Newspaper Page Text
"e wvill cling to the Pillars of the Tensple of our Liles, anid if it must fall, we will Perish amidst the Ruins."
W. F. DURISOE, Proprietor. EDGEFIEL S. C., JULY 97, 1854. VOL. XIX.-NO. SS.
THE EDGEFIELD ADVERTISER
IS PUBLISHED EVERY THURSDAY BY
W. F. D U RIS 0 E, Proprietor.
ARTHUR SIM KINS, Editor.
Two DOLLAns per year, if 1iid in advance-Two
JbOLt.ARS andFiFsy CENTs if not paid within six
months-and TunEE DOLLARS if not'paid before the
txpiration of the year. All subscriptions not distinct
ly limited at the time of subserihing. A ill be consider
ed as made for an indefinite period, and will be eon
tinued until all arrearages are paid, or at the option of
the Publisher. Subscriptions from other States must
INVARABLY be accompanied with the cash or refer
ence to vome one known to s.
ADVERTJsEM ENTS will be conspicuously inserted at
75 cents per Square (12 lines or les) for the first in
sertion, arid 37, cents for each subsequent insertion.
When only published Monthly or Qnarterly $1 per
square will be charged. All Atdvertisements not having
the desired number of insertions marked on the mar
gin, will be continued until forbid and charged ac
Those desiring to advertise by the year can doso on
liberal termc--it being distinctly understood that con
tracts for yearly ndvertising are confined to the imme
diate, legitimate husiness of the firm or individual
contracting. Transient Advertisements must be paid
for in advance.
For anntuncing a Candidate, Three Dollars, tN
For Advertising Estraya Tolled, Two Dollars, to be
paid by the 1agistrate advertising.
Mn. Earron:-Please announce Hon. P. S.
BROOKS as a Candidate for re-el. etion to repre
sent the Fourth Congressional District, consisting of
Edgefield, Abbeville, Lautrens. Newberry and Lex
in'gton, in the next Contgress, which election will
be held in October next, and thereby greatly oli
lige MANY FRIENDS.
Cf TnE Friends of Col. A. C. GA RLINGTQN
respectfully annoutice him as a Candidate to reprel
sent the 4th Congressional District, at the election
in October next.
For the Senate.
flios. J. P. C.\RIOLL is respcetfully
anniounced by his friends as a candidate for re-elec
tion to the State Senate. at the ensiiig election.
CgTTE Friends of Maj. TILLMAN WAT
SON. respeetfully notitnate him as a candidate for
seat in the State Senate at the next election.
For the House.
117 The friends of .10SEP11 ADNEY, Esqr.
respectfully announce him as a candi;date for a seat
in the next Legislature.
t TnE Friendsof JAIMES CAMERON. Esq.,
respctlul*Y announee hii as a Cancidate for a seat
in the next Leai-lature.
announce him a Cantlidate for a Seat in the next
hlouse of Representatives.
t Tnte Friends of W. C. SlOR AGNE, F.sq.,
resp1ectfuly anntunce himl as ai cadidate for a Seat
in the House of Repr-sentatives at the next election.
-, . CAR WlLE is respeefully an
nountee.-Yr ifffrietids as a Candidate for re-elec
tion to the House of Represtutatives at the next
mgrTitn Frcnls of Mr. WADE HOLSTEIN,
nominate him as a candidate for a Seat in the
House if Representatives at the next election.
irThe Friends of W31. B. DORN. Esq.
respectfully announce himlt as a Candidate for a Seat
n th.- next llouse of fepresentatives.
V- Tis Friends.1f 1inj J. C. ALLEN announce
him as a Canddate for re-eletion to a Stat in thte
Legislature f South Car.dim: at the cn:u:n- ch etion.
MR. EDtTOt,-Yotu wIl pl'ease announce G EO.
E. 11ElN l). Esq., as a Can.lidate for a Senit itn
"5the House of Representativt s at the next eletiton
and oblige MlAM' ~OTE"S.
117 TnE Fri.-nds of CA REY W.StrIL ES, Esq..
respectfully announce im as a Catndidate for a Seat
he next Legelature.
rgTtE Frientd< of 0. D. TILLM1AN, Esq.. t
respectfuly antnouncee hitt as a cantdidate for a Seat I
-itn the Legi:lature at the next ele'ctiott.
g Tur. Friends of G EO. W. L AND RU1 ant
nounce him as a Candidate for a Seat in the next
Legislature. . -- .
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
ITILL practice at EtlgelitIl and the Courts oft
OF Y CE.oi--h l'uildin, Law flange.
EdgefieldI C. H., S. C.
M1ay 18, tf 18
S. W . M IA B RY t
ATTORN1EY AT LAW AN\D SOLICITOR IN EQUITY I
a7 OFriCE at Edt1efitlhi Court Ilouse, (one door
belomw G. L. PENN'S family gocetry.
A pril 27. . tf 15
S. S. T O MT P K I N S,
ATTORI\EY AT LAW.
OF' t~pCE tN iEA R oC TitE CoURtT no00sE.
Edgeflteld, . C., Feb 8, tf 4
Practice of Surgery!
D R. ,IURNAII IIARRIIS Augusta,
Gan., is prelparted to accottmodate with Loadeintg
and Nursing, such pitients as ma:y be direeted to
himn for SUJRGICA L OPER ATIONS or~ Ttreatmentt.
g Masters tmay be assured that their Servants
awill have every necessary aittention.
Augusta, ay 26, y 19
D r, M W. A bn ey
HJ AVING removed into the Village, for the
J.Lpurpose of devoting himself. more exclusively
to his profession, arid occupying the residence firs.t
beyond thme Baptist Church on the right, and ad
joining the Male A cademy, (thme residence formermly
occupied by S. S. Tompkins, Esq., and Rev. C. A.
