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"We will cling to the Pillars of the Teaple of our Liberties, and if it nust fall, we will Perish anidst the Ruins."
W. F DURISOE, Proprietor. EDGEFIELD, S. C., AUGUST 24, 1854. " ---"* "
THE EDGEFIELD ADVERTISER
IS PUBLISHED EVERY THURSDAY BY
W. F. DURISOE, Proprietor.
ARTHUR SIMKINS, Editor.
? ui ii .
Two Dol.L.Ans per year, if paid in advance-Two
DoL..Ans and FIFr CEN-Ts if not paid within six
inmnth--and Tt: Dot.I.Ans if not paid before the
e riraioinn of tile year. il sihscripitins not tdistinut
lV limited at the :ime of subscribiing. % ill he cinsider
ed as made for an imilerihe period, anl will be cn
tined mijl all arrearaves are paid, or at he opiion of
the Puiblisher. Suberiptiois from other States innst
INVARIABLY he accompanieI with the cash or refer
enre to soie one known Io us.
AnvrrsTsK.-rs n ill he uoIspienionvsly inserted at
75 cents per S-linre (12 liies or less) for the first in
sertion, and 37! cent" ihr each subilerint insertion.
When only pihbislhel .lmithly or Quiriterly S] per
the desireil numler f iisertiois iiarlwtd on the nir
giln. will le continuei until forblid and cliargei ac
'Tlhose desiring to ailverti.e iy tile year can doso (in
liberal term--it ta'iing diisnctly undlerszitiol that ron
trais fir ve:rly aIve-rtii:ri are cmfiormd to the iinme
diat-, legitiiate hiness if tile firm or inlividual
contractiin. Transicit Advertisemnts inust be paid
for in advanciee.
For announcing a Candidate, Three Dollars, IN
A 1) VA NCE.
For Adverising Estraya Tolled, Two Dollars, to be
paid hy ti. .llagisirate aIverfisiiig.
.Min. E orro: -PFi-se annoiemunee Ul n1. P. S.
! OOKS as a C-diidlate for re-el e.:ion to repre
selit the Fourth Congressional District. consisting of
Edge!ield. Abbvile, Lauren,, Newlierry and Lex
iigton, in the next Congress. which eetioni will
be held in October iext, and thterely greatly ob
ligu MA.\NY FRIIENDS.
W- Tt: Frieis of Col. A. C. G.\l LING TON
respectfully announce im as a Candidate to repre
Sent tile .ith Cngres'onial I:strkit, at the election
in October next.
For the %enatme.
' Tiox. J. P. C.\!tltOLL is respectfully
ann.nneei by his fr', ois iis a candilate for re-elee
tionl to thle a'e St:3,1W. at hle enlsuzing, electon.
:T iTo Frienils of M.\;. TILL..\N WAT
SON. respet dlty nominate him is a eanidiate for
seat in the State Sen:tte at thIi 1:e 'xt eleetion.
For tie lHouw'.
U' Tin: Friends of Maj J. C. A LAI.EN atinotce
hin as a Caniditei for re-election t- a Seit in Ie
- -- ria aLUnre. S.'u h Caiouliaia attle enisuing el. eli*n
.\lit. E DIT,.., ..1 --- - . ,,,., .. .
E. I l NJ)Y, Isq1., as a Cadi.n ase.r n Sait in
the hlouse of Rvelrese itativus at tl next election
and oblige MANY Vo-rins.
0 Tim: Frienls of C.\ IEY W. STl[.-S, Il
respecfuiilly anniuntilce himi as a C.. idiia:e for a Seat
lie next Le-l.,d;ture.
if Tni Fri-is of G E O. W. L.A N1D) Mli ait
noutce him as a Candidate for a Seit in the next
Tii Friends of G. 1). TILLMAN. Esq..
respeetfulv anoullee him as a candidate for a Seat
in ite L.e-jlloure at the next election.
' Tiw frils of -IOSEIl A UNE, Esgr.
.Iesp ctuilly announce him as a caniiidate for a sca:
in the next Legila~ure.
' - Tnt Frivnds if .1E CA NREN, Esq.
resiicl fuly minounce him as a Cazndidate for a Seat
in th,- next Legi'lature.
1-T-i.Fri,1s of Dr. 11. R. CooK respecltully'
annLCC hinm a Candidate for a Seat in the next
I louse of ReIresentatives.
g To e Friemis of W. C. MORAGN E, Esq.,
r -spect''llly annoiu nce himi as a canididate fori ai Seat
in lie Ilinse iof Rep.resentaitives at the next election
' ut. Z WV. CA RWlL E is respectfully an
lii niieed hv his frietals as a Canida~te for re-elee
' tioni ti the Hnu~e of 1:epesitires at the niext
- 'Tiv Friends of Mir. W. A DE IIOLTTEIN
noiniate hliml as a candlidate for* a Sealt in the
!I .use ..f RepreseiniiVes ait thle ii~ e'eeti'n.
- Qf The Friendls of WM1. B. I)(LlN, sq-.
eacflllnntnnee haiim as a Canlldidlae for a Seat
ii the inext I louse of Replresenlltte.
A. P E RI R I N,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,.
'TIL L i/-diee ait inited, lid anmd the Coutrts of
OFtlie, lii-kii llilig La Range.
Edgefield C. H ., S. C.
Mlav I8, tf I8.
ATTORN1EY AT t.AW Al'\D SOLUCITOR IN EQUITY
IJ OF~ic at I.llehield Court I louse, (one door
below G. L. PENN's family groerly.
A pril 27. tf 15
- S. S. T Oi P K I N ,
ATTORN'EY AT L.AW,
FF(i-ice iN lnEAl oV TilE CoURiT liot'sE.
Edgefiel, S. C., FebS8, tf 4
Practice of Surgery!
DRI. .IRIAII IIARRDi?. Augusta.
and Nursinhg, stich pa~tients a< imay be directed to
him for SC ItO icA r Lr OlEl\TIONS or realtmenlt.
11 .Alastiers mlay he :issnmred thait their Servants
will have every necessary attenitionil.
Augusta, Mlay 26,1y)1
Di. M. W. A bn ey
AVING remoyed into tihe Villagte, for the
purpose of devoting hiimtslf, mlore excisively
bleyoind the Baiptist Church on the right, and aid
joiing the 31ale Acaidemyn, (the residenice formlerly
occupiedi by S. S. TOmpijkis, Esq., aiid Rlev. C. A.
Rhaynmond,) offers his
To the people of thto Viilage and the surrounding
in the day, hie can be founid in hlis Oflice, adjoin
ing the Office of W. 'N. A n^-'is, Esqj., aind in frot
of thle preslent retsidence of Mir. Geo. A. A ddison,
and at nihit, hte can be found at his dwelling.
Hie will give aittention1 at all timels motlst pnetu
ally, to all calls upon him, either for advice and lire
scripltions, or for piersonlal atttenldanice.
M1. W. AIBNEY.
Jan 11 tf 52
J UST received 5,O00 Lbs. GCOOl) COUNTRY
FLOUR, in Sacks, and fior t.;ie byv
'G. L. PENN, AGENT.
A pril 4 tf 12
r H E~ Room at present occupied by Mir. Lad 111ll
J.as a Dry Goods Store. hInimy absence apply
to J. A. Williams. S. CilRISTi E.
