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FOR THE ADVEaTI55R.
Dfiisionof Edgefield,-No. 1,.
Ma. EDItoR --It is not unknown fo-tany of
your readers, that an. organized movement it
now on foot to divide the Districts of Edgefield.
and Barnwen, both judioially. and politienaIy.
When my attention wnts-first directed. to the
proposed diVion of these two Districts, I am
frank to, acknowledge that my off-hand and un
studied opinion was against it, but a thorough
investigation of the subject has convinced me of
my- error, and I am confident that a similar in
vestigation will undeceive many others who are
now opposed to it. As a warm supporter of the
movement, I desire, with your permission, to
present the justice and policy of it, in a series
of articies, through the coluuns of the Adcer
The feiend of Di-viion, being ennseibus of
h:wing truth, and. right on their side,. boldly
challenge a discussion of the question. But
as it will reqsire several newspaper articles to
devolope the merits of the subject, I for one,
must leg the indulgence of being permitted to
decline all controversy in the public prints until
your readers shall have been put in possession
of my whole argument.. To this, no one who is
disposed to write against Division can fairly ob
ject, as he would be a wise philosopher indeed,
who could anticipate and reply to an argument.
before he hears it. I hope, therefore, that I will
not be interrupted-the more so, as 1 promise
faithfully to respond to every argument which
may be seriously advanced on the othekside.
No man has a right to decline the consequences
of his principles or his actions, and I do not
seek to shun the responsibility of mine. On the
contrary, I, in common with hundreds of others,
warn the anti-divisionists to prepare for the com
ing fight, as the question of " Division or no
Division," will be an issue in all future elections
in Edgefield. The Division party well know
that they will have to encounter a strenuous, but
interested opposition, both at home gd in the
Legislature. The Members of that party are
also advised, -from the uniform contempt with
which their prayers and petitions have been re
ceived, for the last thirty years, that even to
carry the elections here would be but a skirmish
of the outposts preparatory to the great battle,
which must be fought in the Legislature, be
tween the Upper and Lower Country, before
they can hope to succeed in.their project. Hence
they are determined, no longer to beg as a favor
for the new Districts which they have a right to
demand. Discussion and the ballot-box are the
weapons with which they will hereafter fight.
Disregarded prayers and petitions may continue
to be used by the slaves, who are still willing to
let aristocratic tyrants reign over them forever,
but some at least of the independent freemen of
Edgefield are tired of the incubus of a ['arish
aristocracy and the sectional, selfish, Chinese
policy, which the degenerate Barons of those
Parishes have so long dictated to the up-Country
of South Carolina.
Yes, Mr. EDIroa, since Edgefield and Barn
well are refused new Districts, not because it is
right and just to refuse them, but imply be
cause new Senators would also be demanded to
represent them, as integral parts of the up.
Country, we are disposed to enquire into the
prescriptire right (for they have no other) by
which our Parish Masters sent] ten or fifteen
Members more to the Lower House than they
are entitled to. and three times as many Sena
tors as they can claim upon any principle of fair
The Division party of Edgefield are driven
then nolens rolens to side with the Mountain
Distnce, where disaffection to the Parishes is
spreading fast and wide. We want and must
have new Electoral as well as newt Judicial Dis
tricts, either by abolishing the Senatorial Rep.
resentation of the Parishes as a section, or by
extending the Compromise of 1808, so as to
give each of our new Districts a Senator, and at
the same time divide the larger Parishes of the
low-Country into new Senatorisl Districts, so as
still to let the "Queen City," at the head of the
rice aristocracy, continue to lord it over the
mountain democracy as she has always done.
It would seem passing strange that our digntified
kinsman of the Parishes should refuse even an
extension of the Compromise, by which they
hold the lion's share of both the powyer and the
advantages of our State Govertnment. . Ne'er
theless they will do it, and thereby drive us to
examnine into the frail tenure by which they ex
ercise a controlling authority over us. An in
spection of thme title to this authority is all that
is necessary to arouse the Up-Country from a
lethargic dream, and as we are at peace now
with our mortal enemy-Uncle Sam,-we may
as well turn our attention for a time, to the in
ternal affatirs of the Palmetto Republic, and see
if there is not a beamt in our own eye.
The present appotrtionment of Representa
tion in South Carolina is a qnestion, as Mr.
Tumosursos, of Abbeville, said in the dikeussion
on the Bill giving Pendleton another Senator,
that will not bear to be discussed. The Par
ishmes cannot discuss it. They dare not discuss
it, and though they fain would prevent us from
diseussing it, yet we are forced to do it, fronm
necessity and tyranny, and they mnust show sonme
other title to the right of controling the State
than that of mere prescription, which sounids
in a republic, somewhat like the "divine right of
Kings." They must measure territory, count
population, estima~te property, point out the an
tagonistic sectional interests which they allege
exist, amid establish the truth of the supe.rior
intelligence which they have always claimed for
the Parishes. In fine they must rely more uipon
themselves living-than their ancestors dead
-must have some regard to the present condi
tion of 'lhe two sections, as well as the past,
admit both in practice arnd theory the Re
publican principle of equality.
The School Master has long been abroads in
the " backwoods" and so many of (our moun
tain Boors have learned to reaid and write, that
they are disposed to demand the political power
which has so long anid so unjustly been withheld
from them. This increasing intelligence among
us tmay greatly annoy the Parish Lords, the
Charleston Mercury atnd the Southern Quarterly
Review, but the cry that a little learning is very
injurious to the welfare of the State is in vain.
The School Master has already done his work,
and the people are now pre paring to do theirs.
In the discussion with reference to the proposed
division of Edgefield, which necessarily involves
the consideration of ouir whole State polity, no
one who is at all familliar with the affinities of
those journals-(.ereniry atid S. Q. Review)
can doubt for a moment but that they will op.
pose the project. The Mercury, it is trute, claims
to be the organ of the State, against, the Fede r.il
Government and all other foreign powers, but,
whether its pretetisions to such a high rank are
.recognized or nof, that paper is undoubtedly the
organ of thme Parishes against the State Govern.
muent, or rather against the Up Country. I havo
it from reliable authority, that the circulation of
that journal in South Carolina is quite small out
of the Parishes, and as one proof of it, Bleaufort,
Colleton and Orangeburg have no other organ.
The Mercury can afford to prate of its favorite
hobby "consercatism" in our existing State in
stitutions as long as it omnly speaks for the six
Parish Districts, which rule the State. But some
either talisman must now be found, or at least
legitimate reasons, causes and effects must be
assigned for the preservation, in perpetuity, of
the present arrangement.
