Newspaper Page Text
THE SLAVE TRADE.
Cieapness of labor is essential to the material
progress of every people. But this can .nly ob.
tain with the abundance of supply. Now, slave
ltbor is, and ought to be, the cheapest kind of
labor. It will only become otherwise, wl n
foreign and hostile influences are made to bear
agalinst it. The aboliLion of' the Slave Tr.tde,
by cutting off the supply, tends to. this result.
Slaves were never so high before in the South.
They have within the last few years advanced
50 per cent. in price, and in some instanees. even
more. To what is thuis attributable ? Is it to
an increase in the value of their productions?
We think not. Taking the three great staples,
cotton, rice aud suge r, as thg standards, we caus
discover no such increase in the profits of their
cul'ure as would w:irr:nit this advance. Indeed
it my weil be doubted whether planting through
out the South during the last ten years, has been
as profitable as for the same preceding peri.d.
I hascertainty not been more so, and the pur
chaser now of slaves at rix hundred dollars each,
has no promise of better returns for their labor,
than when lie bought them at four hundred dol
lars. The slave can neither cultivate nor pru.
duce more now than formerly. Thus, so fiar as
the planting interest is concerned, the anomaly
is presented, of an advance inl the market value
of the capital employed, without any c'rrespon
ding increase in its prolits. We tust, therefore.
seek elsewhere for the real cause of the present
high price of slaves.
The influx or gold from California, in swelling
the cost of nhnost every si-eeies of' properly.
necessarily affected that of slaves. But there
is a reason deeper and beyond this. It is the
scarcity of, as compared with the multiplying
demands for, labor; demands, too, so imperative
that they must be supplied at almost any cost.
In the last flew years internal improvemnarts in
the South have been prosecuted on a scale
greater than ever before. With the conscious
iness of her resources has come the determina
tion to develop them. The surf ce of our own
State has been traversed in many dirt-etions by
tihe iron-horse, and soon his snort % ill awake in
the gorges of the Blue Ridge eches which
have been slumbernig since ue world be;r:n.
Throughout our while section, the s:te actie
enterprise is exhibited, and the result has been
to create new fields anti greater demand for
Southern labor. Under this state of things.
there is no prospect whatever that Slaves will
grow cheaper, but rather continue to advaice un
til they reach the point where co,t exceeds re.
ceipts, and the usual reaction takes place. This.
happily, is still very reuote. But Slave labor
is a necessity with the South, and the hardship
of the present restrictions conists in redncing:
the supply and increasing the price, while the
demands are muhiplyinz, thereby repressing ler
enterprise, and retarding her protgri'ss. We
have, in a former article, shown how inadequate
that supply is, either for home development ilr
Coloniza tion, and we now approach the most
impirtant and delicate point in the whole mattir.
It is needless to disguise the fact that the inl
stitution of slavery is threateIed by internal
danger. Impe-rilled and assailed by a host of
external enemies, its last and only hope is in a
hearty and effective union witin. Nowhere can
discord be more fatal-nowhere the maxim " di
vide and conquer," more completely triumphant.
Union of the South in defence of Slavery, has
been for the last thirty years growing more and
more urgetif, and the want of it, has emboildened
every attack, and brought upoen us the crisis to
which none but the most unthinking ean be in.
different. In the final strugirle, which must
come sooner or later, when Abolition. fluthied
with past triumphss. and inspired by her submis
sion, shall sweep on to its grand, diabolical c-n
summation-the subjug.tion and ruin of thet'
Souti, union, union. will be her only refuge.
To secure this against the trials of that eventful
day, should be the aigi of the statesminm aut
patriot. I4t must be a union founded in the in
terests of every man, woman and chiid-interes,
so paramount and so universal, as to call fordi
the ste nest energies.
Now, the evident tendency of the high and in
creasing price of slaves is, to concentrate thi
psroperty iin the hanids of' the few. and weaokeni
the t'elh ing of interest in its mu:iintecnanee amnd
preservation. Tlhe poor will sell, and none but
th moepop~gwl e able to buy. , The
seek othier investmentts, anid transfer to theni
that constant and watchful interest. whicht alone
attaches to ownership. And with this state or
things, there wilt grow a feelintg that slave'ryv
a matter which eoncerns only slave-owner-; th r
aggressions upon it imnjure, and are to be resis
tedl, by them alone-antd that even its final abo
lition, while overwhtelmning thseti, will leave the'
non-owner unharmed. Such was the idea and
spirit of that infanous pamphlet, " Bruttus,"
which wais scattered through our Statte a few
years since ; tnt more infamous f'or time vile pa,.
ins itoghit toexcite, than frthe falsehood,
Slavery is, and so long as the South preser
yes her exue-nee, must continue fto he, the basis
Rf all prope'rty-calues in thie South. EvWery ag
gression which weaikens it, aflee:s all other kinds
of property, and its abolition wvill intvolve the,
ruin of every interest-evenl the most remote.
The rich wvill be robbed of his abunidane, and
the poor of his " little all." No ehbange sif in'
vestment will tave. T1he owner, and the nont
owner, with fasll side by side, beineath thiegenet
ral ruin, which, like a vast c.onflaigration, devours
the palace atnd thle hitst. The mieants oh' the hat
ter, though not invested int slaves, are stamked
upon that whiich derives all its valuie f'rom t hiem;
and wvhen the foundration crumbles, the sulper
structure must follow. Whten we spceak of'
Abolition dest roying :te South. it is of a whtole'
people-their civilizaition. property, hioples-tall
siniking toge ter. H-ow false anid fatal, theni.
the poilicy which excites the most delusive hopes.
weaklents the Sounth in thme u ity and strength of
its resistance to tabolitioin, antd nmakes metn luke
warm in def'ence of tan inistituntison, in whose rain
they inust be swallowed usp ? And h ow mi-era
bly short-sighited tare thtey, whlo fancyv that there
is no danger to them or their property, in sub-)
misis andc conceessions which prepare thei way
Biut increase the supply of labor, and thus
cheapen the cost of slaves. ansd tite South willI
escape this interal peril. Thei numtberi slaive
ownzers wvoul muttltiply, thme direct initerest. in
its preservation wvsuld be more universaul y dir
fused, and thsat greait necessity of the Sotuth
uniont int defence of slavery, more readily ac'c'om
plished. If it were possible. every matn ini her
whoile limits should be a s!ave-ownier. 'There
would then be nio chances, that "Brmuts," and
like incendiary publientins, would tiuid rspnsme
in any quarter oh' thme South, excitinug one elass
agaiunst another, and deceivinmg ti part into betliee
ing that their fate cast be different from that of
the wvhole.--Charleston M ercuiry.
THmE CoTToN CtoP.-The Jacksonville (Ala.)
Repuiblic'an of' thme 7th inst. says:
"'rThe fall has been exceedingly favorable thus
far for the maturing and gaiherinig thme cottoni
crop in this section. No froist yet to kill the
weed, no destrnetive storms or heavy rainss, mior,
indeed, any weather to interrupt the priicess of'
gathering. TIhie favorable fall amid l'ate f'rost wili
make thme uplanld crop of thsis part, of our State
much better' than anticipated a few weeks sinice.
This, though exceedingly fortunlate f'or our pro
ple these hsard times, will have lit tle oir nio per
ceptible effect upoin tile aggregate cotton crop
of the country. The earily drought -anid des
tructive stornm of a few weeka since in Texass,
Louisiansa arid Missisippi, with other disasters,
it is believed, will reduce time cotton crop of
this year conmideraubly belowv an average."
ELDEa CUMnss one oif the immediate
Second Adventtists, lectutred ini Salem, on Tues
day of Itist week, whsere and whsen he arrived at
thte conclusion that Christ would certainly aske
his appearance on the 13th or 14th of No emn
ber. He said he should never meet with his
hearers angain on earth, and'took an affectionate
leave of them, a last farewell. The Blostoni
Traveller knows of tan ingenious mechanic who
has become infatuated by this seconid advent
delusion, and who hais thrown aside his business
and relinquished his property, and is awaiting,
in full alssurantce of faith, the coming of Christ
mind the end of the world, which he is sure will
take place during the present moon.
