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WL Dm ri cli3n to the Pillars of the Tepie of our Liberties, and if it must failr w vatrt ruias.r
WOtF AUGUST , 1854
WF.DIJRISOE, Proprietor. tAJULL1IiLIJ, SID* ue~ O.XI~O 9
' THE EDGEFIELD ADVERTISER
IS PUBLISHED EVERY THURSDAY BY
W F. D U RIS O E, Prcprietor.
ARTHUR SIMKINS, Editor.
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For announcing a Candidate, Three Dollars, iN
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MR. EDITOR :-Please attnowice lon. P.-S.
BROOKS as a Candilate for re-el*:etion to repre
sent the Fourth Congressionual District, consisting of
Edgefield, Abbeville, Laurens, Newborry and Lex
itigton, in the next Congress. which election will
be he!d in October next, and thereby greatly ob
ligo MANY 1tlENDS.
CT Tc Friends of Col. A. C. G A RLINGTON
respectfully announce him as a Candidate to repre
sent the 4th Congressional District, at the election
in October next.
For tlae Senate.
CY-TE Friends of Maj. TILLM.\N WAT
SON, respectfully nominate him as a candidate for
seat in -tht State Senate at the next cleetion.
l loN. J. P. CARtOLL is respectfully
anniuneed by his friends at a candidate.,for re-lkc
tion to the State Senau.A the ensuing election.
- the Home.
' TiE F* -ids of GEO. W. LANDP.UM an
nounce tim a Caudidate for a Seat in the next
C TntE Friends of G. D. TILLNLAN. Esq.,
respectfully announce hin as a candidate for a Seat
Sin ih -Legi-lature at the next election.
ET TuE friends of JOSEPhI A BNEY, Esgir.
respectfully announce hii as a candid:.te fur a seat
in the next Legislature.
S gr Tne Friends of JAMIES C.AMERON, Esq.,
-respectfuly anutunce him as a Canaidate for a Scut
in the ncxt Legilature.
W . T-'riends of Dr. It. R. Coox respectfully
Candidate for a Seat in the next
g Tte Frietids of W. C. MIORA GNE, Esq.,
respectfully tnounce him as a eandidate for a Seat
in the House 4-f Repr,-sentaives at the next election
' M1.n . Z. W. CARIWILE is respectfully atn
nounced by his friends as a Candidate for re-elee
tion to the House of Represeutatives at the next
.X TiE Friends nf Mr. WADE HOLSTEIN,
noniitate hint as a candidate for a Seat itt the
house of ilepresentatives at the next electioi.
Eff The Friends of .WM. B. DOlRN, Esq.,
respectfully anntounce himu as a Candidate for a Seat
nt thet next House oflRepresentatives.
le TatE Friends of Maij J. 0. A LLEN nnoutnce
him as a Candidate for re-electiotn to a Setat in the
Legislature of Southt Carolina at the ensuing eke-tion.
Ma. EDncior,--You will please aninounce GEO.
E. HIENIDY, Esq., as a Cimudidate for a Seat in
the House of Representatives at the netxt eletion
anid oblige ,MANY VOTERS.
e TuE Friends of CAXREY W. STILES, Esq.,
resp4etfully annoutnce hum as a Canadidate for a Seat
lie next Legislature.
A. P E R RJN,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
lTOLL pracetice at Eteldield and the Courts of
Ti..the din itiin.g IDistricts.
FFIrsCE, liri. k Building, Law Range.
SEdgelhi C. H., S. C.
May 18, tf 18
S. W. MAB~iRY -
ATTORNEY AT LAW AN\D SOLICITOR IN EQUITY
ga OFFice at Edgefield Cdurt Irouse, (one door'
beliow G. L. PENN'S family grocery.
SA pril 27. tf 15
.. S. S. T OiMIP I NS,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
. O OFFICE IN RtEAR OF Tut CoURtT-nttOSE.
Edgefleld, S. C., Feb 8,S tf 4
Practice of Surgery!
DR. JURIAHI HARRIS. Augusta
Ga., ts prepared to accotntnnoud ttte with Lodging~
atnd Nursing, such p-itients ac may be directedl to
him for SURGICA L 01' EitA TIONS or Treaitmet.
& Masters may be assured that their Servats
will have every necessary aittention.,
Aupgusta, May 26, . ly 19
. D r. 1Y.-W. A bn ey
JJAVING removed into the Villaire, for the
--putrpose of devoting himself, more exclusively
to his profession, atnd occupying the residence first
beyond the Baptist Church 'on the right, and ad
joining the Male Academy, (the residence fornmerly
oceupied by S. S. Tompkins, Esq., and Rev. C. A.
To-the oflecm the Village and the surrounding
In the day enn bc found in lisa Office, adjoin
ing the Office of WI. W. A nAMS, Esq., and itt front
1of the present residence of Xlr. Geo. A. Addison.
and at tialtt, lie can be found at his d welling..
He will give attetiin att all times mtost putnctu
ally, toi all calls upon him, either foir advice and grce
scriptions, or for personal tt!endatnce.
- ' M. W. ABNEY.
