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smaic 39rnm, 019n91dr 10 99rn1jri JBigl)t5, 1195 Viis, 6tda tdtigence Cgitare, Mai, Ecmptrarnu, %gricuture &e
" We will cling to the Pillars of the Tenple of our Libe es, and if it Must U4l, iire will Perish andst the Ruins."
W. F. DURISOE, Proprietor. EDGEFIELD, .,MAY18- 18
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Says Captain Robb to Fartter Cobb.
" Your farm is very line, sir;
Please give me up your title-deeds,
I claim it all as mine, sir."
"Pray, how catn it be thine ?" says Cobb;
" I'm sure I never sold it;
'Twas left me by my father, sir;
I only ought to hold it."
" Nay, Cobb, the " march of destiny"
'Tis strange you don't perceive it
Is sure to make it mine some day,
I solemtnly believe it."
"But have you not already got
More laud than you can till, sir ?
More rocks titan you Can blast ?
More weeds titan you kill, sir ?"
Aye, Cobb; but sotnething whispers me
A sort of inspiration
That I've a rig/a to every farm
Not under cultivation.
I'm of the " Anglo-Saxon race."
A people known to fame, sir;
But you-what right have you to land ;
Who ever beard your name, sir 2
4 I deem you, Cobb, a lazy lnut,
Poor, trodden down, and blind sir ;
And if I take your useless laid, t
You ought to think it kind, sir!
Ansd, with my seientifie skill,
I set it down as true, sir,
That I canl gather front the farm
Full twice as mtuch as you, sir. t
"To be explicit: 'Tis an age
Of freedom and progression ;
No longer, dog-in-nanger like,
Can you retain possession.
The farmt long since you forfeited,
Because you failed to till it ;
To me it clearly now belongs,
Simply because I will it. S
" My logic if you disapprove, s
Or fail of comprehending, e
Or do not feel convinced that I d
Your welfare am attendittg, n
I've p'enty more of argumtenta p
To which I can resort, sir ; ti
Six-shooters, rities, bowie-kuivcs, kt
Will indicate the sort, sir.
SSo, prithee, Cobb, take nty advice: h
Make over your domains, sir ; p
Or, sure as I am Captain Robb,
Will I blow out youtr brains, air !" (
Poor Cobb ean only grind his teeth
And grumble protestations
That might should be the rule of righat
Among enlightened sntionsu.
What Every one Should Know.
Accidents injurious to life may often be
very successfully treated by domestic meansa
before tbe advice of a surgeon can be ob- ml
It~is question~able, how'ever, upon medical
subjects, if the evil that is done does not
predominate over the good, from the hasty'
and inconsiderate means often adopted in ~
emergencies. To do sotmething is the im- "~
perative demand, right or wrong. Ii
We have known't ice to be applied to a bi
person's feet and hands, who was bleeding tc
at the lungs, and without any better reason
than that the attendant did not know what"
else to do. On beintg told in that case it IP
-were better not to do anything, site looked ti
up in astonishment and ittquiring said. al
SWhat, let him die without doing anythintg ?"
Now this person knew better, but utnder ex-.
citement was acting from sonme one's sug
gestion, without consulting her own judg
When there is much bleeding from the P1
lungs, the bands and feet usually become un. Ib
naturally cold, and the indicatiotn is to keep w
them warm, so as to promote the free circu- pm
lation of the blood, and thus prevent the un. be
due accumulation at the seat of the difficulty, hi
A bladder of pounded ice or snow should be m
kept perfectly quiet. at
Drinking salt and water is a common tr
practice, but care sould be taken not to dis. dt
tend the stomach with anything. There are B
still more effectual means, but they require pt
a physician to direct their adininistratioit.
Scalds and Burns are among the most re
common injuries requiring domestic man. at
agenment. A scald differs from a burn, inas. th
much as it is occasioned by moist heat, and fe
removes the cuticle, leaving the injury with. m
out any protection; while a burn, as by o1
heated metal, oil, or the direct action -of fire,
if not very serious; leaves the catiole'harden, gi
ad and insensible.-. lii
Now what surgeons always most anxious
to accomplish in these cases, is to protect
the injured surface from contact with the
air ; for strange as it may seem, it will ag
gravate with such an injury more than al
most anything else. To do this, the part
should be covered as soon as possible with
some dressing best calculated to answer this
There is a great variety of remedies in
common use, and every person is apt to
think his or her particular choice to be the
best. The truth is simply this: the dressing
which can be most effectually applied so as
to form an air-tight covering, will be found
the most useful sprinkling the part with flour
fron a dredging box, is ai old method, and
a very good one, especially when the sur
face is unequal, as on the neck, elbow, or
when the injury is small and on a very broad
When a handage can be applied smoothly
over the part, equal parts of sweet oil, and
lime water applied over the dressing, twice
each day, will be found very soothing and
It will be impossible to convince some
people that Dalley's pain extractor and other
popular remedies have not a specific effect
in " drawing out the fire," which means sim
ply to stop the burning pain. Simple cerate,
f-esh lard, or any other unirritating grease,
if api.lied so as to keep off the air will " draw
out the fire" just as effectually.