Dec 28 t50)
SPURN NOT THE POOR.
Srts not the poo~r iman, spurn him not,
Thoigh horny be his hands;
Nor gold nor silver he has zot,
Nor houses, no, nor lauds.
Yet east not thou that scfrnful glance,
Upon his nunburnt face;
For thani..h hw's potor. his poverty
Ca:t never thee disgrace.
Uis cat wav of the coursest be,
alde (out ot' h.-dd n r:iy,
Ani thine ie of t - best broua-l-eloth,
A nd triiined so fine and aly.
Thy pol'.:shed biits may brightly shin e,
In inh'iion finting ineat,
Aii.l his p"i-r c'ogs be dingy brown,
A [id .hlt:zidess to his feet.
Yes, his exterior may b.- rude,
A ii no a t:ractions show ;
Ald li cocnnections be antong
the loweist of the low
But in the casket rough to view,
.A gem mav be coeet-Aled
As br*ght a gem as ever yet
Was to the world revea!ed.
Full many I inid of priciless worth
Is h.d with:i :ie breast
Of iany a poor, neglected one,
Cast down and sure oppressed;
Amonit the poorest of the poor,
Earth's noblest sons abound;
The best, the puresi, greatest still
The cuttage hearth surrouid.
Froa, the Council B ull's Bugle, July 16.
MAitE-Ii camp. near Nebiaska Centre,
tie l9.h, Mr. AlIat Slermat to Miss Mary
lTe hall wams A lelightful portion of lie
e V.Wey, wi.h ,i-e canopy of the skies
i t by wit.,ling s.ars, shaded by igihtl
ods. The mu.ic, .he sooti ing tning rip
de., (,f the' 1V2:&i'.. 011 one .side.,Iad. far'in the
limaicet. on the othe--, low rumbling thunder,
vil faim liahe- of livid ligh:ing.
Thie I I.i. A. W. Bahbi;, Serge.:ry of Utath,
lres-d ill hi pioter nuit fif 6uekisit, made a
rv happy anil appropiiate speech to the assem
e'l spvetatlors, (eated around ott the bosin of
e~ iliE~Ie. ~George P". Stiles. A-sori.te .11s
i.ev of Utah, Dr. t Lrii, the pioiter of Pla;e
m.v. aid several oiner di-. itiniihed liests.
Th'e ce'reony beiitg .ver, J dge S; les, inl hi,
m:;il real ance:-. peuliar toi himselIf,
tade :I btiief onigratilatory speech: lie remar
;ti in (telninsion: - We ;ioteers and our pos
r.iv must plit ;he tarii :at stripeit- onl the
ster con.::n;,"nh~ -;wis rece-ived wi.h
uch app!ause. The briJegrooiim pripnwd three
ies I or the passaoge of the Nebriska hill. Judge
otlas antd Gen. A. C. Dodge. whiebc mittde Itw
velkiit : ilig through .ie l'i:t.e Villey:mid Graid
anI td, a-, none but pi-'neers en! dmo. Next came
lie snpper, it,- ol 31alhogany -tbles covered
vit iebh servicieof cilver, buti ot t ii 31haekii.aw
laiikets -preads on tie ground. The bill of' 'are
Hcided died :ililo itna. dried veiisii,
i.ild aiteloe, boiled liutI, wid daek. pietatl
n0p131. rke'. of alt bots and -ize.,; for vine pure
late water. -
Ye daiity dyspep:ies of crowded cities. who
tend br idal patties in costly p.dace-; if Aine.
a!i inould, thitk vou ever enjoyed sich a re
6it ! ' ie bride preided wi. h a native ease
d gentility which showed she.wa-i wortiy of
lie heart and I .iid site had ju-t received. Her
a.teittl miannters andt sentti tle remarks drew
ra h tie atdiiir.iimin ofi atH,:aitd showed .she tid
jeetn iindelr thte puptjilage of' thlat. accompli-hted
d, .\rs. A. W. lihbijit.
LTie amusem-'tenlts .commtetr.teed by att itiani
m~ee, followed by coutryt' figuiresa l'itre V.!:
yV eo.illiion, ad clot'ed with the lemtt't. ani
!tid wviihe, for lotng lfe andi blfessini.'s on the
iirv gave hear:y' cheers for thle apominitmeTit4.yt
d f'ioneersi to oillee in I ihe WVest, in.---'ti of
e ea--te~rit silk stock'ing gent: ry, and rctired to
outld live toe travel up lie lhate'L Vailley with
e I roni 1lorse. itt'teadl of. the slow patienit dx,
td insteaid of lawnee ditheienhibs they would
ive to look iinit for raiil-road runtiters, hottel por
Lrs antd biack drtiver'., thtat tmey did tnot get itnto
lii wriiig cair, go to It poor hio.el ori ge't fleced
tt of doub tle ices by .thle culmtinig hb cktnen.
Ite w.h.'le bridal pairty wi'h a sigle cyclopeani
eep; ioin, statraed the next morinig for Utath
Lul Cialiforitia. Ye hiomt'-lo inig .deniizetis oh'
e east. what ititi,. yn of- a nacrriaige tour of' a
ouatnd miiles itt an ei waigont.
NEEDI.E SWALLtOWED AND EXTRACTED.-A
adofi Roichet'ter who-wi ,ats atddicicid to tne bad,
i;ti of htoldinog pins and oned les in tier motth
'.valowedl what aie '.upposed to be a pitt
sotie ie in Dec'emiber I ast. Sootn aller
-te snil'ered considerbly tfrotm ac-ute paints iin
er stevm..cht, buL. "itho(ut atttribuaiing them
to lie' pitt. Ont Satlurdaiy last, the lady was
ittacked with a severe p~aiin in her kimee
-h~cib wais to intensh as to cause her to faint.
. phly.ic'ian was cailled, whlo -ueceeded in ex
ratitig t omt the limoti a miedium, size needle,
-iebi al .wtrked nteatrly to t he skin, lie eye
beitg foremo.-it. The tneedle wats macit coLroded
'td th pt joinit htad becomce tneairy as miueth lunit
d ats the htead.-Bufflto Demi., Juite 20.
IlornSES '1Tt UBLED WITh FLIES.-At this
'aoni of' the y-ear thle followinig receipe~ to pre
cit hiorses fromn being teatzed with flies may be
umaely instructive to owners antd driters of'
" Take two or three small hand fulls of walnut
laves, upon which pouur two or three quarts t
10d soft waiter ;let it intfise onte night, and p~r
he whole next mcoring into a ket i le, and let it
til for " quarter-of an htour. When cold, it
vili be reatdy f'or use. Notiitg more is required
itn to imois.ten a sponge wvithi the liquoir, anid
before thte horse goes ouit of the stable, let
hse parts which are most ir'riiabule be smneared
over with thce liquor, viz: bet weeni anid tipoti the
ears, thte neek, ttte flacnk, &c. Not only the idy
or gin;h-tman wh'io rides ontt for pleasti.te il ! be
e lited f'rom the walniut leates tihus prepatred
but thte eoachimnat, waigonter, anid all those who
use horses durinig the hot mntths."
