Newspaper Page Text
FOR TIHE ADVERTISER.
Division of Edgefield,-No. I,
LET us next turn our attention to the matter
of Population, by which- I mean white popula
tion, since negroes are not represented under,
our Constitution, except as property. I shall
adopt the- last State Census as my guide for
the remarks which I design making upon this,
Uranch of the argument in favor of Division.
Many, no doubt, will contend that the Federal,
and not the State Census, should govern in the
premises, and I am myself disposed to think that
the former is generally more reliable but the
results of the two in a sectional point of view do
not vary materially. South Carolina differs from
many of the States in making her State instead
of the Federal Census the basis of apportioning
Representatives of Population, in her 1 egisla
tare, and as we are discussing a question per
taining to the peculiar local or internal poli
cy of the State, I think it highly proper that we
should have exclusive regard to the State Census.
l-econsidering the subject of population, :,s
relhting both to the question of Division and the
basis of Representation in the State, it is desira
ble to have some estimate of the number of per
sons who are capable of voting at an election in
a democratic country like ours, where universal
suffrage is allowed. Upon this point the learned
and practical Dr. LIEBER is fuller than any au
thor with whom I am acquainted. But even he
regards it as a vexed question and seems in
doubt whether to say that one in everyfour, or
one in everyfive, of the whole white population,
Is entitled to vote. Perhaps there is no rule
nniversally true, even of different sections in the
ame State, and whileit may fairly be asserted,
that every fourth inhabitant of the North is ca
pable of exercising the elective franchise, it is a
question of grave duubt, in my mind, whether
more than one in five of the white population at
the South is a "Sovereign." The reason of
this disparity is that marriage is less common at
the North than at the South. That Manufac
tures, Commerce and Navigation are more pur
sued there, and that most of our foreign emi
grants (who are generally male adults) settle at
the North, where they are speedily invested with
the power of suffrage. From various causes,
acting with more or less effect in ditferent elec
tions and upon different localities, numbers who
may vote always abstain from using the privilege,
but with this we have nothing to do. After
these preliminary remarks, I will subjoin a copy
of the last State Census, together with an esti
mate of the supposed number of voters in each
election District, obtained by dividing the whole
white population by five, rejecting fractions:
St. Peter's Parish 2,067 413
Luke's " 1,201 240
" llerna " 1,078 215
Prince William's " 1,766 353
Judicial Beaufort, ~6,112 1,221
St. Bartholomew's Parish 4,462 892
" Paul's 917 183
George Dorchester " 1,856 371
Judicial Celleton, 7,235 1,446
St. John's Colleton Parish 712 142
" Andrew's " 379 75
" Phillip's & St. Michael's Parish 18,872 3,774
Christ Church Parish 346 69
St. Thomas' & St. Dennis' " 251 50
" James Santee Parish 354 70
Stephen's " 581 116
" John's llerkley " 1,008 201
" James' Goose Creek " 1.9011 380
Judicial Charleston, I. 24,404 4,877
Prince George Winyaw Parish I2,084 416
All Saints " 1,171 234
Judicial Georgetown, 3,255' 650
Clarendon County, 3,533 706
Claremiont " 5.985~ 1.197
Judicial Sumter, 9,518 1,903
Orange Parish 6,075 1,215
St.31atthew's 4 2,t52~ 410
Judicial Orangeburg, 8,1 271 1.625
Total Parish Districts. 58,651 11,722
Anderson District, 13,441 2,688
1'ickens " 12.788 2.557
Electoral Pendleton, !1,229'5,245
A bbeville District 13.206 2,641
Barnwell " 12.256 2.451
Chester "10.164 2,032
Chesterfield " 6.841' 1,368
Darlington " 8,586 1,717
Edgetield " 16l.256i 3,251
Greenville " 1.69 271
Hlorry "4,249t 849
Kershaw " 4.947 989
Lancaster "5.9 1.8
Laurens. 202 ,0
Lexington " 7399) ,479
blariun " 9.897 1.979
Alarlboro " 5004 1,000
Newberry " .)2 1.764
Richland " - :683 1.366
Spartainburg " 1.90t5~ 3.541
Uni~n " 936~ 1,987
Tork " 1,l6(t 2.232
Williamsburg " 3,599 719
Total up-Country, 221.734 44,338
Total population of the State, 280',385 56,060
By this Census it appears, that in 1849, Edge
field had 16.256 white inhabitants, or more than
three times as nmany as either of the Districts of
Georgetown, Hlorry, Kershaw, M arlboro or Wil
liamsb urg, and more than twice a s many as each
of thirteen judicial Districts, namnely : Bean fort,
Charleston, (exclusive of thme City,) Colleton,
Georgetown, Orangeburg, Cheste rlield, Fairfield,
Horry', Kershaw, Lancaster, Marlboro. Richland
and Vill iamburg. It is likewise worthy of note,
that Edgefield lacks but little of having twice
the population of either Newberry or Darlinig
tomi. Indeed the last Federal Ccinaus gives hier
more than twice the populatiotn of either of theswe
Districts, and I may as well add, more than twvice
that of Chester also.
But let us take still another view of the sub
ject. The white population of the whole State
is 280,385, which, when equally divided atmong
the twenty-nine judicial Districts of the State,
affords an average population for each District
of only 9,668 inhabitants, or 6,588. less than
Edgefield contains. And still furthier. The ex
cess of population in Edgefield, ever what thaxt
of an average judicial District of the State would
be, is greater than the wvhole present population
of either Barnwell, Georgetown, Horry, Ker
shaw, Marlboro or Williamsburg. And Edge
field lacks but 3,080 inhabitants of having tice
as many, as an average judicial District of the
State would contain, even when- we include, as
I have uniformly done in these estimates, the
population of our Cities and the densely peopled
Districts of the Up Country.
Having established beyond .controversy, the
fact that Edgefield has more than twice as many
inhabitants, anpd more thtan twice as much terri
tory as each of half the present judicial Districts
in the State, I will next undertake to indicate
some of the crying evils whicb she is suffering
and has long stuffered from her immense extett
and large population. But before doing so, I
must make the single remark, that the forgoing
statistics of population will again pass in review,
when we come to consider the propriety of divid
ing Edgefield politicai.ly, and of abolishing the
present excessive Representation of the Parishes,
as well as the odlious geographical tine which
separates the people of South Carolina into two
sectional, jealous and hostile factions, without
any just cause. H ARPER.
