Newspaper Page Text
marl 6ci0trnlat 1.7nortor o8 d c11 u jfl 311, olifit2*rlJfiigtgCtrhr rnhEmtat
"'We will cling- to the Pillars of the Temple of our iberties, and if it must fall, we wiL.rsha isNO un.
F.DURISOE, Proprietor. EDGEFIELD, S. C., AUGUST 24, 1854.
THE EDGEFIELD ADVERTISER
IS PUBLISHED EVERY THURSDAY BY
W. F. D UR IS O E, Proprietor.
ARTHUR SIMKINS, Editor.
Two Dor.t..rns per vear, if paid in adlvance-Two
oi...its and Firv CEN-rs if not paid wiithin 'ix
tiointh-anl TitE.: DoL.ans if not pail before the
etpiral ion of tile year. 41fh sugieriptills ln distinet
IV limited at the ime of subscrillinig. n ill be oinsider
etd as made for ani iilefinite period, and will he eon
iinned uitiil all arrearages are paidi, or at lie option of
tile Publisier. Sub-eript iois frii tother States must
INVARIt.BLY he arcompanied with the ca- or refer
ence to some one known to us.
AnvFinIsF:r.NTS % nill ie conspicinonsly inserteil at
7- ceits per S-tuare (12 lines or less) fir ile first inl.
lerion, and 37, ceil for eachi subntiquiit iiisertion.
Wheni l1y llipu!ihtd .1:nby rIi Qi:arterlv $1 per
sylrire willb er erl. All.\lveni-em.iztsiitharing
the desird iomlier iif insertiins n:irleil (ii the in:ir
gin. will be continued tuntil ftorbil and chargel ae
Those desirin: to adlvertie liv li year can doso on
liberal term--it in-ini di'ouely iinde-rsiid that con.
trais for yearly adverising are confiniel ti ti- imme
diat-, legitimaeI- liisines f the lirn or i:ividiual
coltractiIn_. Transieit Advertiseinientis inust be pail
for in advtancm-e.
For announeing a Candidate, Three Dollars, ix
For .dveer:ising Estrays Tollil, Two Dollars, to be
paid by th.il 3atistrate tilvertising.
.ITR. EUTro:t:-Picse at1nnouce 1on. P. S.
U~ !ROOKS ats a C-milate fir re-el~ etion to repre
sent thei FluthItli Congressional District. conCtsistill of
Elgeield. Abbevile, Laurens, Newherry and Lex
iigtoin, inl the next Congiress, wliih elvetion v-ill
be held inl October next, anl thireby greatly (b
ligo ..NY FRI1-'NDS.
-Tr Frilnds of Col. A. C. G.\RLINGTON
respectfull atinouttee himI as a Calidilite to tpre
sent tile .1ith C. $02 e.So;al .)striCt, at the election
ini October next.
For the senatle.
I'Uox. J. P. C.\UIIOLL is respectfuily
antilimee by his fr utds as a c:mtdi-late for re-elee
ti1i to tile -: e ::Ne. at '.lie inuing election.
Cl-Tn Fiils of .31i. TIL.AAIN WA.T
SON. ruspcit iLI noiniitate :imi as a eamidilate for
Seat inl the! Statet St n:Ite At Ilte ne't electlion.
For tie lou-e.
9-' Tit: Freitls of .\aj J. C. A LIAN annonnee
lim as a Cmid.ite for re-ileetiton to I Seat in the
EI"1 )-'N Y, Es:!q., -Is'-Z--.- -_ - -e-.41t
the llotsc of 1eptresentitativks at th' net eection
and oblige -
ri Tm Fri-iul of Cr.\ I '.Y W. STIl E Es'-- I
respectfilly aInno unm'ce lui as I C..ite for a SestI
lie next LeL'*-lature.
L T ii ds if GCEO- W. -
nounce him as a Candidate for a Seait in, the linxt
Tnr Friends of G. 1). TILL.AN, I.S1..
respecifu'ly ainnunce hi as a c:mdidate for a Seal
ii lie Le-i-lature at the text elvetion.
t Tim frt-ids of .1OSEIl A NF.T, Esgr.
.espi.ctfully announce h1n as a ctnidate fur a seat
in the nevxt IAtia;ure.
:9 TuE Friedms of -1 .\ 1 E C.\-\ ERON, Esq.
rep.at: :inlounice hiim as a Cat~didate for a Seat
itn ite nvxt Le2i-lature.
g TuE Fri. lds of Dr. IT. R. Ccot respectfully
annoinc hlim a Candid:ite flr a S.-at ig the next
SilOuse of Rereenti"es.
S TlE Frims of W. C. MIORAGNE, ESq.,
r -spectioly annunce imi as a cniididate fir a Seat
ii tIhe I louse oif Reirselntatives at tle next electim
. g M1.. ZA W. CA RW IIL is respectfully ani
111unted byv his fiemlis as a Canidalste' for re-elee
' tiion to the Hou-e of i:epre''snta;ives sit the niext
j7 TitE Frctnds of M\r. W.\ lIE IIOL.STEIN
giiltiiniate hiiin as a eiiiIteag S-stith
!!Iuse ..f l eprese.ntaiives ait the nt eteethm.n
TIhe Friendus of WM1. B. 1)CRN. Esq1..
respectfully anniluntce himit as a Catndidaie for aSeait
n thi- next II ose ohflRepreseniltties.
A. P E Rl R I N,
ATTORNEY AT LAW.
L IL practice at ElirldI and the Courts of
a i the djinin iiticts.
Oi:nCE,. liri. k liihing, Law flange.
Edgfield C. H ., S. C.
Mlay 18, tf IS.
ATTORNEY AT LAW AlID SOL!CITOR IN EQUITY
g OFFI~Ce: at IC'leliu'ld Court I house, (onte door
belluw G. L. PENN s faunuly gricety.
April27. tf l5
-S. S. TO 31P K IN, I,
ATTORNEY AT LAW.
OFiEtu tN tiuEsit of TItEs COCIST tlot'sE.
E i eldii h, S . F " b . tf 4 .
Pactice of Surgery!
anid Nursiing, sineh paitients a" mlay' be dbreeted to
him for SC'RGICA LO01PIR.\TIONS or 'reatmnittt.
U Mlastiers toay lie aissured thait their Setvants
will have every' neCessary aittnnen'i.
Augusta, Mlay 26, Iy 19
Di M, W. A bn ey
H.L AVING remnoyed into the ' Villae, for the
p-' urpose of devoting himiself.mgore excluive~ly
to his profession, and mccupinvig the r-esidlenice. hirt
bevond tihe Baptist Church oni the right, and aid
joittinhg the ale~ Academiy, (tile nesidentce formterly
occupied by S. S. Tompu~kis, Esq., and Rev. C. A.
Raymiotid.) offers his
To the people of tho Village and the surrounding
In the day, he enn be foutnd in his O11ice, adjomi
inig the Oflice of W- W- A DAMs, E-sgj., and im ftrot
of the presenit resienie oif Mir. Gin. A. A\ddison,
andl at nighit, he can be found at his dwelitng.
lHe will give at tenition at allI tittles titost piuntut
ally, to all (calls tiuon himt, eit her for adnece and pre
scriputiotns, or for pietrtnal attenidanice.
31. uW. AIUNEY.
