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"We will cliII to the Pillars of the Tenple of our Liberties and if it must fail, we will Perish amidst the Ruins."
W. F. DURISOE, Proprietor. EDGEFIELD, S. C., AUGUST 10, 1854. .
THE EDGEFYELD ADVERTISER
IS PUBLISHED EVEIY THURSDAY BY
W. F. D U R IS O E, Proprictor.
ARTHUR SIMKINS, Editor.
R~a m D2 Sid
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contractin::. Transient Advertisements must be paid
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For annotning a Candidate, Three Dollars, iv
For kcdvertising Estrays lolled, Two Dollars, to be
paid by the 3lagistrate advertising.
la. EIr.r:-Please anatouteC lon. P. S.
.t00KS as a Candi.date for re-eletion to repre
sent the Fourth Conressinal Diatrict. eolsisting of
Edgefield. Abbevile, Laurens, Newherry anid Lex
ingtn, itn the ext Coi;:ress. whiele viction will
be held in Uctober next, anl tlereby gretily ob
ig. MANY FlllENDS.
nrj Friends of Col. A. C. G.\RUlNGTON
respectfully atnoUne im as at Candidate to repre
sent the -*th Cngres.,otal I )tr:et, at the election
in October niext.
For Ihe inte.
Hg-jloN. J. P. C.\IlutULL is re-pectfully
anoiunced1 by hs fri-nds na a candidate f1or re-elee
tiol to the State tionate, at lte ensuiig elcetion.
C TttE Friends of I:t- TI - WAT
SON. respectinlly nominate him as a candid'ate for
seat ilt the State Senate at the nexzt eletiot.
For the Home.
U Tite Friends of C.\In E Y W. STILES, Esq..
respectfully announce htitn as a Candidate for a Seat
he next Leslature.
9--, T fz-emr 19rZtVn-Gar EO: -Wr-L A D r U an
nounce him as a Candidate for a Seat in the ;text
C2'TuE Friends of G. D. TILLIAN. Esq..
respecttu ly annutice him as a e-untdate for a Seat
itn the Le-aglature at tIte n1ext ectiont.
0 Ttll frietds of .1 USEPI I A 1:N EY, Esqr.
resp eifully atlnountce hint as a canld.date ior a 6 at
in tle next Legilattre.
7 Ttie Frinds of J .\ :ES C.\ M EW'N, Est..
re-pcul.y tantounce lhim as a Canoidate for a Scat
in th nixt Lvi-)ature.
- Tnc Fri, nds f Dr. 11. R.. Coor- respectfully
annotteutce tim a Ca1!idulte fer a Seat in the ntext
i lou-e of lirsetatives.
iir Friendls of\ W. C. 1011.GNE, Eq .
r.spect ully anntunce him Ias a eanditdate for a Seat
in the Hlouse of Represettatives at the next election
2g 11.u. Z. W. C.\R WL l is respecttfully ain
nounced hv his friends as a Caniidate for re-elee
tion to the Houe 4f Repren ntatives ut the next
' Ttt Friends if Mr. WA D)E HOLSTEIN.
nontinatte htitt as a enn-!idaite ftr a Seat itt the
ou'..of Reptresentatives at the necxt i!eetiitn.
7 Th Frietids *f \V . U3. lN. Esq.,
resp~ectfully atinouncee hin as a ( andidate for a Seat
n the next H-ouse of lI epreseta;tives.
U3 Ttts Friettds of .\!aj -J. C. .\ LLEN annoute
htitt as at Canidat. 'hr te-ileetiont to a Si-at itn the
Legisiature of Siuthi Car. lim: at the ensuintg electin.
MIa. Entrro,-You wdhll p'tse- atnnounce CEO.
E. lIENDlY. Esq1.. as a Candidate for a Seat itt
the iouse of k..pres- utat i v at the next electioni
ntil tlie AN~Y VO-rt~n.
A. P lnniN
ATTORNEY AT LAW.
c.* L r t t Edgelhl anid the Cutrts of
)vmce, Ii-. k lUniilintg, Law Itnge.
i'.! il C. H ., S. C.
in , tf 18
ATTORS EY AT LAW A".D0 SOLICITOR IN EQUITY
IIJ Ot.''ci-: at Edetidhd Coutrt I louse, (tone dior
behlx (. L. Pl'&s famtily i gicec y.
S. S. T O .T3 P K I NS,
ATTORFEY AT LAW.
Ft'rCE IN nIEAat o TnEi COURT not'SE.
Eh'f'd, S. C.. eb R. tf 4
Practice of Surgery!
D G a.. is Itreparedl taenettmmodate withI Loingtt
andl Nursintt, sneh pat tits a< tttny bie directed to
him for SURG ICALOPIER.\TIONS or Treatmenit.
iUi M.asters mnay be assured that their Servanits
will have evry nce ry attento.
Augusta aly2,1 19
D r, lv W, A bn ey
H.AVING retmovedl into thle Village, for the
L.prpose of devioting himtself. more exclusively
to his proetion,'tt and iicttntyitng the residlence first
beyonid tie PBaptist Church oni the trlht, and ad
joitning the .\le .\catdemy, (the residettce fhomerly
occupied by S. S. Tottpkinis, Esq., and IRer. C. A.
To the people of thec Village and the surrounding
In the day, he can be found in htis Ofiee, adjoin
inig the Office of WV. W. A 111Ms, Esq., atnd in front
of the present residence oif Mir. Geo. A. A ddison,
and at nightt, lhe can be foutnd at his d welling.
lie will give attenitiont at all times mtost puntctu
ally, to all calls uponi himt, either for advice anid pre
secriptions, or for personal attendance.
M1. W. ADNEY.
