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"We ilr clingi to tie Pillar u.n" jie Terardie of our Libiaiur arid if It ,r prun%,tgiaull, we wi&.
W. F. DURISOE, Proprietor. EDGEFIELD, S. C., JUNE 1:; 1854. OL.m..---0.
THE EDGEFIELD ADVERTISER
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THE TRIAL 0F ALCOHOL,
CHARGED WITH MURDER, R BBERY, &C.
SUPRE31 E COURT OF PUBIIC OPINION.
IN AN) FOR TillE U. S. .A311RICA.
T he P c up I e v s. A I c oh o .
Pr.sett-Ilon. It. CANI.r:. ChItt .in:-Iice.
ii or. S. b-I'A InriA Ir As'.cte
ion. G. I1TtI:N;E.
runseltfor thc People. J. S. GuODW .LL, Esq..
Att v. Gen.r
Crur.r-/ fur Phc D.;kwlant. ANIMAL ArrTITE.
Esq.. and i:.F IsNr::sr. E:*.
.Nherill', L. I!.ci: E-vil.. E1
Cerk of te Cour/. SciF DENIAL., Esq.
Ar~rurto"., .MAY IS, 8.3-1.
The Cour tet. rccirdinrg to r:jirirnet. at
2 o'cl-ick P 31. All tie Jurd;ivs preir. The
J rors were caeIiid atd a rrd to their name? e
.. .ilr.*.rreld. 3m. Iiitne..l lie,
3ir. WVellibred, 3rlr. Noeier,h
31r Lvegod 3r. Nouindireaso n,.
Mir. Lot'.eruth, . Gr.Cosiderate, t
'Mr. llaterice. r. ltni-t-y.
'e Court then proceeded withr tie case.
Juohn Coke, Eq., art emirent latvyer, was next I
..ll. (;:n.-.r. Coke, w il you b i s r raid rs v
to tell tis-i cirt wharIrt vou1 knrorw iot the prisiner. ,
andli rt the -rime-, arrd misdemlearor of when a
he i- accused s
i;.......ll, sir, int genera. I ntmst s:r as
other nlittnees ihve iid. I k ow nit my grod i
of him. T1he ting0 ebr;ed in !be rdieretir
are all trire.:rd if ec'ryV,. I ca..Il dtejre to
tire lre:arion' "f each ;md every coint.
At G;.-I s-p'''e. .11r. Ci.l tihat w'll be
tleces-arv. -rs thec crun.r el i'r lise ridfiece will
hairdv be %1i ll to adit geeral lctimrov
Wit.-Wel. sir, 1 will take thle counts itt
their oirder, it'you W . er1ii' iue to refer to the
indie: ntn~n o einnble me to do it.
A. Gn.--There can be no irjeelin.
Wit.--I rergrd ta the lir-t ciurin then I
know thle pri-ner. Alcool. to be a ,,wiinler 01
tire rrst dicriptionl. Iire atre : mulitaiide
ol irrstarn,-es. tin w ieh by irre rrnrg honrlcf
h ndir -<r-d ;hemr iby niti.:ms oif forryr, anrd ali
ntra e-very c s reii fl-.e pritenice. lii delrarndl
hrrne.,t men ofi their trmrtneyrrr :n lrety. ir ir
der tol irnrder i upone iniri. . -.in partticulariie
lkanytV casec, ii hiei, .11rrr-i ile-"'r 1t
A i. Ap.-it is urrrece-ryv art pire-ent.
I.-.." to tire secrond coun rt I knorrw tis to
be true, for of all trr clarw irr colile, wichei war
laege, onrly one becside mryself imins escaped irts
seuctiontrs. rThe res.t were led byv im to tire
tarverrn. tire drrm-shorp. ire gaingi tableI, te
theatre, thre brirt tr!. arnd the gratve, anrd ll thri
inr erly liife. Si m~e of themt were yout ng trent
oft goodir faileii. :rlnd nf di-tin;:nishred talenrt.
Thie last Otne diedi hut a1m tew rrirnths sinrI, a
poor miserabii er o rcst, ar grief iro his frinrdsr.
and t dis.grae. tm is coutry. Inh thrin coritl
is true, fr ans an ritierr $r -lie, I rave rrarrr
ad agitr been called uponrito ttra ltli rt -rle
- pl aces, either to keep tire Iperce. or to ivi ate
somre brerach oa it ; and I cr an i rlemvn~y deeru
that I nev'er vet saiw a hrser rarce, or anyt itheri
of tihat kindI where ire wa- noti pnrsnrt rnd inr
trine cases ontt oft ten. ire ilgntri somern rio
beforeu he lefIt thie grourrd. .\ly papeir' will -lrnrt
Irun dred of, caises art avanrts ani iha:erie<. at
temtrrs to kill. breaceri' th Iie pea~nce, &c. &c.'
at iuc places, whiebr ihave ciirme beirre mre
eithretrrs jitlice (or attrneyi, antd I ihave tnrarta
hrkt ondh tihe pri-air at lihe bontttin of tire
wile. I havet a tminutie of molre tihat i hnrdred
snehi err-es wvih i irhave tried ir ilei thr mi a yearr.
Thre tirrthl cr1nt-I hrave -reen marny irn-tanlce-s
ol its t ruthi. Ve rr many fteus ihave comte lie.
fiate ime, andru errtered comphi~iant rg.airnst lhir
hubnds for mreglect anid :rbrrie. Atnd nreter
hasr suchi at ca citme liefnreco rite o rinvstrt i
gationt irtund it true. :is wa~r rrieged, tha theIir
nregleet hand aburre wars cani-td irV te inidg j ".itlS.
of tire prrkorer, and that ihe wasr genrallyi. it
not alwarys, present, rridirrtg arrd abettlirn. Thre
lifth ebarrge-I irave bieen pren t att a rear ltunt
ber oi e-xiiminationsr int carec of stineide, 1~ irn
eaceh, as haus appearred inl test imrony. tihe prersoni
was in habits of conrtnt interconure wi t htihe
acused, anrd in~ltigarted by im to thrte comir s
irin of the deed. I w i ass to tire seventhi
counrt. I irave oftent seen himr rpera~ t n nnd
succestfully, to prersuade martsers nnd pilots tof
steamnrboats in rd othier- to nreglet their durty, anid
even to run foul oft other vessels. Somttimetus I
hamve scen hrimr put ra ireh tti-mtan asleep ttnrtil it
was trio lae to sarve a ship frion strikmng on
brerakers. Mantty stneh cnries ire hasr comuitt ed
int all parts of tine wrbl. I umyseif hatve wit
ne(wed several. It it is nrecessry I carn Ire
egnlt~v mrinttle with tire otiher counrts of lthe bill.
