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"We will cling to tihe Pillars of th6 Temp~i af our Liberties, and it It must fall, we will Perish amidst the Ruins."
W. F. DUIRISOE, Proprietor. ED(EFIEL , S. C., JANUARY 10, 1855. - --
THE EDGEFIELD ADVERTISER
- S PUBLISHED EVERY WEDNESDAY BY
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.ARTRUR SIXK3NS, Editor.
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NOW IS THE TIME.
Now is the tin4-a precious pearl,
I resteth justwithin your grasp,
A moment! 'Tis forever lost,
And only vain regrets you clasp.
h:,eaeh man's life tho' there's a tide,
Yet nieither time nor tide will wait,
Then do not idly let then glide,
Aid like a fool your luck berate.
Now is the tine, employ it well,
Strike whilst the iroti's hot and red,
Strike-and be sure w ith steady nerve,
To hit the nail upon its head.
"Prcrastination is a thief,"
And if you stop with him, you'll lose
Life's golden sands, and swifter feet,
Will step ahead in your own shoes.
Now is the tine-don't let it slip
In soft beguiling reveries,
From such light chaff and worthless seed,
You'll only reap an empty bliss.
One rock at a foundation's worth,
A tbougand castles in the ir,
Andmens of words. and not.ofdeds.
Aru Vain and falie,1iiwever fair.
Now is the time-with folded hands,
Would you still ask a little sleep?
What folly ! O'er its grievous sin, 1
Would devils latigh, and angels weep!
Yes, devils laugh, for guilty souls
Thus wail in agony their fate
Our now is evermore too late:
Now is the time-thle accepted time ;
" Work while it yet is call'd to-day'"
To-morrow : will it ever come ?
It may, when you have pass'd away.
Then strive that you nay leave on earth,
Sone good impress-some work of love;
And strive to gain that nobler prize
The victor's crown of life iabove.
-0itdlw a s.
THE LIFE OF A DRUNKaltD.
If you would mark the misery, which drunk
enness infuses into the cup of domestic happi
necss, go with tme to one of those nurseries of
crime, a common tippling shop, and there behold
collected till mnidtnight, the fa'hers, the hus
bands, the sons, and the brothers of a neigh
borhood. Beaur witness to the shtnch, and the
filthinecss aroutnd them.-Hearkeni to the oaths,
the obscenity, and ths ferocity of their conver
sation. Observ-e their idiot laugh ; record thei
ivu'gatr jest, with which they are delighted, and
tell me, whie potent sorcery has so transformed
these men, t~ at, for this Ieathsotme den, they
should foreg\ all the delights of an intnocent,
and lovely fire de.
But let us fo l.w some home, from the scene
,of their debauch. There is a yonIg man, whose;
accent, and gait, ~d dress, besjentk the corn
munion, which he ce has held,.k'it h some-thing
better thatn all this.VIe has aE onily son. On
.im, the hopes of pa yts, an~ of sisters have
centered. Eeynerve f thai family has been
strained, to give to that tell ~ft, of which they
all were proud, every men cheloicest cultiva
tion. They have denied th selves, that noth
ing shiould be wanting, to e ble film to enter
his profession, under every a vantage. They
*gloried in his talents, they exuled in the first
Ibuddings of his youthful promise, and the'
were looking forward to t~e time when every
labor should be repatid, Aind every self-denial
rewarded, by tho joys of that hotnr, when be
abould stand firth in all (he lhaze of well-earn
,ed, amnd indispu table professional pre-eminence.
Alas, these visions are less bright than once
Enter that famy circle. Behold those aged
-parents, surroundd by children, lovely andi
beloved. Within a~rt circle reign poano, virtue,
intelligence and r~inement. The evutning has
;been spent, m aninihted discussion, in innocent
pleaagntry, it? tlsp iAveet intereb4atg of aff'ec
tionate etalearment. ~There is on , who used to
'share ;dI'this, who ws the cent4 of this circle.
.yhy is he tnot here? .Do pr ssional engage
ments, of late so estra ge hi ~from home ? The
hour of devotion has ~rri' -. They kneel be
fore their Father anid th '~ God. A voice, that
used to mingle in the' raises, is absent. An
hiour rolls away. Weeow has all that cheer
fullness fled ? )Ktdoes v'ery effort to rally,
sink them d rer in des ndency? Why do
those parentt look so wvistfuU around, and why
do they start amt the sound every footstep ?
Another hour has gone. Tha lengthened peal
is too much for a mother's endu rnee. She cnn
conceal the well known cause no longer. The
unanswered question is wrung fronm her lips,
where, oh where, is m/ son ?
The step of that son tnd brother is heard.
The door is opened. He staggers in before
them, and is stretched out at their feet, in all
the loathmsomnesst of beastly intoxication.
MR. FRENIKEN, the defeated competitor of Mr.
Whitfield for a seat in Congress from Kansas,
has returned to the bosom of his family at Union.
town, Fayette county, (Penn.) being thoroughly
used up in the recent campaign, and is, no dut,
disgusted with his prospects in the New Terri
tory. Reqyjescat in paicc.
From the New York Times.
IN TAR TIMES KEEPOUT OF DEBT.