THE GoVEnsont EL.cT.-Governfor Bratgg, oh'
Northt Carolina, on his return f'rom the catnvass
l the *w~eaternt counities, whten witin a lew
miles of Ashvilie, met with an accident by which
his lif'e wacs pltaced in imiminteni peril. His horse
eine f'righttened attd ran away~, antd in his ef
forts to sttop him Mr. Brag wats thrown upon
te giround, antd run over by the bug~gy. Hie
reeived some severe brtises, but was able to go
o his wi-' hioitm
DY r. EouE- rr.
From the Ch:-levsion Courier.
The Augusta Bridge.
To William D. l'or;er. J. E. Carew, Sennors;
and Geo. N. Reyinolds, Jr.. and the other
Members (of the lionse of Ripreseniiaives
from I lhe Pairi.,ie. of S. Philip-' anud S. Mi
G~cenmn: T'he intds of your coinstait enis
liave beii very 1111nejth agitiated by lie recent aet
of lie iA2gidaiire. oil he li bect i f the Au.
o-:n U.idge. b is mnderstood li .L e.,sr-.
.l411 md ~KennedIv b..ve been anihoized toi
levy a di.ouble ;I.x (11 the i:neriin'e betwveei
libis &11C :ird GseortJia. Tb,;.; ,w% idh ini-, view, thle
Legi.,1:nnre have gikenl ihtm .:Ie bride which
tie ti-i. of Augn.o a ci bi It.- le i., 'ie owli
her- ol tilt, SiIne,:r1.. 3:;l o h i e I uti loll "n ii
it is Oree ed. Is [Ilis ., h bi p e hlotnge.. '10 11-1id
to the Stale, ne woutld havIe ex.tee.ed of yoll to
gumaiid he piiile intere-: by .,ing t. re ;Ib tihe
welfiae fi i te ei.izeo., shou. i i b s:. erficed
to iv:.e job.
BuL for veity years if I more ti0& properly
has been in tile poAi-e-io of tie viiv of Au
gust'ia toy patirelo-e i i convevance from tieI
S.ale it.,el. aid lite right oif tie city hai been
rtemgi-ed sever ii limes, iv our Legi-Untre,
and soieniiv A.li-mled iy I.e jiiden;Iiaii uf the
Supreme Courit L seeI-.tx.r;ordinary there.
fore, tat the 1.eiil..ire --ioild p:-owed "V a
high him.aimi to d i eu* :.e f.-Adly and neiariii or
il. ;otn of Angiu,n or ieir ioperty wihitit
i jiciial liearing. It iciei-eis our surpii-e Iliit
YOU -hilitld initerlf-re with l' iriv..Ie iights, for tie
ramiicat io fait one or two o d d .-l oi mere
rOndtid. ofi privaie .avor. The d ;.i inI
wich suich conldnet cr , ,..edto the:
hliesl 0i i whlen it i. Ioutnd 1.1 that tie objec ti
L Il tatx l owis people flor tbe liirpose r m:1- I
tug. e ;timeuse for iw blie.Ii. of per--ons who
Die ibi..er (:'tsof Stit I.egi-h:ion begin to
,ipeatr in. 'the Co!!ison ;inicateai-d between ;he
artie.isto *k ,iicnt:e andI I.e ci y of A nguszta.
%e understanld thlat, lin mitenanlt e (if the Sill
ectire, a: gaite i-; to Lie cree.e I on i.e UI3idge ; ad I
ht1:. lie Iople of Ango-i.tie i.enedl to lt
down imgi; e I, a noi.ce-ihieb is likely to
produce a iilsion of arms.
I is evidetit that ite in: erest of Cha.irles.
toil inust stlier b any i:errptolln (of a f:-ee
mid untraniielled Il i creotr- o wi.!t the West
ad we de-.ire tui k.iow on whiat reasons these
proceedings of tie boilie-. to n nieh you belo nIr,
re jui.1titied. We iiti e vu, diereforte, either
in a polie ineetinig o- by nte leIs, to give your
'ellow.ei.izens sal.itaiiin tl ihis head-if any
,aitif.ietey rea-oi catl he ?iven-:: it hope that
yon wi not delav to coip'y witii a request SO
reasonable in it .1ef, anitd lid for at die preent
iie by suen urgent con-idr;i.ions of ine pub
tie weif.ire. MANY CmzrENs.
F.-am the Cimr!estio Courier. Feb. 6.
Its re.ty -. i.e e.. mmoitc:. inti .ige - Many
Ciizea-.." I tli.hed -me das since in the Co.ii
-er, iint i.ing ;-.e Ch.n'e---i-. Delegr. ii") .o at
841m1t expi1 ni...i-In as- to 1;. p1N%.age of . !:4.e
Act oit IAgi-I.aure. ant .-izi.! % %o iidl: id1.
11., ;o x;.e. ad oii tbis .-ide of he ritci from
dl per-in-, eroii-.,r he baul rie over tile iavin.
wi. wiitu nt beloig- to I V. il u of Au-iia.
the flh1wint -tatemeit if I :. i-.bithi.ed :
A memiri..i to :he liwb.;tre nas pe-u~ed
i tie Stn.te on tle 1. Detceiier Iv Col. J. P.
Carroll, Senator iniii :dgeleldi iter fihe ii.le
of -- .ie inems i.l 'i J..ines .I 'nes and J. J.
Kentieiv, praoi. :f i :.indmein t i heir
-hart er .o Owh A ugoi a ie.-, :midw re fer
red to ile Comm ih .ee ot R t:dt. Dridge. aid
Ferries. Tis it appear 11r;..'yed ror lie memino
riaists the anaoith ii t :-t toli iin rite,Uiil",
1nt no rep%. aI- ever m.ide on ;e %I:eri.V
cuimillees of. itier body. nor was ai frther
atlitilion paid ti it oi ie floor o chhervi alou-e
IIIstil e rnighitaof .he 1711b. i I ihe( -- e . when
tie g-cenur., lill *-'.o Ili e--tabli-Iiiewt of romis .
biblgze- and iiferrie-4 from :ie llon,e was bieforei
h!i:a tiiud out its vecidlif ieialli-ag. Oil hIat oen.
ion the fislotig hii 4 -e was i moved as anl
imendm<t m (to !,e bl:
"Iat Jntims Jone and Jo-eph J. 'entnedy,
a~iitnee of I lieiry S tul.z~ aand Jiohnt 3.\l iie.
be ~.md they are Iue:ieby ali hioriz.>dl toi cilleet
the thlla p'-.eerihegl by tlhe 21s '-' elaIion of t he
Act tio es.t;.bi.,h cert..in r-nis-, briie- anmd fer
ices p -i*id te 19.9 ii)eeta'omber. 18-18. from :all
.er'i-. t;ii Sav~titaih ,iter, at Labuiriz anid An-t
ln..: lt pro idid. howevat~aer. t i. nii hinti! the.ehai
taiiutaneld shia'l in any wtise impirii or pretjndiice
uy iight or prtaoperty e-laimiilu Iby t lo- ('i y Couii.
ii sot Anugusta. iaa re-pre; i ston. b::: tuuit ueimi
m:-,. i.ine:- of ithe saiid bridge within *lhe
1r; itlo; it liimi:s of -. Siate." Tis wa-i iu-n
pirtedt by (Col. J. P. C'irroilI. aadtip.i-il byt thae
Senate. itnd aiinpiirnard iio thet hitI. Thea bill.
ts amtiembu-al. cuae ep foir its iild re:albaio hii
fire thle louse on thei sight of tie 19toa, the
day buefoire she ndijouarnmliein. Whent aititilin
wts clI to, it by .hue Chidr. .\ ir. II Innmondat
one uaf thle irepreaetaitives ft om E i~eliehli, ill
pised die noitn-nidmieii, asail was- ,anilleted byv
. r. .\liteihell, a--im C.ourles at; il ti asiowever.
defeiiled lby .\les-rs. .iliddti-ton, fromht George
tonl, Boy.-.lonuh. Iil'lm Fairlielhd, Sullivan, frotm
Laiurni<, iand Pe'r1y., fromi Grenidie, aiid re
er]ivig thle wvarmn auptofipn fheste ga. l emen,
was ioi a aditisiiin, iadoPted by i hi mijllri .y af
tlirt -.-ix atgaiinst thliriy-onie. Asi aibove re
inarl' ed, no re'port hladi been matie on the sub
ject duriiei iiie se..ion by atay comimittee, in
whib mta'de lif mat ters of imnpioriannee aire gen
erailly brioughit to the aitein o f lie liouse.