A. H."en.-I shal liot intist trpoin it, buit I wish
you to specify in regatrd to tire onre conec rmnirg
tnurde-rs in whichr thre accused is chrged as be
inrg anl aiccessary.
Wit.-Thiis, sir, is trute aliso, as I have the
mnost inidubitaible evidenrce tunder oath. (ir by the~
admti,,siont of tire et iminalns thnem-eltes. I wast
dinstrict ltattrney mrrny years, arid in tire tirte
tried tnreeny-trro indictmirenits for mu rder, :rnid ill
every (rie tihe pirisonier was proved or nrdntitted
to have baeen piresetnt andi inrstigating toa the
crimt~e. I wats rrko prresentt whrenr the thrree
Thlrayers were tied att Biuimio for thre murder of
Love, anid they were proived to hrave beetn asso,
ciates ot tire prisonr. lllt, whio wats exeeter
a. .ire m.ti. Jrbwe for tre rmtrrder of Iris wife
kept the accus-ed as a boarderand under his im.
meliate and direct instigation committed the
crime. It is my settled opinion, founded on ex
periencre and long observatiin, that. oif all tle
murders committed yearly in the United States,
nintety.nine in one hutidred are under the insti.
gations of the prisoner, Alcohol, and by his :ad
vice and assistance. I will say the sume of the
thefts and (of other crimes which come to tihe
knowledge of the public, and undergo a legal
Aft. Gen.-Mr. Coke, in all your long ac.
quaiitate with men and with prisoner, have
yo(ili ever heard of any good which he has done?
Wit.-I catnot say I have, sir; and I have no
personal knowledge of any good which lie has
ever done. lappy for the world would it have
been had he never been born. I consider tle
ave.sed to be a twiii brother with Warand first
cos-in to i Atilence and Famine, and secoid to
Neiiher of them in miischievous and destructive
At. Gen.-l have no more questions to ask
An. Ap.-Mr. C'oke, the tone and langimue of
Viour last answer seetn to indicate some private
dilieunlty 'r quirrel with Mr. Alcohol.
Wii.-Not at all, sir. I have never known
him texceupt as 1 have oflicially acted against him
Ad his associatex: and I believe that in my te s
imony I have slo"ken of him the sentinents,
not oily of myseli'. bnt of all hinest. intellirent,
wetl-informed and candid part of tihe comminity.
An. A p.-1 have no tiore questions, Mr. Coke;
Isin can ike vour seat.
Mr. Thriftv was next sworn, and being asked,
kaid he kic%: tile prisoier well.
All. Gen.-What is your occupation, Mr. T.
Wit.-I an a farmer, sir.
All. Gen.-Has the prisoner, Alcihol. ever
btained money from you uptin false pretence ?
Wit.-Ile ha. lie pretended for several
ears in stcession, that if I would piy certaii
Imi for hini in toewn, mid thei take hi ont to
niv Cirm and let him have intercourse with mv
v'rkten. that lie would make themi do much
nore work than they otherwise would, by means
it some sort of secret which lie said nobody elme
sessed. I did not find that there was any
risre working die. tluLi there was nincin
islre uinde mise absoet what wass dine. So I
1'ok hiu ilt tnly w:i.roil o'ie day to c:irrv him
cAek ti town. but before I got there I thiuglht
miht as wetll save ttie bV spilling( him iult, as
:j call it. :iiind um lack to 1mv wik.
A it. Gen.-Wv ll, !-ir. do voi find vot can
:rry o'n t i'he oiperatiois of yitr farm in :i| s'a
ios wit lhout any a.sistanice from the aceuined
Wt.-I des. sir. I have nit permitted him tis
mti ii uy f1irm for several years, and I find I
imi iauve mv work done as well amid better with
lit his lip ta lmn with it. Formerly, when I had
ta to hehlp me in lyii and hiarv'st, mV mten
ere noisj. idle and snrlv 'ft en they tsoik it
e hit-i by cleveni o'clock.k and were unlfit for
aIi's were spilin i lite field : my rakes, my
.adies and .se t tensih. were bsrken, and
nieli te aid expense were spenit mrepii iatriI
-lm : in -hort. I now estimate that every dol.
r I paid tle prisoner. cos st me live inl lhss oif
hsr, waste of' grain and grass, &c. I have no
ish for his as-istance :ny more. Indeed I
(on1d not have him (i my farm if lie would
-rv te tfor i1thing.
Alt. Uen.-The counsel for the defence may
ive the witness.
Aln. Ap.-Did I undesrstand you to say, 1Mr.
'brit v. timt in extretmie warm weat her il liar
est the ms ices of mv client were of io bot'fit?
Wit.-- have not s;sid :ss. sir; yet I new say
i. nI tixd opiniion that they are worse thati
An. Ap.-.YXu speak of your opinion, Mr.
briniy. have yil an evidelce upons which you
1ed111i voir opinlion ?
W Ii.-I hite, sir: the evidence of my own
eiies, and of the senses ofi m y laborers. I kinsw
hlat I can enditre lesit with hard labor much hs-t
er withit tue aid of the accused than i ever
niwit it.aid mv men itall say thme sl:nne thiilg.
6t one of theil will have nV tliig to say to
An. Atp.-Buit wsitness. is not my elient of
erc ice to farmters. ini aiding themti in the dispo
ul ''f their surinis coarse grains?
W'it.-Not at all, sir. I have tried it for mlany
ears, and I iunvriatbty fo'und that my cearse
~rainis did nost quit the cost of raising. So) ling
is I depended uponi the prisoner for making me
tilnnrket. Now I t'eed them to my cattle, amid
mike a fair psrofit.
An. Ap.-You canl retire sir.
M1r. L.ovetruth necxt. took the stand.
A te. Gen.-.\\ ituiess, have you any knowledge
oft t he pr isoner f
Wi~t.-l have, sir. For sevset al week s I have
bein tiskittg is'lvest igar ions ilit olsis conid tet, and
ie elfect s f hi,. initercorses i:.hi lie .oiutnmani
tv. andI I have acrrivsed at several surprnising atnd
: imnsti iincre~dible re-,ul:s.. .
Ali:. (/cu.-W ill you please state them to the~
Ana. Ap.-Before the witneirss pirosceds, the
cii i-el for' tle ;ircn-s'd woveui be psleatsdice as
ertaiin, 'w seilier hse tmeans tso stalte resu~lts ude
rivedcc fromi his sowsn personail knowledge, or frotm
the iiniirnm ison s oi lehers.
li-l...-li lv trom hi les h, sir.
An. Ay..-\e shall decidedly object to any.
thling ini use shapile of' testimniy isuebsing ihini.
whvichi the witiness has niot hcitmself seetn or hetard.
C]heif .Jnstice.-l'erhaps the better way wil
be for the witnsess just to sasy what has fallen
withiii his oswn knoewledg~e, ;mnd lhie other evi
deuce can be disposed set af'terwar~ds, ini somei
wars satisfaictorv toe all pairties.
