Newspaper Page Text
POR TM ADVERTISER.
Division of Edgefeld,-No. VI.
WE have only one place in the State at which
to-make the laws for all of our people, and if
large judicial Districts are right in principle,
why have more than one Court House, at which
t& apply the law to single individuals ? Why
hr.ve twenty-iirne Court Houses? If we had
ot one Cotnt House for all South Carolina,
would not every sane man say that such a state
of things should be altered 1 Most certainly
he would, and yet we have a kindred absurdity
in the present limits of judicial Edgetield, as
the followitg facts will show.
I have already proven that Edgefield, as com
pared with thu other judicial divisions of South
Carolina, has inure than twice as much territory
as each of half of them. Let us now go be
yond the confines of the State, and compare our
District wlth the judicial Counties of other
States. Edgefield is much larger in point of
territory than the whole State of Rhode Island.
Ii is more than three-fourths as large as the
whole State of Delaware, and it is more than
one-third as large as the State of Connecticut.
Yet Rhode Island i subdivided into no less
than five judicial Counties; Delaware is par
titioned into three judicial Counties, and Con.
necticut is divided into eight judicial Counties.
Indeed Edgetield has more than twice the extent
of an average judicial County in nineteen States
of the Union ; more than three times the extent
of an average judicial County in nine States of
the Union ; more than four times the extent of
an average jndicial County in four States of the
Union, and finally it is six times as large as an
average judicial County in Rhode Island. I
am not in possession of the means to ascertain
the area of each of the sixteen or seventeen
hundred judicial Counties into which the terri
tory of the several States is subdivided, but an
arerage extent of the Counties in each State
can be had, and that will suffice for all practical
purposes. To obtain this we have but to divide
the area of each State by the number of Cout.
ties in it, and the information nece.,sary to do
this can be procured from any common School
Atlas. Below is a table in tiree columns, the
first of which gives the supertices in square
miles of the several States: the second, the
number of Counties into which each State was
divided ir. 1850, and the third, the averarge size
of the Counties. As the reader runs his eye
along the third column, I must beg him to con
trast the 1693 square miles, which Edgefield
contains, with the small and compact dimensions
of the judicial divisions in other States.
New Hampshire........... 9,280 10 928
Vermont .................. 10,22 14 729
Massachusett ............. 7.801 14 557
Rhode Island .............. 1130. 5 261
Connceticut ... ......... I 4.6741 81 5S4
New York................ 47,00' 59 769
New Jerey... ............ 8.3:1u 2o 416
Pennsylvaia .............. 41,000 63 730
Delaware........ .......-.-.' 2,121 .:7 0
Maryland ................. 9,356 20: 4tf.
Virginia .... ..............1 61,352 137 447
North Capol.ua............. 50)0 79i 632
Georgia.... .... .......... 58(0 94! 617
Alab:una..................572 52. 975
.sis.ippi-.....------ .-.- 47,151 541 719
Louiaua.......-. ........ 46,431 47 947
Ohio.................---- 39,964 87 459
Illinois............ ......-- 55,4 5 I 559
Kentucky................. 137.68 100 376
Tennessee........-...-....45,60 79 577
Mlichigan........-....-.... 56,c243 64~ 878
Indiana....-....-...-..... 33,809 91: 371
Missouri........-......... 67,38U0 100~ 673
Even if we adopt (to which I object) the usu
ally received estinate of the area of South
Carolina which is 29,000 square miles, it is ob
rious that the average extent of our judicial
Districts is precisely 1000 square miles, or in
other words, that the average area of judicial
divisions here is much greater than it is in any
State mentioned in the preceedin'g Schedule. I
have included somte of the new States, but have
purposely omitted to say anything of Maine,
Arkansas, Texas, Iowva and others, most of
whose territory is still slumbering in the wild
solitude of nainre, instead of being a cultivated,
wealthy anid thickly settled region like ours.
But the small Counties of othier States are
judicially divided in another respect, to whlich
our peole are strangers. The re is generally a
Murniciparl or Riecorder's Court oif considerable,
jurisdiction, in every City :mnd Town, North or
South of us. There is also an Inferior or Coun
ty Court, of a similar jurisdiction, held at more
than one place, aind usually at four dilferent
places, alt four dilferent period< of the year, in
every judicial Courty of nearly every State in
the Union. A few other States, like South
Carolina, have abolished the old County Court
avstem, which we burrowed froma England, but
tihen the 3Magistraites or Inferior Judg.es of those
States, are for the most part, clothed with both
a civil anid criminal jurisdiction, far above the
petty sum of $20 and the simple initiative of
process for punishitng critmes. As nine tenths
of mankind are compauratively prior, rnd there.
fore tnever litigate matters of much value, a limti
ted jurisdiction, such as is usually given to
these M1unicipal or Inferior Courts will generally
cover it. Mtost criminal prosecutiotns are like
wise instituted for maisdemneanors, that is small
crimes, not extending to life or limb, and juris
distion of litigated property not exceeding
$200. or 8500 in value, as well as cognizance
of mi.sdemeaniors are generally vested ina the
Courts above named in other States. The
people of those States by this means get redress
quickly, cheaiply and easily for most of their
wrongs. How difTternt in South Carolina, and
particularly in Edgetield, where the cost of a
suit is often greater thatn the verdict or amount
recovered, and the time lost perhaps worth as
Ini the same jutdicial County of many States,
as in New Hampshire and Vermont, there are i
also two or more places for Registering Deeds
and other Record-,, which is of inealculable hene
fit to peaceable citizens. The same is taue ofE
Counties in England. whether with reference to
Ireland, Scotland, WVales, or England propier.
The average extent of Counties in lrelaund ise
abont 976 square miles: in Scotland about 852;e
in Wales 677. atid in England proper 1263, but
the Counties in all of these States are more or
le-ss judicially stubdivided, either in respect to
territory or the jurisdiction of the several Courts.
Ina truth, Counties in the British Enmpire are lesst
juiciial divisions than they are politic-al, or pro-.
prietary. The land itnmny of them absolutely c
belongirs to the Kinrg or Nobility. Many Cities
ina South Biritain or England proper, sucht as Ih
Londuaon, Westminster, Bristol, Chester, &c.,
togyethrer with their suburbs, constitute indepen- (
datat judic-ial Counties or Districts within them. a
selves. Threy have their own Sheritf's arid other t
Ortice:rs, and their Courts exercise the same j u
riedict i'n in every respect, as do those of the
jural C.ouinties. whose Magistraites have no pow
er to in!,-ron-ddle in the corporate or City Coin- L
sis. Siamet iof hicr political or proprietary t
Conti,-s. beside having their Inferior, Munici
p.-. .id t'ity Cciuinty Courts, are further parti- h
tis.nead uint a mnai i-r oh judicial [Districts, called t
-- tidings." as ian Yoarkshire--" Divisions," as in
Lineini~hire., &c. These Counties are political
ly sblih i.e intao Ba'ramnghs, something akin to
the l'ari~b.-s of So-rhi Ca~rolina or the Tuwiis inat
Ne~w idazl mdh. Ilenace, tin-* fact that the- Coun- a
ties of Enhagthmd~ auversiee 12213 square miles, sin- a
mitie- noe:hing Th.'. peole'I- of any County an
E41anlan, as r :a, I can gather, aifier careful in- b
lest igationa hiave-ii neha gre:aater judicial facilities is
thani thoncse of Edgeltield, fl Baraawcll, or of maiiy t6
othier Disnrie-t ina South Carolhinaa. I might pro. (
long~ th,e comnpari-ons. hant it i.u uincessary, o
as mIe reacder must le. sat tstied. :mda we neced not b
gos beyondcI ii, Lcua: r: aor E-u.lnad for illus- fe
)ractioLn. Thec re-- a t the wembi are without ir
say free inst i; a:ieons lit eir uas tu. (ullw, arnd the a
anirenras een iai Greece .mdr Riiaie, knaew noth- ir
in- .r fa indepenantaa judiciary, air of its proper j.1
I believe that all oft outr nmw St~iater, except reu
perapais Il~naoi.. anid Ke-rnt eky, haava lahoughart the di
muat ier oif furiiishii thieir a-i izenas ith~I conirveni- a,
ernt judairial f.iiais of snehl tital imrtancrrrae, bi
as to) rte :t .aarlit iin iona:l prV.fl teir it:ip
wil-e amlot of t he '-iriginral thirteen-t." ina heir .am
Conrst itutations base left theair p li.-y irn thlbi, re
garcd, to the di'crttona of their Le..i-.hi au res.-- -Ih
'' .. Lou ' i.. .. .h. ..x... ::.... ' tl ! 3.d, n av.t .
