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_ _ _o AD
Or lutcrfir 3Luntp OwdeV tv. .50utiyrn Hi ts, Iflewo P.diticz,. &enerdt 3nhutloenucet ieftrfledt3 Juefne 1zc~ue
"We will cling to the Pillars of the Temple of our Liberties, and if it must fall, we will Perish amidst the.Ruins."
W. F. DURISOE & SON, Proprietors. EDGEFIELD, S. C., FEBRUARY 7, 1855. - - *
THE EDEFIELD ADVERTISER
IS PUBLISHED EVERY WEDNESDAY BY
W. F. D U RIS O E & SON, Proprietors.
ARTHUR SIXKNS, Editor.
Two DOLLARS per year, if paid in advance-Two
DOLLARs and FIFTY CENTS if not paid within six
months-and TnREE DOLLARS if not paid before the
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tiniued until all arrearages are paid, or at the option of
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ence to some one known to us.
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Wlen only published Monthly or Quarterly $1 per
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gin, will be continued until forbid and charged ac
Those desiring to advertise by the year can doso on
liberal terms-it being distinctly understood that con
tracts for yearly advertising are confined to the imme
diate, legitimate business of the firm or individual
contracting. Transient Advertisements must be paid
for in advance.
For announcing a Candidate, Three Dollars, iN
For Advertising Estrays Tolled, Two Dollars, to be
aid by the Magistrate advertising.
1r ESSRS. SPANN & MAGRATH,
l in partner-hip, will practice in LA . AND
EQUITY. Office opposite the residence of Mr. G.
Addison. One or the other will always be in office.
Jan 3 3m 51
T TIE Undlersigned have formed a Partnership.
and will 'ItACTICE LAW in Edgefield, Ab
bevilie and Lexingtnt.
G EORGE W. LANDRUM,
Edgefield C. IT., Sept 21, 1854. tf 36
D R. H. PARK ENR, respectfully informs
i ie eit zens of E.lgetiid 1)istrimt, that he may
be found during sle day week at the Planter's Ilo
tel, Edgetield C. H., and at his residence on the
Anderson road, eighteen m les North-east of the
V.1lae.-. on every Friday and Saturilay folliowitig.
Specimens of his work, put up "a the latest and
tn-st improved principles, can be seen at his tfice.
His addr-ss, wh -n in the couotry, as heretofbre.
Sleepy Creek, P. 0.
Dec 27 tf 50
Practice of Surgery!
R. JUREAH HARRIS Augusta,
JGa., is prepared toaccomnimodate with I oduing
and Nursing, sneih patients aF i may he directed to
him for SURW ICA L OPER ATIONS or Treatment.
0 .lasters may be assured that their Servants
will have every necessary attention.
Augusta, May 26, ly 19
R. A. G. TE AGUE respectfuliy inf.rms
L his friends and citizens of Edgetie!d generlly,
that he hais ju-t re-!eved a L.\ lE A DDITION
to his alrea-ly exte-sive Stock of fresh and genuine
Drugs, Medicines, Chemicals, &c.
His Irugs are carefully examined by himself. and
all th.it are found worthlh s, rije-eted: and thos
that are approved may be rel.ed on as eflicient and
of uniforin action.
A LL of his Medicinal Compounds. Tinctures.
Pills, Ointmnets. &c.. &c., are put up under his
own sup.-rvision and in strict accordance with the
Uniteti States Disp.-nsatory.
From his log and extensive experience in the
praece 'if Medicine, he has tnmde st-veral Com
poutids f his own. n-it to he f-und in the I tispensa
tory, viz:-A Preparation for the CROU P, which
he hmas used1 extensively foir eighteen years, and re
comnm.-nds with conidmence: a VEIRM I lUGEX sale
and eflicient; amid many o-ther Compounds wvhichm
he makes extemnporanteous'y to fulfil the indications
in eamch pairticular case for which it is used.
It would require ilmre space titan coutld be ob -
taitned in a N..wspaper to give a Catal.-true of thme
Drugrs, .\ledic-ines and Chemnic-ils kipt and sild by
him--sutliee it to samy, he can fuirmisth a Phlysic;mn's
Offiee CO.\PLETE, with Physiek antd Fuirnmitute.
lie ha~s addled to his former Stock sonie of the
moust reliable Vegetabie extrats, viz: PUtDOPIllL
LIN, .STI LLINGINEK, LI-:TANIsllN, &c.
117' Planters atnd families cain be supplied with all
M1edicines nectssary in a famiily-and when desir-ed,
diretiotis put up with eachm article.
All of the most re-potable NOSTR UMS may be
foun~l in his Estamblishment. Also,
Candies, Kisses, Sugar Plums and
ALSO, FINE WINES AND) BRANDY,
for Medicinial piurposes.
Perfunmery of his own and Northern make,
hard tom beat.
SOAPS-A large and extensive vairiety.
CANDLES.-Wax, Sperm and A datnantine.
Paints, Oils and Dye Stuffs,
WINDOW GLASS, PUTTY, VARNISHES, &c.
BRjUSHIES.-Miarking, Sash, Tooi, Paitit, Graitn
ing, Tusith, Nail, Flesh, Crumb, Shoe, llorse and
P ENCILS-Camel's amid Sable IHair, large size.
