aid calculated to promote
lI that belongs to the interests of our country.
-on, sir, and the gentlemen associated with you,
Ave laid claim in all that you have done to
iniiks that ivill be enduring.
Whatever short-eomings yon hive spoken of,
any be, !,ut I can only say they appear not here,
rid so far.as I have learned, they appear not at
I. Every thing around us reminds its that this a
Itilitarian aige, and that science, instead of be
ig locked up, appears before the admiration of
ie world, and has begun to be tributary to the
rIs, manufactures, agriculture, and all that pro.
otes social comfort. . (Applause.) Sir, if you
Ad achieved no object but that you have done
i bringing together citizens fr,-m all parts of
e Union, you would have fulfilled, perhaps,
ne of the most important missions that can be
nposed upon any of us in the way of strength.
ninir the Union.
Sir, you have done more. Yon have nobly
luded to it. Your exhibition has brought
ere men eminent in almost every walk of life,
om every civilized country on the face of the
lobe. And thus you have done more, perhaps,
ian any of us in promoting that great object dear
you, dear to me, dear to my venerable friend
ear me, (alludingto Bi.,bop Wainwright,) to
romote peace among men. (Great appinuse,)
*ir, I have not the voice to address you and re
irn you my thanks againa for the honor you
ave done me. I must coinclude.
The President's Address was in very good
sIte, and wvas well received. Three hearty'
leers were given him, when lie closed his re
arks. He was dressed in black, with a black
ekerchief, and spoke in bhiek kid gloves.
is trnode of delivery was effective, and hie wvas
uto well heard all over the assembly..
A note-worthy incident of the daiy was the
pearantce of Archbishop Hughes and Bishop
Vainwright on the platform. They shoo~k hands
ith each other with a seeming cordiality that
'anleniged many remamrks on the part of the
>okers on. They were also introduced to Pre
dent Pierce, as'were likewise Lord Ellesnmere
id a number of oilier distinguished strangers.
he President immediately after thme ceremonies
turned to his quarters at the Astor Houswe.
INCIDENTs (iF THtE DAY.-Preiident Pierce,
on after leaving the building, was overtaken
Ge~n. Scott, and the two had an interesting
terview, the crowd, in the meantime, cheering
The buildinig, althongh not over 10,'000 per.
mns were present at the inauguration, is capa
le of holding nearly 30,000. D)nring the day,
60 84 was contributed for the Washingtorm
Thirteen nations are represented in the exhibi
an, besides British Guiana atnd the British
orth American colonies.
A TR AvELLER, narrating the wonders of foreign
irts, declared he had seen a cane a mile long.
lie company looked incredulous, and it was
tile evidenat that they were not prepared to
eeive it, even if it should have been a sugar
mne. "Pray, what kind of a cane was it T'
ked one, sneeringly. "It was a hurricane,"
plied the traveller.
O BI T UA RY,
DEP.ARTED this life, on the 7th instant, Antos
IULKNBR, son of Mr. Amos Rt. Fnulkner. This
uth was about 18 years of age-he ate a hearty
pper and went to bed as well as usual, but about
t'cloek was attacked by Ep'-l1psy, and in a few
inutes expired. A mos wvas an obedient chill, and
is highly esteemed by his Behool mates. lie was
maikably inoffe.nsive., nud those who knew him
et were fondest or him.
lIhe has left a father and an nalicted mother and
ar'histers to mourn his loss. But he who gave
da right to1 taike, and may it be the habitual sea
uient of our de.ry heart to say, blessed be If is
mne. JOHN TRAPP'.
CO0 M N E R IA L,
Qorrespoadence of the Advertiser.
iIA.\L DtURG, July 23d, 1853.
Co-r-ron-We have had but few transactions in
s article of moment during the week ending te -
y. We are just in receipt of advices from Liv
ool which shows no material change in prices.
l'ho War news appears more conciliatory, yet we
nk tha: there still erists a strong probability of a
aure. We have not heard of any transaction in
Seaports, since the receipt of these advioes. We
ate prices to-day at 7 to 1 0t ets. Market unset
rhe Fifth Sabbath Union Meeting of the Fourth
rision of the Edgefield Association will mect
day before thes fifth F'abbath in July, at Mount
banon Church. Brother D. BoDtE to preach
introductory Sermon. Broth. H. CLYvArr alter
Che following subjects proposed and adopted for
aussion. " The best means for bringing out gifsl
Uiso, " What ia the usury forbidden in the word
rhis meeting recommends to the friends of edu
ion the propriety of erecting is sonme central spot
ermanent School,-and also appointed Thursday
ceeding this nmeeting, as the day for that purpe
J. CURRY, See'y.
a Uxzcaw Mas-rato of three day. coatlnance will
held with the Chnrch at Bold Spring, in Edge
d D~istriet, commencing .Friday before the fifth
ibath in July next. Ministering brethreit of Di
on No. 1, ad others who can do so, are affec
tately invited to attend.
3y request of the Church.
WILLIAM4 P. HILL.