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fil .0-C Vl -C -o Iil Ijv 1 Coft- to 5,011tIru U."1j5, 1wS, oi1105, 55lA DCc, 9,5,t
"We will clind. to tle Pillar's of lite Temple of our Liberties, and if it must fall, we will Perisla antidst tlic Ruins"
W. F.D1USOF, Prrimtor. EDGEFIELD, . ., JUNE 29 1854. .m----2.
THE EDGEFIELD ADVERTISER
ISUBLISHED E7ERY THURESDAY BY
W. F. DU R IS 0E, Propriutor.
ARTHUR SIMK INS, Editor.
T E R M S.
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Dot.tlans anil FIFTY (.:.Nrs if nit paid witiii six
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v limited at the time of sibpcrihiinz. n% i.l lie cni
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iited tnatil till arrearages are paid. ir at thie (ilition
.tie Pitublisher. Siptriptions frmi othier StateS
mit invariably lie aerimnidwitil %iih the ca:-h or
ife.rence to sumne One knt i ownI to uZ.
A eVERTIS I N .s will lie cut.wpicttt y i:n-erted
at 5eti per Siuare (Ne lies or ..t) for the irmt
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\'h h.it oily puiheii 3lutlily ,r Qutaterly I. per
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haugthe d.l- airedl unmher of inetosmarlie-d ton the
:wIr.iI. will be cuijiti;ed utdiu !rbid atid clarged
Those de-irin to adverNi e by the yea r eni do so on
iheral t--rmas- it liiit diti:ctly tndeirstmiil that colt
r.te:s for %early d irli-img are ctlinei to the inn
d..ie, ediim'itebusnen of thle firm i r in'-li~idinal
.-ontracting-. T'ransient Adverti:-ements inu -t be paid
fur ii adianc.
i or aniunnein. a Candidate, 'Tiree Dollars, inl
For Advertiin Et rays TolledTwo Dullars, to be
p tid lby the .ilagi,trate advertsing.
For Co rm.
in. ointro~t:-icaut aliottte :lon. P. S.
UlzoWKS as a Can1di-lat1 f ',-r - re-eleii-n t, repr
sent the Fouthli Conressional )i'tic . c ning 0f
L-1ggeiiel., .\bbevi'le, .aes Nonievrry andI Lux
ingt-,n. inl thle net*xt Co(es ieh leci't "ill
lie he~d in Octo'ur ntui :n.l thereby zrua:l ob
igI. .A\ N Y Fil:FNlIS.
j Tit: Fri'ntlI if C-l. A. C. GA (NGTON
esIectfiully atnurtnce 1l1 as a C(naiinite to rk pr-i
Fvnt lte dth Cntgres-ioal Dstr.et, at the eieet't
itt Uctober next.
For Mle .nate.
;-110% J. P C.\!UA.I.is re -tly
anonnt''i'~e'.dby his fri--ds a.- a oit . se ihr re-elte
ti-n t') thle StIa~e en tat -lhe e ni.:ch-etion-.
-.-Tni- Friends of Mnaj. TI.LL.\AN W.\T
S ) N. re'spectuiilly nominate Lim a< a c:mdiidate ir
seat itt ite State Senate at tle lnt dett.
For t he i ml'nw.
MJ. i. Z W. C.\ I. WI L 1I ic r'ptc' fulily :I
noiiuncedA bV lis ft'.nds as a Cal li-i-t : re-vlve
tion to tilseI Iou'.e vf l'rs i at the tieN.
sess i: n .
- 3' Trr" -ends (of 'Mr. W A DE 1iOLST EN,
uominate him as a etutt(l.'t Tlr-lt -etcnt m -tre
linuse ioif Representatives at thII next''c n.
e The Friends of W i1. 1.. It'. N. :-q.
:-etfiliv aniotnle him as a forile for a Scat
n1 th.. nex~t tite'f1epeetaks
T- Tm: Friend,. ,sf -!aij -1. C. -\ iLN 1 nl""Nl"
him as a Can-idhhate forl re-vlectionl *;a S at :1n11 i:
L.gislattre of South Carolina at the n-IJ el en.
E. IIICNI>Y. listq.. ats a Camiuht fit a Se.'i
t E m I oiu .-: of Re rs naiv -a i.tit "h.,iT
*I-j *'Tt Frti-ntl ouf C.\ 1R IY WY. .I- II- lI '!
repec olly anntoce hi ast at Canilulle oulr a e
lie net I '"t lure.
*i-Tu Frien.1i of.G. 1). TiLL\l.\N. 's..
respictu 'antounce hitl a. a :.til-e 'r a *ett
-guT I:ds of CLI<). W. L.\ N D1111 an
notnce him as a Caudidate for a Seat in the tt.ki
---:- 'ITtur Fri..nuid lf Dr. ii. It Cix rete' ully
annt-ne iim a Cmtiiate fori a Seat in the next
r*-ipet~~ llytnOunce buttm a" a cant.!,i:.e fitr a Sca'
itt te lu' of Repreen'tatves at the netxt elvedon'i
N LT. pratie at 11. Ield :and the Courls oh'
V t the a.ijiinitt I r.'. n t'.
F..l -i ldIC.lH ., S. C.
\ v 18". :f 1
ATTORNEY AT LAW AR.D SDLICITOR IN EQUITY.
behv G. L. 1'E'N's Ia ilVy i-"i0V
\ ril 27. I' 1-5
5. .T -1 iaKE.s5
ATTORN.EY AT LAW.
Frlnet I' it mAt oi -ilm: tct:T- ntom:.
Practice of Surgery!
I . .Jg5IgtAII ErARREN. At'ns't'.a,
I ; a. is t reptrt d i te - tnn..:t ith- ISt inu
andsi Ni.' '. tuc p tie'x su yb irt lt
\r .\l't-ters *my blaa.d hv hirSrat
D r. Mi W, A bn ey
iT.\\IN remii ved into the \' ati ille , fotl r t het
purpot hs' otf d-:tt ofn id h ims f mor ex 'tiliutt
to tie prf.-itn adcIrnpyting ).theCo reiulirist
b- ven. the al .T~uUtillIi i ( 'huch lte i-.:. :n t l lie
4.epiedili byt. fu eS.iai:k I ii~. a te.C \
Rannotda ellrs hi
^l'o. hepmplo thte \t' itell ad te sONlI
In. vath day, h.lt Ie-m h a foundin is t iic , (a lti n-e
n the -iii:.of W. W.' k.\ o iadi rn
SHmbrgen iEidef.\l.Gd.A A Rd.n
and t n'ht hecnhIonI a i wlie
Tml: annexed 'eeling and beautiful lities are va'd
to have been writen by a young Eiglish lady, wlhc
had experienced nuch afflietion. There is a de
v.oteditess, a spirit of religioitn running throuLEh it,
which cannot fail to totch tile most obdurate leart.
