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We will eing to the Pillars of the Temple of ou - - m must fall, we will Perish anidst the Ruins - -
W. F. DURISOE, Proprietor. EDGEFIELD -VEMBER 23, 1853. . -
THE EDGEFIELD ADVERTISER
IS PUBLISHED EVERY WEDNESDAY BY
W. F. D U R I S O E, Proprietor.
ARTHUR SIMKINS, Editor.
Two DOL.ARS per year, if paid in advance-Two
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ed as made for an indefitite period, nud will be con
tinued until all arrearages are paid, or at the option
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reference to some one known to us.
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at 75 eetts pe r Square (12 lines or less) for the first
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When only published 31otthly or Quarterly $1, per
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having the desired number of insertions marked on tihe
marint. will be continued until forbid and charged
Those desiring to advertise by the year can do so on
iheral terms-it being distinctly understood that con
racs for yearly advertising are confined to the imme
diate, legitimate bn-iniess of the firm or individual
contracting. Transient Advertisements tnust be paid
for in advance.
For annonneinga Candidate, Three Dollars, in
Fur Adverti-ing Estrays Tolled, Two Dollars, to be
said by the 3agistrate advertising.
FOR YOUNG LADIES.
(63Pevr::.snav ENVFrTERED sINCE SYleFBER 19TI.)
r iIll E ession will be half comtplieted on Monday
Nov. 7th. This wi.1 be a good time for others
The Inst'tution has never heen more prosperous
aIt th's seasn fir the year, Or better futrni-hed with
Teachers, and everythint neeessary fir thurough
i :struetion thatt at preslnt.
The Vacation at Christmans is always a short one,
3o that the Piptls Acan cottitaue their studies with
out any serious interruption, -until the last of July.
They are received'at atay time during the Session,
ald chiargel but from the timane of entrance to. the
end of the Session.
Expenses per Session of 14 Weeks.
Collegiate~Departtent ..............$15 00
Aeademie~ do 12 00
Primary do . $ 00 atid $5 00 -
'upuils iising the rhiloesophica Apparatus, are
charged Extra $2,00 per Session. A i.d all Pupils
are charged 50 ets eai, asession fur contences
Musi ......... .... ....... . $18 00
Drawing.. .......S..... 00
Oil Paiuuug... ... .... 00
'There is no ehrge-for use of P atno
:,:"n d' hing7 lijgis ind fu $10 pr
14 1 .T31S
p~aee - Iwc'
- 8. F. G0OO0E,
-E. PENN, Trustees
- . . A. AlDSON
'Nov 7, 1S53. tf 42
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL
B00T & SHOE BUSINESS!
T'H E Undersigned refepecetfully informs his friends
in Carlina, that lie has Rtemotved fron I lam
berg to Augutsta, Ga., on the South side of Broal- i
Street, oppi)site the Augusta Ilokel, where lie will
be- pl.-ased to see h's old friends and customers.
lie would al-t state that lie hIs just returned from
the North. whre, witih care anl attention,- lie lha
purchased. -at the LOWEST MARIKET PRICES,
a large Stock of
Boots and Shoes,
Truuks, Va1isses, carpt-Thng,
And every article belonging to the Wht'les:'le andt
Rectail Boot andu Shoet~ Butsiiess, wii'el lie P)lCu~gs
himself to sell Cii lA P' ER than nyt the lhcus
in Augusta, FORl CASil, or ont titme to putnctual
Atny one wantitng Goods in his line will finid it to
their interest to call alad ex:ine his Stock befoare
purchaisinig elsewhIere-and hte will take ph-aseure in
e'xhibiting thietm to every one wh~o mayt favor him
wvithi a visit.
Hie takes oesesion here to return his heartfelt
thatnks to his kinid friends fur their liberal patronage!
hetretofa're bestowved oan hitm, antd hopes by strict at
teutwilmind perseve'ranuce in busaness, to merit a
contitttinace of the saime.
AuustOpposite the A ugusta lotel,
AuutGa.4 Oct. 5 tf 38
BOOTS AND SHOES
AT THE IRON FRONT STORE OPPOSITE THE'
Nasonic Hall, Augusta, Ga.
Boots, Shoes, Trunks, Carpet Bags, &c.
RE now resiving thimr FA LL STOCK of
Chuddten's S10l3 of the
-\nid the bes.t that caln be botught.
(Ote A's'srtmeint roatmainis EVERY ARTICLE
usually kept iln thte largest Boot ad Shoe Stores.
