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ARRIVAL OF THE CANADA.
HALtFAx N. S. Jan. 18.
he London Times advocates the immediate
oval of Lord Raglan from his command in
Crimea, on the ground of incompetency. It,
, bitterly assails the ministry and says that
d Dalhousie the present Governor of India
e only right person for Secretary of War.
n the Vienna Conference on the 28th ult the
resentatives of England France and Austria
eed upon and drew up an interpretation of
four points. The Austrian Minister then
ied the document to the Russian Minister,
nee Gortsebakoff, who was in company with
Prussian Ambassador. When asked wheth
e was prepared to accept the interpretation
hout reserve or modification, the Prince re
d that his instructions were only to treat on
basis of the four points, but he should like
ave a delay of a fortnight in order to com
nicate with the Czar, which was granted to
. The terms are reported to be neither hard
humiliating to Russia, and the Russian inter
t ation of ine four points is said to differ little
m that given to them by the Allies..
he seige works of the Allies at Sebastopol
re advancing S completion, and reinforce.
nts were arrivi General Canrobert writes
t he is now able to take the offensive and
ke good hirlosses. The army, also, was full
confidence. Scarcely a night passed without
attack being made on the French lines. The
ench works extend to the bottom of Quaran
e Bay, but the Russians fiercely contested
ry inch of ground before that point was
CcnToN.-Messrs. Brown and Shipley quote
demand for Cotton as being chiefly confined
Middlings. The other quitlities were not
otably lower. Middling Mobile ruled at 4
1.8d; and Inferior, at from 3d 4d. The
trket closed quiet on Friday evening the 5th.
e sales of the week were 36,000 bales, of
ich speculators took 800, and exporters 850
ot 8500 as published yesterday,in consequence
an error in transmission committed by one of
e telegraphic operators at Columbia) leaving
,350 bales of all descriptiona to the trade.
e stock on hand comprised 542.000 bales in
ding 280,000 American.
About half-past 12 o'clock this morning, the
heelriglt Shop on the South side of Chalmers
reet, midway between Church and State
reets, occupied by C. C. Thomas, was discov
ed to be on fire, and owing to the combusti
e character of the building and its contents,
as soon enveloped in flames. It soon extend
to a stable in the rear of a three story brick
elling hou~se to the West, occupied by Charles
irley, who was compelled to remove his furni
re, but the house was little injured. These
ildiargs belonged to Mr. Morehead. The rear
the extensive Livery Stables fronting on
halmers street, and owned by Col. George H
rown, next took tire, and rapidly burned its
tire length, and with it was consumed about
iree hundied bales of hay, belonging to Mr.
ing. Here, by the energetic efforts of tWe
remen the progress of the flames was arrested
this direction. On Chalmers street, next East
the building was a Blacksmith Shop, also be
nging to 31r. Morehead, which was rapidly
asumed. The large three story Livery Stable
nd storehouse next Eastward, belonging to
ol. George 11. Brown, next took fire and was
n'.iely consuned, together with a quantity of
ay owned by Mr. Riley. The fire next seized
large two-story frame house, owned by Mr. P.
eBride, which was entirely destroyed. The
re here crovsed to the North side of Chalmers
treet, and eoczumed a two story and a half
une buildiiag owned by Mr. Ryan, and a Black.
m1th 6hop own by Mr. Twing. A number of
auk buildings, belonging to houses fronting on
road street and State street, were also con
We regret to state that by the falliig of the
rick wali of Col. Brown's building on Chalmers
treet, a highly estimable gentleman, Mr. Allen
peneer was seriously if not fttally injured.
ne 01 his legs wa.s dreadfuly shattered just
eor tl.c knee, while the other wa broken and
t is feared his spine is injured.
From the latenesa of the hour, our description
acessarily imperfect in its details. The loss,
-e suppose, cannot be less than sixty or seven
y thousand dollIars.-Charleston M urcury.
GEN. SCOTT's OPINxoN.--The opinion of Geni.
eott on the operations ini the Crimea is of in
terest. A WVashington correspondent of the
Charleston Mercury says:
"I had recenily the pleasure of hearing the
criticism of Gen. Scott on the war ini the Crimea.
Ilook upon Scott as one of the great captains
of the age, and I listened with great interest to
his ideas. He says the allies committed a great
blunder in delaying the attack upon Seboastopol
as long as they did ; that imamediately after the
raising of~ the siege of Sil istria they' should have
.attacked Sebastopol, at which time there wvas a
comparatisely smnail force in the Criwda ; thtt
the allies cannot take Sebastopol unless they
receive reinforcements giving them a superiority
of force to the extent of from thirty to fifty
per cent; that the Russian regular soldiers are
the best troops ini the world for defence; they
never fly, but perish, unless ordered to retreat.
He thinks the allies labor under a great disaid
vantage in having two commtandin'g generals;
that the road to victory is through unity of de
sign. The inference I would drawv from Gener
all Scott's ideas is that Sebastopol will not be tat
ken ; for I doubt whether the allies can throw
bUCh a preponderance of force there as is neces
sary. Th'!e general further said, that the allies
cuuld not re-embark now without immense
loss of men,and all thme materials of war ini camp,
except the weapons in their hatnds."
IREsoLUTENEss OF NIenotAs.-Thae Paris cor
respondent (Deemtber 24) of the Londotn Times
transmits a letter from a person who has just
returnedi to Frankfort from St. Peterburg. He
says that, frinmt the Emperor to the humblest
subject, the general cry of thae nation is, "war
to tae unnost, rather than humiliation." The
same writ er says, in regard to Sebastopol, that
"the onaly fear~ Prince Menschaikoff has is lest
the allies amay not attempt thme assault."
ANOThER FlRE iN LAURIENs.-We learna from
a private source that another attempt was made
yesterday morning, January 19, about 4 or 5
o'clock, to destroy by fire the store of Mr. S.
Anidersoni, in which is the post ofiee and the
pirintinag otfice of the Laurensville Hlerald.
This diambolIical act of supposed inceindiairies
again failed in the accomplishment of the whole
purpose, bat succeeded in damaging the proper.
ty to a considerable extent. 'Thle smoke was
too denase when our informant wrote to enable
him to ascertain thes damage. We hope it was
trifling, for our own experience of a similar ca
lamity is too recent not to awaken all onr sym
Mon LAW 1N NoanAstrToN' CoUNTY.-The
Eastern 4Pa.) Argus publishes an exciting ac
count of a mob which collected at Mooresburg,
ina that counaty, and breaking tip a meeting of a
Know-Kothaing Lodge. The members of the
secret organization assembled quietly in an up.
per story of a pubiic house, and while transact
ing thei'r business, the mob of opposing politi
ciavns gathered around the exterior of the house,
armed with a fifty.six pound cannon, which they
fired off until it' broke all the window glass in
the house. Every man in the mob, not engaged
in leadinir arnd firing the cannon was atrmed with
same unisy musical instrument, such as a horn,
bugle, trumpet, bass.druma, with which they all
kept up such a deafening noise that the lodge
was ohbliged to dispurse. The rioters, if justice
is done, will be severely punished.
