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- RTA1ION IN CONG ESS.
Much of the delay. confusion, and dissensions
in.Congress are clearly traceable to tle system
of rotation, which strips it of experienced memu
bers, and fills their places with raw ones.
It would seem that the plan for the conduct
of business is vell calculated to systematize, to,
ripen measures, and to have them fully, fairly,
and ably presented for consideratio.
What etter modo could be devised than the
distribution of work among the several commit
tees. These committees have confided to their
especial charge certain measures upon which
Congress :ms to act. Upon them rests the
responsibility of collecting all authentic infor
nmntion on.the- several maiters, and of making
such a report upon them, accompanied by the
evidenze upon. which their report is based, as
will en:be each member of Congress to deter
mine; iitelligei.ly for iiin..elf, what. course hl
shcall pursue. It the commisee faithfully per
formi ttheir duty, Congress has before it tie inl
forumaion upoci which to decide, anid the mere
reading of die repor., will oing- tieul to a con
vlusion 'jow to vote, and little ime would be
lost *i discussion. Eacha commitee would fur
nish the quota of ieports and inforuations, so
that, every subject. to be cotsidered would have
received due study rwd be p.operly presented.
A speedy aid harmonious besson ougi . to be
the .esult. Bi, w hat i tle ftt. ?
Scarcely at.:. report is r ead, or if read, is al.
lowed to ;iare its due weight. And why
There are ino reons. One uprominent rea
son is, tla o much of wi, coilues before Con
gress a -.ecedent, on wiiic in innumer
able cases, iew nienbers have no knon% ledge
or iaoulrciIltioni, while -uch antecedents, if
knowt , migh. gready iodifv or even reverse
the conclusion .o wchn otherwise they would
have coine. It his lppened -o Frequently, iroin
this eause, ih:. maiscrz ivave been so p:Lr.ially
prescnted. JiaL cuiidence in the reports of eilm
mi..ees, inee hie introdnedion of rotation inl
Congress has steadily declined. A seconid rea
sonm 7ko, is, that new inemjbers, to show that
the' auend to their duties, andl to obtain the
repu.iion of watv-hfulness, m1ike hypercrisical
e.'-epionis..0or seize npoi some subject, inter
esting io dieir cont.ituelts to wake a flout 11.
They often do ik recetantly, b;. Find them
selves a1lmo. neces.4iWged to do so, to prove
they are not iidolent, or negligent-a hbought
the same parties in com0niatte.V mia have hibiuir
ed wil' i a zeal, diligeuce, and ability whiei
should entide eticta to greaULtr credit than the
best Apiech or tile ,es-ioo should merit.
The consequeice i, tht. linding reports dis
reg(arded, ih:e, in fLe., i , i only by gieat good
luek they cai get a c.ance to r-port a bit!, inem
bert hvvu4.e.onic discouraged, at h:vinig irom
'hai a dozen .o dozen reports in dicir d:anLe
rm ilaiing ox% :I.e s ion, ~without an oppor
tunityv to presecit diem; until now the report
of a comuitLee is no assurance, whatever, of
its passage. Cotataittees are 1.ast, becoming
'mockerley.' Were -teambers Ml!owed and urged
to remain a- long as they could coavenieiidy;
sue-h a system. o, coimiatee-work would be
adopLed. as would simplify the labors of Con
gress; :ud -hi nish.it wi h reliable iilorination.
-, The advp.ion of the systei or rotation in
CotigcS, making a rewatnd for pairtV services,
is' ao's; tuhappy. iyrodution, and is frauhtii
.wiith im-y evils. The good w% hich may arise
from it, ean.no' iear any. .o1nT'rison witht he
.ditailant . ~ We I cfer, .ot course, . to sucti
menibers a- --re cWpabb and-have tie cotnfideice
of lheir coitentcms. -
A inenber o atility au-d indun4ry, who has
ailigently prepnired hiunel durinr several coi
. gre'.es to eara nti>ie, nt.u i.: enongi feels
keenly the inijustice of beini .ei' oui ju0 at 4
'fruition of hi., i *ors, aiher haviig nanla'doned
his piivate initereis and devoied siimself to tie
If the country understand its interest, it
should Itereotype the names of its faitlful and
able sitppotiers in the congressional list. The
sVsteU o roi:aionU make's demagogues, the op
posite .4 stein matkes business mien and states.
en.-Exciaige P. per.
PmzE FIGHTING AND Mo~r.A Y IN NEWV-YOEK.
-Jete 3orrissey, the pugilist, who was baidly
beaten in a recenit prize light with one Win.
Poole, in one of the most public sireets of Ne w
York, and almost within sight of the residence
of one of' the catpt:ains of police. has issued a
statemenct declaring that he wenit upcon the
grounid without a single frien~d, that he found it
filled wishc 1oole's friends, that Poole himself
did not strike him one blow, but that he was
beaten by Fs frienid<, while ti.;d I'. don it and
was 'oeating him. Furthter, the deelares his in
tentio'n to again call upton Poole itt a few daiys.
it appears thtat the captain, his lieutena~nt :ind
the policemen of the Ward in which the dis
graceful lighL took pbe'(e, wecre matde aware of
all the arrangements on te night prCeiou, bui
they "made their arraingemietits" to arrive ott te
ground just ai~er the balde was over, and the
principails had disappeared. After this we are
not surproied that the Newv York papers shionth1
be so indignanit at the puntishtment infli& ed uontt
the :.hieving. tiegroes acid natives of &it Jican.
It seems to be the prvic of some of thenm
to encourage and uph;old crime in its various
grades of intiquiiy. Formerly .me respect wa~s
enitert:.ined for thme latw, and piugilists were com
pelled to go elkewhiere to tight Lheir battles:
but now they ;i;;ht int open day, in the pubclic
thoroughifares ; thte police pacy no attentioin to
them, and more astonishinig still, thme third p:.per
in point of tireuhauion, edited by Chiurebt mem
bers at diat, publi-,bems a card from one of' the
beltigerents, announcing hiis intenidoin of' again
faicinig his antagontist andl setiling ihe dispute.
Instead of' sending ou; nmissionatries o tamite the
hecattiet in foreign lands, we thintk it wvould be
far more appropriate to keep ltm at home, atnd
endeavor' to revive a spirit of moralily in New
York. Ciistianity is certainily at a very low
ebb among some classes in that city.-Charles
SHoeKING BAnIIARITY TO NEGROEs IN A FR EE
sTATE.-Trhe Edwardstown (Ill.) Enquirer telts
the followinig, as sad a story as we hauve lately
heard. If the transactioni had occurred in a
slave State, we should not have soon eased to
hear the howls of abolitionists over it: " WVe
have just heard of a sorrowful inident-the
effects of a fright. A colored woman, named
Bruner, whlo, with hter hushand, lived sonic six
miles from this place, was supposed to know
wvhere some stolent property was concealed.
She denied all knowledge of the pr-operty,
where upon her accusers told tier that unless
she told the truth they would take heri from the
house and hang hter. Shte still stontly deied
knowing antythimig of the property and atppeared
much frightened. Ott thteir repeating the threat
to hang her she finited awvay, and died in a
short, time afterwatrd. She was enceete at the
time. Sinice theni, her hcusband. throughn grief
fromt her loss, has become a maniac. Snehl an
occurrence should prove a warning in future. as
to how far coercion is carried towards defee
AFFRAY AT INDIAN SPRING.-The Macon
Citizen says: "on WVednesday eventing last, an
unpleasant reneotuntre occurred at Indiatn Springs
between Dr. Richard II. Niabet, son of Col. A.
H-. Kenan, of Milledgeville, in whtich the former
received several stabs from a kttife itn the ha~nds
of' the latter. The difficulty originat'ed in the
ball room, and terminated, as we understandl,
after the party brok~e up. WVe tare unable to
give the pacrticulars of' thte affair, as the accounts
are conitradictory. Very gencrtd regret is ex
pressed, however, at the deptlorable occurrence.
PEDESTRIANISM ON A i'LANK.--A man named
Hughes, in San Francisco, walked for 80 conse
cutive hours up and down a platnk fifteen feet
long and three wide ;-during the latier part of
his ~performance lie had to be whitpped to keep
him awake. Hie made about $1500 tty the Ope
ration. We think he deserved the whipping for
his folly, as well as the money for his entergy.