Keep out of debt, and you are rich; not rich
in all senses, but in most, richer than many who
have the reputation. Mr. A., whqdrove past a
moment ago, is taxed as if he were worth a hun
dred thousand, but his liabilities are a hundred
and fifty thonsand. He will fail in less than a
month and retire upon the profits of the failure,
and be hereafter a broken merchant with money
enough, and a shabby reputation. You owe not
a cent and have barely a cent to show after buy
ing your next dinner: but nobody looks on you
as the cause of his ruin, nobody fails because of
your failure to meet your eigagements, no wid
ows turn their rebuking eyes on you; no orphans
cbarge you with the authorship of their want.
With your eimpty pocket you are richer than he
in his (un-) comfortable retirement with money
enough (that does not belong to him.)
Out of debt, every sixpenc you get is your
own; you may look on it with an unalloyed
sensation of right to save or to spend it, to turn
it into any fashion of pleasure or enjoyment that
it is equal to. But in debt, your money is not
your own. it belongs to your baker, butcher,
grocer, tailor-or the old wicle who was silly
enough to lendo yos . . 1
It is not hard~or a man who is umaking a hivim
-who gets decent wages-to keep out of debt,
and generally he ought to do it. If he does not
nake living wages, it is a different thing.-For
borrowing is butter than stairving, and a debt is
less to be dreaded 11 bread. And again.
wvhcn one has. as capi iiood trade or profi
table profession, or a tic on hand that is not
immediately convertible into cash, he is foolish
not to take'a hundred dollars if he can have use
of it for six dollars a year, and yet be sure of
the principal to repay when it is demanded.
But to go in debt for a luxury, or a mere conve. i
nience, or for any other than an absolute neces
sity, is always a matter of doubtful propriety.
Some borrow and make fortunes on their borrow
ed capital before pay day comes. But for such
operations, great brains or an easy conscience
are required, and where one succeeds ten fail.
In these tight times, when Wall street is like
one's mouth after eating persimumons, when rents
fall fifty per cent., and the safest men are shak
ing, it behooves all small dealers to look sharp
o their accounts. Let them owe no man, if
thev are so fortunate as to be thus far, out of
debt, and be quite sure, too, that no nsi owes
them except his debt be secured by the most
ndoubted security. For in these times whoever
has lent is around looking up the borrower
with the most assiduous perseverance, and it is
distressing to note how niny borrowers are not
it home when such call. Let the ornaments go
iuibought this season. Let the amusements be -
yorsworn. Let the coat-we talk to unpreterid
ng people-be conser than last year; and, ladies,
t the bonet be a dollar or two plainer. Put
hat vousneat to spend for a wreath into the
al bin, and what you designed for a velvet
hat should snrpass Mer. Smith's into the flour J
.trrel. Be hard up for weeks together; we r
second floor instead of a whole house, live
omfortably instead of keeping up appearances ;
ho anything that is honest-never mind whether
is respectable-rather than in such times as
lese to run in debt.
GEMS OF THOUGHT.
Study to do faithfully whatsoever things in
our actual situation you find expres-ly or tact
y laid down to your charge-that is, your post;
1a1d to it like a true soldier. Silently devour
le many chagrins of it-all situations have
manv-a'd see you aim not to quit it, without
king all tnat is your duty.
Every smallest moment of man's life contains
is it a series of consequences extending to eter
ty, for each moment is a new beginning of
ubsequent ones, and this is the case with all
d singular the moments of his life, both in
erd to understanding and will.
now that if you have a friend, you ought to
isit him often. The road is grown over with
rass, the bushes quickly spread over it if it be
kt constantly travelled. b
A generous mind does not feel as belonging
o itself alone, but to the whole human race.
Ve arc born to serve our fellow crentures.I
The parent who would train up a child in the
vay he should go, must go the way he would
rain up his child in.
A man that hoards riches and enjoys them not,
: like an ass that carries gold and casts thistles.
some sort of charity will swallow the egg
d give away the shell.
Men often blush to hear of what they were
not ashamed to act.
If folly were a pain there would be groaning
Opinions grounded upon prejudice are always
inaintaiied with the greatest itolence. ..
True eloquence consists in saying all that, is
necessary, and nothing more.
It' thou art master, be sometimes blind: if a
tervant, be sometimes deaf.
He wvno says all he likes, shall often hear
mvhat he does not like.
Where the bee sucks honey the spider sucks
WHiswEY AND NEWSAPRaS.-A glass of
whiskey is manufactured from perhaps a dozen
grains of' mashed corn, the value of which is too
small to be estimated. A pint of this mixture
sells at retail for one shilling, and if of a good
brand, it is considered by its consumers wvell
worth the money. It is drank off' in a minute
or two-it fires the brain-rouses the passions
-sharpens the appetite-deranges and weakens
the physical system; it is gone-and swollen
eyes, parched lips, and an aching head are its to1
lowers. On the same sideboard upon which
this is served, lies a newspaper, the new white
mpper of wvhich cost three-fourth of a cnt-the
composition for the whole edition costing from
ten to tifteen dollars per day. It is coveret wvith
half a million of types, it brings intelligence
from the four quarters of the globe-it has in
its clearly printed columns all that is strange or
new at home-it teils you the state of the mark
et-ives accounts of the last elopement, the
exeution of the last murderer-and the latest
steamboat explosion or railroad di.mater-and
yet for all this, the newspaper costa kL ss than the
glass of grog-the juico of a few graitis of
orn. It i.. noe less strange than true, that there
are a large portion of the community a ho think
the corn juice cheap and the newspaper lear, and
the printer has hard work to collect the dimes,
who the liquor dealors arc paid cheerfully.
