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",We will cling to the Pillars. of the Temple of our. Liber adit It must fall, we wvill PerhamdtteRif."L1
W. F. IDUJIISOE, Proprietor. EDGEFI LD, 'MA 2'~ 180
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A TALE OF BY-GONE YEAlS.
TH1E deep tones of the iron sentinel of the
grand Cathedral of St.' ark's sounded heavi
ly on the midnight air, as a number of figures,
clad in the guise oi monks, noiselessly wend.
ed their way towards the western gate of
the city.- A firm resolve was written on
their frownin-g features, and a wild, nalig
nant fire shotie from their flashing eyes.
They had nearly reached the gate of the
city, when they paused before an old dilapi
dated building, and made a low signal. It
was soon answered from within, and, after
the drawing back of bolts, the door slowly
opened, while the party of monks entered;
and then the door closed behind' them with
a dull sound.
They followed their guide into a long hall,
and throwing back their cowls, seated them
selves around a large oaken table, while one,
who appeared to lie the leader, drew a roll
-of achuidit rom under his gown and laid
i on the table..:
*-ed@EkdigOttosnot here f" he. asked, in a
harshton'; ;nelfflygara Vtn persot wu
sat opposite to him.
" I know not, Faust," returned the other;
yet I fear his absence bodes no good to our
cause, " he added in a deep, meaning tone.
" What mean you, Bohren f Think you
he dare say aught of our lea~gue ."
- I think he has a secret, that if it were
revealed, would cause us to tremble for our
" Yet he dare not betray us, Bohren, for
he too well remembers the oath."
"Think you, Rudolf Otto fears man?"
It were well that Ito should, Bohren !"
" Perchance it were ; yet I too well know
Otto's fearless spirits, aid Arnaud of Au is
his enemy ; for it was but a year since he
murdered his aged sire, and Rudolf swore
to be revenged."
A signal from *ithout interrupted the
conversation, atd in a few mtiutes a Vounag
tman, whose fine features had beetn darkenetd
by the sun of some twenty summners, enter
ed the hall and seated himself at the table.
" You are late, Otto," spoke the leader
monk, turning towards5 the comner.
'ITrue, Faust ; vet I am in time for busi
ness," returned the youth, and his lips quiv
ored with some strong emotion.
"Right! Otto, you are," rejoined Bohren
and now, Faust, let us hear oh the plan of'
"Silence, then," retarned the lender monik,
while he glanced suspiciously at thme youth
and his friend Bohren. " We are to n'eet
here to-mo'rrowv eve ; and, wh'len midnight
steals over the city, Arnand is to join us,
with one thousand .Austriatn troops, and ere
dawn Wesen ceases to be in the power of
These words were received with cheers
by all, except by Otto and his friends. A
deep tmeaning smile rested on the fine fea.
tures of' the youth, and he gazed pityingly
on Faust's stern visage. AI'ter again tatking
the oath to remain true, they separated, each
to return to his home.
Otto and his friend took a different course
from the rest, and were soon standing by
the lake at the foot of the city.
" Now I would hear of your success,
friend," said the youth, smiling fondly on
"I have collected five hundred of' the
peasants who are ready to enter the city
.at an hour's warning ;" returned the monk
while a smile of satislaction passed over 1w
"It is well, then, faithful Bohren. W<
shall soon be saved, and Arnaud of Au
.dies; yet did Faust speak of my absentic
,last eve !
" He did, Rudolf'; and I also spok~e of
secret you possessed."
." And what did lie say in reply ?"
* ' That von dare not betray them,~"
Th'ey "need tiot fear, Bohren ; the oat]
iis sacred-and I would r.ot have themn di.
by my means."
" Yet at what hour will you meet us.
* An hour before vespers."
" Adieu, then, Otto, I will be at the wes
"It is well, Bohren, farewell! I wi
meet yomu there," retuitned the yomuth ; an<
drawing his eowvl over his face, he agai
entered the city.
It was near the sunset hour, and the go
of day was slowly disappearing in tIb
gorgeously piled .up clouds that overhun
the proud city of W~essen, while the mig!
queen hung like a silver crescent in the deej
-er azure of the heavens, as if; by the so
effulgence of her silvery rays, to add moi
beauty to the scene.
In a deep recess of his chateas, was the
aged Baron, Walter Compte, reclining on
a couch, with his form half hidden by the
heavy folds of the costly drapery. A trou
bled expression rested on his noble features,
and the shade of sadness that played over
his brow waxed darker. Rising from the
couch, he arranged his slightly disordered
dress, and turning to a window he gazed
vacantly out into the street.
