Newspaper Page Text
MESSRS. COLTER & SCOOTER, Editors.
"Let idle Ambition her haubtes pursue,
Whlile Wi-doin looks down with disdain,
The home of the farmer has charm<4 ever new,
Where health, peace and competence reign."
Save Your Land.
AxoNG the subjects interesting to farmers,
there is not one of more vital importance,
than the one suggested by the above caption.
The lands of our State have long been rank
ed with those of the old, worn-out countries;
ar.d hundreds of our people, so considering
them, have emigrated to the far West, while
others have taken their places, and by their
progressive skill in farming, within the last
ten or fifteen years, have caused a wonder
ful improvement to take place in the general
aspect of our country. So great has been
this improvement, that our lands have actu
ally advanced fifty per cent. in value. If to
one cause. more than to another, this ad
vance in valuie, is attributable, we are in
clined to think it is that attention which far.
mers have within the same period of time
paid to the saving of their lands, by the ju
dicious use of guard drains or hill-side
ditches, grading, &c. It is true that much
of this improvement may have been effected
by a more liberal system of manuring, rest
ing, and rotation of crops; yet we think that
these latter agents have had rather a tenden
cy to increase the c; ops than to save the
land. That guard drains and grading are
the best tneans of saving land from washing
and wasting away can no longer be doubted.
And yet some of our farmers are still mur
dering their lands by the old-fashioned up
and down hill culture; while such a thing as
a guard-drain is not to be seen on their premi
ses. This we consider is folly, near akin to
that of killing the goose for the golden egg.
What is still more strange, some of these
old land-pirates, are numbered amongst our
most intelligent farmers. To such we say,
save your land, and its increased produc
tiveness and value, will amply remunerate
you for the expense of grading and ditching.
T a r.
"AND what can you tell me about tar,"
"1 Well, we can only say that it is a very
useful article on every farm, and every body
should be supplied with the very best kind."
Now, there it is again-don't I know
that rich pine tar is the best kind; and don't
I know that tar can be made of nothing
" Stop ! stop ! my good neighbor, we wish
to tell you how to make it."
"'lThunder~ an'd lightening ! Don't every
body in the Piney-wvoods knowv howv to put
up a tar-kiln ?"
"It may he that every body know this,
hut as all pei sons may not know howv to
to ke Cotton.seed-tar, we propose to say a
few words upon this particular kind of tar."
"Cotton-seed-tar! Well, wvell ! that beats
me' ot. This bookfarming with its jim.
eracks and new noti.mns is going to be the
ruination of the whole country.
"Cotton-seed tar is the best kinid for three
reasons: 1st, Ikecause it is thinner and will
not pich upon the axil of wagon or cart. 2d,
Because more of it can be made from the
same quantity cf rich pine. 3d, Because it
consists of a large portion of oil, which les
sens Iriction and causes the wagon or cart to
run..ighter. It is made by preparing the
bed of the kiln in the usual way, and then
laying down the lightwood, inclined down
wards towards the vent hole-then cover
the pine six inches thick wvith cotton seed,
and thein cover with a little straw and about
two inches of earth. When the kiltn is burnt
all the oil in the Cotton-seed wiill be in the
tar-barrel and you will have the best kind
"I don't believe it, blast if I do. Good
Now is the time to p'lant for an early crop
of this most valuable of esculents. As many
of our readers may be at a lost to know how
to mianaige this cr01), the following extract
from the Southern Cultivator may aid them.
If any' one knows a better method we would
be glad to learn, as the Irish potato is all the
bread we eat while it is in season.
"MAa. EDIorro:-Having seen an article
in your valuable paper, on the culture of the
Irish potato, anmd the plant differing from the
one I have adopted, I will briefly give you
mine. I break my land twice very deep,
about the first of January. 1 then lay off
my rows fromi 12 to 15 iinches apart, with a
shovel plotw, run twice in the same furrow.
I ttieni cut my potatoes anud drop them ten
inches apart, lplace them in the bottom of
the furrow with the eye up; then scatter
stable manure slightly on the potatoes. Tihis
done, I till the furrow with rotten wheat
stra w, or oak leaves, (the straw is preferable)
scatter the stra w or leaves all over the ground
to the depth of 12 inches ; or suflicient to
keep the weeds from coming tup. I do no
more to my potatoes until they are fit for
use. Trhe potatoes raised in this mannier
are much whiter and more tender than those
raised in the ground. When the polatoes
are large enough for uee, just raise the straw,
pick the large ones off, anad leave the small
ones; placing the straw back again. In this
manner I go over my patch several times in
the season. I think more potatoes can be
raised on the same land, with less labor in
this way, than by any other plan that I have
seen tried. A PLANTER.
Tanner's bark is now understood to be
capitally adapted to the strawberry. Spread
it completely on the soil; it will keep the
fruit cleatn, and the soil moist. This is the
true mulching for the strawberry. Trhere is
nn doubt of this.
Butter and the Ladies.
FARxEs' WIVEs and farmers' daughters
should not only pride themselves in their
knowledge of agricultural subjects, but
should endeavor to make themselves profi
cients in every department of house keeping.
Of all the arts in house-keeping, that of
making butter is one of the most important;
and there is nothing reflects more credit
upon our wives and daughters, than their
skill in the management of the dairy. Both
the quantity and quality of the butter are
objects to be attained, but especially the lat
ter. If your wife can set before you daily,
a good supply of this almost indispensable
requisite for a good meal, you need not fear,
good man, but that your spouse is something
worth having ; for, if she is not already every
thing you wish her to be, depend upon it,
she will soon learn. Show us a young lady
who is not ashamed to go to the dairy, skim
the milk, take the butter from the churn and
prepare it for the palate, as well as fur the
table, and we will tell you, young man,
where you may get a treasure for a wife.
To such as are looking out for a better half
we furnish the following history of two spe
cimens of female loveliness. Take care that
you dqn't get the tcorser half.