How is this ? Is the body a better paymaster
than the head, and are things of the moment
more prized than things of eternity ? is the
transient tickling of the stomach of more eonse
quence than the improvement of the soul, and
the informationi that is esential to a rational
being ? 'If this had its real value, wotild not the
newspaper be worth many pints of whiskey ?
REDEMPTION OF THE U. S. DEBT.-One mil
lion three hundred thousand dollars, of the Uni
ted States Debt, was redeemed, at the Treasury
Department, last week-nearly eight hundred
thousand dollars of which was the loan of' 1847.
The United States Treasurer's statement shows
a balance in the Treasury, on the 25th nIt., of
THE ELD AFT THE BATTLE OF DM M(AN
A correspondent of the London Tim7les givet
the following heart-nickening acconnt. of some
of the after-scenes of the battle of Jnkerman':
."In every bush-on every yard of blood-stain.
ea ground-lay a dead or dying Russian. The
well-known bearskins of our gnards, the red
coats of our inaintry, and tha bright blue of the
French Chasseurs, revealing each a silent horror
in the glades, and marking the spot where stark
and stiff a corpse lay contorted on the grass,
pointed out the scenes of the bloodiest contests.
The dead were happy-the dull, cold eye-the
tranquil brow-the gently-opening lips, which
had given escape to the parting spirit as-it fled
from its bleeding shell, showed how peacefully
a man may die in battle, pierced by the rifle ball.
The British and the French, many of whom had
been murdered by the Russians as they - lay
wounded, wore terrible frowns on their faces,
with which the agonies of death had clad them.
8:-me in their last throes had torn up the earth
in their hands, and held the grass between their
fingers tip towards heaven. All the nien who
exhibited such signs of pain had been bayoneted.
The dead men who lay with atn eternal smile on
their lips had been shot. But the wounded. For
two-days they had laii where the hand and the
ball had fellid tthen, Thero. were very few, it
is true, but till our searching had not.disctvered
the secrets of thaL blood-stained hill side, and it
was towards noon to-day ere the last %f our
soidiers.had been found in his lair and crried to
the hospital. But the Russians, groaning and
palpoitating as they lay around, were far more
umerous. Sotne of-these were placed tog'-her
in heaps, that they might be wore readily re
moved. Other., glared on you from the bushes
with the ferocity of wild beasts as they ligged
heir wounds. Some implored, inan unknown
,ongue, but in accents not to be mistaken, water
>r suecor; liolding 6at their mutilated or shat
ered limbs, or ointing to tle track of tile
acerating ball. The sullen, angry .eowl of
ome of these men was fearful. Fanaticism and
mmortal hate spake through their angry eve
>alls, and he who gazEd upon them in pity and
ompassion, could at least (unwiHingly)' under
tnd why these- men, in their savage p:ssion,
ill the wounded, and fire o'n the :onqueror who,
li his generous humanity, had aided them as lie
asssed. It was a relief to see that thei: arms
ere broken-that their cartridges were lying
pen in heaps on the ground. Litterbearers.
'rench and English, clothed the hill side, now
oiling painfully ll with a heavy burden for the
rave, or with some stbject for the doctor's
re; now hunting through the bushes for the
lead or dying. Our men have acqnired a shock.
ig facility in- their diagnosis. A hody is before
ou; there is a shout. 'Come here boys; I see
Russian !' (or 'a Frenchman,' or 'one of our
elows.') One of the party comes forward, raises
he eyelid it it be closed, peers into the eye,
rugs Ia uhnoulder.4. savs nninllv. 'lie's dead'.
itula .jtjL- you see a party ot men .Uay C
:ork. Group's of them are digging away all
long the hill-side, at the distance of forty or
Ity yards apart. Go over and you find them
routid a yawning trench, thirty feet in length
y twenty feet in breadth and six feet in depth
t the bottom of which, in every cozceivable at
itude, lie packed together with exceeding art
ome thirty or forty corpses. The grave-diggers
tand chatting on the mounds by the sides, wait
ig for the arrival of some bearers to complete
he number of the dead. They speculate on the
ppearance of the body which is being borne to
rds them. "It's Corporal - , of the -th, I
hink," says one. " No ! its my rear rank man, 1
In set, his red hair plain enough," and so on.
'hev discuss the merits or demerits of dead ser
'eants or comrades. "Wll, he w:s a hard man ;
any's the time I was drilled throughl him, but
's all over now !" or "I);or Mick! lie had fif
en years' service-a better fellow never step
ed." This scene is going on all about the hill
ide. Fretnehmen, withl litters, are also busy
okinig out for. their de'ad anti wounded, and in
taring the sa'd labors of the day. At last the
umber in the ttreh is completed. The bodies
eas closely as they can he packed. Some of
hem have upraised arms, in the attitude of tak
iig aim; their legs stick up through the mould
s it is thrown upon them; others are bent, and
wisted into shapes like fauntoceini. itch after
nich the earth rises upon them, and they are left
alone in their glory." No, not alone, for the
topes, and featrs,.and afyections of hundreds of
iuman hearts Ii., buried with thtem.
OE o'CLoCK, P. M.-For about one mile and
half in length by haltf a mile in depth, the hilt
de ofi'ers such sights as these. Upwards 'of
wo thousand Russians htave been buried by
hese nien ; few remnaint above ground ntow.
THAT BIG LUMP OF GOLD.