" Pis MoNEY."-lt is reported says a Boston
paper, "that a lady in thisecity has spent; during
the year 1854, at a lace and embroidery store,
the sum of $2,000. and that several ladies have
each contracted bills at 'he dry gnods stores
varying from $5,000 to 6.000 each."
THE German custon of havinag music float on
the midnight air from the towers of Churches
on the last night of thme year, was observed in
P'rovidence on the 31st ult., by a party of Ger
manians, who ascended the steeple of Rev. Dr.
Hall's Chureb, and executed from the lofty posi
tim elodes a-.m.o..i to the solemn occasion.
ARTHUR SIMKINSj EDITOR.
EDGEFIELD, S. C.
WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 24, 1855.
" Conp sional Directory."
Oux thanks are due to Hon. P. S. BROOKS for a
copy of this Directory. It informs the world where
all our great men at the Federal city eat and sleep,
whereabouts in the Senate or House they do theirduty
to the country, and a good many other things too tedi
ous to mention.
ji WE arerequested to state that the Post Office,
for this place, is now kept in the Brick house in rear
of T. RooT's Dry Goods Store.
THE thermometer, on Monday night last, indicated
260 Fahrenheit as the state of the weather in this lati
tude. (The mercury in our individual system at the
time-of the blue pill description-fell at least 16*
lower.) The earth was frozen very generally and
farmers may expect a portion of their oats crop to
"come up missing."
THIS interesting female, whoever she may be, isin
formed that we publish no communication, from this
time out, unless it is accompanied by the name of the
writer. Had we given her " Good Old Maids" a place
in the picture, against our rule, we could not fairly
have refused to accommodate other ificognitas in the
same way. By the bye, " AMsAzoNIA" was needless
ly alarmed as to our making fun of her. We could
never be so cruel as to attempt this on one who can be
bold enough to apply the term "fraternity" to old
The Prettiest Twins Tet.
" Wto's got them !" No greater nor less a person
than your humble friend and servant, the Editor. Per
fect beauties are they not, as they lie there so snugly,
side by side, upon the corner table.-" Babies lying on
a table, sir! Why, who ever heard of such a thing ?"
Wait for the wagon now, good madum. Did we say
anything about babies? " Well, you said twins !"
So we did. And may there not be other twins besides
baby twins! Those we speak of at present are of the
Orange family-beautiful, plump, golden, fragrant
specimens, recently taken from their birth-place, high
up on the parent bush in Dr. J.VP. BARRETT'S Green
House.-Thank you, doctor, fur the very acceptable
little souvenir. We'll eat one to your health and con
(After eating.) By George, they are delicious, fully
ripe, and as sweetly juicy as though Florida had pro
duced them instead of Abbeville.
" BALLoU's PICTORIAL-DRAwtNO Room CoxPA N
ioN" is a beautifully illustrated and well conducted
publication. We prize it as an exchange and recom
mend it as a source of improvement and entertainment,
to our lady friends particularly. It will make you a
most engaging and welcome parlor visitor. The price
is $3 00 per annum. Address " M. M. BALLO, cor
ner of Tremont and Broomfield sts., Boston.
" Tim SoUTIERN STATESMAN" is the title of a new
political sheet, just started in Calhoun, Ga., edited and
owned by J. W. DODD. It is a very handsome country
paper, and apparently well managed. The motto se
lected for its guidance is-" The best policy, honesty;
the best protection, industry ; the best party, our coun
IT is evident now that Edgefield District is making
rapid strides in the good cause of Education. As a
proof of this, we refer to the advertising colunns of I
our present issue. There are schools large and schools I
small, schools classical r-nd schools plain, schools i
male and schools female, schools ordinary and schols I
of high grade. They seem too to be very generally
distributed in all parts of the District. If this thing I
be kept up and improved upon progressively, we, in 4
Edgefield at least, shall have very little need of Mr.I
TUCKER's educational bill or any oilher such pro
It is gratifying to observe these substantial and un
erring indications of the increasing intelligence and
pride of our people. We believe it is general in the
State. May we never find the schiool-mtaster abroad
again ! Here's his place, at home among the leoys
and girls, and here let him remain. It is an honora- I
ble place withal, and one that tells upon the morals,
the tone and the cultivation of a people more than
anything else short of an enlightened pulpit.
'ro our school advertisements we invite especial at
tention. The one regarding our Village Male Acade
my is the last in. Mark it well.
Court House Lightning Rods.
THE attention of our Commissioners of Public
Buildings is earnestly asked to the condition of the
Lightning Rods on the Court House. Now that a
,little electricity seems to he getting aflosat again in the
elements (as Witness last Sunday night; we should
hold it advisable to have something done soon in this
matter. If there he any truth in FRANKLINs's theory
n the subject, there's a very good chance for some
f ius to be slightly shocked one of these dlays by a
rather unpleasant electric explosion. It wvould he
more exciting howover, and better worth the record
ing, if this little fuss among the fluids could be ar
ranged to take place during some interesting trial at
the approaching March Term of the Court of Common
Pleas. In this way, his Honor, the presiding Judge,
:nd the Lawyers, and the Jurymen, and the Wittness
es, and the Constables, and evcry body, might par
ticipate in the fire works.
Tributo of Respect.
Wr'. find the following tribute to one of Edgefield's
sons, in the Hamburg Valley Pioncer,uf the 17th inst.
DEATH OF JOHN LARK RzcntAnoso.-Again the
sad duty devolves on tus of chronicling the death of an
early, faithful, and esteemed friend. On Wednesdlay
morning, the 3rd of January 1855, the summons came,
and the spirit of John L. Richardson, in obedience to
the call, winged its flight to the undiscovered contry
from whose bourne no traveller returns. In the morn
ing of life, and the vigor and strength of manhood, i
while youth and hope revelled in the luxurious pros
pect a long and happy career on earth, lie was stricken
down by disease, and through montths of wearied suf
feritg, wasted lisa mantly form to the gratve. Btit it is
a happy thought, and one of infinite consolation to his
bereaved relations and friends that the Father who
sent them sanctified his aillictions to his etertal wel
fare. The dread messenger was calmly welcomed byI
him, as a kinud antgel, releasing him from the cares,
trials and troubles of this world, to bear his freed and.
happy spirit to the presence of the God who gave it.
Th eesd was endowed with many social vir
tues, of a noble and manly bearing. Possessitng a warm
an eeosheart lie won a phace its the affections of
al h ihyknew hint, or properly appreciated his
stern integrity and unflinching fidelity. From thme
cradle to the grave 'tis tnot long: antd withi our de
pared rindala !how shtort the span ! Truly " in
his age, he has gone down to the tomb of his fa.thers.
Peace to his Ashes.