Jan 11 tf 52
J UST received 5,000 Lbs. GOOD COUNTRY
FLOULR, in Saeks. and for sale by
G. L. PENN, AGEN-T.
A pril_4 tf 12
rpiiE Romnt at present occuipied by Mir. Lod Hill
.1as a Dry Gouods Store. it tmy absence apply
to J. A. Williamts. S. C11RISTIE.
Dec 28 tf 50
Written for the Advertiser.
THE CHICKEN FANCIES;
OR, DR. DINGLEX'S HOBI!ES.
THERE was, or is. a. the case may b.. :a cer
taii excitemilent necessary to the well being of
Dr. DANIEL DINGLEYt and to show how in
nocent and how accessible were these excite!
ments we will begin at about the twenty-fith or
thirtith, which chanced to be Duriham calves.
Ten or a dozen of these prides of the Dairy
maid, had u.e Doctor galered around him, and
eaich moi''rn aund eveiniog, as they sported a'ont
theitir well-kept and valuable mohers, or luxuri
ated over the long trough of r.iod under the grate
fil oaks niea;r by, did iheir ::dmiring owner iii all
tVw ciisciousness of havingl done his duty to his
rising f.miil in the w:y of milk. butter and bed
.it on time feice. t:ikiiig in all the beauties (f
brilit color, line proport i ilns, :n1d gracei;
moveeiteitS. anid I dare sayr, conirraiOaning him
,.lf th:t lie v:;i,, :at least, bener i.tr th.t i i most
flks in blooded kine.
Unct- J-rry" the good old neighbor who
lived on the rocky hill, up the road, generally
pariicipated in the joys and sorrows of the
Doctor. tand was daily inv:ed to a seat on the fa
vorite pa inel of fence. to help admiire the alclves.
A re they not tine calves Uncle Jerry? There's
that dun colored one, I would'iit t..ke-let me seeq
-no I wouhi'nt take twenty dollars for that
Pmve r ul fine. powerful fine Doctor-worth
every dollar of it."
The Doctor did deserve praise for those Dur.
hamn1s, but they had their day in his affections,
.od next cane his garden.
Early, very early indeed was a large portion
set out" in what are vulgmrly termed " collards,"
and now instead of spending his matin and ves
ler hours in the green carpeted grove at the
south cnd of the house, they were laid at.the
shrine of Pamona or Ceres-we can't exactly
say which. One, we know, was the Goddess of
fruits, the other of the fields, but tradition does
not. if I recollect. right, tell under whose super.
vision :nd patronalge came the esculent yelept
e..Lh::ge. Well, early and late, did the faitliul
hoe rebound against, the flint rocks in the cal
bage beds, and after earning his dinner and
bicakfast by the sweat of his brow, would our
hero walk in the house, wiping his reeking and
fllia face, nIta Ti1it is "'itolhiehilf" to go
with him and admire the vegetables; and well
was he rewarded fur his labers, for the plants
waxed Larger and larger, until sotetine we be
lieve in 31av hIe boa.-,ted a collard that inea tured
fll t hree Feet. seven and three quarter inches,
all told. Not only uncle Jerry, but all the Doe
lor's neidhbors were invited to see the gardn
to adimire hii, mule pais. and dissertations were I
gri:oili-ly ?in-i is to culture.
- Well." tIhn.oUught the provident gentleman. as
lie one evening retired from the scene of his ia
bonrs an1d his li ove, " niv wife md children wan't
st::rve this year, that is if the bacon holds ouL."
31tuiterinIgs of distant thinIder foret old a show.
er. " The eyllards will get a rain directly,
said lie as he entered the piazza, ":a good season
will lie the making of the-mn," and lie sat down
in tfhe doorghiiig comaetly over the paling
at 1tie hring moonuents- of his industrv. As
tie heavens predicted. a heavy rain came on in
ih. itight. tnttended IV cotnsiderable winid, aid as
sooni as it was hliht the fel lowing morning. the
Dictor wa- of' for the garden. lHe had seatrcely
~one before I hielpmtet wans agwakemned by what
-he thought a hieair-tenidinig cry of despair or
--Wife, wife." screamed the horror-stricken
man, " we are ruined, we aire ruiiued."
SWhiat in the world is the matter ?" gasped
hik astoitishied compantion, startled from a deliei
Otis morining nap. " Do tell me, did a hail storm
comie and diestroy the crop? or has thait (old
stabile fallen down and crushed the mules? or
h:s that negro huonise ttumbled down and kille-d
thuoe pmoor negroes? Thlere. I have told you
fifty times that procrastination was the thief of:
propherty as well as time, and y..u hiad better see
ton ilhose h'ouses."
"Ni. in'o! iiot that b ut worse, or mo~t a.' l,d.
The wind hh-w down tho gardenr paling. and
toe, :bloinabnle.. n ngrautefuil calvItes huave eit en
up five-ye's. five of my beautiful enhlards ; anid
thri big onie. that monster thuat was the pridec of
my gaurden and my life. WVould you thiink
that t hey) could not even spare that ?"