QUTrE WARLIKE.--We learn from thle Chip
pewa Agency that Hole in-the-daty started omit
a few days since at the head of 400 warriors,
tfor war upon the Sioux. He tias sworn to drire
every Sioux from the north side of the Minne
sota, a threat which he may *t find easy to
fulfil. We apprehend, however, that there will
be some blood spilt before he returns, and the
scalps of some half dozen sptnaws and popooses
.mtay form trophies of the expedition, wvhichi will
grace the triumiphal tmarch of' these bratve sons
of the forest as they return home flushed with
victory and nswcnesr-MineSota paper.
ARTHUR SIMKINS, EDITOR.
EDGEFIELD, S. C.
TIHURSDAY AUGUST 10, 1854.
g TnE Editor has been almost enti'rely crowded
out this week by the quantity of other original matter.
gg7 Wz cannot publish the communication of
"MAY Voarns" without the names of the authors.
g By the request of some of our subscribers, we
will publish the decision of Judge GLcuatRsT, re.
specting the Toll Gate, with great pleasure. Will some
one fjrnish us wa. a paper containing it!
gg WE invite attention to ilie Memorial in this
day's paper. In presenting the grievance complained
of, it enters, in a measure, into the argument of wis
controversy, both sides of which we are A illing should
be honestly heard and duly considered by the people
at large io the State. We are glad to see that so far
the argument, pro and con, professes it) appeal to the
judgments and worthy sentiments, and nui to the blind
passions of the people; and we earnestly trustNihat
for the honor of the District and State, anti for the
tine of our people, both sides of this warin diipute
will steadily refrain from that clap-trap usually
brought to bear in such contests.
The Independent Press.
WE omitted to notice in our last paper that the Rev.
MILES PUCKETT had become associated with his
brother C. C. PUCKETT, Esq., in the Proprietorship,
and in the Editorial Department of the "Press."
We earnestly hope diat they may enjoy the success
and prosperity they so eminently merit.
The Drills at Iowe's and the Cavalry
Parado at Shinburg.
WE have enjoyed two tmure opportunities of wit
nessing the Military Parades and Reviews of the
South Carolina Militia, since preparing' the editorial
for our last number, in whicl we made a feeble at.
tempt to do justice to the pride and spirit of our ex
It is due to truth, that we shnuld again state, that
the turnout was not large, at either place, but what
was equally a., mtiii, or more to be desired, the peo.
p!e were cheerful atid happy, and the men aild ofliiers
did tli ir duty with zeal and readiness and good humor.
Colonel STaot arid his Majors and Sthordinatesat
LowE's, presented quite a handsome and Military ap
pearance, and so did the whole regiment ; although
the day was hot enough to have given the men a per
feet foretaste of the temperature of the nethermuost re
g0ions of fire.
At Shinburg or Liberty IHill too, the Cavalry, as it
always does, made a noble display. It is certainly the
most handsome and imposing arm of our serivee. It
reminds one of the days of Chivalry and Knight
errantry, when beauty and valor bunked together, and
wien love and war were the ruling pzyts:ons of the
huatnat heart, and when woman and religion were the
only Goddesses, at whose shrines the manhood of the
times knelt aild howed, ir humble submission.
We acknowledge our preference for the Cavalry,
for we were- proud to rank ourselves as an humble
member of the Ilusars, until the bounty of the State
exempted its from 4urther military service.
Col. TALOEn-T, abltlglih lie was present, we regret
to say, was quiteznwell, and unable on the last day
to appear on parade. But as some compensation to
the regiment, Brigadier-General WiLtK:s, and his ac
complisied slaf were present, and at the conclusion
of the drill, rotnihstandling the excessive heat of the
weather, aid the slight iidispo.itiun of the Brigadier
General, lie made them a few appropriate remarks,
comolimenting them on their appearance, and thank
ing them most cordially for theirattention to duty, and
their prompt obedience to command.
General WILKEs is a fine looking officer, and we
doubt no:, in duie titie, will become an ornament to
that par, of the military to which lie belongs.
Major-General McGow.x, spoke again at both
places. Our friend in further vindicaition of the mili
tairy system, contended that if tine mu-ters wvere abol
ishied, the patrol, now in a miserable condition, woulJ
be neglecied, iir total~y abandoned ; arid the conse
quence woutld br, that die scenes of -St. Domtingo,
might a: any tuna be re-enacted hare, and we mig
.be liabh-, in any night, to be aroused friom our slurn
hers, by the conllagration of oiirdwellinuge, and by tl e
pie-eing screams of our terror-stricken eld Idren, andI
violated mothers and daughters, weltering in their
We have, in our midst, the elements of combustion,
and a single spark from the torch of thie itncendiary,
might light upsa baleftml-fire, which all the gallantry and
chivalry of or sons could not extinguish until inun
heat-stonies were critmsoned witht the bloodl of in
fauts and muothers, and murder had riotedl and become
drunk 'in the rnt aind desolation, not only of our
!ruitful fields and tlhrivinie set tlements, bitt of our villa
ges,towns anid flourishing cities. At such a crisis it would
r<iire all the dlevotini, and more,10osave the counatry,
which bore the Palmetto banner, like a firey meteor,
through dhe bloodly field of Churuhuscn, and planted
it in triumph, all rent in threads, and dripping with
gore, oti the proud walls and battlements of the city
of lie Montezumas. It would be a reproach to thme
litood of BUTLER, whose soul was hliteid to Iheaven
by the flame of battle, while leading his " chilidren to
vicry ;" andI of A pASs andi Br ooms, andlTI .Lcsy,
your necighors. whtose spirits wet in quick pursui oif
thiir noble Ileader's, from the ensanguined field ; and of
BLOCKER, and GooDE, and CrooKERn, arld MAR-TN,
arid CA LtInA, and Lr LEs, who glioiusly died at the
very itotient, the daring eagle of .Mexico was shorni
of her pintions, and thre banner they loved, waved ti-.
umphlantnly arid jiiyotisly fromi the citadel and palaces
of die presumptuous city, w hiiehi had defied themn to
arms. It would be a repiroachi, I say, .o all your he.
roic dead, if you should become forgetful ,.f thme uobi
gations you owe your a'acestore, your childlren and
yourselves, and from your weakniess, and effemtinacy,
should neglect the common ameans of your defence and
security, and thuas render yourselves ani easy prey to
a Tyrant, v. itha his mi'!ions of mercenaries, or to that
race of savages in your bosom, whmose biarbarny and
tirst of vengence, while encouraged by incendiary
abolitiot~ists, would spare, on thme least aidiantage,
neither age, sex, nor condition, but wou'il glut its rell
spirit by the intdiscriinate massacre of manm, wonnman
and child, and by the utter destruction of every thing
tha:. beautifies our land and country.
We, brother officers and fellow soldiers, can scarce
ly boast of being braver or wiser than our forefathers,
who freed the country of the British yoke, after an
tnparalleled struggle of seven years duratton, and
they deemed it not only expedient, but indispensable
that they should establish the miilitary system, as well
to defend themusel ves agatnst mobs arid insurrections
at home, as against tyranits and enemies abroad.
There is a law ont our Statute books ev-en now,
which was passed by our fathers, anad which actually
made it thieduty of every male citizen of a certain age,
to take arias with him, even to church on thes Lordis
But selling aside the present necessity we feel for
the militia, and the dread we hatve of an immense
stading army, the study of the military and the culti
vation o* a mnihiary spirit and bearing is ennobling to
every people, and i the pillar of fire to light them to
doliveranmce andu glory in those timecs of trial when the
liberties amid the existence of niationIs are put to peril.
In fine, we can say, that General McGowEN was as
happy anid eloquenit, atid forcibile, in his addresses at
the places above-mentioned, as lie was at the previous
drills which have beemn reported, and that is paying
hm the very highest complinment we can bestow.