pause to do it-nevertheless, let it be remem
bered, that six of the old States have quite
small territory, and that therefore, they did nol
and do not need many judicial Districts, wllet
coinected with the additional fact that theii
citizens have access to Inflerior and M unicipa
Courts in a country where population is ver3
dense, and where numerous Towns or Cities at
almost in sight of each other. The tendenei
now in the large old States is to trent the sub
ject of dividing their territory into proper judi
cial Districts. as a question of Constitutional
right and of fundamental Irw. How could thi
tendency be otherwise since both thei mean,
and the power of applying the law to any indi
vidial, either by himself or by the agency ol
Courts, are contided to those Courts and theii
officers. But to the proof.
The Constitution of Texas expressly com
mands that " the Legislature shall at its first
Session thereof. and may at any subseqiuen
Session, estabiish new Counties" of not le.
than 900 square miles. It also provides, thai
old Counties may be reduced to any exten
beliow 900 square miles whenever two thirds o1
the Legislature shall consent to the same, Art
7, See. 34. The Constitution of Alabama like,
wise says, that " The General Assembly shall
at theirfirst Session, or at the next succeeding
Session," erect new Counties, containing a
least 900 square miles. It further guarantee.
that the boundaries of the old County or Conn
ties, may be altered by agreement of two-third
of both branches of tie General Assembly, Art.
6, See. 16, 17. The Constitution of Arkansa
also indicates 900 square miles as the required
area of new Counties in that State, Art. 4, Sec.
29. But these restrictions to so large a mini
mum in constructing new Counties, were evi
dently intended to guard against having to build
too many Court Hons's and .:il, while tle
people were poor and thinly settled, and while
in all probability, the proposed new County,
would not have suflicient populaltion to be se'pa.
rately represented in the Legislature, nor atlierd
sufficient itiigatin and registrati'on fees to have
a Ceounty police. The Conventions of those
States also knew, that a long periodinusit ela-e,
before scarcely any county, in a region sio wild
and remote as Texws. Alabama or Arkansis
could become thickly inhabited by our restless,
roving, perpetual moving younur Aneriean poltp
lation. All pioneers are igratory and the
squatter members of those Conventions deter
mined to prevent any sudden exodus from leav
itg a county withi-ui a representation or pitoliec
That these were the ciontroling reason is uppa
rent from the connection in which the restrictive
clauses are found. from other provisions in the
Constitutions. and from the debates in the Con
ventions which adopted i tem. But Wisconsin, a
still vounger State, imprerved upon the Consri
tutio'nal provisions (of Texas, Alabama and Ar.
kansaps, for establishingr new counties, or divid.
ing old. Her Constitution. while it seems to
arlopt 900 square miles, as the standard area fir
new counties, still allows any old county to be
divided as well as any county seat to be removed
whenever a mrajority of the voters in the county
are in favor of such division, or removal. Art,
13, see. 7, 8. It is manifest, that Wisconsin and
Texas in framing their Constitutions, clearly
designed to permit any old conity. of whatsoever
dimensions to be divided, wheiever its wealth
and population should warrant. I have not seei
the late Constitution of Louisiana, but the one
which was adopted ini 1816, permitted ntew
counties or parkibes to be created of not lesa
than 625 square miles, anti the fll numbear id
electors iecessary to ettitle it to one represein
tative. It also granited the righat to reduce :tn
old Parish to a similar extenit of territory, nntda
similar number of electors. Title 2, art. 6. The
presenit Constit utiona of Mis-issipp'i, toler- tes
the reduction of ant old couty to 516 square
niiles, or the formaiitin of a new (one of not less
extent ; Art. 7, see. 17. Iowa beinig anixious io
promote the judicial facilities of her pteiople, atnu
yet antious to have a police, as well as a futl
representative population in echcl couty, suffers
an old coui.ty to lie reduced to 432 sqnare
miles, or a newv one to be made of not le'ss con.
tents. Conat. Iowva, Art. 12. see. 2. Mlicbigan
has been pieculiarly careful of this constitutional
right of her people, perha~ps more so titan atny
oilher State in thte Untion except T'ennessee. The
Constit ution oif the former State, allows any
organized coutnty to be reduced even to 40(1
square mtiles ini the ftrmnation of a ntew coutty,
and omits to limit the mitnin extent o'f the
latter. It womuld :ippear that the onie above
given, is thte favorite guiage for her couties, b~e
cause she now has twenty-four unorganized
cotitities, wvhose biountdaries are marke~d, nitnehled
to the count y of~ 31lihilimtackinnec. rThe inhiabi
tants of this latte~r contty, inclnding those in the
territory of te other twventv.fntur, all resrirt to
the sarnue Court Houses, anud will continue to do
so until eaich of thte unouirgantized couieis, all I
have acquired piopniat ion eniotugh to lie sepaerate
ly represented in lhe Legislanture, aind to sitpjport
a county plice. A rt. 4. see. 4, and A rt. 12. sec.
7. Ohio, Inidiana and Miissouri, aulso permit the
subdivision oif their territory into judicial coun
ties of not less thana 400 squtare miles. Conist.
OhLio, Art. 7, sec. 3. Conist. ind. Art. 11, ace. 1U.
Conat. Mo. Art. 3, sec. 31. TIennuessee is mnore
jealous thtan all the other States on this subject.
rThe only limitation to the establishmitent of new
sounties there, is that they shiall containi at least
350 square miles of territory, and 450 qualitled
voters-thait no line (if a new county shaill up
proiach the Court House of an old county, niear
r than twelve miles-thaut in thio creatioin of a
new county, no old county except a few which
re enumuerated, shall be reduced to less than
325 square miles, and that it is only necessary
~or a mtAjoirity oif the voters, embraced within the
yonidaries of the proposed new county, to sig
lify their wish to establish the same, instead of
equiring the consent oh' a majority of all the
lectors in the couty or counties to be divided.
~iny county seat ini Tennessee may also be re
nved, by two-thiird-s of the Leizislauture. Const.
['enn. Art. 10, ste. 4, 5. Ini lFlorida, a new ju
icial county can be created wvithrout regaird to
t territory' or population, and any old counity
nniy be reduced at pleasure, ptrovidled the full
mmibenr of inhlibitaits tnecessary for 'ine repire.
entative in tihe hle'gislatutre. be left. Ceinst. Flai.
krt. 9, sec. 4. The Constiiiution of New Yonrk
~ives great latitede for the formation~i of itew
ounties, and its only limitaition is, that " no new
ounty shall be hiereafte:- created, unless its
sopulation shall enttinle it to a umeinber" oif the
Lsermbly. Art. 3, sec. 5. There is a clautse in
bte Conistitution of Caelifornia, wich~d reaids aus
allows-" The Legislature skall estahilishi :r sys.
um of county and town goeverntments, which
hall be as ntearly tuniform as practicable. throeugh
ut the State." Art. 11, sec. 4. Th'Ie words
uniform" aund "system" in this passage surely
ave reference to the convenient extent of cornn
es. Manry of the framers of the Californiau
'onstitution, were fromt those States wvhich had
ways ehterituhed, a " uniiform constitutional sys
mn" of estaiblishiing counties.