Jan 11 +tf. - 52
J UST reeceived 5,000 Lbs. GOOD COUNTRT
FLOUR, in Sacks. and for sale by
G. L. PENN, AGENT.
A pril 4 tf 12
rplHE Room at present occupied by Mr. Lod lill
.1as a Dry Goods Store. Itnany absence apply
to J. A. Williams. S. CHRISTIE.
nDeo ~ tf 5
AFTEE DEATH. abo
DY JON 11. YAn,. 'AI
Why should we cling to those that die ? fess
Why loudly mark and haunt the place a
Where a dear brother's a&-hes lie,
A mid the relies of his race? 0
Why weep above the enelosing sod,
Where the loved form was laid away, T
As if the spirit sent from Goal, Pri
Still dwelt within the mouldering clay ? Sav
Years as they pass, shall scatter wide, she
That dust by narrow walls contined, ans
Where'er the ocean scnds his tide, deal
Or earth is swept by winnowing wind. ter,
These trees, the harvests on these plains, d% in
The air we breathe, the dust we tread, deal
'The tide of life that tills these veins, r
Are portions of the bur:cd dead. day,
Hath God, then, doomed, when life is o'er,
The soul to slumber in the tomb, prea
While yet the form, the limnbs it .. ore, tit<
Are on the earth, in life and bloom ? grrat
The wind, far reaching into space, has
Guages the, bulk of distant spheres- hefr
Finds out ev-h planet's course and place, unto
And meneurts all their days and years. ald
But who beyond &iat bourne had gazed,
At whiclh our mortal senses fail, E
Into the spirit world, or raised
'Twixt life auJ death the parting veil.
a " Ri
The deepest search of human thought, the
The furthest strjtch of hutan eye, pres
No tidings from the soul have brought, e
Beyond the ni:,nept when we die.
With tremblinal hope I wait the change, nes
When thoukit and sight, uneloggYfed by sin,
aThrough Gdd's vt universe shall range, wor
')aid takethe world of spirits in. a g
Ours be mcamnvhile, the chesrful creed, honc
'That lupves the spirit free to roam, In n
'y mount and river, wood and mead, hetl
T.ll.lteaven's kind voice shall call it home. i tl
Touching Narrative. for I
Some time simnce we .gave an account of the seX.
death of three yong hdies. daughters of a cler
1 11rman in Kentekv. fromi burns caused be the ty o
1.qplosioa of eeriphene luip. Their faither has fuln
wirinen the fodlowir-g narrative or his bereave- turn
ment to the edi:or of the Naslvidle Advocate: A
MY DEAR BROTHER MCFER1RIN: I am ill Wi
deep afliction ; yes. almosf overwhelmed with whe
the mtniatv tide o' .,ad bereavement. Oh ! how yorli
deeply painful to record the death of my three in e,
hovely daughter; but it must be done. pro
Anna Eliza, aged 18 years, wanting only six
Hester Jane, raged 16 years and one day. the
Laura Wuahington, aged 9 years, 8 months, thu
and G days. the i
On Monday evening, May. 22d, while my you
daughters were around the supper table, the. -vor
servant Matilda washing the etIe things, lester, wor<
Iaisted by Laura, filled the lamp; the fluid tok mea
fire, the cti in her hand, and lie latp instiantly vettt
exploded, throwing the burning fluid upon all ile a
present. The servdait girl ran to it barrel of mra
water, :and soon extinguislied the flames upon '
hersell 'rthe girls pa~sed ont at the front of
tI housc,ttd ran to the store, a dislance of II
sixty yards. They were so complete-ly envelop- at ti
ed i fIiamcs, that they could not be seen, pre- ter t
benting the appearannce of motuving lpillrs of lire, cert:
te flames ri'itng and breaking~ off' in cuirling and Frol
brillia'ntt shettets several feet abiove the'ir heads. dretn
The heat wats sot inteinse, that the soldering ini he
Laura's ea:r-rinigs melted, and they fell tw pieces they
rTeir clothles were but'ned almnost entirely oil' GilI
them. before the tlamtes could be. extinguished."
Mvself amd wife were fromn homte, ottnmy circuit Liet
at':s distance of twenty-five miles. WVe got the"
news about daylight the next motrtning, by nite very
o'clock we were at home. TI
Btut my sweet Laura breathed her last a fewv Mr.
mirmtes before we arrived Oh ! thtat we cotuld natm
seen her before she died. During her suffer- Gibi
inigs she f'requenitly sauid. "aa am afraid I will afriem
never seea my dear pa antd ma any more. and Ii
when 1( died I wo'culd go to the gaaad place." polii
ily deair child wats in die constant habit cof pay, but
liing baefore she retired to ra'st. I. have ofitn thter
heard her wee'ping wheti enigagied in prayer. tiae
Somnetmes after prayer shte waould come to mela, jand
amd put her arms arountd tie, anid seemed to f'eel Faro~
th'e emiotionis of jO) and love..