Raymond,) mofhiers his
-To the people of the Village and the surrounding
Ia the day, lie can be fotund in his Oficee, adjoin
ing the Officee of WV. W. ADnAIs, Esq., and in front
of the present residence of' Mr. Ge'o. A . A ddison,
and at nightt, he can be found at his d welling.
He will give attention at sll timl.s most punctu
ally, to all calls upon hinm, either for advice and pre
scriptions, or for personal attendance.
M. W. ABNEY.
Jan 11 if 52
J UST received 5,000 Lbs. GOOD COUNTRY
FLO UR, in Sacks, and for sale by
r G. L. PENN, AGENT.
April 4 'stf '12
rP fTE Room -t pr",stt :cttple.l b-; Mr. Lod Hill
.-as a l iry '. Is durec. In my :1. ence app.ly
to .L. A. Wilawis. S. CIU~In'I E.
Dc n .r r n
$xhrt P tti.
CARE KNEW ME NOT WHEN YOUNG.
TiiRE's naught within this dreary world
Could 'tempt me here to stAiy,
If e'er the future's portals op'd
And bid me pass away.
When snliLtry, oft I think
How feeble I have glown;
Of youth's bright davs, how they have fled
Days that were once my own.
That rain I wou'd call back aga'n,
Those happy days of ytore;
M'y schoilboy days-the days or youth,
That age must now deplore.
I find them care-free when I cast
A single thoaught behind
Which makes each hoary hair more gray,
And racks moy wandering mind.
E'en deeper wounds it doth inflict;
(Near tears my lire apart ;)
For reollection brings to view,
The loved ones of my heart.
The loved ones! ny, the loved ones gone!
WVho've pri'sed deaths jo-tals through
Who quit this lire fot life! beyond
That vast spread sheet of blue.
I do not crave them-No! oh. no!
Earth could not call thm thence;
For this proud world sum'd up is death,
And death, death's recompence!
I only wish that I were there,
Unconscious of earth's lire;
Where rests each offispring of my love,
With blessings rich and rife.
Ot muse! ca'l not age golden life,
I know 'tis else tharr true;
For youth 15 dreanless luniber sleeps,
And leaveth age to rue.
In- youth my glowing eyes ne'er dim'd
Nor failed it speech my tongue;
Not burned my heart, nor scorch'd my brain,
Care knew me not when young!
JO TEWELED BEAUTY IS MY LOVE.
No jewelled beauty is my Love,
Yet in her earnest face
There's such a world or tenderness,
She needs no other grace;
Her smih-s antd voice around my lifo
In light and music twine,
Atd dear, Oh very dear to me,
Is this sweet love of mine.
UhI y~y to-inw ~there's one fond he:Ert
Beats ever. true to me;
It sets mine leap:ng like a lyre,
In sweetest nelody ;
Nly soul ap-springs, a deity
To heiar her voice divine,
A nd dear, Oh very dear to me,
Is this sweet Love of mine.
If ever I have.sigh'd for wealth,
'Twas all for her, I trow,
And if I win fame's victor-wreath,
I'll twine it on her brow.
There nay be forms more beautiful,
Atud souls of sunnier shine,
But none, 0 none, so dear to me,
As -his sweet love of mine.
The Land Beyond the River.
It wvas a lavehy day. Tit e balmy breaith of
tie watfted the ricn fragrance of the sutmmner
nwers, while .the warblintg songsters of the
rove ehiatited sweetest mtelodies to thteir Crea
r God ; .and ill their most mtelodious strauins,
ted with all created Nature int renadering praise
, thne Fountain of all blessintgs. The golden
rb of day was just sinkmgt behtitnd the westernt
ave, and its last iigering rays, as though Ioathn
leave the sceane, 5till sheai their halotof mel
w light upon it, lighttnin'g up the ircht of hen-.
e, atad riiintiL lie fleecy clouds withI thle tints
f P-aradise. fThe whl)e scente is one oft stur
ositg lovelinuess. Butt, kintd reader, while
otr heaaru i, tilled with praise anid love to the
unatifiiul Giver of good. go with me atnd learn
adore his riebner love.
Little Ella was dyittg. Pain no longer rack.
d her '-ary limbs. Under the totneh of thne
y hanid of death, the fever that for datys had
jeeni drying the blood itt her veints was rapidly
oling, atnd thle flushl was fadttg fromo her thitn
heek. The dyintg little one was dear to mnyt
ears; theirs 'was the grief too deep for utter.
unee, atnd itt the siletnce of bitter, tearless agony,
hey stood arouttd lien dying couch, for they
new that she was departing. Thne fathier and
ie mothear and the kitnd phty-icimn stood bentding~
~ver thne formt of thte lovely child, watchting hie
abred bre-athnitng. Ian appanreint sleep, she htad
'or sonie titme been siletnt atnd they thotnut thai
it mtighit be thus she would pass away. B~u
udaenly her blue eyes opnead,atnd a smile o:
eavenly sweettess rested upon her features.
%e looked eagerly forward at tirst, thent turn.
tg her eyes upotn'her mnother's fuce, said in a
weet voice--" Mother see that beautiful coun
try, beyond thor-e dark, rushing watters. Oh
ow besautiful! WVhat is the niame of that. coun
-caen see nothing, my child," said thme mother
" Look there, dear mother," maid ~the child
iointitg agatin, "can you not see it now 1
ee how those angry waves dash against thost
rocks; atnd, oh ! what a beautiful countryi be.
ond-the sun shines so pleasantly, and I set
uch -.beautifuL flowers, and the birds sing.s
weetly ; oh ! they ttre so near me now, I cat
lmost touch them with mny hand, and the peopli
ll oo1k so hapgu there. Oh ! paupa, can you nol
see bteyond tiit river? Tell me the name o
The parents exchanged glances, and repliet
together " the land you see is Heaven ; is it, not
ny cild ?"
