Newspaper Page Text
FOR THE ADVERTISER.
Division of Edgefield,-No, 11..
The State of South Carolina is at present
- subdivided into Twenty-nine Judicial, and Forty
four Electoral Districts. The area of the whole
State is in round numbers 29000'squure miles.
. or at least this is the estimate generally adopted
by both State and Federal authorities; but Mills,
though deemed a pioneer, in his "Statistics of
South Carolina," is an author not-lightly to be
disregarded, and he says that, " from the closest
computation made, South Carolina includes 30,
213 square miles." Without entering into a
useless discussion, as to which of these two es
timnates is the most correct, 1 prefer to apply an
unerring test for ascertaining the proximate ex
tent at least, of the State at large, as well as
the relative area of each District and Parish,-I
mean the Returns of Tax Collectors, which are
the highest authority. as far as I know, that can
possibly be given on the subject,. In passing, f
would state, that these Returns are accessible to
any one who may care to examine them, as they
are in the possession of every Magistrate in the
country. So that if I am wrong in any of the
calculations which I am about to present, the
means of revising my figures and detecting mit
takes are close at hand.
Previous to 1850, the indulgence of our Leg
islature permitted Taxes to be paid in one Dis
trict or Parish, for land situated'in another, and
as the privilege was often used, it would be un
safe to go further back than that year to get the
precise number of acres, for which Taxes were
id In enilh collection District. Moreover, as a
'ax gatherer might wilfully, or ignorantly, be at
fault, and as many other causes might operate
to prevent an accurate Return in every District
and Parish for the same year, it Would perhaps
be better to strike an acerage cif the R1 turns.
for the three years 1850, '51 ad '52, which I
have done in the ;following Tible, where the
number of acres in each District and Parish is
rendered in aquare-miles also. .The third col
umn of the Tablecontainls an estimate in square
miles of the ceal, or supposed extent of each
District and Parish, upon the joiit basis of the
Tax Collectors' Returns and the estimate of
Mills for.the State at -large, as will be more
fullf explained gereafter. At present, I invite
the readers pastic'ular -attention to the first and
second colunips of the Table.
N'AMFS. - - *
St. Peter's Pariah. 385,838 602 682
" Luke's " 221,132 345 390
'" Helena " 75,320 117 132
Prince Williams' " 235,276 ' 367 415
..Judicial Beaufort, J17,566 1,431 1,619
St. Bartholomew's P'sh. 569,321 8c9 1.007
- '' Paul's . ". 155,755 243 275
" George Dorchester p. :242,587 379 429
Judicial-Colleton, 967,663. . 1,511 1,711
" John's Collctou P'sh: .108.739 169 l91
" Andrw's '" 6i,551- 103 116
".Philip's & St Michael -
Cirivt Chturch P'si. - 68,389 1]06 120
St. Thomas'& St Dennis 83,896 140 15$
" Jarnet Santee 1"sh. lak,71S 205 232
a:$teLten's, " 123,642 193 218
" Johris Berkley " 230.74S 3650 407
" James' Goose Creek 207,433 324 367
Judicial Charleston, 1,027,116 1,6001 1,809
Pr. George Winyaw ph. 348.152 5.13 615
All Sa'nts " 182,f71 285 322
'Judicial Geo-gvtown 530,7-23 88 937
Clarendon County, 394,457~ 616 697
Claremont " .496,136 _775- 8.8
Judicial Sumter, 890,5J3' l,39ij 1,574
Orange Parish. 629,192 98Q3 1,1l3
St. Mlatthew's " 248,839 3881 439
* Judicial Orangeburg. 878,031 1,37i1 1,555
Total Parish Districts. 5,ift21 8,132' 9,202
An,1erson District 444,598 .694;.8
P'ickens " .701.0811, i.95 r 4
Electoral Pendleton, 1,145,079 1,Tht9 2,026
A1beville District 609,6801 952 1,l78
Barnwell -" 1,020,316 1,9 1 ,8'6
Chester " 360.101 52 6(
Chesterfield -" 390,537 60' 691
Darlin onu " 503,5021 7861 890
Edieteh,-id " 957,089j 1,4951 1,693
Prirfield, . " 462,549! 722 818
Greenville " 466,876 729 825
Ileerry '" 422,356 659 746
Kershzaw " 425,504 6641 752
Lancaster a 287.954 449, 508
zaurens '- " 441,3961 ,l.9 78O
.Lexington " 673,463, 1,052; 1.191
Alarion " 6316,1331 993 1.125
Alarlboro " 281,727, 44n 498
Newherry " :368,9531 576 6;.\2
IRichlandl " 37,9J4til 574I 630
Spartanburg " 57m;.972) 901 1,020
Williamsburg, " -575,0753 898 1.017
Union " 429,694! Gil. . 760'
York " 463,26l5 *, 723' 819
Total ''a' Country. 11 t66I9 1852 s 20,981s
Toam lits ofte State.. 17,5 :i 26,11601 3o,j$8;
In these calculations all.fractiorAs of aeres and
of' aquare miles are excluded, which will explhin
the'deficiency 9f 25 square miles ofj Tax paying
territory necessary to prove the work, and of the
30 square inies regn,iitedto make out Mills' ag
gregate of the whole State. Nor do the~ above
sums of Tax paying land, include any estimate
of the lots and lands situated in Cities, Towns
..and Villages of each District and Parish. W hen
we remember this, and allow a proper margin
for vacant lands, for defective stfrvegs, for under
returns-by some Freeholders, atnd for no returns
at all by others, to avoid Taxes, the usual esti
mate of 29,000 square miles for the a.vhole State,
may be-reparded as a safe one, n4 if we add,
as we should, the surface covered by Rivers,
Ponds, Marshes, &e- Mills'naggregateof 30,21 3
squiare miles~is probably not far wrong.
Taxes a'rc now paid 'in Sou.th 'Carolina for
over 1,600,000 acres of land more titan in 1833.
This' great increaise in the quantity -of tax pay
ing land,4is uinddahtedly owing to -thte daily utp
propriation, of large- tracts of public domain,
and to the constant correctiotn of frauodulent or
under surveys, which were very commnon in tis
State many'years ago. *Thte tax paying -irea of;
Edgefield alone, is now over 100,000 acres more
than it was twenty years sincee, 'agd a-like p'ro
portionate itncreane ray 'be chiimned for nearly
every*District and Pais in the~ State. I mnen
tion these facts to show that the. precise limits
of each District and Parish, or of .thte State at
large, cannot be obtained. Nor is 'it desirable.
An approximation to the truth will answer every
valuable purpose, since practical life, as well as
law, must disregard little things, and in the ab
sence of any accurate surveys of the State, or
of- its various sub-divisions, I contend that we
must adopt one of two methods for gnaging
,'themi. 1st, We must either measure the size of
each District and Parish by the qimfntity of land:
-'for which each pays Taxes,-or, 2d, WVe must
add to the tax paying . area of each, a propor
tionate share of the non-tax paying land which
is known to exist.
