Newspaper Page Text
YOP.' TH ADVERTISER.
Divisio of Edgefeld,-No. V.
J URE STATINGLYmJuizard the expression that
from its broad territory, dense population, irregu.
lar ciroinference and non-central -Court House,
there are at least one thousand ien, not women
and children, in Edgaetield, who. live so remote
from the Court House, that some of them actu
ally refuse to redreas t.Ihenelves by law, in
very tant.iiiv cases where it should be done.
Many inore who institute ptroper suits, now and
mien discontinue them. Or fail to be present at
the trial. to aid their counsel, owing to the inhe
rent difficulties which lbeset the path of justice
in such a District is ours. ~ Witnes-s not un
freqnently. reside so far away, that they either
decline to attend or fail to do so punctually,
anid thus a trial is often, either rorced on, in the
absence Of important tetimaony, or wholly aban
doned. Who has not time and again seen just
causes disc'ontinnvd or lost, both :st Edgefield
and Barnwell. mostly betanse a party or his
witnesse4. (or both were not present! No man
enn know positively when his case will be cidled
f.ar trial, which conipels both himself and wit
nesses to be in almost constant attendance du
ring the whole term of Court. I own that some
sAtorneys endeavor to prevent this, by naming
i. particular day far the appearance of their
clieots se .witnesses, but 'uch a course is sel
dom pursued without regret to the lawyer and
perhaps injury to the client. Every such case
must run the double risk (of being pressed to
trial uniprelpared, or of h:LvIaag( to be continued
as last remort to mave it from being stricken
off the docket. I verily believe that the rep
rehensible practice, so coinon in our District,
of.continuing cases to the next term, has its
origin. in this." naing a day." oftener than is
supposed. If certain and 'fixed periods were
assigned for calling the various Dockets, or for
he ring a particular class of cases, a day might
be namted for the trial of a given cause, but the
.prosent organizalion or our Circuit Courts al
lows a Judge, at siy time w ithin the term, to
take up a case inditirently from the Process,
Issue. or Criminal Dockets, as well as Appeals,
or Suggestions from the Courts below.
This confu-ion or indiscriminate blending of
several jurisdictions is a grievous wrong to the
people Of the State, and especially to those eif
Edrefield, because our District is so large that
its litigation now occnpies the .aw Courts for
a fortnight, and parties to suits are forced to
pay wit nemses for attending Ceourt two weeks
instead of one, as in the smaller Districts. Every
(one must grant that witnesses are generally the
largist item eof exen'e'in litigaion, and that if
the District were divided thosecitizens who live
at or near the Court Hou-e would be as much
benefiLtted as the inhabitants of our remote
frontier in the diminished expen-e tor procuring
evidence. But the coat oif litigation is still more
increased in respect to distant parties by the
long mileage allowed the Sheriff far serving pa
pers. lit addition to this, abont one-half of our
numerous population are unable to visit their
homes in the evening and return in time for
fir Court next morning. Hence, when attend
ing Court, as parties or witnesscs, they must
remain at the Village for perhaps a fortnight, on
expenses for both themselves and horse!, as
w.-o as endure the anxiety and suffer the depri
, of leing ab.tent frem their famil!i s and
erintendatnce .af their business. The
aerty to a suit must also frequently
the Court Hiuse prerious to the sit
,ourt, in Order to confer with his Coun
erepaere hiis case fear trial, which greatly
the price oaf justice. A witness in a
an is pid only- S.00 per day, which
reimbur-e ha lf his expenses for attend
-t; while the poor fellow from abroaa,
unfuriunate as to be ae State witnessa,
no comapensatiaon whatever. This is
induement. to make nmany witnesses
.t they kntow aenythaing abeaut a civil case,
to attend Court if they do leand who
to appaear as a prosecuitear aor witness
criina~l whaen his public spirit is taxed
-..y Thius lying is stimulated, evidence
as5ed, crime goes unpunishied, and a
- *~~ able reliuctaanei to attendl Court, that
53 be doane th'eir neiebhorsa, pervades ouar
apti ttiaan oan the borders eaf thte District.
-~fuld diregard eaf the law is eoften prae
.d wh'enieve~r eautraiged jtistice does puir
iders, whether in eivil tar crimuinal pria-.
- bait imoewrre~ct testimoiany is obtained, or
hole truth comes onit, it causes great
-, at timee, money atad feeling.
rswhio constitute the balk f our popa
e emnphaticaldly domestic mten, and there
-ni absent at Ctaurt, as suters or wit
hey are forever aoppresse~d with a tor
xi'ty ttor thaeir distant famuiilie~s and bu
'o .allay thais anxietiy anid escape from
>tontias, but turbulently thlromged V il
freqnently "teal hoene as it were, de<
erreais of a Subjaa, er thle daniger of
anee, and byv the iimte they can ret urn
eded contininance has bcomte a fixed
-tee of their long absenice. Numerous
,oentieuaances occur ini aur Courts fromi this
ea-m.e, even afier many witnlesses have been in
attendance fear several days, thereby delaying
anid increasing the expense of justice. If a
Rule be setnt after a distant witnhess, two or
three days ntust elapse bceaore it catn be answered
and :a continuancoeatf the case is aehinst una
yoidable. It is ae unif.arim etstom fear the Sheriff
of Edgefl~eld, dutrinig the whoale two weeks of
our Coaurt to have a battalican oft depeuties. armed
with Rules and Attachencts, ridlin. mightt ad
day, in the pursuit oft ab.,etnt and distant wit
ne~ses,-but even the~e aet:re:iams at times are
too feeble to bring the witnesses inito Couirt,
aned a " continuanc'e" foalloaw as an inevitable
-result. The expense oft serving these Rules
'and Attachments must also be puid by litigants.
-suppose, haowever. that a succesarni actioan for
damaeges be broughtt aegainsa a distant wit ness for
his nan.attentdance-ar suppoase thiat a Rule or
Attachment always prodnce lie desired evidence,
does it not also preadnee a rebelliotus ear anarchical
spirit in the witness! Des it neat mttake him
feel, that lie is aappressed lay thae streang arm of
the~giunt who inihabits the distant Coaurt House,
in being eabliged to neglect his affaire, exile him.
self from his wife and chilren, anid travel a
fatiguing~ jaaurney, as well as litebteni his own
purse, that defective justice maey be (lone tu
Furthermore, our donmestie farmters rrom the
frontier, whmile :attendintg Ceaurt, are hoturly mak
ing eager~ eaqutiries aaout "Sweet Heame.," from
which they are banished for the lttme being. 0f
all men one *af this class, is the best pre.pared
to believe evil tidings eaf what is tnear and dear
to him. A harmless incident at lils planitatiomn
spreads on every totngue amid gtrowea in every
ear, until it reaches his, mnagmitied into an awful
eatastrophe. He hastens away int painful sus
pense to find that lie has been deceived by a
false alarm,--but before he can return, the dila
tory anti fatal wo~rd, "conttinued" or "ediseon
tinued" has been recorded by the .Judge. op.