P. S -Thme Printer omitted in my last com
munication to follow the manuscript, in enu
merating the judicial Districts which have less
than hdf the territory of Edgefield.- He speci
fied only nine of those Districts, while there are
fourteen. The remaining five are Fairfield, Hor
ry, Greenville, Kershaw and Lancaster, but the
intelligent reader must have readily corrected
the mistake. Judicial Georgetown should have
been included also, as only aboet one-third of
the Parish of " All Saints" lies in that District.
The other two-thirds form a part of the judicial
Distriet of Horry. The two judicial Districts of
Georgetowr. and H-orry constitute three election
Districts or Parishes. This atnomaly oPf Election
and Judicial Districts runnintg into each other,
does not exist any where else in the State, and
I am at a loss how to ascertamn the terntorial
ext-eet of either judicias? Georgetown, or of judi
,.cia ury The amount of population mi each
can be obtained, but not the territory. Still I
have inclnded: the whole territory and the whole
population of All Saints, as an integral part of
judicial Georgetown, and that Parish District
may have the benefit of it in the argument, ex
cept in one particular.
ARTHUR SIMKINS, EDITR.
EDGEFIELD, S. M
WEDNESDAY MARCH 15, 1854.
$" WE call attention to the articles of " CaL.
5tN" and " PraET WoODs." They are both to the
purpose-while CULMEN is eloquent at times.
W THE communication of "No PaRTY," il
respectfully declined. We think it best to let the
subject-matter of his article die away. Wranglings
about such things are injudicious, and, where direct
attacks upon character are introduced, they are apt to
lead to unpleasant consequences. We hope "No
PARTY" will appreciate our view of the matter and
agree with our conclusion.
" SEEt the advertisements of Rev. C. B. WAL.
xEa and Maj. W. A. HARRIS. They propose to sell
their lots on the Buncombe side of our village, having
resolved to move away. We trust some of our fellow
citizens from the country will come in and supply
their places. Both dwellings are very desirable.
Judge Butler's Speech.
Oua Senator has made a very long and, in the opin
ion of the press generaliy, a very able speech on the
Nebraska question. We have not yet read it, but pro.
mise ourself that pleasure in a day or two. Next
week if possible, we will give large extracts from this
speech. Should we omit any considerable portion, we
must be excused on the score of lacking room.
"New Goods ! New Goods I"
We echo the words of B. C. BtrAN's adverti'ement,
and proclaim to all, "New Goods ! New Goods !"
Mr. B's Stock is, as he says, an elegant one, well se
lected and just suited to the admirable tastes of out
ladies. His counter- is strewed daily with all the
colors of the rain-bow, besides blacks and invisibles.
Call soon, before the very prettiest things take wings
and fly to the mantua-makers.
Convicted of Murder.
AUcusTus B. Patoa, tried during the present Term
of our Court, for the murder of MATIIF.w PATTON o
Hamburg, has been found guilty. PaIoa is a printer.
PATTON was a cotton-buyer in Hamburg. The case
was considered a plain one by his Honor, Judge Mrs.
Ro. His charge was emphatic and decided. We un
derstand there will be no appeal. Able speeches were
made by the counsel on both sides, and it may be con.
cluded that justice has been meted out in the matter.
We sympathize with the unfortunate condemned, whc
is a friendless stranger amongst us, and nope, for him
a reconciliation with Heaven before the dread hour of
Map of South Carolina.
Rev. Wua. RICHARDS, Agent fur the new and ele.
gant Map of South Carolina, by Messrs. WALKER &
JotissoN, of Charleston.respectfully informs those citi.
zens of Edgefield District who live remote from the C.
House, and who wish to be supplied with a copy of
the Map, that lie will receive it as a favor if they will
send in their names to him at the Office of the Edgefield
Advertiser, care of the Editor.
The Map comes out tinder the sanction of the Le
gislature of the State. It is large and full. It aflordt
a fine specimen of the art of engraving. and is a hean.
tiful ornament for any office or d welling. It is sold
only by Agents, and the subscription price as $10,
payable on delivery.
A Marriage and a Birth.
WE are requested to announce, that on the 28th ol
the past month, Wit. E. SAwYKns, Esq., performed
the rite of narriage, in due form, between Mlr. HEsaw
JACKson, aged 90 years, antd Mrs. ELLENDKR Kia
L~AsD, aged 85 years, all of old (certainly not of young:
Edgefield. The usual expression of "long lives and
hearty children to the newly-married couple" will
scarcely do in th~is case. But there's no telling what
this prolific people of ours may-not achieve. 'Read the
following, old folks, and " never despair."
The information Is handed to us by a frientd of the
parties that, on the morning of the 12th inst., Mrs.
JAx Es Eatisos of t his District, presented her buushand
with two fine babes, a sona and a daughter, whose
joint weight was 24 pounds.
De Bow's Statistics do -pretty well in the general.
but it takes editors to find out every thing abouta
We defy the Amcrican press to heat the foregning
paragraph-not its manner but it' matter. Brethren
this is one of the times that we look tdown uaporcyotu all.
WE had intended re-ptublishing a piece by "IHAx.
DURG," which appeared in the Repudicran before its
demise; but we have mis-laid our copy irrecoverably.
It made some strong points in favor of the Savannah
River Valley Road, and we should like to give the ar
ide more extensive circulation than it lhad. Will
some one re -supply us with a copy 1
" The Blister and Critic.'
(WnsT a name ! The " BL.sTER" is bad enongh,
but the tacking on of " CRI-rc" makes the thing -ter
rible.) This is the style and title of a medical month.
ly just issued in Atlanta Ga., and edited by Dr. H. A.
R AusA T. The first numher is before its neatly printed
and intelligently filled. The editor thinks he can cure
consumption and avers that the word " fail" is not in
his vocabnlary. He says that Atlanta is nearer the
centre of the world than any place South. " Here are
the"-(this is the Dr's language)-" the high, the low,
the rich, the poor, the talented, the simple, the gentle.
man, the rascal, the saint, the sinaner, the lawyer, the
pettifogger, the pheysician, the quack, the virtuous,
the lewd, the sick, and the well, all congregated upon
a piece of ground where twenty five years ago existed
no vestige of human settlement or human enterprise."
If the " Blister and Critic" shall be blessed with a
like Mirnerva growth, its fortune is as good as made.
It occurs to us that we shall like Dr. iR's journal.
Price $1 per annum.
. The " Citizen.".