Amid last though not least, the linest 11 AI1R BRtistI.
ES ever offe.red in the place, of various patrons
Dress5ng and extram fine COMBS,
DUSTING BR USHIES,-A mm excellent article.
PAPER-Fools Cap amid Letter Paper, conmmon
NO TE PA P ER-Various sizes and fimecy styles.
ENVELOPES-Cmmon Buff, Plain White and
Fancy Noite Envelopes,
INK, P ENS, PENCILS AND CRAYONS,
Osbmrue's Americamn Water Cahmiums.
Gum Elastic Bals-Solidi, 11ollow and
Fine,-Parlor Bails for the Latdies, imnviting them
to exercise within doors, when the weather is
ton ineiemnment to be out.
May 18 tf 18
For the Planters !
150,00 Lb eriaeen* Gamo
and SA LTS.
70 Bbls. Kettlewedl's CIT EMI1CA L SA LTS,
30 " Pure ground PL AST ER.
The above celebrated Manures for sale by
,J. SIBLEY & SON.
Hlamburg, Nov 14, tf 44
trThe Laurensville Hlerald, Tndependent Press
and Anderson Gazette will copy the above four
time', and forward biils to J. S. & SON.
Saddlery and Harness.
A FINE assortment to be found, and at low pri
- e, at ROBINSON& JACKSON'S.
Hamburg, Dee 4, tf 47
Sell lour Cotton and Pay Your
AS Cotton is nowv bringing a good price, I think
Ait is the proper tinme for alil persons indebted to
me, to sell their Cotton and pay up promptly. What
say you gentlemen ? M. W. CLARY.
CLiarYTON. Nov 2 3m 5
"I can hardly believe the story they tell,
Ned. You, a strong, hearty, jovial flellow,
always up to misciief and fun, dying for
love ? Bah ! it's all, moonshine."
Spite of his forged mirth, the voice of the
speaker grew tremulous. The scornful
glance of that dark eye unmanned him.
Was this but the wreck of what had been so
noble, so beautiful ? The sunken cheeks,
the claw like hands, that flickering death.
light, that uns:teady glance of the death
bloom-could this be all that remained of so
much manly beauty I
You never knew me, Marshall."
His voice was low ai:1 broken. " I never
knew myself. I was an orphan; no one
loved me-zister, brother, I had none-and
when my heart first learned the meaning of
that mighty liassion which makes earth a
Paradise, or dries those living springs and
greenness to deserts of barrenness, I feared
for myself But I was not happy. Dying
for love, you say ; it is not that. The bitter
consciousness tiat where I looked for truth
-for every divine virtue, I found duplicity,
art, deception-a withered heart, buried in
a whitened sepulchre-oh heaven !" and he hid
his face in his wasted hands.
Mv dear fellow, be a man ; bear up
more bravely ; do not, I pray you, die for
the love of a silly girl."
"She was beautiful !" cuntinued the sick
man, "and she taught me to hope-she
turned every string of my heart till it would
Vibrate at her touch ; she lead every pulse
till they beat otily for her smiles. I know it
was all wrong for me to love her so, and
yet, isolated as I had been from iirancy, how
could I help itI When the blot fell, it
crushed me. May you never know what it
is to be deceived-and by one so lovely as
.Again he had covered his face with his
hand. lie had not seen the convuhmive
start, the death-like palor of a friend Aiid
when lie said " good night," twilight was
falling, so that they parted, and neither knew
how blighting were the words that fell on
each other's heart.
" I am beautiful!" said a queenly girl, as
she stood before the mirior; " beautiful
without all these,"-lifting a pearl spray and
brightening with it the rich gloss of her
brown ringlets; and circling her wrist and
fiiger witi gems of untold value.
I shall ie queen of the ball room to-night.
Envied and courted, and not exactly h:it1py.
How exquisitely rich this lace-poor Ned!
heigho-somehow what lie said seemed so
real. I wish lie had been rich, poor fellow!
I half believe I love him better than I think,
"Miss lHelen, are you ready 1"
Yes, coniing. Linda- hov do I look ?
Is [harvey waiting? There, take my lion.
net and shawl-carry them down-I'll he
there. Poor Ned ! " hat makes me thiik of
him to iiight, I wonder ? When I think of
larvey's proposal, and my brilliant pros
pects in the luture, I seem to see his ghost.
Uan lie be dead? - Was it not very cruel in
me to treat him so I I wish I could see him;
will he lie at the ball, I wonder ?"
Thus soliloqizing, the fir, proud girl
hurried down to meet her lover. Resplen.
dent as she looked, bewitching as she knew
hersell, she was startled at his coldness.
He caime foirward, took one white hand,
gazed at her from head to foot, and with a
smile that seenied even to tier mockery, lie
said, in measured tone, " How beautif'ulyou
are !" anid turned abruptly away.
For a moment lhe seemed to have forgot.
ten himsnelf, then hurriedly pet frinig the
office of gallat,hle assisted her iinto the carri
age, arnd they drove off'.
It was not before the brilliantly lighted
ball room that they stopped. No streams of
aimber light checked the dim pavement-but
all wais still, dark anid solitary.
"For heaven's sake, where are we going ?"
