Newspaper Page Text
From the Chrrieston Mercury.
We copy below an act which has just passed
both branches of the Connecticut Legislature, on
the subject of the recovery of slaves. It provides
that an extraordinary amount of evidence shall
be necessary to make out a case of ownership
in the United States Courts, and that the clai
imant failing to make good his right in the said
Courts. shall be subjeet to a fine of $5,000, and
to imprisonment for five years in the Connecti
cut penitentiary. The Legi.,lature of a State
enacting unheard of rules of evidence for the
Courts of the United Stats, and imposing enor
mous penalties on the party who shall fail to
establish his claim to property under these new
rules! And yet the correspondent of the New
York Tribdne writes concerning this piece of
preprosterous insolence, thus:
"The public can rest assured that this act
does not conflict with the Fugitive Slave Law
as passed by Congress, for the hest lawyers and
judgesin several States, have seen the law before
it came before either branch of the Legislature,
and have unanimously pronounced it constitu
Perfectly "!constitutional," and "does not
conflict with the Fugitive Slave Law !" It not
only conflicts with the Consti:ntion, which imi
peratively requires that fugitives from service
shall be given up on demand, and with the Fugi
tive Law of Congress, which provides for the
Court and the manner of proceeding in making
good the claim of ownership; but it conflicts
with every principle of law, justice and common
sense. Apply such rules of evidence. coupl-d
with such penalties for failure, in miking out a
claim to property in general, and it would soon
be found out that there was not and could not
be any such thing as a right of property.
Indeed, the pretence that the aet is.constitu
tional, is simply a proof of the blind and coward
ly malignity that prompted its enactment. Look
ed upon in any other light than as a direct issue
with, and defiance of, the United States. the law
is one of the grossest pieces of stupidity that
ever emanated from a Legislature. The United
States Courts will not admit its new rules.of
evidence. If the claimant of a slave isbrought un
der the penalties of the act, the United States
Courts will demand his release. It will be from
beginning to end a direct contrast with the Uni
ted States, and this to destroy the operation of
a law which they admit to be constitutional, and
the object of which-the restoration of fugitives
from service-is among the plainest of the pro
visions of the Constitution.
If this Connecticut law is Corstitutional. then I
every law of the United States, operating with
in the States, can be practically annulled. If i
the States can determine the amount of evidence I
necessary to make out a case of smuggling, or i
counterfeiting, or robbing the mails, and attach I
enormous penalities to every failure to make
good a prosecution, it is evident that the revenue
laws, &c. can be utteily destroyed for all
practical purposes, and this without ever preten
ding that they are either unconstitutional or
unjnst. But we submit this precious piece of
abolition legislation without further comment:
An Act for the Djfence of Liberty.
Src. 1. Every person who shall falsely and
maliciously declare, represent, or pretend that
any free person entitled to freedom is a slave, or t
owes service or labor to any person or persons, r
with intent to procure or to aid or assist in pro
curing, the forcible removal of such free person
from this State as a slave shall pay a fine of
$5,000, and be imprisoned five years in the
onnecticut State Prison.
SEc. 2. In all cases arising under this act, the
truth of any declaration, representation, or pre
tense that any person, being or hatving been in
this State as a slave, or owes or did owe service
or labor to any other person, shall not be deem
ed proved except by the testimony of at least
two creditable witnesses testifying to facts di
rectly tending to establish the truth of such .g
declaration, pretense or representation, or by n
legal eridence equivalent thereto.
SEC. 3. Every person that shall wilfully and
maliciously seize or procure to be seized any
free peson entitled to freedotn, with intent to
have such tree person sold into Slavery, shall
pay a fine ofJI~5.000--and-be iunuianama.
years in the~Connecticut State Prison.
SEC. 4. Upon the trial of any prosecution
arising under this act, no deposit ion shall be
admitted as evidence of the truth of any state
ment in such deposition contained.
SEC. 5. Upon the trial of any prosecutton
arising under this act, any witness who shall, in r
behalf of the party accused, and intending ton
aid him in his defense, falsely and wilfully, in
testifying, represent or pretend that any person
is or ever was a slave, or does or ever did owe I
service or lbhor to any person or persons, suche
witness shall pay a fine of 8.5,000 and be impris
ioned five years in the Connecticut State Prison.
SEC. 6. WVhenever complaint or information
shall be made against any person, for any defense,
described in any section of this act, and upon i,
such complaint or inf'ormzation a warrant shall
have been duly issued faor the arrest of suchr
person :any pei-son who shall hinder or mbstrutct
a sheriff, deputy sheritT, or c..nstable in the ser
vice of such warrant, or shall aid such accused
person in esenaping from the pursuit of such
officeer shall be imprisoined one year in the
Connecticut State Prison.
SEC. 7. No declaraion, pretense or representa
tion that any person is, or was, an apprentice for
a fixed term of years, or owes or did owe ser
vice merelv as sneh an apprentice faor such fixed
term, shall be deemed prohibited by this act,
and no ech declaration, pretense or represenita
tion that any person is or was such an apprentice.
for such fixed term, or owes or did owe servicea
merely as such an apprentice for stch fixed term.
ahall iender any person liable to any, penalty
under this act.
NuMiBER OF SLAVEs IN THE WoRLD.-The
African Institute at Paris-an association faor
the difftusion of civilization and christian light
in Africa-has recently issued a circular stating
the number of blacks held in slavery in differenti
countries is seven an a half millions, of which
whidh 3.095.000 :are in the United States, 3.:250,
000 in Braizil. 900.000 in the Spanish Colonies,
85.000 in Holland Colonies, 140.000 in the Re
publics of Central America, aind 30.000 in Euro
pean establishments in Africa.-Montgomery
JASNEY'S H~oTEL.-We are glad to see in the
Carolinian the following just and merited tribute
to this hotel and its gentlemanly host. We
have frequently stopped with Janney and can
endorse every word of it:
'a In it we meet with well trained servants,
comfortable beds, ventilated rooms, fine water,
(with ice, if wanted.) and with Janney himself at
any hour of the day or tnight. Mr. Janney is a
Virginian by birth, and a gentleman every where.
Often letter.s are written to haim, that a" my Sister
will arrive, and I want you to meet her at the
South Carolina depot, and take her to your
Hotel." Mr. JTanney was there, and a carriage
ready ; and although her stay was short, every
attention that could be, was given."
SCOTTISH JUSTCE.-A poor man, half a centum
ry ago or more, was attempting to violate the
game laws by shooting a deer-the penalty for
the offence being a fine of five pounds, or ina
default of funds, thirty lashes. He gave half
the deer to a neighbor who had the meanness
afterwards to complain of him,in order to obtain
half the penalty, as well as half the deer-it
being the law that half must go to the informer
and half to the King. The offender wvas convicted
and fined accordingly, but pleaded that be had
no money. " Weel, mon," said the " magistrate"
we maun ha'e the lashes, then." The poor man
was submissive. The magistrate then said to
the sheriff, " Tak that mon. the infor mer, tie him
till yon tree, and gie him fifteen lashes' which
will be his half; and when the King George
comes over, we will gie him his half: half till
the informer and half till the King."
HORSE TRJEVEs AnoUT.-The citizens of
the upper portion of the State are referred to
the advertisement of Messrs Clarke & Griffin,
of a horse stolen from them,. There is no doubt,
in our mind, that a gang of horse thieves are in
our midst, as .we have understood that a similar
trick was played off in Greenville, by a man
who was seen in company with the one who
stole the horse from here. It should be a war
ning to all who hire horses to be careful who
they 2tr.--turnsvi-le Heaild.
AlRTH4R SIMKIN&I EDITOR.
EDGEFIELD, S. C.
THURSDAY JULY 13, 1854.
$2 AMONG the recent appointments male by the
President of the United States, we observe that J. J.
SEIBLS of Alabama, formerly of South Carolina, has
been appointed Minister of the United States to the
kingdom of Belgium, to which he had been Charge
r7' Oua thanks are due to Senator BUTLEta and
Hon. P. S. BpooKs for various Public Documents.