It would be but fair play, for the remaining
twenty-three Districts, which constitute the "up
country," to have a common and central organ
also. But where shall we look for one ? How
many papers in the up country are free from the
blighting influence of office hiolders and office
seekers, who are willing to sacrifice principle,
for the Votes of Parish Representatives in the
Legislature, which monopolizes the election oh
every important officer in the State? We shall see
Will the' Caroliniana, our natural mouth piece,
speak for us, or will either of the new papers
soon to lbe established in Columbia, champion
our cause ? Any paper can mako its fortune by
a bo'd and manly stand for the rights of the
whole State. We ask for no aid save in a right
eous quarrel, and what says tha Courijer or
Standierd to battling in our behalf? The posi
tion of these papers in the approaching struggle
between the upper and lower country is anxious.
ly looked for. That posilion, 1thenever it is
taken, will tell a tale. Jt is a common retmark,
thatt Charleston and, Greenville-the two ex
tiemes of the State--sympathlise with each othet
and always go togetber. This is perimps cor
re. in :.. rcm....ho4. w Am it Rt a nolit ir-a? I
fear that Chtrlt'ston leads the Parishes and de
serts her Greenville allies, whenever and wherev
er a domestic question is mooted. But the po
sition which the Courier and Standard may
take, will show whether my fears are-well found
ed or not. It remains to be seen, whether either
or both of these papers will defend the wrong,
like the Mercury, or tide with the up cenltry
in the right. Whether they wilt advobate the
good of the whole State, or onlythat- of a part
and whether they will contend for the right of
six Districts to rule twenty-three, or maintain
the tenable ground of givi-ng to each District
only a full, fair and.equal representation, upon
the joint basis of tenit-,ry, p.pulation and pro
perty. Th's is all that we ask.
Our papers must each and all soon take some
position, for there is even now a marshalling of
the rustic "Honsies," fram Barnwell to the N.
Carolina line, with a view to unite their fort.es,
and make a simultaneous demand on the Barons
for a new charter. The division of Barnwell,
Edgefield and Pendleton-the re-orgnnization of
the basis of Representation-giving the-election
of Preuidential Electors to the people-erectng
a better Free School Svstem--establishing /
Peietentiary-putting down the Militia System
-publishing an edition of the Laws which coin
mon people can rend and understand, and indeed,
a dep:arture in several directions, front what is
erroneously called "the settled policy of tVe
Sta:c," becnuse it is in reality only " the settled
pol:cy of the l'ar:4.es.' may soon be expected.
Here is an abundance of work sketched, but the
laborers are many, and the opponents of at.least
some of these measures, will ere long have their
hands full. But I am myself, mostly interested
in the division of the District, and the readjust
ment of our Representative system. These t wo
meanres are indissolubly connected, and it is to
thet that I propose to address myself. in the
series of articles mentioned at the opening of
this communicntion. Other engagements. or the
absence of correct data, necessary to the proper
consideration of these questions, but which I
have taken steps to secure at an early day, may
prevent me from appearing in each consecutive
number of your paper. But I pledge my sin
cerity, to publish the articles on "Division" and
"4Representation," as fast as possible. In the
meantitne, let those who oppose these two meas
tres, arm themselves with fact nnd principles to
meet some stubborn propositions.
It is to be hoped that the argument will be
exhtusted before the next nvass for the Legis
lature begins. The Division party are resolved
not to permit any more Candidates for their suf
frages, to say that they have been supprised by
having a measure prematurely sprung upon thein.
Hereafter every Candidate for whatsoever office,
must show his hand, or meet with the determined
opposition of it numerous and solid phalanx of
voters. HA RPER.
ARTHUR SIMKINS, EDITOR,
EDGEFIELD, S. C.
WEDNESDAY 31 ARCH 1, 1854.
Ma. M. E. WAUxFa is now abroad upon a collect
ing tour for the " Advertiscr." We hope he will be
kindly received by our subscribers, and dismissed with
the needful" as precipitately as possible
g. Communications from " A CITZ N," " Or.
OF THlE CoMrANY," and "SgTEAM Eyous" have
been received and are put on file for our next issue,
Dr. WILLI.A x F. Pa rTrs advertisement or Drugs,
Chemicals, &c. It is upon the 2nd column or our 3rd
page. We will just exactly agree to warrant ev.ery
man's being satisfied and pleased who trades with him.
As sure as gold is gold, so sore is M. F. PRAT-r the
clear grit. Please try him.
Mr. Boyce's Bpeech.
WE have read with much satisfaction the capital
speech of Hion. W. W. DorcE, recently delivered in
Congress, upon the subject of the Tariff. Next week
we will Jay it before our readers, with further com
" Butler Guarzds."
WE are pleased to learn that a Volunteer Company
has beeni recently organized, in our Mlanuifacturing
Village of Graniteville, and that they have adopted
the name of " Butler Guards" in honor of him who
fell at Ch;uirubuse-o. The corps is under the command
of Cuptain E. B. Ix.L,.
They propose to make their first appearance in pub
lic at the next general parade of the 7th Re-giment.
A Strange Mis-hap.
TitE Coach, whlichi is run by Messrs. InoJ &
Doot.Ass bet ween Columbia and Edgefieldl, was on
Saturday night last destroyed by fire. The accident
occurred some three miles from this place, and nearly
opposite our own front.gate ; we can therefore speak
very knowingly on the stubject.
About half past nine o'clock that night (it was a
dark and a stormy one) we happened to tie standing in
our back piaza, andi looking a uip the Columbia road,"
as we say on ou- side of the Creek. Two bright lights
in the distance L.:ma'ted our notice. In a moment
more we observed that ti~ey were in motion antd at
once recognized them as the two lighters of the old
Columbia Coach. We watched them until within a
hudred yards of our house, when we turned in and
soon fell asleep. About one hour thereafter, we were
aroused by the shouting of our oman George, who an
nounced in very excited tones, that a carriage or some
thing of the kind was burning up in the big road. We
were startled, and jumping out of bed, rushed into the
front stoop of our domicil, with the household at our
ees, to ascertain the true state of the case. And
there, sure enougth, was a brilliant fire lighting up the
scene. By this time George, with some other boys,
had reached thme burning vehaicle, and it was ascer
tained to be really the Coach aforesaidi. it was then
nearly consaumed. The Mail-bag and contents were
entirely horned up, we suppose. if w'e are not mis
taken, the mail lock was picked tup afterwardls from
amidst thte remains of the vehicle. T1he Coach, when
discovered thus, wasn on its side, a complete tupset,
while the unlucky Driver lny smne little distance off,
apparently lifeless. After long continued friction in
a warm room, we succeeded in restoring him to par
tial sensibility, but could obtain from him no account
of the cause of the disaster. True to his trade, his
first call upon reason's return was for his "' whip
and his hob-tail nag." .It is next to imnpun.-.ihe, that
the poor fellow could have been crimainally instrumen
tal in bringing about the destuctioin of his Hack. It
was, beyond, a doubt, a pure mishap. T1he horses
were found next morning a mile or so off, having taken
with them the fore whteels of the vehicle. And so
endethi the narrative of the conflagration of Messrs.
WARDo & DO'O LAss' Columbia and Edgefiuel Coach.
Since the Driver's complete restoration to his senses,
he states that about opposite our house his horses took
fright at what -seemed to be a moveable fire in the
road, (a regular Jack-with-allantern we fancy,) and
ran out of the road upon a bank of earth, thereby up
setting the Coach. The lamps are supposed to have
been filled with Catmphitne, the furious burning of
which extended to the combustibles of the Coach anti
soon threw thme old establishment into a very bright
process of spontaneous combustion. We regret hosing
our Colombia mail, ano are sorry for the accident, on
the Contractors' and Driver's account; but the real
Bonnet to Spring.