- " Ah, father, then are all my young hopes
thus to be crushed I"
These words were spoken by a young
girl of scarce fifteen summers, and her dark
lustious orbs were bent imploringly on the
stern face of her fattier. . p
"Why those tears, Ada I" asked the
Baron; while a smile, for a moment, pass.
ed over his face.
" Know you not, father, that I love anoth
er ?" replied the fair girl, throwing her long
tresses back from her pale brow.
" Who, pray child I"
" One who is worthy of our regard."
"And who may that be, Ada I"
"Rudolf Otto, our preserver."
The peasant youth I"
"The same, father."
"Then would. you disgrace our noble
race, child, by wedding Rudolf Otto I
" Yet, father, do we not owe Rudolf
For what child ?"
"Diu he not rescue us from the banditti
on the mountains I"
" True, he did, Ada; and I would not for
get the generous act, for ho saved our lives
at the peril of his own; yet Ada, I would
have you give your hand to Arnaud of Au."
"Father, wouid you have me to give my
hand to one I can not love I"
" Never! father. I would sooner enter a
convent, and live the secluded life of a nun,
than wed one I could not love."
"Yet Arnaud is brave and noble."
"Did lie not slay Radolf's father."
"That was in time of war child."
"Yet it was a cruel deed."
"'Think not so hard of Arnaud, Ada, but
judge him less harshly."
"I will try for your sake, father," return.
ed the fair girl; and, imprinting a. kiss on
the brow of the Baron, she glided from the
Twilight gave way to darker night, as the
familiar form of Rudolf Otto might have
been seen wending his way towards the
western gate of the city. He was differently
dressed than on thi preceding night, he was
clad in the humble guise of a peasart,.while
ionto mete ojust toiie nurr r
is aged sire. A firm resolve was stamped
n his fine features, and a wild fire shot front
his e) es. He was soon at the gate of the
city, and had not long to wait ere his faith
ul frieiid, Bohren, was at his side.
" I have waited for you with reluctance,
" Why, Bohren !" asked the youth, smiling
fondly on his friend.
" The Austrians have already entered the
" Then have they been apprised of our
- They have, Rudolf; and, ere. an hour,
they will make the attack," said Bohren, in
an excited tone.
Yet, thanks to the H1oly Virgin, they
know not the conspirator's secret, Bohren."
And that secret- "
l this, Bohren; heneath the house,
where they are to meet, arc deposited fifty
kegs of~ powder, and at a moment's warning,
they can be launched into eternity.''
" Then let us hasten ere they make the
"lThey will not sally forth at this early
" Yet I was informed so by the spy."
" Think you he can be trusted, Biohren !"
"I c..uld not doubt his word, Otto, for he
is a noble fellow."
" Then it were better to be expeditious,
Bohren. Are the men ready !"
" They but await your orders, Otto."
" Then let the report of my carbine be
the signal fo'r the attack."
" Are the citizens apprised of our scheme ?"
"'lThey are, Bohren, and are ready to
" T1hen all will be well, Otto."
" True, Bohren, Wesent shall yet be say
ed. You can guide the men as near the
city as possible without being seen by any
of the conspirators, while I hasten on and
apply the match."
" Not so, Rudolf; you can guide the
troops, I light the train ; and if I fall, you
will bie more comtentLit to htead the charge."
"Alt ! no, faithful Bohren ; it shall ntever
be said of Rudolf Otto that he enadangered
the life of his truest friend to shield his own."
" Yet think of the fair Ada, Rudolf; how
she wvould mourn you loss, if you should
" Fear not, kind Bohren ; heaven will pro.
" Alt! Rudolf, I would not have one so
noble die by the hands of the hated Aus.
trians; vet I could not deny you, Otto,"
sobbed the aged man, while tears coursed
over his weather-roughed features.
" Dry your tears, kind Bohren, for they
nguman me, and wve have a duty to perform,"
returned Otto, in a conciliatory tone.
The faithful Bohren, with a deep drawn,
sigrh, turned from the place to join his men,
while Otto hastenied to fire the train.
The night crept on apace, as still Walte:
Comte remained in the deep recess, lost in a
pleasing reverie, when the stunning report ol
the explosion broke upon his ears, followec
by the clash of steel and the cry of " t.
