Newspaper Page Text
Among the first objects that occupy thi
attention of the planter, in the settlement o
a new place, is the selection of a proper lo
cation for his buildings. This should alwayi
be ddne with great care anI with an espe
cial view to health. Good water is indispen
sable, and should be obtaiAed at almost anj
cost, as without it, there can be no perma
nent health. It should be obtained from wellb
or springs, if possible ; bwt if that cannot b
done, then proper cisterns should be construc
ted, and placed to receivo the rain watei
from the buildings, by which means a con
stant supply of healthy w.ter may be kep
The houses should be placed if possible
under the shades of the native forest ; bul
where that cannot be done, the china, oi
mulberry, or some quick growth should b(
immediately transplanted, so as to cover th<
buildings in some degree, from the rays o
the summer's sun. The buildings should b(
placed about two feet above the ground, sc
that the air can pass freely under them, an<
alto be well ventilated with doors and win
dows. They should be sufficiently large, sa3
about sixteen by twenty feet, and but on<
family should be put in a house ; there i
nothing more injurious to health or demoral.
izing in feeling, than crowding them together
They had much better sleep in the open ali
than n crowded tight houses. Each hous<
or family should be furnished with suitablt
bedding and blankets, for while a propel
outfit costs a few dollars in the beginning
they save twice a much in the end-thej
add greatly to the comfort and health of th
slave, and enable him much better to per
form the labor required.
FEEDING OF SLAVES.
Tn former years the writer tried mani
ways and expedients to economize in th
provisions of slaves, by using more of thc
vegetable and cheap articles of diet, ant
less of the more costly and substantial. Bul
time and experience have fully proved th
error of a stinted policy ; and for many year,
the following uniform mode has been adop
ted, with much success and satisfaction, bott
to owner and to the slaves.
The allowance now given per week t<
each hand, men, women, boys, and girl.
that are old enough to go into the field t<
work-is five pounds of good clean bacon
and one quart of molasses, with as muc
good bread as they require; and in the fal'
or sickly season of the year, or on sicklh
places, the addition of one pint of stron
coffee, sweetened with sugar, every morning
before going to work. These provisions are
given out on some designated night of eact
week; and for families it is put together
but to single hands it is given to each sepe
rately, and they then unite in squads or nies
ses, and have their meat cooked for then
by a woman who is detailed for that pur
pose, or keep it to themselves, as they please
Their bread is baked daily in loaves, by i
woman who is kept for that duty. Eael
house or family should have a garden attach
ed for raising their own vegetables.
The. mode 'of allowancing relieves thi
owner from much trouble in daily supervis
ing their grovisions, and is much morn
satisfactory to the slave. Under this systen
of treatment a word of complaint in relatiot
to their living is seldom heard. -Some plan
ters, howvever, differ on this subject, an<
prefer the plan of cooking and eating at ot
common table; and it is possible, with
small number of hands, and where the ownel
is willing to devote a good deal of attentiot
to that matter, that he may save a sinai
amount. But it will not be as satisfaictory
and he will probably not gain enough to pay
for the troubl4. Children, of course, mus
be fed and attended to as their wvants requirt
they are not likely to be neglected, as thej
pay a good interest upon the amount of cart
and expense bestowed upon them.
The proper and usual quantity of clothe:
for plantation hands, is twvo suits of cottor
for spring and summer, and twvo suits o
woolen for winter ; four pair of shoes ant
three hats, wvhich, with such articles of dres:
as the negro merits, and the owner chooses
to give, make up the year's allowance.
Neatness in dress is important to the healtl
comfort and pride of a negro which shoul<
be encouraged by the owner. They shoul
be induced to think well of themselves; an<
the more pride and self respect you cat
instil into them the better they will behave
and the more serviceable they will be; st
they should always be aided and encourage<
in dressing, and their owin peculiar fancie.
indulged to a reasonable extent.
HOURs OF woRK.
In the winter time, and in the sickly sea
son of the year, all hands should take break
fast before leaving their houses. This thea
can do and get to wvork by sunrise, and stol
no more until twelve o'clock; then rest ont
hour for ditnner, then work until night. It
the spring and sumnmer they should go t<
work at light, and stop at 8 o'clock fo
breakfast, then work until P2 o'clock, ant
stop two hours for dinner, and work fron
two o'clock till night. All hands stop or
Saturday at twelve o'clock, aind take thn
afternoon for cleaning up their houses.an<
clothes, so as to make a neat -appearanci
on Sunday morning.
The usual custom of planters, is to wvorl
without tasks during the cultivation of thei
crop; but in githering cotton, tasks are
common and experience has proven tha
whenever work is of that kind or ch'aracte
that it is much better to do so. If thi
overseer has judgment, he will get mori
wvork, and the negro will be better satisfied
he will generally make an effort, and gail
time to devote to. his own jobs or pleasuret
It wvas at one period, much the custom o
planters to give to each hand a small piec
of land, to cultivate on their own account,i
they choose to do so; but this system ha
Dot been found to result well, it gives al
excuse for tradinig, and encourages a traffi<
on their own account, and presents a temp
tation and opportunity, during the -p1-oces
of gathering, for an unscrupulous fellow ti
mix a little of his master's produce with hi
own. It is much better to give each hand
wvhose conduct has been such as to merit it
an equivolent in money at the end of th<
ye'ar; it is much less trouble, and mori
advantage to both parties.
In reganrd to- the general management, oi
dlisciplitne on plantations or public works,i
is of great consequence to have perfect sys
temn and regularity, and a strict adherenc<
to the 'rules that ~may be adopted for the
government of the place. Each band shonlk
know his duty, and be required to perforn
*it; hut as before intimated, the owner ,hai
nothing to.gain by oppression or over driv
ing, but something to lose; for he cannot
by such mann, extort more wnork. Bnu
still, if it becomes necessary to punish the
negro for not doing his duty, or the violation
of rules, it does not make him revengeful,
as it would an Indian or white man but it
rather tends to win his attachment and pro.
mote his happiness and well being. Slaves
have no respect or affection for a master
who indulges them over.much, or who, from
fear, or false humanity, fails to assume that
degree of authority necessary to promote
industry and enforce good order. At the
same time, proper and suitable indulgences
and privileges should be granted, for the
gratification and amusement of the negro;
but they should always be exercised by
special permission, for they are a people
ever ready to practice upon the old maxim,
of "give an inch and take an ell."