[ FROM OtR tA CH:iNF...I
TnE Winter's blast has past at last, and birds are
chirping merrily-while yaller flow'rs put forth their
poes to deck the gardens cheerily. Soon 6-illth
plow-boy's matin song anmnoutnce the planting season
-while buds will pop ad lambs will hop without
knowing the reason. Old folks will feel from head to
heel a brisker circulation-w hile pen and topgue will
fail the young, t'express their delectation.
Good farmers all, to you we haul, and beg you to
make haste, and plant big craps of corn and- sna-ps, and
have good things in waste.
"iHurra" for Spritng, " hurra" we sung, from morn
till shadowyre-Now zephyrs blow and babies crow,
while Boreas takes hisi leave.
" Hurrafor Spring" sweet genial Spring--with all
her "rosy-beoom'd h~ors."-Strike-struke the lyre
and sing with fire, of "waoonlight. music, love and
A Noble effort-The Ladtes acting.
THE.Legislature of South Carolina having failed to
erect a Monument to JoHN C. CALNOUN, and the men
of South- Carolina seeming indisposed to. unite upon
any given, plan for achieving this most. becoming and
lionorable work, the ladies have resolved to take-the
business in hand and to push the noble undertaking
on to completion. It was in Charleston that this pa
triotic impulse seems first to have moved upon the
generous hearts of Carolina women; and we doubt
not that the effort set on foot by the ladies of our
Queen City will meet a responsive echo from their
high-souled sisters of the up-country.
To the ladies or Edgefield we would respectfully
make a remark or two, in regard to to this matter
Your District was primarily instrumental in placing
JoHN C. CALHnouN in the political pathway which he
afterwards pursued on up to the top-most summit of
renown. And Jou C. CALHOUs ever looked towards
Edgefield and the people of Elgefield with the warm
est feelings of gratitude and esteem. Is it not there
fore natural, will it not indeed be beatuiful. to see the
"better half" of our District moving hand in hand
with the foremost in this proposed work of love ? Your
fathers and grand-fathers, women of Edgefield, saw
and recognized, and appreciated, the first gle-amings
of CA.uoux's transcendant genius, and they eargerly
assisted in lifting it to an eminence from which its
brilliancy might radiate with effect. In return, lie
has given to the country, perhaps the greatest of re
corded nn'mes, and has ennobled the State of his na
tivity in the eyes of all impartial beholders. Having
done so, lie sleeps, after his life-loag conflict, in the
silentgumh. To honor the memory of him who has
thrown such bright reflected lustre, not only upon S.
Carolina, but upon the American Union, it is now
proposed, by many of your own sex, to erect a Mont
ment worthy of CAr.anou, worthy of South-Carolina,
worthy of the elevated principles which the man and
the State have together rescued from utter destruc.
tion. Will you avoid the hallowed undertaking. gen
erous ladies of Edgefield t Will you, the descendants of
those who gave the first impetus to the carreer of this
great man, this statesman of world-wide celebrity,
now shun the grateful task set before you t Never,
never let it be said.
Now then is the time to act. While others are con
tributing, nccording to their means, to the CA t~nous
MoNuMENr, you also have the opportunity to do so.
Let each and every one, matron and maid, whether
poor or rich, prepare her donation. Let it be sent to
ouraddress. We are the regularly commissioned agent
of one wio is a " Directress of the Calhoun Monu
ment Association,'' and we will return a properly
signed receipt to each subscriber as soon as her con
tribution shall come to hand. We anait the pleasure
of the ladies, and we await it with confidence.. When
the reputation of old Edgefield is thus thrown into
their keeping, those of them who have control over
fathers, husbands .and brothers (and which one of
them has not?) will see to it that. no sordid or selfish
considerations shall be permitted to attach a stain to
our fame. We await the ladies.
Columbia and Hamburg Rail Road.
TaE Carolinian, of the 20th ult., urges upon the,
towns of Columbia and Hamburg the neecessity of put
ting Engineers to work immediately, upon the rate
of the chartered Rail Road which is to make a diirect
roninection between thoee two places. It sems that
the Wilmington and Manchester Company have al
ready taken this initiatory step, tinder a similar char.
ter, granted to them during the late session of our Le
gislature. We agree with our cotemporary as to the
importance of having the ,survoy of the Columbia and
hamburg Road entered upon 'at once. 'If we are not
entirely in error, te superior merits of this latter route
will be so palpably exhibited, after an accurate sur
vey, as to place the Wilmingtean and Manchester con
itnation (hy cuontrast) in thle category of absurdities.
Let us not be uenderstood, in penning this supposition,
as beineg at all inimical to said continuation. We are
more thaan wailling that it shaoauld be made, if the Ceam
j-any interested deem it judicious. At the same time
we must be permitted to express our contiadent expects
tion that the respective routes will stand, the one to
the other,."llyperion to a Satyr." Fear tha weal eaf all
parties then, we beg leave to urge upon our fellow.
citizens, of. Haamburg especially, the great proepriety
of seconding heariily any proaposition' w hich may coime
from Columbia, having in view an immedinate survey
of and determination upon the proper route for the up
Would it not be well,mnreover,-fur the Ridge neigh
bl-rhood to hrold a meeting for the purpose of parofenng
aid in setting on foot this introductory work ? That
their immediate section will be in the. direct course of
the roaute to be eventually fixed upon, we cannot doubt.
And yet it may be very important, for the assuring of
this result, that genalenuen in that direction shoauld
make themuselves perompt and efficient aidlers anal abaet
tors of the projec in all thae minutiie of its progress.
We htope they wt ndo so. They have the means, they
have the intelligence, and we earnestly trust they will
not be hacking in the eanergy.n hieha will be requtiredl to
shape ths underta king to the great advantrage of them
selves and their children.
-" A word to the wvise" ouaghat to be sufficient. This
thing of hemminag atnd htawing and procrastinating,
whien every thting is astir and all are grasping eagerly
fer the advantages of the rushing tidle, is often fatal to
the he4- inte-rests of acoanmunity. We advocate can-.
tiean where a step in te dark is proiposed. Buat where
a glaance atone is sufficienat to shaew the feasibility of
any projectedl enterprise, we believe as stroangly as
ancy onec else in qutick and reselute ac-tioan.
An accession to the Corps Editorial.
WVE observe that Colonel JoniN CtNNEcNenaast. of
Charlestoan, hats divided the .Eveninag Netos with Mr.
PAroN, its hitherto proprietor, and is to be-come its
Eitorin-cheief. Mr. CAnneozA, who is justly ranked
as one of the veterans of rte Press in.Soth Carolina,
will countinue to snpply a portion of the editorial mat.
ter of this pepaiar-shieet.
It is with maich pleasearo en t e welcome Colh. CUN
isnO~AM into the fratereaity and recoammend his paper
to the support ofaour friends in thtis part oaf the State. As
highly s wye leave hercuofbere esteemed the Charleston
EcenaingJ Nce, we shall hecreafter look to it with ten
Hig-h prices of Provisions.
Taiu war bet eveen Riusia and Turnkey, or the Fates
combined, or the Platak Road to (hamburg, or the pov
ery of our cocuntry generally, or somethinag else is
playing the mischief with otur Village nmarket. Never
a gohaler cames along beat a dollar and half must be
had fur him, nor an English duck hut three shillings
are put down as lain fixed valne, nor a chaicken (no
Sanighai, taut thae comnmone'st kind of a Doaminican,)
for wc haich at least twenay-five cenas is noretdemandeed.
