Newspaper Page Text
FOR THE ADVERTISER.
Division of Edgefiei,-No, II.
IF I can reason correctly, the second objectior
to siall Districk, th-at they increase litigation.
is without the slightest foundation. My delibe.
rate opivion is that the reverse (if the proposi.
1ion is true, and that small Districts dinanish
litigation, whi!e large ones increase it. It is an
undialoubted tet, thit the people of a small DiN
trict are more intelligent than those of a large
one, and that intelligence generally inclines men
to esc:hew litigation. In smaillI Districts the in
habitants all reside sulliciently near their Court
louse, to visit it frequently and to make it the
vominon center of intercourse, if not the only
place of general resort for amusement, instrue
tion, or for interchange of opinion. The people
of a small District, therefore, partake strongly
f the character of an urban population, which
jmts more bources of information,as well as more
:nlvantages for instruction than an exclusively
rural community. such as we find on the border's
of Edgelield, Abeville, Barnwell and other
L.-e Agricultural Districts. t is because small
Distriets are analagons to Towns in this regard,
that I maintain they have more general intelli
gence than largre Districts. Towns-people are
alwavs better informed than country men, for the
reasons, that the former possess more mail fa
cilities, hear more news, discuss more questions,
listen ;o inore debates, see more strangers, visit
more exhibitions and attend nure lectures. In
a Town, the habitual and incessant action of
inind upon mind, sharpens the faculties, quit-k
ens the perceptions and stores the memory with
every variety of useful knowledge. Abbeville
is noted For the superior intelligence of her pop.
ulation and she is indebted for it to the five or
six educational Towns and Villages that dot her
territory :t various points. Yet, even the fron
I icr population of evetn the Carolina Attica are
delorably ignorant, inl consequence of their re
Ioeniess from the Court House and education
As lut few of our people are engaged in man
ufacturies or commerce, which always produce
Towns, they are dispersed in Agricultural, i,ola
led solitude, and therefore, about, half tile in
habitants of Ed-etlield. or of any other large
District are hrmii:ed, with no companions save
ignorance and six or eight nteiglbors, each one
oif whom is familiar to dkgust, with every
thought. word and action of those around him.
On the border of a largre District, there is no
thintg new, nothing to anuse, nothing to instruct,
but the people all move in a circle of drearv mo
notony. Does this not readily account for the
sparse population of large Districts. It is the
nature of man to be social. To ere! a Court
llouse or little Town. within twelve or fifteen
miles of every citizen in the State, would pro
bably e one of the best means which South
Carolina could use to educate her people. Even 4
the advieocates of the conversational, or oral sys
tem) of instruction imust approve this. The niu
inerous and flourishing schools of Georgia are I
attributable to the simall Conties of thalt State,
more thn to any thing else. But legal knowl
edrc is as important to the citizen. as general
intelligenee. Obedience to the law is thQ founda
tion of the State, and the proudest eulogy which c
all the plhilosophers of philosophie Greece could a
pronouice upon Leonidas and his comrades was r
tiat they had died in obedience to the laws of ,
their country. which prohibited them from turn- u
iig their backs to an enemy. The State could C
not exist without enforcing the rule that " igno- C
rance of lar exeuses no one," nevertheless large ti
Districts are a premium for both ignorance and fi
d.isbedience of law, but I am treadingnpon the
samte grotund that was traversed in numbers IV n
anid V. Suthtl Carolina lby hatving so many ei
overlarge Judicial Districts indirectly acts thiie bl
piart of thle Riant Empnleror, whlo had his laiws ir
writen in such fine letters and hung up so high, p:
that the pieopl e coiuldl not read them. a
I assert thieref ore that small Districts diminish sc
litiaitioin, because their people have more tren.
eral atid legal inltelligrence than thtose- of a latrge Ot
(ote. The usual effect iof educationi is to give tht
its piosserssar elevat ion of priniciple atnd liberali- of
ty of conduct. The well informed tnan but nte
rarilv sues wvi tout just cause, as he knows his m
righats, iir can easily learn them fronm a laiwyer, ly
anal' isiit ase~iar -ri the gripnantjj 18 urgg a
has somte sel f-re~lect. and14 some cnre :as to what N
others may sayv of fainm foar proiseentinig un-i ot
necessairy litigation. Nor is the exaunple of a heC
litigious per.,on lost in a smtall Dis:rnet. Tihe V
nadim andt fa!l v of his, coniduct are observed by ail
all, and they ai'e'thie thtetmes of comtmon remairk. 11
The bettecr educated citizen of a small District tic
is likewise mo're di-posed tia compromise or ar- pu
bit rate, anid his greater famiiliarity w ithu ordinary C:
legal p roceateing, enlabies himt to transact ini per- thn
son mueh aaf the buinetiss foar which the inhlabii- ha
tamats alt a Id rge IDistrict h::ve to pay a lawyer. th
a apreciate lie force of the inaxim thiat " who- <1t
siaeier is his owni lawyer has a fool for his eli- a<
ent ," but if Edgefteld 'were divided, tmuch of the vib
Conieyancitng atnd Counisel for whlich the fBar pe
are no0w paid woiuldl and could be very safely <<
disper.sced witht by the people. th
I :iflirmn that large Districts increase litigation c i
biecauise ther proote ignoranice iaong the peto- (IC
pile. B!ad lawyers ahvars niake butsinmess forIi
goodi ones, :tndi tmany a fairmer rather than endure tht
the fatigue, undtiergo thle expen-e mtid .sul'er the
liss oh t wo or three days to go thle Court lionse.,t
will emplloy a bad lawyer ini his nteighborhiood i
to. do his bunsiniess, anid a lonmg law suit is perhaips
thle result for himself, or hi.,children. In a large
District, the orgitials of contracts and of title
deeds to land otn thle frontier are oftent lost, and O
as a general rule they aire nerer recorded, wvhicht
is a frenitfnul sonre icof lit igationt. In aditi to v
this. the bit ter feuds created lby the fiercer striag- hto
gles for oliiee in au large District, beget a spairit sa;i
thiat is utterly hostile to cotmpromnise or arbitra- no
tiotn, anid cone thait (iftentimnes seeks riereng in i c;i
vexatious hitigat iion. These vindictive conteste 9
far office htkewie occasiotn tre'spasses against e
the person antd prtoperty f-ar which civil actionts Iin
tire brought. Such trespasses occur in smtall wh
Districts also. but less fregilnent ly than ini largere
('les. itt it is not onily inrmeanid vindie- rcth
1ive struig.:les for aiflice, that increase litigation ali
in a large District. The imoral :mid su'>,dninmg bei
itinence of enforced obiedieice is unseeti atid to
unfelt by hailf thle popuillatioin of a large Di.t rict,i
andti thie dlit1 ilt y, delay anid expaetn.e whih at
teird thle o beyin g oir etiforcinig of lav on the
borders of suchi a District, canse the peopleI in31
many cases, t o take ihe law inito their own hanids-.r
It large Ju dicial Disriets do not increase liti-| o
aut ion, and if small oe do tiot diiniishi it, why ! car
arc so many gentle-men af thae Bar opaosed to |of 1
the divisitai of Edgefield, Ilariiwell anid other ithe
linre Districts? No ut trades delight int their fori
caillinig and are rejoiced at every thiing whlichl is Hie
caletilated3 to give t hemt a flounrishaing business. ai
Th'le finiier delrlihts in :igricul ture, the phlysicianye
loves sickiness, thie soldier loves war and the |At
lawyver loves Lav. Any othe(reoniclusiont would !suf
be inicontsistenlt with the enilighitened selfishntess iAt
oif finmnain natumre. lIenec, to say that a lawyer Ipat
lapposes the division of a larnge .ludiciail District,
because it would increase litigatiion is to say that
a itan will oppose his own baest interests. I aim not shea
aware that there is nmore lit igation in our smnalh the
Djistricts, ifn roportion to their territory, popihula- Thi
tiomn and propierty than thmere is in the large Dis- had
tricts. Thale tanti-divisionmists coimplain b~itterly, Ilari
that there~ is so little litigationt ini the sma:ll Dis- joft
trict of Geoargetowni, al~lthogh Georgetownt haus i,
lie wealthIiest poputlation of tiny District in~ site
Southt Carilina. In many other small Districts less
the lit iga:tioan is insignificant, antd the lawyers are
literal lv starving. I have abundant proof before
mei, to establilt the fact that 75 eases are far bet
above the average return to echl Court, for coa
mianty of our smi~l Distriets, that have a little tw
Inure or a little less than lhalf the territory, pop11- ow
uihttioan andl proaperty of Egefield. The civil AXb
D)ocket for Edgetield has averaiged 21 1 eases, at jtiti
each T1erm for the last teii year-, thins exhtibititig a
lie startling truth that a large District, itncreases bro
litigation abhove 40l pe-r cent at each Ternm of seet
Court. If Lawyers litnd so mtuch to dci in small moi
Districts, wvhy a're there not mtore members ofj twci
the Bar iin the small Districts than itn the large all
-ies iithy :.e Attorneys compelled to ride the dea
crutin the Nuarthiern atnd Eastern parts of the iout
State - or wily aire the niumerouts, itineranit, brief- pio~
less, batrristers, conitetmptuausly dlubbed "saddle belt
bi:gs iawyers" ini e// the other States where the rep.