'po,,ite the ease'.-ii which lie was a suitoar or wit
ness. I am tno' withoaut suspicion bait that
much diploiuoney is used imn Edlgefeld to have
cases from a distanb~e contin ed, by iniventing,
circulating and embalishing rumors. TFhisa of
itself adds nethiog to the maorality eaf our peo
pIe, amid witnesses whose patience antd pockets
are exhausted by attendiing our l-ng Coaurts,
sometimree aid parties and their frieneds in the
The litation of a large District, such am
Etdgefield, is gaite sufficient to attract thte .ex.
elusive attentionm aaf its local Bar. Consequent
ly the profeseional conduct eaf this Iligamion,
falls into the hands of resident Attorneys, twvo
or three leaeding men of whom, always monopo
lize it. The practice of law, particularly in the
forum, is very exhausting to thec enercies oh
both body and tmind. But few, if any, oaf these
leading lawyers are prepared in every case, at
every Court, or it prepareda exhausted nature
cannot coantitnue to wrestle for two whole weeks
in the strugge eaf giants. Counisel grow weary
and cease to be keenaly alive to the business be
-fore them. *They neecd repose. and when a case
cornea up fur trial, late in the term, they ether
aeqtuit, themselves badly, ear -. continaue" it to thbe
next Couir. In this way much delay of justice
is paroduced in our Courts, without hparties be.
ing awvare oaf the real cause (at it. In small jui
dicial Districts, where Court si:s buit a single
week anid somfletimfes less, the business is tn a
great measure edividead ameang Circuit practl
tioners, who'aire ahlays prepared, and generally
.d:s.a.. i n:;a.um with umueh more vigor amnd
success tli'n resident lawyers.- The division of
of labor lessens labor and improves its efficien
cy. The first members of the profession relieve
each other, and something of interest, as well as
vivifving novelty, is imparted to the proceedings
in Court, very different to the stale hum drum
and'Dead Sea prospect which ti Courts of the
Southern Circuit in South Carolina now exhibit,
by reason of the large Districts which constitute
it prohibiting :ircuit practice. The good told
socini system of Circuit riding gives the people
an opportunity of seeing, hearing and becoming
acquainted with the mightiest intellects of the
land, which enables them to select Counsel frot
a greater number of able Lawyers, and for a
cheaper fee, as competition at the Bar results na
a.s much in advantage to :ho public as comapeti
tion in anything else. Where Circuit riding is
done the lawyers are better skilled in their pro
fets-ion, because they rely more upon memory
and less upon a facility of reference to books.
Every travelling Attorney strives with renewed
energy to master his profession, that he may es
tablish a reputation among strangers. as well as
at home. The riding system causes litigation
to be conducted with more dispatch and efileien
cy, and the practico of the Courts to be reru.
lated with more uniformity in the settled form,
manner and order of doing business. An itine
rant Bar is every whit ax advantatgeous to the
administration of justice as an itinerant judicia
ry. and a Lawyer should learn the varying cus
toms, or comumon law of the County by travel
ing as well as a Judge. The notion which seems
to prevail in certain qaarters, that the Attorneys
of small judicial Districts must necessarily be
pettifoggers is simply absurd. Let them seek
practice in other Districts, by Circuit riding,%is
is done in England, and in every other State of
this Union. I have yet to learn that the riding
Lawyers of other States, or those of the smialler
Districts in South Carolina, are in any wise in
ferior to the resident practitioners of Edgefield
or Barnwell. Comparisons are odious. but I
believe that most of our Judges have been
elected from the smaller Districts.
The practice of Law is a calling of immense
responsibility, because it regnlites more or less,
nearly every right of every individtal in society
at one time or another. It should, therefore, be
kept as pure and free from corruption as possi
ble; but large judicial Districts have a tendency
to increase its impurities, and to poison the foun
tain of justice at its source-the Court House.
The pursuit of Law is the great highway to the
Temple of Fame in this country, aind Lawyers
are generally as ambitious of political distine
tiun, as they are of professionl eminence. Thie
leading Attorneys of a large Judicial District
those who control and monopolize its litigation.
are almost invariably the leading politicians of
such a District also. If their luve of fame pre
dominate over the love of money, as is often the
case, professional relations are unconsciously
made to subserve political advancement. They
do and leave undone many thingsat the expense
of their clients, which would never enter the
brain of a distant or circuit practitioner. I f,-ar
that they 4o not identify themselves with the
interests of their clients as they ought-that
they sometimes decline eases, or give improper
advice to parties designedly, and consent to as
sail an honest man, who is a politietil enemy, or
refuse to untmask a scoundrel, bedase he is a
poiitical friend-that they compromise eases
when they should not, or delay the hand of jus
tice in the hope of a compromise. I am unwil
ling to charge all this as literally true, but I do
allege, that the Lawyers of large Judicial Dis
tricts ofteun fail to do their uhole duty, and that
they are fettered at every step, whether in their
offices or in the Court Hlouse by their politicnl
aspirations. The evil is seriously aggravated in
those overlarge Judicial Districts, which likewise
constitute election Districts of commensurate
extent, because, for reasons that will be assigned
in a future number, it is much more ditlicult for
a Lawvye~r to win and maintain high political dis
tinction in such a District, than it is for- him to
do so in a smaller one, or in a larger onethat is
politicailv sub-divided, like our Parish Districts,
or the Juidicial counties in England and- Newv
England. Lawvyers are "' minor Judgets" in the
strietest sense c.othe phrase, anud they are very
powerful Judges too, whether for good. orei,
to'prevent, erenmte, *or conduct litigationi. ''The
injury they' do to society in a large .tndicial Dis
trict, by the imperfect administration of justice,
on account of their political dependene.e, is one
of the many causes which unite to engender the
turbulent c'haraceter of our people. Clients oc
easionally discover that justicc huas not been done
them, and hence they are dispo'sed to curse Latw
and Lawyers, :as wvell as to right themselves by
their own strong arm, espeially when they re
member the delay, tronble. and expense attend-.
ing litigation or even a voluntary observance of
the Lawv in our large D~istrict. Ltnguntg of
this sort may seem unkind to the Bar. but stern
truth requires that I should religionisly speak
what I honestly think, neither suppress nor wit
fully misrepresent, and in a ftuture paper, I shall
vindicate the Bar oaf Edgefield from mnany foul
and unfounded caluinies which have been
heaped upon its members ag a class, by design.
.ing demagogues in the country.
Whenever men congregate in large masses
with a view to remain together for any length of
time, say a fortsight, di:<sipation, vc and esime
are a pt to follow as a natural e'onsequence. This
propositin has a living witness of its truth in
every city on the t(nee of the earth, and it is
more correct of a rural than of an urbani poapu
lation,-becatuse the former being habituatted to
solitude and restraitnt, :are more excited by ming
ling with a vast assemblage of straingers, and
more ready to vield to the temptations, of int
dulging eve ry bad passion. All wvho oppose
our presenut abotminnble Alilitiat system. otn nc
count of the facilities which it affords for dissi
pation and crime at Regimental and Battalion
musters, enn appreciate the force of what I amt
going to say. At every Court ini our extensive
Iand populous District, a crowd of several htun
dred persons always assemble a~t the Court
House, and as [ before stated, about half of
them are compelled to tarry att thme villige, since
teenntreturn to their hotmes, which are
frth e r foro y miles distatnt from the Couirt
IHouse. Those who go home at night, still
throng the vilhtge by day, and add muchI to tihe
turbulence of the hetero;enous gathering. Our
peope only assembtle at their Countj seat, on
Lourt weeks, Saledays and same other State
occnsions. The Hotels at Edgetield. are there
fore few in nutmber, as they are mainly depend
ant on regular boarders for a support. The con
seqtuence is that the village Hosts are generally
unable to entertain all of their distant gumests
Iduring Court. Many of our wo.rthmiest citizents
at nearly every Court, have no alteiative but to
sit up all night, because they cannot tind a place
on which to lay their heads. I have seen thema
by dozens, up at all hours of the night, or cover.