Je-us- thy cross have taken,
All to leave and fllow thee
Naked, poor, deipised, forsaken
Thou, fron hence, imy all shall be
Prish every fond ambition
A I I've sollgl.t. or hooped, or known
Yet how richi is miy condli:41on
* God and I lcaven are all my own
Let the World despise and leave me
Thev have left my S.iviour to-> t
linnian hopes aad looks deceive mie,
Thou art not, like them. untrue ;
And whils thi.u shalt sivle upn in me,
- O.t of wisdtotm. liove ani might,
Fr:etnds may hatte, and fo-, ni.ty scorn me
Show Thy face, and all is right.
Go. thi n. earthly fame aml treasure
Comie dlisaster, scornl and pain ;
In thy service pain is pleaure
With thy favotr loss is gan
I hare cll thee A bha, .-ather
I have set tmy iart on thee
Storm, ia howl. and clotil niay gather
All ruuist work fotr -ood to me
Soni ! then know thy fulialvation
illse o'er siti ail fe:.r. and care;
Joy to finad in every statioi
Stmethingz still to do) or bear
Think what spirit dwells within thee
Think what heavenly bliss is th:ne
Think that .lesns died to save tlieo
Ch.ld of Heaven, ean'st thou repine f
Iaste thee on. from grace to glory,
A rined h faith, and winged by prayer
T hi~aven's eternal dav's befire thee
GO I's own han, w ll gnide thee there;
Soin sha!h eo!oe thy earthly mission,
Sill Sh:l 1iass thy pilgrim dayl,
1-o- -e shalil chatnge to glad frniti
F-'61th to siuht, antid priy er to) praise !
IR' ifd 1 al CD 1151.
"Lead us not into Temptation,"
We tale leiasure ill relating- all incidetit whieh
salrj~ly enlisted 9,11'C the-ad~~w l
... -;.4ererest; Ann nnmmy iitnae our nearts
c 1a wiai joy :at ;ts happy termiinatiotn.
In tie spring of 1838 we chanced to be speed
iet a Few days itt a beatiiful inland country
towe n in l'nny-vlvania. It. was court week, and
I, relieve u s fr'om the somewhat inotnotonotis i
.idenis of vidlagze life we stepped into the room
where the cOurt had convented.
Amon- thle prisoners in tile box we saw a lad
11t Ite years of age, whose sad, pensive cotite
ence. Li4 viom nd innocent appearance, catis
.d him toi look sadly out of place amontg the
i:dlvnvd erimnah!; bv whomi lie was srrounded.
-hleoe lv the box. atid matifesting tle greatest
nleres" il the proedings sat a tiarfil Wom1:m,
aeh . :mlXions glace from tite judge to tle hoy
. ts ll roIoti to doiubt hiat it was his mother.
%V- irneid % i:hi sadness from the Se.-ne to ill
ilre oi the ofl-tiee of tle prisoner, and learned
he was :nysed of stealitng moley.
Tle c:se w:,s slolt coittrm eed, and, by tile
titerest riliaifesltd by that l:trge crowd, we
eitd that our hea-rt was not the only one in
%abieb syIplithy for tle Ind exitetd. Ilow we
i ied him! ThIe bright smile had valiishel froto
ii- fa.,tl now it expres-ed tile cares of lie
:.ild. [Ii, vennltl sister, a brlight-eveid girl, had
ined tdil Iitn't0 hlis side, and 'cheered him:1
it ih the whispering of hope.
Unlet that swee.t voice, which before caused hisi
hee:rt toe bonnd wi:b hilappitne~ss, added onily to ite
rief his shtame had biroughtt utpon him.
Tie p'rogress of the case atcquatinlted us with
lie ebeini~sktantces of thle loss-theo extent of
whieb wais but a dlime, no motire!
ilThe lld's emtphloyer, a wielathy, miserly, and
tunrincipled matn:0tactutirer, ha~d made use of it
tor the. ptipose of whtat lie called " testintg the
bov's hiotnes v." It was placed where, fromi its
ve:V position. thue lad woul d ofteniest see it, and
least suspect the tratp. Thue dlay pasised, antd the
mat~sttr, to his moriittieaiion, tnot pleasutre, fotund
Itle coinltllti ntuched. Atnothter day patssed, atid
yet his object was tnot gainecd. lie, hotwever,
1e ermined t hat the boy luouIl d take it, anid so
he let it remaaini.
'Thik cointintted temptation was too miteh for
the ii ho's resist amee. TIhe dime wtas taiken. A~
.siph-~ pre.<ent fe.r hthat si-ter was piurehuused withi
it. lt~i: lie returuinig homue to glatdden lier
hel , hi ownt was ma.de heavy liy beinug arrest
ed foir theft!I a crime thle naltire oft wlhib ie
lit: Ie knew. 'IlT-e ti renmfstanches wtere suist ait.
ed byv several of hiis emiplioyer's wtirkmneni, who li
were als artzllies toi thle plot. Ani attorney turgad
tita p fa :h jury the naeessitya of mtakitng tie " lit'
lIl'ergue" tin exampille to o~theris by punishmet.
lefoare, I coutldh seeC matiy tears oif sytmpa:hyii lot
the ladl. his wiow,~ed mtot her, amnd fauithf ulI sist er
But their eyes were all dry ntow. aiud nlone look.
edl at if thie' ca red foratught else but coniviction.
ing as it' ini lienid-like exutltationt over the mis-ery
he had broughlt upon that poor but ottcei happy
We felt that thiere was but little hope for the
boy', atid thle y'out hful a ppearancee ot the at tor
tey whoi~ had voltunteered in his defenice gave nuo
encoeurgemenit, its wae' learned that it was the
ytiung mtan's maiden plea-his first. address. He
:Ippearied greatly cousedUc~, antd reached to a desk~
near himii, from'which lie too~k the Bible tht hatd
been tised ti solemizet the testimonyii. 'Thmi
moltVemen? t was receivedl withI general latughter
tinit taniuinlg re'mtarks, among which we heard a
hirsht fellow', clo.,e to tus, ery*out:
"lie forgets what it is. Tinking to get hold
of' somIie paonderous hiaw book, hte has madea
imistaike anid goLt lie Bible."'
The remark made thle votung aittorney blush
with atnger, atnd turnitng his fliahing eyes upontt
lie auidit-nee, lie coniivi'edl l'tiem that there~ wtas
no miistke', saying, "justice waaiis nlo better
book." 11 is confultsio n was gonei, anid instatly
he was as ciihn as t he so ber j udge oin thIe bietch.