" Heavents, there is a revolt !" gasped th<
Baron, drawing his sword, and hasteninj
from the room. " Ada, muy ehild, may th<
dHoly Virgin protect you!" he cried, as ti
fair girl hastened to his side.
gEra the young girl had time to speak
iArnaud rushed intto the hall with a party o
.his men, having lelt the others at the coun
feil house ; and erc the Baron could defeni
h limself, lie was struck to the floor by one o
"Qh ! spare my aged father-!" sobbed Ada,
throwing her arms around- her father's neck.
"Respect age, Roaz; and, as to the Ba.
ron, his time on earth is short, for that blow
was dealt by a strong arm!" rejoined Ar.
naud, while a fiendish smile rested on his
dark visage. " Take the girl, my men, and
we will return," he added, pointing towards
" Oh! let me remain with my aged fa
ther!" cried the fair girl, struggling to free
herself from the rough grasp of the soldiers.
- " Cease your cries, pretty one, for Rudolf
Otto is now no more!"
" Murderer! receive your reward !" soun
ded on the rulfian's ears like a kneel; and
the next instant the heavy sword descended,
cleaving his skull.
For a moment the heavy body swayed to
and fro, and fell heavily on the marble'floor;
the soul of Arnaud of An had fled to God,
who gave it, and Rudolf Otto, had perform
ed his vow.
All the Austrians, except those who per
ished in the council house, were taken pri
soners, and Weson was saved. Not long
after, the fair Ada was united to Rudolf
Otto, with the free consent of the Baron.
who soon recovered from.his wounds, and
lived happily with the peasant boy, now
Faust, and the other conspirators, were
killed by the explosion, while the faithful
Bohren was knighted for his ardent zeal. in
saving Wesen.-Waverly Magazine. -
TnE "Givs oF Go."-Ve cut the fol. t
lowing paragraph from an able and interest. a
ing article in the Albany Daily State Reg. b
ster, on a passage in the minority report of 1
Mr. Crosby to the Senate of New York:
" But are these intoxicating drinks "the a
ifts of God 1" We deny it. We affirm tI
hat in all the world-nay, in all the uni- a
erse of God, there is not a lake, a river,
treamlet, or a fountain, of intoxicating a
rinks. There is no such a thing in nature. s,
Water, God has everywhere given, s'iread tl
t al oye thbe world, sent it down from the d
louds,:sent it bubbling up from the earth, h
nade it journey in ceaseless activity in rills, a
nd streams, and great rivers, towards the tl
cean. He has,. wherever man can live, it
iven it to him at his very door, but intoxica.
ing drinks he has provided no where on the s
hee of the whole earth. That " gift," woa- %
her "good" or evil, is not the gift of God, h
ut the invention that has desroyed more al
ives; dissolved more homes, occasioned diore a
rro;%'v and anguish, than war,- pestilnaen
olicy to deprive men of itrI 'drit 1y
gislative enactment, but to call intoxica
ing drinks the " Good gift of God" is an,
buse of terms, and a burning reproach ti
gainst the benevolence and holy attributes
f the Diety."
A TRAVELLER in England, observing a
easant at work, and seeing he was taking it
emarkably easy, said
" My friend, you do not appear to sweat ,
Why, no master, six shillings a week
in't sweating wages." c
A WAG was one day speaking of two of
ais acquaintances who had gone west, where
new comers were usually attacked the first d
eason, with the agne, and said he.
"Neither of these two men will be afflic
"Why not ?" inquired a bystander.
" Because," was the reply', " one of themr
s too lazy to shake, and the other won't I
shake unless lhe gets pay for it." -
The best arts of human qualities are the
tenderness and delicacy of feeling in little
matters, the desire to sooth and please others,
the minute of the social virtues. Some ridi
ule these feminine attributes, which are
left out of many men's nature; but I have
known the brave, the intellectual, the elo
quent, possess these gentle qualities; the
braggart, the weak, never! Benevolence
and feeling ennoble the most trifling actions
\VORI.D's FAIR 1N PanIts.-The Paris
correspondent of the Newv York Times
"A deputation of commercial men and
manufacturers waited on the Emperor, recen
tly, to ask whether the great Exhibition,
apotinted for 1854, would take place, not
withstanding the war, Louis Napoleon repli
ed most decidedly in the aiflirmxative. He also
promised to have the Exhibition Palace
made half as large again as was originally
intendd, and intimated that the war could
not, in any case, be of great duration."
TuE VOLUNTEER CoUNSEL.-The St.
