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W.We will climg to D11,1Praro p t Tetple o our L .ir, OMmBd , i 1i8n5t 4all. we - ---
IV. F1. BDIMISOEs Proprietor. EDGEFLELD, S, NOVEMBER 4 84 .VL1L44
THE EDGEFIELD ADVERTISER
IS PUBLISHED EVERY THURSDAY BY
W. F. D U R ISO E, Proprietor.
ARTIfLUR SIMK]NS, Editor.
Two DOLLA.ns per year, if paid in-advance-Two
Doa.t.Aas and FItv CENTS if not paid within six
months--and TiaEE DOLLARS if nt paid before the
expiration of the year. All subscriptions not distinet
lv limitef'at the time of subscribling, will be consider
ed as made fir an indefinite period, and will he con
tinued until all arrearages are paid, or at the option of
the Publisher. Subscriptions from other States must
INVARIABLY he accoinpanied with the cash or refer
eice [0 smve one known to is.
ADvanTISEMENTS will he conspicuonsly inserted at
75 cents per Square (12 lines or less) for the first in
sertion, anal 37 cetam far eaclh subsequent inseriomn.
When.only published Montaly or Qnarerly $1 per
quare will he rharzed. All %advertisements nit having
the desired number of insertions marked on the mar
gin. will be continued until forbid and charged ac
Those desiring to advertise by the year ran don on
liberal term--it heing distinctly understood that coan
tracts for yearly ndvertisinag are cronfiaa til o1 the Anme
diat-, legitimate hasianesst of tht firm or individual
contracting. Transient Advertisements must be paid
for in advance.
For announcing a Candidate, Three Dollars, IN
For Advertising Estraya Tailb-d. Two Dollars, to be
paid by the .1agistrate advertiing.
BOOTS AND SHOES
AT THE IRON FRONT STORE OPPOSITE THE
Masonic Hall, Augusta, Ga.
DEALERS IN -
Boots, Shoes, Trunks, Carpet Bags, &c.
ARE now receiving their FALL STOCK of
Gents. Ladiec. Alisses, Boys, Youths and
Children's S110ES of the
And the best that can he bioualht.
Our Assortment comntins l.:VERY A1TICLE
usually kept in the :irutet Riut and Slinestores.
-ALt. VAtt.tEIE5 OF
AND HOUSE SERVANTS' SHOES
All of which we will sell on th - imist reasoale
Augusta, Oct 12 tf 39
CR0 CKER & REES,
WAREHOUSE AND COMMISSION
Jackson Street, below and on the opposite side of
Warren's Block, AUGUSTA, GA.
T TIE Undersim-d wou d rspetfu'ly inforim
their frienls and t'ornwr patrnts. that they will
renoive. -pnt the 1st Septeiaear m-iXt. tio th N EI-W
anda, RUlST .I Fi re- Proof WareIC
hoU --w .Jj4a sn- *tr.-e, below an n the opp o
s ite of WYarrena lilock.
We wll giir.- our persialtatentlion to a'l business
entrustt d to four e-tre. as h. -retofipre. and hope to
lterit a cotinuae f th.- tavior of forn-r patroins.
Weare prepard- to make, at all times. liberal
Csh aivaances -1n l'r-dnce in Sttire.
tiders for i.\GGlNG. ROPIE* and FAN11tY
*UITLl 1:E% wIl be carefuly tilled, and at the low
-t maiket price.
3TOIIX R. CP.OCKEM.,
Auantsta. Aug. 3, 3m 29
A. \I. lBrsoN. T. B. -lioNsoN.
New Firm, New Firm.
I a nbur;:. S. C.
g !! E I'i.-rs gnaed la.avinag t. 'rmedil a Co-partner
J. ship a th..a place for the purpose of transnaet
ing a Geaae ral
Grocery and Cotton Business,
Wull relp eafai!v itnfora tur numnerous Iri unds
an.1 the public tihat we n di keep ontanatly oi hand
A LARGE SUPPLY OF EVERY ARTICLE ieedd by
the F.aramer. whach wev % I disptose of oi as fatora
ble terms as any othier House in th'e place.
We havte elagng di tiae serv.es of Slessrs. T. 31a.
W EL3aolN niad S. Va. -lonssON- hatha of whom, are
we Iktae.~atto thaepubl.c as LIBERAL COTTON
BUYERS. anad whao wsi.l, alt all timeas gie the
baishest market prce for at .md other articles of
Our Seniior Partner wi'l, as heretofore, give hais
personaaal atteant.'ona t the- Rb eiviang and F.orw'ardinag
of Alercanaadie to the country.
lIE.S0N & J0O1NSON.
I N retiring fromlt the aabaove businese we leave
Mlessrs. HE~soN & .lonNSoN in, cur il.ece, anald
salieat for thaeam te patarianage of our old custoaaers
ad the publie gent.eraly.
liRiND)LEY & LOSAMlOND.
Ilanalburg, Sept 27 2iam 37
COLUMB1IA, S. C..
S TAM ENGINE BUILDER
And Boiler .Baker.
A LL inds oif Floiur, Grist atnd Saw Mtill Gentr
Ai ing anad shuftrng mtaade and warranated tea per
foran equal to anyl mt tile State.
Dr. it. T. Altus, at Edgefie'd C. II., is authiirised
A nt toa maake contracts.
N'ov. 2. 185a3. ly 42
AGNEW. FISHER &t AGNEW,
NEWBERRY C. H., S. 0.,
IMPORTERS & DEALERS IN
HARDWA RE, P A IN T 5, OILS,
WVindow Gia N,
Groceries, Dry Goods, &c.,
And Buyers of Cotton atnd country produtce.
*g Planters visiting thaisa Market will fiad-i
greatly to their acvanatalge biy giving tas a catl.
AGNEn.',FilER & .\GN EW.
Newberry C. ii., A pril 13. tf 13 3
lT The Abbevil iannier will please copDy tour
ont R WRILDEN,
Paints, Oils and Glass,
Obaurlestonm, S.. O.
JIE Keeps coinstatly fear sahe. a general assort
mient of Paints atnd Oils cf tall kitids, Varnaish,. s,
Window Glass jandl Sath.-s. Stpis T[urpentine. Spirit
Gats, Cotton Focoet-Gina Fixtures, Glue andaa Brushes
of vaarioaus kinads.