TIhet ilibie was topented, andl every eye wats uphon
himii, as lie ginetly and lei:-hrely turned over tilt
eaveus. Amlid-t btreat hie.,s sihlnce lie read thei
ju ry this Sentenice: "Lead us ntot intlo temtat
We felt our hea:rt throb at the sountd of thest
w aoids. TIhie aildietnct looked at each other with
U lt speaktig ;anid tile jutrymteni exchanged glances
as the :iapropr~iate qitotationi carried its mtorah to
their hecarts. Theni followed an address, whtich
far pathletic eloqtuenuce we have mever heai~rd ex.
eelled. Its inllneice was like matgic. WVe sawv
the guilty accuser leave' the room in fear o1
fill ; the miolier smiled again, and, l'for.? its
conclusion, there was not :in eye in it lourt
roin that was not initist. The speecl. aietilig
to that degree whieh caused tears, held its hear
ers spell-buid. rnpr
The little time tlit was necesasry to tranpire
berore the verdict of tle juirv conhil i learned
wis 'a period sif grteat inxiety anid su1piese. 131ut
when their w isiperinug con.,uiian cevaed, and
those h:ppy11V words, "ot gibiiv," t:ime Iroini tle
foremnan, thitY Iased like a tlhill of Ilecticeity
from lip to lip. tlit austere dignility of the1. curt
was foirtrotten, and not a vouice was Ilitre that
did not join inl thle acclaina.1 ton that h1.1iled thle
lad's relea-e. The young lawver's firt iPea Was
a sccssfuil one. ile was soon a f*.ivorite, and
n:ow represenis his district in the couicils ul his
The lad Is never eeased his great ful remerun
brances, and( we, byv thle .dY*-tingl ! Cene herrin
it tiletted to be describedl. ha1e o1iel bieei led
to think lo-w m1anifold greater is the crime of
the tenmpter thani of the lietnlold.
There nre niny coi-idera;iins wlihib go in
prove thie niecessil * If bestowing a Ioper id
n~it onil 11p4on lite'felnlet 'ex. It ik %win' S
privilege to wtch -vver litt e.panding iniiid of
Vjniiuhi. to e':!cthl lilrt lii guitpes of tilt' awakeni.
Iug itellet't'. It is her hand that traces thie
firI tebaraclers upon lilt' Iure p:vge of chiihlooid.
It is hetr-i P, gurnrd it frin staii tnd hnke
it iniillied and fiair. Sie is ithe oppor,1tnlity
ofmoulding lite lINhies li'f the young niind
ill ;ldmost any for lir jiidgeiient m:y direct.
LtI wn lie well ednenaed. aid :1 bioail fiiioin
dation would be hii,i of future prossperity.-hmonor
:tidl renIwillI . Thei sed of virtuL e woai lit
iiniited in tle genial soil tof' f're-h yungl
minds1(, and those princilets in.s tilled which
would be " a sun and a shield "in the Battle
" What doies France nis4 netd"-nsked
Na%:po4leon~ oni a mleinhrabile occas'ioniIt. "' Iliue11 ed
nothr,-ws te reply from tie lipj of a
tri.liearted and nible womaii. It is what
everv cotlutry needs, in order that ier soin nay
li! the "jew('is ot the State and her daughters
the ornamtils (if 'socie' y.
In histo iry. we :ire tol of a cetltbrated gene
ral who It'le his lia le sill to the altar of .1nliier,
:ind causei hii to swear eternal emlity to a
pteop1lt wi were thetn the maisters of ft ew wiil
-:no the atier lile ot tlihat hay poroed hov
well Ie kepi his voniitiihvl "v . 3botla-rs can
actopilllish far uore than the fIther of I lanni.
bal, even thiouih their lot lit cast in :au i'iilubl
hmie, and their iiitineiie e.wrted no irther
than over the yutulihI tminds ariuid theti.
Thevy canl lead Itim-r early to) thle fouintains ofl
knoivledtie, atid Itacth ihi to pr.elice the gaold
en lessois of virine. Let it be reiebrll.etrt'd
tit -- Irom a gwil home it is not frt.ir lleavun."
-anid th:t Oil eairly iihteincets oi te Fire-ide
are tile ii ili'ecs w hicli direct itd guern tile
whople af :e1tr life.
accoiunt of' the inlihiienCe she exerts inl lte
1ome Circle, but througliut all orders of'
Societ v. It is trite that nalture has thrown
aroniid hlir attractiiins whic'h lit her fr inmov
ing in a dillferent sphere f'rotn that (If lnon yt
still she needs a we'll.eliivatedl iniid in or:ler
to enabi e her to perfirm her vaiehd and iiinpr.
tant duties. 11er pIah thro-ui t' iny 112 lerld
thro' " tlowerv me::ds and vera!:it dales,' yet it
requires all the hasted powers a sciitil it; min
to enable her to preserve "t even Itouri' of
her y:i." In the dichiarge ef hr dti:e, she
his thie same difliulti's to coulel with, whiich
t2rolr the p:iliway of1' tiin. Aii if' i; lie tirue
that leri iilnt-l'tnce is 'lt, and deeply le't, through
every portin of' society, it ouht certaiIily to
be s:idulary. Ii no sceLionl of* the wor l are
they mure' ilest, itire pure and delicate than
:montig ourse'lves; bit if It?'h C g:-aces waS
added sithable mntal .imovinents, the ellkt
upn1 scity in ''nr would he lo-tI happy.
A loftier itmoral feeling would ie wkIe.L
ald we iij11it hile to wiliii-S the pulity wilh
out the exrava'aicet of' hi, v.
Thle ruihivaioni.1 lif the fem~l Oj mind cannlot
detract trini the potwer, iidiiecie or plt;iilre oIt
manii. It will biriing noi-- rival iln li' ~~ hisknli"'
it wvill not renuder heri conhversa-:t ion less ar'eei
be-it will not r'e'dt'r hesr j i'niuet les's sioundli
aithirs--it w'ill not renider' iier less capiablie oit
prloin g all the duties which iiays~ devol ce
1ufo0n her inl after yeairs. I.et kiiiiwledhge tunroll
key to all the var'ied solre'es oif' informit:it iaon--let
ui pow~lers, anud thle harvest wh iebi iti woh resl t
wou sld be onei oft ab udanit prit'it an1 d pit'lea re.
Tue fireside shldt be the !biroie of' h.ippiiess.
ilnd an educnatedi daughiter, It:hebighttest genm of'
the ircle.--Gxeorgia 1'iime Gaizeite:
one whow had r'eaeiiedt the peak:i oft victtry.
Stormis hash comell uphon him : slhdows itrait'ed
their he:ivy skiirts over' thie hills :ni iotiitiins
ofl his lhle~: L'are4s andu siarrios lai-bied their buir
denis oil his shi:ds: trials anid viel-'itnde's
a,s.iled himii ;-baut atid' tem all hit haid kiept
i-' inps', ands noaw, ere the imiiblle wtcth wva
pas-t'd, tite :4nge'ls had set their si'als uiponi himsi,
fles...e him ftoreveir, :ani dr'1ppe1d upoin his
browe the wreth if' t riumpilh. ITe gluiti was1
none f'rt'ver, and as lie stosod wtith this tfeett Se
arundit himii, andh fair olit itt the ":tlley oh' the Fu.
11urIe het sawvIit t he t'adtlss boiirel I rees wit bini wvhse
sfade his eveing days sholdtt ebbth away sofly
anid genltly as'. atdreiii sit hieavs'n.