--AL ttr.A IF.Tt Es OF
AND'HIOUSE SERVANTS' SHOES
All of which we will sell on tie most reasemtable
Auguta, Oct 12 tf 39
lisxrv -1. Osuuons. FlRED. A. itiTLoCKt.
QSBORNE & WHITLOCK,
(sIGNe OFrTHE WATO H.)
Under thme United' .States Hotel.
KFEE P Constantly on hiand a 6hoice selection of
~Goods in their ine. ait the LOW EST M AR
K ET PR1 ICES, such as fine
Watches, Jewelry, Silver Ware and
FA NCY GOOD'S IN GR EAT VARIETY,
MUSICAL AIND. MATHEMATICAL INSTRUMENTS,
Besides nmnty oither articles too nmerous to men
ton. We keep two Workmnen, one an experienced
Watchmnaker, (one of the best of Workmen,) and
the othet a .Jewoler capabie of manufacturing any
;hiing in -the line.
gi Call atnd see *ottr Stock - before purchasing
elsewhere. OSBORNE & WHITLOCK..
Sept. 12 3mt - 35
ALOT of Eastmanm's SUPERIOR STRAW
A lot of Dan'el's Pat. Superior Straw Cutters,
Granit's Superior Patentt FA N MILLS,
- ' Grain Cradles,
JHoe~& Co's Superior C1 RC LA RI SA WS,
All of tvwifhwili be sold on thie miost accommizoda
titng terms. Call antd see tlheni .
RO0BLNSUN & JACKSON.
HARDWARE, CUTLERY, &c.
W & J. H I LL, Tamburg, S. C., would in
. form their friends and customers that they
keep constantly on hand, at their old Stand, a
LAltGE and WELL SELECTED STOCK,eon
sisting in part of the following articles.
FINE CUTL RY.
A large assortment of Pocket Knives, Knives and
Forks, Scissors, &c., &c., both of English and
Tin and Copper Ware.
Every article of Tin Ware kept always on hand,
and orders received for any article that may be
needed in the CopperTin, or Sheet Iron jine.
smS al GD W= so52.
A good assortment of IHeating and Cooking Stoves.
The latter are recommended to Housekeepers for
neatness and economy.
Guns and Pistols!
A full nssortment of Guns, from ordinary to very
fine. Colts' repeating Pistols, Allen's Revolving
andaSelf-Co.king Single Barrel Pistols. Also, com
A large and complete Stock of Smith's Tools, con
sisting of Anvels, Bellows, Screw Plates, lland
and Sledge Hiammers, Files, Rasps, &c.
Embracing all varieties of Plains, Saws, Chesels,
Augers, ilanimers, Hatchets, Squares, Compases,
Axes, Adzes, &c., &c.
Spades- and Shovels.
spades and Shovels of the best qualities. Also,
Manure Forks, loes, &c., &c.
C H A I N S.
Log, Ox, Trace, Waggon, Coil and Halter Ch ain
Boilers and Caldrons.
A variety (if loilers and Calrons, by the pr per
se of which farmers will find a great saving in
feeding Cattle and Hogs.
CASTING AND HOLLOW WARE.
rots, Ovens, Spiders, Tea Kettles, Waffle and Wa
e.r frons, Fire Dogs, Waggon Boxes, Grid Irons,
Smoothing Irons, Morters, &c.
NA I LS.
300 Kegs cf Nails, assorted sizes. Also an assort
nient of English and American Iorse Shoes, and
lorse lShoeu Nails. Coftee Toasturs, and Cotton
and Wool Cards.
Straw Cutters and Corn Shellers.
ie most approved Straw Cutters, and Corn Shel
lers, wh:ch farmers would find great economy to use.
Chain Pumps and fixtures-an excellent method for
rawing water from wells.
g. All the foregoing articles sold on the most
11amburg, Oct. 26 6m 41
3. A. GURLEY,
R ESPECTFULI.Y informs his friknd in Caroli
na that he has removed from Ilamburg to Au
usta, Ga., South xisle of Broad Street, one Square
bhove the Lower Mat ket, nearly opposito the Eagle
k Phwnix, at the sign "VA RIETY STORE,"
-here he will be happy to see his d friends, .and
y fair dealing-mcrit 'comniu ion of that pat
mna ,~beforesqIiberally ed-lisStoek
n . nWirt of an extensive v riety of
eb ais Tubs of all kiids, Buck ., C urns,
Keelers, Wash Boards, Trays, & .
