Newspaper Page Text
The steamer George Law, from Aspinwall,
rived at New York on Monday last. We.extr
the following Mexican intelligence from the ne
The Diario Official gives the general aceo1
of an action at the Cajanes, between Santa At
and Alvarez. It says that the troops of Alva
were driven from their position by those of S
ta Anna with the bayonet otily, the latter i
firing a gun. From this point'Alvarez fell b:
to a pass called the Puerto dell Coquillo, def
ded in front by a river of difficult passage, w
heights in the rear difficult by nature and stret
thered by five small field works; these w4
manned by from a thousand to twelve hundi
Santa Anna marched upon them with nc
5,000. Approaching their position, he thri
across the river, above the pass, a select cor
of light troops-attacking them in the flank wi
his main body he forced the passage of the riv
and assanited the batteries on the heights wi
tha bayonet again. The contest appears to ha
continued near three hours; not all the time,
course, with the bayonet, we mnst suppos
but jietherless, the contest seems to have bei
obstinate-how bloody, it is difficult to sav.
Finally, the several works were all carried, at
the enemy put to flight in utter confusion, m
king their way, it is nol yet known whether in
the wild mouitains around, or backward towai
Acapulco. They were pursued on all sides, a[
it seems to be confidently expected that Alvar<
will fall into hands of the victors. The de
patches which give these particulars were sei
off immediately at the close of the fight, and s:
that for that reason the number of the kille
and wounded on either side cannot be statei
In a slighter subsequent alir between two do
tached parties, the Mexicans report that the
routed about two hundred of the followers
Alvarez, killing about twenty of them.
The following report is furnished to the Nei
York Herald by the purser of the John L. Stc
BLOCKADE OF THE PorT OF ACAPULC.-O
the 22d, at 5 P. M., arrived off the harbor c
Acapulco, saw two vessels, showing what ar
peared to be French colors, laying off the mail
entrance, each of which fired a gun as th,
Stephens approached through theenorth channe
and soon afterwards fired a shot which fell thwr
of us. The engine was immediately stopped
and the helm put to starboard. The --hip fore
reaching came in4ull view of the fort, which ap
peared to be crowded with men. The steatnei
then losing her steerage way, and drifting towaxrd
the rocks on the north shore of the hav, the en.
gine was started ahead to brittg her ro'und head
to- wind and tide, when the ships and schoonet
coming up under our lee in point blank range,
fired two shots close over us. The engine was
again stopped, a boat lowered, and the first offi.
cer sent to inquire the cause of their firing itito
us. He was not allowed to boad the ship, but
was met by an officer in the ,hip's boat, who in
formed him that the port was blockaded, and
that we-must immediately leave the harbor, or
he would sink us if he could.
Capt. Pearson himself then boarded the ship,
and was immediately informed by the commander
that his orders were imperative from Santa Anna
to allow no vessels to pass, and that if we at.
tempted it he would fire into us. Having sutli
cient coal to reach San Juan,-the ship was put
on her course at 9 P. M., and orders given to the
chief engineer to use all possibie economy.
26th.-The engineer reported suflicient coal
to reach Panama, and the ship was accordingly
put on her course for that port.
During the detention of the Stephens at Aca
pulco, shots were frequently exchanged between
the two vessels and the fort, and without efl'eet
on either side. Santa Anna, with an armjy vari
ously estimated at from 3,000 to 5,000 men, was
encamped in the neighborhood, and it was ex
pected that he would make an attack on the town
during the night.
28th, at 9 P. M., arrived at Panama with
barely suflicient fue! to reach the anchorage.
The correspondent of the Charleston Courier,
writing from Havana under date 2d inst., says:
The steamer has just arrived with the news
that the Spanish Government has approved of
the conduct of the Captatin General, in all that
he htas dune in regard to the Bllack Warrior.
From the Uttited $tates, we received news to
the cont rarv. iHow is it ?
The Captain General had published some new
regtulations, making it lawful to search fur ne
groes on estates, with a preamble, in whtibi he
.denies that there is an~y compact between Spaini
and Great Britiain,by which the formeris bound
to emancipate the slaves; also, several severe
remarks about the introduction of negtroes,b but
as 1 have.heard the epithets imbecility amd htypo.
c risy made use of in regard to the article, and
also have heard otf the landing of thtousaxnds of
negroes, Ott which, fronm 85 to 10:2 dollars have<
been paid, to let them pass, I can only regard
the proiuetion, declaratioti, &c., in the most un-r
There has been a great sensation created by
a report which appears to be well fottnded. to
the etfect that laws are to be putblikbed, by which -
blacks wvill be allowed the same civil rights that
the whites erajoy. If this be true. the slave pop
-ulationwill be placed on the btorder of etntire .
liberty, and thus our proxitmity to rtuin is very
near indeed. Of course the whole wvhite popt~- -
lation, including the Spaniards, is tmuchI affected
by the report, and in the Ayuntamento, the Span- t
iards have been bold enough :o oppose the r
It is pretty clear, who it is that directs these
masterly steps, to bring about a state of things
to render the island unapproachable by the Unti
ted States. The Spaniards themselves could
not imagine it; and whilst, the British Cabinet
is professing friendship, and its press almnost
giving the ishatnd to the Americans, it is no dotibt
admiring its own wisdom, in the spectacle of the e
seed of its intriguing, producing'a crop that Id
even the famous American reaping maebine will iB
not be able to take in. T1he British may
p rofess friendship and Gen. Pezuela swear until
be is blue, but I give not a fig for the one or,
other, and lament the obtuseness o[ our govern
ment. at home.a
The diflferent book stores have been visited by"
the Jesutits, with authority from the Governor h
to examine the books, that they maty prohibit the - U
male of those which they may consider hurtful j U
to their sway. This is really very mnch like thme lal
times of thme ingniisition. From bookstores they I
will in all probability pass to private libraries.
The Arebboishop of the Isla::d is marryitng ,
whites to b!aeks, so that bet ween these atnd
-Gen. Pezuela we shall soon be brought down tof
to a level with the black population. There is r
nothing exaggerated in this statement-it is lite- for
rally true. Itisi
NEDRAsKCA IIILL.-The Journ:al of Commerce ani
has the following statements concerning the pro
gress of opinion at the South upon the petnding
question between the two great, divisions of the.
