Newspaper Page Text
From th South Caoinnun.
Mussus. EDIroRs: This subject is begin.
ning to excite the .serious attention- of out
people, and will likely engross no little of
the -time of the.approachiug session of our
It is a subject the practical ,'iperatign of
which is attended with some dimculties; and
therefore it has been rather avoided by our
legislators heretofore. But the time has
eome tchen it should be met and finally dis
posed of. The policy of the. State should.
he cleatly defined arid settled in regard to
it. Indeed, it would seem as if the approach
ing Legislature will be compelled to that
task, as it will probably be pressed upo'n
their attention in such a manner as not to
be staved off any longer.
TIere are some things in which it appears
-manifestly the duty of the State to aid its
citizens, even indaivi uy. For instance,
in the establishmtent of houses, and-making
other provision for the maintenance of the
poor'; asylunm for the insane, blmid, dear
bnd dumb; schools and colleges for the
diffusion of knowledge amongst all classes.
Then, again, the :ate is justified in aid
ing.the more fortnnate and less dependant
classes of her citiens in a more general way.
In clearing out rivers and harbors; by erect
ing forts, arsenals, military schools, &c., &c.,
for the common p:otection and defence. On
the propriety of the State aiding *these and
similar objects of private and -public benefit,
there is little, if arty, division of sentiment.
But in regard to those enterprises, though
of a public nature, where the benefits inure
to individuals or associations directly, whilst
the community at large enjoys only an inci
dental advantage, as for instance railroads,
canals, turnpikes, &c., the propriety of
State aid has been seriously questioned.
. The State has, however, already extended
aid to several such enterprises, and conse
quently Others will feel justified in applying
to it for like assistance hereafter, and no
doubt several will do so at the coming ses
sion of the Legislature. That body will
then have either to comply with the requests
of these new applicants or reject them.
The State will have either to stop all such
appropriations or go forward.
If she goes forward in the unmethodical
manner she has done heretofore, she may
involve her finances in great difficulty, un
less she should -discriniiate between the
appli mants for her aid, and that .would be
odious, leading to sectional jealousies and
suspicions of .favoritism. But if she stops,
she cannot stand still, but must retrograde.
What, then, should be done. I would
say let the State "go farward." Let her
aid all those enterprises of a public charac
ter the tendency and effects of which are to
aflbrd employmnent to her laboring classes;
to diffuse information of a practical nature
amongst her citizens, and vastly to advance
the agricultural, mechanical, and commer
Cial interests. whilst at the same time pro.
moting the welfare of the whole people, and
the dignity and stability of the State.
There are three modes in which this aid
could be extended. First by donation, see
ondly by loan, and thirdly by co-operation.
Tie first two modes are so objectionable
that I shall not discuss them; but, it is
thought the third, as I shall attempt to state
it, would not be offensive to the most scru
pulous. By co-operation it is meant that
the State should become a partner or co
stockholde-r in such enterprises-rail-rad
especially-as they are at presenut ot' great
est general utility, but upon such conditions
as shall be safe to her, arid yet advanfageouis
to them. Such conditions as these: First,
let the State subscribe for a certain propor
tion (say two-fifths) of the stock estimated
as necessary to the completion of any road
within her borders, to be paid whenever the
individual subscribers htave actually paid up
or put upon the work the other three-fifths.
Secondly, let the State's stock be pre
fe-red; or, in other wvords, let the road
guaranty an interest of 7 per cent. per an
num, to be paid to the State from the nett
prnfits for a term of (say ten) years.
. In the third and last place, let the indi
vidual stock be held liable for the paynments
of such dividend, arid the State he author
ized to sell the same wvhenever her dividends
are not regularly panid up.
Some of the advantages of this plan
would be, that no parties wvould ask aid of
the State who, were not wilting to risk their
ewn. money in .the .success :of their. favorite
enterprise, and* ldso to lose it, if need- be,
in saving .the .Staite barelhess.
Again, the State wvou'.d then have a fixed
rule to govern tier action in regard to all
future applications for aid -a rule safe f r
her, and with which the people of no section
could quarreh, as i's working for or aguinst
them wcould depewl entirely upou iheir own
public spirit and willingness to help them
Again: It would encourage and foster
many public improvements which otherwise
would not be undertaken ; for public spirited
individuals woeld then feel that they might,
expect not only the assistance, but also the
countenance and favor of the State, which
is a great matter in efforts of that kind.
The State wvould thus assist her people in
the march of public improvement, and at
the same time increase het- own sources of 1
revenue-thereby raising herself to a higher
position of prosperity anrd independence.
Aud lastly, by settling -a vexed and vexa
tions question, it would enable progressive
and liberal minded members of 'the Legis!a
ture to lend their influence to these great,
and nowv almost indispensable, public works
without the apprehension of being met and
beaten at the next election by carping and
. .rrowv ninrded demagogues. TIhe aid thus
recommended, and for which the might vote,j
could not be charged upon them as " a gift
of the people's money to a cornpany of
reckless adventurers," nor would it be " a
loan of the people's money to art insolvent
corporation that could never pay it back
againi;" but it would be simply a safe in
restment of a part of the State's revenue,
which would return her a good interest as
long as shte might choose to continue it,
ard for wvhiich she could realize par v'alue
whenever sheo might think proper to dispose!
of it; and the " people" in the meantime be
none the worse off, but alE the better.
I sincerely hope, Mr. Editor, that this, or
some better scheme may be adopted by our
Legislature, at its corning session, by which
the State cart consistently extend her aid to
th many important enterprises in which her
citens have engaged-enterprnses which
s~e oughzt to aid and must aid or they wil
be abandoned, niever to be revived again.
..I have said the State ought to aid, and
~e jnstified in saying so; for if ever there
was a government en earth that shotuld aid
her citizens, and that munificently', in what
over tends to their prosperity, that govern
rient is South Carolina. For if ever there
w-as a people who~ cherished a devotion to a
State-equalled only by that of a datughter
to her mlother--lauding her virtues and ex
esing tier errors, and watchiing her honor
with unsleeping jealously-it is the people
of Sonu1. Caro.lina.
And yet many of these patriotic people,
discouraged by the tardiness and narrowtiess
with which the State has ts her hand to
the great waists of agrictilture, connerce
and education, hWt- removed with 'their
wealth and enterprise to nmore promiing
Many others still cling to their sterile
fields which, for. want of proper market
facilities, yield then a poor return for the
" sweat of their face," and they cannot lcare.
because a noble ancestry, in defetnce of their
beloved-State, once watered these fields with
blood, and their hones now moulder lienseath
this sterile but sacred soil ! And shall such
a people be tdiven frotn these hallowed,
though dilapiated homes of theirs, leaving
all they prize of ancestral valor and renown
in the hands of strangers, and all because
of tlie- short-sighted policy of a State to
whose honor,.dignity and glory they are as
ardently devoted as were their patriot fathers
of revolutionary fame! I ask, shall this be?
God forbid! Forbid it, ye wiho h:ave the
welfaro of this people and the prosperity
and honor of the State committed to your
hands. DRAY TON.
November 20, 1854.
ARTHUR SIMKINS, EDITOR.
EDGEPIELD, S. C.
WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 6, 1854.
A ooo Compositor can obtiin a permanent situ
tion by imm--diate application at this Office.
WE are authorized to withdraw the name of JoinN
W. SMITH from the race for Ordinary of Edgefield
District. Mr. SsTa's reason is, that he intends re
Rev. DAvro BoDio also declines running, his
Churches being unwilling to give him up.
The Governor's Ifessage.