Charl-ston. Sept 4 ly 34d
B EG I.E \aVE toi intform thes citizefis o Edge
field [District thiat he I.han hanad za alal lot o
Choice Buggies !
Also. Soime thaat heo can sell as LOW ns ONE
II U NI DR ElD00A..\ Riad cthters at maoderate
prices. Persons wishing such articles would do well
toI give haimt a cal befohe purchasing elsewherre, as
.he can give thent hitter bargains thtan can they get.
this side cif New York.
.latne 8 t f 21
~ Rugc and Beeswax Wanted.
T.NTED One hundred Thoiusatnc' Pounds.
~'Vof c-ach. R. L. GENTRY.
T amburg, ApDril 20, t~f 14
Written Expressly for the Edgofield Advertiser.
THE EARLY LOST.
Ah! surely thwe wham God best loves
Are hurried to the grave;
The lost to earth are they. whom most
Out Father seeks to save.
Like the pure lilly ealed at morn
Ere vet the dew exhales,
Or crushed by blight or passing storm.
Or torn by ruthless gales
Is broken from its graceful stem
A nd robbed of all its bWin ;
And now a thing impure it lies
A prey for nature's tomb.
The guiltless child, al1 pure and fair,
Pride of the p aecul home,
Who.,e dark eyes beatmt alone with love
For those who near her come.
Whose litile. thri-bbing. gu'leless heart,
Knows niaught hut that's pure;
Whiose chillili hive for I leaven:y things
No ghttering sna:vs can lure.
Ah. surely we who sorrow niost,
Whieti suIl as these h:1ve flown,
To uh-:t inmnorial Eten where
E :rtli's eli'.cest aimiis are gone,
Would not. if by a pitying God
To us the piower was given.
Reveelaio, for e%rth :ml all its woe,
The cherubim fron ljeaven.
Oh ! mourner 1,ise th.u knowest not
. But in this btounidles hve,
That sie. thy iarl ng first born here,
Sh'uld guile theex: inee, above.
When tarth-born eares auadt'rubles grieve
The tri, d ant fu ntan' head;
Perebamee tihe spirit of the lost,
'ihV wav. ring stups may lead.
And shouldlst thou falter by the way,
It woul.l not plume, its wing,
'Till at th'ovtstouIefjiy God
Thy sot rors-it lorl'b'ring.
And then the'tlfinks at Jesus' feet,
WithI pinions droping low.
The p'ending sigh- of thy sweet one
Would bliesings for thee sue.
Then like the I'ghtning's gleam at eve,
O'er the enainelled sa a;
The seraph would resume its place,
And with her parunts be.
Then mourn not, for-the earily deadl,
For lleaven iioust caim its own ;
And those who die without a stain,
Must wear the brighter crown.
If we were to tell a number of our friends
that they don't kinow what a -- ho-nu" is. they
onld ,row somewhat itdigiant- perhaps, use
hri words. Antd vet it nv be remarked that
te n:umolber of pis-on4s who know what a gentu
iiie home is, by experietine, is surprisingly few.
n' m:t in good eireinstar.ces will tell us that
e has a tine hiuse of his own. int whieb every
combart and co'nvenience are provided. He has
a wile and e0.ildren there, also, and they give
lii.- tit ihe phae. Very trie. But does lie pre
er that home, thus furnished and lhns enliven.
ed, ro every ot her place ini tihe world'? -Due-;
i si h when the hour fr le..virz --.--'-es, ind
stile whent hte 'Is jptlitnitted to~ ryt tvn ! D..es
. love to' sit lby lhe cheerftulIfire anid fondtile the
ild ren, ent erinig itnto alIl their little dj.putes
'ithI a encliotus interest ? Do.es lie take particu
r ntte of~ thle bird- in te eage, and the eat,
nar the fire ? If' not, he htas no bhome, in the
derest se'nse of that dearest oft words. If his
iind is altogether absorbed in the dusty ways
f' business--il he hurries from the house in
:e morintg, antd is 4oth to ret urn at tnight, if,
hile he is at hiome,' he cont irtues to tinik oft
te jou rnai and ledger, atnd reput--es I he advantees
f theit ptat ling chijldrein, he has nto home; hte
nly has a phwne where he lodges and takes his
Alt! har'py is he who kno~ws and appreciates
wht ftiil liks aof home'; nihoase heart is warmed
nd htttt.. nized by its cheerfi iifiuenc'es, und
50t fi'ls how suplerior ini purity of p~leatsure'
are atlI its entjoymeants to the trmiiil delights of
nii dioor hfie. hrice hinppy is sneh'l a mni.
l hans di-aive'red the onily 'aratdise this world
;rn't tow ;talr. It is ontly sneh :a man at ho can
lie :t deepi:m td sincvert' pity' for t he unfilortunitate
ra'ntures uhlii are' hom.eless. Hie regards thtent
as beinig emi .ff tromt lie best itnfluenices iof t he
en r.ii,. till e-xposed toi the :tetitin of all Ithe diarker'
aves af life'. He f''els keently for himn whit has
o fireside, nit dear ones to weleomne him wi:hI
miles, atnd prattle oiver the history of the day,
tint tononte to soot he whetn heatvy enires have
-oubled thle tintd and rentdered lie bedirt sore;
nd i le svympathy ohf stuch a mati is niot slow to
(terlaw in nets'"I' benevoletice. A good home
st' stonree oft lhe founttaitn of etiarity. in thte
Our :idvie. to those~i who have no homes, suich
<i we have ie-cribedi abotvt. is. iii get thtem as
,ioit nis postsible. Theiy can tnever b~e cotitented
a d sn bstimi I cit izents. inor thoarougihly happy
te't, uit i thter fl low this counsiel. Get homies!
iI thIem wtit h' eoje'ct. of hive anit eniden r
e.anid see.k there for the pure delightteswhich
the wourld beside caninot tll'ttrd.
T. PARENTS -Il is said thtat when the moth
-r uf Washiingtont was aske'd how she had feirm
a the chtarnteter otf her son. shte replied that she
hiad early endenvored to teach hinm three things:
hettiecee, diligence antd truth.-No better ad
vice catn be oi%'en by anty parent.