" Bread is the staff of life, but butter is
given to make it slip down easier and with a
better relish. But it depends something on
who makes the butter, whether it answers
this purpose. Butter made in Joe Bunker's
family needs to ue eaten in the dark ; then
to make it pass well one or two other senses
should be laid aside-while that made by his
brother Jonathan may be eaten in the full
blaze of noon; you would wish your neck as
long again that you might have the pleasura
ble sensation of swallowing prolonged. Per
haps a bit of the history of their better
halves will explain the whole matter.
" Joe's wife was Sally Sly-when a small
girl she was sly-she would not half wash
the milk pail and sly it away and let it sour.
She was sly at school and did not half get
her lessons, but would have her book in
sight when reciting ; but as she grew older
she learned that to get well married she must
appear well, and so she bent all her cunning
to get a superficial education in every thing.
from roasting a potatoe to playing the piano.
Poor Joe fell in love with her, and "love
has no eyes,"-so he married her. But soon
after she entered on house-keeping his eye
sight came, and he saw his fix that it was
6 for better or worse ;" and he thought it
was all for worse. Like a true philosopher
he concluded to endure what he could not
avoid nor cure, and got along tolerably well
only when he came to her butter-for his
mother w-as a real butter-maker. Every
time he saw or tasted of Sally's butter he
felt the horrors. Her manner of making
butter was something as follows: She thinks
it of no consequence whether the milk pail
is sweet or sour-sets the milk in a warm
room-because it is easier than to go to the
cellar, and if some dirt should blow into
the pans she thinks every tian must ' eat a
peck of dirt,'and in nothing will it slip down
easier than in butter:-she lets the cream
pots be open, and when she churns forgets
the poke; leaves the cream nearly at blood
heat that it may come quick. WVhen slw
takes it out of the churn she picks out the
bodies of the flies and spiders-the legs and
wings are so small they can be swallowed.
She works out half the butter-milk and sets
it away in a warm place for use. Poor Joe
hs seen so much butter of this kind that he
:eclares butter does not agree with his
health, and will not taste it. Yet his wife
wonders wvhy he does not try it, and mamr
vels why he does not keep a dairy, and miake
butter for market.
" Jonathan wvas a younger brother of Joe,
and he had had occasion to eat at his broth
er's enough to know wh-ly he could not eat
butter ; and he declared he never would mar
ry without knowing what his bread wvould be
uttered with. Following the bent of his
ancy', he made several attempts at matrimo
y, and Julia Juniper almost caught him, for
here was always good butter on the table
t tea, but lhe was determined to know who
ade it. (On inquiry-she says ' La ! nme!
nother makes the butter; I take lessons on
the piano.' ' Well,' says Johnmathan, ' I wa;nt
wife that takes lessons on the churn-I
shall look further.' A fler several unsucces.
ful a' temnpts, and just ready to despair, lie
started in pursuit of stray cattle, before
reakfast, and wandered across the forest
to the corner of the next townt, and wveary
and hungry, called at a decent looking houso
and asked for some refreshment, which was
ost cordially granted, for the family were
what are called Scotch-Irish-itn religiotn,
Presbyterian, and in hospitality, boundless.
Here he fotund the butter exactly right
hough the wveather wvas hot, the butter kept
its shape as well as bees-wvax. He cate
hised the old lady about bet house-wifery
for the bread was as right as the butter. The
old lady said her healthi was feeble-shte
ould do but little, atnd Jennty had the whole
management. He made some round-about
inquiries concerning Jenny, and learnied she
wvas a hearty, black haired, black-eyed lass,
of about two and twenty ; had never seen a
piano nor attetnded a ball-but knewv the
Assembly's catechism ; could sing Old Hun
dred to a charm-spin flax atnd darn stock
ings, and was then gone to town with butter.
He lingered, but she was delayed, and wvhen
his excuses for staying were all exhausted
e started. He could not get the good but
ter out of his mitnd; and how it happented I
knowv not, he soon found his way there again,
and the result of his adventure was lie made
a wife of Jane M'Kean. Amid nlow one lump
of his butter is worth more thatn all Joe's
wife would make in a mionth. There's no
trouble in going to market-the keepers of
genteel boarding houses in the neighboring
village send anid take it at the highest market
Now the main difference in these two
women arises from their mannier of training,
though there is no difference in natural dis
positions. Otd Madame Sty never looked
on to see that Sally did up her wvork right,
but suffered to sly off her work as she chose,
and though a good house-keeper herself wvas
altogether too indulgetnt, and like some other
mothers, thought more of getting Sally well
married, than of making her fit for a wife
w~hilo old Madam M'Kean was detertmined
that Jenny should be a fit wife for any man,
whether she got married or not. Perhaps
there is no more certain criterion by which
to judge of a woman's general character for
neatness atid good house-keeping thtan by
the quality of her butter. Find on the far
mer's table, a good solid, properly salted,
wellworked, slice of butter, and you nteed
not fear to eat the pan-cakes or hash ; but if
you see a splash of half-worked butter--salt
in lumps, and a sprtikltng of hair and flies'
legs, you may be sure if you hoard there
long, death will not be obliged to wait for
you. to finsh~ yourneck of dirt My advice
is to young farmers to make it a sine qua
non isl a wife that she makes prime butter;
and the young ladies who aspire to be far
ier's wives, had much better be imperfect
in filagree jtnd musr than be deficient in that
most important art of making butter, which
smoothes not only the sharp corners of crust
and crackers, but will smooth asperities of
the husband's temper.
IT is seldom we meet anything in this line so
s xcet and truly poetic as the followtng'stanzas, upon
a subject so well calculated to cheer the heart of the
plowman as he " homeward plods his weary way."
THE GOOD OLD PLOW.
Let them sing who may of the bat tle fray,
And the deeds that have long since passed;
Let them chant in praise of the tar whose days,
Are spent on the ocean vast.
I would render to these all the worship you please,
I would honor them even now ;
But I'd give fai' more from my heart's full store
To the cause of the Good Old Plow.
Let them laud the notes that in music float,
Through the bright and glitteritig hall;
Wh.le the amorous twirl of the hair's bright curl,
Round the shoulder of beauty falls;
But dearer-to me is the song from the tree,
And the rich and blossoming bough,
0, these are the sweets which the rustic greets
As he follows the Good Old Plow.