" Oh, yes, that is its name ; thought it inns
e Heaven. Oh, let me go. But how shall
ross that deep, datk river? Father, carry me
will you not'? See, the angels are waiting fo
e on the other side ; they aire holding out thei
arms for me. Oh, father take tue in your arms
nd carry mie across the river. I must go."
A solemn awe pervaded the room, as if they
stood upon the very verge of eternity-as if thi
:tirtain was about to be withdratwn that coin
:aled the unknown glories of the eternal world
" My child, will you not wait with us a littl
longer," said the father; "stronger arms thai
mie will sooan beatr you aeross tine river. Sta:
wah i yoor io:her a little longater ;see how shi
vepis at the~ thmoughut oh losing yon."
"ar. .mot.....d ot ry, b. ta ,.ome with m
and cross the stream. Come, fiatiher. come-an
gels are whispering in my ears, and I sec a be
ing standing upon the other shore who is smiling
upon me, and stretching out his arms to take
me. Now he is coming down the river to carry
Ime aero.s. I nitist go-come with me !" and
stri-tching out her little arms for a last embiace,
she said, good-bye, fa ther-good-bye, mother.
Don't you be afraid ; be has come to carry me
safely across the river."
And these were her last words. Gently did
they lay the fair form back ng:,in upon the pil
low. :nd kneeling at the bedside, those grielf
stricken hearts thanked God for this lesson of
love, :nd prayed for resignation, saying, " The
Lord gave and the Lord hath taken away, bles.
sed be the naic of the Lord."
NEWSPAPErs.-The Federal (Ga.) Union has
the following remarks:
"lIi Georgia there are now forty-%even news
papers, not counting the weeklies issued by
dailies, having in the aggregate say sevenly. five
thousand sub-cribers. Ihis is a liberal allow
ance, as miiany persons are subscribers to thtree,
four, or a half a dozeii *papers in t lie State. Of
these seventy-five thoisand subscribers we may
safely calculate that fifieen thonsanid tnever pay
the publishers one cent. Here theti are sixty
thousaid sub-cribers to keep forty sevei news
papers alive; a number hardly sntlicieiit to sup
port ten good papers. Is it any wonder, then,
that so ia ny editoirs retire iii dignst from their
posts. Indeed, were it not. for the patronage of
advertisers, few papers could exist a year in
Georgia, at the present rates. T*hese rates
should be increased, as material is unusually
expenive and wages exorbitant. And while
we sec liitle benetil to be derived from a con
veition of editors and newspaper publishers, it
half dozen or dozei even of the largest, news
papers in ihe St&e inight from a Print er.' Union,
for tihe purpose er lessening the present high
prices of paper, and firt ifyiiig themselves
against imposiion by apprentices and travel
ling printers. No business in the state is less
protected by law than that of the newspaper
no business is so entirely dependant upon the
honesty of men. Where the law interposes for
protection to other interests, it serves only to
embarrass the pubtisher, and render him the
focus of attack from hundreds, whose honcr is
highly injured by such proceedings, though thety
never have paid, and never will pay, one cent for
the protection of their soaring pride."
Loor B.FotnE You Kicx.-A minister in one
of our oribodox chtrebhes, while ott his way to
pre:.ch it funeral sermon in the country. called
to see one of his members, an old widow lady,
who lived near the road lie was travelling. The
old lady had just been makinig sausages, and
she fell, proud of them, they were so plump,
round and sweet. Of course she insisted (in
her minister taking some of the links home to
his fitmily. lie oujected. on acconnt of not
havinig his portminantecan a long. Trnis objee ion
was soon oerruled, and the old lady, afrer wrap
ping them in a rag. Cleruj I jUl4-hdle in
Tnns equipped he started for the funeral.
While ait.nding to the solemIn cerenonies
of the grave. some hungry dogs scented the
sausages. and were not long in tracking them to
the pockets of the good tman' s oveico:n. Of
course this was a gre.tt anio'y-aiice, and hC W.iS
several titmes under the neceity ot kicking
these whelps away. The obstqiies at the rave
completed, the minister and congregation re
paired to the church where the luneral discourse
was to be preached.
After lli- sermtion was ftiished, the minister
halted to make some remarks to his coigrega
tion, whent a brother, who wished to have ;in
app,-intment given out, ascended the steps of
time pulpit, and gave the minitter's coat a hitch,
to get his attelnon. The divine thiniking it a
dog having a desigi upon his pocket, rai.sed his
foot, and gave a sudden kick, aid sent the good
brother sprawlincg down the steps.
You wil excnse me, brethren and sisters!"
said the miniister. coanftsed, tid without looking
at the work he had just done, f6r I could riot,
avoid it. I have satisages in my" pocket., and
that dog has blien trying to grab them ever since
I catte uonl the the premises !"
Your readers may jud:.ze of the effeet such ttn
'annoutnceinent would have at a funeral.-Ger
mantowni (Pa.) Emporium.
HO:UELY TR~UTHs Loat WVvES.-Althtough
your luhusand may negh-ect to give you a good
dres, do inot seek revenige by giving him a good
Do not hesitate between the choice of an ex
plensive inantlec and your husband's affection;
the former mta:y be dear to your back, but the
hatuer anont!d be dearer to yotur bosom.
Should your husband bring a friend home to
partake of etme remnainis oif ye.,terd'y's beef, do
miot be chturlish, but. let a warm smile season
the coltd repast.
