Newspaper Page Text
We subjoin some extracts from the army cor
pondents of the London papers:
Perhaps it may mosdify the inveteate hostilliy
.ih which 11aw iittglish public so unjustly pur
e the allaiit 46.1 to learn that as a regiment
hits atiost ceased to exist. At the begiining
Nvvember last it landed at Balaklava with an
'etive sireigik of 1,100 bayonets. It now
usters 117 serviceable mien, and as things are
,ing on it is not very improbable that at the
id of a uonth even this small remnant will be
need ti the level ef some of our other regi
eits here. For instance, there is a regiment
hiih figures in the army list as the 631, but it
only in the army lit that it can be found, a
.thiig remaiiis of it out here. The last time
wa.s oriered for duty in the trenehes only six
ell, I am infoirmed, paraded for service, and of
i- -tm ill inuber two were unable to proceed
en as far as the teit of the brigadier general.
he whotle six were. therefore, ordered to return
their qariers, and the force is now disregi
em ed. inicl uding officers, sergeants, and officers'
rvants-4the entire complement of the 63d is
id U he under 40 men. If the unanimous
ii -e of the camp is to be believed, this deplora.
Ie result is due more to the imprudence and
tis.naianagement of C'.lonel Dalzell than even
, siort rations, hard work and exposure. Eve.
tone who peaks of the 63d concludes with a
rvent wi.li that, the awful and unexampled
..rali.y which has prevailed inl the regiment
iy so, be pissed over uinoticed by the author
i.-s. bitt tl..t somte inquiry will be made to ascer
-in if atiy undue severity exercised by the com
1iiding officer has con- ueed with other causes
the destruc ion of what two months ago was
tie of the finest, regitnents in the Crimea.
uich :i inquiry is due, not less to the memory
f-the ifor~tite men, than to ite reputation
t Colonel U.izell, whose imprudence is spoken
f here in the hars :est terms.
FROZEN TO DEATH.
ftjosr Maedonald, of the 89th, I am informed.
is frozein t death in the trenches on the nitht
f the 16th ; and another gallant officer, whos
eli iiito a tLdep snow drift, most narrowly escap-.
d the same f-ate. Both inl the nights of the
6th, 17.n and 18:h. many men on sentry and ott
itigie p.rties we-re numbed by the cold in such
ianiner as ito expire in a lew hours afterwards.
i ilie 17th. fosur;een men of the 46. I were
uried, the iml .jritv of the deaths being caused
lite severiiy of the weather, and on the 18.h1
en mnore were interred fron the same cause.
I ihe latier ..een.ion the thaw had commenced,
td .he todies of four of the ten were discov.
d .mng tlhe teits by the fact of their boots
tickigI out ot' the snow. I believe they were
en waho had been eitploved in faitigue patties,
md will, becoiming tiumbed and exltausted. sat
bwo tso r.-.t *iii reacinlg their caitonments, and
1p--ri-ie.i miiserablv. Durig thlie continuince
til- -es ere Irsi, all tile niti 1ti0 actually oil
Illtuiid sl clowd iito the teits, atid by hud.
li -_ tsgePthevr in ittage to k.e-p tiemselve.4 from
Uail Ir .s -hi.e. Of course the warmnth of
Iir b. lits ua awe.i tile griund ot which they
i; ss s mere pnidl.-. hlie unfortn oate nn
U s:s ira ed, nis when ott duty their clothe.
r -z. isit heir lle-h iii stch a ttniier titat io re.
itg thle ssikings of some the flesh was
rppe .i ..l tie ill large piece.s. Yet itt
lite . hee ,tferiings est the mten. elf seurvy.
elery fer. chileri. of wet by day atid
nrs.l ov b l ig:, of lt.ird work. short r.tions. ai
;11m1 oist sheler, all ie ministerial joiurnails ill
.iand are tilled with IaseouS compliments
rit Mv conidiet it ilie war and ton tie admirable
nlantaer in which the troops are, now housed,
fed :nd cli.hlied. Tiin such stmements noth.
l -g e.. ie more utterly without frounld:ition.
AL Oe .ile I write-and tie remarks will stand
gsi.-d. I 'eatr. f.-r a mith ience-the troors are
it htsat--ed. are ily indifferently fed, and mis
e c,1 el-pilied. The iis which have been dis.
tillmh r at Bl.Aidlava are being erected for
hospital purlio,s around the viilage.
A DESEITER sHoT.
Jatnuiry 15 -A wyel! m~erited, tho ugh severe
puis~ni.me was~ inflicted on tite 10th inst. upont
an li'.iIh sotldie~r wih. was attemptintg to desert
to -he enemyn; atid it is mtosre wvorthy of remark
. s~ it iiishmtenit was tidinitster~ed voluntarily,
ott 'he spur isf tile mnomefnt, by one of the de
setter's iiwfntmrdes. The man who exhtibited
such pi- ritic feelitng and readiness tf purpose
dcecra e' a reward, and onie of a more perma-t
tnm chir enr, :lltd mitre likelyv to extend it
iintits.nee, thant a mere pecuniary grataiiv. The
tact siselirreid sioonl iier n~son. itn broad daylight.
A woriking~ party of the 19th Regiment and
sititer, tt ha been emtployved itn front of Gordon's
bitt ery, to tiin- right of thet advanced work. antd
t n r ltniego hilt of. the :Lancaster guln. Thtey
we're~ tab nt las retur to1s the advanced work and
h it npiled armts, when sOtme onte observed the
abltence~s of a mt inl of tile pa rty by name of
Smlish . Search Was made tfsr thim, biut lie was
liio. tund. I' was thenl reimettbered that hte
bl wvhn hey beg:m~ i ttrk. not pliced hi
to -kaet wi.hi thte lithler anrms, but had supsirted
t i a psr t in iof thte parapet which was
ts.,..ca- frnin vie~w by a proieelitig anogle. Two
mec at tnee I i de t heir wy tso Itis spost, and oni
ne ;chiing it fiutnd the firelsck still there, but the
mtt n Stntiih esiusiderabily in advancee, stoopting,
hilt hulrryintg tatrds tihe Rutssianl sent ries.
Om .ss f lhe t wis mtenii mmlediately gave the :alarm
ad e ilingi t, -- Diwni wvith haim, tile rascal i,.
g imsg usen to thle seemy," capptied his piece and
firs~t. liie, ho.wever, mnisse~d imt. TIhe deserter
.5 -.aner percetived that lie 'wvas detected anid
mn arksed. t haii. sprning up, lie ran tat full speed,
andsi -hi akin its is left hatid ai white rag, tand
htolding& upl is right to ,biow thait he was unarnt
edi. Butt he~ was dooimed ntot to effect his object.
He~ it ad reicheid absmt hlalf the distnce be-.ween
the English line tand thse Russiatn otposts, when
one~ of his owni comrantdes itook a muore deliberate
aita, .ttd lodgesd a ball in his back. The deser
ier t*Il at ssnce. anld thiotugh he was observed
:atierwvardl to matki several effoirts, hc was qutte
t'nable iio miuve frsom his piositioln. From thea
,.o:tner in wiaich lie fell, there is little dout
-mt thte wotund was mtortal. Subsequienttly,
aaaard du.,k, a sergeant and eight tsr teln mnt
Aere sill tat bing him in, but the object was
.b-erve~d. ansi somte Ciissalcks advanced. An
at erebiatge of shuts toaik placie; andt, though
aion cut thle -elgA -nt's parny were hurt, It. was
-ion-idered prtnent tat rethe back to the work.
Wn:Lsoxst Ar~oLTiotsM .Surely psilities
mat~kc, n, -egnitainitedl wiat hstrange bed-tilows,
6i. esiiab.i ce sof whiebl we tinid in tile defence byl
itla. W~tilingtn Commeitttrcial of its Kinow-Noth
i, g b~rst hetr. H snry WVil-Onl, Senator elected from
.M1i,--achuel t-. Mr Wilsont writes a letter to
Vs-p i-ian lliis hditosr of the Atmerican Organ,
SKnouw-Ntiig paper at Washington City,
:nvmen tne stays that lie believes that the whole
-iohj~. .. ,I very, wvi lin State limits, shtould be
lef, sSti h, .-h aeillno, :and does not enltertain
lie 'iitn'i tha Congssiaress h::t any power to
interfrea v i hsvy als it exists untder the
staae l.iws Atad tIs gracissus conidescensioni
on Ite piarttf Wa~il n, thle Commercial says
lng t.t b rceived with "great satsaio
by sh..- sin,h -roi puibtle.