Full many there be that we daily see,
With a selfish and hollow pride,
Who the plowman's lot, in his humble cot,
With a scornful look deride;
But I'd rather take, aye, a hearty shake,
From his hand than to wealth I'd bow
For the honest grasp of his hand's rough clasp,
Has stood by the Good Old Plow.
All honor be t'iwn to these gray old men,
When at last they are bowed with toil,
Their warfare then o'er, they battle no mcre,
For they've conquered the stubborn soil;
And the chaplet each we'ars, is his silver hairs;
And ne'er shall the victor's brow
With a laurel crown to the grave go down
Like the sons of the Good Old Plow.
FOR THE ADVERTISER.
MEssRS. ED1ToRs :-In perusing your
valuable paper o' the 24th ult., my attention
was attracted by an unfortunate experiment
made by 'your friend " BAD Lucc," in his
effort to raise Melons, and believing it to
he, not only the privilege, but the duty of
every Southerner, to exercise every nerve, in
his mental faculty, in facilitating the progress
of Agricultural enterprise, I deem it not im
proper to make a suggestion to "BAD
LuCK," itl regard to the course lie should
pursue in the preparation of his composition.
Now, if he would just take a little Guano
attd Gipsum, and mix well with the char.
coal, I am inclined to think it would give
the matter a different flavor ; and no doubt,
his vines would flourish, and yield abun.
dantly,-and in his next annual report he
could have the pleasure of changing his
christened name. PUTER.
Preparing Land for Corn,
As the time for plantting this most impor
tant crop is rapidly approaching, a few hints
ott the proper prepat ation of the soil may
not be inappropriate. Ihe warfare now ra
gintg in Europe, with the excessive drouths
we have had. in the laist few years, the cer
taintyv of an increased demnantd at htigh figures,
all cnmbine to drawv, fronm every farmer, tn
creasedl attention to this subject. Int making
preparations for a tewv crop of corn, we
would suggest to our readers that they can
nt commtence their operations too soon, nor
push themr too fast whten they do commnence.
The first grattd prerequisite necessary is a
teatm attd lawI, not a mere excuse by which,
with hard pttsing, the land may possibily be
scratched to the depth of three or four tn
ces, but a ploiw thtat will not only bireak
your lantd but break it thoroughly. Land
that is ontlv hatlf broken will never more
than half produce under the best system ol'
tillage of a seatsonable year, whlile the pro
duet of such land, of a dry season, is cer
tanly anythting but encouraging. It is to
the interest of every' plantter thtat his corn
lad be deep antd shorottghly broken. Nomt a
frow ever should be rum short of a depth
of ten inches, whtile even fourteen inches
would not be too much. The advantages of'
deep plouin mg are so niany and so platin to
e seen, that we deem it ttseless to dw~ell
upon themt at length. Corn gromwintg nim
land broke tett ot fourteen ittebes deep, de
rives a greater benefit, iti any season, by
beitg better able to expand its roots to a
larger extent of soil, atnd thus gather in
Vreasedt stretngtht antd sustenantce, thatt it dues
fromt land not broke so dleep, in which roots
are itecessarily contracted atnd are loreed to
occupy a stmall space, or force their way
through a firtm anti uttbrokenm soil. But itt a
dry season the advantages of deep plowing
are incalculabtle. lTheti it is that thte great
advantages of this principle are to be seen
wherever put in practice. Land deep and
thoroughly broke never suff'ers for the want
of raitn, evetn itn out' warm climate. By break'
itg our land deep, the roots oi' the cortn
peetrate to a greater depth than in shallowv
broke latnd, amnd by this meatns are ettabled
to draw a sufficientt supply of' moisture, f'rom
its increased depth, independent of tain. Nor
is this all ; for, should the season pt'ove wvet,
the surface moistttte sitnks down to the bot
tom ol' the deeply plowed land, and is there
stored away as in a reservoir, upon which
the roots can draw for sustenance ad libitumn.
Manurc well ,-Plow deep anid plant early !
if you desire corti to " sell and keep."
Cotton Secd Miasher.-Mr. T'homas Dixon,
of Hatncock counity, (carryinmg out the sug
gestiotn of' Dr. Lee, if we mistake not, in the
southern Cultivator,) has appended two cyl
inders to his gitn through which all the seed
passes as it falls fr om the litnt, and is crack
ed so as to prevetnt germittalion. T1his (as
clear from chetnical as wvell as practical
tests) tmakes it a much more valuable fertil
zer, because much ts lost in going through
the process of heating. Af'ter mashintg, we
would suggest that the seed be kept under
shelter itn a cool dry plaice, antd tnot in too
large a bulk, or with poles runnting through
theta to prevent heatimtg. Mr. D. is one of
our best practical farmers and has shownt
his good sense itt taking the lead in this mat
ter.-Central Georgiati. -
A C a r d.
I TAKE this tmethod of returning my sincere
thatnks to the people of Edgefield and adjoining
Ditstricts, for their liberal patronage,. and at the
sme timne say to them that I have mttved into my
New Brick Store,
Built during the past Summter, situated on Reynold's
Street, nearly fronting the Episeopil Church, and
near by the South Carolina Rail Road Depot, where
I am offering consigtnmenta of
TENNESSEE BACON, LARD.
Butter, Feathers, Corn, &c.,
And at prices so low, as to induce any one to buy
who wants. T. W. FLECMING.
Augus.... nee 18 2 m 49
j.L F4 EWBY & C 0.,
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL
J M. NEWBY & CO., under U. S. Hotel. Augusta, Ga., are now receiving the LARGEST,
. BEST and M1OST FASHIONABLE ASSORTMENT of
SPRING AND SUMMER READY-MADE CLOTHING,
Ever offered in the City of Augusta. In addition to which, we are weekly receiving FRESH
SUPPLIES from our [louse in New York. We also keep constantly on hand a large Stock of
YOUTH'S AND CHILDREN'S CLOTHING.