Our butecher has to pay six cents for beef. Corn enn
not be l'ad for less than a dollar per btusheh. Oat.
coanmandl seventy-five cents. Fodder goes occasion
ally over one dollar per hundred. Flour is at ten dol
lars per barrel, and for extra brands a little more.
Now put all these facts together, and we have an
awful state of affaire..-awfal! By Jinigo, gentlemen,
let'se call a meeting and protest againast the Russian
.war, or else ask soeme good old Salint Bonlface toe in-.
terede with the Fates for us, or else petition all Tur.
keydom and Chickendom to propagate more ahbun
danthy, or else (whcich may be considered best by some,
not by us) learn, like thec Irishmani's-horse, to do with
The Tragic muse.
TaAGEny is the highest department eof the Drama;
and female exchilence in this departmeint may perhaps
be regarded as one of the razost of rare things. The
world has knowna hut one Mrs. Stos, andl even
respectable imitators of her magnificent style have
been few and far between. So we jnidge from what
the kntowing ones of earth have said and put in print.
Of course reference is only had to the English stage.
In France, the Tragic art lias but now, as it were, at
taned its meridian ia the person of Mladame RAcunt,
an actress whaose advent to our shores Is at thai. time
looked fur weith nmucha interest. The tragIc muse in
Italy hasa her votaries chiefly among the Operatic
Prima Donnass. In America, we have as yet no Tra
gic aotress whaohasuapproachedl thte pinnacle of fame in
her profession. There is at this time, heowever, one
MfArItDA LIESon upon the baoards in San Francisco,
California, who promises to rival the very greatest of
tragic artiste's. A ccounts, taken from Sana Francisco
papers, annd sanctioned by prominenat A tlantic jouar
nals, represent leer as a prodigy uof genius. Shte lias
been only four years upon the stage, atid is already
holding immense audiiences entranced by the exquisite
power andl naturalnessa of her delgnentionts. 31st~ao.
Mnriv rmay yet haneg leer cheoicest 1aearhls iarounid the
necks oh' ouar own fair wvomuen. In this, as itn every
thig else but governretr and moeney-making, Aameri
-~ * 5
The *e~i erent Powers.
Tux Russian and Turkish war, contrary to the
peaceful characteristicg of the age and all the antici
pations of the astute,-seems now nearly certain to. be
come a mighty actuality.
Between the parties in chief, the almost universal
opinion is, that the criminality of the isMne lies en
tirely at the door of Czar NIcuoLas. It is not de
nied that his course toward; the Ottoman Empire,
like that of his predecessors, has been unjust and op
pressive in the extreme. Before the world at large
then, the Turks have 'the 'morale' of-resisting an
overbearing tyranny. 'The apologists of NicnoLAs
may say, in extenuation of ins rapacity, that he is
only stretching forth hissirm of power forithe aggan
dizement of his country and the weal of his subjects..
Be this tras nr not, it aflihrds no sufliicint excuse for
the flagrant infringement of the rights of a fellow
sovreign. Russia is unquestionably in the wrong,
while Turkey occupies the vantage gromid of the
injured party. c
The inse of this war gives glorious scope to the
minds and imaginationseofsspeculators a'nd prophets.
the world over. Some-say with perfect confidence
that Russia must eventurdly crush her weaker eneny.
While others, looking tothe prowess then far displayed
by the Sultan's soldierf and to the combined aid of
England and France, prophesy with equal certainty,
that the Russian )mperor will find it better at the
last to retire within him-proper domain and leave the
Turks alone. The true; result no. mind, save One,
Of all the grent powers of Earth, that of Russia is
-least understor.d in its capaci:ies' and resources. A
vague idea of their, immensity, without any positive
knowledge of detnils, is prevalent throughoutChristen
dom. An able writer in an English Review of high
standing has recently given statements, deduced from
various authornties, which tend to cast a doubt upon
this generally received opinion.
It is admitted that little. is known of the Russians
in England, or indeed in the countries nearest ndjoin
ing them. This is owing chiefly to the policy, which
his been long adhered to of excluding strangers from
their inteior.y all. manner of restrictions, prohibi
tions and impediptents.' As a consequence, what we
know of this extensive. Empire is pretty much what
its autocrat may choose to tell us. It is natural that
he should magnify and embellish in his own favor.
The Czars, for a hundred years, have been sagacious
men; and, asfar as historic representationr could im
press the world around with a sense of Russian might,
they have doubtless made the expedient tell to the
fullest extent. It is right that information; tls con
veyed should be takeag$lti many grains of tillowance.
And, thus reasoning, it may be that the immensity of
Russian strength and means is rather an exaggeration
than a stubborn reality. The impressions upon trav
elers in this respect are almost always received at the
Court of St. Petersburg, where an overwhelming
splendor is continually sustained. There too, under
the immediate eye of the Demi-god in power, the
superb array of Imperial Troops must be grand to
look upon. But if there be any truth is sundry ac
counts given by impartial writers oft, the delorably
undeveloped condition of the Russian interior, and of
the brutal ignorance and grovelling spirit of the Rus
sian masses, it may yet he proven, in the course of the
very conflict which is now progressing, that a skillful
deception has been practiced upon the world by the
shrewdness of Rusian diplomacy, and that Russian
invincibility is one of those senblances which have
grown, by continued repetition and acquisence, into
something very like the truth.
The same writer, to whom we have alluded above,
speak. oft the universal corruption of the employees,
and especially the Commissaries of the Russiani army
department-of the consequent wretched enndiiion of
thse soldiery, beyond the reach of the Emperor's im
mediste surveilance-of the di'affectinn of many of
the Rnssian provinces, andi of the probability' thart
they may profit by the first good occasin to reclaim
their st nationality. These several statenmento seem
prope~iy vouc-hed by our Revie'wer andI are exhibited
in erlenso with much appearance of reason arid trut-h,
We make mere mention of them as beiing something
fresh. And yet, after all-the Reviewer's argiumenta
n11n, he winds tip this particular brasncha of hi.s article
by a tolerably full and yee candid admisasiont of Rus
sian strength. We let- h' gejlak for hiao-elf:
" It must not he supposed that by these remarks we
rhink )ightly of the real power of Rtussia if once fairly
pitt forth ini a struggle fur empire or for niatissnal exist
ishce. On the contrary, we deemi her inavincible :m
her own ground, and in her interior. A Eutrope-an war
might tear away nany of her recent usndigested acqsisi
tionis, bnt could not harm her life. Sic~ she has with
out limit ; and she wosuld spendl theta all in a coantest
s.f lifeand death. Money she couald psrobsaly secure
r'am somse iquarter or other ;and a bsene-ver practica
ble, she would make wise support war. $he will
probably be always worsted in a first campaign, ow
iig to her scandalous commissariat, and ihbhezaiversal
cirrprion and peculation whit-h eats a way her re
soureu; hut as soon as the struggle h-caine serious
and vital, anal the Emiperaar girded on hais armnar fosr
the strife, we should prolrmbly see the seale iuneda
against any sinegle antaunnist by the mere barute force
of nnn-nhers,iand thle hiardihoosd aiad insensibility which
disiinguishes the aluscoite populationr."