Tihe 'ieeal i tand hiI i-i oine, tor tihe imost
part, of mer- Itocal oni-ern, an td in wh iih i.e
i, izensi of Chia:~-lson have lit. le or ito miter
est. Such~t of llur membertt~ s a- were presenit
voted augaiinst thle m~easure; anld it i-i believed
that the whole del..egaioin wais optposedt to ite
at'iion. Tuiere wtere, ast atppearsa iby the Vote
atbove statled, a great manyt members antii
there beinig scarcly mo re I ha~n 0one h..Itf p~e
~ent, say sixhy-seven Otit of atn huntdred aind
tweny-fohur, aitd unifortunaitely the Cimiriman
of the commflittee on roatd- hal been compel
led previously to leaive Columubia, so that he
could not be in his pinace.
Oii behalf of ie delheg~iiona,
W. D. PORTER,
G. N. R1EYNOLDS, Jr.
TH. FAL BUStas.-The Fall tratde of our
city is altreatdy c-omm~eing, antd in tihe conrn-c of
ai few week-, oura merchIaunts wil Lie nelively en
giged in sntpplyintg I he wants of their cus.omners.
The. seawonl openls whhl the mtost fthiiseIig pros
pets- for a hieatvy biuisine-ss and ihe stoc-ks of our
p aricipal htouses aire probambly mtuh 1.i ger thain
they halve eter been before. Auru,.:a is napdly
ires.ingh in prospleaiy, aiid afl'ords facili.ies four
tne purchasi-e and quitck -attspotrion ofi goods,
whib atre not e.,,eelled by anyi oher eiiy. There
is.itt fac. ito reason wthy this shiouht niot be so.
Wo have among usi emphlyed ini meschanhdiz.ling.
meni of taans, ieapacihty atnd energy, wino djevote
themselves os .he- personal stuper' iionl of their
busiess. Deside-i we enajiy taiat, grenilest of
alt blesi.gs, a hneahiy cli mate. Pe-rhitips tour
l waus tiever in a better stamatory conadiamn
thatitt present. No epidemie, its is the ctase in
many of our- sister clirs--, is dest royinlg otir popuI
Itation, but tan every side are s-een the evidences
of growing wealth and prosperity. Old build
insT~ aPe being remnved in tmake room for Dew
and more modern 4tructures ; while mny parts
of the ci y, wiich but- a Vear or two since were
an opel waste. are now covered with new buil
diigi-mannuacLures of all kinds ire in a flour.
liing condition, 1nall who wish to work find
no dilliculty in obtaining employment.
With .uch cheering pro-plcts before us, we
cmoiiideitly ecollniand 'August;a to our frieid4,
oIthli ne.r and distifna.s as a ioist excellent mar
ke; in which to purl.1ase tiir 3ll and winter
uppie ics. TI'hey wih find the assortmcit of
go1) boi Lirgfe and %aried, :n:d can Ipur.a.*e
tIem on a.s f &orabile:-;erms as in any u.her city
il .ne Unioi.-Augu.tt Coit.inaiI.
THE SPANISHf RE0LU'ION.-lI we may be
lieve a London corre!poideint of Inte N. Y. Daily
Times. Mr. Buehain u.s ,ent. to Pre identii
Pierce a de.paitli urg.ng uiat as ne pv:es; re
bthion in ii1..in proioeCS to be nucce%4ul, :nd
ln'huniI alnd -'r.ieill make uste o t' to se.
u:r i hivii a r. ecoistr4i.on, or tie Sp.;i.h Golv
Lrionmeit aI. VWill suiVIthiemii, the Ulni.~ed States
ogti. to ube her lTuence to make the new
g ernment, accortid itih her own synipathies
nid iieiest. Mr. E. le i said to have sent a
n si milar deuis.ich ; ij1ie object of both cuminuni.
ioil.n being ;o iiltiice Coungress, in order to
procure tLIM tell Iiillfoii appropriation.
TIIOUBLE 04 COARtD A U. S. SIm.-We CC
it stated :iat Lt. Monroe. one of ie ollicers on
Uald the Ship 1 of" war Vincenies, Comnodore
inggold's fl.mg shiplAtt (long Kong, ha;i been
s'upended becaue hI ' refu'ed .ts giv orders con
elling the men Unl r hiicomm.md i' attend
tie c;iaipel serviee- lowing i:wk imany of themt
lad cOst enioni oleltioil0s to :ttenii sueh ex
sreises. It is aIso 3ated thiat one of the men
in board, who belod"ged t) the litch Reo-ined -
h urcb, was put in irqgs for oijte.imn, on grounds
)r coniscience, to at.;end a worship in w.ieb he I
Ie did not be'ieve. S full reporL of the all'air, it 1
4 adAied, has been f'rwarded to the Secretary of
he N..vy. ,
T:rc GovrRaoft A PAltTAnt:P.G.-The good
veople of Spartn iirg have been doing 'OC
ionors right preU iilyjto Gov. .Manning A ball
vas given to in o6F id.iy eveniing,itt winch
ieveral hundred were present. Tile Expre.,
-At half-pa-t 8 o 1elok on Friday evening, the
sill was opened, w(ien t .e Govtrnor entered,
itiended by his reti'ue, conspicuous amongst
,viiiii we observed that venerable and distin
ri,,Iied geittemian, Colonel B. T. \Vatis, Gene
':l\ Wiiliams, Gen. ILnovanl. Gen. Nesbit, Col.
[l. S. Sim<, and CG.1 . 'icaiie, aneeomi ined by
everal o.her Olffice
I Soon afser severl formal introdncions to
,is excellency had.b un dioed of and ite par
y were setied, t tiddy dance, accolmpianied
ii e:xcellenLt mui- -.by 3leasrs. Willi.i-, and
o!e, comnmeiced - :rigL good earnest, and
ve were pleased tor e tie wged sire, the staid
nairon.. the Jv nd hanpy swaii engage
is it' r,-en-urens. a4a . .m-i s; Ta iewi1s
,Vas graced by hi1s exeellente."
We regiet to learn lroui tie same paper that
a ov. .;ui'ing will be unable to atIend further
i eiwS ill coIISeqecte of feceble health.
FEAr.FUL STATE OF ANARCHY r% CHINA.