A.so, a full assortment of FURNISHING ARTICLES, for gentlemen's wear.
Jgr Country bMerehants and all'persons visiting Augusta will find it to their interest to
examine our Stock, as we are determined to offer our Goods at the lowest prices imaginable.
Augusta, April 3. 1854. tf 12
NEW FALL DRY GOODS.
CORNER OPPOSITE GLOBE HOTEL, AUGUSTA, GA.
M ILLER & WARREN, will offer great
inducements to their triends and customers
this season to purchase their FALL and WINTER
They do riot pretend to say they have the richest
and largest stock ever offered in this city, that the,
have better taste in their selections, or possess supe
rior advantages over their neighbors; but they have
certainly the richest and most elegant stock they
ever had in store.
-IN DRESS 000L
They have Rich Satin Striped Plaid SILKS;
Rich HeavfCroeade Col'd do.
Bik. Satin Striped Plaid and Watered SILKS of
new and beautiful styles;
Plain Red SILKS,and Plain do.
R'ch Ptinted Fr. CASHMERES and DE
Beautiful small fiL DELAINES, for misses'
Plain French ME RINOS and CASHMERES,
of every shade ;
Sup. fine BIk. Fr. BOMIBAZINE;
i a CHALLE and DELAINES;
MANTILLAS, TALMAS AND CLOAKS
embracing every variety of patterns and material,
from low-priced to the richest and highest cost
EMBROIDERIES, comprising a large and
most elegant assortment of Rich French Worked
Collars, Chemizettes, Undersleeves, Stomachers,
Handkerchiefs, Infants' Robes and Worked Bodies.
Maltese Collars, Chemizettes and Sleeves;
Rich Embruidered Bands, of the latest styles of
Beautiful lot of Bonnet and Neck Ribbons;
Linen Cambric hem-st'ed Handkerchiels, Mitts,
Black and White Silk Hosiery; Alpaca and Mo
ravian I lose;
Ladies and Misses Hose, all sizes;
" Silk and Merino Vests and Misses do.
-IN HOUSE-KEEPING ARTICLES
Thev have an endless variety of TO WELLINOS
TABLE NAPKINS and DOYLRS;
12-4 Linen anid CI-to'n P!LLOW CASE Goods,
TABLE C1 OTHS! all sizes, of the richest
Damask and Snow drop figures.
French and English CASSIMERES. BROAD
CLOTHS. VESTINGS. TWEEDS, Welsh
FLA NNELS, and every other article kept in the
Dry Goods line.
Persons visiting the City, can rely on finding the
newest styles of Goods, and in richness and varie.ty
unsurpassed in any narket, to which their attention
is invited, as they will be offered at low prices.
Augusta, Nov 25 tf 44
1855. TIlE 1855.
A MONTHLY JOURNAL,
DEVOTED Exct.usivELY -TO THE 3trpaoVEMENT OF
SoUTRmoaN AnticuLTrE, I OaTIcULTUnE, BEED
iso. POUI7Y, BEes, GENERAL EcoNoasY, &c.
ILLUSTRATE) WITH NUMEROUS ENGRAVINGS.
One Dollar a Year, in Advance.
DANIEL LEE, Editor;
W. RE[MOND. Corresponding Editor.
T HE CU LTIVATOR is a large octavo
of Thirty-two pages, forming a violume of 3.84
pages in the year. Itcontains a much greatei- amount
of reading matter that any Agr.eultural journ:l in
the Situth-enmbracing, in addition toall the current
agricultural topics of the day,
Valuable Original Contributions,
From many of the moist itellizent and praetic.il
Planters, Farme-rs, and Horticulturists in every
section of the South and Southwest.
TER MS.-One copy one yeoar, $1 ; Six Copies.
S5; Twenty-Five Copies, $2U; One Hundred
The CASIH SYSTEM will be rigidly adlred to.
and in no instance will the paper be sent unless the
motney accompanies the ordet. The Hills of all
specie-paying 3anks received at par. All money
transmitted by mail, postage paid, will be at the risk
of the Publisher. Adoiress
WILLIAM S. JONES, Proprietor.
Augusta, Ga., .lan 3 if 51
AGNEW, FISHER k AGNEW,
NEWBERR'Y C. H., S. 0.,
IMPORTERS & DEALERS IN
HARDWARE, P A IN TS, OILS,
WVindow Gla s,
Groceries, Dry Goods, &c.,
Andl Buyers of Cotton anid co.untry produce.
gg Planters visiting this Market will find it
greatly to their advantage by giving us a call.
AGNEWV, FIShlER & AGNEW.
Newberry C. H., A pril 13, tf 13
57 The Abbeville Ijanner will please copy four
State of South Carolina,
BY H. T. W RIG HT, Esquire, Ordinary of Edge
Whereia JonHit has applied to me for Let
ters of Administration, de bonus non, on all uind sin
gular the goods and chattels, rights and credlits of
Margaret A. Pow, late of thec District aforesaid, de
cThese aria, therefore, to cite and admontislh all and
singar, the kindred and creditors of the said deceas.
ed, to be and appear before nme, at our nest Ordinary's
Court for the said District. ta, be holden at Edlgefield
C. H., on the 12th day of Feb. next, to show cause, if
any, wh~y the said Administration should not be
Gien under my hand and seal, this 29th day of
January. in the year of our Lord one thonasand eight
hundred arnd fifty-four and mn the 79th year of Ameri
can Independence. H. T. WRIGHT, O. E. D.
Jan 31 2t 3
STATE OF SOUTHi- CA ROLINA,
BY HI. T. WRIGHT, Esquire, Ordinary of Edge.
WheJa,, Cthein Vanzant and. E. Caughman,
have applied to me for Letters of Anmmistration, on alt
an ~i.lar the goods and chattels, rights andI credits
of George Vanzant, late of the District af.,resaid de
These are, therefore, to cite and admonish all and
singular, the kindred and creditor~s of the paid d~e
eansdm, to he and a ppear bef'mre me, at our next-Ordli
nary's Court for the maid District, to be hldleun at
Edlgefeld C. H., on the 15th day of February next, to
show cause, if any, why the said administratuun shotuld
not he granted.