By adopting the latter basis of calculation,
which ism certainly more correct, and by assum
ing M~ills'.estimated area of the whole Slate to
be the true one, we shall find thatEdgefield em
. braces 1,893 square miles, or, if the otlier basis
-of 29,000 square miles for the whole State, be
prefered, Edge~ield may even then be said to
contain a surface of 1624 square miles, accord
ing to the authority whiich would compress her
limits within the smallest spoep. But I art strong
ly-inclined to support the estimate of Mills,and
therefore, I have in tihe third colnran of tihe pre
ceding Table, added the non-tax paying hmnd
.of the State proportionally to thme tax paying
area of the several Districts and Parishes, as
-being upon the whole, the fairest rule that we
can employ for determining the terrntorial extent
of our political and judicial sub-divisions.
But as some may object to this process, I will
not stiekle for it, although, in my judgment. it
is the best, and indeed, the only plan of mensu
ration which can be applied for ascertianing, even
proximately, the full dimensions of our Districts
and Parishes, and in a calculation of the kind
we are attempting, it is unquestionably true,
that some notice should be taken ,of the non
tax paying land. Still, as was said before, I
waive the point, and proceed.
By r.euring to the above Table, it wiill be
perceived that Edgefneld contains 1495 square
miles of tax paying territory, or in other words,
that she pays taxes for more than three times as
much land as either Lancaster or Mar borongh ;
for more than twice as much as each. ofourteen
Districts in the State, which are Anderson, Ches.
ter, Chesterfield, Laurens, Marlboro, Newberry,
Richland, Uton and York,.and for but 77 square
miles leas than twice as much as Darlington.
Hence it may be saidt that Edgefield has terri
tory enough to make two Districts, either one
of which would be larger than each of half the
present Districts in the State. This is an on
deninble proposition, and the same may be
predicated of Barnwell, which pays Taxes for
99 square miles more territory than even Edge
I hope to show, before I close, that anany of
the Districts in South Carolina are much larger
than either the political or judicial snb-diviinns
of a free State should be, but notwithstanding
this, if we- divide 30.213 square miles, the area
of the whole State, by 29, the number of Judi
dal.Districts in it, t'he' quotient will be only
1,041 square miles, or 652 less than the area of
Edgefield. Thus, the average extent of our
spacious Districts, including those that are po
litically sub.divided, issnaller than Edgefield or
Barnwell, by a quantity of territory equal, or
nearly equal, to that of each of eight or ten
other Districts in the State, and much larger
than the average size of the Counties in thirteen
States of this Union, as the sequel will show.
So much- for the argument as regards terri
tory, in reference to a judicial division of Edge.
field and Barnwell.' The subject of terri:ory
in its connexion with the proposed political divi
sion of our Mammoth Districts, and in its hear
ing upon the basis of Representation in South
Carolina, will be considered hereafter.
As we shall have frequent occasion in the
progress of these papers to return to the pre
eeding Table, it is advisable that every reader
who is interested in the discussion, should file
this number. The catlculatiots herein given are
offered with someconfidence in their accuracy,
as they have been carefully revised by a natlie.
matical friend. HARI'ER.
ARTHUR SIMKIHS, EDIfOR.
WEDNESDAY MARCJ,, 1854.
- Our Collector.
Ma. M. E. WVAGNcEt is'now-a'broad upon a collect
ing tour for the -" Advertiscr." We hope he will be
kindly received by our subscribers, and dismissed with
the needful" as precipitately as possible
' Sevnari. Communcatient; And sundry para
graphs of our own, have been ruthlessly postponed to
next week by the dire force of circumstances.
We owe an apology for the queer arrangement of
our paper this week. The first leaf, it will be seet,
is a column wider than th'e second. This is because
we are out of the right sized material, having been
lisapnjnted by a failure in receiving what we had
stipulafed fur. Week after next, at the farthest, we
will-resune our wonted proportions.
New Goods arriving..
Ova merchants are beginning to receive their Spring
supplies of New Goods. Among the rest, our indus
trious and tasteful dealer in Clothing &c., Mr. Lae
cttr'Lz, has just refilled hi, .ilhelves witht a splentdid
assortment direct from New York. To any gentle
an, desirous of encasing himself in a reatly gentteel
atd subsutntiat suit, we say " go to Lear.scuttritrz.
e has been in our town now for several years, and~
has always exhlibitedl a disposition to give entire satis
action to his custonters. H~e deserves success.
Turn to his advertisement on another column.
IMr. Boycers Speech.
To the eusiun of other and less useful matter, wes
nearly fitl our first page thtis week witht ar. HlovcE's
admirable speech tupon the Tariffquestion. The peo
pe of South Carolina need an occasiottatty renewed
exposition of thte htideons featutres of Protection. For,
aihought sotund etnughi upon thait branch of politic-s, it
is well that thtey shtould now and thten he re-instruced
hlerein. The speech we present thtis week accom
plishes this end in ott unusually clear and succitnc
anner. We ask every reader to examnineits menit
It was our intention to accompany the pulication
of this speech with sttmdry comme:Its, but ithe space is
not allowed us thtis week ; antd, in truth, it is of itself
so lucid and satisfactory an argument as to need n~t
-Pr.A5E turn to the new advertisement frnm t
Cusrryton Trustees. We are truly glad to learn thtat
their efforts, to establish fine schools in thteir neighbnr
hod, are being crowned with abondat success. WIe
are informed that the MIale and Female departments
together number near one hondred pepils. rThe Insti
tuton was only opened in January. At this rate, the
Curryton Seminary bids fair to rival thte forenst ou
its class in thc State. Edgefield'is certaintly promgres
sing in thte noble caose of education.
Oa Coturt of Commotn Pleas is now in Session
thtis being thte first week of the term. Judge SIusna
presides. We believe tis is htis first week on thes
Ciruit, although one would scarcely suppose so tupon
lerving thte easy and unembarrassed manner witi
whicht hte takes up the routinte of his labors.--Tht btt
siness of the Cottrt htas been thrown into some confu
ion by the illness of Gen. Boxn~ut, thte 'Solicitor
We are glad to inform the General's many friends tiht
he is rapidly convalescent. althtought still utterly tuna
ble to assume the dutics of his post. His attack hta
been ti severe one.
Our Clerk too (31sj. T. G. HacoN) is confined t
his bed. rTe lack of htis efficient services is anothte;
serins clog to te whteels of busintess.-Tttos. G. Kn~
Esq., is representing the Solicitor, and Mr. JacJCso~
Cova ',thme Clerk.
The gentlemen of our Bar are at teir respectiv
places, itt assiduoutsdischarge of theirdttties to ::lients
On looking around the circle yesterday we observe
but tw' wvho htad passe~he middle age of forty. Tht
rest are all below the prime of lfe. Whtat a race,
sweep-stakes we might say, lies before them! Wih
shalt wear the civic wreath, remains to be tried.
The Carolina Times.'
Wz are in receipt of the first tree numbers of ti
new Daily. To tose of our readers whto are not awan
of te facts, we would say thazt it is pubulishted itt Cc
lummbia by Messrs. G'a Esatc a, L ARnoTTK & Co., an:
edited by Mr. GIL.EB formnerly proprietor of tlte New
The Carolina Time.s has otur most heart felt wishe
for its success. It is alread yobservabie that its mana
ges are determined to place it high on thte list of Souti
Carolina jpurnals. We welcome Mr. GEs baci
into the ranks, which hte had ontly left animo reecrten
di, and hope hes mnay find a smooth and delightfu
pathway to fortune.