Prefer country raimbtes to town lounges; the
colors of the rose aire brighter than the lutes of
silks, and the dewdrops outshine the jeweller's
Never deny your husbantd the pleatsure of
smotking; the eigar by the fire side, is the do
mes-tic calnumet. of peaice.
Be careful in brewinig the enp which .cheers,
but not inebriates; stronig ieit is better thtan
Iweak argument s.
T1he hanid which wa':s pledged at the alter is
not disgraced in sewing on a buttton ; antd re
member as you sew, so shall-you reip.
AL1ONG .1MAN.-A Yankee met a celestial in
the street of Man Franicisco. atnd with a ctharne
teristic of the race, acrosted hima as follows:
"Where are yout from !"
" Hong Kotng."
- Where are you .bound ?"
"W\hat tea are you most fond of?"
" What kitnd- of fowls do you consider the
" What kind of grapes do you prefer."
" Wnat's y our name ?"
COULDN'T FoLLow.-" I am glad to find you
are better," said John Hunter, the famous sur
geon to Foote, the equaliy famous droll nietur,
upon payinig him at professional visit one morn
ing, "you followed ray prescriptiotn of coturse ?
- Indeed, I did not, doctor," retorted Sam, " or
Ishould have broken my neck."
" Broken your nteck ?" exclaimed Hunter, in
" Yes," said Foote, " for I threw your prescrip
tioni out of a three story window .'
" JOHN, I wish it was as much the fashion to
trade wives as it is to trade horses."
"Why so, Pete ?"
" I'd cheat somebody most shockin bad afore
A GENTLEMAN was prom 'nading a fashiona
ble street, with a bright little boy at his side,
when the little fellow called out,
"0, l'a ! t here g''es in edio'r !
"1 lisht, son." said ilf fiat her ; "' don't mnake
sport of~ thle poor tma-God only knows what
Benton, in his b presents the character
of Gen. Jackson in a agrecable light. We
sujbjoin an extract fr isbook
- "The first time '&General Jackson was
at Nashville, Tenne in 1799; he on the
bench a judge of tl erior 'Conrt, and I a
youth of seventeen b th-crowd. He was
then at remarkable M' nd had his astcendant
overa:tll who atprna ti in, not the effcrt. of
hihhjdiei1 sta7 nor of the senatorial
his., high jud iil sta norftesntra
rank which he had h nd resigned, nor of
miilikary exploits, for ad not then been to
war; but the effect o onal qualities-cordi
al and graceful manne ospiable temper, ele
vation of mind, undati 'pirit, generosity and
perfect inlegrity. In. ging the jury in the
impending ca's, he co Lted a slight solecism
in language, which _ d-on iv car and lod
ged in my nenry, . bti derogating in the
least front the respect$ ich he inspired, and
without awakening th . test suspicion that
I was ever to be enga ,smoothing his die
The first time I spno ith him was somc
vears after at a then tron. r'own in Tennessee,
wihen lie wais reirnint * )ia tioutliern visit,
which brought him thro .ftlowns and camps
of some of the Indi an t . It pulliig off his
overcoat, I perceived oni e white lining of the
sleeve i dark -pot whic ind life and mnotion'.
I brushed it off, and put. heel upon it-litle I
thinking that I was ever rush away front hint
game of a very different d. He smiled, and 4
we began a conversatid .in which he very i
quickly revealed a leadin rail of his character 4
-1 hat of encouragiog yo g men in their hiuda- I
ble pursnits.. GetUig 'name, and learning 1
iny initended profes-vion, manifested a regard
for ie-said tie had reepi iospitality at my
ftoher's house in North C t-gave me kind
inivitations to visit him, . pressed a belief
ihat I would do wellat the r-generous \vords, I
which had the efTect of pr Loting what they un
dertook to foreltell.
Soon after he had furthebpportunity to show I
his generous feelings. I.-as employed in a
:riminal case of great nitnizude, where the E
oldest and ablest counsel pared-Haywood,
Grundy, Whiteside-and tl trial of which Gen. t
Jackson attended through 'neern for the fate t
>fr a friend. As junior con tIel, I had to precede v
iny elders, and did my best and it being on the
ide ot' his feelings, lie flo d my effort to be d
>etter than it was. He coo limented me great
y, and from that time our 'itimacy began.
* * * * (* * *
His temper was placablel well ats irraseible, t
ind his reconciliations co r4al and sincere. Of v
hat my own case was a sin ,flar instance. Af- :
er a deadly feud, I fecametis confidential ad
rser, was offered the ftighie Inarks of his favor, y
Vid received from bi dying bed a message of I
rindship dictat'ed when life ias departing, and 3
vthen he was sirugl,,ing for ieuth. S
lie was gentle in his hou and alive to the a
enderest enloion. Of ths''ive atfi in-l
tance greatly in constr.,
Iharaeer, and worth ." G?0
Lrrivea-iTisTiliiO~d one wet chilly evenio in o
ehruary, and caine upon him in the twilight, I
ituing alone by the fire. a lamb and a child be- I
ween his knees. IHe started a little, called a ser- I
ant to remove the two little innocents to anoth- p
r room, and explained to me how it was. The a
bild had cried because the lamb was out in the
old, and lie had bronght it inl to please the child c
-his adopted Loutlern nob two years old. F
lhe ferocious man does not do that ! And though r
lackson had ti, pas-sions and his violence, they a
vere for tmen and enemies-those who stood up i
i iist him-and not fy womert and children, t
) thec weak and helpless.
flis hospitality was active and cordial. Of t
Ihi I learned a characleristic instance in relation t
o the son of the famnous Daniel Boone. Tche
-ounig nian had come to N-tshville on hi; father's
miniiess, to be detained some weeks, and took
ogdings in a small tavern. Jackson heard of I
T sought him out, found him, took him home <
o remain as long as his business detained him t
i taie country, saying: "Your father's dog <
hould not stay in a tavern where I have a house."