"Ilope on.-hopile ever ' Ti's is thei' t're
philousohy3. It' life i-i chiih-sd byv wo0 tr dlimmedii
by carie, I Iope is a song bird ini the heart.I bret'htl
ihig hvmtts continuailly. Whe'n Ahs-x:imdser, ats lie
was n'bout Io umsilertaike lhis expieditionu :ii.linst
Persia, diist ribut ed thle estates of' his crown
amoing hi's cetiry, hie was askedl what tie himii
reservedh f'r huisel'? lie :inawered, " llope !"
A GoosE S'rony.-At the Ill's of Tuirbera
keena tiear C'llmel , Ir'elaim1, w~hile ill the
piossession of tie laite .s1lrs. N'ewhotld, there was
ai gotose, w hhi bay stomei ac'cidlent, was lef'tt solhital
ry,withuout miate'or ofh'springu. gandher sir gouling.
Nowv it hatppened,. as is canillliion, that thle moil
er's wile set au numbler of' sdctk's eggs uder a
len, n htiebi in due course'$ were iinenhatedi, anid of
coulrse, the dut'liings, a1s stoon as5 -he caites f'arthi,
ran w'ith naturah isn-tinet, tsi the water, aind thie
ht'n wais ill a sadt pnleketr, her mai~terniity' llrgig
her to fosllow thit birood.- and hier se'lti'hniess idis
posinig ther to stop onl dry landis. Ini the meann~ hile
up~ sted' fte gooise', :iol wviuh a niisy"~ gables,
w hiebi certainly (beingr initerpret'tted) mnit, leave
hemi to mly dit t'(, Slid swn up and:4 down withi
the dtacklingrs; andthe lithe iy were tired if' Itheir
eciluatie e'xensrsioni, i-le consigined themi toi this care
t l the hen. Ile rNet iiorilig douwn estiiule ile
dceklIingis to fte pondui, and thiert' st osd thle hen
ini her greast thislrration. O)n this occ'a~ion we
are not att atll sire thtat the giiise invitesd the lhen,
observinlg hier maternaI t roileI, but1 it is at fa~ct
she bieing neatr the shiars', this lieu jumipeid san hietr
bahck, andI there satt, tiih dtckhii.gs swimingilL
aiisl thue gsuose ands hitn atltsr thini, up and doiwnu
the pomfl. Atnd thliis Was no1 t asil itary tvent.
).svh day' shtheIt hes'n was seen iiioinilr the giiiss',
attsisintg flue diiekliings 11p ail iownl ini perfecLt
cotetdessdS and gosid butnar, luuiwhetr% sit pe
.,1e cliint witness the circuunstnens, whuiebl
eontinued until the duckingns, coming to the c
days of discretion, riquired no longer the joint ti
gu'ardianship of goose an d the hen.-Our Drawer. p
Newspapers Now C
With till the improvements which modern iII
treiiity has inventied, and enterprise forwarded,
it is a qiiestion of serious doubt, whether or not
the vocation of the printer has been mnich im
proved. The adverse we are afraid is too true.
in pIoint. of dignity and reispectabiity. the press,
aItliitou fitireer frim restraiit, and witi, we may o
say. a Ierfi.et car/e blanche of privileges, is not
more eleva:ed in its cbaraeler to-day, than it !11
was ien Franklin, its great pisneer, first gave
lone and p.oision to the American press. We
do not in:m ite that the pressin many respects
his noto impraved - on the conitrary. it is a Iat
ier of .,iniever gritification, as well as of surprise.
Iin fi human inyglity has beei :ble to acenm.
li-h so imluch in comparatively so shoit a timne.
When we speIak now of the coiditiont of the
prw-S, We mle:' n its mora cotidition. . When we
as-i-le that I lie press has not-ipliroved, we pre.
ment the exieeptiois wich all general projosi
tions1 contain will be foid.
Our object. however. is iot to moralize here 'T
on the diities. usefuhltess, aid sphere (it the press.
We ha.Ve a fe0w practical thoughts which we de.
sire to subii:, and which we intend as a sort of .
ret iew of the press at home. Our observations"
will he made from a pecirry point of the
qitestiti, and will be coolinid stri-tly to our
swi State, as it is not, polite that we shoild
know ay thiig about the alltirs of our uneigrh
hor-. The titne Was when the press of South "
Carolina might, lie rega rded as a profitable in. i
ves.timent. aid a pers'Jii a tew years ago Ia( soime
inducemoeit to go into the busitiess, wit hi the be
lie' Inat with a proper energy atd application
I e. di
to-butsinress, Ie would be able to reap the re
ward of his labors. What is the inducement
now ? Within the last half a dozen years, the a
inubeir o ewspipers within our tatc has
inerased nearly one hundred per cent. We re
are iii the fifth vear of our connection with the t
press. :m i ca call to mind nearly, if not quite,
olle dozen atid a i-if of newspapers which have o
cmie in:o existence during that timle, and about SY
iaLt of that unmber have, diiing thw sa 'ne pe
riod, ce:i.,td to exi.t. Some few Came and went,
eiphialically " the wonder of nit honr." - It is ta
noiw dillieult to keep pace with the mrany chan- P:
Ie. whieb are conistaitly taking place anong .o
-ditors and proprietors, Urd the dilferent papers
wihict have ien ierged within a few years
shows too pltily what the busiics is in South n,
I Carolina. It is even hard to recolleet now the
Wi:lies aid places of All the p.ipers, who are the
editirs, &e., for we scarcely welcome one into ir
the editorial chair before he gets tired, and we f
are e:iled tio to chroniele Lis sudden exit. t
Thei.se things are serious disidvaintages to tie '
huI.,iness. and soon otur State wilL he k nowir as
the resd(h-S, ehaiginig little .State of rewspaper
dom. It i- suirlV 11o coiiipiiACut to the 6tate, 9
iso snvy tie hwintt of-iL- hi-- -
The lerji:mate inferenr ; Is, that til newspa
per business is eotirely overdoie, and the coti
chision teeins very reasonable to its that the
pre.senit t number of' papers in the State cainnct
he suistainel. It is irdly 'o be supposed itit, It
deptending Ia. our cointry pipers do rpon lo.;:d b
patroge'c. whiib is ntw so imiuch divided, I hey
can be su.,tained with any degree of prolit or
s:itiietiui to toi;hse who iavc their conduct iII
hand. We will inowendeavor to ask a few ijitcs- of
lions: Wiat is the object of establishiniig news
papers in the country ? Is it only that the peo. A
Ie may be accommodated, anid tiat tIh-V may Oi
have liIit id be iade wiser and better These or
are crtiaiily very comimndib'e and worthyl
I raits inl the Ciaracter of tlese enterprises Vet a
we opine there are flew conductors of' the piress ";
wiioe beinevolence ik so hirgely developed, that b
the are led into this calling from no other ImI(
tive. Meit generalIt' hi:ive bit little bentevolence P4
to spare, tnd we ass ine thiat the in diencit is th
eitlber to mitake itniey or acqiuire repitltationi,
perhp liboth, which are pcrfeevvy admissible, tai
iless unwortildl emploped. 11ere we have a ca
pieure: A. im'agines ilat a niewspalper i im-i i
ptrtant and e-se niial to the growing prosperity
f a cer'tini lili:-perhalips Iliter is one or c
twit atlrenilv : bitt bteiig tin aige for prolIitie con
chta.ioin, thle idea is econtceived, an id soon wue ha~ve "'
ta prospec ts; the niew-Iledged baintlIng apjpears, ".l
andtt all seems bright till piroitniing. .lot tiA
chanoge cores (tver thle spirit of' its d reamtts, tinid ci
the sobser reality breaiks ini upont thet muind, that
till is not gosld tat ejlitt'.ris. Abitderialis and laibor "
tre cash articles, anid att thiis timie are pairtic'ulair. C0
ly high :day aftier diy, tand wiek af'ter wieek, lie tht
jreira eI dettil otf ti fiiiters life tire beinig er
iuearied-thie imrultiditious tind vexationrs eatres, P.