Count ies are still II if smiallI Districts incrieasequ
Iiliajat ion, aine would ithintk that the business of U
the Courts ineter could be end dI ini ndiaina, wer
wIi-re the Counii tes average bitt 371 square Iwas
.cals, or i: i. :!:r -. ~hire thyr measure onily straa
376 square miles, or in many other States wher
the Judicial sub-divisions are less than one-thir
the size of Edgefield; still we hear no complaint
of increased litigation in those States, disprc
portioned to the territory, wealth and pophl:i
tion of their respective Counties, notwithstand
ing the further fact, that the small Countie
there have Inferior and Municipal Courts to shar
the jurisdiction of the higher Courts. Thos,
who press this argument against small Districts
forget that population and property are the chie
elements of litigation, not territory. It speak,
badly for the citizens of Edgefield village; an<
for those who live near there, if they are ovei
fond of the law's vexation because ofr thei prox.
imity to the Court House. Wonder if the wor
thy planters who inhabit within ten or twelve
miles of the various Court Houses in the Statc
li-el themselves much flattered by the argutnent1
I hope some one will inform the ptublic whether
the citizens of Charleston or of New York. who
are always in sight of two or three Court
IHouses, have either the time or the inclination
to sue every man that looks cross-eyed at them
and then enjoy the luxury of attending Court
to prove it.
But suppose sm:ll Districts do increase liti.
gation, because their citizens all dwell nearer to
a Court House than the inhabitants of a large
District, is the point when yielded a tenable ar
gument against the reduction of our large Dis
tricts? Is it a greater evil for men to settle
their difficulties in the Court House, than to ad
just them out of it, by taking the law into their
own hands, or ly living without law ? I have
always understood, that the first, the last and
the only object of a free State, should bo to ad
minister justice; to protect the rights of the
poorest and humblest citizen ; to punish the
wicked and redress the injured for crcry viola
tion of law if possible. It is, therefore, feeble
logie and wholly inconsistent with enlightened
government, that about one half of our people
should submit to %%rongs, because forsooih the
other half, who chance to live near the Court
Hlouse, may be in the practice of having every
ditliculty arranged by a Judge and Jury, whoare
the most proper persons at any time, for com
posing? disputes, about personal or property
rights. If it be wise to interpose obstacles, to
the administration of justice, why then the more
that are iAterposed the better for the people and
we should imve but one Court House for the
whole State, instead of twenty-nine. It is the
ditliculty, delay and expeise of getting justice
:t their di-4dant Court Houses, that so often
produce the summary laws, trials and executions
r "Captain Lynch"' and other " Regulitors'
)f society on the frontier of civilization in the
ar West. Which is preferable, to decide quar
els by litigation, or by fights and murders as
ve sometirnes do in Edgefield?
There is a last proposition, which will knock
[town and knock the life out of the objection to
mIall Districts, that they increase litigation. It
ithis, and I hope the reader will repeat it to
iniself again and again-that nine-tenths of the
'siness idome at a Comrt Hmse has nothing to
ejith litigation, or is intemled to prevent litiga
on. Many of the men who visit Edgeield
ourt House go there by compulsion as public
flicers, such as 31agist rates, Consta bles, Mina
ers of election, Free School Teachers, Coin
li.ioners of t he District Boards, and about 240
urors are annually summotined to attend our rer
lar Courts. Hundreds of others must go to tile
ourt louse to qualify, or make returns as
uardians, Executors, Administrators or Trus
es, and to examine into the conduct of these I
luciary persons. When a man desires to know <
hether there is a judgment, miortgage, settle
cut, or entailment upon property that he wish
to purchase, lie must "go to the Court H-ouse,"
ceause such informnation can only bie had ly
specting the public Records, or general news
111er of tihe District. If one would confer with
Lawyer concerning any' matter whatever, and a
hely with a view to precent litigation, he must
~o to the Coturt Hlouse." If lie wotuld bid for
buty property at Sheriff sale, he must "go to -
e Court iiouse." If lie would know any thini a
his District, its people, t heir sentiments, man-a
rs, feelings, customs, habits, interests, &c., he "
ast "goi to the Court House," and go frequent
In short, if lhe would learn, obey, or enforce C
%a~'d'd0 YvlT~rb~et, Es"Ws 'Jemon',trated in
iuber IV. The eridence of ones willingne.ss to cl
ey law, or oif his acts in having done so must yj
dleposited with the proper ollicer of Court. hb
iluntary obedience to law is the general rule, a
l iiainiste exception. Therefore, Court d
uses are established not so much for litiga- .
n, as they are for affoirding the means of
iekly, cheaply. and easily obeying the lauw.c
n any man hold tip his head and say seriously Ci
it such means as these are now afforded to
lf the pieople of Edgefield ? How tmaniy of
innumeralble visits to our Court Ihouse, re
ire a day to go, perhaps a day to remain and t
bay tio return, besides the expense. These.
its must be made at all seasons of the year,
rehiance in the most cold, raitny or unfriendly '
athier. Who will undertake to deny the fact I
It very maniy of our distant farimers have
ughat coinstiiutional diseases atnd eron their
itbs by frequent journeys to their Court
mse for the purpiose of voluntarily obeying Of
law '! Theti away !away ! with the frivolous of
ection that small Districts increase litigatioin. I
enemies tust seek other cause of opposi- n
in to the division of Edgefield. hAPR. o
%arotroN WVaNrs A D)ivonCE.-The Paris
-respondent of the Mlontreal Witness writesc
followvs: " The great question which occo
s at present the Court of France, is the di- b
ce of the emperor, lie no longer hopes to Y
-e any3 children by his piresent wife, and it c
I hie thinks of taking another. Thle report is PC
ofhicial, but as it has appeared in several
used papers, the truth of it can scarcely be pr
-stioned. Napoleon Ill is, however, very rej
d of his wife, and the dlivorce will resemible e
very point that of his unicle anid Josephine, sy
0 were, as you know, separated for tihe s:'me ti
son. Whether from this moot ice or any other, 'at
Emipress of the French is looking very mel-th
holy. It is implossible to see her without an
og struck by her expression of sadnmess. AsI
he Empecror, lie appears constantly calm and I.