Of Turkey, it seems to be qnite as difflcult, to find
out ansy thing with accuracy. as it is in the case of her
Colossal enemy. . A notion of decrepit. weaknaes, has
beets as generally entertained in regard to her power
as Isas the idea of invincible strength attached ita
Russia. We see it now stated fir the first timne, that
of late years a monentons chaange has cerme over ilhat
costry-that " a fresh spirit now pervades her inte-r
nal adminaistrat ion-thast a tnew-born vigu stow pre
rides over both her millitary' anad finiane-isi policy,.
wi-hs has arrested the progress of her decline anid
gives hope of a future very different from the past."
A. to her readiness fur defence, an army of 400,000
men, well equipped, amply provisiouned anid adtnirably
drilled, is a circumstance of note even by the nirle of
Russian naumbers. Besidles, the Turks are proverhsi
ally brave, arid this time they fight in a good cautse.
The utmosst zeal for national independence seems now
tos perviade the remotest Turkish provimses, all of
which are pouring int thseir contingents with patriotic
prompiituode. The revenue of Turkey is also said to.
be rapidly augmnenting. That Turkey has thuc far,
in this greatquarrel, acted with as combinationt of pru
dence and firmness highly creditable to her, is an ad
mitteid fact. - And it is well known thaat up so ilse last
dlates of intelligence from the Eastu, her armies have
been gloriously victorions. Upon the whole, it might
yet he that Turkey shall he able to withsstaind the
lussian hear single-handed. And with the armies oaf
Englnad andI France, and the financ'ial fac-ilities which
may be u fyorded her by thsose ntatisos, we sould ay
that-her sueces-might at heast be placed upun the
li t of Lighily probable events.
A wonl or two now as to the relative eeirobeness
of Rutssian or Ottoman success.I
Upon tue broad ground of right aspinst might,~ every
statesman, who recognixes such a thintg as politicasl
morality, must side-with the Turks. But inmlepenidett
of this grotund, there are some reasons fosr wvishsing sur
cess to thi- Ottoman arms, arising frosm other consider
ations. The belief is commosn that the Mussulman
tramples opon the Christian, wherenas the linissian pro
tets andI cherishes hIm. The trssh seems to he that
thu ChrIstians who look to Christ as their had anid
retain, in some degree, the purity of the Gospel, re
cive no proteotion from the Czar: on the contrary
they are said to be the subjects of the fierest Rus~ian
persecution. It Is that branuch of Cli ristiansm a hu look
to the Crar as their head, who are given to supersti.
titus observances and fornms, who in short are lit tle
better thtan Pagans and idolaters, w hk-h experiences
the fostering care of Russia. In Turkey, no such dis
tintion is made; and, although no'ne are expressly
protected, yet none are expressly persecuted. Even
then in thin religious aspect of thiscontroversy, It may
well be that there are no sufficient reasons fur leaning
to the side of Russia.-Again, it is very qluestionable
weter the lands now-undler the novreignty of the
Sutan wonld be improved itt the least by thie usurped
dominion of Russia. It is 'very certain that thie sub
Ijects themselves desire not the change. We close
thee dlesultiary remarks with a forcible passage upon
ths point, from the article already qusoted :
" That her goverenme-nt" (that of Tuirkey) "his bash,
we admnit; but the deadening, benumnbing, Iron rule
of Astria would be far worse. And who that has
read in De Custine, Olipthant, or thte "Bris'1 Residlent
In the Frontier land.," the picture of Mlsusotvite ad
miaistration in the nnhappy territoies subject. tos Its
away.-ilhe corruption, the oppressioin, the insolence,
the severity, thse stupidity, which blighst their huppi
tess and annaul their resources,-wvho that has seen
ven a small portion af thin pervadir g espioanage, the
brutal despotism, thin Imbecile erunelty, the inensrable
narrowness, withs which Asttria treards down all the
tobher life sasd all she healthier energies ef Gallicia,
Boheia. Lombardy, and H~ungary, would for the
wealth of 'worlds hay upon their canscience the sint of
bringing fresh illions under such ruinous andI besot
coneummation, even by a word. The barbarism of
Oriental ignorance is bad enough, but the barbarism
of soi-dixant civilisation is far heavier and More fatal,
because more- penetrating, more subtle, immeasura
hlv more powerful, beyond: calculation more hopelesse
and incurable. The first may retire before. the gradual
influence of contact with European art and-knowledge ;
the latter will aive way before nothing short of a
bloody and unsinring revolution. The Turks do not
hinder the ouliure and enlightenment of their people ;
there is nothing to- prevent the Greek. ant Selavonian
subjects of the Sultan from becoming so. prosperous,
so well-edneated, so-civilised, in short, that no barbs
rous gnvernment could wrong th.-m down,-or could
remain barbarous when their influenee was broutght
t. hear upon it. Bit A'ustaia and Russia, as is ton
well known, deliberately and on systemn. employ alb'
the re-istless enginery of Church and State in repress
mental development, to crush. intelleetual freelon%
to render impossible all real enlightenment or lofty
culture.-to retain, in a word, their wretched people
in that low and level condition of mediocrity and tor.
par which alone is compatible with~a. leaden autoera,
cy like theirs.
Tats body, says the Auome Gazette of the 22nd' tt..
adjourned on Friday last. The session has been a
long tine. nearly three months, and a feeling seems to
prevail that there on ha to be a return to Annual ses
ions. Among the e msing nets of the present session
was the passnee of a resinition favoring the passage
of Douglas' Nebraska bill by Congress.
We observe, moreover, that the Hon. A. J. MtLt.E
(who has long been a conspicuous and tseful member
of the Georgia Assembly, in both its branches) has
written a letter, since his return home, withdrawing
entirely from public life.. A more energetic or a more
eicient man than A. J.31ILt.s'a is hardly to be found
in our sister State ; and we opine it will not be very
long before his ability will he called to exercise itself
upon the more enlarged arena of Federal politics.
The Georgia Legislature during its recent season
passed about four hundred Acts.
ARRIVAL OF THE EUROPA.
NEW Yoax, Feb. 25.
The Europa has arrived. Sales of the week,
sixty thousand bales: fair Orleans, according to
%lilligatn's Circular, 6 1.2; middling, b 7-8; fair
Uplands, 6.1-4; middling, -5 5.8. A good de
mand and stifler prices. Speeuhitors took thelve
thousand and exporters six thousand bales.
No reply has yet arrived from the Czar as to
his final ulimatuin to France and England.
Count. Orloff left Vienna on the 8th, direct for
St. Petersburgh, his mission having ftiled. Rain
ifientions of a Greek conspiraey had been discov
ered widely throughout Turkey and crushed.
On the Dmiube there has been it rather severe
encounter at Gnieero but without result. Anot h
erattack ot Knalaitt was daily looked for. Omar
had recovered from sickness. The arny on the
Danube was in good healith and spirits. Nothing
new from Asia. The allied fleets were immedi
ately to re-ender the Black Sea. The Anbassa
dor5 were much dissatilied with the fleuts' raturn
to the Bosphorns.
The Emperor of Russia was sick, and hnd not
been seen for some days. A change is reported
in the Russian Ministry.
Mauhatned Ali, the ttltan's brother.in-law, was
reported to. superseded by Ris'a Pacha, and
and Achmet succeeds Risea as Captain Pacha.