The tensioni nerves of the sympathuizing wife
so ruthle-.ly st rung, were :is speedily relaixed
and she fell bacek. not in a fainting fit, but into
a deep) slutber. The destruct ion of his favor
ites, which not eveii the condolence of Uiiele
Jerry could modify,ecooled the Doctor down con
sideraubly, and thougrh he could boaist of a fine
gairden the rest of the year, still lie sented to
be looking about for something else to pet. The
baby caime ini for a large share of pet phrases
of gentle treatment for awhile, but towards
winter a Kentuckian came along with a fine
brood of Berkshuire pigs. The Doctor purchased
theum, antd his entergies and affections seemed
suddenly to centre on the little grunters. Every
one must see the wonderful eight, red, black,
and spotted, sureiy the pig that wats taught to
say his A 13 Cs, or lie whose swinieship was let
into the maysteries of chess, never excited more
wonder and admiration. Every visitor or passer
by was invited out to see aind praise, and each
one must guess their age, and if they had not
grown it was not in default of corn and " pot.
liquor." Blut it was just as the Doctor said,
" They improved so fast that you could almost
see them grow," and well he might, for at least,
two-thirds of his time lie was perched upon the
fence, reviewing their peculiarities and playful
Uncle Jerry, as a matter of course, shared alt
the delights consequetnt to the Doctor's pratise
worthIy fancies. TJhatnks to attention and good
feeding, the pet pigs oif one seaison made fine
porke'rs the next. The Berkshires went the way
of all the arth, and Dr. DL-cGtyY had to look
out ag:Qn for a fresh hobby. For a wiole year
lie could not settle on any thing, and his wire
began to hope that for the walit of somlething
inure attractit e, that she and the " bairns" would
clime in for a share, particuhiarly as shte laid a
jaunt in view, which .be was anx ious to takIe.
She was so fir successful as to gratify her pere
giinaing propensities. but alas! her throne was
soon uu- rped by-readcr, what do you ithink ?
A Shanighiai ehickeii. A valied friend of Ole
Doctor's sent imii a pre,!'en; of a inagnieeit
Shaighai fowl ; and tiie recipi.-nt of he ftvor
Was inl perfte: ete vcaies, as the tall -pect re-like
biped saluted the ibe ! of pebims in thOw lsuiry
v:.rd with a horrid. une:;i crow, soinldig
b.'ween the hoot of al owl. th, scream oh a
htenia and 1h hovI o' a waif. We vqwutd':,t
u ndertake to say which w:i imost eretfall, the
thouder..stricken eh::n.ieleer of file hiuiomesl-ad:
or thie hamiliated nile who Fet most forciblv
hat, a great lonag legged, setui-heatihenili Cowl.
had stoilen lfriom her it afleciois of her iiiee
lord. Yes, sympa:hising reader. Mrs. DANI.
DIs.I:Y, whon the aforesaid Doctor had vowed
it, tov'., hon.r and chierih,wvas act nally jealous iof
a chiiken, and well slit igh t be, wheiii isid
of' haviiing ite filrst share in his affectiois, as he
was in duty hound to give her, the image of
a gaunat, seniseles-, rel and black imported Fowl,
had his image mirrored there.
Here alhow us to diigress fromra the subject
long enough for i- to say to our lady readers
we warn von to beware of fine blooded chick
els, we assure vou by our own dear-bought ex
periciiee that they will crow your life out cf
you ; that i< if they ::re favorities -of the hour,
in the harem of your hi.band's heart. Calves
and pigs can be kept at least out of hearing, but
those everlasting bragrgadocio, Shanghai- owls,
are crowing their victories in your ear all day
and all night too. Poor Mrs. DINGi.EY, imo.t
severely v~as her patience tried. Biut if she
could not boast a good stock of it, she knew it
was said to be a virtue, and prudence whispered
she had best try and exercise it. Shet was sonie
times nervous, poor woman, but she did not be
lieve in hysteries, else she might possibly have
tried their posency.
In a few weeks the Doctor had five eggs sent
him of the Coehin China species, and then a
fine Bramah Pootra. Ie also procured a Chitti
Gong, and now he seemed to think his fortune
was made. Dreams, which liad sometimes cross
ed his mental vision of California and Australia,
or the far famed Dorn's Mine-these Ef-Dorados
of our wildest vagaries-all faded into very
nothingness before the colossal statures of the
" new breeds." Such another fuss as was nade
from mornini until nigh t over those importations
was never heard in the annals of Christeiidom.
The eggs were set, and after the second week
the anxions owier daily-we might say hourly
-visited the nest. At. last, on one aupticious
morning, a liiih. negro ran in wiah the joyful
intelligence, "-Oh, mows.! masa, Dum Bo4odie
- Wnere's my hat and shoes? Run )ick, run
Ellen-iny hat ad shoes quick," exclaimed the
delighted man. But before either coud be got,
lie was at the nest couiting the lovely little
doiwiy things, and the Doctor's zeal was crowned
with a success worthy the landable can--e. Eve
ry egg lhad hatched. and carefully did he place
each little chirping trea-ure in the crowii of the
hat just presented by Dick. The little beauties
were all in a flutter at their noisy advent. If
Dr DING LEY had not been a temperance aidvocnte
nte think lie would ha ae proposeda a bumper tea
his favorit's, but lhe contented himself by hal
lowing up all he ~ fmilyl, white and black, from
old uncle Tloney to little toddling Sophy to see
"papa's dear liie chtiekies."
During the? day all the neig~hbors were sum
moned. \Ve forgast to saiy tUicle Jerry had
moved some mont hs bef'lora to lie West, which
event came near i'reaking the Doctoar's heart. If
ihad nt been for the Shea eihais diirectinag his
al ien'.ion ,-oinewhi t. we can't say what. ihie cnt
seqtuenics would have beeni. The chicekenis
were duly admired by the neighebors. (One
worthy old farmer watnted to know which was
the " hlighshani g" he Ih d heard so much italk
about. Anot lber wi-he~d to have thle "i Shauiter
gang" pointed out. An old lady thounght she
would prefer a " Drii n Boaidie," thiniki ng, ne
doublt tlh': one oef thle liiie Ionies woiulId be gi ten
moare reidily than a grown one. The Doctor
began to grow nervous at the repeated rege~iist<
made for eggs and ebickenis, and trembhled hist
his treasures should alt fade from his grasp. As
they increased lhe gave away thirty eggs and
three chickens. Three times each day could be
heared a shrill seream of -Chiickey. Chickey,
Chtkey,"aiid away went the dough out of the
huge tin bucket ; aiid thetn the Doetor's wife
must leave her emploayient, be ii what it might,
aitd take a seat on the steps to admire each one
in its turn. Now. the housewife had heard that
the imported chickens were tough, stringy and
not near so good for the table as the common
sort, and she therefore had a curiosity to try one,
so, as she sat one morning straining her ciot
science to admire the utigainly, overgrown, half
feathered things, she meekly said, " Doctor, I
want you to let nie have one of your chickens
for breakfast in the morn-"
Before she could finish the sentence her hus
band had sprung to his feet like one possessed,
" What ! Eat one of my Shanghias ? Kill one
of the chickens I have so watched and tended ?