Helen exclaimed, as her lover made a motion
to leave the carriage.
"'ITo see a friend, my love," he answvered
in the same freeziing toiies; " you, whose
heart is so tenider that it bleeds at the sight
of human miisery, will tnot, I am sure, deny
me your company on the errand of mercy,'
Through a long, dimrly lighted entry, the
young mani led her siiently, hurriedly.
" Pray to God it lie not too late," lie mnur
iiured, as he stood hesitatiing bef'ore a half
closed door. Suddenly it was opened to its
utmiost, aiid a shadowy figure passed out
startitig as it met the iintruders.
They stood before the dinad.
Hieletn shrieked, and falling beside the
couch, hid hier face in her shiakitig hands.
"Look on your wvork, wotmati !" exclaim
ed tier lover. " Murdered by y'our cruelty,
there lies onte of the noblest of his kind. Ay!
start at the falletn jawv, the livid temp~les, the
dull staring eyes! You will never aglain,
with lips, voice, or smile, beguile the great
heart to its ruin. He died wvith the niantle
of his pure, steadfast love wrapped aroutid
him: lie laid him down with the miusic of
that love breathing in blessings from those
" Ay ! sob and shudder ; wvell you may ;
for you are as truly his murderer as if you
had pierced his heart with cold steel, or
poured the poison frotm the chalice of death
upotn his lips. Miserabily coquette, I spurn
" And yet forgive me," lie added, passion
ately, reletitly at the sight of' her agony.
" Vengeance is mine," said a just God, atid
the arrow of eternal remorse is lodged in
your soul. I pity you-from my innermiost
heart I pity you. Rather would I he yon.
der poor senseless clod, than you-bright,
beautiful, brilliant, as you are, n' ithn the mur
der of a fellow-creature heavy on your con
" Mr. Harvey, will you take me home I"
Her face wvas as ghastly as the one before
them, and the shining baubles, mockers of
her sorrow', flashing and flickering like
ataveling about a pall. Relenting, that pale
face looked so imploringly in his fae, he
would have supported her, but she sprang
from him, and motioned him to lead the way.
Turning only once, she uttered a smother
ed cry, and passed both hands over her heart,
followed Harvey as the criminal follows the
" Take me home," she said, and once
there, she tore off her glittering ornaments,
never to wear them again.
Two years afterwards she did become the
wife of Harvey; but first a subdued, broken
spirited woman, ever feeling that but for her
a long life of usefulness might have been
vouchsafed to one whose heart, being so
tender, broke in striving to forget her. She
has. four beautiful daughters, but not one of
-them will he, in the remotest degree, that
heartless being-a coquette.-Olive Branch.
"Only a Teacher.))
As too splendidly dressed ladies stood in
the midst of a gay and fashionable assem
blage; the attention of one was suddenly ar
iested by the appearance of a queenly beau
ty-such beauty, as even in that crowd of
loveliness, caused the eye to pause in its
wanderings, and rest its gaze in delight on
the initellectual brow that would well adorn
the crown of a queen. She was evidently a
stranger, for she stood apart from the throng
of chattering belles and beau, and as her
oright eyes followed the moving panorama,
one might easily read in her pen..ive sadness,
her heaving breast and flushed cheek, that
the gay crowd had brought back to her
memory, the lved scenes of a distant home,
and with it, the forms of dear relatives-the
kind faces of the friends of her happy child
hood. The reverie she had falleni into even
increased the interest of her lovely counte
niamnce, and firned a strange but not un
pleasing contrast to the gay merry laugh and
giddy, thoughtless remarks of the happy
gi Is around her. The lady, whose attention
had been momentarily arrested, pointing to
the pen*ive girl, who stood apart from the
crowd, aAked of her fashionable companion.
" % ho is that?" The latter, turning her
eyes in the direction indicated, with an al.
most imperceptible shrug of her shoulders
and the slightest possible sneer on her beau.
tiftul but haughty lip, carelessly replied,
" Oh ! only a Teacher." 'T'lhe noble girl,
from choice, not necessity, had left the com
forts of an affluent home, with thousand
sweet associations, through a warm devotion
to the most useful of all professions accessi
ble to woman-a profession which has for
its special object and aim the elevation and
refinement of the sex; and such was the
kindly greeting she received fron a sister.
It is true, the most sacred and responsible
of all duties is hers, the development of im
mortal iniid, but what of that, the doors of
fashioiable societe must be slammed in her
face, lor she is " only a teacher." She may
be eminently qualified to mould the plastic
mind of a dear daughter; but with the pa
rent this shall profit her nothing, for she is
"only a teacher." She may be capable of
imparting even her own gentle manners and
qneenly grace to a sweet sister ; but what of
that, she is " only a teacher." She may be
possessed of hit, beauty and intelligence;
but even these shall not relieve her from the
odium which a false and hollow-hearted cir
cle would heap upon her, for alas! " she is
on1v a teacher." The dashing belle, with a
ieart as unnatural as her false curls, will
turn up her pug-nose as she passes and sim
per, " only a teacher." ''The brainless dlan
iy, the joint work of the hatter, tailor antd
bootmtaker, even while expressinig his admi
ratiotn by h's rude and insohent gaze, will aip
puend to thtis nmote of admiration, the suffix,
"only a teacher." Thte whtole fashionabtle
circle will catch the echo and contemptuous
13- exclaim, " why she is onmly a teacher.''