Jan 11 tf 52_
JUtST received G,000 Lbs. GOOD COUNTRY
F'LOURI, in Sacks. anid for sale by
~G. L. PENN, AGENT.
A pril 4 tf 12
rpiHE Room at present occupied by Mr. Lod Hill
ias a 1)rv Goods Store, In miy absence apply
to .J. A. Williatms. S. CilRISTIE
Dec 28 50
SPURN NOT THE POOR.
Srtits not tile poor iman, spurn lim not,
Though horny be his hands;
Nor go.ld nor silve.r ie has ,Ut,
NIor houses, no, nor lands.
Y-st east not thou that cirnful glance
1T1pon lis suanburnt iace;
For thanizl Ie's poor. his poverty
Can never tiee disgrace.
Uis coat mriav of the coarsetnt be,
Mlade out , hi.ddn _rray,
A iii thine lie of t4 - best brosma-cloth,
.\nad tr11711:1ed: so line a id ;. ty.
Thy o'. shel bots may brightly shine,
an f.l-isna fu ig neat,
Aw. his por c'ogs be dingy brown,
A nd .laplless to his feet.
Yes, his exterior may b: rude,
A ni no at:ractoms Show ;
A nd his conteetiions be anlion gr
Tie lowest of the low;
But ia the casket rougha to view,
.A gem may be conicealed ;
As bright a gem as ever yet
Was to the wo'rld revea!ed.
Full many a mind of prieeless wo.rth Y
is h.d with:n hie breast
0' imany a imotr, neglected one,
Cast down and sore oppres.sed ;I
Amionat the pourest of tile poor,
Earthis noblest solis abound ;I
The best, the puresi. greatest stil1
The cutage iaearth surround.*.
Froma the Counil B3uffs Bugle, July 16. d
Pooner Wedding. Il
MAr.nr.D-ii camp, iear Nebraska Centre. t<
ime 19.11, 3r. Alba Shaernmia to 3Miss Mary a
The hall was a. de!i:-htiful portion of t-he pi
'i:..c V.i ey, viI i.e C3anopY of' lite k m
iAr:?ed by .wiii.ding s~ars, shaded by iijit ill
on01ds. The mu11sie, .he. sootingll tumb11litn ripl. feV
, .I, a1' "i.". i':ai 1. oi oane side*, aid. lfar'in tle a
i.ance, oin the other, low rumbiig thunder, y
viih faim Ilahes of livid iilitin. re
'Tle I bsa. A. W. Dalabi;, Seegetiry of Utaih, ti,
essed iii hi, pionar s uit or leaukslwin, made a lie
ry lappy mnd appropriate *peaeh to the asserm
- spleaeciators, (eat;ed around oan the bosam (of
e o U i,1, 1);. ilo:, hte pisneer (1 Pire r
.ivy. an1 .several oier di-.igniihed gests. s
li'e eemoiiy heiag .ver, Jitdge S; es, in hi
saaal -abh!ei miiaer. psetiliar himr-ll- I,:
le i a hi if a'congraaulatory speech. lie remar
d in enclsion: '' We ;imneers and our pos- M
itv iut plnt :he stiiCA a:nd slrips.. on ilite tI
ra ao..:. e;," wii:ch was received wih
~h ai pyaau'e.The briJegrrolm praposed t bree
anes lor tle plassi-age of thi Nebraska hill. Judge e
.,l1as 4 ad Ge. A. C. Ieb mde iti
elkia :iit through .he 1'i11.e Valley and Gral K
101d aukone i b iionters can do. Ne etC 0
i. %ype. , aaot on ialaahognaiy tables coveredh rt
lui a ieh services of silver, but on Ino ac663kiaW F
iankets -praml s le granaid. 'rlte bill it fare ai
lded diied buliffillologes. dried vteiisNl, b
i!..d aateolae, bailed hamii, wild dack. penalo ,
>n111p, tke f ali sor tS :anad .izet. ; !or wine lure
Ye daity dvspep:ies of crowded cities. wh i
tlid bridal parties inacostly' p..haces of Ame. - b
':aq inolid, thi-ik you ever eanjoyed scih a re- .
:at 'Ihe lyride .pre.,iled wi.Ih a aatiVe eae s
ad gentility whilh sihlowed sle. nas 'orthy ot
le lear id I.nd sie had just received. Her
gr..ael mannears adil se iule remarks dren' a
Sar; tae adir.iion of' a, and .showed she ayid b
eena aander thie ptapjilagato tiIhati aiccomiaih ied
The mouin-emaents c'oammer.eecd by ain idi- i' ,
ee, followed bycnr tigaires, Platte V:.:
ad wiihe, lfor loang life ad bless'itas oi t ha .
r-t arried 'ouiple at Ne~bpauka. Centire.. Th i.
uaryv gate beary cheers foar die :appaiantmet49f
~d sion ieer,, to oitice in athe West, jisi e..d tatf
he easterna ik stocking gten:ry, aand axtaied xi
teir re..-'tl ite teaitS, feeaaang ass.ure~d thiat..neya
wasotld lie ato a t ravei aay lhe'PIatt&e Vall ey wiih
he Iron hair-e. Iisteaad ot.the sloaw patiaent flx,
aad insteaid ofl P.awnee diillinis es theaay would
ae to i loak ianm for rail-iromad raanna ers, hoatel por
trs :atnd isek ihivters, that athey did aot get inato
tbea wroanig car, gaa to ti paoor hoa.eh oir get fleeed
miat tat toubia i fe aes by .thle euiming~aa h: oce.
Tine an h de bridail party wi h a singgle eyelopeani
sepa'liion, started the niext moarainag foir Utuah
:tiu Ca lifoarnaia. Ye hoama'-loaiing .denaizaens ol
he eaist, whiiat tini,. ye of' a tar ritage toaur of a
houaanad mtiles mi an aax wxagoaai
NEEDL.E SWALLOWED AND EXTRACTED.--A
avotr lta'ehester' wha-"was iadicedu toa axe aad.
ai; of' hold ing piaax anud isuxed ies in her mroantha
..whaiwed n' hait .snie su1iosed to be a ina
omaae .aie ini Daeaiaber ta'.t. Soona atier J
he ..,aifered .onaliderably fromt acute paiais ia
er sto'm.ch, but. waithotut attrabutinag theam
o the' pin. Ona Siaaurday last, the lady was
tacked with a severe piain ini her kiee
vhiieb as tou initenis as to cause her to faintl.
A phyiin was called, whot -uc'ceeded in ex
rat:iatg fiont the imo a me ndium, size needle,
wtich Iad .waarked naearty ao athe skina, the teye1
bin'g foremna.-t. The nteedle was muchi co. atded
anad tie puoint haad bacomne nxearly as mnii i unat
edl as the hiead.--Buaffao Demn., Junte 20..
IloRtiES Ttts UBLED W-ITu FLIES.--At tais
seasaon of the year the followiaag receips to pre
ve'at horses froma being teazed wiih flies may bie
huanaely istructive to owaners anid drtters of
"t Take two or three small hiandf'ulls of walnut
eaves, upona whaicha pour two or three quartsat
cold soft water ;let it infu'se one night, and pr
the wholtue next muoninag in to a ketble, and let it
botil for sa quarer-ot an hour. Whten cold, ia
will be rieady f'or use. Nothiang more is required
taniu a to miten a spoinge with thec liqgnor, atnd
before thae hiorse goes out of thae stable, let,
those parts which are most. irriuxable be smnearead
aver with the liquor, viz: betweean and uapona hae
ears, the neck, ie lanak, &c. Not only the intdy
or gentilana whio ritdes tint for pheasae waill lie
be, ehltad fromn lae waant leaves thus prepared
bunt the coachan,~a wagonuer, and all those who
use horses duriang the laot mnaths."