Negroes are by nature tyrannical in their
dispositions; and if allowed, the stronger
will abuse the weaker; husbands will often
abuse their wives, and mothers their chil
dren, so that it becomes a prominent duty
of owners and overseers, to keep peace, and
prevent quarrelling and disputes among
them; and summary punishment should fol
low any violation of this rule.
Slaves are also a people that enjoy reli
gious privileges. Many of them place much
value upon it, and to every reasonable ex
tent, that advantage should be allowed them.
They are never injured by preaching, but
thousands become wiser and better people,
and more trustworthy servants, by their
attendance at church. Religious services
should be provided and encouraged, on every
plantation. A zealous and vehement style,
both in doctrine and manner, is best adapted
to their temperament ; they are good believ
ers in mysteries and miracles; ready converts,
and adhere with much pertinacity to their
opinions when formed.
No card playing, or gambling of any
description should he allowed, under severe
penalties. And the Maine Liquor Law
should be rigidly enforced on every estate.
MARRYING AMONG SLAVES.
Taking wives and husbands among their
fellow servants at hone, should be as much
encouraged as possible; and although inter
marrying with those belonging to other
estates should not he prohibited, yet it is
always likely to lead to difficulties and
troubles, and should be avoided as much as
possible. They cannot live together as
they ought, and are constantly liable to
separation, in the changing of property. It
is true they usually have but little ceremony
in forming these connexions; and many of
them look upon their obligation to each
other very lightly; but in others again, is
found a degree of faithfulness, fidelity, and
affection, which owners admire; and hence,
they always dislike to separate those mani
festing such traits of character.
Proper and prompt attention, in cases of
sickness, is a vastly important matter among
slaves. Many plantations are inconvenient
to medical aid, therefore owners and over
seers should always understand the treat.
ment of such common cases as usually
occur on places under their charge. This is
easily done, and many times a single dose,
of some mild and well understood medicine,
given at the beginning of a complaint, re
moves the cause and effects a cure at once,
whon delay or neglect might render it a
A bountiful supply of red pepper should
be cultivated, and kept on hand and used
freely, ini damp sections, wh'lere sore throats
Iar-e apt to prevail, and also in fall com
plaints. It acts by creating a glowv over
the whole body, without any narcotic effect;
it produces general arterial excitement, arid
p rev'ents in a considerable degree, that Ian
Iguor and apathy of the system, which ren
ders it so susceptible to chills and fevers;
it may be given in any wvay or form ,which
their taste or fancy may dictate.
Plantation and Farm Stock,
MEssSs. Enrroxs.---While every depart
ment of agriculture and interest to thre country
at large is discussed in your excellent journal
the stock-yard is entirely neglected, with
the exception of an occasional short article ,
and believinrg this to be an important item in
the prosperity of the country, I have con
cluded to send you a fewv thoughts on the
rearing and treatment of horses.
Or' all the animals known tothe Natural
Historian, either in their undisturbed posses.
sion of their native forests or domesticated
state, there is none that excels thc horse in
construction for beauty or service. His ele
gantly proportioned body, strong" and sine wy
limbs, nicely rounded back, beautifully shap.
ed neck, flowing inane and fiery eyes, are
so well adjusted and nicely propnrtioned, as
Ito make him not only tire most beautilul, but
also the most serviceable of the animal
kingdom. But when considered solely as
the servant of man, none is better adapted
to that department than the well bred, no
ble moving horse, arid -yet our familiarity
wvith him destroys our admiration for his
beauty, and blunts our perception of his
There is no animal so well calculated to
render the requisite services as tire horse, and
- none so mruch neglected, arid often cruelly
I treated, coniside:-ing his intrinsic value.
If more attention w'as bestowved on the
raising and preservation of the horse, her
would riot only be much nmore-ser-viceable,
Ibut attain a much greater longevity.
.The most common custom of hot-se raising
in this Southern country is, to ,secure a foal
without any reference to the stock, and then
work the dam unmercifully during gestation,
wvhich is abated only a few days after foal
ing, and resume the driving process through
the entire season of suckling..
The young animal is then put into a dry
lot or suffered to run on old wvaste fields arnd
fed on dry corn and fodde'r, with the excep
tion of a few months of fidl pasturing, wvhich
i~s nearly as stimulating as the former.
This is probably the most rapid way of
raising horses and pushing them into market
-but being so highly stimulated, many go
blind when put to wvork ; others become dis
eased with big head, big-jawv, big-shoulder,
rswirnney, or some other disease as formida
ble and finally as fatal to the services of the
Hill side ditching, the best method of
drainage, the most proper and saitaule pro
cess of tilling the crops. are subjects pf
frequent discussion in thre different agricultu
ral journals, but of the stock-yard, as [
before remarked, we have only an occasional
Upon wvhat does the farmer mostly depend
for successi Is it not his team ? and- wheln
this fail farming is a very slowv and profitless
business-but with a good team of horses or
-mules, the former being- prefirable, and
moderate land, though his force is otherwise
. eak, he may confidenrtly look for a fair re-.
ward for Ihis labor.
S'One of thre greatest cop-nplaints among
I planters is' the scarcity and inefficiency of
teams, and the exorbitant prices which they
have to pay for, horses and mules ; .whichi
will ever continue and increase, wvlile the
present system of buying and driving to death
arid buying mgnin is continued. .
Law, Lawyers and Courts.