Tutrs is the name of Joiux MiTCnEL.'s paper, just
established in New York. MITcIEL. is both its Pro
prier and Editor. All know him as the Irish Patriot,
who recently escaped captivity and flew upon eagle'.
wings to our shores. Speaking of eagles, M TcuIEL,
appears to our fancy a noble fellow. We admtire his
course thus far. He is an educated man, and a free
thinker, and an independent Irishman. Hie sees the
institution of slavery especially throtugh the clear optics
of Truth and Impartiality. It occurs to him as being
no monstrosity, but a necessary institution--no evil,
but a real good, socially and politically, lie adopts
and expresses this opinion, not like a caterer to any
section or an eccentric seeker after odd notions, but
like a man of innate candour and consummate com
mon sense. Mr TcuI.'s paper richly deserves a very
large amount of Southern support. His letter in re
ply to Preacher BieEciER is a gem. We thought to
have presented it in our columns before this, but have
not done so ; perhaps we shall yet. MITcuIL, is a
racy and spirited writer. The " Citizen," it is clear,
will be (is now in fact,) one of the best papers in
the Union, for news, for excellence of composition,
for propriety of selection, for boldness of opinion blen
ded with pourtesy of expression. In short its editor
being an Irish gentleman and its patrons being already
counted by thousands, it cannot fail to become one of
the strongest Presses in the country.
TnsE March number of this excellent journal of agri
culture, horticulture, pomology &c., &c., is on our ta
ble. We have not learned how the enterprising and
talented gentlemen in control of the " Agriculturiat"
are succeeding-we take it for granted, admirably, if
the deserving such success is any criterion of the fact.
The "Working I'armxer."
WE are in receipt of the first number of the aizeth
volume of this valuable agricultural publication. It is
filled with various articles of great interest to the far
mer. The " Working Farmer" practicalizes " book
farming," so as to adapt it to the masses. It is alto
gether one of the most usefol monthlies in America
Price (in adeance,) $1. Address FRED. McCRrEADY,
P..u;.l i' 1:- Funn stret, New York.
Meeting at the Ridge.
IT will be seen that a public meeting is to he held,
at Mr. ELIJAH WATSON'S, on Monday the 27th inst.,
upon which occasion the Columbia and Hamburg Rail
Road Books will be opened for subscriptions of Stock.
We trust that all', who fNel an interest in this projec
ted Road, will attend. Let none be irresolnie or wa
vering. Come up to the mark with faith, that sort of
faith which can "remove mountains," and the easy
job of building a Rail Road on a natural embankment
will surely he nothing to daunt you. If all, who are
really to be benefitted by this enterprise, should turn
out on the first day and subscribe, each one to the
utmost extent of his ability, two hundred and iffty
thousand dollars at least ought to-be the result. But
if this one, that one and the other one conclude to stay
back and shirk the plain daty of "doing his do"
boldly and at once-if he commenee to whine out
"-the times are mighty hard and there's alder people
than me to build it-I believe I'll wait awhile"-if,
in short, the fatal inertness, which has too long been
exhibited by us in these matters, is to drag its disgust
ing influences over this most luuadable scheme, as i
has done over others, then will your thousands dwin
dIe to hundreds, and you may as well give the whole
matter up to more energetic hands and more sensible
heads. Let this never happen, fellow-citizens. To
begin aright is frequently half the battle. Turir out
then " en masse" at WATSON'S on the 27th. And on
the evening of that day let the figures show that you
have understood your interests, done your part most
gallantly, and secured the Ridge route against.all
chances of defeat.
As we expected.
WE are already receiving contributions, from our
District Ladies, towards the building of a Monument
to J. C. CALhIOUN, upon which topic we expressed our
thoughts week before last. The Ladies of the Village
seem inclined to hold back, but we are sure it is not
because they do not intend subscribing. They will
be directly called on after a while by a member of
the Association. To the Ladies in the country we
would say, please send in your subscriptions as quickly
as possible, as it is desirable to remit to bead quarters
within a month or two. As we said before, we wil
return a special receipt, and will hold ourself bound
for the application of all sums thus received to the pur
pose intended, or else for its safe return to the con
tributor's purse. A list of all the Ladies in the State
who help along this hallowed undertaking will be
eventually published in book form, and we sincerely
wish that Edgefield tmny show her full number. It
matters not, Ladies, whether you are able to subscribe
little ar much-the patriotic disposition is what we
wish to see evidenced. Send any sum you can, from $1
to $20, each one according to her means. It will be
a good thing done, alike honorable to yourselves and
the District in which you live.
WE take pleasure in atnouncing the following list
of Delegates, appointed by the Town Conncil of Ham
burg, to represent that corporation in the Commercial
Convention which is to assemble in Charleston on the
10th of the next month (April). They are
H. HIUTCHtssoN, J. W, STOEs,
3M. C. 31. HAMMoND, H. A. KENRICE,
C. W. STYLES, H. P. TNAYER,
. A. J. IAmIAsoND.
We learn that a large body is expected to convene
at the appointed time, and that extensive preparations
are being made by the public-spirited people of Charles
ton for properly receiving and entertaining the crowd.
Why should not the State generally he represented i
What think you, fellow-citizens, of sending a fete
from our town ! We are not in the commercial line,
it is true. But why not send a small delegation any
howl Among the rest, your humble servant of the
Adrertiscr wouldl be glad of a pretty pretext, like this,
for going " to town."
Southern Review-Common Behools.
WE are in possession of the April nutmber of this
work, bitt have not had time to examine fully anyvin
gle one of the articles it contains. The list is appa
rently an adlmirable onie. We subjoin it:
I. Ttuz GARiDNEIL CASE,
IT. CtviL LInIERTY AND SELF GovEnNMEaT,
IV. TnEu Rosturu LAw,
V. H~srORiCAL AND SOCIAL. SKTCn OF CRA
VI. Ma. EVERtETT AND TilE CUnAN QUESTION,
VII. CossaoN SCiroor~s ri SouTH CiAROLINA,
VIII. TRA CT ON GOVER NMfENT,
IX. 3IATEatAL PaocaEss OF TItE U. STATES.
X. CRITrcAL, NoT:CEs.
The "Critical notices," by our gifted Statxs, are
always interesting. This is the first portion of the
Reriewo we read. Thme graceful style and tasteftil dis
crimination of the Editor enable him to make uip a
most acceptable dish, even in this usually dull and
boring dlepartment. It is an advanmtge, to those espe
cially who labor under the mania for tiew publications,
to see in advance how a scholar of known good taste
esteems stich publications. Upion the strength of our
faith in Mr. Suttus' literary acumen, we recommend
to our book-lovers the following works: I--" Letters
from Egypt, Ethiopia and the Peninsula of Sinai."