WE occupy a large space this week with the admi
rable Message of Gov. Join L. MANNING. Every one
nust arise from its perusal wil thue conviction that he
has read a State paper of high merit. It is lsuid. foar
fible, piactical and tasteful thronghout. Upoin the
several questions of the lanks, Free -Schools, Itaun
Gap Rail Road, the College and Citadel Academies,
nd the propriety of Southern unanimity, we believe
his Excellency speaks the min of S iuti -Carlinsa.
His opinions, its regard to every subject upon which
Isis duty leads him to touch, are advanced with a cour
tesy, and a deference to the judgment of ot Ieris, char
acteristic at all times -of the true gentleman and con
scientious officer. We commend ithe .Mssage ts gene
The "Boll Ringers."
Tut Managar of this Company informs us by mail
hat they will exhibi in this place within a week or
wo. Owing to the uncertain duration of oilier en
gements, the precise night or isights cannot be fixed
ipon. Due notice will be givesn by bills. Of tle nerits
f this band we can say nothing, having never heard
hIem. They were in Columbia last week, and we
card several persons there speak admiringly of a
ertain wood-and-straw instrument they have along.
y the bye, we may as. well -give' the name of this in
trument inadvance, so that onr little boys maty learn
o pronounce it-in due time. k is " The Tronduen-.
As stated lost week,one hundred and fifty thousand
lullars are secured upon our subscription books at this
ace for the New Market and Aiken connection ria
Edgfecld C. 11. (We always italicize the "ia
dgefield C. IT." because that to us is the very jist of
lhe whtole matter.) By a letter jstst receivesd fromt a
~riend at New Market, ('whicha, by thse wnsy, shutlu
ave coame to hud more thsan a week ago.) we learn
hat fifteen thaosansd dollars was suscribesd there at
heir mee-ting in November. Ilow much motre hsas
>een suabscribed since, we htave been unsable to dis
rover. It us beleived that entough may be obtainesd to
'ave the charter. If not, an .extensin of time will be
uked from the Legislature.- Butt ids extending thea
ime is not what we want. We watnt thte road com-.
nenced as soon as possible. AndI we htope all in
erested in thsis project, whtether.ins Edgefield, Ab
>ville or Chsarleston, will- ree to it that the requtisite
smount of stock be taken in thec next two-.weeks.
Delay cats do no good. Promptitusde may gain - a
Ahots year, whicha is ~a great dleal its Railroad pro.
ress. We are glad to bear thsat thse spirit is getting
el tup along tihe line. Ins thte name of comimoni stene
et us strike wh Iite the irons is hot. . Ansothter year tos
ot eoffin, and who knows whsether we may noat all
et down below zero again, never msore to rice. It
oes seem to us that it is a amatte~r of great importane
save this chtarter noto, so thsat no exte-nsions may be
eded. To thouse gentlemen in Columbia whso repre
ent us in thsis matter we wouild etmphatically say,
ush it tiirough imqpediately if~it, be possible. Give
tot sleep to yosur eyes nor slumber..to .yor eye-lids un-s
i the pegsuare set arid the Rtoad:.rcndered. certain, - Thse
.cepted time is noto. - - ....
Wv copy itis week ass article. whlichs appeared
ome day sago in thse Soautht CarolisiaN, upsst the sash
ect of the State's aisding our seve:ral Rasilroad enter
rises. Althtoughs opsposesd to ithe priniple of State
id in alt susch cases, yet, as it mius! lbe giren, we hsave
reen htoping to see some plan suggestesd by whichs thse
ood of the tchole State and the su./bty of the pcolaIn
nc woul be ses-ured. Thte artleuof" DtaAvrro'
omes nsearer satisfyinsg outr sru psles tans ansythsing we
ave titus far mtet wvith. Hlappensing to knoaw the
uthor of this piece to be ans intelligent, sagacious and
.nd practical finaancier, and withal a gendleman ol
sigh worth, we are dtisposedt not ontly to laced hits suig
estions oturself hut to recommend thtem to thte care
ul attention of our L~egistators. Withsout some such-t
&ctual safeguards as lae proposes, we thoisd atsy
ampeing withs our common resources, for thse ash
rancemnt of local Railroad schtemes that may or miay
tot succeed, to be little short of madlness. But, uster
iflciently stringent checks, it may possibly be thsat
se interests of te State at large would be greatly
>romoted by sucha assistant-e, and nsobodly hurt.
There is however one Road no0w before thse State,
regard to whichs the tmost liberal policy recotnsilea
e witha common prudlencer is certainly dlemasndes--we
nean thse Rtabun Gap Railroad. Thsis tmighst perhsaps
e put upon different grouand from arty othser 1amusl
sow in contempiations amonsagst us. Because, it is to
e the great artery thtat is to pour out ns pots sitr whoile
aeole the rich produce o'f thse Great iterissr sof ostr
ountry. It is to make Charleston a n-shte city. nnd
mr State the most prosperouas of thse iti States.
'S is to cover onr lanad withs fatnsess und so niihsrdl fardsi
is of the highest importance to the tshumbes-t anda
nost remote corners of our c-ommonnweasltht. No mait
er whcre it enters the State, provided it thecsee eks
r sea-port by the most sdirec-t rute, vast advrasnages
nist accrtae to our people, advauttnges so imp~ort~as:
,nd so general thsat they wotuhs seem to wvarranst our
.sgilature ina fusteriing thsis Road absove alt tither
The Clerk of tho Houso. -
Col. Sr.oAs, of Penidletosn. psresentt Cht-rk of the
louse, stands very hsigh amossng Isis friends ansd ac-.
~uaitances as a man of Csine paris. lle is certainsly
very agreeable gentlemnan. Thec case niih wthieb
defeated Maj. DIaN of Spartatnhutrg, seemsed tos
u irprise many outsiders no little, unttil thtey fotiud ou1
n their own fancies) thtat it was cte Rahunit Gap
aroject which electesd SLO.o s.Maj. IJxAN was oppsrs
ed to the State aiding thtis enterprise--Cot. Si.OAN
avored ip with heart and soul. If thtis were reially a
est of the popularity of that measura. wye shlai re
oice indeed at the result. Bust wve do not so regardt
s. S.o's is ntaiterally a popular masn, besdes bsinsg
meuliarly qualified in every respect to lilt the siflire.
i was seeking. And this Is thie true secret of his
ticcs. We see Maj. Dv.. s's name nnsnosnneud ins
Ihe prva, to fill thle vacanacy its the Spartanhussrg
lgationi csts-ionedss by the deaith of Mr C .u inem.5..
e hope theo people sof ihast IUlstrict will ele-ct hims
tsot soppsi ti isia.I wouiild hss but a in*nite.1rein
mtent to one of thu-ir rut-t wsrlthy and- -ef~iint feh
Colt:mbia and Tho Legislature.
WE have just returned from otir Staie Capital,
where we saw the South Carolina Legislature for 1854
and 1855 assemble, organize and proceed to business.