Tin Ware of all Kinds,
Philadelphia Pots, Ovens, Spide'ts, Kettles. Sauce
[ns, Somoothing Irons, Shovel and Tongs. Fire
I)ogs, Sifters, Fry Pans, Fine Pocket and Pen
:ives, R A ZORS that can't be beat, Tea and Table
pb'-us, both Birittania and Silver. Table Knives
ind Forks, Candle Sticks, Pad Locks, Shoe Tacks,
., &c. Also a varied awsortment of
.etter and Cap Papi-r, Wafers, Pins, Needles,
looks and Eves, Po'.rt Monies an assortment from
15 ets to $5 each, Silk anid Thread Purses,
SUSPENDERS, HOSE AND HALF HOSE; GLOVES,
Silk Mitts, &c.
A complete assortment of the BEST PERFU
IER.Y, SO A PS, &c., direct from .l eL.s lIUL.
SDOES, HATS AND CAPS, .
Musical Instruments, Toys,
nd in fact many oth~er articles noat eonmerated
ere. AlM, " VIRGINIA TOIBACCO" always
o be faneal here cheap by the Box or otherwise.
Eg" Call and see J. A. G UR L EY,
155 Broad Street, A ugusta, Oa.
Sept. 5. tf 34
Hardware & Cutlery Store.
Fj1 E SUBSCRIBERS have just received their
..Fall Stock of
HARDWARE & QUTLERY,
Consisting (of Anvils, Viees, Bellows, Smiths Hamn
iners, Screw P'lates, Stock and Dies, IHorse Shoe
Nails, R aspts, Files, Iland and Cut, Alill, and all other
kind of SA WS.
500 dozena of all kinids of Locks.
500 "~ " " Enives.
3tt p-,ir Pistols of all kinds.
10 Guns. C' lts Revolvers, AI!ens do.
Wa;gon Cha:iis, Castiings, J linges, Screws, House
Furnishing Go' ds, and cverythinig elsceunnected
with a Hardware llouse.
---. A L S O
Corn Shelhars, Straw Cutters, Mlills, the genunme
Collins Axes, Adzes, llatchets and all kinds Edge
We would respectfully solicit a shmare of patron
age, anid anythiing sold by us will be warranted of
the best manufatutre.
IIULLARKEY & OAKMIAN.
A few doors above Insurance Bapk, Augusta Ga.
Sept. 28 1853. 6m . 37
Heavy All Wool Negro Goods
1iILLER & WARREN, Augusta, Ga., have
i.just received a large Stock of Georgia
Plains and a large lot of 8--A and 9-4 Ne'
gro Blankets, sonme of them weighing eighi
pounds to thye pair, to which they invite the atten:
tion of planters. Als,
GENUINE UETT ANClIOR BOLTING CLOTHS,
From No 1 to 10.
Augusta',-Oct. 12. 6m -39
A Physician Wanted.
T IB Subscriber has atract of Land,cotin
about One Hiundred and Serenly-five acres
lying on the M1artin Town Road, eleven nwiles be
low Cambridge, with a comfortable Dwelling,-ana
tme neighiborhoo~d is wanting a Physician. An:
Phsiciain wishing to locate would do well to corm
ani see ime as 1 am anxious to sell.
- JOHN B. ROUNTREE.
Oc 2 t 41
ALL Persons anlywise indebted to the Estate o
A.lohmn Wise, dee'd., are hereby requested i<
imake immediate settlement, and those having de
mands against said Estate will please render in thei
accounts forthwith, properly attested, according t<
law. SIDNEY WISE, Ex'ora
p. I. b!LR
Oct 26 if
ON hand a good supply at S1 ,00 per Gross, c
one cent per box, warranited good. Call:a
" VAnmwrr S'roRE," 155 Broad Street, Augusta Ga
and get vonfsipply for the year.
Sept ~J, A, GURLEY.
BY wxI. W. GRANDY.
The voice of inspiration bears
This truth to us to-day ;
While all the face of Nature wears
A semblance of decay.
Spring, with its flowers, has passed away,
And summer, too, has fled;
And Autumn's sere and yellow leaves
Crumble beneath our tread.
Chnnge is the garment Nature wears,
Rocks moulder and decay:
Mountains are moved, and empires fall,
And kingdoms pass away.
The mighty ocean, that rolls
In majesty atd power,
Anon, in gentle dew descends,
To kiss the opening flower.
Our lives are like a breath-a dream
A bubble on the wave;
There's but a thought, a step between
The cradle and the grave!
A stone, perchance, may inark the spot
Where we unconscious lay;
That, too, ere long, will turn to dust,
And ruingle with our clay.