" A very intelligent and unprejudiced gentle- jh
man, who has recently spet severaxl weeksm in
Georgia and Alabama, tells us that the Nebras- adi
ha question is fast transferring the Uttion mecn of tio'
those States to the ultra Southern party, lately for
called secessionists. He says the opinion is one
gaining ground there, and has beconme quite pire- thal
. vahet, that the only way they catn live in peace of
with the North is to have as little to do with -firta
them as possible. They say that very many of rav<
those at the North whmo appeared to be their thos
ftiends in 1850 amnd 185I have deserted them on upm
the Nebraska questiont, and that those-who are the,
with them on that may desert them at the next o
time of trial. In short, they are convinced the as
they have nothing to hope fronm the North-not as
even a faithful performance of the stipulations aga
of the Constitution, but must rely upon them- oi*
selves." - will
Oua RELA'TIO~s wITH Spox.-The Washinig- A ni
Ion Union, in an article on our relations with at
Spain, remarks: - ' mt
"'vWe are quite free to state-and in terms so ta
emphatic and unequivocal as to admit of no mis- thm
irnterpretation--that if ample satisfaction is not *te
allowed for the piratical seitdure of the Black t """i
W~arrior, we shall advocate an immediate block- 'rTalk
ade of the Island." --hol
It also remarks that tho retention in office of shari
Gen. Pezuela, the Captain Genarah of Cuba, "2
"renders the establishment of good relations askec
wit~h Spain and friendly intersouse with her pos- tyheji
seswin ndmost impossible."
ARTHUR SIMKINS, EDITOR,
int - EDGEFIELD, S. C.
ez THURSDAY MAY 18, 1854.
ot ET' SEVERAL notices we had prepared are post
ek poned till next week. Look out for them then.
!n- -e .. .
th 1 WE are requested to state that the Rev. V,
g- PLCKETT will preach on next Sabbath at Jeter'
ro Church, at 3 o'clock in the afternoon.
ed -- .-- ----
Out of Proportion Again.
ar OwING to a.most provoking delay in the transpor
w tation of material from Hamburg, our paper this weel
ps has an odd number of columns. We hope it will no
th be so again.
Arosc the gentlemen admitted recently to practice
in the Courts, we notice the names of Mr. Jonis E.
BACON (to Equity) and Mr. AsaNa Paatittx (to Law.)
n Both are citizens of Edgefield.
A Speech on Sale-day next.
We are requested to announce that Col. GARLING
' TON, candidate for Congress, will address he people
of Edgefield, at this place, on Sale-day next.
d To " Later day."
z A correepondent, who writes to us over this signature,
4- is assured that he has failed entirely to see the bearing
t of our paragraph which has so excited his right-sous
V indignation. If he will look again and more closcly,
ie will find in it a vein of irony and satire which has
no likeness to praise or commendation. We think it
therefore unnecessary to publish his piece.
WE see by the Columbia papers that lion. F. W.
r PIcKVxxs has accepted the appointment of the S. C.
College societies to deliver their annual address in
December next,--Also that WX. C. 30RAGNE Esq.,
has been made a member of the Board of Visitors of
our Sta e Institution.
stage line to 1.96.
Ttis line is beginning to do so well that we really
thinl Iessrs WAn & DOUGLASS ought to make it
daily. The last trip but one, nine passengers came
i by it. There were seventeen applicants for seats in
Augusta. Throughout the sumnter at least, this thing
would perhaps continue if the ficilities were extended
and improved. As we said before, travellers by this
line save time and money, both of them precious
things when we come to think about them.-Please
taike our hint, gentlemen contractors.
Mr. Lamar's Advertisement.
Tim papers which have copied the advertisement
of the " Stoddard Shingle 3achine" will please dis
continue and forward their accounts to 31r. TuoMAS
G. LA x.ta, Angusta, Ga. In reply to a query of the
" Independent Press" as to whether it is proper to
charge for the postscript of instructions at the bottom
of this advertisement, we should say, certainly not.
At any rate we never practise it in this office, unless
we are the original publisher.
We are pleased to learn that 31r. LA.AtR has sold
(no doubt in consequience of his liberally distributed
patronage of the printer).several District rights for his
machine. Edgefield is still reserved for some of us.
" Ballic Broadbrim."
I' will be seen that this youta -'oman has thought
propar to send rather a raking fire into the camp of
Male IIats. We doubt not it will produtce a consider.
able shuffling in the ranks. We show our gallantry a
by pubblshing freely and fully for our feminine enemy.
Nor have we any thing to say in extenuation of the
hats of our sex-except so far as concerns our own
old hat. This we must defend on the principle in- 'I
culcated in " Woodman, spare that tree." Yet, what 'J
can we say! That it is an old hat, and a battered g
hat, and even an ugly hat, we cannrot deny. But we d
will maintain againt forty fair Amazons that it is ti
still a good old hat. To be sure, we are going to get u
a new onte. We have too mnch regartd for the girls h
not to do so after the " broad brim'd" hint of this week. o
Yes-and we suppose we'll have tou go and pay for it it
too. In somne places, editors get htats by way of coom- 01
pliment. Edtgefleld seems to be no Irunger -svona.
But we " cawnt expect any thing better-we have'nt tI
got. the Railroad, we have'nt got the stores,-we di
Iavent got the Ilawvleys.aif coturse we cant expect it. B
ret nevertheless, " SA .tatE BatoADueatu," we'll get ti
lie new hat if it costs us a V. re
Decisions in the Court of Appeals. cc
Tur. following we think is a correct stat.:mentof the th
A ppeal Court Decisions, in Equiity antI in Law, upon tn
ases wvhicht were carried up from Edgefield:g
IN EQcrrr.-Th'lomas Petigru vs. Thtomas Fergu- to
on ; A preal dismissed-Petigrm gains his case. -ye
Daniel Prescott vs. J. BI. Ilolmies, Administrator;
)rdered to be reargued, which will agtain brintg thte
ause before our Court at thme approachitng Jtune Term.
IN LA w.-The State vs. A. BI. Prior; A ppeal dis- a
aissed and tnew trial of course reftused. The unforitu
ale prisoner is to be hung on the 28th of July next. o
C. C. Freemtan vs. Joseph Jennitigs, Executor; ver- I
ict of the jury (setting aside the will) stustained. to
Kimibrell vs. Walker; new trial refuse~d. Jones vi
hIarp:oni; tmotion to amiend the writ refu-ed.
J. Colgan vs W. Phmilipis, Adomitistnttor; as stated
the Carolinian, moJtion refused-as stated by a gen- o
eman of the bar who was present, motion granted.
In the CouaRT OF Enutons, the case of " J. C. 3Ma- Co
tis vs. C. Ilanmmond, Executor," was decided in libt
vor of lhe chtildren-of James Anderson, viz: Indi. ed.