This utniformn system we hauve seen, is simply
Slet the people gove'rn thremselves, aus they
lst be presumed to know t heir owin wants
est-to let thiemi create a inew cotti, wherntever
neir ntecessities require it. Scime of thre Statesi
ith a view to p:-eventt the miisebiievous effet of1'
aing too many cuiet tis, exact that eachr conn I
Sshall contain at least a giveitnotint of' terri-|
ry, or a speeilied miuntber of inhlabitantis, ori
nih. Another restrrint wvhich I tinik they aull
npose, except South Caurelina, is thiat 'enchli
unty shall erect its owna P'ubii lunildings.nnird
ppoirt its own local police, either lby sailary, or
ilicient fees. With these two aife'gnards, the;
tates which have adopted thiem. feel no fear
Ut that the people wvill govern thiemiselven iuse.
.Ini somei other Stautes, snch as hllinrois, Ken.
iky, Pennsylvania, Virginia, North Carolina,
eorgiai, &c., no obstacle whaitever in the shape
f a given amnount of territory, or a fixed num
er of inihabitants is initerposed, toI prevent the
rmation of newv counties. So far from this,
not a few of' the Sitates, the .Judicial counties
-e so small, that seventh of threm have to unite,
ordIer to send onie representtative to the lower
oue of the Legislaiturce. I admit that in all
e States, a sounud discretioni is, andi shoiuld be I
posed in thet Legislature, foir regulating the re
etioni of old, or the f'ormationt of new counties
wealth accumulates and poepuhaticon uhiplies,
t in every State except South Cairolina, the
ople are nllowed to goverti themuselves in this
ater, arid the best proof of it is, tin t new
unties are being conmtiually costablisshed in all<
it other large Stautes. Perha:ps a cdozeni have
will considerably reduce the arerawof countii
i that I have given for that State. 'Tite same fa
may he asserted of other States. I might he
i specify the number of new counties whieh ha1
e been established in each of the States with
I the last few years, but the specificatirn wou
cover more space than it is worth to the argi
ment. Suffice it to say, that both the Conve
tions and Legislatures of :ll the other Statt
seem to treat the establishment of proper jd
ciinl Districts, as an inherent, inalienable, consi
Ititionual and indisputable right of the people.
How does the frequent and unrestricted exert
of tiis right by the people of other States, cor
pare with the use of it in South Carolina? Ou
r is one of the muany States, which have no col
slitutional or statutory prohibitions against ti
formation of new judicial Districts, nnd Soui
Carolina professes in theory, to let her peop
unvern themselves. But how is it in practice
Why have the repeated prayers for new Di
tricts, from Edgefield, Barnwell, and other placi
been rejected. so often, so lightly and iso t
sultingly ? A hare petition for a new judici
county, together with a reasonable assuran
that both the old and new counties can suppo
a police, is all that is necessary to induce ti
Legislature to net in other States. - What
cheering spectacle of free and self-governmen
does this present to the fast bound and glooir
people of South Carolina? It is the mettlt
conviction of many persons in Edgefield (to ui
their own language) " that if every man, womi
and child in the District were to ask for a divi
ion, the Parishes would not grant it." Is it ni
sickening to hear pretended freemen talk thu,
But habit is all powerful. Long usage to It
chains. can reconcile the slave to his master.
even the caged lion to his lut.
ARTHUR SIMKINS, EDITOR.
EDGEFIRLD, 5. C.
THURSDAY APRIL 13, 1854.
Off to the Convention.
Broarz our next issue shall come to light, we ho
we shall have spent some pleasait days in Charlesti
as a 31ember of the Commercial Convention. M
leave behind a few paragraphs, and hope to transm
something from the City in time to help them out.
1-T Several Communications and Advertisemen
are crowded out this week-they will appear in 01
T' We are indebted to lons. A. P. BUTL2I
Bitooss, Boycz and others, for various interestir
and valuable Public Documents, for which they wi
please accept our thanks.
E TnE communication of Mr. S-TTLE, whic
was received last week, but unavoidably crowded oi
of that issue, has since been withdrawn; and, I
difficulty from which it originated, has been, we ai
gratified to stato, andiably settled.
Wz invite the attention of our readers to the adve
tisements of Mr. M. A. Rahnsom Agent for R. 3
FULLEra, of Hambmrg, and 31r. Wa. It. CRAUz al
Jonts P. SE-zrE, of Augusta. These gentlemen l
now ins receipt of their entire Stock of Spnng an
Snmmer Dry Goods, which as theystate, wre selec
ed with great care, and consequently magnificent ha
gains will be offered to all who tmay favor them wit
an elaminsation of t'teir Stock. ,We bespeak for thei
(what theirenergetic and gentlemenly princeiples higl
ly merit) crowded houses, good customers and abus
Messsrs. CL.AYT-ON & Bra won, of Augusta, Dealei
in Ready Made Clothing, &c., also announces to til
peopsle of Edgelield District, thsroagh the Aieriscr
that they have on hatnd a splendid and fashrionabi
assortment. This is a fact, dear readsers, and whe
you go to Augusta be certain to give theta a cab, an
you wilt nut regret it.
Agnew, lisher &s Agnew.
The attention of osur Saluda friends is ditrected
the card of this Firm, mn another coin mns. This is on
of thse largest and best Houses of the kind in the Statu
and should be liberally encouraged by all wh Io trad
at Newberry C. 11.
Os Saturday, the 9th intstant, our village. and sat
rotunding country was favored with a mto.st copiou
decent of rain, whlich, to some extenlt revived th
drooping hopes of our planters, and at the same tim
relieved vegitatiosn from the droopIng andl sickly con
dition in wvhich thse blighting frosts of the previou
week had left it.
"Znvite the Zeadles."
We are particularly requested by the gallant ani
chivalric Officers of the 10th Regiment to invite thi
atteniomn of thse Ladsies at their Battatlin parade a
Mt. Willing o-i the 2i7ths mnt., and at Mr. R. M. SCLIt
aY's on tile 29th. We hope they will promptly re
spond to this invitation, and therehy greatly enlivet
tile occasion by their presence.
Mr. Noragne's Lsetter.
Wie publish elsewhere, this week, a sound and sen
sible letter, addressed by W. C. MosAGNEx, Esq., ii
thlis place,. to President TuonnweLLt of the South
Carolina Colleg,.. It originally appeared in the Co
lumbia Times of thse 1ith ult.
This letter was written more than a month ago, ant
transmitted to President Tuaoaxwer.t. for his owr
private consideration as well as to elicit from that dis,
tinsguishecd quarter a further expression sof opinion ot
thle important subject of popular educatioin. P'ermis,
sion was asked soon after to p~ublish the latter, whsieli
was granted by thse author, on tile supposition that its ap.
pearing as it disd, over hlis own signature, would be
explained by sorte aocompanying editorial remarks.
As it Is, thse impression might he mades, that the wri.
tar sought to thrust his name before the public, which
we know to be far from the fact.
Being acquainted with the circumstances alluded tu
above, we have considered due to Mr. Moanszn to
make them known.
Wee would warn our citizens to be particular in se
curing their premises against robbers, whlich hsave
made their appearance in our village. On last Sat
Isrday night, the desk of Mr. B. J. RYAN, the proprie
tor of the Planter's Hotel, was forced open, bttt furtts.
nately the precaution of the landllord, rendered thseir
eflorts unavailable. We suspect thlat this is a branch
of thtat fraternity which have been cottmnitting such
depreudatiuns in the cities of the seacoast, during the
last witnter. It appears from reportus, that the most
vigilant precaution is necessary to secure your jewelry
and money from these thieves, as they hlafe been
known to steal the .watch from under the pillow of the
owner, whsilst he was asleep, and pilfer money frota
the house whilst the proprietors were at meals. We
would caution our citizens to have an eye to beggars,
organ-grinders and pedlars, who make use of their
calling to inspect your premises.