CASH is imperatively needed to carry on the Odd
Fellows and Masonic Building at this place. Mr.
RAMRAY (the agent) will be at the Old Wells, Lowe's
and Longmire's upon the next regimen!al lays to col.
lect the 3rd instalment from subscribers. It is hoped
that every one will be ready to pay. Those whohave
given their notes fur the 1st and 2d1 instalmnents will
please take notice that Mr. R.utsAy will also have
them along for collecti. Unless greater pun ei nality
is manifested, it will be a most discouraging afftir to
all concerned, especially to the contractor.
Health of Edgefield.
TitERE is not a more healthy vilinge in the land
han Edgefield. A sickly season is a rare thing with
as. At present. it is as salubrious as usual. We oh.
erve that some of our sister villages have been seri
>usly afflicted with diseases of much severity. Our
ympathies are with them. That their lot may not
tecome ours is a thi ng much to he desired. Let our
Council, as the summer waxes older, watch lest any
ource of pt-msh-nce exist in their midst. It is easier
o prevent disease than to bant-h it.
Death of Col. Robert A. Whyte.
Tits sad event occurred in Augusta on the 4th inst
o intelligence of the kind for many years has filled
mur heart with deeper regret than the melancholy
tnnouncement of our friend's decease. A more gen
rous soul than his never glowed in human frame. A
nore considerate gentleman we have never known
nywhere through life. An intimacy of several years
tanding gave us the opportunity of knowing him we!l,
Lnd to know him well was but to -esteem him almost
s a brother. God rest his kind and noble spirit!
Col. WHtYTE lad forsome years been residing in Au.
usta as associate editor of the " Georgia Ilome Ga
ette,'9 to which paper he gave much interest by his
parkling fancies and happy reflections. But his pent
ies ie now. The hand that wielded it so gracefully
s cold in death, and the arm chair that knew him so
ong will know him no more forever. He has left a
levoted mother and a loving sister to weep his un
imely end. We beg to mingle our tears with theirs.
day Heaven grant them consolation!
Tmn question seems to be arising as to the propriety
f reforming the Milttia system of Sonth Carolina.
rom the tone of various newspapers and the respon
es of candidates in different. sections of the State, we
ather that the prevalent disposition is to abolish it
Imost in toto. The people of this District have not
%ken as yet much interest in the matter; but we
ither think they would lean very readily to some
Ian of amelioration. It dues appear to be a rather
selesmand cumbrous piece (if polite machinery, thi
ternal mustering of beats, battalions and regiments
ith little or no good results. If something less trou.
lesome and tess awkard could be substituted, whkichs
;ould exhibit the strength of our numbers in case of
mergency and at the same time meet the patrol ne
essities of the State, it would be received, we. think
4ith very general approbation. It ought to be how
ver simple and effective in its character.
The change which has been brought about in Vir
mia does not seem to have give-n any great degree
f satisfaction. The Law of 1852, by which it was
Mde, may tie stated in a very few words:
Ist All tratnings of officers anti masters of compan
: are abolished.
$ntdly. Certain commissioners are required to enroll
snames and rebidence of all persons liable to mtilitia
y thie Governor whenever occasion shall demand.
This is the stubstance of Virginia's present 3Militia
ytem. No tax is required on account o'f exemption
om duty. It is this last feature to which objection
principally made. The volunteer service, wvatch
mains unaltered, is thought to be injuriously affected
'ereby ; and it is now urged as expedient to assess a
x upon alt sound male citizents between the ages of
ghteen and forty five, partly for the fostering of this
ranch of the Mlilitary, partly fur the liquidation of
xpenses itncident to the change.
We hope some one wilt digest a good stubstitute for
r existing Militia Laws by the ntext sessi-sn of the
gislature. To be instrumental its re-leiving the
'dear people" from the present agtgravating and use
te system would be a feather in the cap of any one
f our Legislators. We may speak for onrself at any
ate-Ite should receive our warmest gratitude.
Vallay Railroad Report.
WE. are indebted to Mr. BuACK woon of the Hamhturg
ank for a neat copy of thits Report, with a well pre.
aredh Map of the Valley Route attached. It is a
oncise paper, indicative of the good taste and practi
al sense of its author, Chier Enginteer F. C. Aats.
There will be requaired (if te litpot is located on
he river) some 7000 feet of low trestle work near
lamurg. Going tip from Hamburg the line follows
he banks of the Savannah to the mouth of Stevens'
3reek,a distance of8 mtles. "This portion of thme Road,"
ay the report, " will be expensive, thes greater part
f the excavations being of rock &c. The Road
vill then take thme ridge between the rtver and the
reek in the direction oif Dorn's mine. Eleven tniles
fit will be heavy work. The remaining dtistance to
e " Mines" will be comnparatively easy of accom
ili hment. From Doax's the line pursues nearly a
forth course to the neighborhood of Lowndesville
*here it bears slightly to the left to reach the village
The total length of thte erpefimental line from 1Ham
mrg to"Anderson C. H. is ninety thre-e and a htalf
siles. But this distatnce on location can be retdneed
o 92 miles. The total cost of the Rond (to befirst
te in all its parts) is put down at S1,811 .270,00. This
stimate is made at prices within which it is confdenst
y beleised that the Road can bc built. Tlo the high
redit of land owners upon the route, the right of
way, almost woithout exception, will be given free of
The line recommended will vary only 8 miles from
n air line. The distance between Anderson and
Csarleston by this Road wilt he 28 tmiles shorter than
y the Greenville & Coltumbia Road.
Mr. Asses speaks in high terms of the prospects of
the Valley Road's complete sttccess if economically
built and with sufficient capital.
The Report as a whole is highly encouraging to the
Valley Company, and will doubtless rekindle their
enthuiasm in the cause. It may be expected that
hey will again ptut their shotulders to thte wheels of
progress, to stop not until they have attained their
:bject. That they may succeed beyond their most
sanguine anticipations is a consumation to be desired
by us all.
That Beasr Wight.
Wa learn that a large nuimber of our fellow-citizens
in the " Dark Corner" were thrown into a most intense
state of excitement last week by tbe report that a
hideous grixly Bear had been brottght to bay in a cer
tain dense thicket somewhere in those parts. Old men
and boys, w'nite folks and niggers, botuntd dogs, ctur
dogs, fice dogs and bull dogs flocked to the spot,
until the scene became one of otter confusion atnd
obstreperousness. Some planned the attack, others
held back theo dogs, a few venmutred on a cautious re
connoitre, while many stood in a sort of pleasant tre
pidation at the prospect of the d:-sperate encounter so
soon to be wittnessed. At length the signal to advance
is given-all close in aromnd the thicket which cotnains
the grizly monster, each one resolved to do or die in
the strife-the very lair itself is soon closely enceta
passed (a dark bushy guilly)-now for it, brave hearts
-strike, strike, strike-one blow apiece for the credit
of Edgefield sportsmanship-there-nobly done-htux
za, auzza, huzza-the enemy is yours-" hiah,"
'bah,'" bah,"--Shades of Nimrod and Davy Cr ock
ett! what sounds are those ?
A billy-.goat, by all the delicions odors of time and
sense ! a Witle, dirty, r-ank old billy-goat ! " Oh,whbat
. fall was. there my. cou,.....n!,
Augusta-The Bridge Demonstration, &c.