A famine unparalleled in the history of the
country is said to be pervauilinig int the land of
ARTHUR S1MKINS, EDITOR,
EDGEFIELD, S. C.
TIIURSDA I NOVE1 UER 16, 1854.
We Beg a Tavor.
THE subscribers to the Advertiser must all he cnn
vinced by this time that we are earniestly desirons of
giving them full value received for their annual sub
scription mocey. We have gone on, erep by step, for
the last few years, until it woulJ seem that our sheet
had gotten to be quite equal to the wants of a mere
country circulation. But we are not yet satisfied.
Our desire is to place the EDGEFIELD ADvERTIsER
in a yet more advanced position amorng tie papers of
Lour country. That we may be enabled to do this, wo
rome once more to our subscribers, cacti one by him
i-if, and ask them most respectfully, but earnest!y, tv
assist us in extending the scope of our usefulness by
mncreasirg our means of doing the handsome thing.
Between this and Christn:as, cannot each one of you,
kind readers, proctre us one or inore additional pay
ing subscrihers ? We beg you to SLItGHT NOT this
our special request. Fifteen hundred of yont. at least,
are gentlemen whose bare recommendation witild
lead others to jill themselves to the long list of our
subscribers. Will you refutse us this? We know you
will not. By Christnas, then, we look for a large in
crease ; artd should it come, we'll give you a jolly
N. B. If you mean to comply with our reqnest,
!lease do so right of, wh ile you think <f it.
Chango of Publication Day.
Foa the purpose of accomodating our subscribers a
little better thani can he done by our present arrange
ment, we will, after this issue, change our lublicatiott
day back to Wednesday.
MR. B. W. IIATC1ER senids4s a fine sample of arn
And Spanish potatoes. The largest Yam w-igLhs 6.
ponnds-the largest %paniih t-asures 2 fret itn lenigth.
We have not sre o: heard of anything inm the litte
Laf putatows this seastn n hichi stirpasses this showing.
Ox Monday night last. the Thermometer in this vi.
rintity stood at 600. By day-break the next utaorning
it was down to 23. It is now again ab.ve -10' at
:arly morn-stil higher at mid-day. On Tuesday
norning. the 13.h1, we had a killing frost-vegetation
An Editcrial Change.
Mr. E. H1. Buttr-ros has retired from the editorial
:hair of the Sp.artanhutrg Express. Messrs. E. JoxNs
HlaY, anld T. &Toao FARRow succeed him. Mr.
B. goes into the Carolina '1"mucsalotng with Mr. GIL.Es.
The Bachelor's Ball.
IT will b. reieutmbered that the -- llgefied Bathe
or's Ball" comes off this (Thursday) evening at the
resideice of Mr. Abnter Bushnell, some two miles out
>n the Plank Road. A larae assembly is anticipated,
[ots of ladies atil a crowd of excellent bachelors
3eaux. Fine tim.s may be reckoned on by all who
think of attending, a good suppe*r,a quantity of refresh
uents, admirable music and dancing enough fur all.
,an we not etgage some very old bachelor, wlo has
xassed that time of life when woman's eyes bewilder
>ile so, to sit off itt a corner, take notes and give us a
lining description of the occasion. We would do
o trself; but (although a married tant) we are a lit
.le to" yuntg to keep our head in a plight to play re
orier, where every thing will be going forward so
nerrily as there.
E 'o the ludies we would add, that we under.
tand the m st complete arratngemuents have been made
ii etnahle them to pass fhe evening delightfully. The
trictebt order will be preserved in every particular.
Cur Advertising Columns.
We ask the special consideration of llambturg and
Xuustx merchants to the advantages they might se
!ure to themselves by libe-rally advertisitng it our
!olumtns. We have a long attd rapidly growing list of
.,bscribers, a large prdotn tof whlotn already trade ini
llamnburg anid Augusta; so that our paper woul sem
.o be one of the very best mediums to be htad, throught
xhich the husintess-mnen of either of these places taug lit
nake known to a most respectable array of planters,
n Edgefield and the adjoinming Districts, the qjuatntity
ttti qutality of th,-ir various stocks. Just at this dune
2artncularly, while thme Fair is p,:tditng an~d hutndreds
ure thitnkintg of going t'o town, would it niot he well for
.ose merchants (onte and all) to strike ? Send up
tour favors, gentlemnen ; and we will place thtem be
'ore the people cotnspicutously and htatndsomely. You
-attnot be injitred ; for outr own concern, onie way and
tnother, wuould see that this shoiul nut be so. Ent
itdepetndently of this, we feel morally certaitn that, by
his course on the part of outr nmercanitile frietnds in
latmhurg and Augus~a, their best itnterests isould be
Our Augusta Friends.
'rTu city of Antgttsa is just getting through her pe
-iodl of adversity. Thme Winter's breath has blown
tway the pestilence that recently stalked abroadl at
tomoday and made mid-tigeht hideous. Thue absenute.-s,
a ho have bieen otn a long and painifob ojoumtia itn di.tanit
ocalities, are hturryinig hack to their homnes wih re
nkintdled hopes and reviving energy. And soon, the
treets, wvhich were but yesterday so glootny and
leserted, wvill beC full of life attd vivacity and beauty
mid businiess. Our symnpathuies Ilow n ith the returning
'mys of our Augusta frietids as they htave donie with
heir grievonts sorrows. As we have wept with those
ulho weep, so do we now rejoice with those who re
oicie. May te approaching winter be to thtem all a
'gloriotns sulmmer"~ of prosperity, heailth anud happi
ess ! It is ant" ill wintd that blows tno good," andI
ye trust the cosuntry rounid abonzt this favormite htte
eiy of the Savanahl will now shionosr its custom into
ier lap utitil all her good peiple shall be filledl and
tave to spare. Sii shall blessings atnd abiutndantce fs!
isv in the traina of afilietiotn and losses. And the
vonnjis if the distressed shahll he gradnli:ully healed,
vhile the means iif co:iifurt and enjoymtent shall be
loubled on all bides.
L~ook out, Sportsrnen I
WPi. have received the following front Mr. W. C.
~owsEa, of Anderson C. I!. So Cta:
"The thiorough-bred and beauiftul race mare,
'Oranige Girl,"~ will be at Edg~efild Court 11in-e otn
saleday ini Lheembter, en route for Augusta. All who
ire food of loikinig at fine stock can thent feast their
Pretty good that, Mr. PowEna! The natme of your
inimal, Orange Girl," is a preciotts tit-bit of itself.
mNhether the mare "by any other niame would ruxn as
ast" will be better decided after we have seeti her
The Augusta Fair.
By a notice which we publish to-day, it will be
een that this gala week has been postpotied utntil
December. This is a good idlea. By thait time confi
lence in the heaith of the place will tie fully restoretd,
md all will flsck to Ee the sights. We Iear of iianiy
n Edgerield whlo propose attentdiiig.
The Mails! The Mails! The Mails!
WHlEN shall we ever get them right againti ?Shnde
>f Amos K'-tdall!I visit now the Departmtent over
,vbiichi thou didst once so famously presiade! Call
urounid thee thes ghosts of thy tdemolished stage-coach-.
is andl, sweeping across the skies of this ra.ilro'ad age,
jid ord'.r spring out of disorder, precision out of~ jum
dification, regutlarity ottt of irregularity. aerimtnotda
ion out of obstinacy, and so forthi. In short, enable
is once more to get our papers as we have dine ini time
>ast. It has now been two or three months sinice we
myce had tany mails worth speaking of. We have in
Iced ceased to look to the arrival oif oiur post with any
nterest whatever. Can it he that every othter ssetion
las felt this grievantce as we have, an I have endured
t too with the mteek submissioin inuto wicih we have
modeavored to resien us ? W hat a patiettt set of sove
-eigns wue are! But nuo. We catn hold otut no longer.