Map of South Carolina.
Wa call attention to the Prospectus of a New Ml
f our State, whicht we publish this week. This Mai
seems to have drawn forth general commendation
Seera- gentlemen- of our acquaintance have exam
ied it carefully and express themselves much pleased
We have looked over it several times ourself and havy
been so well pleased as to subscribe for two copiet
one for home arnd the other for our office. There maj
-e a slight error here and there upon its face; but, ft
as tl a map as this, these errors are very rare. Iti
ertainly no Monk hum-btsg, having been gotten ui
very carefblly. The plates were in Columbia, durn
several sessions of the Legislature, for inspection art
correction. We have reason to think it as thorottgh
ly perfected as the nature of thte case would admit
And we therefore recommend it to our readers. Eie
y citizen, who can afford it, should have a good maj
of tis own State. The prospectus above alludetd t
is unavoidably crowded ot this week, but will appes
in our next. Rev. W. RItnAnDs, the agent for Edge
field, is now in -our village, antd wilt sa'isfy every on<
Oua Odd Fellows andi Masons propose to have
great time, in thte way of ceremonizing, speechifying
eating and drinking, on the 21st April next, when thm
Corner Stone of iteir new hutiklding is to be placed l
i,. ..;~ fore ,.f ilti nnnn.
The Raco is begun.
RoUsE up, gentlemen of the Ridge! Shake offal
apathy, ye solid men of Edgefield!- And gird up you
loins for one effort in the race of progress! Be i
known that a hot contest is right upon you. Les
than a month's developments may decide whether th
Railroad from Columbia to Augusta is to run:upon the
Ridge of Nature's shaping, or ever the barren San
hills which characteri- the lead waters of tie Edis
ton. Be up and a doing, we entreat~you ! A meeting
has been held at a plans styled Mt. Ebal, (where upot
earth is it ?) and the Sand-hillers have declared wa
against the Ridge route. Gen. QUATTLEBAUM, th
rousieator of the occasion, intimated as much whe1
he vehemently asserted that they (the Sand-hillers
would never go for your roundabout project-" nere
-no never-neer"-and when he further declared the
they would much sooner go for the Wilmington an
Manchester continuation It is evident then, gentlemei
of the fertile plains, that you must take care of your
selves or General QUATTLEBAUM and his pirty wil
have you surrounded with a vengence. There's r.
time for dallying, The opposition are at work alread
and we doubt not their working on with eal and en
ergy. They have had a barbacue, and the ladies wer
there! This looks squally. But fear nothing. Cal
a meeting in accordance with the suggestion of " J
CITIZEN," (to whose communication on another col
umn we ask your earnest attention). Have as much t
eat as need be. Get the Edgeflield Brass Band to attend
And if you choose have all the ladies present. As ou
friend of the Carolina Times very grudently remark.
"let a few speeches be made-a very few-by men we
informed upon the subject of railroads." " A plai
statement of Mets," he adds, " by practical men-me1
of sound, mature judgment and wise forecast, is al
that is needed to cause the dimes and dollars to fairl
leap from the obese pockets of our capatalists." D
what ycu intend to do with a rush. Come up to th
scratch at once. Let every man interested do hi
best. And our word for it, the Sand-hillers will b
" no where" in the race.
"M Much ado about Nothing."
Wr have not been able, as yet, to see any goo
cause for the flourish of trumpets with which Judg
DoUGLAs' Nebraska Bill has been greeted by man
Southern prints. As we have already said in a previ
ous issue, it is at best but the bare assertion of a plai
principle, already guaranteed to us by the Constitti
tion trnnsmiited to our keeping by the.founderg c
the Federal Government. In the opinion of some, i
is not meritorious even to this extent. For, by th
plain interpretation of the Constitution; it would seer
that Southerners equally with Northerners, Slave
holders equally with Non-slaveholders, were to b
protected by the arm of Federal power in their right
of property, when emigrating with such property loan
territory belonging in common to the States. But b
the Nehraska Bill (it is maintained). no Stich complet
advantages are vonchafed to 'is, the territorial gov
ernments being thereby empowered to prohibit slave
(remember no other single description of property.
before they have become endowedi with sovereignt)
before they have passed from Federal subjection, be
fore (it might sell happen) the country over whic
their prohibitory legislation is to prevail, has eve
been fairly offered to Southern enterprise and Suntl1
eri institutions. Regarded in this light, the provi
sins of the Bill strike us as'being almest contetnptihl
feeb!e. .They certainly fi far short of the mark, i
real justice to the South was intended to be compas
ed by them.
But, granting that it fully re-affirms and assumes t
make good our rights under the Constitution, what i
achieved for us ! It is admitted by Southern an
Northern Senators, from their places in the Senate <
thte Untio, that, practically, this meastire will tn
benefit the slavehtolding portton of the Confederne
one inita. It is tnt expected bty any of thetm that or
instituttions lviii ever be introduoced upon any part
tile broad expanse of territory now under Iegislatior
On the contrary, it is admitted to be next to tmporsi
ble. What then are wve to gain out of all this ftss atn
feathers, kicked up by the 'lile giant' of Illinois,.be
side the reiteration of a political pledge thtat Snuthter
rights fir the futturc are to be respected ! This is a]
-a political pledge ! Attd the whotle history of ti
go~vertnmentt, for a quarter of a century at least, sho~
cletrly that " p'olit ical pledges" are us little to he ri
hll on as ropes or snudi, esperially as between th
Pro-slavery and Anti-slavery interests of the Amer
can peuiple. Have we any gooc ground for thinkmr
that thtis one will pirove any better than the mnost Ito
low truce of thtent all, when a real occasion for il
violation .irrives? We cannot discover it, if any exis
It may be that we are in utteraciotus mood, btut ia
cetntainly are unable to see the political stampede
which has been gotten tip at the heels of thtis Nehras
ka business, in any other light titan as being a eler
case of " 3lteh, ado about nothitng.".
Meanwhile, we are as willing as the htumblest si
jeet of political priest-craft in the lend to sit don n an
watch te issute of the~se high-sounding intention
only reservinig the deer privilege (dear. hecanse it
the only one left us in thme premises.) of speaking e:
aetly w hat we seriously thtink of thte appearatnces ove
head. We sinrcrely hope thtat some real good to ot
section may coime out of the ermtmingled lights ati
shtadows which are at present flitting hturriedly acros
outr political sky. Far from thttking it an itmpossibil
ry, we behteve there are some fair indlicationts that
better day for Southiertt interests is at hantd. We fin
these in thte complexion of the present Congress,i
tihe tone ofotir (Chief Ma:gistrate and itt thte inmiabin
liberality of sentiment totwards us on either side of til
Atlantie. We find theta in the now-acknowledge
necessity of slave-labotr and its frttits to the werfat
tf (lie world, int the increased boldness of attack apo
abolition fanatics by mlflneritial- Northern journals
antd in tite thtoes of such melt as HoRAcE Gras..1
in view of their declining power. It we cannot sa
that we fintd these indications in~ any etpeeml degre
in the Nebraska scheme of Senator Douot.ase-To I
frantk, we cannot help regarding It as bat a skilfi
fling by dhat gentleman for the P'reuidency of the i
states. We feared so .from the beginning, knowirl
him to be one of the most ambitions aspirants in ti
Urt'ion. Latterly, we have read a letter addressed b
him to thte Concord N. II. .Patriot, wichl settles til
point. It is a laboring away of what he would donth
Ies have Southerners believe thte strong features i
his Bill, It ie art uneasy turgittg thtat nothing new.