The wanderer of another age
Will pass unheeding by
Our lonely graves, without one call
Upon his sympathy.
But is there naught mid scenes like these
That comfort can impart ?
Is there no source or j. y to cast
A charm around the heart!
Yes, there's a br:ghter, holier sphere,
Exposed to n6 decay ;
The soul may shine in beauty there,
Free from mortality.
TO A DRUNKEN HUSBAND.
The following lines were written by a Wife.
My husband, 'twas for thee I left
My own, my happy home ;
For thee I left my cottage bowers,
With thee in joy to roam ; ,
And where are all the holy vows,
The truth, the love, the trust,
That won my heart-all scattered now,
All trampled in the dust.
I loved thee with a love untold
And when I stood beside
Thy noble form, I joyed to think
I was thy chosen bride.
They told me, cre. I was thine own,
iow sad my lot would be;
1 thougit not of the futur'ithen- -
I only thought of thee.
A sunny-hearted ihing, me
Forgetting that my happiness
A shadowing cloud might bring.
The sunny side of lfe is gone,
Its shadows only mine;
And thorns are springing in my heart,
Where blessoms used to twine.
I do not blame thee for-my lot,
I only pray for thee,
That thou may'st from the tempter's power
(0, joyful thought!) be free;
That thou may's bend above my grave,
With penitence sincere,
And for the broken-hearted one
Let fall a sober tear.
SPARKING SALLY SCRAGGS.
" I speculate you'd like to hear of that
erection," sed Sam, giving his chair a.
itch ; " and if Sally herself~ could relate it,.
ou'd expreciate it a heap more ; but you
se she is shockin' modest and if I should
sk her to, I do think she'd blush bluer a
idigo bag! Hlowsumerer, I don't mind
elightenin' you on the stubject ; hut if you
o to pokin' it in the paper, fil " call you
ut," by thunder ! *
"It happetned-the circumstance did-in
lyblow Holler, Stait of Arkansaw, the
nly Stait where it could happen, though
u folks run it down, and say the mus
eeters! .Now, I say-What of that? aint
verything in proportion ? Why, lv'e seen
ars there siebi " sizers" thatt the natiwes
unted 'em the same as whales-with a har
oon. And when they walk through a
anebrake, on a hot day, you can jest travel
long behine 'em an' pick up) millions of
aler candles- already boxed !
" Then: look at the gals-why they're per
ect panters-their eyes a sparklin' Jike
imun beeds, an' their cheeks as red as a
urkey -cock's throat !
Oh ! 1 knew a pretty one,
She lived in Flybtow Holler,
She were so fat she could'nt run
So fat she could'at woller !
" But her old datddy was stupendous!
Ie were jest about the crossest, ugliest old
armitnt that ever wore spectacles; an' it
was wvondermul to think that he should be the
father of sich a charmnin' little scrouger as
Sally were. I must say that feminine was
awful hansum-an' of all the magnumubo
mm gals that ever I see, she was the mag
nmbonumest. Natur' had gin her plenty
f "rotundity," and the wvay it stuck out
tvas perfectly provokin' to catnel-leoperds.
What she wore the thing for I never could
ascertain, except it w~as that wheni she sot
own on a hornet's nest the gnatty inseeks
ould'nt sting her. But we'll let that part
f the story wvent for the present, and re
.~" Now, it wias one day, thinks I to myself
-Sam Slackpole, bein' as how Sally Scraggs
are the prettiest fimmale that ever jumped,
pd have got a power of onllco fixups, fur.
bellows, an' a watch, its high time she an
yot were one, so I declared my passion, as
a feller ini luv most generally duz, an were
excepted. Yes sir-ce !-she wilted rite
rdon, like a pokeberry stalk int the sur, an
tsed she'd be mine, if I could git her daddy's
consent. " Sal," I exclaimed, for you I'!1
try, but I consider it jest as uscless a move
as ,.hasim' a elinboat up hill." At any
rate, I was de tempt,
if I got killed
"Jest afor .:ions,I
went " to tov- about
a bushel off . of rib.
bins a string goose
greese for he r small
caps for the I - it ac.
cidentally ex .greed
on hitchin' -.. rough
rakin' my -In all
away in a ht. for
the Holler t.