EXrFCTING to meet a brother from Florida a few
days since, we arose at 3 o'clock A. M. and journeyed
towards Augusta, which place we reacied in about
five hours. The old city was still upon the banks of I
the Savannah. and. in spite of the dull days of sum
mer, a considerable little stir of business was percep
tible in her streets. But of all hot places on earth,
she was certainly the hottest we had ever encounter
ed. What with the burning rays of a July sun, the
smoky atmosphere of a lowgromid city and the ab- I
sence of all manner of breezes (save something border- .
ing on the Sirocco,) the oppressive state of the weath- I
er was next to ineupportable. Every man had a fan I
and every fan had a hand which kept it moving. Ice 4
coolers were cherished in most establishments as a (
sort of house-hold divinities whose freezing charms I
might counteract the tall indications of Fahrenheit. i
Umbrellas were kept hoisted even on the shady side I
of the street, and men wore their linens, and ladies I
wore gossamer dresses, and BEEDE's rocky mountain i
white hats (such as FEaRY keeps) were in demand' (
and every loafer was striving to find out the quarter i
from which the wind came, and iced toddies were
used to prevent fainting by the way, and many other
shifts were made to escape the fierceness of old Sol's
fury. But still it was hot, steamingly hot. Yet, al
though such was the fact, although even several cases
of " sun-stroke" were said to have occurred within a
day or two, the good people of the city seemed to be
almost as cheerful as ever. Every store we entered
had its complement of customers. WARo & BaR
CHARD, ShEARs, NEwBY, INGRAHAm, LALt.EaSTEDT
and others seemed as busy almost as ever. In truth, t
disagreeable though the trip may he, now is the very
time to) get good bargains in Augusta. Most merchants
are desirous of selling ofy to buy again, and various
articles may now be had at small advance upon cost. r
There are a good many who know this secret, which
partly accounts for the trading still done in Augusta.
The day we nient down was the first of the
setting aside of the toll-gate of Messrs. Joxrs & KEN- I
DY. In celebration of this circumstance (we suppose)
a number of Edgefield wagons came over the bridge
about tnid-day, each one of them decked at the poop s
with a small specimen of the stars and stripes, %% hile a
smaller banners were tied toeach standard.and all the
mules wore scarlet pennons in honor of the occasion.
We do not remember ever to have seen a demonstra- I
tion which so flatly failed of producing an excitement.
All stared upon it as a meanitigless pageant. Not a
" huzza" was raised at its approach-not a negretto
shouted with surprize. They passed up and then
passed down again, yet the surface of Augusta feeling
exhibited no single ripple at the sight. It was doubt
less a very well planned afikir, bit it certainly did o
not take-ome fault in the execution perhaps. It is
supposed now that the bridge excitement will very
soon cease to b.' a thinaorlife,except with such as wish v
to keep it up. The liudly abused " exactions," as they
have neen incorrectly termed, are at an end. The h
cause being removed, the ill-freling to which it has
given rise will expire for luck of snstenance. So this
bone of contention is taken out from atm'ong us, ani,
for one, wve are right glad of it. 11 injury ha.. been ~
done to the interests of some good citizens, it i now a
estopped. As that injury was not inflicted with aught a
of malice prepense bit only in the illustration and
establishment of a right whiih, as many believed and
still beleive. attaches to the sovreien domain of Sioth c
Carolina, of cotrse it onght to be forntien and fir- I
given. Let it pass away as a thinz now too petty to
divide a generous end high-minded people. From
what we could learn, we apprehend that all will soon
On onr war down and back. we could bit observe -
with admiration the fine fields of corn which alornied
the road. First came Mr. HTATCi.a'it henotifot putch-t f
es about his honse-then lajar Bt-r rs' magnificent
field (which looks as thoninh it had never for a minute
lacked any thing required to make good corn)-then
came Mr. JoNEs' wide fields,aid 31r. SwEARINGEN's
-next wits that little moilel farm of Mir. .1A-Tis-thten 0
came Mr. JLIUSIDAY's spleidid cropantd soon down
to the v.-ry streets of lamburg. Never before have
,ve seen such a rich looking prospect ont the Pine hi
tou-e road. If our lands in other parts of the Duitrict d
are yielding propteionately (and we learn that they
re,) whlat are wve to do with all the cortn wo shtall
ake?! It is a good titg ts , cni ? a
ity. Thanks to kind Heaven for the blessing! b
'I'he Plank Road seenms to bet do'ing a rather small
lmtsiness at present. Such howvever is cenerally the
ase at this time of the year. WVe thought. Ito - ever,
hat it always turned ojut more thatn enotugh to pay the
ae-keepers. But it was remarked itt ior presenuce ,
thte other day thy whom, we fi'rget) thaut it barely dos
this nowv. Is there not a mist:ake liere. 31r. President 1
WVe hope so really ! for it wuii he cause of miortifi
ation to witness the early dlecline of an etnterprise ii
whlich subserves so many purposes of business and i
W ask to be excu.'ed by utur Cavalry friends for the ~
remissness we have been guilty of in the matter of
their approaching encampment. It has been our in
tentioan every week fur a month to announce the result
of a committeeC-meetinmg ws hih was hielid here early in
Jnnets; but, thinking there was plenty of time and ~
having misla.id the scrip upon which were the dates,
&c. required to be stated, the pitblicatiion has been
postponed. It is not, however, too late to make it
At the meeting to wicih we allude, it was agreed
tinanimou'ly that the " Pitne Houtse," six miles East of
our towvn, be the ptace of encampment ; and 4 o'clock,
P. M, on the first Monday in Septembhor next, was
fixed upon as the hour for the sqinadron to assemble. -
A committee of thtree was aptpointedl on the same
occasion to procure tents, designate the ground of en
campment, select a stuitabule fieldI of paradle, atnd to
mtake all necessary arratngeme'nts as to music, refresh
mnents &c., &c. This committee is a highly efliciett
one~lbeing composedaof Col. Jotn F. TALDTsa-, Lt. Ciil.
A. P. BU-TLEaL and Capt. R. 13. BoUEN:GwrT. lit their
hands, the preparations will doubtless be completed to
tIe sati-sfaction of all interested. No clearer guarun-e
tee of thme character of this encanipmetnt could have f
been given to the pnblic than the appointment of so .
h.:h-toned a committee of arrangements.
It was determined upon also, at the same meeting,p
that the Ahheville squadron of Cavalry be invited
and requecsted to tunite in the duties anid pleasures of
this military ' fete.' We believe the charge of extenid-,
ing this invitation has been etitrusteid to Capt. Butttts, I
who will doubtless see that it is well dlone.J
The prospect is fine for a very interesting time. It
will lie a week when anmy and every body will be able
tm turn out. Our crops are so abunidant in theIr
p-omise that every otne will be in good,heart. It will
besides he a comparatively idle seasoin ol5thie year.
About that time too ite quarter stretch of our Legis
l itive canvass will have arriveit, arid busy candidates,
will be setting a fine example of coriility antd polite-t
ness. The summer nights wilt htave lost their jpense
heat, atid even thte dlays will in all proibability be much
more agreeabule. Those whlo may have gone off to "1
the eprinigs or elsewhere fur recreation will then per.
haps be back, refreshed for the occasion, The big
meetings also wvill be over. Fresh meet will keep well
too, and every thing will be ahnnodant. The ladie.. I
moreover will be longing about that date for something~
toamnse and excite them. And the gentlemen will be [
quiite up to the highest notch of gallantry and good I
Should our District be spared the rod of affliction
throughout the summer, should her fields yield as rich
a harvest as now they are hastening tin to maturity, I
shotld we all feel the social mood upon its in its genialr
gI ,wv, and especially shtould the whole conduct of thte[
affair he characterized bty that generous spirit and f
strict sense of propriety which we have every reason
to look for, wes cannot see why the Cavalry Encamp
ment week of September should nor prove as memora- I
hble an occasion of the kitnd as has ever transpired in I
Egefield. We wish it entire success.
Selling off at Cost.
I-r will be seen that Mir. WV. P. BU-tL.n has begun
to sell off his remaining stock of elegant goods at cost.
Ihere's another chtance for us all to buy ourselves
rich. Let's crowd in before thme best things are all
South Carolina Temperance Advocate.