By Dr. R:CtIAtnD SEPSItUs. 2-"De Quinecy's addi
tional volumes." 3-(For the very light render) " The
Potiplear papers." 4--"Sketches of ihe Irish Bar"
By RrCnA aD LALzOIt SttE,. This last production Is
spoken of by the Press generally in very high terms.
We have not read it. Shiould some kind-hearted book
seller send it to our address, we'll give him a good one.
Among the articles above enumerated it will be
seen there is otie upon " Common Schools in South
Carolina." It is over the initials, " F..A. P." We
cannot imagine who this may be; some detnizen of
the P'arishes we judge, and a gentleman n ithial of very
good sense. His rubric is made tip of Mlr. TAmoR's
much talked-of Speech and Dr. TutoaNwEr.'s letter
to Gov. MANNING. The writer speaks feelingly and
well of the mobocratic insults offered to the young
orator, while he is evidently disposed to be slightly
caustic in regard to the undefi-ned-ness of the reverend
Dotor's views. -' F. A. P." proposes the "total
withdrawal of all assistance from the Treasury of the
State towards the maintenance of Schools." In lien
thereof, he urges the propriety of providing for the
" levying of a tare oni the citizens of each District" for
the schools that may be required in that District.
The number of school. required, and their proper loca
ton, lie would have ascertained and regulated by a
board of Commissioners of Schools for each District,
said beard to be elected by the people and to nmake
regular reports for the inspection of the Grand Jurie.
'rhe Stats seems to be alive to the importance of
amending and elevating our common school system.
Now then is the time for every one, who has devoted
attention to the subject, to spread his views before
the people. Several gentlemen in Edgefield we know,
who could do the State some service by setting apart
a little of their time weekly to this subject. We
earnestly invite them, from their otiuam, into ,this hon
orable fiel of labor, and respectfully offer our columns
as the medium of communicating their reflections and
conclusions to the public.
"Orcus-A moeck-hoeoc"-And something
A Princeton student sends us a ludicro-poetico effu
sion entitled "OacUs," It is an attempt to ridioule
Democracy. The scene is laid entirely in the lower
regions of Pluto and Proserpine. These deities, with
Anaiw JACKSON, NICK BInot.E'and others, make
up the dramatis persone. The whole is just one of
those specimens of unqualified trash which usually
emanate from a Junior's pate.- Class-mates admire
te young genius who can indite such a quantity of
jingling rhymes. Looking back upon the performance
at the end of fifteen or twenty years, author and all
will be found haughing at their absurdities. We have
known several such canes.
We may as wtelI mention here that we have also
received from an unknown person a most stupid thing
in the way of Satire. It was mailed at Greenville
C. H.-we suppose it was written and published there.
The object of its attack is Major Pzaav, of the " Pa
triot" It the Miajor's enemies about home are all as
weak in the upper story as this would-be " Juvenal,"
we can readily account for his impregnability. But
we really fear that the good likely to accrue to the
Major, from the puny poems of "Juvenal," will be all
counteracted by the fulsome effusions of one " Caro
an," a seventh rate ballad-monger who occasionally
indtes trash for die Patriot. One such lick as this
same " Carolan" gave tho Major a few weeks ago
(in the way of eulogiuim) is worse than forty .roundsi
from a battery like poor " Juvenal's."
No Candidates out yet for the Legilature-at leant
non ........e. Tisis..ing- better than common.1
A WRiTEP. in Blackwvoord's February number un.
dertakes to criticize the poet, TuostAs GRAY. In at
tempting to discover faults, he of course fails out and
out. He finds his best critical morsel in the twt
beautiful verses from the Elegy which follow:
" Now fades the-glim'ring landscape on the sight,.
And all the air a solamn stillness holds;
Save where the heetip wheels his dronint flihht,.
Or drowsy tinklings lull the distant folds."
"Save that, from yonder ivy-mantled tower,
The moping ont doth to the moon complain
Of such as wand'rinmg near her silent bower
Molest her ancient, solitary reign."
To prove that it required an ascetic critic to inveol
a flaw in these singularly simple and truly poetica
lines, we will lay a wager that the most tast ful ani
accomplished reader of the Advertiser canr.ot sugges
the particular passage here held up to censure by the
writer in Blackwood. If you promiss, " honor bright,'
nut to look at Blacktood nor enquire of others what ii
there said, we will make the wager thus-with a lad3
a pair of kid gluves, with a gentleman.a bunch of' A
SerlaNG weather now, with an atmosphere that says
as plain as an Almanac, "look out for occasiona
A sanitary hint.
Wa- advise all men, and women too, to make dail
use of the " flesh brush." There is nothing perhaps
after a due regulation of one's eatables and drinka
bles, which tends more directly to the preservation o
health than does the periodical use of this very simpl
application. The rationale of the thing is so nearl)
self-evident that we pass it by. Suffice it to say the
the best preserved man England ever produced, the
Duke of Wellington, is said by his best biographer t
have attributed his powers of endurance mainly to hia
" flesh-brush ;" and to the same thing the JHonorabl
Tuos. HART BE.NTON, the must iron man in America
ascribes his conditi-m. Of course it is not for u!
rough creatures, yelept men, to know how the femi
nines do in this particular; but we "wager now a mnul
of flip" that SoTrrA, who is fifry years old and cat
yet look beautiful in " La Somnambula," has eves
practised the very unsentimental but highly healthfu
use of the " flesh-brush." And, doubtless, the greare
part of these fine-lookimg old girs, (some of whom wi
know and admire,) keep off the furrows of time bl
this self-same rub-rub scrub-scrub habit. To al
then we aflectionateiy say,
" Use the fesh-brush marn and night
'Twill keep your liver in good plight,
And fill the soul with spirits light
FOR TILE ADVERTTSER.
AT a regular meeting of BuTLR LuonaE, No. 1'7
1. 0. O. F., the following preamble and Resolution
were untanimnousit adopted.
KnlEREAs, It has pleased the Almighty agai1
to visit this Lodge with the loss of a most worth
Brother in the death of F.EreCtaC E. Ilontis, wit
died on the 25th Feb last. Be it therefore
Resolved, That in the death of Brother Honas
the Odd Fellows have to deplore the untimely de
cere of a most worthy Brother.
Resolved, That we sincerely condole witb th
friends of the deceased in their great bereavement
Resolved, That in testimony of our love for tih
memory of our Brother, we appropriate a page o
our Book for the inscriptimn of his name, and recor
his name in the Bible of this Lodge.
G. A. AI)DISON, Scc'ry.
Foa TIE ADVERTIsER.