Terrible lire in J'acksonville.
W. learn by an Extra from the Jacksonvile (Fla.)
Repuplican Office, that a very destructive Itre occurred
in that Town on the 6th inst., leveling seventy build
ings so the ground, in the business part of the Town.
Twenty-three Stores, togethler wvith most of the Mer
chandize thecrein. were consumed. The two Printing
Olmees, the Repubslicasn and the Netos, were also com
pletely dest royed.
Cutting and Blreckenridge.
We published ir a preiouts issue, a telegraphic
comuntication from Wa~'shlimston, that these twomem
hers of Congress had51 foughst a duel, in which one of
them was shut. Thes wires ieat. Not only was neith
er one of them shot, but thes dued never came off, the
siienity havinlg beetn (as uStal) "settled honorably
to both parties." Our ownu opinion is that the New
York man (Cu~rrso) had the advantage in the dis
pute which came so near leading to thIts fight.
The Six lrigate Bill.
Tste Bill authorizing the construction of six new
teaut Frigates, anti which lhas passed muster in Coc
ress, is probably by this time taking effecet under the
anction of the President. Six time's sixr will be re
tuiredl wvhen Englansd antd F'rnnce ts~u victoriously
~rom Ruleia to set matters right onl our fride of the
t'umator Dutlerrs Speech.
t wa first page this wdek it, occupied in part, by the
le last speech of Judge BUTLEL on the Nebraska qnes
e tion. His present remarks psrtain to an amendment
n propnsed by Mr. BADGZa, Sexator from North Caruli
d na. Thin amendment aStaces a condition To the Te
- braska gill, providing 64u p Phouid not he construed
to revive any preceding aw citheragaiht or in favor
q, of sinaery. .
After having read sleier.maks of oar Senator care
firly, we confen that webhav * derived more satisfac
e tion from them than from ev rn his regdar vpee;
and we hiope our readfers wil' be egually well pleased.
There is a tone of candor and of hope about them,
which has imparted to.oor on mind, a rather livelier
ie feeling towards the Bill than we have heretofore en
ht tertained. We use the expremion " livelier," because
!e we have all along been-a dull spectator of this terri
? torial arrangement. We have been so, because we
i- saw it admitted on all hands, that (practically) the
S measure was worth nothing to us or our instittiions
1- because we remembered the false faith hitherto ex
hibited towards our section, in regard to all mere ab
e stract pledges, and doubted not that a repetition of the
I same faithfulness would result in this case, and be.
ie cause we imagined it to be little better than a hobby
to carry DOUGLAS. or some on. else to the Presidency
These' reasons for our indifference to the territorial
d measure now before the country, may still turn on to
he as truly founded as they hav'e been honestly enter
n tained. Yet, as we said befor, a brighter coloring
. has been given to the proceedlig by some views in
it onr Senator's last speech, than by any thing we have
1 seen thus far. Ii@ contrast of the relative merits of
ia the Clayton Compromise and of the measure under
or discussion-hi distinct presentation of the alternative
now before the South-his convictions that Nebraska
under tile influence of AMiesouri sentiment (the line o.f
the Missouri Compromise being wiped out) must remain
neutral territory-his earnest asiertion of faith in the
power of the Constitution, and of its triumphing over
any thing like squatter sovereignty-and, last but nut
least, the " game-cork" semiment. which lie utters
towards the conclusion, all taken together, have help.
ed our feelings coniderably.. Most of the ideas have
been stumbled upon at diflrent' times in the progress
of this tedious debate; but they lian not be fore been
(to our view) served up so pithily, so concisely, or so
e forcibly, as we have them here.
u As tothe amendment to which the Judge first ad.
a dresses himself, we can iee nothing alarming about it,
t nothing particularly objectionable. At the first men
tion of it, we were ilisposed to condemn. But why
be captious about a non-entity, Wis the qn~stion which
A suggested itself to our mind after we had looked a lit
ir tle more closely into the matter. We think the Judge
right in holding that the old French and Spanish laws
L upon slavery are virtually obsolete, whether the 31is
g souri Compromise be repealed or not. And even if
11 they should become valid and binding upon that con.
tingency, what would they. be worth to us? If the
Constitution will not avil to roll back the tide of fa
h naticism which may set towards this territory, if the
it sentiment of the sounder portion of the American
a people will form no barrier, can it be expected that
e these old French and Spanish regulations will be of
any power for guod 1 What objection then can well
lie to the amendment of Mr. BADGli, which (for the
purpose of relieving in some measure those Northern
men who have shown a degree of generosity and fair.
ness remaikable for them, surrounded as they are at
d wine by the fiercest flames of a mis-guided zeal,)
e merely sets aside certain enactments and treaty stipu
d lations of the past which could never again be clothed
with any efficient vitality.
But turn to the speech and read fi.r yourselves. It
h is not lung, but so skilfully put as to do more service
a than voltimesof dry, stiff, labored, sententious speechi
fying. We write from the moment.
Aiken &r Ninety Bin Rail Read.
We learn from a good source that the Prusident of
ethe Greenville & Coltbmhia Rail Road Company has
ordered an imiediate survey of the route from New.
Market or Ntnety Six to Aiken. The line of survey
Swill be several miles distant frota tnr village. If we
intetnd doing anything to keep ourselves fromc being
cut off fromt this Rail lload,and thereby prevent losses,
which once incurred, cart never be regained, shoutld
we not arrongnafor~ivith to have the route suarveyed
freom this place to New-Market or Ninety Six ! If the
, way be good, as we are satisfied it will b~e le.'md to ho
,on the survey, can we for a mnonment, hesitate to do
all in our power to have the Roadl brought thurough
our village? Surety no one, acquainted with the
history of the times, can doubt as to the serious injury
this village is to snstain if the fload in question be
-huilt a few miles off: nor can less dotubt exist as to the
apositive advantages the Rload wvill bring to the village
in all time to come, if carried through our coerpoerate
limits. The sceptical are referred to the subjoined
"On the Road."
Gentlemten: In your paper of th6 23d1 you publish
ed a statement showing'" what a place loses by being
of the road." Oblige me by putblishiing the annexed
extract of a letter front an intelligent gentleman of
I Wilmington, which will show what a ptace gains by
being on the rotad :
"I have not been able to find the naine of recal es
tate in the Town of Wilmington for 1830; but in
1833, two years before the litatd was comemeneced. the
whosle value of real estate in the town was $310,000,
wIch wan near $100,000 less thtan the citizens of it
subscribed to the Wilmington and Raleigh hilroad.
" In 18-40, the value of real estate in the towrn was
*525.000. In 1847, gl,250,000. In 1850, it was
$1,563,517. Th'le Assessors have not quite fintished
the assessment for 1854, hut I am assured by them,
that the value of real estate in town will tnot vary
hut a trifle either way fromi three and a quarter mil
lion of do~llars. Of thin inecrease, prothibby a half
million of dollars is obtained by extenintg the town
limits. so as to embrace property to tat value.
" T~he increased value of property, arid thte genecral
Iprosperity, of our town, are doubtles attributable
to the building of our railroads, whtich t'routght us an
increase .tf trade, hut more especially hy' aroutaing itt
our people a spirit of eterprise atnd persevering in
dustry sthat never flags.
" Our exptorts in, 1833 did not exceed $1,200.000.
The past year they exceeded fle millions of dollars."
Off the Read.