An. Ap--- W'e -hall be satisfied with this ar
r~igeineust, youir liontor.
IAft. Gen.~-Youi can piroiceed, Mr. Lovetruth.
Wi.-Well. -ir, ias to the geneeral inflitene
ofthe accsesd ine sscie'ty, it is decidedly pernit
eissns. Iinimy ownvt towno, contauining at pospula
tiesi ohf 4.000 persons, there are now 100 deci
dedlv intemiperate men. Thlis is one drunkauru
tie every' forty persons. This has been, I tinid
the prcoportiont fur many years. Last year tet
initempiheraie men died in our town, amid this or
an average has beenm the case each year for th<
last ten yeasrs; so that every year we ini fue
sumiler a draft uphoil us of every 40th sotul,
suplyh the lsss in the drumnkard's comupanyv ; o
susing tre are as ma.ny wottmu as menh,amt
ha~lf as mtaniy children as womnen, which is no
fir f'rom the fact, it. is equal toe a draft f'or ever:
hiutndredltheto mn. And thien, sir, it so hiappei
that evers (tie of these intemperate mef n a
tfunuihies. avraging five childrent to each famlily
six pesn ineidinlg the tmothier ; therefore
folloiws that ntot less than six hundred persoi
out of 4000 are made wretched by mieauns of th
imfluenice of' the prisoner over 100 of otur peepi
hmiti. These dIriniking pesn are aill of ther
poonr, anid will tilimuately, there is every reast
to believe, be tinder the necessity (if applying
the puiiblic for assistanice to keep them from sU
Alt. Gen....Ilave you any informoationi as
Ithe direct tand itidirect expense iincurred 1
Iyour town in consequence of the residence
the aiccused in it?
Wit- hiave, sir. WVe have in town, am
chimrreable to it, 25 paupers, made so directly I
, th ..... ofrthe .ris.--reby hom their nurone
ty has been di.sipated ; tliee 25 panpers cost U-4
on an averaige 030 per week for food. clothiiig.
&c., this is $1.660 per year. In tile common
course of events not one of' them wonld have
been paupers had it not been for the interventioi
(if the prisoner. And ilien, sir, our town bears
its proportion of tihle coiy expetses. which
proportion amoutnts to 81.3.11) more, Iwi-thirdisl
of which I have ascertained by actu:il imiuiry is
to be traced direelly t) Ihe pr ir ;his wo'i d
be $894 moie, or $2.554 our town expends every
year more than it wobiilet if the prisoner never
had set his foeot in it. Iesides tii is ie direcet
expense of his residence: or more properly the
retail price of his labors, for lit is not a gecnle
man who wor i for nothingi. Iliongth ie orien
pretends to do it. By an actual iivesiiartiiion.
I have found that last year no less IIihi 25,000
gallons of his compoirmids rof various kind, were
consumued in town. This was a liile more th:ii
six gallois lo every soul of' otr 4l.J00 ptiersions:
or, delelinug wmeuur.n uiand childreni, tweity-ive
gallois to every mai. The prisoner charies -10
cenits a gallon for hi meicine (on an averaile,
whiebi would he 510,001. or .$2.50 loer each in
dividuui. Add to this E2.554. town and coniiV
expen.ses onr the prismer's :iaccouniit, ;iiidl we hav'e
a total tf .152.554 as his bill awainst usi iin I
.,ingle year ; or $125,54l for the last len vears.
All this we shionild a,:vte were we once well quit
of tihe :terused.
All. cn.- lhie counsel for the defence can
questi tihe witnss.
[The couisel for the prisoner declined any
cross-ex:niinat ion. and the e tmrney-'ener. Iti
:itnnioiineedl to tlie icourt that lie shoild rest the
case without calliog any lrore witnesses.
The del'ence w:is ileni opt-ied by Mr. SelI
intere-t inl a speech of some leiigih. lie 'iaid.
it subsioiice, tliat. - ie siould poVC (he glood
charace. citr aiS ogie.'ror j 1 e,111 rie of ve;r,:
that ie had received a regilari certilicXa:e elo him
medical powers rrom a Collegie of Phyiei.is
:[n d Surgeons ; that there exited ai tnemxamled1e4
ctomiibiinationi, eibr.acieng person.s ill evevry i's
of society, to le'st royv ofr drive him freoi the
t.iiry. And lie dwelt wilh ireat patlhos ujpii
the consutncy and perseverance with whiebI. ill
itnes of tlhe ilost inninerit datunger. his Client
hid attended upon lost (f those. wiho died
of tihe cholera, ii Muntreal, New York, Alb mI
lavil' coieniided hi, retmarltt , the l-:di:ir
:O)urINel for tile dtefeidait proeedte to e.dlc wit
lIesses inl his behall.]
The first one who took tie stanl and was
sworn, was 31r. 1Lovegaini, a maim f niishile t.
ii. Ap.-.\lr. L vegain, are you aitiaiied
vi tiltb he.eiised 1
Wit.-l :n, sir, verv well. Ile has been an
iiliate fienil of niuli linalty years. Indueed we
were sehiel culinms to'teiier at tile tint.
An. Ap.--We'll, ir you will pleast tell Ifthe
eiri anid jury what You know * of lion and ilhis
11a1.nner lf Ilif.
Wil.-I know In evil cf him, or :mitlihin
ble :nd quiet ianner; anl iever to tiy kntow 4
edge has been a diturber of i lie pee':ce..
An. Ap.-liave vo any kiowledle of the
hinreus charged agailist hrin in tihe indieeitniit I
Wit.-l have not. lie alWays apetred te
ne to be very hotes, anl well-lueaning. kinld to
iis irerhbuor.s, and reaLdy tO hellp all wh Iro asked
An. Ap.-Do you know :mnythinrg of his medi
:al quIl itietiol?
Wil..- to. I e las visited iin my family adI'll
ainn t y ieighbors severIl years. :inel wi
reAt uccess in m1:11y die.;,es. hr cels, rheu
ritmrt hedacthes, el ia, andel lweetst-S eel
spirits, aii seti ther t iee-, he iI :tIII
ifitible.-As a sure prevetiie for tihe chiera.
ii intusion, are uirivaled. They were 111e110
ued and highly recomedled last ve:r il NeW
York aid indeed I hrve tiere lrarrm geood n.
thority, that a whole ship's cew' reid ite pe.i
rer% were all preserved Irom deat by his
.,islance wienr they vere attacked wih thre
An. Ap.-ilas tire :ccnsed a diplontu or cer
tilicate elf his quiialiia usiei .!.