ait eve ry poiniitilln at every siteI, sho~w the pro- tit
firietoir(ed itor tha~t hiis vtcta tin is by t in itas
a( sineenrle. In vain tare ita:rons aplpetahed to aind n i
urs-d't to thle mrark. Proimiises to ptay, comtpli- l
inet i ar' noitices, conigrttory pi' 'jstlfes, tantd till
tihe ter couirtesies of the erati, will not pot a gi
singl~e dollfur in lie psicket, or pa~y the pinte rs' 10
w'ge's. A fewi tmothIs if thik sirt of' expterienceI
satlies(' friend A. thit lie is drniving ain tip-hill c
buisiniess. L Le thferefore conrcludes thatt tihe best '"
wa'r to dos, ill to get out tis easily tas possi the, er
ma1lihe is not lotng in linrdiing siome onei else whoc ~
is ais eaiger tas lie wais to get his inamite in ta pai-T
per, lie sellIs outt to LI. tand the stmne results
tile e'Xper'iinced. j3. se Is tor t., tand thuiis it In
go'es on , inisidilsceinig triti sire to ssoni, buit c
itt the ciutr.,e ofs two or thiiee yetars Las inanyil ti
chaniuges have taken place, tind tinmally the entier
purise udies iout for wanut of br'eathi-patronagite
ini itheur words, moiney- - er
Th'lis Is no famier sketch, als iunfortunately theC de
histuory oft to o iii~imy patpers ini our State shows. oj
WVe might ti tale unfold of even a more melani- gi
ebosly ebatrcter, but thtis is sutlicienrt for our' int
presetnt putrpose. p)
WVe are led tuo cosnlutde naturahly thtat thiere ti
must be reasonis for till this, anrd it seetms prrop- is
er that we shotuld just here try to find oe. 'lT he
prtess is to blatte for this stte of thiings, and ru
we' mnlust., withui t intendhing to be invidiouis, di
ebai~rge ai gretit detal to the tmultiplicaitionr of hatlf- Ot
pr'ieed' pa pers, wIch hiavie lessenred so suddently s
tatd so greatly thle terms oft sublscriptioni anrd
tntve-rtising, t hat with tire presetit high rate of
tialteriails tand btibor, with thle amlounrt of losses m1
which tare necessarily incidenrtai to ftrint tig es
talishmtients, it is eext to impossitble for new w
pt pers to stan wh1 ithouiit ai gootd deal of bolister-.
ing tup. We d~o not object, to our fieinds wnt if
tourniish their papers ait otne dolar, for threre is
hut little madsie at bcst uponi thie suibscription el
lidt : btut. wec join issue Lat ontc'e, wihere threy ad- si
vertie a it mt'eely nsmirtil,.rtLes. This is thle
enniise of the fulfarei' of the ctoutrty press to re- li
mitneraitte thiose wh'io unidertatke to conidnet pai- y~
pers tind lomok to the proeceeds of the sanme for
reuntertiIo. Andillsuch willI cai ontte to be the ft
caise wvith eviery pape~rr wh ' unrderttakes to a:l. th
veritise. fur little or nothinig, inerely to get theo dn
run i, as they utainly imagie, but which ivill fmaitl
It prove thtat sort oif iofpe defe(rrd whieb mta.
klitr ot onlhy the hieart, sick, but theo ptocket t(
ff the pnress of the State is only lntenoded to
give atmut-emntt andi untoriety to those who tire f
entgagedl ini its mranagemnent, or tin giv-e thle it
petifpte morre knowlhe-ge anrd power, let us lanitt at
thus " fiuIleriuiurd Iever" t. tall the cross rs'nihs
int the counttry', urpon eve'ry htiltl nd i m tuntaint
tip, ini the valeys beowi, aind eiviyhero thatt ol
tfhe nonh. m-,e htne knioii'n that they tire indebt- t)
I to the progress of the present times for all
ice blessings, without inoiey and without
In our judgment, it is time the press of South
irolina should learn some pratlical lesuons,
hich we feair nothing but bitter experience
il' ever teach.
Ve hope the proposed meeting at Newberry
r consulting upon this subj.-et was Ield, atnd
at good m::y result fromn it. For one, we
ie longsince determined, and have followed
Sthe rule as well as we could that unless in
ir advertising oontracts, we make smjiie ap
oxhiation to our terns, we decline the honor
i'rely for the name of* tlie thin.. Uponi the
bject of advertiiin. we design. before very
rg, to make some observations. when we shall
ye - Patent Medicines": md Norterii adverli.
rs generally a pIssing, notice.-Caimden Jouor
An Infamous Institution.
it is not generilly known outside of the mer
ntile commuiiity that ihere exist in this eily,
d every other eliv or I:ge town ofi the Union.
iit ions which Is ie i ett r t'mn the beastiy
1ii0h iiiqtiiin or i century or two ag.o.
bis domeslic instiniiou, with its ramiie:itions
ronghout tile Uion, is of the mo-t scandalous
juiiiorial ehracier, and we h:ive io hesitaiion
saying that tle wretetos who govern it are
song the meanest and di: tist of kind:iil.