An intelligent North Carolitnian. trx.v;elling from
his home in Ashteville tee New York, vini Greenvile,
Columbia, &c. (nut via Chatrlestutn as forraerly.):gives
the following as his idea of whtat Chtarle'toni has hint
by not joining Wilmingtoen in building a road between
thtose places, instead of the road between Wilmington
"The Manchester road is a vital stab to Chatrteston.
First, to her railroad, second to her Ileetels, thinl, to
her Omnibus and Coachtnen, fuearth,. to lher banks aend
Brokers, fifth, to her steamers, sixtht, and above atll eo
leer AMerchnt. Every passenger taken from her readl
$3.25; from hter hotels, at least $3,010 to $10,00;
fromn her htackmen $1,00; from her haneks all his ex
chlanges, frotm hter mnerchtaate, a bill oef from $100 to
$5,000! From hecr steamers $2i5. Iut few mnerchtants
ever pas.sed there withouit buying sonietheing. going or
returning, tnnd many who started to New York, got
no further thtan Charleston. In short, tmilliones are
withdlrawn feorever from hter, whtent by a timely con-t
riection shee mighet have saved it all. But it is gone
never to return. Three hundred passengers are ofteti
on the blanchester road per day, someetimnes htalf
We trust the lesson will be treasnred by curctie,
and that ihey will never follow the example of letting
Islip agood oppoertunity to connect thents-ves with
anty proposed railroad thtat mtay be withi~ei each.
-'ayettevidle Observer. rece
-vorntc Paul JTulien.
Iornoieof Augusta last week, we entirely
forgot to say that we lead the plesasire of aeeing therre
this musical Napoleon and ref hearing his aedmirable
haned. W~e wore slightly disaeppointed ine two respectes.
First, we did not consider thteir performatinces altoegetht.
er so iranscendant and over-phewering as seome of our
more impassioted ceontempuraries lhad led iuS tuexpect,
secondly, Paul proved himtelf a genteel aied modest
fellow enotight in plar~e of beitng given tup tee vanity
arid affectation'as some htad said eef heim. Of lithetm
sie mad~e by the cumpanty we leave a most agreeabele
retmembrance. .It was superior tos any entertainetent
of the kintd we heave everaitneded. l'Teir execution,
as far as it we t, was extremtely ne-tirte-their lhar-.
monies were afar enouegh perfection-their changes
were tasteful mapd efl~ective-thteir cenizas soft as the
" shepherd's pipo" of Otwvay, and their biravuras start.
ling to the veege of grandeur. Perhaps it woeuhl te
difficult to find a compattny anywhere, monre rettetrka
ble for excellesce oif individual instrumnentattion. As
for JULLiEN, }e directs ontly, and to hts skilftul train
ing and original arrangements, the coitpany are doubt
less indebted br their great popularity.
We were ptlased to see so fatshionable and appreci
ative an audi ce at Concert Ilall on the evening of
JULLIEN'S enhrtainment. It evinces att entlighitetted
and cultivated taste.
ON the part of the Trustees of thlt FAlgerie'ld 3Male e
Academy, we rtturn thtaneks to lIon. I'. $. lla oons forl
cop, of the "C'aents li-d'
CIHAlLESTON, APRtIL. 9Tu, 1854.
Wr.arrived at the Mlills ilows, in very cnmfort
ble quarters on the first foor; id, finding nothing
the way to prevenr it, we tAe pen in hand to no
what ritle we may channe to thinit of, for the benei
of our renders at home'.
This time we come ,fa Aiken,. and feel bound
give t a passing notiee. Aiken is getting to he
place of great resort for consutmptives and all th:
class of patients. Its reputation in this regard is grov
ing consitantly and rapidly. The- reason is, becau
the virtues and advantages of its climate and locatic
are real, not imaginary. They have been proved aga
and Again, as hundreds of living witnesses are no
ready most cheerfully to attest. Sit uated upon.a grev
line of Rail Road and being thus rendered easily as
cestibte, Aiken stands a Akir chance of becoming
permanent favorite with the invalids of tle who
country. There are now, at Mrs. Swa-rz's hote
persons from almost every part of the North, and w
learn that more applications are pouring inl for qua
ters Ilitan the old lady can possibly recognise, eve
with her recent additions. To meet the emergen.
and accommodate all. another large'liotel is ereenr
in a different part of the vilaige. There are sever
other smaller houses already in operation and entire]
filled. Mrs. SWAnRTZ, it is supposed, has realized
fortune. Bit the other dayfifty thousand dollars we
offered for her estahlishtent and promptly refused.
Cinazens of Charleston and other places are buildir
residences in Aiken after the ornate cottage style, art
this is improving appearances surprisingly. Five <
six such cottages of the most tasteful proportions at
finisled, and others are going up. So that we ma
expect soon to see here one of the prettiest Villages i
the State, and the old song of
" Barnwell deestrict, Aiken town.
Lord have mercy, do look down, &c.,
will have to be recanted.
After Aiken comes 'the Rail Road. The day w
descended it, the Cars (three in numher) were fille
And we had a safe and speedy, though ahominabl
dusty trip. 31any left at Branchville for the Wi
nitigton & Manchester route; still there was a goodl
crowd aboard for Charleston. Among others we me
our 1i111 friend Col. CHAePP.LL, of Coluambia, on hi
return from his planting interest in Alabama. -
good deal of cotton was up in Lowndcs County prev
nus to the late frost-all cut down of course by thi
event. Cirn was not thought to be seriously damage
Col. C's opinion is tha lands in Alabama are now at
vancing in valie very steadily. As an illustratioi
lat tsentionied the instance of Col Anoaxw CALtonUI
(whose first wife by the way nas a daughter of Co
CIArraL..) Ile purchased in Marengo Countya
$15 per acre, some twelve or fiftcen years ago. and re
cently sold, with thle intention of returning to Carol
na, at near $50 per acre, realizing in all about ninet
thousand dollars upon his sales.-We had quite a lota
talk upon the Cars with Dr. WTTrrun, formerly c
South Carolina, but now of Georgia. le asserted
fact inl reference to alcDurrtx's early history whir
we do not remember to have heard before, via: that
was JAMEs CAtInoux, not WILLIAM, who was chiefl
instrumental in giving our great orator his earlier edt
catioial facilities. JAMEs CALtHOUN will he calle
to mind by many as the elder brother of Jons C
CAttnoux. Ever a plain farmer, he is reputed I
have been a man of sterling worth, mentally an
morally. Some there are who think that but for hi
earnest encouragement and prompt assistance, th
great Jonts C. himself might not have trodden so gl
rious a pathwny to fame..-We saw tpain the cars als
31r. CALDWEL., tile untiring ani sagacious Presidet1
of the road. Under his ennitrac~r, every thing is cat
rieat on like clock-work, and thte Company's interest
tare sail to be prospering finely. A morc attentive c
a more efficient chief officer couald searcely have beei
facind in thte State.
Arrived it Chsarteston, our party enclnded to tr
the 3Mills Ihonse. andI so here we are, as before said
in very good and conavenienit rooms. This house ant
the Charleston are nsow the prominent Ilntel. of thi
city, a'nda between them is said to be a pretty warn
spirit of rivalry, at! the better for their customers. A
this time, (Sunday nighat) they are both toll to over
flowing. Whtere to-morrow 'sarrivats are to be quarter
ed passes our ken. The Cottmittee of receptiion wvil
diathiless see to it that all are wvell cared feor. Thiu
committee may he found at all times dusring thae weel
at U.arket lHa:l. wvhere De'legates are invited to ga
immediately upon their arrival, to recister their name,
itt the Cainventation books. Thte ge'ntlemoen of thi:
Camnmittee evinace an unnafy-rated dtesire to sue ever)
once prop -rly acc.dataaed. it is ea pected at siimi
fifteen hutnd reid or two thactiund Delegates, fraim tha
Seamhelrnt States generally, will he in attenancaae.