'u ivate letters and circulars received iii Boston
'rm China. by the Arabia, give accouits of a
adi state of atffairs in that country, the result of
lie eivil war which Ihta bee.n -o long raging there.
Fm Bostoi Traveller say1:
The old go-ernmen.t iaiig its hand , fully
wenpied in repelling the a:.acks of the iisur
Vt Iis ill i lie viciniity of Pekin, band- of' arned
abistuers are devasia; miig I ii. couin ry, par itularly
lie Ceii;ral Pro'inces. On.e letter sta.es hit
oir.v-vi;it in:, cimilkmie, id r-turned to Shan
;li erim .h? em :II inees. lmving been
obh.s1a of aIl .n1ir mieas of purchase.
Th1e great comeinrcial part of inin Is
ell .i0-i- by an armed mub. Ningehow, the
ist riv, from ivhence ail n i uiing teas are brought I
s sated to be in Issesio Of ain armed r:a bble,
whoi hve bicheaded the mndarins and taken
IIisaioin o lie Government. In some prov
incs li imandrins have forbidden teas to be
-rown. for fear th.il it will attract the attentiion
f he i nsurgent s. These disituirbaincesi, it wais
boughilt. woi d seriouily ateetL the forwarudinug
af' tns. All was qgnic :.1 Cain' on.
Coxu. A-r IIA..ANA.-The N. 0. Delt a says of
Rger luar. in. Iif 3liss., die inewly appoinited
Unon.n' a: Ilnva:iu
--We dhoubht if irI. Bar itn wiill aiicept hiis aip
*o ment. Ib' ia' one of she lir~i men. if not
i' v,.rv irsi man iin Mlsissipi P, andt wals the op)
pin-'-go idae to Cotonet Da i* presesi. See
ret,rV ..' Wair, whien hie was elected Seiina or
Irnsi 1lissisippi. MrI. [aro'n'is talei s air-- of
the Is~hihesi iir'er. His reptuioniiii for eba~uacer,
hono:'(O.hleli',' atnd liirine's', 1 is a igh~ as the
estem in wihich his taulens a' e lhld. li3n.3 Sr.
Dear:o lo I ve, his eaise and inudependenee no weli
a leave his pleaisani. residencse la N orib Mis.sis
,ippi. 44in .. ofite mobst delighit lii regionis ofI ;he
L..i' ed States-to accept the precarolius I. d
poo~rly reune orauted oliee of Coiisul :, ilavanai.
1 is a commn error to represent this ats at valu
ble pst ; whecreas, in fact, its remuneration wil
barely de'frauv the ex;pense of an economical es
lnli.,hent in that expenisive city otfiHavania.
Nvo .M issiippi genitlemanI of independence would
L~nsenlt to hiolid the olliee for twelve months."
TtE SI.AvE Tn!ADE IN CUBA.-A letter in the
New York Times, d.ited Havana, August. 8,
The old American bark Milaindon, naimed
lirte laie opienit citizen of New Oilecans,
which had been for severat yeair,~:iamsh pirop-.
city, iiuider Amneritanl colors, ini ti.de beween
thi', ann New~ 0. leans. was rec'etly seized upont
tue I ois. oh' Ar ica, and condemned as a slaver.
T.e Captaini Genierai has5, afler most1 de-serimn
ed perseverain'Ce forced the discovery of se veiny
o -eglh'v more of die Alricans introduced lit
O.-igsai,'by the American brig Grey E.:gle, ont
infrmaltion '.aid to 'oe obtained thrmough Lime
Bi i~h Consulaite.
We iiatve the details of another slave expedi
iio thisoniga the test imony of an Ame-ieanl .sai
lit aI smatt pors ea!led Sain Carlos, or estate of
thlat namme. to the cast of Triinidadl. The vessel's
name is given as the Julia i.iser or Alisia. la
is said thai. 49t' old negroea were landed, the
vessel imnediately burineI, -rud the Amfeicantu
setmeni on board forwarded by the agenis of
die enterprise toi Havanal as distressed martniers.
Otna AT Sr. Louns.-Tue St. Louis Demo
eat of the 1 i nst.,,%peaking of the restoraiimn
of order and quiet ini that city, lafter the late
election riot, says:
--rhue city waxs never more quiet. The proclat
mation, sweeping the streets of boys after 8
o'clock, seemed to be the very measure desired
for a tong time, and hitving 'observed its excel
leit results in 'this late emergency, we hotpe it
will be persevered iin foir aill titme to come. All
over the city the tranquilli-y was really wonder
lul. Wmn. Farrington, one of those wounded
during the rits, has since died. It. is estimated
that 2,000 pistols itnd 500 bowie kntives were
sld in the city while thie riots were in progress.
The mlitary who were ordered out state in a
cmtrd that their pieces were loaded with ball and
buckshot, so thiat had it been necessatry to fire
te mb, blnndy workr would have ensued.
(From the Newberry Seniinel.J
Mr. Brooks' Speech.
Messrs. Editors:-We have noticed for some
time articles on Mr. Brook's .speech, together
witi extracts, which have been unfai-Isy quoted,
and placed before readers. Comments hftve
been passed upon it with d ife:ent tiews, andil it
has been soimewhiat in-ii:ned that h: (r;.
Brooks) has not exhibhed a true devo ion to .i,
Siate, but rather ass unqualilied oie for tlie
Union; becau,e. forsoo. i. there ge!am4tn i hr'gi!.
ly forih in tihe juotel parigraphs the wo;d
Constitutional." For our part. we stand firm
ia deieiice o o r own peculi.ir iu.iiu ion's and
rigii.s. and pliaenas high atn estimtl e upon that
whicii i conneeed with aid dear io Sot.;i C.iro
lini. .s ..iv ine in tile S.:ste ; yet, we believe iii
prudentce, plicy and so.
It we iAd eoncei ed f1or .i mnoneni dial Mr.
Brooks (who sad sworn as every ouier represen
[alive has to do, to proteci and defend toe con.
si;i ution.) wva. compriini-g thie doiity :and(
honor of the Siate by renarking as lie did in his
speech, that so far a, iegarded his prelerence for
the Pacific Rail Road route. (not ile institu in
of slavery.) as indicated and pointwsd out by him
telf, It. was not sectional, ne would uidaontedly
Imve expressed fearlessly our disapproval ol' hi
views, and disavowal of his cour.se. What ,navs
le, page 2d. when opening die subject
But I approach ;he question direcly and pro.
'ose to discuss it as I tcould ddliberae -upan a
rricaie prqject of my own, or of a corpora e com
any which I, in part, was called oin to represen."
We believe ini fair play, we believe in jusiice;
ve beiieve not in cuting and .oppig shsorL in
maragraphs without. quo.og the whole. Suel
s Calculated to injure the sense and mneaiing of
my speech or discourse. Verses ny be piisted
r hm he Gil'e to suit our notions, whileb m:v
J. GistolieJ and corrupt. porions. of sentences
n.:v be exrae:ed froi works iii suci a manner
is io destroy the sense of the whole, and give a
ieaning which was never initended to be eon
ie. ed. We submit tile paragraphs qno ed, and
idl tle succeeding one omitied, h*.: will Clear
ip the supposed d.rknes.s of the ohe:.