We have borne onir quasi exclusion from time world atnd
.he world's wagginig long enough. ' AndI ntow we raise
wr tones of complaint. A plague upon the Depart
nent. andi all its funtctionairiems, if it cainnot aichieve,
.egularly, withont undignified fussinmg or provoking
lelays, the simple object for whticht it was created.
Better abolish the whole mail service at onice.
A Knew Nothing of the Wirst Water.
THE Galveston News informs its readers that Gen.
BEss Hous-roN is really and truly a Know Nothing.
~Ianmy Tesians regard this fact an "evidence of his
tuperior foresight." Otheuru will doubtless put it down
To the Indebted.
LAST winter, property wassold in Edgefild District
to the amount of six or seven hundred thonsand dol
lars. One half of this amount at least falls due within
the neit month or two. Pay-day is at hand and mno
ney is sei rce. We recommend, to one and ill, the pro
priety of being as active as po-sible in selling produce
or m:king somme other arrangement to meet payments
prompily. It is prophesi.ud by tho knowing ones that
the press will be an unsually severe one. But if every
one ntill strive to pay what he cnn as early aspossible
the "knaming ones" may be mistaken. When a
crash really thicatens the country, we hold it to be
unwise in plante-rs to hold back cot ton at 91 cents per
pound. Let every thiing, cotton, corn, negroes, or
whatever ele is to come into market to pay debts, be
sold as as speedily as possible. Money will thus be
come comparatively abundant-men %till be relieved
in part-a panic will be avoided-and all may go well
witti our peopte. But that ihis may certainly he so,
let us all rermember to sell and pay schat we can. In
this conrection we . beg leave (as Commissioner in
Equity for Edgficld) to notify all pe-sons concerned,
that we will he forced by the parties in interest to
collect tll dues in that office promptly. Should we,
in doing so, take any abrupt measures, the blame (if
any) must attach to the public of whotn we are only
WV. copied last week a suggestion thrown out by the
Charleston Courier, in reference to certain mercantile
bills now afloat in the country very nearly resembling
Bank bills. The stggestion was that the practice of
printing circulars in this form should be prohibited by
Legislative enactment. We now s-ecoind the Courier's
recommendation morst heartily, having just had hand
ed to us one of these specimens, of singularly strong
resemblance to a genuine one hundred dollar bill. We
have tested it on several gentlemen of business skill
and could easily have passed it upon them, had we so
desired. The person who gave it to ts avers his belief
that it was passed ufy in this village, to a negro man
who was known to have had a large number of small
I bills iim posession, by an individual then trading here
hu now gone to distant parts if not parts unkniown.
Time subject, however small it may seemm, commends
itself to our Legislators.
Da. Lrwis AsnILL of the Ridge has been good
enotugh to haid us a very handsome specimueni of gold
rock taken from a nim on Clouds creek in this Dis
trict. This mine is about to be worked by Messrs
Cameron & Co. As is usual with miners, the company
are in high spirits.-We shall take pleasure, as a Dis
trict chronicler, in recording the discovery of all such
prospects of wealth and afilurec ; and we shall al
ways couple the record with the earnest hope that an
ticilpation may run into fruition. But we very much
fear when ne come to note the failures in this itie of
business (as we shall certainly do wherever we hear
of them) that they will be, to the successes, as 100 is
to I. But let all search on with undisnmayed hearts.
That ihere are rich mines yet to be discovered iri Edge
field District caninot be doubted. Who will find them,
is a diliirent proposition altogether. Fortunate they,
wh shall have any such Doux ~good luck!
Speaking of gold, here is a singular specimen of
continotts rhyming on the subject, bv the celebrated
To. flooti, which will fit ini nicely hero
Gold! gold! gold! gold!
Binght aid )ellon, lard and cold,
illtten, gra% en, hunmmeretd, rolled,
Dleavy to get and light to lmr'd,
ll'arded, bartered, bought and sold.
Sio!etm, borrowed, squansdered, doled,
Spurned by the young, but hugged by the old,
To the very verge of tie churelh yard mould;
Gold! gold ! gold ! gold !
Good or bad, a thomusand fold,
How widely its agencies vary:
To save, to ruin, to curse, to bless;
As even its minted coin express
Now stamped nithm the image of Good Queen Bets,
Anid now of bloody 'Jary! -
"Tho E3erald of 1'reedom."
Stcit is the name of a Kansas Abolition newspaper
whichm has just tainted the air of our sanctum. Its
rabid tone may be gathered fromi the annexed stanzas
w hich we find prominently located on its first page:
From our mountains in thie North,
Fredom'm legimotm saliy fmrthm,
Shmotitng O'er mthe trembhnmg earthm,
D~eathm to Slavery !
Raise time standard in thte van,
Sacredm toi time rights of ranm;
Tyramnts ! meect us if you cami;
We are rtady now.
Ere a score oif years be past,
Slavery shall breathe lier last;
Spike tihe colors to time mrast,
. Hurrahm for Liberty !
.JAKCE, take thme dirty shmeet out of time office wjth a
pair of tongs.
"Blowing Bot and Cold."
Tots old s-ayinmg is very otten illuistrated in thmis day
of conmtradictionis. Thme instanrce whmich occurs- to tus
at this timne is that in regard to mold amnd hmot vicituals.
'Tie opimmioni has heretofore obtained, in Yankee land
at all events, that cmld breadis, cold driniks, cold meats
&c. were far mnore wholesome than hot breads, lint
driniks, hot meats &ct T1hosanmds of dyspeptics have
beetm put utponm this regime for life to thmeir areat dis
comifort. But latterly, the iea has been started, armd
is srenuottsly pushmed by one Dr. 1hALL, thtat the old
theonry is erromeous--mhat thme stomachm acts better impnm
warm food and warm potatioto-:ihat, in shoirt, warm
v ie'mals are time hst all thme way throutght. "mWhetn
doctorgisamgree, disciples are set free." Thme new
theoriets harve time pompular side, amnd their prescripttions'
will domubtlce prevail, esp'ciamlly as regards hout rolls.
hmot cuomhe and hmot stakes, tnot ton menition hout whiskey
punchl ammd hot apple-todies.
ZLnte Neows 2temxs.
.... DrGAaM~, who killed Col. LotsaG in New
York, has been sentetnced to seven years itmprisonm
...3rs. IIA~ttLToN, the venerable widow of thme
illustrius A LEXANDER IIAaIItLToN, died recently itt
...A duel took place 14 miles from Colmbia, S.
C. "tn time 9thm ist., hetsweent PETER (GA;'vmEY and Dr.
DuNcAN W. RAr. GarFNIr was killed at thmesecond
fire-llay wa~s amtmoiched.
*....Thme Mleagher Guards, of Chnarlestonm, have in
vited Tumos. FaAscns MIEAGitEn, E-q., to deliver a
lecture iih that ciyteproceeds to be devoted to thme
Calhouno lonument. MIEAGnECR has accepted thme in
... Secretary Donts hmas written a letter to North
Carolina, declinitmg a nominatioin for time United States
... Thme Know Nothings have thus famr coalesced
in every part of tihe North withm the F'reesnilers, tihus
staininmg them forever for all SoothIerm purposes.
-li Te Georgetmown Pce Dee Times says tlmat they
are withmout a sherify' in those parts and hmave beenr for
-l.iTe Chmareston Courmier- contains an obituary
nomtice of onie liomnat Caoucmt, said to be a native of
...lonmnT F. Por., an old and well known citi
zen of Autgusta, died recently at his residence on the
Samnd Hills mnear thmat city. lIe was a victim of time
... A terrible type of Yellow Fever hasbroken out
in Selma, Alabsama.
-.u.. u, our minister to Spain, has been pro
hibmited from entering France by Emperor NAI'OLEON
... 3tssJu.t A DE EN is aCting otn the Boston boards
n ithi still increasing success.
....- Thme Charleston Standard says that time new
Custom Ihouse itn that city is progressinmg simowly bit
surely. It is now about seven feet above thne ground.