Whatever the dressing may be, it should
always be kept on, when the injury is not
very serious, until the new skin forms under
it, and then it will drop off itself.
G;unpower injuries should always be left
for a surgeon to dress, especially if upon the
face, as every spec of powder buried in the
skin will make a permanent mark unless it
is removed. Common salt sprinkled on a
slight burn after wetting the surface, will
relieve the burning very much.
Croup is the greatest terrifier to mothers
in this climate, during the winter and spring
nionths. There are two, and some writers
make three forms of the disease. The two
most recognized are the truc andfalse croup, I
aid they are often so much alike at first
that it is difficult to tell the one from the
ther. True croup is an inflammation of
he lining membrane of the trachea or wind
)ipe, which produces a false membrane and
>bstructs the passage of air in passing in or
)ut of the lungs. It is unusually attended I
vith fever, which sometir.es precedes the
lifficulty of breathing for several days. It e
s a very fatal disease, not more than one in f
ive or six recovering under the best treat- a
False or spasmodic crop is not generally d
ttended with much fever and usually comes J(
4 suddenly without any premonitory symp- ti
omns. The child-for it is always a dis- a
ase or children-goes to bed as well as e
sual, and in the night suddenly awakes s,
;ispiing for breath. The symptoms are just
vhat might be expected in a constriction of
lie air iassage, and such is the case, con
equently cided spasmodic croup.
Fortunately the domestic treatment usual- a
r adopted is beniecial in both cases.
The patient should be set in a warm bath, n
eith a heavy woollen blanket brought d
lose around the neck, and then allowed to e
ill outside of the tub, so as to keep the
boulders -warm, and retain the heat and
ioisture. Sprup of Ipecac, or Hive Syrup, fr
liou!d be admistered in tea spoonful doses a
very fifteen minutes, until vomiting is pro- C4
uced, and at the same time a sponge or b
aipkin wrung out of hot water may be ap- ki
lied to the throat. From the bath the pa- 13
cut should be wrapped in a dry warm blan- e,
et and placed in bed. This management bi
-ill usually be sutlicient to remove spasmo- gj
ic croup, and by relaxing the system will s
ave a tendeiicy to relieve, and retard the ri
rogress of the inflammatory disease, until a
hysician can arrive.-Western Medico- A
Human Depravity. s
Parson Brownlow, editor of the Knox- fe
lIe (Tienn.) Whig, delivered a discourse a d4
mort time since in Knoxville, upon the sub- TI
ct of Human Depravity, proving his posi. lii
ans " by the Bible first, and next by Knox- rn
lie !" in
If any man could do this, w~e knowv the tc
arson must have succeeded wvell. Knowing -I
we do, many of the tricks used to crush er
is fearless and independent editor by men fo
and about Knoxville, he had ample evi- of
mce at least of some depravity in that city. a
We once heard an anecdote told of the h<
irson, which if true, clearly showvs that fu
hat lie thinks is right, he wvill endeavor to lo
aintain. It is said that he was once noti- h<
ed by one of the greatest pugilists and lit
agadocias in Tenn., that if he attempted bi
preach again at a certain place, he would
takeni from the pulpit and publicly whipt .
the presence of his congregation. The in
~rsons present knowing the man who had :
i.s threatened the Parson to be a desper
e fellow advised him not to preach. They a
ere requested *not to give themselves any ye
auble as he would attend to the matter dc
Sunday morning came, and so did the N
irsoii at the appointed hour and took his
ace in the pulpit. Upon looking around PC
saw the fellowv who had threated him, hb
ith a number of his friends occupying a el
rtion of the church near the pulpit. He
gan the usual exercise by opening the yc
ble which lay upon the desk-he then re.W
oved from his right coat pocket a revolve; bu
d placed it at the right of the word of an
ath- theii another to his left; he then ai
ewv from his bosom a large and heavy de
awie knife and laid it across the leaves to h
event the wind from turning them. This
as an argument which forboded certain L
suIts; his opponents were so perfectly la
riazed with the beginning of the sermon, ca
at they, concluded it best not to inter, a
re with him, and it is said that me set of
en ever got suoh a seorching as did some
his congregation upon that occasion. w
We hope the Parson will excuse us for or
ving notoriety to this little episode ini his sh
e -Neinn's Rvnxpese her
Proceedings of the Anti-Retail Con.