A Poetic Xorsel.
THlE following little piece-a parody upon " Roy's
Wife," by GzoacE P. MoaRms, strikes us as being
very sweet. There is a sort of " simplczr munditis"
about it which almost always characterises the old,
Major's compositions. By thme way, can any one settd
us a copy of it parody on the same old song, written
by WARREN R. DAvis, and enttitled " Johnson's Wife
of ouiian."As well as we remember there was
more soul, tmore fire in it thtan breathes through Moa
al's effusion. For the present, hiowever,-thiis is good
JEANNIE MARSHI OF CHERRY VALLEY.
By GEORGE P. MoaRss.
Air-" Roy's Wife."
JEANNIE MAasu of Cherry Valley,
At whose call the muses rally ;
Of all the nine none so divine
AsJEANNIE MARsH of Cherry Valley.
She minds me of her nativo scenes,
Where she was born among the cherries;
Opeces, plums and nectarines,
Pears, apricots and ripe strawberriec
JEANNIE MARsH of Cherry Yallu-y
JEANNIE MARSH of Cherry Valley,
In whose name the muses rally ;
Of all the nine none so di'.ne
As JE'ANNIE MARsh of Cherry Valley.
A sylvan nymph with queenly grace,
An angel she in every feature; ;
The sweet expression of~ the place,
A dimple in the smile of Nature !
JBNNIE MARsII of Cherry Valley.
TRE " Baltimore Patriot," very good authority in
most meaters, avers the distinct opinion that prolonged
European war w'll not mnatersally affect the prices of
Labor, North a South.
As all-prevailing argument in favor of our reviled
system of domestic servitude is to be found in the faset,
that it has, thus far, been steadily and closely accot
panied by thrift and prosperity in every departmentof
bome industry. - In spite of the most oppressive injus
rice, in the'forn of uncqual exactions, favorite-ism in
lhe disbursement of revenue &c..our half of the UnIon
bas gone on increasing in all the elements of wethh
tnd greatness, until at length we stand, confessedly,
r chosen people, upon whose exertions a benignant
Providence has thought good to pour forth one con
inued stream of approval and remuneration. The
blight and mildew which were to coverour " accursed
ection" as a pall, where now is it to be found ! Let
ur agricultural advances, our factories, our institu
tons of learning, our churches and our railroads an
'wer the question. Last but not least, let the futile
mputation, which that question would convey, be
branded as it deserves by the notorious contrast, at
his very time aflorded, between the value and pro.
ection of labor, North and its value and protection.
Sotsh. From every Northern city, of any consequence,
ve receive intelligence, almost daily, to the purport
hat the wages of labor are falling while provisions
-ontinue to rise. Such is also the case in many, if
iot all, of the manufacturing towns; and we may
reasonably suppose these to be very fair exponents of
he rural districts. In the city of New York, three
housand mechanics were thrown out of employment
i few weeks since, all in a single Ward. Another
dsatement is that there cannot be less than seventeen
housand able-bodied working men'at this very time,
in the great American Metropolis as it is called, who
neither have employment nor a prospect of it. The
determination of employers to reduce the prices of
,ompensation still lower renders it next to impossible
ror those who have work to help those who have not.
Rents too continue high, while the ability to meet.
Lhem is thus growing daily less. The end of all this
is melancholy to contemplate. Rags and wretched
ess, disease and crime, make up a fearful prospective
ror the unfortunate men and women who have the
evere ordeal to undergo.
Now turn to the South. Go to New Orleans, Charles
on, Savannah, Mobile, Richmond, Norfolk, Raleigh,
Colusmbia, Augusta, Macon. Knoxville, Montgomery
ind Galveston. Go into every village within our bor
lers. Search through the barrenest hills and ridges
>f our section. You will see nothing approximating
this condition of things anywhere. You will find a
deek, well-fed, warmly-clad, ligitly-tasked negro pop
lafion to do the bulk of our agricultural labor. That
'hey are productive of wealth to their owners is not
or a moment contradicted. It is this that keeps all
ight. But. in return, they are protected, from youth
*o old nge, as a part of one's home and family. They
tre nursed in sickness, worked in health and preached
s upon the Sabbath. The master's right arm is ever
cady to be up-lifted in defence of his mal-treated
lave. The slave knows this and feels it. lehas that
test ingredient of comfortable security, the assurance
hat he will ever be well cared for in life and decently
nterred in death. Hence his characteristic mirthful
From toil he wins his spirits light,
Fruim busy day the quiet night;
Rich, from the very want of wealth.
In Heaven's best treasures, peace and health."
There is no class on earth, to whom these four lines
if Gray are nore correctly applicable, than to the
5outhern negro. But it is not alone in their own hap.
>y condition that we find much to congratulate our
elves upon here. The general prosperity of our see
ion, based (as it tsndeniablv is) upon our institution
f African slavery, is always directly conducive to the
vell-heing of mechanics and tradesmen of every kind
Lmongst its. Because we have in this way an occa
ional superfluity of wealth as it were. We are not
-ontinually pinched and pinchiing. Most Southern
armers have at some one senson of the year (general
y abouit the time their cotton-bags begin to roll to
narket) fully distended old pocket-books, a littlegreasy
ooking at times perhaps but none the worse for that.
'heir contents, put to work by a prompt and cheerful
ayment of the various bills and accounts libera'ly
:ontracted with our merchants, lawyers, printers, car
enters, brick-layers &c., is what enables every citizen
n any Southe-rn communsity yet heard of, to thrive
id even grow rich with ortdinary care.
From reflections like thse furegnisng we deduce a
single proposition, whsich we hope to inmpress more
illy upon our reaiders at another time, and it is this:
1l'hat the itnstitution of African cl-avery, as existant in
he Southserns tates, is blesed of Ileavens to ste well
eing of all wvhot use it aright, antd especially to the
rase, comfort andi security of the poor white labosers
af our section.
" Our Shop."
THE reatder wvilh please find the advertisement of
'our asop" elsewhere. As it is conveniently situated
mn the Plattkroad, call occasionally and have your
orse shod, to say nothsing of many other little acts of
tindnsess that mighst there be donse for you.
rho Know-Nothing: And American Oru-'
So~itE onec has put ini our hox a copy of this Publi
ansons, whsichl appears to regard itself thec organ of
hse new party.
" Put n5one bit Amesricanis on guard lo unight," is thse
xpressive sentinment under whose spell thsis organsiza
on hsopes to shsape ste future destinies of the Amern
Thse paper before its is puiblishetd at Bcston, and
aid to bc edited by a isumber of genitlemen of talenit
We have no fellowship wish the order except on a
inigle pinit and then onsly to a limited extent.
Soxi'. people have odd notions of aristocracy. They
enm so thsisnk that to wear kid gloves, drive a fine
arriage, give handtsonne dinners, pay fashionable calls,
ove Italian music, abstain frosm backbones and turnip
~reenss, luxuriate over French pattes, drink chocolate,
laice mazurkas, and the like, is to be an aristocrat.