-nohittg at all diflering from ithe Comprotnise of 185
S-othitng in arty wise more favorable tit slavery, te
tit manlier of New Hampshire's admission into ti
iUnion, is contempltated by his Bill. It is a ratht'
atisfy Free-soilers and'A bolitiontists that 'his Bill
doing nothing uppon God's earth for thte estabtlishme,
of negro servitude in new territories. If we have mi
construed tis letter, we will thank sonie ntore sag:
cionsa reader of " Young American" English to set
arighit. Bitt, tunderstanding it as we do, we mutst I
permtitted to say that it has ardly dimintishted our, ni
overabundant, stock of confidence in the great fail<
of the Nebraska Bill and, by almost necessary eonsi
qutencee, In the Nebraska Bill itself.
A very proper Upistle.
SFROM a frietnd whto was, until withtin a year, ot
-of otr subscribers we yesterday received the folluwir
" Dv.ra Sta,
Enclosed I send you two dollars for the Aidvertise
I find that I cannot well do withtout"-(ah,.by ihe bsy
we must leave the balance of ihis sentence; oust fi
modesty'es ake.) " One request I have to make
you. Whenever I fail to send the money at the prop
time, be certain to stop my paper, and you will soc
get your money."- '.
Truly yours. IR. H...
That we call a sensible, correct and exemiplarylitt
epistle. It embodies what we consider to be the tri
duty of the subscriber to the printer, as likewise
tie printer to the subscriber. Thte sutbscriber shioul
pay puinctually, as his debt is butt a driblet,-and il
printer shoulid erase to-the day, upon failure of ri
price of his labor.
We thank ottr friend for his kind expressions, as we
as for the remittance of casht. Many others might<
likewise, and we are inclined to think that severi
will, upon glancing at the commendable note of I
Execuationl of M~otley ad Blackledge.
WVr. learn, says the Charlestoa Evenuing News, thi
Motley and Blackledge were hung yesterday morntr
at Walterboro," within the houtra drescribed by the
sentence, without the least disturbance. Their bodil
,were cut down, and taken to George's Station, prey
sOts to being sent to Columbia, to be buried.
1We tunderstand that tile military detachtments wi
not be here until to-mo~rrow.
We can but expresuour high appreciation of the
firmness and wisdom o~our enlightened Execuive, in
maintaining in this insttnce so signally, the dignity of
the laws, the claima of, neral justice, the sentiments
of true humanity, avid te tone of the State. Ile meets
the approbation of evl intelligent and respectable
. Disasters bthe late F'reshet.
W t regret to learn f mt various sources, that the
late high waters have cne very considerable damage
to our several railroads4 Nearly all of rthem have suf
fered, more or less. Se4trust the enterprising and
energetic managers and uperintendcnts of these roads
may soon have every ti 'in state quo. It is matter
of real regret to us, tha tr-lail Roads should thus he
again and again snhjec to. these most unpleasant
and entirely unproduct. casualties. Doubtless, this
is in a great tppasure usable to the hot haste with
which they were carne Bitt by:their projectors. But
we are far from seizitig idden occasion of misfortune
like the present, forthe phiupose of reproaching or con
denming the spirited -leade&s in =these well Intended
undertakings. On 'the contrary, our sincere sympa
thies are with them; and, whether they deserve better
fuet or not, we cordially wish it for them in the future.
May their damages be speedily recovered in the way
of increased travel and trade !-Among the chief suf
ferers, are the Greenville road, the Columbia and
- Branehville roar, and the Camden roand. They are,
each ofthets, seferal tloesands out of pocket.
Should we pla t Crofton, or Corn ?
I , Tirc rnagnitade of the struggfe for ascendanry in
the East will necessarily idvolve the principal gov
t ernments of Europe in the diflienhies of a desperate
1 war. As a cotisequence which can hardly he avoided,
the carrying of the commerce of the world will be
thrown chiefly into the hands of America i ship-own
era. The shipping of England and France will be
employed so largely, in transportation directly connec
ted with the seat of war;that it would he unsafe to
calculate upon their taking any considerable share of
that business. One of the effects of this state of things
must be a great increase in the already high rates of
frei'ht across the Atlantic. This will assuredly act
as a clog upon the price of American Cottons; for in
iroportion to the increased expenses of shipping them.
to Liverpool, wtll be the reduction of their marketable
value in our own ports. Again, it is difficult to esti
mate the full extent of Injury to be brought upon the
it.terests of Commerce and Mannfactures by the ex
traordinary confusion with which European affairs
are now imminently threatened. Its shock may possi.
bly unsettle the firmest of their governments and stag
nate all the charelis of industry and enterprise.
Should it be so, oar Cottons may become almost val
eless for a season.:' -Inhort, we regard it att extreme
ly doubtful whether otir- great staple is to command
any thing like a full price for a year or two to come.
But with the pr'ovision cropst is apt to he very dif
ferent. By as much as.Enropean turmoil disturbs the
natural order of things on that.eide of alte Atlantic, by
just so much till their home supplies he cut ofT. fe
sides, a vast war, lili the one now being waged, must
create a very large demand, in the countries immedi
ately embroiled, for the necessaries of life. -The con
sequence will he a prodigious drain upon the provision
crop of the United-States. And that crop may be con
fidently expected to bring richly rejnuneranlve prices.
These then are the pobabilities. And now we re
iterate the words of ouir caption-" shotld we plant
Cotton mostly, or Corn ?" Under the most auspicious
eircumstances, it is ever best for the prosperity of any
country that abundant provision he made for the con
forts and necessaries of -litfe. This is the broad sub
stratum upon which all interests depend. But espe
cially now does it appear wise, id prepatre fully to
meet the emergencies with are almost in sight. IL-t
revery Southern farmer then phant from three to five
nere~s -per hand, of the .groutnd lie had set apart for
Cotton. ini Corn, and iuch may yet be achieved to
wards taking us safely-.through the straits. lie will
Ithen ensore to himself an abundance of the staff ofi
Iifesand any surplus lhe may have en hand, alter that,
will he-pretty certain to place in his parse as much
gold as he could reason'ahldemtand for it. Is is no:
Itoo late for cur farmers to decide utpom this course.
Thle planting season is sca reely here yet--butt it is
certainly at our very doors. -Thitnk fast then, anid
adopt 'he policy-hich'~imorn cense seems to poi
Cout. Beware of i Cotton crop ! - TPi'mes are aneerrair
aind senrcely G* cents per Itt may be realized for Cot.