Teach you:- chiildre'n to tbey. Let it be the
frst lessotn. Y'ou enn hardly begin too soton.
trequires constanit entre toi keep tip the habit
ft i'bdience~t.ntnd espreially to do it in such at
ay ts not to break de wtn the strength of the
Teich your child to be dilligent. The habit
t biing alwntys emiploya'd is a great safe-guard
Iirongh life', nia well ats essenitial to the culture
f almost every virtue. Nothingr can be more
dish thtani an ideat which parents have that it
snat respectable to set their children to woirk.
lavy is a good thing, innocent reacreantion is an
upoymant, and a child mny h'arnm to be diih
ett ini that its in other thtings. But let them
emrn to be usefutl.
As to truth : it in the oine essentiail thiing.
Let. every thing ela be sacrified rtather thatn that.
Vitont it, wthutt depetndence entn you phuce in
our child ? And be sure to do nothing your'
seif to give tha lie to yurn owt peoptL
IT is UooD To B3E mE.-u is good to b any
whtere with thrist. i.. presene matc:kes a para
di-e, and the heart in uniseon witi his rejoices to
be wlhere lie i1. But Lu be with him :aid his
di.ciples, w ith Moses and Elias also, and all oil
tile mouanilt, imtusI have been beyond expression
In the hou-e of God, the saints may find the
Saviour and il., disciples, and the prophets; :wil
aqle hears the word oft life and feels the giow
of love in his soul, he tuay, and he Will, with :I
lull liart say, - It is good for us toi be liere.'
Like those whot would Ibild taberiacle. ad lini
oger with Jesu- in the mount. the saint. is reiady
to s.iy, -- Nly willing soul would ,tay in such a
p.ce its this."
it is good to be 'in the closeL Alone with
Ciiiist Is a Iuxury that iire but lie who feels it
knlow.,. John was a favored brother when I.
sat next to le Saviour amd lea ned tiput his
bream.s. it table. Tie saint maty at any itne finld
j.eu., abole inl hi., clo.et, wai ilt-,( to hear him,
to connitnie wVi:h him u .s J ests did with John,
as friend n% it friend ; at tihevy who oftenest
seek and thid the i iasier t here are readicst, to
sty -- It ., rioi l. , te be here."
It dit Vempan1 of .\loe, and Elias, of Janes
d Jlai, and Jc-t' Christ makes it so good
fer ihe saiit to ie wleere they are. IIow, good it
will be it le with them in ir Father'. huue
where theret are many m..'iion! o ,it dowin
m i.l Aureliatn, Ia6ac and Jacob in the hinige?deomtt
(of Go.! T be abeve Ile imuit and beyoid
the crot ev eit at 1-hee 10ort of ite tirone ! Not
to see tie1ough1 a gitass dirkly, but face to race!
To see as & e are tseen. mid know ., we are
knoewet To'e be withI Jersus atnd t ittoe like Jeus!
''o gt oe mi)eere ouL for ever. To lie down in
the gre-e ia,:nres and by tie still waiers; to
look upwatr on the smiling face oh' r Redeem.
er aed stv, -- Lord it is gotIod for u. to be here."
CnEErFU.NEts.-Few Iinlgs .are tmore periii
cious tha.in j sii atii to tmeihiae o tile atgg irava
tion (of eir ..11iie i to coin evr ed-, and
elili letg oie to dik r ide. 1 creates a citor.
bid .e- iiiv wliea ilid, it-; foed in this ve-ry
ceUrsel 1 ioetic:, and tihe mind aiy prey upti
itee'lf unii it eActs its own vitiiiy- -o. wlien
we si.e ek of eour own allie.ieis, tit make iti
its bad as ne call. to dwell on the dik tithings of
life aid urni awav Irm all the cirelt aisainces of
mneacy wibrhet aceoIanty teiu is wicked. It
feeds the old and ere:les iew troubles. Ve
should rather ilok at thiiags A;Is they are. We
may feel our Afliction. It were wrong not to
do sbt. But itiey are always attended with great
mercies, anti to overlook tnese i= eqally wrong.
If we are ntU chietrfu under titietions-if we
refu-c t., rejecice in all the rich kindnesses of
God, we abiall most assuredly fiall into a-omt
plainiug, iurmuring state.
ANswER TO A CIIALLENGE.-The eccentric H.
II. Brec ketiridge t one of tjy'Jtdges of the Su
prem"Court cof Pentisylvania, when a young
an, was clallenged t) ight :I duel, by act Eig
lith ollicer, whoi he aanswered as fullws:
I ~have objeceots in hiir-'duel matter-i
one is lest I sitemul.i htntrt youl and 'iliethte -
lest you should hurt me. I don't see any ge
it would be its me, to put a ball through yp
body. I could make no use ef' you wlien de
for iy culinary purpo.,e, Is I would a ratbbit
turkey. I am no caibal to Feed upoin the fle
of iten. Wly then shoot down a hum...
creature, of whem I could make alo use ? A
bulfllto would make better met. Fo-r thoutgh
your f1est imigit, be delicate and tender, yet, it
wanits tihe firmntess and consi.,tency which take
and retain salt. At any rate, it would not do
for a long sea voyage.
You might mtake a good barbecue, it is true,
being o the inature oif a rae'coon (or opissum;
bit people are tot in the habit tef barbecuiag
anvihling that is human now. And as to your
hide, it Is iot worth takinag oIll beinig a little
berter than : two year old colt! So imich for
you. As Itt nyself, I do nut like to stanid in the
way of any Ihing that, is hurtifi. I am under
thli impression ihiat you miniht hit Ime. This
being the case, I ithiak it most advis.a.btl to stay
in Ithe timitc. If ou mean to try your pi.-t
tots, take selmfe obje'et, a tree, or a but deoor
about mV dlimuensionst'. It you htit thait sentd mte
word, niid I witlI acknowledge that if' I had been
in Lthe setme place,yo'u miighct also have hait me."
A SCHeOLMASTERI, htearitg ocie of his Rehtolatrs
read, the b..v, when hecaIto th u ie werd "h lunor,"
preenouced'it fuil ; the aster told lime it should
be pronocuniced -'oncor."
"Very wteli, sir." replied the had, cc ] will re
member for the f'uturte."
-Ay," said the umaster. c always drop the H-."
The niext la. ruiing the master's lea, wvith a hut
munclini, had bteen brought to htis desk ; butt the
duies ofhi' vo 'cati on de hiam wait till it was
celd, wheni, addressinag theo same btoy, Ito told
him to tke it to dhe lire acid heat it.