....- Thcre were eighty-two vessels in the port of
Chmarlesonm on thme 9th inst., as fmlows: Twvo steam
shmips, twent y-sevenm ships, twenty-one barks, fourteen
brigs, andi eightteen schmooners, exclusive of schtooners
under I10mon hurhmen.
... The Kansas Herald of Freedom exhorts its
friends ini the East to hasten enmigrants on, for thiat the
Missourians are crowding around Fort Leavenaworth
itt consinderable numbers.
... . It is stated somewhere that a ne w drill for int
fantiry is about being introduced into the system of
W~est Point tactics, idebtical with thes one which
originated many years ago inlalbeleFrance for tihe use
of time Chacsseusrs de Vincemnnes.
. ... Thme Yorkville Miscellany tells how that two
gentlemen (e'heus!) were sentenced at time last Court in
that District to rec 'e thirty-and-nine stripes for the
crime of petit-larce . Their names were CuaAR.ES
W. Lross and GEORGE W. BaowN. We presuime
thme win sitmhaname may stand for "Whtipning-post."
Urox this suliject, we find a highly interesting ar.
ticle in the last number of a prominent American pub.
lication. It is in advocacy of the eultivation of Ihe
vine and the making of wine on our own side of the
Among olier positions, thie writer tacs the ground
that the Grape-culture of Europe is running out from
a di'ea.se of the vine-diat it may not be Iong before
the nations of the earth must look elsewhere than to
France, Portigal, the Rhine anti illadeira for their
supply of wines-that the United States present the
most renmarkable advyintaes and facilities far the con
tinned supply of this great article of human traffic
and that it is the manifest duty of the ngriet:ltrists or
this country to seize at once upon this splendid oppor
Ie argues further hat it would be a source of al
must unbounded wealth to oor people, shoowing by ae
curate statisteal facts that one mian with fre acres
(which lie could manage himself) cnild naike more
than Iour men upon a Southern or Western firm 'of
ordinary size and_ qality. " As a source of nationanl
prosperity," says he'the-cultivation of tle vioe can
have no rival. By its wonderful proniictiveiess in the
moat sterile soils, the ease with which it is attended,
its not requirin'g the use of fertilizers or manure' andl
its suitability to nearly every climate, it super-des in
value the must profitable staples in the vegetable king.
dom." le then points to the ainnal inacorne which
France has been of late years deriving (by means of
her grape-ettuire) from the poorest and (for other pur
poses) the most wortless of her lands-the nut amount
of which, until perh*a thae last season, reached the
extraordinary sum of one hundred and thirty-eight
millions of dollars. "And this,"rays lie," from wi:ne
tat flee cents a bottle ! "
But not alone in the production (if wine is this cul.
lure profiiable. " Thesseeds of grapes," he adds,
"are eaten by hirds; and a fine fixed oil, -imilar to
Oliver oil is made fricin them, suitable either for cook.
ing or burning in lamps. The leaves can he :sed to
feed cattle and they are fond of them. The finest
printer's iink is made from the carbon of the charred
stalks of old vines; and from the lees of wine weget
Cream of Tartar, whieth no fanily should be without."
AND THF.N Tilt RAISINS! Whether it he from the
enormous crop of children raised annually in our
States or fram something else, we import more raiAns
than all the rest of the world put together-3 tines am
many as England, 71 times as many as France, 13
tnies as many as Germany and 250 times as many as
his majesty, the Czar.
Of ihie cultivation our essayist asserts,ithat the til
lage of the vineyard, and the making of wine there
from, is not sn laborious, nor near %o expensive per
acre, as the work required to make and save corn.
We should like to give the article before us entire
to our readers; but this our limits and the public de
mand for varieties forbid. Whoever the writer may
le, he certainly wields a beautiful pen anad a forrible
one withal. Ilear him upon the liappiness of a vine
" W herever the vine flonrishes, there, otao, is a hp
py peaple. The vittage ! What pictures rise upon the
miid at the mere mention of it! Wlaat nienoriets
cluster around it ; what skies and scenes; what lapajpy
soles; %% hat fetive dances ; what images of gay Pro
v-acce.sntinity Andah ia, and the castellated Ithine!
What nuanes of poets and orators ; of archit.-ca id
seniptors ; of enaituons. vases. urns, friezes; of .-atvrs,
nynphes, and dryads; of cymbols, trumpets, iarls ; taf
'bratliless cu.ps and chirping mirth ;' of graceful
yout hI, adt] hinppy age; of heraes, prollaets, gods ; of
all that makes the antique world ' it thing of beauty,
and a.joy forever ;' ani, uiited with il that is itobie
ad sacred ina the listury of man!".
A week or two ago, ie recommended to our Ten
perance friends a sensible article in a Briti-h Review.
We nsotild now buggest to them, as one of tie very
means of bringing about the reform they so earnestly
desire, the encourageuient, by example and pecuniary
nasistanace, of grape-culture throughout the United
Sta:es. The fullowing extract from the essiy before
us bears down very handsomely and wei.;htily upon
'' Tia Iiacchus, more than to any other god. do the
ancienas aserihe lthe greate.t achievements ; * e-pecial
ly was tie celebratei for him adviancenent of moirals,
legislation anid commerce, f'r the culturt of the vitae
atnd the rearing of bees.'
There are mysterious truths i that old heathen ry.
thiolotgy ; trut hs well niorah the aittentioni of thie n ine
ini thease blatant utm-triumpet duys, whten the miost bril
liant aissortmneutof pouhke virtues is kept on hianad ctn
stantly by eve~ry threadbare piotith-ian, nd exposedl to
the cr'owd, like gold w:anthes in a macak-anuction shop.
"Far every waint there is a compaenatioia ;" aind tnow,
while large tbodies oaf men are inoved lby the temper
atace qutestion, at the very oulhtari, it is iimpaarianit to
conisiader this, anad tat esimate wvhat effect the culture
oaf the vitce will have nplona the American peoaple. If
we coaare the vine gruninig njilh th: neon-vitae grow
ing coutirie.4 tar Eutrop~e, we find I hat d rutakennies.,
wfth its ctar-loads of evil,. traverses the tnon-iproducaitag
nuortht only, whlile the socth lurnishaes a pareviailing ex
atnle taf ntioniial soanriety. Let uis tirit our eyes,
theta, to thes~e great facts, and proafit lay tein, intstead
oaf wattchiing the efforts of political pahianthropists,
.who seemi obastitiateiy beint tuon drivinag huimatn nat ore
tatndom thuroungh every state, with ai haarse-n~ hip. Anda
in thlis relatiotn it is well to aabser.e, t hat by the tab
at rail of the sevenith cetnsuts, we are infaormedl thnt thec
impoarts ofr foreigni wines ini the Uitmed States. lor the
year 13>1, aiaiautnt to little over six ilians of galtloans,
whaile our homaie mitaufaciur'.s of ns bi-key, ale, and
spairiteuus ligors. reached the enocrmous tumo of e.ighlty
six millitans oaf gtlloans; one gnarier of a gallon fiar
eacha p,-rsian, aond mn valute only teii cetnis per year, in
the fearfial n.inec score of this iniebriatead tntiona, while
tempierate France conasumets ninte haunidread uailhons of
gallonms of ineia, eqnal toa :M gtalhnas tat every tiuin,
womauan, andai chilit (of eit her aex) int her paitpnlatian.
l'lare six maiillionas oaf Amoericnan consumpaion i utaaiinst
ninc undialredl mlionst~a of Frenich consumpiht tioad let
the balanace stanad in faivor of the soblerest natiota."