Now e'. rv ti maniwho knows anay thitig -ntd
d it t er .l ws to a deceive htis readers,
knisw, :an tailtte- thai~t the attiacks of the aboli
tionti'ti tare nost *i vet mde sdirectly upont slave.
rv as ii eit., NW aihiin I 8l : ates. Th~e editor of
tihe Csommeairci.'l knoiws hiat W ilsssi. at ait anti
sheevtrv meet ing int Bison liin~ce his electioni as
sitnalsir ..petnly .nd uniequivocllhy endorserh the
pros.rammeis laid downvt by Burhlngame, a hKnow
Notthing mettmber ehect from Ithe simne State,
wiebl dfetiei the phatfornm to be--thle absolition
of si~ivery in the Dist rict tof Cumtbia-the abo
litioni i If te buyinig or sellng of slaves between
ihie St.iaes; the repeal tof the Ftugitive Slave
law---he repeal oft the Kansas and Nebraska
Law-I his admaissiotn tof no newv slave States
the exclusion~ of all slaves from any and all of
the territories of the United Stautes. And yet,
knowin~ till this, the Commercial gravely asserts
thtat the declarations of this main Wilsttn are to
be received x'i; h " great eatisfaiction" by iheI
Sontt haeri ptlb!ie ! What other things " the
Sothlern pttlie" will be called utpon to receive
" with great sati.timetion" who can tell! "'WeI
dot't know."-Wiilingtotn Journal.
.JtEL. S~tTm. Esq., forme~rly a member of thte
Hous'ne of Represenitativesu fromt A bbeville Dis
triet, and one of its most useful aind popular
eilizens, died quite suddenly on Montday mornitng
lat i . is. msia-c ,t Stnny Point
ARTHUR SIMKINS, EDITOR.
EDGEFIELD, S. C.
WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 28, 1855.
A Rule without Exceptions!
ALL Persons who fail to settle their indebtedne ss
to the " Advertiser Office," in a very short titme
will be compelled to settle with 'ne legally nu
thorised. As a Co-partnership has been entered
into it is requisite that all out-standing debts should
be collected forthwith.
Read and take warning!
WE are non sending ,ur ateounts to nl who are
indebted to us for subser.ption to the Advcrtiser,
residing out of the limits of this State. with the
earnest hope that all who may receive s; id notice
of their indebtedness, will remit the amount as soon
[f Those who do not comply with the abt.ve
request by the first day of April next, will l'OSI
TIVELY be placed upon our " Black List," for
publication as a warning to other Publishers, and
their names immediately erased from our subserip
0' We are in earnest, gentlemen-send on
your dimes promptly and don't compel us to deal
harshly with you.
CF' M9ss KITTIE G. is assured that her reply to
the "Bread" enigma should receive a place, if it
were not that one sufficiently satisfactory has already
The Cash System.
THERE is a new houtse in Augui ta-a dry-goods
house-which has adopteI the cash system, with
" Short profits and quick returns" as th- ir motto. It
is the establtshment of J. K. BANCROFT, to whose very
attractive advertiseineut we invite attention.
A Slight rail of Snow.
Os Sunday night last we had a small visitation of
snow. The quantity may be estiinated by the fact
that it i ad all disappeared bef re mid-day, It is hoped
b; those who watch the meteorological signs, that we
may now have a spell of genial weather.
Mr. Wm. LEwas requests us to say to all those who
hve either Clocks or Cabinet Furniture to re pair, to
send it to him as early as possible, as lie ex: ects, after
two or three weeks, to be absent for a considerable
length of time. Those who reside out of the vicinity,
ad it is not convenient to send their work, by address
ing him a few lines, will receive promptattention. lie
does his work well, and warrants it to stand.
Dan Dooly's Trip to "Calumby."
Among sundry letters of an aspiring cast, received
of late, (the bulk of which have been consigned to the
flames,) we find one of such decided ridiculity as to
merit newspaper publicity. It isfrom an individual who
calls himself " Das DooL.y," anel is dated " Cloud's
Kreek," as the reader will perceive. Who DAN DoOLY
is. we have bothered our brain in vain to recall. But
he seems to know us very well, if we may judge from
a prefatory sentence or two of his epistle, which we
have omitted. And granting this to be so, we cannot
perhaps fairly exclude him on the hare grottd of doubt
as to his personal identity. Neither do we desire to do
;o. DA% is really a correspondent we shall be glad to
:ultiva e. Hie is unquestionably 1 some' in his wny
And we hope to hear from hini again. lerse :is comt
unication. gentle reader, and' see whether or not you
can adopt our estimate of DANIEL's literary worth.
Attention is asked to the article of " SAL.:DA" upon
the subject of honoring the memory of the gallant
leader of the Palmetto Regiment. The writer requests
us to aid him in advancing the object lie has at heart
And we would assuredly do so with a ready iand and
x willing spirit, did we know how to lend aty effective
)ssitance. The peop!e of South Carolina, in the re
notest corner of the State, know that the chivalrous
iero. who reflected such resplendent glory upon the
arolina name by his wvar-like death, sleeps his last
slep, . no't of his country's grati
r District know that the remains of this distingnishbed
ot of old Edgefield munlder in his native dlust, ont the
silent, secluded banks of thte Saluda, in a spot where
none hut the foot-prints of affection ever tread. And,
knowing this, neither the State nor the District sees
proper to itnstittute the slightest efltirt to honor their il
lustrious dead abiove the commnonest felon that ever
Iwung from the gallo'ws-t rec. W~hat then can we say!1
r where is the use of saying a word?! Any one who
wtll act in the matter may rest assured of our most
ordial support. Nor can we believe othmerwise than
that the District at large wotuld be found approving
most heartily some definite, practical plan by whic.iso
ood an object as thm:at desired by " SA LtCA" mould be
ttained. It is not because our p'-ople tare either par.
mnious or unmindful of gallant services, that they
now sleep over this matter. It is rather becauase no
feasible anti well.matured plan of action has thus far
been placed forward fur theiracceptance. When sueh
an one is presented, we venture the assertion that all
past neglect will be atoned for in a manner worthy of
d Edgefield's once famous generosity and highi tone.
A.ox" haus our warmest wishes for his suiccess in
lie undertaking he so spiritedly advocates. If we
nigt drop a suggestion in thme matter. we woul ad'
ise him to con'ult carefully witha as many as he may
id favoring his proposition, before taking any steps;
n especitally to unfold his plan fually to bucht survavinag
rembers of thle Palntetto Regimnent as asre within
each. It notud be a great jpity to fail aigaina in the
ifort to honor thu memory of our hecroic b't'Tt.ER; be
:ause, to do so would perhiap< forever discourage all
~xertions to that end. Hence, tihe necessity for cota
;ideration and prudence in any effort that alay now be
Oa readers have been duly inforined of theunusuial
axcitement recently pronduced among the authorittes of
be Spanisha Isle tby arn alarm of inivasiuan. Thulas far,
nothing htas tranaspired to show that there realty exist.
ad the least ground fur the suddten hubabub. Inadced it
5 pretty well ascertained, we believe, that it all origi
nated in a nighatmare whaich visited thae ruling IItD.sLao
about day-break one mnorning. causing him t) scream
or help against " that devil Qui-rTMAs, anid his de.sper
te crew." The alarm is said t, have spread from
palace to palace, from fort to fort and from shi tmi ship,
ititl every thaing was astir for thec conflie't. But the
nemy, having haad onaly an imaginaury lodgmentt, for a
evnoctrnal moments. tpon tile pit o'f hats Excehllenza's
stomach, were of course nowhecre to be sean in thne
broad sunshine of a tropical day. Th'le wvorld will
probably be fully advertised of thae next Cuban night
mare and all its stirring resualts. In the mean time, we
are left to conjecture the solution of this very simple
proposition: If the bare idea of QetrrxAN and his
filliusters can produce such alarm anad confusion,
what might niot thec reality effecti
There are some who suspect that thais general trepi
dation atugurs badly for the might of Spanish rtule in
Cuba. And ccrtes, thte suspicion is not withaout founda
Messrs. BANSs & Co. have sold their bargain, for the
building .'f the Blue Ridge railroad, to third parties.