Whilst we ourselves, adniit the necessity we feet for
some amelioration and reform, and amendment of the
military system, arid of the military organizationi of
the State, n~e must allow that the remarks of t he Ma
jor-General, were replete with wisdom and sound logic
and patriotism; and we ourselves, would be disposed
to handle the pruning-knife, with great care and mod
We are certmain, that we were among the very first
persons in the Slate, if we were not the very first, to
declare ourselves, as a privr~te citizen, against the
militia, as it is; but we advocate reformanmd iumprosne
met-not abolition and destruction. The drtills should
be less often, andi the fines less onerous, but the system
as we would have it regulated, should be enforcend to
the letter and the fines shouldl be collected to the last
cent. The present system, in many parts of the Sta e,
is a ridiculous farce, and the most absurd of all ab
Dr. Dingefs Hobbios '
WILL he read with.pleasure and attention by all
those who are fond of taking a fair view of the inner
side of private life.
Most of the stories prepared to amuse the young and
to catch the pennies of the old, are altogether desti
tute of a moral or an aim, and dressed tp in such a
style, as to offend the taste of all readers who have a
particle of sense or discrimination.
Our friend from Rose Cottage, has given us a pleas
ant little story of private lire, in a neat, simple mai
ner, and without a shadow of afrectition.
We know, while we read, that the incidents are
true, and if the narrative- is altogether unambitious,
it is also agreeable, and it manifests great cheerrul
ness, contentment, affection and domestic happiness in
Jhe hero of the tale, no doubt, is as innocent, ami
able, and provident as any of our race ever become,
and he inspires those good qualities in all his house
This delightful picture will serve to reconcile many
a good housewife. to the gabbling of geese, the crowing
and cackling of cliickens, and the bleating and low
ing of cattle, and wil! also tend to shon, tLat true
happiness may yet be found, in at least one quarter
of otr scorched and blighted earth.
We shall always he pleased to hear front our cor
respondent, whether in prose or poetry-or in fact or
lYZiud your own business.
Mit IZAN J. RicE, Editor of the '. Syttiern Rights
Adrocate," of Anderson. devoted to " Poltics, Agri
culture, Miscllay, Commerce, Literat' e, .Nw ir and
Gen ral itelligcaec," has, I fear, vet omitell otne or
two af the most appropriate adjutieives toi the capitri
of his impsing sheet ; antd, I amt sncre Ihat tmy p-Jit
miknown brother-" THE Gt F.AT UNKNOwN, -will
pardon me fror reminding hin of the words, " Itr
med~dling~. Tajut'nq, Blabbiemeint.",
J glaily avail myself f his deicrate sa-gstions to
mend -I- manners itt my f(iure efforts bfire thei peo
ple, and cotsideritig the efi.hiened gnarter wience
they emanate, and the proverbially avorailte regaid
for tile King's Enaglii entertain.:d by liose most likely
to he his patrons, I shItall endeavur to R.:fleet, Shorten
and Rub out.
ASIlVILLE, N. C., August 5.
IT is early morn in Ashy ie1. Tht 41111 is 1,01 Yet tip,
and the imonitaii air comes fresh aid puret hrough
the Norti-west n% iislow of t.tr chatimber. Tee birds
are twittering gaily inl the tall old app!e trees i' tia
adjacent garden, aud the duck, ar,: qiackiiig listi inl
the 'ard below. lut tIhe cooks in ill! kitcthen haive
not yet commenced their elaater, nird our fellow
boarders all seca to be still ejoyh.g thore sominailes
cent pleasures over which one Maorpheus is said to
preside. At such an hour it is, that we again take op
onr task of corresponientce, as in duty boid and by
inclination drawn. Would that %t- imid sumewhalt of
in.erest and life whereupon to exerci-e our pe ut Bt
interesting or nit, we most be borne with fora column
or so. Our reoders wetl know the force of lablit. It
has been ours, for the lasi three tor four year-, to cot
mune wi.I them itt toe way or anotiter alma.t evaery
weel, atid we itw F , tltat something is wrong if this
heidomadaI duty be omitted.
Our little pari, lef. Greenville six days niga aind
camte on by very moderate stages to De.%v:ts Springs.
near this village. I I.e fir.t a,'ht we tarriei ital
slumbered at the old lhidges sIaid, anear lie foot aif
Salida mountain. here ne found itt a cmo,-talile
parlot a very passable piano, by m:-ans f n iiic ant'
a few other resources we mam' el t ct tha Il a tle
evening very ceicerfilly. To hear !th ,ir-strained
bursts of melody in w% hich ouar " mocking-il'' of
Carolina qpirts and revels n lie aline nitih her frietls
would be a treat to anx part) ,mt 'iay tour, artd .lici
was a nortion of our evening's enjiymeant a: lt; fine
uri-ck house aif )I.. Hnor-:s --'is Itoute i well k-pt
inl some respects. The table is cleanly. comfortabmle
an. abondant, and those i iot find it lificult to :at
heartily n tlimit silver forks (a few -lnct dainty dears
there are itt the world, wou'd be gratifl:d to find here
somnething very nearly resembhiig those faur-pronged
instruments. 'The roos alsoa dao very well. Bitt there
was about the nhloe place a smuell of ranki weeds, air
somet1hinig worse, which qitte overhauclanced thue merits
of the estrnh!ishmtent, and dleierminied us neuver to slail
there again, indess caimpelled to doi so by stress otf Ito'
toward circutmstanctes. We realy felt all aight as
though we wvera' exposedl .o country fever, choalera 01
some Ut her sindire ill. Tlin- pr~eet proiprielur iaf tbis
o.aee popular t-lanud shonat!d see that his premoises the
centsed rcf ti.is danck dra.naki, or Ice n ill soona be
made aware of a woful falling-tifT in the number of
Thec next day being the .r bb'alh, it was agreed ;o
travel very leisturely over thce mtonitaita, restingm at
every in'.iting spot,. it thte course ot twelve hours wn
raversed the extraortdi'na ry distance offfisen tiniles.
if we halted onace, w.'e did so fifty iota-s. lutery rIll,
evary pirecipaitoums steep, every glimplte of beuantiful
ceaery, every c-ai bitlintg foutnitin, every auorsy
bankl, every darkstme ravitae, werer madae obajecas af
interest anad attetion. Sea rcelyv one of them:tt wa<~
passed lay withoutt its share of admuirrt aaatio :i xcImna
tory ptraiie. Whmo will say lhat ithe a-:re nei of jaour
neyitig on, thtus aon'.ly and counriderantely', w..ithi at --ye
sighr tao ie gramale.ur aid .uveinettss af ( tad's glorious
creation, ad wish thearts .'ill af woindaer at his maighlty
works, is sianftil ina1 lis eigh! Oatn ie conitrat , is
no: precisely such emltiaoment as Itihit h's; adinlead of
all thuingst, afer te nsor-tip iaf (:od ian buisholy atemple,
tat prod uce that elevation tatf lh-mghat aind caonscionasness
of :aferiority so con~'niad to the tainegrea: daaty oaf thle
Sbbilath-thie biuokinag til ns ith reverencee anid fear to
tle Gr-:at First Cause.
PoNsi.:-T's Sp itng was the line of tihis day's travel
-at beatiftul stone fountinain erectd tin the roadidle,
more titan thirty years agot, by thea well knoawnt Jot
R. P'orssrTr of Siauth Cartlinta. It was a nell-coat'
cived idea of itat dis:ingui~ihed gentleaman, thtus to
present to eacth wearied traveler the mneans ot coolinig
his parched ipis and lavinig his dry throaniswhh te
mttost adeliciou.-dy paire drantght (If tanmiiti.t water, is
ploddingly Ite seekls tao climbt Sailuada's height s. Mn
a tane hais thantked him suicerely for the deed, and
years hence it w.'ill be asked " n.hao was thte gttal man
that exhibiitetd hcere so much of good taste an his apre
ciation of nature's gifs, and so mattch of gaood feelinug
for his fellows I" hiefore the respomise shtall htave been
heardl, thte wsish will arise tat lie may enijoy as lais
on one of tile coolest blpots in all time Ehysiani tiels.