~id yet inert, arid women too, may do each anid every
mue of thsese things, and still fall very far short of what
Sthoroughn bred Knickerbocker of New York, or a
sigh-tosned Iluguenot of So'uths Carolina, nsould imply
>y the word aristocracy. Thie proper mefning of the
erm, these would hold to be nothing more nor less
han gentility-gentility as contradistinguishsed from
rugarity. But the truth is, there is no such word
>roperly belonging to our American vocabulary as ar
stocracy. It..is good Hellcnic English, but bad Ameri
:an. T1hehighter class, ins a country like England
whlere classes are distinctly and permanently marked)
s thse aristoCratic Class. It is, there, a fixed condition
>f society. It stands firmly implanted upon its broad
eres, hedged around by primogenital rights. It is of
en productive of great individual excellence and so
ial refiement, but frequsently also of degeneracy and
rorruptioun. Good or bad, it is certainly ats a system
sterly asnti-republicasn. We have cast it out from our
odies politic as an incubus supoin civil liberty, a check
spon human advanscemenst. Le t the name as well as the
;ubstance be expunged. Whsy mimic, in empty sound
Ltnd outward sow, what the very nature of our gov
:rnment spews out as anti-American 1
And yet, perhaps, some few individuals here ansd
here could not well get along without the phrase.
I'he demagogue would not part withs it, because it is
nis favorite ad captandusm term, by the use of which
in may hope to array coarsness against true decency.
While, on the other hsand, the mats of wealth, who
mut yesterday speculated on cod-fish in the neighbor
nood of Frive P'oinits, might feel lost without it whten he
~amse to assert his stew rank in society. So after all,
t may be that the word must. still he used. Of one
hing we are very certain : that is. will seldotm be found,
ither in the way of ill-bred derision or silly vanity,
upon the lips of really clever people-and by "celever''
we hsere design to convey both the Anglican and Ameri.
AssenicAN Os-raten.-TIwo specimens of te
Auericans ostrich, tmale and female, wore recent
ly killed neasr Fort Dessmoines, Iowa. They are
lesribed as fouir aind at half feet long, and five
feet. in Iheight, with [bill six inchses long, straight
ad very sharp. TIhsey resemble in moist lints
he ostrich of' Africa. One thousand dollara
nad beets doffered for them.
AFFAIRs IN WAsHINGToN,-The President has
rasmitted to the House r. co'mmuniention from
A~ttorney General Cushinsg, in regard to the al
leged fritudulent suit of the Untited States against
the Minnesota Railroatd Comapany, whsich dis..
:lses ext~raordinsary facets, severely reflectisng
upon district Attorney Wnrren, lately dismisssd.
fl97- It is chiefly young ladies of narrow un
anrstnnding who. war, one 100 salnl for them.
The intelligent Washington e6rrespondent o
the New York Herald, writing uqder date of thi
15th inst., furnishes the annexed nportant item.
of neivs. . - 4
it is no less strange than true,.that this same
correspondent some eight or tan days since
foretold what has since transpired, the resigna
tion of Mr. Soule, and we are induced to believc
that other and important changes, to which h(
refers will shortly take place.:
WASHINGTON, Jan. 15, 1855.
The truth of the announcemeht mide in th(
Herald on Tuesday last, that Mr., Soule had re
signed, has been establish to-dAy in a mannei
which leaves no room for doubt,'and is anothei
instance of the reliability of your information
John C. Breckenridge, of Kentucky, war
nominated this afternoon as Minister-to Spain
and confirmed unanimously, vice Soule, resigned
The dangerous illness of Mr. Mason in Paris
and the probable vacancy in the mission, har
hastened the completion of the pr.ogramme which
has for some time been in conteiplation for n
change in the Cabinet.
Very recently Mr. Bucbanan.vas written to
exchange places with Marcy, who has determin.
ed to leave the State Department, and for the
last six months has only been logking for a saft
retreat in a first class mission, and Mr. Mason'
illness will probably furnish an opening soone:
than could be provided by Buchanan's return.
It is known that Buchinan will not accept the
State Department. his friends alleging that he i
much too smart to allow himself to be the lega.
tee of Marcy's blunders.
Mr. Guthrie will also go out.
This change in the State and Treasury De.
partments involves, of course, a complete re
organization of the Cabinet. What further ha!
been determined upon we are nLt at liberty tc
state in detail, but the following changes are
not improbable, viz:
That Ex-Governor Seymour, of -New York
now here, and Ex-Governor Cobb, of Georgid
will fill the vacancies, and should Cushing he
provided with a mission, Toucey, of Connecti
cut, will also be called upon.
Mr. Cushing is struggling for the State De.
partment, but Pierce alone is favorable to hill:
-all the leaders of the Democratic party desi.
ring that he should leave the Cabinet. If botl
the English and French missions become vacani
it is more than probable Cushing' will receive
one of thOem.
There is no doubt that strong Buchanan in.
fluence is at work here, and these are some ol
the result s. 1
The change in the Cabinet carries wili it I
change in the foreign policy of the administra
tion, which now, owing to Mlarey's influence, h
ant i-progressive. anti-Cuba, and anti.inaugural
Mr. Slidell, upon seeing the announcement ii
last week's Herald of Soule's resignation, became
alarmed, and at once posted for Baton Rouge, to
to look after his re-election to the Senate. Mr
Soule having written to his friends to present
his name, Slidell's chances are minute.
BLUE RIDGE RAILROAD SCHEME SUCCESSFUL
-We are highly gratified in communicating tire
fact that the North Carolina Legislature have
granted a charter to the Spartanburg and Union
Railroad Company for the continuation of thei
line from Spartanburg, via He ersonville and
Ashville to Paint Rock, w iere t will cornect
with the Kentucky Road, passing through the
That this is the proper route, the one which
ought to have received the ewmtenance and
hearty support of the South C olina Legisla.
ture, we have never doubted fort moment, and
we must a eknowledge that we are highly pleased
at the prospects before us.
The Stockholders of the Spartanburg and
Union Railroad, as well as the people generally
throughout the interior of this State, are undei
obligations to General Wallace and the Delega.
iion appointed by him to attend the session ol
the North Carolina Legislature, to secure tie
end which has been attained.
Under the administration of 'resident Wal.
lace we hope to see the entire sieme.- prosecu
ted to a speedy anid successful egnsumnmation.
Now is the time for active adnidngen.
ergy to be employed in the spaly construcior
oh the Hamburg and Columbia Railroad. TIhe
building of this road is absolutely necessary
and we hope thle morried intluence of Richhad
with the assistance of the Charlotte Railroat
Company, will -conmmenee the important work
forthwithi. Who will take the initiative, anc
secure to the State' and Coluibia especially
the benefits she is justly entitled to ?-Caro.