Mr. GovaDN declares that he will not pay a single
dime fturther on the job under existintg circumstanaces,
reftusing thereby to recl'gnize the re-ponsibiility of thle
subcontractors. The Messrs. BANSs neCxt order a
suspension of all work on thte rojad. It is not knowno
whether the sub-contractors will heed the order. We
suppose it depends very much upon the conditions of
their trade with the original contractors. Thtere will
perhaps be a fiare-up among all concerned at an early
day. And a new agreement will probabaly be made
with new parties for the continuted prosecuati(on of the
work. And, after so long a time, the Blue Ridge road
may again make progress.
The following resolution is said to be an authentic
announcement from the Know Nothings of New York.
How a South Carolinian can swallow it without
hoking, we are uniable to conjectture. Mark the lit
bit well :
" Resolved. Thtat Slavery, like Papacy. is a moral,
social atnd political evil-at variance with the spirit of
otr republican institutions, and repugnant to thes- prin
ciphes of freemen ; that it is our dutty to resist its exten
sion, and that we cannot as Americans, consentto the
admission into the Uniotn of atny new State whose
Constitution recognizes humant bondage."
gg Vsa-rox is not the less venerable for being a
ttl out of fashin.
SINCE 1828. we have been continually either ap.
proaching. encorntering or escaping some political
crisis or another, each in its turn seemitig at the mo
ment to threaten a disruption of the American Con
federaey. Yet thus far that Confederary stands intact.
The centripetal forces at work in our s)item have
continued to over-hidance the centrifugal, until at
length a confidence has taken possession of a large
ptrt of th - A'merican people, amnunting with many to
absolIte faiIth in the indestruelibility of that mighty
ligament which hinds us (tile States) together as a na
tion. This conclusion is neither unnatural, nor alto
gether illogical. It is not unnatiral; hecause there is
a noble prompting which must frequently arise in the
breast of every American patriot, to hope for fthe per
manency of a Union founded by a common ancestry,
the better to preserve an independence ptrchased with
common blood. It is not altogether illogical because,
as the mariner trusts implicitly to the gool ship ie has
known to brave full many a storm, so is the ci'izen apt
to feel in regard to the government which has with.
stood repeated and dangerous emergencies unharmned.
But the confidence, thus engendered and thus based,
however its plausibility nay Itll to sleep all serious
apprehensions of approaching danger, is by no means
an " anchor sure anti stendfast." Is it not rather a
Syren, whose delusive insinuations may lead us laugh
ing and fiddling to the very brink of ruin ! If we con
suILt tile histories of such govermnents as are now
numbered "1 among the tlings that were," there will
stand out for our instructiin and warning, tmore titan
one instance to show that this blind ani unreflecting
confide-tce in the " powers that be'' is a certain con
colmitant, if not an active cause, of national degener
acy and down fall. In ti le case of tile Federal Govern
ment under which we live, it is enti ely true thatsome
dangerous jnnetures have been met and avoided. Dif
ferences have been adjusted, the hazardous tendencies of
which ha'l caused our most hopeful patriots to tremble.
Qtiet and comparative contentment have been restored
when revolution seened 'almost upon us. But let it be
remembered that there loas been, up to thif, point in our
history, a powerful :onuservative influence at work
which is fast passing away-we mean, tle influence
of those great men who drew their first lessons from
the very lips of tlte heroes of Seventy-Six. Trained to
believe that the Union, as established by their imme
diate progenitors, was lte great political "1Holy of
llolie," they stra ined their gigantic intellects tt pre
serve it inviilale. and to advance its glory. They saw
the imllnerse obstacle that was likely at an early day
ti) impede our onward march as a Confederacy. They
saw tle growsing sectional h'istility arising out of our
system of A frican slavery and the inftttation of North
ern fanatics in regard thereto. And they toiled to
avert the danger ttnttl, one by one, they have fallen,
martyrs as it were to their all-absorbing care for tle
weal of our free inistitutions. They are gone, and with
them has departed an array of experience, patriotismi
and genius which ias never been surpassed in the
palmiest days of any people, ancient or modern. It
is that experience, that patriotism, thr. genius, which
have war4ed ofy theevilhourof Atnerican dissensions.
CLAY, CAtHoUN and WEDSTER were the last of this
race of great men. And the grass has scarcely sprung
up in the shadow of ilteir tomb-stones, before tle
Demon of Discord has filled the country with his hide
ous etnissaries. Let any man of -andor mark, and
estimate pre perly. the stew (if parties and -ections of
parties, of isms andt phases of isms, now going on in the
huge cattldron of American poilitics, and he will surely
agree with us in saying that the day of patriotic con
ervatismt it our Federal councils does in ruth seen
to have passed off with t.:e immortal " Trio" just
mentioned. We know tlat there are some good be
lievets who wouli yet say to the disltea rtented of our
people, " Nerer Despair !'' They wtould have Us think
that ttll will yet come right-that there is att element
of safety still existant at bottom in the great Amertcan
mind, which will rise sooner or later in its iajesty, to
crush the swarming enemies of Truth, Justice and the
Constimion. " So mote it be!" lit when we look
the facts of the lay in th-e face, we are constrained to
tie opittion that to inthilge these hope of ir futtre
is little sOri of resoline blin Iness. Is it not better to
realize the magnitude of the coming r-torr as fully as
At is possible for ts to dc ! Mght we not thus becme
tore careful, as Southern freetmetn, to "3se our hcouscs
nt rder. not to die but to tiec ?"
Thte f.oregcintg rekletionts have taeen su~ggested by thte
fact, now bieconme notorious. tat Northcertn tmajoriies
every where, are throwing on' all guise of cotncealtment
andi holuly dleclaring etertnal ettmity to the Soth Ittnd'
her instil Itionts as thIe gttidintg staIr of their ftt:utre poli
cy. Withtoutt regard to the turbulent marshtallitng of
the enemies of Peace, of Virtue atti tif rationlal l2.ber
tv-as manifested in thte itmmense m'ltiey Nolrthtern
camop of political enthutsiasts-we Ihld thteir common
resolve, to resist, at every htazardl, all furthter extensIon
of African slavery into thte terriltories oIf thte Untitedl
States, as bteittg c-istittct andl umistakeable knell of
the American Uttion. And we wouilcd warn every
Sottherner to nutrse in htis bosom, from ibtis time for
ward, thte wa~tchfulnesstof a sentinel at ttiid-nightt whent
te enemly by thtousatnds are at hantd. For a mighcty
cnflic~t is evidenctly opproachtitng. An~d thtose who111
would not see their Sthlernt hearth-sines stained
with thte flow ttf iinnccentt lol'd, mistlprepare initime
to repel, n~ ith every meats act tlteir cottmmand, yott lost
,f macddened zealots.
A Palpable Dissection.
W:are imcleh'ecd to otur ;mme'dat! Cotngressiottal
Reprsettative for a ne-wspa per tcon aitnitng a lung let
'er by Ilon. WttrF.v P. Ilanats of .Ml-'issippi. on the
,-nets i~f Ite " New P'arty."' It ll' ii ing tite of thte
he promineint feat ures of Ktiow Nothlingismt-its ad
vocacy of att exclutsion of foreigtners from thle ele. live
frnechise by Cotngressittnal Iceeisat iutt-tIte writer ex
poses its cdeftrmity in a nmanner whlicht musdt satisfy
every true disciple of thte Stales Rights schtool. We
cpy belon' this portion of his atrgllttentt, antI ask cer
an Sottern eC temaponmries, wihomt we regret to lind
itt open atdvocaicy of thtis datngcerouts political order.
how thtey catn re cotcile themselves to so abtsurd a
u- tier as is htere dissected:
Citizettship andI thte right to vole nre distinct. Onte
is regutlate-d by the nlatiottml gover merit, atnd the othter
is left bly the concstitution to b'e regutlate-d b~y thIe States.
A mtul n may is- a citizent if thte Lnitedl States, an~d vet
o etntided to' vote itt anly State ,f this Unl~ion. i~e
Itay toltie a cit Izent of the Uttited States, atnd yet thte
ight to) ote m .y be conferred tupont htim by uny State
l thte Utniott. itt vaint may know noithintg lahtfo-mts
prcaimt thle dictrine that a State hazs nt' right to
regulate thet elel:tive franchlise as respects foreignters.