Some doubt is thrown on this. .
Great Britain and France-continue to increase
their armaments on an entensive scale.
The ship W. H1. Davis, from Liverpool for New
Orleans, was totally lost on the 28th of January
on the Island of Barra, west end of Scotland.
All hands. except the steward, were lost.
France is making extensive financial arrange
mnits.to meet the expenses of the coming war.
FEARZFUL FIRE AT ORANGEBRG.-At half
pst one on the mornaing of Tuesday latst. the
innblitnts oif the village of Oratngeburg were
;ronsed from their- slumbers by~ the cry of fire,
and htastening forth, they fonnid the iddle store
of Mr. Treadwell, and the store of M r. Collins
wrapped ini flames. In spite of nll their exertions
the fire epread with fury, and .soon extended t->
Mr. Treadwell's newly fintished atoire, likewise
o his oild store, thettce to the shop of Mir..Jones.
to the two stores of air. Louis, and to Mr. Star.
chant's sto're. The devouring element also seized
the offie of Dr. Rowe, the kitchten and negro
houses of air. L. Adlden, Mr. Briggmuian, Mr.
John Adden anud Miks Wise. The groce ry, dry
godsamud middle store of Mir. Bull,' we~re soon.
all in flamtes as was likewise the store of !sir.
Win. Ednety. We regret to state thait the whole
of the builditngs we ha~ve enutmerated were eta.
tirely consumnd before the fire wats subdued.
By great exertions the stores andau dwellintg
house of Mr. Beatch, and the dwellings of Mr.
Ordendorf and air. Josteph Harley were saved.
The loss is very heavy, particularly to Mir.
Lous anud Mr. Treadwell. The otnly parties
who had their properties in .ured wvere Sir. Col
lis and Mr. Briggman. Homea property sawed
at groat risk from the tire wazs afterwards stolen
It is a subject otf congratulatign to be able to
stte thlat nii one was seriously Urt.
The inh: bitants of Ora ngebutrtg look with entlm
ness and courage ote the calamtityv that has befid
Ir. themi, and reekoin within two vears timte to
see thetir villaige- risen as it were from .its ashes
-Charleston. Mercury, 24th intst.
HEAVtL RouaaEY.-The Thomasville (Geo.)
Wachmana,.-msai:-We leatrn that that hon-e ot
3r. .l-Atmus G'soovas, .sotme five tmiles front
Groverille, in this cotunty, was enttere~d on
Wednaday night lust byv somte personi or pros
and live or six thtonsa nd dhollars in tmotiey sitle,
mong which w:.s abont thirtyv-three onie- hnn-i
dred dollk:r bills, mostly on the Mariac attd Fire
Insratnce Batik of Saivantnah.. 31.n.. G~oovER
wis riot iat home a't tlte lttle. No. ohine hats as
yet been had as to who the thief or thtieves were.
Col. WV. Hi. HuNT of Newberry, wa~s elected
tar the 18th1 intst., Mijtor. of~ the DeKalb Squad
ron, South Catrohinia Cavalry.
THE ALLED FLEET.-Thte signial of the
Engli.h Admairal IDundas on enterinig the Black
Seat was---Our duty is to protect the Ottomuana
marine anad Territory from all inggessions to the
A wFUr, DF.AT.-A taost tratgical tale is
told of the sufferintgs of lhree soldiers of a de
tahentt of thle 69th Regimtent, ntow stattitned
tt Tottoha, anti a black man, whto got into a
boat, with the soldiers itt the inltn:ionu of deser
ting, und gettitig oiver-to Crab Islanad. aund from
thnce, as opportunity offered, to Anmeric . A f or
a while, the witid arisitng, thety were drivens out
of thetir coturse, antd so remained itt the tipen
bot foar several days without food or water.
At lenigih onte of the soldiers proposed to dratw
lots, thant one shoultd be killed to ftuis~h food
for the others. They did so, aind ite lot fell
upon fThomuas Etnckley, onme of the soldiers, wh'lo
forthwith biound up his arm, ad opened a v'em
to bleedi himtsehf to death ; one of the others,
and the bhatok man sucked his blood, and atfter
wards wvent raving maid, and jumped itnto. the
sel. Bluckley abko died, and there rematined
only onte soldier ont of the party in theo boat,
Wiiamu Lennion, who threw the.dead body into
tte sea, latshted thec helmn anad lefl thimsehf to his
fte. ie hatd not tiasted any of Buckley's blotod,
becuse, according to his own statemuent he haid
been his comr:.de. A fter 11 days driftinig, the
bot wais drivetn on the coast of St. Dom;ingo,
and conist.guard fotund the survivor, iand after
givitg htim refreshments. sent htim to Jatemel to
the Englishl Consutl, before whom lie made a re
lattion of the faets as a bove, ndi lie wasa sent
back to Tortoha in the steamer.--Barbadoes pa.
Snoo.T'IsG CHALLENGE ExTRAORDiNARY.
John Travis, in New Orleans, hias anecepted the
folwing remarkaubloelhallange froma Mr. Bterthn
L Rhodes: Rhodes bets t ratvis $1,000 to $80Q,
that lie (Travis) eaot, withina 90 days, produce
a living man, statnding thtirty-six feet from the
sid Tratvis, will allow htim (Travis) to shoot
with a pistol (off-hand) an apple plauced on the
said livinig mani's head--the apple not to exceed
4 inches in circumferencee. Tate said Travis is
to have three shots att the apple, aind lie must
hit tho apple onice to win the match, If lie does
not hit thse iapple, or if lie hits the man, Rhodes
wins, attd the man (or rather the fool) loses hist
FIRE.-A fire broke out about balf past
elevetn o'clock, last tnight, itt a two story fraumo
btildintg on the cornier of Ellis and Elbert streets,
the property of F. Miulamui and occupied by
J. W. Wighitmana. The building was destroyed.
The fturniture waus neatrly all satved. We untder
stad that the house was insured in the Soauthernt
Muttutial Insuratnce Comnpany. . Fb 5
Atigust~a -,Conititutinnlist Fb 5
From the Southern Christian Advocnte.
MEMOIE OP MES. REBECA 8. PENH.
TnE suetiuing and sanetify'ing inflnence of
MIal piety was so illustrated and exemplified in
the character. and lie of the Indy whose nname
1ppears above. an to warrant t11e tribute which
i heart-brken husband rrmv pays to her memo.
ry. She departed this rie, at Edgefield C. H.,.
S. C., vn the 26th January, irr tlio 3'th vear-of
her age- In early life, during her fouirteenth
tear, she found peace with God through faith ir
Jesus. and making a profession of religion, she
jeined the Baptist communion nder the minis
try of the Rev. N. W. Hodges. She was twice
manpied. 11er first husbatnd wats Mr. Roebert Cres
well,a ihwyer-ofdi4tineiimn, with whom she went
to the State of Mississippi. Death soon blight.
e d her early hopes and left her a wido.w amongst
strangers in a distant landt and she returned to
her native home. In 1840 she was married
again. By her first marri-age she had one inter
esting daughter who entered into rest before
her. She has left behind a brusken-hearted hus.
band, five interesting little children, one step.
theghter, one sister and a numerous circle of
frie:ds to mourn their lone. She was it woman
of no ordinary cearncter. Endowed with strong
powers of miind. and posse..sed of a remarkably
ready and retentive memnory, her nature was one
in which was united energy with gentleness.