Stutu next fall. Whjere-as prmtisions are Itigrtn', and,
even wtitht a heavy crop this year, wiill in tall proba
b ility remain so. A t every hazard then, pitch itite
the provision crop. You can lose tiothing by it-yo
Cmay gain largely.
r A-r a time when the subject of popular education is
attracting so miuch attention in our Stale, uric is very
-naturally curious to know what opinions the great
I literary and sc-ientific maindls among us eterutain uipor
'the suhject. We are led tn conicludhe as a mat ter o.
s course, that they "~ think well of' it" ini the abstract,
-atnd are earnest advocates of progress in t his regard.
:Bitt downright schtemes, set forth in plain Englisht,are
r htard to draw~ forth. Why is iti Are the wvise onet
Il really e ta loss tshaatiosay ! Or does an undue timidi
i ty prevent iheir venturing beyond the botudaury ol
-generalizations ! We commend to them the examplc
I of the late Dr. TuoMAS Coot-va, former Presidetnt ou
I the Sotith C'arolina College, and one who held a high
Ii rank.uns a Philosopher. In his "Political .'latimta,'
g pubilish..d by DUFF GaEaN twenty years ago, lhe strike
C at the subhject of popular education in the followitng
b old and candid remiarks: (Read the Extract and
e profit ity its manner if not its natter.)
n "We talk (talkers afie are) withoutt end about
,pnblic educationi; and'ae'thing is yet efficienatly pro.
vided. Trhat State wilt lead the Unism, that fitrash
the best and the miist ceaplete eduteatiotn to her ciii
yzens. It is dotie nr'whet' yet ; nut even in England,
ealthinngh she is far ahuead-of us.
- "Eery Stare oiughtaud.h~ave 5is the public -expense,
even if it'shoul cost half i *nillioin or a million of dal.
al hrs, an uniersily, with amnplec provisintu of proifessors,
-astronomical, nmtthematicat, mechiamena, chiemic-al,
gbotatnical apparatits,anid a-good library of a least 20,
000 volumes. Add to the un'rversity at least two co
iegite instituttons wshere elementary kneitiledge ot
1these branches of science should he taught, foritished
ewith adleqptate n ppiurnitus.. -.
" Gr'ammar Schools will also be necessary at every
conrt honse, and in every parish or iowinship in the
iState, with able teachiersi -
- " The pay of the det instructors, rought to he thie
0 average at least ofwhiat they col earn as la'-:yers or
n phiysicians. fTere is tn'sav'ing in ste emplovymeti ol
inmferior men at inferior salaries; such are like chteap
- goods. the dearest itt thuenid.
r"Every ne of the institutions shonli he at the State
i xesad every htitman heitng shol be at liberty
,tuethmgratis. No-elector shouwld he permittel
to vote, who did itot write his own ticket. Such are
imy opiilo-ts, after seeing 'unuich. antI thinkling mitch
-Bitt I look for no converts to them f'or two getnerastion
Foa Tisit Aova'TisV.
-e A M118ICAL FEAST.
t Sa. Earroa,--Allow tie a shiort spnec in youi
columns to express tmy own sa-tisfacetiot, and thtattof
a good mnany others with the festivities and plena
sures of an occasion which recently chnced to its.
It was at the house of otir fellow citizen, Ctipt. CtiN
eTON W AaD, and the occasion was thte assemibling o1
ga floiurishing Brass Band, under the tuition of Catpt.
Jonus A. Bott.Es, of thie A ugusta Brass Bhad.
. IThis Band is composed of a tummnber of highly re
,spectab~o young genttlemen of the 'ith Regimient,
r and thecir object is to' fttriih military music at the
~different paradues of-said Regintentt. Capt. C. W% n
r head kindly invited themt so plractise at his rcshidce
nSo, upon the appointed eveniqg, tbc Band were is
attendance, headed -by .teir iristrpetor, and attcoin
a panied by several peupons of - -the neighborhood
e Soon, the martial straids of their inspiring musi
f filled the whole company wish the most lively satis
faction.- From one piece they went- otn to another,
IC utitil a long list of fine tirrches, quick-steps, &c.,
0 had been performed. In the course of the eveninig
Ia first rate stupper was spread by the hiospiitable laidy
of the mansion, and all partook with a gusto whtichi
will long be rememiberep. The evening passed cil
Smerrily, while every tinitg was at ste samte time
conducted with the mndst satisfaictory order and pro.
priety. Long life to Capt. WAan and his estimabl
lady, and the highest sOccess to our execlent yruuta
SWe cannot close this short notice withtout advert
ring to that admirable insetructor, Capt. Jonts A.
SoniLEa:- Few men arc more successful than lie tn
imparting a kpowledge of music rapidly and plens
I anthy. Besides being ni excellenit teacher, hie is ii
t,... ,,.r.s. as ,,1ewhe.., etentmed a perfect ge-nt
tkeman. May his shadow never grow less A
may he prosper through life.
This notice is respeetfully offered by
ONE Or TE CowraxT.
FOR TEi! A5WERT30.R.
TO XISS A. L. 3-R.
Yooeo. Maiden-with thy shining hair,
.All braided from thy forehead fair,
And restless eyes.of azure hue,
Vieing e'en' with heaven's own blue ;
Who may foretell if coming years
Shall bring thee most of smiles or tears?
Whether untimely sorrow's blight
Shalli crush thy spirits now so light,
And cast a shadow o'er thy face
So richly fraught with ev'ry grace
Or happiness with magic swny
Shed o'er thy path her cleering ray !
Into the Future none may lek
Thy destiny's a sealed book,
To be diselos'd, its ev'ry page,
By him who governs Youth and Ago
This only may we mortals know
That life's made up of weal and woe !
E. W. R.
Edgefield, S. C.
FOR TIHE AnvgaTitKa.
COLUMBIA AND HAMBURG RAIL ROAD.
Mn. EDIToit :-lt is moerally certain that th's Ro:
will be built. The Charlotte R. R. Company ha
ngreed to subscribe for $2O0,000 of its Stoek up
certain conditions. Colnbia is deeply interesti
in its success, and her Town Council, with energy at
promptitude, are making arrangements for a pr
lininary survey of the route. Augusta sympathiz<
and is fully aware of the importance of the cute
prize. The people of Lexington are thorough
aroused, and -our friends of the Ridge are in ti
field and .wide awake. All persons interested a
concerned, save the inhabitants of the "Sleepy Ik
low," known as the Vilhtge of Edgefield and i
No District in the State possesses such rare at
extraordinary advantages ats does oll Edgeficeld,
respect to Rail Riad routes and connections: Y
they l1p'e profited us nothing. The ridge betwet
tlte. Savannah and the Sa!utla traverses our territ
ry centrally. it was the natural embankment, ups
which undoubtedly shou!d have been construct
the Rail Road to conneect the region of upper Car
line with Charleston and the Atlantic.