Wit-lie has ole Ire Im tile coelee if p
aidis and silrge n i.1 :t lNll.a i si e . I' lV
I ha~noes 3eiAnes~1, tile ptre'ienrt. I fiate it hetre'
.4n1. Ap.-W'.'eill youet exhiblit it teo thre coutrt
Witj...-ha~t ihit, w'ithi a tirndatein.
[ liTe dipheema~ w;*.s read by Mr. A. Appetite,
anrd wa s ais follows :)
College of Phlysicians-. and! Suergeones, in and Ji'o
the Kingdm of lFi rN'AN 0.
slalh eetneC, tiut WF., I tlh a ious .\1^1 At !'s, b""" iii
ex'mineed AtAlo0L' thre bearer eel thlese tet ters,
tonehinig all arid suidry his' mied'eie.dl equallicatiins
aid mrie. teipeialy teiniig is~ haliiaryt with I
tre hidden miiysteries ofl that stecre't .mult 1dek and
'unt ehigibemoede oef healiig incveirled air pilrae.
ised byv Ut. iZELFr, Zi td fiuel'" hrn dle'ely ter'sed
iii all thre samie', 9 lien.trse', leermnitatud uthoeri~e
him, for (Ji IstErI, zeid out :51 E r~i. tUE:LriTi',
andre in OILnA a.11, ainc1d ' a 1' o rruorEl ite: it;v,
tee enter intO andh traver-e all Zinl iiingrl..r the
'tiai ur, byv whattsever rnamre te samte' iayv lie
calb-ed.a mid rhere anud et ery where, FOin( i icasr:-i
anid iii ocn u:^ME, tee heal, e.'tre, east' arnd ijuet
:it och' persons is mayie e b.- ick, woeunede, mutt
ed, oer in any1 way atllie.'ed eher ini boedy or
mind, i:us one :rnrd A Lwt'AV tUtrism L ' hlizt
wheni hue sha11 Irate luly, comp~le'tely maretliiialy
eased anid qieited anry sueh pe'rstcts, that treyV,
tire saitd peersonis will forthlwiih repaeir toe ourn
oFEie. ini FrEsrseiAN, tire DuiOns oet ueb with
be tel'S, bothl sto lT arid 1ca' for their ;edmr '.sonr,
there tee aannironneie ande certify their sattis.h.ciiri
with our secret, invisible anrd, Uintie.ligile
mrodle of hrealiirg, ande esleeciialyi with tire AelISUS
AND Iisos oF 01.1 sail) Derctyr.
Givein at tire College aforesaid, Anno Mrlundi.
Rt In witniess whereof', turd by virture
RUM of mry ollie'e as President tef the sarid
M Ceclh Lge, I have hereui to subscribed
ty name ande allisedl thle greart '.ealI ee the Iist
ttiorn. IJIAIUUS MAGNIS.
An. Ap.--l have rit mrore questions to arsk.
All. Gen.- Mr. Lovegairn, what is your occu
Wit.l ant a mrercha~nt aend a nmnufacturrer
Art. Gen.-Whatt do you mniuhfnet re, chteifly
SWit.-New-Enegland rurni for thre irnost parr
thourgh I leave ee establhishen ut f'or rra~ki
wiskev. 1 also do ia goced deal at brewingr~ ai
andI beer, beside, something at irakinig dillrencr
sorts of' wine.
All. Gen.-Then you and thec prisoner htav
extensive deailings tegethrer, do you riot
rGi.-Yes, we trade s .rre.
oAll. G~en.-D~o vona derive aniy profit
fAn. Ap--i object toe that quesionu.-I t doe
not affect thre muerits oh' tile catuse before th
All. Gen.-.Maiy it ptlease youtr hronor, if th
f qestion does not atl'eet the cause it arlects tiu
testirmony of thre witess. I wish to bhiow thn
ey Chief' Juesie.-Pardon mc for interruiptln
-. ...)U but, ,t....e ~it nece~.sit fotr argormenr
Tim(- question is perIeeuiytfiroper, and uist I
All. Gen.-Mr. Lovegaii, do you derive it
prolit from prisoner's crployments, and if s
1Wit.--Why, sir, he always puts ip with fn
aid when people cali for han in case of' sickne m
sir (in any olther occasion, they are boird to pr
mi! ; :ttd I retain all that does nrot go to Diahol
M.114agts, which, you may delend oni it, is mu
thre gre:tiist part. SO taint it don't seei to n
tha I feel inuch bias after all.
All. G-n.-l i'ave no more questions to'ask
But witntie-s you will not- retire. 3lay it le.
tie court, I inive for a bench warrant to issu
.trgainst .\lr Lovegain, as an accuiplice with th
irisoner at the bar.
Chief .Instice.-lt is .grinted.-Mr. Sheri
will take himlt into his custody till it is prepare
Let the trial proceed.
Thi nrxt wit ness called was a Mr. Simrp!e.
Ain. Ap.-31r. Simiple are you acquainte
wiitr m clitIt .
Wil .~-1 am, sir, and 'inice elever body he 4
too. I have known Hin tiese twenty years.
.An Ap.-Do you know anything of his bein
:uihr of arny of the Crit s arid irrkdeineanor
h.iregod upon hii in tIh. idictimlent
Wit.-Dear ine: no,. ir, I never have seei
any slieh thinigs in him ; but in rmy fanily hr
has always conducted himself with. a great dea
of imoderation. lie has furnised mile with i
,rreat deal of Ir insdiride, for we have away
teen; a very sickly family, of us. And then, bi
ws ahwvs so willing to'come when we wante
him, anrd Was .-o attentive. I ;rm sure I am unde
rert obligations to iiimjor his good will.
An. Ap.-Mr. -imiple, do you know anything
f a cospiracy against miy elient, with the avow.
ed oiiject of (riviig hinm froim the country
Au. Gen.-May it pleatse tire coirt, there is
Mi necessity fit rnv testilony upon this point;
the fact is aniied that there is a deigrn foreind
is surppress the villainous proceedings of thie
ccosed. oirid to follow him through all ir, wind.
gs aun suberfiges. till he is brought to jus ice.
An. Ap.-Thein We haZtve no more que.-,ion
to ask tie witness. .
All. Gen.-Mr. Simple, what is your occu.
Wli.- :til a farmer, sir; a plain farmer.
Ail. G--n.-Did you.ever eniploy the prisoner
o nari!t yon in your fartaing businsess 1
l~ii.- 'e*s sir, aways. I never could do my
work % it lhout his hl1p.: The preparations of
Mr. Alcitoil are always of great service to nre
;iev it) me good.-I never use thein to excess
Is a great in:nrv do, anud I could not live at all
Xidlisiiti ne or two glasses o his cordal, or his
dw ritd a lay.