Louis Mornting Herald of the 6th inst. says
that Hon. John J. Crittenden, on visiting
the National Medical Conivention in session
in that city, on the 5th inst., was actually
hissed out of it by that distinguished body
of men. This is one of the most withering
rebukes Mr, C. has received since the trial
of Ward-and one that he will remember
to his dying day.
TuHE " Do-NoT H INGs."-A soCiety called
the " Do-Nothings" has been formed in New
Bedford. There are several hundred in that
city who approve its principles, but are too
lazy to join.
A~OTHE.R SIIIWwRECK.-The steamer
Washington reached quaraa1tine at New"
York on Saturday night. Sae brings 240
passengers and a full cargo.
The Washington also brings the passen
gers and crew, about five hundred souls,
taken from the ship Winchester, bound from
Liverpool to Boston. She was wrecked in
the frightful gale of the 16th of A pril and
had been in a crippled condition, kept from
sinking by constant labor at the pumps.
The Washington fell in with her on the 2d
instant, and notwithstanding the prevalence
of a heavy gale, succeeded in rescuing all
the passengers and crew.
fThe Winchester went down in thirty
minutes after the last of the crew left her.
She belonged to Boston, and had a valua
ble cargo. She sailud from Livergaol on
the 9th of April.
Recollections of th e s on. John p
Mr. Powers in a ie itten to a friend d
in the United States Florence, is said
to have made the foo g statement re
garding the bust of Mr. oun:
" have no bst in o tudio which at.
traets so' much attertia 'Calhoun's if I
except the ideiil eff& 3have said that a
it would pa fdralst fBrutus. One
said, " I should'iiot'l 6! be judged by t
hat man, unless mi i ," a good." An'
ather said, f* Heis- .e siern man; but
rood and am'iblei '.n ", stniding." Nei
her of thesekew t Wuit was."
Of. all the pubI; e temorary with c
fr. C.alhoun, it so cha e that I knew him
est. Myffirst eqeliatu "Ifwitlh him dates
jack as fa! as 1i;32. ait.Columbia,
n- Suth earoli to;; :i e Was on a brief
isit duringLthesiis Sate[egisla
ure. He was then o swiyto Washing
on, from Fort Hill dnce in Pen
on Disirit. -
At thathdin lificdtiij ran very high.
I was deemd by r alhoun andhis
iends-to:.be; a cosititugbai S8tates-right
emedy, to he applied iiajmn last resort, to'
heck the unconstitutionallegislation of an
We found Mr. Calhoun; at the interview 9
eferred to, plainly- in MplY dressed, and
uite unpretending in iis manners. He was
rank and accessible uJiintercourse ; yet
arnest and animated -p' 'conversation. He
ben wore a blue dresc Aith gilt buttons,
nd dark colored pan vest, which had
eer so well worn onh rare, as to give
iem externally a rath seedy" look.
The next time we sw Mr. Calhoun was
t Washington, in 1836 He was then in
he Senate, and as inut- ous aind as active
H e then stood veryhigh as a forcible and
rgumentative debater . heard him on
veral occasions, and wias impressed with
ie earnestness of'hisinanner, close logical
eductions,"and the iese irevity with which
is ideas ivere expressed. There was no
ttempt at rhetori[lornament, nor was
iere a waste of 'wrc-i. Tiiere was noth.
ig sacrifced to t ais use'to. be gained
y the use of rounded ptiods or of empty,
)uinds "conveyed utifully selected
ords, destitute ofideas Every sentence
a uttered abounded in bhought,,or in.ideas
;rictly applicable t Itiesubject'in debate.
nd was sexpressed-isd tgt.h-ubef f
-s ecu rrta
,ere better when delivere
We did not meet Mr. Calhoun again un.
I the called session of 1841, in Tyler's Ad.
iinistration. We found him in opposition
> Mr. Clay on the question of a national
ank, and occupying, as usual, strong ground
a the democratic side of politics.
We were at this time frequently in his
pany, and had frequent conversations
'ith him. We had then just returned from
visit to Europe. He asked many ques.
ons about England. He said that the in.
rease of pauperism and'the necessity for
s relief, was proof to him that the people r
iere over taxed, and that those who had
espoiled them were compelled to return
, portion of the money, to mantain them, or
save them from starvation.