-Ye..,.,ir,' repetd ile bcey, antd taking it to
the lire, ate it. L'rtseantly, the moaster called for
-sj lh.tve ate it, as you bude me," replied the
b-- Ea it. v'eu scotndrel ! I bade you take it
to cite lire ;ttd hteat i."
-- u;, sir," antswvered the id, "c yesterday you
told mue alwatys to dreep the II."
"cOxLY UNE."-Ocie htour lost ill thec moratin
by hyineg ii beed, wuill put back, .and amy frustrate,
all thle bu.,i'ce's of' tic day.
Otie Imte iin thce fenice will cost, teat times as
mucha as it will ite tix i.,i a to.
Ocne driitker will keep a Ilti!y poor antd itn
t ro uble.
-Ott.sinnaer destryv ath acnieh good."
cc You say . .lr. Jtonecs, thai tie prisoner sicb.
eel lice dec'easetd .' WaVs it ini the thorax or thte
"-. eiter. ye'r wolrsip, but int the street I seent
it wild my ownc eye,."
A bituhi' cotetiry farme'r mieetinag the parsoan
o thte parisht in a bye-lane, tand nt givintg him
the way .,e read'ily as lie expected, the parson,
witha atn angry air, teld htim, --ie was better fed
thctant nughat." -Very true sir," said thte farmer,
-for y(ou te'ach me, a'tad I feedl miyself."
TIHERE is za man downc Eatst whose- nante tt
new. Hie ntamied his irst baky 80methting; it
was .Momething New. Hi5 naext, he called Noth.
ing, it beinag Notheing New.
THlE Albza papers state that Ithe Hion.
.ames Ahcereamieit, a Reepre~entative itn Ccat.
grss fromi that State, recently kilted a mtanc in
Florida. Thte part iculars atre aol giveat, but il
appers thait itlr. Aberreattbie was dischnarged
fter a joudicial ianvestigation; thus iauplyitng
that tha e otuicide wa- jiusaifiable.
THE Empheror and Empllress of France gav<
to thte poccr, Itast yeaer, ae million and a hatlf iii
fraces. Butt thett theyt toek front thte peole
twety-'five millionts oh' f'rancs f'or peecket mtot
ey ! 'Imperial benteveolceiee dont'L aamuctt tc
A very nbsent mindid geattleman being upset
by a boatt ito the river, sank twice before lhe
reecmbred he could switn.
THE king of Siamu wbent heo first haugged ar
Enlisah girl, waiAb had eA mbrmed Christianlitv.
THE BAD C.
The entire witidrLw of I e Briti-Ii fleet fronm
tlt Baltic ica has dimimedIts' i m.iriial prestige
of Great Britain to a degr 1hat the capture if
Sebastopol cannot riep:ir i he navy is t ie
right arm of Bri;iAh.pon e d it, while Fr:ime
is claiming the lion's 2.h.i of the liurels in
lamd, Einland, instead -o' striking a decided
blow at sea, is doing otht , the will certainly
come out of this contesit It no great increise
of militry renown. The iiing of the 3.tti
saidron from Engiand, patignineent pageant
which distinguished it, -Ie high extlling
ho(pes whieni were everyt rhere expres!-ed, as
ship afecr ship jf that m'lt ity fleet. under tihe.
eve of their sovereign, ain Zof mnulitudes upon
tile shore, departed to c l'. .i6L the Rlt inssiins. are
Stil! fresh in the nimorf > all. Engrland ex
pected it, hear, ill about t weeks, that Revel.
liel..,ingfors and Cronstadt -had .ee-n laken. and
that St. Peteraburg had i en into the h:indsL.
of the allies. Not n1110 -4 the-e srongholds
has been taken, or even soiiuei a A- a'acked. up
to the presetnt hour, and % 0greai Baltic siquad
run, the most mniifiicetil lid powerful of mod
ern times, comes lihone wi (out at sinle achieve
ment. except the caiture 6K tihe Aland forts. in
which twelve thousmd Frepeh troops and seven
teen, British ships of wdrFeonquered two thon
anid Russians; and the (tol-hiig of tundrv
little Greviowns, and thtbrutal treatment tf
the emale inhabitLnts. 14kse are all ti e (Ap.
lets that t he bravo olt Si- harles Napier brings
I back to EIland.
We do not know how 1 reconcile this most
laie and impotent resuli" of the DBd:ie expe
ditioni wi h thie acknowleditd widomn and sagaci.
ty of British counsels. WLis rjot tile strength
of the Ruissian defences. n the Baltic known
to tle military and navaonsien of Great Britain
before tie Baltic expedition sailed? It senis
ip~ssijble tlt such graufd prepar.atinn shouitld
have been matie by such .4nation blindfuld. yut
we know not on what okjyr theory to account
fior the titter inadequacy'If the means Adpt ;d
to the ends p ropused. The naval inetlicieney of
Great Britain, both on th Datic and the Black
seas, i.i one of the must riking Ieaturs if tile
Eastern var. Admiral LIida., lia, niade him
.elf pl-overbial as a -'ow coach."--nd Sir
Charles Napies comes b k with hlis utla',ses
sharpenevd," but no blood on them.
THE AF I RACE.
Many people are rea~fg their brains to pro
vide for the end of Afrin sertitude in,the Uni
ted Staes. Miany o' thkse are weil-imeaning
but. mistaken ne-. Tley, take no icoulnit of
ticts, but adopt. and persne a theL-lory, Which,
hiowever applicable it may be to other. races, is
contradicted by all thefIacts relative to the
African race. They seem to fo'rget the fact
that tie clhss of Africaniwho are slaves in the
Unii:ed States, are superwor in all respects to any
other class, of their re-xwho are free, either
here or elsewhere. T hey are more civilized.
friend-liip. The free negro and the white r:'ee
have in tastes or sympatlhies or interests in
coit.-on ; there is a natural iolation or antago
jnism, and as a consequence the negro remains
statiuary for a little, and then tAlls back Io his
I origilitl state of b.arbarim. Now, if compara
live lfiits show that slavery is the hest cotdition
fIr tle elevation and happiiess of the Africaii
race, then every true philanthropist should derire
to cotntinc them in tiat rehifion, and sould di
rect his eil'orts to their improve:nent in that eon
ditoll, It the Abolitionists could succeed in
their mad schemes they would bring ill umniiti
Igated curse both up-n them?.elves and the ne
gro. Bet the Alnighty is too mereilul and good
to al ow them success. The relition (If master
Iand stave, which 11W exi-ls, will n-ever lie de
stred ntil the country shall be cursed with a
be glaId io work for their crust of breald and
have the privilege of dying in a garrpt (Ir cellar.