THEt GoVERNoRt ELEcT.-Governfor Bragg, of
Northa Carolina, on his return from the canavass
of thae we:,~ten cottaties, whlen within a few
mile's of Ashivilie, met with an accidlent byv which
ais life was pluacedi in immintent peril. His horse
beatme f'rightened aand riaunaway, and jan his el'
fats to stoap him Mr. Brzagtt was thrown upona
the grounad, anad run over by thao buggy. He
received some severe bruises, but was able to go
aa his nvhinme.
BY r. EQU. r.
From the Cha-lesion Courier.
The Augusta Bridge.
To William D. I'or;er. J. E. Carew, Senators;
and Geo. N. Reynilds, Jr.. and the otlier
Members cf the lone tit RepresentIatives
fromn Ilse Parishes of* 6t. Pilips' and 6.i.i
Gentlemen: The ninds tif* your cionstilicInts
hate leenI very umneh agianted by the recein ai
uf .he e i.,hnure non hu sube fr !hjec f he Au
n:ac b. idge'. Ii is inide'rstod it M1essrs.
JON.e anid 'Kennedv b..ve been anihoized iI
Ihvy al double tax '(III lice i:ItnIerrmlI,e Ivlepil
irs 8:site gi. T it.; n ih il bi, iew tewcihe
Le-gi.,laitre have gisen ;htmfi ,he brlidy11 Whitch
Ae tiby of Au :n.-a cl'im b to*. lisle .% Ihe own.
ier, of Jie sir ovurle. a::dI if ie I:t i on it nlil
t is ereeeed. J tai v..h.bh- pietir.v hinlnred
0 tle 8iale, ne wIon!d baet eNI.r-ed IIf y'ol 1o
,nand .he pujb'ic intere,ti by.in . re ilmti the
veliie ot Ilheci izeao.. shIlud nlo b.e s:.erificed
U pivate jbeQ.
But, fior .%venly years :! I more li, procper~y
NIs been in tilte pos-ec iccn of Ohe eiiv oi An
Ilea fly piurelli-Ce .I i cev:ee trl the
.-ate ii.elf. aid lite right or i;le city ha, been
Icoagni-ed severai dime.s by or Legi Ja; life,
id ss;tlnly :dli.ied by i.e jndgmrin ii I' le
opremne Couri. It seem11-.cX.raord-iinary there
re, Ihait ite .egisl..L;ure --onlid ploe 'evd byV a1
igh hand Ila hies i;e I.*,-- Idly al neigi1bor
r Ma" II; n AnguIla or lir piperty wihoUt
juldieiicil hearinlg. 1 incelca-c our sirpii-e t hat
Oi siuld inlerlftre whih p!iivaie iilhis, for tie
ra;ificatii for one or in to ; ii.. l inmere
riund, or pritie ivor. Ie din'pp- nc.inn
Tsich ,tih conduet crea:te, is ..iJ-ed to the
ighesi Ii:ch when it i, Ifound that tle object is
,*ax o6r owncc people for le purpose of rais.
ig';,hieeu e fer I te benei.. of' pertons who
I c o fi p4blic etlaims.
The -i,..er l'::Io o such ILegihion begin to
pear ini, hie colli.,onl ihrei-l:ene-d between ;he
irties to' .ris ,inte anl ie i. y of A gusa.
e unIderstllild th:t, in mi:.intna ite if flle silc
ire, I gate is to lie errev.e I ol ii.e Bridge ;: l
al ,lie peop'e of Angolac thIecened to plt
wnM thagae as a1 no.c-hieb is likely to
-Oduce a ecullision ll arm. cI
IL is evidenict thatile in:ere-ts of Ch.crles.
it must sull'er by any in:errilion (f a f:'ee
dll untraminelled in erric r-e ni.! tdie West
Id we deeire to k .mw oI what reasons these
occeedings if I uie bolies, i1l % Ilieb You belollr,
e jicLitd. We inti e yd, herefore, eiicer
a public ieetin.;1 or by tee p;tess, to give your
Hlow-ci.izens ,a.isi*.;caiou l ilcis head-if any
i..ciicy rea-on can he g-,iven-and hoc IIa
Mt wi.I not delav to compilj'y witL a request so
asolnable, in itelfr, ad e;ieJ for at tie p:eent
ie by su'c urgent cou:idernionis of ine pub.
well.ire. MANY CirzcNs.
F.-oi the Cir!eslton Ceurier. Feb. 6.
lite sp!.1u0 im a.4 to w. 1ee :q ,. .l
.tl of ueLg-. ure., It-.lizio- i o ir.doud
t ex .e i t' ill 1 ib le ofI' :he are: Iront
ier-on-, cin lh id5e over ite avcn
h, wIhici nn"" belOng- t i e ci- ll A.iedA nsi.
. fe!Iowinig staitemceni t of f u i,immed :
A tlceImii..'I lee !iV tih.r na:s p:Ie'to ied
ile CSen:,te onl tile I. Decie'c by Col. J: P
arroll, Sen:tor crom Etieliteld, oeider fle .Ile
- .he mlemi..tI eif J ecm-s Jilne' andt J. -1
elned, pr:i*ig for :li :.mtendmeinci (it iieir
mrlei .Co de AngCin 'Ia'nd," :n11 as re'ler
d to cle Cmiee to i:l'. Eridges and
erries. This IL pperr..yed for- le menIII
liss the WniO I" le AeN' in it -CC " q "l.
CL no rep'; %. w0s evCCI Ie ili! 1d on ll uee'tI i'Y
iIItIl tees Xe eiier body. nor was any firithier
Itlion pi ta it o 0.c floor of eiler Hou
ctil the enig!it fit, .h 1711b. i I ChIe lela;iej When
IC genoerI bill t ib.. eIll.. abli-imnen', it' ro:is.
;, oes :al eAie from :he 1]4111-4 Was befsore
.atLhode o fil it enndIIII remlintg. Oil :b'at nren
oi te hIll i;' erh li.u 'e waS miloved as ac
inendimi ill tc e t:ll:
'Thac Jhais .toe' and Jo'eph J. ie'imedy,
<i.'leves of IllIrey S tl.z ad .hnc .1cKinnle.
e md they are le:'by an hr iz.ai to c'illeet
Ce tlI pe~cC rihel by lhe 2'Js telction ol' t
eL tce es~i ~li.-,h eerl ..in reoadsI-, bridiges' an d fter.
es p s-c.Ied ie 10. Ii)eeembti er. I1848. from all
er-ICn, pa-in~lg from~i eiIther ,ide tef s he brciid!e
lee'a Savt.ainh r i, II..mbuilrg andC An
tinLeled shia'l iln anyC ti e~ mlpair ler .rcejcmlie
;Cty right or propierty ~elimedtc by~ lic -'~ Ji-Coeu
ii ccf Ancg'lsta. inl rtieree ic Ici'' b: -f 9 C'.em -
ir it.,:ial liis iif .hi. Sijie'' T'ie n'ld tdne
ierted bhi' ! .'l. P. Crroel cll.cdpie by1 lhe
;enale,:.~Cid ireirporac ed ~into th~e hih. JTe bill.
husC Innendedt't. cmle Ip lecr ius bildi re,:cling Ilee
ire ilte lioeaCI fil lthe nilghl of hlt 191Cc, i~he
iy bleforle .e Cjajournment. Whenlii acltemton
aI ealIld teo ItJ byit Ih Chir~'c..\Ir. I I:lImmondle.