You are surely distractedi Why, I'd as soon
eat one of my children-most," continued he
after a long respirattion. " No, you'll ntever eat
one of my chickens. Why, I' would'nt take five
dollars-no, nor ten for every one, big, little,
great and small. So never hint at such a thing
The diseomfitted wife knew it would not do
to broach the subject again so she wisely let it
By some stray chanefi one of the Bramah Pootra
eggs was set in a nest with some of the com
mon guinaa fowl, and at last it hiaehieid, a poorI
little lame sickly thing, wvhich iL, would hatve
been a mercy to hua lled. TIhe gand man
fell to doctering it-we are not informed whether
he gave it calomel, quinine or morphine, but so
it was it soon got so it could.hop about the
yard. Oe day. to his ttterLconsternation, Dick
eame il creamling, " Ol, massa, nassa, you
know d: little lame Dum Boodie.-well, will
ail .llarget doy. dun gnn'e aid kill him. Dun
dr.,wa him i:t detub (b watir."
Drowned I he chickn-i ! Impossible ! Did any
one ever hear the like? Go this minute and cut
tme a switelh, not a peach Awileb, a good hickory.
Now, come here, you little I outldrels, you are,
in a fair way for the gallowr,. What did you
kill that. chicken for?"
I did'n kill him massa--'twas Marget, she
No inssa, 'twant me, 'twas Will-he cotch
'em n he de ole lien wai.,U ftvin ober de fence.
- Y i wa her ma:is,;'. 31arget sie hold he
he ad down under de wa:er till he drown right
No it neher massa, no sich a sing. It done
draw tree long breafls after me -wasl him
in de tub. If Will had'tt gone rnd wipe him1a
d r id dat mullen leaf he ieber beetn dead yit."
yes he would. Oh. please ma a, -ye
tie sAouted as he saw the switch approaching.
But the Doctor's wrath had prelly nigh evapo
r:ed, and putfling with the expiring embers of
outraged nature, he looked about for some hnm
ble pennance for the ne.it transgression. "1 You
aboinitiable, heretical- barbarians you, if you
ever do the like again lil-yes, I'll hang you
Up by the toes to a pine sapling, is food for the
crows--ee if I don't. Clear your.elves before
I murder you ouiright," he continued as they
scampered away in quest of fresh mischief.
,-I declare it is too provoking," said he to Mrs.
DINGLEY who wIas enjoying the scene, and the f
idea that one of her rivals was ont of the way.
" I wonld'nt have taken a dollar for that chicken,
if it was lae."
"Not take a dollar for it?" returned the
a.goiished woman. "Why, you could buy
eigh t chicke.ns large ehough to broil for a dollar." I
ltshaw ! What are eight of any common L
sort, to one Bramah Powtra?" -
The Doctor's Chickens slill increase, and the i
very air is musical with .Ate reverberations of 1
their lovely notes, whi'h 1 ould rival the dulcet
strains of a cracked trombone and the nereech
of a jackall combitned, but his weaker half, I
have heard it whispervd, is greatly in heart that
the reign of the Sillh uis. &c., will be over c
jhfter iihile, aid tlis ie will gin the day long
enongh, to wheedle him out of another tour;
for grateful viNions rise before her, of far off
looming mountains. rushing waterfalls and-mur- Y
muring shoals this hot enervating weather, and
%he endeavors to flatter his vanity by praising
his pets, by descanting on their merits, admiring &
their invisible beatihy, but secretly wihing that
th-3y were food for the Pariahs of the hind from
whence they originated.
[ITs TO FAnilcas.-Tomlatoes wake excel
Toads are the very best protection of cabb ages t
Plants, when drooping, are revived by a few
grains of campihor.
Pears an.e generally improved by grafting on
the mountain at-bl.
Sulphur is valuable in preserving grapes &c.,
Lard neve*r spoils in warm wealher if it. is
cooke-d einough in fryinfr out.
In. teedin: with corn 60 pountds ground go as
fras I0 'J nonadsI in the kerniel.
C"ori miealt .hould never be grounid very fine.
i i'.,res theo rielmtess of* it.
Turn iip,~ of smal i s.irte h:ive d->uble the nuitri
tion, mt ter that latrge cites htace.
Rot Bag., ik thet only root that increases intt
rut ritions quiahl ies as it increanses in size.