It cannot be denied that Mr. Calhoun was a
-mbitious and at times, no doubt, indulged e
easonable hopes of one day rteaching thet
residency ; but his oper.rupture with Gen- b
akson, planned and fanenited by another i,
es scrupulOus aspirants together with the e
uiium which selfish polioal partisans at- ti
emted to fix upon the 4ctrine of nullifica-. c
ion, had the effect (so iduch the worse for ti
he country) of disapponting his views in a
hat direction. fi
Notwithstanding his 'rilliant services in
he cabinet of Mr. T'yle, to which he had o
een reluctantly on lain iart called, and his a
rent agency in securing the annexation of ti
I'exas, instead of recei:Ig the nomination ii
af the Democratic part in 1844, he was n
verlooked, and James i Polk, greatly his te
inferior in every respeeg was taken up and b
lected, and mainly onbe strength of Mr. u
Calhoun's annexation nnasures.
M. Polk, at his inauuiration, found Mr.
Calhoun in office, andworked down to a a
bed of sickness. After. good deal of insin- tI
cerity displayed on theart of Mr. Polk to. v
wards Mr. Calhoun an his friends, whom g
he led to believe at outime that Mr. Cal- "'
houn would be retaine in Office, to corn
plete the great work oaunexation, as well d
as important reforms e had commenced tI
and partially accomphed in his depart- ti
mnt, and which wouhiequire some months td
of additional labor to falh up, (after which tc
he himself proposed tretire,} he was dis- 5
missed, and Mr. Buchan installed in hisli
It was at this period'e cal led to see Mr. c
Calhoun. He had fai'lly, bonorably and
usefully devoted thirty forty years of 1his l
life to the service of I country. He was f
now reduced by illnefrom over exertion,W
and had just been disarged by Mr. Polk, 0"
ad apparently deseri by the country at v
large. It is at sucb dncture that we can vi
best judge of a man'sge gretatness of soul. d
On entering his ra we found him sit.
ting up in an arm chj and cheerful, but hi
wasted and thin. HlulgedI in no rep~in- a
ings, in no censure ofir. Polk's course, noa
complaints of the p s ingratitude. P
Our conversation ohat occasion I shall
never forget, and shabroceed to give it in hi
some detail. d
His face was turneD the direction of a he
nort~ern window, thear subdued light of th
wvhich I' .zminated hifatures. His eyes, te
naturally of a large ce blue, beamed with so
great brilliancy and ~ligence. I sat ra- a
ther at one side and ment of him, which tli
gave me a sort of fulbfile view of his fea- w,
tre. After some eo conversation he bc
alluded to the Texas stio. e:
Ho said that manyieulties had presen. cc
ted themselves. Thoiglish had evident. w
in, ig;mmd with the'xan authorities to pt
revent annexation. They had also tamper.
I with Mexico, and he had rceived evi
ances through a party in Mexico, that they
ad proposed negotiations for, the purchase
f California, all of which designs "I labor
He had ben called from private retire
ient to All the office of Secretary of State,
nd it was only after repeated solicitations,
Dmbined with a sense of duty to the coun
y, that he had consented to accept the
flice. He however expressed a want of
Dnfidence in professional politicians, and
onsidered that their corruption and time
.rving intrigues for office and spoils, would
ontinually tend to mislead the people.
"The time is past," said he, " when men
iall be elevated by the people for their
mg services or talents. The scramble for
lunder is becoming worse every year. The
salousies of offic-seeking conhatants will
iduce them to compromise on either second
ite civilians, or incompetent military men.
'he time, I fear, is past, when the country
to be ruled by truly great, experienced,
nd patriotic men. -
"We have two extremes to apprehend
nder our form of government, centralization
n the.one hand, and anarchy on the other;
oth leading by different roads to the same
aol, monarchy, or to the one man power.
'he impossibility of filling important offices,
xcept with second rate men, of easy princi.
les, is an evidence of the press in favor of
narchy; while the continual encroachments
iade upon State rights by the will of a
.ongressional' majority, indicates a corres
onding progress in favor of centralization
n antagonistic principle to all permanent
berty. We thus find that both priciples
re active, e'ven at this early stage of our
tepublic. Neither can be successfully
eached and maintained for any great length
I time, without ending in monarchy, or in
"1I think it likely that the days have gone
y when men of great statesmanship and
atriotism are to fill the. executive office.
'he election of Mr. Polk commences a new
ra for the country, the - results of which I
annot look forward: to -with satisfaction.