1.'is was heart. The story was told me by the
ong man himself, lonig after, when he was a
State Senator of' the Genieral Assembly of
The New Postage Bill.
The following are the principal provisions of
he new postage bill which hits passed the House.
'IThe lirst section is as follows:
"IThat itt lietu of the rate of postage now
stablishted by law, there shall be elmrged the
ollowing rates, to wit:
"For every sinigle letter in manuscript, or
paper of atny kittd in whicb informatioti shall be
sked for or comimutnieated in writing, or by
marks or signs, contveyed ini the mail for atty
distatnee betweetn pices in the United States not
exceeding tthree thtousanid miles, three cents; and
lor atny distanice exceedinig three thousand mites,
ten cenits. For every sucn letter or paper when
~onveyed wholly or itt part by sea, atnd to or
from a fereignt cotuntry, tor any distne not ex
eeding three tttousantd umiles, ihr~ oceati postage
shalli be nye cetits; aind for anty distance exceed
itg three thousand mniles, sucn oceati poistage
sital be tet cenits. (exceptinig, however all cuises
wuere such postages have beett or shall be ad
jtsted at ditfe'ret rates by postal treaty or
convention rlready conicluded or hereafter to be
made.) And for a double letter there shahl be
carged double the rates above specified ; and
for a treble letter, trable those rates; and for a
quadruple letter, quadruple those rates; and
every leuter or parcel Dot exceeding half an ounice
in weight shalt be deetned a sinigle letter; atnd
every addiuottal weight of haltf an ounce, or
additional weighlt of' less thant half an ontnee,
shalt be charged with ant additional sitngle pos
tage; atnd upon alt letters passing through or in
the mauil of the United States, exceptinig such
as are f'romn a foreign country, the poslages as
above specihied shalt be prepared ; and from and
after the firet, day of January, eighteen hundred
atid fifty-five, spech pre-payment shall be by
stamps.'Atnd all dropped letters or letters placed
in any post-office not .for transmission thirongh
the mail, but for delivery only, shall be charged
with postage at the rate of one cent each ; atd
all letters which shall hereafter be advertised as
remainting over or uncalled for in any post office,
shall be cenarged with one cent each, in addition
to the regular postage; both to be acsounted
for its othter postatge now are."
'1The second section -provides that the bill shall
take effect from anid after the commencement of
the next fiscal quarter, and that it shall not be
lawfut for any potstmaster or other persons to
sell any post office stamp or stamped enivelope
for aniy larger sum than that indiented on the
ace of suent stamip or envelope And any per
sona who shall violate this provision shall be
deemed guilty of a iidemeanor, atnd, on con
vition titerof, shall be fined in atny sum, not less
than ten or more thtan live hundred dollars.
A LoAFEtt'S SolIHLOQUY.-" Let's see where I
am ? Trhis is coal I'm layin' on. Hlow'd I get
heroe? (reflects.) Yes, I mitidnow. Was cout
in' up street; met a wheelbarrow, was druttk
comnint t othter way ; the whieelb.artrow fell over nie,
ri. i ell 'vetr the wneelbartrow, andtt oneC f uts
mit into the cellatr, don't. mind which now, guess
it uitst a been me.
The House of Representatives have just
passed a bill granting alternate sections of pub
lie lands to the Mobile and New Orleans Rail
road. .As we are not aware, and cannot believe,
that the Government owns any land on this
route, we suppose, by a fiction of law, it will be
enacled that all the pnblic lands in Louisiana
and Mkisissippi shall be deemed and taken to be
adjacent to the Railroad, and their value to be
increased by its construction in the same man
ner, and to the same extent, its if they lay upon
its borders. Perhaps even the pretext of a pub
lic consideration has been dispensed with, and
the lands made a plain gratuity by Congress to a
This would only be following the precedent
of another bill whielh has passed the House, and I
is now unler discussion in the Senate,-the bill
to give 160 acres of land to every man who will
ake the trouble to settle on it, commonly called i
the Homestead bill. This bill, contrary to the <
whole tenor of our laws on the subject of real i
.tate, gives the same privilege to aliens as to I
;iizens, provided only tnat the former shall de- i
:lare their intention to become citizes. We i
ire not surpri!ed that Senators should have de
:ared that the passage of sneh a bill would
,varm into existence a new spirit of Native t
Atnericanism. Our laws surely are sufficienly i
avorale to strangers. As aliens, they are pro- r
ected in ine pur-nit of every branch of trade 'I
md labor , antd ifI they desire it, a fi% e years resi- m
lence gives them all the civil and political rights s
if native-born ciiizens. That no other nation 'V
iffers the same advantagres, is snflicient ly proved e
iy tie fact that eimigration of foreigners to the p
Jnited States is greater than the whole eol-ni- v
ation of the rest (if the world put together. ,I
'here never was anything like it known in the f
ide of time. h
Have we nort gone far enough? Are not our e
aws sufiicien! ly liberal? Are we now to break \
own all barriers bet ween a citizen of the United ti
tales and a stranger arrived yesterday In a /
tepublic, citizenship is the proudest and most ti
recious of distinctions. Are we prepared to il
trip it of its honors, to drag it in the dirt. and s
tually offer a reward to strangers to induce a
biem to accept the rights and privileges of, na- ii
iYe born citizens? The thing is preposterous
nd insulting to the pride of every ci:izen.