110ea of teI rpreCsenatives Iclim EdgelliiIeehl.p
ised ithe anclC-ndm~leln, c'ci i' ,lp~in'rtedi by'
Jr. .\lihel~'l, C--oml C ia' Ies cenc; i waC ho~we'ver.
eede'd by .\les-r. A1li.ai con, friom GeoIrge-.
2urens, anid Peny, V fromcC G.-eentideIt, :mid re
'iier lihe waIrml suppoa(rI of ili thesei nlemen,'t
t'al, 1ponC aL edivi-ionf, aditied~t by a Iml.jiiri~y ofi
brty-..ix aga~:insi iiriy-oncCe. As Icbove re
Inariedcl no0 report hadLI beten made on Lice sul)
Cet d uio Ilit st'e.sin Iby IIey) coccmmuiitee, im
t'h~kiC- mioide'i ofi maters oft impoiCrtaln'e aire geni
trlly brcug'ht. to lice auIt or -.O thC e HousC~de.
Tice genlera1Iliiia hil is ont .for e li inotst
>llrt, ofi mere' loca tlicncrn, ancd ill 'le'a ict e
. eizeti ofi Cha~eion haive lit. Ie or no( mierC
's. Sne'h of' ecr mcemlbrs as wt're present
oted acgaicnst lice measuI~re; Ilnd it i" believed
.hat thae wholeI delcgaaoin was~ opposedI to lice
rei'Ion. Tciere wert, as5 acppears~ Ly the vote
ove staltedl, ai grt':t manyi ccecmhers IIbicent.
.here einctr seaceLLly more lihanl one h:.lf p'le t
;enit, 'say -~ixtiy-seven1 out of' anl hunidre'd andcc
. enty.ourI, andt Lunforlt unatlely the (CiirmaCn
>f theC comiitee. onC roadCs had beeni compel
ed previously to leave Columbia, so that hie
,ould not be ini his placle.
Onl behilf' of' tce deleg-i ioni,
W. D. PORtTER,
G. N. R EYNOLDS, Jr.
TE FAL B~UScEss.-TheC Fail tralde of ocnr
i-ity is already' 'cmmecintg, and in tile ecnr-e of
:l few week, our1 mler''cantcs will be Belively t'n
gaiged in sulppclying the wancts o tir ic' us.omer.
Tilt seas~on openIs wt1ih the mosc~t ihni eiing plrtos.
pe ct ' for al heavy buLsiness.i acnidie sltticself our
principiiId houses acre probbly3 mnileh l.CIger l:.han
they have eiaer beeni beftcre. AugZU-.e ise rapidly
inereainig ini pro4sp~ e. an d affords ti Inen len. ncr
he piurecae and quit'k iiansp~hocio tc goo~ds,
whienl :nle nut e.,.relled by anciy olher eny). There
is. iact n reasoni wily Ihis shiouli not be so.
W have among 11s employed iln mielihandizmgii.
men of meanl~cfs, enpaitCy aid energy, whio dile'
thesevces to e- plersonhl sucperio ~cfi a thceir'
buie..s. Desides we eccjiy LmaIt grelllest of
III blessings, aI hc'eiby c'll~iat. PeirhapC~s olur
eiv wa neveriIlt'i in ai bei eer samtol~ry cnaicn
tIi cat presenct. No epaidemti'e, as is the c'asc in
many of' ouc sisIt ei ies, is dresl royinlg ottr popu.
iition, butL on every hide are seen lice e3videnCces
of growinlg weaLh'and prosperily. Old build.
: i..g,.. a.:.,,, e~~~ ...,., i make room for new
11nnd more modern structures; while many part
of tile ei y, which bUL a year or two since were
-,n, opel waste, are n0w covered with new buil.
diigs-manufamurets of all kinds are il l floiur.
ihini conditison, an(all who wish to work find
no difficulty in obalWng employment.
With !uch cheeri g pro.Jpect before us, we
cont idetily recomminvd -Apguaia to our friends,
btoth iear and di-dnii as a mo10t excellent mar
ket ins viclh to putrclase iiteir all and winter
.nptlies. 'They wi ind the assoritmetl of
gid., bilh large and varied, i::d cali jmrihmle
thiem otn a., fa orable-ierms as i. any o.het city
il .ie Union.-Augu-s(tCnitoj. ionais.
THE SmPAiiS Rgo.Lu-rss.-If we may be
lieve a Loidon corregposdent ofl the' N. Y. Daily
Tim.'. Mr. Buclha.tin i.s ,ei. to Pre.ident
'itree a de'paiehi uriig 1ia as :he p:e...e-. re
bellions ill Np.ain prowise% to I NUCCeS'aIl, :andii
En:ghIid and Franie'lvill miak. UseI ot it too .Ne
elire seih a r econstr4 ion of t he Sp.mi.-h Gov
ernment a., will ifthemil, the Uiiied Sltaltes
taught to U.e her Cue to Make the new
gas ernent aircL ih her own sympathies
and intetesi. MJr. ulL i6 said to have sent a
a similar det.js parih ; .t' objeci of both comuinuii.
caiioi1 beinig ;a inlime Ungress, in order to
procnre the ten m16il1oi1 ajproiaprimluion.
TgCauav.E Ox COARD A U. S. 8111P.-We cee
it stated .hts LL. Mnroe, one of -ite olicers oit
buard the ship of war Vinceies, Conmodore
R .iggs fl.,,' shliptllj ong Koniig h1as been
s.npeided because hirelusetd.it git orders com
pelling the min un r his comim id Ls :ttend
the tb:ipel service- lowing :ia~ many of' them
lad coit'r :elion's 0 e;tUivll to attend ->Uei ex
rceises. IL is also *ated that one of the men
in board, who beloiged to the Duteh Ref-6-med
church, was put its ir, 's fsor oijee.isant, on grouuids
of coo.'-ience, to at:.nd a wor.,hip in whiieh lie
lie did not b'elieve. full report of the ailihir, t I
im added, has been f6Warded to the Secretary of
T:r GoVERONO AI PARTANBURG.-The good
people of Spartain rgr have bseeln dtoiiig -he
onors right pret itlyto Gov. Mlanning A ball
6vs giveni to hin oii F id.iy et ening,jit which
everal hundred were present.' Tie Expre."
At hualf-pat 8 o'lok, on Friday evening, the
j:ll wis opiened, wf'ien t.e Govtrnor entered,
itended by his retinue, conspicuous amongst
vhtim we observed that venerable and distin
ni,,ibed geitleman n olonel B. T. Watts, Gene
:t Williams, Gen. Dunovant, Gets. Ne'hit, Col.
1. S. Sim<., atnd Css. .Saire, accomi ined by
everall odher oice
" S.on af.er seveaJ formr I introdne.iona to
is excelleney had b 'n disposed of and Lue par
y were seatesd, tiHe iddy dance, acempaniied
-idh excellcnit muit by le-rs. Willi..msu* Ind
'oole, commenced righ good earnest, and
-e were pleasedA btie ageJ sire, the staid
-'i-- ,isd haniov swit engagae
wv. miniig will be tinabe to auend Nurter
etiews inl colsequelcle of fleeble heialtl.