The following description of the mountaini
up of gold, is taken from the San Joaquin
--Oin the platform scales, used in this ollice, it
r'eighed one hundred aind sixty-one pounds, or
.wenty.ive hutndred and seventy-six, ounces,
tvoirdupois. Calculating that it contains twven
.y pouiids of quartz rock, (which is a large esti
nate, in the opinion of those who exammiied the
ump.) its~ value, at $11 25 per ounice. is $38,920.
"Th'Ie length of this immense mass is about
ifteen inches, aitd its width fronm five and one
lf to six inches. As otne side is extremely
rreguatr and uneven in its formation it is diffi
:lt to arrive at the thickness, but it will proba.
ly average four inches. The other sidejs al
nst flat, and presents a solid matss of pure gold;
Ihe only quartz perceivable is on the upper or
ragged side, and some pieces are so loosely im
iedded in thie precious metal that with the aid
of a pointed instrument they might, be easily re
moved. The whole mass, at some period, has
opparently been in a fused state.
"Mr. Perkins, one of the company to whom
it belongs, informed us yesterday that it was
taken out in Galaveras county, on Wednesday
evening, November 22, just as the company
were quitting work for the day ; he would not
give any particulars ini regard to where the claim
is located, except that it. is in the county above
named. '[lhe cotmpatny consists of four Ameri
cans and one Swiss. Mr. Perkmns belongs to
Lexington, Kentneky, and for the past two years
although he has labored hard, wa~s very unsue
es'ful, never having tmore than $200 at atny
one time during that period.
The specimen was securely .towed away in
a strong box yesterday afterneon, and will be
dispatched to New York by Adams & Co., on
the Jist instant. Mr. Perkins and one of his
partners also go homie on the steamer, and left
Stokton last evening on the U~rilda.
"This discovery is another proof that .the
m~ines of California are "giving out," but in a
manner that suiits the miners. Calaverats and
the Southern imines against the world."
MED IATIoN.-The Washington correspondent
of the Pennsylvania says that, in view of the
probability of Mr. Clingman's mediation reso
lutions passing the House, the names of three
ex-Presidents (Van Buren, Tyler and Fillnore,)
are seriously mentioned in Washington, in con
. .tins ith theprpoed peace commtssion,
PROB -FFECTS OF THE. WAR on Ar.n
cUTU ,.correspondent of the Richmond
Xnquif w ng from Liverpool, on the war
says:'ths-sPIof the English is united in favor
of th wa .d that men and money will be
voted- for If ontinuance, by Parliament. ie
"Yet ylie6 drained of her men, when so many
thousands nogengaged in peaceful pursuits are
taken awahy nd the labor of the country thus
manifesfyh ned, who, I pray, Are to furnish
meat and br&. for these Vast Armies, and the
populatidntii, yet remains at home ?-There
is not a -m66'}less to feed, and many less left
to produce li..necessary food for all, at home
or abroad. Rssia will -send nothing from the
B:ltic, and thtgreat wheat growing country on
the Danubegii that which is watered bv the
many rivers entering the Black Sea, i% ravaged
by desolatilggar, and all that the people of that
vast and rich tountry has for years sent abroad
and to Englatf$,especially, will find for us dimin
ished produkti, consurmers at home. Already
are these Co rations pressing on the English
wheat and flo " arket., and keep up the prices
even after a- crop, which has been secured
in most adin i e condition. Wheat sells now
at rather highr,.prices than it did one year ago,
and our own country can now but insufliciently
supply eitheriangland or France. But let our
people make .lss tobacco and less cotton the
next year a t -and I tell you, your millions of
wealth will bedrawn, hence to us, if for these
now staple arlqes, articles of wheat, corn, and
provisions be 'mstituted. Clear up our lands,
and put the '4aost breadth of them in every
thing necessa 4or the food of man; and every
particle that isroduced will find an admirable
market the n e' ar. True, our wheat crop is
nlready in th '""ound, and its quantity cannot
now be increie .-But our corn crop may-and
that is an ariiin which will pay much better
nextyear thanuither tobacco or cotton.
_. i. - 0f
AMPUTATIo4AT THE HIP Jo NT.-The New
Brunswick Daij News gives th particulars of'
a remarkable iftical operation upon the person
of a Germasn- ployed at the Snuff Mill on
Lawrence's-brotj, who in adjusting a belt over
dium was.eaught by the strap winding round
the leg beteeg' nhe knee and ankle; his body
was carried ovdra he chaft and coming in con
tact with the be: s above, the limb was torn
from the body atthe hip-leaving the limb fais
tened by the belt above to the shaft, and the
body fell on tl* floor, some ten feet distant.
The case pres ted such an uncompromising
apect tht the -Surgeon shrunk from attempt
ing to do anit ing. But considering it to be
he only chanee poor fellow had-Mr. Mor
ogh. assisted b Ors. - Taylor iiid Leighton, per
formed the -bp tion. The thigh bone was
broken. off about two inches below its insertion
into the sockdi-The head 1f this bone was
uniointed. (dis.Itieulated.) and clean surface
1, u, ter feiig pjawcu m 1 - -
his gratitude, and said he felt "rery comforta
On visiting him the next day re.action had
taken place in a slight degree, and his prospect
appeared r-ther more favorable. But the shock
to his system was too much, and- death supre
ened about forty hours after the accidnt.