In addition to this, we might quote from the article
Ott our table stindry r.tatemuents as to the vasat superi
irity, in point of schriety, or thoe coauntries whaere
wittes are pradnceed abunantly anda dranok freely. lBut
tall of us haave heard thais fact from traveller after trav
eller, uttil it needs no further evidence to comnmanad
foar it our impalicit credlence. Andl mtay it noat be htoped
that this very cultivaeion of thie grape is the systemn,
after all, which is to expel iattemperanuce from our
laind? There is something practical abut: it, anad
somaething pleasanit to bout! It is naot ati achievemtet
th~at requires fair ita support a set oaf naoua-constumnag
resolutions, as do the Maine Law eflorms of ouir damy
anal cuntry. It has a tmuch inure ehegiant basis, inadle
up of pleasant assurances of happy chtangesa caupled
with a via-ion of spilendidh incomes andt unaprecedheated
revenues. a" ?lace winec within the retach of all claws
es of your people'and King Airaohoil wvill have tot butt.
dIe off wvith thec Focal amid ilad Tuim." We may add,
make ine etnough foar youtreelves andc all time wvorld
(as ye can, if ye wsill.) anad thme wealth of Golcoanda
would seem a poor story by thae niche of Amuerican mag.
Where is Mr. Tocyol What has become of that
Abbeville vineyard wihich was about no haeestablished
undaer hain care ? Go ahead, gentlemen of Afabeville,
and set to its all a good exanmple. You have a Frenc~h
name anal you miay yet have a French fame. All twe
maced is suo well-directed pioneer exertion.
That Dredge Boat.
Otua readers are most of thiem awtare that a boat,
decnminated a "Dredge boat," has been experimenat
iag of hate ini the harbor of Chiarlestoan, the immtiediate
object beinag thme deepening of thme .Mallit chtantnel,
lIopaes were fur ia good nahihe enatertaineud thiat its ope
ratioans wvould prove successfual. These holpes seem o
hiave fled. Otie of thec last nucmbersuof thme Charlestoan
Stanidard infornms the public that the afluair has paroved
a titter failure. The hoat nowlies, to use thte Stanid
ard's lacngutage, "in meekt submaissiuin to whtonoever
may iake conceern about hter." From thae desocripation
of itsniworkinig givena to us by a genitheimen wvho hams
seent inii action, wve judge its main deficiency to have
been that of time pirney woodsahmoat, whouse riaoting pow
ers in thte friant wvere so feebly balanced lay his cenitri
of gravity ini thec rear, uthat every time lie mache anmy
tuninual etertiota of his~ proboscis, lie was sure to dhe
feat hais ends by kicking up behindic, thereby losinag
both his bolt and his grub at the self-same time.
OE of thec very hesat short extracts we see passing
around latterly is tuder this heaid. WVe copy ituntder
neath atad cuammend its careful pertsal to all n hao are
apt to'let " their angry passionts rise:"
"Tf anything itn the wourld will make a man feel
hadlly. except poinudail fingers itt time crack of a
door, it is unqgnestionahiy a quarrel. No tian ever
fails to thinik hews of himself after, tha lie did befor.
It degradhes him in the eyes of others, and what is
worse, blunts his sensibilities on onte hantd, andl incerea
sun their powver and panaijonata irritability on theoilier.
The trtuth is, thme more peaceably imd quietly we get
on, te better foar our tneighbhors. In niine cases out of
ten. the better conirse is, if a man cheats you, quit
dealing wvith lam ; if lie is abiasivc, quit hs company:
Ianal if he slanders you, take care tea live so that no
body will helieve him. No matter who lie is, or how
lie mtis-tiss you, the wisest way is to let him aone ;
for there is nothing better thian this cuool, calm, anml
...i.. w.,. of dalng..ths he wrngs we meet with.
Our militia' System.
14 it, or is it not, a useless part of our Police Ma
chinery ? We incline to think that it is. Will an]
one he good etnangh to inrfurm us what benefit we de
rive from the quarterly musterings of our beats, whici
we coll not compass without those farsical exhibi
Lions. Do they adhd to thu military prile or our peoph
one jot or one tittle ? Do they increase tie miliar
know% lrdge of those nl hoin we call Captains, Lieten
ants, Sergeants and Corporals ? Do they enable com
patties to pass around in review, ott Battalion or Regi
mental parades, in any better order than they nsoulk
otherwise do ? Do they effect antything, for the carry,
in.: out of certain (almo.4t oboleie) patrol regulations
which conld not be easily attained in a hess cunbrou
and less troublesome manner ? Common setse, b.ck
ed by every-iay observation, gives a stott t nay" it
each of these qteries. Btt, besides the negative rea.
sons that naight Ie urged by tae frieoris of a alilitir
change, there are someiositive evils connected niti
tihe system as it now stands. 3itnter grounds, thit
coutry over, are. famous, or rather we would say in
f&nos, as the places n here old grudges are founght ott
and fresh quarrels engendered. They are often the
scenes of dissipation, and no: unfreqently (if the low.
est delauebtery. While they are exactly adapted t
tI le wishes of loafers and idlers, tatler.atnd brawlers
they take the laboring man from the toil n hich sup.
ports his fatnily to a scene of silly idleness, the peace,
ful and retirinig citizen fr.om his quiet home to a plact
of wrangling and strife, the business mal (in whatevei
avocatiuo frcm labors that arc really useful to a runnt
or stumbling evolutions, a living caricature upon ever'
known system of Military Tutics. Moreover, ariono
these same muster-grounds the chosen fields of tha
class of low deinagogutes, who delight in villifying
true worth and pandering to the meanesi passions 41
their weak fellow-men ?-There ars other reasons tha
might be -uggested why our Militia systen should lib
either materially modified or else altogether abolisle.I
hut it is unnecessary to give them here. An insiance
of the uneqnal and unjust operation (of tle presen
regulations occurs to ns however at this moment, at
we note it briefly. Men wsho have held a commissio
seven years are by law exempt from further militar
duty. Now it so happens that many of otr best peo
pie have an invincible repngnance to taking these com
missions. They have no earthly turn for the military
3any other very worthy persons, who have no snel
reptigiaitce, are yet so diffident, so little calcoilated tI
succeed in at mixed crowd as to be barred out by tl
very force of these cirrumstances from benefiting them
selves by this iontniission-privilege. h'lie consequenc
is that our military duty is lone in a large part now
a-days by respectable men of middle age, men of sub
stance and character, while the exempt are often muel
younger men who, because of a little periness or bra-es
get a commissiott of some sort early in life and hold or
tntil cleared by law. Here then are our really esti
mable and nseful ien, - toting" their muskets in the
old field at the age of forty-five, while many a ont
twenty years yo-'ger stands smoking his cigar in tlt
shade of a tree and finding fun in the pitiable awk
wardtess of the squad which ie used to command. 1
this an eqtal or a just system I
We hope otir Legisluture will at least abolish thes
abominable Beat Company musters.
W wot of a very neat loaking htise (in the main,
not a hundred miles from this prting office, which :
abomiIably spoiled in its tout-cusremble by a fancy o
the painter for pea-green colimns. We know of hul
one place where this style of architectnral beauty il
tn tlt ascendant ; the name of that place is sufh-ien,
ly indicated bly orr captiun.
TEE NEWS FRO21 EUROPE.
we suilbjaint soic addirional details of' tht
ire.w.s by the America:
Th:e London Times sars: "1 We are infoirmint
V-mt Mr. Soule. Amierican1 .\linister a;t .\adrid
was on Tuesday. the 24th, reian-f d permissii
to, jiss throuhtig France, t hi, returt frow Eing'
lnd to Spait."
'lriE WAR.-Sebasti-pol is not taken. The
la:tet. adieu siow ta.t swenty days elapeet
betweeL tle de p-* ra of the bt-.iegiY( armtttie
froi lBahilarva atid their openitg fire upor
Sebarstopoil. Beoth the French anid Eiigli-h ha
their battteries readly on thle l5th. Ont the 17th
lire wats opented ont thre pieeL - rum-latd and sea
TIhe bowmbardmrentt conitinuetd till nightt. TI
Russiants lost live htutrdred killed atnd wotuded
Admtiraul Karrnilt-f wvat killed. The Russir~r
furtiticatiorus sut1ereda very little.
Ott thme next da~y (18th) the bombnlardmnent w:n
reisumred from thie allied b itte-rist only.