Given under my hand and seal, this 29th day oif Jan.,
in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred
and fifty-five and in the sevenity-ninth year of Ameri
can Independence H. T. W RIGHT, O. E. D.
Jan 31 2t 3
A LL Persons indebted to the late Firm of SALE~r
& LARa, of H amburg, either by note or ac
count, are earnestly requested to come forward and
settle the sanme, with W. W. Sale, on or before the
11th February next. Those whto fail to profit by
this notice, will most assuredly be compelled to pay
cost. Take heed, gentlemen, for we again warn
you that this is positively the ltat call.
SALE & LARK.
Hamburg, Jan 15 4 4t. 1
2 BBLS. and Half Barrels No. 3, MACKE
A few Kits, quater and half bbls No. 1, Macke
rel. J. SIBLEY & SON.
hamburg., Jn 24 tr 2
For the Year 1865.
M M. BALLOU, who has edited the " Pictori
e al" from,4hc commencement. having boukht
out the late proprietor, Mr. F. Gleason, will conduct
this popular and widely circulated paper on his own
account. The netw volume will be radfea'ly improved
in every respect, and will be publ:l.hel on finer pa
per than ever befotre, which quality will be continuol
henceforth without change. May new and popular
features will at once be introduced, and the literary
department will present am array of talent and inter
est beyond anything it has before attempted. The
illustrations will be finer, and by better artists than
have before been engaged upon the paper, and alto
zether the publication will be vastly improved and
Arrangements have been made for representing
dutring the year. views of th-: noest notable buildings
and localities throughout the United States. as well
as giving l.kenesses of the most prominent charac
ters, male and fenile, of artists and men of genius.
such as have, by their own industry and skill. made
for themselves a fortune and a name. In addition
to these, various notable European scenes and oc
currences will also be given froom week to week,
forming a brilliant illustrated journal.
Terms :-Invariably in Advance.-One sub
seriber. one year....................... $3 00
Four subscribers, 4:ne year................ 10 00
Ten " " " .............2 20
gW Any person sending sixteen subscribers at
the last rate, will receive the seventeenth copy gratis.
Address M. il. HAL-LOU,
Publisher and Proprietor.
Corner of Tretnont and Bromicld St's,
To the Planters of Edgefield.
IWENTY per cent eCn be saved by buying
HOOTS and Sl TOES at the Planters' I lepot.
The Stock is all New and Fre.%h, and warrant
el to give general satisitetion. Amongst this laige
and well selected Stock may be fiound
10.000 Pair lets Heavy Rip Plantation Brogans.
5.000 " " " H u-et "
5.000 " Boys Rip and is uset "
3,000 " Mens' Ditching and illunting Roots,
Togethgr with a LAIGli and SPLENDID Stuck
of Ladies, Gentlemen, Boys, Misses aid Children's.
Boots and Shoes,
LATEST STYLES, AND ALL DESCRIPTIONS.
Among this fine Stock can be had Gentlemen's
French made Bouts and Gaiters. Also, Ladies'
French Gaiters of Kid Glove Leather.
The Public are respectfully invited to call and
examine betbire purchasing elsewhere as Goods will
be freely shown md one price asked.
lt7 Please Remember the iame and rumber
Paoratrroa or Tu PLANT1ss' BoOT & Stor Y) Ero'r
No 2->1 Broad-St., lpeuposite the U. S. I loel,
A ugusta. Georgia.
P. .-I also keep on hand a large Stock of Ladies
and Gentlemen's Traveilinig Trunks, Carpet Bags
and Valises. Also Misses' School Satchels-all (of
which will be sold low for Cash. R. C.
Oct 5 Cn 38
Fine Groceries, &c,
TIE Undersigned infirms his friends and the
I trading pub:ic generally that he has just re
evived the ltollowing articles. in additim to h's al
really large Stock of Groceries, to which hc invte.
20 doz. l lb. English MUSTARD,
20 4 Ib. " "
1 " qt. spiced 0 YST E RR.
1 " whole Boxes SA RI)INES,
I " half " "
I " 2 .b OYSTIElRS. in cases.
Spice, Pepper, Ginger. Saleratus, Soda. &c.. &c..
just received next dsoor to A. Levy, an I opposite
the American Ilotel. R. L. GENTR Y.
Hamburg, Nov 29 tf 46
F I S It 1 8
Patent M etalic Burial Cases!I
r PI l ESE valuable a r-tight and indestruc'ibole Ca
I sea, for protecting and preservmng the Dead for
ordinary intermentt. lor vaults, for tiransportatioon, ort
for any'other desirable purpose, arc on'ered fur sale
in this Village, cheap for Cash, by IT
P. S.-T haave on hand an assortmaent of all sizes.
.luly 27- tf 2S
W ar d & Bu r c h ard,
AUG UST'A, G A.,
W1OULD inifourm thteir frientds in Edgefle!d Dis
TVtrict andl the pulili generally,. thtat anticipa
tig a change in their business the comting seasont
thy are disposed to make LA RGER CONC ES
SIONS from their former low scale ouf prices, in
rder to reduce their Stock to the lowest possible
ggThe attention of Whonlesale dealers, as well
consumers, is respectfully solicited.
Augusta, Ga , t're 18, tf 49
SLL~ Persons indebted to the Estate of Jlames
I Ye-Idell, dec'd , are requested to make pay.
rent forthwith to thc Undersign, d. and all persone
having demtandls against the Estate. are requ.-sted te
and them in properly atte-sted to the Undersianed
J. II. YELD)ELL' Ex'ors.
Nov 22 3m 45
4LL Persons indebtedl teo the Estate of Jeremiah
1 1.Seigler, or that of Warren F. Winn. dec'd..
are hereby notilied to nmake proimpt poaymaenlt; and
those htaving claioms ag-ainst either Estate, will pre
sent them forthtwith foor payment in due form.
Ex'ors of Jeremiah Seigler.