Sweet obve oil is a certain cure for the bite oft
a rattlesnatke. Apply it internally and exter
Rats aid other vermin are kept away from
griin by a sprinkhitig of garlic whent packing the
Montey' skillfully expended in dryin~g land by
drainini.g or ot~herwise, will be returned with
To enre the scratches on a horse, wta'h the a
h'ei with watrtm so:,p suds, anod then with beef i
rinte. TIwo app.jlient ion's willI cure in the worst
rimtber titt ini the' springs and exposed to the .
w.eat her with thIe bark ott, decays much s.oner I
thani if cut itt the fall.
i.xpierimentts show apples to be equal to pot a
to..s to improve hogs, and decidedly preferable I
for hthenitng cattle,
WHY~ WoRK So HA HD.--Where's the use of
toilinii atnd sweating ti. make money. utiless we
are to enijoy our earingis as we go aloner ? De- t
pend upon it, it is all vexaitioni of spirit,-va.nityt
and nothing else. That at man shoul d wish fo~r
to mucht as will permit him to enjoy tin ocea
siotnal holiday, t.. be sick for a month or two f
it eirciumstatnces aire so disposed, to be relieved d
from the nece-,sity of laibor wheni the strength
ails, and to have a snug somettint over for the
widow and lit tle ones, is nat ural and right. But c
why should otte strive to hoard large sums fur 1
his childrett? Perhaps one in a hundred of chil-t
dren who intherit wealth improves his inheritance.i
A few, with most marvellous good inense, strive 0
to turn their money to a good account, and im- E
prove thme superior facilities for providing the ~
world with what it needs. But thte vast mtajori- I
ty, kttowitng tno better how to use thtan to matke
the montey that falls into their hands, by their
ilhriftle. ness woutnd the reputation of their deadt
fathers in the very point where the:, were most
sesitive while living-:hey proclaim that fi
natcial ability is tto heir loom in the fihmily. In c
view of the constant rotations of Fortune's
wheel tand the assurance which till family history
gives the wealthy man, that'if he leaves a laurge
property to his sotn he will scatter it without<
mteh itncreasting the family reputation ,-that
really, too, the heir is not likely to prove so
steady and wvorth a citizen. as if simply well
started in the worl, it becomes a mystery that
we should consetnt to eat always the bread of
carefulness, antd watch night and day to board.
N. Y. Times
DmoWNE.-A vailutable negro man. thte prop.
erty of Dr. Thomas Rawls, was drowned yes
terday whilst bat hinig in Smilh's Creiek, :.bout a :r
mile from the city. It appears that he wenit toi
the' creek for the purpose of washing a horse..t
Thiis done, he took a batth himself, and was ,
drawn into a suck or whirlpool of the creek, andi
wa,.. dro.,...-Colnumbi. Tier;s.
From the Philadelphia Inquirer.
Dr, Cartwright on Cholera.
The following has been sent to us by a high
ly respectable citizen, as embodying some of the
best hints and suggestion in relation to the
zholera that have yet been made. The nuthori
tv too, is of the very hignest character. Our
uwn adviceols, to obtain the aid of a physician
is speedily as possible in case of sickness.
NEW-OH1LEANS, May 14, 18-19.-Your favor
)f the 27th of April has just been received. In
reply to your inquiries, whether the symptoms
Jf the present Cholera agree with those of' 1833,
[ answer, they do. The disease is the same
the sanic symptoms, and the same .variety of
;yiptois observed in the epidenic of '32 and
33, are fonid in the present. The symptoms
arv in dill'erent. places and often in the soame
a1niily-snqe have cramps, others not. Most
if the cascs commtlence by diarrhma, and a few
y vomiting and diarrhoa at the same time;
one rpid in their prougress, others slow. In
eneral, there is no f'eeling of indispu.-,ition when
he diarrhea begins.
It is only after the system h.as been robbed
f muich of its watery iluids by the diarrhoaa,
hat the .iokinI sensation conlnences-just as
n loss of bloo'd. The patient is thus lulled
no i fital security, becanse he does not feel
iek, and thinks that he has only premoiitory
yiOtoms, which my end in cholera or not.
I'le error lies in taking it for granted that the
lisease has premonitory symptons, requiring a
nilder or different treatment frot the disease
The disease consists in a pouring back of the
:ontents of the abarbent vesels into the ali
nentary canil, and a filtering of the watery parts
,f the blood from the extremities of the capil.
arv arteries. Before the diarria manifets
tself, the dise:ase has begun. The absorbents
r some of them have-poured back their contents,
'urnishing the serous or rice water matter that
s thrown out by the diarrbea. How erroneous
hen, to call the diarrhma a premonitory symp
om. when it is actually a secondary effect of a
rior diseased action, of the disease itself.
To cure the cholera cito 1u0o el jucunde, this
ouring back process must arrested. A-trin
ents, Opiates, stimulants, &c., nav cheyk it for
while, and nature may re-establish the natural
ourse of the circulatio'n in the ab.orbents: but
here is no security that she will do so, unless
he fluids he determined to the skin ajid the
ivr put to work. When we act on the skin
ty inducing perspiration, we make the absor
ents of the alimentary canal, hungry for fluids.
A sucking up instead of a pouring. back action
s established in them. The discare consits in
he latter ac:ion, and is cured at once by estab
ishaing the former. Fluids in the body or out
f it cannot run in opposite directions at the
ame time. Hence a diarrhoeafrom a retrograde
etion of the absorbents must stop as a matter
f necessity, when the natural course of the cir
ulation in the absorbent vessels is restored by
nducing perspiration.. The perspiration hAould.
e supported by dilnent drin6k until we have
ime to bring the liver into play.
The liver is torpid in Cholera. When the
ivr acts, the natural course of the abdominal
irculation is restored. But until the. abdominal
irculation througi the liver is restored, we mn-t
et ott the skin. We cannot aet on the liver
nd restore the natural course of the circulation
r blood through it, under six or eight hours.
'he disease often kills i ihreo or four. But
a can nei on the skin in five winutes, which
will answer every purp.-e. uad give us time to
ci on the liver. How Can we act on the skin
nd aciuallv cure the formiid:able cholera iig so
nort tnie, i% the quetioi ? I antwer, that by
stimulainag sudioritie choulgogilue forined Upil
lie basis of the celebrated composition of an
ients, which the experience of two thousind
ears has provi-d to be eminently succesful in
Old congestive affeclions-. complito-ition where
lie pungent aromatics, anti-spasmodics and slow
nratives, are broutihat into happy union.