FEArLFUL STATE OF ANARCiIy Ts CHNA.
iriat letters and circulars received its Boston
roim Chita. by tie Arabia, give neeoutits of a
aid state of' aitairs in that country, the result of
le civil war wich al been so log raging there.
'he Bostloon Traveller says:
The old governled tnt hving its hand. fully
r'enpied in repelling ihe a sack's of the lsur
etli?% in i lie viciitiiy of Pkiin, band- of artmed I
itbiers are deasu;irig r hecunry, par i eularly
I Cei;ral Proitines. Otis letter sIa;es th:it
or. v-sh sa t meiip.mie iml returned to Sh n
rha'l. m .h it'-em'ir:.i lh iics, o lviig been
' abii of ill .it t as of pUrchse.
lie great tcoiImtrtial part of Honan hats
[iwe ahu--1init by in armed mob. Ninehow, the1
i~tria rom whenice th 3liiing teasare brought
is tated to be in jsts-e-isisn o an armed rabile,
,vim hIve ieel:idedol the mandarins and taken
,aasiionZ-4t ol the Governme-i. In some prov
its this mndarin. have forbidden lts's to be
-rawn. tsr Isear tit. it will attract the a-iltenItin
at thi- insurts'tt . 'iese dsitiranes, it was
sbihit woilJ seriounaty affect the forw.arding
I Lens. Aull'i ws ie' at Ciinton.
Coswtt. AT hiMAA-A-TPh N. 0.D-lt sayI" o'
IIRger lirrrsti. tsr Miss., the inewiy spipointed
o -i' a: hlavan:ttt
--We dobatIt it' 31 r. Bar; sn will nieeprt Isis :p
.i v,, y lirst mr in 31issi-si ;pi, aind w"as the op
hi-iiL'...rsss .ine to Colonuiel D~a i's prsensLi. Seec
rt'tar' at'f as', whent lie was~ elected St'su~~o
'rrs .\lisslippi- Mr'. Bar5 sas's tasle'sts asr-- of'
ttettihe-siorder. is re'puitatnss lor chrai'eer,
ilra; . hiidelirv atnd firmnetss, is a s in.h as the
'se t'ini wii his taltents i'e hetlid. lii 31h-.
f': i I love, his ease anti indepensderit'e i" wea
is leave' his pleaisanit redidesss'e is Nort iii
.ippi. sat,- tat the tost detigh iat rettvotss ut' ;h'
Usied States-tci aiccepl. the precairmis :5 d
psoly remullneratted ottive of Cosnvul :s, hlavanai.
I is ai commni errssr to represernt thtis au ai valo
bler psst ; whtereas, in fact, it-s remtune'ranton wi!I
ba-ey del'rav the e.-;pense of an economical es
tai..'hmifent in tiiat expenisive city cat H'avanai.
No 31lissi.iP~i geiitlem~ii of independlentce would
cosent to hitld the othice fur tw elt'e motiths.
Tut Sz-Av'E TRADE IN CUBA.-A letter in the
New York Times, datted Havana, August, 8,
s'J'he old AmeriCan bark1 Miittndon, natmed
sf er the late opitient citizen oh' Newv Orleans,
whih ha~d beens fsr severa'tt years . pansishi prop
e.t%' nie Amican't'i coloirs, inm r.de, be~wceen
th' anso New 0-leanits. wats recetly seized ulponi
snc ,oas of' Ar iea, and condenmnedt as as slaver.
Tie Captaiin Genieral has, alber mnost determm-i
ed perseverane. l'orct'u tihe discover'y oh' seventy
ca eglhsv inre of~ iihe Afrnis.ans iroduced at
O.igssa,'by clie American br'ig Grey Eagle, on
i a'n~t '-aid to '-oe obtained throughf te
Bri i~h Consult.
We sia'e the details of arother slave expedi
tioi httthngh ie testimony .>f an Ama.- iean .,:i
lr which wascons'utmma~ied wvithout moalestaion.
t~a snmaul port ca!led San Carlos, or estate oii
that name~t. io the cast oh' Tinidasd. Thte vessel's
mamei is given .s the Julia lisier or Alisia. li
is sid Jhai, 49t' old negroes ,vt're landed, thte
vessl imneilately burlie:, 'mdJ the Amferit'anf
seaes on board forwarded by the ntgenit oh'
he enterprise tor Hava,'znz as distressed matrmsers.
0O1Dr. ATr Sr. Louis.--Tste St. Louis Demo
crat oft t he itd inst., speakintg otf the restoraison
of order and quiet itn that city, after the late
deeiion riot, stys:
"'Te city wais never nmore quiet. The procla
mattin, swieepinmg tthe streets of boys af'ter 8
o'clock, seemed to be the very meausure desired
fo a ogtim an taig osed its excel
will be perserered in fttr till time to come. All
over the city the trasnquilliy wats reallhy wontder
lul. Win. Farrington, one' of thtose wotunde'd
duig the ri-its, has since died. it is estimated
tht200 itola 1md 5010 bowie knives were
2,000i ph ct while thne riots were in progress.
The military who were ordered out state tu a
ciard that their pieces were loaded with ball and
buckshot, so that had it been necessary to fire
ott th mobh. loody work would have ensued.
[From the Newberry Seniinclj
Mr. Brooks' Speech.
Messrs. Editors:-Weo have noticed for soimt
time articles on Mr. Brook's speeci, togethel
with extracts, which have been unfalir:y quoted
and placed before readers. Coimelts l~hv
been passed upon it with difa'e:e ri ews, :iiit
has been somewhat. iniini:iied tl.t hle M.
Brooks) has not exhibited a true devo ion to i
Stale, tut rather an unqualilied one for the
Union; becau.e, forsoo;h. there g!eain h g: -
ly forth in Ole quoted pa:igraihs hei wo:d
Constitutional." For our par,. we suni irm
ia deflence oI' a lr own peculiatr iu,.ilu ion.. .and
ri~ri.,. andil pl., as high ;In esiimate 11pon timt
wiici i k eimiee-ed wiii ad dear So tn.i C.o.
lini. .s ..ny ole in the S.:ie ; ye, we believe ill
prudenev, plicy and n:son.
It we iid coiuked for .i moment i hat Mr.
Brooks (who hiad sworn as every oiler rep.esen
tative has to do, to protecl and defend mte con
sti ution.) wa.s Coml)proiinig- clIe (igI:iy aiid
honor of the State by reiarkiig .s lie did in his
speech, that so far a. iegarded his pref'rence fur
the Pacific Rail Road route. (ntot he inst itu; ion
of slavery.) as indicated and poiined ont by him
sel, li: was not sectional, wIe woli nodontedly
have expressed fearlessly our disapproval of iiiS
views, and disavowal of his course. What .'as
he, palge 2d. wheii opening the subjeet
But I approach ;he question directly and pro.
pose to discuss it as I would ddibera.e up m a
pricaie priject of my own, or tf. a corpora e com
pany which I, in part, iwas called on to reprepsen."