The only reason for the establishment of
Law, is the security of justice. A commu
nity may be judged by its laws and the man
ner in which they are administered. The
wisest, the most prosperous and the most
happy communities are those in which justice
is most secure. Perfect Law is the very
order of Heaven, the law of love, the extreme
opposite of anarchy and injustice. The
administration of the laws of a community
should approach as nearly as possible to the
perfection of the administration of the moral
or natural laws. They are made and admin
istered in mercy and love, for the real benefit
of man, and not in vengeance or hatred, for
his injury. But they are as inflexible as
their Eternal Author. Man's acts are causes
in the moral and material laws from which
the effects invariably follow. The good or
evil acts of men carry with them, ai a con
sequence, their own reward. Although we
may not expect this perfection in the making
or administering of human laws, yet it should
be our constant effort to foildw its teachings,
and just in proportion as we can approach
its perfection shall we confer blessings upon
all who live under the influence of'our laws.
Lawyers were intended to be aids in the
administration of the law for the greater
security of justice. The profession is a
most responsible and honorable one, and we
are gratified to believe that the great majori.
tv of its members are worthy of the position
which they hold. We regret to say, however
that there are members who do not seem to
understand the responsibilities or duties of
the profession. They do not seem to think
that they have any thing to do with the right
or wrong, the justice or injustice of a cause.
They seem to recognize a distinction, wide
as an impassable gulf, between their public
and their private characters-they are wil.
ling to do as lawyers what they would never
do as men or private citizens. They seem
to think that they are bound to take the case
and fee of a client, even when they believe
him to be wrong, and that then it is their
duty to do all they can for the success of
his cause ; that is, that they are bound to use
their learning and their influence, to pervert
the law and the testimony, and to imrose
upon the minds of jurors, so as to destroy,
instead of aiding truth and justice, and to
make the wrong appear to be the right.
'We do not understand the duties of a
lawyer. We think that the practice of the
prolession does not necessarily involve any
duty or-obligation inconsistent with candor,
integrity and the promotion of the ends of
strict justice. A client who is in the right
should be aided by all the proper means in
the power of his lawyer ; and a client who
is wrong should be advised and aided to set.
tle his controversy upon principles of equity
and justice. If it be said that this course
would curtail the business of the profession,
then we ask-shall suits, and discord, and
burdens upon the community, continue
among citizens, that lawyers may thereby
get more business ? Certainly not-will be
the response of every right minded man.
To intentionally pervert the ends of justice
in the capacity of a lawyer, sworn to support
the Constitution, would involve, besides
other crimes, that of moral treason to the
Lord Bolingbroke said of law,- that if is
"in its nature the noblest and most beneficial
to mankind, in its abuse and debasement the
most sordid and the most pernicious." Judge
Blackstone, in describing the necessary
qualities of a great lawyer, says they must
have not eonly " qualities of the head" hut
"those of the heart"--" a zeal for liberty
and the Constitution, a sense of real honor
and well grounided principles of religion.'
Such are hundreds of men now in the pro.
fession, and such men will be great in any
But the Court is after all the great guar.
dian of thme rights of the people, and the only
real security for the just administration of
the law. So long as this sacred office shall
he filled by pure and right minded men, even
bad Iawvyers may be tolerated and the rights
of the people be still secure.-Albany Pa
.Je Gentle-Be Loving-Be Kind,
Every, look you give- every 'word you
speak will live in some heart as a blighmting
shade, of cheering spirit. Every act ol
yours though it be smaller than the dew~
drop (hat trembles on the flow~er, will cast its
light or its shadowv over your own henrt
-will mingle in the dreams of joy thai
bless you by night, or the grim spectre of
your w"akitmg hours.
You look bitterly at a friend. Years nma
not blot out-tears of love may not efface
the impression. "That sensitive heart is still
vibrating under .your harsh touch, and the
sad memory of the wrong, you yourself
have no power to bear. -You wake in the
night to weep as listen, not to the joyous
song, but the echo of a mournful strain and
it may never die away !
A brother struck you in boyish heat. A
gentle spirit whispered in your ear, Little sis.
ter, be kind, put your arms around his neck,
and love him,-he wants you to. The teamrs
are in his eyes, and he says that if you'll
show him where ho hurt you, he'll kiss it,
and make it wvell. You resisted that lov
ing spirit, and your brother stole awvay i'om
you and cried.
Your mother told you to go and find him;
for the dewv was falling.
You took your sun bonnet, and wvent out
with a heavy little heart. You found himi
asleep on the grass, and a tear was in hisi
You wvanted to wipeit aw'ay with a kiss
and tell him you were sorry. You did'nt do
it, for there came an angry thought--he wvas
an ugly boy, and lhe shan't kiss me, and I
wont kiss hirm. You wvaked him, and lhe
wvent into the hduse with a grieved little fae.
The next morning your mother told you that
he was sick-that he had lain down on the
grass and had fallen asleep and she thought
him very ill indeed-you had better not dis
turb him until he was better.
When you sawv him again, you told hiin
you were sorry, but he did'nt understand you.
He tossed his little head on the pillow, and
with eyes that could never know you pore,
looked at you, wildly, and asked you to shiow
him where he hurt you, and he'd kiss it and
make it wvell.
Oh ! in that hoar, how your little heart was
bursting. He kissed yon, but lie did not
make it well. 'Your mother gently led you
away, and uncomforted and alone you weat
to your little bed, you wvent without your
brother's kiss or sweet caress, and there
were thorns in your pillow that night.
Another night, and you sat by that broth.
er's coffin-the fading sunlight shone on it,
biut it'did'nt sline in ye r heart. -No, there
was no light.there, and your~ tears fell'fast
on that little face you would't'kiss.
The coffin wvas nailed up-it was low'ered
into the' ground-the dirt was thrown over
it, and you sat on the grass and wept.
You have grown to be a woman-the sor
rows of your childhood are nearly all for
gotten,-but~, amid the gayety and joyouasoess
nor lire, youn wanhe ilhe night to see a nedr,.
and you mark its coming by day. It is a
reproachful spirit, and it says to yeu: " Show
me where it hurt, and I'll kiss it and make it
Oh! be gentlo-be loving-be kind.