W E have received and adlded to our list of exchanges
a new paper with this name. Its design is to advocate
an etnactment in our State similar to thte Mlaine laws
of the North. While we totally dissetit fron -their
views in this respect, we yet cordlially welcome the I
new edttors into thte fellowship of the Press. Theya
have our best wishes for a long and useful career. a
Sgsai sensible remarks on this topi: are copied be.
ow from the " Lau rafonville Herald." They arise in
he course of a comment upo'n the late speech of our
)resentrepresentative inCongress. Like the" Herald.',
xe are satisfied that the chief chance of safety to the
south at this time, in to be found lin that very " rec.
ionalism" which our Congressman so feelingly es
:hews. We believe at all times in meeting clan w ith
-Ian. and section with section. It is the surest safe
;uard of our homes and firesides. Call it cettraciled.
mnexpansive, unenlightened or what rot, it is cereinly
iuman nature all the world over. And surely it tever
asi more natural, proper and comtrfentable than as
tsihited by the injured South at this very jnncture of
iur history, when the enmity of our Northern con.
ederates (a " noble trio" to the contrary not withstand
ng) is swelling into a might, impending torrent which
;hreatens to submerge our fair fields with its turhid
Naves. The Lowlands of Scotland never had greater
:eed of sectionalism to defend themselves against the
lepredations of their Highland brethten than have we
low to resist Northern fanaticism. If, when the clans
>f Culloden were hastening together at thee pihrocle's
tote. it was natural and right and patriotic fur the
[Lowlands to muster in battle array, ihen is it equally
iatural and right and patrialie fur Stuthrons to hand
ogether now it defence of all they hold sacred and
We append the extriet alluded to and ask attention
o the views therein taken of this mater:
"South Carolina bas ever patriotio'ally sto'd firm
tpon constitutional grounds-lhe hat only asked the
trict ohservance of the unanuities #f that great nnil
rue fulcrum of our political machinery; hut the fre
luent past and present opposition which shea. in enmniae
vith the South at large, has net with from ite
4orthern section of the corefederary. has firced her
teople to become sectioqal-in their political opinions
Lnil views. Every Southern man murt retain sectional
The politics of our coqntry have become sertinnal.
qu important measnre, pirporting to he for the inter
Sts ofuhe country atlarge, can now he brought
>efaire Cingress wnuhouit ttn attempt being made hy
he North to divest itof every feature favorable ti tihe
tcuth ; and every oppgtunity is embraced to villify
tnd tralde the people and institutions of the Southern
-tion of the Union.-lreadiy dowe see an impiraet
.ttempt made to repealAtfe Fugi ive Slnve law: and,
n ottr opinion, if the Suith ever reqnired her Repre
entatives to be unitea.foi her particl.a't welfiare, it is
iow, when the North lis-heroine rampant att the en
waeement of that law which we w.ere told wnild
nur oil upon the truble waters, and pliace bith ser
'ins Of this Repuhtictt amicable vnd equal terme.
t is now more than-irINorthern polieiciandare risk. to
dvotcate any thing tin'ctured with Sonthern feelina.
nd what, we ask. is 11 heewnme of us, if the Sitah
self does not de-fend anal maintain the interests of
er nwn particuiltar *ection ?-The rnstitution. atd
bie laws enncted nndeFit giving a slight nppearance
f justice to the Soaithalare defied and trampled on by
furthern mohn, whose'pericitous influences are mist
isibly made to hed1gainist its int Ctingress. and they
stet he met firmly and stnttly by our Representatives,
.itlh every feeling or sectiinal pride anid int-rest.
The people if the South are c.nmpelled it be sectional
-they have tn friend..to be relied (en, beyontd her
orders. Ojiposituan theeta her at avery step after
rossing the dividing line of the slave anad anti-shave
tates ; oinueqettly.she it driven tm the necesitV of
efending herself against a shn meles: majoritv. which
t one sessiiin, gives n-a hepe oef jitstice for thile future.
nd ill s it into a ftneiet-d 'ererity, while at tihe riest
latwles riiih presents itself befrtre the-r hy p.-1ytiin.
nil the Niorth is ngain arrniyed ngainst its it indo n id
Lke from 1s the little hope their magnaninitv () had
dluctantly hestowed. For oir part we caninot tear
om our breast our sectional feelinag, whilst such ne
essity appears for iinintt tei maintain the little power
:ft us it our Federal relaton-."
- - -4'0 1.
'reenville & Columbia Railroad Conven
Tttts meeting takes place at Greenville C. II. dn
ng the present week anti is loeked to as one of great
iterest. The Stnkholders are epi-etaed to tarn out
Lry strongly. Matters or moment w ill he Submitte.i
ir their consideration, antong the rest the qiestitin of
ialgamating with the Lauren. Railroad Camp: aty
eal that of forinitg a connection with Aiken throngh
deefield District. It is said by slime that a majority
rthe Company will be in favor of -uiiig this con.
scling link as speedily as poasible ; and match to ntir
elight, we have heard it intimated is coming from a
igh source that the survey would be pretty surely
ammenced dunng the summer. Iliw mateh is it to
-sired that every thing may work together favorahlv
i the prnject ! Let us await the deriqion as patiently
srmay he;ht aM jgetermmned cut, let us. itn lah
ickle teo the task, of helpting the enterparise on to
ympletion, with might antd tnnin.
A Orabbod Note.
" Who-Il buy my crabs ?' OL.D Mt.T Wr ottAN.
IF seat crabts were really as gnod as snm.- p.-auple re
ard them. ihhose only weid he bilesseil who live
tere crabs can he lead. It htas oft to oiccurretd tt its
owvever that this epicurean preferen: eaof our " a'alt<"
as a little tiverstraie. And yet tu see them sit
own to the task of ickiung anal sasonintgae lanbtter
ag, and then eating und stneking, a fine. fuat specimen
f this craw-fish genus, is really enotaghe tie make the
eriest backwoodanioat's meuthe water. When ment
re " ti the matnor horn," this all hooks very well;
nt wvhen we see a felow, what has been " ini town"~
ime few years only, smacking ii lips over his seai
rabe atnd declaring that they are the greatest adelicacv
a earth, we have sdwewdl sutspicions that his pahacte
nd his palaverinag thunot hearmoanize as well as they
tight. E:specially, vhent we hind such at iividal a
enuing somethinag nrar akin to spleen uipon an upj
nuantry eaditer breatsesail1 editor's patronts were kinad
niangha to send him a &w nice ufieanntry ali-hees, are.
re convinced tat athesea crnha woutld gladly be ex
hanged fur some uif enr saevory messes.
These rematrks havi been suaggestedl by the follow
ig crahhedl note froemi paruecenlar frienad in Chearle's
iin, who has hcen so bog aficting a stirt taf minomta.
Ia on the subject of 'sea crabs" that we really btegite
he alarmed abocut his case. We wish him a. iafe,
eliver:mece. Here is .as note:
Mla. EntvoR-l hab bheen fir some time wo'atering
a what spirit yeen malle such boasts abtiut the 'peri.
tens of eatables yaie -receive freim yennr gruaets
ehbhors ; whetahe-r to raise the hel ief nbriadi thfat
ideefield village is thsontly place nhtere peitp get
ad things teaeat. -ar chteth.-r it is the atnl'. pace
vhaere an editeir's effairtsare ditly afhprecistedh. What.
ver yonr mostiva maty ht, I must c'ofess thait Ihlave
-h as if my cliiithes wven- grmvwinag tighter ns 1 ieahbl
enad youer ghteinwig deiscripuentte ef fita, bi~akets of i h
etattees arid other veettiahles. Tlhe-n yoir wnuhl gute,
iy mnith I to water with yeeur thanaks fair a healani~e
tresent of udeliciaone strawberries fraime the hani ief
nmae thoueghetfeul friend. 'Unet. last if all. yacn wunng
lee rears from my eyes by the nnmerrifel exhaihiia aif
hnge onion. thae gift of Mrs B. Well, all I cihld
ay in any spine was. yitu may boast of yaonr paotaitte.
'.ner strawberriaes anal yasir " ingean aass," hit I sheiie
st like to see yon get asy sea erahs. I say this rit
at a hetasting spirit. hntet tieat yiu neav eae yin ihing~
et tall the giead th-nge in the wria atnd noaw I hiop
'emi will he more sparing of the feuelings of youtr dis
Froim the C~aro'in~a Tiest
NEWREBBY AGBICULTUEM, SOCIETY.