We believe in hir play, we believe in justice;
we believe not in eCUitng atnd sopping short ill
paragraphs without quo ing tie whole. Such
is Calculated to injure the svnse and meaning of
any .,peech ir discourse. Verses mi be quoted
from ie ible to suit our notions, whhi n:iv
b. Gitor.ed and corrupt. plorion., of sentences
n.:y be extrac:ed froin works in sueli :I manner
as to destroy the sense of the whol e, aid give a
rneaning which was never intended to be (oni.
veted. 0 We submit tie paragraipis qno ed, aiid
add the succeeding one omitied, wie ft-.i will clear
up the supposed d.irkness or the odie.
Tle people of my SAte were io!d. on a
nemorabie occasion, by very ligh aihor:ty
here, that if one of them .,hould be a.,ked li' lie
was an American, the answer should be " No -ir;
I am a StUIut Carolinian." Tois sentiment has
ad ius day and is votaries, of whom no one
as wore earnestly zealous than my-elf. Bu:,
-ir, a recent aot of ibis (.ongress, which vindi
tes that great principle of non-intervention,
pulair ,ovvreignty and the rierhts of tie States.
rias verified the dietum of Mr. Jeffersoii, ihat
error of opinion may he tolerated when reasoi
s left free to coubat it," and wIll henceforth
ause my heart to swell whh loy...y anld p.ide
o be cafed :it American. No, sir; mya'eco '
* my own StaI - 'L A ' .
'uereqru .1 1 auilI r -,-reruorie,
onn i n :It les COst, to I
te Goverinmni, can be traced frIlm Cali frmia
to the westerin extremity of Like Suiperior. or
to the ciy of SL P11a, I pled11 e mysel to give it
y countI ella ne and suppori."
Wliy ! a man may be seetional as regirds the
peeuli ir insi Ulioi aid rig.its of iis aitie
tate. In point of slavery we me sectional e
cu!e iL is eoifined to only a peenIair se..o of
he U.:ion, and es-;entialy necessary for their
weal hI, pro'perity and happuness.O . ti s we
are ex.eeding!y jealous and alIVy re.dv and
willm) ito vindicate and n phold it .i I1s L g i. fiatie,
and aboliionists. Vebelieve tih ino trieuueear
Jed southron, born inder a sou hern tniiwolild
simother his devotion and fee'ingr sneeuomi and
knuckle to a iortherti horde, led by I Gid,-iag,
a Summer or Seward and respon.I undonbdY to
the same. In a point of Railroaii rou;e, iat
shalt conneet the east and west 11a1s4iig noihf
and soudh, binding the Paitie and A-laii ic, we
sho s d not be sectional. I is for tle general
beictit of all. Il this speech Mr. Brooks says:
The power of Congress to dispoe of the
publie domain is boti conferred and iniiecd im
the tlitd section of tie fuuihi article of,the
Conlst it ution.
'['lie Congre'ss shlil have power Jo dispose
of, and mike all needfu! rules a nit regiiia ions
respecting, the territory iir othier property be
longing to lie Uniteid States; and nothoiig. im
his conintion11)1 shall be so cionstinted as to
prejudice auly claiims of ilie Uited. States or
any p.irticular Stat e."
Myv interpretatin of this seecion is, thr,.Cot
rrev. his no po~wer to dispose of.~ hA -ubae
inds in any wv:uy that will ho: inure ii ihe bene
fl of :dl aie St .tes collecticely, in a, eq. n~ml a
r Iiv as poisible ; anid ibhis general benefit so
reu' ing' hmm each pan ieniiir legishui.ive enact
meit, is what it uniderstand -o hiave been meant
by iheo urmner, of the Constikuioin as tile "gene.
As it is therefore for the be~nefit of all, to
acomuplish its construedinl reggires th6 en-ope
rat ion of' hie States. TIo elfer. i1,.nor hern and!
southern men must stand side [by side. Mr.
Brooks' retnarks were not ex presive therefuire,
of any disposiuion to fraternize withI his enemne,
or to espouse die views of northern men. bi.
simply to exhibit, that the laeeil Rail R'iad
route, as proposed, by El 1aso, were not seetion
al and intended only to benefit the.South, but
the whole Union.
If there should be hundreds of dien aga:iinl
us at the north, that is no reason why hiuntdreds
should hot be for us. Wee arne tired wi.h the
is hostile chivalIrou-s princtiple, tin L is alIwaiys
brediog disturibancies anud cefeeling noting.
Wee are disgusted wvith t his secsioniatlfe.eling,
whib is atlways excitinig the pleople~and preven
tiug tue very ends of our government-prospenri
v. peace and union.
~Now while the two sections, norli and south.
coninue ,o meci in commonu counitlh. Ce, suth-I
ernl mten, by a dignified aid honorab'e course.O
endeavor by reatson anud argument. to, coonutnce
their opponentis that they are anxiotu. for die
preservation of the Union ; andut if we fid Jat
there is no longer a chance io achieve our designs
let us separate at once, anid decide the unm. er.
We see nothing ini M r. Bruooks' speechi to eon
dem-nothing that savours of pros:irthion oh
rights-nothing that is calculated ito :arouse ihe
attention of the most fastidious. EQUlT'Y.
EDIToRAL-A editor out West, in cpeak.
ing of his domestic increase gives the fol.
donind .hne stage-horn-blaeit the trunmpet,
'1That the waitin-.t world may know,
Pubtilih it through all our borders,
Evein unto M&xico.
Seir.e your pen, oh dreaming poet!
Aind iin numubers stiooth as tmay be,
Spread arar the jod1uI tidings!
BeLSey'a got another baby !
THE Kyow-.NoTitiGo CANDtDAT.-Ex-Secre.
tary Claytonl, who i5 reported to Cavor hue vauis
of the Native Americans and Know-Nothoilgs,
is said to have prepared a very intierestinlg lettem
on the subject of the priviteges gra.ted to for.
eignerns, wthich is now exciting so much atteni iu
in at t parts of the country. The fetter, it is
expected, will soon be published. He is fis uing
r. this Presidential nomination.
Speech of Capt. R, Ward,
DELIVERED IN COLUMBIA, S. C., ON THE COLU31
BIA AND 1A3IrUP.G RAILROAD.
This great public work, that Columbia has
embraced with such a he:arty good-will, requires
that every man concerned, should speak freely
hisi sentiments, that all light possible may be
thrown on the subject. I do most sincerely
hope, that you will ntot have to lamaent When it
ii forever too late, an unfortunat.. location ; I
propose !hen to make a few observations ont thei
dit-rent routes proposed. 31y thorough knowl
edge of every mile of country between thisi
ph ti and Augusta, entitles tile, I think, to that
First. I shall speak of the Ridge route prrFer.
The " Rhlg'e,' par excellence, one of the uot
rem:irkable Ridges i ever knew, to run across a
well-watereil country for 74 miles, and that at
the head of s.eanboat navigation. All that se
tion of Colintry lVIm ietweeln the moulths if.