The live days of our sojourn in Ciolumbia passed ofi
on wiungs of p!easure. The greoiing of old friends and
aciptaintaces, the introduction to new ones, the
ritroispetive views called up and talked over with
the trner. (the prosfective ones suggested by the lat
ter, lthe tandering through old college scenes, the
strolling" ito amd out of eertain once-familiar haunt.
up-tou n," the stopping now and then by moonlight
to lsen to the i- ell rememibered rush of Congaree's
dashing waters, the occasional enjoyment of good
things around some social board, the genial gathering
together at night around some cheerful fireside, all
these cirenmstances, and many more, conspired (as is
always our experience) to make Cuhimbia feel more
like home to us than any place on eardi outside of
Of course we took up lodgings at the United States
IHotel. Every body else friom Edgefield did so. It's
a habit we all havo, and one likely to continue so
long-as A. M. HIU-T remains it's Proprietor and
Conductor. HuNT always manages to give one a
good room, with a comfortable bed in it and ex
cellent servants to wait upon him. He always
gives his boarders too the best that can be fouttnd in the
market and an abundance of it. His viands are de
cently cooked and served op in cleanly style. We do
not say that the other Columbia hotels are inferior to
his in any respect. They are well spoken ofiby those
who visit thenm. The Congaree Ilouse, the American
Ilarrison's and Shiver's are all nicely kept. What
we proposed to assert was that HUNs'S house is good
enough. Tliere is one thing though in connection
with them all whihh is kicked against wsith considera
ble impatience-we mean that tall charge of two dot
lars and a half per diem ! Natny speak of it its being
very nearly akin to extortion. But really, when it in
consid-red that these Legislative occasions reqjire
the sudden conversion of a mere town hotel into a
regular metropolitan aiTair, and when it is remember
ed that to do this involves the necessity of vastly in
creased expenses nsith only a three weeks opportunity
of clearing those expenses and realizing something
handsome on the back of them-when it is imsrne in
mind moreover that for these three weeks of high
charges, every one about the Ifotels, from the Land
lord down to the ostler, is almost sleeplessly engaged
to promi-te the comfort and convenience of guests
n lien we recollect too that the hutchers, and poultry
vedil.ers, and butter-dealers, and deer-killers, and pa
stry-co. ks, and corn-sellers, et omnc id genus, take
this occasion to demand of landlords the highest pos
sible prices for what they have to di-pose of, may we
not conclude that "extortion" is a harsher term than
is here called for ? Let it not he understood though
itiat we wish entircy to excuse this unusual charge.
The tu-o dollars might do; hut that other half is a
little too digiing. Landlords may find out sooner or
later that it is no advantage to them to rqueeze the
letnoi so clse. When they shall see the number of
visi:ors during the session greatly diminished, and the
lentIth of % isits considerably shortened, and Columbia
falling gradually below lte notch of popularity she has
hith-rio enjoyed, it may ie tih it the dog in the fable,
grasping at the shadow and losing the reality, will
I occur to them as illustrative of their own insagacity.
Fhe fact is, this overcharge (amiing oilier things) has
given birth alre:ady to the idea of removing the Seat
If Government from Colinumiia to Charleston, and
when we li-ft last week the matter was talked about
in varios circles as a desideratum. We do not sop
pose that it will lie carried out; but it might he well
for Columbia and her citizens ito use all dne precas
tion, in smtall as well as large ihmgs, to avoid such a
The prosperity of Columbia, seems upon the in
crease. The several railroads which come together
there have bronght along with them advantages and
profits, tipon the siretngii of which the beautiful town
is rising iiiio ite ctheiea blne of a new existence.
Ier main street is admirably filled up with all man
ner of business esiallishmtents, from loud-smelling gro
cery shops to imagnificent dry-goods stores. At night,
dIuring the seu'Sion. n it-n every place is lighted up, it
really looks like a little B- iroadway." hut especial.
ly ioes old~ iithardson shine out at eleven o'clock itn
hte morninie. otn a birigiht,,imny iday, when Carolinta's
beatuty tind fashion are cnaged in the execution of
hose va ri ius necessary aunt unnteressary little jobs,
till of wvhiich come niter the generic- head of " shop
ping." There flashes ahontg a lovely belle to call on
tier milliner fur a biagatielle she htas ordered the day
before, n ithn ieih to make her killing eyes yet more
nrtderonts. A itd htere comes a gallant of some twen
ty-three sumtmers, as hianidsomie as A pollo already bit
seeking to become attre so by siimdry appliances of
his tailor's 'kill. (The belle antd th beau may meset
atnd mate b~efiore ithe witer is -over-who knows 1)
See over the way that bevy (if joyous girls who have
come diwnt to see their brothers graduate. AntI the
ild psaterfailt is itn iowii toto, aiti perhaps the kind,
goodl moth-r. (bless t lie itame.) to say nthinig of maiden
aunts, btewitchIing cousins antd the like. Oldl hachuel
i'rs partiehntarly are ahsvays plenitiful on promenade
duin tg tie session, inatnetiverintg if at length they may
lie so lucky as to cttchi a wife. A few strike it-but
miost of ihem (poor feltowsa) make some abominable
blunider and fail. Then there are venertable Chan
cellors, and learnied Jiiges, andl ttdented Legslatoru,
passing to antd frt. All thtese, mixed up wiith. the rab
ble at large, really give a Carnival-like appearance to
Coliuibia's ilhiroutghfare ott a clear and settled De
enitier diay. Si miay it stil hte ini years yet to come!
Our I .eiislatutre, this tirm, is conmposedl of many ol
antd many -e miembhers. TEhe piroport ion of ncw
membesrs is ratther lairtter thtan usual. lin the cutstoma.
ry style. swe tmay ciwi-rve t nt they are a tine looking
btody-no timeanintg therebhy tiny allusiion to the per
sonal giood husks of mitmbihers ,1hot their ciilleciive ap
pearaicc. Tli sit itn tii gallery if the hlottsc aitd
m iake a genal survey of it-e sce-ne he1i0w. line wouilid
he very a,-t to remark. "' well, that is certauinly a tnos
respi-ciahble aissembldge.'' [ipn scaunning it more clise
ly, h~olies' eye" t least mti.:ht dletert tt very hantdsome
Rep. here atwh thisre. a fe-w de-cidtedly ugly one-sand a
large nuimber tneitier tim haundsonte itor too ugly, bug
just about~ rw'Iur. Somne bald heads aight be descried,
a fesw very hiushy ones, andl a large number neither
Itoo bald noir too hutshy but just aboutright. So too of
the itetllects wit bin those heads-ome bril liant minds
are there, a fewe very orinary onecs. and a large nutm
her neither too birighi tar tot stutpidl butjust about right.
As a gencral rule. our lionses iof liepresentatives htave
ranked with anty Repiresentative biodies on eartht. Trhe
courtesy and decorum of mne-mbers is usutally only sutr
passed biy the skiill antd trbanity of the piresidling ofli
cer. An admtirabtle trtit too of our Legislastures has
been, thti the- ohid m--n:htsrs were ever readhy to assist
anid lelp n inhe new---thie new, ever wilting to lend
a pirettr dlegree oif respect and deferenice to the old.
'UThese remat~rks are cirtainlhy appilicabmle to several late
Soth Caroulinia Legi'lattures. That they nuil prove
egnialIly trite of the present, scarcely admtits of doubt.
Of the aiiity. piromptness andi dignity of M1r- Speak
er SJtoSs. the people of South Cairolina are already
aware-. Of the talenuts, energy and worth of nmany
timlmberu nlhi have hieretofuire served upon thte floor of
lie htiuse. i le State is full y engnizanit. Of the foirtht
cingta actingsi andi doitngs (if outr fre'sh represenita
tie-s, high hopes tire enmtertainied in diflerent qutarters.
D~uriung titr brh-f s:ay at the Cttpital, we- were mineh
erailied by thie facit 1that m iembuers geerahly were imn
telb-h byi a ihi-sire to lacei South Caroliniants tpon thes
samte biruad andut stifi. roundt of uittyt and close broither
hioed w itihih fir so manyut hong ye-ar< dhisting~ui'thed its as
a peoph-l. So faur a' tnr mttn.u of iobservaitionm enmabled
mus to judtge. thtere- was a dlispisition amngtt gentlemuen
fritai eve-ry patrt if :he Smtt- to fostesr tunanimtitiy of sen
tment andl feeilinig in regardl to our ed-eral reltationts.