The Anti-Retail Convention at Columbia
adjourned on Thursday at noon. About 6C
persons were present, and Hon. J. B.
O'Neall was elected President.
The following resolutions were adopted
by the Convention:
Resolved, That it is in the sense of this
Convention that a law prohibiting the mak.
ing and selling of intoxicating drinks, as a
beverage, is consistent with, and not an
abridgement or violation of the rights of
Resolved, As the deliberate opinion of
this Convention, based upon the most careful
consideration of well known facts, that the
traffic in alcoholic drinks as a beverage is
an evil-is only evil-and that continually.
Resol red, That the most malignant and
fatal diseases that atilict humanity, are not
to be compared in their direful effect to the
soul and body destroying monster intemper
ance, and that its extripation from every
community is as imperative a duty as the
enforcement of sanitary measures for its
protection from the ravages of pestilential
Resilved, In view of the demoralizing,
debasing and destructive tendencies of this
traffic on the moral and physical structure
of man, that it is the bounden duty of every
parent, master, patriot and christian, to unite
in combined action to restrict its use to the
wants of medical practice in every com
Rcsolred, That this Convdntion recom.
mend to their fellow citizens to memoralize
our next Logislature, setting fourth its evils,
imid asking for the enactment of a law that
shall restrict the manufacture and sale in,
and importation of, alcoholic liquors, to the
wants of medical science. Refered to the
Resolrcd, That this Convention do ap.
ioint a Central Committee, consisting of
- gentlemen, (any number of whom
>eing present at any regular meeting, con
tituting a quorum, for the transaction of
ausiness) which shall he charged with the
>reparation and circulation of an address
o the people of South Corolina, setting
ourth the evils of the traffic in ardent spirits
ipon the moral, social and pecuniary inter
sts of the citizens, with such other matters
,s may suggest themselves as proper to be
iid hefore the people for their consideration.
Resolved, That it is earnestly recommend.
d to the people of the various Districts and
'arishes in the State to appoint, at as early
day as possible, Local Committees, to act I
I concert With the -Central -Committee; In
isseminating such information on the sub. I
?ct of the traffic in ardent spirits as may I
mnd to exhibit the business in its true light, I
nd to demonstrate the deleterious infin
nee which it exerts upon the moral and
acial condition of the people.
Resolved, That the committees in the
ifferent districts be requested to urge the
eople to celebrate the fourili of July next
i the promotion of the cause aid in the
dvocacy of the object of the Convention.
The proceedings of this meeting are
arked, by considerable spirit, and will
Dubtless have a favorable effect upon the
tuse of temperance.
MoRAL SUAsIoN ON A R.ut.-When a
iend of ours, whom we call Agricola, was t
boy, he lived on a farm in Blerkshire
)unty, the owner of which was troubled
,, Iis dog Wolf. The cur killed his sheep,
owing, perhaps, that he was conscientious
opposed to capital punishment, anid heC
>uld devise no nmeans to prevent it. " 1 can
-eak him of it," said Agricola, " if you will
ye me leave." " Thou art permitted,"I
Lid the honest farmer-and wve will let Ag. ~
sola tell thre story in his own words.e
" There was a ram on thre farm," says
gricola, as notorious for butting as Wolf
as for sheep stealing, and who stood in as.
rnch need of moral suasion as the dog. f ~
Lut Wolf up in the barn with this oldt
llowv, arid the consequence was that the
gnever looked a sheep in tire face agarin.
Ihe rain broke every -bone in his bodyd
erally. Wonderfully uplifted wvas thre a
m as aforesaid by this exploit, and Ihis r
solernce became intolerable ; he w~as sure
pitch into whomsoever wvent nigh him.
'll fix him,' and so I did. I rigged an iron
owvbar out of a- hole in the barn, point
remost, arid hung an old hat on the end
it. You can't always tell w'hen you see
hat whether there is a head in it or not;
iw then should a ram? Aries made at it
11 hutt, anG being a good mnarksman from
ng practice, the bar broke in betweenhi
rris and came~ out under his tail. This
tie admroniition effectually cured him of I
THlE following is the advice of an examin- .e
;judge to a younrg lawyer on admission : 0
sir, it would be idle to trouble you further. e
an are perfect: and I will dismiss you with c
rewv~words of advice, wvhich you w~ill do
ry well to follow. You will find it laid
wvn as a maxim of civil lawv, never to kiss P
a maid when you can kiss the mistress. o
irry out this principle, sir, and you are safe. h
>ver say boo to a goose when she has the in
wver to lay golden eggs. Let your face TI
long-your bill longer.--Never put your v~
nd into your owvn pocket when anybody IR
e's is handy. Keep your conscieince for ir
ur own p)rivate use, arnd don't trouble it ai
th men's matters. Plaster thre judge, and in
tier the jury. Look as wise as an owl, .A
d be as oracular as a town clock. But, w~
ove all, get money-honcstly if you can, my ji
ar sir; but get money. I welcome you to al
A VOCIFERoUS opponent of the " Maine tI
"was seen hiecoughing in the street
t evening. When asked whdat was the u
use of the convulsion, he replied he " was b'
rolcano, and the crater wvas at work." in
Ti you would be -happy, take the papers. tl
e nrever knew a man out of humor, cash
piety, who had the latest news on Iris
nulders. Newspapers arid happiness are ai
3thers .mnd sister. a
The militia Systin In the State.