We have sad misgitings that this bill, squan- ii
ei ing away the public lands as a gratuity to it
ettlers, will pass the Senate. At one time we i
ad confidetly supposed that, at the worst, it a
as sure to meet its proper fate at the hands of -
ie President. But the Washington Union has ri
marily supported it from the first, and it wll a
e urged upon General Pierce's acceptance by a
umbers of his strongest friends. It is not im- E
robable that he may yield to their instatce:i, b
ough all the principles of his admirable Veto sl
lessage on the Insane Bill, demand that he a:
ould set his foot on this. Jr lie signs it, the ti
t will, in our opinion, greatly, if not fatally, ir
ipir thie power and popularity of his party.- ft
harleston Meteury. - ft
r iniCNar- (rf :Hiic Vwo eor,
i hi. letter from Paris to that journal, gives Ih
e subjoined recipe for destruying vermin ont o
nimals, plants and trees. The remedy is sim- i
le, easy of application, and worthy of at least b
" The celebrated Raipial, well known as one n
f the best Freich chemist s. h:s given an in- it
or;an, receipe for destroying vermin on ani- tI
t:1a, :intl al.o on plants and trees important, b
t least, if true. The process he recommends t
to make a solution of aloes-one gramme of 1:
at guni to a litre of water-French tueasure- d
tid, by meanis of it large bruh, to wash over r
he trunks and brancles of trees with ihis solu- ii
ion. This simple process, says Raspial, will E
peedily destroy all the vermin on the trees,and t
'ill effectually prevent otlters from approach- d
g. In orler to clear sheep and aniials witlh I
otIg hair, they must be bathed with the stililion c
r be well washed with it. Rasiyail mentions C
everal trials lie has made witi this mixture. all a
f whicth have been attetided with the most e
omplete success, and he recommends it very e
trIgly to general use. I can ontly sa' that if c
imle solution of aloes aind water wdil kill or la
Irive away ants from peach and other trees in t
'exas an'd oiber parts of theo South, the dis
overy will be hailed with pleasure. At all
vents there is no harrm in tryinig thte experiment. ~
French lire is a little less than three of our
>ints-a gramme is the five hundredth part of a
rnchi pound. A little aloes, if useful at all,
vill thius go a great way. WVere I troubled
vih iants or other vermin in Texas, I shtould
~ertainly try Raspail's solution."
IHow To RAISE TURKIES.-As our female
-enders are atll, no doutbt, anixious to learn how
o raise turkies, we will give thenm a very simple
lan, which has been tried by several very iel-<
ent ladies of our District, and the plait sue-<
eeded to their enttire satisfatction. Mix a small-.
rtioin of Sulphur with their food antd give it,
o them regularly. As we unider tand the pro
-ess, you can feed them witth anything you I
lease during the day, but bo sture und mimins
er the suiphuraled food regularly oncee a day,
viz: in the eventing. -Try it. We have great
failth itt this process, as it has been succesnfully
ti-ed by ladi'es who are renmarkatble fur thietr
prulienc, ectonomy, and general domnestic mani
To FATTEN PIGs.---y 'retual experiment it
has been ascertaitned that 100. pounds of cornt1
meal will produce as greart gain as 200 pounids
of shelled corn. Farmers wishmtg-to experi.
ment can fully satisfy themselve:, of'the cor
ieetness of this.
StGNrFICAT.-The New York .Herald says4
tat the Secretary of the Navy has forbiddetn
the departure of all vessels-of war under sailing.
orders, atnd commands thein to be-in.reatdiness
for imamediate service. This looks very much
as if the Administration apprehend a rupture
with Spain, and mean to be prepared for a sud
den and decisive blow. The Japan squadron
should be here, but its absence is not the fault
of Mr. Dobbin.
DEFA.LCATION AT THE UNITED STATES MUNT.
-It is generally reported that one of the chief
lerks of the United States Mint, well known
as one of the most experienced in the institution
is a defaulter to a large amount, which is vari
ously reported at, from $15,000, up to 8100,000.
The circumstances have not fully transpired,
but it is understood the friends of the ofilcer
will make up the losses. The alleged defaulter
has heretofore borne a high reputation, and is a
strict member of the chturch. He has been ab
sent from thme Mint for two weeks.
THE man of genius thInks for himself; his
opinions are sometimes contrary to those corn
monly received; hd therefore shocks the vanity
of thte greater number. To offend nobody, we
should have no ideas butt those of the world, as
a matn is thien without genius and wtthout ene
.1 gib dlat tup. before y'ou ax it. -
neca it rune on sleepers.
The tone of the Zritish press towards the
United States has become much changed recent
Iv, and among the most striking of these intances
nrf change is that of Blackwood's Magazine.
'rhe June number has the followingecomplimen
tary allusion to us and our institutiona:
"Although the eyes of the world are just now
ireeted almost exclusively to Eastern Europe,
n which events are occurring or far more than
iaional import, it may not be either ill-timed,
yr uninteresting, to cast a hasty glance over an
>ther quarter of globe, in which a development
)f PIoer.is going on, silently but ropidl)-un
ittonded by the startling incidents of battle by
nd or sea, yet not the less pregnant with re
milts which mar influeneo the destinies of n
nrge portion of the human race. We need
ereely ay that our remarks point to the Amer
can Republic, nnd that it is that young giant of
he West.whiose growth to maturity affords an
>bject of contemplation infinitely more inslrue
ive than any which barbaric Russia presents in
ier frenzied struggle for territorial aggrandize
aent, or the powers of Western Europe afford
i ;h-ir ill-cemented and doubirul union to re
el the 'aggressor. Until within the last few
ears, we have been too much in the habit. of
re:ing the necounts brought before us of
niericn progress to greatness, as extravagant
asconade. The governments of Europe have
een disposed to ignore the pretensions which
he has pui forth, until, from one after another,
he has wrung reparation foractual or imngined
rongs. Even when we saw her flag flying in
very port of the world, and felt the active com
eti:ion of her merchants and ship-owners, we
-ere disposed to regard her rather as an inter
>ing trafficker, with whoin, from her distance
-o us and her isolated position,'Europe could
ave little sympathy, than as the germ of a pow
rful nation, with a mighty future in prospect.