'i, Louisiana, &c.te
ZLe Sas Dleu. aftt
Turs third number of this very neat little notempo. htis
.ry is otn our table, seeming to smile up at us with a sen
ok of decided intelligence as well as good humor. po
e find therein several comtpositions of merit from thme gut
ns tof the University young ladies, amotng the rest sibi
e by 3Miss M. 31. P. of Edgefield. I'Te editorial scat
partment is also well filled. And, all in all, L z BMs Adt
u~zc is a very pleasant exchange. 3
The Spartanburg Express. sl
Tits is the title of a ne w paper, which promises finely.th
is owned arnd edited by 3Mr. EDwAaD II. Ba ITTON,
Spartanburgh C. 11. The first number is before .f
presenting a very handsorne appearance and ex-T
>itingmtuchi ability. We gladly place the " Erpress' exhi
on our exchange list, and we welcomte Mir. BanTroN"
in his auspicious return to the brotherhood that ted
>ors so cheaply for the wvorld's good. char
l'~atis, $3 fo- the tri-weekly-$' for the weekly. clhe
------+.--- - titon
- Iooeting of Proprietors, cil fi
Laturensville 1Ierald suggests that the prp ie- ladd
of the Press, in South Carolitta, meet at Newber- ta
Court House on the second MIonday in next month, fami
the purpose of adjusting a proper scale of adver. land
ng prices. Ont the part of MIr. Dunttsoa, the pro. "
:tor of the A dcertuser, wit accede to the proposition, ini vat
l trust thters will be a full attendance. dlreni
Questions of tho Canvass,.ed
Lvery ludicrous variety tif queistionhs is anticiplated up in
our petnding canvass for the Legislature. Whether him
y will all be actually sprutng, remains to be seen. ed"uc
Pne says lie will vote fur ito candidate who will noteri
acute the helping of Railroads by State subscrip- dispel
s--another, that his man must be ready to go in seed
1 poll-tax-a third, that he'll be down upon ant me re
wvho opposes a division of the District-a fourth, his el
he cannot support any ticket which is not in favor tins
iving the election of President to the people--a " B
,that lie intends to do what lhe can for those who, civili:
r the Liquor law-.a u'ixthi, that lie cannot go for tin
a who sustain the A ugusta bridge ex'sctions, or who of the
>dd the aristocracy-and a seventh, that tie want. lies, ti
nilitia stystemn abolished or reformed. thiemis
F course, the opposites of these propositions havetesa
their friends. It's Jirm against Jack, antI Jack
ast Jim, all down the list. Sharpen your witsand wjr
our tongues, gentlemen-candidates. The stump friend
have to be mounted. Before the barbecues come have I
ad, we shtall expect to find you in a general stew, pose.
se time you'll have of it, doubtless. Well, we in all
try to vote for the men uwhIo are fit to represetnt hot as
ithout much concern as to which side of this (lang s
r the other little question they may be. None of i"d-d
nteed be afraid of our bothering them with qutes- thetn ft
We don't like to puzzle people unnecessarily, very ki
ng of qtuestiotting, liars's a good one we append to mak
e our catndidates will take the hint and look corn ju
before they answer any thing: these si
ot many months sincre, a candidate for office was growin
the following question : " What do you think of
ebraska hill I" lie immediately atnd empha-tic-al- mother
',ied, " If it is a just bill, I think ii ought, tohbe cned p:
The Rail Road Again.
OwtiNa to the exceeding inclemency of the weathe
the meeting to have been held this week for the fu
ther consideration of Railroad matters was not co
vened. Some other day will be made known in di
time. The postponemert was not regretted,inasmuc
as we will now be Vnabled to make our next meetir
a largsr and more effective one. Gentlemen interes
ed in the question, from above and below, will be s
licited to lend us the aid of their information at
talent. And it is hoped that there will then be, ontt
part of our people, one of those long, strong and uni
ed pulls which generally carry everything and ever]
body on to fortune.
In the mean while we shall from time to time pen
few thoughts to keep the question before the commt
nity; and we earnestly invite our many. inteliiger
writers to lendtns their aid.
This week, we desire to do nothing more than t
suggest for the consideration of all an example mos
worthy of imitation. It is the example which ha
been set before us within the last few years by th
indefatigable citizens of our sister District, Newberry
With many more obstacles than now surround us. o
ever have surrounded us, they commenced, as it wer
but yesterday, a Railroad enterprise of unusual mag
nitude. At the outset, they were looked upon by somi
as manufacturing their own disgraee. It was said o
their project that it was as ridiculous in its conceptiot
as it would be short-lived in its existence. " They'i
never buile it," confidently said the sleepers of Edge
field-" it is simply absurd." But the solid men wh<
had begun the work went on regardless of the sneen
and sarcasms of out-siders. They strove like very
veterans with all difficulties. They tired not by the
way, nor turned aside from their arduous task for a
moment. Week after week, and month after month,
it was expected that they would falter and eventually
stop in despair. But led on by the strong will of
O'NEALL, and encouraged by a full score of deter
mined men,.the company not only retained their vi
tality unimpaired, but achieved a signal triumph over
all interposing barriers. And this day, to the high
praise of all concerned, their Road is not only an en
tity, but a completion. True, we know full well that
even since theiricars have been running for a hun.
dred miles through the country, prophecies have been
made of their ultimate failure. And it is admitted on
all hands that thus far the stockholders have received
nodividenils upon their investments. Ot the contrary,
they have submitted to assessments upon their original
subscriptions to keep up their Road. But this has
been owing, in a large degree, to reverses which few
men could have foreseen or prevented. That the
Coempany has outlived its early trials is owing to the
fact that the same high and unconquerablespirit which
gave it birth still hurs for entire success. And
for cone, we now believe they will attain it at no dis
tant day. The mischiefs arising from inexperience
have been remedied-errors have been seen and re
moved-ard the result is that to-day the Greenville &
Columbia ltailrnad is upon as sure a basis as almost
tiny other Road in the State. We repeat, that it isan
example eminently worthy of our imitation. Say that
money has been sunk temporarily in this enterprise,
if you please. Has not every community through
which it passes a hundred facilities they would not
iave ventired to dream of ten years ago? While
Edgefield is on the wane, has not the village of New
>erry sprung into a commercial town ? Has not prop
trty everywhere upon the route been doubled in value!
ind can we hot see that soon the assessments will he
edeeised, and the origitnal investments even be maile
o yield at length a return ! We earnestly trust that
his result is near at hand;
Now then, fvllw-oitizens, let us ask ourselves what
pportunity remains for us.to emulate our respected
eighbors. The at.swer is, in the;Aiken and Ninety.
-ix connection. The Greenville and Columbia Coin.
any have a charter for the consertction of this Road
'hat it will be built there is not a shadtow of doubt.
'he charter was asked for and obtained by them in
Dod faith and, from their able aid patriitic Presidet
uwn to the snmallest stockholder, wve cannot believe
iere is one who would desire in shun the work by any
raworthiy suhierfuge. Acecording to their charter, two
antdred antI fifty thousand dollars are to be raised by.
itside subscriptions. Here is our chance. Let its
ke this stock and cast our lot withi our friends on the
her side of the .Saluda. .Conditions are su gested t
g terwwn t-enorse-wie-vpelli uur onriset; "aiid
us speaking, we are ready to annex as onr only con- j
tion that our village shall be a point upon the Road.