Yes, PotNSETuT's is to ouir 111)lion time fotn0aan of fain
tains, sending forth in a gush of beauty thte coldest
and best free-tonie watet inl alt tile witde scope of outr
mounain hands. Staniding befoire it atnd partaking of
its invigorating flow, who can fail tal exclaima "t mlor
men arision!." Shtali this not be thte Mecca of ourn
Tetperance devotees? And yet, to show haow bad
and sacrilegious some men can he, we aciuailly hteardi
of a fellow w.hio remarked, " well, .iis is fine water
rut-oha, it ita namirabhe-ini fiet it udesereers a Ilitl
good brandy." And to say thte trumih, alhioangh thea
abservaion looks a litle scctrtlinmg at first view, the
man was not altogether wrong.
It would be an utnpardlonabhle onmission not to men
tion here that we totak ottr Sundaty dinnoer at DAvis's,
on wvhichm occasion we entered utpon is register, under
the head of " Remarks," the faolloing annmotraion:
"Dined to.day at Davia, :a delight ful red dait (htis/house
s s red as a wvood pecker's- lead anad redder) tunem t he
diversiled disc of these demaacratic diggings." DA
vis's is a deservedhly poptatr stopplia place.. His
sitaation as a cool and pretty one, iandl hia. rooms are
commodious and (whati is tmoire) suiippiedl lviit goodi
beds. Ihis table too displays liar adin a wholesone
aray of breade, meats and ve-gettables, all very nicely
done up. DAvis is aan old man, anda remembeurs well
many a former traveler over ithis romtantic regioan whvm
has now passed mitat bonen " fraom wheamce no travelar
returns." Anmong othmers, lie callead to minad several
of our allh Eadgefieldt people. Hlis bionie is a strict ly
temperance house, as we discovered upon asking for
a litle somethming for the " innoer matn." Thte -ald mani
sad thmat hais family now numbered thirty (alive and
eary) anti that not omne of them either ' tainl taper
rut or chawedl tobacco." This ia tcetotalismt in time
superlative degree. We 'loubt not its beinmg the best
of all temperamnce plaftorms, anid comamend thme ex
ample to all.
After ourn Davis dinner, we htad a delighatfaul thrive
along the beautifutl table land known as at Fiat Rock."
There are some half-dozen piritely villas itn thtis
vicinity, most of whmichm may be seen in passing. There
is a picturesqute lookictg Epciscopal chutrcht also near
the road. Perhaps there is not a mitre eligible locali
ty for summer residetnces to be found in any country
du.t...i be.:..fu.....:r..rho.d,,Bemides t-h ri at.
situations, there are now open here two marget no-is,
both of which are favorites. We did not try either,
as our party preftrred to drive by withoit stppig.
That afternoon we reached Hendersonville ant spent
the night in one continuous round J snoozing and
IHendersonville is the small cotity seat of one of
the small c-onntieP which have been carved fn: .f the
quondam" State of Buncombe." It is pleasantly sim
ated on a high ridge and seems to he growing rapidly
enough. Must of our readers know that Buncomhe
was once an immense counity. Within it< former inm
its there are now six or seven new connties besides the
little that is left of old Buncombe. We say " little"
perliaps incorrectly, as the Buncombe-ites till vote
about 1200 strong. The new counties are IlaywooJ,
Ienderson, Cherokee, Macon, Yancey, Madison and
another. This breaking up of spacious old Bnctiomhe
bringi to mind an Etliopean strain in which the
"colored individual" declares that
" In eighteen hn-ndred and thirty-nine
Ile hunig his jaw-borne fln ie vine
Dat jaw-hone fell dlown on de groin-I,
And little ones come up all around."
We suppose a number of our fellow-citizens would
like to see a similar revolution in Edgefield. Bitt there
is no room fur comparison between the cindition of
Buncombe before the division and that of Etigfielad
as she now stands. Ours has vastly the ailvantage.
At this particular time, the old North State is con
siderably excited about the Governor's election. To
day the die is to be cast, and the "n nterrified" are
.xpected to rally around the pulls with their ustal
SuCCSs. BRAGG is their caididate, while Docni:nv
stands forth as the " bob-tail nag" of whiggcry. En
fortuitiely for the latter's prospects, the tajority
thriughout tie State seem disposed to take tip lite itune
and cry " I'll het my money fitn Col. BRAGG." insIead
of the " bob-tail nag." We suppose the Cel'e's
suc sifficiei ly certain. n-l we are hen rtii y gIatd
of it. This Docn:av, it will be remnmber-.l. i< the
anmn ni ho said, :bat if South Carolina sere'ded fromt
ilt- Union he would vote both men anl money- tI ericIh
;er into sibmission. Give it to himt. PanAG( ! Whipl
himo into the obscurity and igncoinity lie taits so richly
earned ! We are all glal of it. While on th- el-c
tion, we may as well give an it:.a of tI i ainner in
witch a goibernatorial canvass is ondaelt UCd I I I I is
S5tate, or at !east in this part of it. 'Tire :t o canldi
dates travel over the State from Court-honse :i. Court
t:onise. Pauhiie days are selected for lit-e viits.
Somet imes they meet itt public discussion. Plore gei
erally honiever ail electioneering systert afic, . !,;I
lowiig ftsltiion is preferred : Earh aspirari takes n
iotel. Jt it, ie has what may be callida :evee-rooin.
Sne hal f-dozein active cmitsaiies are inplyed is
bring in all the prominent men oif the coniny ;d in: iro
doce tien; to their would-he goverior. The ir sidate
squIeeze- cacs extended hand, invites lIis frtiecd Mr.
.sNoont: to take a ,eat, talks to tairm about the crap,
&c., a lii '-- vhil- and then . ins to sot oilwr eu
tom'r. This thing is kspi tip frio ni'iriin;; :ill night,
eacht ctandid-tie at his 'ott i.otel, niih .is "awin -Igents
at work, and his own piarLy floel. ii ::round-I hi! htanl
ner. In Ihis way thei c:nvass 0.e State. Friom n%:lit
wo can learn, the whiile is accomplisheld wit a littl for
ito bitying tip of votes by treating, largs-ses, loans of
imone% or otherwiso. Perltaps certain ciatmimsitier In
SUt itt Carolinia wi hold do well Is. situdy .;e exatle I
here set. The present hitter -:rotgie Itar thl- Setie
in Richland Dstrict iF giving rise. i rtuors of bribery
and corrupliti, which we hear haindied from notli i
month i herever we go. If they he trie, tIe wltate
afriir is a stain upon he Carolina characier. f.t': .
lors nmy it be. t'er .he nefariaus aid dfeba-i 1rat
sIe I tamper.nz tins niijh tihe orindpentnc- of fee
v-oters Fa.-l e-ent! to the rest of fil hellved :i;tte
We resin. lie course of onr arrasive. From
lvitier.-oniville to DEAVFint's Sprins. the di-laner is
iv.'etv- i:L.:itnih-. The road being very giol and
otir start being an unusually early ore, tie rea -he rthe
Springs a litl before the dinner itir. Eigh-. ar ninev
miles of pilank road on the Ashville end tacititet
ot: r drive. This is the beginning of a Plank lto:il
n% hiet was originally intended to extenid on to, Gr-:en
ville C. It.; hm from some cause operatiorts liave bitn
entirely suspended. Yet lho prosjet-s is not deitnct.
Ta m1iforimttion we receir is that it will he contiin
edl. P'rssbablt a little alt .m t he Stte is awaited.
I1 occurs to us 'hat tier ga ilk roads ii Ed:;eli.-lat are
'let-dedh- sutperi'sr to tIs Northi Car''lina~ spt eimetn.
ITahe with hiere is a foist less thtan nur::-itie gratd ig
of isak-andc ithe road altoage-ther is considlerily tougher.
At U *)';t -s we fasi cat J-a-sons hutnIrl -i-isar.
Alt we' save is say atbout the place is :h-it t: romis
atc very icnmmlon, dse fare bairety tolerade, itl elhar
:4es higth and thae means itf '-sjoymenti very :iniest.