COLUBIA AND HAMBURG RAIL ROAD.
lIla. Enuvon :-Your spicy and very exeelleni
Journal is read by a large majority of time peoph
alotg one oif the c. ontemla~ted routes of the Co!um
bt and Ihamburg Rail Road. We desire, thtroug1
the medium of your coltimns, to make a few obser
vationis in refe-rence to that enterprise. Judging c
te future by the past, it may be safely averred that
railways arc tihe most promising offsprintg of tis
wonder-working age~ There is a somiethinig gr;:m
atd almost supernatui about a train of huge eari
sweeping along-on(d ii and dale at a speed thma
would throw even the eagle or the tmornado in th<
rear. Rail Roads are so largely endued with im
spirit of progress that thecy never fail. They erc
ate, in a great mneasure, their own business by de
veloping time resmources of time country, thurotig
which they are built, and by inducing men every
where to travel. They stimnulate to ha~bits of great
er indnistry, and enable the farmer to follo'w his owl
inclination in regard to the kinmd of erop he plants
becuse a market is birouight to the vcry doorso
the people. And is it nothing that peop!e reiim
near the line of a Rnail Romad can take time wings
the morning, as it were, antd fly to the uttermos
parts oif time earth, as aleetion, initerest or pleastur
my dictate ? Who has not at somie period in i
lifo been stronigly-almost irresistiby-impelledi I
tread those classie grounds and to see for hiimsel
the rushing cataracts, the snow-capped mnountain
ind time Cities, so moagnifeeti, atnd so bcatutiful
" that we read abomut ?" Tn England, the nobilit,
never consider their education complete withmot
that exquisite polish, that expansioin of idea andi tiha
freedom from the baleful intfluence of prejnidice
which travel imparts. And shall Anmerienn Sover
eigs be satisfie:l with an education at all inferior t<
that of time Eniglish Nobilityi But how can ever'
body, and his twife, extentd the line of their obser
vation without some mode oIf counveyancee cheaper
esier and speedier than that which is dependen
upon horse power ? D~oes any one wish to know
how much he loves his " native hind ?" Let hini
go and gaze ont the strange, tunfamtiliair scenes of dis
tant States. Tme writer of these crude suggestions
can never forget the emotions with wvhichm, afte1
making a tour of the Northern States, lie approach
ed thed Wharf at Charleston,-tears of joy gushei
forth into his eyes, and he felt that lie cou'd lia<
glued his. lips to the very soil of the good old" Pal
" 'What singular emotions fill
Their bosoms who hnmve beeni intduced to roam!
With fluttering doubts if all lbe well or ill
With love for many, and with fears fo'r some," &c
After taking a peep at time great worl, its pomp:
andt its vanities, its illusive glare andI its " feverisil
unret," one returns to the cottage itn his nmativtn
Village, or the cabin in some seeludetd valle~y, nis thn
case may be, a happier, wiser andl more contented
man. H~e has his mind stored with " food for re
ilection"; he has got rid of some of is bigoted no
tions, and lie begins to find out that " there is at
place like home,"-even if it is is a log cabin!
If then Rail' Roads are that wonderful agent of
transportation and inter-conmmunication which ex
perience has proved them to be; if Churches,
Shoos, Towns, Villages and Manufaictures sprint
up in their wake, as if by magic; if energy, ani
matin and a nmighmty intellectual travail cluster about
theni as stars in tihe milky-way ;if in short, thmey
impart a new glory to civilization itself, how indifl'er.
oat to the verdict of posterity, how deaf to the call,
of duty, amid how blind to their ownm interest must
those comnmunities be, whIch hesitate a moment,
when the opportunity is offered to take hold of such
enterprises withm deterominced energy, and push theni
on to completion.
Thus much for Uml Roads in genera,-wo in
tnded to say something in particular about the
Coumbla anid Hamburg Road, and we trust that
be are coming to the point. Well, we want to see
he iron horse careering across time wide-extendhing
lains of that beatutiful section of country known a'
th " Ridge," in Edgefield District. It does really
teem that nature had designedi that very same
Ridge for a Rail Road. And yet there are gentle.
ien living below this natural highway, of no in
~osiderable sagacity and intelligence, who advoente
ma air line-which by thei. way would save butn
ew itilee-from Colunmbia to Ihamburg acrossa
thousand Alils, with water courses enough to tmake
wo or three rivers. Their zeal, however, in thtis
egard is both naturaml amid commenda~e ; of course,
.hey fuld like to have a Rail Road of so muci
importance pass through their own neighborhood.
But unfortunately fir their brilliant prospects na
ture and reason are against the advocates of a bee
line.-In fact they have but one- argument the
Ridge route is a deviation from a right line. This
bjection is easily answered. It is admitted on all
sides, at least we have never heard it denied, that
the lower route would involve a Company to a much
greater extent than the upper route. All that stuff
about a scarcity of timber on the Ridge has already
been confuIed by a writer of tnet and experience.
Now the heights and distances are, as a matter of
course, to be aseertained by a corps of competent
Engineers. St;ll we think it mast be obvious to a
cnsual observer that the inequalities of the country,
through which is found the straight line, would
present difficulties almost insuperable ; and we think
it equally obvious to all thinking men that a train of
cars running on so good a Road as might be easily
built on the Ridge could more than gain any num
ber of mges superinduced by the deflection. It has
been suggested by some writer, hailing from Edisto,
t'at the direct route alone should be looked to in
order to avoid those dangerous curves, which are
I the terror of travellers,-1-ust as if frequent and
sudden turns would be neeessary in a Champaign
country like the Ridge. We might retort by in
quiring how he expects to avoid curves on the lowev
route? By "raking down" the hills and filling up
the valleys ? That would be a labor Uerculean in
f deed : for the hills on the Edisto look more like
mountains than anything we have seen this side of
Piekens or Greenville ; besides, the- cuts, owing to
the nature of the soil, would have to be made two
or three times the usual width. Perhaps he would
tunnel some of the highest peaks ! By-the-by, the
man who undertook that part of the work would be
apt to realize the idea of that famous " rope of
sand,' which has so often served orators for a
One other suggestion in regard to the location of
this Road. The South Carolina Rail Road from
Augusta to Charleston, which has hitherto been the
great artery for through travel, was built throjih a
part of the country too sterile to afford a single
good farm. This has given travellers and emigrants
but a poor opinion of the resources of our State.