It is the bsiness or the %illians who eto:dnet
is inst itition to pr1-y not only into the busin:ess
lirs of almost eery m: in the cmmuniy
here it may exist, but iNmo his domestie :nnl
rst private halits. If lie has fallen upon mis
rtune, and seeks by credit to get back into
iod tIortune, lie will find eth fact it' his misfor
no duly recorded opposi;e his name and ad
ess in books kept fIor that purpose. If he
bibe one, three or a dozen glasses of brandy
d water a dai-il' lie be in inordinate .imiker
good, and therefore co'tly cig.irs-it' lie seek
laxation in a game of whist, or Lhiliards, or
n-pins-all these fats are also recorded as
mmitory of him as a buiness mnn in the eyes
some puritanicl or em' oul me:hant he m:iy
ek credit of. And to his iurpri-e. to his mnor
ication, and to his ruin, that er'dit is refused.
his merehant has gone to the olive ofl his bori
I inqutisiion. and his inquired (fir.t, of course,
ying a fuee) hito the >'(ius of R., and has
nd a black line drawn it-ider li; niane. This
enough for our cQgrW! meichants. 1 Y;
lifn that momuent a lost mai, and lie knows
t why. ile sends a note for di-count to his
uker; the banker finds that B's. account ihas
en growing small 11y degrees aid iiost alom
lbly lIessi. The baniker suisplocs th:t I. i. on
o roid to miiernne. and so he sveks coolirit
In '.f his Suspicions by a reco urse to the in
isition, and Ie- finds it. B's. note is not dis
tinted. :md his ruin is coilete; sill he kntoowst
t afier what manner or why. I e feels that
is ain honest man, toe is sure [latl he can see
wa o clearly. IHe knows that lie hain:, up to
ter in liais colomuni. : Le inows that le. of
ielf, has doue nio.iiig to four<it or to tarni-li
it eharoceer. Then. why is he thus d:ned !
is that. nis brutal iniiiit ion Imay receive iS
There is ito exaggeration in this. It is a fact.
it more than onu snth bh.-iiekin-! inqui,i.
m a I tbs we have W ied io give soie desci it ion
exists in this ci;y. These mere:-tile agencies,
they call thimselves, raiiy all over the land.
doulting merchaint in New York weites to
e of these agencies of New Or'aeus, 3mobile
St. Loui, for ai account or the standio-r. the
dit, and( thle habitls of* C., who ha" nple or
arge stock of eerilin goods. Tne iminisi:io:
ids word back dhit C. has pro.y gooJ credit.
t that he phys rathter deepy at ioker, keePs
list horsn, and-ils eonomil:ti. All crohi
refused C. Yet, notwuthisitnding- the hct
it C. does indulge in poker tht Ihe do., kli
ast hors, togetler with his f'eini:iine conlcoIli.
i-it is bi'eved, and it is alo a fail, that h.
a t any time Iay one hundred aud lifty cenis
No man is safe under such a sysfem of rais.
ly .Iapanese espionge as this. T1k abou t a
dociq or Fueihie poilice ; what is it iii cruuely,.
otig and de:ily inujuiiry to poertee' ly inniocenlt
ihonest melt, aiid thlroigh them to whiob
nilies, to this domeist ie damnt~uab!e systemui
iid yet it is tunllshtin'ly carred on in opieni
in the fuce antd befoorie thle ieyes tof the coin
inity. We kni .nlmnt'nae nmr
iule pursuits, wo't have ci beenwaited ipn tiyr
:sbiordinat e lecbes, lie hireling o. I'iod--uck
Sof these leprous establishmttents, for dhe piir
se of asking them thetmselvies to give fitll par.
ilars of teir ttmas, creidit stantdinug, andt
etviingi connected withI Iteti andi theoir basi
s . All of whlichi, it' given, is diuly tiotid
wni by the subordinalte leeches, to be sttube
pettly dimly recorded in the hooks of the
itd leech estatblishmuenit,anid thence to be sent ,
ra tee, to any oar to all partl's oh the Uniionu.
Th'le reader wvillI set, t hulat y iminmayi~ pr'
oe a ebauracter of' the whitest kindt, or that lie
v provioke, onte oif the blackest a nd mtost
*thinig kiiid, by0 ai refutsal to give informnation.
y neglect to fu rni~li a sultiieentl aminoiiut iof
tck ttili to theose uuefarious e'stablishmauenis.
ere can certainly tie no huoneu't, mio setnse of'
nor, in snieh iniiuttins, fitr teir very con
ltion is full utf sin, and theiir briinging f'ordh
ontntdinig in iniquiy.-Newv York duntday
LOVE Ant DEntT.--Thero is very lIttle dIll'tr
cc bet ween thle mani in love :mdi thet mano in
ot. Dlothi the debt or atnd the love.-coiti nence
ertions by piromisary note,~; the fiormner
vinig bills to his cireditr, andui the lattler seiio
I bi/lets deuux tio htis fair onie. TJhie lover, byv
oisimig to chterishi, is honioredl with at phace ini
e lady's gotod biooks: and thle dlebtor, by piromn
ng to paiy, winnieth admiissin to the creditor's
ger. L'ove keoepetht its captive awake . till
uht; so dothi debt. Love is unieailetilatinig,ami
*bt holding ito reckoning. Tihue timm whto
vethI monoley is in need of brass, and is thie
rain who pioppth It hue qulesti on.
NEVRR DO iT.-Never ask the age of an un
rried lady whent shte is paist live al mtwenlty.
Never shuow your protested bill to a tian you
tit o blorrowt maoner of.
Never expo~se y'our properI)y to a rich relaution
von woulId have htitm to t real vou ais ai c'onini.
Never let it comle to thle car.s of a rieb anid
ildess relative that y'oui secretly priay for his
bient ando priematurie issoint.'oon.
Never ittl a tumn tue's a fiool; ini ihue firoot ph~tio
wioni blievea yoU, in te ntext. ybou mak~e lhiml
Never speaik of the gaillows to a moan whose
tier or grndiofaithier haud biien huanmgied :nor (of
e orruiption of' olie-hiolders to a goveriment
Never imp~ose secrecy~ on a man to whom yotu
nunmniciiate anyithinmug ini cohlhidee, lie is sure
tell it to somte friendi it' yon do.
A Gnht'rr0 LIE.-" A great liie," says the poet
'rable,. is like at great hiish ott dry landlo, it imay
et ad fling, anmd make a frightftil boothier, but
caminot Ihturt. von. You hate 0only to keep
ill, and it wilh hlie of itself."
A cCe is said to have the least self-este'em
aniy article of muaniufactutre. as it. is consltint
rut'ting itslr dowm_
Our Militia System.
We publish elseihere in th'is sheet an extract
from the South Caroliijan in regard to the pres
ent militia system of the State, in the spirit of
which article we concnr muost heartily, and in
the voice of a large majority of our citizens,
anid as defenders of the rights of the people,
and exposers of unjust exactions and abuses,
shall not cease to call loudly for reform. The
present system of training the militia is wrong
in its foundation, and utterly inellicient in i:s
operatioi. A more ridiculous firce than our
commo1nl11 beat uimi ters can searceir be imatgined.
This does not arise frotn any want of public
spirit, or honorable pride, but from a settled
colviction of ilthe inntility of such exercises in
times if elcace. and ian indisposition on the part
of the ten to be nade pupiet shows of, for
the gratiitieationi of the few, whose ambition
wonld stalk forth in "fuss and feathers."
Few there atre who wou!d thiiik of denying
that pelt.y military trainiigs and insters are
sonrees of great sociil evils, and a heavy tax on
the workin' classes ; but some there are, who,
from of.unili;irity. prejiliced ignorance, and per
haps a Turkih flIib ill predestination, slill carlp.
an1d chrone-lile ask to have a stbstitute pointed
out to thiem.