A Few Hints to a Father.
Father, you have a son, a darling son.
He has faculties for good and for evil, and
they must act. Each capable of such in.
tense action that both cannot act on a level,
one must be, in some measure, subservient.
Your son is now young; lie has no habits,
no principles, no character. These must
be formed, and you have been appointed by
Providence to superintend and assist in this
formation. This youmust do, whether you
will or not. The nature of the relation
existing between you and your son renders
your non-participation in the formation of
his character impossible.
Towards what course of life would you
direct his innocent footstep? What would
you have him become? a man in form only;
independent only of good, with feeble,
wavering energy; his self-respect a mere
low, disgusting pride? You can easily train
him for this, as a thousand have and are
being trained, unless his mind is very far
above the commonality. Treat him as a
machine, impress it upon him that he is a
mere tool, and he will soon become such.
Make hir. keenly feel his inferiority, check
all his aspirings, and like a sapling bent to
the ground, he will soon learn to grow
downward. But if you would wish him to
become al strong-minded, truth.loving. whole
souled man, treat him as a man th it is to
be-as an equal. Draw out his better na
ture; strenghen all aspirings for that which
is high and good. Teach him to curb his
strong passions, and to attain that control
which enables man to influence his fellow
man. Let him feel that he has the germ of
the man vithin him, which needs only a
right cultivation to make it serviceable to
himself and mankind. Teach him at all
times to bring his actions and motives to the
standard of right and right only. Be sure
that he feels confidence in you as a sym
pathising friend in all cases. Never elevate
yourself or depress him so that he can only
approach you with an efflort. lie has his
world of joys and sorrows, hopes and fears,
which, although small to you, are all to him.
Encourage him to action: place before him
some desirable object which he may procure
by self-denial and extra exertion. Man
needs something for which to labor; why
not he I Let him find by experiment that
there is something for him to gain by right,
or lose by wrong, and an inducement to
virtuous actions will be given him. Teach
him to think correctly for himself, judge for
himself, while youtng and under your care
and he will feel his own responsibility, and
will not be so easily enticed and deceived
when thrown upon his resources. But above
all, early teach him to look upon God as
his Father, and heaven as his home, and the
chief object of his life hero to do good.
Early teach him by precept and example to
love the Lord aid keep his commadmnents,
and it siall be well with thee and thy house
to future generations.
SoxNAXDU LIS.-HORRIULE ACCIDENT.
Yesterday morning, about daylight, the citi
zens residing in the vicinity of Third and
Elm-sts, were aroused by cries and shrieks
as of some one in distress. Upon repairing
to the spot, they founid a young woman by
the name of Ann McElroy, who had risen
in a fit of somnambulism and endeavored
to get out of the window of. her sleeping
room in the third story. When she awoke,
she found herself clinging to the sill of the
windowv, and, frightemed at her 'situation,
losing all presence of mind, she released her
hold, and fell the distance of some thirty
five feet upon the brick pavement below,
narrowly escaping an iron railing fence but
a. few feet from where she fell. Dr. Free
man, of the Eclectic College, was sent for,
and found that her injuries wvere very severe,
hoth bones beintgbroken in one of her tneles
and one of them protrudinmg almost an inch.
We never saw a foot or ancle more horribly
mangled. Her face is likewise badly bjru is
ed. There is some probability that her leg
may have to suffer amputation. She is about
thirty years of age, and hams no knowledge
that she was ever previou ly addicted to
feats of somnambulism.-Cininmna ti Times.
SNUFF " DIPING"-Of all the detesta
ble, obnoxious, offenisive, unnecessary aind
filthy imitation whicb deLar wvoman is guilty'
of inheriting from fajien, depraved, corrupt
and wicked man, that of snufl' " dipping"'
Howv the second edition of an angel, the
ne plus ultra of Heaven's best workmaniship,
the idol of man, the diamonmd of songs, the
gem of prose and the crowning glory of ho
mnanity, can' concentrate a tea or table spoon
ful of a pulverized poison that wvould kill a
hog, and prove certain death to every living
creature excep~t a tobacco-wvorm, is to us ut
terly at. variance with all philosophy, reason,
scripture, taste and refinement, and utterly
incomprehensible. We wish it were :i dream,
we wish it were a romance; we wish it were
not so; but~sad reality presents the piefure
of an angel of beauty, wvith a heavenly smile
a rosy cheek, the eye of a gazelle, standmng
erect in all her majesty dazzlinmg in her robes
of silk, her form reflected in a costly mirror,
with a chinquepin stick nicely scraped be
tween her wvhite fin'gera, with the cmnd in a
box of snufi' and regularly applyin'g it to her
shininev rosy lips and the mellowv tongue.
Faugh ! It makes me sick to think about it!
Edgefield & Cheatlham Plank R,
1ROM and after the 1st May next, the Edgefield
1&Cheatham Plank Road illt be opened from
Mr. JAnres GaRIFFI's to the junction with the 1am
buirg & Edgefie~ld Plank Road, a distanmc of abmout
five miles, and the following Rates of Toll wilt be
Rates of Toll.
Four, five and six horse Wiagons, 5 etm per mile
Three " " 4 " " "
Two - c " 3 " "
Two " Carriages 3 " " "
One " 2 :
Horseback travellers, 1 " " "
Vehicles on meeting, are each entitled to half'the
PE ANK TR ACK, and the Drivers are required to
turn 1o the " RtGHT !"
8. F. GOODE, PRaEsIDENT.
April 23, tf - 15
Ramburg & Edgefield P'k Road,
TH E PLA NK ROA D fronm tanmburg to Edge
Lfeld is now completed an: pen for the publi
H. A. KENR1CK, Pre
-Oct 5 tf 38
A~ LL Persons indebted to the Estate of A iticus
.Ti1ucker, dee'd., are notified to ninuke pronmpt
payment, and thbse having demands against said
Estate are requested to render theni in immediately,
LANDON TUCKER, Adm'or.