" It was r., id ld
Scraggs was ' ly for
Sally to pI in a
show in tow - :iavn
T'he fust arter
enterin', an' me a
few, was to hot
merlasses lb - -hich
made me ju-.. - Tosh
all gingerb s he
didn't see th Ily's
bandbox wh - - let
-not notic - -.ex
there a spel -on
derin' how old
man give d
"Sam St. -you
" Mr. Se stir
for fear hoW - 've
come here !ss,
(Oh, Lord3 ses
sniarts!) ar e
zer down f a
nor to infoi, -
The old ire
powerful la - .'it
say nothin, . Ily
could, an %i
are been pa -- ur
daughter, a - ith
infinite po - ive
S.dlly to I nd
scud my c(
Well, art re
odger's I of
sayin " Tal
tually pint(- .
scaUer-! I -
to oblige y
ere, u n
cut a hole i -
fast as I e
s .I'm- a Ii - .*
made me c.
mad that I
have it biff
and then I
I jest g&.
M1rr. Scr -
a been au f
fire. I ne
saddle it 01
aack, is ti --
West indie '.i
Southern S -.*
and Eve bi. - a'
setled his . i
forced to p at
the good c 3
heard of a-k
has not apjd
to strike us
A lady f
tentment, c ne
while in on.-- ed
her hostes - -he
course of t -of
her stay wi~ at
dinner a y -att
uon the ts is,
which seoa thle
The kind hi . ifu
sion, and - al
ordered the to
dress himsee to
wait upon - boy
grinned "y. not
exactly con ; uch,
to him, unh ' . as of'
dressing ~y(' s for
but some o-.a , :0ok,
one of the - ocks
were in fasa. . vish-.
ing to obe sbue,
a manner 3 -i0ssi
bility of a ., ,..the
ceiling, an< >, rousd
as a Broac t cut,
paid for as be
entered a . ow,
missus, he.~. -~~ITHUE
THERE is a mian 'lroyso mean that he
wished his landlord the price of hisi
board bill, because y has two teeth extract,
THEREj are two 5i'ss why we don't
trust a man-one. becau~ we' don't know
him, and the other bekiw o
Jrom the 0South Uarointan.
TO THE CAROLINA WOMEN FROM THE PEN
OF AN 1TALIAN WRITER.
These noble mothers of noble sons have
called forth not only the eloquent approba-I
tion of the historians of their own country,
but have elicited an equal ineed of praise from
classic Italy-from the land of the Ciesar.
Our countryman Headly says: " The ladies
of Charleston were distinguished during the
Revolution for tlieir devotion to the cause of
freedom. . Enthusiastic, self-sacrificing, and
cheerful, they inspired hope and courage and
daring in the men, and shed glorious light
on that night of gloom."
Of their patriotism in the war of the Ame
rican Revolution, Botta, an Italian historian,
writes: " In that fierce struggle, the women
of Carolina presented ai example of forti
tude more than manly. I know not the his.
tory, ancient or moderl, which has trans
mitted a story of devotion exceeding or
equalling that exhibited by these noble beings
to their American country. Far from con
sidering the epithet a reproach they gloried
and exulted in the name of rebel women.
Instead of frequenting public resorts of
gayety and amusement, they repaired to the
sides of the ships, and to other places where
their husbands, sons and friends were held
prisoners, and sought by every act to sustain
and animate them.
"Be firm," they said, "yield not to the
fury of the tyrant ; prefer a prison to igno
miny, and death to servitude; look on Ame
rica, our beloved country ; cherish the hope
that these evils will hasten, produce, and se
cure that priceless liberty of which these
British thieves would rob us; he martyrs,
but martyrs in a cause sacred to man, and
grateful to God."
By such words did these heroic women
mitigate the suf'erings of the unhappy pri
When the British officers, in their dazzling
regalia, assembled at a military or gay con
cert, their entertainments, and the invaders
themselves, were regarded with contempt by1
these spirited women. But when a prisoner
an officer of the American army, came into
Charleston, immediately he was received I
with courtesy, and followed by every mark I
of distinction and deference.
When come of these devoted women re
fired to the most secluded apartments to r
weep and mourn over the fortune -of their V
beloved country, others so encouraged arid
ins tl eir husbands, when, wavering and 1
'they preferred the discomtorts
tfindulgencies of home. -.
S of the Carolina wO n were so
ted a. Bitish..-di i SUP4,
stancy, that-they suffered the'onfiscion-of
their property and banishment from their .r
country. W Vhen this band of patrias bade Z
t ndieuo 'ir W i ld do~ v
ign of y'akness, but presented an example b
know no't, in their case, whether to say of ti
masculine or feminine firmess. With un- 11
avaring fortitude they left their native a
hores, departing in prison-ships to a distant .