Al/. Gen.-How do you know Mr. Simple,
t;t roui could not do whout them 1
lWil.-Why, sir, I have ahways bec i in the
hii io' rining them,, and I feel so imuih better
blrugy. u.d his coldias; Is w thei' canl you
miw i.sw vru would f'r-eI if you laid then ern
ii ty L-ide ? l'ot i:rve tr:de but one exleri
tI t1 vet ; :mwd h you canost tell whIIat
ii!tt be vour fi-eling" ii other ei reum 1Utttoalces.
1U. ar1e pill wealthyv. .11r. Sml
Wiri..-Ns :ir, myt% p rrvperry his been diminish
>r somie years ; till now I an quite retdu ed,
d .ihill be L bie to leave mly Lhildree little or
A/. Gn.-What do you think is the cause
As vor l ,ssisf property I
hit .- I do not know unless it be sickness
a irv iinilk,. I have paid hundreds 1f dolLar
ir t .1 .tn.mre (o' Mr. Alcohol, and I aIway
dis it ChelyIiiv. lie has been as good as"
hvieiant iii miy ttiiyI.
A(t. Gen.-ilow mnrity children han you, Mr
Wi*.-.ix, sir ; two sons and fsnrr aughtiers
Al/l. Gen.-\our sostiS art.. steady, irdustriout
g mir iten. ore they tot, and a coifforl to you
Iii Vor old nie!
i1il.-No -ir. they are not much comfort t(
ite fir t) thei-' es.
l'r.-Lecatu , sir. thiey drink er.tirely to
truchi .somettimesC, andi go ini b:il citriny
: toe ta:Ilked to themit a great dealI, bitt it dones in
oid is I ,.ee. They will hatve their iwnr way
A //. (en..-M r. Simpthle, I wishn to rsk yoSu
Vssr sir trst ore..sir'n.ily drinrk too mruch-somer
tine . coet nquite irrttXiettd ?
WIit.-h brelievei' har~ve ....imetimes, :eeidental
lv, whenr I hrave been rot int tire 'oid, or ht
d rnk aftr hav.ingyt. bett without eutitg aill day
A ta (;en.----srt enn stdrwtsr
A ar ige tnnher (if witnresses were exarminte
n beh-ndf of tire aceried, but as thlenr evidenet
ws nrothting dilferenit fromi that Zrire.iy give
ty tissste whorse examttinatt ions we rave detaiet
it' is not niees-:iry to tin5blisht it. ]tirasnite
herfore. ats gritinrg eul d be eiietted toi reinorv
r iveit render dontftul tire tmais sil testirmron
aducu red iby tire pruosecution,~ Mr. Anrimali A ptpetit
:n iuiiin'stee to tire court that, 'tire coutisel for ti
riis'uerthould submtfit Lihe cause1r, unrder ti
charge osf thre coutrt, withi no olher remar~tk titan I
reutest tire jury :rmds tire wholcers ort riottsr go I
tre extretmes of tire laiw with theo dleti-rnat, bt
tor treembecr thatt hte had till recerntly been, e
teemeiid as irwir f'riendi, anud wa'ts oncre tire friei
attti eheishedt comptitonisf sir their fathers. 'li
At-.orev.Genterti iin behlf of tire peoplei, rtnma
esd. tintt' hsotih submit, thre caurse to thre jui
witiiout any remau~rk.
Chriel' .ustice Cairdor theni charged tire jury
(enlemen (f thejury
Mlv remarks in coimmoitting this cause to yn
wiil I"be irriel. Iitt annt, be nreessary thra
Ishuldi recalil tos your intds tire varirous esiurt
i tire indifictmirert . sir tire diitlerenrt pa~rts oft|
Very pronted te~timronry whtichr has beent addlut
by3 tihe proseutioni. As threre has treeni ii ti
eas, uno reterenrce to presumtptive evidencee, it
uot needl'ul for ime toS recite to) yout ruies irn
cordnrce to wineb sucit testimrrnyl is to be ree
ed ;anrd tihe pinits of law are' allI otf so fiumbri
a kind, thattt tnt inistruct ion will, I tink, be lies
ful. All that reinrs for rue to do, threrefo
is to stry to Vyot, that you aire to conisider I
quetstoii1, gu'ilty or nt gtrilty, f'ree fromni allI b
or feling whvicht, fro'un any peculiar terirmtantr
my bars~e been likely to htave inrced yr
jigmersnts. You wiil regarrd tire prisriner st
ily aus art accused irndividtral, stanrdinig disconnri
ted witht anry othier inidivida; arnd aiccordinig
law anid evidernce, you will eachl of you; g
yourr verdiet of gutilty or trot grriity. I'irmn
imprtility anrd inrtelligeneot aire requiisite to
fairhfrul dischrgie ol' tire duities Iitnow coi
tos your trust ; mid you w'.ill render your v'er~
witotut airy reirard or referenrce to conrsequett
Withm these reinarks, I tommtit the fate osf1
psrioner to you.
Th'le jury wiltout leaving tire jury-hox, for
tre prisonter guilty upron tire wirole inidictmcr
Wh~ereuiponr, thec Chrief Jurstiec immnedit
proceeded to prrorounrtce upron im, the ildiow
A LCOlIOL~, STA ND UP ! (here thme prris;
u t/mted to rise, bmt was so weak in thre knee.
to bnle unabler to gel up, arid the Chtuf] Jus
Iilir anrd impa Itiralt triail, of' matny high crimres:
..tn.i.de....tr... wvthib an thn whole trial
)c taken.plat.eflxre the .gudience who now hem
Sie, it i Utiuurp. iry for. me to ree'apilallte,
iy Your eriniinaities ptlv6 been so long .continued,
U, so.multiflirious, extensive.and devislaiing ; you
have' persevered with so rnuch-equstaney o:
e, purpose; and stb ilety oT design through a longl
s, ul obinigiity4.ttnredeelned ly a1 single praise
y worthy ae'tion, tla, you canota expecL mercy.01
is delay. The- 'entene of justice, whlich, is the
Ii presiding'ieerin the 'court of public opinion,
c I now rowb'ttte 'npon'you, is, that you be taken
froimi bence to the place from whence you cane,
a rum puncheon. then to be cast into the-next
e river, that you may be drowned in COLD WATEFr.
e- Andl niay yol die and be forgotte ! 31r. SherilT,
e yo-u will set the sentence forthwith executed.
Crier adjourn tLhyp court.
1. LAST WORDS AND DYING CONFES.
.SION OF TIlE PRNSOAR.