BISHor ONDERDONK OF NEW YoRK.-A New
York correspondent of the Boston Journal
Having heard that the newly consecrated
Bishop of New York was to hold an ordination
on Sabbath last, I thought I would visit the i
Church of the Annunciation, in which it was
held. As this was the first appearance of the
new Bishop, the church was crowded. Bishop
Potter is a tall, spare man, with hair quite grey,q
nd in cotintenance not unlike his brother, the
Rt,. Rev. Bishop of Pennsylvania. At the Church
of the Annunciation, Rt. Rev. Bi.thop Onderdonk
tends. He is, defacto, the Bishop of~ New York,
lie is suspended, but not deposed; and did the
uestion rest with his diocese, he would be re
stored at once. He lives in the Episcopal resi
lnce, and has a salary of $3,000 a year, paid
by this diocese. It wa? qVite a touching sight,
s tho Commutnion wais administered by the
Provisional Bishop, to see Bishop Potter admin
ister the elements' to the Bishop alone, before
the priests and congregation were served. Upon
the death of Bishop Watinwright a strong at
empt was made to restore Bishop 0. But it
was not successful. .Jt is now nearly ten year.
ince the Bishop was"suspended. Bishop 0. re
arded the sentence as unjust, and growing out
f personal feelings; but be bowed to it sub
missively. He has abstained from all company
since, anid has never walked down Broadway
since that ttne. He visits the Church of the
Annunciation each morning at daily service, and
attends on the Sabbath. Besides this, he keeps
himself closely within his huuse.. His friends
say that, even uniler the worst aspect of the*
case, he has suffered enough, and nmanifested a
submissive spirit: such at should entitle him to
WoRDS OF WAaWING-The American Colt,
in its annual address to its readers, speaks in the
following forcible and striking langttage of the
new secret society :
" It is a dreadful thing to engage a whole peo
pie, upon oath, to conceal their political designs,
to swear them to be foresworn, to instruct them
in meeting, moving and acting, without the pale
of the accepted corstitution. - Those who have
taught that lesson to this generation of -Ameri
cans, have re-revolultiontized the country. The
Republic of Washington is at an end, and the
Republic of Buntline is beginning. To-day it
is the secret societies against the church; to.
morrow they may undertake to regulate svages,.
to legis.late on property, to establish a secret
police and secret trIbunals for the summary
punishment of all who denounce or desert them."
It says, "if they should triumph in the Presi
dential election of 1856, then the Republic of
Washington is at end, and that of Buntline be
gins. Already they baye sorely shhtken three of
the pillars of the old Constitution-freedom of'
religion, of speech, and: of the press. They are
avowedly confederated against one religion,
Iagainst publicity, and to deny the known truth.
Where the majority governs and the majority
conspires, the revolution is complete. The work
of erasing the letter may be done at any time;
the spirit of the Constitution, strangled in secret.
has already departed."~
OUR JA. Exmrv.-The Jail at this place is
at present without a single occupant, excepting
our very kind and alable Sheriff and his lady.
We suggested to our friend Squire Isaae V. the
propriety of renting the upper part of his H~otel
in order that he may be enabled to pay his ex
penses of living.
This certainty speaks weoll for the people of
Lexington District.-Lexington Telegraph.
I' is estimated that thes present value of~ the
mines now being worked on Lake Superior will
amount to more than p10,000,000, and the pro-.
dut of the mines the coming year will proba
ly e $2,000,nn000 to $3,000,000.
EBOX ST. DQ0IGO.
Wa pnblish below the tter of protest wrt
ten by General Cazneau, United States Com
missioner, to the English and French Consuls
at St. Domingo, which was drawn forth by a
menacing display of a strong naval force, which
it is supposed has been summoned there with
the view and purpose of arresting the free action
of Dominican Government in its relations with
the United States. Four French vesseles of
war are now at that port and an English fleet is
ST. DoMmNGo, Nov. 17.
The undersigned, commissioner plenipotenti.
ary of the Uhited States of America near this
government, having good reasons to know that
the agents of France and England have, by va
rious means, aided by a menneing display of an
armed force before this capital, overawed and
controlled the free action of the Dominican Re- I
public in its relations with the United States,
hereby protests, in the name of his country,
against this breach of honorable faith towards
his governmen, and against this unwarrantable
encroachment upon the sovereign rights of an
independent American power.
Every enlightened government in amity with
the United States is perfectly informed uft.beir
determined purpose, as a nation, to oppose what
ever measure may be intended to subject the
independent nationality of an American people
to the arbitrary will of a foreign power, or make
its action, and even existence, dependent on the
dicta of a foreign policy; and none of those na
tions have taken exceptions to this immutable
principle of the American system.
The United States make no difference in the i
application of this rule between the strong and
the weak of their sister republics, and they liave i
a just right to expect the powerful and magnan.