June 29 'Dkne 24
1H~IE Subseriber-wlshes to cmploy a good Miller
Ito attend his Steamt.Flour and Grist Mil 16
miles above Edgetleld C. HI., on the Cambridge
Road. None need apply who cannot come well rc
commended. JO[IN DORN.
New, Beautiful and Cheap!
T HE SUBSCRIBER is now receiving
a LARGE and SPLENDID STOCK of
@ZEt6AELE DRY GOOD%
Suitable for the Spring and Summer Trade. No
pains has been spared in the selectiou of this Stock
ti please the taste of ALL.
Thankful for past patronage, I assure my friends
that every eifrt will be miade to merit a continu
anee of their favor. Of the Ladies, one and all, I
would particularly request an examination before
purchasing elsewhere. Among this Stock' mny be
found a complete assortment of Dress Goods,
Cl'd NI USLINS, of the latest and most fash
ionable Styles, 10 ets. to $1.
B A REG ES of every color and quality
Plaid and Fig'd Tissue SILK, very rich;
Lacc Striped OR GANDIES of unequaled styles;
Rich Colored SILKS, very cheap;
Figured and Plain SILKS. of all qualities;
Nainsook and Mull NlUSLINS;
White fig'd Carleton do a new article;
and Cul'd do do
Striped Swiss do very pretty
Dotted "1 do 4 "
GINGhIA MS, new Patterns,
Best Stock of P. I NTS ever offered in the Market,
MOURNING GOODS of every description;
White and Col'd Grenadine MANTILLAS, new
style for Summer;
White and Colored Glacie SILK, suitable for
Spring and Summer;
Lace and Muslin UNDERSLEEVES from 6G
ets. to S3,00 ;
Muslin and Lace COLLARS. latest fashions;
" "1 CUEMISETTS, now style and
Large and complete assortment of Jackonet and
Swiss Edging and Itserting;
Real Brussels Thread Edging and Insertings;
Blond Steam Thread and Lisle Laces & Edgings,
White. Grass Cloth for Skirts, new article;
GLOV ES and HOSIERY, great variety-suita
ble for all ages;
Ladies', M isses and Children's SHOES, &c.
For Gentleinenl's Wear.
He also trusts that he has not been unmindful of
the wants of the Sterner Sex. In this line his Stock
Planter's LINEN DRILLS of every quality;
Cottonades and York Mixtures, from 12 to 25 ets
Drap de Ettes, Cashmaretts and Merino Cassitiners
Brown and Grass Linens for Coats, all qualities;
Union Linens and other goods for Children's
Wlite, Col'd. plain and buff Marsails Vestings,
Col'd Silk Cravats, a light and beautiful article
Col'd Muslin Cravats, various qualities ;
Black and Colored Stocks and Ties.
I very respectfully invite all those wishing DRY
GOODS to give mne a call, being determined to be
UNDERSOLD by NO ONE in a fair and honora
M. A. RANSOM, AGENT FOR
R. M. FULLER.
Hamburg. April 3 tf 12
BROWNING & LEMAN,
French, English and German
ID @@@Q 0
209 and 211 King-strcet, corner of Market-Street
Charleston, S. C.
1 \RPETINGS.-Ingrain, 3 Plys, Brussels, Ta
\j)pestry and Velvets.
CURTAIN MATERIALS, in Silk, Satin and
Curtain Cambrics and Muslins, in large variety,
Enbroidered Laeenztnd Muslin Curtains, all styles,
Gilt Cornices, in all the new designs,
Curtain Cimps, lloblers, Loops, Tassels, &c.
Drapery Cords and Bell Ropes, in all varieties,
British and American Floor Oil Cloths,
Silver and Gilt Stair Rods and Stair Carpetings,
of all styles.
Wilton, Velvet, and Axminster Rugs, in large va
PLANTATION WOOLENS-Blankets, Plains,
Kerseys, Caps. &c.
Ited and W hite Flannels. Shirtings, &e.
Cotton Osiaburgs, of all the best Southern manu
English and American COTTON FLANNELS,
French. Eiigt~sh and A nmerican Prints,
LAN ENS, (If itiehardson's sup'rior make, for
Sheetinus, Shirtings. Pillow Cases, Table D)amasks,
l)ovlies. Napkins, Towellings, Hluckabacks, Fruit
Cloths. B. E. Diapers, Grass Cloths, &c.
Cloths, Caissiimeres and Vestings, (If best French
Servants' Cloths, in all the shades of English
Satiinets, Tweeds,,'Jeans and Lindseys, of all
bualities amid styles. With a lull assortment of
Rlich Dress Goods.
in SILKS. TIlSSUES, B3AREGES, GRENA
DIN ES, .MUSLINS, &c.
Bombmines,QAlpnmeas and Mourning Goods, in
Evening 'Dress Goods, in great variety, constantly
All the atbove arc of our own Direct lIm
parit ationa, and oll'ered at the L OW E ST
Terms---C ASIT, or City A cceptance.
Gy-The ONE PRICE~ SYSTEM strickly ad
lered to. All Goods wvarrnumted. -
. . BROWNING & LEMAN.
Charleston, .Jan 30 tr 3
BOOTS AND SHOES
AT THE IRON FRONT STORE OPPOSITE THE
M~asonic Hall, Augusta, Ga,
Boots, Shoes, Trunks, Carpet Bags, &c,
ARE now receiving their FALL STOCK of
Gents. Ladies, Mlisses, Boys, Youths and
Childrcn's SIIOES of the
* Finaest Qualities,
And the best that can be botughit.
Our Assortmenit conltains EVERY ARTICLE
nsually kept in thme largest Boot and Shoe Stores.
-.u.L vAitETWIEs OF
A ND I U SE S E R VA NTS' SlCE S
All of which we iil sell on the most reasonable
A utnusta, Qet 12 tf 39
Georgia Inlarble Works,
J. G. R ANKIN. W. M. JIUR LOCKC, G. I. SUMMEY
SUCCassons Tro A. A TmKIsoN & Co.