IAla. Erntrott : In ctentsetiitnen f thee reviewv
f the 38:h i-agimenett S. C. Milit it (in this Die
riet) bing oirdered to taike leC oat th-elea
ermnerly atppaited'i for the next Atnual F"air of
lia Seicietiv, the htim has beteni chantged-nndae
he Meetin'g will be heldh ont Thtursdaey and Friday
he 20th, tand 21.st insaant.
The paremitamsanwarded it flue inst Antntnat
leeting, will bin delivered to the succeafl com-tn
ot itoirs, on Friday the 21st.
All Editors who copuied the furmer notice. will
lense itnsert in their journals this cebantge of :ap
ointtment. SILs Jouassros,
Newberry, S. C.. Jutly 3, 1854.
A MEETtNG of fthe eitien IZoSf the Town wats
Phd in t he Thetspinn Hall nea F riay List. Whena
estolutions wvere priopoated anud ~adeepted. ho ejec
reem the Tow~n two stueiinOS dt~chetri. who
r-om circumsutatial evidence, nit stic-int how
ver to have convi-tedl them in Coturh, yet cein..
inteing enougah, we pfre-stume, It shenw at leasf
hat one- of theim wats the inctnd:ary, whto atttemp
ed to fire the town a wveek aou.
A comnmiftfee tof 21 wva-a appotinted, who
>rotmptlhy weited on the b'httys, carried t hetm toe
he caars, patid their faire, and p!atced thetm unuder
hue prostectio~n of TIwo of their numtber, hto
ttend thenm ae fr ats Cotlttmbia, fruom whenees
hey left, we unideirstand for Charleston. - Where
hiey are noiw, the devil only kno0ws.-Newberry
A CAiTIIOrtc Cntnen BLOWN Ur av Guarow
)ER.--The ruow Cat haoic Church in Dtrcheester,
las, as blown tup by gutniteawder ont fte
natreing of the 4th irist, and nteaarly till destroyed
r'here is a consiuderntble excitemntt sonlC iettii
utting it to the Nautive Atmerietus, tand othatrs
liat flhe Ceatholies head depositedl powlder andet
rms there, for the protection of the chiurch,
EDGEFTLD AND RAILROADS.
IN [th lwat Edgetield Adcertisrr we find an
editorial srticle on railroads, to which our atten
tion in common with owher editors in railroad
villages is directed. The Adrertiser says there
are seoHe rabid anti-railroad men in Edgefield to
whiin his pie.ching seins to do no goo'd, and
lie d:sires i.is breilreri e tanswer a few inerrgt I
trites poll the .uiject, to the end that said incor
rigible-s may be won over.and conic to a knowl
edge of the truthi aits it 6 inl relaioin to railronds.
He desires stati-tics. These we are not pre
p:ire. to give, but we will brie-fly record our gene.
ral notiois on railroads. aid tie.y C::n go at their
wor I. Perhaps sone of o'tr frieads about here
could give us tan exhibit of dhe netunal state pofl
afT..irs. For the sake: of iur Leoo td frie-nd tihie
Ad.rertIr, wve would be lieased to receive such
Oae (of tie taormentors of the Adrertiser of.
fers to bet itaif lie is worih that every o-e of
those villages to which railroads have been built
are worse ofT nocw than betre they had anything
to do with much roads. It he is in carmest, we
have no doubt ie cant gret takieni up at his olTer
qini:te re.idily. We erinut see any evideniees of
a worse state of -thIiilr 1111w 1a:11n befo.re. On
the contr:ar. we r.-el sure the revaersie is true
llave yir lehople," bays the Adcertiser, I so
overgolne tile Mark as to sickein ;t tihe very
thi'inljg-t of r.ii:r.nd y' jr -o, we have i et to
see first svynpitonis or the n::llsea, If h ronds
.ire naot payiiig, smie of tile stockhliders n:iy
feel a little synlmini; we enlioot sa y-I he
amouint of mir s:ock not big suflicient to ;Ject
our iierves in any wy.-" Ihave your imprive
ients but invoh-ed yten inl debt an.i ditien uhies ?"
Ile asks Wanin. We thiik not. Imiprovement4
msItgnltl'y beet spitmle debt, bn the incriea
sed ratersiat whicb 1(o:s hiave been held and sol
iin thse iillages have fully varrnted all the
impriov'ineis made. it' not hing else had done so.
I la, e yoir frieeral int erests beei iiijureI ?" it so
we are m holly blind it lhe fict. - H:s your coin.
fort, %our daiiy s 'a i,nction, been diminiihed? Has
tile aggregate we:.i of your corpiratioin been
decreastd I Yenr societv ien iuijured.? Your
.chIoo!14 eut d.wn ? Yoiur int) il.iere iars throwin
ott of etnploymilent ? It short, do you liok
bwek wih !,regret to hei dacys when yi had no
ailriond !" All tle iiterrigator anticipates. ma
ny will smi'e at these qi-stiins. 1How can a
railroaid comiim iiiedtion wiih the ci:ies and villa
ges of the ta-e dimniii.-Ii our daoilv comfort ?
We are a soci d leople-like to ir 'vvi. i-it aid
have mail facillies, to lear dail wh it tile world
is about.t-and can railroads eletraet anything
f r aeianity ?-If affirmniive anwers can he
incle t, any af' Ihe queries. we plead tooi itno
rance on thet' subject. We kinw of' no elm-, even
the tmos1 itiveterate old figy," who looks b:iek
vitiflulv to tlie davs ofI lic rai!roeis. A t1ew
stattge otinllto-4 anI professional wago.iners
m1:1y ha:1e ite wl.isil if lie. lacomotive, bit to
the ears of tile stage and wagon horse it ii lull
of stiblilest poetry!
We*I have thus brieflY answered. in a kind o(f
gessinag way, the i:.quiirie's of eur nihbur.
0ime onie, v'We hope, tnore cehlwitenit, will ri
-nrd tihe thirst of tour friiend for knowledgi, and
:il him in its pnrsuit. Our conricluii on tle
s ,hject of' raiirnds is similar to th:t of tile goid
a1ld1 damliie onl Ith- siubiject o' ecIfree-P-1.p'ts: Site ha1d
lived ii tv or fily years without one, when, ont
bee,.miag po ed ot' a bright niw tin, she ex
eni:Onen i hI Ii iiafTietei'd aimaziment, . 1 c-zn't see
liow cnJ on: can lice withoul a cojfee-pot !"
[fF in tile Wa-hioln' Stoir ir Wd ie''day.]
APPALLING ACCIDENT ON THE B \LTIMORE AND
SUSQUEHANNA RAIL ROAD.
C..uLT~Ir,.RE. .lt y 5t1h.
Our eily today is li:erally a1 city. of grief.
moninruiii and wildest coinsternntian. A day of
!ojicinigr hais li.erailly termin ate1 ill t day which j
will long! he raincineered in Bal:inore hr one
oif the: most. ferfil disasters whi.-h hs ever
occurred in ibii or any otheir cliunry. Amid
1le gre.tcest exciltemeit, and. with ilhe usiia
dr-iw ba:e'k of tile mo,t cotiradlictory repors. I
It ft i 0 :i, e yoe as vie'r tel ala on ine of ves.
.ell..y's rnt. e ly as circum-Imi . s -. ill iermit.
Avierdi im presi 'ns aimitnnuiemlt, lilt Na.
ieA Ameriie.m s eof Bimoi nre held their e,-lebra
unine miles froam :hie 't .-, and en'h line ocef
:he' Suisqucelunmie.e rail read. E~veryi Ii ig pasisedl
*.fT in a pilen:saii nid higly saitist'.eiory wny3 to
tihe exenir-.ieenisis. :iad sona aftt:r fire eo'lock in
ini tie niiuernoonit thie whoele comtlpany to''k a spe'
iei: 1 :ni' eef fourte c e irs, weich h::d bceen proe
Ud 1 for the'ni, teo r .' ri: :o lice city.