-uOF 'rm: M A RQ Us OF A NG LE.SA.-Field
rshal t hieM~ 31rqiukiif A nglesia, the last of thle all
at warrioirs ot' Napoleon's :ime, is dead, le mj
enjoyed the repiutation of hieing the first ki
alry ollicer iin Europe, and duriing the wars -
he Peninsula and at Waterloo, where lhe held.
ratik of weincid in comma~nd of the British
es, lie was ever in the thickest of the fight.
was Lord Lieutenantt of Ireland duritng the
ationi fir Cathlolie Emiancipation.a:nd ini later
rs hias been Master General of the Ordiaiice.
Waterloo lie lost a leg, atid ever afterwamrds
'red ait intervals acute aigoiiy from the wound.
the tiime of his death lhe had reached the cal
riarebal age otf 8t.
SIEEP Kt.LER.-A very large eagle was o
t in Sussex couiity, Va. a few days ago on Ci"
farm of Mr. Joseph T. Mason, of Petersburg.
express states that for some time this bird "
been playing sad havoc with Mr. Mason's tro
his, having killed seventeen in atll. No part jlar
lie flesh of the lambs wias eaten, but aun in- sou
in was made into their throats and the blood rod
ked fronm theta until the animals were life- thet
H~otnumLF. Exr'LosION occured oniMnnday, fr
veent 12 and 1 o'clock, at the Black Health
pits, Chiesterhield county, Virginia, about
Ive miles from Richmond. These minesa:re do
ied aind worked by ani English company. A
,ut twenty plersons were in the pit at the a
of thieexplos-ion. Soon after the explosion
u perintenident descended and immnediatecly cot
irhit up a body horribly mangled. On a po*
mid desentt lie reported that. many bodies, *"
e or less disfigutred, w~ere lyiing about; also~ tak
nules: and that there was a certainty that not
ii the mine at the time of the explosion were "
1. The bodies had necarly all beetn drawn kee
oni Tuesday evening. How this terrible ex- beri
ion occured none lived to tell ; but shortly (as
re somie mitners had left the pit, anud they ed
rtied that they had not dected an utnusual 'ru
t'ie personis thus destroyed most of thicemU
white men of faittieis, and great sympathyiv
felt for thle widows aiid orphans of those de-c ai
em...Wsi:ofL SentinCl. - Mi
ARTHUR SIMKINS, EDITOR.
EDGEFIELD, S. C.
THURSDAY MAY 25, 1854.
V" Wz are indebted to Hon. P. S. Baooes
arious Public Documents and several copies of 1
Daily Globe," for which he will accept our than
Dr. A. G. Teaguess Drug-store.
WE call especial attention to Dr. TZAO'Ir'S adv.
- tisement. It is decidedly the best original article
our present issue-so distinct in its points, so full
its scope, so varied in its developments, so striking
its " tout ensemble." The Doctor keeps an excelle
drug-store, has a great many delightful extras, at
manufactures a delicious quality of Soda water.
We cordially back his remark in regard to the liti
book of Miss IIx-r. Let us all go, for humanity
sake, and buy at least one volume apiece of her u
pretending but neat little work.
A very Acceptable Present.
WE received last week from our old friend J. f
Mists, of Cambridge, a box of strawberries the lik
of which men seldom see. They were very larg,
very juicy and very ripe. Imagine a dish of thei
" all smothered in cream." To Mrs. X., whose kint
ness caused this delicious treat so be forwarded to ot
address, we return our warm acknowledgements. 'T
show what can be done among us in this line of frui
raising we append the note which accompanied th
RDGawooD, May 16th 1854:
Mr. EDIor :-I send you a few strawberries as
present from Mrs. M. raised in her garden from th
variety known as Hovey's Seedling.
I know that the transportation by stage over twent
miles, will mar their beauty much; but I hope yoi
will receive them in a state of preservation sufficien
to give you a faint idea of their superior excellence in
the perfection of freshness. I have often read ant
heard of strawberries measuring three inches in eir
cunference, hut I never believed it, until measuring
the larcest one we have found on our bed. Ant
1 mirabile dictu" it measured (4 4.5) four inches anc
four-lifths.. Tell uncle SAM to beat that if he can
Of course we have selected the largest and finest te
send you, but the average of those left in the dish will
nasure two inches in circumference. Hoping they
will come safe to hand,
I remain yours truly,
J. H. MIMS.
Boat this who canI
Wz are indebted to Mrs. TnOMAS LArsTax for a
beet of this season which measured fifteen inches in
circumference. It is enough for a pretty good mess.
We have heard of larger, but not so early in the sea.
son. This one was pulled up on the 22d inst. For this
latitude it is an unusually fine one. We thought there
were some good beets in our own garden, but Mrs.
L's nakes ours look tiny. We are very much obliged
to the lathes for having thought of us during the past
week-hope others will do liken ise.
Escape of Augustus B. Prior.
WE learn from our Sherfl, that ParoR, who was
tentenced to be hung on the 28th July next, escaped
*rnm the Columbia Jail on Monday night last. Mr.
IONES had gone down on Monday fur the purpose of
>ringing the prisoner back to the Edgefield Jail. Upon
pplying fur him on Tuesday morning, he was in
ormed that the prisoner had broken Jail and fled. It
eems that PaOR and two others were in the second
tory, and in the same room. By some means (not
nown) they managed to prixe aside one of the bars
f the prison window suficiently to aflord a passage
or their bodies. With the assistance of blankets,
bey lowered themselves to the ground, and left for
The two who fled with Patox, were Coorsa and
Voop, one imprisoned fur perjurj and the other under
" The Southern Entorprise."
A third paper for Greenville village has just been
sued, with this title. It is edited by WM.P. PatoE,
id promises to be a " reflex of popular events." Its
otto is " Equal Rights to All." We wish for Mr.
R ice and his " Enterprise" alucky and adventurous
We have received and placed upon our list of ex
anges a paper bearinig this title. It is published at
t. 1.ebanon, Louisiana. Mr. H. Lee seems to be
th its proprietor and editor. The Bienville Timsesis
new paper, and, from the very sensible editorials of
e nunmber before us, we judge it will prove a very
teresting and useful paper. We wish our Westorn
temporary all manner of good luck in the high vo
,uh ihe lin chosen.
" Tho Bacred Oircle."
Tnris is a monthly spiritual work published in New
Jrk and edited by Juidge Enosus and others. It is
e exponent of the Spiritual Rappers and Spiritual.
s generally. 'The terms of the " Sucred Circle" are
per annum, strictly in atdvance. Address PAr-~
ooe & BarrTns, 300 Broadway, New York.