My composition differs from the ancient pre.
ration, in having only one kitd of pepper in.
tead of three, one antti-spasmnod ic, tle campliir,
stead of many, and one slow purgative, the
halk tmarcury or calomel, instead oft thle drastic
egetable cathuarties used by Ihie ancients. It
s comtposed of 20 grainis of chalk mercnry
Hydraryrum cuma creta) or Eatglis!t calomtet.20
rains Cayennue pepper, 10 grainis gum camphior,
5 gr:,ins caulcined ctbarcoal, and thte stae gnan
iv gumi :irable. The above united constituate
'ose foar an adult. It is best givetn in two
able spoonsful of cold water. It should be
wallowed at otnce without stoppintg to taste it.
tgenterally canses a sweat to break out in the
tnich, bowels :tnd extremities, with little sips
f hot camtomtile, sage, balmn. or mintt tea, or
hiken water. Then whuen the sweat cam.
encts, all that is necs-ary is to support the
weat by dritikinig treely oif watrm teas or chick
it water, utntil the purgative part of the comnpo
ition hats titme to emplay thte gall blader of its
trabilious egntenits. atnd to ena ble the blood to
irculte thtrough thme liver. Thte heat to assist
lie aonve powder ian causintg sweat, may be zip.
ied to the ext remities, in the shape of bottles
1i:hI ha.; wa:ter, an td to the snoamaich and bowels,
' a jacket ort shirt writng out oft scalding water
ad rolled inito a ball as large as a child's head
aapped in a dry flannmel. As soon as the pow.
er is swallowed, a natpkin dippedi in cold water,
tould be stinfled into the mouth, to take out
Lbe burning tatste atnd to prevent vomiting.
If instead of a sweat a finlshing of the ftae and
'at of the skint caused by the hot applications,
ie latieet should he n.-,ed to bring the system
a the sweating pointt, ora/free cuppitngaver the
toneh. Dritiks should be givenl while thte
hood is flowiatg, to prevent the loss otf blood
ro denbilihatiatg, which is well to do, if te
rinks be absorbed ; blood lettintg, by removing
enius lhethtora facilitat es absorption. A sweat
till stop the diarrhcea and vomiting if it can be
stablished. While the diarrheua goes on, :and
efore perspiration occurs. stimulants tmay be
sed freely--none are too strong-fire itself
a searcely too strong, if it could be swallowed.
'he powders though are generally strong
nought. When sweat is once establisherd.stimn
lants are injurious, atnd are apt to drive the
hood to the brain, and cause secondary fever.
Varm teas tor chicken water are thent the best
timulants; they dilute the blood-they catn be
aken cold or wiam or alternated wiali ice. But
uppose the powders catinot be kept on thte
toach, what thten ? 1 aniswer, morphine anad
amphor water. From htalf' a grain to a grain of
ulphate of morphtine dissolved in a dessert
poonful of camphior water (thle agna camphor
' thte shops) should be given after every spell
f vomiting. or every stool, also a little calomel
r chalk mercury. Coffee after the morphine,
revents it from affecting the head.
I have teen practising medicine in the city of
iew Orleans wore than four months, and have
aen more or less cholera every day. I have
o met with a sinigle case which has not been
romptly cured by the above mentioned meanas,
I'taken ina htatnds before the pulse fatiled. The
tanst atf the cases are cured by a single dose.
'ore thtan one or two doses are seldom neces
ary. Vhat kills so matny people with cholera,
ley will ntot believe they hive the disease un-*
it they hegin to die. They die from trifling
tith the diarrhma, believing it is only a premon-.
ory symptomt, and stop it or try to do saa by
tringent or opiates Life is suspended by a
hair tinder the " stoppnig up" empirical method.
A fearful risk has to be run. But if the skin
and liver be made to act, there is little or no risk
or danger to be apprehended. Many dic from
stimulating too much after sweat begins to flow,
and not taking suflicieint fluid to restore the
watery part of the blood which has been lost.
The word "premonitory" lias- killed its thon
I snds. The disease has no premonitory symp
toms that I have ever discovered. What is call
ed by that, name is the disease itself.
The above mentioned powders and a vial of
the morphine and camphor drops should be
kept in every house when the cholera is about,
and taken whenever and wherever the first symp
tous of the disease show itself. In cholera,
" take the medicine first and send for the ductor
afterward." Respuetfully yours, &c.,
SAMUEL A. CARTWRIGHT,
Late of Natchez.
SrAXNISI INSURREeTio.-The following is
the proclanation isied by the insurgent chiefs;
Citizens: A corrupt and corrup;nig govern
ment, wielh has outraged the majesty of the
laws and humiliated the hoior of the country,
is on the point of sinking under -the weight of
the nationial execration. The honorable men
of :1l1 pariies condemin it; the public, indignant
at its iniquities, reserves lr it an exeuiplary
puni-hm1ent. The days of its shamefurdonina
tion do not suffice to count by them the reckon
ing of its crimes. It has broken through the
constitution of the State, tranpled on all the
rights of citizens, been wanting to wil the senti-,
ments of decortim, scorned the n~aional repre
seta:ttion, closed the tribune, enchained the
press, sacked the treasury,correpled conseiences,
and sowed profound perturbation ii tle country.
The generals who have given tto the Queen a
throne, in order to reign eonsfizuionally-the
mien experienced .in polticak struggles, and the
independent writ ers, are persecuted, dismissed,
or proscribed. 4 swarm of adventurers has
proposed to itself to convert Spain into its pat
rimony, and to destroy in a day the conquests
of fifty years of heroic actiiQ.and generous
sacrifices. After having torn btum -the people
.enormous cotiributions not aitirized by the
Cortes, it hias itttituted'a iew.iihpost, whlii
has spread misery and fatminijiitlie provinces.