['he fear is, that the people will become
assive to the intrigues of political 'conven
ions, composed chieflj of men intent only
pon personal aggradizement, or the :acquisi.
ion of spoils, .at the.. expense of the people
ir their govern ment. A system 'of political
uggligg.iiaving its orgin in. New. York, has
>ecome wide spread. in-its influence. They
vill.clamorfor any man -who promises to
lipens enifprl h andatanothor
ome new, b oifiidt Fqmdafilii-dio-RII
dol, or dispenser of official patronage."
At this stage of his remarks a torch light
irocession passed through the street, nearly
inder his window, shouting and cheering as
t went, in honor of Polk. " Do you hear
hat," said he. " That same collection of
en will, four years hence, shout just as
ustily for a new incumbent, though perhaps
aferior to Polk himself. People accuse me
f ambition, and say that my greatest aim
to be the President, I state frankly to
ou, what the people and especially the poli.
icians would never believe if publicly an
ounced,-l would not turn over my hand
a be President, unless some greater danger
r threatened calamity to the country could
y my instrumentality alone be averted. A
ian who seeks to have his name go down
nd stand well with posterity, must not sa
rifice to the temporary appilause of the multi
2de, which from its inability, produced by
iased or fleeting excitement or passion, is
iapablo of duly appreciating what it would
ondemn or praise; but rather resign himself
>the discharge of his highest duties to his
ountry, to human happiness, to liberty, and
> his God ; and leave the reward to the just
nd enlightened praise of men who shall
llow him in after ages.
" Most men who have advanced to more
r less distinction among their fellow-beings,
re too prone to court the popular breeze, to
'im by its course, or to change when it shifts
s direction, vainly hoping to base a perma
nt and just fame on the foundation of no
imporary applause, which is as frequently
estowed upon unjust men and measures, as
pn the soundest policy ; and the most
'ise, disinterested and patriotic motives.
"My rule of life has been to do right, or
all times to be governed in my actions by
e most scrupulous and conscientious con,
tions of duty, and without the slighest re
:ird to the popularity or unpopularity of
y course. I never entertained a thought
hether my course would either please or
splase my constituents. I presumed that
ey gave me their confidence from a convid
an of my honesty; and whenever I failed
give satisfaction, they wvould, as they ought
do, discontinue my services. I feel deeply
nsible of the long and resposible trust they
ve reposed in me, which, dzuring a public
e of over thirty years, has never been
anged or withdrawvn."
Hre his eyes flashed with renewed ani
ation, and his cheeks had become flushed
am his excited conversatinn. Col. Benton,
ho had followed up his illiberal attacks up
Mr. Calhoun with much personal bitter.
s, had a short time previously made a
alent assault upon him, in a speech he had
livered in the Senate on the annexation of
exas. I asked Mr. Calhoun if he intended
reply to it. He said, not at all; that he
d made it a point never to notice personal
tacks; that silence towards those guilty of
rsonal vituperation was the best means of
When honorable attacks were made upon
apolitical views or principles, in which he
emed the interest of the country concerned
felt it to be his duty to vindicate thiem to
utmost of his power. " It was not for
nporary applause men should act. Per
nal contest and triumph were too much of
gladiatorial character from which neither
a victor nor the 'vanquished could retire
th proper self respect, and nothing could
gained for the country, A man wvhose
aracter could not stand alone against
arse personal abuse, wol scarcely be
orthi defending. No man ublic life can
rsa st.ric.tly honest co *ientions and
patriotic course, looking to the future bear
ing of principles on the welfare and happiness
of the people, without having the masses
of those people alternately with him and
against hiu. The great error in popular
judgment is, to decide solely upon grounds
of the temporary expediency of public meas
ures; and after subsequent experience has
proved their fallacy, they too often repent of
their course when it is too late.
" It requires more than Roman firmness
and disinterested patriotism to stand out for
the right, in diret opposition to the tempora.
ry popular outcry of moment, and time-ser
ving politicians, who seize upon such occa
sions to obtain an elevation to which their
talents could never raise them. Yet, the
cause of truth and justice is eternal; and
will regain its sway, when the honest man
will be recalled from exile, and may be as
much over praised by the people as his pre
vious integrity was undervalued, and to this
excess of praise he should be as insensible,
as to unmerited censure. When such a man
is thus restored, the temporary expedientist
will sink into oblivion.