Would it not be we!! for a few model farms to
wink at strangers as they whiz through our litt!e
Commonwe:th ? The lands on the Ridge are not
only level, productive and susceptible of the highest
state of cultivation, but there is something tran
quillizing, inviting and Arcadian in the very aspect
of the country. Passin through so lovely a see
tion as this, travelers would be induced to stop and
inquire the price of lamd with with a view to bring
ing capital, and pert hance an interesting family into
the State, which we :ll profes to love so well.
But our task is not finished vet. We mast be
alowed to say something about taking Stock. For
although nature has done much, yet much more
must be done by the citizens, if they wish to put
themselves in communication by steam with the
world at large. There is competition in the field.
Without a prompt and liberal subscription on the
part of those most interested, the chances for a
" Rail Road from Columbia to Hamburg, via the
Ridge," will have been lost forevi r. In fiet, we
believe it will require all the floating capital in the
country to secure the Road. The Wihnington &
Manchester Company, flushed with their recent
success, senm determined to push their enterprise
ton through to TIaomburg. The only chance then is
Sto anticipate the rival Company. A heavy sub
-scription and an immediate, nathoritative represen
I tattion of the great natumr,h navantages of the upper
-route, by the tay o~f the Ridge, would compel those
f wide-awake folks, "gay down on the Pee Dee,"' to
tstop at Mancmhester. And why should any one
Shesitate to subiseribe to thme extent of his ability?
I People would do well to call to mind the facet that
this Rail Road is to, constitute nin essenstial link in
tthe chain of Roads connecting the Gulf of Mlexico
with the great Northerns Cit'es-we had almost said
briniginig into Commercial and~u social relattioni. each
- with the other, every' imaportanit Eeetioni in the At
- lanutic slope !
,This Road would lbe one of the ceaepest struc
-tinres of the kind in the world, and the cost of re
.pairs would be mierely nominal. 11ere there is a
ifine opportunit-better tha~n any Savings Bank-of
- makinug a profitable and secure investment, which
Swill paiy, as it is co~nfidently believed, a handsomie
tper ccent at the otutset, with an upward tendency.
f When duty and interest, patriotism and Slate pride
utuite in making a call upon the liberality of our
eit'zens, surely-surely they it ill noet fail to respond
in suech a miunner as to convince distant capitalists
that they intend to pe(rformt their part in building
:tand properly equiping the Columbia and llamiburg
SRail Road. CULMEN.
VOlt TnlE .i~vlaTirsl.
MR. EDiTom,-Upon the subject of Rail Roads.
the A bbeville Banner of the 2nd instamtt, has the
followittg editorial on the anmended Charter of the
Greetnville and Columubia R ail Road Companty grat
ed by the Legislatuae ait its last Session.
The Editor says, " The most important privilege
granted is evidently that which emtpowers said Coin
pany to contstruct, as soon n practicable, a branch
of their Road fromt Greenwoood to Aiken, or somte
other poitnt near that town."
Nrow, Mr. E arroua, we like fair play in every thing.
Rail Roads as well as ay thing else; if the town of
Greenswood has clainms superior to any other psoint,
west of Saluda River, be it so. We have seen that
city anud we kntow it to be a great place, and we have
no doubt, fromt the known liberality of miany of her
citizens, the claims of thme proposed Rail Road will.
not sutier for thue want of funds towards its com-~
pletioni. We arc amonig those, Mr. EITR, who
thutght Editors knew every thing, but it seems
they arc nothinig but mien, with like passions uto
ourseles; anid arc linible to be miistakent, especially
upon thse subject of Rail Roads.
The secotnd Sections of the amended Acet, the Ban
ner to the contrary notwithstanding, reads as fuol
lows: " That the said Greenville stud Columibia Rail
Road Compatny shall have power to consstruct and
bsuild it branchl of their Rsadl fromt some point (not
Greenwood) on the nmain trunk, west of Saluda
River, to coninect witht the South Carolina R. Road
at, or near Aiken ;" these, Mr. Em-roat, are the
words of the Charter. And we m~ust confess at first
sight, we were sontewhat astounded at the remarks
of the Editor of the Banner, but upon a re-examina
tion of his article, and knowing his partiality, for the
paee, we have come deliberately to the conclusiont
that lie honestly believes Greenwcood the only point
on the Greenville and Columbia Rail Road, west of
Sauda River. We want the Road built and are
not consequently married to any particular route,
but we protest against endeavoring to control public
opinion itn this nmatter, before the different routes are
surveyed, viz: from Aiken to Greenwvood, Ninety
Six, and Dyson's Mills. We have taken the trouble
upson ourselves to ascertain as near as possible the
distances to the above places, and the result is as
follows: from Aiken to Greenwood, or rather New
Market, 54 miles-to Ninety-Six, 45 miles, and the
sanne to Dyson's Mills. To run to either of tho
above places the line must run from Aiken by Lotts,
on the Colunmbia Road, then take the Mathtew's
Road by Allesn's, Strother's HI. May's and Kemp's
old place, thencte in a direct line almost by Albert
King's anid Z. W. Car wile's ; from thence the line
will turn to the right to go to Dysont's Mills and to
Ninety Six wi:l contintue on the ridge by Jas. Cres
w 211's plantation, and cross Ninety Six Creek at or
near the mouth of what is called Kate Fowler's
banch, up that branch by Dr. Cain's to Ninety Six.
To go to Greentwood we htave but to diverge to the
le t ad contintue the Mathew's road from Kemp's
o I plae.
We ho, M. ETORn you will pnblish tlse('har
ter as amended, as the ciuizens of Edgefnald, on the
Saluda side more particularly, are or should feel
deeply interested in the enterprise. We venture
the assertion that there can no better route be found
than on this ridge, no large water courses to cross,
pine timber in abundance. Let a road be once built
and our piney wood lands will increase in value from
twenty-6-ve to a hundred per cent. Men will find
additluinal employment, surplus hands can be hired
for $290 per year, an impetus given to trade, and
new life and energy will be infused into the minds
of our people. There are a thousand ways we can
make a dime that we never have dreampt of. With
all these ad vantages staring us in the face, we call
upon those in authority to open the Books and let us
take the Stock at once. PINEY WOODS.
From the Correspondence of the Carolinian.
WASHINGTON, March 4, 1853.
The final vote on the Nebraska and Kansas
bill was taken on Saturday morning at 5 o'clock.
You will see the result of the vote sustaining the
bill and various amendments by a large majority.
The features of the bill, in referance to the
slavery questkin, are pointedly a settlement of
the doctrine of non-intervention in the territories
on that question. It contains some amendments
in reference to other matters, different from those
bills organizing other territories, which are con
sidered of great importance. The entire bill
exhibits a talent and concilatory spirit by the
author, that warrants the highest encowiums
on that distinguished Senator, Judge Douglas.