Its conduct has tno example nt.pettuse. .Te
revolution does not spring fron te nases, -or
go out from the people-it proceoda from the
governing power, which has placed itsylf beyond
It is not another change of persdni - which is
treated of, nor a party revolution ; what is trea
ted of is the fraternal union of all liberals, of all
men of probity, who seek to render the scanda
Ious robbery which we have hitherto witnessed
Patriotism, union, and confidence-with these
three elements, the itation, liberty, and torone,
will be saved; and you will banish forever the
sad legacy of huinliation which otherwise yott
will lease to your children.
An act of energy alone can putan end-to te
reign of arbitrarineso aid immorality. The
country expects it all from you. To arms, citi
zens! Either now or never!
Miss FItLLor.-The Buffalo Republic, of
Thursday morning, thus notices the death of
" Our citizens were shocked yesterday by the
amlttntitueeiemt of the diatI of Miss Fillmore,
thu ottlv datighter of the Ex-president, a young
lady a- hidily esteemed. by all who enjoyed the
pleasure of her acgtaintance, for the superiority
of her mind a- for ihe excellence of her heart.
Ont Tue:'day, Miss Fi:Ilmore left this eity in per
feet he.'hit for lie re-idence of her grandiather
in A trora. That evening she retired early, and
awoke, during th nign i, in a state of collap.<e.
H1er fatiher and bro iber reached her bedside ontly
in time to watch her departing breath, unrecog
nised by the suthfrer. The event has east a
gloom over a h:irge circle of friends and acquain.
tinces, and f ills wit h crushiiig weight upon the
grief-strickeii foaher anmd broiber. They have
the svimpaihties of this whole community itt their
A Noa CAnOtIA EuJTon.-The Milton
Chronicle snms up the occuplitionis of his tneighi
bor ofI the Spectaitor as follows:
"lie is an ollicia'ting mniister of the gospel;
a licens.ed aittorney ; a ntewspaiper editor; aigent
for inearly til the inisurance andr as.surance corm
pinies north of the Potomaic ; commni-sionecr for
thirty States, and tin app~llicant for the same
when Kansas and Nebra~ska shall have come in;
bank director ; Chiairnmin of the Board of Super
inidents of Commuon Schools; temperantlce orator;
aigenit and counsel for Wake Forest College;
Presidenit '-nd Secretamry of aill the Boards of the
Jiaptist Church, &c.; amid, in addition, lie ownts
inore townt property, has the neatest farm, the
best fruits, anid the fintest cattle of any man in
SCENE ON THE Oisto.-Our boat stopped to
take in wood. On thte shore, among the crowd,
was a rema~rkatbly stupid fellow with his hanids
itn his pockets and his under lip hanging downt.
A dandy, ripei for a scrape, tipped ntods and
winks at all around, saying
-Gow, i'll have some fun; Ill frighten the
lie jumped ashore with a long drawn Bowie
kitife, brandishing it in the face of the "green
un," exclaimed -
"Now ill puniish you-I've been looking for
you a week."
The fellow started stupidly at tha assaiant ;
lie evidently had ntot eense enough to be scared ;
bitt as the Blowie knife camte near his face, one
of his huge fist suddenly vacated his pocket,
antd fell hard anid heavy between the danitdy's
eyes, and thre poor fellow was floundering in the
Ohio. Greeny jumped on boaird our boat, put
htis hatnds in his pockets antd looked around.
" May be," sidi he, -there's somebody else
here that has been lookinig for me a week 1" But
TEACH YoUR CHILDREN TO SIN.-The best
tliig parents cain do for their children is to fa
mfiliarize them with good, wholesome songs. Mu
sic tills up their vatcant hours, softens and purifies
thte disposition, renders them more tractable anid
obedientt, keeps them out of mischief, and disci
plines t he mental facult ies. 31 usie gives a charm
to the family circle tat nothit'g else can, and
the recollections of rthe songs of childhood are
more durable than tany other impressions. Musie
gives life and zest to the school room. Chtil-'
dren have it, anid it sweetens their study and
entcouratges their hearts. Music is thte soul of
the church. It kindles the fire of devotion and
brings the soul in fveling near the Father of
music-the Cretttor of thte world.
REV. Mr. Iloffmtan, ini his sermon on " The
System of Free Churches," ays that the first
eniclosed pew that was ever known in a church,
dates btck only to the 17th century, hatlf a
century anid more later thtan the Reformationt in
Englanid. They were never extenisively intro
duced until the time of the Puritan rebellion,
tand then in opposition to the Blishiops of the
Church, by men wvho wished to conceal from
the congregation thtat they refused to kneel
during tlte p~rayers, or thought themselves too
good to pray byte side of those who were
poorer thatn th..mselecs
Terrible Effects of the Weather.,
Yesterday, says the Charleston Standard of
the 2nd inst., was another scorching, seething
stifling day. It seemed as though -the very ele
ments had combined to assist the Sun and ren
der his rays more intense and unendurable.
As 'Was to have been expected the result of
the excessive heat within the last ti o dafs'hag
been dreadful. Men and anitnals.itve been
overcome and dropped lifeless in the streets.
We subjoin a list of.
Private Frederick Lips, of the German Rifle
men, who attended the funeral of one of.the
members of that Company, and Serjeant Scherb,
onglonday, fell from the effects of The heat, af-,
ter reaching his home on the corner of Calhoun
and Elizabeth' streets, and died bettreen seven
and cight o'clock on the same evening.