Somse slhinat he naaer e-ce!!eni, whsile othesrs pris
nounitce it wormltless far atay .iiood-ll.iTh it smuitl s o:'
sitlphuir andl 'astes very iethe firt-well af hard1
baotleit .sgs is very certain ;hut 'everal i'' us csom-t
Oa-es niot-s as to its ell:-ets andsc atgrieed in statiti- tha:
fier t iwo 'Itys faiir trial no resniu i:- way air ;1 eu' Ish-r
were pe-rceptile. Pesrhtaps thais wah gist a 'a litr-ni
-test. Onia yttinne Ct-i; ittani fromaist stefi.' I. whio
came hter - ve-ry muchel simt sf heahtt .somea weeks atgi,
-tells ais th:i lbe is nowat nearly as we-ll as i-var, amlt is
tatrihati-: i.is recovery to '.he wttsr. Tia-ra m atv he
-s ..iser case( w~ tichI u ntn. speal, cialty w.llI ft r tese
Sprmtg-s. Wa ha~ve no dtisptsiitin to dsierry thas. Bit
iio nat o~ar tbad, we d. saty thua Ih place. ale-s
is tier kept, d-:s rves to lie aw i10.1 by a he travt elling
pubthlis. Mr. II Esay, wh Is' n hta~ as chatrg itere'.
seems sis hi a very obliiniig -imd cit it perso ; :tt hei
hsas i turu foir sheP hnitreass. W'e bearit himu <y ihas
iiit nas usterty dli.tseful to himi; :.tl. i< theiag this
case, sof course- is mns. be ep"trel ihi haaist itnagie
tmettni onil be SIovenl's ad its-lii--tit. t-h dIs
a pp 't inim-:n hales besin felhl and'u lxpresed by hi,'Iis . Sirs
-hi, seasson; and, wit histt great implr.,yemen'tt, the
hht-inne tme Sulpih tr Springs w ill rut toct. We advise
3iir. HlsNity either to "tiboekhe dowtn"' iio his wiarb
with u:ii and mtaini, spiaringi tsei hear Ilabor nasr e
penise, or else tso put the houise~ ini the h:'vds -sf siun
na; oral-horn landlohird. It is his absaminsabcle nimnag.
ment 'if cur Sin.htern wvatering phiaces thttn ri-es istr
pseiple afi's c lie North fair Itealth entd ple.asutre. A
goods mny whis have hieen g''ers to~ Sirat'.gai, Nen
ps ri, &c. hetretifi re, are maikingt a trial thIis sean.-on or
ttne own hiomte re'iinrces. Bitt int sin-li a place a'
Deavser's t here is noithh~ug to encotirage themit in therir
patriotic eitTart. One lashy, what was coniatuttclated hy
it genihemnan tin liar chanige iof trip (chtiefly uposn thet
ground ihat siie ight htere euscape chii'lera) acsserted
ini reply thsat "slie nisuld ratimsr gas Northi andi hsaie
-hi'.echsasera 5haan asbide thiis- quatriers.'" It is re.:tlly ai
pi.y liat Siuthterni eniterprise is so narroaw as nti~ 10
-ce the adlvainge of impartinig ecom:'ort if ntot e-hegaite
to te few wvacrring places we have.
'Twuo slays at the Suhaur Spritngs gnsite sufsiced our
party. So wve pac-ked tip and roillel 'aver tere toa thes
pretty litila- towni of Ashville. We write nodw ini a
pleasani, airy room in thie old Ashiville Ino-h. ling
cawnedi by lie hir-ross antI tnow kr-tt lay Dr. Botaro,
formerly of Chatrleuston. Ihis thoutse dsser ye-s ci lie
spasken of isi ierms of praise. I- is gsoiet and orsderly,
althosugh gsnerally fud~ to overfloisnttg. Th'!e chi-a
bers atre decen-i enough. Tle in hs i.- ina somei rsoptct~s
the best wve have seent yetve moean in te artiele if
breaths. This depatrtment of the ctsuiine' is pr.esilea
over Iby a first rate baker, who turns onit slay afaer slay
gniantuides oft fite roills, rusk-s, hiscuit, eracka--rs, ke.
Tii baa-k ttse admnirabl'- refesions, our Itialord! Ii-ps
a finte supply of m'auntai-, hu'mtir. as yelloi'w a~ dili'e
Guashtin anid as sweet as the fresly ris-ts creati!.
To see thnose licile t'rallopeds gaitlun pyraumils tas it-y
comeo one afeer anccther out oif tabl Mrs. ioyD's tang-:
ice-btox is enough to appeui-ze :- dyspeplie: andI thn
to kntow i hat yiau will htavet hle bess t' breiadI tis ptii
ii onm-Oh ! Eipicucre ! quacnftum staf! LBov n's is aia
--xcellen lionuse andI we coimmendcc it to all traveI!ers
n ho at may pass through Ashiville.
As we have el'cewhaere itidimatedt, thse numb:r oft
rave-llers 'in thais routae is tininsially largs thls- psr 'st
seasn. From Greenville toi thte Wtrmt tSring- the
assarusment is extensive and varied. Cutthi they all
ht' cilleeed in one immeunse IthlI, it wisiiI hue a inst
Icy sihaht indeed. In te crows wvouild lie foiundth sa
women anti children, beaux anti helless, grand-pupas
anch striphings, big men and little, fat ladies aind lean,
ptlain dressed ansd jewvel-bedteckedi girls, faips annd
faidlers, ''goucrnmnds" and htypochtaindiacs, poilite
peoipte uand rcude, senisibtle folks andl fools. Onec of thei
chtief sonrces of fun tin this excnrsion is tio wat ch thae
distinctive c-iaracteristics of cacti idividiual m-:mher
of chic genius homco. Some of them it is trite nre sucih
dunces as searcely to give any evideince of their be
honginag to this exaited class oft htipesis. Bitt generally
there ant sittlicieni y prcominent peculiaristicirs display
etd to iti'ord food far lanughier if tnot fiar moralizinig.
At home, we ara alwvays diown uapon gossips ; but on
. trip hike thci. a mnng's.,ish of ecnndal ini a great
lcip, especially if spicily served tip. We have had
r.rme merry morning. o"' this kind among ou-seIves.
ut we have no " pe nt" for r-Iashing sneh tatrle.
One Inure letter. d er readers. we eXpeCL to transmit,
before turning or face uneward.
As ever, your obedient servant,
Fot riili AuVERTiSPIL.
To the Gentlencn of the Senaie ruad
T louse of Rrjre sentatircso*f South Carolina
TnE .\leioria o! the under-igoed, clii.2ns of
I )tr~et. Solu'h Caroli.a. praying a eon
s:ileratiol of the efmsi tunt ionliiy and justice of the
Act 1i-sed by the ig'sature of s..id Eat, in De
etiber, 1853, allihoriz.IlI '.4essns.. JoN:ts - i1NNE
ny " to colleet tls frim all :W'rsns paossing 'rmI
either Si le 'ver2 the rirdge a. ro.ss the Sav::Inwh
Qiver at Ilaiburg and Auignsta," an.d of th prae
tic.abi:i; f repen'n, or otlerwiee granting re: r
a h.,t the saimle.
For miany yevars a "virge portion ..f dhe ciitens o
South Carolina, have .hi pende-I iul, in their tralde
witIl Ite City 0' Al1U-t;1 aI' til ef 1114'r Iry I 4404Source
Of their revelu. adI cons.ue1ntly of' their min.izte
nance and .rospirity: and upn the ise ef sail
lirid.e, to Iieet thi< trade, which to then is of vital
aond inah:abe iiportance.
The pra:ie ..c Iteet of tile Charter to Messrs.
JONES & LNnKaV, is t slubject your 5b mriali'
to the paymtpii ..f addit:inai toll-to r, inder their
tradls inl all respects fi lsl Valie, and ill mn-, im
piortant p::rtiular, n a nd there'bre, il
pro)':Phit anit ltere-urse andl tr.rco the utmios,
hnlptankCe t.. themi. anul to whichl ther puu: S.
e~lihrts,;unli investmenes hlave long-beenl i-urporel)
aind profiiabl., adaptol.
lttl whik 0s practiL e to theln is atternlded
with suteh trejudie and iis:ister. its evvr:ty is sot
relieved by the 'onsideration .o anly Imerit14 hlns
'.honh'part of' \!e--srs. JoxnEsl KENNED)Y,
1n4r by th: _ exaction ro the:1 0of any coinlpenlsati4-t
Sbh.df tot' th'.it' ate wltever.