Many born and educated in the midst of e
wealth, not only renounced its advantages
Fr themselves and families, but engaged in a
che coarsest labors, and performed the most k
nenial services. This they did, not only i
ith resignatign, but with joy. Their exam- %
dle was inspiring, and it is owing principally sl
to the firmness of these patriotic Carolinians, i
hat the name and love of liberty were not u
xtinguishod in the Southern States. From si
his the English knew that they were en- o
piged in an enterprise much more difficult u
han at first they had imagined. For the most
lecided proof of the united opinion of a na- tl
ion, and the surest sign of success in a pub. e,
ie enterprise, is that wvoman has engaged in tl
t with ull the powers of her imagination, a
.vbich although wihen calm is more yielding a~
han that of man, is when excited and en- fi
indled more tenacious and powerful. d
What blessed things Saturday nights aret
md wvhat wouild the world do without them? 8
hose breathing moments in the tramping ~
arch of life ; those little twilights in the P
road and garish glare of noon, when palet
esterdays look beautiful through the
hadows, and farces " changed" long ago,
mile sweetly again in the hush when one'
emembers " the old folks at home," and a
the old-fashioned fire, and the old arm-chair, ~
ad tho little brother that died. and the
ittle sister thuaf was " translated." C
Saturday nights make people hiumnan ; et I
their hearts to beating softly, as they used i
to do, before the wvorld turned thenm into
war-drums, and jarred them to pieces with I
The ledger closes with a clhsh ; the iron
door'd vaults come too wvith a bang ; up go
the shutters with a will; click goes the keyI
in the lock. It is Saturdayv night, and husi
ness breathes free again. Homeward, ho! t
The door that has been ajar all the week I
ently closes behind him, the world is shut
ut. Shut out? Shut in, the rather.
Here are his treasures after all, and not in
the vault, and not in the book-save the 1
record in the old family Bible-and not in
May be you are a Bachelor, frosty and
forty. Then, poor fellow ! Saturday Night's
nothing to you, just as you are nothing to
anybody. Get a wvife, blue-eyed or black
eyed, but above all true-eyed-get a little
home, no matter howv little, and a little sofa,
just to hold two, or two and a half, anid
then get the two, or the two and a half in
it, of a Saturday Night, and then read this
paragraph by tihe light of your wife's eyes,
and thank God and take courage.
The dim and dusty shops are swvept up;
the hammer is thrown down, the apron is
doffed, and Labor hastens with a light step,
"6Saturday Night," feebly murmurs the
languishing, as she turns wearily upon her
coch, " and is there another to come I"
" Saturday Night, at last !" whispers the
Weeper above the dying, " and it is Sunday
to-morrow and to-morrow I"
lie lives well who lives in peace,
SUCCESSFUL APPLICATION OF GUANO
DURING TILE PRESENT SEASON.
On the 29th of July, we paid a visit of
inspection to the plantation of Iice Dulin,
Esq., of Charleston. This plantation is sit. I
unted nine miles east of Newberry Court
House, and is now under a systematic course I
of improvement, which r.flects great credit
upon its liberal proprietor. In our August
number, we gave a sketch of the true "fa r.
mer planter,"-we now;.have equally as in- I
teresting and necessary a character to deal t
with in the " mei chant labor," who relies on
our rapidly increased and renlunerating pro- t
duction by the aid of a liberal application of
It may be as well to state that in our ride,
we passed the plantations of Maj. R. B.
Holman and Col. Jno. P. Kinard, and upon
their chinquepin lands, saw admirable results
from the application of Guano to the cotton
crop, their fields being unsurpassed for the
season, and in a most luxuriant and pros
perous condition. T1hese lands were once.
regarded indifferent for planting purposes, I
but with the processes of culture resorted to
by their present proprietors, they now stand
high in value when estimated by their pro- r
ductive capacity. Mr. Dulin's plantation
was originally fine and productive cotton
land, abounding in decomposed granite, and I
resting upon a good clay subsoil. Its loamy
topsoil was consequently well adapted, not
only to the production of cotton, but small
rrains. It has, however, been much exhaust- a
d by injudicious croppings, and, like most
plantations in South Carolina, the uplands
ire the " worse for wear." It is upon these
ixhausted lands that he has experimented
;n quite a large scale, by the application of 9
Guano and plaster of Paris, both upon corn
ind cotton. In order to make the experiments o
s fair test, he has left and . marked rows of
:otton thronghout the liole length'of- his t
ields, to which th "Vas nothing applied. I
rhe difference inu ese and te guanoed v
:rop is most desti lihe former being
imall, pal, greeh rnd iovered withcurled 8
eaves, sl6wing the' presence of parasticil e
nsects,- and promising 'to yield not more .