Tlails Essa blisnunentI has been in success
Iimflo operation for a nuniber of years. The
Quarries are well opened, nind the M~arble is superi
or to any ini the Uinited ?itates.
We have so perfected our facilities for getting out
and *inisltinig work that we e'n furnish
Nounuments, Tombs; Head Stones,
A nm every thing in our line of business, in better
style, atnd ait cheaper rates thant any yarn jn the
countr-y. - -,.
Whten it is considered that we saw our own mar
ble, psy no jobber's pronit, and no high. freight frotm
the North, it will lie seen that we possess material
aJvantage over all conmputitors,
We cordially solicit our fri endls and the public to
exmuinme our work nna compare our prices with
those of othmer yards, before ordering Northern
Marble. We have on hand at our yard in Mari
etta, a large assortimenit of FINISH ED WORK
Monuments, Tablets, Toimbs, &c.-where our agent.
Mr. G. W, Summers, will sell at our prices. Our
principali.vork is done at the Mills. A ddress
J. G4 RANKIN & CO.
Itarble Works P. 0., Ga.
Jan 11 ly1
A PPLTCA TION will be made tothie Legislature
of South Caroin,, at its tnext Session, by vari
ois sufferers, praying thme refunding from the State
Treasurv the amount of tolls exacted from them at
a To'l Gate erected by dJones & Kennedy, in one of
the Streets of the Town of Hlamburg, near the Au
gusta Bridge, believinr such collection of tolls to
be unjust, oppressive and unncessary.
llamburg, Juno 5 tf 21
D~'R. A. G. T1BA GU E htas for satle, on commis
Jsion, Miss Jum A. H mxT's Poems,.entitled
" SMI LES A ND. T E ARS." This ch~aste little
work merits amnd should obtain for the unfortunate
A uthoress, a liberal piatronage from a symtpathising
May 190~ opS 18
Bacon ! Bacon !
SLARGE Supply of GOOD BACON, just
.s received, and offered for sale at R EDUCED Pitt
CES by T. ROOT.
M.. 1 1 tf" 1'7
Augut a, Georgia,
B EG to inform the public, that they have just
returned from the Northern markets, with a
full and complete stock of'
SPRING DRY GOODS.
Having all the facilities in the purchasing of their
stock th.at a cash capital can cumniand, we beg
leave to assure the publi, that we will always keep
on hand the very best order of Goods that can be
obtained. and sell them on as fair ternis as the like
quantity can be purchased either in this market or
A mong our stock will be found the following
Chaste and Elegant Spring Silks;
Sewing Silks and Tisbues;
Bareges and Barege DeLanes;
French Mluslins and Lawns;
White Silks, of all styles
Black Brocade and Watered Silks
Plain Black Silks, all widths;
White Embroidered luslins
Colored Dotted Muslins;
Plaid and Striped do.i
Swiss and Jaconet do.;
Book and Mull do.;
White and Colored Tarlton Muslins;
Crimped Evening Dresses, new styks;
Mantillas and Scarfs, entirely new
Crape Shawls, very cheap;
White liarege and Sewing Silk Shawls;
French. American. and English Prints;
Ginghams, of all kinds: -
Linen Lustres and Chambrys;
Cheap Long Clothes and llomespuns ;
Irish Linens, (own importation ;)
Plain Line and Linen Drill, for Gent's wear;
Linen Shecti .g, exceedingly cheap;
All kinds of Cotton Sheeting;
Pillow case Linen;
40 inch Pillow ease Cotton;
Hosiery of every description, very cheap;
Embroideries of every description ; some very
Sewing Silks, Mitts and Gloves;
Kid and Silk Gloves;
Raw Silk and Lisle Gloves;
Linen Cambrie llandkerchiefs. all kinds;
Swiss and .laconet Bands, very rich;
Cambric, Swiss and Jaconet Trimmings and
Ribbon Trimmings, new styles;
Lisle, Thread, and Linen Laces;
And a great variety of other articles too nume
rous to mention, to which we respectfully invite at
March 29, tf 11
H AMBURG, S. C.
41 TIlE Undersigned takes this
method of returning thanks for the
liberal patronage heretofore given
to his ILouse, and of informing the public that he
still keeps open the Establishment for their accom
niodation. Having refitted the building, furnished
the Rooms with new and convenient Furniture, and
having a set of well drilled Servants, an experienced
Caterer and Cooks, his Table will be spread with
the BE.T TlE MARKET AFFORI)S. By
these, and his personal attention,- lie hopes to give
general satisfaction to those who favor hin with their
company. He is pleased also to announce that Mr.
Jonts A. RIous-ro has just completed large and
COMMODIOUS STABLES AND CARRIAGE HOUSES
in connection with t4e Hotel, and will take special
charge of that department. Ile will be prepared to
accommodate the public with Saddle Horses, Iacks
and Carriages of all descriptions on hire, and trav
elers will be conveyed, with despatch, to any part
of the surrounding country on reasonable terms.
He has also large and .convenient LOTS for the
accommodation of Traders and Stock Drivers who
are specially invited to call.
Hamburg. May 11 3m 17
COLUMBIA, S. C..
MUMN & ,RJAS FOUNDER.,
STAM ENGINE BUILDER
And Boiler Maker.
ALL tinds of Flour, Grist and Saw Mill Gear
'1ing and -Shafting made and warranted to per
forum equal to any in the State.
Dr. it. Tr. S ats at Edgetield C. II., is authorised
Agent to make contracts.
E ov. 2, 183. . ly 42
Pair Homue naade Plantation
IIARNESS. SOLE AND UPPER LEATITER.
OF ALL DESeRIPTIONS.
Tanners, Neats Foot and Lamp Oil.
At the Shoe Store, next door to Sullivan & Brother.
R. T. MI3MS.
July 21 tf 27
Boot and Shoe Manufactory.