I it vro'e *lnte2iId by tli.s illealis t., aisert the
boonl::iv -.-h l' the -tte claimi be-te.en I trtelf I
mal GeriAi, it is utllrecednlitell as well as unuslI
.i l : f6r ',w t ate dos nt ip require a saicr'ie-: to,
Ot publ~lic in1terests n :-de ti vimiseate this-.im
silnee nodlli!f. is 111111e collII a'll an i than Los ine
14%att :nn ad (1nivi:1 of' such litatters by proper
unttrk appo11intedi ''or thle Iput po0.
And we earnis:ly subo-it 112'.er fire. to you con
ide ation. wxhecther the t saidl Charter is !12t tr .leiiir i.
.!o'sA & la .Nsl i gratuisious -nunilleenee, mo"I to
Lthe -ublie ani unwarrant:ible hurthen.
-Ou'r \icemorialists woubd not be uinderstno: in
this !eumn41li .'s e-pos. tile cause of thl'e City
Counicil -f .\uzusta, 2or wou'dl they it' this l'orim
atoty. Fa'ly to -li-ens, the codiieting chlins if thMe
11u'ie 11n1 th (le h.:11 li I i'f M.\ISrs. dONLa \ Ki N
NEuY on th : hohr, bul] wou'd1 r. tifll <nl:it a
if * the con4o..lerati:Is, lii'Li: ierllaps iiiay ne
in * 0c isl ae 44!a ' litrit o" tle tic oli 'n ' 8t n Ofl
their ri:ht to re'i 1. viz: 1. \\ hthliv e th i t
Co'oneil 1o:' .\ n:,u-la are :he- -.% ner.- 1-f ?.:i-1 ta~e
1. \ hethier : tle .\ct of ilh - i.gtire :&firs::id
dO i&: : K::NNEy hav t teen pmi p -S-s .XS or1
a.utrizei ..lh.e 2.11, ny.:n this !i1nt up-m
o/nh'e -rec" elil.. bu1 lltk ly l ir- n 4 pr,ra/ in
airel/. .\n ' 3. W hi:th r Is l::iS . ca be4 us -
a i UIll th r'it ht Iiiofuiiinet-i Jiiaisi orlori nstitu
t'..nal aw. The answer to the firsi imqini:y depen Ld,
.rretviIv upoi ;I: Deed mnaile hv --..ith Uii,!ina t.
"AMcEl. .:. iin.er wnhde the Citw. Couneil vlaesv
The .'art wli:ch rlhit- h; tis, 1iUs:: .n is ::s folloP s
-- Aseo a pi -: ..r p-tree: of snnisituated within
Covn;.on ree, a 'ad-!own Pin the ,ri-.Oiwa' pl:m.,
.If the ifollIwin... .liJInen -ns, to uiI : .-t nlin.;" 1ro
th.- mroargin of tile river at 1L w water maIrk, I I ite
Sou hiern line of Mlarket :st, and bo4 IIunded4. by
i-:i-.t and1. We.- lines ohf tile wlith f the Aut2r'sta
ilrid.t'. ru'n,~2 the0 e..ur's of 2~o io.2on street, Ii
be'ingi uLldetrtood1 tila'. the la-i ph~ LI. or 14'ieel is to)
be0 ust ~d. held and enj21.edII s5'l4~, :and e-.etIn'1ly ill
the 1ppos of* Ihe hirid..-ahnl mielt -mI :a h 41hway,'
41 Iet'e: wI h l ut i 'n l siiligiar thet rli::lt'. 04 thbe'-,
Ihl redibtamenits, and24 :1ppur~e.Ol . ito thelt 1.i ,4remi~i
1 -s achIel~ling or1 2 ni any w-. inc':ient .4r ii:-piriningl.
To i- h~ve an2.! toI h..d al'i ln i siin-:ubi 1.r he2p -lines
i. frer. !1ent'itl'o theY s'ahI1l . l . '0 1. I I.his
i. :irs' 22 a iM.:lS 1oee. .\nd, o the s k.is IJ-I
-'th. 'ten so!!cth as afore db -te of theciu
anthority1 clj4~' herei before rfi'l rere :-ed t .f
1hi 1on11 th par1 an i~i2ny 11h:a11f1 21f 01h1- 22te 4'' 11uth
with h.:s:i t~ull'r l[rs h!111h irsV a il'g
a abstI thsd :4 Stte.I .241 O~ains the 1n2 lee'f ;oi.
'ga'n2&t t Tiel el~.~. s er p-n w'loiln: ai.
hi.' hoir luIl lo:1124ns1 t Veitr, of thek~g so erpon
lyh ich. thle 1 endIast of , tthe Br :4e andu thee abutmru
ae buil2t1 ." andhere we' the gi: - olemn covennt Ui.f
-Iuth ar112. lina, tha thesod b-:i.-1 4 entilI t ue
ho2d ai enoy virth I)e Sl1le'- I f rter,''ta a.Iie S1.t
-nLI-: inst l thr.-21 un18e-2)ne (Fit tLE ) andXI aguise
t Hi not retne t hat2 b y sjht'platon ctaned c
Shis W :101 ed1: :as teIn 1v4' hned on lt'he pti of the
rInte, . Te Iritt.lge han:.reen o tkep i'alrllent' 1epar.1
Li'-.ll< nieuall 112 w, h it' i : -nea' y enkin. 20d . s1 er2111a
Il li-. 5f r.!'d fo te ras:in 104 and traellinag dommun:
:y, andi1h3 te) 0.8n ebas fro~hlt'2 th tt te so been "t used,
heb-l andc iti en oy.-d sl'ely fd txihie lytItS fof he u
hish r.un. I uon thec ixirilsnofCt- CharIlter,1
thsr:t 831 verite n:'2t 21 the Stat t~ l to rum h.heps.
sIlt.ne. :md il < monnt o till'n 41o', he "ii tridge
anbe :l i'co b te" d in wha t'nse wereV Li~st' 1
b''ALt i, the rt' n I (:Jrn reve,"tod 2 thld, user
oithe rtethesm yimrc.'n oth te
'Ilics failwitt'i 1he1 bogt ? Suc mlpt4it~l~ itertain
is5 wthout' ai- Utta 21e. For121 iI l te:t;V rmsCof the'
t)eld ar via~t t lilt' ght1of eilIl1te.h i.ate r11ma0ns
n14- Ipa ie .14nd the011ultr11 112 IL.ndl to da ftOnd and
peserv 12.d 'lni..' to .lpi! bhe rht. In t is caseb-t
thSae U. be2n2 i2the owe boith'f th :-oil nd of te
hk hw--, 2t ed foitrt :.ll ite sIl) th' was coer dn
bytire highwayol ot itc aliew15') t242 closedhe od
: t.l thlsprpaete soil to11: ohe~rnp ate, bud t on th
traryilt S e;hprelyt 1tp0 itta thei .5 W 0:S ishoul'd, 11e2
:01.1 le'Iy flit txelney f'hothe ps of t hl'erde-bt
sersot not21 prnciple some adant tt ain lihe hSgh
Iay heiwi i bet'h~ll p a' fortt t ihl'shalow, winfe h
thebnadtii atto the s'd, hr.a'ile it nlysv use and14.
beneirt i toe retais ned or reued rat t efpear
ofe yher? ;;r te tatntfoor. t hl
tie ian1 ior tihe use and beneit -if the grantor ?-to
hold and preserve the tree, the fruit of which was
to 1) gathered hy another ?. It is true a franchise,
like alny other vested prolerty, may be taken away
or prejudiced by right or eminent doimain, but noth
ing of tiis sit is here pretended, and we are at I
loss to uniler-tand uton what prineiples of law or
justice the State would defeat the iurpise and ruin
ti. interests oV her own grantee-an interest which
.le issolemnly pledgel too preserve and] defenld.
In his Repirt, Mr. EAiLE says, that " in relatioD
to the groudI on wl:cih tile end 1f the Bridge Ind
the nbutmi lit are bui!t," there was Some iisunder
standing. For this ground .- Mr. H A.. seemed to
imve expected in fee and whicit I ded;nied convey
ing iII that way, bee:mtse I sippose t:e Stte iight
th!ii. is advisabe to retain Some contrul over the
lI ridge :n future."'