han 300 pounds of seed cotton to the air. A
fhe portion to which the guano and plaiier V
,ere applidd; was large, luxuriantly Aark -
~reen, ceraered with bpil's anidwith ag fayo/
able autumn, iould pros -t '.1" b'y.
ippearances, at . the
idrce t iww e t.man
iat it iiirsidlyfforci aloiexri.
eat crops. 96Mr. .Dli -
an coi a S tlia to
hiieh the-two latter w plilied exhibited
ut little perceptible di en 813
on on which no manure was used. Plaster,
owever, lie thinks about.as good for cotton V(
s common stable or compost manures. The vW
Sfrican Guano was of no value- whatever.
On the oat crop, the most marked differ
ne was made by the application of guano.
Ve saw in a very poor field, the soil -of
-hich was completely exhausted, and nothing
ft but a glady substratam of pipe clay and
ica, a single breadth upon which Guano
as applied, and whilst the rest of the field
iowed from the stubble that the crop was tI
orth gathering, this portion attests the val
e of this fertilizer by its rank and thick of
tubble, which Mr. Ilopkins, the efficient
verseer, told us grew as good oats as he u
rould desire to harvest. n
Tihe Guano was applied to the cotton at
ie rate of 80 pounds to the acre, well mix- h
dl with 100 pounds of plaster, and sown in
2e drill. The cost of this application was,
I told, four dollars per acre. C~orn received n
spoonful to the hill. We observed that ae
eld of rich bottom land had received its P
ose of Gnano-and though this land wvas ni
eep alluvial, and, to the 'eyes of most plan- wI
rs, would require no manure at all, with
ood seasons, to produce 40 or 50 bushels of 4
orni per acre-still the spirited " merchant
lanter " determined to see the difference ink
be production made by this application, on
il as well as on exhausted lands. There
as a very marked difference in the color of.
me corn, as well as in its luxuriance and
eneral forwardness over that which had re-,
evdno Guamno. ~Vhilst upon low lands,
re took great pleasure in observing thre very
xtesive operations of embanking in pro.
ress on this plantation. There -is.nowv fin- bi
aed abont a mile of levee, twelve feeliigh,
rith a thirty-foot base, which, wihen corn-r
leted, wvill protect several hundred -acres of
ine alluvial swamp lafd froifreshets: and t
this wvill he done a't a cost of at least five t
housand dollars. TIhe reclamation of' our
aw ands, and their protectIon from fi-eshets,
hould be an important consideration wvith
he people of South Carolina. We were
nuch pleased to see several hundred acres oft
tubbbi land sown in-peas brotideast, much
>f which is to be laid down in wvheat, ma
ired with Guano, in the fall. This is a sys
em of reclamation seldom resorted to or
>ractised on a cotton plantation. On thisb
lantation four hmundred acres of cotton are
>lanted, and from six to eight thousand
ushels of corn annually r-aised. -Mr. Dulin
-ent one thousand bushels of wvheit, early In
le season to New York, for which he re
,eived 81.38 per bushel-which fine price
was realized in consequence of its being thea
arliest w~heat in the miarket. We have-ra
her a singular product to chronicle, whbich
uay startle some of our planters, and when
we l them that fourteen bushels of lai-ge
Globo turnip seed were gathered ont this
plantation, twelve of which were shIpped to
New York for a market, they will be sur
prised. We asked for a few of these prolifie
turnips, and found in our carriage upon start
ing only a half bushel, wvhich we have par.
tially distributed with much satisfaction
amongst our neighbors. A fine stock of hogs
and lowing cattle, attested that the live-stocki
department was also well attended-to. All
the experiments with Guano -on this plants
to: will be carefully noted, and in the lnves
iection with Mr. Dulin .and Judge -9,a'
is a Committee to report to the Newberry '
Agricultural Society -on the value of this and
nineral manures, we hope to be 4bl sh.o w.1
ron the results most fully an. ' ively,
;heir relative and practical vailub$':
When a nierchant - can thuil time>
rom extensive commerbialpfirsuitie o-devote
i poition of his energy to-. the improvement
md increased production of the soil, iW is
eally high time for those who have been
irought'up to till the soil, and who arrogate
o themselves superior wisdoni and skil ,o -
>estir themselves lest they bVe distanced in'
he race. Energy is the main spring to sue
tess, and in this instance we have a most
audable example of its application.to- a most.