Tona thousantld fld worse slavery will tatke its
p ace, as it has already donte in some of the ol
der- counlltries, anld thle pour ne-gra must see~k the
wildis of A fricn, or his raice here becomne extilet.
Mlay thle sins of our people ntever bring down
suc'h curses upon our country.-Alb::ny Patriot.
CoNvICTED OF ?t1ANSLAUGTE.--The Marion
Star of thle 31st ul. i'stts t hat at t he recent
terma lof he Cotirt of Sessions for that Diktrict,
Evander Jactkson, a boy if eleren ycars rf age,
who was charged with the murder of another
buy (If the same age, a cousin of his, was con
vited of Manlslaughltcr. Tlhe Star says:
"The boy beiing in legal contemplation with
out paet;and exceedingly poor, tihe couirt an
nounced thait from the poverty of thle faitly, and
he pec-uliar character of the case, it felt it a duty
to assigni able counsel for till defencee. Tile coutrt
actcordinigly appoinited J. A. Dargan, Ei-q.. Us his
conlsel ; afterwarlds J. A. In~glis aiid J. TI. Coit,
ikgrs., vlultntee-red their iiid in his behalf, who
cndnelited the trial with greatt skill and ntgular
T'lhe jury, after the able arguments bo0th (If
the counc-il and the State, and ai most5 implres.,tve
catrge f'romi his Honor, returnmed itt thte coutrse
ofti a few minute-s the verdict of manslaughter.
The (only e2videnice- in the case was thntelonfessionl
oh the tblly before the jury of iniquest, who bemng
examnied before the magIIistrate, actinig as co~ro
nr. confe iisted to the fllowinlg factsl: That lie
ndtie deceased had goiie hut the umornling of
the iiurder with at gull that had beenI given thlem
by ai yo~ung main by. thei nlatne of George to ear
ry home ; that inlstead~ of going hi'me they went.
to shtott a rabbit that the prisonler hiad colineld inl
a hole the day before ; that on the-ir returnl hom~e,
the dec-ased, who had thle guln, threw a light
wood knot at the pristoner aiid hlit him, and the
prisnler ret uriied it at the deeeased ; that, the
dceaseLd then levelled the gun at him anld thbreat
ened to shoot him: afterwards hie asked the de
eesed for the gull, and getting it inito his pts
~sesion, lie told the deeansed lie would shoot
him and that he placed his finger upon the trig
ger, but did not thinik the gun would fire; that
the thlrowitng of the lightwood knots hei thought
THtE NEXT CoNGREss-Thle Natitonal IntellIi
gencer of thel 3d ini. says: "The arrival ill thiis
city oh severall miemlbers of the Nationail Leg
isature reinlds tus that the secondl sssion of
the Thlirty-third Congress is near at haind. lour
weeks from nex iIXMoniday is the tinie of meetitng.
\ay we not hiope that the timue splt att home,
iln tilt exercise. of the gentle amflenities as well
as the~ stern realities of life, may hiave dhiSpos)ed
them ill meet as brothers,4lerant lof eachi (others
opinilionls and prejndices, anid resolved to tunite
their efforts for thle comlmonl good of the coun
Tuse average of the salaries of elementary
s clmalinlsters in Great Britain dot-s not exceedi
$20 or $3010 a year. The' country clergy of
lth Enlglislh ihurch atre, maniy of them. no bemt
tr paid. The bishop and a few cathedral dig
..ia....; riot in wenlth. and denuro everything.
OUMr OUR SLAVES3E TAUGHT TO READ.
The allirmnai-e is argned by the auihor of the
Addresm before tle Abberillp Bible Society at
its recent anniversary ; we are on the negative.
A64 faor as our neaos of iiforniation setid
the advocate has entiirely misapprehonded theu
gronuils of that Iegi.Jation which " enacts that
slaves shall not be, taught to read." lIe ha4
moreover simply atempied to di-prove the negrn
tive of.his piotposi: 4in forgetting that he atlir
mative i6 without proof. Wo might here rest
our cause, and wait for the anlirnative to be
argued ; but we insist that the laws in question
are imperiously demanded by a retgard to public
safety, not because -'savery is most compatible
wih h'a state of profound ignorance,' but because
iaintecad of readinig the Bible, shaves would have
'lared in their lanids those ' cit her docuients,
books and papers" inculcating insuibordination
and rebelli.m. n.d thus plcinig the livs of nour
families in imliminent peril. If with the abiliiy
Ito re:id you could impart true religion, or even
a desire or diposilion to re:ad the Bible, the
danger would be largely diminished. But if a
judgment may be formed the known conduct of
white readers, we may reasonably conclude that
the great majority of the blael;s would prefer
other books than the Bible.
Is there any great moral reason why we should
incur the trendons risk of having our wives
: mid children sl.turlitered in consequence of our
laves bei'a taut!ut to read incendiary publica
tionls? Religion is as iportant to the slave :is to
the imater :i the sol of the one is 2a val uable na
that of the other-but is the ability to re.id as
sential to salvation ? Is I he readiig oif the Bible
so importint a means of grace, that to.hinder a
persin from being tauglit to read it, is egoI;tf to
his exclusion from lte religion of the Bible ?
Is their to other nean of preaching tile Gospel
except by the prioted page? The only answers
which can be given to these qiesitions .will at
once expose tLbe fallaey which underliesthe whiole
groundwork of the dl:cour.e refe'rred:.tW and it
i- the ame fallacy widli gave direction..to the
action oaf the A. B. C. F. 31. in relation ttk the
Choetaw nation. Many very pikfs persuo:ns,
iimay personiis in possession of lurge stores of
Biblieai truth, were never able-to read a single
line in the sacred volume. alilions of those
now in heaven never owted i Bible. 'T) reai
is a valuable iecomplishment, bat it does iolt
s:ve the soul. But lew prons,'iomparatively,
ate moii erted by their priate readinig ; the word
preaelied is the usual meats of grace which the
Holy Spirit ble.ses to the onversion of sintners.