There were upwt~iah, of avo i tonisti d persons
iin lhe iraiin-tien. womleti :ai chibiren, oft iali
tag.nnd rci oindi:iin- ill liife.:.l ini the highiesi
pie~rits an nil ah Iiok;ig toa the re-uniiont with fritends
mdit rs-lati es t homlcte w ti tihat keentiaess of
,tiipil;tiatn wihich is iusuially fel by thcase withc
wth<' mi re1l 'ein freim buuie-s is ito onstii.c ry
-~: c tiurree. As thle t rain swvept abcng withI:
aevelieratinig speed~c, the shcou ts. the hiatzzas, antd
ihe mnerry lamghter ocf the exciirsioniists we're
haeardt for above the jarrinag n'oi~e eof tihe rapidly
mtov in" tr:ain. aiid the wild. shilil shariek of' tiher
Ilac it i've.* .But: the scenle wn<s sooen chatntged- (
chi:angead toi the momuinag eri s thte agatiizinig
Nhrniek,,antd irigrai' ul yelle ohf agiony, f'roma the
A4 hont haf- sI hh tiv Vtc'clock, ini t he neiglhbor
bi'ar. oif tie h('laiy 1I'use. lihe e.teutr~iuic traiac
eatmee itcio.coleiiian iih tie five o'eboek n-gecular
pass':nzer train fromci Ba.ltitmore to York. Ia
boeth i riis at t ilmce g''incta ni'ull speed ! Thce
see:l wvhiebc e'nsnd beggars all de~erip:ion.
'lhe thiree fr out cars aef t he' e'xersiont crae,'
wvith the lovacmoiive tand t ender, were titer..I y
t'rncs cad to piect's. haitin tg the de...d i d din.
wit ih pairt ians oh the wvreek, on each sidle of th li
raet. From lie moseet rei ble inaformuc t ilacI
ivhiiib cae ha' gathiared tup to th.s tillia. it is be. C
lievead that abiout thcirty peerseis cave bie'tc kill, at.a
foert) b:c'ile, andce mntmy or tuemu hfat illy vt'nnded,
anud sbout fit' y, moraee or les, ia'j 'rel.d
BUFF.\L.,.Jtc!y 8. 1f 51. -
AsorHn RAtt.nr'An A:c:ut:r -Act :ecid,iit
seuiiirre.1 it' til eii::runtt tr'..;tn comifinga weet this~ --
ncrnling,.ii h t* wich tent per ons were killed :and
h)E A TI OF W~f Ll.tM ioG A N, lIsQ -Wea regre' n
0 :itiaiionei' the dh'i eat' W ILt,[A.It LOGAN. e q.
a: ie y9'.11i'e'tr ' hi alc. Mnr LOGAN h3,e
acen Libirari.m eef tht Canrle. can Library four *
ae':rly herty yeacrs, moad dliel highlay re-pected mied ti
RL'MoflED OUTitAGE AND E.XlTEtENT--Weh
test e'vei'ing hetardl nitumors iat gress ttrages a',
ad c'onsetlinent exiiemnenit, itn codnneeion ilh i l
'ai iierait. ship h freom: Liv'~epol. wiebitI ;irrivede hb
c'.: ruliy in thie 'Thlird Disctr. 'Thie enire aI
~iph's ecanpanyii, witIh ice exceptican of thet esap. bii
i-n te nha'ticl etarpaen!ter tarae snid to lie negroces,
at$1he blciik scoundrels nire chtare'ed iih thce at
"oj findi.h o ntrage's upon utchic h'em-i I pacssen-a '
!!tlenring, chie pa-sngei. W~h-it rectde'rs the cate a
monaytngratincg. is thle ehiirge mnade bty te C
po"r \itiins thait i he'se bructili: ies were per'e'ely
iv'Ihllewiin to the oflicters,' whco made -o effornts
to r'e'sf~nn te'ir brtnti~ih crew. ' We hecar tht an
.hicy ia\ tha frilends aiid cotuntrymen of the 0
ltmucngr.Vs, htighly excited, proceeded to the ship, d
atttneke'elh~e neeroues, tnd threw scatmjeaof them
teverbo ar. Onr informant letrned that tht'
intte ha~d \ee'reted himaself atnd could not lie
We' re'fri\ menuionidng the naime of the ve'ssel
utiui wei ibtt\-n further pacrti'uirs.--Nr". 0. 'Treis
D,-lit a, 4th itm _________.____
A tAi no~fuh eus lerihous than Ihact of
.alt: Pnccht, V' witnessed on ::utucrda b ly the
.o~tc ci ai msengers on the C.ov'ington acid
neriaout thbri\ A .vounng fare was walIking~
rapil rate The le ersbwe eaked at ai
th rde. to san instn room eon the side' of
er.,;dte ol at. beween thce edge and the
e creektlc runn int ""iivi W to spring off iueto .
L~c cee rttiiit , rty or forhy feet belnw. The
yve' man gatvoe e leook' -
stant ly sptrang over - * IIsrc h
fee't fodre'tost. The rnc - a n tuktewater
the urprse o all i as 5topp)ed, bitt to .i
tite uti~ rof tha, her of -the periheeus fetit lie
ednt rt ofhilne " Jterhook himself, and walk. ge
Ibelieve."-Ciaeinnat n is a hard road to tratveh, eor
. The Attorney Gene ha .eie htalp
Geovernament officers are .ab..l p
cornmon law l'er neglect - ta indietment at be
malfasance in oflien. \their dutes or other
ton Courier denies point hlank the state'ment of
Rev. Theodore Parker, in one of his Sundav dis
courses, that Sims was takeni to a prison in Sn
vannah and whipped to death. The Courier
.6 When Sims was returned. his tnster imme.
dintely sent him to a highly respetubl. hr- 'ker
in this city. with in-trctions to sell him f.rb.
wi;h, but allow him to select, if possible. ).ill
purchaser. This Sims was unable to do, and,
therefore, at his own re'qne'st, was shipped to \.
Orleans. where he feund a party willinig to buy
him. and at this present time is we rking in that
eity at his trade, that of at bricklaver. sac Sinacers.
fully that is a short time lie will ihe in a coindi.
tion, if he feels so di~posed, to btuy himself.
'tHREE MEN Kit.LFD By LtttTtNsWa.-The fd
lowing nercunt of deaatlts h' lightning, was re
a.eiv.d by us by mail Vesterday.
On Snday, July 21, adont 24 o'Clock. P. M.,
at the re'sidence of Mr. J. W. Swnan. in Newton
county, Ge-orgi:l, Dr. J. W. Hi.el, Wan. Wilson
aend [',we Christian, Jr., were all instantly killed
by n strke of ligltninz.
Dr. Hitcl und Mr. Wilson were single men.
but Mr Chri-tian leaves nn neticonate wife and
three chtilren to mcurn his loess.
Dr Hitch ware formerly f south Carolinn.
ltho other two were Getlrg'ianes.
1a seemaas that the electricitv firt struck a
smacll sh-ade tree thnat stood near lth piatzz;a where
tIhey were stnin, and iten passed under tle
heuse and through the floor. shiveringf it iie a
very sliLht minner. and then thae ceiling, tad
last y the cliinney' w:s iehly iintred.
-Nil ther per-ot was tahurt. A son of Mr.
Swan, was sitting te-ir. lat eseap-d-i 'cnhtr.
A ni'nsta -Contei: u ienalistL.
From tha- Abheville Banner.
ABUSE OF THE PARDONING POWER.
There is tc aae to tcompass the convietion o'
1a rogte in Sonth Carolina. As soon Is it ik
imne, nad the State has been ptat to any aionnt
)f e'XpI'ne, on the prett' aie of na petition.
t.he Governor pardons him or comniatttes his sen.
ene eIo a :irsical hiaisitite't froti the St:ate.
We are le'd to these rtfletionn h' seeing a
etit ion handed nahoit in h alf'ir If TI'homas W.
Kinman, now under sa'aience of death fIor negro
ten!inag, to be hatntg ont the 28th ia-,t.