The substitute, as ofrered by the Carolinian,
ki.mp1y snillicieit, has beeni proved by :itual
experience in ether Simtes to answer all purpo
S, and if once introdnced iito South Carolina
we will venture to sav that there will never be
foiitnd in our Legalalure an individual hold
etioug!i to advance an opinion in favor (of the
sVAtm now prevailing. We have confidence
eniotigh itl C'oro/inians to believe, that should
their :tite or coutlry ever call upon thIem, there
will lie fInd ii, the field, at one mionthi's notice,
a better trained and more entiti4astie militia,
tl:n ll the battalion, reginental, and brigide
nu-ters iow I vogite, could take inl a century
The renedy is with the people, and from what
we know of their sentiments on the subject, we
have no Fear but that they will demand and
receive their rights-Sumiter Banner.
Nrw MFXI 7AN ScGaR.-It is said that almost
:il fruits, grainis anid vegretables which grow in
the clear dry clinate of .\e.xico are remarkable
for their ext r;rdinary sweetness. The con
mon corn stalks abound in s.iechari.e matter
to such nin extent as to urnisht the nitive popu
lation withimlasses, which, althotigh hardly as
I gTod as I lie inferior molas-es of Louiima, might
doubtles- be nitelh improved by a iuare perfect
imode of mantieture thin thtt adopted by the
Mexicat population. This molasses is purchased
there by those who do noit sipply their own
w:mts at a rate of 81.50 per gallon. The best
of New NIexico coittains so umnusu:l a quanti.y
of s:tce!'arie matter, that the manuftacture of
bce suizar i s:;1 to offtr strong inducements ti
a iititemen of etiterpri-e aid et.pitl to etmbark
in tI e btsiness. Tie only sugar which k brought,
to Santi e inow i, transported from the valley
of the tlisissippi aerosi a desert of nearly J00
. in . r. n'X .d th c..t or tranportntioion
inrcises its price :;botit ten cenis a pound, so
tlat the nit'st iiferior kinls raie from 19 to 20
cei:s in value. Labor in New .\exico is worth
1 on four to eight d-llars per month. Tie
mitaitt Imactire of sIgar fom beets has never beei
attlted thwre, prib bly beane no one in the
coumrtuty hias the slightest knowledge bf the art.
Giso.-Smnetini will have to be done inl
onler ttt the farmers IIay be furni.hed %%ith
this now ailno.,t indispensable fertilizcr it a
reasona:b le rate. The counry is becoming
dissa-ti iied with the manner in whliich this goitimio
business is condiieied. Ve are not advised of
aty retedy which, at this time, may be liplied
ti relieve the present dillieilty, but eeriainly
liere ,ouild lie soie remedy. A gentilemni
irom the country writing to his merchant in this
I tiuink I shall decline purclmaing guano at
prsent price. and I hope the Itrmers thr-tighout
the while t:lte minv do likewi'e. The tine
is tri ied for farmisig and counting up the
cos-:ud for retisting the itiiposit ion.
Th'e in-e of gitan to thus t.tr Ia;s been more a
mtte ir if Iiido th:tn in:erest. .510 per ton ad
vanice in lie Ilast six mointihs, in thle fauce oft
ai g-nerd retmonitraince against the formier high
pnece, pireents thle farmiers, (if thmey cotiinue to
it-e ii.) in at very ridiculoins atit tile. Itf Congress
would tidopt a slidi ;g settle oh dtieis on the air
iiele-imposinig ai dIuty ofi 510 per totn whetn
tbiove frt y dollhart, aiti inicreasiing thle ditty as thIe
ptrice of lie aur icle advanced tney wouldt1 briing
tiil to terms itt thtree months; mitd woitld reit
ter motre meal service to the couintry by an act
that imigtit bet passed in a sinigle daty, thain by all
their legislation foir the session.
h ow TO ExerxnE FtmES.-rlies are beginning
to be1 trontbiesome. Accordinig to Spenee, the
etntooogs, they may elrectuaillyv be excludied
from a ro..m, in which the winidows are left wide
olpen lfor au free circulation of tiir, by stispendinig
a tiet madiue of lighi1t-cohired thitreatd to t he ou tside
ohf the ni indaow. aind tilbhoitghi every mesht is hargo
enought, not only to tadmit one fly. but several
Ilies withi ex pantded wings to pas thItrough tit the
same momiitett yet from somte inex plicaible dread
of vtent urinig aicross the tmesh-work, theise insects
a re il'eeinally excludled. It is niecessatry to) state
that in order tfor this plait to sueceed it is essen
tial t hat the light enter the room ott one side
only, it' there he atn opposite or side window the
ieis pass through the net withtotut scruple.
V.U~nmLE RE~crPe.-Theii celbrted Ras~pail,
well know~ tas otne of the biest Fraench chieiiists,
hatsrt gie :in imphortanlt recipe for dest roving ver
imino on ttianils, tind also on plants and trees
importait least, it' trite. Tihie process lie re
commiitends is to matke a solution oh aloes--(one
gramtme of that gum to a litre of water, French
measure)-tind, by means of ai large brush, to
waish over the trunks and branches oh trees withi
the soluttion.-TIhis sinple process, says Raspail,
will speetdily destroy till the verimin oni the tree.s,
:mnd with eht-eet utally prevenit others from aipproach
iiig~. In order to cleat sheep tand anialds with
lotng hatir, they must be bathed with ithis solution
oir be well waishted with it. Ra~spatil mentions
several triails he has matde with his mixtitre, all
of which have been attetnded with the mnost corn
lilte success, antd lie very stronigly recoimmends
it to general us~e. A French litre is a little less
thani three of our pints-a grammne is the live
hunditretlihipart of a French pounid. A little aloes,
if. usef'ul tat til, will thus go tt great way.
Boys, dlid von ever thitnk that this great world
weiih tilt its wvealth tand woe, with tilt its mines
and mitia ilis. it otan:tl- seats aind rivers, stetimu
botts and( ships, railroads taid hteamn printing
presses, inagniet ic telegrtiphs, &c., will soon be
.iven over to thme hantd5 of thle boys of the pres
".ilt age I Believe it. tandu look abroad umpotn tie
inheritance, tand get ready to enter upon youtr
As Anan INssor.viT.--Recently, in London. a
femiale tige.l seventty-seveni wats sent to prison for
hfour miointhis, for cointractin r a debt, withiout reta
sonable expietti on of paiyinig it.
Tut. BrEArTiSs or li-risc.-An experienced
brodier edit or says. ini a recenit letter to us: " At
present I am in t lie coutittry, recoveriing front
fouirteent yeaurs of editoriail life--baud eves, crooked
ba~ck amnd brooken nerves, with little to show
Benton and Calhoun.