The press may aid the pulpit.but we mnst not
give it pre-eniience over the heaven.appointedi
irn.truemin for the salvation of wen.
'I'ae aut hor, we Fear, has not taken miuch pains
to infori liil-elf upon many collateral issues
lie has raised in his address. Ile seems to be
unainl'ormed of the fact that the .6criptures are
read in our ciurches e-very Sabbath day, and
those very passates which inculeate the relative
dulies of masters and servant., in consenience
comraticiion, i hat there a-e more pioaus persons
among the black. thai anaong any similar clas
in the world.-Sotitheri Presulbyerian.
KANSAS lartonANTs CoaING BAcg.-Many of
the emigranths sent out by the Anti-Slaverv So
ciety to take possessill oaf the Territory of
Kaisas, are becomina sick of the uidertaknrg.
We do not %% ontder ih..tNorthern Abolitioi plilan
thropy. when required to do ture than talk and
vote, has usually boeen found watiing. W lain
in the Boston Atlas some accounts fromn one of
their vmissaries. Says the Aias: .
'- A young Milk street Cleri, who went out with
the September party, from Boston. writes to his
fritids a most doleful account of his silariigs.
IIe says that after reaching KIauisas Cy., he l ad
others of' his party started oii foiot,aIgull in shatd..
for their new locntion. On their way lie says
they were oabliged to sleep in the haiy gathiered,
upi ill the fields, pmtehasinig a quairt oif : k~ fromo
an ludi.mn asqunw for twemiy-five cents to~ ouster,
their hard food ; that uponi reacbinig their de4i
tationt, thiey found the acomoidatiotns tol be a
few over-erowded tonts, and thioy were obliged
to camp in the open air. Tlhe land now on
elaimed is someI distatnce f:-omt the river, and 1s
bare of wood.
In addition, he says it is nece~satry 'to keep a
vigianit eye uponl their efreets, fair fear of their
disappeairaiiee. Hie declares that oaf the party
of one iutndred anld sixty who left with him, at
least nitety are on their'vway back to the East
ward, well satisfied thiat thaey aore not fitted to
settle a new arid unibroken 'couintry, ani quite
dispuused to pronounce the wvhole Kansas scheme
a grand humnbtug.
NEW MATElIAL FoRt PAPER.-An article
copied froom the -* Joutriial do l'Iiistruciion Pub.
lique" into the " Bulletitn de Ia Soociete de Geo
graplhieo" of Paris mlenitions the dwrf palm .af
Algiers as furnishlingr in its leaves an~ exclent
material for maokinig pa per inlexha~ust ible in quail
tity, anud costinog bultfrom onie-tetth to one
tweitv-fitih oof the price ofb rags. Th'le species
of paim~ tree is not otheorwise desig~nated, tout is
no dotnhlt a palmtetito. Whiy shout dhinot thle saw
palmetto which inafest our Siootheorn States be
equally available ? The large tract oh ciount rv
boroerinog ont t he St. Jton'. river. itt lIast F'lori
d,. proiduces it alote in quaint ities suhlicient to
supply the wtorld In :idotitioni, t he same leaves
have been foutid to hurtiisht a fibre abnuot as
fine as flax and capable of' being woovenl. Thme
stem contains coneser ibras, which are used very
seessfiully by upholsterers as a substitute for
hair, anid which are also madae into coarse roopes
It this material has not yet been tried in thlis
country, it certaitily ought to be. Southerni pa
per mills could make the experimnent at a trilhog
ICONTINGENT ACcoUrNs.-\Ye will tno doubt
render a ser ice to our readers by eailingi the
altetion ouf the memcubers eleet to the Legisla
ture to te faoct that tile law requires tile conttin
gent accuonts ngninst the State to be hoanided in
during thoe first three days oft thle sesin.u
We thtiak our exchatnges in. the State wouild
do a service to their memblers and their uonsait
ents by ealling their at tetiln to the above, tas
it I'roequenoty I.ocenrs that cotnitgoent tiecoutils
are hanided ini after thIe repiort of the Coilaptrot
er Goener::l is adoe, and it is thent imlpossiblo to
get thoetm in.-Caroiti:mt.
AcciDoNT TO A Ar. AarCNT.-We regret to
leiro thiat ilr. 0. IH. Wells, onte ofi the M~ail
Agntos ont thue Greevtille anal (Qolumbolia railrsoad,
was badly hurt on yesterday, by oei hier juimping
or fiillinig froum t he ears. His collar bone, it is
thoought, was brsoken, totd loisooilder disloec:. ted.
It atppears that aun alanrm had beeon given by the
egneer, and Mfr. Wells, on Iookitng out and
seig a piece of timnber Otn the~ track, boenmee
frighotunch.,:indo thinkinig that the eaurs woculod he0
upset. jtmpejtd sof. The cars, however, passed
over thle ob.,tnele withuout aniy dilirutly. Theiore
beinot tl(no ne presento qu: ''od to tossort, the
mails, the Coinmboio ta::ii fa 'Ted ito reaichl us on
yea... _.y.Sonthorn Rights Advocate.
From the South Carolinian.
THE QURSTION EEFORE US.
31ESSRS EDITORS: I a glad to see that the
preof he u ri begining t awake uipon
the great, queLiin of the day. I thought in
183:2 that it was our policy to di-solve this
Ulnion. I thonght so again in 1850. 1 still
ihink so inl 1854. But the reasons fur this opin
ion are very dillerent uow from tlioe which
inininced mse tweaty-iwo years ago. The pro.
servation of this Uiiun is no longer a question.
The time for thaL di.cussion ha.s long since pass
ed. 6aving the Union is as dust in the balatice
wheni coripared witi the i.sue about being made
ny for us. The imatter for onr present consid
eration is that mouientuus -question of self pre
Not our prosptri:y, but our existence rs a
people, depends upon our system of slavery.
Witt usslavery j4 a qjuestion nothing short of
life and de.ath. This is the great problem which
the nineteenth century has to solve. In a few
years this question is destined to absorb all
oihers, and upon its solution depends the fate
not only of this country, but of the West India
islands and South America.