" Constitutional libertf will suffer the
greatest danger from anarchy, which can
never long endure anywhere. The people
will become alarmed for their personal safety,
and intinctively seek security beneath the
despotic sway of the first bold and daring
man who may seize upon the reigns of Gov
ernment. It is by yielding implicit obedience
right or wrong, to the temporary excitements
and demands of the people, that States are
"Our present and only safety is to be
found in the inviolable preservation of State
rights, and in a rigid adherence to the Con
stitution. So long as State rights can be
preserved, so will centralization be preven
ted; and so long as the Constitution,,in iti
strictly defined limits, is adhered to, so 1onl
will the dark spirit of anarchy be stayed.
do not consider our Constitution perfect. 1i
contains some serious defects, the contempla
tion of which greatly excites my fears foi
the future. Yet, it is the. best under thI
circumstances, that probably -could hai
been formed. I feel confdent that, had it
patriotic founders been in possesion .ofl ou
present experience, or could they. have fore
seen the strained construction many of'it
less clear provision werdo Le exposed to
theywould have.nsde tlheinstrument mor
.perfect: And,-ab6ve llthe barepossibilit;
that an interested majority would or couli
be ih4uced, to vote for measuesin coni i
widithereservd rightsof theStates,-wol
have been thoroughly and effectually guarde
" Tbu- saynur you--iavetraveneu
France I" I replied that I had. "What do vo
think of the state of her present government ?
(That of Louis Phillippe.) I replied that, f ron
observations in the provinces of France, or ag
ricultural districts, I thought the people wer
capable, under favorable circumstances, o
maintaining a Republic, but that in Paris
though the people were more enlightened
yet with them there existed greater corrup
tion, and also greater devotion- to centraliza
" My dear sir," said Mr, Calhoun, "if the
French overthrow Louis Phillippe, which .
think they will do, they will have much trou
ble, and not perceive their mistake until it ih
too late. Whenever they again try a Re
public, they will probably run into anarchy
from which the people will seek protectior
under an Imperial Dictator, or Usurper, whc
will seize upon the government and find his
support in the usual accessories of despotisn
the chief of which will be military force
My fears for the establishment of permanenl
liberty ini Europe, rest on the ignorance o
the people. It is only a people enlightenet
by education, and instructed in sound politi
cal principles, wvho are prepared to sustair
constitutional liIberty. Education must pre.
ede tall successful efforts to build up s
When an ignorant people ha'iI for a re.
public, they-only seek for a change. And
when they have obtained it; they have only
gained a nam d for a novelty, which is doomed
to pass into ainareby on the ono hand, or in
to despotism on the other. France can nie.
ver be free until she educates her people, and
decentralizes her government. Paris must
cease to be France, and her powver must be
distributed among the people of the depart
ments." " Have you no hope of seeing
liberty established on the continent?" I in
uired. " None," he replied, " in this gene
ration. There wvill be frequent outbreaks
and bloody struggles; but until the people
ire better educated in regard to their politi
sl rights and duties, those effohrts wvill only
orge newv chains for them. T1he Govern
iments of Europe are all more or less military
:entralizations; the sword being made to
xecute their decrees. When, or how, pop
lar and useful education is to be introduced,
s mor than I can see or foretell."
It may be remarked, that this conversa
bvas held in the spring of 1845, and anterior
;o the revolution of 1848 in Europe.
I recollect afterwards reading the debate
n the Senate in 1848, when a resolution wvas
ntroduceed instructing our minister in France
ir. Rives) to recognise the new, or provi
iional government, and to congratulate
Franee on the establishment of a republic,
Mr. Calhoun made a speech in opposition to
t, on the ground that the recognition would
>e premature, and that we had better wvait
o witness the results likely to flow from this
1udden change ; and in the course of his re
narks, he stated his belief, that there wmas
eat danger of the people running into an
treby, Irom which they would fly for pro
ection to the government ot a dictator,"
3e was taken to task by some of the san.
tuine and progressive public men for his
ardiness, and taunted for his."masterly inac,
ivity." M1r. Calhoun did not live to see
~ouis Napoleon crowned Emperor of France
d the Republic scattered to the winds;
et never wvas prophecy more truly fulfilled.