Siurdid pappas and fortune-huntin'g manmmais,
will guard the carroty-buired, lymphatic
"hope of thte family," by whtispering in his
ear, -she is ontly a teaclher."
But thanik Heaven, there are many with
out that self-st3 led fashionable circle, com
puosed of htollow-hearted belles, brainless
dandies, sordid papas, fortune hunting ma
mats, vimegar- faced old maids, and lymphtatic
"hopes of thte famiily." 'i es, there ist a world
of generous spirits outside of this exclusive
circle, full of noble genterosity, rich initellect
and exalted mierit, ready to pay its tribute to
worth wherever it is found. Wit, wisdom
and beauty conmmantds the fealty of these
loyal hearts, even when " only thte teacher,"
is the embodiment. They haive the discrti
mination to see, and the feeling to appreciate
thtat noble spirit which imipels the gifted
teacher, instead of fluttering thte gay butter
fly of an htour, amtid the deceitful aillurements
and dissipations of the halls of fasnion, to
go forth ito the world and leave hter im
press up)on thte tablet of thte immortal nmind.
Alt! who is it that is to fashtion thte future
lives of our little sisters and daughterst
"Only the teachter." Who is to impress the
characeter of the future mothers of the repub
lie " Only the teacher." Tlo whom. do
the ey-es the whole country turn as the
guardiamns of our most sacred trust-outr
most precious jewels ? " Only the teacher."
On whom, ntext to his own faithful ministers,
int the last great day shall God himself look
with approving smilei Why Ott thte faithtful
teacher. Toil on, then, sisters, careless of
the sneers of tho lfashiornable few. A thou
sand warm htearts hid you God speed, and
the stmiles of an atpproving conscience shall
be your sweetest reward-Aberdeen Ex
A clergyman in a Newv Hampshire pulpit,
havinig, wvith earnest eloquence, urged his
congregation to abstaitn, on Thanksgiving
Day, from all labor and all business pursuits,
and to attentd church in the forenoon, con
cluded with this touching appeal: " If any
of the brethren are at leisure in the afternooni,
I should be pleased to see them at my house,
as 1 intetnd to take that opportunity, should
friends enoutvh assemble, to move my barn !"
Own of the greatest luxuries of life is to
pay a bill; and yet there are some people
we know of who never indulge in the thing
at all. Let such turn square round and en
joy the luxury
Tus fount from which my being flowed
The calm pure fount of life and love
The star that o'er my cradle glowed,
And beamed my boyhood's path above
Have ceased from earth--and lonely now,
Oh mother I o'er thy grave I bow!
From childhood's dawn to manhood's hour,
Thy tender love was still my guide;
It nurtured first the opening flower,
And all mine infant wants supplied:
Yes, every life-pulse of my heait
Drew from thy breast its vital part!
What visions of mine early years,
What scenes of love, what sounds of joy,
What prayers, caresses, smiles and tears,
What counsels to.the wayward boy,
Now swim before my careworn eyes,
While bending where Iny mother lies.
Her high pale brow, her patient smile,
Her lips where tendkrtst kisres hung,
Her graceful form, though bent awhile,
So queenly when hT life was young
All pass athwart my throbbing brain,
And bring her image back again!
I see her by my father's side,
In holiest love and union blest;
I see them smiling in their pride,
On happy children round them pressed,
And now with fond parental care,
They kneel in morn and evening prayer.
Oh, she was all that's brightest-best
So " pure in heart," so rich in mind
Of every social worth possessed
By every Christian grace refined
Faultless she filled her part below,
And passed where only such may go!
She's passed to Heaven-but oh, how dark
The sky from which her smile has gone!
b o star now lives to guide my bark
No fount to cheer my spirit on.
Yet, till my life shall cease to be,
IHer memory shall abide with me!
A. B. MEEK.
An article in a late number of the Lon
don Dnily News attempts to show that Ire
ind has at last entered upon a career of
prosperity. ''he main argument is based
upon the great decrease in the cottier or
pauper-farmer populalion since 1848. It
Between the years 1851 and 1853 there
has been a decreasesi -alh classes of holders
occupying above 1 and not exceding 30
acres. That is to sny, there has been a
diminution in the number of pauper tenants.
Under ordinary circumstances, a farm con
sisting of less than 30 acres cannot be cul
tivated skilfully or profitably. The necessa
ry outlay for cultivation would suffice for a
farm of two or three hundred acres. It may
be asuned, then, as almost self-evident, that
the greater number of farm tenants holding
30 acres are poor men and had farmers. It
is omething to show that this class had de
According to official returns it appears
that since 1849 the holding above one and
uder five acres in extent have diminished
y 18,761; those above five and under fif
teen acres have diminished 35,196; those
aove fifteen to thirty acres 11,256; and
ose above thirty acres, 4,389. Thel total
minution in the number of holdings within
ie years has been 69,602.