ed with cloaks and some without covering lying
on the floor, or across chairs, around the fires of
the Hotel or Bar Room. The men that are
fortunate enough to obtain beds are kept awake
by the midnight revels of such as mtust main
taitn their feet and drink, gamble or carouse, to
quell their gloomy feelings and wyear the inhos
pitable night away. Others, anid particuilarly the
distant poor, many of whom are required to
walk here, or hire an expensive conveyantce, have
to britig their provisions fromt home and lodge
in rude huts like Indians, or camp out like sturdy
wnaggoners in the most inclement, weather, for
Court, or rather Spring and Autumn generailly
bring rain. Who has niot counted thme long
train of wagons, earts, buggies, &c., which leave
our village every evening of Court time, crowded
with passengers, that must expose themselves
for the night, about a wakeful tire, in thme openo
air and return next morninig to repeat the same
thing, for perhaps a fortnight? Can such a state
of things exist at our District Capitol, for a
whole fortnight at a time, twice or thrice in the
year, without producing bad fruits ? Can count
less passions long restrained, come in contaet
with each other without an explosioni Can all
of the scattered enemies; alt of thme oppo.-ii'g
litigants ; nill of the opposing witnesses ; all of.
the opposing partizans and all of the opposing
factions, int a population of 16,256 souls, collect
tog~tther in the satne place, at the same time and
mingle with each other like nngels? Cani do
mestic farmers who are banished from home
who must neglect their business-who must
board themselves and horses out of their own
pockets if distant State witnesses, and bear at
least half the expense if civil witnesses-who
catn fumn bt very itiferior, and perhaps no aecom
.oAtan at tb. lates-.whnomnst keep nxionus
ol .1nng or expose
vigils for the appromth of morning, reps
their health and lives to the cold and rain, .under
Lhe canopy of heaven---who, whether rich or
poor, if they would redress themselves, for even
the most flagrant or insufferable wrong, must'
pay perhaps a host of' witnesses for attending
Court two whole weeks, at ieverail Terms. -I
say, can men, who endure such hardships as these
-who nre kept in continued contact with such
temptations to vice or crime be as meek as
saints, as pare as virtue and as forhenring as a
member of the " Pence Society ?" Let the fisti
cu's and homiides which adorn our Public
Square on Saledays, Court weeks, &c. answer.
I have heard the report of death shots even
while a Judge was administering him ofie in the
Temple of Justice. Can' ours ever beeome a
law abiding people, as long as there are so nany
inducements to violate law--as long is so much
time and space stand between half of them and
the means of even peacefully obeying the Law,
or as long as so many (of theta have but few, or
no fiilities for learning Law ? Some old men
in Eldgelield District have never visited their
Court House. Many others have only crossed
its threshold once or twice, and those from z
distance who attend as spectators, parlies,-.wit
nesses or jurorb can have but little or no enjoy
ment there. Long absence'from one's family or
business is not agreeable, and extravagniit Bills
are by no means a luxury.: So that about half
tf our population know. nothing of the other
half, and there are hundreds, yea, thousands in
Edeefiehl, who are as ignorant of the people,
or history of their District, as they sire of the
Laws of tlheir country, because they are dept'i
ed of'the intriction and p!easure of frequently
meeting their fellow-citizens from all quarters,
as well as of seeing, hearing and observing what
is d,.ne in Court.
Example we know is contagious, be it good,
or bad. For instance, one drunkard makes many,
and one liar, gamester, fighter or murderer will
soon have a number of larethren imitating his
conduct. Habits, principles, manners and eus
tomns, act and react upon each other from the
centre to the circumlerence, and from the cir
cuinference to the centre of every community,
which is nverned by the same laws nnd identili
ed by the same interests. I must, therefore,
again declare my unchangeable helief, that it is
the huge dimensions of Edgaefield, with its nu
merous, but gcattered population, producing
general immorality, as well on the borders as at
the centre of the District, that is the chief cause
of the uaniy crimes and infitmous fame, which
have so lon been the reproach of Edgefield. I
further believe that it has engendered the bitter
hatred and blind prejudice which the country
people bear towards Edgefield Court House,
and the Lawyers who reside there. No District
in the State, and I venture to say, no Copnty
in the Uiiited States, cherishes such onlipathy
to its County sent, or local -Lawyers as do the
people of Edgefield against theirs. The rensan of
this is that our people have no pleasant associa.
tions connected with their District capitol. It
is a pilgriiage of pain to go there; long jour
neys, heavy bills, cares, vexations.and exaspera
tions are involuntarily enlied up in the breast of
half our peaceable or litigious citizens, at the
very thought or n:tne o' their distant Court
house. Demagogies for their own selfish po
litical purposes, feed this 'poptilitr prejudice
:igainst t he village, and thereby as well as other.
wise encourage the delusion agAinst Lawyers
but, the people now feel and I think, they will
soon see that they are made the dupes of sill
parties. I will endeavor to convince them,ihat
they should hate the n1rishes. not their Cdurt
Ho'use, and quiarrel with the Legislature, wohich
is rotten to the core, not with their Lawyers, for
the wrongs that they statier.
ARTHUR SIMKINS, EDITOR,
EDGEJIELD, S. C..
WEDNESDAY APRIL 5. 1864.
Change of Publication Day.
Arrsxa this date our day of Publication will be
Thursday in place of Wednesday:
WE aslk the special attention at our village reader.
to she excellenit and well-timed communicaio~n of
SVZn.AaILa." lie speaks language of truthful warn
ing. Let us be up and a doing.
Rail Road Books.
Tax Books of the Ciolumhia and Hamburg Rail
Road are now open at Dr. It. T. MIM' Boot & Shoe
Store. Let all who will, go up and put down their
It is April, and ice abo~unds in our water-buckets
andt chicken-troughls every morning. Green peaw-look
wil ted and sick-radisih tops are all faded and droop
ing-snap-beanis are utterly used usp--Irish potatue
vines are dead as last summer's foliage-rosebuds are
blighted-peaches and pears and plumis are killed,and
all nature has been unnaturally and ssnseasonably
chilled. The Thermometer stood on Sunday night
last dtown in the nieigthorhood of 40*. What could
old Winter haive forgotten, that lie has come'back iupon
us thus rudely and inopportunely! -Has some poor
mnortal escaped his tell influences, whom he designed
not to stpare ! Or is it a mere freak, a good-humored
nnid well-intended "rarse?" We trust the latter.
Meaawhile, we advise all to be careful,ansd especially
little chlren riot to go bare-armed until the sr is up
with ruddy glow.___
-Col. A. 0. Garlington.
It will be seen that this gentleman is announced by
his. friends as a candidate for Congress. The election
comes or, next O-tober, at the time .of the general
elect ions of the State.' Iinving given the inenmbent
the full advantage of our columns, by pnblishsug every
cmplimentary notice of him we have been able to
fid, we think it but right briefly to introduce the newv
caniidate to ihie peosple of Edgehield. . . .