!I isery nan:lies-t, that in the opinion f Mr.
EAnix.. tie eoveyanee t'xpected by lIAz.e would
take 'r-mi ti State all 4 coiirlil mour the Bridge in
fu tire," and yet the DeI d. whii hI in is oi- nion,
woutl have iad this lit et, :ni n % hieb hte therefore
deliil it to imiake, was atrieiar s actually made
unsrr authority from the Stle.
4o niha ;s ti tie Demd imad I) the Stalte " in re
lation to the ground on which the end of the Bridge
and- the abutinent are built," as to the intrinsie
in ll*ii, of s:id i eel. and1l as to tie imp*nioni of Mr.
E.uI.n: in relations to it, who as agent ir the State
])il ecitliieteI with :his Ulluj,-t. tile imillied obli
ga;imi- Of the State are not le-s iist'net and strin
ient, than are those exspress ones referred to. If
Olie 11mihe Ii express transfer of proerty to arsotl er
he imilied!y tr:imisfers whatever is i ni spensable to
it< prolper use an.d eijiyimlit. if su:ch h,. in his
piover, and lie not expressly provided agaiinst. To
hinder the proper u::e, is tI- defieat the iject of tle
title to the . erity. hiplie.! conracts are such -is
Slie :ri:Jie iif the c:se d emai .ls. Iliey are such :.s
- -eas n ;i1.- justice fie.ate fromli' the iiitire of the
ganiis:Ittion,1 am4l v. hicl thierefmore. ihe law presut'es
that every man u.lertiaes !o pir'orm. The C..n
stu tIll :iakes no dt ilet'ol betveei ote class o
I :le -.01er. Indme.L.as h f.u- th : Iarge!t
0l:1SsI o ' .o1Vtr t' CMii :-ociety, inl the ordinary
traii-.nctioniis ot life are iled5i.'sl, ther e w ould Ie very
litt'e i-hjeet ii -eenoriing he inviolabilimy t i rs
e itruc:S if tlioe. whieb are i::TilIed. i*...hti b. im
airC by Stje 'egi-!..:ton. Tlw Co.;stitt'oi is
nIlt . har:.:eaIte witih si- -1l1 e or iiion-istenvy.
Every t alt ill ;tsipwii imy :t:u amounts to ni extin
gUishment Ol' th igit 'f ti' :rantmr. and ioiplie, a
rilit Ito: to re-asert ir. .\ Iarty is, tlwerefore, al
ways estpliliel by his own tLrant. 1low alsurd
wIIuld it !e tu pideV06 that til exiress coveiiant by
him. as a imm.inient atteidnt uln the estate,
-houild bind him forecter beeaise execttory, and
restin.,~ .::I :ictiin ; :.id :et. that lie mi!.t re-asser
his ttue to thie estate and daussess I .is :rantet
be-ause there was only :it Itij lied eliveliait not
t re-nst I: it." I, therefolre, tile grantor , ile State]
retainil the lUridge lietweei low-waier imirk anl
the centre I' t;e rin-r. -lie impiticlly biargaiiei witli
ier oanltee to r miii hiiim t.. ioe :nil hohl sio ieli
tlhere.f as I as ;i,, e-sar:. I. the :ii, nii:mpir, d. a l.
piropler tvse ofi ta :t hh- she exipresslycotie t.
hiiu. A nd upin thi.- pir-inciiP'e Il b. ando , 1a in.- ti
plower, 01 eqi1al hi..il! in law andi ood con
-eie to in Iew tile Chlarte: 'b h, lf . the liranil
tee. simt such relewial was absiolutely i 1,SIIaI:I
too the use anl irposes fill the zrant. F these Views
which :Ire respec'lty ubiiitted. he k.irriect. til<
City Counil1 otf .uu-ti are the on ors lf ti
I~igand are ent'ill " too v:fe, hlnd eit]ij, y?
ti ;I e " solely -indi xeliisively 'or h cpu1rpo(ISL 0
hi Iwav ; iiist the CjlIm of the State. :1ndle algain. s
every j rson who:sevei laiwfully c'aiminig thl
saile or any p-e: threof" The next ingeiry will
nor detin Ii s for ani h ngth oIf timeic, for it w ill no1
be seriouis!y deniedi thait -he Charter to .Messrs
J~oxis & Ki:Nxlsoi Iipertes5 exe!tuvl for thehi
i: ivaite golil, andil was ii: I. ta ed in j-ubb.e nleces
taein retur n. wihichi ini ell'et is the -:ely reverst
.,f t . i inte i. of leairi C shariiiof r.s
Pbiii er st be in.: ont of theirriness stion.il this teil
to i'.. lii:.i.- havebee fu n b thi e hli:::h etd
ela lirin Iif hit-,ai Sie and uf lrt:h~ Unted " tate
to bie u ter'e wain., and mere'yi~ii pretenii nvet tin
ne.''Thin-piiry ,tnthethe ith Clay Con. il ofu:.lt ite;
i.m ibprivj~la~e tim the puss es~in thii-isliio
;;n. erllfeit em lms: rts tim h et imere~ prte.il ben fi
tRv einI nsit (dl~ ouilin e iiider ::n t he r
whiilii tet peole ,igvtrmlen~lt) tin ers hi
eta.pte of diiduawg to eum- the tnitiorpulir
uof. liprpT reseratiun tand extie of such aii jrigh
r:id i irensabl t t i praien adinrat~eion. o
overnment. il Ti: rilesumpt, in i weai mus by jor
aspbie. and pueiei ustitce nly. A ndiven lwe'
resum' le tlr thiroe tet eealist rili ista
thaici les ofiNI lihe .\m iiiin Cnettu to requi
tacmpe n y. sat'ozfrncsole ade t rthet oner.f
Spabio sio for evie, uchp.-s ivol eers-r
ausedn o te deetill tand fonstiutitalttrise oil
vthe rower ofi the lawiverltl der'e clan ini-a
of itittiroa rt wti thoutsi h' 'iis ios tet ;e : od th t ablne
pie i .\merlcan M ..n u-tiSoy ayljuritene 5Le
tiuned li enaral otieri1.uirtindisld dw by jur st:in;crei
as anh~ii ck nolela trisnecile A- uniera~l rvl a.
seut :u. hren- .,ii.ia neeity o ntareke ita
and "theegiatrer tt m abmeonhiate acat.o r
pry. wnre ta frnchis underii there-tIj soe
puliei or servaice, shv bedye wtotit tin re
abstesl.Tl oftirdiicreitin, adm mfral. attae onve
titut'oa and torei" That ishe viewt of pritbe
jrit Clin ott r.I l sAnoter A ato Coiurtl
diJsti-: nise tls Juticer S-rony)b aa--ite ieem
o e the vioenea inion. frcgi te, or stht -eucrent
o aer jui c oiuni thatsne (tlhIf .\mrian rh~eou
stihe aii civlal oer enty nr tiy gaenal
etedriaygtr o propety-tioi tak the prllopte Pof).\
n traer i o if the a mere i-tati ve etilo
-'phn iver nmen t t cn son cely ofte eietmtisb
hie, wh~ee the rislfi repectr~ artie legft rig/iy
~eenantv upon alleiltie body wtitot any the
Jstc aint The fundamenita il ilmimsn of a f roer
met will to bedenie, thtat i;h~e ry igtof piand
enJuteie, furnihisuty ouldr bihe aradin
asoumiang tt anylh0 tae eriso latueh one-s
pwrto theieerlatefa. jisrerd the orbh thant lh
poeli runnt lkf ths ht the comopredic ieo
itusticetabe coinuiedt, juied oudlylean geneat
it 111u11d b r fte contisItetutidsof de'eatiosof
eniuss weogto rit gan rspec to i the jusigt
of aithe pfrt'ese terrisnrovensy.~ r 'c
Wetse 1av to thspoinyve ::urtenob ton the
Jutico City tecase, austn fmprtantig conderalua
btwle oteo letd theadjuedb higanu and
anaterifurses tthisicnty with thisocaion
tit sld e contajuieatin the Lesature of muwhos
aoin a eterriseav rits toe ituallt the ajul
the sale made by SULrz & McKmssE, and disre
garding the solemn decrees made by the Courts'of
Justice, has reinvested them, or rather their as
signees, with the possession and eno'unents of this
property : Whereas it is respectfully submitted that
if such an interference be warranted by the princi
ples of law and justice, its power should have been
exercised not to make void, but to reform, if neces
sary. and perfect the titles which SuLTZ & Ic
Ks.nE had entdeavored to execute.