The Newvs goes on say:
A great test of the condition of the coun
y is the existence of a large middle class.
he greatest extent of land in lrelnd is in
e hands of farmers holding b~etween fifty
d a hundred acres. Out of fifty millions
facres of land, nearly four millions are in
e hands of this class of farmers, holding
tween one hundred and two hundred acres.
h1is is a gratifyinig symptom. Farms of
ore than 50 acres require a certain amount
fcapital to insure their being worked
prompjtly, and the fact of such- a large por
ton of the latnds being in the bands of small
pitalists is a proof of a general prospaerity
hih forms a marked contrast with the
ate of Ireland some years back.
T1he increase of the value of stock be
veen 1852 anid 1853 is remarkabmle. The
mount of the increase is ?2,757,092. T his
san average .increase of ?5, 8s. 9d. per
holding. There can be no better index of
e gradual rise in the prosperity of the
ountry than thIs. The addition of stock
o the farms is not only a proof of the in
reased richness of the farmer, but is a
gurantee for the improvement of the land.
A CoMrLIMENT.-The Montgomery Mail,
peaking of South Carolina and of the se
ection of her public men, pays her the fol
No State int the Union has been so uni
orly jealous of her character in this par
iular. Virgitnia has been famted for her
egard for men of stantdintg and ability, and
asschusetts has been always disposed to
put hter best talent forward. But of late
years they have fallen below their old stand
ard, whtile Southt Carolina has continued to
use her fittest mind, so far as it was available
or her service. We imagine that in no
8tate has demtagogueism lkss sway and gen
uine ability a readier chance for success.
Politics still retain some dignity in South
Carolia; but in motst of the States a man 'a
advancetent in public life depends ott a
goodly number of outside accompaniments.
The -natural resnlt is begintning to be suf
fiiently apparent. Our best men, itt many
sections of the Unlotn, are seeking other
felds and othter harvests, A wonderful change
has certaitnly takent place alreadijr; and
hene the marked decline in odr statesman
ship, and in Congressional and Executive
talent. Time may bring about a reform.
'1he old patriarch has done many good things
it his day, and be is not yet too old to right
up matters in this portion of hi. dotminion.
Withot any sort of doubt, the American
people see the error of allowintg their best
men to ., from public life, and dedicate
their intellectual worth to other pursaits. It
genius could once more grace our. Legisla
tive H alls, and the power of mature years,
profound study and liberal culture, reach the
public heart of the land, we should enter on
a new era in our history.
CONVICTION FOR REsIsTING THE FUGI
TIVE SLAVE LAw.-We mentioned a few
days ago that S. M. Booth, an editor, had
been convicted at Milwaukie of participa
ting in the rescue of a fugitive slave. The
veidict subjects the defendant to imprison.
ment not exceeding six months, and a fine
not exceeding one thourand dollars. The
News of that city says:
s We rejoice at this virdict, not because
this defendant is made to suffer, but because
it is calculated to teach men a fact which
they have been too prone to forget, that we
live under a government of law ; that our
institutions of freedom rest upon the observ
ance of law; that the rampant spirit of mob
law shall not be tolerated with impunity in
the free State of Wisconsin; that the doc
trine of a higher law, to justify a disregard
of the allegiance which every citizen owes
to his country, is a false doctrine, and that
he who attempts to put it into practical op.
eration is taking a straight road and a short
one to the penitentiary."
THE AFRICANIZATION OF CUBA.-The
Preusa, an organ of the old Spaniards of
the Island, has the following in regard to
the Africanizatioi of Cuba:
"That the Spanish Government has or
ganized companies of colored people is a
fact; that it will increase them indefinitely,
as circumstances require, is also a fa-t; be.
cause, on the one part, there are power and
confidence, and on the other, desire and
fidelity, and when necessary, they will rival
with our troops in valor and endurance, as
Spain will not be sparing of recompense to
then, and arms put in their hands will al
ways be employed without risk to the gene.
rous nation that places them amongst the
ranks of its own children, almost treating
them the same. History guaranties this,
which accords with our sentiments.
"But we now ask, Is this Africanization
possible? Is it probable in the future It
is with determination we say so. s-ut in no
case, upon no event, will the Spanish gov
ernment suggest so bloody.a deluge. No,
never. If the civilized world should witness
such a horror, fillibusterism from the Anglo.
American cities will havo to produce it."
FLOGGING AN ENGLISH SOLDIFR.-A pri
vate in the Twenty-sixth Camneronians re
ceived 40 lashes at New Castle Barracks,
England, recently, for desertion, using dis
respectful and threatening langirage-to his
sergeant, and for two several cases of theft.
An observer of the scene that ensued thus
"I had expected a loody scene, but the
reality far exceeded all I had even dreamed
of in human torture. At the fifth stroke of
the lash the flesh rose up on the sufferer's
back, the welts thicker than my wrist, and
the writhing of the body showed the agony
he endured. 4s each successive lash fell on
the lacerated and bleeding back, the blood
flowed about all around. After the fortieth
lash had been inflicted, he was united, and,
after staggering a few paces, fell fainting,
when lie was removed to the hospital and
placed under the charge of the medical offi
cer. ie has yet to receive the remainder
of his puiishment-namely, one hundred
and four days, solitary confinement."