Thie propiosinous I have jtust laidi dowtt are itteoltro
verttctle. Tht conrstiluiotn htas tnowvhere gran ttedl to
tte federal governmtetnt te power tco prescribte thte
:patiationt of voters irt thte several States, andt htas
tohtete placed ally re.-nrictiont ttpot the exercise of
tis polwer by thte Sttates. 'The efI.eet of rnatulralizitng a
freignr is-simply toiestablhshl certaint relat itons het n.een
titt and thte fenderal g..vernmtetnt. It etitles bim to
its protection againist oilher governmer.ts, attd gives
him thte rightt to htold certain offices in thte federal
goverttn.etnt. Hlis social relations attd dtmies are reg
ulatecd by State law, and catn otnly Ite regulated by
State law. A State may cotnfer tupott him lice right to
acqu re proper y, to htold it, antd to tranismit it to htis
dece datits. S ate lans providle for hitm the mteansa
of pruofect.nlg his life, his liberty, attc his property, and
State laws cotnfer uponc htim thte rightt to vote. If hte
shtotld select Massachutsetts for htis hlon.e. n teni the
election cotmes tin Ice does nt blt to thte contstitutionl
ad laws oh thie Uttited States to ascer-ain whiethter hte
n vote, but to thte ctonstitmtiont atnd laws of Mlassat
chtsets. A- to elections to State oflices, it canntt
be pretended thtat Ccongresscant ititerlere wttlhnut ut
terly destroyitng every v, stige of St ate sovereigrtty ;
and the conlstituttion hlas expressly duclairedh that thte
qualificatiotns for eb-ctors f, r members tof t he Ilouse cof
1(epresettaives shall ne ti e sanle as the qitalifications
of electors cf Ite mo-t rnumterotus hnrmeh of the State
c-gssltres, and thtese qttalicat ions can only be fixed1
by thte States. What Cotngr. ss cantnot dtldicrectly , it
ca citot tdo itndirectly. 'The electio.. of senators tis con
fided to -he Statto I gislatures, htowe-ver comtposed.
''The qutalifica tiotts tf tthe membettrs of these legi latutres
cant, of course, hte fixed by tile Stattes only. Te re
stlt is, that legislat tot by Congress ont th'n sutbject of
aturaiztationt luws n ill nut touich thte inlitnence oIf
foreiger. ini elect ions. Thleir influentce itt tihe presi
deitial electiotts ts most loudly comptlained of, ttnd
yet thte conistitution has :ivent, ill ealpress n<.rds, to
tte State legtsltutres, unlimtited discretton in tdeter
ininitg whi, stall chocse thle electors. They may
confer thte polwer to appo Itt electors exclusively on
ative Antericans if thtey thtitik prolper. 'ITtey can
confer it tupon tite mian, or tetn mett, or upon all thea
inabitattts of thte State collectively.I
As to foreign paupers and convicts, it is in thte pow
er of thte Slates tO pre-vet thteir being landed on the-ir
shor s, or to ex1'eh themt after they are hatnded. 'lThere
seem< to be a doublt ttt some mindls tas to thes efyet-t of
a decision of the Sttpreme Coturt cn a qu~stnon grow
iig out of foireign emtigratict.. thte decision was made
in thte well-ktnown assentger cases of Boston anti
New York. Both the majority and mtitnority. fthe
court, whtich was dyvidedl o the main q estion in
th,-se cases, which was thte righlt of the States to tax
passegers in -.essels cumintg fromt foreIgn potrts. con
curred in the opinionm tht, as to l-aupters, convicts,
atid criminals, the States tad full poiwer to prohtibit
their -ittrodulctton. Mr. Chief Juttce Taney, in an
; iniotn remarktablo for clearness attd force oif reason
ins. goes further, attd s~sys thtat the States can prcuhib
.. .th. lndi.ng..f r....-,.-; i., ytinik tt..m anner
ous to th- peace atnd safety, whether falling under
the denin .ation of panpers and criminals or not;
that Congress cannot fiirce Vpon11 a StIte a pOpIlation
which such State may regard as injurious toits repose,
to its health, or to itri morals. Th n, a respects the
two great evils of immigratwn complained of, the re
peal of the naturalization laws can have no influence
whatever; they are subjects of State legislation. and
ought to be. rhe condition of' Massachusetrs aind
New Yorrk may demand a remort to rigorous and res
strictive legislation, because these evils a'e pressiing
heavily upon them. int the new States of tie West,
where these evils, if they exist at all, exi-t in a miri
gated fom. mtay deire to ailop' a more liberal policy.
They wart populatioti. and it may he t!.eir interest to
invite foreiginers to settle there, by holding out the in
dicement of an early participation in tihe political
priviigers of their citizens. In bliss esippi, the influ
ence of-the foreign vote is scarcely perceptible inl the
State at hirge. It may he ter policy to adhere to the
existing iaws. Let each State, however, determine
for itself, and when the emergency arises, let each
State meet it by le islation adapted to itsown peculiar
circumstances. The que-liun is not national, but lo
(il, and tninmst vary a., State policy varies; and there
cannot he. any durable national party urgunization
based upon it.
MIaplo Molasses, -
Is thir kind of molasses really better than any other
kind ! We ask the question in consequence of having
seen it quoted in the "1 prices current" of a certain in
land market at 85 cents per gallon.
EF MELANCIOLY OccUanssice.-We regret to
announce, sa.s th. Greenville Mountaineer, that Mr.
Jabez Gilreath. of this town, while labornig under
mental aheration, committed suic de, by sh' oting him
self, on the 21st inst. Mr. Gilbreith's family and friends
had been. we understind, conscionr, for some days
p: evious, that his mind was affected, but had no idea
t at this melanchi ly act would be the consequence.
- Mr. Gilreath was oi.e of our most esteemed citizens,
and iad beeni fir several yeairs a member of the Meth
oilist Episcopal churr h of this place. His mrelancho
ly death is much lamented.
E- A bill trait I cc:' it trdurced into the Senate of
Indiana, to break up the Kn-ow-Nothing lodges in that
Sta:e. It declares it a cornspiracy for persons to band
ltemelves under solemn oaths, for t e purdose of de
privin - any citizei of the State of political rights un
der the Constitution.
g-irTinREE of Ihe Commissioners on tire part of
the iethodist Church St.rnti are in Cincinnati, on bu
stess conner led with the t-ansfer of'their portior' of
the hook ronern and funds telliwed them under a de
ciion of the Supreme Court of the United Stat.s last
C;e Bisnor J. 0. Andrew, hias removed from Oxford
Georgia, to Summerfield, A abama. .The address of
Bishop Pierre is also changed from Sparta, by the
eslablisirment of i neiw postoflice, nea.er his residen' e,
called " Culverton," Ilancock cotnty, Geo.
g& As ol lady told us recently that she thought
something awful must eventually happen-there had
been so many weddings the past winter. The lady
was serious in her forebodings, and weshouldn't won
der if 1 omething" rather si;uolly did fol!ow the
events above referred to. Qucter prognostications
about these ar times. Aint they ?
gg Is the Senate of Michigan, on Monday week,
the bill refusing tire use of the ji ils in that State for
the deter tion of fugitive slaves was passed by a vote
of 10 to 7.
Z- E. MlcCnt:wn, Jr, Esq., was on Monday
elected Major of tire Rifle Battalion,. attached to the
W6tt Regiment of Soutlh Caroilina Militaa.
T faT. ttal number of immigrants arrived at
New Yirk dur mr the :ist two syears is said to be
604, 268, ol whoim more than one-third were Germans.
gg COUNTERFEITs.-Girls with hollow cheeks
and full bosoins. Such kind of things never come
together naturally. Make a note, and don't mistake
cotion for plumpness.
MA Y1AvoR WOoD has opened a war upon the
Fo rrinne 1elle.s who irfest several sections of the
city. The police has been instructed to arrest all
such, u- der the vagratt act.
A criA from the country who visited Newport on a
40h of July, 'rntred one of tie hoteJs and :at down I
dini.er. Upon the hill of fare beingliandued to him by
the niaiter, lie remrarkedc that he adidn't care 'bout
reai in' trow, he'd nuait till afr di nner."
(T- A r.coror, was first invented arid used tnt stii
the ceevks of thec ladlies oif Arabia, 950 years agir.