Sheeame up so fully to the standard of her
duty, that those who knew her intimately re
garded her with the higlh-st admiration. Econ.
omiet in her habits. moderate in al her desires,
laborious nud constant in all herd'omestie duties,
she added to a naturally anii:able dispshion,
the hallowing influences of a genuine and deep
piety. Benevolence was a prominent feature of
her heart and on her tonno was The law of
kindness. The sick and Iestitute ever found
in her a warmt and consistent friend. She wits
naturally ofVa lively and seinble disposition;
delighted in the society of her numerous friends;
and endeavoured to make all arotind her happy.
She was faithful in the disehtrge of al her dt.
ties in the various relations in which the provi
dence of God cnlled her to act ; and particularly
in her religious obligations. In humility and
meekness she endeavoured to follow the Saviour
as her bright example. His name, his word.
sed his worship were treasured tip in her heart's
holiest affections, his people were her compan.
ions. She loved the Church and the ordinances
of the Chiebic, .nd in her house the ministers of
Christ were always welcome. In the year 1842
she obtained a letter of dismission from the
Baptist Church of which she had long been a
faithful memher,.and united herself with the M.
E. Church.at-Edketield C. 11. She was induced
to take this step that she might be more inti
mately associated and connected in her religious
enjoyments with her husband, who was then a
cla-t-leader in the Methodist Chtrch.
The noble traits of charneter which she devel
oped during the years of affluence and prosperi
ty were in the providence of God refined and
purified by affliction and stffering. Her hts.
band was once the possessor of an ample fortune,
a large portion of which he received by marriage
front her. By nunieronts misf.rtunes and rever
ses in trade he was redieed fron a state of af
flnence to poverty: and in 1818 all they posses
ed of this world's goods was snrrendered and
sold to pay his debts. And now her Chris tiana
graces and noble qualities displayed themselves
with the brightest lustre. At one time amidst
the heart-reneing scenes through which she was
called to pass during the sale of the property,
having surrendered every article that she pos
sessed on earth, her poor heart was over-whelm.
d with grief for a time, when site was informed
that his creditors were uniwilingfor her to keep
even a bed and stindry other small artic-les
which the law unennity allowed in, such eses.
It was indeeed painfuel to leer to realize the awful
truth, that there was nto sympathy for a wife in
eirenmatances so distressing. But not a weird
of mturmnr or complainit ever eseaped her lips.
A'etd in all the reverses of fortuine through which
shte was entle~d to paess. site ever trusted in tie
goodneess and mercv of God. She had an un
shakent faeith ini his'pronmise%,sand believed that
ho would prouvide for all her'wints. The conso
ling words of- the Psalmist were always sweet
tnd pregiones to her hcert, and she always used
them * ' ThesLord is. my Shepherd, Ishia npte
The energies of her strong and' active mind
and tier neible qualities were neow deveheiped itt
an extraeorditnary degree. She was thankful to
her hteavenely faiher feor the blessing eel heenlth,
and ther greatest desire to live, was that she
might be 'nsefuel to her heusband in the midlst of
his aedversity in helping thim to provide for the
wants of a growing famtily. And in the midst
of tier daily' and conitantt lablour, site wats patienit,
resigned, always ha~ppy, antd cheerfully fulfillinig
Ente in time order of iniserntable proevidence
shec was enlle~d to pass thtrotugh scenies eof suffer
ing anid affliction more intte'nse than any she had
ever endurced. Fear neaerly twvo years site was
aited with a paiinfult, lintgerintg.'anid mail'tinn
disease, that butliede the skill of thte imost emini
ent phvs ecinn s. Her a nesions hutsbaind untd at
teniiv e phyisiciatns did all1 they conled ; kited frieds
dait tiiniistered to he'r comfort and wants. The
pure air anid wvaters of our monntnin regions
were resorted to, lent all te nee, purpose15. Tlhe
disease gradually waested. away- leer once vigor.
tns constitiution. The sieerinig site was enehled
to endure etnnot bee described. Bitt site never
mrminered nor competlained aet the ways- tf provi
dence. HeIr faith wats stroeng, antI she believed
it wats all for the best. Having coimmitted hier.
self into the hands of a merciful God, she pa.
tiently' endurede all that lie permeitted to conme
upon her, beelievineg that it would w4ork out for
her ai far moore exceeding aend eternal weigt of
glory. Site never seetmed to be gloomy or de
jeetedl, but wets always eaten and cheerful and
ad at smile for every one whto might, visit hter
sick ehtambler, sitd see she conitinued to flee last.
She was fregnently visited by mini-terinig
brthren who prayed with her ud spoke to tier
the words ofconsol-,tion. They always found her
trqu'l send pteacefuil anud resigned tee the illI
of God. Sceei months before tier death the
holy cmtunion wvas sadmninist.-red tee leer in her
roome by leer be'd-side bey Brie. Pitcketi, ini ctmpa-.
ny with a nuembe'r of leer brethiren send sisters.
It waes a prec'ions seneson. Her ownt soul was
greatly blessed and streguhened anud the whole
ceempa'nly were completely overwhelmed with
the presence send power oft Geed.
As shte uipproneted leer end shte expressed
soec apprehenesiones aboutit the paeins ande agonies
tef deiihi:wheich she apperehenuded oight he gr'et,
and prayled that gree mtighet'be given, he'r in the
last. conteliet. 11er prsayer was' graeionsly ans
wered. A more calm aned peaiceful. desathe waes
never witnessed. Severid1 weeks bee'forueher
deth she becamine.sensible thact tier dissolution
was near at heand, thtather seuffe.rinegs wvonld soone
be enede'd. She desired to take lencre of tier
loved ontes whitlt she hisd sf'rengthe of body and
mined to give theme her dyitng ceounsel. Shte still
felt those, strong ties of aflfectionelhat hound leer
to the earth. It was heard feor a fond wife' toe
part with leer devoted hiusbaind. It was heard
for a mother to give up the cheildrene shte so sir
retly loved send leave them meitheerless. But
through mighty -and eartnest prayer to leer he:ev
ely father this graece was impaerted to her after
fod na'ure head struggled barth aned long. She
nlled leer weepeing hutsbaend and dear little chil
dren around leer bed anid emubraicing each one,
she gave them her dying advice, and exhorted
theem to necet her in henven. She had now de
liberrehy set leer honse in order and had com
mitted sell leer interesta Into the heapds of a kiind
and merciful God, and was ready to do and
suffer his will.
She ceantined to mainfain a sweet and heaven
ly comeposure of mined to the Iast. To her to
ive was Cherist and to die was gain. Death lead
truly teust his stineg. ."My trust is in God," she
would oftcen say' " and he lias never disappointed
me. Through a life of afflictioin metd sorrow he
tas been with me. I have been ine great straits,
but never have been deserteed., My bread lens
been given me and my water thas been sure ; and
[ know theat he will support me to-the end ; nor
will ho desert e in the valley and eshadeow of
deaeth." Thus animated and comforted by the
gree of God antd enjosying a hope fult of immor
aL'ity she wvas wonderfully sustained from day
to day, upon the bed of langntishing, and all her
bed was made in her siekness.