UTNDF.R this headiing, or something like it, the editor
the Lexington Telegraph pokes a wonderful sight
fun at us. His vein of humor however is so very
and* covert, that we fear some obtuse readers may
tbe able to tell that he really is joking. We there.
e beg leave to state that it was our Daguerreotyp:
ly which was founid in the Lexington sand. (Godh
bid we should ever be found there, of all places on
rth!) We had presented our likeness to a friend
1o lost it by the way, and this is the substance of
athier " Tz.'s" sad casualty. By th'e bye, why did
an allow your printer to put " causality" in your
pition instead of " casualty 1" Accidents will hap
a, eh !
P'. S.-Since the above was in the hands of the
nter, we observe that the " Carolina T imes" has
traduced the " Teleg.raph's, stuff, omitting the half.
iressed explanation of the matter which the courte
of the latter paper lied dictated as being proper. At
"iTleg!raph" gives it, the thing is a poor attempt
hiumor, which we regard not. As republished in
"Timeas," the narrative isan unfeeling fabrication;
we confess considerable surprise that this paper
told have been so easily imposed upon. We take it for
nted that the el.gant extract was not culled by thne
tar. We give him credit for nicer feelinigs.
Vill the edtito~r of the " Times" please set the stupid
nir right ? We care nut a straw, except that it
ght work us some injury itn places where no one
ew the explanation.
T1I bel tremne impearceptibilillt of ouar friend's htumor
tis int lance remninds us of a good fellow who usedI
osts ltt he couldal blow the Clarinet so soft thtat
cou/ld'ntt hear it." So likeu-ise our humnorist of
'umpkin'own" haos so refined his wit that it cannot
The Fishing Season.
lay and June are the great months wvith us for
thing perch and trout. The mnill-pontdsin the piney-.
otis are the pirinciptal scenes of whatever fishing e
lbits the season gives birth to. During the present
,various parties have been out, hut with inidiffeir
luck. We have heard of many retd-bellies "as
as your hand," and numerous trout weighing from
to three pounds; hut 12 iinch perch and 10 pound
at have beent rather scarcer than usual. The regu-i
Waltonians, howe'ver, despair not of achieving s
tethaing signal before the close of the season. The F
of Col. J. P. C. has not yet cast its shadow tupon
water. A fter Junte Court, the big fish may prepare d
' give in." A t present, the Col. has "other fishn to s
A Barbor Wanted.
un village of Edlgefield proclaims to all barber- tj
that she needs un expert shaver and hair-dresser. v
eat, cleanly, obliginig, active and acouplishedc
tur ao" will find lhere a good situation. A genteel f,
>red individual however would answer our pur- ti
e-hut lie muast be very genteel. We have had
ugh of bad-smnelliing barbers. Neither must lie
his grog too freely the over-night. We can
bear to hiave our fances arid throats worked overt
cnaente mtinu," especially when that hand holds a tI
in razor. We invite the attetiion of all city bar
to this notice, andl seriously ask our city exchaapges
a flavtor) ton copy it if convenient. A le-ter address
a, either" l on Wia tsusEs" or " CsAa R t:E MoUS
it" at this lhace wvill be taken ont, whlethor post- h
I or niot, and receive a ptronmpt reply.
2"' Drs. E oaf Virginia, PuacE of Georgia, b
ltr a ,a of Iitriky nre the newly-electetd
Judge 0 Ps Address to the People.
WE publish week an address, to the people of
South Carolina om the Central Committee appoint
ed by the Termnce Convention lately assembled in
Columbia. T ddress is the composition of Judge
O'NEALL, and >ne of the most pointed, pithy and
forcible pieces e remember to have seen from his
pen. It is an t soally good specimen of the "1 mul.
~~r gum in parve."9
or We do not ve.that intemperance can be legis
he lated out of an, tate ; and we have serious fears that
is' the attempt to < so will bring about much more of
evil than of g It is admitted that tie intemperate
Ir use of alcoholic inks is baneful to individuals, and
of secondarily to : iilies and communities. So is the
in intemperate use tobacco and of opium. So is the
in extreme and vi Is indulgence of the carnal appe.
nt tites and propen esgenerally. If welegislate against
id one of these eyi what, reason is there fur not legis
lating against ib i all! - To be consititent, it would
le seem that those. rmers wiso contem; plate the con
,, trol by law of i 'idualexcess in the article of drink
ing, should go and suppress tobacco-chewing, I
opium-eating, go audizing, fornication and all crimi
nal indulgences, hich tend to the harm of parents
and, through thq harm, to the injury of those ie
r. pendent upon th4. Some of.these excesses are less
a observable, less rcking, less destructive than drunk
, enness. But arehey not all of a kind? And may
a not the lopping o of one but tend to aggravate the
others? To banir the whole bevy by legal enact
r ments is a Entop a idea which most men will find
D some difficulty inabracing at this distance from the
millenium. To 4 off even one, and that the greatest
I of them, appears a many in the light of an impo.si
bility; at least, util a great moral ehange has been
effected througho society-a change which involves
the utter sacrificef the man of sin within us. This
change is the wo of Heaven alone, if there be truth
in the Gospel. 10se, who think that all human
efforts to refarm rAnkind are vain until God speaks '
the word, must no b, classed as wicked men if they
fail to acknowledie that the Maine Law reformers f:
exhibit true wisdcn. ii
In regard to thetrial-test of Northern experience in 0
this matter of prdebito'y legislatron, we must be per- q
mitted'to say (anwe say it with great respect for the a
opposite opinion o Judge O'NEALL) that there are b
two accounts of itgiven out to the world. Some gond
men declare that It has worked well, while others
equally honest arni pure assert that it has proved a P
failure, so far at last as the good which was expected a
to result. We joggest that, until this trial-lest is
further illustrate4i9any allusion to it by way of argu- :(
ment is premature The reformers, who have its sue- o
cess at heart, hopeand believe that it ingoing to prove
efficacious. But t long as we hear of perjuries upon
perjuries to avoid is provisions-as long as we read of
apothecarie. selling thousands of gallons of brandy in a
little New Englard vilfages' for medicinal (!) pur
poses, so long munt cool and uninterested observers j
doubt both its expsdiency and its authority. There is fA
an inherent and an almost invincible thirst in most b:
men for some kind of stimulus; and, by some paradox o
of human nature, this desire grows stronger if it even in
suspects itself of being tyranically checked. Such is pa
and will be the case wherever a prohibitory law is hi
passed. And may' it'not be calculated that all the ht
arts and appliances of cunning will be put in requist
tion to evade the statute ! Mfay it not be feared indeed
that mobs and rebellipus outbreakings will speedily m
follow in its wake!' We only suggest these probabili. tv
ties in advance of any action. After an enactment
it w:iuld of course be the duty of all, who could re
concile themselves to obedience, to respect its provias- a
ions, even if tey could riot cordially assi't in their
enforcement. But we may be permaitted to doutbt
whether it would not require asystem of police almost i
equal to NAro~ros to carry thtem out fully at last.
Accordinag to the proposed prohibitory actIon, as we b
understand it, the imiortation of ardentspiritsfor sole 0
(except by druggists) is to be forbidden. Btut does this
prevent the importaton from France arid Matdeira of
brandies and wines by individuals for their ownt and0
their friends' private-usaes ? We imagine not. To be ca
able to do this however one must be in possession of r
more thari'ordinasrf rneans. So that the working of
the-law would seerm to be this: while the ailluent
could enjoy a social"glass at any time unmolested lbyli
any such liberty. Now, whuthmer the liberty tn do this
thing be regarded as a curse or riot, a palpuable dis
Linctioni between different membhers of thre same com- iL
citunity must here necessarily occur. Arnd it is well te
ror thte advocates of this partial prohibition to enquire
before-hand into thre reasonableness of expectinig any ow
populationa to remain satisfied long under the operation 16~
af such a distinction.~ ....