.it this nmay lie inure properly considered at another t
ne. At present, we only designed to awaken our a
aders by a tioble example. When bright-eyed Site
as sents ready' to smile upon men whlo have toiled tl
rough a dlark night of dimeiulties, we feel like shont.
nine checers to the constummation. Let us too begin, t
on, struggle, suller for a while if need be. bnt stick I
our piurpouse resolutely--and a similar success may
be ours. I
Br' " our Inidians," wetmean thi'se of the aborigines I
i0 still subsist within the limits of the Utnited States
1their territories. They are (hut by what righit web
not pretetid to Eay) ours to govern, ours to batnish,
-s to rob, ours to do with as we please. Only ofa
(1does it appear that they are to become ours jsi
:ivilize and elevate in thiescale of being-we should ini
hiaps rather say that there is now some prospect of 4I,
hi a thting. o
hle attention of Congress haes recently been directed tl
lisa subject bty an able report fro'm Mr. Osin, of t
Itil Caralina, whlo is at this time Chairman of the Ith
nmittee on Indian A ffairs. A more humatne atndt
ral policy in rt-gard to the Red matn is recommnitd- tht
Instead of being doiwn-troddent and crushed by jtlt
oniward march of Saxon civilization, lie may hero- dai
rstand a chance of profititng by the superiority of'po
conqueror. Although niot oine of those political wI
imuentalists who weep as they eclaim, " Lo, the for
linidian !" we are yet rejoiced that a reform is be- o
in our territorial regutlationis, which may, by pos. th
ity-, result ini christianiinig anid Atmericanizing thet:
tered renants of this unifurtunate branch of "
m's race. sto
r. Ottai has manif'ered zeal and judgment in his sli
tions to effect this laudable oejec't. TIhtat he lias the
:ted this comparatively quiet field of labor diurinig nie
irese-nt noisy session is honorable to him iii the eyes pos
Il good anid sensible observers. amn
me folltowung extracts frorn Mr. Ona's report will Ito 1
bit the drift of his plan of amnelioration: whli
lt contemtplates the abrogation of thecir tribal ex- guIt
cc. anid gives to every member of the hasnd a'ttu
petidenit personal and poliiical itndividnuality, byth
gigm the arbitrary will, as latw, of chiefs an'd ma- ,for
us, fi'r the laws of thle (tiited State-s, andl proitec
to life and property which they aliardl. The coun- pe
'es are extmgutishied, and appeals for justice are pri
rss'-d to the Courts atid Legislatures rather ltrsit
a conitci house. Is gives him ia permatnentt home- ca
in quantity tdepentdenit on the tnumtber in the 'thr.
y, not to succeed in any event foe section of.
lby a higher antd tnore stabte title than mere oc- islai
icy. his "lodge is conivertedl into a dwelling," asga
bec-omes " his castle," protectedi from unlan~ fli
ion. llis aflleeions andi the raffections of his clii'I . o
wdil enitwinte thietiielves aroutnd its enclosures, ed
lie wild rotmance of a roving life will lie udissipa- imon
When lie sees his little boys and girls gron ing
that peaceful and happy home, it will stimutlate "th
o itiuustry.. T1hey must be fed and cltithed anid sent
ted, and this will encourage his thrift sond econ- to bs
meet these requirements of civilized life. His
igs will be measured by his own industry and Iques
timed by ham own volition. WVhen he mows the Ino "
lie wilt feel assured that be will not be molested
ping the harvest. Fierce crueihty and cold neg- on f'
Ill ito lonizer be practised againist his wife and evil
iluren. ihis kinudness will chieris an Ji afe
Lit that feature in thte system best adlapte-d to tim void
ationt of the Itndian., is the permanent settlement Let
ir midst of a virtuous and moral white poputla- for
Our pioneers will seek homes on the virgin soil
Indian cotutry, carrying with them thiiru fami. pers,
ereby givimg earnest to the~ir purpose to temm-an " l1uji
?ive-s mi a mannter compatiblle w ith ihe high du
*d obligations of citizens anid chri'tians," disap
** ate t
Brightening Prospocts. Carol
irav te past week or two we have had what a that
of ours calls "phluvious" weather. Showers tions
tllen in suflicienit abundance for every pur.i
Tme chilly dlays are over and summer is here
tiis radiant power. The truth is it is hot-as away
it was tbhe day a gentdematn from the Sand hills alag
yne) remarked to Mr. Mc'DUFFIE that it wasofte
swaaltry." (ie was seeking to talk big to the of Fr
monis orator.) Wet and sultry is it inideed, the !suffrma
tid of weather to bring cotton out of the kinks, :world
s w'heat fill well, to thicken oats, or to make practi
rnp out of joint. Glad are we to learn that all
lient points are in-course of exhibition by theviw
crop. Let thte plow he now driven dleep intoviw
sarth, and let him whioguides it cheer thiequick- of thm
cc of his jade with a merry whistle, and (God platalt
abundance shall crown the year. nucien
a 01 I U NI CA TI0 N S.
FOR Ti1E ADVERTIsER.
LEGIBLATIVE RRlTERCTIONS ON IHE LIQU0]
le TAFIC-No. 2.
h Wa promised in No. 1, of this series, to notice
g the present essay, the moral evils resulting from ti
use of spirituous liquors. This, however, has be(
so often and so ably. done,, that it seems almost
work of supererogation to -Allude to it, and ther
fore, we will dispose of it.as summarily as can coi
veniently be done. Indeed we hardly know how 1
go about making an*argument to prove that makinj
vcnding and drinking ardent spirits is proluctive i
.moral evil, it looks like arguing to prove that lig
: conies from the sua6r that an effect mist have
cause. What is there that occupies a higher pinc
in the records of crime thimn liquor ? W1lat causc
t more murders and violence and misery in an
form? What brings poverty, gaunt and hungry t
Jhe mansions of the'great, and the cittage-s of th
lowly I Listen to the wail of that widowed heart
Land see the tears that stream from those orphan
eyes, as in their helpless grief, they gather ahout th
cheerless hearth and cry for bread which the mo
r ther in her destitution cannot give them. Beho
that old man as he bends over that newly madi
grave and longs to pillow his head beside him who
was the pride of hiheart and the hope of his de
clining years. What means that woman's terrifici
fligl-t from the hovel of -her daily misery, and th<
speechless horror of those children as they eon
tenplate the insane rage of one whom in better dayi
they welcomed with gladsome smiles to his home o
happiness. Look at that man, made in God's im.
age, and destined to an endless existence; see hin
reeling along the streets defiled with the gutter'2
filth, his moral feelings degraded, desperately bent
on destruction. Sqrely if this be not evil, the word
should be stricken from the language. Jlow then is
the evil to be remedied ? Moral suasion says one,
voluntary societies says another, while a third in
sists that it shall be let alone, and it wIll eure itself.
Well, it was let alone long enough before any at
tempt was made to stop it, but it did not ure itselr.
Society after society too, has risen, flourished and
gone the way of allihuman organizations; " Take a
little,"- " total abstinence," " Wasliingtonianls,'
Rechabites" and "Sons of Temperance," have
all stood in the breach, and tried to stay its progress.