THE GIBSON CLAIM.-We have nio rea
son to believe that Congress wlill do any.
thing effectually at the present session with
reference to this claim, as there is not time
suticient left of the session in which to go
into it properly. There never was a claim
against a foreign government in the hands
of the executive of the United States which
received more attention than this same Gib
son case'. The State Department certainly
exhausted all the expedients at its commiand
to obta-in a favorable conclusion to its de
mands for Gibson on the Dutch Government.
All proving unavailing, however, it now
rests with Congress to say wvhat next shall
be done in the premises.-Washington Star.
A great andl good man, once speaking of
politeness, said, " I make it a point of mnor
ality nevr to find fault with another for his
manners; they may be awk ward or grace
ful, blunt or polite, polished or rustic. I
care not what they are, if the man means
wvell and acts from honest intentions, with
out eccentricity or affection. All men have
not the advantages of 'good society,' as it
is called, to school themselves ini all its fan
tastic rules and ceremonies and if there is
any standard of manners, it is only founded
in reason and good sense, anid not upon the
artificial regulations. Manners, like con
versation, should be extemporaneous and.
not studied. I always suspect a man wvho
meets me with the same perpetual smile upon
his face, the same congeering of his body,
and the same pretmeditated shake of the hand.
Give me the (it may he rough) grip of the
band, and the careless nod of recognition,
and wvhen occasion requires, the homely
salutation, " How are you my old friend I"
ANECDOTE OF THlE CzAR.-Nisholas, it
seems, in spite of the anxiety incident to his
present position, maintains his old habit of
walking the streets of St. Petersburg un
attended. He was lately informed that a
tradesman in alarge wvay of business had
insulted a Frenchman without provocation,
and he immediately sent for him. When
asked why lie had insulted the man, he re
plied, " because I hate his nation." " Is
that, your only motivei" " Yes, sire."
"'lThen you shall have an opportunity to
gratify your hatred. I shall send you to
join rmy army in the Crimea."
GovERNo.-Gardner, of Massachusetts,
boasts that be took the inaugural oathin a
auit of home made clothing; but it is said
his shirt bosom and collar were of genuine
Irish linen, imported !
GEN. Sam Houston,'of Texas, and Gen.
Law, of New York city, are talked of as
candidates for President and Vice President,
on tho Knw Nothing ticket.
COLUMIA AND HAIrnRG AILOAD.
At the late session of the Legislature, the ap.
plication of the Charlotte Railroad Company for
pow*er to issue bonds to subscribe to this road
was unfortunately left with the large amount of
unfinished business which remained. Columbia
was nuthorized, and so was Hamburg, to issue
bonds for the purpose, and we regret the delay
consequent on the above non-action. Lt is hoped,
at the next session, by bringing in the bill at
an early day, to get it settled in time to save
the charter; but we trust this proposal will not
be suffered to supersele more active measures.
Columbia has subscribed $300,000, the Ridge
line, or the lower line, will certainly take at least
$100,000, Hamburg $30,000; and this leaves
$70,000 wanted to secure the charter. Augusta
will surely subscribe. and North Carolina is
deeply interested in this road; and the Danville
road will, do doubt, make an effort to aid an en.
terprise so vital to its interests.
The North Carolina roads connected with the
Wilmington and Manchester road are now sur
veying a route from Kingsville to Hamburg.
Our friends mut be up and doing to build our
road at o'ce to compete with that proposed
rotute. We have no fiars of it,if we build ours.
The advaninges of a high and dry road, at all
seasons, over the rwamp roads, will alwavs give
ours the travel, and the middle route will be that
uf the through. Besides, the Machester road
and the other roads connected with it in the
Kingsville and Hamburg scheme, can build a
road to Columbia from Manchester, 26 wiles, to
L-ffect all thetir purposes, and 43 miles to the
North E.stern road will give them and us ann.
ther road to Charleston. This will not require
is much money-as they will have to expend be
tween Kingaville and Hamburg.
Our citizens ire deeply interested in this road,
ind certainly will not neglect an important op
portunity, as they did when the Canide'n branch
was built. Kihgsville will be the central radia
ing of travel jf we do not build our road ; and
wnrely Columbia will come forward and save
o herself the advantages which will otherwise
)e transferred to that lucality. Let her take the
3alance needed and secure the charter, and all
ill be well.
We hope the Charlotte stockholders, at their
neeringa next week, will devise some means to
nake theiir subseription available in soUe way
to enable the coinpany to be organized, and go
thead speedily. As soon as that meeting is
iver our committees must stir themselves.
S PROPOSITION TO ESTABLISE SLAVERY ni
The Day Book, of New York, a reference to
wish is wade in our local column, advances what,
ipplied to any other than white people, would
be a strange and Atartling propusition for that
ocality. We believe, however, that for men of
1heir own color the philantlropists of New
York and einewhere have no great sympathy;
mid from their recent experience, it is not, in
act, surprising that it should be urged to bring
uder tie salutary restraints of slavery those
vho will not work without and we are much
inlined to the belief that our esteemed cotem
porary has at last hit the right nail on the head.