That an must be a very superficial obserrer
of hum. n events-have read history to very
little purpose-who thinks that this question
canl be settled without an open issu-an1 issue
not of words, but of acts. Some twenty-five
y ears ago a Few unknown and despised ;.boli
tionists, " soltry and .oie,'" set in motion this
b31 of iboliion. They c.itue into Congress
with their petitins. They begram the work of
aita.tion. They imve continued to agitate with
out sleep to their eyes, until they are
now.tirmly in their seat and the reins in their
This is an assertion which, if true, should
make eyery Southern nm begin to "puL his I
house in order," for whei the abolition party
atually erpers upon the admihistratioi of this
governlteit, all distinaction will cease between
imasler-and -Jave. If in :hat day Southern slave.
holders are still the subje'cts of this Federal
tiovernment, and amenable to its laws, their
lives and their property will pass away like the
inrilig cloud. 'I here is an importance inl this
view ill our cotroversy A ith the abolitionists
which has tlnt yet been duly considered. This
cimiro'ersy, we may sately admit, had its origin
in at h-niest, but faiatical zeal f~or liberty-a
tuorbid and mistaken sympathy for imagined
n roigs. But to. what is this fling growing?
Wiere i i destined to end ? Caimiination and
reerimination, repeated acts of impertinent imer
I lerence and ou.rage on one side, of scorn and
detiance on the other, is daily embitteriing feel
ing between the parties; and when the final
issue i6 made:by an overt act, they'will be found
arrayed in tierce and mortal hatred, 'envenomed
by irrevoi. ble wrong." 'The coilliet then will
be *not for the pre.servation of the slave, but
extermiiidna h ftit te nast er; and the na...
has reoclied this p..inful -conclu-ion, that the
abolitioi party las, in point of fact, already
achiered its purpose, atnd that it only require,
time to ripen and ext-cnte its fell decrees. Since.
howeer, to establish this fact is the chief pur.
pose of the present writing, it tnust i ot be left
to rest upon a-sertion or opinion. What then
are the T-fets which lead to this patinful conclu.
sion ? .
Fir.t, then, I would urge every Southern ma.
gravely to c oniJer the unmistakeable evidence
all'ortled by the late Cougres.'ional elections :t
the North. The Democratic party hais been de
feated. " horse. foot and dragoons," in three of
the largest and most important non.-slaveholding
States. This is a -virtual triumphl of a bolitioa
principles. Tievy will undeirstand it, and atre
emboldiened -y it to redouble their efforts.
Daesthe Saulissee in this tact nothinig to arouse
her apprehaen-ions? To this extent have Garri
sotn anid 'Fred '-Dontglass "strengthetned their
stakes and le'nglhened their curds".in twenty.
live 3 ars. .Had this evidenice of Northern ho~s
tility been suddenly diselosed twenty-live years
ago, al Calhoaui or a M-ecluille would .have
thought of nothing short of calling a conven
tion of the sovereign State of' Suithi Caroliina
to see that "the Comnin~ealthi suffered no
damage." I remeomber weoll the day when South
Carolina, for less peril to .her hiherty,. would
have stosad by her arms. Dur' now, a few tmur
murs of diewiitentt from some desponding but
true-hearted editors. is all. that remtains otf the
teaching of Calhoun aid ble~atlie. illen be
come familiar with vice; they first contemplate,
then tolerate, then perish in its emnbracee. But
the coward, by closinig his eye's. does not rende~r
the itmpendinig blow less certain or less fatal.
The abolition torrent is still rolling-" La/situr
et lablseer, &c."--while, like "the foolish fellow,"
we sit musing upon its banks, wvondering when
it will pass away. Mlore at anthier time.
A:EN & NJNETY-SIX AND NEW MIARKET
Cossacros.--We are sorry tihat .ldgefield is so
biind to her future destiny. tas to) neglect the
gohdeni oppoartuntily uffered here by the Green
ville & Coluil Co. She now bias the oppor
tunlity att very little cost, of secuiriog advanitagres
that nn ould make her what she should be--iie
of the first villages iti the statte ; but the de
mioinstraitioni she has made give nio hope of such
:.etionl a.s is necessary to the accomiplihimetit of~
tile desired eud. It is withmn bier power to se
cure this road; she has the weahh, atid her in
terests demand the outlay ; but her citi::ens
sem to be groping their way throngh cimmeri
an darkntess, with no thought but self tand the
presenit to guide thetm. Tihe conntectiont will be
elfbeted, and if Edgehield aleeps while others
act, she must of course sfn er the conisequence,
tnd attribute her doiwifall to her own inertness
and1 wanlt of enlterp~rise. The Mlathiis road and
Lott route is by far the mnon practicaule, and if
it is left to Railrolad companies to build the en
tire road, it is very certaini that the shortest, and
cheapest survey will be adopted. We would
regret exceeditigly tu see Edgehield turned into
a corn field, but if she refuses to expend a little
of bier capitalh fur her own anid the general good,
this miust be the resulh, and bier hills stanid naked
a iiuntnheints of the selfishniess and jealousy of'
her monied men.-Valley P.ionieer.
IsvAsios OF t'UBA.-Thti New York Miirror
is quite certain that Cuba is to be invaded. Tihe
editor say)s. in li,- paper of Friday last:
-For se er.il week" we have beeni in posses
siun of posi'ive iiinm ain that certtaiin parties
ini iis ciny-umen oh' iitelligenceie itnd jpISitini
have gone to ' nib.a foar thle purpose oif making
necessary, pre'partionis to receive ant exped itioni
that is cl'ectinely organized in this cou'.:ry, to
ail for Cuba at a day inot very distant. Tihe
receint card putblishedb ini Kentuc~ky by air. Allen
may have spokeni the truth in regard to the diis
baniding of then armed force threre a.semibled, but
w~e opine that it was tiierely iintended as a blitid
to drawn off atteontiuon which bias been directed to
There are a class of thin skinned gentry, odor
ous from the toilet and labelled with whie kids
and p:stent leather, who turn up their noses at
what they call- the workies." The honest
brown handed mechanie and artizan, - whoe toil -
bmilds up ciies and fleets, and enriches the-world,
and wios. sons, educated at our nble- free.
schools and neademuies, will, by and by, as44elf
made men" rule the industry and the. counells
of the land, are hrld in contempt by this horde.
of modern aristocraey-heb most shalldwo and
insuffrerable that ever di.sgraced humanity-who
seem to have forgotten that their fathers were
gardeners, butchers, tailors, and tinkers.