Nv 29 3m 4a
X L L Persons anywise indebted to the ]F~Ante of
L- A nna A tnderseon, dee'od., are hereby requestedl
to make immediate paymet, antd thoose havinig de
mads ngainst said Estate will pleaise render in their
iccounts forthtwi th, prop. rly attested.
GEO. J. AND ERSON, A dm'our.
Dec 6 tf 47
IS thus given tu all persons indebted to Mrs.
IElizabeth Martin, dec'd., to make immediate
payment. and those having demands against said
Estate, will render them in forthwith, prouperly at
tested. G. W. BURTON, Ex'or.
Nov 9 tf 43
To the Ladies,
MIRS. E. T. H AMILTON, takes
this mnethod of itnforming the~ Lad;es of
Edgefeld Village and vicinity, that she has cent
Millinery and Dress-Making Business,
at the Store formerly occupied by Mrs. BaOWN.
Nov 16 tf 44
Good Peach Brandy !
J UST received a large supply of PURE OLD
S. E. BOWERS, AGEN'r.
aT.mbnrg, Nov 22 tf 4
NEW FALL GOODS !
WILLIAM SHEAR, Augusta, Ga., has re
ceived from New York his FULL SUP
PLIFSof FANCY AND STAPLE DRY GOODS, em
bracing a large and splendid usortnent suitable for
the Fall and Winter season, among which are
Rich Fancy co'ored Silks, or new and beautiful
Plain Black Siks, in great variety. of style, and
of superior quality;
10eh Pari printed DeLaines, and -Fancy of all
Lupin's colored white and black Merinos, and
plain colored DeLaines;
A very large supply of small-figured, all-wool
printed DeLaines, for children, of new and beauti
ful styles ;
English and American Fancy Prints, in a great
variety of styles ;
Superior Seotch fancy Ginghams, of new and
beautiful Winter styles;
Elegant French Embroideries, embracing La
dies' Collars, Chemizettes, Undersleeves and I land
kerchiefs, of new and splendid styles;
Ladies' Black and Colored Cloth Cloaks and Tal
mas of the latest styles;
Ladies' Rich Embroidered and Plain Paris Silk
A large supply of Ladies', Misses'and Children's
Hosiery, of the best make;
Ladies and Gentlemen's Sup. Gauntlet Gloves;
Ladies' and Misses' Mlerino and Silk Vests;
Gentlemen's and Youth's Silk and hlerino Shirts
Superior Welch Gauze, Saxony and Silk Warp
and lleavy Flannels;
Superior English Colored Flannels, fur Ladies'
English and American Cotton Flannels, of extra
A very large supply of -Mourning Goods, for La
dies' use, of superior quality ;
blperitor 12-4 Linen Sheetings and Pillow Case
Superior 8-4 and 10-4 Table and Damask Dia
per., some of extra qunlity;
Rich Damask Table Cleths and Napkins, some of
Scotch and Bird's Eye Diapers, extra fine, for
Ieavy Scotch Diapers and Hlunkabanks, for
Superior Whitney and Merino Blankets of extra
s'ze and quality;
Superior Crib Blankets;
Also, a great variety of other seasonable articles
suitable for Family and Platation utse. The publ c
are respectfully invited to call and examine the as
W. S. especially solicits a call from his long-con
tinued friends and patrns, and assures them that
n1o exertions (n his part will be wanting to supply
them with the latest and most desitable styles of
Goods, at the lowest prices.
A ugusta, Nov 14 tf 44
Hardware and Cutlery.
'0 A LL our old friends, we would any, we are
thankful for past favors, and to all others who
may wish Goods in our line:-eall and see us also.
or senl your orders. We will make every effort
(and it is notorious of the Goods we keep) to g.ve
--general satisfaction." Our prices SIIALL be
in accordance with the times; alhvars e'rinm our
eu-oe,,iers e sell them at the LOWEST MAR
We have now in Store a fine Stoek and are re
ceiving weekly. A imengst which may be found,
- 50 Tons Band and 0loopJ IRON,
250 " Swe-d " assorted,
150 " English " "
200 Sniitlh il.hI.LOWS, all qualities,
500 Kegs " Pern" NA I LS,
50 Tons CASTINGS.
100 Dezen Door LOCKS,
100 " Pad "
500 " Till, Chest. Draw and Trunk Locks.
100 " AXES, Collins, Levette's and other
10 " Superior BROAD AXES,
500 " HE1-S, all qualties.
To enumerate is too tedious. We have the Goods
and want to sel; them.
We keep all things necessary for Mills of every
style, Corn Sheders, Straw Cutters, Vices,
A neils, Smith Tongs. Circular, H and,
and all other kinid of Saws, Screw
and Bales. Knives and Forks,
Pocket Kniives, Seissors,
B3ots, .lpirit Levels,
Gu~ages, Catndlesticks. Planes,
Iiorse Shoes anid Nails, Brushes,
Coffee Mlills, Illalter, Trace. Stretch,
Lug. Breast. Ceentinued antil F fih Chains,
Rope, Files o.f all kiinds, a b,-autiful Leet of
Guns, of al! qualities. Pistils. P, reuwsson Caps.
Curry Ciimbes, G3ame atil Shot Bags, Powder
Flasks. Draim Flasks. Sandl and Waffle lro~ns, IHiac a
and Bitts, A ugers, Chisels, Illaiimers, I raw ng
Knives, Mlortars. Kettles. Stew I'an~s, &c., &c.
RtOIINSON & JACKSON.
llamnhurer, Dec 4 tf 47
Devon Bull, Marion.
~IrY BLUI.L will stand at my house at Five D~ol
IV.lars-to be sent with the r-ow.
.al.\ RION is out of the coew Aluselle, whose dlam
was imiported fromn England, from air. Cuekes cele
brated stock iof Devons, huis sire was the celebrated
Boll. air. M. FRtAZIER.
Dec 20 3m 49
A LL Persons indebted to the Firm of Lewis &
tll ai-risont. either by niote or optn account, are
forewarned to call on the Subserber and settle the
sanme immendiately. This is the last call-so if you
wish to save costs conie forward anid pay up.
.lAiS. S. IlI RIlSON.