imous nations of Europe will follow their ex- t
These facts being so well understood, I must i
call your particular attention, sir, to this incon- I
siderate violation of the relations of amity and <
commerce now subsisting between our respec- C
tive countries, in the trust that you, as the res
ponsible representative of your government at 2
this capital, will use the necessary precautions c
to gaurd those relations from further disturbance. t
If this due care should be omitted, the gov- t
ernment and people of the United States may s
conceive they have just cause to distrust the
sincerity and good faith of any government t
whose agents in these waters are there permit- t
ted to interfere in affairs and negotiations be- t
longing entirely and exclusively to the interests
of the United States and the. Dominican Re- t
public ; and I am confident that you, sir, would
regret equally with myself the consequences m
which might result from this unauthorized in
termeddling with the sanctity and freedom of h
inter-American relations A
Yours, respectfully, F
Wf.U T. r'AZNEAU. 11
English and French Cl- ----
they have made a strong verbal protest against R
it. It is further stated that the British Consul b
as addressed the Dominican government an fi
insolent note, in which lie states that the govern- P
ment connot negotiate such a treaty without the t
onsent of England and France. Two Domini- (
can journals had also been suppressed, at the \
instance of the French Consul, for expressing t
sentiments favorable to the United States. f
" The action of the two consuls has, so far, a
prevented the ratification of the treaty by the E
Dominican legislature. The treaty embraces a
thirty articles, and is merely one of amity, com- c
mere, and navigation ; guarantees freedom of n
science; provides for the rendition of fugi- L
rom justice; recognizes the principle that n
e of war the flag covers the goods ;" de- g
ares that citizens of the one republic, residing
in the other, shall not be subject to military ser- it
vice; allows the citizens of the one to pass
trough, or reside and do business within thet
erritory of the other, and in case of w-ar be
ween the two Republics, the temporary resi- a
:ents to have six months within which to return C
to their own country, with their goods and mer- a
:handise ; gives free access to our vessels of .war .
and mail steamers in the ports of Dominica; i
oncedes the right to appoint consuls, &c., at all t
ports except where their admission and residence ~
may not appear convenient; and guarantees to
itizens of Dominica (nearly all of them mulat- 1
toes) the legal (not political) rights of citizens; p
but this clause the Dominican Legislature deems o
too vague and equivocal to secure the end it
meditates, and proposes an amendment, accor
ding to mulattoes expressly the rights thus as
ired in general terms. This our commission- a
er will not agree to. We see it stated there are
now four French vessels of war in the port of
St. Domingo, and an English fleet is snuortly I
expected there, with the view, it is supposed, of
preventing the final ratification of the treaty."
THE CoNFESSION or A CUBAN PJII5ONER.-An
Senor Lacoste,-one of the mon arrested on board
an American schooner at Baracoa, and commit
ted to prison at Havanh, has, as we briefly men- I
tionad yesterday, made a confession, implicating
himself in an attempt to create a revolution min
Cuba. His real name is said to be Franciscoj
Estrampes. Hie is a tall fine-looking young
man, of 28 or 30 years of age. The Havana
correspondent of the Charleston Standard con-t
tains a statement made by the prisoner, from
which we copy the followinig:
"I was seized at' Baracoa, placed on my back
in the filthy hold of a vessel, with my armsi
so tightly fastened behind me as to, give me great
pain, and I was not permitted to have a mattress, 1
which my friends wished to bring me, to rest my
aching bones upon. Thence 1 was taken iii
chains to the castle of St. Jago de Cuba, where,
after a long confinement, they brought me, min
the hold of a vessel, to this place. During the
six days passage from St. Jago to this city I was;
kept in the hold so cruelly tied ha to be unablei
even to smoke a segar. A biscuit in the morn
ng and another at dinner ime, was my daily
and sole~ allowance of food."
Hannao HARRINeG, a naturalized CitiZen of the,
United States, arrived -in Copenhagen on the
23d'of November, as the agent of a steam and
sailing packet company, between Tgnming mi]
Denmark, Southampton, Eng., Panama, New
York and St. Thomas. His passport as an
American citizen waj issued by the Diplomatic
Department in Washington, and vised by the
Consulate in New York, and the Danish Em
bassy in London. Notwithstanding these facts,
however, he was arrested immediately on his
arrival and taken to the police office. Mr. Bed
inger, the American Minister promptly interpos
ed and saved him from a night's !mpris.onmnent.
On the next day Harming had an interview with
the foreign Minister, (Bhuhme) which lasted half
an hour..- The result was that lie was compelle~d
to leave Compenhagen instantly, and took his
departure for London. It is alleged that Har
ring took part in the Polish revoeition in 1830;
that he was expelled from Norway some years
back by the Russian Oscar, anid therefore he is
nowr driven from Danish ground by the Russian
From the Valley Pioneer.
PROCEEDINGS OF THE STOCHOLDERS OF THE
SAVANNAH VALLEY RAILROAD.
Met at 11 a. m., at the Bank of Hamburg.
On motion, John Brownlee, Esq. was called to
the chair, and Mr. H. A. Kenrick appointed see
retary, and the minutes of the 21st April were
H. Hutchison, President, submitted a verbal
report of the affairs of the company.
Joseph Abney, Esq. submitted a series of
resolutions which at his request were laid on the
table until to-morrow.
On motion of John Speer, Esq., a committee
of five was appointed to confer with the City
Council of Augusta. Messrs, Rodgers, Brown
lee, Hutchison and Sibley, committee.
A committee of three was appointed to veri
fy proxies. Messrs. N. Meriwether, Gyles and
On motion of John Speer, Esq., an election
for President and Directors were ordered at 9,
a. m. to-morrow. -
On motion of Joseph Abney, Esq., adjourned
to 9 a. m. to-morrow.
H. A. KENDRICK. Secretary.
Hamburg, Dec. 21st, 1854.
Met at the Bank of Hamburg, at 10 a. m. Mr.
Brownlee in the chair.
Mr. Speer, chairman of committee appointed
to confer with the City Council of Augusta,
reported that the City Council of Augusta had
ippointed a committee who would be in atten
lance this morning.
Committee on proxies reported 336 votes rep.
-esented by proxy.
Leave was granted Mr. Speer to withdraw
esolutions ordering election this day.