Nowaidays it pnerformns tire sanreoflece for gend iemen's
gg Tur. Bo'tont Courier says, there' are now near
ly in' o thountsanr.l er.,ong. preparrintg to remonve to Karn
sas ini tire pirong, tiuder thre gurilance of tire Enmigranrt
Aid Society, tire greater porrtion (if. ' bom helcing to
hanis or compnaries of nrei.:hrbors or townsmen.
gg Is tihe 3issouri Legislaturre on the 7rlh instant,
3r Doniriphan pr -senred a me or nil 1:raying thrat tire
publication ofi abolition cntments he made a perniten
t:g*- ~Tm-: last annexation report front Mexico is
that 'iur MIitister. Gen. Gadsd- nr, is treatinrg withi Sainta
Ana for tire cessinon to the United States, ouf Yutcatan,
fir tih.- coum of 81,000,000.
E;-'1'TF. L.AS' OF BRtAonoce's Di'.EA~T.-Diedl
in Williaemsrowvn, 31ass., January 27th, Ishmnael Titurs,
colore I, oif the extraordinary age of 109 or 110 years.
ie wa:s born a slave in Virginia, aind whren Gen.
Blr:idn ek set trit urn iris ill-:atecd expedition, the mast-r
if Ishrmal wits emnploryed by tire cormmissarry to tranis
rort srbe stenrce stores for tie army, arid took Ishmtael
r:*7' R rv. Dan. C:ooK., of Lynn, MassachutsetL,
gave iris peopile, as art afternrooni discriurse, on Stin-lay.
haarry 31. a sermrorn whrichi was prearchedl tin tire
sae daty of tire saime month in lG53-just twio hrn
rd~n yearrs before-hrefore rthe same srociety, by Rev.
'Torir is Ciibbett, wit was then its pa'tor. The Lynn
News says5 : " a is sutpposed thr t bitt few recognised
t he sermionr from hraving heard it whren it was first de
gg~ Fntos a letter rif Judge O'NEALtLt, ptrlrbslrd
ir tire "Temnperance .Stanrdard," we learn that thre
Amni-Licernse party in Yorkville, eleiertd their carndi
drtern for Intendanit and Wardens, by a handsome nra
g~jr Tnt: fiollrwirng lines from a cdunriing efTusion
we transfer to our cotumnrx for thre berrefit of suime of
"Tn iavoini all proceedings unpleasant,
We beg you tr pay whirit is dire;
If yrou do' yu will obl ige us at presenit,
If yrrr donr, then uwe it oblige ysou.
h~s betren clledl tin paty tihe hit-t ,sad rites tor one
of irs motrst esteemted arnd most useful citizents.
Dr. Gil bert Tennrert d (ied 0on Sainrday morrrrning
lt1r a brief bitt mrost pinfultir illntess. He le.i ves
a h.rge farrily, whir but. a few mtontths argo, ful
towed iteir mthier to thte'gratve. Titus ii thteir
erry years, rave tiey beenr called to expteritrnen
tre grief uof o rphtarnge, aind our enthire ciommutt
tity to fe'el lire loss of a valued citizenl, at skill
ot physiciarn and Christian genitiemtan. His
remainns were followed to the grave~ on Sundary
evernig by the fimniily friernds, and at very larrge
conourse of citizens.-Matriettat Geu.orgian.
IT is satid thatt when the Czarr hreard of tire loss
srrsta~inecd by tire al Ilied fleet int tire gret. galeI tof
wii ott tire Blarck Sea, Ihe rettarrkedt, that it one
siip wa sarved, shte wotuld be suhhicienit to takei
ore all tire survivors of tire Crimnean expedi
Eur-,To ConrANY or Sourn CAntOLIN--A,
bill hasi pa~ssed tire L. 8. Senate una~nimoursl,
aprp~ritinrg $101,000 to Whnit ema~rsh B. Seat
trok, Jiosepht Whatrley, aind intners, ior threm
aelver antd bertrt o tire oflieers arid member4s of
ie Edciistoi corrmnry of Southi Crirolita, for ser
vices dutringr tire last ryvar witjh Great Britamir.
'Thit tempanmw, contsistinig of 64 inert besides
olicers wats composeOad oft gentlemn of wealthr
nid resptetbihtty, whio, are senattor Butlher sarid,
disdind to ask rany remunerrtlan of Contgress
for their services for three yerrrs during~ tire watr,
and for burildinng at fort on tire islanid of Edisto,
btt sromet of tire heirs nre nnw in reduced cir
ustncres. arnd tire whole joimned in takinrg tire
regest for tire Governmntt to pary lhe sumtt
trtd. beirng tire neinaril exprerres nil building the
fort, wich was conistructed by thre order of Col.
As OlD FraM.--The .Jorrnali of Commrerce
sny thatn tire house of Messrs. Sahttus and Co.
s still tir be cntinued, rifter having bteen in ex
stene with hnror over utre hundred years-a
mat ier of curriosaity rn thre .aunua of our cim.
nerialh world, fully carryitng otut the old Dutch
aid Enrglishr customr of pierpetuatinrg the name
FOR TIM ADvERTISER.
COLONEL P. M. BUTLE.
Mia. EnI-olt :-It is at reproach to the State, an
especially to the citizLiis of Edgt fieh, that this gal
lant Ollicer stili leeps witlotut a monument. It if
true we poured fourth our laudattis ot the " glori
I ous Pasnlmettos" in no mestsurel tsttlt. util indeed
we had well itigh exhausted the voeisbu.ary sf prii
ses ; but our appreciation of their mt rits have al!
1asted away it) the gas-cous fonil. To gratify I
universal desire, Col. 3U-rLFs rmviiains were buried
in Columbia, where it was expected by till that t
moniument would be built, either by the State .t it
Legislative capacity or by a geni ral sub:eript.oni U!
her citizens. 'Ihe initiatory steps w. re taket lur a
general subscription, in a complicated aln irregulat
manner, by almost every body. and the consvqueie'
is, nolhing has been dune.
Nearly eight years have elapsed since Col. Ik-T
IMl fell on the battle field. By his f.al South Caro
lina lost a brave and noble sun, but gained imper
ishable renown. Aud it is our duty to manifest out
appreciation of his worth, not by words alone, but
in soic.substatial way. His friends, after ' aiting
until it was apparent to all that there was no inten
tion in the minds of the people or Legislature tc
build a ionutent, removed his remins to the family
burying groutd in this )istriet. The seciing indif
ference and neglect which this tlng has mtet, musl
have been as imiortifying to Is friends as t is dis
graceful to us, his fellow-citizeits. But I cannot b.
lieve it is for watt of love or admiration of our glo
rious dead who fel! in Mlexico; yet it evideml
smacks of culpable procratslination and a wait it
pubie spirit tota:ly unbecoming Carolinians
But the case of Coll. Bu-ri.itn is nt, sigular. Our
great CAtLHoUN, the pride of Carolina, has thus far
met with a similar fate. It has besi five year.
since his death. y.t no tomb nsarks his resting place.
After ttakittg a grand display with trumsiu. ilags,
processions and speeches, we quietly deposited h
renains in a grave yard, anl thus they would per
hatls remain but for our women, (to our shame be it
spoken.) I trust it is beyond doubt now thait -t
work of erecting his rnonument will go on. But
shia1ll Col. HI rTLFa lie ntgleceI I Icfell .f1r8l, aind4
with his armor on. and ie should first have a msonsu
ntetnt. It is a duty we owe to him, a dity we owe
to ourselves, at duty we owe to psterity. 'lte cus
toi of rearing monuments to the hero is handed
down to us almost from time immemorial, and a
good custoi it is. It has a leatlthv influence oi tit
character of any people. I ask you therefore, Mr.
EDITOR, to say something on this matter. The wo
men have enough to do bringing us into the world
it is a shame for us to wait lar them to build our
monuments. Let us do something speedily and
practically. Let us call a meeting during Couri
week, and let us organize in sotne hape. If no On
else will, I think I can submit a plan which will be
successful. The thing can be done, and while we
are stibscribing thousands to Rai ItUnods, Odd,[ Fel
low's I lalls and Fairs, we certaitiv cantiot refuse to
subscribe a few dollars each, when pride, duty and
lionor are the incentives. SA LU 0A.
Correspondence of the Advertiser.
CLouD's IR sEK, Feb 22:l, 165.
Mt. Sutrsas :-Deer Sur, I went to Colmittiby
last weak fur thse fust time, and ef you aint too bizzy
this weak I want yoiu ti print what I seed. W.
as )icey-that's my darter-wus gwine tio get nar
rid&, I thot I'd go to Columby to bye the fixins. I
started yearly luntly mornin-and a blazin cold
iornin it wus. I had IIanter hiteht 'o tite btiy
nitl yout kno ites it rale tio) -*U loss ;ie liolted IJ
nIet, fur IJicey liad ko;tied the eucelburrs out'n hi.