Col. Gaituxsavos is a native of Laurens District,
but a resident now of Newherry and a prominent
lawyer of that place. lHe has headed the Legislative
representation from the latter District fur several con
secutive term and is a great favorite with Isis imme
diate felloiw-citizens. Ihis capiacity is remnarkably
good, and his readiness in debate well proven. Ilis
intgrity is far above su'pic~ion. white a maanly and
generous tone of character is universally acciorded to
him.- Th~e many friends of thin gentleman look to him
with high hopes. And, desiring to be represented by
him in the Naiinal Legislatusre, they have respectful
ly placed his name before the people of thme Fourth
Ilaving thus briefly introduced our new Congres
sional candidate, we leave the wvh.le matter where it
belongs, with the p' telligent..electors who are to de
cide between the hionorable contestant. now befoie
Our public day for A pril passed off very quietly and
peaceably. A single blood-stained countenance was
all we saw to remind us of the .ale-days of old. But
besides being quiet and peaceable, te day was es
pecially dull anid every way iuimporisant. Bitt few of
our citizens were oust and that few seemed to have but
little business for la'wyer., merchants, printer. or any
one else. That little transacted, off they went for
home. We have beard it said of late that our burgh
in in a dleclinie, and really it begins to look so. And
who are so blame for it!? Why those, who from ab
surd indifferensce to the real interests of the communi
ty and withs eyes single to thseir own paltry pockets,
have thrown cold water c'ontintsally upon every thinig
like pubilic spirit and noble exertion for thme common
We gstihered no news of consequence on sale-day.
Farmers are complaining of mthe cold weather a good
deal. Much corn has been nipped by the late severe
fross. And very early wheat is supposed to be musch
daaged. A few planters we heard of who had fairly
commenced putting in their custton. Corn-cribs gen
erally are holding out better than was expected ; bit
fodder is ntearly unattainable sat any price. We had
to send ten milrs the oilier day for mime, and paid $1
per hundlred at that. Upore. she whole, matters with
us are no better, no worse.
A comet in now apparent to the terrestrials of this
latitude. It may be seen low down on thse Western
sky about 7 o'c-Jock P'. M., and resembsles thme tailed
visito, r flast Fall
A meeting of the citizens of. Edgefield village was
held on the morning of the 4th instant, to take into
censieationthe propriety of ha'ing our town repre
sented in the Commercial -Convention to assemble in
the city ofJharleston, .on.. Monday, the .10th instant.
.W. W.' A Dmss,.Esq., having been called to the chair,
evtplaineil the objecr of the.teetfing briefr and appro
priately, when R. T. Mims moved " that it is rightand
propei thiat every part of -the State be represented in
the approaching Convention," and "that the meeting
forthwith proceed to appoint severiteen delegates.".
The following is the list of the delegates:
Hon. F. W. PicKENS, GY6 A.- ADDisoN, ARTHtUR
SIaIKNs, BENJ. WALDO, Loti HiLt., Col. J. P. CAR.
ROLL, G. D. Mits, Wm. Bn04,Ttos. . KEr, S. S
Tomxis, T. 1'. MAGRAT1t, H. R. SPANN,. R. T.
Mrxs, LxwiaJoxEs, Gen. :M.- L.- BONuAM; Wx. P.
BEULR and: E t.aa'r BLAioD.
It having been agreed that the poceedings he pub.
lished, and that the d'legates receite their credentials
from the Intendant, B. C. BavAN the meeting ad.
We see that great preparations are making for the
receptionanld entertainient o' the inemhers of this
body, whieb is to meet in Ch aleeton on Monday next.
The Railroads have all generously agreed -to give
delegates a free passage down- upon their exhibiting
proper credentials. A splendid.banquet is to he given
to the Convention some day'of the week. An excur
sion on the water for their benifitis to vary the occa
sion. And grand fire-works will be put in reqjuisition
to add splendor to the nocturnal hours. Every Dis
trict in the State will be -re.presented, and delegations
will be present from all- points of tle Southern conn
try. Matters of high interestire to be -anvassed, and
many able speeches are-lixikedfor. We were told the
other day by a gentlemn jdst from Charleston, that
the citizens of that placew ere deeply concerned to
have every thing done si a.ngtble hospitality prompts,
in the best possible style.. Success to them in their
exertions! May complete triumpl-crown their spirited
endeavors, and may the weedk be memorable in the
city's annalt- !
Columbia and Namburg Railroad.
The subscriptions to this road in Edgefiid District
have scarcely amounted to fifty. thousand dollars.
Whether it will stop at this ur'ict, we are unable to
say. Some think that amount may yet be doubled.
We hope so sincerely, but have our fears. The stock
is taken conditionally, the condition being that the
road run upon the Ridge route. The Columbia sub
criptio6is have not reacledlo,oo. The Lexington
amount is somewhere aboer,4o0000. AtlHamburg and
Augusta nothing has been 'done. Unless the enter
prise is taken hold of mgre rqnkly in other quarters,
it wiltassturedly prove a riliulotis flash. And this
would be.t pi'y. A beastifulproject like this knocked
into a cocked hat all of a qindden !-it would really be
too bad., Hqwever, tle people along the contemplated
line.know best what they galt. and how much they
are able to give for what ihey- want. It is not-for us
to meddle with others' bOVigsp. While wetink that
this railroad, if well built, would be as good stock of
the kind as anyin the cu'u'p we yet are clear for
every. man's ex.ercising proper onsideration as t3 the
propriety of every investmengpf(.hi; own funds.
WX weie in this city aday ortwo last week, and spent
a very agreeabli time a ti Augusta Hotel, tnow
kept hjr. W. P. STiah'fiirnierly of the Carolina
Iltel, Charleston. - His- tikbleV is a comfortable and,
we may add, an excellenteode._We confess-to liking
his styhi'of supper especialLtrith plent y of hot homi
ny, warm meats, well-ittled waffes and smoking
'attercakes, besides any q ~hity of nice refections.
When -in town, people expect generally to sit up late'
and why not ;alie in a good(..supply of wholesome
victualwat once, instiadbfjth'yintg back for-those per.
nicious 10 o'clock suppers. ,Mrs. STrA aa was formerly
Mrs. .WEstr anti many, havekgown her elsewhere as
an energetic and skilful landlasiy.' We commend the
Augusta, under its present' :proprietors, to the public
atilarge. - - -'* -.t....
Auguz'ta is' a ilessattcityrg 11er people are polite
ad einsiderate, kind aiM~iot' ligept. Augusta is also
qite a stirring city. iHer trchants, aind men<>
s'uss geinerally are a'et~vfand Elieeru',taon'and
accomodating. 11er tradF, eyen at this period of the
season, is evidently adtriting and a profstabhe one.
Aane,ws~lkis up.. and djwl~goedt street, he ,can bt
-e str-qck .witbittie .nuzngbr o,~f han~dsomely arranged
establishments tof various kindis.