THE NEW BRAKE.-Some time since wcre
produced an aerticle, wve think from a Rochestei
pper stating that ae new braike was soon to b<
presened for rise, that wtould stop a train of -can
at very short notice. We leairrn that on Saztr.
day last this brake was successfully tried on the
iarlemn railroad. Although thre rails were in
bad condition on account of the weaether, thre
train, while runniiug at the rate of thirty mnilez
per hour, on a ddawn grade, was stopped withir
350 feet of thre point where the brake was ap
pled, arid on, returning, within 345 feet. Ti
brake is entirely under the control of the engi
neer, and it is satid to be the most effectivt
means yet invented for checking a train of cars
It is rendered more safe by being under the con
trol of the engineer, who will be the medium o:
te look-out, amnd will do away with the employ.
menit of " bratkemen."-N. Y. Commeircial Ad.
A Cn.n KtiL.ED it A RAT.-A most singu.
lar and fatal occurrence took plaice at the house
of Mr. B. Morris, at Richmond, Va.. about ttvc
weeks since. WVe learn from the Post thai
about six months ago, a negro woman ini tin
employment of Mr. Mlorris hieaird her child cry
in thre room next to her and went in to set
what occaisionied it. She saw as she entered rthe
room, a large rat running off from the child
who was lying on the floor, and upon approach.
iig the infant. she fpund a bite 01pon its cheek
which bled profusely. Tire mother though
nothing of the accident, and about two week!
since was again called into the room by the cry
ing of her child. Upon getting in shre saw
large rat leap from the bed, an~d taking up thn
infant, whlich was aibout, seven months old sli
found that it had been severely bitten on the
mole of the head. No attentioti was paid t<
the matter, in consequence of the tritiig char
ater of the wound, and in a few hours after
wrds thre child died. Dr. Wilson, whlo had thu
case uder consideration gives it as his opinior
that the bite caused death.
AN AFRAY.-As we are about going to pres~s
it has conic to our knowledge that an affray o
a serious cbaraeter occurred at Jacksonhamnn, in
the upper part of this District, on yesterday af
teroon. Thre facts, as we learn, tare as follows
A man by tire name of Craig had a dispute witl
another by the name of McCormick, about thir
ty-seven and a half cents, which the latter al
eged was due him by Craig.. TIhe dispute ti
to ae quarrel, which resulted in Craig .stabbi
McCormick two or three times, and withi snch
effect that the physican in attendence thinks wil
prove fatal. Craig was brought to the villagi
last night and lodged in jail. They were botl
under the influence of liquor when the diffieultj
A QUIET' SAuBATrH.-.Lasat Sabbath is said t<
have been the most quiet that has been knowu
in this city for a long time. Thanks to the en
ergy arid 'good arrangements of the new Mayo:
tre gro'g-shiops, almost without exception, weri
closed throughout the city. And what is more
the movenient is generally popular. Many o
the grog-dealers approve of the arrangement.
New York Journal of Commerce.
HANDSoMF.I.Y DoN.-Rey Charles WVad'
worth, in the Arch Street Presbyterian Church
Phiidelphia, last Sabbath, made. an eloqueun
appeal ini behalf of the unemployed tand destitute
ad tihe congregation immediately responded t<
it by contributing the large sum of one thou
san d and ten dollars.
THlE last rumior sent forth from Washington
is that trie Kinney Central American Expeditiot
is really destioed to riperate against Cuba. It-it
rumored that General .Quitman lately actinig a
the Representative of Mississippi in the South.
ern Convention, is the prime mover of the expue
FOR THE ADVERTISER.
Tribute of Respect.
AT a regular meeting of the " Sou'ru CAROLINA
MistrrE MEN," held at Fruit Hill, January the 20th
1855, Col. A. J. h EAr. was called to the Qhair, and
Capt. Tuos. JoNEs requested to net as Seerktary.
The folio.- ing Preamble and Resolutions were unani
WuEREAs, it hath jlehsed divine Providence to
remove by death our friend and fellow-soldier, Lieut.
JosEri D. ALLEN. Therefore,
Resolved, That in the death of Lieut. AL.EN,
our Company has lost a manly, courteous and amia
ble young Officer,:nd the community a good citizen.
Resolved, That in testimony of our respect for
our deceased brother, we wear the usual badge of
mourning this (lay at our Parade, and for thirty days
Resolved, That we sincerely sympathize with the
family of the deceased ad offer them our condo
Resolved, That a copy of these Resolutions be
given to the family of the deceased. and that they
be published in the Edgefield Advertiser.
A. J. NEAL, Cu.ua.
Tiros JoNEs, See'ry.
SUtCIDE.-Mr. Wim. J. Smith, aged 40 years,
a native of South-Carolina, about noon yester
day, committed suicide by shooting himself with
a pistol, the muzzle of which he placed in his
mouth, and blew his brains out. Mr. Smith was a
well known and highly respectable merchant in
this community-having been for years engaged
in the cotton brokerage business. He had lately
met with heavy losses in trade, and also was
much troubled with the epilepsy. These causes
had deranged his mind, and a few days ago he
purchased a small six shooter, and yesterday
about noon he repaired to the privy, and there
locking himself in, perpetrated the fatal act.
His friends hearing the noise of the explosion
of the pistol, burst open the door. and found
him groaning in the last agonties of death. This
took place on Espl:.nade-street, near the corner
of Royal, at the residence of Capt. Hlerrinan.
N. 0. Delta, 10th inst.
A GENTLEMAN in Alabama, in exerting himself
one day, felt a sudden pain, and fearing his in
ternal machinery had been thrown out of gear,
sent for a negro on his plantation, who made
some pretensions to medical skill, to prescribe
for him. The negro, having investigated the
cause, prepared and administered a dose to his
patient., with the titmost confidence of a speedy
cure. No relief being experienced, however, the
gentleman sent for a physician, who, on arriving,
inquired of the negro what medicine lie had gi
vei his master. Bob promptly responded,
"Rosin and alum, sir!" " What did you give
them for ?' continued the doctor. " Why," re
sponded Bob, "de alum to draw de parts toged
I der, and de rosin to sodder um." The patient
HADEAS CoRpus.-The Charleston Courier of
the 19th inst. says:
" R. E. Ellison, Esq.. Sheriff of Fairfield Dis
trict, appeared yesterday before Judge O'Neal,
at Chambers in this city, in obedience to a writ
of Habeas Corpus sued gut in behalf of Mr. R.
N. McMaster, of Winnsboro, who was under ar
rest for the melancholy alfair that resulted lately
in the death of George D. Barker.
"Mr. McMmster was represented by Jnmes M
Rutland, Esq., of Vinosboro, as counsel, and
on hearing. Judge O'Neall admitted an order for
bail in $5,000."