Hester Jane, my second daughter joined the
church in 1850. Sheo was attentive to the re'ad- u
lng of' the Haiy Scriptures and othler means af. qu
grace. She had been very serious, and was in
thte habit of reading the Scriptures just befoare as a
noitng to bed, for motifhis; and we have no dloubt
itst she- was happily coanver'ted in the mtidst of pro;
of the flatmes. Ohi! what a miracle of grace andast
woones !As oonasshe could coniver-e, shetuu
was perfectly calm, atnd said : "i I have put my h
trust in Go. When asked if she was haadlv .P'
burned, she replied : " I am suffering vg~y much el,
but I am calm and resigned." After ~being int-re
ken to.the house, she was asked if' she felt coma- t
fortable ; she nnlswered: "a I am not comfortable,
but I atm happy." " Why, what makes you hap- . S
py, when stnflering so mutch ?" Her reply was: dit
-Beca'use I rhave made peacee with God." She U
cotinued in that heavenly state of mind. When tintd
I approached her bedside, she looked up and tni"
smiled, amid said so sweetly: "Dear pa!I" " How yo-UI
do yotu feel my daughter?" said I. " I feel bet- wati
ten,~now, pa, don't weep; I iam so happy." half
'When I told her Laura was dead, she exclaim- tneha
ed, " Oh ! sweet Laura!"' I said to her, " My E4
daughver, under this severe affliction, how dobe
you feel ttbout getting well r' She replied, " I' self'
think I had rather go now ; the most of our.. gram
friends are gone, and the few that aro left will 'i
sonfollow." She rejoiced in prospect of death1 und
"Latura," said sihe, " is with her ma now." Not day
thinking her end was so nigh, I went to the A
grave-yard to select a spot to bury my dead. strei
HeIr ma, st'eing her sinking vecry fatst, said to her, rent
"Hester; wha~t shall I tell your pat for you it' i'ng
you do not see him algain !" After a motment's f'ron
pause, with a euntetance brightly lighted up mad
with the glory of' God, she said. "Give my love his
to all 'my friends, espe.cially to Mr.-, (ana es- on!i
teetmed ra-lativ'e.) and tell hitm to take wrigpu
from otne much youmnger thatn lie is. Tell him .la
and his .aged father to prepare for death; for A
nothing but wLhat I now brajoy, can give them~ teml
happitness in this hour. Tell pa I die trusting -
in? the LordJ;' the Satiour is citlk mfe-I am hap. eros
py and resir'ned. I have been seecking religion to E
a good whif'e; I only regret thatt I did lnt seek her
it more earnestly, that I might have enjoyed it v
before; as I now do."- To an intimate friend, of ,a
she snad "HMann~kah, ekreiin, fprw notin,,to b
cin make you happy ; you can live withoul
ut yon cannot die happy without it." Sit
inued her .exh..riations till her voice wat
in deaith. Nhe sweetly fell asleep in Chrisl
it 12 o'clock.
y oldest daughter. Anna Eliza. made r. pro
ion of reli!rioti in Shelbvville when at schon
cience Hill. about four years sinee. Sh
modeist and retirinig, alimiost to a tatult.
if mv arriva! at hime, I found her muci
e coniposed than I expected. She Conver.
freely. When I told her, her sisters were
1, she seened deeply :fected, and said
te hand of the Lord is heavy upon us.
.ed devoutly. She told me she loved the
our. Brother Thompson asked her if she
that the Lord had pardoned her sins, and it
did notr get well would .he be h:appy ? Slit
vered a1lirmaively. As she sunk beneath
ii's dark wave, I said to her: '- y dangh
l von now feel the presence of the Savionti
von ?" " Ycs, sir," was heard from lie
g lips, coming back from the dark vale of
h, with heavenly sweetness. -he spoke no
!, and ceased to breath at five o'clock, P'. M.
hus miv three daughters died on the saie
lav -23. 1351.
n Wednesday they were taken to Provi.
e church, and an appropriate sermon was
eitd by brother Thompson. The three
rs were then entombed in one common
e, where their bodies rest in hope of a glo.
resurrection. Oh ! how heaivily this event
lallen upon my Door heart, so often riven
re by bereavements! Yet "I would seek
God. and unto God woold I commit, my
e." Mv trust is in the Lord, who " is good,
a stronghold in a day of trouble."
Your brother in tears,
11. J. PERRY.
L DORADO, June 2, 1824.
Vo'iE.-The following passage is from
ral Hours," by Miss Cooper, daughter of
ate Fenidmore Cooper. , It beautifully ex.
es the sentiments of all women ol pure
ngs and correct principles:
'e American women certainly own a debt
ratitude to our countrymen for their kind.
and consideration of us generally. Gal.
-y may not always take a graceful form in
part of the world, and mere flattery may be
.h as little here as elsewhere; but there is
> of generous fee'ing toward women in the
s of' most, American men, which is highly
Q:ible to them as a nation and as individuals.
) coitntry is the proteetion given to woman's
lessness more full and free; in no country
e assistance she receives from the stronger
so general; and nowhere does her weakness
, with uiire torbearance and consideration.
Or such circumstances, it must be woman's
fault if she be not respectd also. rhe
ion accorded to her is favorable. It. remains
er to fill it in a manner worthy of her own
gratefully, kindly and simply ; with truth
ituodesy uf heart and life ; unwaverintr fideli
faeing aind principle ; with patience, celter
-ss and sweetness of temper-no untit. re
to those %VP smoo-trthie a-Tty-pat xr+.
Gi:EAT MAN's MoTHEuR.-When General
hintgion arrived at Fredericksbarg, Va.,
e his niother resided, on his return from
:tovn, in October, r;81. the ieople came
owds to greet him, but his mother, though
d of her .Oin, was utitnoved by the honors
to him. Whelen the tritupihal procession
ed the town, she was preparing yarn for
veaver of cloth for her servants, and was
occupied wheni her honored son entered
touse. 1 am gl.id to see yon. George;
have altered considerably," were ier first
Is; and durim; the whole ititerview not a
i was said by either of his glorious achieve
s. The next day she was visited by Lafa
, who spoke to her in glowing latnguage (f
reatness of her son. 11er si ply and menm
le reply was, " I am not surprised, for Geurge
always a good boy."
n. Fuoco, a tailor who had left Charleston
e cotimmencement o1' the war, returned af
lie capitilationi, and got acquainted with a
in .l. W. Gibbs, who was regnested by
to statnd as god.thier to one of his cliil
,which was agreed to by Gibbs, provided
ould have the inmitng of. the child. As
were gointg to the chutrch the father asked
s it' hte had thioughit itt a tname.
Yes," said Gibbs, "what do you tintk of our
tenanlt Gov'. BitllI?"