Rnaesiant de~patches say thtat the garrison mnaku
Ott te teuidag of the 5th a convoy of fntu
thotusiand Rusaans suc-eeedt itt enterittg Se-bas
'The allies now ntumber 110.000 me-n. atnd 8,
000 addllitioined Frenchl were ready nt-tembatrl
fromi Marsemilles on th. 21st, andti 8.000 Tturk:
Le-tters of the 12tht say that thec natunre tl
the groundt-a fitot of earth iton solid rock
retrde.rs scientific appronebie- imtprossible-; thtal
thre allies harve, however, S00 guns itt battery
atnd after a fewi datys tire will attemnpt to storit
thte garrisotn, whtichI is estimtated art 40,000 tmen
wvitht plety of attmmtuntitiat orn and apl ies, it is
surposed thart, abhm ough thIre allia-s sl~ottd carr)
the~ town, thre Ru.sianis earn airmke a prot rarct
re-shstante trt F-rt Conitstatinc.
It is trne thtat-the Rutssians- htave stnAk eight
ships atcross thte eit.mnetl, whitir is 700 yatrds witd
antd line tit battle sh~ipsr ancihored eloae to thn
shtote cotmplete thte barricade.
Altogthrt the rorspect of thte speetdy fall o1
Schlattopoul i- trot so favotr:b!e to Ihe allies, buo
ne-etr-hles~s itiellige-nce of t he iet ory is ex
preitd by thre peopuhle inl Enrglrttd antd Frantu
fromt hotur tor hour-.
Admitra! .\l~-eik ofl, who coummandedl at Si.
mile is coantlrdant of Seb:rstopoul. Hie Ira,
pu~blishetd an addrcsa., ,etyiig that Ihe will defendt
it to the- lat, antd atty otne ii weome to shtool
htim if lie dton't.
Atn llied frce is sent titdear Gene-ral flosquel
anad Achmtt, Pachma to Pert-kop to preventt thli
advairen of thie Riusiants. Hetavy rains htad
tretarded the radvrace, bt the weatthter was atgait
TIEALTH OF Naw flLtiANs.-In speatking o1
the hante -pidemie itt tha It ily, thIe New Orleatnt
Picuytun. of Sirntday last, says: It give-s us
plteat-ure to lbe able to p'oint to tii wee-k's repor
of the henhtlth of' outr etty, so farr as5 the fever i1
coacernte'd, as :.fforing the best refutation of
the exag~gerat~ed -st oraies thrat htave beeni eireolbted
:abroad ont t bis subhject. It will b e sen-i that lthe
ntmber oaf cases in thea lhIa;h Ho Imspiltal, durting~
the wee-ks is jut nrte halhf thtat of thre week
previouts, antd t hgt it is ve-ry sall I. WYe ar
advised by goa od aur hority that thaire is no
exNistirag ti anty foarmidable ex ttttatetthin" itn the
waao-pedemtie fe-ver here, an~d the-re cnh
tno donibt, we- tink. fromai present arhpeatranea
thtat. by thte -lia-e af thte wee-k utpott which we
tnuw etetr, we sit ut have trot evenu a vigeiui o.
hI-f f tag uts. Thet levee, buisiness~ streets,
the htetls, anre a. I put tinag ott the appearance 01
the rceaomncaemnltt of thle btusy sea.,ont ontce
tmore- Ships fr-m arbrosd. steamtbtlatts fr-om thet
iteiri'or. -ictamiships frotn aI I alongat thre coast, are
thtiei.e ritng arlotg thae water froit af the city,
and til'he ladings are rapaidly lillitig up with m~er
ethrndie. I',ery thuing betokens ra bri.,k season
rTHE Macotn Joaurnal & Me.,.in:,rer satys:
Weie are atut horized to state, that the Marine
Batik of' Saivanttnh will give $1,000 for the ap
prtehe-ntiona rad dehiv'ery to anry oa hit,' fli-ens, o1
Samuel tihD. &icovill, whao abhscondedJ from thli
pilace oun the 20th ut., with $1 0.000 of thre funda
of Ithat institui on. We~ give- below a descrip
(ion oh' thei pe-rsont of u the fri tivie whuich hams
beent firrri.,hed tis by the i-eel rs~ of thle Agency
of the alatritte Batrk irt tthis city:
"Scoiil is 26 years obal, 5 feaet 4 itnchems high,
has briowtt haur, light lhh-ta r grey eyes, a lonr.
flat Itead anid goeoda forhetad anad weighus I 35
pounds. Hc hars lost a tonthb friom htis uppre
jauw, anid all of his tipper fronit teetht mire dr~
tive. Hec speaks anrd walks qutic.kly. and when
be left was dressed itn black paints and datk
over coait. T1hte sum of 10,000 which he lhad it
his possession, wias princripatlly in 810 bills ii
the Mairine atnd Fire lttsurante .Batik of' the
dhatre of Geaorgia.
"Oc~r exchantues in this :tnd other Stains of
the Sot h antd West, if t hcy eopy thris paraigraph,
tmay enable stome worthy pe-rsont to detect the
rieal, and ho secure the liberal reward whiell
h,. bhetn ofned by the Bank."
A (CAUTr1o TO ENTERERS (IF PUBLIC-1ANDS.
It having been stated ti the Generni Litid Office
ihat " soire personis have obtained 12.000 :cres
or the pubie konnin. under guise of the gradun
tioli law. pass4ea it the Iast siession of Congress,
neknowledgiing tiat they have evnded the ltw
on the gronid thtt it does not require them to
stale when they design naking the settlement
tinder it." it is proper to snte that, tnder the
colnstruetion which the Secretwry of the Interbr
atnd the Commissioner of the General Land
Ofice put upon the ltw in qnestion, no such
awindling entries will lie patented. The con
struction of the act which these authorities nit.
nonneiCe is, that the reduction of prices is to
operate only in favor or three cisses of persons:
1st, to persons who were ictual settlers :tnd
oectpan'tts at tie time or the enteitment of the
law, or such a. may here.ifter become such set.
tiers, and who may bo entitled to pre-emption;
I 2d, to persons wh., desire the same "for iis or
her own use, and for the purposes of intal
settlemenit and cihiv:nlion"-th:at is, where the
lind is de-ired for tie immediite use of tiit
particular person :s a fttIan fr himielt or 1amily
aid for no other use or purpose; and 3J. tit
persons who ailre:tdy occupy or owin land previ
ousty acquired who niay be desirons of secur
ing public land adjoining that so ocenpied or
owtined. with a view to the extension of their
present -- ftri or plttiatiOnt." No other person
can righhhfuly ar;tih himtseir of the provisions of
the graduation htw in this respect. All entries
tta3de under other circumstatnces will be regard
eit by the Ginent L-and Ofice is illegatt find
void, and tho-e attimtinig to ma ke them may
also subject themselves to the penalty of the
net, which prescribes -' ll the lains aid peni.
ties" meted out for ptrjury.-Mootgomery Ad
----- .---- ------
POLTIS IN TiE PLPr.-The New York pa
tets of Sattirday were filled with tnoitices of ser
mons (in poilitiei :ubijects to be pren:cibd on
Slidity, in ditferent seclons of the city, in view
oit tile e:ection ill he hetd to-diy. The- Chureh
.lJotrnal,"'.(f~hEico.dhiain.) commstenling uposn tthis
extraordintry fexuure of the Iimtes, pieriniently
- Wit. is the renson of Alt this? Has the
old f:shionted Gospel--which we iave beei
i Acctttoined it) believe was the Eierliiting Gos
i pel--been at lentwh xhusted ni.l worn ihrend.
:tri? Is ito text -resh enouigh naw for pre:wh
vr.s and peoiple except. it he taken friom the Gos
pel nccurding toi the diily paiperN? Is it that
the ministeri are tired of the told to-pies (it grace
and satvation, and no longer belinpe that --Gos
pet" of wiicti tithy pretetid to be " pre:iebers?"