Decc6 tf 46
A LL Persons ind bted to the Estate of WS. TI
Mloss. dee'd., ate requested to make immedi
ate payinent, anid those having demiands against
said Estate, will present them proeperly attested.
W.II1. MlOSS, A dm'or.
A ug 17 ___ tf 31
STAT'E OF SOUTH CAROLINA,
Exparte Petition for settlement
Julia MleClendon, of Property.
IT apepearing that Thos. McClendon, the hushand
tof the petitioner abeve inimed, is beyond the limt
its of this State, and the ebject of the Petition being
to set apairt to the sole and separate use of his wife
.J ulia, a certaiin sum of maoneyv arising from the sale
of .loseph Whittle's real estitte. On motion of
\loragne, for petitieoner, it is hereby ordered that
the aforesaid Thues MieClentdin dii plead. answer iir
demut tio the pratyer of his said wvife .lulia. within
three months frenm the date of this publication, iir
te Petitieon will be taken as pro confesso acainst
him. A. SI.\KINS, C. E. E. D.
Jan 10 1855 .3m 5-2.
Negro Blankets and Cloths.
lif 1l.LIAM Sh iEA R, AUoUS-rA, GA , respect
~Y fully inmvites the atteniiitin of Planters to his
larer~ supeply ef N EGRO BL ANK ETS and N E
GRO CLO l''lIS, which he is preparing to sell at
very low prices.
A ugusta, Nov 14 tf 44
To All Interested.
rgilIE subseriber returtis Its thantks to those,
I wh,- have always paid him proemptly nuerc
toore, and heepes they will continue to do so. If hte
is copdied tee sue thme balance thatiewe h.m, it will
be deene with relucitinee a:ter the liberal patreenage
bestewed upon hitu. but lis debts must be paid.
-Alsue, all Persuets inudebted to Clark & Tilletson,
at liarr~sburg S. C , are neutied that more than a
year has elapsed sitice the firm was dissolved by
limitaton ; anud their debts are past due1 and must
JOhIN M. CL ARKE.
Cold Springs, S. C., Jan. 8, 1855 6t 52.
Myanufactured Tobacco !
J UST Received direct from the Factory, Thirty
Boxes CHEWING TOBACCO, comprising
Four Choice Brands, viz: Iloney Dew, Oronoco,
Extra and Premiumn. For sale by the Box, or at
retail at LOW PRICES. Don't fail to call and
sample before buying elsewhere.
G. L. PENN, AssNT.
Oct 26 tf 41
T H E Subscriber contemplating a change in his
business, early the etnsuing spring, earnestly
requests all indebted, to call and settle their accounts
previous to the first of January next. Interest will
be charged ott ALL accounts of over six months
standing, remaining unpaid at that time.
NI. A. RANSOM1, AGENT.
Hmbug, Dnc 2 5 tf e50
KEW FALL AND WoNTR
WARD & BURCHARD,
OPPOSITE MAsONIC HALL, AUoUsTA, GEORGIA.
A RE now receiving their FA LL and WINTER
New and Fashionable Goods,
Among which will be found many novelties in riess
Goods, as well as a general assortment of hous, hold
articles. They ask attention to the following:
Paris Sacque and Opera FLANNELS,new shades,
Amerien Sacque FLANNELS, plain and figur'd,
Lupin's Superior MERINOS. all colors,,
Lupin's blnek and dilored CHALLIES and AL
Lupin's DELAINES. plain, figured and plaidsf
Lupin's Black DELAINES& BOMBAZINES9
Rich Col'd SILKS, in Brocade, Plaids & Strijes;
Superior Black Tafieta and Italian SILKS;
6-4 Silk POPLINS, high colors;
Scotch PLAIDS in every variety:
American DELAINES and CASHMERES,ali
the new designs in Plaids. Stripes & Figures y
Beautiful French and English PRINTS;
I lighland and Roynl Plaid GINGHAMS;
French CASHMERE DE'ECOSSE;
Scotch CHECKS. tor Misses ;
Saxony. Welsh, Silk Warp and American FLAN
EMBROJDERESEof every description, LA CBS
Besides a le stock of housewire and servant.
goods. They respectfully nk those making their
winter purchases to examine their goods. Orders
attended to promptly and faithfully. 4
WARD & BURCHARD.
Oct. 19 tf 40
BY ROYAL LETTERS PATENT.
OR WATERPROOF ANTI-CONSUMPTIVE
M ANUFACTURE) by acoua'r. BRADLtr
& Co., 44 Market Street, Manchester. Prin
eipal Warehouse, 102 Wood Street. Cheapside,
'L don, England. American Establishments, 38
A tn Street and 102 Nassau Street, New York.
The HYDROMAGEN is a valuable discovery for protect
ing the feet from damp or cold, and therefore a preventative
of many Lung diseases, without any doctoring whaterer.
The lydromagen 6c In the form of a sole, and worn Inside
the boot or shoe. Its nedicated chasracter is, a powerful an
tIdote to disease.
For Gentlemen it will be found agreeable, warm, and
healthy, to wear in thd coldest or ralnest weather, as the foot
cannot become wet if the Hydromagen is inserted. Ladies
may wear the lightest soled boots or shoes in the most in
clement weather with impunity; while Consumptin, so
prevalent among the young of our country. may be thwarted
by their gene adoplon. They entirely supersede oe.
eh. 8, as the latter cause the feet to perspire In a very un
healthy manner; and, besides, are not dangerous wear to,
jedestrians In icy weather, like India robbers. While the
atter cause the feet to appear extremely large, the Hydro.
magen, being a ,r.ere thin slice of cork prepared. peculiarly
placed inside, does not Increase the size if the boot, or
cause the root to appear untidy. To Children they are ex
tremely valuable, as they may engage in exercise with com
tort and healthy effects. 'T'heir expense is so slight as to
scarce need nantiont besides. those who palronize them ia
Bnd their ijets. Ly doctor's bil much diminished theredy.