His bold and manly avowal of the doctrine of
nonintervention in said to be the strongest speech
made in the Senate for years. Whether the
South has gained anything by this measure, ex
cepting the exemption from agitation, is not
supposed ; but the sacrificing South has conceded
this with the spirit to maintain the principles of
the constitution and the Union which has always
been exhibited by her.
Judge Butler made a strong and original effort
in support of the bill, which you will, have receiv
ed by this. Ile is a true friend of the South,
and his constituents may well be pround of so
incorruptible a representative of her interests
and institutions. The bill goes to the House
with the prestige of public approbation, which
cannot fail to give it a large vote in that body.
Numerous speeches will be made ; but there is
manifestly a stronger feeling in favor of the bill
than there was a week ago.
It is a cause of congratulation to the country
that.this measure has been met in the spirit it
has, which. stands pre-eminently the greatest
piece of legislation that has been offered since
the found:ation of the republic. It. is expected
that the members from South Carolina will make
able speeches on the bill. They are popular in
the House, nnd no higher compliment could be
paid them than that which emanates from a body
which ran boast of the talent that the lower
house now contains. This measure will occupy
some time, and then may be expected innumera
ble bills for railroad projects throughout the
northwest. Whether the Pacific railroad will
be broached this session is questionable.
'I he traie termination of the Gardiner trial is
trutly a meTancholy rutiction. On receiving the
sentence, Dr. Gardiner was noticed to take a
glass of water, which is supposed to have con
tained poison. It. has not yet been ascertained
positively, though it is the opinion of physicians
that it was poison that caused his death. No
case has excited so much public interest for years
as this. The miagnificence of the scheme, the
spletidid success it moe, with, have been rarely
qtuallkd. The world may never be entirely
satisfied of its being a fraud. The final account
to which lie ha-s gonse, arid to that tribunal which
le appeale~d jn.-t after receiving Isis sentence,
only will clear the matter up. Hir, counwel had
prepsared a bill oif e-xceptionis, whsich doubtless
would have resuilted itn a new trial, hut he had
beeni unider the bar of public sus.piciLon. Hie was
at gentlemna~n in asppearanrce, fine open counte
snance, intelligesnt asnd courteous ; few excelled
him in .s'eiaml qlualitisis. lIhe was about 35 years
of age., below the nmeditum height, of good educa.
tions, antd said to be a goo'd chemiist.
ARRIVAL OF THE STEAMERR ASIA.
CHA RLESTON, ?ilireb 11.
The steamer Asia arrived at Iialifaix on Wed
ne.-day ntight, with three days later advices frost
LsisnrooL CoTToN Marr..-TIhe sales of
the week amntrst to 40,000 bales ; spteculatoirs
took 6000 and exporters 3,000 bales. Prices
are its favor of butyers. Fair Orleans is qntoted1
at 6 4d Middlinig 5 78d ; Upland Fair 6 . to
63.8d, Middlintg5 jd. The stock at Liverpool
was 500,000 bales includisng 300,000 bales
Smith O'Briens has been pardoned.
Nit naval or military battle ad been fought.
Fratnce amid England constinsue to nmke for
Austria was bec-ominsg much more favorable
to the allies,nand politic-al evenis (if the highest
imfpiortanice is about to be'demveloped. A signili.
ennit aiitnnmem in the Monitecur paper, says
that if the flags of t'rance and Anustris are united
in the East. Prance will not permit ansy attempt
at sepe-ration in liivosta or thu Alps. This is re
grded as a threat to raise Husngary and Italy if
Austria sides with Russiti. The same article
says that France cannot -uffer the integrity of the
Oitomani Empire to be broken by aggressive acts
from Greece; and furthser,thsat France di~eounte
nnees all attemupts at revolutiosn any wvhero.
This annionnieement of its views it says is official.
The attitude of Prussia remains uncehanged
It is reported that a manifesto has been agreed
to by France and Englsand, having all the force of
a formal declaraition of war, which sill appiear in
a few days. It is further rumored that England
hasm sent a final annotnneement to the Czar, na
ming a time, within which lie must evacuate the
England has formally notified Prussia of het
intentioin to send a fleet to the Baltic.
Prinice George Cambridge will command the
Cavalry, unider .ord Raglat.
Accounts fromt the Danubo state that both par
ties are preparinig for a great batt le.
. TIhere is unothing stew from Asia.
The Shush of Persia has officially announced
that he- will remain neutral.
It is reported that Rothschild's Bank of France
had advanced twit husidred millions to France.
Mr. Danuiel's letter to the Richmsosnd Examisner
excites greaut comment at Turin.
WE learn from the Columbia Carolina Times
that Mir. R. E. RUSsELL, who was widely kinown
throughout the State, died on last Fridniy after
noon, and was buried on Saturday evening.
His funeral was at tenuded by a large concourse of
citizens, arid the body escorted to its last restinug
plnce by the Richuland Volunteer Rifle Comnpanay,
of which Mr. RussELLt was formerly a member.
A French new.apaper gives an account of a
newly discovered plait of building cearts and other
vehicles, by wvhich a horse can be made to draw
one-half heavier load than by carts as at present
constructed. The new vihiele has four wheels,
the foremost pair of which come about the middle
of the horse's body ; the weight is thrown on the
axles, and the vehicle is so constructed that part
of it covers the horse to the neck.
THE Turk seems gradually aceustoming him
self to the idea of aecepting Christians in his
army. The army'in Asia is now commanded by
a Cihristian, seconided by two others. This is
acquiesced in by the P'orte, and hailed by the
soldiers. In fBurope a small Cossack fore,
oficered by Christians, is slowly collecting at
Shunla; it is even said that Bulgarian Christians
are beinig enlisted.
PAUPERIsDI NOR TH AND SoUTH.-The census
shows that in 1850 there were in the New Eng.
land States 33,431 paupers, while in Maryland,
Virginia, North and South Carolina, Georgia and
Alabama, they only numbered 15,500. In round
numbers there were in New England 19,000 na
tive paupers, and in the six southern States
named there were but 12,000.
INDEPENDENCE OF MoNTEVIDEO.-It is stated
that the Brazilian government has acknowledged
the independence of the present government of
Montevideo, and offered assistance of both ftnnds
and tops to aid them in maintaining their gov
enent and nnttinn- down tha e "Blanco'."
Correspondence of the Advertiser.
iAIMIBURG, March- 1.