The extcentive should ittcrfe're baal seldoma.
and ahen only, where the Ooens tea hwerey are
iangnestietnabie. It i< aizinr thIat s hilIe i-4
id in thi- Stoat under so great at nIse fcr
his indispen-: I.l eletment int ie daa adtist rnioeen
a justice. In 13 years of ch'ervation. we have
nciwn men pardli'ne'd who jist ly de'erved the
tnihml ntis anne xedi toheir benea h' the
[,rgi,latire. Who,%e' convie'inns eost the '-taate I
'trtte liecsnds of deoll ir., this mickintgi a mock
'ry of the Jurisprulence and its adinstration
at Sith Carolina. It sea'ctaa that sone af thle
atry bave rcotnmanded Kinmtan tea ani'rry, but
'0hat si fines hat. wit hiti! a similr recam.
lla'tdaition from the JiuiLre who tried the case
If bcth the jtry a aind .udge conien'r in a reicom.
n-ndalint th etCi-e is then fairlv one fair aite
eovernor's onsiderain. hot not ot herwise.
iand the Goivernor wio iet-f'res without such
'ecotniendation abuses Ii, power.
"'aBt we ht'lie no fears of . ur pre-ent able
ihief l :eimristrate's eitint i) nany other way than
is Iihaparest mto'ives contnta-tea with a conscien.
tin die''irrgae af hiA irdn11ou.a dicies ma die
pite. in thi., or it nny. otlir e.e. Bit it is
'iZIgh timate a1h:ct the pulelic aopinior. af Sona:h Car.
eliaa should bae waki'd lip upon. this-cnhject.
Thire sitoild he soutetlite' nicre than faire in
he adaniistaaralian o the crijinni laws of the
State. It ,mhc'ubtl be kno'wwin wivithela er:aityt '
Nf de:tth. Ithat they who vitl:oite tite hItw, slould
4ulTer the penalties.
A FRIEND OF lifRry.
Yet a belierer in the due adninisration of the
A bbeville C. II, Juily 4. 1854.
RIOT AT MANCttESTF.R, N. I1 -On the mor.
iig of ar the Feur h. na li:rt took te-' betweevin t
:irzo part' of' Ateri:maus .ii1 Iri..hmtn. The
atter were reua ed. arie t welve act' iftaa eten I he'ir
tortne-s eniated randal thle fuirtic ture destroyeed. Thte
br''ke rallie inidoews, whena' ther autrliies and
atocppe.d thea riect...
ArP'tNTaE'T-"-Jeeimt A. Oar hrts ieen coar.
irmted hby ate Sea'tate ras Unait ed Strateas At arntey
'cn tlheNeortheirn Di-trits of 31lis..i.sippei."
WE fatal tihe aboee jit a WVetern exchtrnee.
iEttU A. Oaan, breothear aot liona.J. [,. Oaan, as
tot ri ci! izena acf 3Ii-sis'cippci, randh wie prestmeta i
lie gen'at lemtaaa nI alhded tee. Te at ama's, thoehl
10t v'ery simiulair itt sacund, rare very tmnehd riike
at typet' and we' hope' thait J EHU it is, inste'ad art
THtE La'gi--lare oac Cenettta!ienat ndj'etrnted
inc die ccn St turdla v, 1.t inst., after rat wee mataa ha
*tasiaen Ont Friday the [Icense re'jeerted, byi at
'rite aof 68 to 99, a teil f'roma thte Saenate" w'ichI
creepo se'd to rae'ra Itaha' net alloingai teatmpoerarmy
eor'idets itt Conetactienet tat reanain theiar slave's.j
)aaate -m anity'~ the~ lontse raI-wo rejectead, bi' ni
aite act 68 tea 70, a hill 'romat ilhe 'einea wht'h
*repoesaed ao reflnt.e the ta-a 'it a he State pi-ae-.
ca' tire cooilinemaeant act u'ti ve ...ii'e4.
Telegraphe~d far the Caroclinaitn.
LATER FROMa HAVANA.
ARRIVAL OF' TI lF- :AliIaWBA.
Monr.LE. Jialy 5, 1851.
The stenametr Caha'nt frome I-iaannr haas ar
Theli heark Grrey file leaded 600 sla'es ntear
at'incri orn the :511h. bitt. waes -attnbr eetlyc c'ap.
tretd by ate Iri i~Ih brni:.'of-wvr L-spiila's. a
nt It'ew if te .--l~a'es we re re'ov'-eed. The'ia
iray Egle wast delivetre.d up to the Spanishle
Dict Jaquina F''arer, thet Inta'nlnte who
r. e ed lhe seiur' of' :h-- 11l wk Warrr iacr, deda
liateana ecn thea :28r h ulitic.
It he. in Ea luei'eld I )-ist, '. G., cen lie :23d et tI
mae, I1854. ( 'AtniiisI nt. t-nrtea, ecnly cheibl act e:
rn. G. F. atnd .\rs 11. A. $teiler. niged' utte year,
ate ea.th'arIs ramt ninte <tava.
lIetr dleved' p-arents ce--phiy m-'e'n acid hitte-riv
e l t-- irr~ear:eble' I-ass of' ale'r ba'eeeld nachndiprcm
nct b ibe. 'Thea r se' tel miteda be' ate han-cl f aff'ee-*
ca. spretn'leth 'ir ai ft'w fleeitiang mto eeans it,' brighet
itt-s 1ce thet moaurit ti sten -anonca it wuithtereath randa
c'th upona thte' snalk: bucit ra wih~ hit sprcaineee.thI up and 1
oeam -ti ai mte coneni~tial chmate-l tenven't;ti j
nbiteme eef the- traa-acit tcromt j cy''us, yo'auntg lire tie p.
atha, to I lentva'n. CAttra w is match tamireda and o
-le'l. by all her neaquainanaces: piessessaing ai m-ud tau
perieat tee aemas heilirnaa oef h.'-rga age:cnetioatap
ca~ble'. mtild raced symaiteetic in haerndicspaasiteine
ia'w'n tht effec'~tionas aof all wiho kntewt hr ler
'tatibh-l spcesitioei nts beantifuly showtn in Itt-n con
cet townard<l he'r sick macther, wt'ep tag swhten sh -
fnfered, gri..'ing whle'n shte irs adrstr'esan-'. 'Tise
i'uagh or pcra'cee ta saiy tar th ace whote kne'w htem.
she a Cantt '' " "J'io see her .vna tae the her."
er pairets hai'e unialaonbtedl htope that tha-ir chilisa
av It ippy, ret'Rinr int thec hceme ofl item Dliivittt.a
lr. wihoa heath snid, "suffer I;ttkt childre'n tee c'm.-si
ito ace. antd forb'Iid them not, for suc.h is the King-ca
an ofl I leaven." t
" Thou hcact Eone to the' ht'ouse or thty rest,
Thain whyi shoautld our souls be snad ?
Thoau htast ciene where- elce weary are blest,
A nd the righteovus Icook 'tip and are glad."
HAW GAP BEAT CODIPANY. mc
7'0U1 nre hireby comimandied tac be and or
LappIenar att G. .\1. Reiper's onu Saturdlay Cat
idirects, for drill and instruetion. Apr
By order of b
Capt. TITOS. B. STIA W.
J. L. A DDiioN, 0. S.
Jualy 13 2t 26 -
BRIOUJGNT TO THE JAIL
) F thais Districtc a ntegro ant whor snyc his name
is FR i NK, and taat he belemntgs tee Metssra.
hen & a hai'ers oef Richmiond caouty, Ga., and that ~
rantawny f'ronm turka ecunty. Gat., where he was i
it Iluing-ng Timabe-r. Said felleew is about 21 -il
2:2 years act.1, atnd about 5 feet 8 inehaes haigh, of a on
'v dlank ceompexion ; he hits large ra'd eyes. ala.
ithe' aowners are requested to coame fo'arward, prove
eperty, pay charges atnd take him away, or he will 1
dealt with accrading tee lawt. -. atx
W. W. GOODMAN, J. E. D.
July 13 . tf '- . 2&
CLAazNOn. July 3. 1854.