The time has at last come, when, by a righle
oue.dcisihn of my country, I am doomed to an
igntnghins destruction. Before I go henet-,
and am buried forrver inl an execrable ghive, I
wikh with sniinble'solemnity to .nake a hiuele
confession of my. guilt, and to lift my wairfting
I voice aginst those insidious i-nemies to..the
pecIL!e ai(d happiness or imin, that capti-vate his
I heart while they destroy hi-s soul. -
I acknowledge the truth of the tes imoinY
brought against me, the f.irness of my tritl and'
Lthe justice of my semtence.-,t is but deserved
retribution, that it should be executed bVWATFP.,
to whom, notwithstanding his spot less irincerite,
I have ever been ai implicable enemy, and have
injiired in the estimation of thousa nd, to whom
lie was friendly. If all 1tie evils which I have
propagated in the world, had been enumerated
ill the idiet ment against me, a general confes
sion of their trith, would -4iayd'been: but oh,
how little did my accusers or the 'pitnesses against
me know if the secret machinatidns in which I
hace been engaged to bring ruin upn the family
When I was yet it yntjt.h, unknown to the
'ommhiunity,'i y first device vas to gain access
to the hearts or tbe muhitude, by representing
myself' .s a philanthroList.- To this end, I he
eame servaRts to a .physician. Alas! alas! I
an sorry to say, my-well meaning patron died
my slare. lie wassoi captivated with my in.sinna
ting qualities tha't lie introdnueeil in most enien
sively, and with fiigl ciomi niendat ion to all his
customers, and I soonl bec;nie the adniraitri'of
the sick and the well. My popularity was so
great, that all myt nniitances spe-i became
Ity w:11rim friends, and indeed, in most cai es,
such was the power of my h.seintation, that they
fell deeply in love wili ne id felt that I was
positively indispensable to iheir happines-. I
now entered into a leigue with sin, and our .way
was irresisible. By inhlamiiig the passion of
men, I destroyed their judgenient and stupefied
their calnsciences, so that they at once becaine
weak and wicked. Sometimes they would mnourn
over the evils I was tcoducinis in ti a Co il ni -
m :e, than my bewite itg power 1 ,ie loenI
ai inito w illinig captivity. They felt iot their
danitner; licy knew not that the pimson that
drove ol her, to plirenzy. wa- cirenlatitig in their
owl) veins: they could noL be made to believe that
they were Yoluntary aigemts in the work of des
trUcLioit. Thus I had milliontis in reqiiAiol,
who never felt. the cord that bound them, and
wi.t not till they were beyond hope, that their
strength was departed." As Ily influence increased
I became bold ; I entiered the conli'is of state
and porodtuced wars ; I wenit into ariies and stir
red up relbellistn and ireaso;4m on board of ships
at sea. I caused revolt and mutiiny : in legl:t
tive aemliesi, violence and dicord : it hctes.
hIrk-.iding andi hypciisy in families, unnatur.l
alienlationl( anld conljngarl 1jin-lily ; and poiverty.
disea-e and diaii ererywhere. ii titm whole
career, SIN and you all kitow who is the father
ol' sil, was lly ini-eparable comlla , and
though I do niot mike this di-cliosure withl the
hope of pirdon ; this I carniot expect. I AM con
seit'us of ttot meritiing it; for imy guilt is too
open, and read of all Ilten, to Ierit i : yet as I
know that MY accomiuplice is ill ai larg. I
wish betfore I !) lcute, to apprise tit 1utblic,
THAT WiE.N I A.1 REMoVED, ht will be more
easilv restrained ; his -ris w ll he less sitcessful.
andl 'with the s: nce vitilamnce, lie w il be. uitehI
more easily detected and subdued thant when
we were associates."
The court was then adjourned, and the shterifT'
itnediately proceeded to execute the sentence,
which was dotie in the presencee of an iniineitse
concurse of' spectators, thiought the water seemed
reluctatit to receive the eritniinal, who floated for
a considerable time.
Playing on the Jackass,
On board the s eaimer idianna, in one of her
,trips down the 3tississippui, were a large inumtber
of good-natured p ssenigers. They were seeking
to while a way the htours, aiccordmng to their
several natiomns of pleasiure, and wvould have got
on very well but for onte annoyancie. There
ehiappenied to be on board a tIonier froim the WVa
ba.sh, who was going down to New Orleans,
Satid he htad provided httise-t' withI an old viohni,
fanriinvig that lhe could hiiddle as well :us the best
t itai"- attd planting himtelf where lie coutld at tract
attentiotn, seranoed away. The tellhow cul do't
l iddlec aity mtore tha:n a setttig lieu, anid thte hior
rible noise disturbed his fellow paissenger5
rexcessively. A F'renehmnan, of' very dIehea'e
n terves, aiid a very tote useal ear, was especial
ly annoyed. Hie'lluttered, figgetted antd wore
at the '*sacre" iddle. The pas-eitgers tried va
riouts expedients to rid themselves ot the l ioosect
and hits tiddle ; it was no go--" hte would iddlt
just as Ilng as lie d-d ltease." A t last, a biL
u, Kenutuckiain sprang tup frout his seamt, saying: "
I reckLon I I lix himt," placed himsnelf nemiar the
Is teu~ttr hiddler, atid commenced braymtg with
ie tll hits ihiihit...
d Thie trtli of thte mtove was beyond descri ption
is Old Kentuck brayed so loud that lie drownec
is the screeching otf the fiddle, aind, atmid thte shtoUi
e- of the paissenigers, the discomthited floosier re
- treated below, heaving the victiory of the ttnequa
ar conitest to thme Kentuckiamn, anid his sinigula
d- iulnproptU itmitation of' Balatmn's frieid. TIh
re, delight otf the Frentchmn knew nto bounds-amt
le quiet was restored for thte day. During th
as night the Kentuckian left ite boat. The nexN
:e, itoronig after breatkfast, the passengers .wer
ir startled by the discordant sounds of their oh
nt tormentor. lloosier ha~d discovered that th
e.. coast was clear, anud was bound to reveilge hit
to self' on the passengers.
e Loud atnd worse thtan ever screamed thte fiddli
s, The Frenehman was just seated to to reaid in
ie paper, on the first sound, rose, looked ainxiousl
nit around, sthriugged his shoulders, and thten shtou
et ed-" Vare is he ? Vare is lie ? Queek ' quee~
es. Alon Dieu ! Vare is Monsieur Kenmtuck, de ma
he rot play on dle Jackass !"
mid AN ycelts tiot qulite three years old, sa
ito htis sister, while munehing at piece of' ginge
bread,' siss, take half dis eake to keep to arte
nI~oin, whn I get cross." This is necarly as gpo
oas thet, child that bellowed from the top of tI
stairs, o Na jlannah won't pacify me."
C TjE Queen of 8 pin Ins. preseinted Ca;
rice Wmt. jButrrows, of i it A mricain ship Zenob
r a with a splendid tmanireC unotiqtue chased silv
id trumpet, for savitng the pauentgers and crew '
las.. thm smnish shin Perseverance, oilf Cape Iior
THE OLD COTTAGE CLOC.
DY CHAS. SWAIW.
Oh.! tie ol, old (luck, or the honseholI stock.