The advantages incident to such a conformatti
of our territory we have thrown away. When tl
route of that great connection was in agitation,
were comparatively passive and supie. What hI
heen the result ? The great highway fro t1
mottntains to the Setboard now passes through C
lumbit dey a route far .more circuitous-more dil
tor'-.mofe -costly-more insecure than the a
providesI -by nature thrugh our very midst. ]3
this is nut all. The lond in question after paseii
from Columbia to the Village of Newberry turns
sharply atd abruptly from the course of its ultim.e
destinationj and proceeding abnost due South ere
ses the Saluda. and inclining Westwardly interrel
the proeducts of the rich and populous I)istriets
Abbevitle, Anderson and Laurens, with the fert
and teeming country around Cambride, and
vertitng thtenm frome our owtt Commerc'ial mtart; IIal
burg, sweeps thtemt away to otheer atnd mnore dlistO
Observe the efreets resulting frott our want
enryadlibera enterpri'ee. Vi;htges and lha
great lines of travel and Cotmmerce, whcile we
the Towtt eef Edhgetield andl its vicitnage, thte en
of n wealthy :mtd popeuloues flistriet, nere at this
stuttt practicaully mo-e remte antd i.<ehated tIi
perhacp~nny eother part oef Seouth Catrelina. Suel
sate oef thcings coght noet tee be. Let us avteil cc
selves oif thte o.1prtuneity that now teflers tee recol
socrne peortion of the grouttd we leave leest..
Tweo rocutes foer thte propoesed Columbhia & lin
burg Rail Road have hee~n esttggeste~ The e
passes therotugh barrein wates and sannds-over las
streamns and swampnls-und nteross deep gerges I
valeys-and climeb the htigzh ndelelvatedl trnet
territry, the mountain r gion oef our tmiddlle cet
try, in which llorse Creek tand the brnnehes aef1
Neorth :and Sonth Edisto, na their tributaries, he:
soree. The eother. or upper route, will patss thtree
theL beatutiful, rich atnd pnepelous region of thcis I]
triet, kmnown aste - Riedge,"-wvill traverse
country enminently favernble for stuch a Road,a
will apperoach preobably withtin teix or seven tmiles
the Villageo(f Edlgefieldl. Can we be inst nsile
the benefits that we must derive froma this Rcznde,
th'se intter rounte is adopted ? Is it .tuthintg to hae
daily nmail 7 Tee be within twee hours travel eof line
burg and A ueg.sta ? To be within three heouree tra
at Coluttbin? Will we permit ourselves to Ih
tle itnntumerable a-lvanttages inveolved int ectr btai
almosct at onr very doosers the direet ateel mcain hij
way of travel and itntelligettce between thet gr
Northbern and Southeern divisions of the Cettfei
racy I I addlrre mcyself tee the enterprize, the p
lie spirit and thte enlighttened selef-interest of1
cotnmnity of this vicinity in especial. We n
Iin all preepatbility ealculatyi npeen the sympathy
co-operation eof both Cetlumbtia tend A ugusta
Surely thtey will prefer to estaeblishe a coetmnuni
tiotn withe a country richt and poepulouts, ratheer tli
withe a regione barren tend unpeepuleous. L~et us si
scribe withe proper liberality for the Stock-a
thereby secure to ouerelves proeportionate intluec
in the euneels oef the C~ompeany when the ro'ute
te Ruad is tee be deternmincedl andl meantwhile
the friends oef the Road by the upper rouete assema
and confer togetheer, set thact they meay ntet efi-etiv
ad ine concert. Feer thtis putrpose, 1 rps thnr
teetincg be~ bteke nt thte Pine Ihouse;' otn -Saturd
the I~the daty of .larcht itnstantt.
rote Tnte AtnvEaresuR
REPLY TO " CAROLINA."
Ma. Enrrota:-in the Adcertiser of the
inst. " CaneouxmY".tells us " What Plank Roads
for the Farmer.
We reade heis able article with much pie'ure;:
astuch as we are in favor eef Planek Reeads, wi
we cannot get a Rail Reaed-in fact, we geo it stre
feer any kited of a good road, but we abominate in
With all due deference to'" Ca'nou.tts" ahil
as a writer, we beg leave to differ with himn
fgures. It is but just aced proper, thtat we statec
objectionas to his figures, before making eeur os
aed thcen leave the practical farmer to decide up
their respective merits. There seems to us an 1
fairness in brineging in so many items of heavy
pense, in the transportation of-60 bags of Coti
by Rail Road, unless thcey are allowed as ineidene
expetses tee Plaenk Road transportattion also. St
expenses as U)rayage, Storage, Insurance ande Co
mtissionms, are not iundispeneeable to Rail Reoad tr.e
porttion. They tmay be avoided.
In the next place, we deem it unfair to allow
Pletk Rloade farmter theree dollars per day for
driver, wetgon and teamn, uneless we are allowed
lne the sanme amoeunt to the credit of thee 11
Road farmer. For, if the driver, team, &e.,t
-wortht sixty dollars (as will be seen in the sequnel)
the Plank Road transportationa, thaey are worth t
same on the farm to the Rail Road farmer' If th
tte charge is admissntble on thce one side, the ere
is justly due to the other.
We now proepose to take 60 bags of Cotton to I
Newberry market, 50 mih.-s oen the Greenville a
Colunbia Rail Road. at which maerket none of
incidental expenses aforesaid need be ineurred,n
show thce figures agaitst theo Plantk Roacd for
suoie distzteee. By thcis means, the two Roads1
. 'a.c.1 ......eac.lyte manme fnntime and the re
I tiye eheapness of the two modes of transportation is
easily and accurately estimated'. In transporting
60 bags per Plank Road, ye give the farmer a bet
-ter wagon than most of them possess, and load him
with 15 bags weighing 400 - lbs. or 6,000 lbs. of
Cotton, besides provender, &e. Thirty miles per
day is all a humbirg ! Twenty miles a dwrr inclu
ding time to feed and for the proper attention, to
team, and a half day spent in unloading and re
loading with groeries, &c., is as much laboras any
praetical farmer can expect or desire his Jriver and
teamnt to accomnpl:sh. ]fenee there will be four trijis
to marlet of ife days eae, making 20 day., for
which " CAnortNA" allows $3,00 per day, making
the sam .f 6tt,00. Which charge, for reasons al
ready specified, we here cancel. As the farmer must
go to sell his Cotton, we pliee him on horse back
eneh tripe, and for the prpose of saving expense per
Plank RonT we allow him to camsp out with li.
wafon until lie gets to. maiket.
We now make our tigttres tthes :
BY R Al f. ROA l). I Y PLANK ROAID.
Fr.it. 60 bags at 50 ets. pr Toll wagon and team down
babu, $31),001 and up. 01,00
Farner's passage .IFarner on horsebacl
down and up, 3.00; dawn and up, 1.00
Hotel, without horse, 1,50 Hotel bill, 2,50
Freit. on 1000 lbs. gro
ceries, 1.50.Each trip, $7,50
--1 Ma1tiply by fear 4
Actually paid out, $3&.00
Aetosily paijont $30,00
Cost by Rail Road $36.00
id " Plank Rond 311.00
on In favor of Plank R. $6.00
, Ent stop ! " Dont holler till you get out of the
1 swamp." While there appears six dollars in favor
e- of the Plank Road farmer, let it be remembered that
rthis mighty sum of money has been saved 'by the
r- labor o' a sturdy farmer, with a driver, a stout ne
ly gro fellow, and six fine mules in the incredible short
e space of twenty days-a little over three weeks.
re Whtt. wages ! for so much hard work and exrosure
,. to all kinds of weather. Now let it be also remnemn
te bered dint if the amount of sixty dollars. the worth
of the Rail Road farmer's wagon and team, be
)l pced t"e his credit it gives us this startling result.
in It will have payed all his expenses and then left
et him twenty-four dollars clear gain!