A MEF.TING was held. pur.uant, to adjournment.
at the Union Hotel, Brooklyn, on Monday eve
ning, to perfect arrangements necessary for tihe
appropriate celebration of the Peet Burns'
ANOTHEa K.N. DEFEAT.-The know nothings
were defeated at Maysville, Kentueky, on Mon
day last, in a contest for the city council-every
man elected is anti-know nothing.
g: Whtile Ruggles, the y'otung Post Office
robber was in cuatody at Northfiehd. Vermiont,
he asked Mr. H-oldbrook, the Posat office Agent,
by -whom thte~arrest had been mnade, to step up
stairs to his room a momenlt. After enterimg
Iand clositng the door, the prrisoner took down
ris rifle and very deliberately proceeded to cock
the piece. By thtis titme Mr. H. began to think
that he hind to deal with a desperate character,
but before lie could decide ttpon atty plant of
action, the yotung man took from the Ilock of his
gun a piece of paper and hamnded it to Mr. 1-ol
brook, which ott itnspectiotn proved to be the
missing sum], $600.
ELECTIoN AT LAUR ENSvIIt.E.-T'he olinlwing
genutlenmn have been elected Mutnicipal otheers
of the town of Laureitsville duritng the present
Wardens.--J. H1. larry, 8AMr.. FLEMING, W.
R. FARLEY and A. W. TEAGUCE.
MARRIED, on Tu~esday 16th inst., by Rev.-)ai
lBodie, Mr. Wu:TrzErtn MioRGAN and Miiss SusAN
U oDERTSON, all of this District.
MAtatro, on Sun.lay 2hst inst., by Rev. D. flodie,
Mir. JAM~s .Jesstsas, of Abbeville District, and
Miss AaR BAatRENTON, daughter of Mr. Austin
Barrentoni, of this District.
.Ml~atEn, otn the 5th~ Deem~nber; by Esquire
Glaspa, Mlr. JoiN 1H. CooK and M\iss LouisA C.
FhEIos, all of Cherokee Counity, Ga.
M~aeon 31Ist Deccemnber last, by das. Black
we,.ll, Esq., Enocm SIIaarroN, Esq., to Miss uinas
-r:AN .lourssos, alt of this Distret.
iDiEn, at his residence neair Graniteville in this
District, on the eventing of thte 10th January, 18.55,
of congestion of the brain, Mr. Barrrus .\lia, aged
55 years, 4 mtonths, and 1 day.
Thle subject of this notico was for years greatly
afflicted wit h Rheunmatisnm anid a diseas& of thme.hecart,
which he bore with fortitude and resignationi ; atid
though we b..lieve a member of no chureb, heo had
at his death an aibiding cotmndence in thi: mediation
of the Rtedeemoer.
BRITTON Mists was ito ordinary man. All the
qualities which adorni humanity (partieularly those
of the heart) were in him conspicuously developed.
A warmier or more benezvolenit heart never beat. A
more reliable and devoted friendl never lived. A
mtore tenduer and aff'ectioate husband and father,
never bore those intimiate and endearing relatiotns.
Mr. Miss has left a loved wife, a daughter and
son who have attained maturity, and a third child
(a son) yet a youth, to mourn thetr bereavement,
and to whom we tender our warmest sympathy.
May He whot has stid, that He will '" temper the
ind to the shorn lammb," protect the widow and the
orphan. K. G. T.
ED.IGEFIELDC0. II., Jan0. 18, 1855.
ID~rai't h~lis life, on the 4th .January 1855, at
the resit of her father in this l)istrict, MAKY,
eldest daughu. Maj. F. W. But-r, ini the tenth
year of he.r
Little M ARYav beloved by all who knew hter.
She was the fa orite of the family, especially with
her grand-mot rir. AIthtough young, yet she thought
of her savio/ Anid in hcr last moments, shte said
to her nurse " Let nue- die, and go to my Savior."
With her lSrreved p, Jts we mintgle our tears, and
offer them our heartfelt sympathy. D. 13.
DEPART'rED thtis life at Itis residet in Eligefield
District, on the 5th Jianuary 1855, Mr. ALExANDER
GaEoaR, in the 65th year of his age.
Trhe d.-eensed was born arid lived throughout his
life int Edgelleld District. H~e was an enterprising
arid indtustrious member of society, amid by his ener
gy and ecmony lie had secured a competence of
this world's goods. He met death very calmly. A
short time before he breathed hiis last, he called his
excellent comnpaniont, aind said to her, " Grieve not,.
for me, for my peace is made with God, and I am
going home to hleaven." The deceased was a kind
husbaud, a devoted fatber, a good moaster, and a
model neighbor. T. ,J.
A LL~ Persons indebted to the Estate of N. L.
.t.Griffin, dee'd., arc requested to settle by the
7th February next. Longer indulgence cannot be
given. M. L. BONUA M, A dm'qr.
T... 21 2t' 2
Correspondence of the Advefte.. .
- HAMBURG, Januaoy 20.
Corro-We have had a good demand for this
article during the week, and pices have imptoved
A to i cents on the middling qualities. This im
provement is attributable in a great measure to the
light stock on ,iale. 1loders generally are firm in
their determination to hold for higher prices. We
quote sales 61 to 8 eta. D.
The following persons have paid up to the time
affixed to their names:
S. B. Cook, to 12th October 1855.
R. M. White, to 5th Oct '55.
S. Simkins, to 19th Oct '55.
Ed. Presley, to 28th Jan '55.
M]. Timmerman, to 12th October '55.
G. W. Dorn, to Ist December '55.
Alexander Gregory, to 9th October '55.
John T. Mobley, to 9th October '55.
Mrs. M. A. Coleman, to 7th November '55.
E. P. West, to 5th April '55.
Julius Banks, to 10th July '55.
Cap . W. L. Stone, to 5th April '55.
Janws Perry, to 26th September '55.
E. S. Mobley, to 11th A ugust '55.
Dr. W. S. Slobley, to 13th Alay '55.
George Long, jr., to 5th January '55.
Capt. .J. C. Brooks, to 7th July '55.
J. 11. Yeldell, to 9th November '55.
T. J. Golemoan. to Ist April '55.
C. Suber, to 8th November '54.
E. C. Bland, to 21st October '55.
C. B. Cochran, to 18th February '55.
E. H. Morris, to 5th April '56.
R. M. Morris, to 16th November '55.
Rev. 11. C. Herlong, to 8th February '55.
Thomas P. Norvell, to 16 November '55.
H. W. Addison, to 12th July '54.
W. 13. Addison, to 28th February '55.
Richard Watson, to 6tlh November '55.
R. L. Hardy, to 10th July '54.
E. 11. Youngblood, to July '54.
.Jaies Collins, to 13th Angust '55.
F. C. Wood, to 23d .January '56.
D. A. J. Bell, to 24th November '55.
M. Dinkins, to lot January '54.
D. F. Towles, to 22d November '55.
William Byrd, to 12th October '55.
H. A. Nixon, to lot January '56.
James Cannady, to 29th November '55.
Robert Quarles, to 5th October '55.
). L. Bussev, to 29lh November '55.