As to all the ntoise of enthusiast lecturers about the gi'
errible deeds, thre wretchedness and woe, which are gat
:aused by strong drink, we aire very much inaclined to fain
hink tnat it is ofteni larjgely exaggerated. Let any in I
nan itn South Carolina look arountd his iaome, anid see bea
(tow the present regatlatiarns of tite liquor traffic work cre:
ni his neighborhood. Let him take a scope of ten fain:
niles in every tdireetioni, and ask himself what has can
een the extent of.dis terrible tyrant's power. Out
>f a hundred men, he would probably finda very marny
alho took nin occasi~tatl drinik. He miigihtl d ome
en or twenty who oace or twice a year were ap to gart
ilundler iuto tipsince. And it night be that lie would prot
mnow one or two whi had hecottie sarts. We very ds
ouch doubt whrethecieven these proportionts are noat tooA
~reat for the large najority of neighblorhouads thiraaugh- Ac
ut the State of Sotth Carolina. To prevent this oc- ctyl
aisional sottishness,(an exception under a genierality,) hi.
is now proposed ta pass a law debarrinag the moreTe
'espectable arnd ordlely portion of society the posrrses.
ion of an rticle, whrichs (whatever reformred drunk- Ste a
rds say of it) thtey egard as one of the comrlrts anrd inr
tecessaries oflife. .gard
But, hsying all oter considerations aside, wve base hier a
or objections to thaentcemphated enactment tipont the ered
road ground, that a interfere by legislation with the time
rivate habits and eial cuistoms of the people is ar- oansl
ompatible with thn objects anti purposes of a free i e
Yet, while we bdeive bodir Judge O'NEArL anald ru
is followers to be rtaken in the policy they recomn
acrid, we respect lth arnestntess of their convictiars
tnd thte purity of tier intentions. No one can reaad
lie "ad rdress" wepuilish this week without beitn
atisfied that the poili weal is the onaly obaject hand in
iew. Let each remdr peruse it with the care arid ~
onsiderationt it meriti , arid ri
Sensiio and Just. mtent
Archbishop Iluantt wsho has rtecently tinade' the ing er
southern tour, preach. a sernmon upjonr his returrn yrr
atame, in wich heo htaccasiaon to refer tar African two o
lavery as it exists in (ha. The reverend prelata be
eldl tire institution thre in its worst form. Couild lie exere:
ritness the improvedl d improving condition of outr i
outhaern slaves, we trbt very much whether lie gested
could evens regard thre stemr a " comparative evil." thatt ei
'rom the sermon alludato, we gnote a few passages onily t
>showv its liberal and eghitened tenor: tivity
"a While wve all knounat this condition of slavery event
a an evil, ye'. it is riot t absolute anal tunirigated
vil ; antI even if it weanythinag mtore than whmat it the eta'
n--a compiharattive evil-tere is aone thaing certain: in Scholai
iniitely better rhane coniiaiiaon irn which t his for the
enpie woutld have heentad they not been seizedl no
ratify tihe avarice and pirdiry of thre white man. I Itistitui
ave taken pains to irnge of sonic whao were trans- Thei. su
urted to Cuba during t lust three years, whether
iey wished tat retunr tteir own country, anti they beyond
twariably stated that td dial tnat. The ,-imple rea.- system
>ni of this is tilat they iprotected there frorn a per
etual war--a war itn wit mercy to tihe conganeired govern
unknown, so that theptive is killed t'ae tmomtentt I have
e is seized, anti it is aatigation of the petnalty of posed c
efeat whien lie is solg i foreign banadage. I havet
:en those masters imiped with thre contvictiaon of Iof thu
that they aowed to thorreatuires, leaving taothaing IMr. I
ndonie that kindness ca promrtpt, at the sate limo~hs nd
rat they provitded fair areir spirirtual anal tempoarallisad
ants. I adidnt't see nn)ry great difference b~etwveen int expri
e obligations.a of thioseto own slaves, andi those a
'o are mnisers of hrirervats, or the piarentrs of ia hl'i~
iildrent ; the aobigationchtes thiemr all ; anal it is in esteemi
is wsay thtey can use taowe.r odl has given them a qutaliuier
r thte express purpose which it has been given to In tin
est, for instruction, erple antd correction."
- ..---.-.r sat, is r
ZLatin tricalitios. anid stri
W. give tire followinecimenis of Latin puinnuing Ihatve be
our young students. 3 hputs are to bec found int lied ati
e translation, riot in tdriginial. Thme first is said Tire
have been gotten up bme Oxford ar Catrbridlge Mr. TtE
an. The second is a t wich olad Geni. But.L., of prerforni
bbeville used to give lie Willingtaon hroys. (Of . ~ir
mtrse tihe Latin has neaning. ]ltt translate it '
eraliy, witht an eye to pun in Englisand a thseory a
Itence may ire r.naude a
1. " 'Tes mtilites ilaaaarr jauxta cos culrros ha- oeron
ra hmomries morltuos." |an, A la
A Glance at the War News;
Tn E English steam-frigate-, Furious, went into Ode.
a on the 6th April,. t'o take on board the Englis
:onsul, when, in spite- of her flag of truce, she wa
rired into from the Russian port. This is regarded a
Dutrage upon alf 1irness.. A portion of the allie
leet proceeded forthwith- to bombard the place. N
-flect of any consequence was produced, except at
lestrucion- of Prince-Woronzoffirmagnificent palace
In the Baltic sea, nothing has been done. Thi
British Admiral seems to be awaiting his Frenl
An officer of Napier's fleet gives the following rmth
sr spicy incident:
" One morning, a few days since, we saw a largo
ressel eight or ten miles ahead, which we fully he
leved to be a Russian umn of war, as site made al
ail to get away, and showed no colord. As we rapid
y came up with her, she touk in sail until sie Wa
mnder reefed topsails, (fighting trim.) so we beat ti
iuarters, and the pipe sounded loudly, " hands, brin;
he ship into action !" For some three minutes every.
hing was bustle, casting the guns loose, clearing tht
lecks, &c. Five minutes more, and every gun wa:
hotied and prited, aud the men standing with th
natch lines in their hands, waiting for the word t<
Ire. Just as we got withiu good distance, the black,
ruard ran lip American colors, and coolly told us ht
voul have hoisted them sooner, but he wanted toset
ow snart we would clear for action. If our tar
lid not bless him to the wroag side of heaven nevel
The news from the Danube is a little more impor
ant. The Russians appear to have given up theii
esigns upon Kalafat. They have evacuated the
rotince of Little Wallachia. The Turks have con
equently distributed divisions of the force hitherte
oneetitrated in and about Kalafat along the more me.
aced points of the Danube.
The Czar of Russia has put ibrth the fellowina
ranifesto to hig people:
ST. PTzianitRo, Apnil 11, (23.)
Bly the grace of God, we, Nicholas the First, Em
,rr atd Autocrat, of all ise Russians, King of Pu
md, &c., to all our subjects make known, that since
se coimmerncement of our dillrences with the Turk
It government, we have solemnly announced to four
ithful subjects that a sentiment of jnstice had alone
dined us to re-establish the violated rights of the
rthodox Christians. subjects of the Ottoman Porte.