-- The peol)e13 Of Iy SLte were tod. on a
nemorable occasion, by very hgh anishorty
.here, that if oneor f thei iould be a.,ked li ie
tvas in American,the answer should he - No:.ir;
I am a Soutlh Carolinian." Tiss sentiment has
iad its day and iss votaries, of whom no one
.vas more earnestly zealous than my-elf. 13u,
ir, a recent at of this Congress, which vin di
-tes that great principle of non-intervention,
ojular sovereignty and the rihlts of the States.
Ins verified thue dietum of Mr. Jefferson, int
- error of opinion may be tolerated when re:sson
,s left free to comub:t it," and will hencelorti
ause smy heart to %well wiia lovil y sil p.ide
Ao be caliled :i American. No, sir; my decolion
o my own State, in ichiih my alltiance is firs!
lue, requires not to be proppedi by lte culivation
pf sectiona. sentiment ; and ii it i-pin be shown.
to the satisraciioi orf'' f juigment, iiL
4ortes and better rante itsrougi tle Ter-oirie-,
iid one wiili can be built 11 11011 it les co.L to
ine Govermieni. can be raced rin Ca'ir.,rnia
to lte westeris extremity of Like Superior, sr
to the City of St. P.1u4, I pled0ge myself to give it
my countenance and stippori."
Why ! a man mav be sec4inil as regirls thlie
peuculi.ir instituions and rir.iLs of ii isis 1 ,e
Stale. lis point of slavery we moe sectional be
:use i, is confined to only a pecn!iaru seeio of
he U lion, and essentialy necessary for i heir
weal hi, pro, aeritv and hasppinsess. O' .his we
ire exueedinlrly jealous ani alay% re.'dy and
wilun io vindicae and n ohold iL ag linSi i.latis
id abolitionists. Webelieve thi:;t 2no true-ear
ed sotlhron, born untier a soulierns in.%wonid
,motiher his devotion and fee'iing, s-com and
kucklhe to a nsortliwrni borde, led by a Gid-i,
. Summer or Seward and resrpon. undonuy to
die same. In ia point (if Railrodi rouie, hait
4hall coniect the east and west pasi g noii
and south, binding the PVatitie and A.lau.ie, we
shou id not be sectional. It is for the general
beneit of all. lit this speech Mr. Brooks says:
The power of Congress to disposze of the
public domain is bot h con ferred andul issnit ed in
the third sectiont of the fourthi art sc'e of, the
"The Cuongresss shall hatve powver Jo dilspose
of. and mauke all needfin! rule.s and24 regilas.snns
respcting, the territory sir oilier prolperty &1e
longing to lie Uniitedl States; an d r.othstg, ml
his coins'iL ision shsalIlibe so conist sted as to
prejdice any' claimis of the Unsited. States or
any p orticulair State." -
M v~ interpretaitionI of this see ion i5, thij.Co
lre.., his niO lpower ho dispos.e of Ji -pniblic
lnds jin any wasy thfat will sio: iintre to the benle
is of :d) ie St.ites colleclicely, in as egnu:l a
rio :s possible ; ansd s his geniernl benenlt so
re. ing sri' hssm each paiercs h;legis e enaet
mneni~, is whatt J sudertstad .i hie been mecant
by he iramner, oft the Consiusi as tile "' gene
r:l wel fare."
As it, is therefore for the beneflt of all, to
accomplkh its construetions rerluires th en-ope
ration of .hle States. T1o elfee, i1, nors hero anud
southtlern ment must stand side IA side. Mr.
Brooks' i-rmarks were nios. expree'ive lherefoire,
of any disposition to fraterizie with hsIis enemies,
or to espsouse the views of northern nmet. bnt
simply to exhibit, that the Pacifie Rasil Road
route, as proposed, by El l'aso, were not seetion
tl and initenided onl~y to bensefit, thie.Souths, bit
the whole Unsion.
If there sould be htundredsi of dien rga:inst
us at the north, thsat is no reason wvhy~ hsundred's
should snot be for us. We tire tired wi.h1 the~
this hostile cihivalIrous principle, tsa is alIways
breedog~ distur-batnces tend enl''eing sloiig.
We are disgusted with this seeiinal feelinig,
which is al wrsys exciting thte people-and prevesn
hng tite very ends of our government-prospens
'v. peace and union. '
~Now while the two sections, norit and south,
e0ninue so mheet in commison counscil. le. south
ersi men, by a dig;nifled ansd hionortatie counrse.
tndeavor by reason ansd argumeni. 10 coisunce
heir opponents thatt they are anxious or the
preservatsion of the Unlions ; tand if' we feod tat
there is no0 loniger a chance ;o acehieve our designs
let separtate tit otnce, anid decide the mnas er.
We see nothsing in Ni r. Blrooks' speech to con
demt-nothsing dhat savouirs of prost itutioni of'
rightts-nothing thast is calculated to arouse ;he
ttenton Of thle most fistidious. lKQU1'TY.
EDITORIAL-Ats editor out West, in Speali
iig of his doinestic inicrease gives the fol
dounad ,he stage-horn-blst the trumpet,
That the waitin:.: world may kniow,
Publish it ihro'ugh ill our borders,
Evesi unto uM xico.
Seil? your pcn, oh dreaiming poet! -
Anid ini numsbers smsouith as msay be,
Spread airar the joviul tidings!
Betsy's got another baby !
TamE Ksow-NoTrurso CANDIDATE.-Ex-Secre
try Clasyiton, who i5 reported to f'avor use cause
of the Natdve Americans tand Knsow-Nothsings,
is said to hatve prepaered a very ienterestintg letter
on the suhject of tihe privileges granted to for
eigners, which is now exciting so much ttenC Iisn
ini mi parts of the country. The letter. it is
expected, will soon be published. Heu is fis tisng
r this Presidential nomination.
Speech of Capt, R. Ward,
DELIVERED IN CoLUiBIA, S. C., ON THE CoLum
13A AND HA.BURG RAILROAD. V
This great public work, that Columbia has
embraced with such a he:irty good-will, reqires
that every man concerned, should speak freely
hisi sentiments, that all light possible may be
thrown on the subject. I do most sinecely
hope, that you will inot have to lament when it
ik forever too late, an unfortunate location; I
propojse Ihen to make a few observations on the
difli-rent routes proposed. My thorough knowl
elc of every mile of country between thi4
plal-e and Augusta, entitles me, I Lhink, to tia
Fir. I sh.ll speak of the Ridge route prner.
Tihe 1 Ridge,' par excellence, one of the mo.t
rem:irkabie Ridges I ever knew, to run aero,s a
ell-watered countiry for 74 miles, and that at
the head of s.eamboat navigation. All that see.
tion of contiry lying betiween the mouibis irf
Sa 'ltee ai Savannah rivers. laving a c(rt of
120 i 30 miles, and running iat least 120 miles
ino tile interior. up to aile Ridge, not one
4treafi large or small, from the muountains or
n where eke, cuts through this level Lid re.
airkible Ridge. St.ange . it may seem, vou
am pass from your Congiree hlre to Hamiiburg
iod iiever cross a single stre:im or swimp, large
r sinall, on a route not exceeding 76 mitues, eas
ly reduced, hv passing over a few very insiguni
irant branches, to 73 iiies. This Ridge i the
Blue Ridqe to all tile country below, that I ihiVC
leur:bed as lying between tie Santee and Sa
.inah rivers; and, mnost likely was once the
ea coast ; and the occan as it receded, threw up
Treat sand beds. as it is now doing at Moris Is
Liid and other places on the coast. These sand
)ed,, now clled sand hills, constitute the high
,narp ridges between the streams that take
heir rise- just below the Ridge proper, formiing
leep cliasmn,: Ld many hollows: some win Wa
er in them and other. dry, just as you find ie
o:lows anul treams issuing from the mounitins
rper, anid as imy friend Col. F. of Edgefield
liie renrirlked, are i he nountains of ine low
u,.ry. Thi5 is the lower Route, th..t some
unoL to budd the Railroad througi.