Nearly two years'a&,,.as the conducts
of a District newspaperwe advocated th
abolition of th' useless 'dlitary system nov
in vogue in South Caroina. Since then w
have read no argument hon the subject, no
seen anything in the opjfration of the systen
itself, to induce us tot-hange our views
We are, therefore, prep+red to respond tor
dially to the call madef-in the 'Carolina o
yesterday, upon the preip of the State, anc
will lend our feeble aid to break up the use
less, burdensome, barren, odious militia sys
tem, and to bring.about;a reformation-an
entire change-a radicabextermination.
There can be no doubt that a large majori.
ty of the people are ii favor of reform.
Then why should the sytiem be continued in
force any longer I Evei-y body must see its
inutility. Its unpopularity and inutility are
su flicient of themselves, to cause the people to
become listless and negl'g-nt in the discharge
of military duty. It is useless, does no good, is
positively injurious, is irltiome, and a burden
some tax upon the time aiid labor of the peo
ple ; therefore, they shirk the duty in every
way they can, or perform it in a bungling
manner, just to avoid thepenalty attached to
a total neglect of it.
The military system is A perfect despotism.
To accomplish the end iniview, the thorough
training of the people in 'the tactics of war,
it must necessarily be a.despotism. There
must be an uncomplaiding, unquestioning
obedience to authority. -The performance of
every duty must be rigidly punished. If the
military commander. sufrers his authority to
be questioned, or his cotimands to be diso
beyed in the least particular, there will be an
end of his authority. The whole system
may be comprised in two words, to command
and to obey.
Now, can such a system be enforced
among a free people, in time of profound
peace I Let the operation of the militia sys
tem in this State answer the question. The
captain, elected by the people, cannotbxact
obedience by compulsion. If therefore, he
attempts to require a strict performance of
tie soldier's duty; if lie drills his command
in the various evolutions and the manual of
arms, as their should be,he is met by a plump
refusal to obey his orders. He has no au
thority to punish disobedience, and there is,
thereforo, an end of contfrol. H is command
do as they please; use sticks for guns, if they
shoose so to do; carry their guns in any posi
ion that seems most comrortble; march in
.ine or out of time, just ni it suits them ; talk
when and to whon they may wish; and if
cept on drill lori er thatiG doem necessa
eave the ranks and go home. Such-is the
>ractical operation of the system in force in
his State, or rather such is -the manner in
rhich the people render obedience to it.
Ias it the least semblance to what the sys
em should be and what it must be if
ny good result is looked for? The fact
hat the people know nothing, absolute.
y nothing, of the science of war,. al
hough there has certainly been no lack of
ompany musters, battalion parades, regi.
nental reviews and brigadd encampments,
hows conclusively that the system has not
cen and cannot be enforced, as it should be,
r the object be to make soldiers.
We are not prepared, nor are we qualified,
o make any suggestions relative to a substi
ute for the present miserable militia system.
Jowever, we feel inclined to favor the sub.
titute proposed by the Carolinian, the gene.
al-features of which are the adoption of uni
arm companies through out the State, the
ontinuance of those already organized, cav
Iry and artillery, and the establishment of
ew companies, to be organized into batta
ens, regiments, or brigades, as may be con
enient orpracticable. In addition to this, an
nrolment of all citizens liable to perform
military duty, and the imposition of a mili
try tax on those-who prefer to pay rather
ian become members of the uniform compa
ies in their respective localities-the amount
tus raised to be distributed equitably among
me volunteer organizations.
We have not nowv the .time and space to1
evote to an exposition of this system or the
dvantages of some such change. We may
fer to it again.-Columbia Times.