-n Cannot the plainest fumier perceive that by the
o- above calculation the Pltik Road farmer has ex
m pended sixty dollars worth of time and labor to
!d save the pit'ful sum of six dollars; whsle the Rail R.
o- farmer accomplished the same amount of labor, sold
his Cotton, and brought home the same amount of
in money (minus $6.00) in one day, ate his dinner at
ie home the next-and the n.groes.hardly missed him
we out of the field. What a contrast !
as "There is that sen4tereth and vet increaseth;
ie and there is that withholletl more than is meet,
o-'! hut it tendeth to poverty." So s:.id Solomon, and
a- frot the above P nme nt we believe it very appli.
ne cable to the subject of Plank. Rea.ls and Rail Roaels
ut So, open the broks-plank up the change, and give
1g us a Rail [oad. Let us hear the whistle of the
,e STEAM ENGINE.
. Tar. HoutICDE IN CoL.UnVnvs.-The Times
its furnilshes the following partienlars of the killing
or of Deputy Sheriff Romuson in that city. on the
He "OTn the night preceding. David Wright of
i- this eity. and a man named Jack Boyed, of lueent,
n- hid eo',mmitted a mi.-dcmennoro, and warrants
it were nissueid for their arrest. Abouitt 8 toele
onttheevenintg oaf thet 27tlh, Mr. Rbtintson, accom-.
paied by Messrs. Cleghiorn, Morreli and Gamn
"Imel, of the city potlice, proceded 'to exeetlte the
n- wairants.-They foundtt -Wright. -:und Bioyed in
e Ifront of thec "rPlensant Hotur," uind R obisoin ad
te vaneed to th,-mi and declared thiemn his prisoeners,
of where upont lie was itstanitly shot doiwn and died
rin thl.e obrse of. two hours. in the otfic e of thme
re- ,imes & .Sent inel, whetre lie was removed by'
"'his friLeds. T1hie s.lug pentet rated thle right side
iln ju.,t below the lower rile nnd loedgedl in the wiall
t a of. the inhdomeien. David Wrighit was"'npurtue
ir- a mii :rrested. and is now lodgedl in jail to. nwaic
er the judi'menti of hik peers. .Boyved escapied the
most active ptursutita of the esfijeers of t1wheila
anid is'still at large.. ihoth Wright anid L'iyed
m 'haive hitherto commnitted hiomicidies. They botll
h iredt at Rtobisoii, biut it is believed that Wrig.t's
-ge all ontly too(k el-ect. Alexanider M. Reebison
id wa~s DeuySeiTo te County of Mlusceigee.
of[Ie died inh simtple dischnrge of his diuty
Hel was ant itible mat~n,. ati energetie othieer,
n- a od cit izen. We can but exclaimt in his
oeewn ttnehtineg laniguatge as lie rolled fromn hide to
e side in the agonyi of~ dleathl," it is tio bad." Ye
hl while ourm htenri sw~ella with itndignaition and
i- grief at his hiomticide, we fotrbear to give expr~ea
a .tin to our feelings; and leave his slayers ini the
hlliiand of~ lie law ; and may the Lord havc mer
efy upon their souls.
ta" Immediately upon the deatth of Mr. Robinison,
ifhicks, who fuetnnd that the dr.eensed coeiti to hit
~ a deathI by a pistol ishot wound inieted by Datvid
rel " P'. S4. A party puirsuted Boyd on the monin~
ntook himt. lie too is now in the custody of the
It law." -
le- THE FitESHET IN THE UP CoUTr~Y.--There
ae : reporrt enrrent that the Wateree trestle work
:b- is "one fur thtree~ muiles.
ie jThere is three days eeallectio~n of passerigers in
ay Columbia--probably 150-and if they had to.
nltight intelligence, that a steamer was to he put
ont between Charleston and Wilmmutton, miany
would leave in the morning for Charleston.
ia- Th'le damagte ont the iCharlotte Road is slight.
nnt The rmitt enie down to.dnyV.
ib- Thme micil train ont the Greenville Road, went
ice Whave~: received no further patrtienlars as to
fIthe daminge on the Greenville Roaid.
of Thie extetnt of the damaige to the South
IdI Catrolina Ilontd ennot be asctertained until the
ble waters hiave sublsided. The trestle wo'(rk oina
ey great poirtioen of the swanmp is supp1ose~d by some)
t a to be itnjtured. An ahttndance of~ timbier, hiewever,
a hats beeni cillected, atid a large force wvill go to
work as sooni as the wate~rs sill have fallent,
and the riepaiirs will he comtpleted in at short time.
We htave received no detittite intelligentce as
yet of the condition of the Wamteree.
th Pt'ST OFrtCE RonrDERIES.-L..rge sums of
d) nioney forwairded at dhifferent times bty mail, or
the rouits between Chiarlestotn and Montgomery,
. suspicion fell upon WVm. C. Beman, a young~
'~mant employed unilja few months baek in the
en Augusta Post Ollice, anid lie wats a few days agc
ng arrested. Motney to the tmcont of $800 was
ud found in his possession whent arrusted, mid proof
of the expenditure of abotit $1300 more was
ity broughit against him, for which he could not ait'
. in furtorintlly account. -He has been held to bail
"in $5000, to answer before the Circuit Court at
', Another Post Office clerk here, Edward Bleas
on ey was also arreisted otn suspicion, hut the evi
in- 'dee addneied beitng insufficient for his detention
x- he was di.ehrged.-Angunst a Constitut ionalist.
tal HYEENIAL, __
MARa:ED, on the 28th Feb., by Rev. HI. T. ilart
l y, Mr. .IoRL P. R aDOELL. and Miss UIELEN PoPEs
all of this District.
he MARaIED, at Aiken S.-C., on the 21st Feb., by
his Rev. J1. R. Cornish, Mr. .JonN HI. QOmas, of North
to Carolina, and Miss A. L. 1uasmnaL1 ER, of Barnwell
ire MAnarEDn, on the 16th nIt., by Rev. D. Bodie,
in Mr. MARION .Jonssox and aliss C. A. DAGNELL, all
le of thiis District.
en On the 23d ult., by the same, Mr. M. S. Tai.sta-r
dit and Miss M. A. IIAYS, of A bbeville District.
On thte 26th ult., by the same, Mr. R. A. BANK
h and Miss A. J. PALa:ER, of A bbeville Distriet.
he O B IT U ARY.
ie DiRo, in this District, orn Thursday the 2nd of
ire Match, Mrs. MaAR Atnn, conentrt of Caipt. Robert
la- Meriwethter, in thte31st year of her age.
Oorrespondence of the Advertiser.
HAMBURG, March 4.