Temperance lecturers have. perambulated the length
and breadth of the land ; they have employed argu
ment and ridicle and sarcasm ; they have appealed
to the judgments and passions of the people; every
motive that moral susion could bring to bear upon
the subject has bseen presented ; afl'eetioin, interest,
honor, happ:ness temporal and eternal, have been
appealed to in every shape that the genius (of man
could invent, and still the.?vil is not remedied. Who
then will blame the frienes of good order, of do.
mestie happiness, patriots and christians for making
one more effort, by calling to their aid the strong
arin of the civil power? I object says one, because
it will deprive me of my personal liberty. Would
it indeMd ? Let us see then how far a ian is en
titled to personal liberty ? Here is a man ju.st about
to leap front a precipice under the niaddeiting influ
ene of some strong emnotion, and a friendly l hal
is stfetched (out and draws him to a placu of .tafty
and holds him until the infatuation has passed away.
Is there any violation of personal liberty in this
kind act ? A thousand illustratons mighmt be pro
uced on this point, but it is needless to nmuhiply
tem. Well, the assertion that a man has a right
a do as lie pleases with his own property, in tLe
nme valetudinariant sense, is capaible of a refutationi
is clear as a geomntrical denionstrationi. An iindi
'idlual htas an orchard of peaches and~ apples, and
he right to (d0 as he pleases with his own, author
tes him, lie thinks, to turit his fruits into brandy
L'r the benefit of all who will buy and use it. .lut
his supposition pr -eds upon a mtistaken notion of
er, and do not profess to speak advisedly on mat
rs pertaining to statuttory ennetmients. -I have
ever read law and never had en faney for hanging
routnd places wiihere judical proceedin~gs are dis..
ensedI, and my stock of chimney corner law ts
terefore iiot very large ; yet I ve::tur'e thme opiniun
tat nom oine would be allowed to b~uild a dami across t
stream on his own prenmises, if by so doing lie
inuld caiuse the water to overflow his nt'eghbor'si
ndl, or if the efiluvia frontmlihe pond shioubl cege
er disease in the neighborhood. I presuome nto one
ould be allowed to build a powder null in thet'
art of a popu!ous city. And why not ? Sinmply t
~enuse there would be a trespass upon the rights p
(.thers. Their lives and property would be en- '
mngered by it. Well, on the same principle ito (o j11
ould have a right to turn his fruits and graints a
to a liquid fire to scatter dlisense and povecrty' andl ii
ath thtrough the country. Certainly a trespass
onme's property' is not worse thati a trespass upoit ,1
a morals of his children,. Far better wuuldl it be fC
risk the miasmatic exhltations from a mi!l ponid le
mf the efiluvia front a grog-shop, more pestilenttial R
mn ever enmanated from the Pontine miarshes or in
everglades of Flo'rida; and less would be the N
ager in raising a famiily in a court surrounded hy A
s'der-mills, than in the neighborhood of a place of
crc distilled fire under a thousand seducetive th
ins is presented for th'e temptation of youth. Up. o'f
the noble principles of Equity then, shou!d not G:
State make such provisioti as would relieve the w
ntry of this evil 1. Now be it distittctly tunder- ti
>di that we do not contettd that the Legislatutre th
uld pass a prohibitory law without authority from hit
people to do so: Under our firm of goverin- mu
at, tihe Legislature does not. in our jiudgiment,
ses anty authority iindependently of the people ; pit
though it often happens that the f.egishnttre hmas Gr
ake mueasures in~ reference to mn'tsures ab~out pa)
ch there is neither time nor opportunity to eon- we
the will of thme lieople, yet it remains at hast for get
people to determine whether or not any law is grrl
he public wveal, and to mintain or have it re- are
ed. But whilst advocatinig this. deimocraitie sor
c'ple, we do not wish it understood in a moboG- ivill
ic senise. The 'people can properly act only heli
ugh their coinstilttd authorities, whethier Leg- thu
[ye or judicial.. It is not for thenm to rebel "n
ist a law that is distasteful, but to take such his
as the constitution prescribes to have it repeal. anit
But in reference to a measure of suich grave thiei
>rtancee as thme onic now advocated, we .htold it thei
and prudent to have an expression of piubbie take
mnent before any aetion is takeni. Uow is this j com
donte? Shall it be done by miaking it a party |
lion in thme coiming electioni No. Let us have I the
boines .of contention" anmong us. Let us put |atppi
mt no scheme that will stir up strife, arouse Ine
>assions and produce divisions. Timies do coiime exhi
e history of nmatons when such tings are una w ~e I
ble, but in this'case there is no such neeereity. thec
neetings be held and the subuject canvassed be. smial
lie people ;let it be discussed in the newsp~a- Igret
and let the voters endorse on their tickets like
or" or " no liquor."1 Theze are those wiho if
prove of calling the masses together to deliber- wiill
n questions of public policy. We of South A"
ina have been sou unaccustomted to these things ntit
s'e are disposed to regard populair demonstra-t ,t asw
as demnornilizinig in thieiir tendency. But this jto ou;
rd as a mistake, provided that liquor be kept comp
A n assombly of intelligenit Southern men in of ful
thter a different thing from tlie rabble crowds propa
Northern aities, mande up of a medley melange thu 1
e-oerts, munists, women-rights anid frec. but tLI
e doaegathered from all quarters of the
and wholly-ignorant of the principles and A
e of our " great experiment." of Ir
us look at this matter from another point of been
What is it that constitutes the chief wealth
te Southern States ? What gives value to the on &
ion interests of South Carolina ? "-As in tvan t
times it was the in glrogt tow ed the u nt,
world, so now it is the glory of the Southern
to clothe it." Thus spake tl.'e eloquent orator
late fair of the Soutliern Agricultural Associ
Well, the tslave populatior is the chief agene;
In produces this grand result. This is what enab!
e South to grow the "great staple" that rule
world's Commerce. and sits a king in the cot
a of trade. And if there is anything more inji
too this population than liquor, we have yet to
formed of it. The mind of the negro seems
peculiarly susceptible of impressions for good i
evil. Naturally indolent, easy. good-natured,
under kind and judicious manaement capablit
degree of animal happiness to which the white
a is a stranger. But there is scarcely any wickev
to which lie cannot be incited by aleusholic stima
and a taste once acquired for it, he will us
means, however d'.hsionest for its gratifiention. 1
principles then of interest and morality, it bee
e the State to put away this evil.
elow then is this to be done? What course
be pursued to abate the nuisance? This que
we propose to answer in the next number.