At length the solemn period arrived when
the head to pass throuegh thes last eonfilet. The
disease head renoehed the citaedel of lit'e and the
:old hand of death was upon leer, .but she was
solemn and affecting and never will be forgotten
by thee who stood around her dying bed. Her
mind was strong and dear to the very moment
of her departure. It was midnight. Hir kind
and attentive physician was at her bedside to
miniiter to her comfort. She ealmly.asked him
the' our of the night; and feeling a little pain
in one of her arms, which was all she suff red
of the p-ins of death, she asked him to give her
a lttle morphine; but'she was not able to-swal
low it. Then in testimony of her nudying love'
for her weeping husband she pressed him to her
bosom, whilst sinking in death.- Being asked'
by him if she was still peaceful and happyand
and felt that her Saviour was precions to her in
a dying hour, she warmly pressed his hands,and' 4
bowed her head with a sweet and heavenly
smile upon her countenance, in token...thnk
all was well. Her dear litie childrenwere
waked up from their midnight slumber4 and
stood around the bed of their dying nothet.
She calmly bade them all farewell; and .then
without a struggle or a tigh, hengent yrand
sweetly fV asleep in Jesa. ;:..'
ier funeral sermeij was preached -in the Me
thodist Church to n large and weeping-'ngre
gation by Rev. M. Packet freotthese~wprds:.
' And God shall wipe sway all['tet froim' theft
eyes and there shall be no more death; iiether
sorrow, nor crying, neither shall there be .y
moro p..in. for the. former thin jaar,:pase4
away." The serion was follo 'awied.an ap
propriate and feeliing ehonrtation2 'bjh Re.
Mr. Bellinger of the Episcopal Chts H'C'
mortal remains were then deposited.tise ay.
ing ground at the Baptist Church. V
1 have been thus particular in entesaoriog'le
sketeh the life, character and pp euru d.ath.ot
my beloved wife, that others cahl 4 in therov.
dence of God to experience similar, sorrows and
s.ufferings may be encouraged to! like patience,
resignation and trnst in Got.: She is "gone to
her long sought rest, and the - domestic 'circle
which was once joyful and happy is left in dak
ness and desolation. The winter of my esrtbly
hopes had passed, the spring budded with etr
courngtiment, when death ended all. .1 ask arc
interest in the prayers of my brethren that: A
may have grace to bear this heavy hereavement.
THE Qeen of England is said to be In eat
grief at her husband's unpopularity.
lAIaD, on Tuesday, 14th Feb., by Rev:.
Watkins, Mr. B. L. MUaauE. and Mrs. F. Was
".ace. all of.this District.
MlARanRI, on the 21st uIt., by Rev. -P. D. Bran
son, Mr. IIAnarson Srao and Miss F.al, young
est daughter of ir. Bader Williinnis al a'thiis
MARRaED, on the 1 .th alt., 'by Rev.. lom Troyees,
at the resitence oat Mr. .Tohn Dures. Mr. P. D.
HowLrts, of Ealgefield District, and Miss Alx U1.
I)aEA, of Coutnbia. -
CODIMER IAL. -
Correspondence of the-Advertiser.
J AMBURl.' Feb.6 ir.
Corrox.-We have no change worthy of note
since our last report. Prices are anchanged. To
wards the close of the wetk- there appeared to be
a bette'r feeling. We quote sales 6 to 91 ets.
The decrease in the Receipts. at all the Ports, at
the latest dates, as compared with last year~ is
A Card for the Public Eye.
EDGEFIELD MALE ACADEMYS.
Oca Teacher, Mir. I.styxa, has ateukgheen
supplied with an effie'ent Assistant, and dieene
now room in .nur Acadlemy for some il*mwq
Students. We have in attendance naearii. Tz
School was senreelj' ever so well appointed~
thoroughly cared for.' Mr. Cacooxna, the_ r,
has. been eduanted chieflyit the Citadel .Acdm
illien an k .rhepr
op'ning fairly and w1 nt ao every thing abois
our institution in admirable order. "Let parentsanoa
neglet the superior fieilities we offer them.
- - JOIIN. L.IPSCOMIB, A
- .R. T. MIMiS,1
G. A. A DDISON,
LEWIS .IONES, -.
March 1, tf 7
A N EXTR A Communication of'
No. 50, A. F M., will be held as
their Hall on Monday evening, 6th,
March, at 7 o'clock.
By order of the W. M1.
A. G. TE AGUE,See'y.
Mar 1 Iti
Butler Lodge, No. 17, I. 0,0. F
Retigular hle.eting of this Todge
will lie hieldl in their lll,. on: Monday
evening next, at 7 o'elock.
11. BOULW ARE,See'ry .
Feb28 .It -6
Bezaleel Chapter' R, A.' MF
REULA R -Convocation of BEZALEEL
CI[A PER of R. A. M., will be held en
enturday e-vening next. af 7 o'clock. *A full att'end
anee of all the Mtembers Is requested a. basiness'of
importance will ha brought before the Chapter.
A. RAal8EY, M. E. HI. P.
Mare It1 - 7
Well Digger Wanted.
T H E Subscriber wishes to procure the services
of a Well Diggzer for a short time, to whom
customary wares will be given. A pply at the rei
'dencee ot the Unadersign, on the Martin Town Road
15 miles above Hamburg. JUNAA~
'STATE OF SOUTH' CAROLINA.
iN EQUITY. .
Anmon Lindsey and 'Petition for-the appli
Stewart Harrison, ecntion ofr fud to the
vs. fsatisfaction p( Plain
Wmn. H. Ha~rrison. )tiffs' Judgtnen~
( \N hearing the petition d Complainants, A.
\ J Lindsey and Stewart Harrison, as amended,
"ith leave, and on satisfaetory evidence shewn
to me, that the Defendant Willism H. Harrison,
has taken tup his 'permanent residene' beyond
the limits of this State, and the jurisdiction of
this (Court, on motion of' Mr. Abney, Solicitor
for Petitioners, It Is ordered, that the said WVm.
H. Harrison do appear, and plead, answer. op
demur to the said Petition within three month.
from the publication hereof, and that .on his
failure so to do, a Decreo and Judgment, pra
confesso be rendered nenintst hitm.
A. SIMKINS, C. E. E. D)
Feb 24 -3m
State of Soutk.CaRellaaR
IN EQUITY. -
M. S. Mautin, Ex'ix. of
RobL. Martin, dee'd. IAmendd andJ
John Marsh, D.Asset -.
M,. Hankinson and othess.
LIT appearing that the Defendiata Henry Ti
manus and his wife Caroline, Laura logra~
ham atnd Pickens B. Marsh, reside 'without the
limits of this Ntate, on tacotios of Mr. Carrolt.
Plaintiff's Solicitor, Ordered that the sad De..
fendants demnr, plead or answer to thet sill int
this eause, within three months *vta, the publ ,
etion of this order, or the said Bil will.,be em. '5
tered pro confesso against them.
- A. SlMKNS, C. E. E
Feb. 24, 1854. 3m
.Petit GlItff CottOa eelk
TUST received it supy of New Genuine.PETIT
tGULF 'COT SE,-for maid by'.
J. SIBLEY & SON.
ITamnburg,Feb 20 tf t
Ir-P Inubenndent Press copy) 4 timnes.