We will start, for instap~nge at the. afore-mentioned
hotel arid walk tup on thaffde. First, we come to
several very n'eat Stores iiih's basement tof the build.
ing from whaich we sei onit. Con.picuon'among these,
i, FOGAnTr's Dhrug Stitre, afid CL.AYToN & lltGoN'~s
Clthing Shosp-both excellent -places' in their line, as
we learned by experience. Not long -after we cen
to DoNrEs' Hard ware House, one j".tl y celebrated in
all ihiesi parts. We bought:. the best knife there we
have seen in ten years.:''Ahhtui il tis House tdoes
not advertise with is yet we "make no Bones" in
saying that its proprietOr Iias ivery -thing of the best
in liis lake establishiment.-/We go on usp, and after a
f'w steps, come to the old Dryr. oods Store of J., P.
STaK..- This is the old. French Hlouse of the City,
and has a long list of Atanding cutsto'meru'. :We al
ways are sure of getting a genuine article at Srarze's.
-Not much furthieron we $d Vot.A's Cigar Store,
which is-tine of the very bst in, the Soth. . Then
come several oilier well fixed- shops, which we canniot
stop~lere tornotice, as Sr.tA a's magnificent establish
ment is right before its.. 'We go in, - and find rustlitng
silks and gay bonnets moling to and frto, as each one's
lancy calls for this article' or that. Busy clerks are
daiig from shelf to shelf in eager haste to accom
modate anid please the ladirs, Thme fact is Sns:am's
Augusta Store would be very respectable itn Broad.
way, and so we bid him booid day. Pasing on, w
next conme to WARD & Bunctp.an's, a n:ew store, es
tablishetd in enmnexion withas large New York house
and conduncted on cash principles. W. & 11. seem to
Ihave laid in aselect stock, chieijof fine govds. They
exhibited to us some exquisite specimens c~f various
fabrics; and we were obliged to conclude tl:at ana
mirable taiste had been exercised, either by W. & B.
or their New York co-partner..
We leave them now and gd im to Mtr.LER & WAR
aFN', a Baptist house, where the useful and ste
lovely are foound in elegant abundasnce.-WeS should
not otniit to mention here that A LDRIen & RovAl, are
tin this side of Broad street .with their large Sitoe-store,
where every kind of foot-furnituire catn be hadc at mod
erate prices.-We go on op a littde higher a nd thien
c-rossirg over we find .ourself at the dour sI' fttaar
BatOTII aS As usual, a .cruoyd is gathered around
their counters, some pirying, some buying, a]i eyeing
the splenidid goods so p-fd J'ifbrea ouit before them.
But we must hurry'on down having onily time to greet
old LA xsaci, (that prince of conliectioners,) and to
say "good day" to TIIAYER as. lie standls in the door
of Is popular family-grocery. And here we are at
LA.LRas-Teo-rs corner. LAL.LtEDT is one of out
men. Plain and strait-forwa.- as a tman can well be,
he yut well'understands unfolding the beauties of his
store to ~the ladies and gentlemen 'who so frequently
trop in upon htis attention ; while his obliging young
clerk, Mr. W. of'Etdgelield, is over ready to second the
ef",rtam of his senitar. -
From LALLEasTKDT's to CLARK's is perhaps the
most complete " row." in Angusta. NEwvtt, CRANE.,
CnAFFEE, CA'TLIN, OAT-s and others are strewed
along here; it is unnieceussary, after mentioning thtese
names, to remark that the row is a brilliant one day
and night. Still below this square, we have several
acquaitances of merkl in the commercial line, butiwe
have said enongh at preit.i sufice it to repeat in
conclusion, that Augusta is a lively, thrifty, pileasant
place. Liking the place and -people both, as we do,
we heartily wish :hem all luck anad happiness, fronm
his Ho.nor, the Mayor, down to the rsansage merchant
who hangs out his links near the lower market.
The author of a book on the "Grininel Expedition"
to the Arctic sees, thus speaks of the effects of Arctic
"Nthing more distinctly marked the extremity of
the cold than the transformations wrought in various
articles of provIsions. Not a thing but
'suffears a cold change
.:.nto something new and strange.'
A fair geologic'al cabInet might have been furnished
from these indurated specimens. Dried nipples and
peacheii assumed the appearance of chialcedisny ;
with difficulty-sepainted by a chisel; bttr and lard
were passable marble ; pork .and beet were rare speci
mes of Florentine mosaic; while a barrel of lanmp
Iol, sitripesh of the staves, resembled a sandstone gar
FOR Till ADVERTISER.
ATn & NIE -SX.AIL ROAD.
Shall the people of Edgefield village sit with fold
ed arms while all the world beside is full of life,
energy and enterprise t Shall we see. oi stores
chsed, our meiclhiits abandoning -us,- our citizens
offering their honses and property for sale; enger. to
get away-anl shall we stiil laosk on with listless
eyes anl lifeless nerves ? Shall we denothing to
keep the stprigs-of business in motion ? Shall we
allow the whole curreht of our le-s to stagnate 1
The most heedless'eannt fhil to see that a spirit
of enterprise must begin to display.. itself among usa,
or soon a death-like calm w4l come upon All ihat per;
tains to the wealth and prisperity of our eilluge.
When half the' stores of the pTace are efsed and
when many of the choicest residences are actually
fir sale, does it require the ken of a prophet to fore
tell a serious decline in the valae of teal estate and
other village property ? What are we to come to
u nk-es we shake off this sluggish indifirence and
clothe ourselves in the proper energy and manliness
of nature ? Will no one ioneh fur' the enterprise
and the liberality of our citizens ?
The cause of. our d-elineiany be stated in a single
phrase: we are behind'the age in which we lime.
We are standing stlil while ..every .body .lse is
movin- on. Wo are sleeping, while others are wide
awake, thinkine, acting, improving. Under this
state of quiet inactivity can we expect to grow in
wealth, intelligence and general prosperity? Can
we think to retain a thriving and a contented pop.u
lation ? Can we hope to avoid emigration I Shall
we he surprised to hear 4- many valuable citizens
selling out and lenving us ?
The truth is. Rail Road facilities are demanded
by the necessities of theage. Husiness. intelligetc,
convenience call for tho m. Without thenm these
cannot now live and thrive. Along the line and at
the ternini of the Rail Roads cluster the fruits of
.genius, enterprise anl epital. The mechanical
arts, manufactures. mnercantile business, general in
telligence bloom and flourish there as the Rose in
the gurden. All these here conce-ntrate the in
t.-nsity of their farce, an.1 display the grandeur of
their results. if Rail Roads are not brought to
.these, they wi'l gi to the Rail Roads. Thewillandt
genius of the age have so ordered it. and all the old
fashioned obstinacy of old-schoolism cannot change
- These remairks. Mr. Editor. are prelimnary to
the conclusion tao %hich we wish to lead the initis
of our citizens viz: That unless we bring a Rail
Road to our streets, we must necessarily lie left be
hind all our sister towns, in wealth, in the conve
niences (if life, and in all that looks. to the general
welfare of our village. -
Now is a very proper time fer us to ponder over
this result. . AfRnil Road from.Columbia to llani
hurg is seriously :agitated, and must and will be
built.. Time will, also, surely bring into exist.-nee
another Road running from, New-market, or Ninety
six in Abbeville Distriet, to Aiken. H ave none ef
the sage capitadists and prop.-rty-holders about our
Yillage cast their thoutlits ahead to view the proba
ble (we might lay the certain) effects of these two
enterprises upon the welfare *of our little town ?