S:a ttee and Savannah rivers. having a ee::st of
1 20 na 30 miles, and ruining at least 120 miles
Iiio tile interior. up to mIae Ridge, not one
streani large or small, from the mountains or
:111% where el.e, culs through this level and re.
markaible Ridge. St ange a- it may seem, you
can p:ass from your Congaree here to Hamnburg
and never cross a single strern or swaimp, large
or small, on a route not exceeding 76 miles, uas.
ily reduced, by passing over a few very insigti.
liant branches, to 73 miles. This Ridge ikde
B'u! Rid-e to all the couitry below, that I nave
de~vribed as lying between the Santee and Sla
v.aMtah rivers; and, most likely was once the
sea coast ; and the ocean as it receded, threw up
great sanad beds, as it is now doi g at Moris Is.
hland aid other places on the coast. These sand
beds, nlow called sand hills, conslihute the high
aarp ridges between the streams that take
their rise just below the Ridge proper, forming.
rleep casms andl umtaniy hollows: some wit wf W
ter in them and other dry, just Us you find the
lo;lows ad altreams issuilg frtu the mountains
praper, :id as my friend Col. F. of Edgelield
mnwe rem-irked, are she mountains of wne low
Csun.rt. Thii s tLe lower Route, tli.t some
pronom- to build the Railroad tihrougn.
Toe Ridge IoUL lroper, is so oeautiful and
level that :0l1 fhie maeiter-, of Congress, regular
trare'lerb and merchants, in olden times, used to
express themselves very freely by saying, how
reia.kable is this Ridge, nuthinig like ih frm'
Bos~on to New Orleans, such a beautiful level
road, and nothing ticy coui1 have said would
be truer; and yet there are those who would
ive Ihis le utiful ri Ige the go by,some for w:ilt
of a knon le-fge of its advantages, and odaers
frow self interest. Allow me, sir, to refer o
the Chief Eoginer's report, a few inut es. A
namaamber of persons I spoke with, demanded an
air Hine. I could not persuade them tLahe hui
W&a.lg aEgt tiqgog~ibjg, uatil tae Eg~ieer wticI
d6iltinctly und~erstan~d toe, tha'I via Lexingloffr
. 11., is not the Ridge proper, though it may be
advisable to pass icre, to secure a feeder.
Well, the Report,-lst, at the eighteenth mite
.he liae leave, the ridge, (wihichli here has an el
evainon of 345 feel, above lie startlg pomlio.)
:aad after a cut of lifteen feel ini depti for hal'a
inale, descends iFor two miles with a grade of
Ii.ythree feet to the mile, to Black creeg. Why
sould all tils elevation be losi to get !here ?
Vily, sir, mark the report-thie nteyL rid e
beween said Black creek, and CiiinquetIiiai
creek, is 5 feet bigner than the one they left a.
tie 18 mile post, but they cannot make it wit..
out anto iter grade two miles long, 58 feet to
thi i: le, and a cut one mile in lenir it, a p:art of
whieno reqlires to be 25 feet deep, aeross t ie
ridge; then another grtde 2 mile- long dowi to
Thus, 31r. Chairman, we have in tile short dis
tance of 10 miles, inev we lei't oat splendid
s idge, Ih, ce plains of 53 fe ;o iaNe nii.e, 6 m. e,
()u. of 1t. and 2. tressels, ac 35 fee. lagght, t ben
down Jtuping branch oaeaam :% hilt dles. thent
eC osseS Ri-cky, Chinnqepin,. :afd lI . ifeek, 7 at
D.l)'s iill pond on iresse;:in 3tY heet hig"
Tile heiga. over Rtocky and C hiaqnep.a c eek,
is no0t, mtelt ioned, nott ihe '..e, to0 and from
them. but fromt mty knowtige of tie country.
die grades multst be- stilI. 30(v a rk thais, we
have left- thae ridge rou e oly I4 mine< in a
sraighit lite,,nnid have ero sd b !tek. Light
wood, Rocky, C:adaqutpii, and aill eree ks ; live
creeks ;and .orrce 53 ;'et gr..de,, ix~ miles itn ll.
:aatd three 'a igi ceel,- .. ad deep cuts isa 14 mailes,
and ao. : ice el fco. u:1 it. Anda yet, sir, we are
to'd iie somte mien, t a t .hist is .a ,pleandlid roau'e
far a Raihoad. O! ,htimc wheaare is the blush.
Nowr all tihis; sht, anad you are s~ill oaty abut. 5
mies below tife ridge rain e Ip oper, wherie yaoiu
could, al~l ,hi, ihne. hiave ri" led :litng a road. al
most as Ievel. as this l.,air. Well , sir, we o ,ss
o over brol/ee, bit dry valleytov ano;aa.hle a id;;e.
and the. e Ihey a fast caamti 6 miiles of leve.
counttrv.-onil tiak, 6 mtiles. They were connti iing
onti a .ani I -:aw thema. .ad .noik ing tisas
hthg ha eat of 1.iw ; -ibes-someinc llIke Napa
lea's, wea ry, armay looked forward to .hle pos
sessioni of~ Mo-cow, where :1h the't-raa trnles
were .t enid. Like lahem, sir, thley gai apiosses
s on lilt , oh ! li ke thae poaor soldiers, hety were
dooiied ta sad dis- 1ppoi:1tmen.tt for whlen they
arinve d it SouthI Edi-,tia river, thaey founitd t hem
setlves Oil one of otur mnain:i spurs. 300 feet
above~ thle river, aand hada ato ret race thiieir steps,
uad t ake. 31eTver creek.. abritdoainag thec onaly
levciel gr ound 11bev climtted tan lie riou:e, anid
overcotme the 3)0'li-et in 6 tmiles. Iliere Is :aao~h
r rade, si, six miles- hiang, lifty feet to the
tmlle, :andi whena tucre, a river anid swamup :o craows
hl itle widei., requiriiten er three lhuu-anid
Ifeet of tres-el : tuhachigh anot mern ontead int die
reor.. Mr. Gibbes sents to thinak, :a pairt of
ahe sw:: lan my be embo:taked ; I hinak ditierent
l'. I k:oi a saimte. ting of thait stre am, haavmntg
atted aind i .haed on it fo r ye:ars fromn its haead
tim Merah 's bridge. TJhaere i< betweeni that ptoint,
\1 erii.s, haiilige, anda the head of MeTyer and
the l&iito Iad its tribu.:aries, het weena 20 and 30
mi!s. :and :1:2 mniles fromt Meraiti' bridge wouald
ainclude , lem tallI, and aiearly all of w lbien are dirt
dmts, and iftswept away, wonld produce a pierfect
sea. '[lie irst poatd above MerrinL' bridge, Dr.
M imas', is itself eood .,te:amb~oat iiavigai lan, It is
a lake, anid. when at breaks, woe be to all below
I., aand whean it 'gies, mnost likely at least a half
dozeit aiould go~ wihh it.
I :am almost iduced to lthink they must have
held somte ebaarm over myw friend Gibbs, or lie
wouhi1 eelaaly have a ui laway about thal lime;
bua his iiouble was lfar fromt being over yeb
'fTay crept out of Edisto lal'ey. and ag:uin found
a level tmile oir two. tin , like utot thle other. it.
could ito: b. used. So again it was up one branch
and downt anothier to Shiaw's creek, more gratdes
ad tressel. Shaw's creek is itself a river, ten
on a stiff~ grade to thte rid$Ebetween Shaw's
and Horse creeks, where they again have to cut
thiriy feet deep, for ntearly two thousand feet,
where thecy tianally get to Graniteville, over a
resel 57 feet high. And here, I may rematrki, is
te tirst feeder on the whole route, butt unfor
tuartely, sir, the Chiarleston Railroad likewise
passes Gratniceville, so the ontly populated coun
try on the whole route, is, where this lower
route passes close to, or very near the South
Carolina Railroad, viz: from Aiken to Ham
burg, and nearly all their trade is and will re
mai. .w.,;h Crlmetnn_ The r,,at of the cn.
try between Graniteville and Columbia, is most.
ty bar.en sand hills; ihe few thrifty citizens,
a.-e saw-mill men, who raft and trade to Char.