The point we now wish to make, however, is,
that in lie cotintry, where. its we had findlv
hoped. Citirei :tnl Stite-Relirioni atd Politics
were thorongttlv aid toorever divided. papiltr
preachers are rapidly ri..iig to be ile lentivrs of
poliiieal partie: aid pulpits :ars found to be
aI. in tiies ot old-ilie bes: r-ernitfing drums to
beat tip volirs for ptie i parisatisa. Aid a
cirresponding cluoa ias tken plce inl polities,
too, as well as in religion-boith of them riing
a ndu( falling uiont one Dernseratie. piv~t-ro~
1x) mli. As tlie pnlpit, tiera-il-re, 11:1s gruwo io
litiea, the tunip has waxed pie us; and i-- Ne
braiska" rings out i,tily frout the niecting-Ifuse!
it is only in sonorous unison with the --higher
law," resouiding trm the thlls ol Congress."
THE American Bible Soeiety, at its rcgul:tr
imontly mling in New York city, n ithe 2d
in.,t.. recogn1ized five new iuxili..ry societies in
North aid -South Caroiinta. M isso,ippi. Wkietn
sin ;il Iowa; n alipritopriitiin of 82000 wns
tn;de to the Areot mis-inl. nniithr apprpriation
aliso, to itie Protestant Epi-copal 3lissioniry
Society, for the tmi.sion atitong the Chines.e in
Cilatitritoria aid granits were m:tule of Germ:tn
Testamenlitsl tile Children's Aid Societ v, Welsh
Bibles and Testaments lo the Melitlist. mii
- sionary Society for distribiion at CnrbonId:le,
eitnn; nlso Geranti and nglish Bibles :td Tet.
tamets Fur distribto:iin in Atlegh:niy Ciunty
Bibles were granted to thet Methidist Sunliday
Selhol:1t the Qtinrantite, S. I.; aiso, Spaiish
Ifibles for Vallparaisoi; lortugtiese Bible ftr rea
niii; to the Atnerican and Foreign Christnin
Untion, .P,'lih Bibules and Testaments; to the
Mlethodist Mlissioniary Society books itn Spanish
for Buentos Ay rits.
TJHANKSctvlNG iN GEORtGIA.-Gov. JothnSon,
or Georgia,. htas appin~lted 'rThnr~dny3, the 23d1
itist., as a day of' thiat.kgivinig, hiutiniiatioin and
gg .Montgomery, Alaamat, must certainly be a
pretty hiardt place fitr Editors, as we see in thte last
is.-ue of the Journal, the following antnonineement:
-"We wish it dlistintlty understood thtat we are noat
the fighttintg-editor of the Journul. P'ersons having
anythting toi do in thtat line n~ itt ptease keep cuol until
ttte seiir antd juiotar returns."
7 yoiung laity, n hioge name was Patty, being
addressed biy a Mr. Cake, aecepted him nn coinditioin
ttat the wosuld change htis nime, dleclariiig that she
could never consenit to be catted " Patty-Cuke."
, 2 The Auminsta pnpers notice ihe deuath, by yet
.tow fever, of Mr. Itotbert F. Poe, tate Cashiier iandi
President of the Batik tof Aiigiita.
$3" A writer in an lri.-h newspaper, after mention
ing fte wreck of a vesesel near Skerries, rejoiced thtat
alt tthe crew were savedt, except four ltugbhteads of
- 2 Casar, what am become of dat darkey wtho
stile the tallow 1''
"lie is tak en upon an affidavid and curried to the
supreme court to thave it tried."
"Oin an affldaval !"
"Yes, this nigger seed the hiandle, hec did'."
7' The last linicever set by Mr. Chtariton, a Piuts
burg printer, whose dealth iicturredl re'eintly, was this
"And even at last thei solem thotur shall come!"
H;aving do ne this, he stn'ggered tromt his case, uider
a seuddhen ttack if diseaie, antd ini a few days died
andt was buried. The solemn hotur had come.
871n ihe cityof San Franciswo,of whichsomaniy
hard things htave been said, there are twety chnrch
congregations, embrucing nine ithoutsnnd miembers. As
religion is attended to, vice gradually dimuinishies.
87 There are said to he abiout thtree thtousandt.ne
groes entitled to votte in New York under the provi.in
of the State consiiiution, which requires aecoloredl man.
to have been three years a citizen, aitd pio-ess a free
hold esiate of the value of 3L50 over and above all
debts and inenumhrances icharged thereont, antd upon
whtich a tax shahl heave been paid.
gg A merchiant in this city suiddenl-y entering his
coutnting-hiouse the othter day, fountd one of his clerks
retaring a large book in the sair, with the end restinug
upon hits 'hin.
"Why ain't you at work, Johln?" hte inqiuireid. " I
am sir," repltied tihe clerk-" You are !--atwhtat work!?"
'Balancing the Led;;er, sir !"
gg The Peterzdiurg lInteligencer casti onus thtepub.
hie against counterfeit notes oin the Bank of the State
of Niorth Ctarolina, and the Bankh of Cape Fear. 'These
couniterfeits are mostly $10 and $50) notes, very welh
exe~uted, and very diflicult to heteet. 'rThe editor has
seen recently two $10 nostes on the bank of Cape Fear
which were cotnterfehts.
" 'rThe rec'ent session of the Grandi Lodges of
Ohio granted chiartersu for fifteen new Lodges.
27 The New Jersey Staundard, of the- 4th inst.,
contains the foillowinag adlvertisemnent:
WCaNTED. A IIosTL.Fn.-Thie subhscriber wishes to
employ, at his plaice at Gowanus, Lumg JIland, a first
rate hustler, who hia gossd experience int managinig
runaway hiorses. 1us onie need apply who hass ever
been isi ise State Prison or a. metmber of the New
Jersey Legislature. GARRET HI. IIENDaCKsON.
87 A genius has Invented an India rubberladider.
The only obijection tot lie arrangement isi,that yost climb
all day withtout getting up any. But whiinf that?
The same objection will apply to a thousand oilier
g: An extensive movement is now on foot in
Catnada to procure the passage of a bill by parliament,
now in session, similar to thuat proposed for the United
States by thte homestead bill. This woiuld at once; as
the Cattadians think, attract emigration to that coun
gg A rogue asked charity on pretence of being
dumb. A lndy hiavinug asked him, with egnali simplici
ty and humantity, howii long lie tied been dunmb,he was
throw~n oil- hm guard, and answered:
"a From my birth ma'am.'' " Poor fellow," said the
lady, adshe gave him a dollar.
REVOLUTIONARY ANECDoTE.-A :correstpott
dent of the-N. H. Patriot furni-hes the following:
When the British were at Bost on in 1776 my
father Was in a barber'rl shop waiting to b-haved.
A British offleer came in and wanted to beaha.
ved if the, harber could do it' without drawing
blood. and saying if he did not 'dii it he would
rnn his sword through, him. Thu .b:trber was
fri.btenel and dare not undertake the talk. A
little boy 0i1ting there spoke up and said he
would do it. He. looked at th- boy wiih'nstonish
ment but the boy stripped off hit cont'and told
hin to take a se:tt. He took off the officer's
beard without drawing blo..d and was paid a
guinea foir hi, trouble. The officer th~n asked
him how ie ventired to do it as he had'beeti to
every barber's shop in town innd no one before
d:ar,-d to do it. The boy replied i- thought I
W611uld. see the blood as soon ns you would nod if'
I hadl I would have cut foiur tltroat'to the beek
bone. in a moment.
The British offiLer iung down "his head and
left amid shouts of atpplatse lir the boy..
THE LATE GOVER5oR BuRT.-The remains
of the late Gverneir Burt, aecomwpantied by the
committee appointed for the purpoese, arrived
here yesterday. *l he Town Council and a niim
ber of our ci:izensunibed in an. escort, and the
remAins were conveyed to the Council Chamber,
where they were depoited until tis morning,
when they are to be conveyed to thi :depot, of
the Greenvile Railrond, to be taken toA iderson.