Am the Hydromagen is becming more known. its sale Is
Increasing toan almost incredible extent. Last year In Lon
don. Manchester, Birmingham, Liverpool. Glasgow, Leeds,
Dublin. Paris, Antwerp. Ilambur and Berlin our sales
reached 1,782,450 pairs of Cork Soles. This year the num
ber will far surpass that.
Ask the Faculty their opinion of their value as a preven
tative for COUGHS, COLDS, BRONCHITIS, ASTHMA and
Mzc's Size, per pair, 85 Czxms.
LAntrs'do do 80 do.
Bovs' & MissEs' do 25 do.
NonrcE.-From the Retail Prices we make a very liberal
allowance to Jobbers and Wholesalers, so that an store
keeper may make a fine profit on their sale, while they are
an article that may be kept In any store, among any class of
goods. For tenne, apply to
HARCOURT, BRADLEY & CO.,
38 Ann Street, New York.
No v 2 8m 45
SIR ASTLEY COOPER, BART., M. D.. the
eminent Medical Practitioner, has left a valua
ble legacy to the world in his
Great Preventative of Consumption,
UNFAILING CURE FOR PULMONARY DIStASES,
WITHOUT THE Uig' OF MEDICINE.-Sir A. BAat, in
vented and advised the use of the
Medicated Fur Chest Protector,
To all persons of all ages and coniditions, as a certain and a
safe shield against those fearful diseases.Consuznpton. Bron
chitis, Asthma, Coughs, Colds, and other affectin of the
Lungs, which arise f'om the exposed state of -the chest, ac
cordmng to fashion, and to the continued changes of our
" The Protector" ts simply achemlcally preared fur, lined'
with silk ad padded. which, suspended frm the neck,
covers the chest, .in so agreeable a manner that, once worn,
it becnmes a necesity and a comfort.
"'The Protector," although but reeent ir,troduced Into
A merica Is making rapid progress thruah the United States,
the Canadas, South Amernca, and the West Indies. It has
for a long time been a staple article in England and on the
continent of Europe, while It has grown in many countries
to tihe position of an article of dress.
To demonstrate theise facisenquire of any Egish resident
In your vicinity of his knowledge of the benefical effects of
wearing the Protector. wrnout azcourss TO DocToarCo of
any kind. The cost of wearing these articles is a mere trifle,
and one will last sonm e ars, No one who values the health
of himself or his famil will be without them. The Hlospi
tals In this country are not alone recommending them, but
rapidly introducinig them. Harcourt, Bradtley & Co.. of
Lodon, and Manchester, England. were orlglally entrusted
with the manufacture of the Protectors, by th lamented Dr.
Cooper. and continue to manufacture accordIng to his origi,
nzai nstrutctiotas, and therefore recommend those who would
wear " The Protectors," to see to their being genuine.
ItEEMBEa TUIS is A sTAPLE ARTIcL.E, AND NO PATENT
ET AI L P RI CE S. .
Gzs'rs Size...............$1.50 each.
LADIrs* do.............. ... 1,00 do.
Boys' & Misses do............ 75 do.
HJA RCOURT, B3ARDI.EY & CO.,
38 A nn St. & 102 Nntswatn St., New York.
PalNCIPAL. VAREa!Ogse, 102 Wood St., Cheapalde, London..
MANUrActo5Y, 44 Market Street, Manchester, England.
H. B. &c Co. are establishing Depots for the sale of " The
Protector" in ail parts i f America. P'hystcimns. Surgeons.
Clothiers, Dry floos Merchants. Hatters and Milliners, als
Gentlemen's Furnishing St..re-Keepers are entrusted with
the wholesale and retail distribution of them, and to whom
most liberal terms are offered for their enterprise, and a
splendid opportunity opens to them for safe and profitable
Nov 22 m 45
Edgefield & Cheatham Plank R.
F7 IIOM and after the 1st May next, the Edgeflid
. & Ceathamt PIlank Road will be opened from
Mr. JAxvas GSaterIN's to the junction with the Ham
burg & Edgefield P'lank Road. a distance of about
five miles, and the following (lates of Toll will be
Rates of Toll.
Four, five and aix horse Wagons, 5 eta per mile
Three " " 4 " 'i "
'Iwo e " 3 " "4 "4
Two . " Carriages 3 " " "
One " " 2 " "
Ilorseback travelle-rs, 1 " " -"4
Vehicles on meeting, arc each entitled to half the
PLA NK TR ACK,and the Driver. are required to
turn 'o the " RIGHT !"
S. F. GOODE, Pasionr.
A pril 23, tf 15
N o t i e e.
SLL Persons itndebte.d to the Estate of Jacob 1B.
t Smith. previous to let January last, are re
qtested to make payment. and all having demanda
ugainst the same wIll hand them in properly attested.
BENJA MIN W ALDO, Ex'ors.
GEO. A. ADDISON.*
Augl10 tf 30
SLL1 persons indebted to the Estate of Mildred,
A Nobles, dec'd., nre requested to -rnake pay
ent, and all those having demands against the
same will hand the-m in properly attested.
J AR RO1T~ NOBLES, Adm'or.
Dec 13 2m* 48
Particular Notices -
To the Stockholders of the Edgefeld Odd.
Fellowos' and Masonic Building Assoca,
GENTLEMEN: You will come forward and
pay 10 .laa. B. Sullivan, Treasurer, or A. Ramsey,
A gent, the Third instalment of 10 per cent. on your
Stock. Anud those who have given their Notes for
the First and Second Instalments, are earnestly re,.
uested to take thenm up, as we used money to have
the work advanced. Please respond early.
A. G. TEAGUE, Pres't.
June 22 tf 22
A LL having claims against the Estate of B. F,
.1Goudey, dee'd., will present the same properly
attested , and all persona indebted to the said Estato
will make payments to the Undersigned.
RORT. McDON ALD, Acting Ex'or.
Hamburg, D~ec 18, 2m 49
00200 5 PLASTERiNG LATHS, four
~UUQ .J'Jand four and a half feet long,for
sale low. A pply at Plank Road Mill, 10 miles above
Hamburg, or to H. A. KENRICK.
Hamr,,,,. April 3 tf 12