-The wtchwltoird seemtedh to patss a rountd bty commuon
consent-" I'iuion ttt home aginmst all who shall dare
tmilest us fr-om tabrotad." If we are not mistaken in
this politic-at d iagnosis. thuere is ground to hope that
thewsoutndt nhiichthiestrutggleif 1851 opened amongst
iuswill sion he' hetih-i. TLhtat ii may be so, shioitld be
thes earnest ns ishi of every patriot in the State. The
signs if thie ilmhs are- tio dtange-rous now to admit of
our induiingtm idissentsionts atmontg outrselves in regaird
to the miidie ant tmanniuer oif auvertimie thie storm. Rath
er hi-t its couel itgethier, like, brethrent as we are,
andl un(iii upontt sotm-- colmmon schemtie fur mu~r common
satfetV. lust us avouid sits-l locatl disputes andl disenms
sionis as are I lk-dy iii weakuen our rauikr. Let a spirit
of --i-ihiatiun. f.a ir. e-tni!idl at a msutrna ntimonis cotncil
itu;..u. dir- i: th.li-liberauiins osf iur f~gletit~re, am
leant un'ui' -.-i :1 :n aetIr:d i heuepe atnd he~aring io
;hat rly-:t!;te cltl-i which dayt by diay rise-s
hhwke~lur car our .un: r hoiiuriz-us. We (owe this to
,ur-is-:s. or un~try and iisterity. Thse Iloni. R. I'.
.twv . N. .. it t!..., i -,a (lie shter dar as
President of the Senate, alluded t6 ths duty in mtriking
terms; and we could but believe as we looked arnund
upon that assemblage of age, experience, prudence and
patriotism, that his eloquent remarks met a most hear,
ty response from every South Carolina Senator.
Prices of Real Estate.
Om Monday Iasi, Saluda pine lands (somewhat im.
proved) brought in this market from 5 to 14 dollars pet
acre. Dark Corner oaky-woods (said to be of fine
quality) rated at. harely $5. While Beach Island
swamp land reached the extraordinary notch of sixty
dollars per acre. And this we put against the whole
up.country. The Chester Standard will fiid thh
harder to get over than our " Amazons."
Who Will be our Governor I
Tars question has been put to us a dozen times
perhaps within a day or two. And we have invaria.
bly answered, "(,eneral ADAMS." The impression isq
so far as we learn, that there will he no oaposition tc
him, or no very determit.ed and dangerous opposition
at all events. We are glad of it. The General will
make a gallant and a popular Governor. Iii-s practi
cal abih:y will make him too a very useful Governor.
His erest mein and lofty earrige will mark him besides
as the most dashing Governor we have hsd since the
term of the chivalric BUTLERI. The Winnsboro Reg.
inter, in an article of very high tone, deprecates the
further advancement of either Gen. ADAMS or Col.
PRESTON, upon the ground that they prostituted the
right of suffrage in their late canvass. We have look.
ed upon all this thing with as much abhorrence as
has our brot-her of the Rcgister. But true charity
teaches us to forgive the faults of our feltowmen when
there is any shadow of excuse for them. Now it is
very probably true that the melancholy degradantion,
of that portion of the Richland population who sold
their votes, was a state of things nhich neither Gen.
ADAMS nor Col. PaRs-orN created. They found it
existant and the custom (of buying votes publicly)
existant also. To be sure, it was one of those customs
" more honored in the breach than the observance."
But they being " to the manor born" had not thought
proper ao to regard it. And now to cut them offsud
denly, withogi warning, wilh all their sine upon their
heads, " unhousel'd, disappointed, unanel'd," would
seem to he a rather inveterate sort of aw postfacto
proceeding. Besides, if to "purge the. garner" is
what we should he after, the business might become
ap inconveniently general round of decapitation.
For undue influences to secure votes, one wazy or
another, are as common now-a-days as pig tracks.
And what difference does it make whether it be done
by buying votes openly or purloining them secretly
If any thing, the lesser faault is to bay them ipently.
Nevertheless, we abominate either course. Still, we
think General ADAMs would make an excellent
Wz see a communication in a late number of the
Abbeville Banner, giving an account of a dinner not
long aince had among the descendants of that band of
HIuguenots who fled from European persecution in
1764 to find at length a hnme, on Carolina soil, tn
what is now called Abeville District. The occasion
must have been an interesting one, calling up as it did
the sad yet dear reminiscences of ancestral sulyerings
anfi ancestral fortitude. Our fellow citizen, WN. C.
MontAGNE Eqr., (a son of one oi these Iugienot faali.
lies) delivered an address appropriate tai the day, (if
which the Banner's correspondent speaks in high
terms. It strikes us as being a peculiarly pious and
beautiful tribute, this assembling togettier of grand
children and great-grand t-hil ren to commenorate the
flight of their ancestors from European tyranny and
their settlement in these free American wilds. Ila.
tred of oppression in every form is ever charteristic of
the Huguenot. Would that we had more of the stock
than we have!
t:'7Tus Newberry Seniel, of the23th tilt. says:
Court adjoured here.on Satitrdy. morning last. In
the trial of the State vs. Dr.-..,.L Ganter, for killing
(Simon) a slave of. Jesse E. Spurry,!deceaspd, lae was
07 Tate largest newspaper lo ever known ini thaia
counatry, recently taook lhace m aston. Mr. Gleaseon
ai,:pnsed of his iinterest in, Gleason's P'icto'rial anal the
Flag of oaur Uanion, for the tounid suon of' two haund red
thousand tdollars. -
g:g'Soa sacreligious rugue1>rdke ianto the Caiho.
lic Church at Oxforal, N. Y., the other night, and
after domng considlerable damage to the property
thereiin carried offuhe silver pit, a vessel cased with
gohal, for containing the blessed sacrament.
gg William, a negro belonginag to Mr. Weaver,
of New Orleans, has been tried, found gauilty, and
sentenced to the penitentiary for fouar years, for bur
glariasusly entering a house and enscoiusing himaself ini
the bed of two young ladies whaile they were asleep.
gg Tutu year 1854 began on Sunday and wihj
end on Sunday, thus hawing fifty three Sundays. Jan
nary, April, July, October and Decamber had live
Sundlays. Such an array of Sundays, it is said, will
naos occaur again until 1832.
A would he Prophet, in the far West, said lately,
in one of Ihis sermons, that he " was sent to redheem
thie world and all things therein." Upon hea ring
this, a native pulled out. two live dollar hills on a
broken bank, and requested him to fork over the
specie for them.
g7' Tn: people of Columbus, Ga., are raising a
subscription of $3000, to be tofferedl to the Ex-:cuative
ICommnnittee of the Southern Central Agricultural So.
ciety, as a honus, proviided thecy will haild the Annaual
Fair of the Society in Columbus anext year.
yfy A aoeuan loa'king indlividual recently entered
a large clothing warehouse, at Detroit, anal remarked
that lie wishaed to look aroaud and see wh:e the mosi
valaiable goods were stored, as he intctede to breals
in anal carry some of them ofy that taight. The clerk
humarored the joke anal permitted haim to look arouni,
but the next morniaag they discovered t hat hae hail
been as goof as Isis word. IIe carriad off $700 worth
of goods, and robbed the Cashiers dra wer aof $750.
g.' IN consequence of the dleclination of Governor
Reidl, of North Carolinaa, (be being elected tao the U,
S. Senate,) says the Witmiangton flerald, the dasties oi
thec State Ese'entive will devolve upon Warren Wits.
slow, Esq., President of the Senate.
g g UNaoruts'rcArao.--Kissinsg a pretty girl
down South, a young gentleman asked her: :
" What makes yonueso sweet !"
"Oh," shle repliedl, an utter innocence, "' my fathser
is a sugar planter."
27 Tat,' defalcation of Ex-Collector Ruissell, oa
Clevelanad, Ohio, amnns to over $1 14.000). lis rail.
beries commenced withi the first qauarter lie wa. in
oftce. lie has property amounting to some $90,000,
which has been attached.