SOUrrrans QUARTERLY REVIR~w.-At the
ate Charleston Commercial Convention,
e following resolution in regard to this
ble lleview~ was adopted, B. F. Perry beingI
e mover :
" Resol-ed, That the "Southern Quarter
Review," published in the city of Char.
ston, by a native of Virginia, and edited
y one of the most distinguished literary I
entlemnen of the South, being the only pe.
odical of that character printed and pub
shed in the -Southern States, and having
ways defended the institutions and inter
ts of the South, is entitled to the patronage
the Southern people, and this Conventiont
irnestly recommend if to their favorablee
Soxrn Ssroorwco.--The New Orleansi
icayur.e says: " The great match and bet I
Sone thousaad dollars to eight hondred, s
is at last been decided,; Mr. Travis win- 5
ng the money upon the first shot. The '
he affair camne off on May day, at the pri- I
ite residence of Mr. C. A. Babbitt, at Bayou 'I
amos, Tiger Island, parish of St. Mary's
this State. It being difficult to procuret
Sapple, a small orange, only about 5t
ches in circumference, was substituted.
fter the shooting distance of thirty-six-feet il
as measured, the orange was placed by the s
dges on the head of a gentleman, a friend s
'both parties, Mr. J. P. 0, and no object t
tervening, the first shot told the story, hit- n
1g the orange, half of the bullet going s
Both gentlemen displayed great nerve 3~
>on the exciting occasion. Some of the
ast sportsmen and acknowledged he'st shots I
the country were~present, and all express
emselves fully satisfied that Mr. Travis is
e best pistol shot in: the world.h
Sotoaros took an inventory of the world i
id all the best things in it; he. cast up the (
nntso and the sum total was vanity. c
From the Wasnibgton Sentinel.
Nothing-now a-days escapes the scrutiny
r o the press rew: thibgs and few men, bow
ever virtuous, escape the censure of some
who are connected with it,. It is a .sort *f
inquisitionihai tiakes-cognizan'e of evpry.'
thiig. It claims and. eiercises'a unive'al
jurisdietion.i Not itself a legal tribunal, not
possessed of legal functi6ns, it yet claims-a
survqillance and geieral-supervisory. power I
over the acts an.doings 'of tli lega.1 tribu-.
nals. Its proper . ihffluence 'is seriously in-'
jured by journalists, wlho, ho wever loose
their own ideas-in law, politics, morals. andV c
religion, and however abandoped and. cor
rupt in their eni con'duct, fet setthbnielves s
up to regulate the conduct of others, an'd'to
censure the slightest errors of judgment and (
the smallest deviaions -from the most strin- n
gent rules when coim~itted by others.
None value and none would more pertina. '
ciously insist on ihe rights, privileges, and t
freedom of the press than ourselves; but
none more disapprove and condemn tl im- a
prudence and the officiousness of some con- d
nected with it. ti
We are induced to make these remarks b
by the course pursued by some ot the jour. lr
nals of the country in relation to the acquit- tr
tal of young Ward, by whose hands an un- t<
fortunate man of the name of Butler fell. n
This case, as all our reader pcrhaps know, a
occurred in Kentucky.. The respectability oi
and social and political prominence of some b
of the parties to it created from the first an ti
unusual degree of interest in the public mind. e:
At length the day fixed for Ward's trial Is
arrived. A crowd assembled to witness it. v
A jury was impannelled. The trial was tl
conducted according to the forms of law- di
After hearing the testimony and the speech
es of counsel, the jury brought in a ver- fe
dict of acquittal. ef
We do not profess to be familiar with the -
facts of the case. We do not know the p,
elements that entered into it; but this we G
know that the verdict, as soon as made lo
known, was condemned by some of the ci
more prominent freesoil and abolition pres- as
ses of the North. It was declared an out- ti<
rage. The jury was pronounced to be a gr
perjured and infamous parcel of men. The to
lawyers who defended the accused were of
held up to the community as the aiders and B,
abettors of ruflins and murderers. The feel- St
ings of the people ware sought to be excited m
by passionate appeals. The wealth (which th
perhaps consisted in part of slaves) of the re
of the accused and his family was brought it
to bear on the subject. The feelings th
-o1 classes were- _ppia T.16- m e-e. -sh
ment spread like an infectious pestilence.
A mob, a great frantic, furious, howling, of
blasphemous, burning, destructive mob, nc
sprang up. It took the case from the court wi
into its own hands. It condemned the court, til
the jury, the accused, and his family and ye
friends. It struck terror into the hearts of a
the sober law-abiding citizens of Louisville.