Corrov-Prices for the past wtek have been
somewhat irregular, and in favor of buyers and
transactions light. The week closed with a slight
decline in prices of the week previous. We quote,
6 a 93 ets. as extremes. D.
Rail Road Meeting at the Ridge !
Tie Books will be opened to receive subscrip
tions to the Columbia & lHamiburg Rail Road, at
Mr. ELwAJ WAvr's, on Monday 271h inst.,on
which occasion there will be two or three Speeches,
by gentlemen of information, on the subject of Rail
We earnestly reqnest every one within reach of
this place, both of Edgefield and Lexington Dis
tricts, who feel an interest in the Road, or who de
sires the prosperity and good of the country touist
with as ; and we promise that they shall see and
hear something to their interest. '
Gentlemen, conic one and all, whether you wish
to take Stock in the Road or not, and lets show that
we are not behind all the rest of creation in the spirit
of Enterprise and Progress.
Ridge, March 15 2t 9
Butler Lodge, No, 17, . 0. 0, F
A Regular Meeting of this Lodge
will be held in their Hall on Monday
evening next, at 7 o'clock.
. GEO. A. ADDISON, Sec'ry.
March 15 . 1t 9
A REGULAR Communication of.
No. 50, A. F M.,. will be held at
their IHall on Saturday evening, 18th
March, at 7 o'clock.
By order of the W. l.
A. G. TEAGUE, See'y.
Mar 15 it 9
New Goods! New Goods!! .
TILE Subscriber would respectfully invite atten
tion to his Stoek of
SPRING & SUMMER GOODS!
It in one of the LARGEST and BEST that he has
ever had the pleasure of offering for sal'. For -the
Ladies lie has
PLAIN, FIG') and PLAID SILKS,
I3AREGE DE LAINES,
MUSLINS AND -LAWNS,
FINE WORKED COLLARS & IICKFS.
CIIEM ISEETS & SLEEVES,
WHITE & BLACK LACE MANTILLAS.
Together with the above, lie has a tine assortmee4st
Groceries, Crockery, Hardware,.
HATS, BOOTS, SHOES, 4.c.
All of which will be sold at moderate prices.
.ff* A liberal discount always allowed for Cash.
B. C. BRYAN.
Edgefiell C. If.. March 15, tf 9
Slo Reward !
R ANAWAY from the Subscriber, living near
. Antiochi Church, seven miles West of Edge
field C. II.. on the 20th .January la,.t, his Negro
woman S ER EN A, supposed to be between 20 and
25 years of age, of dark complexion, and inclined
to be somnewhast corpulent, abiout 5 feet 2 or 3 in
ehes high,-onie of hier feet ha. been diseased, and
i'he has lost the first joint of the little toe and the
one next to it.
The above Reward will he given to any one who
will deliver said woman to nie at my residence, or
lodge her ini any .Jail wvithiin the Stave, so that I can
get her. A. CRAWFORD.
Mar 15 tf 9
OULR FINE .IACK TIPPECANOE, over 14
hands high, will continue to make hiis Spring
Seasons ait ihe Stable of -Joel Curry, aind will insure
live Cuhs for $10. All care to prevent accidents,
but no ri-sponisibi~ty for ay .IOLCR
HI. A. SHA W.
Mar 15 tf 9
BY Virtne oif writs of Fieri Faceias to mne
*'directed, I shall proceed to sell at Edge
field Curt Hotuse, on the first Monday in
April next, the followinig property in the foi
lowing enses, viz:
E. .l. Bu~ctmnster, ben'rer, vs Geo. WV. Mathis
and Stephen Maya, Survivours; other Plaintin
vs. Geo. WV. Sutii, One Tract of Land known
as the Tan Yard Truvet, containing Twenty-fonr
aeres, more or less, situnted on the Stage Road
lending from Edgefield C. H. to Hamburg, ad
joining lanvds of F. O'Connecr and Mrs. Harriet.
Lundy. Also, one Horse, Buggy anid Harne.
Williams & Christie vs Abtuer Bushnell; G.
A. NeKie vs The Snme ; Various other Plain
titfs vs The same, One Negro Woman Lucy
and her two children Anderson and (liff.
Al.-o, One excellent Six Horse Road Wagon.
LEWIS JONES, s. E. D.
Mar 6 4t -.
ALL4 Persons indebted to the Estate of John
at Irwin, deel., are requested to make immedi
ate payment, and those having demands will please
present them. SA M. PER RIN, Adm'or.
With the weill annexed.
Mill Way, March 15 6t 9
A LL Persons indebted to the Estate of Capt.
..J ohni Miller, dee'd., late of Beech Island, are
hereby requested to make immediate settlement,
and those having de~mands agains't raid Estate will
render thems in duly attested according to law.
HI. R COOK, Admn'or.
Mar 11 4t 9
A LL Persons having'demands against the-Es
Atate of George P'arrott, late of Aikcen,- S. C.
will present them properly attested, and those-in
debted will make paymetnt to
WM. S. WALKER, , x'r
WM. G. MOOD. 5*"
Charleston. S. C., Mar 15 St 9
A LL Persons indlebted to the Estate of Mitchel
.tWells, dee'., will please make arrangements
to settle forthwith, and those ha-ing demandsagainst
said Estate, are requested to reader them in unme
diitely, properly attested.
CUES3LEY WELLS, Adm'or..
March 15 3S* 9 .
State of South Carolina,
DY H. T. WRIGHT, Esquire, Ordinary of
Whereas, Albert J. Rambo hath applied to me
for Letters of Administration, waith the wilm ans
nexed, on all and singular the goods and chat.
tels, rights and credits of Mary G. Adams late
of thme District aforesaid deceased.
Those are, therefore, to cite and admonish all
and singular, the kindred and creditors of the
said deceased, to be and appenr before me, at
our next. Ordinary's Court for the said .District,,
to be holden at Edgefield C. H., on the 23d
day of March, to show cause, if any, why'
the said administration should not be granted.
Given unfder my hand and seal, this 9th day
of March in the year of our Lord one thous
avd eight hundred and fifly-four and in the 18th
year of American Indpendence.
Mar 15 2t 9
0- Tue'Friends of Lieut. L. CORLEY an
nounce him as a Candidate for Major of the Lower
Battalion, 9th Regiment, to fill thue vacancy occa
sioned by the promotion of Maj. B. F. S-raox.
Nov 30 tf 48
Hamburg & Edgefield P'k Road,
T H E PLANK ROA D from Hamburg to Edge
field is no w completed and open for the publi
IT. A. KENRICK, Pres.
O ctr.t, 38