$7 A letter from Great Salt TLake City, of a lates
date says:-" The wheat crap has been abundanst thae
present harvest, though holders are anot very anxliosa
to sell, thsere being a prospect of high prices. Wheait
is now selling at $2 per bushel."
gg Some city poet hsas worked ou t the fuollowinsg
elegant specimen of litersaure and rhyme:
Oh ! Sally, tis my chief dealight
TIoa gaime upoin yaour eyares brite
M'y luv faar you hy~ gosh cirpasses
The love I fele fo'r rumn anal lasses.
Et " N~ECEssiTY knows no law." Well necessi~
ty is like a great many lawyers.
g~g IT is harder to avoid censusre than to gain ap
plauise ;for thias may be done bsy one great or wase :ac
tions an an age. But to escape censusrae. a man musast
pass his whole life withtout saying or doing onie foolish
g' Wcosex, when thsey talk of " a good figure'
most mean the figure 8 for that is the figure must paul
ledl in at the middle.
ri" SAn once a purse proud man, just gettiang
into his carriage with his wife anda dauighiter flauiitinag
it velvet arnd furs, to a poor labo'rer who was shoavel.
hing coal into Isis vault
" Joe, if you had not drank raum, you mighat have
now been ridinig in your carriage."
"True enouisgh," was the reply--" anal if yoas hadl
not sa'll rum, anid temptedl me and others a adriank iail
bcomne idrunikards, I woiulad."
t y?" Wnir is letter U a moust iincertauin letter fl Be
cause it is alwsys ainidoUhut.
Why is the ketter E~ a imost hazy nndh extravaganii
letter! llecanste it i. always itn haEd and' never out ''l
CLU1BA,TuESDAy, Nov. 28,1854.
In the Senate to-dry after the presentation of
various petitions, menorials, notices of bill4
&c., the hiessagtie of his Excellency Gov. Man
ning wasi read. The tsnal number or copies
were ordered to be printed, nnd the Senate ad
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATTVES.
At 12 o'clock, the Hon,-e wasi called to order.
The Speaker tlking the Chair, called for. the
presentation of petitions, int-inorials, &c., from
the several Di.,triets and Puri.,hes, when sundry
members presented papers fron sundry personi.
Message No. I from -his Excellency the Gov
ernor, was received and read. The document is
a lengthy nie, replete wi sound doctriine, and
abounds in the etarns:s 4 the manner in which
all ntfters contained ithrr-ii treated. On
motion 2000 copies wore ,,r - to be printed,
and that it be the order of the day for to-morrow,
at. I o'clock.
Ver'y many nod-is wtere given for the intro
duction of Aills. sundrv P;--entments of Grand
Juri,-s, one reiti:e, t lthe slave trade ; several
on ti- wearing of ceii-aled wea;pons,and others,
of public import:mue, all which will be severally
noted, when theyare presented for consideration.
Mr. rucker, from Spartanhurg, nnounced the
decease of Dr. A. G. Campbell, member elect
fromn that district, in n speech replete with deep
feeling, with beantiful referenevs to the charac.
ter oif hi deceased fellow member and friend,
mn with atn iitonation of voice, which evidenced
hi, own bereavement, as well Its that o the
Hoinorable Biody to which lie had been elected.
He moved the 'usnal resolutions of respe-ct on
stelh occasions, which were passed accordingly.
C. i. DL Lorme was elected Door Keeper, and
the House adjourned to 12 o'clock to-morrow.
' WEDNESDAY, Nov. 29,
In this Branch, the business is mostly prepa.
ratory and hence somewhat uninteresting.
The President announced the following stand
inog Committees of the Senats.
Pririleges and Elections.-Mesrs. Porter, McAliley,
Mo-es, azvek, Dudley.
Federal Relafons.-lessrs. Chesnut, Witherspoon,
Porter, Pretaton. Allen, Irhy.
Finance and Banks.-Mesars. Buchanan, Mazyck,
Morderni, Cannoin, Preston.
Judiciry.-Messrs. Mouse, Blakeny, Porter, Ches
Arrounts and Vacant Oficrs.-Messrs. Brockman,
Grim.ette, Fislinrne, nod Scott.
Claims and Grievances.-Messrs. Dudley, Wilson,
Military and Pensions.-Messrs. Marshall, Allen,
Colage and Education.-Messrs. Townsend, Bar
-ker, 3cAliley, Ingram.
In'"orporation and Engrossed Acts.-Messrs. Irby,
Boozer, Hlibben, Pickens.
Agricullure and Internal Improvements.--Messrs.
Drayton, Hartlee. Barnes, Barton.
Roads and Buildings.--Messrs. Witherspoon, Zim
nierinan, Rith, Moorman.
Lunatic Asylum and Mediral Accounts.-Messrs.
P;ilier, 1asell, Zimmerman, uarker, Hartlee, Ingram,
Commerce and the Merhanic Arts.-Mesprs. Carn,
Legislatae Library.-Mer-srs. Preston, Townsend,
After the presentation of .sundry reports, me
tnorials, &c., 31r. Mu:izyck, purtuant to ntitlce, in
troduced a bill to repeal the usury iaws and alto
a bill to atnend the charter of the Bank of the
State of South Caroliin. Mr. Cannon, 11 bill to
imend an net to provide for '(he inspection of'
flour; Mr. Zimmerman, a bill to alter the sittings
of the Courts of law on the Eartern Circuit;
Mr. Preston, a bill to incorporate- Columbia Fe.
Mr. Mostes presented the petition of the Sons
of Temperance, Division Nis. 12, for tn aet of
incorporation. Referred to the Committee on
Incorporations. Also the petition of sundry
itizens of 6niner District. lrayiig for an in
erease in the ltYnient of witilesses .anid (of Peti
jtror's atlenditi courts of' justice; also a peti.
tion rroi siiiidry citizens;, pray inr for the reical
of il ancnt for peniiing at e-i tatin riond, nadt for
cotmpensalitin for pais.,iin thirouih tieir landn
also a mnemorialI fromn sunodry citizens for the es
taibfi-,hmeitn t of a br:tichi of' lie Bank of thie
Stnite at Stuterville;' alts thle returtns of Ite
Comiiisioniers of Free Schools fur Sumter
District for 1854.
Mir. Porter presented the memorials of the
Firemen'., Chairi a ble Association of Charlestoin ;
of the Gratniteville Coiipainy in respiet to Hotrsie
Creek ; atnd of the Northeastern Railroad Corn
pany for permissioni to enuter Chairleston: which
wer'e respectfully referred to the approprilite
Various thelir pet itions. &c., of a ltin charneu
ter wete renid, anid the St'n.ite, onl motionl of' ar.
Brocktman, theii adjourned.
IHOUSE OF REl'RE.SENTAT1VES.
The Ilitn-e nssenabled at I2 mi.
Th'fe Clerk ceilled the rol . andti the proceedings
tf vester,layv were r- :d and, :fpprov'ed at.
Sev'eril n'ditionni ma - h-: appeared, and af
'1The Stainding C'omm i'.tte- wen- theni ainnoutne
ed by the Speaker. viz:
Privileges and 1: . trwns --.'a rs. John Cunning
hama. Andtrew F. I ., I.+, R. R. !ly!":tn. .M. Daniiz
kr. P. C. Kirk. .1. '1. t ros.,o:,. ('. A. 'Thlornwelt, W.
S. M'ihley. J. I). Po'..t. I. Kerh! wi. A. C. Spain.
Walits and Men '-. . :.i-r. i. t. 3Middteton, Gteo. A
Tlrenth'tim. C. P. -,;: .m, T. M. Waginer, F. D. Rich
anrtson. It. F. Pern y. J1. II. Reed. jr., A. hI. Boyktin, J.