We have not sought, we do not seek, to make cnn
tests, nor to exercise in Turkey any supremacy what
ier that istiht he likely toeceeed that ifluence which
4longs to Russia by virtue of exissinut treaties.
At that period we already encountered distrust, then
inn a covert hostility on the parts of the g.ivernmenits
France and England, who endeavored to lead the
ore astray hy inisrepresenting our intentions. Lastly,
this moment, England and France throw off the
ask, regard our difference with Turkey as a mere
condary question, and no longer dissemuble that their
le object is to weaken Russia, to tear from her a part
her possessions, and to bring down our country
Dm the powerful position to which the hand of the.
spreme leing had exalted it.
Is it for orthodox Russia to fear such threats I
Realy to confound the audacity of the enemy, shall
le swerve from the sacred purpose that has been as.
Cned to her by Divi'ne Providence! No! Russia has
it forgotton God! It is not for worldly interests that
e has taken ip arms; she combats for the Christian
ith, for the defence of her co religionists oppressed
Let all Christendomn know, then, that the thought
the sovereign of Russia is also the thought that an.
ates aud nspires all the great family of the liussian
lple-this orthodox people-faithful to God, and to
q only Son Jesus Chnst our Redeemer.
It is 'for the failt and for Christendom that we com
God with is-who against us?
Given at St. Petersburg, on the IIth day of the
'nIth of April, in the year of grace 1854, and the
enty-nitth of our reign. NICHOLAS.
On the 18th and 19th April; Omar Pascha, with
,000 men, gave battle to Gen. Luders. The Russi
t were victorious.
An important battle was fought, on the 25th April,
tween thre Turks arnd the Greek insurgents. The
otrgents nere hadlly whipped.
Sir Charles Napier is said by one acccount so be.
ckadinig all thre Baltic ports; while Russia is fitting
it against him a fleet of 800 armed boats.
TIlE VERY LATEST.
By our lat mails we learn that the destruction a:
lessa was very considerable. The Russian fortili
tiosns, bsatteries asnd military stores were rauned
irteen Russian vessels laden with munitions, were
ten. Thre allied fleets lost but five men..
i.n imperial decree has gone forrth in Paris re-estab
ring thre " Imperial Guards."
The Richest Pamsily in America.
.correspondusit of the Richmnurd Whsig says or the
InsvoN family of Vuirgitnia, that they are rich ini
lroes as follows :
.ut. HIams-roxu owns 1700-.Mrs. R. HAIrnSON
us1000--Maasnatr.L . Hasavoo owns 700--Ros?.
sasTox owns 950-ADnI flitnaow owns 600:
nd Gaoauz Harts-T'ow owns 200 after hasvinrg
en off to his children some 700. Here is an aggn
Sof nearly 6000 nregroes in the possession of one
ily. Their landed property is said to-be valuable
roportion. Threir government of slaves is said to
it onee hurmanse anid susccessfusl. The annusal in
Se int tihe whole family is thonght to be three or
hundredi. The uunited wealth of the Hsras-rowus
not fall far short of $15,000.000..
'StAT more delighrtful ensployment is there thasi
elnig! W~hat, more peculiarly adapted to tihe
mobtiont of health ansd happiness! What, more di
ly conducive to consfortale dinners arid dlelicios
erts! Of course we now mean kitehren gardesring,
mnttrymanr's garden is ihis vegetable market. The
catserer rushes at early diawn to a long row of
u, with basket in handt and cash in purse, to buy
tnily mnodicumc of peas, and beetsr, andi potatoes-.
farmser's wife walks oust into her garden, while
ew drops are glitering like diamondis in tire ~
ing su-iight, arid at her ease selects the best :he e
en affords, all fresh arid juicy and sweet. U'nder it
wn eye, thre various " messes" are carefully gash. E
anti nicely prepared for the cook; and as meal
"tihe gude man and a' the bains" fare suimptis. a
on the best of natusre's delicacies anrd eninugh
for Cook and all lien comrades in labor. Coin.
tme to thre hiouse-wife wire keeps an abunodant
n ! Tire larder greases the pot, but the garden
Foit TnEt AnsvuaTissr..
CURRYTON ACADEMIES. 1
EnDtroi :-As at friessd of edhucation generally,
ore puarticularly having at hearrt tihe advance- en
uf Schoiol facilities in moy own stud neighbor- his
stmunsities, aillowv sie an exrso thurouch Al
olumnis of tihe sastisfaction that I enjoyed oin III
three occasiouns rcently, by attending tire brn
ses of thic pupils in she Curryton Academsies. a
se Institutions, the plan of whrich was sg
to thse intelligent and cenerrisinsg citizens of in~
immrsunity but a twelve month since, sr.emed eml
>require such to be executed. By the ac-a
if directors and friends they have been placedl ".i
rus eatriy uipon a permanent basis. Under 271
strol of Mr. CurasTY, a thorough and finished hio
r, arnd a genttlemazn qualifiedi ina every way tak
position hre lias been called to occupy, the
,ionss are flourishinig almost without patrallel. hi
eess of tire eniterprise hras already extendhed and
the expectations of tire most sanguine. The thel
introduced by Mr. Cuaairv for tire internal ried]
nsent anid imparting of insetruction, so far as thei
:)bserved, is particularly adapted to the pro
rids, tire throrough and systematic education dati
oung placed under his care. says
. is assisted in the Femanle Department by cei
, for both of whom the pupils are alil as onie rEirt
asinig tire warmest attachmrrent. Mrs. C. is t
msusually istelligenrt and accomiplishted, to arid
whromt needs but acquaintance with lienrneti,
arid merits. -nate
.\lal Department the Assistant, Mr. Eit'r- for I
genrtlemnanr emiiiently quifiiied as at Schoilrr gun
et disciplinatrian. And since his services this
mi secured, hre hras given the most uniqual
~luaical Department us under the cnre of arn
ononE SoruE, wire is no~t only a brilliant Gi
r, hut possesses in a hrigh degree, the facul- Site'
>arting to Iris Secholars a knowledge of the ca ,j
rd a correct execution.~
aupils in attenddancre number consideratbly ly
hurndred, somse of whom arc from Louisi- eaus:
itama Georgia anid Floridar. I learned thrat sg
of appliectos had been refused front the suirre
!l.m-:nent hoerd1 This difmicutyis . no... l ti;n,
obrited,, and for the next Session and after, accom
modation- may be had quite convenient to the build
ings. A DARK CORNER FARMER.
FOR THE ADVERTISER.
I Mt. ErnTt:--" WArTIAy," in a communica
' tion of last week, announces to the District, and
s through her paper to its readers generally, that the
Churches are so alarmingly remiss in the discharge
of their duties to their 15linisters, that their indebt
edness has reached the cars of the Almighty, and
calls for the judgment of Ieaven.
" WA-rcnt11AN" lias seen one of our most popular
Miuisters return home fromn the service or his breth
ren to his own horne, nail sit down to his own table,
in company with " WATcHaAN," where their only
repast consisted of " a plate of sweet potatoes aid a
chicken boiled in clear water," which was, it is
supposed, the best he could aflord.
lie has seen another diinister whose " head w;.s
whitened with the frosts of miany winters, who was
compelled, during a protracted mecting. to pull his
fbdder in the morning and evening. before an.l after
services, or l-t it dry up; while any otie of a dozen
members of that Church, could have sent his hands
and pulled all his fodder in an hour."