Very good," said the father "I approve of it
lie child was accordinigly named Bull Frogg
F. did tnot then tintk ot the drollery of tle
u, but when lie did, he' could hav'e killed
is for this imupos.ition Ott his reiance anid
e thought to have recourse to the Board of
:e to get pertmissiotn to re-baptise the chiil
vhen tie saw Lieuit. Gov. B3ull presiding~
, ho thought it wotid be an a''rout to relate
anry, thlerefore he post ponted' tme nmatter,
the cil d retainse ithe apipelation of B~ull
HE EL.oQUESeE oF DESPAtt.-Att editor
we<t titus winids up a " call" upotn deliin
hieni the heavents shall be rolled together
scroll, and the elements shall tmelt withi
'emit heat. auni.1 the terribh'e realities of ap.
chititg judgment. how will each heart leap
is naked the muomenutous question, " H-ow~
b ws to h priter?" it will be a
but to those who have tnt what terror tmusi
ike to their souls? D e ye therefore wise,
eiting timte, for in such anl hour as ye think
the questionl must come.
UND AD~VlcE.-The Cinicinnati Sun thum
isease in fact kills but few. The expefise
indiscretions of our own creation do alli the
heif. Wherefore be careful.. Neither till
stomach with too much grog, or too much
ir. f'tripe is your passioni! keep within
a pound,anid never eat more thani one water.
i at a sitting. A pound of beef-steak is:a
I bit for breakfast, and it quart of tea sitould
nough for supper. Keep a police over your
if you wish' to be long in the land of your
HE HEAT.-Thec Chicago Tribune gives ar
~rstandable illustratiotn of the heat on aht
Dutchman was being driven down Clark
,t yesterd ty, in an open wagnn, tand appa
i swelterinig utnder the broiling s~un. Espy.
five cetnt piece on the side walk, lie jumuped
Sthe wagon to get it, bet the hots brick:
e him so senisitive that he quickly regained
eat, and sung out to the buy-" Hans drive
Minie Gott, h-i is niot one mile from dish
YOUNGER brother had espoused an old ill
pered wife, but ext remtely richi.
e~used to say, " Whenever I find my wife
s, and my own temper-giving way, I retire
ty library and coinsole myself by reading
ToME' s iRIHS.--Whtever' may be said
omen's right to vote anid legislate, their right
Remarks of Hon. J. S, ofr.
AT the Democratic Celebration - in.jridepen.
dence Square, Philadelphia, on the 4th July, our
worlhy Representative, lion. Mr. On, being an
invited guest, rose amidst great appI use, and
Mr. PRESIDENT AND FELLOW-CITIZENS OF
P .ULADELUriuA:-The day ,wccelebrate is conse
crated in the affections of the Americin people,
and this morning's dawn was ushered in by the
boaominig of a thlusand: cannons. Who can
tell but.1he melting rays -of to-day's sun are
typical of the fervent patriotism which glows in
the American heart? To the remotest borders
oqf this great confederacy, one unbroken stream
of grateful gratulation pours out from the
same American heart to the Supreme Ruler
of the Universe, who heard the prayers of our
father-, and who has preserved to their posterity
the rich legacy left by the revolution. It the
day brings so mitch of gladness to our country
men everywhere, need it exci'e surprise that its
return is enthusiastically Iailed by the vast con
course of Philadeliphians who throng this square.
If there be any .one portion above another of
our countrymen who shoild hallow, revere, and
celebrate the natal dav of our liberties, it is the
people of Philadelphia. [Cheers.] We are
standing now within the shadow of Independence
Hall. The same'walls without that now echo
rMy voice, seventy-eight years ago echoed within
the patriotic words of Jefferson, and Franklin,
and 1fancock, and their noble associates. Your
fatherstlen stood where-you are now standing,
when they mutually pledged to each other their
fo'rtuies, and their sacred honors to support the
Declaration which hits been read in your hearinz.
Welcome, then, one aund all, to this political
Time forbids that I should recount the causes,
or dwell upon the history, of the revolution. Ia
would be the repEtition of "an oft-tole tale;"
suflice it here to say, that the soul swells with
admiration when contemplating the daring, the
lofty courage of those brave and gallant, men,
who hazarded all that is dear in this life, save
honor, in subscribing in yonder hall that Decla
ration which irrevocably made them traitors to
George the Third, or free, independent American
citizens. It was here they passed the Rubicon
to encounter the most powerful nation on earth
in the field of battle; powerful in her wealth,
powerful her credit, powerful in her numbers
and available resources, and above all, powerful
in a two hundred years' prestige of invincibility
against every foe, in every land, and upon every
sea. They were bound to old England by ties
numerous and strong, of affection and interest.
It was the birthplace afd home of their fathers
miany of the glittering tars their ancestors wore
were wou doing battle under old England's
flag. Here was every Lpnsideration to inflience
their fear and their Mections; but, " with a
firin reliance in Divi Proridence," confident
in the justice of theircase, and the oppressions
of the exactions of thpmother country pressing
heavily upon their . ud spirits, they resolved
-ta-mna-a- " 6h4 1:ff ,
Irather-ithan'icon~iAf: '*lromeof -rslaves."
[Loud applause.] They redeemed their every
pledge to the cause of freedom, and we are uow
the recipients of the priceless boon. Let Penn
svlvanians be ever vigilant, and watchful in pre
serving that whose purchase cost so much of
tribulation :end danger, so much of blood and
treasure. You are the custodians now of that
great citadel of liberty, ,(pointing to intdepen
dence Hall.) All its triutnphs, its memories, its
portraits, its history, gratitude for the past,
thmnks for the present, and hopes for the future,
exhort you to preserve and perp.etnate that
vestal fl:mne which was kindled in i776. Let it
not go out here, if you would escapu the ex
ecratinis of po.terity for inidelity in guarding
your sacred trust.