Fed.erul Reclations.-M~,.srs. Etwa rt Mc'Cradty, Wade
ltaimponm. ir., WmVi. P,.31,- te. S. 31. Wilkes, G. D.
I'Tlitlan, i.. W. (Charles, Johnir .Cuiiningham, B. F.
Kileure'. A. M1. I.rwry.
It. It. lotvsttn, W. .1. 'htw'oni. II. II. WVilson, C. A.
* jTirnwell. 8. Mcrowan. W. C. D.esussure, Wi. B.
Internal fIproermnts.-Mesers. It. F. Perry, G.
Aiide.rni L. O'tBryani. I.. lIetth. W. IH. Ilenderson, J.
3I urry Ws. I Iiniariiet'n, (C. irhy, WY. P. Gtilt.
P. T. Ilammonid. WV. M1. Branion, L.. J. Jones, J. H1.
Military.-Messrs. S. MIcG..wan, J. C. Btlum, J. M1.
C rosion, W. G. I)eSantssuare, E. B. Bryan, S. M1.
Wiilkes, J. W. Miller, WV. C. Moragnue, W. D. DeSans
Roads Rrikesa and Ferries.-Messrs. 1. W. Hlarri
snii A. I. Moo~re. W. II. Roiwellt, .J. I. Ambler, B.
Z. lierndoin, 1. 11. Rice, P. M1. hlutter, J. W. Miller,
D. It. Elli.
P'd,/ie Buildings.-Messrs. WV. S. Muiltins, J. C.
Hope. W. A. Mooneyi,, J. A. Me-t', L Rabb, A. I Me
lKnighttt, 1.. lurlheek, R. Hea-tyv, J. Wilbon.
JIcorporatos.-3essrs. J. \V. Tiaeker, Jo~nah B
Perry. A.t I. Spaim. Johnmi Siegling, jr., B. J. Whtaley,
1. C. Kint. II. I1. Rice, J. K. Tobtiei, Ed. Nobhle.
ELuatin. -31e,-srs. t'. P. Sullivnn, 3. W. Tuc;ker,
iia.mnn W. 1. Haiile'y. K. B. 11ry'an, Thos. Y. Silm
A, eounts.-Mesirs. U. lD. Methon. J. Charles Blumi.
A McQ ieen, E. M. Whiting. W. S. Grestiman, Jithn
Fx.!!W. I. Dorn. A. W. Co~rdles. T. B. Havnesswoarth.
Col'ored Po.plvaio.-31-Nemr.. 3. 1ItarIleuti Read, jr.,
.ithn Sie-gling", jr.. Joseph L). Pope. W. S. Gret-tamn,
Jltrrll S.andehrs, 31. J. Kirk, W. D). Steele, J. V. Trim
mie1r. B. J. Whaley.
D~i'IrictI Ojirr atnd OtIires.--essrs. G. WV. Wit
-iam-, W.~ S. Mullin's, \V'. I. I te-nder-un, G. WI. Lant
irmi 1 .1 W. Wt'i itheirsptoomn. Jnit. T1.Q eencl, J. D. Bland
in, . R.I tHryce. tD. It. Eilis..
Agrrien/trc.-M1e-srs. P. E. Duincan, J. Ftox, A. F.
Le-n is, . lpps. P. 31. Bttiaer, WV. P. Me Btee, D. Bus,i
I . an-lIters . . . Rtinphi.
tHwesr-. 3J. W .-eeples. J. E. 'mTobiin, W. It. Roweltl.
Luatict Assqil/nm.-Messrs. WV. I n aption. jr.. . II..
Carike. A. I. Mm,,norr 1. L Ilart. WV. tI. ilarringion.
W.S Mebley, WV. 31. Bratton, HI. V. T1oomner, 1. K.
Pcaision.-3Ies-rs. A. S. Wallace. 3. C. Unmpe, WV.
). D)eSianssnre, W. I. tDtrii. 1. W. Landriin, Rt.
Mnt.o jr., W.* I. steele, TI. It. Ilayneswortht J. C.
Pullie Printinag.--Messrs. F. D. Richiaridson, C. D.
Mltoi. L. O'Bryan, S. WA. Wiihe-rspon, 3. B. Ker
Me-dic~aL Commitre...-Messr.. J. 'W. Hearst, WV. M1.
B.iiey, Rt. I. Hart, It. F. Kilgore, W. C. Cauthen, H1.
V. Toomier, 3. A. Mec-lts.
I ucunt Oflices.-Messrs. 0. M. Danizter, George
tal W. A. Mootney, L.. .1. Joneis.
Fumrossed Adt,.-M-ss'r,. Jteinh Ht. Perry, H. C.
Kin At ex. .ti-Qeen, WV. Grahiam, Rt. Monro, jr.
L-.'is/ntsire Li/,raryil.--Messr'. A. It. lHovkin, HI. HI.
l rke. F. Nbile, Wi. Grahiam, (. Di. Tibnan.
Caster.-Thits. Y. tiunens, jr.,
Thei -Speakel~r -iihmittt-ldith reptort. of the
Com~-ptrotiler Genteral , whi-ti wvas re-ferred to the
P et a it-n, &.c., being in iorde-r. a antuher were
prsent..dt, whtich were~ teferred to apptlropriate
conuilleets.ta r-ue lrtath ''iaeen
eurring in the resonution ndopted by the louse
vesterday,-setting apart Satuarday, the 9th of
December ne.t, ns a dany f lumiliation nid
prr.yer. :rid tiat they had ppointed Messrs. Bar
ker, Vitherspoon and 'Zimmeraian as a con
Iittee Io nel conjointly with the Flouse Commit.
tee in making all necessnry arrenr-ments.
Pursuant to notice given on yesterday, nnme
rous hills were introdneed, among ihem -being at
bill to divide Pendleton into tno elmetion dis
trieiti. 'This bill having passed both HMaises or
tht. ist Legislature, it was read ile fird4 time,
ad, on motion, was referred to the Committee
nf the Whole. and made the specival Order of the
iay at half part one o'cleck on Friday next.
Mr. Harrison introduced "a bill authorizinu the
rormation of the Savannah River R:ai:r(Jd Com.
panv. Read the first time.
Onl motion or W. G. DeSaissure, the motion
tn refer the bill providing flor thae election of
!lecttors by the State wat reconsidered, and tie
ilt referred to tle Counmittee ont Federal Rela
Mr. B. F. Perry, pnrwa-int to notice, introdan
-d a bill to give ile electin Of electort for Presi
ient and Vice President to .the people. Read
:he first time nnd referred to the Committee on
Oia motion of Mr. Hampton tle House .d
TuIaSDAY, Nov. 30..
In this branch their was anaich business done,
)ll all as yet- is iaa its preparatory state. - We
>bserve anong other nowices that
ir. Wason presented tle taemori;al Of the
atockholders of the. Elgefield al t'healti
Plank Road Company far ameanment of their
:arter. Referred to tle Committee on Ineor
iorations; also a pe:ition for tho ren-wal of the
:harter of the town of HIanburg. Referred. to
be1 samne committee.
Mr. Johnson gave notice that lae would to.
norrow, witla lenve of the Senite. introdnee at
)ill to afford legisl.ative aid to the Clarlest6n and
Savannah Railroad Company.
Pabruant to notice, Mr. Moses introdnced bills
o alter the duies. of .ordinaries iaa t akiag Admin.
stration bonds, and to punish assauts with con
wa:eed weapons. Read for the first tine, reifer
red to the Judiciary Coannittee, and ordered to
Str. Porter, on the part of tle' Conmmanitee on
Priviletges and Elections on the tnemIoiriat Or I
iadryeitizens of Priice Willianis and undrv
.itizenaA of Edgefield, Owetiing ie seats Of the
siiting nemabers faor the said p.rishes noad dis.
trits, reporaed that tlac commitee recommended
iendiaag for personis ad paiper.