This morning we visited the new Romani Caahalia
Cathaedral an Broad street, witha the expecatation o
hearinig Archahisahop lIcoane-. Bitt thec day lbeing Paln
Sundtaay, legthenedl cerema'me.s andi obaservances occo
peied so great a part of services, that we left withoul
etijoyinig that riatisfaction. The hbuildinig is one or the
must imp sing it the United States-in fact, it is con.
,idered lay m-iny a rival of some of the old-world cele
blrities of 1 s kind.
'ThIis afternoon't we rode around the battery and en
joyedl fur a short time a refreshing sa'abreeze. And
now,-Suanday night. 9, o'clock-we clase te first
part eaf our epistle, with theo hope of adding something
else to it to-morrow aught.
The first day's meeting of the Caomercial Cotnven
tion is aever, and to the surprise of many, conisidering
the size of thec assemblage, every thing passed fil
smoothly anda well. It haad been agreed upon byitlae
Soiuth Carolina delegation, which met early, ta Pit
fairward Daewaoa ef Georgia for Presiadent of the Con-i
vemai'an. Acecordingly, the hody hav ing been called to
order by hiis graceful atnd handsome lonor, M~ayor
Hltrrcutasos,andl a well composed prayer hiaving
been read by thec Rev.3Mr. IIANcKEL, Mr . Taaauo.aa,
the ChIairmnan oef outr dlelegatlitn, proposedl the Hlonora
ble Getirgiant's name for that position. Mlr. D~Awo
at first dechined, but upon its being afte'rwarads aargedl
upotn him by thle uinanimouts report of a acommittee, lie
accepted. Various Vice Presidenits were appcinttead,
the first of themt ini rank being the now celebrated
Lientienant MII v. Thec President is a very senasible
nian and a right efflu'iive spenker. Before taking his
seat, tie delivered htimself of a very fair speech, ad.
vertiing to the difierentt topics wichl might property
cacme before the Ca'nventiont. When it is observed
itat our htonorable Presida'et's remarks took extremely
well, despite the tibe'rty of speech with which he con
rerted the words " far" into " faire" anad " oince"~ into
"anoist," ani ideca may be feormed of the force of hsis
coummoni sense. ie was applauded aspain and again
during hils address. atnd is evidetntly a favorite with
the body over which lie presides. After he had finish'
tad, leasuoon 3MAt.aT was called Ott toi take Ihis
,eat as first Vice President, whbich he did amid a
rotund of applansse. Wtt.aaoT G. Dr.sswssuaax. was
appoinited chief Secretary, atnd the Convenition was
thens reaady fair ate traansctiona of business.
Tie first thintg adone was thte formation of a grand
',mmusittee for thec preparation of buieiness for thae body,
tra. Thias was effectedl by a selectiona of three from
acht State lay the deleguation aif that State, makintg,
dl together, a laerge atnd highly respectable c'omnmittee,
tiiold Ice tedi'eus to write oflf thsir names; so we
efer alt enqusirinag mindas to the city papers, whose
e-parters wvill dloubtless give every thcing ina sufficient
A genatlemana from MIisissippi oflered a resolaitioan
putt the ssubjec't of providing hoeme schaool-hooks anal
chl-mulrasters, tee which hse maade a very well-woerde'd
pecch, harriing a slight tendenacy to the stytegrandhiho
3Mr. TaentoLMs, of or drlegation, alsos offeredl
severtal resoltutisons, hauvinig in viewv a readucations of dii
ies on Rtail blad irain, direc~t traute, a-c.
A geantleman fraom Virgintia prescet some paper
raom ahe Central .Southaern ltight. Associattiona of that
Alt of thsese matters having bceen thrown into thie
aopper of sthe General Consunitee, the Conrventiona ad'
imrned foir the day, after an agreeabte session aof four
raurs. rThe Ilules oaf the House of lRepresentatives
f te Conagress tof the Unitedl States, were aadopted
the Rules of thte body, so far as thcey might he ap
We omitted to state that the Convention sits in the
'hteatre, the Delegates oaccupying thse pit and hower
uxes, the laidies the dtress circle, atnd the newvspaper
'porters sthe urchestral seats.
G;overnotr 3MANsINo graced tae day with Isis pere-'
nece. anal wvas se'atedt upon the stage in rear of the
residleat's chsair, as was atlso Jatage W.ran.Aw aed
Many bright-eyed' ladies were present, and in com
pliance with a good-humored' soggeuison-of the Presi
dent, whispered so soft and low as to distu rb. no one
t- Althou$ in a great harry to wind up this telegraphic
n scrawl, so as I) get into the mail this evening time
a enongh to secure it a paissnge towards its destination
it by to-morrow's ears. t mnst yet tale time to say a
word or two about the- Charleston people. They are
o if any thfinr,. more kind and coniinr than I ever knew
a them. A pleasant sinle and a cordial shake of the
it hand is extended towards every gentlemanly stranger
and a very earnest feeling is manifested that every
e thing connected with the present occasihn should pass
n off pleasantly. The banquet, the hall. the excursion
n &c., are yet to come of. The ball alone-it is said,
T will cost over-ten thousund dollars.
t Islielitake an occasionarnote for the balance of
. my stay, and probably make use of them-in our nex
e N. B.-The Press is represented here very folly.
And we have formed the acquaintance of some-very
a @lever fellows among themt We have called at sever
. of the City Offices andi!la-ve been greeted by onr
a brethren as cordially as we conld desire. We hereby
return our thanks for their politeness, and hope some
d'ay to return it.
The Great Race.
y Tna much-talked-of race at New Orleans-twenty
thousand dollars being the sum of the stakes-was
won easily by " Lexington," the Kentucky horse.
"Highlander," lately sold by Mr. Piton of this State,
g was beaten badly.
Wake up Kitty-I scratch you wid a briar
r It's hard to find a cuter chap than this mat Prior.
--- e--- -
y Corn at Chatanocga, Tennessee.
Wrare glad to see that corn is falling in tpper I
Georgia. At Chataniooga, it is now selling at sixty i
cents per bushel. The supply on hand is supposed to
be much more considerable than the apprehensions of
the needy at first led them to reckon upon. Wheat
e atd oats will be coming on in a conple of months, and)
abundance % ill again prevail. We have no idea r.ow
that corn will remain much longer at 75 cents.
TABF.t'S ADDIESS AT GREENWooD.-The
great Calhoun Monument meeitigiat Greenwood, .
otn Friday la.t, passed off we believe to the full I
e salisfaction of every one of the large and brilli- I
ant coneonrse present on the occs-ioin, from the
feast of reason on the bena. to the flow of %otl
around the pie.nie tables. The yountg orator of'
. the day achieved a c;oipilete triumph. one as
frnutLht with gratiitit to hitself tind friends
as of delight to his intelligent audience; his
,spceeh was ably writt en, and delivered in a style
the naturli orator alone is capable o.- The
, qunlitications of the statesman were presentad
with a cogency of argunent and illustrated from
history, and fromt the life of the illtnst rious states
nian of the South, with asn appropriateness and
rfelicity we have never seen surpassed. I
At inore than oise stage of the address nany a r
gentle head, and somne strong ones tot, were I
Lent to coneal utibidden tears. The ladies. on t.
a whose accstnt Mr. Tabter more especially made
t this nible effort,are delighted beyosd expression,
f and never in Abbeville before hias ain orator so f
young stood before so brilliant an array if intel.