According to the Louisville Journal, it
then proceeded to the elegant building oc
cupied by the father of Ward, which was bu
set fire to. The costly furniture in the bnil. la
ding itself was only saved from complete sh<
destruction by the brave and persevering a
efforts of the firemen, who, it is said, were Fr
several times fired on. ski
Now, we know but little about the Wards. fol
We know but little about the merits of the
Dase decided on by a respectable jury. Ward a
may be innocent-that is, lie may have the
killed Butler in self-defence. On the other is l
iand, he may be a blood-stained murderer ror
'if the deepest die. But, whether innocent am
rguilty, a regularly organized legal tribunal, ext
tfter hearing the testimony, on their oaths, the
pronounced his acquittal. T'hat is enoungh pos
bor us- the
T1o raise a howvling mob, to threaten vie- its
once, to do violence, to burn, plunder, and we
ihoot, was certainly no way to repair the
)utrage, if outrage had been committed, isc
rhe most cowardly of all things is a mob. Mu
Bach member of it, afraid of piersonal res- the
onsibility, seeks license to indulge his bru- tril
al passions, and exemption from punishment Ka
or the indulgence, in the protecting force oys
if a reckless multitudo in which individuahi- the,
y is lost. jus
Nothing more gratifies the New York rou
tribune, and its kinidred sheets, than to find hav
ome wrong or outrage committed in a out
southern State. It seizes on any such op. hav
mortunity to pour out its serpent venom. Ho
We believe that is hatred of lawt, and of ibi
verything regular and settled, and its loose Th
nd pernicious ideas, disseminiated by mneans nex
f its large circulation all over the country, exe
ave done morne to engender ini the commnun- othe
Ly a spirit of lawvless insubordination than divi
ny other one catuse- al f
'rHE WARD AFFAIR AGAIx,-Thle Lois
ille papers state that the riotous demionstra. ,J
ion at Louisville in the Ward aflfair is quiet- the
d, and as the parties so obnoxious to the maiu
'iob have left the place, the ineitement to any at I
ut break is removed. Both the young. but
Yards have left the city. Matthewv has not mom
een there since his acquittal. It is untder- unti
toed that he is staying at a relative of his ninj
,ife in Cannelton. Robert, the younger, iacq
eas there a fewv hours on Friday, the 2thfu
lt., but he has not been seen there since. turr
'he Louisville Courier'of the 2d inst. says: so
The Hon. John J. Crittenden, the volun- ye
~er counsel, was in this city yesterday, and hiin
30k his departure to St. Louis on the Pike. wvas
Matt. Ward, the acquitted murderer-that cou
mnocent and interesting young man, as Wolf han
zys-made his escape from this city by cros- haii
ng. the river at Jeffersonville, from thence trvi
> New Albany, where preparations wvero his
iade to turn him out, but he decamped in- by
tanter on the first boat that came along-- mat
stern wheeler, we are told-and wvhen last toxi
len, he wvas at Cannelton- han
'The Courier of Wednesday has the fol
CAssLTrOY, Ta., May 1.,1854. mar
Matt. Ward,-accompanied by his wife and G.
rother, arrived here yesterday on the " James Wi1
ark." They wvent on hoard the boat at ty,
Vest Point, at 12 o'clock on Saturdny night. kin~
onsiderable excitement exists among the sho
itizens, and it is proposed
,IQOrm Mr. 51su
Ward a letter requesting him to leave the
town. No violence will be used, our citizens
wishing merely to frown down the man who
.oolly-and deliberately took the life of one,
homn to know was to love. Mr. Ward is
he guest, while here, of John I. Roy, E.
Cuba and Disunion...
" Upon one thing Mr. Slidell may confi.
lently count, whether Cuba shall oi shall
lot become independent-whether we ac
uire it.as a Territory by'purchase or war
will never be admitted into the Union as a
lace Sta;c, withogiuch a struggle as this
ountry has never yet seen on that subject.
Lnd if thi ultra pro-slavery propaganda shall
ucceed in forcing this country into a war to
revent the ultimate abolition of slavery in
;uba, the dissolution of the Union will be a
:uch more likeiy ecent than its admission."
Such is the language of the New York
'imes, and we commend it to the earnest at.
mtion of the whole South. If we were
ermittcd to speali of this Cuba case nakedly
id alone, the threat of the Times would rea
ily suggest the appropriate reply. But with
Ie past staring us in the face, with all the
urning recollecions which memory sum
ons up-with the fate of the Gadsden
eaty still recent, is there not ample cause
i regard this threat, insolent as it is, as oni.
>usly prophetic? For our part, we rather
elcome, than deprecate, the speedy coming
the day, when the South must choose
tweeii the dissolution of the Union, and
e ignominious price she now pays for its
-istence. A ad if we mistake not, in this
me matter ciCuba, the Times and its party
ill find, too late save for repentance, that
is cry of Disunion is no longer terrible or
scordant to Southern ears.