The great end of the revolution was to secure
civil and religious liberty. Nor did our ances
tors iisjudge its value in d, veloping the re
ource., physical, moral, and intellectual, of man.
Look to its civil results. . Under republican
governitehit we have grown and prospered and
extjainded far beyond the most sanguime imagi
nation of the most hopef'ul devotee of liberty.
Our shores are niow washed by the two great,
ocearns east and west. Nearly one-hlft of the
North Amecricatn continent bears upon its gene
rous bosom teeminig millions of American citi
zens, who imake their own laws atnd worship at
their chioseni shrines. From 3.000.000 we have
swelled to 25.00J0,000. From poverty and igno
rance and weakness we have grown ridh, intelli
ent, and strong. Our sails whiten every .seat
nd our enterprise and energy penetrate into
every land. No longer does toe British lion
trikec terror into the hearts of our women and
cildren. WVe are tnow here equal in all the
elements of nationial greatness, and here superi
or in every characteristic of personal liberty and
political independence. Great Britain under
took to umanage our local alfairs by assuming the
right to legislate for us whil~e we were colonies.
Tlhe Parliament assumied that they were better
judges of our wantsi amid necessities than our
own colonial legislatures. They untertook to
regulate the domestic policy of their distant
depetdencies. They imposed duties upon tea,
without consulting us,-and in every m-inner as
serted thecir right to gorcrn us. Our fathers,
who had encountered the perils of the ocean,
and the greater pierils of a savage~ wilderness,
who had tled from Europe to escape political anid
religious intolerance, could not long brook such
an unjust assumption.. They petitioned, impor
tuned, remionistratted the JIritish government
wiajwut avail;'they took their rights in their
own keeping,-atnd, af'ter a long and doubtful
struggle, establishied a now fundamental ar
til e in the science of Novernment-thie great
American doctrinie of thu right of the people to
govern themselves. [Great cheering.] No tenet
in p)olitical science has more thoroughly vindiea
ted its wisdomn than this, and when brought inito
issue its orthodoxy has not been questioned for
seventy-eight years until a few months past. It
is said by some, who have forgotten or renoun
ced the teachtings and principles of their fathers,
now, that the people of Kansas atnd Nebraska
are" incapabla of governmeint -themselves, and
that the Congress must assume the same guar
dianship over these. distant Territorie as the
Parliament claimed over the colonies. / Where is
the American feelipg i~tn the bosom of any man,
who, from fanatical zeal for the African slave,
whose condition he ejnnot improve, is willing to
renounce this great doctrine of our fathers?
[Cheers.[ Abolitionism and fanateism amistake
the heart of this country, in supposing that
whdn they cry out against slavery, it will cause
the people to repiudiate the principles upon
which the governtmentl is based. [Cheers.] 'Tho
counry owes miy histinguished friend, who will
follow me, the " Little Giant of the Great WVest,
SeJuiiior Douglas, [i,mmense applause.] a debt of
gratitude for his powerful and successful advo
cay of this principle I have been' discussing,
ano for its triumphant vindication in the Kan
With all the misrepresentation which has
been poured out upon that measure, the people
are now beginmng to' understaiid truly its pro
visions; and its greatest principle-the one so
fierely assailed by wvhigs and abolitionists-is
the very principle for which our fathers fought
e evolution. Will. yvan now, stae the.id
your fithers did, or will you take the side of
the British Parliament?
The people of Kansas and Nebraska have had
conferred upon them by Congress the right to
regulate their own domestic concerns according
to their own wishes and inclinations. Is it right ?
Who will say it, is wrong ? Who knows best
what are the wants of our fellow-citizens in the
valley of the Kansas, or the Upper Missouri
the representativettthey elect to their own terri
torial legislature, or the Congress of the United
States, when not a single member, perhaps, has
made a foot.print in Kansas or Nebraska ? and
which would most likely' legislate wisely for
them-the territorial legislature or Congress?
The statement of the question carries the answer
with it. If a Pennsylvanian now has the right
to make his own laws here, what is there in the
atinisphere of Kansas when he remotes there
rendering him less competent to do the same
T thing there? This right, confered by Congress
I on the Territories, is subject to but one limita
tion, which all concede is just; and that is, thaL
their legislation sliall not contravene the conti
tution of the United States-a limitation that
exists as to the States, and should in the Terri
As this is a democratic celebration, it will not
be improper that I should say that I felt the
highest pride in seeing nearly all of your demo.
cratic representatives in Congress sustaining the
bill and maintaining that great principle first
asserted on this hallowed spot 78 years ago by
Benjamin Franklin, the philosopher and patriot
of Pennsylvania, and i, compeers. It was be
coming in the representatives of tme democracy
of Pennsylvania to vindicate the principles which
you have so long professed, by coming holdly
forward and sustaining the bill with enlightened
wisdom and manly independence. [Ctheers.]
But the revolution, not only secnred civil
liberty by deposing the authority of the King
and making the people political sovereigns, but it
established another great American principle
which haq exercised a potent influence on the
moral nature of on r race ; it established religious
liberty; it separated church and State; it'mnied
the right of the former any political power as
an organization. It said to the Puritans, the
Cavaliers, and the Hfngenots. who had fled re
ligious intolerance and proscription, here you may
worship according to the dictates of your con
science, and none shall make you atrid, & The
timid feared that it would lead to infidelity, irre
ligion, and anarchy, but time has proven its wis
dom. The support of tho ministry, the erec
tion of church b-uildings, and all outlays for
spiritual objects, is left to the volition of the
citizen. se can givO or withhold. The law
recognises no sect or denomination-all are
equal and equally protected. How has it worked
We have as moral a nation as any upon the
globe. We have as many professors of religion
for our population. Our churches are more
numerous and as well furnished as in any other
country , and piety and religion nowhere has
more-reverence and respect than in the United
Mr. Jefferson, whose name is inseparably uni
ted, nd must so continue through time, with
fre go .~ - x An onL ihn 1::9grat
Declaration- vas President f tUite tyes
-the father of the democratic party-and the
great apostle of republicanism-ho who spent a
long and eventful life in the arduous service of
his country, when the weight of years pressed
sorely upon his tottering frame, in the quiet
solitude of his own Montieello, calm!y review
ing his own history-he selected three great
achievements to carry his name to posterity.
and directed this inscription upon the Lranite
obelisk that should mark the spot where tie lies.