Te Ridge route prayer, is so ueautiful and
evel h.aIt :11 the imiem',ers of Congress, regular
.raie'lera and merchants, in olden dines, used to
ixpre-ss themselves very freely by saying, how
eua.kable is this Rilge, nothing like it froi
B3oson to New Orleans, such a beautiful level
oad, and nothiiig ticy could have said would
e truer; and yet there are those who would
ive thii., le utitul rilige the go by,some for wait
if a knonledihge of its advintages, and others
'rum self iiterest. Allow me, sir, to refer o
.he Chief Enigineer's report, a few innles. A
Su.ber of' persons I spoke with, demanded an
lir line. I could not persuade themn the ining
ils next to imnpoS.ible, until the Engineer imiue
L reconnoiter, and told them that 70 thousand
loars per mile would scarcely build it. Well,
Ir. tlioq corpse.atlrted anjd wero obligad to Vo\
law 'our 'ridge 189 iirorw.41ihgan-94
iitinictly understand me, th't0 via Ixiigton
. 11., is not the Ridge proper, thougih it may be
idvikable to pa.,s ilere, to becure a feeder.
Well, the Report,-1st, at the eighteenth mi'e
the life leaveN the ridge, (whiich here has i el
-vaiiii of 345 feet. above the startiig po-ini..)
iind after a Cut Of lifteeni feet ill depibt for h:11i'aL
mnle, deseiids For two miles with a grade of
li;.y-iree 1'eet to die mile, to Black crees. Why
,bould all tiis elevation be losi to get there?
Why, sir, mark the report-the nei rid;e
be,ween said Black creek, and Cintqueipill
reek, is 5 feet hignier than the one they leift a.
te 18 mile post, but they cannot make it wi.h.
iut alinoter grade two miles lIong 58 fleet to
the m1:1e, and a cut one mile ill leiir hi, a p:trt of
wv;ie requires to be 25 feet deep, across tie
ridge; thtn another grdtde 2 uiles- long down to
Thus, 31r. Chiarinan, we have in the short dis
iance of 10 miles, einCV we leai oil splendid
idge, id ce plins of 53 'e, ;o iue niiie, 6 mi e,
ui; of 10. and 2.4ressels, eaei 35 fee. hj:;h, thenI
lown Juulping branch oiemd -, halt mides. theii
*isses Rocky, Chiiiqtiepin,.:.ilt1fF. creck, 7 :
Di.y's mill pond on iresse; ;urodi-3iy feet higzn
flie nleigi. over Rock-y Landi Chiqiepin eieeks
s not. imeintined, noc thle g-..de, to andi fronm
hem. bt, from my knoewe'ige of the country.
le grad~es muhtst. be- siui. ,Nowv, mark hbis,. we
utve left the ridge riou e oily 14 miiles im a
4raight line, ,and have ero-sedl h!.uek. Lighit
wood, Rimcky, Caingunepini, Lit 3111 ereeks ; ive
:reeks andiu *uiree 53 ;'eet gr..de,, six miles in alt.
:iid tree ii igni le-.el, .ind deiep cuts ii 14 miiles,
mair not c . lee fo. u:a it. Aid yet, sir, we aire
LoW ie somie men, tLit .isi' is i -phiendid ro a e
for a Ruikond'. Oh !Nhaime where is thy blush.
No i1 ltis;,ir, Lind you are s il ontly Labiit t5
mies below tire ridlge riut. e p oper, wviere. you
ould, al~l ii uhne. hiue ru led :;luig :a road. il
iOst as' level is tis floir. Well , .,ir, wve pi .i
i over broken, but dry vailley, iii ano.hleu rid;;e.
md thie.e he ait.% JaList caeit ou 6 iiile, ofi leve.,
oeunt rygolei 'in:k, 6 miles. Th~ey wvere coinn itg
ai this w.ien iWa ihemf.:jel .iiikiig ti i, ais'
tig hav~en of p r wibssoehn Ike Naipo
euon's. weaLry, Lrmy loeoked forwanili 0o .hle pus
essin ofl tSloscow~, wvhere all thir~!I triles
ecre ..o end. Like i hem, sir, t hi~ey gousses
on,. but, oh ! hske tie p~oor solditrs, theuy were
oomed tou sadI disapoi:1uiIImullt, for whten they
mrrived Lit South Edisto river, they found them
~eves onm one ot oitr mininli spurs. 300 feet
bove thei'riuer, Land ha~d in re'trace trieir steps,
ndi take M.I'vyr ereek. aboiingu thle iinly
level ground i tlhe' climied iii lie rou: e, and
vercmte the 33J0'feet ini 6 miles. I lere is Linolh
r graide, sir, six mies- long, filty feet to lie
nile, anld wih inre, Li river an amp to erou~s
~df aI Li le wvide, requliring~ neair t hree thou -and
cet of tres--el :I hiu.heighi. not mentionied ini lie
-epor.. Mr. Gibiues -senms to think, La part of
ie sw:nnup ma~y be emnbaniked ;I thin k different
v. I knowui siimeu.tinig of tha~t stre iml, having
nn!ed Lind fi lied oen it for yea:rs from its head
u Merrd .' bridge. 'JThere is between that point,
~errii h ii ige, atnd the head of McTyer Land
he iadisto aid its trib~u aries, bei wveen 20 Lint1 30
nis. :and 1:1 miles fromn Meritt's bridge would
elue hnem alli, aud nearlny Lll of ii hieni are dirt
Lmus, and liswept aiway, wiei!d priduce a perfect
iea.' The tirst pond Laboive Merritt'- bridge, Dr.
ilims', is itself uiood stealmit niavigasi nl. It is
- vae nweni ras oe be to Lll below
aad when it 'gues, tmost likely at least a half
lozeut itould go wiuh it.
I -nm almost induced to think they~ must have
meld uime ebiarm over my friend Gibbs, or he
souhI certinlyi ha~ve o n aiway about that time;~
int his ILoutbhe wais far fromi being over yes
i'ty crept out of Edist o vil'ey. ind ag:,in fotund
leel mile orT two, bu , like unt o. ihe o!her. it.
ould no: bi used. So aigin it wais up) one branch
md down Lanothter to Shaw'vs creek, more gratdes
mud tressel. Sha~w's creek is itself a river, t ben
an a stimf grade to the ridylEbeiween Shaw's
md horse creeks, where they agatin ha~ve to eut
hiry feet, deep, for neatrly two thousand feel,
where tiiey finially get to Granieville, over a
ressel 57 feet high. Anid here, I may remark, is
the first feeder on the whole route, but unfoer
tuna~tely, sir, the Charleston Railroad likewise
paisseC Gratnieville, so the onily populated counl
ry on the whouile route, is, whlere this lower
route passes close to, or very near the South
CairoinaI Railroatd, viz: from Aiken to Ham
burg, and nearly all their trade is and will re
main ith Cheston. The rest of thle coun
try between Graniteville and Columbia, is most
ty barren sand hills; the few thrifty citizens,
n.e saw-mill men, who raft and trade to Char
The descent from the ridge above Aiken, we
all know, is very difficult, (I believe the inclined
plate there, which origin Ily was scarcely three
quarters of a mile long, has cost in all proba
bility nearly a million of dollars,) and will bo
alike dillieilt to both routes.