The Richmond Examiner in it not very com
plimentary notice of Benton's book uses th'e
One thing we must, however, say in fasd' of
Benton. While he unscrupulously borrows and
adorns his own conceited vain head, with the
laurels and honors which were the legitimate
property of his cotemporaries, he treats the
living and the dead sttesmen, who were his
associites, with remarkable and unexpected
kindness. Ile lavi.,hes sugir plums upon the
living, and scatters garlands of flowers over the
graves of the dead in many instances were those
familiar with his malignancy.and envious nature,
thought that he would have voided nothing but
lo:athsoie abuse and vitriolie billinsgate. But
whilst this poor, fallen Lucifer of the Demo.
eratic party ainiable showers encomiums and
eulogies, where nothing but the odor of brim.
stone was expected, he cannot refrain front occa
sior-illy, ghost-like, sneakingly, quietly yet ma
lignant, desecrating the grave and assailing the
memory of that pure nnd noble statesman, un
der whose keen intellectual cimetar and heavy
erns;hing battle-axe, he fell so often brushed,
m:imed, and blinded with impotent rage. We
of course, mean Calhoun. The hoary apostato
does not lo) rerbis niter against that great m:n's
memory a single ward of open abuse-but by
freq nent inuendos, malicious hints, and occasion
al slirht mnisrepresentations, he attempts blyly
to blacken his course.
Ile does more than justice to Clay and Web
ster, but to the memory of the purest and no
b.est of the three grent American statesmen ie
does anytlhinr but justice. Yet Calhoun alone,
of all of Benton's contemporaries, never deialt
in abuse and petsonalities when replying to his
assaults. le invari ably punished his insolence
as calmly and dispa~sionatelj as a gentleman
would chastise'n blackguard. Hence Benton's
hatred burns and glows as intensely as it did
ten years atro. Tihe contrast between Calhoun
and himself, in the memory of the forner being
honored and worshipped with idolatrous veno
ration and afyection, by the South, whilst the
latter is loathed, execrated, ai branded as a
traitor, by his party and section. Hence, al
though lie sheds crocodile tears plenteously
upon the graves of many of his fold political
and persond enemies, he tears ohT the mi:k of
decent hypocriev, when speaking of Mr. Calhoun
and goes to work like a hyena.
DTTES OF MASONS.-Many persons appear Io
be very curious to know the duties and ob!iga
tions oi Masons, as an organized brotherlAood.
For the partial gratiaic:ntion (of snch we make the
follwinag short extract from an address of the G.
M. of the Grand Lodge of Arkansaw:
1 1 ohit not, perhaps, to permit this opportu
nily toopass without some general remarks as to
tihe dities resting upon us all as nmsons. No
one who has listened to the moral instruetions
given in our lodges, and the lectures and charges
so earnestly impressed upon the candidate, can
dabtit Ilant .1hsonry requirN aneid ninjuitis an ligi,
standard of morality not inferioir to the purest
etIies of otur msIflt aIiroved writers. It beomes
then. tle special dot y ol' us ll, in our daily w:dk
and conversation, to illustrate the virtues it
enjoins, and attain to that purity of lite and
aluracter whieb it reqluires. We are strictly
charged to the perfor:panee of our duty to God,
to our nepighbor, and to ourselvea. Think you
tl:at tihe first i-s not violated. if his riame be pro
fatned at almost every breath ; if it be constantly
invoked in levity and fun, in tlhourltlessne s o r
in failsehiood, in anoyer. in passion, in imprecation ?
Dare we hope that the All-seeing Eye is closed
th;.t he will not see such dark spots, it we per
mit them to soil our 31asonic badge, when we
seek to gain adnission into the Celestial Lodlko
above, where tihe Supreme Architect of the Utni
verse resides?" Or, can we doubt that He 'be
holds the inmost recesses of the heart, and will
reward its according to our works ?
EXEerrios OF A FrAUI)UtNT Paxrarr.--A
late number of the London Dispactcl -ives the
following account of an occurrence which took
place in llminburg. A similar eereiony perform
ed once in at while here, might have a benfi
cial el'eet on the community.
At noon, just as the Exehange, crowded with
mnerchanots, presented its butiest aspect, two
drummers it the civic uniformt came up, roiled
their drums for the space of teanjites, causig
a great commotiont both within and without lhe
Boutrse. While thais was going on, workmen
were seen over thme principal gateway of thu
building elevating a black boamrd, oan wilch wvas
pain:ed in white letters thme ntame of a micehant
of city who had lately suspenided paymaent and
absconded with all hais assets. When the name
had beent fairly set a bell called the "sanadg
locke," or the shtame bell. only rtung on such oe
ea1sioane, was sotunled for two hours fromt a tower
of thle Boturse. This ptetnaby of di-grace, called
the " execution of a fraudulent batnkrupt," was
ordained by a ltaw which can lbe traced to the
fottrteeth centtury, whten the Ilansentie leaiguo
was at the haeight of its grea1tness. At that pe
riod, however, the bankrtupt's paltent oif citizent
ship and his certificate as a merchanlt wcrc also
butrnt by the hangmatn.
A Nr-sLAVEf.-Anti- Slavery is again becom
ing rabid. Its press is furious that Conagress
does not tmake it openly the corner stone of
legislation. It threatens Southern mten with
ost racismt, social and politital. It avows its putr
pose to subjugate thec South and destroy its in
slit utionts, or kick themi ot of the Unaiont. Thte
cry of distunion has passed from the Southt to
the North ; with us, it arose from otutrage and
oppressioan, with thtean. that the'' arc not allow
ed to perpetrate theta to thecir ntearts' cotent.
The disintegratinag elemenits are at work--" the
work goes bratvely on. Slavery is a rock on
which the waves oft abolition rage atnd political
matdness will vainily bretak. Butt timae and cir
cumstancee may resolve this Conf'ederaev itnto
such divisions as fate may require. If so, lec,
them come-we will welcome them. We will
part ini peatce, and glad ly. But for anv attempt
to stubvert our foundationis, to produce ruin
among ourselves at the Sou th, to destroy otnr
rightts, possessionts and secuarities handed downt
to us, we have the bayonet, hearts of fire and
breasts of steel.-venting News.
I-r is stated that mtinting companies are buying
tip large portious of Carroll atnd Floydconties~
Va., and thte Wytheville Telegraph says:
fue dlaily- liear of propoasitiisiade and re -
fueiavolving f'rom1OiI.OOO to $10.000. We.
learned last week that, Gov. A. V. Browtt. of
Tenntessee, wvho is now in Carroll, purchased of
a Mr. Hurst. for the soam of $10'000, a stmail
tract oaf latnd fair whtich, otnly a fewv mong~ sinee,
hte paid $1,000."
TnE PF.ACE ComilasstoN.-A Wa-shting' on des
pateh says thant a mnessage has been drawn up
attnotniniig thte appointmetnt of thte" Peace.Comi
mnissiont," dentoutncing thIe Africatnization project,.
of Sp:ain, atnd calling uipon Congress to adlopt
somn e imtmediatte steps to emnpower thte President.
to act, decidedly ini thte mtatter.
Books fair sutbscription hatve beeni opened at
Richumond, Petersbturg., and Norfolk, Virginia,
for builditng at line of House's Printting Tele
granh frotm Wnahintitn thtron-gh those a liik.