" Thomas Jefferson, the author of the Dec!ara
tion of Independence, the author of the statute
of Virginia establishing religious freedom, and
the father of the University of Virgina.
[Clieers.] He considered the establishment of
rel"gious freedoum an achievement worthy to be
classed by the side of the Declaration of Inde
pendence. He knew the enoriitics growing
out of a union of Church and State. ie knew
that such a jnetion was at war with personal
liberty as well as with true religion, and time
has shown that the State prospers best inde
pendent of religion, and religion prospers best
independent of the State. We must keep them
separate, confine each to its sphere, if our future
is to continue bright and prosperous as our
There has recently been some commotion on
the political boards, growing out of,.it is .said,
a new secret politico-religious association. I
"know nothing" of its faith or its hopes. [Cheer
ing and laughter among the democrats,]
It is supposed that its purpose is to supplant
the Catholic religion and to ostracise every per
son who-was not born upon American soil, and
every one whose father was not born here. Now
this is a different policy from the one our fathers
pursued; they invited here every foreigner to
onur shores, and Patrick Henry was indignant
when it was proposed to exclude such as turned
tories even and fled ihe country during the
revolution, it is assumed by this assuctation
that the priests of the Catholic church exercise
political influence over their members. TIhis
may or may not be so. 1 do not profess to
know. -I have no afiinijties with the Catholic
church. I was reared under thme teachings of
the shorter catechism and the Westminster eon
fession -of faith. There are not fifty-Catholies
or one hundred naturalized foreigntrs in, my
congressional district, and hence my perfect
exemption from any personal or politieal con
siderations in forminmg a judgment with reference
to this new association. enppose it true that,
the priests meddle in politics, we all unite in
condemning it, for we think Church and State
should be kept separate; but this new organiza
tion proceeds to a politico-religious associatio'
secret, holding its meetings clandestinely, to
coniternet the priests. The end, then, 'is to
justify the means; but two wrongs wvill not make
one right. The "k-now-nothmings" do the very
thing which they complain of the priests for
doing. I do not peeivet any difference between
Catholic Jesuitism and Protestant Jesuitismi
both are intolerant. But in this country I pro
test in the name of our ancestors, who were
all foreigners, in the name of the- constitution,
Iifthe name of litierty itself, against a secret
political organization which fears to avow its
principles,.-which shrinks from titeir discussion,
and which makes its members, by secret pledge,
spies in every household. There is no excuse
in this country for -secret political .societies.
Every measure in the federal afld State legisla
tures undergoes public scrutiny and .debate.
No citizen is or ought to be afraid to .avowv his
poitical sentiments, and the secrecy which marks
the proceedings of this order shows that they
do or say something which they are afraid or
ashatmed for thme world to know. It is time that
the eyes of the aountry should be .turned to
wards them, and their sehemes discountenancd
until they east off the veil. It is violative of
the' genius'and spirit of our government, and
will bear bitter fruits. for our country if it is
It is said that their forces in elections-politi
eal electionus-whd~re all go together, regardless
of principile and consistency-practise a guerri
la wir, lighting on the side promnising the best,
pay. If this be true, what is- their'standard of
morality ? I call the attention of my democratic
friends, however, to the fact, that in all the nmt.
uiinnal ritins that 1 have observed where the
" know-nothings" have triumphed, it has always
been a tchig elected, where the office was one
of any importance or real value.
* Let not democrats be deluded into the organ
ization, or they will find themselves embraced in
the arms of *higgery, native-Americanism, and
all the other isms that infest and. [Cheers.]
There cati be but two great parties in the
country. These temporary organizations may
for a brief while attain the position of balance
of-poiwer parties, but they soon lose it; and par
ties to be permanent must be divided on princi
ple. The division here is between the strict
and the latitulinous constructionists, between
economy and extravagance, between State rights
and federalism, and it is now too late in her his
tory for me to appeal to Pennsylvania to know
which side she takes. She has been true to
strict construction, economy, and State rights,
and never will trail the old democratie banner
in the dust. [Cheers.] The whigs have beaten,
but never vanquished you; and it behooves you
now to buckle on your armor once more and
strike for your principles. The eyes of your
sister States are upon you, and we shall look
anxiously to see you rol! up your accustomed
majority for Bigler, elect true democrats to Con.
gress and your legislature, and carry out the
principles which have so greatly promoted-the
honor and glory of the whole country. [Long.
THE PLATFoRM.-At the recent Democratic
Whig-Abolition Convention in Ohio, the follow
ing, among other Resol.tions, %ins adopted:
"3. Resolrcd, That, to this end, we will-labor
assiduously to render 6 inoperatice and raid" that
portion of the Kansas and Nebraska .bill which
abolishes freedom in the territory withdrawn
from the influence of slavery by the Missouri
Compromise of 1820, and that we will oppose
by every la 1 ful and constitutional means any
further increase of slave territory ot slave States
in this republican confederacy."
This is the essential part of the platform of
the mongrel party now forming at the North.