If in the tid& of events, Cuba shall knock
r admision into this Union-oot Cuba
nasculated a!.d barixrired by emancipation
-but Cuba in all the 'rulness of her splendid
oductions, developed by the hands to which
od has appointed the work, we comfidently
ok to the renewal of the struggle, under
rcumstances too, which may make it " such I
this country has iever yet seen." Aboli- I
mism will be more powerful and more ag.
essive than ever. It will have been bloated
the utmost insolence, by the long impunity
its acts, and the submission of the South. I
it Cuba fortunately will not be purely a
iuthern question. The bands of a com
!rce of milions, are already uniting her to
e whole country, and the North is the chief
aipient, and conductor thereof. Will not I
terest in that secti -n moderate somewhat t
a maidlili sympathies for the slave? We
With the duties of the men and statesman s
the South, this suggestion, however, has
thing to do. It is for them to watch this s
tole question narrowly, and to act, when
time comes, as becomes, those to whom
tanother opportunity is offered, to retrieve n
equality, lozt by their own supineness
llussIAN A MEIc.A.-The New York Tri P
iie thinks that in the European war the
ssaii posseniois on the northeastern i
ires of the Paciie will very likely become
lint of attack for the English cruisers. P)
)m an articlu in the Tribune, giving a
teh of I issiain America, we make the
owing extract : a
'lThese posstssions are administered by to
Russo-Anea ican Company, chartered by b(
Imperid Guvernment. This company %
imder the special direction of the Empe. t
,and has iha principal seat at Sitka, one
ong the islanis of the small Archipelago th
eniding alonig tile northwestern coast of t
American cointinient. 'Having eome into S
.sessionI of private information concerng
presenit condition of. this colony and of tri
trade from a perfectly authentic source, tu
proceed to lay it before the publie. o
'The niative population ill those regions
onmposed partly oh Ahentians, Kuriles, of
nlgolianl and Kamschatkian stock, but
principal bulk consist of the Kalashes, a
e diiferin~g in type from the others. The th
inshes are a fair and blue.eyed race, withC
I features and light hair, and speculiar to
uselves. They are easily mianaged with ,I
treatment, but are brave and quickly
sed to anger. For the most part they I j'
e preserved their independenee, since I i
of nearly liity thousand the greater part a
e not submitted to Russian domination. ,j
iging thither beaver.skins and potatoes. ec
yare very fetid of wheaten gruats, and
L to gunpowder, prefer that article in
hange for tbeir produce. Like many
ir native Americai tribes they are sub- rx
ded into smaller clans, living in continu- evi
sud with each other, They are all arm-. to
vith riules. sel
[ANGED wtr DUK- eread in D
Gazette des Tribuanaux:-A young Iad
about twenty-nino years of age arrived Ifa<
'aris about a mionth ago, to seek a place 'an
as hec was providled with a large sum of ch
ecy, he resolved to indulge in debauchery we
I it should be sp~ent. on Thursday eve- p
lie went to dine with some of his or
iaintances, and remained drinking until va
o'clock in the morning. He. then re- Fr
ed to the Rue St. Honore, but he was
Irunk that he could hardly walk up stairs.
sterday meorning a person called to see -
and was directed to his room, which cid
situated at thle bottom of an insolated
ilr. To his astonishment lhe found him thi
ging by the neck, by the cravat, to the wi
LIIe of the door. He, it appeared, in sa'
ig to open the door, had slipped, and toi
uravat wich lie wore very loose, caught hi
he handle. The erforts which he had OP
le to release himself, in the state of in- *11
cation were Iruitless, and'he remained ON
ging until he Was completely strangled. o
UI.N KILLan.-The Thomasvill. Watch, ot1
i says that a young man by the name oh ai
W. Banrvfoot, a printer, Was f;o by one q
.F. Rtaoels, at A tapulgel% Decatur eoani- 1)1
aon the 3d ult.evrl buckshot ta
effct th npat. Ho lived but a at
t, ae. stawI$ made his escape and is la
be . l. king about Tallahassee. b:
The Wogen of Turkey,
Mr. Slade, in his 'Travels in 'Tqrke,"'
devotes a chapter to the ge&tler sex, . - sier
eyes he describes os Ige and sofdy Jus ousr
their voicesswedt and 'silvery, tteir hanas
s*i0 and tapei-fingrered. The inmates of
the seraglio are divided into two classes--.;a
first, the Sultan's ladies, and then the mai-- -
dens of the Sultana. The former Are-al%
purchased slaves, and part daughters -of --
Paches. They are all instructed -in the
Arabic and Persian tongues, in singing.