In relation to the popfitation, that those who
will not shall he allowed to starve, the Day
No, no, gentlemen, that won't do. A bird
hat, can sing and won't sing, must be made to
sing. These inen have wives and children, and
they must be made to work for them. This
ountry is begin ing to be what all countries
ave been, and are tilled with what m:y be justly
termed a stupid or thick headed class, and they
ire getting so numerous, that it has become ne
:esary in large cities to devise some plan to
ave them taken care of
If nine-tenths of these indolent and profligate
)r stupid beings who obey their inclinationts
lone, and do not seem to bare sense enough to
ay up food in summer or winter, had blur' ears
r red hair. or two thumbs, or were in any other
vay marked by God so that we could judge and
fiserimninate properly between them and those
xhiose incl.nations and passions are not so strong
md who have serse to see far enongh into the
uture to" lay up foo enioughi for winter or a
et day," we should say, '-sell them straight
ut," to meni who would obligate themselves to
ake care of' therm, threir wives and their little
nes for their services. And we would go far
her, and give their owners suflicient power and
uthority over them to compel thetm to wvork.
This leaving women and children to starve
~ecause stout, able bodied mten, whom the Crea
or of the universe has seen fit to senid into this
world wvithr passions and desire so strong as to
vercome their weak judgments, is cruel and
njust. That a portion of the created humanity
s thus sent into the world, we are receiving
laily proof, and it is our duty to look the fact
'lumpiuy in the face, and do our duty to that
>~rionr as becomes rational arnd intelligent ca
MEDiCAL.-Since 1849, a prize of one hun
red tho~usand f'rncs has beeni offered by the
French Academy of' Sciences for a prescription
which would cure the Asiatic cholera in the
rnajrity of cases. At a late bitting of the
Aademy, the comgiittee appointed to examine
he numerous coumunic'ations upo.n the subiject,
reprted that not one of this many sugges.tins
thfered was worth a f'arthing. It has now been
deided that any person wh. shlrl discover a
positive ipidienrtion of the causes of the disease,
mo that by the removal of' them it will disappear,
ur who shall discover a sure preventive, such as
vaccination is for the small pox, sharl be enti
Ied to recive the prize. There is likewise a
standing offer of five throusanid francs for a de
morstration of the existence, in thte terrestria'
atmosphiere, of any matter or arnimnalcule, opera
Live ini the propagation of epidemic diseases,
DEATH OF BrstioP C~AEs.-A good man has
fallein ! Rev. Win. Capers, D. D., Bishop of
the Methodist Episcopal Church South,.died on
Moday last, at his residenice in Anderson, from
disease of' the heart.
Bishop Capers was one of the most eminent
divites in the denomination of the Christian
Church to which he belonged ; and was moat
universally esteemed for his picty, unbanity of
manners, and Christian virtnes. Few men have
occupied so enviable a position both in Chturch
and society, ini this State, as has Dr. Capers.
Trho deceased, we unrderstand, was in his
sixty-fourth year at tire time of his death. He
entered the nrinistry when hre was 19 years of
age, thus exhibititng a -long lif'e of devotion to
the holy cause in which lie was engaged. His
loss to the Church and to South,-rn Methodism
will be keetnly felt, not only by the membership
of' his own Church, but by all who knew him.
South Carolinian, 31st inst.
CmwLISII SIMPticiT.-A little girl had a
beautiful head oh hair, which hung in -"cluster
iig curls" down her neck. One hot sum'ier's
day she went up stairs, and cut off all her curls.
Cominig down she met her mother who exclaim
ed with surprise " Why, Mary ! what have you
been doing to your hair?" TCo wnich she re
sponded that she had cut it off, and laid it in
her box; but she intended to put it on to-mor
row, as Aunt Nancy did.
"Did you pull my nose on purpose, sir:"
"Certainly, I did, sir."
" It is well you did, for I don't allow people
" I HAVNT SOLD NY COTTON."
The above is become a most familiar phrase
among our people, and is considered ia sufficient
reply to all demapds for a settlement of exis.
ting liabilities between the planter and those to
whom he may be indebted; and organized as
the business of this country is, in relation to
the subject of credit, which looks to an adjust.
ment of the affairs of the current year at or
about Christmas, or during the cotton "elling
season, the sale of cotton is-the great lever
upon which .the whole matter turtg; and as
long as the planter's crop remains in his gin.
house or stored in the warehouse, it is not to
be expected that the owner can respond to the
demands of his creditors. Very grave ques.
tions may however arise as to what extent the
planter is justified-on the score of policy, or
in view of his liabilities incurred on the strength
of the anticipated sale of his crop and realiza
tion of the proceeds at the usual time-in in.
definitely posiponing, from month to month. the
conversion of his cotton into available means
to discharge the debts for which it is impliedly
pledged; how far he ought to or can consi*.
tently speculate upon the uncertaintiea of the
coutton market. So fir as the risk ,-ncerns
himself only, the question is without lculty
lbeyond more considerat ions of policy; but
when the interest, the credit, and the solveney
of others are ir-.olved with them, and all the
loss with none of the gain falls to the share of
the latter, the case in its moral aspect becomes
We are at this time in the midst of a trying
erisis. The great "carcity of money is a sub.
ect of univer..al complaint. Copllectis are
said to amount to little or nothing, and preu.
iiary distress prevLils throughout the country.
T'he eotton statements from the various cities
show large stocks on hand, of which, in the in.
and towns particularly, a large proper!ion is
stored for nerount of planters-thus locked up
,n the warehouses is a vast amount of means
whien would otherwise have been in circulation.