Itmane aind tail with her tickin comte, and sliekt hin
ophi witho her atpern, asnd I d., bleere lie wus 1'roude:
thtan moe kaus hte was gwine to Columtby. Well
noitmfl~ u nmun tuck platce till arir I got to Lax
enttaiit andi thtire I ovrtucttk IJew I ike.s- sot kssos
himt I recon. Evry b.odiy knioes dJue. spec..iallty asrter
beitig wvith im a while. .Joe wvus dr;vint oe Fins
right tophl ftt a tacee. Wse tried it toss or 3 timoea
but twats athvavs a dtatw tatc. Etf I wv.tat befoire oile
l'igertail would keepi til sit die, andi et dote titck
tte leedi, Hitnter wvood keep his nose rite son thte
niger -boatrd of htis bugtgy, tsr bust widle ispen.
Webll, when we got to thte Columbiy river we stoi
to lieker atnd look ait tile bridge. A tid I tell yosu
its one '' oit ; it bantgs out atll sour bridges t its lonti
Ias ctreashun i atnd kivered otver iit that. Its thte da.|dy
oft atl the bridges thiat ever I seed. II. re -hs'e haa
tered tme atinm rr a race, ittd wvanted tO bet tie live
dolars hte ce ubil beet tmes ero. 5 tihe btidlge. I tots
himt I did'tt hatve buot sevent dosilers andti a hail' and
thtrip, btut I'di stans1 him a treat on it. A greedi, say
Jit. I tuc~k s'tt myr nife, anid .sed croiss or piles fua
choce of Itrack. I hlsung it tup, Jo te w.on. a l tuckd
thie tite eend1 side. We startesd, antd I tell yon it
wu; lihp ai hp atbout hill' way. when Raniter b.-gin
to leave Fi'ngertadl behi.nd. I k now tlI ciubl. otut liee
and iiut windtt him, so I laid otn the timbiter. Bitt j ist
before I druv (sut of thte little celmi tif the brid:.e,
sed1 tile riorae suir t slairkent. anti blast tiy pieter el
I 'lan it trnt ssver a blintd -houss aitd has.f waty Ite a
kartloald oif wimimint mittl chilsderi. Ilete wats a ix;
ad ef yoiu cosid a heairn the scat~tin of the clil
ren andti the stuallian ot thte wotmans, atid the. stom
pitt of thte bosis..s, ysu'd a thtot tile lieits attts thte
yehs wats coinl together. Thtent eumtt the gatte keep
er a kuivoting an.h a pit'ii, aind~ .wore hte'd ti le
e tell dollers fotr dr.vin son that eendl i oe bri'Ie,
while the tole womttant sed I .lhonmid paiy her live dol
lers tur breaikiin the catrt, skinitin hit aitli. antd it a
kit thte batby's nosse bieaid. Ef I wanlt itt treobls
tetn mtay I never liv' to se~e it. By~ thtis tote, .h-se
iads druv s'ur, atnd e~u'o riounds whtar we wtasal
t rattetint up al mlenin t tiings-andi sedi he'dh lix atll
matter ftur tme. Noiw .ltoe is a grotod feller, thiat
samtte .Jsoe I ykes. WhIile I palhavetedh the olid wtsmanr
out oif ittr sdte'lets of *her chtarge at..in stlt, .oet tuek
the gate keeper to onie side antd gint imt a tatwk, and
heo ike a good filler let us ' with ntinlt but th
to!e to pay. We thena druv into' Co~umtby. I htichst
Rnter toi a tree atnd struck out tip street to bye i
As I walked up the midie of the streat, I ovecr
tuck a feller htaulinl water in a kart, atnd of atll the
leky things to htatt wter int it wvus the mienneet
that ever I seed-it leeked a purfecttihunder shmower
-and the foul titit drue the conisarnl didntt scem to
ktoe it, anti tile hole tode weas wet what hte'd beer
haatlint alhl daty. its sprint whlat mteatn fixins soe
fokes will wosrk with. I knoe he spilt mlore'ni htaff
the water hte htauled. Et I coiinl'tt mraike a titer
thing ts, hautl water itn titan thatt, witht tiothit but a
dull hatehet, 1Id ing upi tite Cooper's traide-thtats
the weay to teli it.
I we'nt on till I seed a store witht lots of ealiker
atnd flne things rouind the dote andls I wvent in.
There was iotis of latdys itn antd thte store keepers was
mity biy shtowin titer line thtings. I watited sttt
tine fur tmatlners ; I titen walkedh way ups to thte fut
endl of te store whar it yuisg chatp was folidin up~
sum goods~ fo.- otne of thos purttest drest latdies I ever
seed. I waiited a mity long time ftir her tis get thrt,
but thasro site stosid, stiia'as stilyerds. Thte yung
chap wuts piurlite anid axed me ef he motitent show
some gooids. " A rter a while,'' sez 1-antd I waiited
fur tile lite hatty to get thrtn. At last sez T, it Mister,
ats')you nny)hC nicean.!y ?"' I Ie lad'ed and said het
had sold t., bitt hte'd be ghatd to seth mea nlice dress
foor mIy ole womnan. I waited fttr the ladly to get
ttru, atnd as she wus drist so psiwerful itice I thoaut
i' like to see hoer putty face. fTare shet stootd andt
f site mitoved otie itieht I didnlt see it. a o I sidlet
round anid took a dli peep, and ef yosu bleeve my~
raicket site didnt hav a sign of a fatce to her natme
and1 all I seed wus nothsin but her neekbone run rit
Iup itnto her bonit like a htoeheivo. I tell 'you, Stt
. .s ft .ha ~.tr t . hurry.. ant1 (51ismho ditint hnhr
mc, arter that, no longer than Ranwer tuck to .it m(
outen it, and that warnt long. Thare is some thing:
in natur hard to onderstand, and that woman with.
out a head has botherd my brains ever since.
No ntore at this present t me.
Youru to sarve,
A s imroRTA NT CAE.-We understand hti
i,- .onr; .Jd a e Mun. at ithe inlstance of tilt
IlIon. It B. Rheiit, it behalf of ceriain nier.
ebittiis, has gr.naetl a rule jg-ainst the Tax (.ol.
lee(or of St. Philip's and St. lichael's to .1how
ca1ue, finl Tue.-day next, whyiv a prolhii--ii
should not isstue against him. restr..nimtig lim
hfrmtat ioling a certain tax. h bl this Stat
tilt lilt: tttat.i~lu r
lln te m ufaet'n red pridutin of',t*.her Si ttes-.
Th t tax of hit State not onlv di.-e riniaie be.
tween the mna --itw ored and unimanufaici tired
prdnie'cts!k of otherl Staites, lit aiso inl ftvtr il
.-imilar nufa.icttred products of this State,
whieb it exempts fromt taxation. The priidtneers
of ilu-ir fromo thlie State of Georgia. who make
Ch:.rlem:on their market, are espeeiAly dissati
tied with this tax; and the case 6 made, not
only to silence the complaints, but to test defi.
nitely the rights of the Staftf inl taxatioin.
li the late Seces.,iona coetroversy, a larrge por.
tion of the Southern state.-meat itskited upon
the policy of laying dikeriminaiiatng datie- otn ite
ianufaictured prodnweions of the Norlh, asan
efli-ient remedy against their aggressions. This
case, we hope, will test the right. Let it he
direided either way. the South will be the gainter.
If a :tate has tie right of iaying stchi dUtie<
she has aan importnit we:pont of re:alia-iin. If
she has it iot. it fise refuge ik deiettd, and
int away frot the counaseis of the Sotai.
'IHE EFFECT OF RAILRoADS.-The beneficial
effiect of railroad- upin fle prAdtcive interesis
of le conittry, i strikinlgly illusirated just now
int this city. B' fore the bur-inag (if the Bridge
upon lte Getirgia r-ad, Baoin was .-chin:r iem
at 7e hatg rounaid. The de-truciaton fof thi
bridge, wilich ecii:. it, tIT inl s-'itn de.re friom
our export mark..1, has e:mati ,. elear declintie
Il i. The lios.< ithi -taained by lite .Iarmtr
uplit one Imaid of Biac wuld pav h:s railroad
inx fir ihiree years. 'lhe- !aimei is trie ll ther
arli les. lihe pf dte:i f Tent-ssiee formers,
which :,re experi-d in larve quanti it- i too Geoor
lri atnd the -u:hern .-a.:-d.-Na-le Whig
Tite f--oovinag er-ons have paid up tIt the timet
affixed to thleir nonites:
J. S. bhadraeh, to) 9th February '56.
W. S. Smtyley, to Gila Maav '5i.
A. Miormn. to 9th February '56i.
Capt. Robert Merriwether. tio 5th .ltte '56.