Now, let us turn once more to the Ridge
route proper. We have a grade out from Ham
burg about four miles long, 53 feet to the mile,
theii one level mile, then about three miles more
53 feet grade, (if no better valley can be found,
which I think can,) then all trouble is over-a
spqiendid, level, dry, " Ridge Road" all the way,
io " juain seven miles of Columbia, not a single
tre.sel required on the whole route, and popula
tion all .ie way. If we take the Lexington route
lirt -here is the town itself, then the large settleq
meits of lollow, Clouds, Dry, and Mine creeks,
!ad thet the wealthy, thiiving town of Edge
licid, wi.h its plank road from the Pine House,
to nine miles ab.ve the village; then the thick,
weIldly sell iements immediately on the line, in
Ill over i wen v to one on the sand hill route. The
idge route proper can be built for about $100,
J0 less ninev tihan the sand hill route.
The Engineer's estimate you will bear in
ntind. wa., not made on the " Ridge Rout9 pro
)e.,' but .t the Lexsington route, which is a half
m ;le longer, and a bridge over twelve mile
reek with heavy embankmnents on both sides.
I feel p.rfectly confident the Ridge Rout~
:an be ruit, inl fr.m fifteen to thirty minutes less
Jime than the " Sand Hill" route, and nothing is
nore certain, than that it will cost less to keep
itn repair, although it may be four or five miles
I consulted Edgar Thompson, one of the best
3>gineers in the Union, otn the routes, and his
tflver was very prompt. " ;always take a Ridge
-ouie if you ca get one" (not across the ridges
is pe. lower route.) the expenses on a good ridge,
)*y.s he, are cut down every way. inl first cost, in
at er repairs, in saving of time, and often very
reaily in suits for datnages. Look for instance
Li your httle Yoi kviile ridge road, now paying
Tien, sir, the' feeders are always important,
ind on this route will most likely grow more
mad more so. For sir, we must look forward to
ie ti ne, when we may loose this through tra
el.-ll' you can keep it 20 years, yes, sir, 15
ears. undi-turbed, it will be a -Dorn Gold
liae" to your Charlotte road, giving an increase
)a pss::ge noniy alone of $400,000 yearly,
and I hope will do as well for our beautiful Cap
tal. the p-ettiest city ott earth.
Now, let us look everything fAirly in the face,
5uppose, inl that time the through travel is lost,
m your road i, built through those barren sand
ji!bs ott tie lower route. with all those stiff
ades, deep cuts and high tressels, through
1waUpts. sp:trsely inhabited country, with a oor
ment o' tliffly d the wls(ein eis ear.
ried it rg'tl;ri!e the Ridge or Lexington
rute woula always keep itself up, and add to
toe properity of your city; andi wiat would
unr :old travel!er. svay, who used to travel the
Rdge o oad years ago? They would say why are
we d.gged through these sand hills and swamps
and over all th is tressel, and up and down stiff
rades, and deep) cuts, and our old favorite ridge
ruad jut above us? Then dissatisfied they would
return ione, agitate, and filally build a road
rross from Georgia to Abbeville, and New
lerry to Chester, and your travel is gone, sir,
ever to return.
Bit, 1 hope, gentlemen, you all have had
nough of tre.ssel, and water, and deep cuts,
&,e. I think Congaree, Wateree, Santee and
Broad rivera ough-, to saitisly South Carolina
I1t maimy 3 e:rs so come.. IL had been said, " the
and hills will become n. manufacturing coun
ry." Never, sir, in our day, nor in -.he next hun
ired years, to any extent. God forbid, for hu
iatiy's sake. it ever ,hould. Climate. soil, hot
Ly., u.ry nigl.ts, every.hingis'against it. An
ye:a ive w ould do much be.er:in a factory in
Ale m1on:1 ain valleys, at $8.00, than in the sand
ii!s at A12 per ionth. Toere'the nights and
lays t're tool, atnd his littlhe garden yields hinm
bundance for tais toil, a tine large cabbage, not,
ilitle sickly collard, and fine pure mountain
avaler, leapmtg and tutabling thead long from rock
. rock, aitat lashted intio spray antI foam, and
ay its mturmnurinig water he is lulled into~a'veet
A wo-d, now, for Lexington C. H. It would
icrease te cost, pecrhtapls $20,000 anida dis
antce of a half a mile. Blut, sir, it tarnds a cer
am feeder fom'err-ten passengers a day at least.
rTen do not sacrilice permntent.ad~vatage for
>na nminuaae's runa, antd a lew thousand dollars.
A few more words atnd I have done. Ia
:nosiagvour future ueflicers, choose them cau
ousiv', let taem be identtilied with Columbia.
Le your l'residentt be a ciiizen of tht~town or
s ',icini.y ; and, above all, let me warn you, to
et nto mtana, who owns property, or lives oan
ny oft tle pesposed routes hetiveen Colombia
ad llamtburg. .if you do tiot want your road
var ped to auiL his own private purpo.-es. You
myve plemay of a~ae tmen :.tong you. .It woul
perapils, be pretiuption in -tme to name themt,
Ju, I do repeat, keep ol' nmen livinig on thu
route, ant teas., uamil your road ia built.
Our Ra~ilroads Avhten built, becotmes a part of
ur history,- tand we have .a righat to spenak of'
Ithem :reely, that we may profit by their failitngs
>r perfecutons, either of contstruction or man
geaent. Now, sir, just place your finager Ott
Jur new Sta.e map, and tight in trie most dis
torted raih-onad curves you will there easily per
:eive were the residenaces, or property of the
'residents~ or influemial Directors, when thoso
oads were building.
PREPARED Foit CuoLtRA.-The late papers
From Lomndon tmcntion that the cholera has made
ts appearance in various parts of England, but
2ot to an alarming extent. The Lonidon New
-"Should the isolated cases which are manifest
ng themselves in various quarters be exchanged
*or a general prevaleuce of thtis fearful visa
ion Lte ollicials of the Metropolitan hospits
we ire glad to say, will be found quite prepa
xtra wards havinig been fitted up and the mea
f remedial treatment abundantly provided."
FROM CatwA.-Idolatry in China has been pu
under ban by the Insurgent General at Shang
he, who has issued several proclamations, show
ing, by very ingenious reasoning, based upo
lthe teachings of the Bible, the impiety of th
eatom. The Shianghtne Herald, of May 2
in referring to these documents, remarks:
" Until very recently the rebels were as mu
addicted to the worship of idols as the rest
heir countrymen, butitumbers of' the Cant
md 'okien nen amongst them seem now
idrd 'and deed to abjure the whole syste
) one occasion this week several were obeery
arrying the idos'int buckets, withiont the 1
:eremony whatever, while others around spo
f them with the utmost indifference and co
empt. T'hey have not interfered with thou.e
he public temaples, but itn the meantime lea
t with the people to declare whether they
alow them to remain there or not."
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