Mr. Marshall gave notice that ie would to
iinrrow ask leave to iaajrnlei 'bill 'i amend
the charter of Savannah Valley Rii-ei- Railruad
:ompanv,'unad for otther.purposes.
Mr. Picki-ns gave ":ic that.1 .lae vould to
orroiw :ak. .hard of. ihe. Seaivfe' to jniroduce a
bilt to divivitie PnAdtcton ianto two election dis
Afrer many other petit ions &c., were present
!d, and reli-rei to the ditlierent Caineitee-, the
Senate adjourated atail to-anorrow 12 o'eoek.
HOUSE OF REP'RESENTATIVES.
The moriing lou:ars wa< expentded iaa the pre
ientalion of peitaon. ;IeCtats.
Pursuant lo ni: ice, Ir. Tucker iatrodaeed a
Aill fOr tle re-orstidizatioin a aid impriovement o
ie Common Sbclieoo -yvatItem aif Som I C,ryiln i.
Read tile tirst time .na*referri'd to .tlel"ommuait
ce on Edetiamta; also a bill to alter and 'amend
Ihe law regrulating the j urisdiltioat of Magistrat es.
Read the first tinle, and on motion, was ordered
to be p'indd;nmde tht- speeial order of ite
cia at 1 o'clock on Ticdny tex'.
Mr. leKaightgave noti!e thait tominnrrow het
would ask leave ta introdnce a bill autharizing
he removal or tle Ctio. tat Cia) nrston.
Mr. Clarke offered tihe fatllowing resuiltion:
Reso/red, That the Comiiritt.e aua !lat iili!ary
be in.,tructed to iaaquire intO the expediery f
:lteritg and amemniatg tile iaitin iaw ina the't:l.
lowing respects. to wit: The di-banding ofI
uuililiila compaies, :id erqnmlizi:angr ill lit ft eacha
i volunteer ecomapinyt, witha th pa jrivilegeu ofln
smaller numbetr-of-mara eon-stitutiatgr a ccmInny,
'a a samaller anumbelKr aof comupaneies a battaliata
nr regitaeatt ; the :altblishing of thaat eiannse itn thle
nilitnaa ltaw copelling ev, ry tman aof a cert aiat
'age unader peat t to performn maili: inat y. and
iasertinag a elnna,, leavinga it aoptioatl 'lith htim
Ii her tat discharge the duny, or pay' a tatx anatn
lly foir his exeiin-iatinid tax tea be- received
ly the enpahin aof the volunatteer coman y ahdong-'ia.~
ig toi tlahetet int whtich hte resaides; anad ~apra
priated tao the suappartof hit comrptay, :Iand ait
thcy htave lenave iio repuort- byha terie
Immtriediate contsiderationa bteinag maovead, thae re-to
Iutiona ivas laid ton thte table.
"Mr. Satliivana intraidneed a bill griving thle aetee
tio oft Electors of P're.sident, antd Vice Presi
(ent to the people.
A amessage was receivead fromat the' Sentate, Iro
pie.,ing to the Housel- tei go itno i lectin fair
Register of 3I esati Cainveyance tear Chtarlestont
Digtriact I tillmorroaw at I a'clack. Oanataa mot oft
NI r. Siegliung, the amessage was tail cn te tatble.
On nmotiutn of' Mr. Sieglinug, thte ilonse uad.
FIAmY D EC. 1, 1854
A fter rendinig the joural, NI r. WVatston preseat
e.d seeveral aanemorials. and peatitioans ; atlso, ltir.
tint to notiel asked letave to ittriadneea a bil t t
aenad ant aett enatitled ala aet to reaew the. elmar.
tr oft certatin oowns~m vaitl lage.' pass*ed D~eema
ber, 1 85:3, which rcaived iits irst reaiding~ anal
ws~ ref erred tt the Commlitit ee~ in taieiiriir itians.
. Mr. Piorter. paars.o:mi to noatice, atal withI leave
ft the Seaiate. lo intane d a bill1 tao anthoriiz.e th.
State to :afl~rd nidl to thte Blue Ri'e Railroiad.
wihih received its first readiing~, an. wtas referred
tat the Comm atitt c ea in Finance :anad Banks, antd
orderedi ta be. plrinted.
A Ntessc-age wvas receivedl fraom' Ilis Execellencyv
tie Go veranor, containingr an itiat ioni fraim iie
TPrtees oft thec South Ctaaliina Ccollege, ivi
ting thei Senate tao at tenid thle College Conuanence
ment: naad also cove.rinlg a conmmuaientiona from
the Go' ernor of Gemaria, inl resplet tat thle
boundry between the States of Souath Caroli
na nnd Oeirgia.
Mr. Chesaat, moved thtat so.muchi~l of His
Excellenev the Gaivernor's niessaige tas related
to the inaviltationt of the Tlrutstees of thIe South
Cartalinla College to at tenda the College Coat
menement be refaerred to thle Comitiaitee oni thec
College, Edntaalin and Religiaoanandl sat mnaeh
rof it as're.lates tea the commnintaaction of the
Governoir of Gaeorgia oat lie baoundthary lines
betweeni Soth I Carolitna, aind Geoargin hie refer
reed to theii Commaiittee on Federal Rebittions.
Sotion :agreed toa.
Mr. B. . ..lhaason, of St. Hlelenta, reported a
Bill granting taid to thte Chtarlestont and Savrannah
Mr. WV. D. Porter, of Charleston, from the
Comamitee of Priviieges arid Eleetiaons, .asked
peri.iein to senid fair per:oas anid papers ia thle
Prince WVilhiam tad Edgetield coattested ehectitan
Saime othier biusinests of ani special intlerest
Iaviig beent tratnsaeted, te Se~nate adjoutraed.
HOUSE OF RI: PRESENTA TIV ES.
The Hasuse atssembilled at 1:3 mt.
Th'ie rail. was etnlied. :and tia <ilaram ittlaing pres.
en!, thte paeaker caltled the tlionase ato oirder. and
irdered ye.-iterday's proiceedinags to bie read. The
iournatl wvi a approvedi of. .
M~lr. Noblle ptresent<-~d lae mlemaori:cl of the
Trustees of Erskinte Caillege prayiang taid fromt
he State. Referred.
A message wats received from thec Senate pro
posiag to go into tain electioan for Comamis-iaaners
ii .qtuity for Colleton, A bbeville anad Lexington
listricts, inmmediately tier the elet iota fair Reg
ister of Mesane Conveyatnce for Chtarleston dis
trict ; laid oan the table.
Mr. Hlamptan presented the petitiont of Natney
Palmer, prayinag that her namite bet paIteed on theo
pension list; referred to the Commraittee Oil Penr
Mr. Miudleton, from tile Commtittee ofC Ways
imd Metait<, miade nn0 untavoirabhae report oin thle
aetitiin oaf 'Thomaas C. Welvin, of Abin-e, e
tprvig to lie :alloiwed tol hawk :ad 1eddle it
thaat iltridt, witot paving the n--nni tax.
MIr. McGowatn tmored to take lup tha message
received frtn the Seathe propasinlg to go i n
.... .e....,an fatr Comiimi.-ioners iin Eaptit fur
Districts, nnd that a message of concurrence be
sent ; so ordered.
Mr. McCrady, from the Committee on Federal
Relations, made a report on sundry bill, autho.
rizing I he election of El-clors by the people, and
begged lene to le discharged from further con.
sideration thereof; and moved that thg whoe
matter be referred to the House in Comm.te
of.thte Whole, and be made the .aperifrderaf
the day for Thursday next au 9'elocik. Adopted.