P. S.-T hardly know whether it is neees
because in thle above connection I have regarded
slave simply ah property, to say that he is not 1
considered nly in that light, arny more than tha
causehis labor isdesignated as thechiefelement i
production of cotton, there is no higher pr
on which we are dependent. But for the sati:
tion of any who might draw such an inference
write this note to say that the negro certainly
sesses iII common with the white man a moral
spiritual nature, and is destined with him to a al:
und existence; and hence the double obligatio
the master to remove fromt the slave that which
bases him and unfits him for the lire that is to ci
FOR TiE ADvER-risEi
Mr. EniroR :-We have very little or no dis1
tion to enter into a newspaper warfare, and lit
less, to acquire a notoriety after the manne
"some men," for nenspaper scribling. Yet,
des;re to reply to an article in the Advertiser of
20th ult., over the signature of " GxEr.xwoon,
as brief a manner as pissible ; and in doing so,
expect to lay the lksh %mn rather heavy. We rej
ic the more, as " GREENwoo" has scarcely recove
sufliciently fromn his late accouchnient. and althoi
the " l3antling is fairly beyond the birth," net
theless we are fearful, " to secure oir it a rapid .
prosperous growth" to a full and perfect statue
a man, will require more of the parental care.
watchfuness, than its friends anticipate. But m
should we have any fears about the matter at all,
there are no people on earth more peculiarly qu
tied for taking care of their own interest than in r
about Greenwood ; for it is proverbial with the his
ry of many of the people of that Burg, that i
will engage in no enterprise, to use their o,
expression, for fear " it won't pay."
As "1 GREENWOOD" is one of our particular frier
and all sorts of a clever fellow, we regret to po
ceive in the outset, that in the clouled state of I
imagination, lie has done great injustice to I
character as a man of truth, and acknowletlg
abilities to some exent, in penning the unintelligil
article heire us.
We have, it k true Mr. EDIToR, contributed b
little to the building of the Greenvile Rail Roa
nevcrthele!ss we hare contributed something, al
we hiisitate not to say, that if " GREENWOOD" W
take the trouble to examine the Issuks of the Cor
pany, lie will find that we have given as mtueh, at
perhaps more of ouir limited means, atid niade
good deal less "fuss," than " GREE~woD" Ii
hmimself. Certainly we have made no comiplaint to il
President of the Road, and we aire sure we has
made none to the Board of Directors, or at am
meceting of thte Stoekho.lders, but from the fact th
L'ur limited circumstamnes confined us to the " Wiu
iw . Migs-wu. nre- Iwbc held up-to the wortd, an
to the Rail Roatd Company in particuhar, as co:
ributiing no0th ing to the enterprise, but "fuss an
~amplaint."l If GaEENwoon" will wipe the mi
romi off his eyes, and permit himself to look b~eyoiu
lie corporate litmits of that town, up and down thi
?reenville Raiil Road, lie will see that others has
aiken stock and should comte in fisr a share at leatst
f the honiors that lie (" GaK~swooo") ha, so lav
ihly conferred u iin himself.
We aire not vaiin enough to suppose., Mr. Eoton
tat aniy thinig we couldl say or wi ite, would hav<
niy influence at all with the Rail Road Coimpany, ii
te location of the Aiken fload. Far fromi it. Ii
e.nninmg the comnieniiction of the 15th March. w<
-it influenced by no other motive than to answei
ie many enquiries before us, and if we have giver
untrue statemnent, or miade wvrong figures, it it
cumbent on " Onrssuonuo" to make it so apapear,
IBut " GnEE~xwooo" says we have b en "so hate
initiated into the views of the Greenville and
ulumtbia flail Road C'-m;'any, that we have yet to
-srn the real objet and neessity of the A kmin
ad, anid all our array of figures amount to noth
e, untless we can imake it appear that by way of
iaety-$ix is the nearest route from Anderson to
iken." We acknowledge the corn, Mr. EDrroR,
our initiation. If Aimderson and Aiken are to be
termini of the Aiken Road, se know nothing
the object and necessity of that route. hit if
-eniwood and N' nty-Six are the two points, atid
endhenvored so to make ourselves understood,
-n our array of figures amounts to something in
eyes of " GRaEExwooD," and he need not flatter
nself that we arc to be led of the track by the
re mention of the name of Andlerson.
We have received acts of kinidnessi, so far as hoe
ihity is concerned, from mainy of the citizens of
i-ciwood, fort which we are ready, sit all tinmes to
our acknowvledgemnents. Yet, at the sanme timei
received nothing more than was duo from one
illetiani to another. Thbis is thse heavy debt of
titude we owe to the people of Greenwood. We
well as-suired that " Gn~v.swooo" would not do
ineh injustiee to the citizens of Greenwood, a
ige of htuirches and academiies, &c., as nmake us
eve they aire insflueniced by no other incentive
to be talked of, of mhen. But it may be the
w-born :eat," manifested by " GaEEawooD" in
new avoca-tion, in aitply supplying the wants,
appeasing the appetites of the psassers by, as
partake so bountifully of ihe things set befosre
i. We appreciate all such kindness; yet we
car~e always to leave the eagle half, a sutlicient
s to the tnode of warfare of " PiNET W~os,"
neident related bsy " GaEEswoon," is noit at all
leable, for we look uponi the Editor of the Ban
ss the bigger boy of the two, and as lie has
bit-:d somewhat a relenting or forgiving spirit,
arg:ive him, atnd will conitent ourself by laying
as little heavier on " GRsEEwooD," the
ler boy for his inisolence, and we very much re
it, as lie is a great favorite with us. We would
o punish him its little as possible.
friend " GnmREXwooD," as he is fully initiatted,
roimise to use is inthuenee with Presidentt
.iN, in not having dosuble mention made of out
in his report to tbe Engineering Department, ~
arc not ambitions in that way, lie is welcome C
notes, as we are satisfied it would save the
'any imaniy a dollar, as they are not very flush a
ds just now. We feel well assured that the h
ted route to Ninety-Sir, will be adopted, if ai
:Igineers are inifluenoed iy no other motive, vs
e shortetit, cheapest and most practicah route.
Irish editor, in speaking of the miseries ar
r~lanid, says, "H-fr cup .of misery ha. Iin
lor agas overlowing, and is niot yet full." de
GEORGE W. CAULFIEL.D, of Richmond, ne
sturday last, while fisihitng on Jaimes river, wi
iken with a. fit fell overboard f'rom theo he
utnd was drowned. on
tates FOR THE ADVERTISER.
at the A SHORT CHAPTER ON HATS.