Thonias M. Ciristita, to, 6th December '55.
James L. I ill, to 9th March '55.
A Ilolsoinbake, to 29th November '55.
A. B. Adldison. to 9th February '55.
I. 1). Bryan, to 26th October'55.
S. S. Shaw. to 25th April '55.
D. F. Hollingsworth, to 8th October '55.
Join T. Clheathlam., to Gth December '55.
James Henderson, to Ist January '55.
James Armstrong, to Ist December '55.
J. L. Bailey, to 1st January '55.
To be continued.
Edgefield Male Academy.
i liE Trustees of this Institution take piensure
in announcing that they have made ample ar
rangrements for its conduct during the present year.
Mr. WILLIAM McCASLIN and Mr. ERASMUS
YOUNGBLOOD, two young gentlemen of fine
Classical education, have the School niow in charge.
Both Trustees and Teachers flatter themselves with
the belief that their School will not have its superi
'ir in the State. Either Teacher is qualified to
instruct thoroughly in every br.aneh required for en
trance into our Colleges, North or South.. As it is
not probable, from the delay we have unavoidably
encountered in ope-ning the Academy. that we shall
have at any time during the year an inconveniently
large number of Students, those who do cone will
enjoy the great privilege! o- constant and careful su
pervision. Parents will at once see this advantage
in its proper light.
We respectfully ask of our friends.and the friends
(if the School, that they will come forward and en
ter their boys immediately. The full Scholastic
year will be taught.
For the Classical Department, per annum,..$36,00
" Iigher Eng. " " .. 32,00
" Ordinary " " " . . 28,00
Capitol board to be had in pleasant families.
A RTIlIUR SiM1NS, la
O EO. A. AI)>DISON,
Jan 241 tf 2
9 BBLS. and Half Barrels No. ~3, M1ACKE-.
A few Kits, quarter and half bbls No. 1, Mlacke
rel. J. SIlBLEY & SON.
llamburg. Jan 24 ~tf 2
Tp H- E Blaek-nmithm is still at his post near the foot
Iof the lill, ready tee do EVERY JOB comn
mited to his hands in the best style of the day. lie
hopes to receive a liberal share of punblic custonm, as
he is prepared with the BFST ObF M ATEIUA LS5
from that best o'f Hardware Stores, "lRobinson &
Jackson's." ltemember Old llmph
"HIe mamkes his sledge-hamnmer
For to rise and toi fall
Arid he strikes this,
A nd hte strikes that,.
.A mid then he strikes all !''
T1lE Subscriber buegs leave to add, to what his
been so well saiud above, that he is sole proprietor of
1A MPTON'S SIIOP, and will endeavor to have
everything done up brown, or not at all.
gg P1,0W WORKI thankfully received and
prompitly done at all times.
.Jani 24, ly 2
State of Soutih Carolina,
Lovet Il. Tulley and wife Nancy,
Lnndon Tucker and othmers.
B Y Virtue of an Order of the Court in this
cause, I shall expose to sale at public outery,
on the first Monday in Marcht next, thme fo!lowing
real estate of Atticus Tucker, dce'd., viz:
One half of thme Land known as the "Swift
Tract," after seventy one and a half acres have been
ut otff and assigned to Landon Tucker.
The " Robertson Tract," except otie hundred
acres to be cut ofy attd assigned to Savanah 11ilt,
Whithield llilt and 'rocker hlilt.
Also, the one meoureenthi part of all the binds of
the Jenning's & Co's Mining Company.
Taitxs.-A credit of twelve months, except costs
to be paid in cash. Bends with ample security,
required to secure thc purchase money.
A. SIMK1NS, c. z. a. D.
Jan23 6t 2
A LL Persons Ilaving demiands against the Estate
of Wmn. H. Adams, dee'd., are hereby notified
to present the same, properly attested, for payment,
and those who are indebted to the Estate, are re
quested to make paynmnt to
E. PENN. Adn,'or.
.Jan 24 tf ' 2
I TIUNK it..badjpolicy, both for the Debtor and
.Cred itor, to let their accounts stand unsettled
longer thani one year. 4 would therefore ay to all
indebted to me by Note or Account for 1853, to
come up and settle the same by the 10th day of
February n xt, or they will be compelled to settle
with miy Attorney. JOHN LEIGH.
Jan 23, 3t 2
A LL Persons indebted to me, either by note or
account, are respectfully requested to call on
me and settle up on or bef..re the 12th February
next. A fter that time, all unpaid accounts or notes
will. indiscriminately, be placed in the hands of an
Attorney for collection. HI. A. GRA Y.
N. B-All work done in my Shop mgs~t be paid
ILLER & WARREN, Augusta, Ga., have
LIin Store a large and superior lot of BED
BL ANKETS from $3 to $30 a pair.
Also, Heavy Negro BLANKETS, from 75 eta.
to $1 ,50 each; weighing-from 61 to 8 pounds, to
which they invite the attention of House-Keepers
South Carolina Institute.
TX Wr TE IAR Ol TEE BOUTE
TCAROLINA INSTITUTE. for the promotion of
ART, MECHANICAL INGENUITY AND INDUS.
TRY, will he held at the New Hall, recently erected
on Meeting-street, in the city of Charleston, comn
WEDNESDAY, APRIL 11,
and continuing open for exhibition until the twenty.
fifth of April.
The Directors of the Institute, take grsat pleasure
in stating to the public that, by the liberality of the
State and city, they have been enabled to erect a large,
eammodious and elegant building, capable of holding
in its main Hall; 3500 persons, and also, in connection
with it, a very well adapted and spacious MACHINE
ROOM, whicfi will enable them to furnish sufficient
power for any kind of Machinery that may be offered
Suitable premums Will be given to the best spect
mens in Art, Mechanism and other branches of In.
dustry; also of Cotton, Rice,Sugar, Tobacco, Wheat,
Rye, Oats. Potatoes and other agricultural products.
The Ladies, to whom the Iffstiime has beAn so much
indebted, are respectfully informed that suitable pre.
miums will be provided by the Commiteswndaward
ed to the best specimens in every depairbnt of'Ladits
The following is a list or the articler fbthe bat'
specimens of which premiums are offiered, t h ar
ti=es of all other kinds will be received and pre ium*
awarded for the same:
Architectural Drawing. Cooper's work,
Painting in Oil. I Paper.
Painting in Water Colors. Sole Leather.
Miniature Painting. IHarness Leather.
Pen Drawing. Calf Skin, dressed for
Pencil Drawing. boots.
Crayon Drawing. Carriage Harness.
Sculpture. Buggy or Sulky Harness.
Penmanship. Cart or Dray Harness.
Best mode of constructing Riding Saddle.
Wharves. Beaver or Silk lat.
Best preparation for pack- Cloth Cap.
ing Cotton. Military or Fireman'sCap.
Best Rice Threshing Ma- Boots.
Best Refrigerator. lAdies'Gaiters.