There are some sympto-ms, however, that this
movement will not turn out so strong as it
promised. The more moderate Wlig paperd
are alartmed at the prosoect of being drowned
in the turbid streams of Abolition, and are now
laboring to re-establisli their old party organiz.a
tion. The Abolitionists themselves are dissatis
fied with a party that, for the sake of attracting'
support, refuses to adopt their own exreme
views. and express them in their choice dialect
of bilingsgate. Perhaps they will get over these
troubles, but they show evident anxiety and
The N. York Tribune almost weeps'over the
prospect that the glorious abolition project for
pouring a resisttess tide of Freesoilers over the
plains of Kansas, to take prelimir ary oceppation
in the name of Garrison, Giddings, Greeley and
Company, is in danger of fla! failure, and that
the Missourians and Kentuckians have most im.
prudently profited by their lessons, and have al
ready planted their stakes, and are now looking
grimly along the beads of their rifles in the di.
rection of the proposed march of the hosts of
" - - ,~~ nn. ha0 Qnlheld their
blatant jaws, and left things o U .Urecea
ble course, the North would have gained Kansas
in the end. We trust, now, that they have
lost it.-Charleston Mercury.
DEATH OF THE TURKISH ConMANDFE.-A
correspondent of the London Times, writing
from Silistria under date of June 2, gives the
fnllowing account of the death of the Turkish
General in command:
At I o'clock this day, Mussa-Pasha, the com
mander of the fortress, was mortally wounded
in the left side by a pieco of a shell, which burst
near him while sitting otttside his quarters at the
Statnboul-gate. He lived about twelve minutes
af'ter receiving the wound. He had just received
intelligence that a messenuer was at hard, bear
ing the Sultan's order of MedjIdie of the second
class, which had been sent to hitm, and was
waiting for instructions as to whether it was his
Excelleney's wish to receive the decoration pub.
licly and vith the usual eeremony or otherwise.
Mussa Pasha replied that it would be better to
bring it in quietly, remarking at the same time
that this was no season for pomp and display.
A couple of hours after tihis his remains were
interred. He had considerable natu ri quick ness
of apprehension, intelligence and activity, and.
was zealous, and anxious to discharge his duties
faithf'ully, added to which he w:.s a kind, good
hearted man, beloved by his dependents. His
death is a great loss. Hussein Pasha, who had
been in charge of the force at Arab Tabia, now
assumed the comtmand of .the fortress, and wvas
sueceeded by Colonel- Latif Bley.
MonE TEPRRtToRIEs-INDAN RE.PRESENTA
rIvE.S IN CoNGREsS.-It is said-by t'he W'ashing
ton correspondent of the New York~ Tribune,
thait the national administration'has sent to the
Chickasamw, Chocta~w and Cherokee tribes of In
dians a propiosittion, acconapanied by bills drafted
in three different tongues, to organize the lndiamn
territo'ries below the bo'uthern boundary of Kan
sas territory, and give them a representation in
Congress. The wife of a missionary resident
among the Chiekasaws, who is now in Washing
ton, furnishes this inf'ormation, and states that
the propositio~n and billa had arrived in the indian
country before she left there, which was in April
last. The ChickaLsaws were then very suspicious
of the all'air, and did not know but tat it -wats
a schemne of tfhe government at Washington to
cheat them out of their lands. According to
the letter we quote from, the proposition em
braces a plan for three seperate territorial
governments, one extending over the Cherokee
nation, a second over the Creeks, and, a third
over the Choctaws and Chikasaws. These
tribes were to be allowed six months to consider
the matter, and the government has made glow
ing-promises of aid for their territorial organi
zation itn case of their agreement. The territory
in question comprises nearly fl thi remaining
unorganized territory of the United states, and
ettends-from the Red River to the thirty-seventh
parallel of lattitude, which is *the boundary of
Kansas, and from Arka'nsas on thie East to
Texas on the West. The area covered is about
equal to that of the State of Arkansas. q.he
Choctaws and Chickasaws have been for a num
ber of years consolidated under one government
of their own, th'ough latterly there has been
some disagreement between them. All of the
tribes mentioned are considerably advanced in
ivilization, cultivate the earth as farmers,- have
sehdols and academies, live like the whites, and
conduct their government alfairs in the same
way, by means of elections by ballot, legiulatures
and elective chiefs. The Cherokee nation is
quite a promising specimen of a native Common
wealth. .. ..
ALAS THE BACHE LOR.-We dropped- in sud
denly on a visit to a bachelor aicqaintance the
other day says the St. Louis Ledger, and just
as we made our appearancee he put something
in his pocket very-hurriedly, and looked guptly
as if he had beetn caught on a visit to a spi ter.
,We east our eyes at ig poelot,. and ha-way
out humng the secret. It was hi stBikings!i
The poor misera ble felloiv had been darning it,
and it astonished us to see what perfection he
arrived atin that branch of hiome industry.
You may grive him um grirls.
A zealous struggle is now going on between
slaveholders and freesoilers- for supremacy in
this new and valuable territory. Of course
the opinions, as to the result, are modified by
the bias or wishes of the various parties. -One
of the most specific and di,!inct declarations ons
the subject, we fir.d in a communication in the
Inst Mississippian from the pen of Dr. D. 0.
Williams, a largo slaveholder, and a shrewd,
reliable and practical citizen of Hind's county
Mississippi, founded on his own personal observ
ation. He describes the country as very fertile
of a prairie character, /sufficiently undulating
for thorough drainage. It yields from 50.to 60
bushels of corn to the acre, 800 lbs. hemp to
the acre, and about 20 bushels wheat to the acre
under ordinary cultivation; with a good culturo
and a good season, the product may be doubled.