Let the Columbia and hlamburg Rooad pass by or
near the Pine l4ouse (there is no chance of its
comling nearer to usO) and let the A ikena and Nine
ty-six Road pass by Lott's, or, if yoiu plese', sis
mnik-s nearer this way-whlat then we ask, is tat he
come of the prosperity of thu's oiur little: townt ?
- Where then will be siur mnerchants an I ne chianie.
-the boane anal sinew air every villa~te anad town1I
You will flnd them snpagly quartered a-n thae Rail
Roadl, partaking aif thae spirit of aetivity and' etner
gy, which the steaam-engtinae anever flails to excite.
Think youa, mnerchaats aand mtechania ir here can coma
pete uith thtose there I With inasiynilicant renats,
with nmercandtaize and materials lanaded at their ier)
doorr., with the.erowd of; persons attracted thtithet
lay the life, the activity, the intelligence borne aleont
On .te,wings oif steama, thte latter would soon draws
our custoam away fromn us, anad' new villages woul
:pring up to rival and break tItie dlown.. It m~ay
noiw exeate surtprise to see see ral aif aaur staores
chosaig up-it would then be surpirising if amost a,
:all sahotulad noat be closed. Where naiw thec track i:
beatean, andl the side-walk atnd the g:..r-lena shoiw
mtarks aaf a ecultivatedl tahte., then grass woiubil sprint
upl in iour streets and nteghict would manaifest itsel
ian everythinag arandta. Mlerehaant andl nmechauies
Lawyers atnd D~octors, citizens, o-ne anad all, whose
interests lad themt to dwelt in toiwns aand valages,
wiiuldl seek the Ratil Rad, anad there thtey waiuld
renmain. Lots in aur village that now commanal
from $3,001) to $6,tn0, maighIt thetn be obtainted faa,
hanlf their pre-senat vatuti. Decay anal glaoaam wouald
be seen, toa rear their ugly. fraints- eve-rywheare in our
eurpaarary liaaits, raid thte inhtabit ants waauld searca 1y
haave.thae spirit to ask fair a re-chaartaer of 'their cin'e
beautiful anda. flour sinag littl town.
Is this. lr;Elitar, a aaere funey sketch ? Let
those whto -boast aaf thteir -practienl wisdaio refleeci
o umaly on thtese things, aand thtey will fid alas! toc
much truth itn 1,h picture .to doubt thec unaplansat
Meat needl naat fornr thteir judgmnent on these naat
taers fromaa thme state of thintgs whlach precedie the
Ibauilading air Rail Rinds amnong us. Beentuse a'ur
villinge htas proaspereda up to this timae, it is not toa ba
ianferred it would caintinue tao prosper when Rail
Roads shlall be buailt itn our vicinaity, leavitag its in at1
insulated paosition. A new oarder oif things will
aris;-, wht ch it will he iatpossible for us to withastasad
We cannot resist the powerful influenwe aif Ral
Rads when broughat (viliin a distance toa affect us,
It wouald he useless to try. It would he. like fighit:ntg
the ianlabitaants aof the moaoan. Our eifforts waulad be
ab.mat as uaaavailinag as thle attnek of thec Piney.
wooid's Bull uapia thec engiane in mtttiim. Rlail Reana
ereate actual necessitii s that entnot be succesrfully
resisted by men air cities. See hiow Chiarlestan ia
already gronaning uander thec weighat of the Wia'minag
tan aand Mantebeaster iland I Yet we, the paeaalel al~
a little Borotugh, thinak we may be moare thana a
amatch for evena sao great nat enterpirise as that aaf thae
Rabunt Gap Rad, extenaded to .Aiken iad Charlea
taon. W1hat a snguine peoplle we arc ha cona.iama !
No I let uts noat hae alaeeived :thais Rondl .wdl be thec
ruina of usa untless we briang it withtin our corpor'
Ouar course, thten, is maarked out .by strong con
siaderntiaons of wisadam ard policy, anal thte failure tc
adaipt that course, will, we venture to prediet,enm-e
in the mainds of aiur citizens, long anal lastirg regrets.
A false step nowv aade, euan never be rvcoveread.
We maust take an active part in the structure ar)
the Rail Road fromt Aiken to Ninety-six. Th a
Roan-muat sootner or latter be bit. ''The necessi
t'e.s of trade will demnand it. A subscripioan by out
people of $75,Ott0 or $100,00)0, will secure its pas
sage tharaaugh our village over a way entirely practi.
eable. What diflicualmy enan there be itt rntisinag thais
amount of maaney int a regiun whtere so nmuch wealth
abonds I What is this sum comtpared wvith thte Ian.
miense jadvianinges thaat must neecrue to the village ini
the great fiutture wvhicht is before us and our echil.
dreni ? This nmouniitt of money will nectualty be
siae itn a short time by avoiading a great falling aefl
in the btusiness aif the village, and by preventing the
itevitabile depreciation of proaperty tat nmust take
place if the R~oad runs some miles alistant. But,
apart from,, these negattive results. who enn justly
estimatte the positive benefits of tis Road to our
villagei Recaollect, this will be a pernaanent, p:y
ing entcrpise, the advantages of wichl will nmulti
ply and incereasee in all time~ to come ! Somne of 't
results arc obvious. It will bring us inito direct
c-ommtunic-ation wvith the east and wvitht the far west,
It will place us on the great line of travel fraom the
West and the North, atal will thius bring thousands
of travelle-rs to our very doors. It wiill thronag out
streets with lire atnd busintess of every descriptiona. It
...mlcilag ..the ,dc of ur P mer.hatits build un
mnnubctories :-open an inviting field to the meenan
ieal arts vaid will enhance he- taMe of our proper
ty. It will moreover bring us into daily contact
with'.the great streams of intelligence flowing from
the East and from the West, and from every part
f-the orld. -Itwil1 serve to make our people con
tented pis'eirow; happy and sociabl. Instend- of
stores.to reit'.there .weild then be stores to be
uit; Instead- of sellers,.ibere would be Oyere of
priva.te residences. Luxuries. comforts, conveni
eniees, wyill be gathered~efore our doors in, tast f.il
display, exhibiting every variety of merchantable
commodities to gratify the laney and to feed. the a;
In view of these large benefits, how can we-pause
to estimidethe comparatiiily small cost of this no
*e en'erprise;. In this work our village is deeply.
deeply interested' It is our last and only chance for a
Rail Road. Think of that. And should the Rond
be built in as1other direction, we can never. nevi r
recover frotn the injurious effiets upoon us. Let-our
peopletherefore, awake to a just view of this. n ot
ter. Let them take the initiative step in thisgrent
work, and carry it on to a successful terminanion.
If the amount of money above indicated be-raised,
there can scarcely be a doubt that the Rond wil be
4uilt. and brought directly through our village..
Fvllow'-ci'iens:i'when shall we meet to diseurs
and net in the prmeisesI What generous. enterpriz
ing citizen of wealth will take thee laa ? WhoistIhe
man? Let him step frorwar.,mand he wil be demed
a public benefactor to our Town.
- ARRIVAL OF THE CANADA.
THE stenmer Baltic had not arrived out.. The
Niagara and Cambria will return to the United
The Brokers quote Middling Orleans at 5
11-16 to 5J. Fair Mhobile z6n;1-4; MiddlinE 51
t .5 11-16. Miiddling Upland 5 9.16 a 5 9-16 i
51. Stock, exclusive of that on shipboard.
675.00o bales, of which 358.000 were American
Rice quiet Common Rosin firm at 64. to 6..