>raiseworthy purpose-that of setting'agood
>attern, and of breaking down prejudices by
nanuring the barren soil from whidh they
OwNERsHIP OF THE CALIFORNIA kIl.Ns.
-San Francisco- papers, received by the
ast arrival, contain a decision of much im
iortance, which-was recently madeoby the
upreme Court of California.. It is to the
feet that the United States.Government is'
othing more than *a private. -ndholder-in
Jalifornia, and that the mines'- of.gold'and
ilver in the public lands areas tmuch the
roperty of the.State, by virtue..of.its sov
reignty, as -are -similar mines' inthe lands"
f private citizens. The Court -says that
he State has, therefore, oiety the-right to
uthorise them to be worked, to pass laws
)r their _l4gilition, to license miners, &e.
'his docinme has all along been practically
eted dpon by 'California, though it can-'
ardly Ran& the test of the United-States'
tupreme Cout, if carried tither. -Shquld
be allowed. by that-tribunal,'th Mormoins
SUtah,.or'ny other squatter iammu'nity ;
ih ih might geotti be a-State, olW.d bive
e'sa1me right to the laids'in-theirotwifry
d-Afstiialia the old mines havejiidedi
erf larger*iue.to the government; but
i Califorunirellief e 'State O' t
s-her propt',Siis'darce ei
nough from the itdk
ankrnptcy.. As tliey ares. presetijgp
ged, theyfard the -propert f
M.IwfVe'~ i' "
id a-peiicil*ni the othi&4 A so'~i
tently-at the'Griek S1a1i
1' -was a believer in wonr
_- .'& ite would' pratis onrai.:
ron',i she had aCrnm. B *A
ry personification of a she d-I She *as
eazen.faced, fiery-eyed, yellow-skinne
d-haired, hump-backed, ruffle or feather.
gged, and walked like a Shankhigh hen.
she ever should get married, herchbldren
ould be snapping-turtles, and crocodiles, if
ere is any truth in physiolo.
ELoQUEc-e.-During an address deliver.
iby a young orator, in addebating rociety,
e speaker attempting to describe the beau
s of nature, and touching upon the sceies
' a thunder storm he had Witnessed. once'
on a time, his. fountain of eloquence could
>longer withhold itself', and he bdrst- forth- --
the following strain : " Why, I tell you
r. President, the roaring of the thunder was
and far and wide, and reiiinded those who -
ardit of the clattering of the ho'ofs of so'
any wild horses crossing a -bridge over a
eek where the little fishes were seen skip.'
ng about from puddle to puddle-the -light.
ngs- flashed -and flashed, every now and
en the whole heavens .hrokdas though it.
as ligh'ed up sih tallow cidles, and thean.-m
I snufed !"
SPIRITUAL F'Ac'rs.-That whiskey is the
~y by which many gain an entrance-into
ir prisons and almshouses.
Trhat brandy brands the nose of all- those
ho cannot govern their appetites.
That wine causes many to take a winding
That punch is the cause of many unfrieidly
That ale causes many ailing, whileI'beer --
ings many to the bier.
That champagne is thue source-of many
al pains.- -
Tlhe gin slings have " slewed," more thait
es slings or old.
That the reputation of being fond'of'cock'
ils is not a feather in- a mai s-ap.
A nor at the age of ten years. was set
school for the first time. The teacher to
~st his information, asked him'-who made '
onuI" The boy could not answer. Thb
~aher told him the proper answ er,.and- d.
red the boy to remember it. Some-honra
ter the teacher repeated the' qoestion. The
.y rubbed his head in great agony andfat
~ngth answered "I swow. L ive forge tbthe
entlemen's name." -'
SPut.--A -Virginian. specutating on a -
ossibility of a division of the urphus-reve.
ne among the several Staites, says: " We
tould rejoice. to see every dime of it sank
ithe Potomac rather than to 'hear of the.
eeption of a .solitar'y cent .of it by Vir,
"BoNzs," said Ginger, " which had you'
ather ride in--a stage-coach or steamboat?'"
Why, I'd rather ride .in a coach,'hekase if
upsets, dar you is; but- if de steamboat -
lows upwharls you t" -
A Costinux.-What is the .diference
etween a man' who stabs another man wvith
ntent to kill, and the man who'stiabrhog -
md actually kills himi I
' Answer. T'he, first. s an' assault wi~i iii
;ent to kill, and the latteris -a-kill with intenit