There are few ladies brought up in the serag.
lio, who do not look back on it with-a kidd
of regret; comparing its society to that~ of
the uneducated female of the' provincial
town. After sister or daughter, the' Sultan
cannot evidence greater favor for a Paeha,
than by giving him in marriage one .of. hi
unknown women. The lady is then placed
at the head of the husband's barem, with
ibsolute atkthority, since on her interest at.
iourt depends his advancement. Shouldh
be old and disagreeable she must exercise
patience, and' wait for his death' by the
)owstringor othespise/Nien she may marr
>ne of his officers, who has won her Fegard
The state of a lady in her haren'nis;tle
ame as that of a Pachaih his- Selamilk
5he has a train of female slaves, more. or
ess numerods, inore or less beautiful, aid
nore or legs ornamented, according .to her
ancy. They watch her eyeslisten oid the
:lap of hands, dance to her, sing, act the
suffoon, anything to please her whims.
ione sit in her presenee: -She smokei,.
:hews mastick, sips coffee, drinks. sherbet,
Lmd knows no other mode of existence.
rhe condition of her slkfe is sadly unpleas.
ait, for they are exposed 0 all the caprices
if their mistress, with scarcely a possibility
f obtaning liberty. Most of them .how
ver, have a singular amusement by syay of
onsolation. T wo,: for example, declare
hemselves love-s, one of the other. Plans
if intrigue are exchanged, and in this vay
harmless courtship is carried on for years.
L Turk can divorce his' wife at any momnt
f in a fit of anger,- lie exclaims--"J wil
ve with thee no longer"-.. that -suffices.
he parties go before the Cadi, and the- act
if separation is at once drawn out. The
idy receives her dowry. And 'he divorce
i no impediment to her re-marrying.
LATER FROM CALIFORNIA.-The steam.
r Star of the West has'arrived at New York
ringing four hundred passengers, and gold
ust to the value of one million and a quar
The mines continued to -yield handspme- -
r, indeed were more prosperous than for
rime time previous; but the miners in some
>calities had recently been startled by two
jocks of earthquakes.
The Walker filibuster expedition was
early broken ; the men composing it having
ost disbanded and fled from Lower Cali
ornia. In short, the republic was at an end.
The Mexican Consul, about whose move
ents there was such a stir at the time tla
-evious steamer sailed, had been indicted
,r violating our neutrality laws-he having
!en instrumiental in organizing a large numn
!r of foreigners, principally Germans, and
acing them on board the ship Chanllenge,
ith the avowed intention of conveying
em to Sonora. As the party were well
'med, they of course were not permitted .
leave. However, the Chailenge gave
mnds-to keep the peace, we suppose-and -
entually sailed for Sonora with some
ree hundred emigrants. '
TiuE EarcssoN.-Capt. Ericsson informs
a New York Sun in a note, that -previous
the untoward accident to the " Caloric -
lip," Mr. Kitching had cheerfully acceded
his proposition of making a formal trial
p to afford the New York Press an oppor- --
iity of witnessing the practical operations
the machinery, and of hearing his expla..
tions of the important changes which.
ye been made in regard to the " caloric"
tive power. As soon as the ship and
ichiinery are again in serviceable condition
proposition will be carried into effect.
Lpt. E. adds: -'
" In the meantime I have to state that'
ten the noble ship went clown the ,motive
wor had proved com~pletely succesfuAl
te enginle had not beent put to anything~
e maximum work, and yet we attained'
ipeed of more than eleven miles an hur,
th a consumption of fuel which promiss
render ocean navigation, in point of
:momy, v hat it has already proved iii
int of celerity."
ADvANTAGEs OF PAYING FOR A NEWsPA
R IN ADvA~c.-One of the facts put ini
dence at the trial in the supreme court
sustain the will of the late Willian Rus
I, was, that only a few days before: he
do the will he called at the office of the
miocrat and paid for his paper a year in
rance, thereby saving fifty cents. -This
t was dwelt upon at length by counsel,
Il commented upon by the judge in .his
Irge as one. of great importance. The
-dict of the jury would seemu to' sustain the'.
sition, that a man who has mind and mem-e
renongh to pay for his newspaper in ad
ice, is competent to make his will
A PORTRAIT OF SIR CHARLES NArL3
An English paper uses a rather free -en
in the following sketch:
"A farmer-looking man, with a fna)
ck lips, and a tremendous noseiverg Lh
th snuff; large ears, like two fhps .of
idle ; and, like " Uncle Ned" in lyzieohis
-y, with no wool to speak of on the top~..pg
head, although his phrenologigl 'deol
rments display an extensive surfacBfwhere -
wool ought to growv; the heyd placcQ
the, body of a stunted alderrpn,,.wh +~
'Tes appear to have been pit*hfor]ed.o'j
back, with one shirt collar tip and'te.
aer dowvn, -his waistcoat btyned aq
d his shirt-front smeared with.'snuf g4
u have the portrait of " Sir Charipl~
STmONG-MNDED WoM.-~ On th1i.
Willark'atflotel, Washington is
wing recept .entry, " Mrs. Lewis i