ation. AIa. EDITOR:-An article appeareil in your pt
that per a week or two since, the whole tenor of wh'e
!s the was directed to the abuse of a little fancy of out
i the in selecting what we thought a very becoming bon
insels net for school girls. You will no doubt exense u
rious if we direct your critical eye to another subjec
ae in- npon which its engle glances might find more fitting
to be food. I mean the various specimens cf outlandis1
>r for hats that crown the enipty craniums of sorne of you
he is, own sex. I would simply ask you for information
of a just to point out to me the advantage that a tal
man yaller leghorn possesses over a Swiss Bonnet, hov
luess it preserves your masculine beauty, and in whi
ilus manner and how it screens your ugly mugs fron
any our view any more than our hats. And then in
Jpon form us the amount of comfort you enjoy on a Jul
mes day, under one of those old sweatty, homespun
covered straw hats, where the high water mark ol
shall perspiration seems to reach near the crown, showing
stion hiow the wearer must suffer under their enormol
prissure. Then there is the old sugar lonf. with n
S. brim about an inch wide, and the body of which
lary, seems to have been tarred over by the sudroilie ex
I the halations of twenty years. I supi'nse you would
, be praise the taste of those individuals who would hold
be. on to them because they are old, and would abuse
the those who try to change the fashion by introducing
ower something new. I suppose you like tho-e biag heavy
Ifac- Panamas, when the dashing young buck of twenty
we summers, not content with letting it stay in the
pos. shape the hatter gave it, must turn it dopwn all round
and his face, so that he may appear somew hat rowdyish.
irit- The only advantage we can see in this method of
n or wearing it, is that it hides their sheepy faces-but I
de- suppose with you it would be all right, since you
me. wnnt the face covered. Then there is the Paul .la
lien, with a crown about three inches high and 'a
- brim not very extensive-this seems to be the rage
oi- with all of you who can support a mbstneh and
uch beard, and wear a bolt of cloth aenmss your throats
r of for a neck tie. What is the comfort in this spieci
we men of hats ? We wait for an answer.
the And, Mr. EDITOR, we had a long d. bate in what
in class to place your own hat. !Some said they ahought
we it might originally have been a Bee-Bee: but then
ret it was argued that a Bce-Bee never was sil;t up the
red side like yours now is. Then we tried to rank it
1gh1 among the llawley make ; but in answ er to this it
er- was said that they never saw one of his hats as
tnd badly dented in the sides as yours. Well, th-n they
of said it must be a Rankin hat. This proposition was
nd voted down on the ground that no one ever saw one
bV of Rankin's with the wool worn otras mituch as that
for they see you wear. Failng to find a proper elais
'i- for that thing you walk under, it was agreed to
nd leave it to your candor to answer.
to- It was further resolved that until you get a better
ley hat yourself, you say nothing about what other
vIt people wear on their heads.
*r- AERIVAL OF THE STEAMER CANADA.
Sis CHARLESTON, May 13.
it The steamer Canada has arrived, with one
-d weeks later intelligence frotm Europe.
Lrvtynroor. COTTON MARIKET.-Millign, Lam
priere & Co. report the sales of tile week at
37,000 bales, of which Speculators took 7,900
at and Exporters 4,000 bales. The following :tre
I ; tle qotations: Fair Orleans Gil., Middling 54d.
Ill Fair Uplands 6 1-8d, Middling i 1.4. The de
;il matnd has been fair. The lower grades have
declines one-sixteenlh, and the finer qualities im
proved at sixteenth to an eigh:h. Denistoun &
"d Co. quotes Fair Orleans God., Middiing 5 9-16d ;
a Mobile Fair 6 1.4d., Midduing 5 5-8d., Fatir Uip.
as lands 6 I-4d., Middling 5 3-8d. Thec stock of
e Amnerietn on hand, exclusive of that on ship
board 400.500 bales.
Caal Flotir 37s. Ohio 38-. White forn
y-lOs. Flour has declined 1s. Wheat declinted
at three pence. Corn one to two shillings. Rice.
is cottsidered lower-20s.
dl Cunlat for money 674 to 87 5-8..
. There has bent in tidings received of the
d stenainer City of Glasgow.
The Athmitie arrived onat on the 26th of A pril.
iT 1here is notiing decisive from the seat of
e Odessa has not been bonmbarde-d. The R us-~
e statts are withdrawing from Kalanftt. Siiistra
has tnt been tatken.
A Russian decree allows English and French -
ves%el.4 six weeks fronm April 19th. to e~enapeJ
from the Blaek Sent.anid six wee-ks fruan May 7th,
to leave thte Baltic. Netitral flags respected. "
T1here hats been a revolt in C'irensio :ttniinst
the Russiann Generatl. aimong all worlike t'rades, a
it is believed that Schnmavl will soon attack the
Rtussian Heatd quarters. -
The Ru-sian rigl-winig htad fallen batek npon
Buctharest. The Rtusinns are tortirviog thieny
selves ini Dohrudsc-hn. Gen. Pnrkenlitsch was
maing formitdtble preparatiotns to-t ate Silis. at
Otnar Pascha was at Shnimla, preparing to act Ith
on the defensive. wi
Admiral N-pier hatd div ided htis fleet into three
UHI.YTIPORTANTIF AUTHENTi-C.-The Bal
timore Times hats stationed two correspontdents
at Constantinople to obtain the latest and most
reliable ittformat ion relative to thte war-one an
Aniericnn, the oter a Frenehman.
According to the statemet of the French
correspondett (whose symnpaties are with IT ur
key) rthe chin of thte Balkins, which is the ontly
rote to Constantinople, is defended by Choumla,
and a strongly fortified ganrrisott.
The Anim-rican correspotndent, htowever, states
positively that the Rus-sinn army is nttially Otn
te road to Constatinople; that thte TIurkisha
forces on Ithe Danube are comiplelely routed and
di.,ar-.ded ; that the reirtforeentts from Egypt
are unfit for service; thtat Chonmint, the fortress Alu
relied ont to defentd te passage to Cotnstantitno-'.ix
pae, htas no sureor at htnd, atnd was at the latest be<
dates surrounded by a f'orce o' 300.000 mnen;
and that a large portiont of the forces had fled,
plttndering the cotuntry, and crentitng contertna
lion as they passed. Tihe fall of Choumin wotuld -
remove all further obstructions betweetn the
Danutbe and thle Dosphorns, and the tnext strng
gle wotld- be benatht the walls of Constanttino
ple. Th'le expected steamer will, ays the Balti
more Times, nto dotubt, brinlg thte news w hiebis-J
to decide thte question whethIer Conttanitinople I
is itn the possessiotn of thle Czar. for
MURDE.-A most shoeking murder was com- of
mitted in the up~per part of (our district, on the afor
Saluda river, Wedtnesday evenitng. 3d inst., on
the body of one Youlng Futller, by Mary Mc~rnek- and
en. The instrutnent used was an' axe, with said
which the. wvoman struck thte deccensed three our
times, inilieting a nmost ghast-ly wound at every tO I
troke. Many rumors are afloat as to tihe cnuse day
f this tragic deed, which are so contradictory, thtet
;hat we deema it our duty to withhold atny remarlis I Gi
sa the subject, futrter than Ithe deceased was a of t
nnn of very bad chtarneter, and haid been tite ter- cighi
'or of the surrounding neightbors for some time. year
['he unfortunate perpetrator of the horrid deed
a now in jail at this plnee.-Laurensville Hlerald.~
SMAtt POX IN JAcKiSONLLE.-Thlis loath
ome disease, we are pained to learn, has madeF
:s appearanice at ,ineksonville itt this State.Al
Ve have been fanvored with art extract of at let- and
er, dated 23d ntit., as follows: A
" Forty-nine cases of small pox, antd varioloid
'ere reported to thec Mayor by the phtysicianis
n Saturday. These cases are not confmied to TT
no location, but senttered in every- direction ,J s
trough the city. Santitary measures atre now Cheap
Ivised by the Council; but it is too late, ItM
ts become a general epidemic, ehargitng the
nmosphere with the infection. The seaerfet fe?
ir is also still rife, and doing its work of death." A
-Tallahassee Floridian & .oturnal. .1.