One good hand, the Doctor says,- will cultivato*
20 acres in clover, product 1,00 bushels, at 20
cents per bushel-$200. Eight acres in hemp,
product 6,400 lbs. at 6 cents per lb.$384. Ten
acres in wheat, prodnct 200 bushels, at $1 per
bushel;$200-total product for the labor of
one hand, $784. The same hand will make
largely over enough meat and stock to pay his
expenses. This is what may be done in Kansas
Territory. It is what is now done by hundreds,
of farmers on the other side of the Missouri
But the most interesting and impbrtant- fact
stated by Dr. Williams is that "all of the best
locations in the Territory have already been
staked out, and the foundation for a log cabin
laid, by hundreds and thousands of slave owners
from the border slave counties in Missouri, who
have entered into solemn pledges to protect,
each other in his claim, and to keep all aboli
tionists from the Territory. There remains no,
longer a doubt, but that-Kansas has already
made a beginning which ensures it a slave State.
Greeley and the abolitionists-may flounder and
flutter until they are satisfied, Kanwsf is now.&
slave territory, and will be a slave State. There.
are alreadyenough slave owners interested. in
Kansa.4 to whip out all the abolitionists who,
may dare to pollute the soil with their.bNise and
incendiary feet. The slave owners of Virginia,
,Kentucky, and Tennessee, by hundreds.and
thousands, will soon seek that delightful country
and would you believe it, Mr. Editor, Mississip
pians have already been in the territory, and
staked out claims in the names -of men whona
they hav.e taken along to erect a log cabin on
cact pre-emption 1"
A FRUITFUL NEIGHBORHoOD.-In Wayne County
Pennsylvania, in a circle of seven miles; tifere
live thirteen families. which boast the aggregate
number of 195 childien. They are distributed
Jonathan Adams............-.,. 18
John Kelium............... 10
David laton....................... 15-.
James Adams...................... 14
Josiah Cole.... ........ ........13
ru~j ~ .. A 13
William Tyler............... ..10
Amos Tyler....................... .22
Except Thomas Todd, none' of these worthy
citizens has had more than one wife. A mnt
named Lockwood, in the same neighborhood, has
been married three vears and. has six children.
It only remains to add that it is in s- " Democrat
ic" county, forming a part of the well known
CoNSERvATtS3M OF THE SoUT.-John Mitchel
says: " In the chivalrous South the individu:n.
in vindication of his honor, of which the law of
the land takes no cognisa nee, practices a co.'
that violates alike the statute and the common
law. The consequences, for the must part, rest
with the individual. But you will retrely see
mobs assembling to burn churches, or to violate
the constitution, south of Mason and Dixon's line.
There the majesty of the law is respected and
upheld by the aggregate peLopie. There no Angel
Gabriel sounds his horn, disturbing the quiet
Sabbath, and calling together ban.ds of rowv.dies.
There, no Salem witkheraj't, nor Blue laws, nor
Mormonismi, nor Millerism, nor Anti-Popery, nor
Spirit-rapping, nor Socialisma, ;'nor other' mon
strous productions, have sprung up to choke the
healthy growth of freedom. These poisonous
weeds and.fungi belong to the North, and are
cultivated to highest perfection by the wvise men
of' the East. in the South there is no perseeu-.
tion for conscience' sake. It was the South
the Catholics of Maryland-that first set the
example of religious tcleration to Northern men
and to the rest of the world ; and Bancroft,
whom New Englandelaimas as its own, &unient
ly dwells upon the fact. And still the-North
not only lags behind the South in a true estiinate
of' this, the first principle of hiuman freedom. bnt
i.4 retrogading to The channels of' the Roundheads
ini quest of the drybones of a deiayed faati
PE.ACHIEs-FAR FETCHED A'ND DEAR BOUGHT.
-Of course the -peaches now for sale in the
Broadway saloons will do for the- ladies upon
'the principle involved in the old adage at the
head of this item, for they come from Columibus,
Georgin, and are sold for a shailling a ~iece..and
not very large at that. They are deep red and
yellow color plum shaped, and of ex..ellent flavor,
we guess, noft havinig tasted oif them, or htad
any thougiht of doing so at present prices.
A few years ago wve should as soon thought
of seeing peaches from thme Sandwich Island as
f'rom that far away town called Columbus, on
the Chattahmooche river, where none but Indians
dwelt twenty-five yearspo, and whler'e nobody
gould'get or get away,'except by days of toi
through mud and almost impassable streams
But the iron horse goes there now, and bring
us peaches hero before the middle of July.
. - N. Y. Tribune.
Rvssttw SERFs.-AnI English officer servin
in the Baltic writes as follows of the Russin
.peasantry: - --
" We took some prisois a short time sine
in a boat that had .been equght breaking th
blockade in seareb of salt, for which, I muppos
the people are beginning to be hard up. Thea
men.sppear to me- to be good specimens.
Russian serfs. Morally and& physically they's
peared abjeef slaves. Clad in coarse brow
clumsy garments, with conical wvorsted cap
they~appeared quite strickenm with terror at the
'tion, and done unfortunate being, (I' watn
sa m a so overcome that he fell inf
convulsive ft. The scene was comnpletdwh
they were ushered into the Admiral's 'presen
I have heard of slaves kneeling in the prese
of their masters, some k.issing the ground: lb
those creatures, I am told, actually thrpn' the
selves down again and again ,oti the carpet,
They were subsequently set free, but were a
aillowed to jand at Hango2..
FRANCE ARD AlEIA. e York
liuns.anya the tenor of Mr. rna'oyta'despat
are thatLiuis Napoleon is so averse to a
witMhfie United States, that nothingbutt a~di
nationat quarrel between' the two. coun
conld nnadewne such a result.'