It is but a few weeks ,inve Govertor Burt
passed tirough our town to take-charge.of his
trust. We little expected to be so s4onsum.
mtoned to atten I his funeral escort.-Carolinian.
THE MAIL DIFFICULTY SETTLED.-The Presi.
dent or the South Carolina R::itroad tclegrayhls
us that the ditlienlty about the transportation of
thte mails is delinitely arratnged.
We connot permit this annotncnement to pass
witi01ut sincerely anl earnest ly commending the
ceourse or President Caldwell throughout the
wile controvery. lie deserves lie co.nman
dation ot the entire Solutiern community for
his lirn but ceiicitiaing coiduet.-South Car
M1Iss MARTIS PARKEt, of Westmoreland,
New York, recovered a verdict for two thousand
five hiired dothirs aigaitanst a fellow- who. had
slandered her.and thu young men of Rome gave
her a gold watch.
Illcs.-At Cincinnati there are.'now some
ten th ote hegs in pens. The feeling on the
part ot packers is dull aend .heavy. I6. that city
ttiere are some few oirders to coitract 'ap8425,
but sales could not be made to any great axtent
it is said at that figure.
BoSTeN, Nov. 4.-A correspondent Ofthe
A;las, writiing froem Marst-illes, states that th'e
Eniglih Coinsutl at that phce had received relia
ble ii'ornation that the must fearful ravages of
cholera were devastating Messia-no less-than
sixteen tihou4and persons having fallen victims
out of a poputation of 40.000-a mortality
hairdly less thai during the prevalence of the
great plague in 1748.
A PArInCIDE SENTENCED.-The Allegatn
(Mich.) Recotd says 1.ta ont Saturday last J. R.
Clerents was rouid guilty of the wilful murder
of' his fhther oi the 2d day of March, in the
townt of Heath. in Allegan connty. and wits
sentenced to the Staie prnon for life. There
is no capital punishment in that State.
Nrw CASE FOR CIHALLENGING A yURoR.--I
the court of Oyer and Termniner, in New York
citv, on Ttuesd:av. a !eitleman in:.med Wi.Har
ris'ei was. alled" as a juror in the case of Ch.arles
Jiger, charged with the murder of John Moran.
Mr. Spenet-r. counsel for the prisoner,after find
ing out that th - juror w..s an undertaker, said he
should challenige him peremp:orily bec:iu-e of
lis ovelpationi, which was a too great familiarity
wi h death. The juror was rejected.
MIAAateKD, on-the 24it ult., 'by the -ilre, Mles
Pucket, Capt. EDwAanDIL. Moienis,..of 1Iussior
Pa;rish, L..., and Miss .\ArTuA P. COCHAN, of this
Di-:D, at the residenuce o.f Mnjor Thons Bacon,
in this 1)istriet, nu tie 28th daty of September, A.
1). 1854. Mrs. SlanY GALLNA, wife efiHarion.
Gallitan. in the 61st year oif her age..
The dteensecd was a str.kingesitodiment of those
enntobling virtue's at hieh niever fail to comnmanm re
spect, a nd to engage the esteem and airLeet.on of
iiit. the virtues of dniy life, gent'e nnd bland
in temper and iceean.r, oi'geni .I spirits tand modest
wvo:6h, shte softiened the a-pentties of life by a clhcer
uuupi elf its burthens,and a faithful di ea ge
of isnte.Charity was everr tier ceinpnien. A a
a mo'thier. fae th-ulan:teeonesa.wf.kd
andi deveoted, evrtender and ductitul. Of her it
may be truy sa'd--' Th-- eeed die first."
Trhe write'r un..ihinaty aiftedst to eulogize a charae
ter so d.-servinmg, oef whe..n the ha~lhest- praise wieukl
be but styrling truth. Through life,
"She kept the whiteness of her soul,.
A n.l thtus ii wept o'er her."
In death. h. r heart trite to its original impetus,
ande unrut1ued by the lutking, fear or fluttering throb
Sof seithing after d. at h.'' retined to -the la-t, its
natuetal imnpulses, its earliest inspirations and its
tier -virtues were trom lenven''--Iu it not un- -
ntatural to stay -they tend not thither?"
DmeD, ini EdeieldI D.istr:et, on the 14th of Oct
185i4, Tuomts AL.1ex, .-on of d. W. and Elizabetht
The deceased1 was one year and six months old|.
lavying' jat react. ed that gewhkith rendered him an
oheject otf great imiercest to his patrents. They aso
consok-d tby thte woerds elf the Siaviour, who said,
"Ster little children to toome untio me m:i~ forbid'
thtem noi, foir of such is the~ kingdom of flae.
DiED, in De~eto coaunty, Miss., on the27th'Sept.
18a4, .'ctrs. EI~Li.D. Statixs, wife of ltr .lames L.'
S.rokmsat anid agahtter of alrs. J. Hi. Unariis, in the
3 ts: year sof her twe.
ilaving been taught the precepts of the Bible in'
infancyi, she at an early atre professed a hope in the
lIedle-mer ande uttachted herself to ths Methodist E..
Chmureh, anid coniatined a ze::leeus member throujth
life. In e-very relion eof life those virtues were
exempu:tied ti'at a e paes sseed alone, by thte'ollower
of0 LUhrsr. As a dlaughter, she was duttifuil; as a
sister. kinda, aned obligintg ; as a wife, affee~tioittelindl
te:gi' in-zi :'i a imisress.hunmaue and forbeS iie.
ht r mo~aiab.lity niamt kindtt,-'ss, she~ hed "gai~tijbe'
ntIfeioin eo a inrige etrele eef indus, that goulaif'
po~eeibue, hy thi. itr assiduous attetiont shave~tuzrned
aside the iat eof death. She sufferted long and
tmuch, tliaaugh all berne with -Chr silan '-esi ntation
anid fourutde, " knowing thatithes lgbtsfisids
which tre but menitary shahl work out for her a
itr moure exceeding and et'ernal weight of glory.'?
When leath-appro..chied to lhen, he had ni> terrors,
the grave no victory ; but w iti hians extendedl
heaventward, and witht a countenanee tadiant with
joy, shte exctlaimed,o "I am dying, but I fear not. foe
I see miy way so cleaurly. I am htappy, I ain hnppy!"
She is goine, but we will tnet deplore thee,.-out los
but her eternatl gain-rest thee a e~l-~ -
" The storm that wieeks the-wintry sky,. -
-.Net imore disturbs tier sweet repose,.
Thant summer's evening latest sigb'
That shuts the rose."
.- ~~ A-4 trutr.
Drsu. at her father's residence, in this.Iaistict%
eon..22dt October. eef consumptiotn, Mirs. Si.vuerA Ms.
[tourra. consort of W. D. Itoutitree anmt datugh
ter or eleunu and Elizabeth Harris, age 19 years.?
miouths and 8 days.
Ttie sutbject of this obituary was a mecmber oef the
Baptiet Chturch. She became htopefully converted
at a prettracted. meeting beldh at Mountain Creek ;
was received inueo the Meountain Creek Church~ in thte
month of September, 1852, antd uap'to the very hat
moments of hter existance. exhtibited in her-ehiarge
ter, those peulear traits ltt'conist.t'ueatrue fadio@
er of the mewek and loway .Iesus. Yes. whate
was called to pa through the trying oideal.'ofbodily'
aflliotioii, ntie a murmui- teee her ih~usfie was
perfectly resignted to tlie will of heur linl ditlet.
Some few days prior to her death shte r~eile to
her devoted husband as lie sat weeping'lidb hi
bed, "c I anm sotrry to leave y et, but do nQoioirs'ta
me;" for she knew that hts las wiiud is ha eter~
tnt gain. Although the husbandeb itaste~~~
affectionate anu lovitng comtpanointhe tt*E~
loved and dutiful daiughter,-flue brgih a'~Iltu
conniexieons have saatainoud aun lreah es.t
they do not mopurneas 'ose suiol teto hb -
has fallen asleep in Jec 8,-'