Vith a view to bring about a proper recogni
on of the actual and growing importance of
merica as a membr of the great family of na
ons, we propose here to give a few statistics
lustrative, not only of the innate elements of
rength and progress which she possesses, but
so of the genius shown by her people in turn
ig them to profitable account.
* * * * * * *
But we turn once more, before concluding, to
e great country of the West, with a view to
quire whether its institutions, and their past
orking, afford a guarantee of its permanence
id continued prosperity. There was a period
-in 1828, if we remember aright-when dis
iption threatened the integrity of the Union,
id it was prophesied that interests so different
those of the Southern States and the New
ngland and Western States, must, ultimately
ring about their separition. EvAn now the
avery question is provoking serious discord,
id may have, to those who haye not studied
c position of the country, a somewhat mennc
g Aspect. But.since 1828 much has been ef
eted to cement and strengthen the-entire eon
deration. The various lines of railway and
luntains, through every variety of clitgate and
soil, from the temperate nearly to the tropic,
ive created a vast interchange of the products,
uth of agriculture and of manufacturing indus
v, which no section of the great republic cnn
;' afford to forego, or to see diminished. The
uportance of maintaining the condition ofbii
ial dependence between the various States is
ecoming day by day more acknowledged. The
mineituring and the Western Stateswespecial
r feel the a vantages afforded to domestic in
ustry hy an increasing crop of the raw mate
al, cotton, and the sources of national wealth,
i the shape of exports, which the produce of the
outhern States provides, whilst the latter, from
riff reductions, and the great advance made in
omestic, manufactures of every description,
ave ceased to feel that they are taxed for the
xcluive benefit of tho other States of the Uni
. These considerations induce us to believe,
nd indeed to hope, that the progress of the
rtire people of the American Republic will
ontinue, that the political compact of the vari
us States which compose it will remain unbro
en, and that, a high destiny for it amongst na
tons is the future.
From the Charleston Standard.
1ife nsurance-Domestic Trade &c,
M Essas. EnITRs:-.I have noticed your re
rarks concerning a South Carolina Insurance
;ompany with much gratification. We have a
iced or- such an institution among us, and
vhenever there is a domestic wang which we
re able to supply ourselves every good south
aroliian should favor and encourage the effort
o supply it.
In manufarctures we began with the coarser
ottons and yarns, and bec-ause there was a homue
emand we succeeded. The extension of our
pinning to the finer numbers of yarns to be
old at the North is less likely to succeed. The
nan~uacture of papser for newspapers is succes
ut at Graniteville anid Greenville, and at Athens
*nd Columbus in Georgia, because all can-be
old at home. In boith these articles and in
hers, wve have a double advantage over the
orthmern producer, the freight of the raw mate
al to the North and of the manufactured pio
let back again to the South, But in every
-ase, where tnere is a want at home of any pro
lution sufficeiently lairge to encourage a South
ta company, we ougly, to have such a one esta
ilished among us.
In regard to Life Insurance the number of
outh Carolinians already insured in the North
aenough to support a company at the South.
ot less than sixty persons at Columbia and
'orty at Camden, have taken out policies in for
tignl companies. In Charleston the number is
arge; and in other parts of the States a few can
But the number who ought to insure their
ives is.- far greater than the number who have
lone so already. Our people are extravagant
md - free in .theii expenditures. Hundreds of
yersons might~ be readily found in Chatrleston
ione, who earn a handsome income but spend
t all as soon' as itbis received. The physicians
mnd lawyers who are not yet in large practice,
I'e numerous. The teachers and clerigymen
io lay by nothing, are to be found in every
District of the State. The clerks and shopkeep-.
trs who are dependent on their salaries for the
ipport of their families .may be counted in
arge numbers in Charleston. The merchants
who have not accumulated a fortune, and- who
iave all at risk in a business whose final result
ley cannot foresee, may be seen on every square
nd in all our streets. All these and many
>ther persons, if their attention was ealledto
ife Insurance, if they were made to understand
nd appreciate it, if they were acquainted with
he men who manage and control it, if they had
Shome institution commanding their confidence,
would adopt this wise arid prudent means of se
3uring something for their~ families in the con
ingency of their early death.
This Northern companies charge us extra rates
ror insuring in the South: They do not give us
'. fair sare of the profits, since they mamke us
n z diiknds on thleae extra premiums; they
have the~ r.dvantage of nsing our mouney'to build
up Ntmerncti. railroads and other public
works. Why not take the matter in our own.
hands and reap the benefits for durselves..
To do this, every man who has an interest in -
Life Insurance must take hold of the new enter
prize projected; he must seek the subscription
paper and put down his name; he must gather
his friends and recommend the subject to them;
we must all go to work and try to wake up the
interest and the zeal of our people; we must
help ourselves if we expect to be helped'at all,
for otherwise Yankee enterprize will continue
to gather its harvests on Southern soil, and we
shall be hewers of wood and drawers of water I
for those who hate us and wrong us. -
Opium Eating on the Health.