He saw a Mlinister not long since who was " prom
ised one hundred dollars by one of the Churches of
this Association. for his last year's services. and he
had only received thirty dollars of that amount."
Ile has seen many Ministers to whom " the Chur
ches and congregntions for whom they preached
have not paid more than one-third of the :mois
annually suliscribed, &c."
In looking over the charges above enumerated, I
at once had aecess to the Minutes of the A sociation,
in order that I might fix upon the amote of that
poor, though popular Preaher, when, to my sur
prise, the confletion was forced upon me, that a
respectable number of our Miniters are men of
wealth. Some of them are in easy. eirei mitsne. s,
and none, we believe, are so poor that they are una
ble, upor: extraordinary occasions at least. to regale
a brother upon the necessaries of life, beyond a plate
of sweet potatoes and a chicken boiled in clear
water. It may be that a grey headed Minister
might have been compelled, from shier necessIty,
to labor in his fodder tield in the niorning andl even
ing, before and after services, daring soime protract
ed meeting or other; and still it may be that no
ensure should be attached to his Church. The
Church may have discharged her obligations to him
and yet he was poor. All imen are not favored with
the talent necessary to constitute a financier.
The Church which promised the Mini-ter one
hundred dollars and only paid himn thirty, unlis. she
can urge something by way of extenuation, has
certainly violated her contract and may be a subject
of rebukl,, but not over the hiads of the Churches
generally. If many of our Ministers receive only
one third of the amounts subscribed by the Church
and the congregation it is certainly news to us, and
if such be in keeping with her ways and doings
generally, she is. lowered in our estimation ; an',
instend iof doubting, as we often do, when the frai:
ties of human nature press heavily upon us, wheth r
we are fit subjects for the Church, we shall begn
to doubt whether the Church is a fit place for us.
We believe the charge in qu'stimn will nut apply to
the Churches within our bounds.
Some of our Mlinisters are men of abtility whiise
talent woul nake them conspicuous ini any of the
pursuits of lit'es ; others miake no s'retensionas to su
perior attaiiinients--all aire wiirthy men-aid though
the aggregate amnount p'aid themii by the Church~ is
not targo, yet we are tiot sure it does not equtal what
they might reasonably expect for their exclusive ser
vices'io rjeted in any of' the wiordly avoienitionis.
We are in faviir of liberality on the part of the
Churh towardst the MIinistry. Will nut a highe r
order of attainmoent upon the part of our Preachers
Mlay 15, 1654.
7ort TinE AnEI~'RTIsER.
Mit. EnITro:--On thle Stel day of April ini the
year iof the Deposite 2S34 and the year of Light
5$.54, Illustrious Iliither A. G. 1al ri:y l. D..
Sovereign Grand Inspector General of the 33d
Degree aind See'ry. General of the Supreme Coun- I
eil fur the Siuuthern .hlirisdiction of the Untited I
Staitei, openedi sit Edgefield C. II., S. C., a Counceil
of R~oyal anid delect Masters consisting of thu fol- 1
lowing Ollicrs -
Rev. 1hin.i.s PUC rTr, Thrice illustrints G. M.
A. I'xueaas, Illustrmous Iliremn uof Tryre. e
G. D. Tau.NANx. Principal Coandnetor of the Work S
.J. A. Wni~iASus, Recorider. i
WV. F. D~uunuoiE, Mhisterof the Exchequer.
J. M1. D)ay, Captaini if the Guards.
C. L. It Eso, 8tewaril.
HIGHLY INFORTAINT FROM HAVANfA.
The steamship Cresrent City, which reached di
his port fromt New.Orenns via llavanas vester- to
lay safernoon, brought dates from that' place 'at
a the 14th tnat.'m
The Hlavana papers, as usuaml, stre perfectly vsi
arrenm of polittical neuws, but privatec letters re
rived by the Crescent City indiente that Cuba fit
tiow in the midst of a revolutionm between the ss
paitih and Creole poputlation.
The Crescent City brings the intelligence thtat nti
French squadron of six ve~els had arrived ait be
avana, their objdect being unknown. abh
Fao~t MEXteo-To'rAI RIEtrE OF'TInE RE.UELS.
-The Newv York Tributne liss advices from Acau- ho
ileo to April 27th. Santa Atnna is int full pos. cIa
ssion ofi the city, nnd has very pirobably cap- tot
red the fortre~ss anmd brought, the rebellion to tt,)
entd. On the 1 3tht of Aptril the forces of Al- in
rez were commpletely rouled otn the favorable be
ilitary posit ion of. the heights of Cutillii a nl d,
~regrino. The rebels were enttirely dislodged
d cotmpelle~d to beat at prec'ji~itt retreat. A andi
ntsilerable niumtber of' pi'onuers fell itnto the oft
tids of the go vernament troiops. 'lThe lesader, ton
varez, secured his own saflety by a seaisoniable tan
ht to Acapulco., Santa Annta dispatched a hav*
gaide of cavatlry in pursuit of the fugitives, anid
ich stneeeded im overhuaulitng thetm in the 15th,| frmt
i sitter a sktirtunsh comp~lletely defeated Ithem. I g,
J~n the same day the party of A burco, conisist- i j
of 300 mena, was broken tip int Chsttmisvahtta
I. andi their leaider slain. llis head, fixed ontt
ike, wats set up itt his tnative district uis at warn- free
to the trailors. Gen. Santta Anmna cotmitnued tati,
march uipon Aeapttlco, airriving the:-e on the whte
ht, stud persontally directed the nmilitairy opera- :hamt
is augainist the easthe in which thme rebels had pril
en their last refuge. ultrm
)srERstoN OF CAPT. WALKERt'S ]AND.-A etl
er friin San Diego states that. Capt. WValke-rbEC
-10 of his fillibusters svere a bout to) abanidon
r c'atmp and start for Texas. Tihey hatd hut
2,000 potunds of powder, sand destroyed all
r spare atrbus. -T:ru
T. Do~tNco.-A letttr from St. Domingo, anti-.
d the 28th tilt, to the New York lierald, TI
News hias just been received here, that can be an 01
don, that the Empecror Soulouque lias my at
y forty thousanad ment to nmareb into thme tress
Eitu reputblic to extermainate the whites gogu
tmuhattoes. Tihe Dominicans sire makinig *
e preparations to receive htim ; btt tunf'oru- suchm
ly, it is discovereid that the balls purchaused catn I
heir vessels ofI wavr are too latrge for the ble p~
, hesdes they hauve rio conuaniders; but remti
makes ino dilflerence, all thtese people care a mua
t in fighititg is to get inear enough to cracek itself;
laytienms over the heads atnd out their ehins, natuir
hey are always victoriouts."' taste
AeE Greenwood has taken to swearing. it
aid of tan old mtill which had gone to de
hie water hasving dried away itn time stream NE
wats't. ot a damn. samip!
ity is a eigamr like a patent medicine ? Be neart
its no go unless ptted. withm
sir is four ce-nt sugatr like a man that never-"C
iders ? lUenutsc its "eleatr grit," and no- Pra
ADDRESS OF THE CENTRAL COXMITTEE.
TO THE PEOPLE OF SOUTH CAROLINA.
FELLoW-CITIZENsS: The Central Committee
appointed by the Convention of citizens oppos.
ed to the liquor traffic, beg leave to address you,
and most respectfully to ask your aid in carry.
ing out the purposes of the Convention.