Cait. J. .1. Sentell, ti 2d .anuary '56
Ge-ge Kershaw, tao 12th lDeeamber '55.
James S. I iarriso'n, to 1lth 1) ceber '55.
E. Lagro-in, to 'th January '56.
F. W. Burt, to 9tt .iaauarv '56.
Thomas Iteders. to 4th January '56.
Ml. Iloiston,. to 5th steitmbr '55.
Johnt Jenn-n. -s, t- 3d .tainuary *55.
L. lu% ore, to I t it February '55.
J. 6. Mathews, to 13th A pril '55.
Wiley IItllIway, ts 7th February '5.
1r.. .hilhnI R. Mlobley. too 5th February '50.
JohIn Coleman. to 26th Februar% '5G.
Edward Colemian. tip 8th Febhruary '56.
G.ore Vines. tt 90h .\atch '55.i
.1liii .io:ihnJs, to '28th .lay '55.
T. 'itts, to -eth dann.ary 155.
.1. .1. auig, ta 7th February '55.
Itev. himias Morris, ti It J tly '54.
.Jamiaes Ni11iir,-1 tat Ist .1tliary ' 56.
isham Culbreath, to (ial F-'ettuary '56.
James.\l. litihaimi. to 13th FIbrtary '56.
Jtolhn F lhurrss, to ti . atolary 'G.
Jesse Go.tilihau, tt Siht February '56.
L-,tt .Jtitis, to 7i February '56.
Lee I hoisteina, t-- ;il January '5.
E. W. I leorn, to S.hI Decembeir '55
Co S. i. Urilih it. to bt I February '5G.
.John .dams, t., 8;h .Jaauary 56.
1). P.1'0f, to 3d Jiuary .5G.
SaieI l' riscott, to) 9.hI .anauary 15G.
.l urr. I tith .\bI.reh '6
A -vryltiaamd, tat dt Febtru try '56.;
Daid iii izts, a'. 6th FeLbru ary '56.
J sph .\l-rris. t o 13th ilayv '55.
SA tit to lI xth iJeaiber '55
\. L- .larik, to I ilt -ept -mbt r'5
.1 'hii .\al. \\ alker. lt th Ferarv '56.
.\Ilises lI art is, io Uith lF, brary '. G.
Atbredi I hei3 d, tam 'cth Febrar it 5.
D)r.l James I tevatre. toa 24th deptembehr '55.
31rsa. .\aiey L-iiaden, tt 'l.t A u-ust '55.
Alrs. 'iharthai A huiey, to' 7th F eti uary '56.
.lates J.V Wih-on, tato ith A pril '55
G.ov. J. 1I. Atdamats, to 7th 1. bruary '57.
1. C. .apain. E~sqa . to 7t h Feh'rarayv '5t
Mlrs. E.iaitaord,to 20th i.ehe r '55
.itamis A. elia, tat 6ith Febttary 5
A . it. rentont, ti th titober '55.t
T.' C. Waright,to tht. Januay '56.
T. I. Power, to I12thi Deceinib.r '5
Georgnce \\ atk.as, jr.. to ith UOctober '55.
A\ Shi..rptona jr~ , tat I6th %lh '55.I
A. Shlartpiona, scen., to tithl Febrtu-mvary G5.
(G. 31s. W ever-i. to 1st A pr ii '6
Wiliama iladtaawaniger, toi eth .\lay '55
Capt. W itiamia Ca te-r. to ; 0th Fe'brary '5G.
L. (3. Cuier, tat -ith Feba ua ry 56
Samu.-a| 'jinortt rnant, tola 10 L a ruay '56.
Johnt RamaAi'rd, tot (thI' Fbituary '56.
I )r. I lor-ace Parker, to 5ith A iril 'a6.
A. J1. Caleman, at.oiS th Au utst .55.
IC. H-arlinaa, to' oi h A tagust'5
.\la. M. I lill, to 25th .Jianairy '56.
lIr. .i. Gaalphina. to 1st A prnil '55.
WN. WN. Casey.-, to I-lth A august '55.
Toa be conitinuted
0 B IT U ARY.
InEn. at tha i-esidence oh his son-int-ia.e. Ge''rg
W. alah< oat Saturday te 27th day mf .J.muu.iry
Iatin ta t th l year or his age. B~xJAUHN R. A it
fiTe dre . sedl wtas a nman of ax.-mp lary -haneter
tat a g:-eat -nayv respiet., iand i- il ala h relat..'as ot
life itet manitelted ian airdth dtes-ire ti dsehrage
'ailtul ind cote.etions v the dluties thiat de
vo-vd tltp-t imt. As a niihbt'r he. was koud anda
Sbliing evtt" ier ready to uitn ti lab -calls oft duty.
jntic tan hmtniait.auity. .\ni, at alt thte iaferent it'
iton- .f ht s ire lie htat never titil to, co.:an.aa
te moi~st peett.n-i c''atidec in-t~oa his inategrit) and d.
voatitn tat his f-ilow-ana.
F naay, wih-i ha' it ofl d -. his work b -law, he.
tootk tat hi- bedI if nthl:eti..--maehead .skill atld
adc e-xansitel, -alh earily~ ;aidI ha'fe~css, an'd te liang
tontioeius tof hil apptara whaing chtanage, hi- cfteti
praved thtat lie iaiht diepart andui be iat rest. At
last'ht- died, and has spr.t hta fled tom uthatl .-f
spirits whtere painan ma i aei-y hiavea aim abude. Ii
has left it scan. two daaughterns atd a 'arge enrelci of
relat:ve-s to mo.urn his loiss. Peaace anad reamemabe
rantee i-est tupon his grave ! J.
(The atbovc ntotie was s-nt 'nt time. for ptublientti in
in our latst issue, but unintenitionaally ove-roiked.)
DIDis of Typihoid Pneiumontaia, sta te 13tht inst.,
at the residencte of htis fath-r. Mr. Silas lBruce.
SAIuIE. IntiucE, atg-d 20i yearas, S months anad 24
days. Die-d,- of Tyisphoi' Pnaeumron~a. out the 1Stht,
at the residlence of has father. a-r. Silats hirnee,
Wtu.:s Batucs, aged 18 ye.-ars, 10 motinthts aund 10
'Seldom does it becime te duty of any one to~
witess the death oft twit braothers sit near to cach
oter its thte abatve. These two yauntg mt-n we-re
rematrkable chaaracters-th--y waere kinid, sociah,
amraa anad he'oved by all whto kntew thi-am. Yet
they have pats-cd awiy, atnd ay we whao sare la-ft
to aim ut -:ike thtemt tat. to fa lh' and die-Ite readay
and' preaired foar d aithia fotr ait sucha ali hour as we
thik nt " the Son of titn coameth."' J. M. I).
D)EP.WtED titis life ait his residenceinDha
Citanty, Atataitma, Mir Vsuu.iAut C .hoxvs.
A ft in haivintg served his generatiat ratithfftlly, and
sn-t.-rd a lone atnd -pamnfil sickness-e tc amre to htis
grave ini a full acge, hbeing s xiy--ighat yeaas anid ele~ven
days oild. ie laud beta for a coinsiderabhe ntumaber
of veaurs a faithiful anid aacive D,-neont of the Battist
Chuc-ready and cheerful ian c-very gootd waitk.
l e hats heft a deviated wife, :a larne faity of chit
dren aind nmany ideaur frienids I taimourn his liss.
lapyt ill it bi- totr themau if they eulate his ex
anmpki, anal comate tat their end ats he dlid. E.
ASP'LECNID SAhDDLE and
l.Iarne-as 1lORSE for sale.
Appt'y at this Otlece.
Feb 28 tf _ 7
" iMoiuntainl Dew.".
J U'ST rce-ied a suppliy oif supterior Old MlOUN
tTAIN i)EW WhISKEY.
S. E. JIOWERS, Agenat.
H.,..,r,, Feb 7 it 4
MARRIED, at the Methodist E. Parsonage, in this
Villtge, on Sundany morning, the 25th inst., by Rev.