M ch of this cot [on has been :tored at 8 cents,
some at more and some at less; but it is con
:eded on i hands that the proceeds. even st
.he present prices, would materially relieve the
lifiuhies under which we at pre.-ent labor.
rhe questions we now make are tlee: Are
lot our planters wrong in all cases in failing to
,ell when their cottion will bring a reinuioera.
ing price and the praceeds are due tw their
:reditors? And secondly, havinog failed to do
o, are they not non% called upon by the exi.
rencies of the time to sell a lortien of their
,reps at lea.st even at present prices, that ihe
>ruceeds may to some extent relieve the plres.
ng necessities which have in a great deL'ree
>wen consequent upon their failu.:e to do so
ieretofore? Is it right that our imerchants and
>thers, who have- looked to tle proce -ds of
nis cotton to protect their liabiliies, abotld le
'oreed to the necessisy of raiing mnmev rur
,his purpose from out .ide menrees, at ruinous
-atess of interest-or in default of this, t sur.
'er in credit or end in bankruptcy. becanse for.
1o4th1, the planter considers Sc. or 7c. or 6c. top
ittle for his cotton, or in his opinion prices -glpo
ae better in the spring? We are ever dispo*rd
o counsel 'rbearftc n dece -n -
art'of crehist'rs; but sometlhing is duo from
iebtesr, that forbenrance may not cease to be a
-irtue, or patience become a fault. . We speak
it unto wise men; judge ye."-Columbus (Ga.)
HoRSE SToRIES.-We give it up. We have
aold some horse stories ourselves, but out f
leference to trnth, we kept close alotig shore.
Here is one that throws all horse story-teller
)nt of sight and out of hearing. It in from the
Editor's Table of the California - ioneer:
We have heard the matter di-ccusseed as to
vhich of three or four gentlemen living, or. as
he deeds have it, lying and being in Califirnia,
ould tell the most inciredible story. It has been
3reposed to test the rela.ive merits by a trial on
hoe race track at the Mission Dolores. Lie and
epenit-best three in live-for a purse f tine
houstnd tickets in Duncan's last raffle. Wit
ye have a friend-a gootid natural liar, as Bald.
win ays--not much known just at present,
vhom we should enter on that struggle with
:onsideratble reliance on his native talent. Hie
,va~s describitsg to us the other day the wonder
'ul qualities of a horse that ihe had trained, as he
expressed it, to do everything. Said he, "I
taught him to sit at a benach by a table, and eat
boiled rice with a silver fork" "Imposible,"
<aid we, " how could a horse eat with a silver
rerk 1" " Well," replied P'into, e" hem ! I dtmn't
mecan exactly a silver ftork-it was one eof those
plated ones, you know, cost about 88 a'dozen."
We said no more.
HYPERUOLE.-A Vermont horse jockey boast.
ng the othter day of the speed oif his hoarse,
ravely asserted that he could trot seventeen
miles an hour.-" Seventeen miles an hourd"
says a bystander, " J guess as hesw that's a thum-.
er." "My dear felltow," replied he oaf the
Green Mountain, "seventeen mdles is no great
listance for the creature now; foer when he was
but two years old, the lightning killed the oald
Dare, anal chased the colt all around the pasture,
sithout getting woithin ten rods of him."
LTFE INSURANE.Moere than h dlf a million
af dollars was paid last year bay the life itnan
rance~ companies doinag husinaess in the city of
New Yosrk to the families osr raepresemsativea taf
:eceased members. The average osf deaths will.
:all for an eqnal amount everyv year. sea great is
the number of inisurances. Of the above stun
Svery large proeportionl was paid ts families wito
wuld have had little or nso property without
Tua UNIDERGROUND RAIROAD IN DANGE.
A bill was presented in the Illinotis Leui4l.ttire,
on the 16th inst., to p-event the carryinig esf ceal.
red people on the railrads of that State wilkei
out the production of certifieates of freedeem.
Any railroad csmpany conveyinig a slave, with.
rut such certificate, to be liable to the owner
rr double the value of the slave..
SAD END TO AN ENGAGEMENT.--A cor
respondetnt of the Baltimore Sun wvrites:
"You have already atnonneed the mel.
anehonly death of youang Alexanider Bswnman
sf H-agerstoswn, Maryland, by fire at Phila.
delphiia. He was ant onaly son. lHe was en
gaged to he married to a yosung lady, resid
ing tnear Philadelphia, ott the 4th oif March
next, on which day he woeuld arrive at his
twenty-first, and the youtng lady in her sey
enteetnth birthday. Stratnge to tell, that fair
one was run over by the Germantown cara
a fewv weeks sinice, and was compelled to
suffer the amputation of a leg. Now they
are forever separated."
SPINmNG WoMEN.-Among our forefathers,
it was a maxim that a yountg woman sh~uld
never marry until she had spun enougn linen to
furnish her house; and f om this. cnstom all
unmarried women were called "8~pinners.w
tiNo man can do anything against his will,
said a metaphysician. " Faith," sald PIM-J bad
a brother who went to Bottany Bagaginbt hiis
w=ll fiths and ho did."