-.Was the brightest thintg antd neatest ;
Its hanids, thiugh old, had a touch ol gold,
* And.its chimes rang still the sweetest.
'Twaslin monitor, too, though its words were fev
Yet they lived, though nations altered;
And its voice, still strong, warnel-old and youg
When the voice of frendship faltered!
"Tick; tick." it said-" quick, quick, 'to 'Ued
For ten I've given warning;
Up, up. anil go, or else, you know,
- Yo.u'l never rise aoon in the morning !
X friendly voice was that old, old clock,
As it slood in the corncr smilling,
.And blessed the time with a merry chime,
The wintry hours beguiling;
.Iut a cross old voice was that tiresome clock,
. As it ea!ed at daybreak boldly,
When the dawn looked gray o'er the misty way,
And the early air blew coldly,
"Tick, tick," it said-" quick out of bed,
For live I've given warn;ng,
You'l never have healti, you'll never get wealth
Unless you're up soon in the morning."
Still hourly the sound goes round and round,
Witli a tone that ceases never ;
While tears are shed for the bright days fled,
And the old friendls lost for ever!
Its heart beats on-though hearts are gone
That warmer beat and younger
Its hands still C!asped ilhou:.rh hands we love
A re chsped on erth no longer!
"Tick, tick," it sa*d-- to the church yard bed.
Tie grave hath aiven warning
Up, up, and risk', and look to the skies,
A nd prepare for a heavenly morning I"
From the Charleston Courier.
Ladies Calhoun Monum't Association.
In the commencement of every work, there
are ob.stacles to be removed and prejudices to
overcotme--and it is only when earnest spirits
bringr all their will to the task, that Success will
place the victori. crown on the brow of effort.
ln a movement like this, of the hidies of our
S;ate, whilst there was much to incite them to
the good work, there was a great deal to dis
couratge, and much to intimidate. Grim lions
scetimed to stand forbiddingly in the path, imagin.
ary perhaps, but not the less formidable on that
aveouit. W ith that spirit of quiet, but devo
Ytitl etrtl elagyjw,.phkAa.A hM
tingly and devotedly they enlisted themselves
uider t lie banner of a common cause; and the
lit ile spark, that originated in one devoted heart,
wide spreadiiig intoia glorious blaze, has lit up
c eity, town, an1td village small," with the res
plendent fires of a generoutis patriotism.
To those Distriets that have responded so
promptly to the appeal made by the Ladies of
Charleston, they would now tender their most
grateful th:nks; a-suring them that in their
leiy co.toperatioen. they find both strength and
encourauement. Kindly bestowing,' their sup
port and sympathy, they have furthered the
c:u-e most niily, must einereusly.
Thos e Districts ilt have madle no responsive
inot1ion. we would most earnestiy invoke their
,.sistaice. Ti is no local mitter, n1 self
interested move of a city, it belongs to the
wholtielt State,-thit State Calhoun served with
hii abilitiie-, adoried by hi- virtues, and guided
afel', by tite niighly power of his genius,
trough the It reatenintig storn, of political ftry.
Let every Di.trict then, consider it a privilege
Il1i unite in this glrio'us uidertaking; and we
implire them all to cmef)n genllerously forward,
e:ig.'r to lav their gr.teful gi'ts on the hallowed
shrine of thle mighty dead. E.
No Bcstro.s -o E A IIAcnELO.-I1 the vast
lotwerv hield of1 humani~n all'eetion, the old bachelor
is the'very scarertow of' happiness, who drives
awaty Ite'little birds that comle to steatl away the
hemlock seeds of loneliness atnd de-pair. W~here
is there a more pitiable object in the wo'ld than
a ma~n who has no amtiiabtle creatture interested
in his welfare. How dismatl-does htis desolate
room ilppeatr when lie conies hiome at ntight, wet
and hutngry, and finds a ctld heath~, or a barren
tabhle, antd a lonely pillow, that looks like the
white urnt of every'earthly enjoyment ! See the
sick bachelor, in ihe datrk aftternoon of' life, whet
his heart is sinking~ to its siindowii! Nota
solitary star of metnory gleams over the dusk ofl
his open~ grave-Ito weepmgt wife to bend like
a blessinig over his dying bed-ito fonid datughitet
to draw htis chilly hantd intto the soft pres~ure of
hers, atid watrim his icintg blood n iith thle reviving~
ires of unfal~ilintg alTetioni-nto manly boy to linkl
his breaking inime wiit h the gotlden ebain of' hon
Itralhe si et y, anid bintd his list ory itt the vasi
volumne of' thle wtttld lit is leavintg forever. III
ha~s eatt atid drunk, aind died ! atnd the tearth i
glad slit got rid of him; for lie h is ditnei litti<
else but eratnp his soull inito the circ'umflerene<
of a sixpeince, anid tio httma~n beinig but hi:
washierwomuan will breathte a sigh at his funieral
Fit zgerald's City ltemu.
A PENITENTIA rY.-Jtudge O'Neal, in a lette
to the Newberry Seintitel. says:
SWI' ha~ve the ext rattrdina~ry spectacle of flvy
men capitatlly convicted ; Jour for murder, an
onte fttr tiegro stealittg. Sitnce the adjourinmetn
of' the Courts of' the Ea.sterni Citcutit, f'otir hotm
ieldes have occurred. These shocking enori
ties in this Statte tmake it atn imperative duty o
the part of the Legislatture, it seetms to tme,
estabtlish stomel moitde of puntishment.. My opit
ion is in fatvor of a peniten.iairy. Until that b
done, critminatls w~ill go unwhipt of justice."
rThe judge is right ;the grand juries are right
public opinion, we believe, is right, in relatic
to the necessily of the establishimetnt of a pet
tetia~ry ;and when the Legislature get right '
will have it-not before.-Cairoliniatn.
-~ Ricct cot.D t115Es exist otn the Yakima riye
.Oregon', :taont onie hunatdred tiiles from the Dai
Ies of the Columubia, in a regiont inhabited b
.Itndians, who titherto have used their utmo:
s elfuorts to prevent the white people from examil
ing it. It htas long been kntownt that gold exis
.there, and three yeitrs ago somte of' the go
I 'dust obtained att the placetrs was carrted
aPttrth~md by an Inidian, wvho said that the chi
wvoumld not let the whites hutit t'or it, as th<
would( sei~ze their lands and drive them off. No
dhowever, considerable quatntities of' gold are b
- intg tatken otit of the intes by some parties w
- have spent the winter there. Those who ha
d traversed the coutitry say that it beats all ti
e appleatrantce of' a goild region for a greatt extel
'lThe Y'akima river heads near the Cascade Mot
taitns Ott the east side.
t, T EN coolies. imported from China, arrived
r Louisville a few daiys ago, atid have sold thei
A' selves for a term of years to a Tennessee tr
More Indian Outrages in Texas.