Mr. Calhoun always gave conversations R
~rave and use il turn and was alwvays ready
o give atnd se5 information, H is conversa
ion was often",arnest and animated but nev
r frivlous. He never indulged in light jest.
or admirer inahim.g;gmmo
words, nor the slig it'tw(in
ever appeared in h
All his aims were. a
looked to the hoiiriajIppe
the American people..,' Dun
bles over the world.m41in1ou-.A,
with, or knowledge otenb
small, we never ado.,0
Among all the pu'blinen;'who
at Washington, be.ws
pure. He once asked ,ieh
life I considered most haorab A
al and literary cultivtioInm r1:
thou-ght liberty was the.usiavo
a certain extent, he satdti
he considered eire,%A%
without unusual weaIl t
could be enjoyed. He d
At one time a a m
citizens of NewYor B0113
for him to visit the "it
hospitality. In conversatod
him that he would meet..a
and that it might be wellfc
him to aecept it. - I kew'*.
had graduated atYaleCoU
urged to revisit it at p
he had never returnaednott
He had never visited Cindna W
His habits was to pass
Washington. to-his kht i
dleton Districts a- d Mr
In reply to my remrkaA
New York, he shoo- hW
that' it would afford hiMF S
visit that city, as wel*-as ozhfPI
vided'he could be left alole
with friendsof his own-: oosi
entirely free 4nd unretinedj a
movements.: 'St he did nosa
to the hads ofasrtfcom
men,-appointed to.lead hiii, i
at by the -multitae, rop
curiosity, than by an n
esteem or sympattiy
had abstained from I
country,. The happie
been.spent oir w-i.arm.
without regretad '
I have never held any e.
'warts Mr. Calhoono
Gdvernment, at all' ,'
slightest pblitica ,
'My admirationiud ~~d~i
perior talents, true, pa lds, ff .
Vwasiv' w iy 6, 1854,
DEATH OF AN OLD P iNTaiin.,It is with
sinedre regret that we annoqunce this -mor*
ning the death of Mr. E, C. Coundell,
which occurred rather suddenly lst evenin
about seven o'clock.
Mr. Conneell hap been for some yearsan
old member of the Typographical frater-'
nity of this city, and at one time was fore.
man of the composing room of this journaCr
and afterwards filled the same responsible
situation in the offlice of one of our Savan
nah contemporaries. For the last few
years, however, he has been in business as
a Book and Job Printer in this city.
Mr. Councell for some time has been i4
declining health, and was to have sailed this
dg in the Tennessee for Baltimore, in the
hope that his native air-having been bork
on the Eastern shore of Maryland-migh
be of service to him.
As a practical Printer, Mr. Couneell had
few superiors, by the craft and all who knew
him was much respected.-Char. Courier,
HYXENIAIz I~sTRCTo,-Somehody ad.
vertises for agents to sell a work entitled.
" Hymenial Instructor." A contemporary
adds," the best hymienial instructor we know
of is a young widow. What she don't know
there is no use learning." .
A LADr asked a silly Scotobhman how it.
happened that the Scots who came out of
their own country were, generally speaking,
men of more abilities than those who remain,
ed at home,
" Oh, madam," said he, "the reason is obt.
vious. At every outlet there are persona
stationed to examine all who pass, that for
tbe honor of the country no one be permitt.
edl to leave it who is not a man of under-j
"'Then," said she, "I suppose yomr lord.
ship was smuiggled."
AN Irish Judge said when addressing ~
prisoner convicted of murder-" Yoqr are to
be hanged and I hope 'twill be a warning to
" Wxr is the letter D. like a ring 1" said a.
young lady to her accepted, one day. The gen,
tteman, like the generality of the sex in such-a~
situation, was as dull as a hammer.
"Seeause," adde4 the lady, with a very mod.'
est look at the picture at the other end of the'
room, " because we can't be wed without It."
Two or A FixuL.-" How well he plays for
one so young," said Mrs. Partington, as the or4
gan boy and his monkey performed near heS
door; " and how much his little brother looks'
like him, to be sure 1
THF, 1IETGuT or His ASBIT;oN.-One of our"
exchanges tells of a lazy genius up his way,:
who being asked, as he lay sunning himself pa
the grass, what was the height of his amhitign,.
replied: " To mparry a rich idow dafs go;a,
cough," _________ 'L
CIAPa Livis.-The Jeffersonville Adsscate,
of Tazewell county, Va., gives the prices ecurt
rent in that town as follows; Saeone 9 a 1Ole"
cents; eggs 9j cents; flour (per bblI4 *$,50f"
dried apples 75 cents: dried peaches $1 a 1,M
per bus; corn 50 cents.
COUNTERFEIT one dellae' bills id te pdi
East Tennessee are ip eitplti .Ge.
Ior's portrait on the'tjlht endi isvery impiirfect
and several other ji lerfgstjess whikh cua t