H. Hutchison, President, stated that he was
inable to give the time and attention to the bu
iness of the Company, which would be neces.
ary when operations were commenced, but was
villing to attend to the duties of President, free
f compensation until his successor should be
His Hon. A. P. Robertson, and Messrs. Phini
y and C. A. Platt, committee in behalf of the
ity of Augusta, were introduced, and invited
o seats in the convention. The chairman sta
ed the meeting was ready to receive any propo
ition from the city of Augusta.
Mayor Robertson stated that he was not au
horized to make any proposition on the part of
he city, but if the convention had any proposals
o make, he would convene the citizens of Au
usta at any day the convention desired, and lay
be matter before them.
Josiah Sibley, Esq., submitted the following,
rhich was unanimously adopted:
The Stockholders of the Savannah River Val
-y Rail Road, in view of the important interests
hich are involved in the construction of their
oad, are anxious to procure the co-operation of
ie city of Augusta, without whoqi. nid. thi mfei-at
. iis procuring a site on the Bank of the
Iver; they propose, at their own expense, to
uild and keep in rapair a substantial Bridge
-nm their Depot in Hamburg, over the Savannah
iver, and to locate said Bridge at any point be
,veen the Augusta Bridge and Campbell street
pposite to what is known as the Water Proof
Varehouse in Hamburg,) that may be designa
?d by the city of Angusta-the Bridge to be
-ee. We also, will allow Augusta to be repre
nted in our direction and respectfully ask his
lonor the layor of the city of Angusta, to call
meeting of the citizens to take the matter into
nsideration on Tuesday the 23d of January
ext. The Stockholders will meet again in
lambura, on Wednesday, the 24th of January
ext. We also require the city of Augusta, to
ive us a landing for our Bridge free of charge.
On motion of Joseph Abney, Esq., the follow
ig Resolutions were adopted.
Resolved Ist. That we redouble our exertions
build the Savannah River Valley Rail Road.
Resolred 2d. Thait we appoint agents to take
dvantage of all public meetings along the route
f our Road, to increase the stoeks of the same,
nd that it be made the duty of each Officer,
irector, and Stockholder of the said Road, to
irease its stock, by any legitimate means, and
iat lie employ all his efforts to further the great
esign we have in view.
Resolred 3d. That if the Rabun Gap Road be
uilt, an enterprize almost surely to be accom
lished, the Savannah River Valley Road, must
f necessity, be of the utmost advantage to the
blie generally, as well as-to the Stockholders
f the R.oad.
Resolred 4th. That a Committee of Five be
ppointed to procure subscriptions from Augusta,
iavannah and Charleston in aid of our Road.
Resolved 5th. That no Road now in contem
lation in the State, can more subserve the inter
sts of the community generally,-the interests
f the Farmers,-the interests of the people of
Iamburg, Augusta Savannah and Charleston,
nd the State of South Carolina, than the one
ye are now endeavoring to project
Resolved 6th. That the Savannah River Val
sy Rail Road ought to be built.
Resolved '7th. T1hat, there be allowved, to the
rienids of the Road, a period until the 24th of
anuary next, within which to procure additional
The Committee appointed under 4th Resolu
on were Messrs. A. J. Hammond, J. W. Harri
on, D. M. Rogers, Dr. N. Meriwether and H. A.
On motion of Joseph Abngy, Esq., the follow
ng resolutions were adopted.
Resolved 1st. That the thanks of the meeting
e tendered to his Honor the Mayor of Augus
a, A. P. Robertson, Messrs. Phinzay and Plaitt,
:ommittee of thie city Conneil, for their courtesy,
mid pronmptrness in responding to the call of this
Resolved 2d. That we are much obliged to Mr.
lohn Brownlee, who has presided over our meet
ng with so much impartiality, and to Mr. H. A.
Kenrick, our secretary, for their diligent attention
o the interests of the company.
On motion of Charles.Jammond, Esq., it was
Voted, That the proceedings be published in the
Vley Pioneer, Edgefiel4 Advertiser, Augusta,
A bbeville, and Anderson papers, and that all pa
pers friendly to the enteprise, be requested to
Adjourned to meet January 24th 1855.
H. A. KENRICK, Secretary.
Hamburg, December 22d, 1854.
AMERICANs AT TABLE.-Robert Chambers,
i his recent volume on ".Things in America,"
remarks that a person accustomed to visit among
the middle classes in Great Britain is astonished
it the profusion at the table in all quarters of
America. " There is," he says, "no stintinig as
o food." He adds: "It was often pressed to
my notice in the United States that the hired
laborers in the field are provided with better
fare than falls to the lot' of thousands of the
genteel' classes in England."
THE Louisville Democrat calls F. 3. Grund,
recently appoiinted Consul to Marseilles, "Prus-.
in by birth, and : Swiss by profession."
THE SLAVERY. QUESTIox-NoRTB CAROrMA.
-The -subjoined resolutions on' the slavery
question were introduced into the Hous'aof
Commons of North Carolina a few days since:
"Resolved, That the Act, passed'at the last
session of Cqngress, providing tacritorial gov.
ernments for Nebraska and Kansas, emibraces
the true principle in relatioin to the power of the
Federal Government on the subjectif slaverf
in the Territories.
"2. Resolved, That the principles asserted-in.
said Act on the question of .silavery is a subject
of vital importance, upon which all southern.
men ought to unite.
"3. Resolved, that the attempt on the part of
sme of the States of the North to interferq
with slavery in the South, is a flagran't violai.on,
of the constition of the United States,jtnd
fraught with incalculable mischief.to the people,
of this State.