IIA VING removed to the Store
adjotining Dr. A. G. TCAGC's
D~rug Store, as usual, I am pre
pared to mtake tee ordle, Fine Dress, Double Soled
Water Proef and Pump
Boots and Shoes,
Of the very BEST M1ATERIALS, and an excel
lent lit alwars warranted.
Also. on hand a large variety of BOOTS and
SHlOES of my own tmnufneture, which wille be
disposed of on reasonable ternms.
Nov. 16 tf 44
gr" N. B -Wanted, three appirentices to learn
he Shoe-making business. Please apply sona.
R) ANAWAY from the Subscriber on the 7th
ILMarch past, a Negro mani nanmed M ARCII.
Said Mlarch is five feet ten inchles high. of rather
dark complexion and sharp features, and limips from
having hatd a leg brogen. lie speaks ratther slowly.
The Subscriber puirchased .him on Sale-day in
Mlarch at Sh~eriff's sale. Before lhe re'ached his
house with him, the negro rain away, and has not
been setn or heard of since. 1Ice is said to have a
wife at Dr. BRADFORD's, Beach Island, and may be
lurkitng about that vicinmity.
Thme above reward will be given for his appre
hetnsion and delivery at the Jail of EdIge1ield JDis
trict. * W. B. DORN.
May 4 tf * 15.
STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA.
IN COMMON PLE AS.
C' ITA RLES K ENNERLY, who is in the custo
Jdy of the Sheriff of Edgefield District, by
virtmue of a Writ of Capiis ad Satisfaciendum, at the
suit of Willinams & Christie, having filed 'in any
Office, together with a dehiedule, on oath, of his
estate and efieets, his petition to the Court of Com
mon l'leas, prayinig that he may bo admitted tom thne
benefit of the A cts of the General Assembly, made
for the relief of insol~eut debtors, It is Ordered,
that the said Williams & Chri.stie, and all the other
Creditors to whom thu said Charles Kennerl'y is in'
anywise-indebted, be, and they are hereby sum
moned anti have notice to 'appear before the said
Court, at Edgelield C. H., on Tuesday the third day
of October next, to show cause, if any they can.,
why the prayer of the petition aforesaid should not
be granted. T1. G. BACON, c. C. r.
Clerk's Office, July 5, 1854. 13L 25
STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA,
J. Rainsford, Adm'or.
es. Bill to set, up Mort
J. D. Tibbetts, ~ 'gage, to Marshal As
F. 11. Wardlaw, . sets, #-c.
J. F. A dams an'd others.J
TT having been referred to the Commissioner of
.I.this Court to fix a day, which shall be SinaI, for
the rendering in of claims by the Creditors of .Johtn.
lill and 0. J1. Glover', On mo~tion of Mr. A bney,
Solicitor of F. H1. WVardlaw, It is ordered that the
time within which thme said Creditors are re.quired
to appear before the said Commissioner and estab
lish their demands be extended to the fourth Mon
day in August next.
A. SIMKINS, C. E. E. D.
July 3, 1854. 8t 25
White Lead, Linseed Oil,
LAMP OIL, NEATS FOOT OIL and TANI.
NERS OIL, for sale next door to SuLrtuAde.
R. T. MIMS.
NEW SPR IKIG 'GOODS!
RICH TWISTED SILES, BAREGES-AND TIMIlst
ORGANDIES, JACONETS,. RUI.LANTS,
FRENCH CALICOES, MBROIDERIES,-&c.
MILLER & WARREN, Aua
M have received a large Stolfthe
GOODS, which for
Novelty, leauty and Variety,
Are believed to be unsurpassed in nJg Market; 'n-a
having been selected fi om the very Uiestj import&
Lions, our customers will find them to be the new
est and choicest Goods of the Season.
A beautiful list of Goods for Misses' Wear, con
Rich BAREGE R OBES, (something new:)
Neat French MUSLINS and BRILLIANTES;
Plain, Buff, Pink, Blue and Fawn col'd French
French, English and American PRINTS.
We have also a handsome Stock of Goods for
GENTS AND BOYS' WEAR,
Which we would be pleased to show our customers
and the public, assuring then that ous riatcs wn.i.
DE As CnEFAP As THE CnIEArEsT.
W- Persons from the country. would do well tos
give us a call before purchasing elsewhere.
Augusta, April 19 tf - 1
GREAT SOUTHERN REMEDW
:01 All 2wEE mi82AZIL
CHOLERA, DISENTERY, DIARRHEA,
CHOLERA MORBUS, EILLIOUS COLIC,
A LSO, ADMIRALY ADAPTED TO 3MANY DISEASES or
FEMALES, 31OST ESPEcIALLY PAINFUL NJMENSTRUATION.
TIlE VIRTUES OF J.-COB'S CORDIA L ARE TOO
WELL KNO U' TO REQUIRE EFCONIUJ&
1st. It-cures the worst eases of Diarrhot; 2d. It cures the
worst forms of Dysentary; 3d. It cures California or Mexi
can Dirrrbot; 4th. It relieves the severest Cholle; 5th. It
cures Cholera Morbus; ith. It cures Cholera Infantum;
ith. It cures painful Menstruation; Sth. It relieves Pain li
Back and Loins: 9th. It counteracts Nervousness and De
blondency; 10th. It restores Irregularities: 11. It dispels
Coloomy and Hysterical Feelings; 12th. It's an admirble
A Few Short Extracts from Letters, Testonmnla, &e.
"I have used Jncob's Cordial in my family, and have
founl it a most eMlcent and in my udment, a valuable
remedy." Ilon, II M WAR NER,
Judge of Supreme Court, Ga.
It ves me pleasure in being able to recommend Ja
cob's ardial-my own personal experience, and the expe
rience of my neighbors and friends around me, Is a sumcl
ent guarantee for me to believe it to be all that it purports
to be; viz: A Sorereign Jemedy."
WM. IU. UNDER-WOOD,
Formerly Judge of Superior Court, Cherokee Circuit.