---+ PR E
GEN. GADSDE.-Our Minis ter fromi Mexico withotu
rlved here on the 13th, from Washinigron, bear- agains
with hIm the new treaty with Mexico, the
tails of which hanvo not tranispired, at least with May
same certamnty, astwas the case with the othter
gotiated by hitn. The U3. S. steamer Fulton, Ti
lI touch here for him in two or three days, and dF"
will proceed-on his wvay to Mexico, proba bly by
Saturday next-Conie. -i
A FIRE broke out in a bakery, in Forsyth
street, New York, on the morning of Tuesday,
and extended to Chrystie-st., which it crossed,
h consuming about twenty buildings of wood
aggregate value about 6100,000.
MR. CRTTTENDEN'S CONNECTION WITH THE
s WARD CAsE.-Much regret has been expressed
t by many of Mr. Crittenden's warnest friends
and most earnest admirers, at his supposed con.
nection with the Ward case as a volunteer coun.
sel. We learn from the Frankfort (Ky.) Com.
monwealth, that there is some misapprehension
as to the real facts of the case. Mr. Crittenden
did not volunteer. He was applied to seve
ral months before the trial came on, by-Mr.
t Vard, Sr., to defend his son, and a liberal'fee
oITered. Mr. Crittenden decided to accept the
enguament, but declined the fee, prefering to
undertake the duty as one of friendship rather
than as a were pr.fessional matter.
"Six feet in his boots I" exclaimed Mrs. Par
tington. "Wlhat will the importance of this
world come to, I wonder? Why, they might
just as reasonably tell we that the man had six
heads in his hIt."
MARRIED, On the morning of the 16th inst., at
the reside'nee of Mr. Avoar BLAxo, and by the
R.ev. Mr. Birmingham, Capt. WIL.aM Lay1,. Of
Charlehtun, and Mrs. HARaia-r HoLi-ram, of Edge.
[ We take great pleasure in weleoming ourfriend
orer to the " married side of Jordan."]-ED. Any.
lARRIED, in Selma, Alabama, on the 10th May,.
by the Rev..A. G. McCraw, Mr. WILLIAM Hor.r,
or New Orleans, to Miss E.?IRA Kxasz.t., for
nierly or Edgefield District. S. C.
Correspondence of the Advertiser.
IANBURo, May 17th.
Co-rox.-We havehad another quiet weeks bu
siness. The sales have been very light, owing to
the disparity in the -views of holders and buyers.
Recent advices from Liverpool indicate nothingfa
vorable to Cotton. Our domestic markets general
ly are in a dull and depressed state, which ehills the
hope of much improvemen't in prices for the pres
ent season. We quote as extremes 6 to 91 cents.
The toal decrease in the receipts of Cotton at
all the ports compared with last year-sn the same
time is 476,189 bales. D.
The Members or the Missionary and Book Fund
Board, of the Edgefield Baptist Association, are
requested to meet at Mountain Creek Church, on
the Wednesday after the first Lord's day in June
next, at 11 o'clock.
J. M. CHILES, Chairman.
Butler Lodge, No. 17, I, 0. 0, F
41 A Regular Meeting of this Lodge
- will. be held in their Iall on Monday
evening next, at 7 o'clock.
GEO'. A. ADDISON,-See'ry.
May IS It 18
A REG ULAR -Conimunication of
No. 50, A. F M., will be held in
their [Hall on Saturday evening, 20th
* inst., at 7 o'clek.
By order of the WV. MI.
A. G. TEAGUE, See'y.
May 4 It 16
('p Tur Fr'ien'ds of GEO. W. LA NDRUM an
isurce him as a Candidate for a Seat ia the next
A. P ER R IN,
ATTORNEy A T-LAWg:.
TilLL prnetice at Edgeield and the Courts of
T T the adljoining Districts.
Orv:ce, Iiri'k Building, L~aw Range.
E.-lefieIld C. H., S. C.
Niny 18, if 18
R)1. A. G. T'A G UE has for sale, on commis
si'mn .Miss .1vr.:a A. IIerxr's Poems, enritded
83llL ES A N) D TEA RS." This chaste little
s'rk mierits and should obtain for the utnfortunate
.uthoress. a liberal lpatronage from a symipathising
td c'haritabile people
Mlay 19 tf . 18
S od a W a ter,
)R.AG.TEGUE respectfully informs the
J isadGentlemen of Edgefieldl Village
d viiity, that his Soda Water Aparatus is in
e conlition :and, lie is dlrawinw at his Counter,
e MOST DEICIOUS SODA WA TER, He does not:
51h yon1 to take has word for it, but come and try it.
(17 The Ladies shall be waited on promptly ad
reive spe-einh attention when they visit him.
31ay IS tf 18
MILFORD, 16th May, 1854.
LFRED P. ALDRICH, WM. A. OWENS
antd HEA U. W. BA LL have been appointed
les-de-Camps to his Excelletcy Governor MaN
a, with the rank of Lieutenant Colonel, and will
>bL'yed and resp.eted accordinely. By order :
R. G. M.DUNOVANT,
Adjutant and Inspector General.
layl 11It ' 18
State of South Carolina,
S IN ORDINARY.
Y .T.W RIGHlT, Esq., Ordinary of Edge
~ierens, Simeon Crouch has applied to mte
Let ters of Admnistration, on all and sin- .
*r the goods and chattles, rights and credits
Forttints Massey, late of the District
hese are, therefore, to cite and admonisih-all
singular, the kindred and creditors of tho
deceased, to be and appear before mte, at
next Ordinary's Court for the said District,
te holden at Edgefield C. H., on the 29th
of May inst. to show cause, if any, why
aid administration should not be gra.nted.
ven under my hand and seal, this 15th day
ray in the year of our Lord one thousand
hundred and fifty-four, and in the '78th
of American Inde'pendence.
H. T. WRIGHT, 0. E, D,
y 18 2t 1
_usia _ _nst _ __nts
E VIOLINS, Accordeons. Fhutinans, Fifees
[.ros are he.b foeA.l oURlaY.
Trn rivng eupplym IIEt t'BAC on
DES, Si.OPJLERS ad ieS~o hsalem
any CasehatevG. L. PENl , Asam te
an Pron are harby for ewarelos h a
11 St LT ~ 17
received a large and vari'edss aleD~ of
LNS, of beautiful styleb.fo wa ebee1f51*