Mons. B. Ladriere, a native of Relges,France,
cngaged at Mr. White's marble yard on Meeting
street, was attacked by coup de soliel yesterdgy,
and expired in about twenty minutes. Iis phy
sician, Dr. Lebby, informs us that he never knew
a person to die - so suddenly from the effect of
heat. The deceased was about fourty-nine years
liehael Kennedy, native of Ireland and ei
p!oyed as a drayman by Mr. Woodside, was sun-.
struck. and died in half an hour. He was attack.
ed in Chbreb, near Cumberland street.
A man named Carey was overcome by the
heat on Union wharf, and died shortly after.
Mr. Campbell, a native of Scoikndband.resid
ing at No. 69 East Bay, died of congestion of
the.briin produced by the heat. Ile had 14e-.
ill for two or three days. Deceased was. 'a
brother of the lato Peter Campbell of Folly
A haboring man whose name our reporter was
un'ble to useertain, was stricken down In the.
upper part of King street, and died in a few
A man working at the Orphan House, whose
name was not ascertained, was also killed. -
Private Schroder, a member of the German
Rifles, fell from the heat at the grave of a de
ceased companion at Hampstead on Mond-y.,
and remains in the vicinity in a very critical sit
A person by the name of Fitzgerald overhea't
ed himself while chasing a cow in the vicinity of
the Post office yesterday. He fell upon the
pavement as though he had been shot, and his
r overy is considered quite doubtful.
A negro girl was prostrated by the heat, near
Market street, but by the timely application of
restoratives she recovered.
THE New Orleans Delta, alluding to the recent
proceedings in relation to the supposed master
spirits for the invasion of Cuba, says:
" These abortive proceedings have .i-ather
increased than diminished the zeal of those
engaged in this noble enterprise. It is true that
abroad, in the island of Cuba- they may produce
some alarm and languor. zut herest is so-ell
understood, that neither Presidents nor Judges,
proclamations nor writs can restain that patriot
i,m which fills every American heart, and prompts
him to extend his sympathy and aid to his
oppressed neighbors, that the measures employ.
ed to defeat have rather tended to promote the
success of the design. The atrocious usurpa
tion and glaring outrage which have characteriz
ed the judicial interpretation of the neutrality
act, have added fuel to the flame, and made it
the duty of Americauts to stamp, with their
emphatic disapprobation, doctrines subversive
of personal freedom and poliical rights."
IloRInLE DISCLOSURE AT BUFFALo.-A des
patch from Buffido, New York, states that the
most intense excitement was produced in that
city last Friday, in consequence of various ru.
mors concerning a large numblier of deaths by
Cholera at the Poor House. A large party of
physicians and citizens viiled the house, and
found everything connected with the establish
ment in the most horrible condition. Within
twenty-funr hotrs fifteen insane persons and
seven others hd died of Cholera. and four more
were then in a collapseI stale. The huse was
found to be so foul and filthy, that it was abnuost
im~possible for persons to eliter it. Its inmates
were in tile most awful coinditin iminablle.
On inquiry, it was found tiley' haud been itept on
iisnaicienit food, and that (if thle worst quality.
The reenla~r diet has been--for breakfast, a piece
of bread cut in pieces about five inchteq squarc,
with coffee made from barley, and a piece of salJt
pork-ror dinner they had the same fare with tihe
excepi ion of the coffee, and for supper they hlad
bread and tea. This is the kind of food the
poor ilnates have been accustomed to. Scurvy
was also found to be raging in tile buildings:as
well as Cholera. Several deaths from actual
starvation had taken place particularly among
I-r is extremely gratifying, says a London let
ter, to find that the nutmber of poor and the ex
pense of pauperism continue to rapidly diminish
in Ireland. Tile nutmbers of inmates in work
houses has lessened 42,000 during the year whtich
elided A pril, 1854; and the expense ha~sdecreased
during thec same time from ?883,267 to ?785,
718, or ?91,549.
GRAvxs IN ADVAKCE.-TeI idea of kceping
ready made coffins on hand for sale, introduced~
ceveral years ago, always struck us as a very
good one, and has proved of great utility- bu't
that of digging graves by wvholesale, and selling
them on demand, is a progression of the age
for, which we were hardly prepared: and yet
it is by no means unworthy of the time, du
ring the prevalence of anusuail mortality. The
planu has been introduced in Philadelphlit by the
Cemetery Companies on whlose grounds the
poor are usually buried.
The principal advantage of this practice is
is that the graves may be dug at night, early
in the morning or in the evening; and not, o~f
necessity, under a broiling sun. The graves
may be dug to contain one or a half dozen
coffins, as may be desired. In Philadelphia the
mode adopted is to dig the grave twelve feet
deep. A coffin is put 0on the bottom, covored
with earthl to the depth of a few inches, anothl
er collin is laid on top of this, and the same
course pursued until the grave is suflicientiy
FAsnIoNABrE TIPPLING.-TheO New York
Sunday Atlas tells the following:
" A lady friend of ours, in making some calls
upon the fashionable millinery establishments in
Broadway, after making her purchases at one of
them, was politely invited to take a glass of
wine. We did not ask whlether site refused or
not, but she informed us that the department
seemed devoted exclusively tw the purpose of
treating their customers. This 1s. another step
in the march of civilization. We poor male
bipeds will have to keep a sharp look out .for
our wives and daughters, less they be induced,
while in a state of semni-intoxication, to spend.
more money i n nery than the law allows. Tip
pling is gettino be a fashionable vice among.
the ladies, and there are already several splendid.
saloons in Broadwvay, which they visit exclusively
for tile purpose: unattended by their lords.-s .
RECEIFT FOIL EArrPESS.-Go witho~ut your
dinner, and see if you don't-feeliappy? when ib'