"I take great pleasure in recommending this Invaluable
medicine to all afllcted with bowel diseases, for which I
believe it to be a sovereign remedy-decidedly superior to
any thing else ever tried by me." A. A. GAULDING,
Deputy G. . orthe Grand Lodge of Ga.
" This efficient remedy Is travelling into celebrity as gat
as Bonaparte pushed his columns into Russia, and gaining
commendation wherever used."
Georgia JeffersonIan, May19th, 18.
"I have used Jacob's Cordial in my fataily, and this, with.
all that I hear about it as a remedy by those who have tried
it, induces me to believe that it stands at the head of every
preparntion of the kind. and I would recommend its use In
the diseases for whlch it is compounded."
MILES G. DOBBINS, Agent Bank of Ga., Griffin.
"If there is any credibility in human testimony Jacob's
Cordial must stanid pre-eminent aboveall other preparations
for the cure of Bowel Diseases. From the mass of tatlme
ny In its favor corning in from all quarters, it must be very
far in advance, as a curative agent, of most if not all other
patent' preparations." A. FLE3MING
Agent Marine and Fire Insurance Bank, Grimn.
gli For sale in this village,'by G. L I'ENN, Acmxx. and
the principal Merehants and Drugist throughout the Stae
WM. W. BLISS & CO., roprietors, Savannah.
May 11. Sm 2y
50 HIIDS. SUGAR, Also 50 Barrels STEW
200 Bags COFFEE.
25 H lids. MOLASSES,
200 Coils ROPE, sonie very superior,
100 Bales Gunny and Dundee BAGGING,
30 Whole, Half and Quarter Bbls. No 3,'No f.
and Mess MACKEREL, also Kits,
" And we would ALSO state," that we have a fine
Blankets, Negro Cloths,
Bedsteads, Chairs, Saddles, Osnnburns, Stripes,
Iron, Nails. Oils, White Lead, Shot, Bar Lead,
Salt, Cheese, Powder, Soap, Rice,
Biaeon, &c., &c.. &c.,
A nd in fact, every article usually found in a Gro
cery Stre. J. SIBLEY & SON.
11amburg, Nov 14, if 44
For the Planters !
150,00 / 0 bbis. Kettewell' GUANO
70 BbIs. Kettleweil's CHEMICAL SALTS,.
30 " Pure ground PLA STER..
The above celebrated M:mnure~s foir sale by
J. SIBLEY & SON.
TUnmburg, Nov 14, tf - 44
G~ Tihe Laurcensville THerald. Tndependent Press
andl Anderson Gazette wvill -copy the above four
times, and forward biils to J. S. & SON.
Fresh and Pure Mfedicines, &c.
'I'HE Subscriber has just received a SELECT
Family medicines, Chemicals, .&c.
--CONSISTING IN PAaT o
Sulphate of Quinine. 'Pure Pill Mass,
Sup. Carbonate of Soda, -Catlumel,
H enry's Cal. 1Alugnes:a, Creatm of Tartar,
Epsaom Sailts, iodine,
Sulphate of Mlorphine, Iodide of Potasaeum,
Lump Mingnesia, Strychnine,
lum's Elixir of Opium, Fahnestock's Vermifuge,
Thomnpson's-Eye Water, MleAlister's Ointment,
Cheesemni's Baleam, . vans'~ Laneets.
Norwvood's Veratrum Viride.
And a full supply of most all' the 'popular Patent.
Mledicines of thei day, all of which are warranted
free from adulteration.
-G. L. PENN. Awr.
-Oct 26 tf ' ' 41
ORGE ROBINSON & H!. B. JACKSON
k have sasociateJ themselves together, for the
transacting of a
General Hardware Business,
Under the style of Ron:NsoF &-JACxson, Hlamburg,
whiere we will always keep an extensive assortment
of EVERY TIliNG in th:It line, together with
Saddles, Bridlles, IHarness, Leather, Trunks, Whips,
&c. &e. - * ,
Hamnburg, April 27 tf 15
ROBINSON &' JA CKSON,
H AMHU RG S. C...
H AVE now on hianad a mnost complete Stock
of Hardware, amongst.which may be
200 Ton English and Swecd Iron,*
500 Kegs Nails,
20,000 Lbs. Castings,
50 Dos. Collins' Axes
75 " Brades' Patent Hoes and others,
5 " Superior Straw Cutters,
20 " Spades and Shovels,
10 " Rakes
Tillelson and others make of 'Vices and Anvills,
Trace, H alter, Log, Fifthand other style of Chains,
A complete Stock of Pocket and Table Cutlery,'
-ALL STYLES 'OF
Plains, Saws, Chisels, Screws, Hinges,
Kniob., Bellows, Bitt., Guns,
Pistols, Shot Bags,
Powder Flasks, Cotton and Wool Cards,
Well Wheels, Kettles,-Stew Pains,
Frying Pans, Gridirons, Ilammers,1ilatchete,
Tacks,. Wafer, and Waffle Iron., Candle Sticks,
Steelyards, Marking Gusges. Spirit Levels,
Andironsa, Shoveja and Tongs, Screw
'Plates, Compasses, Thum
Hamburg, A pril 27 - tf ' 15
.o-fam the' Shopi
TSRe.:opened, at th'e foot of the hill, immediately
1 ttieentrance oftePlank Road into Main
Street, ana nearly opposite '%Ir. Witt's residence.
He s4hoes Horse., makes Plows, Irons Waggons,
mends Wafle Irons, Lays Axes, and' does variens
other things after the old style. . He has -adoptedi
many of the modern imnprovemnents, inJfact all'of
them except that of slighting11ia work."
A ndhelhumnbly asks a all. ' .
Jan1I1 * tf 52
Manufahetured Tobacco !
JUTST Received direct fromn the Factory, Thirty
tBoxegt C HEWING TOBACCO, comprising,
Four Choice Brandsf viz: Honey Dew, 'Oronaco,
Extra and Premium. For 'sale "by the ~Box, or att
retail at LOW PR[CES.' Don't fal e call anA -
sample before buying elsewhere.*
G. L. PENN, Aser.