I ligence and beaniy. No fulsone adulations mar
. red the propriety of the fet-sion, but it seemied
to please every otte to think that Mr. Taber had
I found a welcome. and aehieveed a trisnmph in our r
midst which visibly cheered him :ter the severe
reverses lie hats ex'eeirienced tt the hands of bit- f
ter enemies. hIis address will shortly a ppe-ar in I
pamphlet furin. [Abbeville Banner. t
TtE AnnUsTA BitlDGE CAsE-The Charles- .,
-ton Ceourier ofC the 7th inst., says:-'The Unsited a
' State's Circutit Cosurt for Sont h Carolinta Dist riet, t.
r djourtned yesterday. 'lThe Ceturt hats been cit. F
ea ged for the last three days in hecaring the ar. a
ginenit tupon a msotiont for ans intjunc.ietn itt the
rcase of the City Cotnteil oef Antgusta, Geocrgvia,.
,tersus Jamies Joneits anid Joseph J. Keitnedy, citi- ~
I zens ofSonth Carechnta. The prauyer was for a f
writ of inijunctions to enijoini ie restrasin the dle
fetndanits front demaundinig toll of personts cross. h
insg the bridge betweens Augusta, Gau., anid Hamtr
burg, S. C. 2
fihce motion was ztbly argued by Mr. Petigru
anid ColI. Miller, of Georgis, ott.t lie part, of the e
complainamttusand .by M r.*lemmtiinger anid Mr. T
B3auskett for the defenidantts, befure his Honluior fe
Thle ease is an important onse, itnlvintg manny a"
Inice poinits esf law, the Ceort therefore takes e
timei before reniderinig its judgmnent. c
Mtt.E, April 7.
Ex-Presidenit Filmonre was recieveed at Moibile
ott Fridlay with great enthtusiaismu. A cnvciy oif fu
steamtters mset himt, antd ont landinig lie was escier- q,
ted by ai large msilitary anid civil ptroc.eesi to p
the City Square, where lie was addhressed by the nm
'cayour, to whom lie respejsihd iin a speech oef de
sce lensgth. which was liendly -chetere-d. Ex- re
Secretairy Ketncedy also spoke.. TChc assemi. a
blage presetit wats very large. Mr. Filhore is
tic leave .Mobile otn Tn'sdutv, andss will stop lit
the isntermiediate points on Iss route.
IT 5s said that the hicst mail from Euircpe
Ibrosught to P'residenst Pierce the resignattetin eel"
IMr. Dantiel, LI. S. Charge to ITirint, anid thazt M1r.te
D). is expr-eted by ass early steamner to arrive in
this country niod restnmie hisi vocationu in the el
ediitorshiip of the Richtinatnd Examniiner. gi
JAMES F. LAMtBEP.TH, a young man abotnt 20
years of rge. was fosund dead itn hsis betd, ins this
plaece, ott the morning osf the 3d inst. lie rutir
edcc the nigs.ht befocre itn hsis tnanal health. His
suddeni demise itt noct traceabsle to anty knotwnt
causce.--Res Sonilserncer, 6th ist.
ITER att.E STont.V.-A poirtiotn of Coffee on
ty, TIenniessee, was visited Iby a terribsle stourm
of winid aund raiin last week. lit the tieighbhor
hood sif TJul lahoma anid Normanidy, the houitse
ovtenipied byv Mrs. and Miss 8tones was blown
down anud b'oth hIie inmcates killed. A genst e
tian, ns:nned Ba~rtton had Isis ebild blowtn itsoc lie
fire,he siiatchevd it out, and himself acid famnily had
Ibarely t imie to eutenpe fromu the boense whle-i it
was b'lownt to pieces. The wind was ao hi!!h
that it, swepIt away all the tiniber, hicanses. fences,
stocks, birds anrd squiirrels in its way. The msaint -
hbodv of the winid was freit a half tos twoe mtiles
its width :snd the woods thironigh whieb it, pia.,ed
is now redneed to one vast plaici.
KiLL.ED flT A PANTHan.--The body of a negro
girl, beloniging to Ccol. McNtely, oif this ciutyst.
who had wanudered intoe thie wottds somse distancei
fromu the hosuse, wais fistnud a few dayvs ago, alnost
devoustred by somne w ild antimatl. Th~e tracks and
signs areeuntd where '.he ody was foccund, seem~ed
tic be coinlusive thiat shte had beein eiutrhct anud
killed by a panther.-Marianta (VIn.) Whtig. 7th
COMM E RCIA L,
Correispoadence of the Advertiser.
11A M BI?'lW, A pril 8. El
Cor-ron.-Our Market exhbited a deidedly dullC~
and drooping apearance at the clcs'e or sct week.at
Thue unfavorable advices that have be-en rec-ivedl
from out- princile domnestie Markets, as well as El
Eutrtope, this we-ek leave eancst-d a reductiont in Isriets
of a full i centi on thtese tef the pireviouts week.-4
1'There hsas beetn a fair we-ek's buisineess dine within
the ranige of (cur quotationis, whic-h is to somse ex- Chi
tenit anmintal, froma 7 to *49 eta.
TIhe de-cre-ase ins the recetipsts of Cotton at all the teri
Pisrts, ceimtpairedl w~ith last yeacr, is 59t6,:i26 Bale.
Bagging aned Rope. npears tic be ending~ upward g
ini price in the Ports ; there is, however, ino dlenun i
its vet w-iti uls ter tltese sutieles. 1).
Public Invitation. h
TilE Public are respietfuilly iniviti-d toe witnes the the
laying ofi theu Corner Stonie of the Ode1 Fel!iews &Ro
Ma-.sonsic linil, att Eudgetield C. II., e'n the 21st A pril Sah
inst., at which'timce there will bess Procsioa, fuil
Orattioula nd Pic-Nic.
The L-stles isre particularly requeste~d to attend- to
andI those wvho are dis'posced tes make cointribuetiens will
plesase st-itd thenm in to the undersigned Co sitt-e to
of Arrangem-ets, hby 10Oc'clock, A. M., as the Pro- p.
ession will metre prtecisehy at 12 ochoek, M.
G. A. AIMSON, j G. D). TILLMAN, -
LEWIS4 .ONES, |A. .1. MATIlls,
A. ShIMKlNS, I.10lIN 'OLAN,
W. Fc. DEIRISOE, I.I0SI-PII .\htNEY, J
G. S. MIcNhJIL. A. RA~lSEY. E
Apriln 13 le1 2, ,1, by~
MARRIED, 0n the I1th instant, by the Rev.J. F.
Peterson, Mr. TTRA JEssas to Miss SusaX VXt-!
tON, all ol this .Dib-trce.
Frrom the South Weestern Baptist.
DEATH OF-3ET. WIIJJAM B. LLOYD.
It becomes my painful duty, t; communicate toe
the readers of the " Baptist," and tlhe' suierpmu
rriends and neqsunisitances of the decea-ed, the mel
ichuly intelligence, that the ltev. Wi. S, Tiv
s no inure'. lie died suddensly st.MIt. Alyigs,.M14pnt
gpFomiery county, on Sabbith uorning hist, the 12tis
inst., in the 44th yeir of his nge.
The subject of this notice was born in Myile Ant
ty. N. C., on the 27th Febriary, 18i . 'Whs hio
Iarents lie removed in early lite-to -the Stiof -
iouth Caro'ina..and- settled -in Edgetield'
lie became the subjeet of early .religious impres
lions, and when about 18 or .19 years or age, he
)rofessed to fild faithin Christ, and was baptlzsed
situ the fellowship of the Japtast Church. He en-.
ered upon the service of his divine Masti r Itfs
nuh zeal and love, and felt, eurly.itn.' o~si hA
t was his diuty to preach -the Gospiel i.pillilais
ng gifts and fervent zeal in the cause of ire
on attracted the attention of his brethren. e
ubject of his call to the ministry ntud hetwesi
lingly, on the 16th March, 1833, liensedi NY' h.
'lhurch at Big Stevens' Creek (called IaV''sl.
.hurch,) in Edgetield Distriet, to eaeyeieshise b fts
a preaching the word and exhortation.