"4. Resolved, That the preservation of th1
rights of this State in the peaceful enjoymnt f
the domestic institution of slaveiy. is a ..par.
mount duty. _d 1 Ai
"5 Resolved, That much praise is duo tp the,
patriotic men who have boldly maintainedhe.,
compromises of the constitution in the midstrof.
the infuriated fanaticism -of the North. ..
"6. Resolved, That this State is determine.
to resist any further encroachments upon,,hir
"7. Resolved, That in the event the-fedejaL
government repeal or impair the efeiency ofa
the provisions of the fugitive slave law, orrefusp5.
to enforce its execution in good f.ith,.t WijL
become the duty of this State to take. se'
measures as may be required for our saetya udr
"8. Resolved, That, if either of the. cotigean!g
cies contemplated in the foregoing resolution
should arise during the recess of. theGeneral.,
Assembly, the governor be requested iq'conypne,
that body, to the end that the right of the State..
may be maintained.
ATTACK oN LIQuoR Suos By WoalEN. -'i
Kalamazoo (Mich) Telegraphfurnishes the par,.
tienlars of a descent made on the groggerips-of
Otsego, by the women of that place, in. cons
quence of an insult offered by a dealer toa
remale whose drunken husband visited his house.
The Telegraph says:
" The women of the village, to the unnmbe
of thirty-eight, armed with axes 1nd batchets,'
formed a proce-tsion and marched upon tliedes-,
troyers of their domestic peace. Proceeding tq
the hotel, they commenced a general dempli
Lion of decanters, jug4, tumblers, and ;rbartis1
when the proprietor, besceching them to desisj,
:ame to terms, and gave bonds not 1.o sell any -
nore liquor for six months, after which they
luietly withdrew. They then proceeded to
ieveral groceries where liquor was sold. One
>f the keepers,. after a portion - of hjs&okhi&...
SINGULAR CASE OF A WRECK.-The jiropeller
3incinnati, while on her trip from Chicago to
)swego, was caught in the gale of week befori
ast on Lake Huron. During the storm, a hen
ry hawser, with a light line attached, which was
eiled ready for use on the forecastle deck, was
vashed overboard by the sea. Soon after this
he engine of the propeller stopped on its centre,
md all the efforts of the engineer and his men
vere insufficient to move it either way. On~
xamination, it was found that the hawser had
een caught by the screw and wound around it
n numerous complicated coils. Axes and chis --
Is were procured, and the attempt was made to
-eleive the screw of its burden; but bef-re this
ould be done, the unmanageable craft went
shore on the Canada side, where she now lies.
robably no wreck was ever attributable to such
cause before.-Chicago Times.
POR0 PACKING' IN THE WEST.-The Louis
Ile Courier of Monday has the following re
narks in relation to piork packing:
" The season draws to a close slowly, owing
.o the baickwvardness of buyers, or rather the'
ant of cash, and the difficnilties 'of transporta
ion from the interior of Indiana, which is nos'
he only source of source of supply. The total
,umber of hogs killed this season up to - last
tight is 213,553, which, compared with last
ear's operations, shows a falling off of 49,1642
At the end of the season the disparity will be
till greater, the shot t crop of corn and the tight
1ess of the money market being the- existing
auses. Prices on Saturday were drooping, and
he market dull, the prevailing quotations being
t a 41 cents net for light to good hogs. A lot
af 250 sold for 4t cents, and, a drove of 95 head
:it $4,30 cash.
ALLIED FORCEs IN THE CRIMIEA.-According
to a correspondent of the London Times, the
combined forces lranded by the allies at Old Fort,
in the Crimea, on the 14th of September,
amounted to 67,000 men, since which time, up
to the middle of November, reinforcements ar
rived in' the Crimea making the , total force
114,415 men. From this must be deducted the
loss in battle, in the trenches, by sickness, &c.,
17,300, leaving on the 15th of November an
effective force of 94,115 men. Since the latter
date 27,385 men have been shipped for the
Cri~aa making, according to this showing, a
total rre of 121,500 men. In these totala are
included 7,000 British and French sailors and
marines, acting as land forces. The aggregata
Russian force opposed to this array amounts to
about 1U2,000 men.
A RAiLROAD III MEXICo.-A highly important
enterprise is about to be undertaken in Mexico.
A gentlemen has obtained authority from the
Government to construct a railroad through the,
heart of the Republic. The route will embrace.
a strip of country something like 700 miles in,
length, and 600 in breadth anpd will pass through,
a region tunrivalled for richness of soil, mineral,
resources and salubrity of climate. It will com
mence on the Rio Grande, and terminate on the
Pacifi'c ocean, at any suitable point between, the
mouth of the river Culineumn and the Frovince of
Sinalon on the north, and the port of Manganilla
in the province of Colima on the south.
A FEW DA~s.-This seems to be all the rage
at present. The Louisville Times thus takes it
off, which suite this section exceedingly well:
" You present to a man a small account he
will pay it in " a few days ;" the river is expected
to rise "in a few days," business is to be better in
a " few days;" pretty girls expect te marry in a
" few days ;" nigger boys whistle a"a few d a ;"
brass bands blow out a " few days;"' hlgh
lows sing a " few days;" you can hearth sly
musquito, who steals under your bar of a bight,
singing on his dod blasted horn that he expects
to leave in a " few days," a~nd -we expected to.
give the reader some interesting local items in a
And v'e are looking to see somne delinglent
subscribers to coma up anid pay.for the Adgertiseg