We hardly know how to titter our -scorn of
such carricatures of mankind. There is no Ian
guage adequate to measure the littleness and
mncutness to which they sink in thescale of lon.
est judgment. " The' workies!" We should
like to know, if the workies were taken away,
what then would be left. Only a foul scum,
compounded about equally of knaves, fools,
charlatons, and demigogues-the fungi of the
world-parasites on the enterprise, the industry,
and the moral worth of mankind.
We have taken a glance through our city, not
to go farther, to see what " the workies" are do.
ing. They are building the ships, or forging the
engines which arn to compass land and sea, link.
ing the nations in brotherhood, by the hands of
commerce. They are rearing the great store
houses and palatial dwellings, iri which oar
" mercihant princes" live, move, and have their
being " They are perlbruing all the real 'abor
of the interchatiges of trade, the rich profit of
which, crafty niddle men reap. They fill all the
artizau shops, ringing out their sturdy music on
the anvil, and with the saw, the trowel, and the
plane. They are, in fact, producing all that is
produced. Upon their sweat our city :lives, ex.
pands aid grows rich and beautiful. Thty feed
and clothe us all, and yet, a band of effeminate
idlers, whose lives are a rounid of debauchers
and shaime, point at workers the finger of con-,
tempt! Out upon such insolent affrontery.
We, that is Air. Pick-have been 'a worker,
and a hard-worker adh our life. With us it has
been a necessity, a dutyrand a pleasure to work,
and we have not felt our moral or social worth,
nor our" nobility" disgraced thereby. It is the
divine injunction that" mnan shall earn his breadit
and we have been ever ready and proud to fulfil
the injunciotn, even by griniing with a hand or
gan, and wef hold ourselves, all inky as our fin.
gers may be in putting the Pick to pres, as
good in blood, and spirit, or whatever goes to
turm an essential manhood, as the best man on
oarth. We will not say as good as the thinskinn.
ed gentry under notice, for we would shriik
from shaking their leperous hands, though their
liveries were a thousand times more ingiosing,
and their kids and patent leather had a ten.fold
Honest, useful labor io-the patent for true no
-isy. We are satisfied in striking for that.
. prefer not to rank with those who build no
.nUmnents and leave no ,signs when they dye,
.n~t they once lived; we had rather count with
. great,.host who..hag opened up the tiesure
the earth, founded ditie n nations; and left
*rywhere iingerish - keeI
I the getius-of men. We, had -ratbers 'be
test builder of a pyramid or palate. than its
* robber tenant. if we had sons nid daugh
terd, we shouid curse any fortune that would
leave them to idleness, or inspire them with a
uontemtp. for labor. The workiiignan is lord of
the earth, however much lie may be swiided,
robbed, and oppressed. Such are Mr. Pick's
semiimients.-New York Pick.
EXPLosIoN OF SEVEN ToNs or GUNPOWDER.
A fire broke out in Dawson's (near Newcastle
upon.Tyne, Englan.d.) on the 26th ult. destroy
ing an inntense wnount of property, and invol
ving ai awful destruction of human life. Twenty
bodies h.d been taken out of the ruins, and
nearly one hundred survivors were so badly
ijured that m.an'y nore deaths Aerq expected.
Tie destruction of property is estimated at not
h.ma thani ?I1,00o,000. An eye-witness describ.
ing the scene, sAVs:
'SuddeiIrv, a lit le after 3 o'clock in the morn
ing, there wans a tremendous explosionl from the
radj.eent bounded warehaouse of Mr. Sissons,
stored with sulphiur, aultpetre, nuptha and gun.
powder-commoni rumor reporting the quaint ity
of the lotter explosive material to have- been
sevena tons. The two towns (for New Castle
wa-, instantanaeoushy involved itt the enlumity,)
were more or less reduced, over a large area, to
wreck. The church was a wreck, its windows
br oken. and the roof destroyed. As the 'day
dawned the town was liter.ly strewed, almost
every street having fragmnents of ruins hturled
by the exploisioni; or cnused by it. Wounded
persona were seen being carried out upon shut
ters, anid conveyed to the infirmary; children,
with thteir infantn limbs enveloped in their night
elothas, were crying for their parents ; some were
erushed to death in their beds, and others in
astantly deprived of life on escaping from their
A His-r OR Two.-Never make use of an
haones*vomatn's name in an improper plnce. at
an imiproper time. or in a mixed company. Never
make assertions abomut her that you think are
utitrue, or allusions Ihat you think she herself
would blush to hear. When -you meet with
men who do not scruple to make use of.a wvo
main's unme in a reckless and unprincipled man
ner, shun them, for they are the very worst mnem
liers or the community, men loast to eyery sense
of honor, every feeling of humanity. .Many a
good and worthy woman's character has been
forever rminted, and her heart broken by a lie,
manufaetured by some villain, and repeated
where it should not hnve been, and in the pre
setnee of those whose little judgmnent could
not deter them from circulating- the foml and
bragging report. A slander is soon propagated,
and the smallest thing derogatory to a woman's
character, will fly on the wings of the .wind, and
magnify as it circulates, until its monstrous
weight crushes the poor unconsciouis Victim.
Respect thte name of woman, for your mother,
your sister, are women ; and as you would have
their fair name untairnished, and their lives un
embittered by the slander's biting tongue, heed
the ill tthat your own words may bring upon tbe
mother, the sister, or wife of some fellow-crea
A FACT FIOM NATUR.-The white atid lb.
red ants, make slaves of-the black ants, yet
they are the very insects to which the Holy
Script urea refer us to learn wisdom. 1'or every
negro in slavery in the South, there are more
than a hundred thousand negro ants in slavery
ini the sune regiOn.
blavery, therefore, of the black to the white
man is not incompatible with the economy of
Nature. The institumtion cunnnot 'be foundedi iti
sin, or we would not have been referred to ie
insect slaveholding sinners, to learn wismdom.
DRaRMS ts NEwBERRT.-We learn from the e
Newberrian that E. Y. McMoirries and Captain
R G. Pitts, two highly esteeme-d -ettz~na of
that district. have both died tn 'that- town last
week. The fornmer wvas seized with 'alp~y
otn Friday night, and exptired on baiurdnambrm
ing. The inttler had been tn feeble healtli for
sotne years, but his death was sudddatasid uoes.