The effect of habitual opium taking on health
and lengevity. has been a subject of leial con
%idpration. A remarkable trial took place in
relation to some assurances eficeted by the late
Earl of Mar, in the Edinburg Life Assurance
Company. The Company discoverel, onihe
death of the Enrl that he had been in' the habit
of taking opium to a large amount a'd on that
ground, refused to pay the insurance. The case
was decided against the Company on the pr.
sumption that they- had not been sufdiciently
careful in their preliminary inquiries as to his
habits. Dr. Christison, who was concerned as
a medical witness in this case, was led, in the
course of his investigation to some interesting
data, both in respect to' the frequency of this
habit, and its etect on the duration of life. -
It must be confessed that, from these in
quires, opium does not seem so destructive as
might be supposed; but there is no revelation
made as to the misery in which life was pa.sued
and, in all probability, a vast number of fital
cases have been in more than one sense buried
in oblivion. However, Dr. Christison's cases
are replete with interest, and will be read by
those who are concerned in similar ir.quiies
with the greatest advantage. He gives a Shdrt
statement of the ages of the opium eaters and
he quantity of opium taken. It would appear
that many reached advanced periods of life, such
is fifty or sixty, after fifteen, twenty, or thir -
ty years of this lamentable practice. One old
woman, who died at Leith, at the age of 80,
iad taken half an ounce of laudanum daily. for
aearly forty years and enjoyed tolerably good
4ealth all the time.
Another, who died at seventy-six. had taken
ibout the same quantity, and for the same time.
Very many such statements are made, but I con
:eive they are exceptions from a general rule,
mnd that the health was by no means .4 good
is represented, for in some instances these pr
ions are stated to have given up the>. opi i'nfor
ntervals, which they would scarcely have done
f it had contributed to pleasure without.i
ing the health. Dr. Christison must be
tware that a long list of drunka -be
nade who had escaped the ev- osequent on
heir habits, and who e at an advanced
ta-e. -,Such if 4 tbmi ,
enl in.the b
YALE CoLLEGE.- 44..54s 'to b eral
.onceded, that the Faculty onm t
iave become so thoroughly fanatic and so zeal
Dus in the propagation of their fanaticism, as
to forego no opportunity either in private or
public to dissemminate it. Hence, recently, it
is quite common for the Professors to figure in
fanatical meetings and take part in their ciscus
sions, evincing. a zeal wholly incompatible with
their positions as the instructors of Southern
The Richmond Dispatch, a neutral journal,
has the following pertinent remarks in relation
to the subject, which the South should reflect
"The Rev. Prof. Goodrich, of Yale College,
declares that the members of the. Faculty of
that Institution are a unit-in opposition to slave
ry. He takes occasion, too, to inform the South
that Yale cares nothing for its patronage. It is
evident, from the tone employed by this fanatic,
that any Southern man who .sends his son- to
Yale College, will be subjecting him to influ
ences that must infallibly render him a Southern
man with Northern principles. Yale Is-now a -
hot bed of abolitionism, a nursery of fanaticism.
The professors-are all abolition propagandists,
and employ the power which their. positions
confer in making their pupilsas thoroughly anti
slavery as themselves. In view of this fact,
will Southerners hereafter send their childrett
to Yale? In the language of Professor Good
rich, we say to the South, " the sooner you With
draw your patrunage from Yale, the better."
" TAKE care," recommended a father' to 'his
children, "wvhen you find yourselves-'in 'the
presence of persons who see you for the first
time, to display the best qnalities of heart aind'.
mind.-They will always judge you under-this
first impression."__TIhis father knew the world.
LITTLE TO DO.-The Cleveland Phaindealer.
says an athletic specimen of a man from E~mer
aId Isle called into the counting-room of one of
our River street merchant. He took oir his hat
to make his best bows.
" The top o' the mornin' toge, MIisther P-.
I've been told ye're in want o help I"
" I've but little to do, replied IP--, with
" I'm the very boy for yeesl It's but little I
care about doin'-sure it's the money I'm afther."
The naive reply procured him a situation.
REsTITUTnov.-When a Tennessee girl is sly-.
ly kissed, she puts on a frown and~says:. " Puf
that article right back,usir, where you stole it
SuaE, and I'm heir to. a splinded estate under
my father's will. When he died, he ordered-my
elder brother to divide the house wid me~; aid>
by St. Patrick he did it-for he tuck the inside'
himself, and gave me the outside.
TOOK THE WHOLE Los.-It is relafed~ of
of Elder Richards, of Salt Lake, that he-beame
violently enamored of two fair ddunghters ~6f.s
widow lady.- The mother, who was 6n thin
shady side of sixty, objected to being sep rated
from them. As the Elder was' determied toi
make a bargain,_he took the whole lot! -
NEW POST OmeE.-A now post offie hsr
been opened in A bbeville District, to be known'
as " Mount Carmel," and 'Mr. Sandford Hliel
has been appointed Postmaster.
A woman named Ann..Hall, of aboat-thirty..
four years of age, was carried over the Fallgt;'
Niagara last-M[onday. She was -seen loatinj
in the river above the falls, and while ,p'h'parag
tion's were making to rescue her, waseaiti
over the cataract. She had been marrid-y
few days, aud from her rather singla manner
it was supposed'she was-deranged.
SOMEHOW So.-She's beautiful, witty refinedr
full of music, poetry and feeling-it' eN
married. Talking of'-such a being ,is-lii e o~.i.
ing a ticket in the lottery already iawn.
Moany, like beauty, is gr'eatk dispaae i
egrly sought. while poverty is highy'-pr'ised&
and carefully avoided. It is like a case ,Vhiels.
oftcn happens in society-that of' etilogr
people whom~ wed ould.t associale withio
sneerin at otliers whom won't' e.are to', ut,