THE PEoPLE ON THE RIO GRANDE AROUSED-WAR
ON THEIR DWN HOOK, ETC.
The Brownsville Flag of the 20th u.t. com
plains very loudly of the outrages being com.
mitted by the Indians in various parts of the
State. Besides those which we- have already
recorded, it says:
" The proceedings of a public meeting, held a
short di,tance above this, will recount another.
r. At, La Bobeda men- have been killed, and at
Sanita G.ertrud'esand five more at a rancho be
tween'Rio Grande City and Corpus Christi; and
every. *day- but brings additional accouwts."
The following correspondence gives more par.
tieulars. It is dated Nealville, May -13th:
" Yesteriay a man from Baston saw some In.
dians in the act of cutting up a cow which they
had killed near the rancho. He gave notice to
the people of the ranch, and five men went out
to see about the matter. They came upon the
Indians unperceived, and one of the party fired
upon an indian, who fall, but subsequently
crawled off into the chapparel; the rest of the
Indians fled, and the Mexicans began to collect
the spoil, when the Indians rallied and the Mexi
cans ran, leaving one man badly wounded, and
with an empty gun. Another was wounded in
the hip by an arrow, but not so badly but that
he could run. The other wounded man not
making his appearance, a larger party sallied out
to search for him, but owing to the darkness
could not find him. This morning the search
was resumed, and the man was found dead,
having three wounds, two with arrows and one
inflicted with his own knife; and by this time,
the Indians must have recrossed the river as
there could not be found any traces of them on
this side. We are here determined to declare
war on our own hook, if we cannot induce
" Uncle Sam" to do something for us soon, as
we are being continually plundered by these In.
dians and half-bloods, who one day raik as Mexi.
cans and the next as Indians."
A public meeting had been held on the sub
ject, at which a series of resolutions calling on
the Mexican authorities and citizens to remove
the Indians, and effectually protect the citizens
from their depredations. The following is one
of the reseutions passed:
" Resolutd, That we desire to live in peace
and harmony with our good neighbors on the
opposite side of the river: but, that,if they con
tinue to let tifese Indians remain among them,
and to come among us to murder and rob, with
their iniead consent, we shall, in self-defence,
be cumpelled to place all on the same footing,
and to hold them, as we now hold the Indians,
without the pale of law, and worthy of death
whenever or wherever they may be found."
I1onriD MURDERS ON LoNG IsLAND.-A triple
murder of a most diabolical character was per.
petrated at Cutchogue, in the town of South.
hold, Suffolk Countiv, Long Island, last Friday
time previously left the employ of Mr. Wickham,
is suspected of being the perpetrator of the hor
rid deed. There is no doubt but that he inten
ded to murder the whole family, and then fire
the dwelling. Providentially the servant girls
twoke, and effected their escape from the premi
ses, thus saving their own lives, and to some
extent frustrating the designs of the villian. The
excitement in the neighborhood (if the catas
throphe is intense. It is some thirty years since
a Muirder was committed there, and the people
very naturally are in great alarm. The whole
region is up in arms, and vigorous measures
laavc been adopted to capture the murderer, who
had, up to Sunday, succeeded in excluding his
pursuers, thouiugh known to be lurking in the
vicinity. A reward of one thousand dollars has
been otl'ered for his apprehension.
MELANCHOLY CAsE OF DROWNING.-On the
30th tilt., after the very heavy rain three children,
M.irtha Hyde, aged 13 years, Rebecca Davis,
:aged 9 years, and George Schlobecker, aged
aint 6 years. on returning from School at
Davis' school-house, taught by Mr. Whittemore,
in Ilart ford county, Md., went to see the water
rushing from one of the streams into Winter's
run, which was very high and full, and falling
fronm a plank which they used as a footway, all
three wvere drowned.
AnotiTroN SYSIPAThr.-We have already sta
ted that the marshal's guard having in charge
the fugitive Bluriis, raised by subscription enough
money to procure a good suit of clothes, breast
pin hat, boots, &c., and sonic $20 pocket money
with which Burns was supplied before his de
parture. But it remains for us now to state the
extent of the sympathy of his abolition friends
in the same cause ; they took Burns' old clothes,
had them mended and returned ! We have otn
hand the subscription list by which this gigantic
.undertaking waus accomplished, but want of
ri oom prevents its publication this morting.
ILus~oIs WnIEAT CRP.-The season is noW
so far advanced that growers can judge, with
much accuracy what are the prospects of the ap
proaching wheat crop; and the accounts which
reath us from all parts of the State give promise
of a full and bountiful harvest. WVe learn from
one of our millers, who has just returned from
a tour throughouit this part of the State, that he
has never seen fmter wvheat fields anywhere, and,
*tha t, if nothing interventes to cut o11' the promised
-y'ield, the crop will exceed all calcutlation.
Thiroughout Madison, Jersey, Greene, Macoupin,
rMonttgomnery, Scott.,and other adjoininig counties
ra much larger quantity than usual has been
platnted; and the same, we believe, is true in
otheir p arts of the State. We shall not be
Ssurprised if Illinois shall this year take her place,
next to Ohio, as the second wheat-growing
Stte in thte Union.-Alton (Ill.) Telegraph.
R Rus.-The ratins have been abundant in this
o secton for the last few days, and crops generally
'are int a fiourishitng condition. The harvesting
e of wheat is going on, antd a better yield than was
at one ttie apprehended, is realized.-Milledge.
' ille (Ga.) Recorder.
.Ksov!LLE AND CHARLESTON RAILROAD.
e The Knoxville Register of May 29 says: " Mr,
Lythgoe antd his party of engineers arrived in
thi ct on Thtursday last and proceeded at once
r, in the ivork of locating definitely, preparatory
- to its construction, that part of thte Blue Ridge
y Railroatd between this place and the North Car.
si olina state line.
s EXcITE3!ENT AND LYNcH LAwV iN ARKANsAs.
ld -rThe citIzens of' Crittenden county, Ark., have
to recently beetn much excited against a desperate
ef gang of outlaws in that county, and a few days
y ago an affray oeurred in which a Dr. Dewitt,
v, son-in-la~w of J. Abels, one of the atlleged offen
- ders, was shot dead by R. P. Talley, in self-de
to fetnce. Soon after a meeting of one hundred
te citizens took place, and proceeded to the house
ae of Abels to tear it down, but desisted through
t. the entreaties of his family, who promised to
t- leave the county. Thtey- were subsequently
iniformed that the house would be cannontaded
the next day if they did niot leave. A public
at meeting was then held, apd resolutions adopted
i- notifving Abels to leave the country by the 13th
DOn ittstant, and giving nine others until the 15th to
jeao r else abide the condeouentces.