J. U. Zimmerman, Mr. R oI.nT E. K ENNY and Miss
MARTHA A N:4 lfoNsov. all of this Distrct.
00 M MERCI A L.
6orrespondence o? the Advertiser.
-II AM B I ltG. February 24.
Cor-ro -We have had a fatir demand for tiis
article Ahroughout the week. and the market closes
to-day with a good demand and prices firm. The
sales of the week have been ti, a fair extent, and all
oeli-red met with ready sale at prices within the
range of 61 a Fi cis. . D.
Ma. lio : PIeaseannounce Cnpt. 11. lOUL.
W AlRE, asa Candidate forOrdinary of this District,
at the ensuing elect:onl, a1d oblige .. .
- MANY VOTE1S.
Februarv 7. 1855.
DR. M. W. ABNEY, will in future be
all times. either at his Office. adjoinig W.
W. Admts' Offi--e. and oppos-ite Maj. Ge.orge A.
A ddision's residence, or at his own house adjoining
the Male Academy.
' lie will attend strictly to all calls upon him.
Feb 21 tf 6
BRO.\l) STillElET, A UGUSTA, GA.
JOHIV BRIDGES & J. GEORGE ILLIG,
Augusta, Feb 12 3m 5
R e me m ber !
D U. L. l. AS UL L. havinir located near
thie lu.uble 1armehes. two miles fromn Ridlge,.
1'm-t Ofiict. respectfully tenders his Prof.sitional.
sec v.ee. in the practice oif
Physic, Surgery and Obstetrics,'
To the neighb..rho..d and v cinity. He will be
meelrate in ehrges and promipt in attendance upon,
a l wh.. f-v.er hitit th : cuil.
ZVI l Ie can be feund at horne at all times except
I .- n Prof. ssionally b'eployed.
N I -I tr. A. can be ceonsulted (privatoly) free
Ridge, F. b 14 if 5
NEW CASH HOUSE.
Cash and One Price
THE ONLY T R 11 E SYSTEMR
SHORT PROFITS AI\0 QUICK SALES. THE MOTTO!
TIPlE Subscriber is selling goods exclusively for
I CASil, and at VlIt0 SMALL PROFITS.
A ny on.- deing business on this principle, canl cer
taitly afleid ti) sell Goods at much lewer pricesr
than one doiniz business predicated on long credits.
In proof of th:s the Subscriber weould rpspectfully
solijit frin the citizens or Edgefield and vicinity a
enll, and ecaweful examination of his Stock to eatisfy
theniselves. Gods shown freely and warruuted
tip preve as represented.
Nw in Stre at n extensive assi.rtment #if
ALL I TIRI.. Y N W 0 the vi-RY LATr.T
Istyles. consisting ill part ofr
French, English and American Prints,
Mus'in, BIarege DeLaines, Bareges, Grena
dines, Tisstes. Challeys, Ginghams,
Mourning Goodt of every des. ription.
French Wrolit Collars, Cheinsetts. Sleevepe, Col
laretts. Ceollaos :nd Seeves in sets. Lace Col
la'rs and Sleeves, Muslin and Cambric
Eigings and Insertings, Swiss and
Cambric lians. Dirto in Flouncings;
Also, U large asscrtment of Laces and Lace Edgings
of every descripuion.
Brown and Bleached Domestics.
A large Stock ef best bratnds at a cua'l advance.
Laree asseriment Linens .ttd Linen (oods, for
family use..-Pat-Stutfs. Gumbroeeis,
Stripe .Jcatns. Tfiekincic. Welch
G;auz... l-lumnels. Latncaster -
antd ?larseilles Quilts.
Furniture I imety ande Frinces.
Curunin I eeeps, Ceerdsc and Tassels. &c.
IP'ntin and Striped Osnaburgse at Factory prices.
11T Ott tltw seceene fleoor will be displayed a YA
RIM). .\aSORTMIENT of C:ARPKTINCS. Fleeor
Ol, CLOl'Is. White atml Chtek MI A TTING, th
widths. 3. IE. BANKCROFT,
Yext door to lBank eef Aiutusta.
East side Blread Street.
Attgusta, Ga., Feb.26 3m 7
Valuable Property for Sale.
il R rneetsignted wii cuell at pnblic. salu at
IiR Edgel'teld, een sae daty in Alarch, ONI lI 1UN
l>R it SIIlilS lI hmburg & Edge-field Plank
IRIoucl (eetpanyt Steeck.
1T Termse ttmidi: knmtent day oef talc.
LA IOT of Landl otn Centre Stree t. IHambur,..
.t fifty feet frntt, runtninc back 300 feet to (oeek.
Street. htatitng onl same. froneuting een ttnte tre'et,
a TWO STUllY BitlCK l l'I LI sING, (eeccupied
a< Steores by -t. l.cvy ulnde R. L Gentry) and a large
huilding en' Cook street. The buildin. (en Centre
Street re nes fonr 50(0 per antnum.
T ith-s inedisputtnle StO 0ef the~ purchase money
catn remat~in eel a credlit eef one'. two atnd thred years..
I1. A . K ENRlCK.
Iinmhcu.-:. Feb 26 ~ lt
B Y Virtue of atn Jrder freem II. T. Wright. Esq.,
Ord.ua--y eel Es -gri 1.d j )trict,. will pwe~eerd.
te scell at Edgefield C. 1I . Ott '1 hursday the 15th.
.lrebt next. thue e ff ets of .Jechn I.. Richardson,
dele-d . cntsistint elf - t excTelt I l0RSE.-wvorks
we.l in hatrntess. aund :s a tperfect tr.tvellr-one l.ht
m! ;( Y aced a splenadid PISTOL.-Coh's R~epe-ater..
IT~tnis -On a creelit untit the 1st .l;nuunart 1856,
with .ter...t fr..mo date. Purcteu servill b.- re
qurede te. g~ive lf.te wvitht approeved security to secure
D. R !)I'RISOE, A dt'eer.
Felt 27 3t 7
State~ of soiuth Carolina,
Y I . IN ('RI)IN ARY.
BYH .W RIGilT, Esquire, Ordinary of Edge
Whlereas Ge~orge L. Penn leas applicd to me for Leet
t.-rs eof Aedminietrntien ,et, all ndeue singulatr the goods
atd chtattc-ls. ritste aned creedits, of Benj. R. Addison
late ef thee Ditrict afoereesaid. deesed.
These are-. thte-relore-, to cite and ndlmonuih all and
siguar, the kindred antI credlitors of the said deceas
ed, lee be and appeatr buefore fle, at onrnest Ordinary's
Ccnrt for thte said District. tuo he holdent at Edge-field
C. 11., oen the 12th day otfMar ehnext tohow cautse, If
any, why the said Admmnistraltionf shtould not be
Igien under my hand and seal, this 26th day of
Feruary, in the 'e-ar of ecnr Lord one thtousand eught
hudered autd fifty-ftve antd mn the 79th year of Ameri
canIulepndnee H. T. WRIGHT, 0. E. D.
Feb 28 2t 7
BY Oreder oef I1. T. Wrighct, Esq , Ordinary of
E)dgefi.-ld District, I will sell on-Monany, the
2th clay of Malrch next, at 11 e'clock, A. M., in
the Tetwn of I luttburg, at the late residenice ofBentja
tin F.- Goedey, deeaused, a') the personal protpc-rty
beloging tee the Estate of said deensed, anot dim
poseed of by Will, viz:
Kisinh. Silas. Biristo and Jean, One Gold Watch,
Twoe Gunes. Otne Drnuy, &c.
Tsaxta-OnI a credit unutil the 25th day of De
ec-mber next-putrchasers giving notes with- ample
security. ROBT. McDONN ALD, Acting Exz'r
llameburg, Feb 17 3t .6
IState of South Carolina,
Coester & Caxe atnd - Bill ina nature of BilLoef
Abram Martin, Supplemnenand 'Rebitor,
*es.f to Marshal 4AsscllZ~u
Lydia W. Crabtree. JCredits, tec.
I appearing thatt the I Jefendant Lydit WV. Cral>
tree resides without thie limits of the State, On
motion by Mr. Carroll, Se.".ieitor, Ordered that said
efetdanet demur. plead our uawer in this cas with
in three mocnthe freo e the date of thtis Order, or the
said bill will be taken pro cogtfeso against her.
A. SlIMKINS, c. m. z. a.
T.ebt 1th 185,5 'tii