Best Plough. Ladies' Slippers.
Best Churn. Umbrella or Parasol.
Best Washing Machine. Hair Dresser's work.
Stone Mason's Work. Gilding.
Carpenter's work by hand. Stucco work.
Carpenter's work by Ma- Modelling in Plaster.
. chinery. Tin work.
Carving in wood. Plumbing.
Model of a ship. Basket or wicker work.
Boat builder's work. Willow ware.
Ship Joiner's work. Dyeing in wool, silk or
Pump and Block making. cotton.
Millwright's work. Upholstery.
Four wheel Carrinage. Embroidery in Gold or
Gig or Sulkey. Embroidery in Silk or
Cart or Dray. Worsted.
Turning in Brass, Iron or Artificial Flowers.
Wood. Ornamental Hair Work.
Blacksmith's work. Weaving, Hand Loom.
Castinig in Iron or Brass. Weaving, Power Loom.
Iron Railing,Fence orGate. Cotton Yarn.
Brass or Copper work. Knitted Stockings, Soks or
Locksmith's work. Gloves.
Bell Hanging. Coach Lace.
Gunsmith's work. Gimp, Fringe anti Orna
Instrument Maker's work. mental Weaving.
Lamp Maker's work. Confectionery.
Jeweller's work. Refined Loaf Sugar.
Silversmith's work. Pottery.
Silver Plating work. Glass.
Die Sinking. Manufactured Iron.
Bhgraving on Steel,Copper Cut Nails.
or Wood. Wrought Nails.
Lithography. Grey Bricks.
Mechanical Dentistry. Pressed Bricks.
Clock and Watch Making. Turpentine,Manufactured.
Ornamental house painting Tallow, Sperm or Wax
Ornamental Sign painting. Candles.
Cabinet Work. Soda Water.
Fancy Printing. Bread.
Book Printing. Cake Making.
Ruled and Bound Ledger. Starch.
Fancy Binding. Flour.
M1illinerv. Butter, for Winter use, not
Shirt Making, less than ten pounds.
The following special premiums are offered:
For the best STEAM ENGINE. a Gold Medal.
For the best model of an improved FIRE ENGINE,
a Gold Medal.
For the best improved SEA ISLANDCO''I'ONGIN
on some new principle, superior to those now in.
general use, or for any reaj or important improve
ment thereon, a Gold Medal.
For the invention of asuitable MACHINE FOR PUL
VERIZING RED PEPPER, a God Medal.
For the six heAt specimens of STEEL. made from
Spartanburg or other Iron, the product of.a Sou
thern State. and manufactured into Edged Tools
of any kind, a Gold Medal.
N. B.-A specimen of the Steel in bars to be sent
with the Tools.
For the best specimen of American SCULPTURE, a
er the largsqua L~QS raised on-ope
plantation, not less tani iilten elm, a Silver'
Piteher or Fifty Dollars.
For the largest quantity of SPUN SILK, the produce
of one plantation. no: less than ten pounds, a
Silver Pitcher or Fifty Dollars.
For clhe best ST A LLION, a Silver Cup.
For the best MA RSH! TACKEY STALLION, a Sil
For the best MARSH! TACKEY GELDING, a Silver
For the hest pairof MA RSH! TACK EYS, for draught,.
a Silver Cup.
For the best specimen of SUN FLOWER SEED OIL,
not less than otie gallon, a Silver Cup.
For the best specimen of R APE SEED OIL, not less:
than one gallon. a Silver Cup.
For the best CA SH MER E R AM, a Silver Cup.
For the best CASHMIERE EW E, a Silver Cup.
For the best thre-quarter blood CASHMERE KID, ea
For the best RAM. a Silver Cup.
For the best BOAR. a Silver Cnp.
For the best ESSAY ON SOUTHERN GRASSES,.
Rutifin Prize Silver Pitcher.
Every attention will be paid to all articles sent for
All articles entered for premiums must he sent in on
or before Saturday, reventh day of A pril next, direct
ed to the care of the Clerk of the South-Carolina In.
stitute, Charleston. Articles may be sent after that
day for exhibition only. Contributors to the Fair are
respectfully regnested to send full descriptions of the
articles and sneh general tnformation as may be of use
to the Jndges, anti suitable for publication.
W M. M. L AWTON, President.
WM. KIRK WOOD, 1st Vice President.
JOSEPH W ALKER. 2d Vice President.
.W. G. DESA USSURE, Seo'y and Treas.
I. G'. N. REYNOtLDS, Jr. 7 .A DODTN
2. J. H. TAy t.oa. S.J .AON
3. C~. D. CA~s 9.TaGn.E xos
4. F. J. Poaciuca. 10H.Ct.
5. C. Y. RzciranosoN. I.6 .Jns
6. WM. Luanv. 12. ---.
Jan 24 tf 2
STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA,
BY H. T. WRIGHT, Esqi., Ordinary of Edgefleld'
Whereas, Blueit Padgett has a pplied to me for Let
ters of Administration, with the Will annexed, on all
and singular the goods and chattles, rightsand credits
of Arthur J. Padgett, late of the District aforesaid,
These are, therefore, to cite and admonish all and
singular, the kindred and creditors of the said dleceas
ed, to be and appear before me,at our next Ordinary's
Court for the said District, to be holden at Edgefield
C. H., on the 2d day of Feb. next, to show cause, if
any, why the said administration should not be
Given under my hand and seal,this 19th day of Jan.
in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred
and fiy-five, and in the 76th year of American Inde
pendence. IL T. WRIGHT, O. E. D.
Jan 24 -2: 2
State of South Carolina,
A. B. Adadison and othei% Petito for sale
WV. B. Adison and others. of niegres, d-C.
BY YVirtue of an order obtntincd.from Chancellor
WVARDL.AW, in thisl ea'se, I will proeeed to seat
at Edefie.ld C. H., on Saleday in February next,
T~gro Slaves AGNES and ALBERT, on a
er i~ftwelve niozats-the purohtase money to he
secured by hondsot' notes, with ample persona! sure
tie.. SpilNS, . E. E. &
Jan 20, 1655. , 2: 2
Notice to all whom it may
M Y Notes and A ccopnts are in the hands of W.
W. Adanis, Esq., for collection, and all per.
sons in anyiie indebted to usie, eitley by note or
account, are notified tlst they will hiave iuntil th e .
10th day of February next to settle the same with
out costs. I cann.t give longer indgigence.
W. B. GRIFFN.
Jan 24 3: 2
ISlereby given to all parties concerned, that a
LFIN AL SETTLEMENT of the Estate of John
Anderson, dee'd., will be made at the Ordinary's
Office of Edgefield Distriet, on the 3d day of April
1855. All persons who have demands against the
Estate, will in the meantime, render thenm in pro
perly attested, and those indebted arc reguired to
zmke paymicat. JOHN~ F. TALBE~RT, Ad'r.
Ja. ' 3m 51