Tam dirpeted by hiA Excellet.ey the Goet nor to
eIate. that in cionsequence Of his il!nema the businese
ir the E~x--uiive Office has necessarily accumulated ;
iut upon hill restoration to health it will be prompt.
ly dinithed. BEAUFORT T. WATTS.
July 13 It ~ 26
Fir S BIIGALE CAVALRY, S. C. M.
ORDER NO. 2.
I11 E t'.llowina R-eg;ments of Cavalry will pa
rude for drill and review, at th tinies aid
The 21 Reiailient of Cavalry at Loingmires (not
at Moun. Vernon) on Thursday the 3d of August
The Ist Regiment or Cavalry at Snith's Store, on
Saturday the 19th of August next.
The Csnisioiied and Non-Commissioned '0f.
eers will appac.tr at the p!nees abloov. stated in their
respc.tive Regiments the day previous, for drll ati
instruction. By order of
Maj. Gen. Ist Rr'tnde Cavalry, S. C. M.
J. V. loois, lirigade Major.
. u'y 13 tr 26
Sar r, l-9T1I-EC IXN r. -4. C. St..
Ilambur-r, .J uly Kth 854.
P UR \ %NT its orders from Prig. Ge.n'l Wevrit,
the 7thilRe inwnt wi:l assenoblt at the 000
W L In Sainirdav the 29th inst.. arnied and
equtiled as fthe :nw directs. for drill and r.-view.
Co:mnu1i.,ned and nfn-cmm'ssimned ofie*rs will
twsemble th - day previo-us for dr-li and instruction.
Captains nill be expected to mrtake full returns of
heir cuomlpani'es .n the day of drill.
Bly orler of
Col. S. IIA RRISON.
F. M. COLEMAN, Adjutant.
.luly 13 3t 26
SECOND lfilfMNT CAVALRYT
Liberty Hill, July 7th, 18'54.
A UR1) N'r to an order from Gen'l WnixES,
1. the :!d Rtettim--nt of Gva'rv will assemble at
.uigaire& in Ibthrsday, the 3d o'f August next,
'or - ill -ind r..view. -
The commiis 'n.-d and non-commissited officers
vill appeara :t the Psie place. the day pr..viouls. for
lri I an-l instractioi. J SO. F. TALIWERT.Cow.
Julv 13 2t 26
)Y Virtue of anl Order from H. T. Wright,
13 Ordina;ry of Elurefield Dkitrict. I shnil pr-6
III sell it my residelnce, one mtile below the
ine Ho-e. ton Sauirday fhe 5:h day of August
wxet. all tie state or Vann Swearettgin dec'd,
:i1n-istin of four ntegries, one tract of land,
-ontainllingf one hundred and firy (15(1) acres,
'ore tor les... bounded by tads -of R. T. 3imsi,
1. R. Wever and stliers. isn a credit oif twelve
oilts. Purchasers will be required to give
lotes with ample securi;y before the delivery of
tny properov. -
MARY SWEARENGIN, Executria.
July 13 41 .26
State of South Carolina,
BY IT. T. WRIGiT, Esiq., Ordinary ofEdge
Wherena,,, John Colgran has applied' to me
for Letters of Administration. on all and sin
inlar tell- toods and chntiles, rig2hts aid credits
.f .Itame, Bomah:tm, late ofi he D.istrict aforesaid,
These are, therefore. to eite nnd admonish all
atd tin-tu lar. the kindred aid creditors of the
sail deesed. to be arid apopear befaore me, at
rtur nexi Ordinary's Court for the said Distriet,
tio be hioldii at Edgifield C. If., on the 24th
riy ot Jttly inst to otiw csu.e, if tany, wiy
ite said atdinitistration should not be grantted.
(iveit itnder my htnd and seal, this 10th dny
)f Jutly inl lie iear of onr Laord one thousand
-ight iuidred anid .ifv-fonr,' und in the 79th
marjtLLIA.mrvia Jfnd,-aulnd---- - . .. -
H. T. WRIGHT, 0. E. D.
July 13 2t . 26.
State of South Onrolina,
P) " .T WRN IT, Ensquire, Ordinary of
WhTlereat., James Mntthenn has applie~d to me
or Letters of 'Adinitsrationi. on all and sin
nlar thre gouods and chattel<, rig~hts and credits
1 Nue rBatemn, late of the District atforesaid
iThese rare, thteref.re, to cite and admonish all
nid .ingntl:rr, thte kinidred anid creditjirs of' the
nid dece:tsred. to be nrd :lpealr befoure me, at
>tnr neCxt Ordiniary's Conrt lfor tire said District,
it be hinlhlen ait Edlgelield C. I., on the 24th
ny of July irns-.. to .shaw enuise'. if any. wiry
het -aid udriittratint shosuld trot he granted.
Give.n tride~r my hand anrd si-I. r hi< 10' h day
f July iin the. ye-:r iot nr Lord one itoui.
nil eight mori nd tiiv fonst and ini the 79,h
ear o't Amienni~tu iidepetlrtn..
HI. TI. WRIGIHT. O.E. D.
Jurly 13 2t 26
r:T A VI NG ehanged owners. and'- the present
I I tirmr w.l'. in a few days, hive two run (of Bars
:excell.-nt 'rider for grint.iing wvhe:t ; and they will
Iae n'tsg. nit exclctnt panir oft granite Stones for
rinding eme'n. and it enn b- trr~unid at all timnes in
s turn. The subsceribe~rs flatter thtemiseives ths:.t
its niew arr'igement will he. of siom coriveniencee to
te publie.. ;ind we wvould nixk for a conrinuance of
te very libetral patroinage whichl the Mfills have
Lere'iafire received, only so long as we may i-its
Pe.roni wishting tii e.ngagie time, wt'1l please do so .
the eveningt or ea:ch day a< it . thre itention of
epr es.-nt oniirs to grind in I he et:iy-time only,
ceept mi eae of ne~cssiy (or gr. nt press.
W. iL. (C0i.ElA N.
lREU HEN LYBRA? D).
JTuly 1'3 tf 26
LADIES' DRESS GOODS,
II.\VE~ on htand a 11. as-orrment of Ladies'
l):ess G;iaods. Triminess. M-ritils. ko.. co'm
isinig Silks. la'n and Pr'mted Rlareres, Tissues,
traiidies. Grensadint-s, aluslins, &e., which I wish
close ont wth the senisn. I wni! sell thept at
iecost for CASFI, or for a very emall advance
cost to r. gular time censiomers.
W. P. BUTLER,
No 1. PARK liow.
Edgefield C. TI., Ju'y 13. tf 26
S hereby given that appliention will he made to
the next mieting of the Legislature to alter this
artir of the Town of Edgeiald, so as to release
id Town fron- working the roads outsuide of its
rporate limits, and also to chtange the day of elee
a of Intendant and Warrdensa.
B. C. R RY AN, Intendent.
July 13 3t 26
BROUGHT TO TH.E JAIL
F thtis D istrict, a negro man whosuaya his name
-is i.EM\. and that lte belongs to Messrs. Allen
Chiavers of Richmnonda ecoty, Ga., and that he
tawny fr-am Burke county..Ga.. where he wits
ting Rainginig Tinmber. Said fellow is abont 24
25 years of ago, 5 feet 5 or six inehes high, dark
nplel~xron, when tiakein ha' had on iron shaekles.
I'he owners are reques'ted to co'nue forwaird. prove
iperty. pay chrarges and take him away, or he will
dealt with according to law.
W. W. GOODM AN, J. E. D.
Muy 12 - f 26
['illE Subscriber takes this oeeasion to informt
Lhis customers that he will, for the months of.
y and .\ugust, furnish them good FAT 'BEEP -M
Monday, Wednesday and Friday mornings, ant
on Saturday evenings when so requested. -
Te will, also, furiih 'them wit fue, fat,tender
MBS and BHOTES on Tuesday, Thursaay
Saturday mornings, or oftener if desired.
W. W. GOODMAN..
ra1y 1'3 ' 4A -6