We desire the entire suppresion of the liquor
traffic, but yet we do not desire even this great
and beneficial reform against your will. We
hope your understandings either have been or
will be convinced of the enormities of the traffic
and the necessity of ending it.
Betore entering on our main purpose, we de.
sire to say, that when we speak of ending the
tralie, we do not wish to accomplish that by
any violent or injurious means, even to the de.
Iers themselves. Our proposition is to pass a
law declaring the retail truffle in intoxienting
drink unlawful, and forthwith to prohibit it by
the most stringent provisions. The manufac
ture of the article we would hiso prohibit in the
sanie way. The sale of intoxicating drinks, as
a beverage, from and after some reasonable time,
we would by law forever abolish and prohibit.
But these great reforms we do not ask for until
your will is ascertained. We ask for the pas.
age of a law whereby the freemen of the State,
entitled to vote, shall, at the polls, say whether
they de'.ire the enactment of a prohibitory law 1
It cannot surely be necessary in detail to state
the evils of the sle of intoxicating drink. They
have been present to every man, woman, and
child, in this State for the Just thirty years.
Every day now they are as apparent as the light
of a noioni-d&y's sun can nuske objects. The
sale of inloxicating drink is the parent of the
bloody murders which have occurred,-and which
are e'en now so shamefully frequent. It has
produced, does produce, and will produce, nine.
tenths of all the crimes of South Carolina. It
is the parent of poverty; it causes the loss of
character; it destroys activity, energy, industry,
and hope, and tills our country with miserable,
drunken loafers. It squanders the millions or
wealth and income which otherwise might be
appropriated to benevolence, education, and im.
provement. The money spent "in riotus lip.
ing" would build all the railroads contemplated
or desired in South Carolina; would endow and
support colleges and academies in every part of
the State; and would crown every section with
the results of genius and art. The sale of in.
toxicating drinks is the cause of the fearful in.
crease of insanity. It is the dread tyrant which
crushes all the affeclions of he heart; destroys
all the charms of "home, sweet home;" breaks
the ties of wife and children ; and turns the hus.
band anid father into the brutal tyrant, hated
and feared. It ruins the siare! AL the plaees
where intoxicating drink is sold he learns to
steal his inasters goods, to hate him, and finally
to put him to death.
An awful picture has thus been hastily sketch.
ed. Do you desire to hang it up in your homes,
and say this is a thing to beloved'? No. We are
sure you will say take it away. Let the origi.
nal no lontger he found in South Carolina.
Dow can it be done? Prohibit the manufae..
lure and sale as a beverage ? It can't be done,
is the demnagoge's objection. The same ob.
jection was urged when your fathers of '76 were
about breaking their fetters on the head of their
tyrant mother, Great Britain. Trosting in the
Lord of losts, the patriots of '76 entered on the
glorious trial, and were rewarded with liberty
pricele-eiiberty. We propose to vou to do so
likenise, and 'ye promise you liberty-pober
liberty; freedom now and forever from the reign
of the tyrant of the cup!
The constitution is in the way, is another
objection. Rend the constitution of this State
and the Uniited States, and you will tind that
the power to legislate in this particular is left to
tite Legislature (of tho State without restriction.
The dreisions of the courts of this State and of
fte United States allirm this to be so.
Bunt it is restrictive of the rights of property, '
is another objection. The manufacturer--the
distiller-says, "1 thus torn my corn, rye, and
bar ley, int o money." You turn tihe staff of k'fe
jinto the destruction of it for money ! Are you
heartless enough to hold up the prtce of blood,
and-say this is our wealth. Judas/sold his maa.
his voluntary death, and in the potter'. field.
our countrymen, fly front such accursed
ivarie! There is no necessity for yielding to it.
ioou cnn sell your corn, rye, and barrley, for a
>etter and more certain reward. The railroads
inve brought a naarket to your doors. South
yaroh~na does not raise enough of the breadstuffa
or the .con-umptiin of the people, and hence
here is no necessity to distill. There is noa sur.
/us. Every hbushel distilled takes that mnuch
reil from thec months of the hungry, starring and
T.Lhe ve-nder has not even the poor pretence of
je distiller. Hle makes money out of the blood,
-ars, misery. poverty, degradation, insanity arnd
rimes of men, women, and children, and Vespa
atn-like, holding it up, lhe says, can you tell by
s smell whence it cane! The hutnan sense may
at be :able to ascertain, but the eye of the
crlaisting A venger has seen fronm the beginntttg.
hetice it came, aind Ie is ready to say of the
atler, "cut tun do~wn; why cumbereth he the
Tihat pro'hibit ion is no new thing, is shown by
ir lawsy prohibitling the sale of intoxicating
inks in quanitities less than three gallons
t ho ut ii license ; prohibiting gaming ; our quar..
tine laws; the laws which prohibit idle gentle
rn front going ttt large, by classing th em ae
grants, arnd many other similar ena'etments.
'Ihat prohibition is necessary, is shown by the
t that moral suasioti has utterly failed. That
long as tenmptaition is before the drinking man,
the sale of intoxicating drink, sobriety can
ver be obtained. That the venders can only
reached by law. That it is by prohibition
ne that Ste traffic with slaves ca be cut oir
Mos~t of 'you will say we admit all you say;
eani yoiu effectually pirohibit the sale. Do.
re biy law thait wherever intoxicating drink is
nd to bekept for sale a a beveraga, it, shall,
m the conviction of the offender upon a trial
lhe Court of Getteral Sessiins of the Peace,
leelared forfeited, antd ordered to be destroy
andti t he wvhole thing is done.
)thir States have mtade thte experiment for us,
fotundc it to be easily (lone, and productive
le mtist happy results. Our own incorporated
its--Edgetield, Anderson, Greenville, Spar.
mrg, Lauiirens, Newberry and Sumterville
shown how eaily the tratlie is suppressed,
how happily penace and good order result
1 it. Mhalt n-e hesitate to try! Onr past
imus history antswers no! Our homes, our
es, children, our slaves, arid ourselves answer
tow yourselves to be freemen, worthy of a
nait's heritage, by saying to your represen..
es, give us the opportuntity to say at the polla
her we wish a prohibitory law or not. Do *
md then when the privilege is granted, write
ibition tuoni every ballot, atnd inscribe it
i every homestead, so that yourechildren and
renti children maty regard it as equally to
heri.shed withm life, liberty and prosperity.
.JOHN BELTON O'NEALL.
Chairman of the Cenitral Committee.
tE NEW lonK MEETING.-The New York
Natiotai Democrat, in noticing the late
Ce braska meeting held in the Park, says:
e great A boliton meeting at the Park, on
'dniy, wa'ns just what we ptredicted. It was
irurn gathterum of sin and spleen, blasphe
id fanaticism, disappointed ambition, covert
nt, rank initidelity, and disgusting dema
'he administration has nothing to fear frota
a source. No elements so incongruous
ung hold together. .No man of respecta
etesmns-t ipatriotism and religion can
t long mi such companty. And the miore
s of~ political put refntetion like this disturbs
the nmore it exhibits its own repulsivo
, and the nmore it disgusts all of good
hat, by accident, may have been seduced
,v WHEAT.-We have just been snhow~ a
ot wvhieat, which was harvested yesterday
aday,) on the farm of Seaborn Jones,
this city, which will compare flivorably
the best Genesee. This is very early.
irotniele & Sentinel.
'MusES made in time of' afliction require a
memory than people commonly possess.