Corro-We have had a good demand foriers
article throughout the weet, at an improveient iV
prices. The sales have been ligit for the dast two
days, as all parties are awaiting further adviee
frmi Liverpal, which I. pant due, and generally
thought will be very important. We quote prices
6 -to 9jete. Nominally.
We hate had'a refrething rain since he a ni'
tion of our Tewn by the River, wltieli has (pered
the streets of tite mud, &e., and our Merchants
have resumed business with cheerful countenances.
A Card for the Public Eye...
EDGEFIELD MALE AAWMY.
Ova Teacher, Mr. LZITraa, haiu-at length been
supplied with ar efItcent Aistant,"and there is
now roon in our Academy for some thirty more
Students. We have in attendance near sixty. The
School was scare-ly ever so well appointed ,r we
thorn 'ly eared for. Mr. Cnoorea, the A'sistant
has been educated chieffy at' the Citadel'Acidemy
in Charleston, and is already proving himself a
dilligent and skiaful Instruesor. The. Spring is
opening fairly and we have now every thing mbjgs
our Instirstiow hi admirable rder. Let parents nol
neglect the superier facilities we offer them..
R. T. MIMS,
G. A. AI))ISON,
March T, if ? 7
TI Suberiber respectfully calls the attention
of Farmers and the community aeneally, to
hii'Sture,.next door to Mr..Ins U. Pullivan. where
he has just received a NEW and SPLENDID
Stock of SPRING and SUMMER
Ready-Made .Clothing I'
A Fine assortment of HOSIERY, SIRTB,
COLLARS ej CRAVATS.
SUSPENDERS, DRAWERS, HANDKERCHIEFS,
Trunks, Carpet Bags; ac.
HATS OF TIDE LATEST STY.ES!
ALSO A COOD sCrrLY or
YOUTH'S & BOYS CLOTHING''!
Eulgefield C'. I., MarcI 8, if 8
House and Sign Painting!
TIiE Subscribers having formed themselves into
a Co-partnership, respetfully inform the citi
zens of Edgetield District, thnt they are, now pre
pared to do all business entrusted to them ina-the
Palaitiaug, Gilding, lIarbfaagV~c.,
in all its various branches, and upon the ut rea
-UT All letters addressed to them at Egeleli .
C. l.;, will rec'eive prompt attention.
Th..y niny he tound in the Painting Rown of M.
Wrr-r's Furniture E;stablishment.
Rseference.-31r. .loina Lamon and Mr. Joins
Wrrr. C. H. T.UC A,
A. A. PAL.
March S tf 8&
A Beautiful esidence for Sales
*H E Subscriber, des'irous oni thme account of hi.
Ihealth to remove, odiers for sale his.
HIGH LY JMPRQVED. RESIDENCE
at Edgell C. II. The house is commodious,,
hitving trim Rooms, besides an attic Story, capable ofC
being divide'd into two large atpartli:nmts.
The grmmndla are beautifully laid ,at.' tUpn thle
Lott. ctntaining about t,-m. acrea,..are-varieties of
ehtiic Fruit, such as Pacees, .eads,-Figs, -Apylesn
. To a genitlenman of tacte this is, a -very .lesirallh
property, msi - years would te. requairedi for trmse
grotwthm of suich Shirubbery andl Trees as are neiwn
full vigour anmd beauty upon it. The entire premise.
are in syood order.
. 'For Further particulairt.zn indrm~is apply to.
C. BIflTYCE WA LKERt
March 8 if - &
A Bargain to be had!
IT HE I'mlersignmed having de'ternmined 'tim remove
tisCitlumtbia, offers for miale hitt RESIDENCE
in thme Vaillmge omf Elseneldi. The knuse is one of
the mmsmt beautiful amid cnmvenienmtly arranged pewt
haips in the up-'ountry, built aecording to moderns -
Architecture. Time e'ntire interior is of thiree-cone
plastering, hard fitnishi. In front is a Lawn of fint'
acres. interspersed with Shmrubbery anti Rosres of the
nost beautif'ul amid rarest kimnd, with about 100 hunt
dredl aeres of back grounds. uof which aheut 7.0'
mmevnmty neres are in woodland, all .of which is emn
eloted.'nnd in thme highest smate' of imiprtvemnt..
Thme Ternms will he acconmnmodating, and pos~ses
siuom given imnmediatel-y- W A. ARI.
P. S.-Onm the yreises there is a superior -Wel
of( water, andi walled wih fimt.
anr 8 tf 8
07 The Caromlinian will phase copy three times
and forward aecount to ..W. A. I.
To Bridge Builders.
'5ILL be let at Mrs.. Blocker's Mill, to the'
lvlowest bidder. on Friday the 31st ipet., the
construction of a llridge aertus Turkey Creek. on
the Blocker Road, pro cisely at h1 isehnck, A. Ml.
R. TIMMERMAN, Com'er.
March. G 2t 8
n~t Checvie' Creek. ,ti th. Martin Town Ro~ad,
to thme lowesvct hiddler, the. builing of a Bridge aeroes
said Creek, at that place.
ti. W. G ARDNER, Cn'a
. JOH1N AIDA MS. Cor.
Mar 2 2t* 8
The Fine Young Jack Molto,
ILTL stand the prese~nt Spring Season, at time
tSub~criber's resmidence only, anud will be let
to Maries at S10.00 to imnsure a Mare to be in Foal,.
Nit responibility to rest upon the subsiuriber that
may happen, but every care will be take'n to avoid
such. Any person putting a Mare, anti changine
the right, before time fact is known, will be held
respnsible for the insurance money. Twenty-five
cents to be paid to the groom, in advance, in every
PEDIGRE--Mol.To is font years old, and of tme
Motesme Stock, lie is thirteen hanids highm, and
heavy nmade. ie is as well formed as any .Jack in
tme State. .DANIEL JIOLLAND.
March 8 3t ;'8
Notice. ' -
A LL~ Persona indebted to the Estate of Daniel
.LEnglish, dee'd., arc requested make immedi
ate paymont, and those having demands will please
render them in forthwith, properly attested.
JOU1N SEN TEL., Ex'oe,
March 8 4t ~ B
BY Virtue of write of Fieri Facias to ma
.directed, I shall proceed to sell at Edge,
field Court House, on the first Monday in
April next, the following property in the fol
lowing cases, viz:,.
E. J. Buottmnaster, bearer, "a Geo. WV. MathiR
and Stephen Maya, Survivors; other Plaintiffas
vs. Geo. W. Matbis, One Tract of Land knowni
as the Tan Yard Tract, containing Twenty-foue
acres, more or less, situated on the Spage Road
lading from Edgefield C. H. to Hamburg, ad,.
joining lands of F. O'Ccaner and Mtrs. Harriet
Lundy, Also, one Horse, Buggy and HarneusA
- LEWIS JONE s. E.1D
Mar 6 4t -
A LL Persons indebted to us are expected tn'eea
nI nd paty up or muke satisinesor5y raneimets,
Aflerthe first Monday in A pr:l next al debts utn,
der a Magistrate's jurisdiction, will 'ePlaced iu thu
hands of one for collection.
WVILLIAMS & CHIUSTIE4.
Feb'o 5t - 6