A sense of justice dictated to your Honorable
Bodies in December 1848, not to ignore the clnim.
of the City Council of A ugustu as compared with
those of SnULTZ & AICKIYNE, and induced you to
insert in their Charter the proiso "that the said
IIERY SnOULTZ & JonN DICKINNE, sltall not be
alluwed to charge and cnillect toll at the South Caro
1:na.end of the Bridge until the litigation pending in
the Supreme Court of the Unitcd States in relation
to said Blririge, and the proceeds of the sale shall be
determined against the City Council of Augusta."
That dee!sion against the City Council which was to
justify th'eir collection of toll, has not been found, but
a decree against SuLTZ & McKixxE establised.
To renew the Charter in behalf of their assignee,
as is now done, is to repudiate this decree-to depart
from the just course of your Honorable Bodiep
in respect to this subject heretofore-to violate
and abuse the public couscience, and to prejudice
the puLe interest.
Under these circumstances your Memorualos
respert'ully submit to your considt ration, the pro.
priety and practicability of repealing sa'd Clharter,
or of otherwise relieving the publc from its unjust
and disastrous effects. If by their Charter, Mcssia.
Joxs & kF.NNEDY are cotistituted i corporation, the
right to repal or amend their Charter is secured to
your Jluonorable Bodies by the 41st,Sce. Aet 1841,
and your 31emoralisis presume that this is certainly
true of quasi corporalioans, by which they under
stand a" body of mes, who, though not vested with
the general powers of a corporation by any expreis
law, are yet recognized by Statute or immemorial
usage, and the body they compose is a person or an
aggregate corporation, with Powers and duties which
may be enforecl, and privilcges whiek may be
maintained by suts at law. Such bodiis are consid
erted qua corporations with limited powersco-exten
sive with the dties imposed upon them by Statute
or usage, but restrained from a general use of -an
thority which belongs to those metaphysical persons
by coniion law." Such are " Cominmissiononers of
a co1un1ty, Supervisors of highways, Overseers of the
poor, Loan officers of a county, and the ltke who
are invested with corporate powers submodo, and
for a few specified purposes only." Besides the
Act of 1841 % hieh reserves the power to repeal, &c.,
is not less applicable to private, tIan to public cor
porations ; and certainly Messrs. JosEs & KENNEDY,
considered with reference to the " powers and duties
which they m:ay enforce, and the privileges which
they may maintain by suits at law," are not wanting
in analogy, either as to form or substance, to " Coi
inissioners of a county, Supervisors of highways,
Overseers of the poor and the like," and therefore
tih ir Charter was given ".gubject to amendment,
alteration, or repeal by the Legislature."
In any event their franchire is vested private
property, and sulject to the control of the Legisla
ture by right of eminent domain, and may be taken,
or wholly or partially suppressed according to the
public exigency ; upon the same principal thatthe
private property of the citizen is taken for a public
highway, an d for the public welfare.
Your Memoriali.-ts, eit'zens of South Carolina,
have felt the necessity of pre senting a brief outlire,
in part, of the argument in favor of the right of the
C;ty Council of A ugusta, compared with that of the
assignees of SnUrTz & AIcK:NNE, and of the supe
rior claimisof the fo'rmer, in order If posisibv~hn'v'in
dteate their aon r it , as wvell as their secessity to
And they trust that their prayer will beauly eon
FOS TUE 4avERT~sER.
lIRa. EDIToRt :-le so good as to give a place in
yoiur columinns to the fotlointg extract, front thme
"Yorkvile~ 1I~Reme," which accidentally fell into
my pos.session a fewv days snce, and oblige
" Cot.. B:ooi's FrEH.W have before us
this ;ektnowleihedl able atnd eloquent speech, recent-*
lv delivered in the flouse, on the Pacific Rihiload.
W'e have read it withI much pleasure, and are hap
fpy to say that we regard it as otne of the most
poifa ang1l pevrf'ul arguments that we have ever
read. ft las bient p'r.nounced by competent judges
to be :t .su:.-rior documnent to the one he delivered
onr theL Neb'ra'k:a Iill, and that gave him a stamnd in
the I lions. amiong the first speakers of the day. Col.
Bnooss fias taketn a bir.h stand, und heSaeshmould
be fin-Oud of such a sotn. Thme press every wh~ere is
foul n ith his prase, amid no one denies him thme po's
session of brilianut'ta<-nts of the first order. He is
*a young mn:n. and has been it, Congress but a short
t ime, yet he~ has a'rendy staniped huimself as one of
tlte first men in Ciongress, anid the people have rati
fied his elahnis, una roce."
TIr. CaMASs AnAST RELtIion.-We have
repeatedly enmfled :.tfention to the orgaunized ef
forts mnakiing by the foreign German population
ataitnst tshe instilutions and religimous intferesta
of thte country. In a platform ntdoptesd by a ~
Ctonvetion of " Free Germains," held recently
at. Loutisville, Kenttnely, we observe the follow
in~g:" Religion is a private matter, not a politi
enl one, and it is despotism to coerce citizens by
political mans into religious promulgations or
oimi-iotts which confiet with their private con
sietionts. WVe thterefore consider the laws.
TIhanktt ; gi ving datys, the prayers in Congress and
in Liegislnttres, time oath otn the Bible, the itntro
d u'etiton of tIt h ile itnto free schtools, the exclu
sionm of athteists from legath acts, &c., as open vio
fatiotns of thte rig~hts of man, as also of the Con.
stitutiotn. and dematnd their removal."
A'cKNoWLEDGMFENT.-Hon. P. S. Brooks has
otnr thtaniks for thte very valuable copy of " Maps
;td view~ :tecomtpanyting the President's Mes.
satge," 'etnt tts.
We see. that Air. B. will :gdress theeitizens
of Lexingtoni on Mioniday next, ot Lexington C.
[H. we huopt. he will extend is visit to Laurens,
attd let .huis constituents lhere hear from him. He
hast many wairm friends atnd admirers among our
citizens, who would lbe pleased to afford himn an
opport tunity to deliver an account ofihis Steward.
-huip. We hope lhe wvill give us timely notice,
-tiotihl b~e cohnsenat to address us.-aurensvillo
RacINo CHALLENGE.-Turfmnen will read wvith
intierest thue announeement made in the New
Orlentns Pien:yumne of the 30th ult, by Mr. Thomas
J. Wells, that Ite will run Leomte against any
that catn be produced-Leimaglon in particular
-over thte Mietaire, Mobile, or Metcalf Course,
att arty disltnce, at atny time, and for any amount.
OLuTniaozors NlunDtn.-On Thursday or Friay
of last week, three negroes, belonging to Mr.
Larkini Bnrmtore, of 1t h District, murdered their
oiverseer Mr. Maittox, by a blow from an axe.
He wats thetn eazst into at creek near by, but sub
s(erliently catrried some distanen to a wood, where
hei rmained two or three days. When found,
the. boidy had beeni consideratbly mutilated by
dlogs an'd vulturies. Theinegrow were arrested,
but wvihl the tria'l wvas protgressing, one made
hi'. ecpe andu up) to last accouints had not been
cautght. Thte other two are in jail awaiting his
app~jrehension. It is said they confess the crime.
Independent Press, 5th inst.
Two deserters from the English army at Hal
ifax, namied Uriahl P'rieker and Thomas Cajsev,
and who, b'ef'ore they left, broke itnto the Queen's
treasury :and robbed it of about 7 millions of
dolilars, were arrested in Boston yesterday, and
most of thme monecy recovered. Under the Ash
buir ont treaty thtey will be seat back, and prob.
able will he shot.
A WoMAN was giving evidence in a cerhta
ease, when she was asked by the lawyer: "Was
the yotung womatn virtuous to this affarr'."-Was
she what ?" " Virtutous. Was she chaste 1"
"Chaste i she was chased about-a quarter of a