3d; fine 12s 6.1. Spirits Turp-tine 56 a 57..
Colli-e nnchanged. 1here is a limited lu-i
ness doingy in Sugar, htt orices are unchanged
with a moderate demand.
The Czar's answer could not arrive until the
17 or 18th.
England and France had resolved to decline
all proapoitions from Prussia for the resumption
fof iegotiations between the westerin powers and
Rowia. and to increase their armaments.
There :1id been a general decline in Bread
sttff in the French markets.
The subscriptions to the French loan hadnl..
ready.renchioed over tfiree hundred nillions.
Thirty thonsaid Russians were employed.ih
cutting a channel in the. iceI front Cronstadt to
A Treaty between the Porte and the Wi-%
tern .power. has beepn concluded on the bais
The allied fleets were.at. Beycos. The Rus.
sian fleet at Sebasiopol.
P1russia holds back, although professing to
act with the aillies-..
The French hioan is taken with eagerness in
Thert! hnd'hen. no movements of importanee
on the Daunhe or in Aia.
Kltfitt continues to Ito. strengthened, and
Russia has n-peuded her iiteitifon of atta-king
that p!ace, lout is threatening instead Galatre-,
Br.diecu, Orniar, and also mecr.neintg variuus.other
pois. '- -
Prince Paskiewitch woiuld soon~ insprot the
-toops on the Dtnnhe.
It is reported thatt the first operations of: the
anglo-French armty will be to at tack Sebastopol
by lanid iand the flrets by sei.
'T'he R nisi;-ms wsere* foarify-ing interior- uitiee
of Woi a-lain nnd M olavia. Workmen, were
o:rengthening. the fiortifienxionis at $ebastopol,
Ordesa, Cronstadt, Waldberg, Slaborg, and the
entrance to Dioriper.
WSTRL'rTroIss To 31 . SOULE.-TheC Ne'ss Yori
Sun. savs it 10u6ns fromn private- 7snros.Zhal
Soeretarv Mairev - has insirnered Mr. Sol6..oni
*Miuitt atadirid; to. muiki- the de-nand f,.r in.
demityv an-d agpolngy in -the- must psremnplorm
manner; anid shtesuthr (ie Spnisti governmteni
hesitate, or pn ooff itA reply, under parett ence 0
waiting' for infiorumationi fromt Hivann, Mr. Sontk
is to lose no- time in comnmunicnting the fact to
Wasshinigton, wheni our governmen~it wil.l piroceet
ins-taniter to blockade every Cubatn po)t."
BEQUEST -OF THE HloN. KER BflWE.-Wo
leairn that the will of the lion. Ker Boce~ ha
hee-n opented, anid samte miagniticenut be-quests arn
fotund to have beenu ma~de to ptiblie nndecharitabhl
itstitutions in tis city. i is stated that the snu
of Ten Thtonsanid Doallaors hane~ beenu eivgen tao thie
Orphin Honse, Tent Thloausand for estabalishuing:
school for the poear at Graniieville, nnd Thtirti
Thonsuind Doillars to the Choarleston College
Thel bequest, to the Cha~rleston College is fair iho
eduention of poor yoaig tmen, to-he :epoyited bj
lis soon, Rev. at.. P. ileaee, antd, at hais.death-, by~
the Truistees 4of- thou Chiarleston Caak-ge. -lt ii
provided, we unde-rstand. that in enne the-chool
in Griiiiteiille should ever toe dliscoontinuedi. the
haetest to t haut inistittioan is to e-nisne to thte'lae'tic
fit oaf the lhnrestonm Orpahant Hougsoe. The will
ci f Mr. B~oyce land beeni in keepinig oaf .i~ nnninig
ano lby him was depjosited yester'day with thn
Ordionary oaf t his city.'. The persions ippaointeod to
(eic the will are, Judlge O'Nenil, the Re-v. J
'. Boover-, A. G. R ose rtnd Col. Whtitesidle. at
Chattuonoogn-, and-it is estiniated thuat the proaperty
lcft by the deceased, will be a little less than:
million anid a half.
I8AvAssAH RivER VAi.t.EY RAItOAD.-WI
understand that the snrvey oan this Road w ill be
completed friamn H-ambury'to this pahire rai tot-day
The Road as marked out will, pass by D)orn's
Gold M1inie, .and .Loawndesville. The highoel
gradei is said to.ble abount fifty-two fee-t. Thi
reaute is ascertniini-d to b.. a spalendlid oe. We
wish the work mnetih .,uecess.-Andessont Advo
TinE CUn.t Sn.AvE 'TAnE.-600~ Afrie-nt
w1ere re-cenitly landed near Tr illn dea Cuha
hey were, houwe-ver, seized byv ;n othier in comn
mand oaf a deticneet niear that piee a;khoau:g
it is alleged the Governor of it had rece'ved on
thousand ounces to permit the slaves to be landed
YEssEL BURNED.-The sloop Yisiter, Dromin
go Galiia. inanter, whicoh left Savanniah, at 10 '
elock oan Wednesday moarning. with ar carro 50,
00,brickst 50 bhols lime, and 500 bushels oef cr,
for D. L. Clinch. 'an the Satilla rive-r. when neni
T'iiunderhoalt was discovered to be on tire, causeS
hy the sea breaking over her bows-it blowing
fresh at the time-and the water getting it
through the hatch ways to the lime. Thte hatehe,
were taken oaff when the flanmes bursted out.
She was imnmediately run nahtore, setiied and
sunik, and the flames thierebay suippres.'edi. Stae
i. now under water, nothing to be seen but the
mu~st. She belonged to the .Captaini amid Mr.
Stetvnrt Anistin. The cargo wvas shaippe-d by
R. H-abershamn and Son. No insnritnee ou citheri
vessel or enrgo.-Savannah Georgiano.
THE remains of the hite John IHoward Payne,
the author oaf a" Hiome, Swe~et Home, "aro to be
brought to the United States for inierment. in thae
Congressionial burial ground, and a mnumiuent
erected to his memory at the cost of the Govern.
DEBT Ts EUBoPE.-The funded debt of all the
Eroapennu Snttes is, in the aggregate, a bout $9,.
590,000,000, or S-13 for each itnhabitant. Swit.
zerlanid is the only Europeain country ouit of debt.
As a war is imminent,nuil these countries are mr
the market as borrowers, some with and somne
wihonot credlit, so that the people have thet pros
pect Ear a considerable addition to their alre.ady
PauLANTRioriC.-M ajor Gibbs, who has been
getting up a company in Chicngo. to emnigrdite to
Nebraska, has run away with the funds raised by
the volunteers. The Majear, we learn, isa ninoisy
Ifree soiler, and a violent enemy to the Nebraska
Tie the vicinity of Batngor, Me. the snow is aboul
twoa feet deep, and in thIe woods five feet. The
- Btant5, on the astmait,y'9016
Esq;, Mr. Rea. TURNnR alias Rossosx Ca 4z,
the eigWy-forth year of his agejt M 141 u&
TAvrLow. all of this District.
-orrespondent* of Ike Adtiestiser.