Elder'Llooyd's education, up to the time fie iar
profe.si*it 4,f Religion, had been limited t th
ortunity the cotuntry aronund hissm then affiorded';
aid it was thought alvisable by his brethren, thys
le should pursue a course of studies preparatory to
u tile work of the ministry. Yieldingge theiriad
ice, lie accordingly eiteret the urmaninstituteS..
., ad received his Theolgical training under thas
xcelient und pieious man, Dr. J esse lartwell. -.fji
iot known to the writer, how long our brother re
inaiied at the Furian lIstitute, but, we have fre-,
uently heard im speak of his conntetiosn with. that,
natitution, and of tie opportunities the students.en
syel while pursuiig the.r studies there ; not the
east of which was, that they were permitted every
inbbath to) go out two together and engage-in Ali-tir
ivorite employnent of prechiing Chriss to the in
inab.tints of the surrounding neighborhood.-.
After lie left the Iustitution, Elder LloA was
alled to ordination by tile Stevens Creek C ugreh,
vbere lie held his membership. The Pratsly
hat examined Isis qual.fications, .and setsiiisaPWt
is the work of the hini-try was compse t
dLowing ministers: J. I. T. Kilpatriki
hey, L. Brooks and Rtobert Csarson; lis "!o '
ios certificate bears date July 18, 18*35. Fro
ime uitil his reisival to Alabama, Elder
sntinued to preach tot the Churches in' E.gelit Id
histrier. and the surrounding countrywish great
cal and entire aceiptance. o
iii. removal to this State occurred in 1844, when
e settled near Tuskegee, in M'nen cosnhity. i le was
;r several years the pastor of the TusiegeCharehj
le subsequently msoved about twelve miles West'
f Tuskegee. and settled near the Cubahahehe
hurch, at which Church he held his iemnbersship,
nil in the neighborhood of which he contine,: to.
msite to the close or his life.
The circumstances connected with the. desit-of
ur lamented brother are of a peculiary soletin1 ansI
uspressive character. lie had for several years'
revioui to his death suffered much fronm ehronie -
hesimatiss. and nore recently from disesase of the
cart. Fromis the nature. of his disease, he was ne0
ioiiished of the uncertainty 'if Isis life. asnd-j his
unsily and intimate friestasa, h'e frequtentfy-poke'tf
eath with lite uttio.,t conilnure.I Ile.wt.uld somr
men remark, that - ie wished ti dient tbe.pnsat.f
uty, and if he could be allowed sis choice.heAwa4d
rter to die in a revival of religion. His faiily
ud friensds hatd distInetly. nmirkesf his-prpigress-i'
ie dlivinse life for s..nie time before Isis sudden ,de
urture. lie wvou:d talk much of death, of henyene,
sid of -lesus. 1
Osi Saturday mourning. the 11th inst., lie comuplain
a of feelintg sonmewhsat unwell. It'irs his~eeting
sy at .+tsioch (Mlt. Meigs) abot. 18 'inileillisflnt
omi Isis residence. Hie hiopedl that lie would be
ikl- ts gs anid till his ap~pointmeant. and aecordingly
s-ct ut, and reached thle chlurch at the. usual
sur. lie preached eat Saturday, as we hsaie beens
fatshed by thitse present, with mosire than srnditinry
ail aid poiwer. lie made -nine cesaplaini sifter
'enching~ of feeling palpitutioa'at thse heart. That
rening he tosok mnediemne, and rested. tolerably well.
lie text day (Sabhnsth) he'fektwellrund wss~uain
undl at his pot. The dasy being pleas';at ansd-his ---
.pulasrity as a preneher, hadas drawn taut an uniusu
ty inrgeescongregaitioan tos hea.r hiai preach. lle a- :
siedh the sncred ades-k, perfosrmsed the utsual mira -
s..isary services, anid thsen ore'se sa~hmanly and ann
'tnced his text as folows : " And this gospel of
e kingdum s-hall be preached in all the world
r a witness uinto all nations ; and then shall the
d come," s1latt. t!-: 14. ]le had beenss peaking
r atbout ten rsinautes ini hijausuatl ferventr ansd else
s nt style, wii-n ste summiaions oaf lI)enth cane, lie
ign atrrow hail pierced hiis heanrt. hsis counte
muehsuddnly chlaniged, anid lie genaally sunsak
sn"in:. the plpit, andl by the tinmelhis b'rethsren
nahehsim, thse-vitsal sapark 'hal fled, lie felliike
fdthtful zsentiunel'ia i ATn ir ns rosrr.
I liisamortal remsainis were followed ta. the tomb otn
iresdsay mosrnsing hy a largt.e oncosurse tof mnournsing
enids ad chrisian brethirent, andt by the .sio
sta.rnity sanda interredl ini the graveyardi af the New
ibaltmraehsee Chsurch, there to await thle resuirree
ta Trump. Our dear brother hsas left an afflicted4
dl herenvedh wi.hsow and thsree fatherheiss eciuldren
msourn hsis irreparnble loss. May Gtsdi-ustun ai
mnfurt thetm an this the day of thieir calaisity. - W'e
sec this sketch wviths thet apparopriate linies of 1at
nmery, the deeensed's faitorite ptort:
" Servanst of Gotd, well doun:
heest froma shy lovt-d emsplty:I
The battle Iiuclht, the. v~etury won,
Enter thy Ma-ter's jaoy.
The voie at midday came
lIhe started up tao hienr;
sAsmortat arroiw piered Isis frame; --
lie fell, but felt no fesar.
Tranquil amnid alsarmus,
It fiound hons tin the field;
A veterani fighting with his arms,
Bleneathi hiss red-cros ahield.
Soh.lier of Christ, well adone:
Praise b-- shy new cemploys:
Anud. wvhile eternal naes run,.
lRest in thy Saviour's josy."
A. T. M. ITANDEY.
Mra. Entrrstn:-By I)ivimi~ permnission I will
acht at the faslowinig places on the fasllowing days,
At Salemn Church, sin Monday 1st May,
- Stadis "~ oni Tuesday 2d "
"Lexingtons on Wednesday 3d May,
'~ Cloud's Creek, on Thiurasday 4th"
" Bethll on Friday 5th "
"M t. Ebal, on Saturday anud Sunday, 6th and
May. .IA$. F. PETERSON.
rsnEEE will be a tncetinsg of the Ministers-' &;
nconis' Consferenace of the Second Division of the
g~etiehld Baptist Assosciatioin held at Chaesntut Ilil
utrch, ont Friday before the 5th Sabbath in A pril,
1 o'clock. -
ar~uoductosry Sermnsn by Elder B. F. CoaL.Er,
er -hos TRAPP, Alterniate.
it subject oaf discussion,-" The'eause of the sad
lenasiona ft Rleligion.
d.-" Relative duties of the Preachier to tho
ct rdial invitattion is hereby extended to Minis.
ng Brethren, ands alil others, to attend the Meet,
for the promnotion of Ba othterly union in the
trehes, &c. ROB1T. lBYA N, Sr., Clerk,
'nE Union Meetinig of te Fosarth Diviesion o
Edgehield Haptist Associatioti, will convene at
Mounit L.ebnsnt Church, nine tmiles, by Ph.-ik
d1, from I lam~burg, oat Friday before the fifth
bath in April. We htope the mee-ting'aill be
Srepresenated by Delegates from all the Churchtes,
r'e athhs aficetionsately intvite Ministering Brcthrent
rothter G. Hi. CLitE', of Georgia, -is appointed
reach the initrodunctory Sermon, and Brother 8,
i ezs. his A lternatte.
J. G. DAGNELTA Ct.ERK.
[TST receivedl a large and varied assdrtment of
FANS, of beautiful stules,-foir false vety cheap
J. A. GURLEY.
m-il 1 tf 19.