-A message of coneurrence was retnaed by
the ZSenate, proposing to fill the several vacant
otfices before menioned.
The special order for to day at 11 o'clock
being a bill to alter the Constitutiohof thUitate
so a1s to divide Pendleton into two election dia.
triets-was then called for and taken np. The
lHouse resolved itself into a Committee of -s
Whole, Mr. Williams in the Chair.
Mr. Wilkes advocated nt some length the
merits of the bill ; showed in a lucid .ianer
the great necessity of its passnge, placing it upon
the grounds of justice to.vardstheeoverdignspf
that large and highly intelligent distrit.
M r. Dantzler said that he would vetof.rhe
bill, and as he represented one of the parti6%e
hefelt it to be a duty inetunbentupon him-to'es.
plain the rensons which had iuddiedamn to do so.
lie also wished to repel the many.clarges whicls
had so often been preferred nguinst ilie present
system of parish representation by members on
this floor and elsewnere. Mr. Dantzler theii went
into a lengthy and elaborate argpment in defence
of lte present parish representation.
Mr. Middleton moved !hat the committeenew
rise and report the bill to the House withoit.
Bef'ore taking the vote. Mr. B. F. Perry rode
and ably replied to Mr. D:nizler.
Mr. nantzler briefly rejoined.
31r. Tillmin said th:iat, in na much as lie was a
new mneiser, lie felt extremely reluctant to oe
enpy the timc of the lIouse; but na some asser
tions had been made by gentlemen which had not
beei replied to, he felt it his duty. to do so.
Mlembers were much mistaken whenthey.assert
ed that Pendleton would be the only district in
this State that wonld ask for a .divimioa,, Edge.
field and Barnwell would be knocking at. the
door at the next session of the Legislatnreiat
ing not only for a judicial, but a. political divi
sion. Several members from his district, togeth
er with himself. are pledged to vote for this divi
sion in his district and they were filly determiitnld
to demind the'divisiiin as an aet of jnstice.
The Committee then rose, and reliorted the
bill to thil liuse with.out amendment, and re.
commended that the bill be iassed. A second
realing was th-n called for.
Mr. Ambler moved a call of the Ilottie,- and
the docrkeeper was ordered to summon .the
absentees. The vote was taken by ve-ira and
nays, nnd resulted as fillows. Yeas 94nys22.
The bill was ordered to be sent to the Senate.
The Cominitee appointed to counL-the vl.it
for Commisioners inl Eqnity,, report that-Pal
m.-r ins been elee'ed to th-it office for Colleton
District; R. A. Thompson for Pickens Dktritet;
1-. A. Meelze for Lexington District; and
Parker for Abbi-vile District; J. A. Keith was
elected Register of Mesne Conveyance for Char
LATER FROK EUEOPE.
A RRIVA L OF THE STE AMSHIP AFRICA-3
NrW Yonx. Nov. 29..
Tic Ir'tli ::ii North A mierienn Royal Mali
Stem'iship Africa, Capt::in arrison, has nrrivcd at
her warf in .lersey City froim Liverpool, %hieah port
she left on the I8th instant.
CoxxanCru. IA-rri.io.aoxsce.-The CirculWvef
Messrs:. Milligan, Lanpriere and Co. of. the''17th
instant reports that Cotton was quiet. and prices
favored buyers. The snk-s during the week elding
the 17th instant comprised 39.000 bales, of which
Speculators took 2001) and Exportem 4000 bales,
leaving 33,000 ba!es of all deyeriptionn to the trade.
Fair Orieans was qnuited at- 5t1, -Middling Orleans.
5:l; Far Uplands Gd, and Middling' Uplands'at:
The .iv rrol rendastnff Ma'ket. Western
C:mn! Flour was worti 43s n'-d Ohio ~46s per bb!
or r nts in$. -. -Y ltlow Uarn wSa goat(edit uts,.anA
W hitie 46s per 4S0 lbs.
Gear-:sAL f. -rrar.uotExcE.-Thie siege of Sebasto
pot is progtressinig slowly.
Alt the Mail steamers have been taken by 11:e
British Government to transport instantly reinforce
mtents to the Crimea ;the.r. f..re no nmtil stcaner ni:1
leave Liverpool for Amerien until the 29th, the
Niagara havineii been taken off tihe Ha!ifax rounte
N eihuingr really later of imlport:iee hid been re
civedl-ina Liverpool since the departure of the Baltic
0n tile 15ih inst.
The tield, tighting befoare Sebastopol had tempo
D)ispatchies. both Russain and British, say that
thle siege is progressing recu'arvy, and that prepara
tions alre making for an nasault.
Roth parties w-ant reinforcemnents.
The Rnossians begin to w~ant ammunition.
rThe Allies have beeni reduced by battle and di.
ease to 50.0001 men.
.The winter was setting in severely. The wenther
jn the Rlack t'en had br-en sto-my, and two Turkish
friamtes had been wrecked'.
The great Ilospital at Sebastopol, containing 2C'G
wounded, had beetn burned by the shells of thme
A Ilurge Frenchi loan is spoken of.
H Y MEN I AL.
SI~ars, n te 2thNovember, by Rev. David
Boudie, Mr. .lori Nixox and Aliss E:.!zAssETH Bus
sEY, til of thlis I )i-trict.
MAR9.1ED, on the 28th ult., by Rev. S. P. Getren,
. Mr. v~vrr L. l!oL.M~s atnd Mrs. MAnY E. EsA,
all of this District.
N ARiED, by the annme on, the 30th nIt.,' Mr.
Lue~us H A-rclt, of A ugusta. Ga., and MissGEosoz
ANN V. MATS, of this District.
*I NA Ratl D, on Sunday. the 19th Ult., by Ifey. W.
Bodie., Mr. Vixeon BtL. UsoE and Miss EU.ZA Bzaar,
a~l of Eudgefield D)istrict.
D~iao, at his residenice in this Distriet, on the2&h
Nov., Mr. DErszv eUsEr, SF., in'the.88thi ycae
or his age.
I Ie had been a citizen of Edlgefield flar perhaps
all hi~s lie. To say all the good that might be said
of him,. would ie supertluous. lIe lived uprightly,
aiid erntly re~epeeted liv aill who knewv him. He.
was foir 5i) vents a consistent member of the Unaptist
Church : sei-ved tmny years as deacon of thme Grove
Church.' The Church has truly lost a patern and a
guide, that will be felt by nill; fur though his onut,
ward man perished, the inner men -was renewed
day by dlay. and is now as a ripe shteave g'athered in
the hlenvenly enrn, r.
H~e leaves childre-n, many grand children, with
numecrous relations and triends to mourn their hesa,
.S. P. G.
gg The Alnihama Unaptist will .please copy.
Correspondence of the Adve'rtiser.
HIA.\URlG, Dec. 2.
Corro.-The transactions of the past week in
this article have been to a greater extent than of
any) previoius week of this season. And notwith
standing the daily unfavorable advices from our sea..
port markets, prices continued faim, with a good de
mni~td, up to Thursday, when the market became
less aetive and prices drooped, dealers havhng, re
fused to operate at foarmer rates, consequently agood
portion of the receipts went in Store, on anont of
Planters. Sales to-day shiow a decline in pricesot
the week previous, of * a j eta., with a downtard
tendency, and from present prospects we have noth
lng upon which to prcdeente the hope of a reactioh
in prices soon. We quote prices nominally 64 a.8i
ets. . I
I3'LE Stockholders in, the Edgefleld & Cheatham
Plank liondl are hereby notified thatthe furtht -
and last instalnent of twenty-five per cent.- on-their