- Cnrrox.-During the weeb wading to-day,- tr
Market has been somewhat irregular In p e-s. In
th early part of the week prices was full,. iiitli.
demand good; but yesterdayiand t-day st, iive
been made at 1-4 eta. decine on all goalit'-,0mnd
the week closes with a dull uscirket. Stock-on hand
1st inst. 4,291 bales,-mnme time ,lat yCTar-4.b52. .
The decrease in the Receipts at all the Nts gi
comparel aith- last year is G3,482.bahep
We quote sales to-day at 7 to 9 .r-whibb is.
about the extremes of our Market;, J.
Tn Union Meeting.,of the; Ynorth ijleU of
the Edgefield Baptist Associntion,'-w 'esndve at
the Miunt Lebanon Cifurch, nine miaw.. 14nIrL
Road, from 11amburg, on Friday ' 10s
Sabbath in April. WVe hope the.ipetigi)e.
fully represented by Delegates fsmailhbe haeth es..
We also af'ect;vntely ibvkv .iaelhisthma
to attend. - .
rother G.T1. Cuzrr of Georgie is aips,$
to preach the itroduetory sevrnwa, and Brother S.
P. Grrzme. his Alternate.
Ji. G. DAGNE1L, C . -
For Conagres. -.
51a. EDITOIL:-Please annonee..j...
BROOKS as a Candidatt ftir re-elvetoi t #tpre
scnt the Fourth Congressiial -Distief,-sising 4f
Edgefield, Abbeville, Lauren, -New b T
ingtoin,' in the nuxt Congress, which elivws l41
be held in October next, and thereby .-geatl -
lige i. ANY FRIENDS.
- TnE Friends of Col. A. C. GARL1XOGTONY
respectfully announee him s'a Candidate 'to repr
vent the 4th Congreiiomd Dvistriet,.at :thielStk
in October jiext. - - i
Corcordia Lodge, No.0,. Fs
EDGEFIELD C. I1, ArnI., 1854.1
H AVING been requested -y the'.Dirreters of
the Odd Fe!lows' and laonisie Building/cs
soeiation to Lay the Corner Stone of -heirrNir
Iall. on the 21st., there will be a -Procession and
Oration delivered on the 'mceasi"a by Worshipful
Brcother ALBErtT G. lACKICT.' - - .
Brethren in gioid standing are Fraternally invited
A. G.'TEXGUE, ,Sc...,
A.pril 5 3t '
Washington Division, No, 71
SONS OF TEMPERANCE1Y
REGULAR Mertitg of this-Division will be
hld in -their Hall on Thurlday, evening taw,
at 7 J'delock. ' '
A larg- attendance is desired as mneb importiat
business will -he briought before the Division. -
Come lirethiren. one and all.
BIy order of the W. M.
A pril 5 .t 1
EOR YOUNG LADIE-,
Rev. . A., RA WMOND, PrincIpaI
75 Ponta nAVE r..%-rFx. siaca 16vn er.76'Y
'1311E~ SUCMERR Session wi l.conimence-an
.Loinilay. A pril 24th.
The- Acae'aeier1 building- conaiuitlAg of 4elght
eninaiiliinus Rlooms is fim-ly Itirnishc'dirith i-v y
ting neessary to a ete ios t ra -iis4
i-cate~r advantni~ci-enn'b&anywrkefe~ etia441~f
1rescribedl canri-e of Studies is s ar neang.'-Act .If
thie .upils remnain l..nue ccncugh at the t1satthit'tc
pursue~ it regular'y. tinty cenn hardly mit e irscitfI~g
n liberal mnd fimished i-dienticsn: ain-the IEr
course a thoiroughl kugwkldge of the line-artia.
Pupils encn enter..at any- timle, ied if near the
middle icr ehise of the .$essi-en. are charge but
frns th~e tie of entrance.- All vuch.'dc uticita
ho~weve-r date frim thei clcose inf the 5er-j.1jid 'w.k' f
tint S$bssioni. lis%.<if tiine freais s~eknee. if of inpure
than tceni weeiks is alien deducted.
ThIc. tates cit Ttiucn a'r.-' ejnnformed to thoe ~hf
other ln-titutiiona sf.thse ai.- ifradie. Pnaytnt are ,
tic he biade at the cle i each ~sioh. 'The tl
Expenses per~Session' of: 14 Weeks..
Cccll-aiite lDepartmient......... ....l5 (M
Aendeie dlo -'..'.----1
Primiary do ... -.57 00~ nid $5 0
1.npls. us'ng tiw Phihiep~hical Apparatus. are.
chacrg/de Extra $2.00t per acssiocn. And all l'upilo
arc chanrgedl u5 etm ec, a Sessioh, for cennting-neies..
French......................... 8 190
Oil Pniniting......................15 Wn
There is no charge-foir use of Pian. l'uapils prae
tiing at th. lnstituite'ari, howerver charged4 SI. eaels
.'essiicn, tc piay for ke-eping the~ Piane.a in tune.
1Board, with washing, lights andC fuel $10 per
Theicre are- no other cxtra' eharges, except fear
Bouks and Music s..ld.
S. F. (0001E, ,I
E. PENN, Trustees
(G. A. AI>DISON,
Aprii5 . tV 12
0000Oo PLASTERING LATIlS,OUr
nntd tour and a half feet hbng, face
-sale Ii--.. A pply at Plank Ronid Mtill, 10 miles shoave
llamhuru. or toc 11. A. K ENItIlK.-i
Ilicnhiurg. April 3 tt 1
FINE C.\RRI.\G a nd Il0hSES fir Sale.
The Carringe is of the finest style and nearly
new. Sole1 fur no fault-the owner going away..
AlipplY at this Offiec, icr to E. N.Se-ibels, near tit.
Jusft Rceived. ..
A.1E.\LUTIF U l assortnent of F LO WE R
Cinac Ware,-stney, gilt anitl lowered.
Alsci, tine.jewel Stands, Cologne Bottles,
Card Trays, lFruit laskets, liird Glasses, dre.
Also,, a great varice:y of Gjilt China (Ornaments
andl Tiys;~-vor sale low by - J.'A:0 UR LEY.
A prl 1, tf 12
IULST received a aire and TIid esortmenut
eJ FA NS, of beautitul sty v;fo~sale very cheap
by * * -.A4URLEY.
A prilli tf 4 12
2xn REGlIM ENTCAVAkY,
LInERY U.L., Mar. 31, 1854.
illE~- Edgeric11Squadron of Cavalfwill acr
. nt Edlge field C. ii., on Satebrdh the- *9tf
A pril next, armed and equipped a te la* diets,
for 'Drill aiid Review.
The Comnmissciined and non-Comminiioned OMi-.
ens wilt assemblle the day previous forDrill ind'sh
struction. By ordeer of -.1. F. TA LBERT,
Cccl. 2nd Regimnent Caary.
J. M. LAsnu, A dj't.
A pril 5 St 12'
No tic e,
I E Partnership formed between Jas.jti
LIAMS anid Suitaoi CuaiTiE-r, havingb4i~
solved by unmtual consent, the liquidadion ana
et of the business of the Firmu will be conductedI
elusiely by $. Cuas-ri.
dAs. A. W1LLuA~I-s
A pril 4 f
I Fresh FlOu.!MN
JUST received 6,O00 Lbs.GOO)DCOUN1TR.Y
FLOUR in inek .n fur saleb 3
'LOR, n ScksG.n L. PENN, 4osr