The descent from the ridge above Aiken, we
all kniow, is very difficult, (I believe the inclined
plane there, which origin lly was scarcely three
quarters of a mile long, has cost in all proba.
Iility nearly a million of dollars,) and will be
alike dillicult to both routes.
Now, let us turn once more to the Riyge
route proper. We have a grade out from Ham
burg abot four miles long, 53 feet to the mile,
thenl one level mile, then about three miles more
53 feet grade, (if no better valley can be found,
which I think can,) then all trouble is over-a
splenidid, level, dry, " Ridge Road" all the way,
to n iin seven miles of Columbia, not a single
tre.,sel required on the whole route, and popula
tion all ifhe way. If we take the Lexington route
firt t here is t he town itself, then the large settle
metls of Hollow, Clouds, Dry, and Mine creeks,
and then the weably, thriving town of Edge.
field, wiJh its plank road from the Pine House,
to nine miles abave the village; then the thick,
we;.~h by settlements immediately on the line, in
all over Lwen y to one on the sand hill route. The
Ridge roui e proper can be built for about $100.
000 less money than the sand hill route.
T1hae Engineer's estimate yon will bear in
mind. was. not made on the '-Ridge Routy pro
pe.,'* but on the Lexiagton route, which is a half
a m;le longer, and a bridge over twelve mile
creek with heavy embankiments on both sides.
I feel p;:rfeealy confident the Ridge Rotto
can be run, in fr.sm fifteen to thirty minutes less
tite than the " Sand Hill" route, and nothing is
more certain, than that it will cost less to keep
- in repair, altlough it may be four or five miles
I consulted Edgar Thompson, one of the best
E-gineers in the Union, on the routes, and his
ant wer was very prompt: "always take a Ridge
rouie if you cana get one" (not across the ridges
as pe. lower route.) the expenses on a good ridge,
!ays he, are cut down every way. in first cost, in
i.er repairs, in saving of time, and often very
greatly in suits for damages. Look for instance
ii your little Yoikville ridge road, now paying
3 pei cent.
Then, sir, the feeders are always important,
and on this route will most likely grow more
tIad more so. For sir, we must look forward to
ie ti ate, when we may loose this through tra
el.-Ir you can keep it 20 years, yes, sir, 15
ears, utdi-turbed, it will be a "Dorn Gold
line' to your Charlotte road, giving an increase
>r pass.:ge money alone of $400,000 yearly,
nd I hope wildo as well for our beautiful Cap
,a,. the p-eitiesz city on earth.
Now. let us look everything fairly in the face,
Muppose, in that. ine the through travel is lost,
mu your road i, built through those barren sand
ent or- ti foj if' th'aee whoseifliaeheb ear- -
ied it i ri*lti!e the Ridge or Lexington
-du.e wouildl always keep itself up, and add to
ne pr8perity of your city; and what would
mar 'Old travellers s:ay, who used to travel the
tldie Road years ago ? Tley would say why are
me dreagged through these sanad hidiand swamps
nd ove r all th iN tressel, and up and down stiff
Zrades, and deep cuts, and our old favorite ridge
load jut above u,? Then dissatisfied they would
return onie, agitate, and finially build a road
:ross firoma Georgia to Abbevale, and New
berry to Chester, and your travel is gone, sir,
never to return.
But, I hope, gentlemen, you all have had
eanough of tresel, and water, and deep cuts,
&c. 'I link Coiagarve, Wateree, Santee and
Broa;d rivera ougrlu to sqatisfy South Carolina
lfor many 3 e:rs no come. IL hnad been said," the
stand hill will become . manufacturin coun
ry."* Never, sir, in our day, ior in iho next hun
dred years, to any extem. God forbid, for hu.
mani;~v's sake. it ever should. Climate, soil, hot
dy., 'u:.ry nigl.ts, every.hingis against it. An
ope:a iWe nould do nuca be.iergmt a factory Ill
tile maona:ain vallevs, at $8.00, thanin the sand
hi!s at $12 per nonth. Ttere'the nights and
days tare Looi, and his little garden yields hin
n'undan-e rur ais toil, a line large cabbage, not
a itde .sickly collard, and fine pure mountain
wae:, leap'.ng tand tumublinag headlonag from rock
to rock,uataa lashed into spray antd foam, and
by its mturmnurinag water he is lulled int as-weet
A wo-d, now, for Lexington C. IT. It would
increa.-e the cost, paerhapts $20,000 and a dis
tance of a half a mile. Blut, sir, it stanads a cer
iain feeder forarcr-ten p.ssengers a day at least.
Ttean do nt sacrifice permaanent.asivanltage for
one mtinu.e's runa, :and a lew thousand dollars.
A few moare words antd I have done. Int
~ebuo..iag your fauture oflicers, choose themi cau
aously, let ltem be identitied with Columbia.
La yoaar P'residenat be a citizen of' thl~town or
i s ijcini.y ; and, above all, let me warn you, to.
eeet nt an, who owns property, or lives oan
anay of thec p.-oaposed routes htetiveen Columbia
anad 1.lamabig. .if you do ntot want your road
wt.rpedl to sui. hais own private purposes. Yout
have pilenly of aoge mten :.muong you. .lt would
perhiap-~, be presumtlionI in ime to name themt,
hue, I do repneat, keep off uten hymiag on the
route, at leas,, ona;il your road ia built.
Otnr Railroads avhnen built, becoames a part of
our htisiory,-tad we have .a righat to speak of
them ;reely, that we may profit by their failings'
or pet etouas, either of construction or mana
agmencat. Now, sir, just place your finger otn
our new Slace map, and righat in the most dis
torted railroad curves you will there easily per.
eecive were the resideaaces, or property of the
Presideatas or inalluuemiat Directors, when those
roads were building.
pREPARED Foa CasoL~aA.-The8 late papers
from London mention that the cholera has made
its appearance in various parts of England, bus
not to ani atlarminfg extenat. Thte Lonadon News
-Should the isolated cases whtich are manifest
ing themselves in various quarters be exchanged
for a general prevaleuce of this fearful visita
ion the ollictals of the Met ropolitan hospital
we are glad to say, will be found quite prepare
extra wards havinag been fitted up and the means
of remedial treatment abundanttly provided."
FROM CHINA.-Idolatry in China has been pu
under batn by the Insurgent General at Shang
hue, whto has issued several proclamations, show
iag, by very ingenious reasoning, based upoi
thme teachaings of the Bible, the impiety of the
custom. The Shanighae Herald, of May 26
in referring to these documents, remarks:
" Until very recently the rebels were as mue
addicted to the wvorship of idols as the rest
their countrymen, but-numbers of the Canto
and F'okien maen amongsat them seem now
w'ard'and deed to abjure the whole syste
On one occasion this week several wore observg
carrying the idols iit buckets, without the lea
ere mony whatever, while otheris around spok
of them with the utmost indifference atgd cor
tempt. They have not interfered with those
the public temples, but in the meantime aev
it with the people to deeliare whether they.sh
allow them to remain there or not."
Onz more line for thIs parre-andthereit ,